You are on page 1of 23

Distance of MC.

G1 = 61mm
C.G2 =72mm
Distance (mmDegree
Radian
Degree
Radian
Right (+)
0
0
0
0
0
10
1 0.01745329
1.5 0.02617994
30
3 0.05235988
3.5 0.06108652
60
5 0.08726646
6.5 0.1134464
Left (-)
20
1.5 0.02617994
1.5 0.02617994
40
2.8 0.04886922
3.5 0.06108652

-0.04886922
-0.02617994
0.01745329
0.05235988
0.08726646

38.9767208
36.3782727
27.2837045
27.2837045
32.7404454

-0.06108652
-0.02617994
0.02617994
0.06108652
0.1134464

31.1813766
36.3782727
18.1891364
23.3860325
25.184958

-0.07853982
-0.03490659
0.03490659
0.07417649
0.13962634

24.2521818
27.2837045
13.6418523
19.2590856
20.4627784

C.G3 = 81.5mm
Degree
Radian

GN = (Wj*x)/(Wp*Radian)
C.G1
C.G2
C.g3

0
0
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
#DIV/0!
2 0.03490659 27.2837045 18.1891364 13.6418523
4.25 0.07417649 27.2837045 23.3860325 19.2590856
8 0.13962634 32.7404454 25.184958 20.4627784
2 0.03490659 36.3782727 36.3782727 27.2837045
4.5 0.07853982 38.9767208 31.1813766 24.2521818

Metacentric Height (GN) (mm)

GN vs. Radian
45
40
35
30
25

ric Height (GN) (mm)

20
15
10
5
0
-0.1

-0.05

0.05
Radians

C.G1

C.G2

C.G3

0.1

1
2
3

Tube No.
Point
Point
Point
Point
Point
Point

1
2
3
4
5
6

Point
Point
Point
Point
Point
Point

1
2
3
4
5
6

Point
Point
Point
Point
Point
Point

1
2
3
4
5
6

Volume (L)
10
10
10

Time(s)
20
20
20

89
85
60

160
152
103

Area of cross Total Pressur Manometer leDynamic Pres


S. No 1:
0.000338
254
245
9
0.000233
253
235
18
0.0000846
252
122
130
0.00017
246
184
62
0.000255
235
148
87
0.000338
227
205
22
S. No 2:
0.000338
265
251
14
0.000233
264
246
18
0.0000846
263
110
153
0.00017
260
180
80
0.000255
244
197
47
0.000338
234
206
28
S. No 3:
0.000338
313
293
20
0.000233
311
275
36
0.0000846
309
33
276
0.00017
297
163
134
0.000255
270
193
77
0.000338
257
208
49

Flowrate 3 vs Pressures
350
300
250
200
Pressure (mmWS)

150
100
50
0
0

4
Points

Pressure (mmWS)

150
100
50
0
0

4
Points

Total Pressure

Static Pressure

Dynamic Pressure

Discharge(L/s)
Average Flow Rate (m3/s)
0.1123595506
0.125 0.0001186798
0.1176470588 0.13157895 0.000124613
0.1666666667 0.19417476 0.0001804207

Flow Rate

Calculated Water Velocity (m/s)

0.3511236
0.50935526
1.40283422
0.0001186798
0.69811633
0.46541088
0.3511236

0.000124613

Flowrate
300
250
200

0.36867752
0.53481976
1.47296694
0.73301767
0.48867844
0.36867752

Pressure (mmWS)

150
100
50

0.53378909
0.77433782
2.13263253
0.0001804207
1.06129831
0.7075322
0.53378909

0
0

Total Pressure

ssures

ints

Flowrate
300
250
200

Pressure (mmWS)

150
100
50

0
0

Pressure (mmWS)

150
100
50

0
0

ints
Dynamic Pressure

Total Pressure

S)

WS)

Flowrate 1 vs Pressures
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0

Points
Total Pressure

Static Pressure

Dynamic Pressure

Flowrate 2 vs Pressures
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0

3
Points

WS)

150
100
50
0
0

Points
Total Pressure

Static Pressure

Dynamic Pressure

Test number h (cm)


1
2
3
4
5

Test number h (cm)


1
2
3
4
5

z (cm)

Time (t) for 1


2
30
2.8
17
3.1
15
3.4
12
3.7
11

z (cm)

Time (t) for 1


2.9
30.9
3.1
31
3.6
26.6
4
23
4.4
11.5

3
2.2
1.9
1.6
1.3

3.1
2.9
2.4
2
1.6

Vth (L/s)
Vm (L/s)
Deviation (%)
0.3157148688 0.33333333 5.28553935
0.5229824188 0.58823529 11.0929888
0.6092458549 0.66666667 8.61312177
0.699791105 0.83333333 16.0250674
0.7944244983 0.90909091 12.6133052

