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Manual for

Determining the
Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines
Supplemenl lo ASME 831 Code for
Pressure Piping

AN AMERI CA N NATlONA L S TAN DAR D

Copyright 2012 by thc American Society ofMcchanical Engineers.


No reproduction may be mad e ofthis mater ial without written cons ent 01' AS ME.

INTENTIONALLV LEFT BLANK


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Copyr ight 2012 by thc American Socicry of Mcchanical Engineers.


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Manual for
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Determining the
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Remaining Strength of U
Corroded Pipelines
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Supplemenl lo ASME 831 Code for


Pressure Piping

AN AMERICAN NATlONAL STANDARD

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The American Society of


Mechanical Engineers

Three ParkAvenue NewYork, NY 10016 USA

Copyri ght 2012 by thc American Socicty ofMechanical Enginccrs.


No reproduclion muy be made 01'[his material without writtcn conscnt 01'ASME.

Date of rssuance Octo ber 24, 2012

The next edition of this Manual is scheduled for publication in 2015.


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NO part o f ttus document mav be repr odu cec! in any fo rm,


in an etectr onic retrrevat svst em or c t herwtse.
withoul Ih e prio r written permission of the publisher.

The American 50ciety of Mechan ical Engineers


Three Park Avenue, New York, NY 100 16-5990

Copyrigh t 2012 by
MECHANICAl ENGINEER5
THE AMERICAN 50 ClElY
AIl rig hts reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

or

Co pyr ight 20 [2 by the Amer ica n Society uf Mech anica l Eng i nccrs.
No rc prod ucti o n muy be made ofthis m ateri al w ithout wriucn conscnt o CAS ME .

CONTENT5
Foreword
Committee Roster
_. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ccrrespo ndence With the B31 Co mmi ttee '"
Surn mary of Ch anges
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vi

vii

Introduct ion

Evaluation Methods

Tables of AUowable Length of Corrosion . . _. .

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8

Figures

1.12-\
1.13- \
2.\ - \

Co rros ion Pit Interaction Dstances


Helicall y O rien ted Corrosin Pa ttern
Corrosion Pa rarnet ers Used in Analysis

5
5

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Tab les
3-1
3- 1M
3-2
3-2M
3-3
3-3 M
3-4
3-4M
3-5
3-5M
3-6
3-6M

3-7
3-7M

3-8
3-8M
3-9
3-9M
3-10

3-lOM
3-11
3-11 M
3-12
3-12M

of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: N PS 2 and < NPS 6


of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 60 mm a nd < 168 mm O.D
of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: NPS 6 a nd < NPS 10 . .
.
of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 168 mm and < 273 mm O .D
of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: N PS 10 and < N PS 16
of L for Pip e Sizes ;;:: 273 mm an d < 406 mm 0 .0. . . . .
.
of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: NPS 16 and < NPS 20
Val u cs of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: 406 mm a nd < 50S mm 0 .0
Va les of L for Pip e Sizes ;::: N PS 20 and < N PS 24
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 50S mm and < 610 mm O.D
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: Nl'S 24 and < N PS 30
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 610 mm and < 762 mm 0.0
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: NPS 30 and < NPS 36 ..
.
Valu es of L for Pip e Sizes ;::: 762 mm and < 914 mm 0 .0
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: N PS 36 and < N PS 42
Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 914 mm and < 1 066 mm 0.0
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;:: Nrs 42 and < N PS 48
Vales of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0.0
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: NPS 48 and < NPS 52
Vales of L Ior Pipe 5izes ;::: 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O.D
Va lues of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: N PS 52 and < PS 56
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0.0.
.
Values of L for Pipe 5izes ;::: N PS 56 Through NPS 60
Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;::: 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0.0

Vales
Vales
Values
Values
Values
Values
Values

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Copyri ght 20 12 by the America n Society of Mcchanica l Engineers.


No reproduction may be mad e of lhis material without writtcn consent 01' i\S ME.

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FOREWORD
It has bce n recognized w ithi n the pipeline indus try that sorne scct ions of high-pressu re pipelines,
par tlcularly those with lon g serv lce histories, may experience corrosion. It has abo been recognized , th rou gh the or etical an al ysis, scientific research and testing, and ind us tr y opera ting experien ce, tha t some amou nt of metal 10 55 due to corrosi n ca n be tolerated w itho ut impairing the
ablty of the pipeline to operate safely. In 1984, A5ME published the first edition of the B31G
Manu al for Determi ning the Rernaining Stren gth of Corrodcd Pipelines. The B31G docu ment
provided pipeline o perators with a simplified eva lua tion method based on the resul ts of analysis
and tests. The application of B31G ha s enabled p ipeline ope ra tors to reliab ly determine safe
opera ting pressure Ievels for pipe affected by corrosi n, and to determine whethe r rep a rs a re
necessary in order to continue operating safely
B31G contin ued to be reiss ued by A5ME w ith o nly minor revi sion s o ver time, a ltho ug h o the r
corrosin eva luation methods had evol ved since B31C 's initi a l publication. A majority of th es e
other methods are based on the sa me theo retical mod el from which the origina l B31G method
was d eri ved, but may offer so rne rcfinement in accu racy. Subseq uently, an effort was un derta ken
to u pd at e the B31G d ocument to recognze certa in ot her corrosion evaluation methods tha t have
p reven so und and that ha ve se en successful use in the p ipeline industry. lncorpora tio n of th ese
o the r metho ds int o a recogni zed Code d ocument provdes the pip elin e o perato r or ot he r user
with a formalized framework within w hich to use such methodo logies, as well as a wider ra nge
of codified technical opt ion s w ith which to make an eva luat ion. Th e 2009 revi slon of B31G
reflec ted those objectives.
The 2012 ed ition of B31G wa s approved by the American National Standard s Insti tu te (ANS I)
on September 20, 2012.

iv

Copyr ight 2012 by the Americ an Socicty 01'Mcchanical Engincers.


No reprodllclion may be made of this material witholll writtcn consent 01' ASME .

A5ME 831 COMMITTEE


Code for Pressure Piping
(The fo llowing is th e rast er of th e Commttee at tb e t ime of appro val of thts Sta ndard.)

STANDARDS COMMITIEE OFFICERS


M. L Nayyar. Choir

J. E. MeYER. Vice (hair


N. lobo, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITIEE PERSON NEL


R. J. T. Appteby, Exxon Mobil Devetopment Co.
C. aech t IV, Becht Engineerin g Co.
A. E. Beyer, Fluor Enterp rtses. Ine.
K. C. Bod enh amer. Ent erprise Products Co.
C. ,. Campb el l, Air Liquide
). S. Chino TransCanada Pipeline U.S.
D. D. Christian. Victau lic

N. lobo, The Am eric an Soclerv of Mechanic al Engineers


W. ). Mauro, American zectrtc Pow er
J. E. Meyer, louis Perry & Assocta tes, Ine.
M. lo Nayy ar, Consultant
R. G. Payne, Alst om Pow er. In e.
G. R. Petru , EPCO Ine.
E. H. Rinaca , Dominion Rescu rces, Ine.
M. J. aosentetd , Kiefn er/ App lu s - RTD
R. ). Si lvia, Proeess Enginee rs and Const ructors, In e.
W. J. Sperko, Sperko Engin eering Servic es. tnc.
F. W. Tatar, FM Globa l
K. A. ViLminot, Black & v eatch
A. Soni , Delegate , Engineers India Ud.
lo E. Hayden l r-, ExO{ficio, Cons ul tant
W. ). Koves, Ex-O{ficio. Pi Engin eering Software, Ine.
A. P. Rang us, ExOffi cio, Bech tel
J. T. Schm itz, Ex-O{ficio, Southwest Gas Corp.
R. A. Appleton , Contributing Mem ber, Retngeraton Systems CO.

D. lo Ccym , Int ertek Mood y

C. J. Melo, Alternate, S & 8 Enginee rs and Ccnstructors. Ltd.


R. P. e ubter, Frone k Power Svstem s, lLC
P. D. Henn er, Flenne r Engineeri ng Services
Frey, St ress Engineerl ng Service, loe.

J. W.

D. R. Frikken , Becht Enginee ring Co.


R. A. a rlcb uk, Fluor Enterp rises, Inc.
R. W. Haupt, Pressur e Pip i ng Engineerin g Assoc tat es, Ine.
8. P. Holbroo k, Babcoc k Power, Ine.
G. A. Jolly, Vogt Valves/Flowserv e Corp.

B31 MECHANICAL DESIGN TECHNICAL COMMITIEE


W.

J. Koves , Chair,

R. A. l eishear, Savann ah River Nationat l aboratory


G. O. May ers, Alion Sclence & Teehnology
T. Q. Me(awl ey, TQM Engi neerin g, Pe

Pi Engin eering Soft ware, Ine.

G. A. Antaki, Vice Chair. Becht Enginee ring CO.

C. E. O'Sri en, Secretary . The American Socetv of Mechanical

R. I. Medvi ck, Ccnsuttant

Engi neers

J. C. Minichie Uo,

Bechtel Natlcnal . tnc.


A. W. Paulin, Paulin Research Group
R. A. RabIeta, KBR
M. J. Rasenfetd, Kiefne r/A pplus - RTD
T. Sato , j apan Pcwer Engin eerin g and Insp ect ion Corp.
G. stevtck, Berke le v Engin eerin g & Researcb. lne.
H. Kosasay ama, Delegate, JGC Coro.
P. Cakir-Kavcar, Contributing Member, Bechtel Coro.
E. C. Rodaba ugh, Honorary Member, Consutta nt

C. Becht IV, Becht Engineering Co.


). P. Breen , Bech t Engi ne ering Co.
N. f. Consumo Sr., GE Energy (IGCC) NPI
). P. EUenberg er
D. l. retener, BP Explo rat ion Ala ska , tnc.

J. A.

Grazian o, Consultant
R. W. Haup t , Pressure Ptptng Engineering Assoctates, lnc.
8. P. Holbrook, Babeock Power, Ine.

Copyright 20 12 by thc American Sccicty of Mcchanical Engineers.


No rep roduction muy be made of rhs material without written conse nt of ASME .

r%J:.

'&1

CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE 831 COMM ITTEE

Gene ral. A5ME Standards afe developed an d maintained with the inten t lo represe nt the
consensus of concem ed interes ts. As such, users of this Standard may in terac t with the Cornmittee
by reqw..-s ng interpre tat ion s, pro posing revisions, an d at tendng Commit tee meetings. Correspo nde nce sho uld be add ressed to:
Secretary, B31 Sta ndard s Commi ttee
The Am erican Socicty of Mechanica l Eng ineers
Three Park Avenue
New York, NY 10016-5990
Proposing Revisions. Revis ions are made period ically to the Standard to incorpora te changes
that appear necessary oc desirable, as demonstrated by the experience gained from the application
o f the Standa rd. Ap p roved revisions w ill be published periodica lly.
The Ccmmittee welcc mes pro posals fo r revision s lo this Stand ard. Such proposals should be
as spec ific as possible, citing the pa ragra ph number (s), the pro posed wo rd ing, and a d etailed
des crip tion o f the reasons for the proposal, includ ing any pertine nt do curnentation.
Proposing a Case. Cases may be issued for th e purpose of providing a ltern ative rules wh en
justified . to permit early imp lementa tion of an approved revision when the need s urgen t, or to
provid e ru les not covered by existing pr ov isions. Case s are effect ive im medi at ely up on ASME
approva l and shall be posted o n the ASME Committee Web page.
Requ ests for Cases sha ll provide a 5tateme nt of Need and Background ln formation . The req ues t
sho uld dentify th e sta ndard, the pa ragraph, fig ure or teble numbe rts), and be w ritte n as a
Question a nd Reply in the sa me format as existi ng Cases. Requests for Cases should also ind ica te
the app licable ed ition(s) of the standard to which the proposed Case applies.
Interpretations. Upon req uest, the B31 Standards Co mmittee wiII ren der an interpre taton of
an y requirernen t of the Sta ndard . In terpreta tions can o nly be rend ered in res ponse to a w ritten
request sent to the Seeretary of the B31 Standa rds Com mittce.
The req uest for an interpretation sho uld be clear and una mbigu ou s. It is furthe r recom mend ed
that th e inq uir er submit his Zhcr req uest in the follow ing format:
Subje ct:
Edition :

Qu esti on :

Ci te the ap plicabl e pa ragraph number(s) an d the topc of the inquiry.


Cite the applicable edition of th e Sta ndard for w hich the interpreta tion is
being req uested.
Phrase the q ues tion as a req ues t for an interpreta tion of a specfic req uirement
suitable for general understanding and use , no t as a request for an approval
of a prop rietary design o r situation. The inquirer may also include any plans
or d raw ings th at are nt.'Ct.'5sary to explain the q ues tion: however, thc y shou ld
not contain p roprietary ne mes or informa tion.

Req uests tha t are no t in this for m at may be rew ritten in the appropriate fo rmat by the Commi ttee
pr io r to be ing an sw ered . which may inadvertently change the inte nt of the original req uest .
A5ME p roced ures provide for rcconsid eration of any inter pretation wh en or if ad d itiona l
informa tion tha t might a ffect an inte rpretati on is avai lable. Purther, pe rso ns aggrieved by an
interpreta tion may appea l to the cognizant ASME Co m m ittee or Subcom mittee. ASME dot.>s no t
"a pprove," "certify:' "ra te," o r "endorse" any item, cons true tion, proprieta ry de vice, a r activi ty.
Attending Cornmittee Meetings. The B31 Stand ards Committee regulady ho lds mee ti ng~ , which
a re o~n to the pu bl ic. Persons wis hing to attend an y ffit.'t.'ting should eontact the Secre tary of
the B31 Standards Comm ittee.
vi
Copy right 20 12 by the America n Socie ty 01' Meehanica l Enginccrs.
No reproduclion may be made 01' this material without writtcn co nsent a l' ASME.

ASME 8316-2012
SUMMARV Of CHAN6ES
Following approva l b y th e B31 Co m mi ttee and ASME, and after public revie w, ASME B31G-2012
was a p pro ved b y th e American N a tional Standa rd s Institute on Sep tember 20, 2012.

Cha nges giv en bel ow a re identified


affected area .

0 11

the pages by a margin no te, (12), p laced n ext to the

Pagc

Locotion

CJUlIlgc

1.5

In the nomenclatu re, defi ni tio n of


PI' revised

2.3

First sentence revised

Tab le 3-1

In eigh th colu mn, s econ d entry rev lsed

Tab le 3-I M

In eigh th col u mn, secon d en try rev ised

1ll

Table 3-2

In fifth column, sec o nd en try revised

11

Table 3-2M

In fifth column, sc cond entry revised

14

Table 3-4

In se cond col umn, fir st entry re vised

15

Table 3-4M

In secon d column, first entr y revised

22

Table 3-8

In third column, first en try rev ised

23

Tab le 3-8M

In third colu mn, firs t entry revised

SPECIAL NOTES:
Th e in terpretations to

AS~1E

B31G are in clu ded in thi s cd it ion as a se pa ra te sec tion for th e users

convenie nce.

Copyright 2012 by the America n Society of Mechanical Enginccrs.


No reproduct ion may be made o f this mater ial without writtcn cansent of ASME.

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Copyrighled material licensed lo Oanny DurA n on 20 14-12 -04 far hcensee's use only .
No furt ber reproduction c r networking rs permttte d. Distribuled by Thomson Reute rs (Sctennc) Ll C. www.techstreet.com .

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ASME B31G-20 12

MANUAL FOR DETERMINING THE REMAINING STRENGTH or


(aRRODEO PIPElINES
1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Seope
Th is document is inten ded so lely for the p urpose of
prov iding guidance in the evaluatlon of metal loss in
p ressurized pipelines and piping systems. It is applicable to a ll p ipelines a nd pi pi ng systems wi th in the scope
of the transpor tat ion p ip eline cedes that are part of
A5ME 8 3 1 Code fo r P ress u re Piping, na m e ly :
A5ME 8 31.4, Pip eline Transpo rtati on 5ystems for Liqu id
H yd roca rbo ns a nd O ther Liq uids; ASME B31.8, Gas
Transmission and Distribu tion Pipi ng Sys tems; ASME
B31.11 , Slurry Tra nspo rtati on Pi ping System s; a nd
ASME B31.12, Hydrogen Pipi ng and Pipeli nes, Part PL.
Where th e term pipeline is used , it ma y a lso be read to
ap p ly to p iping or p ipe conf orming te th e acceptable
ap pl ications and withi n the tech nica l li mitation s di scuss ed below,

1.2 Aeeeptable Applications


The applica tion of th is doc ument is limi ted to the
eval ua tion of wall loss in meta l pipe wi th in the follo wing
lirnit at ions:
(a ) metal lo ss in pipelines located belowground ,
aboveground, o r offsho re
(b) met al loss d ue to extema l o r infernal cor ros in
(e) me ta l 105s produced by grind ing w he re used to
co m pletely rem ove m ech an ical da mage, crac ks, are
bums, manu facturin g defec ts, or other defects fro m the
pipe sur face
(d ) metal IOS5 in feld bend s, ind uc tio n ben ds, a nd
elbows
(e) m etalloss that incide n tall y affects lon gitudinal or
helical electric seam weld s or circum ferential electt ic
weld s of so und q uality a nd having ductile cha ra cteristics. provicted wo rkm ans hip flaws are no t p resen t in
sufficient ly close p roximity to Inte rac t with the metal
loss
ifJ meta l 1055 of an y depth w ith res pect to the pip e
wa ll, except that due considerat ion shall be g iven to the
acruracy of measu rements a nd effect ive corros ion rates
w hen the dep th of metal loss exceeds 80% of the ac tual
pipe wa ll di mension
(g) meta ll oss in ne\\' pipe where a llowed by the appli.
cable code of cons tru ction

(11) me tal loss in pipe ma terial having d uctile fracture


ini tiation cha racter istics 1SE..' e paras. 1.7(e) and (f )] unl ess
u s in g a Le ve l 3 assess men t in acco rda nce w i th
paras. 2.2(b) an d 2.4
(j) metal 1055 in pipe operating a t tempera tures aboye
ambient w ithin the range o opera ting tem pe rature rec ognized by the goveming standa rd, anct provided mate-ria l strength p roperties a t temperat ure are consdered
(j) meta l loss in pipe opera ting at any level of allowab le d esign hoo p stress [see paras. 1.4(a) an d (b) for
add itional cons idera tions]
(k) meta l loss in p ipe whe re ntemal p ressure is the
primary load ing [see pa ras. 1.4(c) and (d) for additional
considerat on s]

1.3 Exclusions
This document does not appl y to the followin g:
(a) crack-like d efects or r nech ani cal su rface damage
no t co m p le t e ly rem o ve d to a s moo th co n to u r by
gr nd ng
(b) m etal loss in indentati on s o r buckles res ultng in
rad ial distortion of the pipe wall larger than 6% of the
pipe o utside d iamet er, unless a Level 3 essessme nt is
performed in accordance with para. 2.4
(e) grooving corrosi n, selective corrosi n, o r p refe rential corrosion affecti ng pipe sea ms or girth welds
(ti) metal loss in fittings ot he r than ben ds or elbows
(e) me tal loss af fectin g mate rial having brittle frac ture
initiation characteris tics [see paras. 1.7(e) and (f) l unl ess
a Leve l 3 asses sment is perfor med in accordance wi th
para. 2.4
(f) pi pe ope ra tin g at tempcratures o utsid e the ra nge
of opera ting tem p erat ure rccog nized by the gov ern ing
standard or ope ra ting a t tem peratures in th e cree p ra nge
1.4 Additi onaL Considerations
The user s ca utloned tha t actd itional cons idera tions
may ap ply in cer tain situa tio ns, d esc rib ed belo w.
(a) Pipe op erating a t low hoop stress levels d ue to
int em a l pressure (e.g., less than 25% of SMYS) may be
perforat ed b y co rros ion witho u t in d uci ng struct ural
ma teria l fa ilure . The methods and criteria provided
herein d o no t add..'Ss failure by perfora tion .
( b) Pipe affected by general corrosion of the p ipe wall
(i.e., corrosion-ca used wa ll l05s over the entire pi pe surface) effectively operates a t a grea ter hoop stress than

Copyright 20 12 by the American Socidy o f Mechanical Enginccrs .


No reprod uction may bc made of this material without wrltten consent of ASM E.

&
~

ASME 83162012

sr

the nom in al hc op s tress ba sed o n th e o rigi na l wa l!


d im ension oEvalua tion of ind ivid ual deep pi ts wi thin a
generally corrod ed area sho uld account for the effect of
wa ll loss due to ge ne ra l corrosi on .
(e) Under cond itions norma lly encountered in buried
pi pelin es. th e hoo p s tress due to in ternal pressur e is the
largest stress and will govern th e mod e of failure. High
longitu dinal stresscs in tension actin g on metalloss ha ving a significa nt circum ferential extent , in un restrained
piping. eould eha nge the failure mode from longi tud inal
to circumferentia l. The method s and er iteria p rovided
herein d o not address circumferent ial fa ilure due to hig h
long itud ina l tensile strcsscs. For such situa tio ns, the use r
sh o u ld refer te a mo re comprehensive Htness-forpu rp os e guidan ce doeument , s uch a s A PI 5 79 -1 /
ASME FFS-]-2007, Fitness-for-Servl ce.
( d) Metal 105s having a significant circ u mferen tia l
extent and acted o n by high lon gitudinal stresses in
compression could be suscep tible to wrinkling or buckling . Abo, the co mbinatio n o f hoo p stress d ue to intem al
press ure a nd lo ngitud ina l compression could interact to
lower the failure press ure in the meta l IOS5 a rea. The
meth ods and criteria provided herein do no t address
b uckling Uf wr inkli ng, or nteraction of hoop stress w ith
longitudi nal com pressive stres ses . For such situ ations,
th e user shou ld refer to a mor e comp rehe nsiv e fitn essfor-p u rpose guidance docum ent . such as API 579-1/
ASME FFS-1.
(12)

SMTS
SMYS
t

sa fety facto r
s p ec ified minimum t ena ile s tre ng th a t
ambient condi tion s
specified minimum yield streng th at a mb ient co nd ition s
pipe wall thickness

z = L'/Dt
~,.

L// Dt

1.6 Analysis Level


The user may choose to con d uct a Level 0, Level 1,
Level 2, or Leve l 3 analysis, d epen d ing on the qu an tity
and quality of data ava ilable with which to perform a n
evalua tion, and on the desired degree of refinem ent of
the analys is.
(a) A Level Oevalua tion is one that relies on th e tabl es
of a llowab le defect length and d epth found in sectio n 3.
Th ese tabl es arccarried over w ithout change fro m ea rlier
ed ito ns of A5ME B31G and have been supplemented
by th e addi tion of tables in m etric u ni ts. It is int ended
tha t a Leve! O eva lua tion be conducted in the field without the need for pe rforming d etai led calculatio ns.
(b) A Level 1 eval ua tion is a si mp le calcu la tion tha t
reles 011 sing le measu remen ts of th e ma ximum depth
and axial extent of m etall oss. It is intended that a Level l
eva lua tion be conducted in the field by an en gin ee r;
corrosion technician, coating inspector, o r o ther indiv idual having approp riat e training. A Level 1 eval uation is
also suitable for use in prioritizing meta l-loss anomalies
identified by inline inspec tion .
(e) A Level 2 eva luation is one that incorpora tes a
greater level of detail than a Level 1 eva luatio n in o rd er
to produce a more accurate es timate of th e failure pressu re . lt typically relies 0 0 d etailed measurements of the
corrod ed surface p rofil e, accounting for the actual d istribution of metal 1055, and involves repetitive com putations that ma y be facilitated by the use of comp uter
softwa re or spreadshee ts. lt is intended that a Level 2
evalua tion be cond ueted by an eng ineer or technician
having ap propriate tra ining. A Level 2 eval ua tion ma y
be suitable for use in prioritizing me tal-loss anomalie5
identified by high-reso lut ion inline inspection.
(d ) A Leve! 3 eva luatio n is a d etailed an alY5is of a
specific f1 aw in aceord ance with a llser-defined meth odo logy, w ith fu ll just ifica tion for load ings, bOlUldary con d ition s, materi al pro pertit.'S, and failure crite ria . It is
intended tha t a Leve l 3 eva llla tion be cond uct ed by a
technica l specia list havin g appropriate expertise in thc
su bject of fitness- for-service assessme nt.

