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DESIGN MANUAL

SEM 9472E
Process Design Manual
ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN SPECIFICATION
REV. : 0
DATE : 2004.07.01

SAMSUNG ENGINEERING CO., LTD

DATE : 2004. 7. 1

DESIGN MANUAL

SEM-9472E

ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN
SPECIFICATION

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0

ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS..........................................................................1
1.1

Scope.................................................................................................................... 1

1.2

Government Regulations.......................................................................................2

2.0

RELEASES TO AIR EMISSIONS AND CONTROLS.....................................................2


2.1

Emission Guidelines and Controls.........................................................................2

2.2

Sources of Emissions to Air...................................................................................2

2.3

Occupational Exposure Limits...............................................................................3

3.0

RELEASES TO WATER................................................................................................ 3
3.1

Emission Guidelines and Controls.........................................................................3

3.2

Sources of Aqueous Effluent.................................................................................4

3.3

Effluent Treatment and Discharge.........................................................................4

4.0

SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTES............................................................................5


4.1

5.0

Guidelines and Controls........................................................................................ 5


NOISE........................................................................................................................... 6

5.1

Standards.............................................................................................................. 6

5.2

Noise Control......................................................................................................... 6

6.0

MONITORING............................................................................................................... 6

7.0

REVISION HISTORY.................................................................................................... 7

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1.0 ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS


1.1

Scope

This document is the Environmental Design Basis that outlines the environmental
requirements for all process plants, general facilities, storage and handling,
utilities, other services and off-sites on the Project.
The environmental requirements include:
compliance with all applicable legal requirements, regulatory constraints and

recommendations for environmental protection issued by government laws;


compliance with safety, health and environmental criteria, standards and

guidelines adopted by leading national and international institutions, or


proposed by industry and environmental organizations, including (but not
limited to) the World Bank, World Health Organization (WHO), European
Union (EU), United States Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA), and
British and International Standards Organization (ISO) guidelines;
the use of the precautionary principle in applying strict standards wherever

feasible, where existing conditions are likely to be close to natural levels, and
where impacts on sensitive environments are not fully understood;
compliance with safety, health and environmental standards generally

accepted in the petrochemical industry. This will include the Client


recommendations, which are provided in the Basis of Design;
the reduction of hazards and adverse environmental effects to a level that is

recommended in the Basis of Design;


all units and facilities will be designed to minimize negative impacts on the

environment with respect to releases to air, water and land.


minimization to maximum extent practicable, of the use of chlorine containing

materials;
based on the finding and recommendations of the Environmental Impact

Assessment (EIA), measures may have to be taken to reduce the impact on


the environment to the Basis of Design level.
The EIA is to be carried out by a team of Client and internationally recognized
environmental consultants on behalf of SECL. The EIA may not be available
during Basic Design Engineering Phase (BDEP), therefore any mitigation
measures not anticipated or advised by SECL, will be incorporated during the
detailed design phase.

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Neither halons, CFCs, PCBs nor asbestos will be used on the Project for any
purpose unless its absence would cause immediate and catastrophic loss of life,
which would have a probability of occurrence greater than that, which is normally
acceptable. Any proposed use (e.g. where no suitable alternative exists) will be
submitted to Client for approval.
1.2

Government Regulations

The government regulations will apply to the project and the facilities will comply
with their requirements. These will include National, Provincial and
Municipal/County regulation in addition to regulations specific to the project site
zone.

2.0 RELEASES TO AIR EMISSIONS AND CONTROLS


2.1

Emission Guidelines and Controls

All individual emissions shall comply with both government regulations and the
World Bank Guidelines (1998) as a minimum. SECL will comply with the project
air emission standards and the agreements between the Client and governments
Environmental Protection Agency which specify that the maximum mass release
of oxides of sulfur (SOx), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), particulate matter (TSP), dark
smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOC) and other
hazardous air pollutants emitted form the various sources.
Consideration will also be made of all relevant clients design engineering
practices for the minimization of releases to environment, particularly of
carcinogenic substances.
The sum of the air emissions from the project facilities must not cause the Project
Ambient Air Quality Guidelines to be exceeded. The Project Ambient Air Quality
Guidelines will comply with government regulations and World Bank Ambient Air
Quality Guidelines as a minimum.
Air dispersion modeling will be carried out to ensure that the Project Ambient Air
Quality Guidelines will not be exceeded as a result of the emissions to air from
the project facilities. The air dispersion modeling will also ensure that stacks and
vents are of sufficient height. The height of stacks and vents will also incorporate
the government requirements on minimum stack heights for certain thresholds of
mass flows (kg/s) for certain substances.
2.2

Sources of Emissions to Air

The releases to air will be described in the Emissions reports.

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Occupational Exposure Limits

The final design (normal and abnormal operation) data will be mathematically
modeled to confirm stack height and also ensure that occupational exposure
levels are not exceeded. The Project will comply with ACGIH (American
Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) occupational exposure limits
as a minimum and will also with relevant government regulations.