Vth (L/s)
Vm (L/s)
Deviation (%)
0.2131492327 0.3236246 34.1368871
0.25182162 0.32258065 21.9352978
0.3659696164 0.37593985 2.65208203
0.4762541326 0.43478261 -9.53845051
0.6043944534 0.86956522 30.4946379

Density of water (kg/m3)

1000

Dynamic viscosity of water at 20C


(N.s/m2)
0.001002
Diameter of
3
Length of pi
524
Roughness height of pipe-wall material,
0.0015 (mm)
Density of mercury (kg/m3)

13500

Test No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Qty (ml)
10
50
50
50
50
50
50
100
150
150
150
150

t (s)
19.63
41.42
27.48
19.28
14.8
12.26
20.8
19.25
17.08
25.13
24.36
22.98

Test No.
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Qty (ml)
100
100
150
200
250
250
300
300
300
350
350
400
400
400
500
500
500
500

t (s)
30.93
18.64
21.74
22.16
23.12
20.59
22.43
21.66
20.21
21.27
21.27
22.83
33.1
20.86
25.98
24.93
24.44
23.99

Hydraulic gradient, i
0.0267175573
0.0610687023

V (m/s)
0.0720688031
0.1707762681

Test No.
1
2

3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

0.0877862595
0.1259541985
0.1660305344
0.2080152672
0.286259542
0.3396946565
0.3988549618
0.4694656489
0.5229007634
0.6183206107
0.0715648855
0.3339694656
0.572519084
0.9064885496
1.2881679389
1.6459923664
1.9799618321
2.3377862595
2.5286259542
2.8148854962
3.0772900763
3.3874045802
3.4828244275
3.6736641221
3.9122137405
4.1746183206
4.3893129771
4.7471374046

0.2574073154
0.3668855304
0.477942772
0.5769619108
0.3400746647
0.7349146001
1.2424273465
0.8444352996
0.87112722
0.9234403429
0.4573910783
0.758964917
0.9761112732
1.2768146257
1.5297476268
1.717715645
1.8921675505
1.9594329713
2.1000157426
2.327920601
2.327920601
2.478687
1.7096200668
2.7127720139
2.722691696
2.8373658349
2.8942524658
2.9485423203

Test No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17

Reynolds number, Re
215.7748596431
511.3061920321
770.6805849335
1098.4596718865
1430.9663833765
1727.4308706339
1018.1876189409
2200.3431141789
3719.842354913
2528.2493999966
2608.1653293068
2764.7914456882
1369.4343662445
2272.3500508553
2922.4888418544
3822.7982805003
4580.0827149592

Friction factor, f (EXPERIMENTAL)


0.296605453
0.1251696166
0.0830434829
0.0582634043
0.0447250199
0.0370492395
0.0628567848
0.0290863728
0.0172050302
0.0253139583
0.0245383217
0.0231482198
0.0467346239
0.0281646747
0.0218991426
0.0167416629
0.038412162

18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

5142.8612127177
5665.1723069028
5866.5657822636
6287.4722832177
6969.8221588058
6969.8221588058
7421.2185629335
5118.6229544342
8122.0718979756
8151.7715450237
8495.1072900006
8665.4265441782
8827.9710187459

0.0373152093
0.0364236783
0.0361069743
0.0354868999
0.0345845125
0.0345845125
0.0340461711
0.0373593058
0.0332866719
0.0332563117
0.0329150763
0.0327521336
0.0326003196

Flow rate, Q (m3/s)


5.09424350483953E-007
1.2071463061323E-006
1.81950509461427E-006
2.59336099585062E-006
3.37837837837838E-006
4.07830342577488E-006
2.40384615384615E-006
5.1948051948052E-006
8.78220140515223E-006
0.000005969
6.1576354679803E-006
6.52741514360313E-006

V (m/s)
0.0720688031
0.1707762681
0.2574073154
0.3668855304
0.477942772
0.5769619108
0.3400746647
0.7349146001
1.2424273465
0.8444352996
0.87112722
0.9234403429

h1 (mm)

h2 (mm)

352
360
364
374
382
391
410
423
438
454
469
489

338
328
318
308
295
282
260
245
229
208
195
165

Flow rate, Q (m3/s)


3.23310701584222E-006
5.36480686695279E-006
6.89972401103956E-006
9.02527075812274E-006
1.08131487889273E-005
1.21418164157358E-005
1.33749442710655E-005
1.38504155124654E-005
1.48441365660564E-005
1.64551010813352E-005
1.64551010813352E-005
1.7520805957074E-005
1.20845921450151E-005
1.91754554170662E-005
1.92455735180908E-005
2.00561572402728E-005
2.04582651391162E-005
0.000020842