1.5 Nomenclature

A = local a rea of me tal 105S in

the longitudi nal plane


Ac = cross -sect ion a l arca o f C ha r py impact
speci rnen

Ao
Cv

local o rig inal metal ar ea = Lt


Cha rpy V-notched impact absorbed energy
spec ified o utside d iameter of the pipe
D
d = depth of the me tal IOS5
E
e1astic modulus of steel
L
leng th of the meta l loss
L,
d fective leng th = L(r. / 4 )
M
bulging stress magnifica tion factor
M AOP
maximll m allowable opera ting pressure
M OP
max im um opera ting prcssurc
1'f = e5tima ted failure pressure = 2S Ft/ D
opera ting pressure, m ay eq ual MAO P or
Po
M Or
safe opera ting pressure = PF/SF
f\
S,.
estimated failure stress level
Aow stress , defined in pa ra . 1.7(b)
Sllow
hoop stn.'Ss al theoperating p ressure, calcuSo
lated as Po D/ 2t
spt.'Ci fied ultima te ten 5ile streng th a t temSUT
per atu re, may equal 5~lTS
s peci fied yie ld streng th at tempera tu re,
Srr
ma y eq ua l SMYS

1.7 Malerial Properties and Olher Dala


(a ) Spec ified minimum mat eri al properties sha ll be
ust.'CI wh en cond uctin g Levt.'!0, Levell. or Level 2 e\'a llla tio ns for the purpose of det ennining the need for a
rep air. Actu a l material properties fmm mill test repo rts
(MTRs) or labo ra to ry tt.'Sting , if known with sufficient

2
Copyrig ht 2012 by the Amer ican Socicly o f Mechanieal Eng ineers.
1'\0 rcproduction may be made o ft his mater ial withou t wrinen conscn t 01' ASME .

~
~

ASME 8316 201 2

confidence to warrant th eir usage. may be used w ith


Leve! 3 eval ua tlo ns. Sta tist ical represe ntations of mat erial properties may be use d w ith Levels 1. 2, or 3 for
purpose of es tablishing a probability of failur e; however;
the de tails of su ch ana lyses ar e outsid e the scope of tht s
documento
(b) Fleto stress is a concept releva nt to frac tur e mechanles and is use d in the Level 1, Leve! 2, and Level 3
evalua tions. It is no t a propert y specified in a material
grade or finish ed produe t standard. Rcs ear ch ndi cat es
that it may be defined va riously as g iven below.
(1) So"w for p lain ea rbo n s teel opera ting at temperatu res below 250F (120C) may be defin ed by Sflow =
1.1 x SMYS. Sn<'w s ha ll no' exceed SMTS.
(2) 5 now for plain earbon and low-alloy steel ha ving
SMYS not in excess of 70 ksi (483 MPa) and ope ra t ing
at tem peratures below 250F (1200C) may be d efined by
Snow = SMYS + 10 ks (69 MPa). Snow sha ll not exceed
SMTS.
(3) Sflow for p lain ca rbon and lo w-alloy s tee l havin g
SMYS not in excess of 80 ksi (551 MPa) may be defined
by SUow = (SYT + SUT)/ 2, where SYT and SUT are specified
at the o pera ting tempera ture in aeeo rd anee with the
ASM E Boil er a nd Pressure Vesscl Co d e, Se ct io n Il .
Pa rt D; applicablc p ipe product spccifica tio n: oc room
temperature streng th mul tip lled by th e tempe rature
derating fac to r specified by thc ap plicable constr uc tion
codeoLinear interp ola to n of streng th values is allowed
between listed temperatures.
(e) Th is doe umen t d oes no t p rescribe which d efinition
fo r fIo w stress sho uld be used w he re more than one
defini ti on a p p lies . Wh er e m ore tha n o ne defi n it ion
a p p lics, th e vario us d ef in iti o ns produce ae ceptable
thou g h not nceessarily id cntiea l res lllts when used with
an y g ive n eva luatio n method. 1t is noted that Sfiow was
defined as 1.1 x SMYS in prt'viou s editions ofB31G. Th is
defini tion rema ins an inh erent e!ement of the Leve l O
assessmen t a nd is ff.'Commend t." with the Leve l 1 assess
ment pe rfo rmt.>d in aecordanee w ith para . 2.2(a).
(d) O nly the speeified no mina l wall thiekn es s sha ll
be used for the uncorroded wall thic kness w hen con
ductin g a Level O evaluatton.1f k nown wi th conf id encc ,
the actua l 1.meor ro ded wall thiekncss ma y be used with
a Levell , Leve! 2, or Lcve13 eva luati on , with a sui tab le
adjustment of the hoop stress due to intemal pressure .
(e) Pipe bod y material ma y be eonsidered to hav e
adequa te duetile fracture ini tia tion p roperties foc pur
poses of this Sta nda rd if the ma teri al o pe ra tes a t a tem p e ra tu re no co ld e r th a n 100F (55 C) be lo w th e
tempera ture a t w hieh 85% shea r appea ran ce is ob se rvecl
in a Cha rpy Vnotehed im paet tes t.
if) EIt.'Ctric res istanee we lded (ERW) seams that have
becn sub jected to a norm alizing heat treatment, sin gle
an d double submerged arc we lded sea ms , and girth
welds mad e using the shi eldl"'<i metal a rc, gas meta l arc,
flu x eored a re, an d submerged a re process es (man ua l o r

a utoma ted, and in a ny co mbina tion) are considered to


have ad eq uate duet ile fracture in itia tio n p ro pert les for
pu rposes of this Standard . O the r seam and weld types
sha ll be inv esti gated to es tab lish fra ctu re p roperties
before applyin g method s descrbed he rein to metalloss
affecting suc h wel d s. Co nsid era tion sh all be given to
the disposition of workman ship fIaws or m anu facturing
flaw s within a we ld o r sea m that could interact w ith
me tal 10s5 due to co rrosion .
(g) So me o pe ra tin g co nd i tion s . sue h a s lo w tempe ra ture se rvice, o r long-term expo sure to so ur environments or to vcry hi gh tempera tu res. cou ld ad ve rsel y
affect the d ue tility and fracture tou ghness p roperties of
so rne ma teria ls. 1t is the use r 's res pons ib ility to cons ider
such condi tions where neees sary before applying methods d escr ibed heren.

1.8 Evaluat ion Procedure

Evalua tio ns sha ll be ear ried ou t in acco rdance with


the proeed ures d esc ribed in sec tion 2. In ad d ion, the
followi ng cons ide ra tions ap ply:
(u) Units ma y be in any self-consistent syste m. lt s
the res ponsibilit y of the user to determine u ni ta ry con versi n factors as may be required .
( b) This document mak es no reco mmend a ton as to
which evalua tion level and evalua ban m ethod to sele ct.
Al\ mcthod s described herein have been dem on str at ed
to p rovide reliable and conserva tive results wh en th ey
ar e appli ed correctl y and within sta ted Iim ita tion s. No t
al! me thods g ive id enti cal nu rner ical res ul ts o r conslstent
deg rees of conservatisrn . l t is the pipeline o pera tors
rcspo nsibility to se lect an evaluation met hod , ba st..-'d on
ex perienee and judg me nt, that is eo ns is tc n t with its
opera ting proeedures.
(e) O rigin a l so ur Cc ref er en ce d oc umcnts fo r each
met hodolog y are cited . Further references may be found
in o ther d ocumen ts a va ilab le in the publ ic domai n.
While each method can be a pplied as presen tt.>d , so urce
d ocuments may pro vidc add itiona l in fo rmati o n to the
lIscr. The user sho uld cons ide r referring to a pplieable
so ur ces as ne eessa ry in orde r to best impl ement a give n
method .
(d) O ther evaluat ion met hods ma y evolv e l)r co me
into use which were not eontempla ted by thi s d ocumento
It is not the intention of this document t prohibi t their
use, but the usef of such metho ds shall be able to dcmo nstra te that th e objeetive of a sa fc and reliabl e asses sm en t
of metal loss can be aehieved .
1.9 Safety Factors and the Meaning of Acceptan ce

A flaw o r an omaly is considcred aceeptab le where


the comp uted failure st ress is eq ua l to o r grea ter than
the hoo p stress at the opera ting pressure m ulti plit.."CI by
a suitable safety factor. There is no sing le sa fet y facto r
that is su itable fo r a Htyp es o f pipeline eonstru ctio n, for
aH mudes of pi peli ne o peratio n, o r for all typ es of fIaws
or ano malies.
3

Copy right 20 12 by the American Socil:ty o f Mechan ical Engineers.


No reproduction m,lYbe made ofth is material without wrillen eonsent of AS ME.

9il1Y.

ASME B31G-2012

This doc urnen t reco mmends a m inim um safet v factor


eq ual to the rati o of the m inim um hydrosta c t~t press ure requ ired fo r the gi ve n type of pipeline constru ction
to the MAOP o r MOP, b ut usually no t lcss than 1.25.
La rger facto rs of safety ma y be app ropriat e in so rne
cases, e.g. , in loca tio ns of grea ter risk to the public or
the environment. Lesser factor s of safety ma y be [ustified
in sorne circu ms tances , e-g. for limited p er iod s of time,
or whe re addi tiona l procedures a re in place to lim it
mo d es of c pe ration, oc in a re me te locat ion havin g
red uc ed co nse q ue nc es of fai lure . In es tablishng th e
safety factor for a given p ipeline seg men t, the p ipe line
opera tor shall give con sid cra tio n to the accuracy of corrosion d cp th a nd leng th measurem ents, rat es of corrosion growth, the cha rac teris tics of th e pipe, the reliabi lity
of surge contro l oc exces s p ressure lim iting methods,
and the presenee of external fac tors tha t affec t risk.
Wh e n ev a lua ting an oma lie s id enti fie d by n line
inspect ion, use o f la rger factors of sa fety w ill res u l t in
sm aller flaws be ing le ft in serv ice fo llow ing field inves tigation and pipeline repa irs. This ean ncrease the reasses sm ent int erval to the next inl ine inspection .

a re used to loca te and size the Flaws. Me thods acco un ting fo r un ce r ta inty in indi rectly sizcd fla w s in clu d e
increasing the flaw d ime nsi n in order to account fo r
d etec tion tool error, or s ta tis tlcal ana lysis of th e probable
flaw sizes oc risk of failure .
Met al-l osa co rros ion a nom alt es ind ica ted by in line
insp ection may be eva lua ted by a Level 1 or Level 2
eval ua fion method. The user is ca utioned again st ove rsta ting the precisi n of eva lua fions applied w ith flaw
dimen sion s indica ted by inlin e inspectio n w itho ut ad eq ua te ealibration or verifica tio n of act ua l fla w sizes by
investi gations ca rried out in the field .
1.1 2 Flaw Inleraelion
The me thods described herein are suitable for evaluaring isol at ed areas of me ta l 1055. Corros ion ma y occu r
such that mltiple areas of metalloss are closely spaced
lo ng itudinally o r tr ansver se ly. If sp aced sufficiently
closely, the met al loss a reas ma y in teract so as to resul t
in failure at a lower pressu re than wculd be expected
based o n an ana lysis of the se pa ra te flaws. The following
g u ideline is s ug gested wi th ref erenc e to Fig . 1.1 2-1,
based on limited testing and ana lys is :
(a) Flaws a re consid ered int eracting if they ar e spaced
lo n gi tudi nally o r circ umferentiall y from each o ther
withi n a d istance of 3 tim es th e wall thickness (3f). lnter ac ting flaws should be ev alua ted as a single f1aw co m bined from all interacting flaws.
(b) Plaw s a re considered nonin tera cting if spaced out sid e o f the above dime nsi o ns . No ni nte ract ing flaw s
sho uld be eval ua ted as se pa ra te flaws.
Cace sho uld be exercise d whe n g ro up ing or c1ust er ing
anoma lies indi cated by inline inspe ction for pu rp oses of
e\'alua ting interaction du ring the p riori tiza tion pmcess .
Co nsideration should be givcn to m nimum threshold s
of meta lloss for reHable detecti on an d sizing, mnim um
th res ho lds for reporting , and the expec ted mode of coa ting failure (e.g., localized fai lure versus di sbond men t
over la rge areas ). Me thods employt.'CI fo r c1ustering of
inline inspection a no ma lies sho u ld be validated by field
ve d fication of ac tual flaw d imensio ns and spacing .

1.10 Software
The use of co m mercial or proprie tary compu ter software packeges, as well as purpose-wri tten programs oc
spreads he ets, can g rca tly facilit a te Level 1 evalu ations,
and is pra ctica lly a necessity for cond uc ting thorough
Leve l Zand Level S evaluations. Jt is the user 's respon sibili ty to verify the accuracy and reliabi lity of el l softwa re
and spreads heets, and to tra in pe rsonnel in their correct
usa ge .
Valid ati on of so ftware sh ould indude d ocu mented
evid ence tha t correct res ults are obtai ned OYer the full
range of para meters tha t coul d reasonably be expected
to occur w he n mak ing evaluat ions. The follow ing d ocu ment summarizes the res ul ts of burs t tes ts aod service
failures o f line pipe affected by cormsion o r art ificial
met al loss, a nd w hich have previou sly been ust.'CI for the
purpose of validating the evaluation methods presented
he re in : Kiefne r, J. E , Vie th , P. H ., and Ro ytm a n, l. ,
"Co nti n ued Valida tio n of RSTREN G," PRC l C a ta log
N o. L51749, Contract PR 218~ 9 304 , Dec. 20, 1996.
Validation may be dem ons trated by com parison of
calcula ted resu lts aga inst publish ed benchmar k test data
such as tha t fo und in the ab oye refen.'n c"" oc against
re su lt s p rod u ced b y anoth er re co gni zed ev a lua tion
me thod tha t have been ealcu lated in acco rda nce with
this Stand ard .
Valida tio n of th ird pa rty so ftw a re sho uld also demons trate that adeq ua te chec ks or wa rnings are prod uce d
when pa ra meters fall ou tside ranges th at w ill ensure
correet results.

1.1 3 Flaw Orientation


C or rosion callsed by di sbo ndment of co ntin llOllS
w rapped coatings ma y exh ibit a he lical pattern . lf the
helical pattero lies a t an ang le less th an 45 de g to the p ipe
ax is, the overall leng th of the eo rroded area indicat ed as
L. in Fig . 1.13- 1 sha ll be eonsidered in the evaluati oll.
If the helical pa ttern lit.'S at an angle of 45 d eg or grea ter
to the pipe axis, it is sufficient to cons id er th e most
severe longitudinal section through the cornxled a rea
hav ing a Iength L2 in Fig. 1.13-1 .
Co rros ion ma y occur wi th a circum ferentia l o rientation , e.g., ad jacent to a girth weld . It shall be evaluatt.'Cl
for safe ope ra ting press ure as wi th corrosion having a
he lieal ang le grea ter than 45 de g to the pipe axis. Evalllation of the circurnferentia l extent of corrosion subjt.'Ct

1.11 Accuracy
Co ns idera tio n sho u ld be given to the acc uracy of
record ed flaw sizt.'S, particula rly w here ind irec t methods
4

Copyright 2012 by thc American Socic ly of Mcchanical Enginccrs .


No reproduction muy be made of Ihis material wilhout written conscnt 01'ASME.

r,w,,

"&.

ASME 631G- 201 2

Fig. 1.12- 1

Corrosion Pit Interaction Distances

~~3t

~~

l.

lJy

Long itudina lle ng th

Lo ngitud ina l lengt h

Fig. 1.13-1 Helitally Orienled Corrosion Pallern


Use L, fo r ang le

L,

< 45 deg to pipe ax is

Use L2 fo r angle
;::45 deg t o pipe axis

L
2

5
Copyright 2012 by the A merican Socie ry 01'Mcch an ical Engincc rs.
1\0 reproo Ul: tion may be made 0 1'Ihis material withou t wrilten canse n! 01'ASME.

ASME B31G-20 12

to high axia l pipe s tress cs is ou tside the sco pe of this


doc ume nto For such situ a tions, the user sho uld refer
to a more com prehensive fitn es s-fo r-pu rp ose g uidance
document, such as API579-1 JASME FF5-1.

op erating pressure, w hile the use of equations gi ven


below ma y show that it ts acceptable.
The tab lee were des ign ed tu provide a minimu m factor
of safety of 1.39 for pipelines opera ting w ith a ho op
stress of 72% of SMYS. Application of the tables to the
eval uation of cor rosion in pipel ines operating at hoop
st ress levels greater tha n 72(Yo of SMYS wi ll result in a
factor of sa fety tha t is proport iona tely less.

EVALUATION M ETHOD5

2.1 LeveLO EvaLuation

Tables of allowable leng th of corros in 3Te found in


sec tion 3. The tablee are carried over w itho ut change
fro m p revious edi tio ns of B31G and have b een su p p leme nted by the ad d ition of tab les in mctrc units. They
were calcula ted from the equation s fOTa Level 1 evaluation in accordance w ith the origina l B31G methodolog y.
The y provide a ready reference of ma ximum corrosion
lengths for a ran ge of pipe sizes and depths of corrosion.
The tables may be used to determine the maximum
allowable long itudinal extent of a con tigu ou s area of
corrosi n or an interactin g cluster of met al loss areas .
Evaluations shall be carried out co nsistent w ith the
p rocedure d escribed in the foll ow ing steps:
5tep 1. Determ ine pipe di ameter a nd nom inal wa ll
th ckness fro m ap propriate records or d irect
measu reme nt of the pip e .
Stop 2. De termine applicable pip e ma teria l p roper ties
fro m approp ria te recor ds.
Step 3. Clean the corro ded pipe su rface to bare metal.
Ca re sho uld be taken whe n clea ning corroded
arcas of a pressurized pipe.
Step 4. Measu re the mxim um d ep th of the corroded
arca , 11, and long itudina l extent of the corroded
a rea, L, as shown in Fig. 2.1-1.
5tep 5. Loca te the table corresponding to the size of
the p ipe, D.
5tep 6. ln the table, loca te the row sho w ing a depth
equal to the rneasured maximum d epth of the
corrod ed area . If the exa ct meas ured value is
not listed , choose the row show ing the next
greatcr d epth.
Stfp 7.
Read across to the column showing th e wall
thick ness of the pipe. If th e no mi nal wa ll thickness is not list ed , us e the column fo r the next
thinn cr wa ll. The va lu e, L, fOllnd at the intersec tion of the wall thickm.'Ss COlllnUl and the
de pth row is the maxim um a llowa ble longitudinal extent of suc h a corroded a rt"a.
Step 8. The metal loss area on th e pi pe is accep table
if its measured leng th, L, does no t t"xceed the
va lue of L given in the tab le.
The tables produ ce results tha t may be more conservative than th ose obtained by perfonning a Lcvell , Level2,
o r Leve l 3 ana lysis, particularly for operating hoop st ress
leve is les s than 72% of SMYS, and also for very lon g
corroded a rcas. Therefore, the tabl es ma y sho w that a
g iven co rrod ed area is u ns ui tab le for th e c u r re n t

2.2 Level 1 Evaluation

Level l cva lua tions shall be ce rned o ut con sistent w ith


the procedure described in the follow ing steps:
5tep 1. Determine pipe diameter a nd nominal wall
thickness from ap propriate records or direct
measurement of the pip e.
Step 2.
Clean the corrod ed pipe surface to bare metal.
Ca re should be ta ken when cleaning corroded
areas of a pressurized pipe.
Sep 3. Meas ure th e ma ximum depth of the co rrod ed
a rea , d, and longitud inal extent o f th e corroded
ar ea, L, as shown in Hg. 2.1-1.
Step 4.
Determine applicable pipe material properties
fro m approp riate recor d s.
Sep 5. Selec t an eval ua tion meth od and calcul a re th e
estim ated fai lur e stress, SF'
Step 6. Define an acceptable safety factor, sr
Sle!, 7. Co m pare Sr to SF x So.
SI' !, 8. The flaw is accep table w he re Sr is eq ua l to o r
g reater than SF x So, o r where P r is eq ua l to
o r greate r than SF x Po.
If the flaw is unacceptable ba sed on Step 8 above, the
pressure can be reduced such that it s less than Pr/ sr
(a) Origina l B31G

M -= (1 + 0.8Z)I/ 2

For z S 20,

s F-

S . [ 1 - 'I,(dl' ) ]
(1"" 1 _ 2()(d/t )/ M

For z > 20,


Sr = 5 n",,-(1 - d/t )

ot e that previous editions of B31G incorporatl"Ci a


d efinition for flow stress of Sflow = 1.1 x SMYS. For
consistency in comparison to results obtained from evaluat ions pcrformed to an earlier edi tion . use of the sa me
definition for flow stress is recommt"nded _
6

Copy righ t 20 12 by the Ame rican Socicl y of Mec hanieal Engineel1l .


No n:production may be made 01' this mater ial withou t w ritten ca nsen t 01' AS ME.

A5ME B31G-2012

Fig. 2.1-1

Corrosio n Parameters Used in Analys is


Longitud in al axis of pipe

I ~---- M eas ured long it ud i nal ext ent o f t be


co rr oded area , LM

- -- .

M easu red maximum

~
~
[Re ferences : ANSI / ASME B31G- 1984 a n d AS ME
B31G-I 991.)

lb) Mo<tifted B31G. For

Z ~

step s desc ribed for Lcve l 1, excep t tha t the Effective


Area Method ge ne ra lly requires se veral measurements
of th e depth of co rrosi n o r remaining wall thickness
t hrou gh out th e co r ro d ed a rea . The Effe c ti ve A rea
Met hod is expressed as follow s:

SO,

M = (1 + 0.62752: - 0.0033752: 2) 1/2

For

z > 50,
Sr = Sil"", [ 1

M = 0.0322: + 3.3

Sr = Sflt_ [ 1

1 - AlA o ]
(NA o)/ M

The Effective Area Method evalua res, by iteration, all


possibl e cc mbina tions oflocal metal loss, A, with respect
to origina l materi al, .40. It requires for input a detailed
lon gi tudinal di stribu tion o r profile of meta l 1055. Th e
detailed profile Is established by obtaini ng sev era ! measu rements of meta lloss or re mai n ing wa ll thic kness
thr o ug hou t the metal loss a rea . Such measurements may
be ar rang ed in a g rid p a tte rn , or may follow a "rive r
bo tt om " pa th throu gh the deepest areas of metal loss .
Increm ents of meas uremcnt ne ed no t be un ifo rm , subject
to limitation s of application so ftware. lf using a grid
pattem, the analysis must be repeated alon g each meridian to es tab lish the governing so lution. For a corroded
profile defined by 11 measurements of depth o f corros ion
inclu d ing theend points a t no minal1y full wall thi ck nes s,
n!/2(1l - 2)! ite ra tion s ar e req ui red to exa mi ne all possibit' combinations of local rnetalloss wit h respec t to surroun din g re m ai ni n g mate ri al. Th e loca l so l u tion
re su lting in th e lo w es t ca lcu la ted fa lure s tress sha ll
govcrn.

I - O.85(dlt ) ]
0.85(dlt) / M

[References : (1) Kiefner; J. E, and Vieth , P. H., "Projt'Ct


P R3805 : A Modificd C riterion fo r Eva lua t ing th e
Rernai ning Streng th of Co rrod ed Pipe," AGA Ca talog
No. L51609, o . 22, 1989; (2) Kiefner, J. F , an d Vieth,
P. H., "New Met hod Cor rects Criterion fc r Eva luatin g
C o r ro d e d Pi p e ," O il & G a s [ou r n al , Aug. 6 a nd
Aug. 20, 199O.J
(e) A P1579 Leve/ l. The "AP1579 Level I " assess me nt,
wh en reduced to its simplest forro, is of a similar format
to the o ther Level ] methods p rese nted herein, and therefore qualifies as a Level 1 as sessment for purposes of
mee ting th e req uirements of thi s d ocument.
(1Z)

~
~d
T

23 Leve! 2 Eva!u alion


Level 2 evel uat io n s a re per formcd u sing w hat is
kn own as th e Effect ive Area Met ho d . Level Zevalu ations
sha ll be ca rried ou t us ng a procedure simila r to the ten
7

Cop yright 20 12 by the American Society of Mcchanical Engineers .