3.0 RELEASES TO WATER


3.1

Emission Guidelines and Controls

The discharges to water will comply with both government regulations and the
World Bank Guidelines for Petrochemical Manufacturing (1998) as a minimum.
SECL will comply with the requirements of the project standards for the releases
to water from the project facilities.
The discharge of liquid effluents from the project facilities will be subject to an
environmental impact assessment, as required by the World Bank Guidelines
(1998) and government regulations.
The World Bank Guidelines for Petrochemical Manufacturing (1998) require
that:
non-chrome based additives should be used in cooling water;
cooling water and treated wastewater should be recycled to the extent
possibly;
process wastewaters from storm-water systems should be segregated to
minimize treatment requirements;
the frequency of tank and equipment cleaning should be optimized;
solids and oily wastes should be prevented from entering the drainage system;
oil should be recovered using separation techniques;
heavy metals should be removed using a combination of oxidation/reduction,
precipitation and filtration;
organics should be removed using a combination of air or steam stripping,
granular activated carbon, wet oxidation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis and
electro-dialysis;

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typical wastewater treatment systems should include neutralization,


coagulation/flocculation,
flotation/sedimentation/filtration,
biodegradation
(trickling filter, anaerobic, aerated lagoon, rotating biological contactor and
activated sludge), and clarification. A final polishing step using filtration,
ozonation, activated carbon or chemical treatment may also be necessary;
a wastewater generation rate of 15 m3 per 100 tons of ethylene produced
should be achieved;
examples of pollution loads that can be achieved are: COD less than 1 kg per
100 tons of ethylene produced; suspended solids less than 0.4 kg per 100
tons of ethylene produced; dichloroethane less than 0.001 kg per 100 tons of
ethylene produced; and
an emergency preparedness and response plan should be established and
maintained.
3.2

Sources of Aqueous Effluent

The sources of aqueous effluent will be identified and described.


3.3

Effluent Treatment and Discharge

The collection and treatment of aqueous effluent will be described and is


summarized in this section.
There are three aqueous effluent collection systems:
clean surface water system (NC);
normally not contaminated, but potential for accidental contamination, surface

water (AC) system; and


continuously contaminated surface water (CC) system.
The NC water is collected from areas where no pollution of the water can occur
and is discharged directly to sea via the gravity shore outfall.
The AC includes storm water and firewater and will be collected in a Controlled
Discharge Basin (CDB), where it is monitored and discharged via the gravity
shore outfall (if not contaminated) or transferred to the ETP (if contaminated).
Other streams passed to the CDB will also be sent to the ETP (Effluent Treatment
Plant), if accidentally contaminated, and these include:
Cooling water blow-down;

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Cooling water system - backwash water ex side stream filtration; and


Boiler water / Condensate.
The CC water is collected in local CPIs (Corrugated Plate Interceptor) or pits and
passed to the ETP. It includes streams from:
Hydrocarbon storage tank bottom drainage;
Firefighting training ground;
Heat exchanger bundle cleaning;
Waste Transfer Station area;
Process equipment drips and drains;
Rail car loading gantries and tank wagon cleaning station; and
Road car loading gantries.
Other streams passed to the ETP include:
process water;
wastewater from utilities;
drips and drains system (via vacuum truck);
domestic sewage; and
sludge centrate from the Sludge Dewatering unit.

4.0 SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTES


4.1

Guidelines and Controls

All solid and hazardous wastes generated on site will be treated and/or disposed
of, in far as practicable, within the project site boundary.
All organic effluent produced will be used as fuel within the plant complex where
possible, or otherwise transported to the outside contractor.
Sludges will be dewatered and transported to outside contractor.
The solid and hazardous wastes, which cannot be treated or disposed of on site,
will be disposed of in a manner that will comply with both PRC Regulations and
the World Bank Guidelines for Petrochemical Manufacturing (1998) as a
minimum.

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The destination of solid and hazardous wastes from the project facilities will be
subject to an environmental assessment, as required by the World Bank
guidelines (1998) and government regulations.
Due diligence will be imposed on anyone handling waste from the plant complex
to ensure that:
Waste is not illegally disposed of or dealt with, without an appropriate permit,

or in breach of a permit, or in a way that causes pollution or harm;


Waste does not escape from a persons control;
Waste is transferred only to an appropriate receiver such as the local

authorities, permitted waste carrier or a permitted disposer; and


When the waste is transferred, it is accompanied by a full written description

so that each person who has it knows enough to deal with it properly.

5.0 NOISE
5.1

Standards

Ambient noise and vibration emissions will comply with both government
regulations and the World Bank Guidelines (1998) as a minimum. SECL will
comply with the Project Noise Standards.
5.2

Noise Control

The plant complex will comply with the both government regulations and World
Bank Guidelines for Petrochemical Plant (1998) for occupational noise exposure.
Typical measures to minimize and control noise include the following:
specification of low noise designs;
silencers on noisy rotating machinery;
noise enclosures;
acoustic pipe insulation;
quiet trim valves.

6.0 MONITORING
The monitoring and reporting of emissions will comply with both government

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regulations and the World Bank Guidelines for Petrochemical Manufacturing


(1998) as a minimum.

7.0 REVISION HISTORY


Rev

Date

Page

Revision status
- Newly prepared as HSE management

2004. 7. 1

All

Original Dept. : Process Engineering Team


Prepared by : Henry Sung
Checked by : Jae-chul Ro, Jong-Heon Park,

Approved by : Chan-Sul Jung

Eui-Duk Lee