V (m/s)
0.4573910783
0.758964917
0.9761112732
1.2768146257
1.5297476268
1.717715645
1.8921675505
1.9594329713
2.1000157426
2.327920601
2.327920601
2.478687
1.7096200668
2.7127720139
2.722691696
2.8373658349
2.8942524658
2.9485423203

h1 (mm)

h2 (mm)

143
149
154
161
170
178
185
193
198
204
210
217
219
223
228
234
239
247

140
135
130
123
116
109
102
95
92
86
81
75
73
69
64
59
55
48

Reynolds number, Re
215.7748596431
511.3061920321

Friction factor, f
0.296605453
0.1251696166
5
4
3

770.6805849335
1098.4596718865
1430.9663833765
1727.4308706339
1018.1876189409
2200.3431141789
3719.842354913
2528.2493999966
2608.1653293068
2764.7914456882
1369.4343662445
2272.3500508553
2922.4888418544
3822.7982805003
4580.0827149592
5142.8612127177
5665.1723069028
5866.5657822636
6287.4722832177
6969.8221588058
6969.8221588058
7421.2185629335
5118.6229544342
8122.0718979756
8151.7715450237
8495.1072900006
8665.4265441782
8827.9710187459

0.0830434829
0.0582634043
0.0447250199
0.0370492395
0.0628567848
0.0290863728
0.0172050302
0.0253139583
0.0245383217
0.0231482198
0.0467346239
0.0281646747
0.0218991426
0.0167416629
0.038412162
0.0373152093
0.0364236783
0.0361069743
0.0354868999
0.0345845125
0.0345845125
0.0340461711
0.0373593058
0.0332866719
0.0332563117
0.0329150763
0.0327521336
0.0326003196

Friction factor, f (THEORETICAL)


0.25
0.1
0.085
0.059
0.046
0.036
0.065
0.02
0.014
0.02
0.017
0.019
0.056
0.027
0.023
0.0149
0.044

Difference (%)
18.64%
25.17%
2.30%
-1.25%
2.77%
2.91%
-3.30%
45.43%
22.89%
-26.57%
-44.34%
-21.83%
16.55%
4.31%
4.79%
-12.36%
12.70%

5
4
3

Hydraulic Gradient i

Transie
Laminar t 1
0

Experimen
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2

Friction Factor, f

0.15
0.1
0.05
0

0.032

0.043
0.042
0.042
0.042
0.0405
0.0405
0.04
0.043
0.0385
0.0385
0.038
0.038
0.037

13.22%
13.28%
14.03%
15.51%
-14.61%
-14.61%
-14.88%
-13.12%
13.54%
13.62%
13.38%
-13.81%
-11.89%

Hydraulic gradient, i
0.0267175573
0.0610687023
0.0877862595
0.1259541985
0.1660305344
0.2080152672
0.286259542
0.3396946565
0.3988549618
0.4694656489
0.5229007634
0.6183206107

Hydraulic gradient, i
0.0715648855
0.3339694656
0.572519084
0.9064885496
1.2881679389
1.6459923664
1.9799618321
2.3377862595
2.5286259542
2.8148854962
3.0772900763
3.3874045802
3.4828244275
3.6736641221
3.9122137405
4.1746183206
4.3893129771
4.7471374046

Hydraulic Gradient vs Mean Velocity


5
4
3

Turbulen R = 0.7887789332
t

Laminar Flow
Linear (Laminar Flow)

Hydraulic Gradient vs Mean Velocity


5
4

Turbulen R = 0.7887789332
t

Hydraulic Gradient i

Laminar Flow
Linear (Laminar Flow)
Transient Flow
Linear (Transient Flow)

Transien
Laminar t 1
0

Turbulent Flow
Linear (Turbulent Flow)

R = 0.0032513936
R =
0.9165348497
0.5
1
1.5
2

2.5

3.5

Mean Velocity V (m/s)

Experimental Friction Factor and Reynolds Number


0.35
0.3

Laminar Flow

0.25

Logarithmic (Laminar Flow)

0.2

Friction Factor, f

Transient Flow

0.15

Linear (Transient Flow)


Turbulent Flow

0.1

Linear (Turbulent Flow)

0.05
0

2000

4000

6000

8000 10000

Reynolds Number, Re

Laminar Flow
Transition Flow
Turbulent Flow

inar Flow)

inar Flow)

ow
sient Flow)

ow
ulent Flow)