No rcproduction may be madc of this material wit hout writtcn conscnt of ASME.

i8
3

ASME B31G-2012

Owing to its iterative nature. i t is l practical ne cessi ty


to us e a co m p u ter p ro g r am or o th e r al go rit h m ic
approac h (e.g., a spread sheet) in o rder to carry o ut an
eva luation using the Effective Arca Met hod.
The "A PI 579 Leve! 2" asses sment, when reduccd to
its s im pl est form , is equivalent to the Effective Area
Method presented he ren , and therefor e qualifies as a
Leve! 2 assess me nt for purposes o f mee ting th e requirements of this d ocument. Refer to API 579-11ASME FF5-1
for detailed ins truct ions.
[References : Same as in par a . 2.2(b ).]

and externa l fo rces: bounda ry co nditio ns a nd con strain ts: ova lity, de format lon s. misalignm ent s, and di scontinuitles: ma teri al stress-strain cha rac teristics: and
effects o f the flaw on the overal l di s tribution of load s
and st rcs scs . A failure criterion sho uld be de vel oped
that consi ders the strain capacity or fracture res istance
characteristics of the ma terial. Simi lar issues sho uld be
considered in d eveloping a sui table safety factor as were
described for a Level 1 or Level 2 analysis.
3

TABLES Of ALLOWABLE LENGTH Of CORROSION

The foll owing are applicable to Tabl es 3-1 th rough


312M :
(a) Meta l loss havin g a maxim um depth of 10% o
the nom inal pipe wa ll thickness or Iess is no t limited as
to allowab le length.
(b) Met al 10 55 ha vin g a mx imum depth exceeding
80% o the nominal pipe wa ll thickness shall not be
evalua ted using th e tabl es of allowable len gth .

2.4 LeveL 3 Evaluation

A Level S eval uat ion typically involv es a deta iled ana lys is, such as a fini te element analysis of the cor rod ed
regt on. Th e an al ys is sho u ld accurately con sid cr or
account for all facto rs tha t co uld affect the accuracy of
res ul ts, includ ing loadings including intemal p ressure

Copyright 20 12 by the American Society of Mcchanical Engincers.


~
Ko rcproduc!ion may be made of this material without written consen! of ASME. ~

z"
o.g
-~
C~
~l

0""
~o
~~

ASME B31G 2012

-:':3

~o
0
_

~o

c:: a .
o.

g;::
0 0

o~
~.

Table 3-1
epth,
d, in.
0 .0 1
0 .0 2
0.03
0 .04

0.0 5
0.06
0.07
0.08

Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 2 and < NPS 6

(12)

' O

~ jl

0.083

0.10 9

0.125

0.141

0.154

0.1 72

0.188

0.2 18

1.99
0.92
0.53
0.39
0.31

No limit
1. 9 4
0.85
0.60
0.47

No limit
2.44
1.13
0.75
0. 58

No mlt
2.59
1.51

No limit

No Hmtt

No limit
No ttmt t

0.93
0.70

1.11
0.82

No ttrntt
2.86
2.86
1.40
1.00

0.25

0.39
0.33
0.2 8

0.4 8

0. 58
0.49
0.43
0. 38
0.33
0.30

0.66
0.56

0.79
0.6 7
0.58
0.5 1
0. 46

0.92
0.77

0.41

0. 09

0. 35
0.31

0.1 0

0 .27

0.11

0.12
0.13

0. 49
0 .4 3
0.39

O~

00

Wall thtc kness, t. in.

2.71
1.94

,00

2.99
2.99
1.74

1. 18

0.35

0. 4 1

0.67
0 .5 9
0 .5 3
0 .48

0.3 1

0.38
0.34

0.43
0 .40

0.37
0.34

0. 14

0.15
0.16
0.17

""
o'<

~"

n O
O C

3.?'
a :J

3.22
2.7 4
1.6 2

0 0

~o
~

g~

~f"

C'N
C

1.2 1
0. 99
0.84
0.7 4
0.6 6

8:~

cro

~,

-l="

6"a

3.
.0

0.60

00

o.

0. 55

:<lC

0.50

o
cO

0.46
0. 43
0. 40
0.37

!ig
?l..:;r
U3
o

""~
r-

."

iro
o

Table 3-1M

Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 60 mm and < 168 mm O.D.

(12)

Wal1 thickness. t. mm

e pth.
d. mm

2.1

2.8

3.2

3.

3.9

4.4

4.8

5. 5

0.3
0.5
0.8
1.0
1.3

50.5
23.2
13.4
9.8
7.8

No limit
49 .1
21.7
15.1
11. 9

No mlt
62.0
28.7
19.0
14 .7

No limit
65.8
38 .3
23.7
17.9

No llmit
68.8
4 9.2
28 .1
20.8

No limil
72.7
72.7
35.6
25.3

No ttmlt
76.0
76.0
44.2
29. 9

No limil
No limit
81.9
69.5
4 1.1

1.5
1.8
2.0
2.3
2. 5
2.8

6.4

9.8
8.3
7.2

12.1
10.3
9.0
7.9
6.9

14.6
12.4
10.8
9.5
8.5
7.

16.8
14.3
12.4
11.0
9.8
8.8

20.1
17.0
14.7
13.0
11 .6
10.5

23.4
19.5
16.9
14.9
13.4
12.1

30.7
25.0
21.4
18.8
16.8
15.2

8.0

9.
8.7

1 1.0
10.1
9.3
8.5

13.9
12.8
11.8
10.9
10. 2
9.5

3.0
3.3
3.6
3.8
4.1
4.3

"
~
"-

9
Co pyright 20 12 by the A me rican Soc icty of Mcchanica! Engineers.
No reproductio n may be mad e o f this materi a l wltbout wr ittcn con sent of ASM E.

ASME B31G-2012

Jabl e 32

(12)

Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 6 and < NPS 10


Wall Thicknes s, t, in.

Depth,
in.

a.

0.083

0. 125

0. 156

0. 188

0.2 03

0.21 9

0.250

0.312

0.01
0.0 2
0.03
0.0 4
0.05
0.06

3.3 2
1. 53
0 .88
0.65
0.5 1
0.42

No limlt
4.08
1.89
1. 25
0 .97
0.80

No limit
4.55
3.3 7
1.90
1.4 0
1.13

No limit
5.0 0
5.00
2.9 1
1.97
1.54

No limit
No limi t
5.20
3.6 1
2.30
1.77

No limi t
No Iimit
5.40
4.65
2.73
2.04

No Hmtt
No limit
5.77
5.77
3.86
2.67

No limit
No limit
No limit
6.44
6.44
4.77

0.68
O_59
0.52
0 .46

0.96
0.83
0 .7 4
0. 66
0.5 9
0. 54

1.2 9
1.11
0.98
0.88
0 .8 0
0.73

1.46
1. 25
1. 10
0.99
0.9 0
0 .82

1.66
1.42
1.24
1.11
1.0 1
0.92

2.11
1.77
1. 54
1.3 7
1. 24
1. 13

3.37
2.68
2_26
1.9 7
1.76
1.60

0.66
0.6 1
0 .56

0.75
0.6 9
0. 64
0 .59

0.8 5
0.78
0.72
0.67
0.63

1.04
0.96
0 .89
0.83
0.78
0.73

1.4 6
1. 3 5
1.2 6
1.18
1. 10
1.04

0.69
0.65

0 .98
0 .93
0 .88
0.84
0 .80
0.76

0.07
0.08
0.0 9
0. 10
0. 11
0. 12

0. 13
0 .14
0. 15
0 .16
0.17
0. 18
0.19
0.20
0. 21
0.22
0 .23
0 .24

10
Copyright

2012 by the A merican Socicty of M echanic al Engineers.

No rcproduct ion may be made u f th is materi al without wri ttcn conscnt 01'A SM E.

'.-

ASME B31 G-2012

Table 3-2M Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 168 mm and < 273 mm 0.0.
Depth,
d. mm
0.3
0.5
O.S

1.0
1.3
1.5
I. S

2.0
2.3

2.5
2.S
3.0
3. 3
3.6
3.S

(12)

Wall I htckne ss. t, mm


2.1

3.2

4 .0

4.S

5.2

5.6

6.4

7.9

84.4
38.8
22.4
16 .4
13.0
10.7

No limil
103.6
48.0
31.8
24.6
20.3

No lmit
115.7
85 .6
48.1
35.5
28.7

No mtt
127.0
127.0
73.8
50.0
39.1

No limit
No limit
132 .0
91.6
58.5
44.9

No limil
No Hmit
137.1
118.1
69.3
51.7

No limit
No fimit
14 6.4
14 6.4
98 .0
67.8

No limit
No limit
No limit
16 3.6
163.6
12 1.1

17.3
15.0
13.1
11. 6

24 .3
21.1
18.7
16.7
15.0
13.6

32. 6
28 .2
24.9
22.3
20. 2
18.4

37. 1
31.9
28. 1
25.1
22 .8

42.2
36.0
31.6
28.3
25.6

20 .8

23. 4

16.9
15. 5
14 .3

19.1
17.6
16.3
15.1

21.5
19.8
18 .4
17.1
15.9

4.1

4 .3
4.6

53.6
45 .0
39. 1
34.8
31.4
28.7

85.5
68.1
57.4
50. 2
44.8
40 .6

26 .4
24.4
22 .7
21.2
19.8
18.6

37 .2

17.5
16 .4

4.S
5.1
5.3

5.6
5.S
6.1

11

Copyr igh t 2012 by thc Ame rican Socicty of Mechanical Enginccrs.


No reproduction may be made of this mate rial withou! written cansen! of ASME.

3 4.4

32. 0
29.9
28.0
26.4
25.0
23.6
22.4
21.3
20.2
19.2

8
3

ASME B31G-2012

Tabl e 3-3

Values of L fo r Pipe Sizes ~ NPS 10 and < NPS 16


wa ll Thickness. t. in.

Depth,
d. in.

0.lS6

0.219

0.2S0

0.307

0.344

0.365

0.4 38

O.SOO

0.0 2
0.0 3
0.04
0.05
0.06

S.80
4.29
2.41
1.78
1.44

No limit
6.8 7
5.92
3.48
2. 59

No limit
7.34
7.34
4.91
3.40

No llmlt
No limit
8.14
8.14
5.77

No limil
No ttmit
8. 6 2
8.62
8.6 2

No Hmit
No limit
8 .87
8 .87
8.87

No Hrntt
No limit
No limit
9. 7 2
9.72

No lirnit
No Itrnlt
No limit
10.39
10.39

0.07
0.08
0.09
0. ] 0
0. 11

1. 22
1.06
0.9 4

2.11
1.81
1. 59

2.6 9
2.2 6
1.96

4.13
3.30
2.80

6.62
4.85

0.8l

1.l 2

1.7 l

2.l5

0.75

1.28

1. 57

2.19

5.S3
4.22
3.48
2.99
2.6S

3.35
2.94

9.72
8.37
6. 10
4.92
4.18

10. 39
10.39
9.38
6.95
S.6 4

0.68

1. 17
1.08
1.00
0.92
0.86

1.44
1.32
1.22
1.14
1.06

1.98
1.82
1.68
1.56
1.46

2.39
2.18
2.01
1.86
1.74

2.64
2.40
2.21
2.0 S
1.9 1

3.67
3.29
2.99
2.7 S
255

4.81
4.23
3.80
3.46
3.19

0.80

0.99
0.93
0.88
0.8 2

1.37
1.29
1.22
1.1S
1.09
1.04

1.6 4
1.54
1.46
1.38
1.31
1.2S

1.7 9
1.69
1.60
1.51
1.44
1.37

2.39
2.2 4
2.12
2.00
1.90
1.81

2.9 7
2.77
2.61
2.47
2.34
2.23

0.9 9
0.94

1. 19
1. 13
1.08
1.03
0.99

1.30
1.25
1. 19
1.14
1.09
L OS

1.73
1.66
1.59
1.52
1.4 6
1.41

2.12
2.03
1.9 S
1.8 7
1.80
1.73

1.00

1.35
1.31
1.2 6
1. 21
1. 17
1.13

1.6 7
1.61
1. 55
1. 50
1.4S
1.41

1.09

1.36
1.32
1.28

0.12
0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.1 7
0.18
0.19
0. 20
0. 21
0.22
0.23
0.24
O.2S
0.26
0.27
0. 28
0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.3 4

3.93

0.3 5
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0.40

1.2l

1.20
1. 16

12
Copyright 20 12 by thc Amer ica n Soclct y of Mechanical Enginecrs .
No reprod ucuon may be madc of this mater ial witho ct writtcn consent 0 1' ASME.

"&

ASME 831G- 2012

Table 3-3M

Values of L fa. Pipe Sizes ~ 273 mm and < 406 mm 0.0.


Walt Thickness, t, mm

Depth,
4. 0

5.6

6.4

7.8

8.7

9.3

11. 1

12.7

1.5

147 .4
109.1
61. 3
45.2
36. 5

No Hmit
174.6
150.4
88.3
65. 9

No limit
18 6.5
186.5
124.8
86.4

No timit
No Ilmlt
20 6.7
206.7
146.6

No limil
No tlmtt
218 .8
218 .8
218 .8

No limit
No limit
225 .4
225 .4
225.4

No limit
No limit
No limit
246.9
246.9

No limit
No limit
No limit
263.8
26 3.8

1.8
2.0
2.3
2.5
2.8

30.9
26.9
23.8
21.3
19.2

53. 7
45.9
40.3
36.0
32.6

68.2
57.3
49.8
44.3
40.0

104.8
8 3.9
71.0
62.1
5S. 5

140.5
10 7.1
88.3
76.0
67.3

168. 1
123.3
99. 8
85.0
74.7

246.9
212.7
155.0
124.9
106.1

26 3.8
263.8
238.4
176. 5
143.3

3.0
3.3
3.6
3.8
4.1

17.3

29.8
27.4
2S.3
23.4
21.8

36.S
33.6
31.1
28.9
27. 0

SO.4
46.2
4 2.7
39.7
37.1

60.6
55.3
51.0
47.4
44.2

67.0
61.0
56. 1
52.0
48.'>

93. 1
83.'>
76.0
69.9
64.9

12 2.2
10 7. 5
96.S
87.9
81.0

20.3

25.2
23.7
22. 2
20.9

34.8
32.8
31.0
29.3
27.8
26.4

41.5
39.1
37.0
35.1
33.3
31.7

45.5
42.9
40.5
38.4
36.5
34.8

60 .6
56.9
53.7
50.9
48.4
46. 1

7 5.3
70.5
66.3
62.7
S9.4
S6.6

2S.1
23.8

30.2
28.8
27.S
26. 3
25.1

B.l
31.7
30.3
29.0
27.7
26.6

44.0
42. 1
40.3
38.7
37.2
35.7

54.0
S1.6
49.S
47.S
45.7
44.0

25. 5

34.4
33.2
32.0
30. 8
29.7
28.7

4 2.4
40.9
39 .5
38. 1
36.9
3S.7

27.7

3il.6
B.5
32.il
31.il
30.5
29.6

d,mm

0. 5
0.8
1.0

1.3

4.3
4.6
4.8
5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8
6. 1
6.4
6.6
6.9
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.9
8 .1
8. 4
8 .6
8.9
9.1
9.4
9.7
9.9
10.2

13
Cop yright 2012 by thc Americ an Socicty 01' Mecha nica l Enginecrs .
No reproduct ion muy be made 01'this mater ial withou t written consc nt 0 1' ASM E.

r.Qi;b

ZO
01J
-~
C
,

:llB

'.

~~

~,0

ASME B31 G201 2

{53

'0
O
_
O~

c:: ~ .

l able 3-4

(12)

Dept h,
d. in.

Q.~

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 16 and < NPS 20

6=:
, 0
o

0.250

0 .31 2

0.344

0.375

0.438

0 .500

0.625

0.0 2
0 .03
0.04
0.05
0.06

7.77
7.77
4.52

No li mit
No timit
10.01
10.01

No li mit
No limlt

No Hmit

No timit

No mit

4.15

7.41

10 . 51
10. 51

1 1. 8 6

2.39

10 .97
10 .9 7
10 .97

No limit
No ttmtt

No timit

10. 51

No mu
No umtt
No Iimit

3.06

No limit
8. 96
8 .96
6.00

12.67
12 .67

0 .07
0.08
0. 0 9
0. 10
0 .11

2.00

3.28
2.75
2.39
2.13
1.92

5.23
4 .17
3. 51
3.07
2.74

6.7 5
5.14
4.24
3.6 5
3.23

8.84
6.3 4
5.08
4.30
3.77

1.73
1.52
1.37
1.24

No limlt

.,

Wall I hlckness . r, in.


0 .188

11.86
11.86
10.21
7.44
6. 00
5.10

1 2.67
1 2.6 7
11.4 5
8. 48
6.8 8

No limit
No li ma
No limit
14 .1 7
14.1 7
14.1 7

14. 17
13.85

'0
00
00

~~
o,

~,

ra'<

.,,0
O C

3.?'
;:::;.:::1
.0

o ,
-o

~
~~

8';;:;
c .

[~
0"0

~,

0. 12

1.13

1.75

D.n

1. 0 3
0.95
0.87

1. 61
1.49
1.39
1.30

0. 14
0.15
0. 1 6
0. 17
0. 18
0 .1 9
0.20
0.2 1
0 .22
0 .23
0.24
0.25
0.2 6
0.27
0.28
0 .29
0. 30
0.3 1
0.32

1. 2 1
1. 14
1.0 7
1. 00

2.48
2.27
2.10
1. 96
1.83

2.9 1
2.6 6
2.45
2.28
2.13

3.37
3.06
2.81
2.61
2.43

4.47
4.01
3.65
3.36
3. 12

5.87
5.1 6
4.63
4 .22
3. 89

10.5 3
8.65
7.43
6.56
5.91

1.72
1.6 2
1. 53
1.44
1.37

1.99
1.88
1.78
1.68
1.60

2.28
2. 1 5
2.0 3
1.92
1.83

2.9 1
2.74
2.58
2.4 5
2.3 2

3.62
3.38
3. 18
3.0 1
2.85

5. 40
4.99
4 .6 4
4.3 5
4.10

1.30
1.2 4
1. 18

1. 52
1. 45
1.38
1.3 2
1.26

1.7 4
1.66
1. 59
1. 52
1 .4 5

2.2 1
2.11
2.02
1.94
1. 86

2.72
2. 59
2. 48
2.38
2. 28

3.88
3.69
3.52
3.36
3. 22

1. 2 1

1.3 9
1.34
1.28
1.23

1.79
1.72
1.6 5
1. 59
1.53
1.48

2. 19
2.11
2.03
1.96
1.90
1.83

3. 10
2.98
2.87
2.77
2.68
2.59

1.43
1. 38
1.33

1.77
1.71
1.66
1.61
1.56
1. 51

2.51
2.43
2.36
1.29
2.23
2.16

1.46
1.42

2.11
2.05
1.99
1.94
1.89
1. 84

0 .33
0.34
0 .35
0.3 6
0.37
0 .38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0 .42
0 .43
0.44

1.80
1.75
1. 71
1.67
1.63
1. 59

0.4 5
0.4 6
0.47
0.48
0.4 9
0.50

14
Copyright 20 12 by the American Socict y of Mcchanical Engineers.
No rcprodu ction may be made of this material witho ut writtcn consen t 01'A SME .

~ :;
o~

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ASME B316201 2

,~

153

0_
~.

Table 3-4M
Depth,
d. mm

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;;, 406 mm and < 508 mm 0.0.

4.B

6.4

7.9

19 7.4
197.4

um tt

No limit
254.2
254.2

B.7

11. 1

12.7

15.9

No limit

No l imit

No limil

No llmlt

No li mit
No limit

No limit

278.7

188.2

267.0
267.0
26 7.0

278.7

No tlmlt
30 1.2
301.2

No Hmtt
No Hmit
No limit

114.8

60.8

LB

50.7

83.2

132.9

17 1.4

224.5

2.0
2.3
2.5
2.B

43 .8
3B.7

105.8

130.6

3 1.4

48 .8

89.3
77.9
69. 6

107.7

34.7

69.9
60 .8
54.1

161. 2
129.1
109.3
95 .7

3.0
3.3
3.6
3.8
4.1
4.3
4.6
4.B
5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.6
6.9
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.9
B.1

77.7

No

278 .7

,o.

9. 5

1.0
1.3
1.5

O.B

Q~

Wall Thickness, t, mm

No [imil
227.6
227.6
152.3
10 5.4

0. 5

(12)

e"
!l~
o="
00

No

ttmtt

No l fmit

321.9
321.9

No Hmlt

301.2

32 1.9

359.8

259.5
189.1
152.4

321.9
290.8
215.4
174.8

35 9.8
359.8
35 9.8
35 1.8

No imit

o ~

00

~~

00
00

-~

V.

~O

oS
'3, ,_"
;:;::;:1

0 0

~o

28 .6
26 .2

24.1
22. 2

44. 5
41.0
37.9
35.3
32.9
30.8
28. 9
27.1
25.5

63.0
57.8

53.4
49.7
46.4
43.6
41.1

38.8
36.7
34.8
33 .0
31. 4
29. 9

92.8
8 2.1

129. 5

73 .9
67.5
62 .2
57.8
54.0

85 .6
77.8
71.4
66.2
6 1.7

113.6
10 1.8
92.7
85 .3
79. 1

149.1
131.1
11 7.7
107.3
98.9

219.8
188.7
166.7
150. 1

50.7
47.7
4 5.1
42 .8
40. 6

57 .9
54 .5
51.5
48 .9
46.4

73 .9
69.5
65.6
62. 1
59.0

91.9
86.0
80.9
76.4
72.5

137.1
126.6
117.9
1 10.5
104 .2

38.6
3 6.8
35 .1
33 .5
32.0

44 .2
42.2
40 .3
38 .6
36 .9

56.2
53.7
51.3
49 .2
4 7.2

69. 0
65 .8
63.0
60 .3
57.9

98.6
93.7
89 .4
85.5
81. 9

30 .6

35 .4
33 .9
32 .5
31.2

45.4
43.6
42.0
40.4
39.0
37.6

55.7
53.6
51.7
49.9
48.2
46. 5

78.7
75.7
72.9
70.4
68.0
65.8

36.3
3 5.0
33 .8

45.0
43. 6
42.2
40 .9
39 .6
38 .4

63.7
61.8
60 .0
58 .2
56 .6
55.0

37.2
36. t

53.5

8 .4
8 .6
B.9
9.1
9.4
9.7
9.9
10 .2
10.4
10 .7
10 .9
11. 2

267.5

52.0
50.7
49.3
48.1
46.9
45.7
44.5
43. 4
4 2.4
4 1. 3
40 .3

11. 4
11.7
11.9
12 .2
12 .4
12 .7

15
Copy righ t 20 12 by the Am erican Socicty 0 1'Mec han ica l Engi nccrs.
No reprodw:li on ma y be made o r this mater ial without wriUcn consent 01'ASME.

~f'
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o

,
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.0

;
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=-<3"
~~
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ASM E 831 G-2D12

113

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0
_
~.

c:

Table 3-5
e pt h.
d. in.

00

0.406

0.469
No limit
No limil

11. 7 5
11.75

No limit
No limi l
12.77
12 .77

3.66
3.08

7.54
5.75

12.77
8.86

13.72
13.72

2.68
2.38
2.1 5
1.96
1.80
1.6 7

4.74
4 .08

10.2 1

3.61
3. 26
2.97
2.74

6.83
5.66
4.89
4.3 4
3.9 2
3.58

1.55
1.45
1.36
1. 27
1.19
1.1 2

2. 54
2.38
2.23
2.10
1.99
1.88

0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.2 5
0.26

1.79
1.70
1.6 2
1. 55
1.4 8
1.41

0.27
0.28
0.29
0.30
0.3 1
0.32

1.35

0.2 50

0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0.08

9.38
8.08

10.02
10 .0 2

4.74

6.70
4.64

0.0 9
0.10
0.1 1
0.12
0.13
0.14

2. 16
1.93
1.75

0. 15
0. 16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0.20

1.26
1.1 7
1.09

3.54
2.88
2.46

0.344
No

nmtt

11.7 5

;~

0.5 00

0. 562

umn

0.625

No Imil

No

No Hmtt
14.17
14.17
14. 17
14.1 7

No Hmt
No limit
15.02
15.02
15.02

No limit
No limit
No limi t
No limit
15.84
15.84

15.02

15.84

7.94
6.6 1
5.73
5.09
4.60

12.80
9.48
7.69
6. 56
5.77
5.18

14 . 12

1 5.8 4

10.61
8. 67
7.42
6.5 4

15.49
11.77
9.67
8 .31

3.3 1
3.08
2.89
2.72
2.56
2.43

4.2 2
3.90
3.64
3.41
3.21
3.04

4.72
4.35
4.04
3.78
3.56
3.36

5.88
5.37
4.95
4.61
4.32
4.07

7.34
6.6 1
6.0 4
5.57
5.19
4.87

2.3 1
2.20
2.10
2.01
1.92
1.84

2.89
2.75
2.63
2.51
2.41
2.31

3.19
3.04
2.90
2.77
2.66
2.55

3.8 5
3.6 5
3.48
3.32
3.1 8
3.05

4. 59
4.34
4.13
3.93
3.76
3.6 1

13.72
13.72

.o

Wall Thickness. r, in.

0.219

::::l .

g~

Val ues of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 20 and < NPS 24

.~

00

~.~

00

Co

Vi-'<
,,0

mC

3.?
;;;~

00
~o

1.60
1.47

1.36

1.77
1.70
1.64
1.57
1.51
1.46

0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.3 7
0. 38
0.3 9
0.4 0
0.4 1
0.42
0.43
0.44

2.22
2.14
2.06
1.99
1.92
1.8 5

2.4 5
2.36
2.27
2.19
2.12
2.05

2.94
2.83
2.73
2.63
2.54
2.46

3.46
3.33
3. 21
3.10
2.99
2.90

1.79
1.73
1.67
1.6 2
1.56

1.98
1.92
1.86
1.80
1.74
1.69

2.38
2.3 1
2.24
2.17
2.11
2.0 5

2.8 1
2.72
2.64
2. 56
2.49
2.4 2

1.64
1.59

1.99
1.93
1.88
1.8 3
1.78
1.73

2.35
2.29
2. 23
2.17
2.12
2.06
2.01
1.96
1.9 1
1.86
1.82
1.78

0.45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49
0.5 0

16
Co py r igh t 20 12 by thc Americ an Soc icty o f Mecbanical Engincers.
No rcprod uctic n may be madc of this material without written con se nt o f AS ME .

9~

~ f'

0:;:::;
5.6
!l.A
~O

. ., ='

~,

6~
3.

s::.

:oc

c.

iig

~~
en
o

a
:
~

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~

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~
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o
3

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o{l
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9:10

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ASME B31G201 2

,~

{l3

8.~
:::!.

c:

!l~

Table 35 M Values 01 L lo r Pipe 5izes ;" 50S mm a nd < 610 mm 0.0.


Wall Thickness .

epth.
d, mm

5.6

6.4

8.7

10.3

,o="
0
0

11.9

14.3

12.7

15.9

,o~

0.8
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8
2.0
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3
3.6

238 .1
20S.1
120.5
89.8

73.3
6 2.6
54.9
49 .1
44 .4

254.4

No Hmlt

2 54.4

298 .S
298.5
298.5
191.6
146.0

170.3
117.8
93.1
78.2
68.0
60.4
54.6

No limit
No limit

No rnit

324.3

348.5
348 .5
348 .5
348 .5

324.3

324.3
225.2

No (imil

No ttrntt
No limil
359.8
359.8
359.8
359.8

120.4

173.5

2 59.5

32 5.1

103 .7

143.8

201.7

91.8
82.7

12 4.3

168 .0

110.2
99.5
91.0

145. 5
129 .3
116.9

240.8
19 5.4
166.7

146.6

No limit
No [im it
No limil
38 1.5

No lirnit
No lirnit
No limit

381. 5

No llmit
40 2.3

38 1. 5

40 2.3

131.6

38 1.5
358 .6
269. 5
220 .2
188.5
166.1

402 .3
402 .3
39 3.4
299 .1
245.7
211. 0

40.6
37.3
34.5

49.8
42 .4

75.5
69 .6

32.0
29.7
27 .7

39.4
36.8
34 .4
32.3
30.3
28.5

64.6
60. 4
56. 6
53.4
50.5
47.8

84. 1
78.3
73.3
69.0
6 5.1
61. 7

107.1
99.1
92.4
86.6
81.6
77 .2

119.9
110.5
10 2.7
96 .1
90.4
85.5

149.4
136.4
12 5.8
11 7.1
109 .6
10 3.3

186. 3
167.8
153. 3
141.6
131. 8
123 .6

5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.6

45.4
43.2
4 1.2
39.3
37 .5
35 .8

58.7
55.9
53.4
51.0
48.9
46.9

73.3
69 .8
66 .7
63. 8
61.1
58.7

81.1
77. 1
73.6
70.4
67.5
64. 8

97.7
92.8
88 .4
84.4
80.9
77.6

116 .5
110.3
10 4.8
99.9
9 5. 5
91.6

6.9
7. 1
7.4
7.6
7.9
8.1

34.2

45.0
4 3.2
41.5
39.9
38.4
37 .0

56. 4
54.3
52 .3
50.4
48.7
47 .0

6 2.3
60.0
57.8
55.8
53.8
52 .0

74. 6
71.8
69. 2
66 .8
64.6
62.5

88 .0
84.6
81.6
78.7
76.1
73.6

45.4
43.9
4 2.4
41.1
39.7

50.3
48.7
4 7.2
45.7
44.3
4 2.9

60.5
58 .6
56.8
55.1
53.S
52.0

71. 3
69.1
67.0
65 .1
63 .2
61. 5

41.6
40.3

50.5
49. 1
47 .7
46.4
4S. 1
43 .9

59.8
58.2
56.6
55. 2
53.7
52.4

3.8
4.1
4.3
4.6
4.8
5.1

45.8

8 .4
8. 6
8.9
9.1
9.4
9.7
9.9
10.2
10.4
10.7
10.9
11.2

;~

t. mm

51. 1
49.8
48. 6
47.4
46.2
45.1

11.4
11. 7
11.9
12.2
12.4
12 .7

17
Copyright 2012 by thc American Sociery ofMcchanical Enginccrs.
No rcproduction may be rnadc of this material without written ccn sem of ASM E.

~~

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;-

"o
oS
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.:: ~

mo

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--

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~~

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il. ~

0'0

~,

~~
3~
~o

0 0

00

';0 0~'
o ~

0 0

00

"

~~
en
o

'
"i

!'~

r-

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o
~

:
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8
3

ZO

oiJ

c-~
,

grO

'.

.i!
ASME 83 1G20 12

,~

153

8.5

1::: :::l.

Table 3-6

''''-

Val"es of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 24 and < NPS 30

O :c
0 0

o~

'oro
;;

Wall Thickness, t. in.

eoth ,

,.~

d. in.

0.250

0.3 12

0.375

0.438

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.625

0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07
0 .08

10 .9 7
10 .97
7.34
5.08
4.0 1
3.37

No ll mit
1 2.2 6
12 .26
9.07
6.41
5. 10

No Hmit
13 .44
13.44

No iimit
No umt

No Hmtt

No limit

No limit
No Hmlt

14.53

15.03

No limit
No limit
No llmit

13.44

10.83
7.77

14. 53
14.53
12. 51

1 5.0 3
1 5.0 3
1 5.0 3

15. 52
1 5.52

No Iimit
No lmil
No li mil
16 .4 5
16 .4 5
16.4 5

0.09
0.10
0. 11
0 .12
0.13
0.14

2.93
2.6 1
2.3 5

2.7 9
2.57

9.12
7.3 5
6.2 4
5.48
4.9 1
4.47

11.19
8.70

2. 1S
1.98
1.8 3

6.22
5. 27
4.6 1
4. 13
3.7 5
3.4 5

7.24
6.28
5.58
5.04

14 .0 2
10 .38
8.43
7. 19
6.3 2
5.68

16.4 5
1 5.4 7
11.6 2
9. 50
8.13
7. 17

17.35
17.3 5
16.96
12.90
10. 60
9.1 0

0. 15
0. 16
0. 17
0. 18
0 .19
0. 20

1. 70
1.5 9
1.4 9
1.39
1. 31
1.23

2.39
2. 24
2.10
1.98
1. 87
1.77

3. 19
2.98
2.79
2.63
2.4 9
2.3 6

4.11
3.82
3.57
3.35
3.16
2.99

4.6 2
4.27
3.98
3.74
3. 52
3.3 3

5.1 7
4.77
4.43
4.15
3.90
3.69

6.44
5.88
5.43

8. 04
7.2 4
6 .6 1

~.

S.OS

6.11

4. 73
4.45

5.69
5.3 3

bg

~:~
o

15.52
15.52

No

mtt

17.35

17.35

00

~~

00
0 0

sr'<

,,0

.c

3.?
~:::l

00
~o

0 .21
0 .22
0 .23
0 .24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0. 28
0.29
0 .30
0.3 1
0.32
0 .33
0 .34
0.35
0.3 6
0.37
0.38

4.30
3.7 6

3.35
3.04

1.68
1.59
1.51
1.44

2.24
2.13
2.03
1.94
1.8 6
1. 78

2.85
2.71
2.59
2.48
2.37
2.28

3. 16
3.01
2.88
2.7 5
2.6 4
2.53

3.50
3.33
3.17
3.04
2.91
2.7 9

4.21
4 .00
3.81
3.64
3. 49
3.35

5.02
4.76
4.52
4 .31
4.1 2
3.95

1.71

2. 19
2.10
2.02
1.9 5
1.8 8
1.81

2.43
2.34
2. 26
2.1 7
2.10
2.0 3

2.6 9
2.59
2.4 9
2.40
2.32
2.24

3.22
3. 10
2.99
2.88
2.7 8
2.6 9

3.79
3.65
3. 52
3.39
3.28
3. 17

1.75
1.69
1.6 3

1.96
1.89
1.83
1.77
1. 71

2. 17
2.10
2.0 3
1.97
1.91
1.8 5

2.6 1
2. 53
2.45
2.3 8
2.31
2.24

3.07
2.98
2.8 9
2.81
2.73
2.65

1.79
1. 74

2.1 8
2.12
2.0 6
2.00
1. 9 5
1.89

2.58
2.51
2.44
2.38
2.32
2.26

1.64
1. 57
1.51

0.39
0.4 0
0 .4 1
0.4 2
0 .4 3
0.44
0 .45
0.46
0 .4 7
0.4 8
0. 4 9
0.50

2.20
2.1S
2.09
2.0 4
1.99
1.94

18

Copyright 2012 by the American Society of Mechanical Engincers .


No rcprcd uction may be made of this material without wn ttcn conse nt uf ASM E.

9S

"'&~,.
c .

[~

cro

--< ~

5"2
3"
oro
o

~-

:o c

.~

en

E
r
r

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~~
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ASME 8 31G201 2

&.*

eo

11'0

lable 3-6M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 610 mm and < 762 mm 0 .0.
Depth,
d, mm

O=c

o~ ~
00

Wall Thickness, t, mm
7.9

9.5

11. 1

11. 9

12.7

14.3

15.9

278 .7

No lirnit

No Hmit

No limil

No Hmit

No Hmtt

278.7

3 11.4

No limit

No li mit

No

186.5
129. 1
10 2.0
8 5.6

311.4
230.5
16 2.8
12 9.6

No Iimit
34 1.4
341.4

368 .9
368.9
368.9
317.8

381.8

No mtt
No limil
No limil

2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3
3.6

74.5
66.2

109.3

50 .2

70 .8

4 6.4

65. 4

3.8
'.1
4.3
4.6
' .8
5.1

4 3.2
40.3
37.7
35.4
33.2
31.2

0. 8
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8
2.0

5.3
5.6
5.8
6.1
6.'
6.6
6.9
7. 1
7.'
7.6
7.9
8 .1
8 .'
8. 6
8.9
9.1
9.4
9 .7

59.8
54.5

34 1.4

275.0
197.4

umrt

No

Hmrt

38 1.8
381.8

39 4.2
394 .2
394.2
394. 2

No limit
4 17.9
4 17.9
417.9

41 7.9
392. 9
295 .2

381.8

No Imil

440.7
440.7

231.6

284 .2

356. 2

18 6.7

221.0

184.0
159.4

9 5.3
87.5

158. 6
139.1
124.7
113 .5

263 .8
214 .1
182 .6

128.1

160.6
144.2

206.5
182 .0

430. 9
32 7.6
26 9.1
23 1.1

60.8
56.9
53.4
50.3
47.5
44.9

81.1
75. 6
70.9
66.8
63.1
59.8

104.4
96.9
90.6
85.1
80.3
76.1

117.3
108 .5
101. 2
94.9
89 .4
84 .6

131.4
12 1.1
112.5
105.3
99 .1
93.6

163.7
149.4
137.8
128.2
120.1
113.1

204. 1
18 3.8
167.9
155.1
144.4
135.4

42 .6
40.5
38.5
36.6

56.9
54. 2
51.7
4 9.4
4 7.2
4 5.2

72.3
68.8
65 .7
62.9
60 .3
57.8

80 .4
76 .5
73 .0
69.9
6 7.0
64 .3

88.8
84. 5
80.6
77 .1
73 .9
71.0

10 7.0
10 1.6
9 6.8
92 .5
88.6
8 5.0

127.6
120. 8
11 4 .8
10 9. 5
104 .7
100 .3

9 5.5
8 5.2
77. 2

158.1
133. 9
11 7.2
104.9

4 3.3
41. 5
39.9
38.3

141.6

241.2

440.7
440.7

5 5.5
53.4
51.4
49.5
47.7
46.1

61.8
59. 5
57.3
5 5.2
53.3
51.5

68.2
65.7
6 3.3
61.1
59.0
57.0

8 1.7
78.7
75.8
73.2
70.7
68.4

96.3
92.7
89.3
86.2
83.3
80.6

44 .4
4 2.9
41.4

49.7
48.1
46 .5
4 5.0
4 3.5

55.1
53.3
51.7
50.0
48. 5
47 .0

66.2
64.2
62.2
60. 4
58 .6
56.9

78.1
75.7
73. 4
71.3
69. 3
67 .3

45 .6
44.2

55 .3
53.7
52.2
50.8
49.4
48.1

65.5
63.7
6 2.0
60.4
58.9
57.4

9.9
10.2
10. 4
10.7
10.9
11.2

.-

.Q

6.4

55.9
54.5
53 .2
51.9
50.6
49.4

11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.4
12.7

19

Copyright 20 12 by the American Societ y of Mcchanical Engineers.


No reprodllction may be made of this material withou t writtcn cansent {l f ASME.

~~
00

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v,
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0

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., ='

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.-

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A5ME B31G -2Q12

~3

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co

Table 3-7

D.~

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 30 and < NPS 36


Wall Thick ness,

Dept h,

t,

0 :0
0 0
0
0

in.

0.312

0.37 5

0.438

0.5 00

0.625

0.688

0.03

12 .27

No tirnit

0.04

13.71

No limit
15.03

0.06

5.68

10.14

15.03
15 .03

4.49

7.17

12 .10

17.35
17.35

No limit
No lirnit
No lirnit
No limit
19.40

No limit
No limit
No lim it
No lirnit

0.07

No limit
No Hmit
16.24
16.24
16 .24

No Iimit
No tl mit

0.05

12.27
8.21

0.08
0.09

3.77

5.70

13.99

17.35

19.40

20.35

3.28

2.91
2.63

10.19
8.22

15 .68
11.61

6.98

9.42

6.12
5.49

8.04

19.40
19 .40
18 .97
14 .42
11.85

20.35

0.10

4.81
4 .20
3.75

13.71

17.35

20.35

2.40
2.21

3.40

8 .69
6.96
5.89
5.16
4.62

3.11

4.19

2.04
1.90
1.77
1.66
1.56
1.46

2.88
2.68
2.50
2.35
2.21
2.09

3.85

5.00

6.35

4.60
4.27
3.99
3.75
3.53

5.78
5.33
4.95
4.63
4.36

10.17
8.98
8.09
7.39
6.83
6.36

13.07

3.57
3.33
3.12
2.94
2.78

1.38

1. 98
1.88
1.78
1.69
1.61

2.63
2. 50
2.38
2.27
2.17
2.08

3.35
3.18
3.03
2.89
2.77
2.65

4.12
3.91
3.72
3.55
3.39
3.25

5.96
5.62
5.32
5.05
4.82
4.61

7.07
6.63
6.26
5.93
5.64
5.38

1.9 9
1.91
1.83
1.75
1 .68

2.5 4
2.44
2.35
2. 26
2.18
2.10

3.12
3.00
2.89
2.79
2.69
2.60

4 .42
4.24
4.08
3.93
3.80
3.67

5.15
4 .94
4.74
4.57
4.41
4.26

2.03
1.96
1.89
1.82

2.51
2.43
2.35
2.27
2.20
2.13

3.55
3.44
3.33
3.23
3 .14
3.05

4 .12
3.99
3.86
3.75
3.64
3.54

2.07
2.01
1.94

2.96
2.88
2.81
2.73
2.66
2.59

3.44
3.35
3.26
3.18
3.10
3.02

0. 44
0. 45
0.46
0.47
0.48
0.49

2.53
2.46
2.40
2.34
2.28
2.23

2.95
2.87
2.81
2.74
2.68
2.62

0.50
0. 51
0 .52
0.53
0 .54
0 .55

2.17

2.56
2.50
2.44
2.39
2.33
2.28

0.11
0.12
0.13
0.14

0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18
0.19
0 .20
0 .21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0 .28
0 .29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37
0.38
0.39
0 .40
0.41
0.42
0 .43

7.07

20.35
20.35

20.35
15.82

11.25
9.96
8.98
8.21
7.59

20
Copyright 2012 by thc America n Society of Mcchamcal Engine ers.
No reproduction may be madc ofthis material without writte n consent of ASME .

~"

00
00

0.250

d, in.

9W

00

~~

00

~o

.,<

u O
OC

3.?'
;::;::1
00
00
~

::
6'~
c,
[~

cra'
-e
~o

~~

3"

~o

00
o,"

;Oc
om
C O

!ig

~~
<n
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~

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o
o

ZO
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-~

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~~

0 -

~il.
.g3

A5ME B31G2012

ari
co

Depth,
d, mm

Wall rhlckne ss.

o
-~

t. mm

o.

~~
00

6.4

7.9

9.5

11. 1

12. 7

15.9

17.5

311.6
311.6
208. 5

No limil
34 8. 1
348. 1
257.7
18 2.0

No limit

No Hmit
No limit
412 .5

No lmil
No limil
440.7
440.7

No li mit
No Hmt

No lim it
No limit

No urmt
No limit
492.7

limit

,,0

No limit
517.0

3.?
;::+='

144.9

220.7

122 .2
106.7
95.3
86.3
79.1

176 .8

73 .1

9 7.8

68.0
63 .6
59.7
56.2
53. 1

90.6
84 .6
79. 3
74.7
70.6

50.3
47.7
45.2
43.0
40.9

0.8
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8

144.3
114.0

2.0
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3

95.7
83 .2
74.0
66.8
61. 0
56.1

3.6
3.8
4.1
4.3
4.6
4.8

51.9
48.3

5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8
6. 1
6.4

~S:!.

o:
0 0

Values 01 L lor Pipe 5izes ;, 762 mm and < 914 mm 0.0.

Table 3-7M

4 5.1

42 .2
39.6
37.1
34. 9

6.6
6.9
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.9

38 1.7

381.7
38 1.7

412 .5
4 12 .5

30 7.4

355. 3
25 8.9
208.7
177.3
15 5.6
139.4

44 0.7
440.7

No

492 .7
492.7

179.5

481 .8
366.3
300.9

517.0
517.0
517.0
517.0
517.0
401. 9

101. 3
9 5.1
89 .8

161. 2
146.9
135 .4
125.8
117.7
110.8

25 8.4
22 8. 2
205 .5
187 .8
173.4
161. 5

331.9
285 .8
252.9
228.1
208.6
192 .8

66 .9
63. 6
60.6
57.8
55.2
52.8

85.0
80.8
77 .0
73 .5
70. 3
67.4

104 .7
99.3
94 .5
90. 2
86.2
82.6

151. 3
142 .7
135.1
128 .4
122 .4
117.0

179.6
168.5
158.9
150.6
14 3.2
136 .6

50.6
48.4
46.5
44.6
4 2.8

64.6
62. 1
59.7
57. 5
55.4
53.4

79. 3
76.3
73. 4
70.8
68 .3
65 .9

11 2.2
107 .7
10 3.6
99.9
96.4
9 3.2

130.7
12 5.4
120.5
116 .0
111. 9
108 .1

51.5
4 9.7
48 .0
46 .3

63.7
61.6
59.6
57.7
55.9
54. 2

90. 1
87 .3
84.6
82. 1
79.7
77. 4

104.5
101.2
98.1
9 5.2
92.5
89 .8

52.5
50 .9
49.4

75.3
73.2
71. 3
69.4
67 .6
65 .8

87. 4
85 .0
82.8
80.7
78.6
76.7

64 .2
6 25
61.0
59.5
58 .0
56.6

74.8
73 .0
71.3
69 .6
68. 0
66. 4

55 .2

64.9
63.5
62. 0
60. 6
59. 3
58 .0

149.7
131.0

11 7.2
106.5

126 .9
116 .8
108.4

8.1
8.4
8.6
8.9
9.1
9.4
9.7
9.9
10.2
10.4
10.7
10.9
11.2
11.4
11. 7
11.9

12. 2
12.4
12.7
13.0
13.2
13.5
13.7
14.0

398 .2
294.9
239 .3
204.1

492,7

21

Cop yright
20 12 by the Am erican Socicty of Mcc hanica l Eng ineers.
No rcp roduc tio n may be ma dc ofthis m ater ial w itho ul written consem uf AS ME .

~~

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~

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A5ME B31G2012

~3

~m
0
_

~.
~.

c:

rabIe 3-8

(12)

9.91.

Values of L for Pipe Sizes '" NPS 36 and < NPS 42

o"""
0 0

epth,

.o~

WaLL Thickness, r, in.

~oo

om

d, in.

0.250

0.281

0.312

0.03

13. 44

14.25

No limit

0.04
0.05
0.06
0.07

13.44
8.99
6.22
4.92

14.25
13.40
8.22
6.21

15.01
15.01

16.46
16.46

11.11

16.46

7.85

13.26

No limit
17.13
17 .13
17 .13

0.08
0.09
0.10

4.13

5.09
437
3.86

6.25

9.52

11 .89

18.41

3.59
3.19

5.27

7.62

13.70

4.60

0.11
0 .12

2.88

3.47

4.11

2.63
2.42

3.15
2.90

3.72
3.41

6.56
5.82
5.26

8 .87

0.13

6.46
5.6 5
5.06
4.59

9.16
7.60

0. 14
0 .15
0 .16
0.17
0.18
0.19

2.24
2.08
1.94
1.82
1.71
1.60

2.68
2.50
2.33
2. 19
2.06
1.94

3.15
2.93
2.74
2.57
2.42
2.29

4.22
3.91
3.65
3.42
3.22
3.04

0.20
0.21
0.22
0.23
0.24
0.25

1.51

1.83
1.73
1. 64

2.17
2.06
1.95
1.85
1. 76

m~

0.406

0.469

0 .562

No mtt

No limit
No lirnit
18.41
18.41
18.41

No limit
No Hmtt

No limit
No limit

~o

No Hmtt
20 .15
20.15

No limit
No limit

mC

20.15
20.15

6.83

18.94
14.23
11 .63
9.95

22.30
22.30
22.30
22.30
22.30
17.33

4.81
4.44
4.13
3.87
3.6 4
3.44

6 .18
5.66
5.23
4.88
4.58
4.31

8 .78
7.8 9
7.20
6.65
6 .18
5.79

14.3 1
12.33
10.91
9.84
9 .00
8.31

2.89
2.74
2.61
2.49
2.38
2.28

3.26
3.10
2.95
2.82
2.70
2.58

4.08
3.87
3.69
3.52
3.37
3.23

5.45
5.16
4.90
4.67
4 .46
4.27

7.7 5
7. 27
6.85
6.49
6.18
5.89

2.18
2.09
2.00
1.92
1.84

2.48
2.38
2.28
2.19
2.11
2.03

3.10
2.98
2.87
2.76
2.66
2.57

4.10
3 .94
3.79
3.66
3.53
3.41

5.64
5.41
5.20
5.00
4 .83
4 .66

1.95

2.48
2.40
2.32
2.24
2.17
2.10

3.30
3.19
3.09
3.00
2.91
2.83

4. 51
4.37
4 .23
4.11
3.99
3.87

0 .38
0.39
0.40
0.41
0.42
0.43

2.74
2.67
2.59
2.52
2.45
2.38

3.77
3 .67
3.5 7
3.48
3.39
3.31

0.4 4
0.45
0.46
0 .4 7
0.48
0.49

2.32

3.23
3.15
3.07
3.00
2.93
2.87

0.375

0.688

No

umtt

22.30

~.~

00

'<
,,0

3.?'
;::;::J

00
~o

10.66
7.69

gS
~f'

c::::;

So
[~
cro

~~

-;~

sg
30:
000
om

o oo

"C

o~

cm

iD5

~~

.:
(f>

0.26
0 .27
0.28
0 .29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34
0.35
0.36
0.37

2.80
2.74
2.68
2.62
2.56
2.50

0.50
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0.55

22
Copyright 2012 by the American Society ofMechanical Engineers.
No rcproduction may be marle ofthis material without written consen t of ASME.

E
r-'

"~
o

"o
!'.
e

ZO
o.g

e-e,
o
10
5o='
',o.
o

A5ME 831G-201 2

113

'ID
0
_
0.0
00

Table 3-8M
Depth,
d, mm

Values of L for Pipe 5izes " 914 mm and < 1 066 mm 0 .0.

(12)

Q~

Wall thtckness. t. mm

'

6.'

7.1

7.9

9.5

10.3

11.9

14.3

17.5

341. 4
341.4
228.4
158.1
124.9

36 1.9
36 1.9
340.2
208.9
157.6

No Hmtt
38 1.4
38 1.4
282.3
199.4

No mlt
41 8. 1
41 8.1
418 .1
336.8

No limit
No Hmtt
435 .0
43 5.0
435 .0

No mt t
No limit
467.6
467.6
467 .6

No li mil
No li mit
No limit
511.8
511.8

No limit
No limit
No ttrnlt
No limit
566.3

104.9
91.2
81.1
73.2
66 .8
61. 4

129.4
111.0
98. 0
80.1
73 .6

158 .7
133.9
116.9
104.3
94.6
86. 7

241. 7
19 3.6
164.0
143. 5
128.4
116.7

302 .1
23 2.8
193.0
166.7
147.9
133 .5

467 .6
348. 1
270.6
225.4
195.2
173 . 5

51 1.8
511.8
481.2
361.6
29 5.4
252.9

566.3
566.3
566.3
566.3
566 .3
440 .2

56.9
52. 9
4 9.4
46.2
4 3.3
40.7

68. 1
6 3.4
59.3
55.6
52.3
49.3

80. 1
74.5
69 .6
65.4
6 1.6
58.2

10 7.2
99.3
92 .6
86.9
81.8
77.3

122. 1
112.8
105. 0
98.3
92 .5
87 .4

156.9
143.7
13 2.9
123.9
116. 2
109.5

222.9
200.5
183.0
168.8
157.0
147.1

36 3.6
313 .1
277. 1
249.9
228.5
211.2

38.3

46.5
44.0
4 1.6

55.1
52 .2
49.6
47.1
44.8

73.3
69.7
66 .3
6 3.3
60.5
57.8

8 2.8
78.7
75.0
71.6
68. 5
65 .6

10 3.6
98 .4
93.7
8 9.5
85 .6
82.0

138.5
13 1.1
124.5
118 .6
113.3
108.5

196.8
184.6
174.1
164 .9
156 .9
149.7

55.4
53.1
50.9
48.8
4 6.9

62.9
60.3
58.0
55.7
53.6
51.6

78.7
75.7
72.8
70. 2
67.7
65.3

104 .1
100. 1
96 .3
92.9
89.6
86.6

143.2
137.3
132.0
127.1
122 .6
118 .4

49.7

63.0
60.9
58. 9
56. 9
55.1
53.3

83.8
81.1
78.6
76.2
73.9
71.8

114.5
110 .9
10 7.5
104 .3
101. 3
98.4

9.7
9.9
10.2
10.4
10.7
10.9

69.7
67 .7
65 .8
64. 0
62.2
60.5

95.7
93.2
90.7
88.4
86.1
84.0

11.2
11.4
11.7
11.9
12.2
12.4

58.9

82.0
80.0
78.1
76.3
74.5
72.8

0.8
1.0
1. 3

1.5
1.8

2.0
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0

3.3
3.6
3.8
'. 1
4.3

4.6
4.8

5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8
6. 1

6.'
6.6
6 .9
7.1
7.'
7.6
7.9

88.0

8.1
8.'
8.6
8.9
9.1

9.'

g~
0=
, 0

71.1
69 .5
68 .0
66.4

12.7
13.0
13 .2
13. 5
13.7
14.0

65.0
63.5

23
Copyright 2012 by the American Socic ty of'Mechanical Enginccrs .
No rcprodu ction may be made ofthis mate rial without written consen t o f AS ME.

~~

0 0

"~w
o
o,
"

s-

~O
0 0

3.?
;:::;;;:)

00
0.,
N

0 0

~'~
~N

=-6
:l.~

~O

~"
--<~

5"2

3"
wo

s:.
;00

ow

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en
o

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3

l able 3-9 Values 01 L lor Pipe Sizes <: NPS 42 and < NPS 48

"2
; I'"J
"8.;;
o

o
!l
e_. rr._ '
~

3" @

~
-c o
". o ~

-"

" -e
~ ;.
r. o

s, >

~3 8.

~ ~I ~
~.

~.

'<

; ~..

e~ c
_

s ;::
~.

8;:

g.

:;.
o -"
r,

; g"l

-- ,"
g

lB.

ro

> i!

'"
z
t"

0. 344

0.406

0.438

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.62 5

0.688

0.7 50

0.03
0.04
0.0 5
0.06
0.0 7

No Hm it
17.03
17.0 3
17.03
10.93

No limi!
No urmt
18.50
18. 50
18. 50

No limit
No limit
19.21
19.21
19.21

No limit
No Hmtt
19.88
19.88
19.8 8

No Hrmt
No limit
20. 53
20.5 3
20.53

No limil
No Hmit
No limit
21, 77
21.77

No limil
No limil
No limil
22. 95

No limil
No limit
No llmlt
No limit
24.08

No limil
No limil
No Hmit
No limit
No limit

No ll mit

0. 812
No
No
No
No
No

0.938

1.000

1.06 2

No Hmtt

No limit
No limit
No limit

Hmit

No limit
No limil
No Hmtt
No limi t
No limil

0.8 75

limit No limit
timil
mtt
mtt
limil

No
No
No
No

limil

Hmt
limi t

No limit

No limit
No limlt
No limil

1. 125

No Hrntt

No
No
No
No
No

No ltmit

1.188

No Hmtt
No Hmit
limil No Iimil
Hmlt No limit
Hmit No limil

brnlt

umtt

1.250
No
No
No
No
No

limit
limil
Hmft
limit
limil

0.08
0.09
0.10
0.11
0.1 2

8.3 3
6.87
5.92
5.24
4.72

12.8 5
9.90
8. 21
7.09
6.29

16 .55
12.06
9.72
8.26
7.25

19.88
14.80
11. 51
9.58
8.30

20.5 3
18 .55
13.74
11. 15
9.5 1

21 .77
21.77
20.46
15 .37
12. 56

22.95
22.95
22.95
22,44
17.06

24.08
24.08
24.08
24.08
24.08

25.1 4
25.14
25.14
25.14
25.14

No limil
26.16
26. 16
26. 16
26. 16

No timit
27.1 6
27.16
27,16
27.16

No limit
No Iimit
28.12
28.12
28.12

No limit
No limil
29.0 3
29.03
29.03

No Iimil
No Hmit
No limit
29.9 2
29.92

No limit
No limit
No limit
No Hmtt
30.79

No lirnit
No llmit
No limit
No limit
31.6 5

No lirnit

0.13
0.14
0.1 5
0.16
0.1 7

4.31
3.9 7
3.69
3.44
3.23

5.68
5.19
4.80
4.47
4. 18

6.50
5.9 1
5.44
5.0 5
4.72

7.38
6.6 7
6.11
5.65
5.27

8.3 6
7.51
6.84
6.31
5.86

10 .7 5
9,4 8
8 .53
7.78
7.18

14,0 2
12.04
10.6 3
9.57
8.7 5

18,72
15.46
13.32
11. 78
10.6 3

25 .14
20.2 5
16.82
14. 54
12.89

26 .16
26.16
21. 75
18.17
15.7 5

27,16
27.16
27,16
23 .31
19.56

28,12
28 .12
28.12
28,12
24.84

29.03
29.03
29.03
29.0 3
29.03

29.92
29.9 2
29.92
29.92
29.92

30 .79
30.79
30.79
30.79
30.79

31.6 5
31.65
31.65
31.6 5
31.65

3 2.46
32 .4 6
32.46
32.46
32.46

No timit
No mtt
No Hmit
No Hml t

,.
~

14.00
12.66
11.60
10.74
10.0 3

17.00
15.14
13.71
12.58
11.6 5

20.93
18. 25
16.2 8
14.76
13.55

9.42

10.88
10.23
9.6 6
9.17

0. 18
0.19
0.20
0.2 1
0.22

3.0 5
2.88
2.73
2.59
2.46

3.9 3
3.72
3.52
3.3 5
3.19

4.4 3
4.18
3.96
3.76
3.59

4.9 4
4.66
4.41
4,18
3.99

5.48
5.16
4.88
4.6 3
4.40

6.6 8
6.26
5.89
5.57
5.29

8 .08
7.52
7.05
6.65
6.29

9.72
8.9 8
8.37
7.85
7.40

11.65
10.66
9.8 6
9. 20
8.63

0.23
0.2 4
0.2 5
0.26
0.27
0. 28

2.35
2.24
2.14
2.04
1.9 5

3.05
2.91
2.79
2.67
2.57
2.46

3.4 2
3.27
3.14
3.0 1
2.89
2.78

3.80
3.64
3.49
3.35
3.22
3.10

4.2 0
4.02
3.8 5
3,70
3.55
3,4 2

5.04
4.8 2
4.61
4.43
4.25
4.10

5.98
5.70
5.45
5,22
5.02
4.83

7.0 1
6.6 7
6.36
6.09
5.84
5.61

8.15
7.72
7.3 5
7.02
6.7 2
6.45

2.37
2.28
2.19
2.11

0.34

2.68
2.58
2,49
2.40
2.31
2.23

2,98
2.88
2.78
2,68
2.59
2.50

3.30
3.18
3.07
2.97
2.87
2.78

3.95
3.8 1
3.68
3.56
3.45
3.34

4.6 5
4.49
4.34
4.20
4.0 7
3.94

5.40
5.21
5.04
4.87
4.72
4.57

6.20
5.97
5.76
5.57
5.39
5.22

7.0 5
6.79
6. 54
6.32
6.11
5.91

7.99
7.68
7.39
7.13
6.88
6.66

0.3 5

2.16

2.42
2,34
2,27

2.69
2.61
2.52
2.45
2.37
2.30

3.24
3.14
3.05
2.96
2.88
2.80

3.82
3.71
3.6 1
3.51
3.41
3.32

4.4 3
4.31
4.19
4.0 7
3.96
3.86

5.07
4.92
4.78
4.65
4.53
4.41

5.73
5.56
5.41
5,26
5.12
4.98

6.45
6.26
6.0 7
5,90
5.74
5. 59

0.29
0.30
0.3 1
0.32

0.33
&<:1.
Illi'

Wall Thickness, t, in.

e pt h.
d. In.

0.36
0.37

0.38
0.39
0.40

8.89
8 .43
8 .03
7.67
7,3 5

8.73
8.3 4

19.43
17.36
15.7 7

29 ,9 2
27.60
23 .48
20.59
18.44

30.79
30.79
29.04
24.80
21.80

31.6 5
31.65
31.6 5
30.45
26.11

32.46
32.46
32 .46
32 .46
31. 74

12. 56
11.74
11.04
10.4 3
9.90
9.43

14.4 9
13.4 5
12. 57
11.83
11.1 8
10.6 2

16.7 7
15.4 3
14.33
13 .40
12.62
11.9 3

19.56
17.81
16 .40
15.24
14.26
13.43

n oo
20.6 7
18.84
17.36
16.15
15.12

27.32
24.13
21.72
19 .8 2
18. 29
17. 02

9.02
8 .64
8 .00
7.71
7,45

10.12
9.68
9.28
8.92
8. 59
8.29

11. 34
10.8 1
10,34
9,92
9.53
9. 18

12.71
12.08
11.52
11.0 2
10.57
10.17

14.25
13.49
12,82
12.23
11.70
11.23

15.95
15.0 3
14.24
13. 54
1 2.92
12.37

7.21
6,99
6. 78
6.59
6.40
6.23

8 .01
7.76
7. 52
7.30
7.09
6.90

8.87
8 .5 7

9.80
9.46
9.15
8 .86
8 .59
8 .34

10.80
10.41
10.0 5
9.73
9.42
9.14

1 1.87
11. 42
11 .01
10 .64
10 .29
9.9 7

8.30

26.23

22.22

8.30
8 .05
7,81
7.59

:;

'"
~
~

wO:naSJIS4::>arMMM ':::>11 (::>!ll\USI:JS ) SJ9)n9 c UOSW041 q pal nq lJ1S1a 'peuuured S! BUI>jJOMI9 U JO UOI\::ln po Jd aJ Ja4pnJ ON
',(IUO esn S,aaSU8::>11 JOJ vO U V ~ O Z uo u 'VJna ,(uue a 01 pas ua3!I IB!JaI8W peI4Bp,(do:::>

Table 3-9
epth,
d. in.
7-

o
n

"g.::
o
ef": q::
a.

g. :=;
~ @

"
N
<e
O

0"'j3
O

3~
~&
O

s. "
-' 3
r
3.
3 &i

" o
;; V>
:! .

S'
I Dl
~
~
_ . '<

5-0
e

S <:
~

a . e~ 2.
o o

~
"o '"
o
~ 11.:.
- o

"

0. 41

0. 42
0 .43
0.44

0. 45
0 .46
0 .47
0 .48
0. 49
0 .50
0.5 1
0 .52
0 .53
0 .54
0. 55
0 .56
0. 57
0.58
0 .59
0 .60
0 .61
0. 62
0. 63
0.64

e ~
~
~.

0 .65

0 .67

0.69
0.70

<:

0 .66
0. 68

0.7 1
0.72
0.73
0.74
0 .7 5
0 .76

Va lues 01 L lor Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Conl'd)


Wall Thickness, t, in,

0.344

0.40 6

0.438

0.469

0 .500

0 .562

0.625

0.688

0.750

0.81 2

0.875

0.938

1.0 00

1.062

1. 12 5

1.188

1.250

2.72
2.6 5
2.57
2. 50

3.13
3. 15
3.0 7
2.99
2.9 1
2.84

3.76
3.66
3.57
3.49
3.40
3.32

4.30
4.19
4.09

3.99
3.90
3.81

4.86
4.7 4
4.6 2
4.5 1

4.4 1
4.3 1

5.45
5.3 1
5.18
5.06
4.95
4.83

6.0 7
5.92
5.77
5.64
5.50
5.38

6.71
6.5 4
6.38
6 .22
6.08
5.9 4

7.39
7.19
7.01
6.84
6.68
6. 52

8.11
7.89
7.69
7.50
7.3 1
7.14

8.88
8.63
8.4 0
8. 18
7.98
7.79

9.67
9.40
9. 14
8.90
8.67
8.46

2.77
2.70
2.64
2.57

3.2 4
3.1 7
3.09
3.0 2
2.96
2.89

3.7 2
3.64
3.56
3.48
3.40
3.33

4.21
4.12
4.03
3.94
3.86
3.78

4.7 3
4. 62
4.52
4.43
4.34
4.25

5.26
5.1 5
5.04
4 .93
4. 83
4.73

5.81
5.68
5.56
5.4 4
5.33
5.23

6.38
6.2 4
6. 10
5.97
5.85
5.73

6.98
6.82
6 .6 7
6. 53
6 .40
6 .27

7.61
7.43
7.27
7. 11
6.96
6.82

8.2 5
8.0 6
7.88
7.7 1
7.55
7.39

2.83

3.26
3.19
3.11

3.70
3.63
3.56
3.49
3.42
3.35

4.17
4.08
4.00
3.93
3.85
3.78

4. 64
4.55
4.46
4.38
4.30
4 .22

5. 12
5.02
4.9 ]
4.8 4
4.7 5
4.66

5.62
5.5 1
5.4 1
5.3 1
5.2 1
5.12

6.14
6.03
5.91
5.80
5.69
5.59

6.6 9
6.56
6.43
6.3 1
6 .19
6.0 8

7.2 4
7.10
6.96
6.8 3
6.7 0
6. 58

3.29
3.22
3.16
3.10
3.04
2.99

3.7 1
3.64
3.58
3.5 1
3.45
3.39

4. 14
4.0 7
4.0 0
3.93
3.86
3.79

4.58
4 .50
4.4 2
4 .34
4.27
4.2 0

5.03
4.94
4. 8 5
4 .77
4.69
4.6 1

5.49
5.40
5.31
5.22
5.13
5.05

5.98
5.87
5.77
5.67
5.58
5.49

6.4 6
6.35
6.2 4
6. 14
6 .04
5.9 4

3.33
3.27
3.21
3.15
3.10
3.04

3.7 3
3.66
3.60
3.54
3.48
3.42

4 .13
4 .06
3.99
3.93
3.87
3.80

4.54
4.4 7
4.39
4.32
4.26
4. 19

4.97
4.89
4.8 1
4 .73
4 .66
4.59

5.40
5.3 2
5.23
5.15
5.07
5.00

5.8 4
5.7 5
5.66
5.57
5.49
5.4 1

3.37
3.31
3. 26
3.21
3. 15

3.7 4
3.69
3.63
3.57
3.52
3.46

4 .13
4 .06
4.00
3.94
3.88
3.8 2

4.52
4 .45
4.] 9
4.32
4.26
4.20

4.9 2
4.85
4.78
4.7 1
4.64
4.58

5.33
5.25
5. 18
5. 10
5.03
4.96

2.76
2.70

3.06
3.00
2.94

,;

;:
m

:o

'"

2.88
2.8 2

' w o::q aaJIS\p aj"MMM ':>11 (:lljIIUal :lS) SJalnac UOSWOl.a q panqUSIO -pemuued SI 6U .~ JOMleu JOucucnpomar J941JnJ ON
' IUO esn seesueou JOj PO-l~ 'P~Ol uo u lVm O '<uuea 01 pe sueoureuerew Dal46udo:>

~
@

Jable 3-9
n

;; e

e -c
c.~

rs-

~ @

0"-

"3

,'{

6.-;o o
g, >
~~
'" ~ .
3

~.

" , I o-~
(/.1

~ a'
o5'
0_
S

~
::!.

Wall Thickness, r, in.


0.344

0.406

0 .438

0.469

O.SOO

0.562

0.625

0.688

0.150

0.81 2

0.87 5

0.93 8

1.0 00

1.062

1.125

1.1 88

1.250

3.77

3.71

4.14
4 .08

3.66
3.60
3.5 5
3.50

4.02
3.96
3.91
3.85

4.5 1
4.45
ld9
4.33
4.2 7
4. 21

4.8 2
4.76
4.69
4.63
4.57

3.4 5
3.40

3.80
3.75
3.70
3.6 5
3.60
3.5 5

4.16
4.10
4.0 5
3.99
3.94
3.89

3.50
3.45

3.84
3.79
3.74
3.69
3.64
3.59

:1.

e _
&.
~

epth .
d. in.

Values 01 L lor Pipe Sizes ;, NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Conl'd)

s:

e~ ~
"
o, "-m
::l

"g rt:.
,

-,

e o

>~

V>

z
m

0.77
0 .7 8
0.79
0.80
0.8 1
0.81
0.8 3
0.84
0.85
0.86
0 .8 7
0.88

3.4 1
3.36
3.30
3.25

4.89

4.51
4.4 5
4.39
4 .34

z.zs
4.23

3:
~

;;;'"
"e
~

0.89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0.9 3
0.94
0.95
0.96
0.97
0.98
0.99
1.00

3.55

4.1 7
4. t 2
4.07
4.0 2
3.97

3.92
3.87
3.82
3.77
3.7l
3.68
3.64

'w o:n aaj Slp ar MMM 'on (:)Ijljuapsl sJa na ~ uosuroqj xq panq!J1S!a "pau!wJad S! 6UIl\JOM6U JO uouonpcioer Ja 4mJ 0N
"1iIUO esn s.eesuecq JO) VO'U' vlOl uo u!vma uuea al oas ueoqr eue ieur pal 46lJhdo:)

Table 39M
Depth ,
d, mm

0.8
1.0

7o

1.3
1.5

ro
8.~
e a.
og, l.
_

-e o

1.8
2.0
2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0

:;E e

~ ,~
"o -o
>

3.3
3.6
3.8

g'

4 .1

o.~

::'3
~ o
~.

ao V>
o
o
g
I 'J
_ .

4.3

Wa ll rhlckness, r, mm
8.7

No Hmt

211.6
174.5

326.3
251. 4
208.4

10 9.4
10 0.8
93.6
87.5
82 .1

5.8

59.6
56.9
54.3
51.9
49.6

g 3:::
~

2,

8 e,

o t-t
o

~~

e~o
o

>1"

'"
!"

159.7
144 .2
13 1.9

121.9
11 3.4

106. 2

11.1
No l imil
No l imil
488.1

11.9

No limit
No Hmtt
505 .0
505.0

12.7
No limit
No limit

14.3

15.9

No limit
No limit
No li mit

No limit
No limit
No limit
No Hrn tt

17.5
No
No
No
No

limil
li mit
limil

19.1
No limit
No lmlt

583.0

Hrnit
61 1.7

No Hmit
No limit
No limit

20.6
No
No
No
No
No

limil

Hmtt
limit
Iimil

22 ,2

23.8

No lim it
No limit
No limit
No Iimil
No l imil

No
No
No
No
No

lim il

25.4

limlt
rnft

No limit
No Hmit
No mtt

Hmlt
Hm

No Umit
No Hmlt

505.0

521. 5
521. 5
521. 5

505 .0
376 .0
29 2.3
243 .4
210 .8

521.5
4 71 .2
348.9
28 3.2
241. 5

55 2.8
552.8
519.7
390.5
319.1

583.0
583 .0
583.0
570. 0
433.4

61 1.7
611.7
611.7
611.7
61 1.7

638.7
638.7
638.7
638.7
638.7

No limit

306.4
246. 9
209 .8
18 4.1

664. 5
664.5
664 .5
664 .5

No li mil
689.8
689.8
689 .8
68 9.8

No li mit
No li mil

No fimit
No li mit

714.2
714. 2
714. 2

16 5.0
150.1
138.1
128 .1
11 9.8

18 7.4
169.4
155.2
14 3.6
133.9

212.4
190 .7
173.8
160.2
148 .9

273. 1
240.8
216.6
197 .6
182 .3

356 .1
305.7
270. 0
243 .2
222. 2

4 75.5
392.7
338. 2
299 .3
269.9

638. 7
514.4
427.3
369.3
327.5

664. 5
664. 5
552.4
461.4
400.0

689.8
689.8
689.8
592.0
496 .8

714.2
714 .2
714. 2
714.2
630.8

488.1
488 .1
420.4

55 2.8
55 2.8

llmlt

28 .6

30.2

lim il

No limit

Hmit

No Iirmt
No limit

lirnit

No limit
No limit

limit
limlt

No Hmlt No lfmil
No Hmtt No limi t

27.0
No
No
No
No
No

No

mtt

No Hmit

73 7.5
737. 5
737 .5

No limit
No llmit
No llmlt
760 .0
760.0

No li mil
782. 2

No l im it

737 .5
73 7.5
737.5
737. 5
737. 5

760 .0
760. 0
760. 0
760. 0
760. 0

782 .2
78 2,2
78 2.2
782.2
78 2.2

803 .8
803.8
803.8
803 .8
80 3.8

No l imil
No li mil

No Hmft
No Hmit
No lim it

803.8

3 1.8
No llmlt

No Hmit
No Hmlt
No Hmtt
No Hmit
No
No
No
No
No

Hmlt
Ilmit

limit
limil
lim it

824. 5
8 24. 5
824 .5
824. 5
824.5

"

6.1

469.9

180. 1

o o

46 9.9
46 9.9

133.0
119.8

a . ge-

_.

No Iimit

150.3

77.3
73. 1
69 .3
65 .8
6 2.6

5' o
2

10.3

No limil
432. 5
432.5
432.5
277 .7

4.6
4.8
5.1
5.3
5.6

Values of L for Pipe Slzes ~ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0 .0 .

6.4
6.6
6.9
7.1
7.4
7.6
7.9
8.1
8.4
8.6

8.9
9.1
9.4
9 .7
9.9
10.2

99.9
94.4
89 .5
85 .0
8 1.0

77.3
7 4.0

70 .8
67.9
65 .2
62 .6
60.2
57.9
55.7
53.6

112.6
106.2
100 .6
9 5.6
91.1

125.5
118 .3
111.9
106 .3
10 1. 2

13 9.3
131.0
12 3.8
11 7.5
1 11.8

16 9.6
158.9
149.6
141.6
134.4

205.2
191.0
179.1
168 .8
159.8

246 .8
228.1
212.6
199.4
188 .1

295.8
270.8
250. 5
233.6
219.3

355 .5
321.6
294.8
272 .9
254. 7

431.9
384.5
348.3
319.5
296.0

531 .7
46 3.5
4 13.4
374. 9
344 .2

666.3
564.4
49 3.4
441.0
400. 5

760.0
701 .0
596.5
523.0
468.4

782 .2
782.2
73 7.6
630.0
553.8

80 3.8
803.8
803 .8
77 3.6
663. 1

8 24.5
8 24.5
8 24 .5
824. 5
806.1

8 7.0
8 3.2
79 .7
76. 5
73.5
70.7

96 .6
92.4
88 .6
85.0
81.7
78.7

106. 7
] 02.0
97 .8
93.9
90.2
86.9

128.1
122.4
11 7.2
112 .4
108.1
10 4.0

151.9
144.8
138.5
13 2.7
127.5
122.6

178 .2
169.4
161.7
154.7
148.3
14 2.6

206 .9
196.2
186.7
178.2
170.6
163.7

239.2
225 .9
214 .2
204.0
194 .8
186.6

276 .4
259.7
245.4
232.8
221.8
211.9

319 .1
298.2
280 .4
26 5.0
25 1.5
239.6

368 .1
341.6
319,3
300. 4
284 .0
269.7

425.9
391.9
36 3.9
340. 5
320 .4
303.1

496.7
45 2.3
416.5
387. 0
36 2.3
341. 1

584.3
524. 9
478.5
441.0
410.1
384. 1

693.8
612.9
551.7
50 3.5
46 4 .6
432 .3

68.0
6 5.5
6 3.2
60 .9
58.8
56.7

75.8
73.1
70.5
68. 1
6 5.8
63.6

8 3.7
80 .8
78.0
75.4
72.9
70. 6

100.3
96.8
93 .6
90 . 5
8 7.6
84.9

118.2
114.1
110 .2
106 .6
10 3.3
100.1

137 .3
132. 4
127.9
123.7
11 9.8
116 .1

157 .4
151.7
146.4
141.5
136.9
132.7

179 .1
172.4
166.1
160.4
155.1
150 .2

203 .0
195.0
187.7
181. 0
174.8
169.1

22 9.0
219 .5
210 .9
20 3.1
19 5.9
18 9.3

257. 1
245 .8
23 5.7
226.5
218. 2
210 .5

288 .0
274.6
262.6
251.9
242.2
233.3

322 .8
306.8
292. 6
279.9
268. 6
258. 2

361.8
342 .5
325 .6
310 .7
297.3
285.3

405 .2
38 1.9
36 1.7
343 .9
328. 2
314.2

54. 8

61.5
59.5
57.6

68. 3
66.2
64.1
62 .2
60. 3
58.4

8 2.3
79.9
77.5
75.3
73.1
71.1

97.1
94.3
91.6
89. 1
86 .6
84.3

112 .6
10 9.4
106 .3
10 3.4
100.6
98.0

128 .7
125.0
121 .4
118.1
11 5.0
112.0

14 5.6
141. 3
137.3
133 .5
129.9
126.5

16 3.8
158 .9
154.3
150 .0
145.9
142.0

18 3.2
177 .5
172.2
16 7.3
16 2.7
158 .3

203 .5
197 .0
190 .9
18 5.3
180.1
17 5.1

225.2
217.7
210. 8
204. 4
198.5
192 .9

248. 9
24 0.3
23 2.3
225.0
21 8 .3
21 1.9

274 .4
264 .5
255.4
24 7.0
239.3
23 2.1

301.6
290 .1
279.7
270.2
26 1.4
253.3

"s"
~

'WO:n aaJ1Sll OeI' MMM ':)11 (Olj 1Iual:>S) SJalna~ UOSWOlll ,(q palnqulS!O 'pall!WJ9d S! 6u!'>IJ0M1aU JO uoucnporo er J94 1JnJ 0 N
',(IUO asn seesueoq JOJ vo-U-vWl uo u'vma ,(uuea 01 oesueonreueieur P9146!J,(do:)

ra bie 39M
Oepth ,
d. mm

10.4
10.7
10.9
11. 2

; n

a.f5

11. 4

11.7

o. ~

:l .

.
o rg.
_

"3 e

'<

0" -

O"

"~
0.
-

.-

"2, ,.

3.

3 ~
!< "Vl
!:;
ir

~~.
o0"

I 00~

~"

>~

V>

::
m

143

69. 1
6 7.2
6 5.4

63.6

8 2.1
79.9
77.9
75.9
74.0
72.2

17.5

19.1

20.6

22.2

23 .8

25.4

27.0

28.6

30. 2

31.8

95.5
93.0

109.1
106.4

123.3

138.4
135.0

154.2
150.3
14 6.6
14 3.1
139.8
13 6.6

170.5
166 .1
162.0
158 .1
154 .4
150 .9

18 7.7
18 2.7
178. 1
173.7
169.6
16 5.7

206. 0
200.5
19 5.3
190.4
185 .8
18 1.4

225.5
219.2
213.4
207.9
20 2.7
19 7.8

245.7
238.7
232. 1
226 .0
220.2
214.8

133 .6
130.7
127.9
125.3
122 .7
120.3

147.5
144.3
141.2
138.3
135.5
132.7

161.9
158.4
155.0
1 ~ 1.7
148.6
145.6

177.2
173.3
169 . 5
16 5.9
16 2.5
159.2

193. 2
188.8
184 .7
180.7
176 .9
173.3

209.7
204. 8
200.2
19 5.8
191.7
187.7

90.7
88.5
86.4
84.3

10 3.8
10 13

99 .0
96 .7
94.5
92 .4
90.3

82.4
80. 5
78.6
76.8
75. 1

86.4

73.4

84.6

71.8
70.2
68.6

82.8

88.3

120.3
11 7.4
114.6
111.9
10 9.4
10 6.9
104 .6
10 2.3
10 0.2
98. 1
96.0

131.7

128.6
125.6
122.8

120.0
117.4
114.9
112,~

110. 2
108.0
1 0 ~ .8

94 .1
92.2
90.3
88.5
86.8
85. 1

10 3.7
10 1.7
99.8
97.9
96 .0

117.9
115 .6
113.4
111.2
109.2
10 7.2

130.1
127.6
125.2
122 .9
120.6
118 .4

14 2.8
140.0
137.4
134.8
132.4
130. 0

156.1
153.0
150.1
147.3
14 4.7
142 .1

169.8
166 .5
163.3
160 .3
157.3
154. 5

183.9
180 .2
176.8
173.4
170.2
167. 1

83.5
81.9
80.3
78.8
77.3
75. 8

94 .2
92. 5
90.8
89.2
8 7.6
86.0

10 5.2
10 3.3
10 1.5
99.7
98 .0
9 6.3

116 .3
114.3
112.3
110.3
108 .5
106 .6

127.7
12 5.4
123.3
12 1.2
119.2
11 7.2

1 39.6
137.1
134.8
132.5
130.3
128.2

151.8
149.1
1'16.6
144.1
14 1.8
139.4

164.2
161. 3
158 .6
155.9
153.3
150.8

84.5
83. 0
8 1.5
80.1
78 .7
77.3

94.7
93.0
91. 5
89.9
88 .4
87 .0

104 .9
10 3.1
101.4
99.8
98.2
96.6

115.3
113.4
111.6
109.8
108.1
10 6.4

126.1
12 4.1
122.1
12 0.2
118.4
11 6.6

13 7.2
135.0
132.9
130. 9
128.9
126 .9

1ll8.4
146.1
143.8
141.6
139. 4
137.4

18.0

8 5.6

18 .3
18. 5
18.8
19.1

8 4.1
82 .8

95 .1
93. 6
92. 1
90.7
89.3
87.9

10 4.8
103.2
101.6
100.1
98.6
97. 1

114.8
113.1
111.4
10 9.8
108.2
106.6

125. 1
123.2
121.4
119.7
118 .0
116 .3

135.3
133.4
131.4
129.6
1 27.7
126.0

14 .2

14 .5
14. 7

81.1

79.4
77.7
76.1
74.6

(;;

;:
m

'"
e'"
~

15.0
15.5
15.7

-go r5.
,
"

11.9

70.4

15. 2

" m

10.3

15.9

68.6
67.0
65.3

":l ":.
8 ~

8.7

12 ,7

11.9

!'. ::

g
:;. i?"

Wall r hlckness, 1, mm

11.1

12.2
12.4
12.7
13.0
13.2
13.5
13.7
14.0

,;. 3

;;'

Values of L for Pipe 51zes ;, 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0.0. (Cont'd)

16.0

16.3
16.5
16.8
17 .0

17.3
17.5
17.8

193

73.1
71.6

81.4
80.1

'w O::n SSJ1S4:l ar MMM '::>11 (~!Jlluaps ) sJana~ UDsw041 Aq panqIJ1S!O -oanruned SI fiuPtJ0Mlau JO uononporder Ja4lJnl 0N
'IUO esn s.eesueoq JOj vO-Z~ -vlOZ uo u!VJnO uueO 01 pesueoureuereur pa14filJdo:)

7.

o
;

rab Ie 3-9M

"~~
o
o ,

Depth .
mm

g
.~
o

a,

3 @
~
~
o

19.6
19.8
20. 1
20.3
20 .6
20 .8

3 ~

g.g2.>

='3Q
:.
~ g"
9. ~
~ ~.

:::.' -

[~
o
a"
c. 8o

-o

21.1
2 1.3
2 1.6
21.8
22. 1
22.4

22.6
22.9

Values of L for Pipe Sizes z 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
Wall Thickness,

8. 7

10.3

1 1.1

11 .9

12.7

14.3

15 .9

17.5

...

19. 1

t, mm
20.6

22.2

23.8

25.4

27.0

28.6

86 .6
85.2
83 .9
82 .7

95.7
9 4.3
92.9
9 1.5
90. 2
88 .9

10 5.1
10 3.6

...
.. .

...
.. .

...
...

...
.. .

...

87. 6
86.4

102. 1

100. 7
99 .3
97 .9

96.5
95.2
93 .9
92. 6
9 1.3
90. 1

30 .2

31.8

11 4 .7

108.5

124.2
t 22.5
120 .9
11 9.2
117.6

10 7.0

1 16 .1

10 5.6
104 .1
10 2.8

1 14.5
11 3. 1
1 11 .6
110 .1
108 .7
10 7.3

113 .1
11 1. 5
110 .0

101.1.
100 .1
98.7

...

87.7

97.5
96 .2

94.9
93.7
92 .5
91. 3
90. 1

3::

24. 1
24.tl
24.6
24.9

25. 1
25.4

;;

r. ::-

o ~ ~
o ",
:::. S"
o r.
-, (';

>

;
.

f"

.,"
~

C;
;..

s
~

88.9

23. 1
23.4
23.6
23.9

::J

>

V>

...

106.0
104 .6
103.3
10 2.0
100 .8
99.5
98. 3
97. 1
95.9
94 .7
93.5
92.4

WQ::naaJISljOarMMM ':)11 (:)IIllual::tSl sJGna~ UOsw041,l;Q pa jnqlJlSIO pal\l w m d SI 6UI)jJOMU JOuouooporoar JG4lm N
",l;luo asn s.eesuaou JOI vO -Z~ -v~OZ uo ulYJnO ,l;uuea 01 ossusoureueieur paI4f:iIJ,l;do:J

rabie 3 10

Values of L for Pipe Sizes 2: NPS 48 and < NPS 52


WaUIhlckness . t. in.

Depth ,

r:
[ ::1
o "
e ~
_
g.
;

"O

"3

<e

!CJ
w
e

.".-

"

3 -r

~;.

"

'J:

::l.

2, >
: ~

S Q
E:

"::l.~

:::l

'"~ .
~

e~. ,<
_
e- e

~ ;::
a. "g.

e : '
"e -

~ ~
:::5 lE.

-- ""
e "

>'

'"
;::
!"

1'!

d, in.

0.344

0.406

0.4 38

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.625

0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06

No limit
18 .20
18. 20

No limil
No limil

No limil

No Iimit
No limit

No Hmit
No Hmit
No limit

0. 0 7

11.69

No limit
No Hm it
19.78
19.7 8
19.78

0.08
0.09
0. 10
0. 11
0.1 2

8. 91
7.35
6.33
5.60
5.04

13.73

0 .68 8

0.75 0

0.81 2

0.8 75

0.938

1.00 0

1.06 2

1.1 2 5

1. 188

No Hrn
No mtt
No Hmit
No limil
No lirnit

No mit

No ti mit

No limil
No lirnit
No Hmit

No timil
No Hmit
No limit

No lim ft

No l imil

No mn
No limit
No limit
No limit

No Hm t

No
No
No
No
No

Hmtt

No

No limit
Hmt t

No umtt
No lirnit

No limit
No limlt

limil
limil

No limil

Nolimit
No limit
No Hmit

No mtt

1.250

20.54

21.26

20. 54
20. 54

21. 26

21.9 5
21.95

21.26

21.9 5

23 .27

No Hm tt
No limlt
No lirnit
No limit
24. 54

17.69
12.89
10.39
8.83
7.75

21.26
15.8 2
12.30
10.24
8.87

21.9 5
19.8 3
14.69
11.92
10. 16

23 .27
23 .27
21.8 7
16 ,44
13,4 3

24 .54
24 .54
24 .54
23.99
18.24

2 5.74
2 5.74
25,7 4
25.74
25 ,74

26.88
26.88
26 .88
26 ,88
26 ,88

No Iimit

No Hmlt

No Hmt t

10.58
8.77
7.58
6,72

27.97
27.9 7
27.9 7
27.9 7

29,03
29.03
29.03
29.03

No llmlt
30 ,06
30.06
30.06

32,92

33.8 3

0.13
0.14
0.15
0.16
0.17
0.18

4.6 0
4,24
3,94
3.68
3.46
3.26

6.0 7
5.55
5.13
4,77
4.47
4. 21

6. 94
6.32
5.81
5.40
5.04
4.74

7.8 9
7.13
6.53
6,04
5.63
5.28

8,9 4
8.0 3
7.32
6.74
6,27
5.86

11.49
10.1 3
9. 11
8. 32
7.67
7.14

14.99
12.8 7
11.36
10.2 4
9.35
8.63

20,0 1
16. 53
14.23
12.60
11. 36
10.39

26 ,88
21.6 5
17.99
15.54
13.78
12.45

27.9 7
27.97
2),25
19.4 2
16 ,84
14.96

29.0 3
29.03
29.03
24,92
20,91
18,18

30.0 6
30.06
30.06
30.06
26.55
22.38

31.04
31.04
31.04
31.04
31.0 4
28,04

31.99
31.99
31.99
31.9 9
31.99
31.99

32, 92
32, 92
32.9 2
32.92
32.92
32.92

33 .8 3
33.8 3
3 3.8 3
3 3.8 3
3 3.8 3
33.8 3

34.7 0
34.70
34.70
34 ,70
34.70
34.7 0

0.19
0.20
0. 21
0.22
0.13
0.24

3.08
2.92
2.77
2,63
2.51
2.39

3.97
3.7 7
3.58
3.41
3.26
3.11

4. 47
4,24
4.02
3.83
3.66
3.50

4,9 8
4,71
4,47
4.26
4.07
3.8 9

5.5 2
5.21
4.94
4.7 1
4.49
4.29

6,69
6.30
5.96
5.6 6
5,39
5,15

8.04
7.54
7.10
6.7 3
6.3 9
6,10

9.60
8.9 5
8.39
7.91
7,50
7.13

11.40
10.54
9.83
9.13
8.7 1
8 ,26

13.54
12.4 1
11.4 9
10.7 2
10 ,0 7
9, 51

16.18
14.66
13.4 5
12.46
11.6 3
10,9 3

19 ,51
17,40
15,78
14.49
13.43
12.55

23.75
20.77
18.56
16.86
15.49
14.38

29 .51
25,10
22.0 1
19.71
17.9 3
16.4 9

32,92
31.05
26. 52
23.3 1
20.9 1
19.0 3

33 .83
33 ,83
32 .56
27.91
24. 59
22.09

34,70
34.7 0
34.70

0.2 5
0.26
0.2 7
0.28
0. 29
0.30

2.29
2.18
2,09

...

2.98
2.86
2,74
2.63
2.53
2.44

3.35
3.2 2
3.09
2.97
2.86
2.76

3.73
3.58
3.44
3.31
3.19
3.08

4.12
3.9 5
3.80
3,66
3. 52
3.40

4,93
4.7 3
4,S5
4.38
4.2 2
4.08

5.83
5. 59
5.36
5.1 6
4.97
4.80

6.80
6. 51
6.24
6.00
5.78
5,57

7.86
7.50
7.18
6.89
6.63
6.38

9,02
8.58
8.2 0
7.8 5
7,S4
7.25

10.3 3
9.80
9,3 3
8.9 2
8, S4
8.2 1

11.80
11.1 5
10.59
10,09
9.64
9.24

13.4 4
12.64
11.9 5
11.35
10.82
10.35

15. 32
14.33
13.49
12.76
12 .12
11.5 6

17.53
16 .29
15,25
14 .36
13.59
12.91

20.14
18.56
17.26
16.17
15.23
14.4 2

23.22
21. 19
19 ,55
18.20
17,0 5
16.0 7

...

2.34
2.26

2.66
2,56
2.47
2,39
2.31

2,97
2,87
2.77
2.68
2.5 9
2.50

3.28
3.17
3.0 7
2.97
2.88
2.79

3,94
3.81
3.69
3.57
3.46
3.36

4.64
4.49
4.35
4.2 1
4. 09
3.9 7

5.38
5,21
5,04
4.89
4.74
4.60

6 .16
5,95
5.76
5.58
5.42
5.26

6.99
6,7 5
6.53
6.3 2
6. 13
5.95

7.90
7.62
7.36
7.12
6.90
6.69

8.88
8.5 5
8. 25
7.97
7.71
7.47

9,92
9. 53
9.18
8.8 6
8.5 6
8. 29

11.05
10 .60
10.19
9.82
9.48
9.16

12.32
11.78
11.30
10.8 7
10.47
10.11

13.71

15.22
14.48
13.81
13.22
12.69
12.21

0.31
0.32
0.33
0.3 4
0.35
0.36

18.20

...

...

No Iimit

23.27

No Hmh No Hm
No Hmlt No Hmit
No limil No li mil
No limit No Hmtt
25.74
No limi l

No limit
No limlt
No limil
No Hm it
No limit

No
No
No
No

limil

No limit

'w o::n aaJIS4::lEWMMM' 8 11 (:>111IUal::lsl

No limit
No limi t

sJa tna~

No limit
No Hmtt

31.04
31.04
31.04

No

mft

No limit
No li mit
No lmlt
No lirr ut

31.99
31.99

uosuroqj JiqpanqpIS!O -pemun ed

No Iimit
No limit
No limit

13,08
12. 51
12.01
11.55
11.13

SI

llrnit
lim it

umtt
lim it
li mit

,.

"'"
~

"

.:.,

8N

33.93
29 .20
25.80

5U!'ljJOMI9U JO uouonpo.dar Ja4vnJ 0N

-IUO asn s.eesueou JOj l>Q-U 'v~Ol uo u ' VmO uueO Ol paSU9'J!lleIJ9 IeW pal45!Jd o :)

rab Ie 310

.g

Ij

e ,.
("; rre

g. :r
=
3

@
N

cr;::;

~ .~

"
O

!:l

o >
::' 3

3 ~r

" =
V>
~ 8, 1~
~ 14

_.~

3- o

<
<

oo
::r

El

~
r-t

:::l.

-~ "~.

:l

=
0'"
==
o- g
~"
>.

l:r"

epth
d, In.

0.37

Val ues of L for Pi pe Slzes

NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Cont' d)

Wa ll t hkkness. t. In.
0.344

0.406

0.4 38

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.62 5

0 .688

0. 750

0 .812

0.875

0.938

1.000

1.06 2

1. 12 5

1.1 88

1.250

2.42

2.70
2.62
2.5 4
2.46

3.26
3.17
3.08
2.99
2.91
2.8 3

3.86
3.75
3.65
3.55
3.45

4. 47
4.3 5

5.11
4.97

5.78
5.62
5.47

7.25
7.0 4
6.85
6.66
6.4 9

6.33

8 .04
7.80
7.58
7.37
7.18
6.99

8.87
8 .60
8.3 5
8. 12
7.90
7.69

9.78
9.47
9. 19
8.92
8. 67
8.44

10.7 5
10.40
10.0 7
9. 77
9.49
9.23

11 .77
11. 37
11 .00
10.66
10.3 4
10 .0 5

4.13

4.84

4 .12
4.0 2
3.92

4.71
4 .59
4 .48

5. 19
5.06

6.49
6.3 1
6.14
5.98
5.83
5.68

3.82
3.73
3.64
3.55
3.47

3.39

4.37
4.2 6
4. 16
4.07
3.98
3.89

4.9 4
4.8 2
4.71
4.60
4.50
4.4 0

5.54
5.4 1
5.29
5.1 7
5.0 5
4.94

6. 17
6.02
5.88
5.75
5.62
5.50

6.82
6.65
6.50
6.35
6.21
6.07

7.50
7.31
7.14
6.9 7
6 .8 2
6.6 7

8.22
8.0 1
7.82
7.63
7.46
7.29

8. 98
8.7 5
8.53
8.33
8.13
7.95

9.77
9.5 1
9.27
9 .04
8.8 2
8.62

3.80
3.72
3.64
3. 56
3.48
3.4 1

4.31
4.22
4.13
4.0 4
3.96
3.88

4.84
4.74
4.64
4. 54
4.4 5
4.3 7

5.39
5.27
5. 17
5.06
4.96
4.87

5.94
5.82
5.70
5.48
5.37

6.52
6.3 9
6.26
6.13
6.01
5.89

7.13

0. 54

3.3 1
3.23
3. 16
3.09
3.02
2.95

6.98
6 .84
6.70
6.57
6.44

7.77
7.60
7.45
7.2 9
7.15
7.01

8. 43
8.24
8.07
7.9 0
7.74
7.59

0.55

2.89

3.34
3.27
3.20
3.14
3.07
3.01

3.80
3.73
3.65
3.58
3.51
3.45

4 .28
4.20
4.1 2
4 .04
3.97
3.8 9

4.77
4. 68
4.60
4.5 1
4.43
4.35

5.27
5.17
5.08
4.98
4.90
4.8 1

5.78
5.67
5.57
5.47
5.37
5.28

6.32
6.20
6. 09
5.98
5.87
5.77

6 .87
6.75
6.6 2
6. 50
6.39
6. 28

7.4 4
7.30
7.16
7.03
6.9 1
6. 79

3.38
3.32
3.25
3.19

3.82
3.7 5
3.69
3.62
3.5 5
3.4 9

4.27
4.20
4.12
4.05
3.98
3.92

4.73
4.64
4.57
4.49
4.41
4.34

5.19
5.10
5.0 2
4.93
4 .8 5
4.7 7

5.67
5.58
5.48
5.40
5. 31

6 .1 7
6. 07
5.97
5.8 7
5.77
5.68

6.56
6. 4 5
6.35
6.25
6.15

0.38
0.39
0. 40
0.4 1
0.42
0.4 3
0. 44
0.45
0 .46
0.47
0.48

2.7 5
2.68

3.36
3.28
3. 19
3.11
3.04
2.96
2.89

5.33

3:

0.49
0.50
0. 51
0 .52

0.53

0.56
0. 57
0.58
0.59
0. 60

0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0.65
0 .66

2.82

2.75

5.59

5.22

:;;

'"
~
~

6.67

' w OO'l aaJS4:)eI' MMM ' :) 11 (:)!I!!UaIOS) SJana~ UOSW041 q palnq!JS~a -oemuneo SI 6uPlJOMlaU JO uouonpoioer JS4l-JnJ 0N
'IUO esn s.saSU9011 JOj PO"U 'V~OZ uo u'VJna uueO 01 paSU80111e1J9eW pa)46!Jfido:)

Table 310

z:@ ,..,
"O

Dept h,
d. in.

t~

&. ~

0.67
0.68
0.69
0.70
0.71
0.72

~ @

'<

O
cr< ro N

3~

g.:;.
O

r.
,.

~3
2': r;

""O

~.

s:: U"l

S' g

;
~:
_. '<
9- e
o ~

" ;:
. ro
o

~.

"'
o ?i"

o -

"o '"
o

~ ~.

o r.
~

r.

,. p
en
;:

I '"
N

0.73
0.74
0.7 5
0.7 6
0.77
0.78

Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Conl ' d)
Wall r htckness, 1, in.

0.344

0.406

0.4 38

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.6 25

0.688

0.7 50

0.812

0.8 75

0.938

1.000

1.062

1. 1 2 5

1. 188

1.250

). 43
3.37
3.31
3.25

3.85
3.79
3.72
3.6 6
3.60
3.5 4

4.27
4.20
4, 13

4.70
4.62
4 .55

5.14
5.06
4.9 8

6.05
5.96
5.87

4.07
4.0 0
3.94

4 .48
4.4 1
4 .34

4 .9 1
4.83

5.59
5.5 1
5.42
5.3 4
5.26
5.19

3.88
3.82
3.76
3.70
3.6 4
3.59

4.28
4.21
4.1 5

4.09
4.0 3
3.97

3.53
3.48

3.48
3.43
3.3 7

4.76
4,69
4.62

5.11

~.7 8
~.70

5.6 1

4 ,55
4,49

5.0 4
4.9 6
4.8 9

4.4 2
4.36

4.83
4.76

5.53
5,45
5.38
5,)0
5.23
5.16

3.9 1
3.85

4.3 0

3.80

4. 18

3.7 4
3.69
3.63

4. 06

4.69
4.6 3
4.56
4.50
4.44
4.38

5.09
5,02
4. 95
4,89
4,8 2
4.7 6

4.32
4.27
4.21
4. 16

4.70
4.64
4.58
4. 52

4.10
4.05

4.40

;
;:

'"C;
.:..
s

0. 79
0.80
0.81
0.8 2
0.8 3
0.84
0.8 5
0.86
0.87
0.88
0. 89
0.90

4, 24
4 ,12
4. 01

3.95
3.90
3.84
3.79
3.74
3.69

4. 46

WOOlaaJIS4::larMMM ':]1 1 (::lllllual:>sJ SJalnec uosuroqj q palnqulS!O -cennu r ed SI fiUI')jJOMlaU JO uouonporder J941JnJ 0N
' AIUO ssn s.eesueou JO PO'"lLv~Ol uo u!VJnO ,.(uuea 01 paSUEKl!l18UEIeW palllfilJAdo:)

lable 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes " 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0.0.
Wall Thi ckness, t, mm

Depth,

d. mm

"l@

r:

""
0 "0
o

0. '<
O

"

g.r:
e _

'<

oW
w

<ro

ao :{

0. ;r;.

f"',

o "

~ 3

;:jo ~

Q'

V1
e
p.

0.8
1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8

No timil
462.l
462.4
462.4
296.9

2.0
2.3
2.5

22 6.2
186 .6
160.7
14 2.2

:i og.

;j'

fr

g 15.

" e
8., ~

,,;;
'"
;:
r:"l

14.3

No limit No limit
No Iimlt No lim il
No lim jt
55 7. 5
59 1.0
557.5
591. 0
55 7. 5

22 .2

23.8

15 .9

17.5

19.1

20.6

No limit
No Hmit
No Hmtt
No limit
623 .3

No limit
No limit
No limit
No tirnit
653. 9

No limit
No limil
No mt
No Hmir
No Iimit

No limit
No limil
No Hmit
No Hmit
No llmit

No
No
No
No
No

llmi t
llrnit
lim it
limit
limit

No limit
No limit
No limit
No l imit
No li mit

No
No
No
No
No

25. 4
llmlt

ttmtt
llmlt
limit
limil

27. 0
No
No
No
No
No

28.6

limit No llmit
No mtt

limil
limit
limil
llmit

No mtt
No umtt
No lirnit

30 .2

31.8

No limit
No lim it
No Hmit
No Hmit
No limil

No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No

limit
limil
limit

Hmtt
limil

539 .9
40 2.0
312.5
260 .2
225. 4

55 7.5
503 .7
373.0
30 2.7
258.2

591.0
591.0
555. 6
417.5
341.1

623. 3
623 .3
623 .3
609.4
46 3.3

653.9
653.9
653.9
653.9
653.9

682 .8
682. 8
682 .8
68 2.8
682 .8

No Umil
710.4
710.4
710.4
710.4

No llrnit
737.5
737.5
73 7. 5
737.5

No mtt
No Hmit
763.5
763. 5
76 3.5

No limil
No Hmlt

812 .4

83 6.2

No limil
No li mil
No Hmlt
No mtt
8 59.3

22 7.1
203.9
18 5.8
171.2
159.1
148 .9

292.0
257 .4
231.5
211.3
194.9
18 1.3

380. 6
326.8
288.7
260. 0
237.5
219. 3

508.3
419.8
361. 6
320.0
288 .6
263.9

682.8
549.9
456.8
394.8
350.1
316.2

710.4
710.4
590 .5
493.3
427.7
380. 1

737.5
737.5
73 7.5
6 32.9
531.1
461.7

763.5
76 3.5
763.5
763 .5
6 74.4
568. 4

788.4
788.4
788.4
788.4
788. 4
712.3

8 12.4
8 12.4
812 .4
81 2.4
8 12.4
8 12.4

836. 2
83 6.2
836. 2
836.2
836.2
836.2

859.3
85 9.3
8 59.3
8 59 .3
8 59.3
8 59.3

88 1.4
88 1.4
88 1.4
88 1.4
88 1.4
88 1.4

No lirnit No limit
No limit No limil
No umtt No limlt
812 .4
No Hmtt

limil
limil
limil
llmlt
(mil

1 28.1

170.7

116.9
10 7.8
100.1
93.5
87.8
82.7

154.2

17 6.4

141.0

121.3
113.5
106.8

160 .5
14 7.7
137. 1
118 .1
120.3

200 .3
18 1.1
16 5.9
15 3.5
14 3.1
134.2

78 .2
74.1
703
66.9
63.8
60.8

100.9
95.7
90.9
86.6
82.7
79. 1

11 3.6
10 7.6
102 .2
97. 4
93.0
88.9

126.5
119.7
113.6
108.2
10 3.3
98.8

140.1
132.4
125.6
119.5
114.0
109.1

169.9
160.0
151.3
14 3.7
136.9
130.8

204.2
191.4
180. 4
170.8
16 2.4
154.8

243.9
217.2
213.2
201. 0
190 .5
181.1

289.5
267.8
249.7
234.4
221. 2
209.7

343.8
315. 1
291.7
272.3
255.7
241.5

41 1.1
372.3
34 1.6
316.4
295.5
277.7

49 5. 5
442 .0
400.8
36 8.0
341.2
318. 8

603.3
527.5
47 1.4
428. 1
393.5
365. 1

749. 4
6 37.7
5 59.1
500.7
45 5.3
4 18.9

8 36.2
788.6
673.5
592. 0
53 1.0
48 3.5

859 .3
859.3
8 27.0
708 .9
6 24.6
561. 2

88 1.4
88 1.4
88 1.4
86 1.8
741.7
6 55.3

58. 1
55 .5
53.0

75.7
72.6
69.7
66.9
64.3
61. 9

85.2
81. 8
78.5
75.5
72.7
70.0

94.7
90.9
8 7.4
84.1
81.0
78.1

104.5
100.3
96 .5
92 .9
89 .5
8 6.4

125.3
120. 2
115.5
111.2
10 7.2
10 3.5

148.0
14 1.9
136.3
13 1.1
126.4
121.9

172 .8
16 5.3
158 .6
152.4
146.8
14 1.5

199.6
190. 5
18 2.4
175.0
168.3
16 2.2

22 9.0
218 .0
208.3
199.5
191. 5
184.3

262.3
248.9
237. 1
226.5
21 7.0
208 .5

299.7
28 3.3
268.9
256.2
244.9
23 4.7

341.4
321.1
303.7
288 .4
274.8
262.8

389.0
3 64.0
34 2.6
3 24.1
30 7.9
293. 5

445.2
4 13.8
387.3
364.7
345. 1
328.0

511.5
471 .5
438 .4
4 10.6
386 .8
36 6.2

589.8
538 .3
4 96 .7
46 2. 2
433. 1
408.2

59 .6
57.3

67.5
65.1
62.8
60.7
58.6

75.4
72.8
70.3
68.0
65 .8
63. 6

8 3.4
80. 6
78 .0
75 .4
73.0
70.8

100.0
96.8
93.7
90 .8
88.0
8 5.4

117.8
114.0
110.4
107 .0
103.8
100 .8

136.7
132.2
128 .0
124.1
120.4
116.9

156.5
151.3
146.4
141.8
137.6
133.6

177 .6
171. 5
16 5.8
160.6
155.7
151.1

200. 6
19 3.5
186 .9
180 .8
175.1
169.9

22 5.5
217.1
209.4
20 2.4
19 5.8
189.8

252.0
242.2
233.2
22 5.1
217.5
210.6

28 0.8
2 69.3
2 58 .9
249.4
24 0.7
232 .8

312.8
299.3
287. 1
276.1
266.0
256.8

348 .1
332. 1
317.8
30 5.0
293 .3
28 2.7

386. 6
367.7
350.9
335.9
322. 4
310.2

4.8

g
::l
8

No llmlt
No limit
539.9
539.9
539.9

12.7

3.0

E ;:

No rntt No limit
No mtt No lim il
50 2.3
521.8
502.3
521.8
50 2.3
521.8

11. 9

3.3
3.6
3.8

2.8

4. 1
4.3
4.6

11.1

449 .4
327.5
264.0
224 .3
196.8

~
81....w
~ ~
s: ~

8.7

10.3

5.1

5.3
5.6
5.8
6. 1

6.4
6. 6
6.9
7.1
7.4

7.6
7.9
8.1
8.4
8.6
8.9
9.1

348.8
268. 8
222.8
192.5

1303

788. 4
788.4
788.4

G;

"
m

".:.
~
~

WO::>W SJISl.p 91MMM ':::)1 1 (::>lj1Iu9I::>5) SJalna~ uc suroqj Aq pEllnqlJlS !O 'PElll IWJEld S! 6UrlJOMI8U JOuouonooroar JEll.Uml 0N
'AIUO as n S.E1E1SUOClII JO
uo u !VmO Auuea 01 pesuaour eueieur pal46lJAdo:)

vo-n 'vwz

Table 3-10M

Values of L fOI Pipe Sizes " 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)
Wall r hlckness, t. mm

nepth,
d, mm

o
;

8.7

10.3

tU

11.9

12.7

14.3

15.9

17. 5

19.1

61.6

68.6
66.5

97.9
95.2

113.7
110.5
10 7.6
104. 7
102.0
99. 5

129.8
126 .3
122.9
119.7

g.1o _

9.4
9.7
9.9
10.2

10 .4
10 .7

82.9
80.5
78.2
76.0
73.9
71.9

10. 9
11.2

69.9
68.0

r")

&.e ;:1::l .
~

"
-e

64.4

62.5

92.6
90. 1

87 .7
85.5

0-0-

11 .4

o ,.
~ 3

11. 7
11. 9

83 .3
81.1
79.1
77.1
75.2

\,1'_

12.2

73.4

12 .4

71.6
69.9

3.:[

"

-o

=-(':::l.

g
~~ I:ti

;3' g

; 2"

s:o '6

S ;:

g
a . ::r

"

113.8

12.7
13.0
13.2
13.5
13.7

97.0
94.6
92 .4
90.2
88.0
86.0

111.0

108.3
105 .8
103 .3
101.0
98.7

84.0
82.1
80.3
78. 5
76.7
75.0

96.5

86.7

73.4

84.9

94.4
92.4
90.4
88.5

o -

14 .0
14.2
14.5
14.7

83 .1
81.4
79.7

o~ or.

15.0
15.2

78.1
76.5

O
::l

"
:j'

.-"gt13"'""
>

'"
z

22 .2

23.8

25. 4

2 7.0

28 .6

30.2

31. 8

14 6.8

164.9
160 .3
156.0
151.9
148 .0
144.3

184 .1
178.9
173.9
169.2
164.9
160.7

204.1
198 .1
192 .5
187 .2
18 2.3
177. 6

225 .4
218.5
212. 2
206 .2
200.6
19 5.4

248.4
240.6
233.3
226.6
220. 3
214.3

273.0
26 4. 1
255.8
248.2
24 1.0
23 4.4

299 .0
288 .8
27 9.4
270.7
262 .7
25 5. 2

11 1.8

140.8
137. 5
134. 3
13 1.2
128.3
12 5.5

156.8
153.0
149 .5
146. 1
142.8
139.7

173.2
169.0
165.1
161.3
1 57.7
154.2

190.4
18 5.7
18 1.3
177. 1
173.1
169 .3

20 8.8
20 3. 5
198.6
193 .9
189.5
185 .2

228. 1
22 2.2
216 .7
21 1.5
206 .5
20 1.9

248. 2
241. 6
235.4
229 .6
224.1
218.9

109.4
107. 1
104.8
10 2.7
100.6
9805

122 .9
120 .3
117.8
115 .4
113 .1
110.9

136.8
133.9
13 1.2
128.6
126 .0
123.6

15 1.0
14 7.8
144.8
141.9
139 .1
136.4

16 5.7
162 .2
158 .9
155.7
152.6
149.7

181. 2
177.4
173 .7
170.2
166.8
163.6

19 7.4
19 3.2
189.1
185. 3
18 1.6
178 .0

214.0
209.3
204.9
200.6
196. 6
192 .7

96.6
94.7
92.8
91.0
89.2
87 .5

108 .7
106.6
104.6
102.6
100.7
98. 9

121.2
118.9
116.7
114.6
112.5
11005

133 .8
131.3
128.9
126.6
124.3
122. 1

146 .9
144. 1
14 1.5
139.0
136. 5
134 .1

160. 5
1 57.5
154.6
151.9
14 9.2
146.6

174.6
171. 3
168.2
165.2
16 2.3
159.4

189.0
185 .4
182.0
178 .7
175.5
172 .5

85. 9
84 .2
82.6
81.1

97. 1
9 5.3
93 .6
91.9
90 .3
88 .7

108 .5
106.6
104.8
102 .9
101.2
99.5

120.0
118 .0
116 .0
114.0
112.1
110.3

13 1.8
129. 6
127 .4
125. 3
123.2
121.3

14 4.1
141. 7
139. 3
13 7.0
134.8
132.7

156.7
1 54.1
1 51. 5
149.1
146 .7
14 4.4

169.5
166 .7
163.9
161. 2
1 58 .7
156 .2

14 2.7
138.9
135.3
131.8
128.6

N
O

0-O N

11 6.7

20.6

!"

15.5
15.7
16.0
16. 3
16 .5
1 6.8

125. 5
122.5
119.7
116.9
114.3

~
w
:;;'"
m

.:-

s
~

'WOO'\ 99 Jls tpa j"MMM ':::>1 1 (:>IJI\ual:>S) SJanat UOSW041 q pa nq lJ\sIO -pemuue d SI 6ul)jJOM\aU JO u ouo opo ro ar Ja4 jJnJ 0 N
' IUO asn s.eesueou JO} vO'l ~'v ~Ol uo u!ymo Auuea 01 pesueoqieuejeur P914 5pdo:)

l able 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes

@ 'l

o
ac. -
"O

"O
l:

:::l,

g.
e '.
_

:: @
~ t-..>
'< o
c-;3
r.
3 ~
E.. :io r.
o

;:' 3

~ 3.

3 fE

"2 =
Vl

:1. o

~0 ' 1 i
:E ~

'<

50 e

3:

:E g

a. ::r

;
~.
o r.
8 ::..

01
,=
=
= rrc
_.
-o =
r.

;:9

'"
J:

!"

Dept h,

d, mm
17.0
17. 3
17.5
17.8
18.0
18.3
18.5
18.8
19.1

1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)

Wall Ihlckn ess, t, mm

8.7

10.3

11.1

11.9

12.7

14.3

15.9

17.5

19.1

20.6

22.2

23.8

25. 4

27 .0

28.6

30.2

31.8

87. 1

97.8
96.2
94.6
93.0
91.5
90.0

108 .5
10 6.7
105.0
103.3
101. 7
100 .1

119. 3

130.6

11 7.4

128. 5

11 5.6
11 3.8

126. 6
124.6

142 .1
139.9
137.8
135.7
133 .7
131.7

153.7
151.4
149 .1
146.9
144.7
1/+2.6

88.5
87.0
85.6

98.5
97.0
95.5

129.8
127.9
126 .1
124 .3
122 .6
120.9

140.5
138. 5
136.6
134 .7
132.8
1] 1.0

119,2
11 7.6
11 5.9
114.4
112.8
11 1.3

129.2
127.5
125.8
124.1
122.5
120 .9

109 .8
10 8.4
10 7.0
10 5.6
104 .2
102.8

119 .3
117.8
116.2
1111 .8
113.3
111. 9

85.6
84. 1
82.7

19.3

9'LO

19.6
19.8

92.5

20. 1
20.3
20.6
20.8
2 1.1
21.3

89.7
88 .1l

91.1

11 2.0

122.8

110 .3

120 .9

108.6
10 7.0
10'>.4
103.8
102 .3
100.8

119.1

99.3
97 .9
96.4
9 5.0
93 .7

10 9.2

117.4

115.7
114.0
112.4

110.7

"

'"
...'"
s
w
~

21.6
21.8
21. 1
22.4
22.6
21.9

92. 3

107.6
106.1
104.7

103.2
101.8
100.4

99.0
9 7.6

96.3
95.0
93.7

WO::l IGaJS4::Jal" \\MM ':)1 1 (::JIJ!lual::Jsl SJGlna~ uosw041,1;Qpan quIS!a -oemuned SI 6 UPPOMGU JO uouonporoor Je4~m 0 N
,l;luo esn s.eesuaou JO vO c= ~ v L O Z uo u! YJna uu ea 01 pasueoujeuereu, pa 46udo:)

r abie 3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes NPS 52 and < NPS 56
Depth,
d. in.

7.
o

; ro
~ o

~~

:s a.
g.~

~ @

"

ow
g"

3 :'

lS..;.
o o
S >

~ :::l
~.

9. ~
'J>

::.:
:3

::::l

"~ ~."
~

o
~

ES:
::f g
:::l. ::r

"a "~.
o

e -

~i
::::l

~.

e- oe

>?

'"
z
;-:1

e-

WaU thtckness, t. in.

0 .8 12

0.8 75

0 .938

No limit
No (imil

No lirnit
No timtt

No Iimi t

No ll mit

27 .98

No Hmtt
No limil
No limil
No limit
No limit

No limit
No lirmt

No ltmit
No limit

26. 80
26.80
26. 80
26.80
20.8 3

27 .98
27 .98
27.98
27.98
27.98

29 .11
29.11
29.11
29.11
29.11

30.22
30. 22
30.22
30.22
30. 22

No lirnit

No limil

3 1.29
3 1.29
31. 29
31.29

29 .55
29.55

13.39
11.83
10 .6 5
9.73
8 .99

1 7.20
14.8 2
13 .11
11 .8 2
10.8 1

22.54
18 .72
16.18
14.35
12.96

29.11
24.2 0
20.21
17.52
15.58

30.22
30.22
25.9 3
21.7 6
18.9 2

31.29
31.29
3 1. 29
27.63
23.29

n.JI

0.406

0.4 38

0.4 69

O.SOO

0.56 2

0.6 25

0.688

0.04
0 .05
0.06
0.07
0 .08

No ttmlr

No lirmt

No limit

21,38

22.84

No Iim it

No Hmit
No hmit

12 .84

21.38
18.112

No limil
22.12
22. 12
22 . 12
22. 12

No mtt

20.58
20.58
20.58
14.29

22.8 4

24.22
24. 22

22.84

24.22

2S.5 t~

No llmit
No limit
No ltmft
26.80
26.8 0

0.0 9
0 .10
0 .11
0. 12
0 .13

11 .0 1
9.13
7.8 9
7.00
6.32

13.42
10.8 2
9. 19
8.06
7.23

16.4 7
12 .81
10.66
9.24
8.2 1

20.64
15.28
12.41
10 .58
9.3 1

24. 22
22. 77
17. 11
1 3.98
11.96

25.54
25.54
24.97
18.99
15.60

8.36
7.6 1
7.02
6.52
6 .10

10. 55
9 .49
8 .66
7.99
7.4 3

21.38

No

fimit

25.54

0.7 50
No

lirnit

No timit
No

Iirnlt

No timit

1.062

1.1 25

ttm!t

No limit

No limit

No

limit

No
No
No
No

No li mil

No limit

No Hmlt
No Hmit
No limil

No Hmit

No

No llmit

No limit

No limil

No li m it

No Hmit
No Hmt t
No limi l

No limit
No ll mit
No li mil

34.27
34.27

35.21
35. 2 1

No
No
No
No

32.3 1
32.3 1
32.3 1
29. 19

33.29
33.29
33.29
33.29
33.2 9

34.27
34.27
34.27
34.27
34.2 7

35.2 1
35.21
35.2 1
35. 2 1
35.2 1

36. 12
36. 12
36 .12
36. 12
36. 1 2

1.000

No
No
No
No

Hmit
limit

No limit

J2.JI
32.3 1

lim it
[mil
li mit
limit

No limit
No lim it

33.29
33.29
33.2 9

1.188

Hmn

1.2 50
No limit
No limit

limit

limit
Hmit
limit
limit

36.12

0 .14
0. 15
0. 16
0. 17
0. 18

5.78
5.34
4.97
4 .65
4 .38

6.58
6.0 5
5.6 2
5.25
4.9 3

7.42
6.8 0
6.29
5.86
5.50

0. 19
0 .20
0 .21
0 .22
0.23

4 .14
3.92
3.73
J.55
J.J9

4 .6 5
4.41
4.1 9
J.99
3.8 1

5. 18
4.90
4.66
4.43
4.23

5.7 4
5.43
5.1 S
4.90
4.67

6.96
6.56
6.20
5.89
5.6 1

8.37
7.84
7.39
7.0 0
6 .65

9.9 9
9. 31
8.7 3
8. 24
7.80

11.86
10 .97
10 .23
9.6 1
9.07

14 .0 9
12.91
11. 9 5
11.1 6
10 .48

16.8 5
15.26
14.00
12.97
1 2.11

20.3 1
18.11
16.4 2
15.08
13.98

24.72
21.6 2
19 .32
17.54
16 .13

30.7 1
26.13
22.9 1
20.52
18.6 6

34.27
32.31
27.60
24. 26
21. 76

35. 21
35.2 1
33.89
29.05
25.6 0

36. 12
36 .1 2
36 .1 2
35.3 1
30 .39

0 .24
0. 25
0.26
0 .27
0.2 8

3.2 4
3. 10
2.97
2.85
2.7 4

3.6 4
3.49
3.35
3.22
3.10

4 .0 5
3.88
3.73
3.58
3.45

4.4 7
4.28
4. 11
3.95
3.8 1

5.36
5. 13
4.92
4.73
4.56

6. 34
6.0 7
5.8 1
5.5 8
5.37

7.4 2
7.08
6.7 8
6.50
6.25

8 .59
8. 18
7.8 1
7.47
7.1 7

9.8 9
9.3 9
8.9 3
8.5 3
8 .1 7

11. 38
10.7 5
10.20
9. 7 1
9.28

13 .06
1 2.28
11.61
11 .02
10 .50

14.96
13.99
13. 16
12 .4 4
11.8 2

17.1 7
15.94
14.91
14.04
13.28

19 .8 1
18.2 5
16 .95
15.8 7
14.94

23.00
20.96
19.32
17.9 7
16.8 3

26.8 5
24 .1 7
22. 06
20 .3 5
18 .94

0. 29
0.30
0 .31
0.32
0.33
0 .34

2.64
2.5 4
2.44
2.35

2.98
2.87
2.77
2.67
2.57
2.49

3.32
3.20
3.09
2.98
2.88
2.79

3.67
3.54
3.42
3.30
3. 19
J.09

4.39
4.24
4. 10
3.97
3.84
3.72

5. 18
5.00
4.83
4.67
4.52
4 .39

6.0 1
5.80
5.60
5.4 2
5.25
5.09

6.90
6.64
6.4 1
6 .20
6 .00
5.81

7.85
7.55
7.28
7.0 3
6.80
6 .58

8.89
8.54
8. 22
7.93
7.66
7.4 1

10 .0 3
9.62
9.2 4
8.90
8.58
8.29

11. 26
10 .77
10 .32
9.9 2
9.56
9.22

1 2.6 2
12.0 3
11. 5 1
11.03
10.61
10.22

14.14
13.44
12.82
12.26
11 .76
11.31

15.8 5
15.01
14.26
13.6 1
13.02
1 2.50

1 7.7 5
16 .73
15.84
15.0 7
14 .38
13.76

,.

V>

;:

'"~
"o

"
~

wo:l"jaOJ 1SLp 81 MMM ':) 1 1 (::J!jllUa!::JS) sJ lna~ UOSW041 Aq palnqlJ\Sa -pemunao SI 5u!"IJOMlaU JO uouonporder Ja4\.JnJ ON
'UO eso s.aesueou JO v O Z ~ v~ O Z uo u!VJnO AuuBO 01 pasuo::JIIIBlJaBUJ P8llj6uMo:)

Jab le 311
Depth ,
d, In,

?,

0.36
0.37

0-'<

0.38
0.39

a.go
~
_ rr.
::L

-o

e
",, .-o
o .~ -

ir

s, >

,~ ~,.
3 ~
!<
"
o V>

8.
~

~o

S :
::::! .

~
S
:::l ;;.

" m
~
:::l rt:: .

"
"
2,~

->
V>

;i1

:
r'

O.SOO

0. 56 2

0.625

0.68 8

0.750

0.812

2.40

2.69
2.6 1
2.52

2.99
2.90
2.81
2.7 2
2.64
2.56

3.61
3.50
3.40
3.30
3. 20
3.1 1

4.26

4.93

4.13

4.79

4.01
3.90
3.80
3.69

4.66
4. 53

5.6 4
5.47
5.32
5.17
5.04
4.90

6.38
6.19
6.01
5.85
5.69
5.5 4

...

0. 42
0.4 3
0. 44
0. 45
0.46

3 .;!"

:::;. -e

0.469

3.03
2.9 4
2.86
2.79

0. 4 1

'<

0.438

0.40

Wall r hkkness. t, In.


0.40 6

0.35

7,

"

...
...

0.4 7
0.48
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.52
0.53
0.54
0 ,55
0.5 6
0.57
0.58
0.59
0. 60
0.61
0.62
0.63
0.64
0. 65
0.66
0. 67
0.68
0. 69
0.70

Values of L for Pipe Slzes " NPS S2 and < NPS 56 (Cont'd)

.. .

...

...

...
...

...

..

...
...

...
...
...
...

...

...
...
...

.. .

.. .

.. .

...

. ..

.. .

3.60
3.50
3.4 1
3.] 3
3.24
3.16
3.08
3.01
2.9 3
2.8 6

4.4 1
4.29

.. .
...

...
.. .

...

...

1. 125

1. 188

1.250

7.18

8 .02
7. 78
7.5 5

8.9 1
8.6 3
8. 36
8.12
7.89
7.6 7

9.86
9.54
9. 24
8.95
8.69
8. 45

10.90
10.52

12.0 2
11.59

13 .21
12.71
12.25
11.8 3
1 1.4 5
11.09

6. 76

7.47

6.59

6.96
6.7 6
6.57

6.39
6. 22

7.H
7.13
6.94

10.1 8

11.19

9.86
9. 56

10.8 2
10 .48

9.28

10 .17

8 .22
8. 01
7.8 0
7.61
7.4 3
7.26

9.03
8.78
8.56
8.34
8. 14
7.9 5

9.8 8
9.3 5
9.11
8.88
8 .67

10.76
10.46
10.17
9.90
9.65
9. 41

4.78

4.66
4.55
4.44
4.33
4.23

5.40
5.2 7
5.1 4
5.0 2
4.90
4.7 9

6.0 6
5.91
5.77
5.63
5.50
5.38

6.42
6.27
6.13
5.99

7.28
7.10
6.9 3
6.7 6
6.61

3.61
3.52
3.44
3.3 7
3.29

4.14
4.05
3.96
3.87
3.79
3.71

4.68
4.58
4. 48
4. 39
4.30
4.21

5.26
5.14
5.03
4.93
4.8 3
4.73

5.85
5.73
5.60
5.49
5.38
5.2 7

6.46
6.32
6.19
6.06
5.9 3
5.8 1

7.0 9
6 .94
6.79
6 .65
6 .51
6.38

7.76
7.59
7.43
7,27
7.12
6.9 7

8.4 6
8.2 7
8.09
7.9 2
7.75
7.59

9. 18
8 .97
8.77
8.58
8.40
8. 22

3.63
3.55
3.48
3.41
3.34
3.27

4.12
4.04
3.96
3.88
3.80
3.73

4.64
4.54
4.46
4. 37
4.29
4.21

5.16
5.06
4.9 7
4.87
4.78
4.69

5.70
5.5 9
5.48
5.38
5. 28
5.19

6.25
6 .13
6 .0 2
5.9 1
5.80
5.6 9

6.8 4
6.70
6.58
6.45
6.34
6 .22

7.44
7.2 9
7.16
7.02
6.8 9
6. 77

8 .06
7,90
7.74
7,60
7.46
7.32

.. .
...
.. .

3.20
3.14

3.6 6
3.5 9
3. 52
3.45
3.39
3.3 2

4.13
4.05
3.98
3.91
3.84
3.77

4.61
4.53
4.4 5
4.37
4.29
4. 22

5.10
5.01
4.92
4.8 3
4.7 5
4.67

5.59
5. 50
5.40
5.3 1
5.22
5.13

6. 11
6.01
5.90
5.81
5.7 1
5.62

6.6 5
6.5 3
6.4 2
6. 31
6.2 1
6.11

7.19
7.07
6.95
6.83
6.72
6.61

...
...

3.70
3.63
3.5 7
3.51
3.45
3.39

4.15
4.0 8
4.01
3.94
3.87
3.8 1

4. 59
4. 52
4.44
4.37
4. 30
4.23

5.0 5
4.97
4.8 9
4.81
4, 74
4.66

5. 52
5.44
5.35
5.27
5.19
5.11

6.0 1
5.92
5.82
5.73
5.65
5.5 6

6.5 0
6.40
6.30
6.20
6.1 1
6.0 2

3.14
3.07
3.01

...

.. .
.. .

1.06 2

4.18

.. .

.. .

.. .

1.0 00

9. 6 0

;;

>:

w
'"
".:..
~

~
~

...
...
...

0.938

4.0 8
3.97
3.88
3.78
3.69

3.22

...

0.875

...

...

.. .

...

...

.. .

...

...
.. .

'wo:naElJjS4::>arMMM ' :)11 (::>IJ1lual:::lsl SJ91n9~ UOSW041 ,t;q pa lnqU }SIO 'pam w Jad S! 6 U1~J OMl au JO uouonpc i d er J94lJnJ 0N
'{IUO es o s.aes ue ou JOI P O' 2: ~ - v W Z: uo u!ymO ,t;UUBO 0 1 pesueoujeuaiew p9145ud o:)

Table 311
e pth.
d, in.

o
; n

Wall r htckness , t. in.


0.406

0.438

0.46 9

0 .500

0.562

0 .625

0.7 1
0.72
0.73
0 .74
0 .7 5
0 .76

""
t ~o

g
o .~
_
3e
t.:

Values of L for Pip e Sizes ~ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 (Conl 'd)

1.,)

"

So >

~~:J .
3 2
~ ::l
~

~.
~ ~.

0" 0

e -,

S !::
" oro
:1.
zr

215
'
8 e:.
::l

::1

-n

":J'

::1

::1
o

".:::.

-"
o of';;

-,

> '"

'"
:<:

;"=1

..
~

0. 812

0.8 7 5

0.938

1.000

1.06 2

1.12 5

1.188

1.25 0

3.75
3.69
3.63
3.5 7
3.5 1

4 .1 7
4. 10
4 .0 4
3.97
3.9 1
3.8 5

4 .59
4.52
4.45
4.38
4.32
4 .2 5

5.0 3
4.95
4.88
4.8 1
4 .7 4
4.67

5.4 8
5.40
5.32
5.2.4
5.1 7
5.09

5.93
5.8 4
5.76
5.68
5.60
5.5 2

3.7 9
3.7 3
3.68
3.62

4. 19
4 .13

4 .60
4 .54
4.47
4.4 1
4 .35
4.29

5.02
4.95
4.8 8
4.82
4.7 5
4.6 9

5.4 4
5.37
5.29
5.22
5. 15
S.08

. ..

0 .77
0 .78
0 .79
0.80
0.8 1
0.82

3 ~
~5-

0.750

...

ce o
0" -

0.688

;j

0 .83
0.8 4
0.85
0.86
0.8 7
0.88

4.01
3.9 5
3.8 9

3.8 4
3.78

. ..
...
...

...

.. .

. ..

. ..
...

. ..

4 .23
id?
4. 11

4.06
4.00
3.95
3.8 9
3.84

0.8 9
0. 90
0 .91
0 .92
0.9 3
0. 94
0. 95
0.96
0.9 7
0.98
0. 99
1.00

11 .0 7

...
...

.. .

.. .

WO::q;'HlJIS4:lar h\M.M ':>11 (:lIIIIUSf:lS) SJ9lnS~

t..6 2
4. 56
4.50

4.33
4.27
4.2 1
4. 16
4. 10
4.0 5
4.0 0

4.64
/1.58
4.5 3
4.47
4 .41
4 .36

3.9 5

s.n

'1.38

''""
~

5.0 2
/.9 5
1j,89
1l.8 3
11.76
4.70

4 .1f4

.
C;

4. 25
4.10
4 .1 5
4.10
4 .05

uoswouj (q pSlnqulS!O -cemunao SI 6Uf'>jJOMlSU JO uouonporoar JS 41JnJ DN


(UD esn s.eesueou JOI "'O -l ~ ' POl uo ulVJnO (uueO 01 cesueoqreuereur PS146IJ(do:)

Table 3-11M

Wall th lckness.

Depth ,

7e

a.

10 .3

11.1

No limil

; @
S N

1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8
2.0

363.1

No lirnlt
543.1
543.1
543.1
467.7

g. :;.

2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3

c. ~

::l.

rs-

eg. _

'< o
cr-;:;
c
e cr" ~
"

mm

11.9

s.. ?

a.

522 .8
522.8
522.8

limit

t, mm

20.6

22.2

23 .8

25 .4

No li mil
No li mit
No limi t
No limit
No rntt

No limit
No lim it
No limit
No Hmit
No Ilmit

No limi t
No Hm tt
No limit
No limit
No Iimit

No
No
No
No
No

27 .0

30. 2

31.8

limit
Hmit
limit
lim it
limit

No Hrnit
No timit
No limit
No limit
No lim it

No li mit
No li mit
Nolimit
Nolimit
Noli mil

28.6

No timit
No limit
No limit
No limit
710. 6

524.3
388.2
315 .1
268.7
236.4

615. 2
578.3
434 .5
355 .0
303.9

648.7
648 .7
634 .3
48 2.3
396 .2

680 .6
680 .6
680 .6
680 .6
529.1

710.6
710 .6
710.6
710.6
710 .6

739 .4
739 .4
739 .4
73 9.4
739 .4

767.6
767 .6
767.6
767 .6
767 .6

No mtt
794.7
794 .7
794.7
794.7

No umtt
750.6
750 .6
8 20.6
820.6

No limit
No limit
84 5.6
84 5.6
845 .6

No limit
No limi l
No limit
8 70 .3
870.3

No limil
No limi t
No limit
894 .4
894 .4

No limil
No limi t
No limit
No limit
917.4

212 .2
193 .4
178 .2
165 .6
155. 0

267. 9
241. 0
219.9
202 .9
188 .7

340 .2
300 .5
270 .6
247.2
228.3

437.0
376.3
333.0
300.3
274.6

572 .4
475 .5
410.9
364.4
329.1

739. 4
614.7
513. 4
445. 1
395. 6

767.6
767.6
658.7
552.8
480.6

794.7
794.7
794.7
701. 9
59 1.7

820.6
820 .6
820.6
820.6
741.4

845.6
845.6
845.6
845.6
8 45.6

870.3
87 0 .3
870.3
870.3
8 70 .3

89 4. 4
894.4
894. 4
89 4.4
894.4

917 ,/
91 7.4
917.4
917.4
917 .4

145.8
137. 8
13 0.7
124. 4
118.7

176 .8
166.5
1 57.5
111 9.6
142. 5

212.6
199.3
187 .8
177.8
169.0

253.8
236.5
221. 9
209 .2
198.2

301.3
278.7
259. 9
244. 0
230.3

357.9
328.0
30 3.6
28 3.4
266.2

427. 9
387.5
355 .5
32 9.4
307 .6

51 5.8
460.0
41 7.1
38 3.0
355.1

62 8.0
549.0
490 .7
44 5.6
409.6

780.0
663.7
58 2.0
52 1.1
473.9

870.3
820.8
70 1.0
616 .2
552.7

894.4
894.4
860 .7
737 .9
650 .1

917. 4
917.4
91 7.4
89 7.0
772.0

113 .5
108 .8
104.4
100.4
96.7

136. 1
130.4
125.1
120.2
115.8

161.1
15 4.1
147.7
141 .8
136. 5

188. 5
179.9
172. 1
165 .1
158.6

218.3
20 7.7
198 .3
189. 8
18 2.2

25 1.3
238.4
226 .9
216.8
20 7.6

289.0
273.0
259 .1
246. 8
235.8

331 .8
31 1.9
294 .8
27 9.9
26 6.6

380 .0
355.3
334 .3
316 .1
300 .1

4 36.1
404 .9
378.8
356 .6
337 .3

503.2
46 3.4
430.6
40 3.1
37 9.6

584. 1
532.4
490.7
456.3
427.4

68 2.0
61 3.9
560 .3
516 .9
48 1.1

93.2
89.9
86.8
83. 9
81.1
78 .5

111.6
107 .7
104 .1
100 .7
97.5
94 .5

131.5
126 .9
122.7
118.7
114 .9
111.4

152 .8
147.3
142.3
137. 6
133.3
129 .2

175.2
168 .8
16 2.9
157 .4
152 .4
147 .6

199 .3
191. 8
18 4.9
178. 5
172 .6
167 .1

225.9
217.0
208 .8
20 1. 4
194 .5
188 .2

254 .9
244 .3
234.7
226 .0
218 .0
210.6

286.1
273 .5
262.2
2 52.0
242 .8
234 .2

320 .4
305 .5
292.2
280 .3
269.4
259.6

359.2
341.4
325.6
311 .5
298.8
287 .3

40 2.6
381.1
362.3
345. 7
330.8
317.4

4 50.8
4 24.9
402 .4
382 .7
365 .2
349 .6

279 .7

340.9

418.4

231.9

274.8

200.4
177.7
160.5

204.8

325.3
270.8
234.6
208.5

233 .5

183.6

118.2
111.2

133.3

148.9

5-0

43
'L6

125 .2

139 .7

_ c
~

4.8
5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8

118.2
112.0
106.4
101.3

13 1.6

.-:

105.0
99.6
94 .6
90 .2
86 .1

96.8

124 .6
118 .3
11 2.6
107.5

82.3
78 .8

92.6

102.9

88 .7

75.6

85.1

72.5

81.8
78.6

98. 6
94.6
91.0
87 .5

'"
r:

5. -c

\C

limit

No limit
No limi t
No limit
680 .6
680 .6

142 .7

::- s I v;

188.5

No

No
No
No
No
No

limi t
lim it
limit
limit
limit

limit
limi t
limit
limit
limit

No
No
No
No
No

(')

o. e-

~ 2.
e o

8::::l rrte..
g'" qs::::l

- e
o-. !:;
"

>

19.1

No Hmit
No limit
No limit
648.7
648.7

4.1

3.6
3.8

;;
c. e

<r.

17.5

No limit
No lim il
615 .2
615.2
615 .2

172.7
159.8

15.9

580. 2
580. 2
580.2
580. 2

167 .0
153.7

14 .3

562 .0
562.0
562.0
562 .0

No

146.8
135.6
126.2

"

12. 7

fj

a-8
:;

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0 .0.

z
en

6. 1

6.4
6.6
6.9
7.1

69.7

7.4
7.6

67.0
64.4
6 2.0

7.9

8.1
8.4
8.6

59.7

75.7

72.9

84.3
81.3

70.3

78 .5

67.8
65.4
63 .1

75.8
73.2
70.8

G;

;;::
~

"N
8

wo::qaaJ1SllOarMMM ':) 11 (ollllualosl SJ;;'ln;;,~ UOSWOlll'<;q palnqlJ1S!O -oemuueo SI 6u !"ltJOMlaU JO uouo npo xer Ja4lJnJ 0N
' '<;lUO asn s.eesueou JO) vO-ll-vl Ol UO u !YJnO '<;uu80 01 oesueoureueieur palllBu,<;do:)

Jable 311M

Values of L for Pipe 51zes ~ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0. 0. (Cont' d)


Wall 'rhtckness, 1, mm

epth,
d, mm

8.9
9.1

t'
@

9.'
n

e ,<
-c
"c.
e
e

o;:"

9.7

9.9
10.2

10.3

11.1
60.9

11.9
68 .4

66. 2
64. 1

12.7

76.0
73.6
71.4
69 .2
67.1
65.0

14.3

108 .1
104.9
10 1.9
99.1
96 .4
93.8

125.3
121. 7
118.3
115.0
112.0
109.0

9 1.3
88 .9

106.2
103.5

86 .7
8 4.5
8 2.3

10 1. 0

10.4

76.9

3 lB

74.8

10.7
10.9

11. 2

",

o N
3~
c. -

"o

ii

2., >

~~
... ;:'
e
"8" el"o
~. g
; ~.
(J')

es:

11.4
11.7

78.3
76 .4

1 2.4

74.5

12.7
13.0
13.2

72.7

14.2
14. 5

;;

~.

e- oe

;~

'"

:;:

'"

98.S
96. 1
93.8

19.1

20.6

22.2

23.8

25 ,4

27. 0

28 .6

30,2

31.8

143. 2
139.0
135. 1

162.0
157.3
152.8
148 .6
144 .6
140.8

182.3
176.8
171.7
166.9
162.3
158.1

203 .8
197.5
191. 6
186.2
181. 0
176.2

226. 4
219.2
21 2.5
206 .2
200.4
194 .9

250.6
242.3
234.6
227.5
220. 8
214.6

276 .9
267.3
25 8.5
250 .4
24 2.8
235.8

305.3
294.3
284.2
274.9
266.3
258.3

335.6
322.8
311.2
300.6
290.8
281.8

137.2
13 3.8
130 .6
127.5
124.5
121.7

154.0
150.2
146.5
143.1
139.8
136.6

171.6
16 7.3
163.2
159.3
155.6
152.0

189.7
184.9
180.3
17 5.9
171 .8
167.9

208.8
203.3
198.2
193.3
188.7
184.3

22 9.2
223 .1
217.3
21 1.9
206 .7
201.8

250.9
243. 9
237. 4
23].3
225.6
220.1

273.4
265.6
258 .3
251.5
245. 1
239.0

133.6
130 .7
127.9
125.2
122.6
120.1

148.7
14 5.5
14 2.4
1 39.4
136.6
133.8

164.1
160.5
157. 1
153.9
150.7
14 7.7

180.2
176.2
172.4
168 .8
16 5.4
16 2.1

19 7.2
19 2.8
188 .6
184. 6
18 0.8
177.2

215.0
210,1
205.5
201. 1
196.8
192.8

233.3
227,9
222,8
217.9
213.2
208.8

13 1.4

127.9
124.6
121.4
118.4
115.5
11 2.7
110 .1

10 7.6

91.6
89.5
87.5
85.5
83.5
81.7

10 5.1
10 2.8
10 0.5
98.3
96.2
94, 1

119.0
116.4
113 .9
111.4
10 9.1
10 6.9

79.8
78. 1
76.3

92.1
90. 2
88.3
86.5
84.7
83.0

104.7
102.6
100.5
98.5
96.6
94.7

117.7
115.4
113.2
111.0
108 .9
106.8

13 1.2
128.6
126.2
123.8
12 1.5
119.2

144 .8
14 2.0
139.3
136.7
134 .2
131 .8

158.9
155.8
152.9
150.0
147.3
144.6

173.6
170.3
16 7.1
163 .9
161.0
158 .1

189.0
18 5.3
181. 7
178.3
175.1
171. 9

204.6
200.6
196.7
193.0
189.4
186.0

8 1.3
79.6

92.9
91. 1
89.4
87.7
86 .0
84 .4

104.9
102.9
101 .0
99 .2
97.4
95.7

11 7.1
115.0
112.9
11 1.0
10 9.0
107. 2

129.4
127.1
124.9
122 .8
120 .7
118 .7

142.1
139.6
137.2
134. 9
132.6
130 .4

155.3
152.6
150.0
147.5
145.0
14 2.6

168.9
165.9
16 3.1
160.4
157.7
155.2

18 2.7
179.5
176.4
173.5
170.6
16 7.8

94.0
92.3
90.7
89. 1
87.6
86.0

105.3
103.5
101.8
10 0.1
98.4
96.8

116.7
114.8
112.9
11 1.1
109.3
10 7.5

128.3
126.2
124 .2
122.2
120.3
118 .4

140. 3
138.1
135.9
13 3.8
13 1.7
129.7

152.7
150.3
147 .9
145.6
143.4
14 1.3

16 5.1
162.5
160,0
157 .5
155. 2
152,8

G;

"
m

"

,:,

:::
~

13.5

~. ~

80.3

11.9

13.7

;: '
~
~

72 .8
70.8

12.2

:.
s:
o
;:l

17.5

91.6
88.9
86.3
83.8
8 1.4
79. 1

g.
e _
"
'<

15.9

14.0

14.7
15.0
15.2
15.5
15 .7
16.0
16. 3
16. 5
16.8
17.0
17.3
17.5
t 7.8

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Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm 0 .0. (Cont 'd)
Z

" n
'1
o
e -o
c:.. ,<
e ,
t'";

~.

rr.::

;;r

iC>
t-J

ce o

~ ;:;

Depth,
d, mm

Wall Thiekness, t, mm
10.3

11.1

11.9

1 2.7

14.3

15.9

17 .5

19.1

20.6

22.2

23.8

18.0
18.3

95. 2
93.6

18 .5
18. 8

92.1

19.1

90.6
89. 1

25.4

27.0

28.6

30.2

31.8

150.6
148 .4
146 .3
144. 2
142 .1
140 .2

10 5.8

116.6

127.8

139 .2

10 /1.1

nz.a

13 7. 1

10 2.5
100 .9
99 .4

113. 1
111 .4

125 .9
124.0
122.2

109.7

120.4

~ <:T
g,:

19.3

97.8

108.1

118.6

19. 6

o o

19.8
20.1
20 .3
20 .6
20.8

96.3
9/1.8

10 6.5
104.9
10 3.4
101.9

116 .9
115.3
113.6
112.0
110 .5

c.

o >
:: 3

"" o

"~
o

V>

:~_ 8 6
1'"
~

~~
:s::

~.
:1

;;
"

o
g <B.

-e oo
- ,

>
V>

"!'

'"
~

9 3,1.

92.0

133 .2
131.2
129 .4
12 7.6
125.8
1 24 .1
1 22 .4

138 .2
136.3
134.5
132. 7
130. 9
129.2

108.9

120 .7
119 .0

10 7.4
105 .9
104 .5
103.0

11 7.4
11 5.9
114.3
112 .8

10 1.6
10 0.2

109 .9

127.5
12 5.8
124. 2
122.6
121.0
1 19 .4

23.6
23.9

108. 4
10 7.0
10 5.6
10 4.3
10 2.9
101. 6

117. 9
1 16 .4
11 5.0
113 .5
112.1
110 . 7

1/1.1

100 .3

109,4
108.0
106 .7
105.4
104 .1
102.8

2 1.1
2 1.3
2 1.6

1 1.8
22. 1
22.11

22.6
22.9

B .l
23.4

24 .4
lti .6
} /1.9

25. t
25.4

100.4
98.9

135.1

97.5
96. 1

98.9
97 .5

11 1. 3

3:

w
m

'1'
N

e
N

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Iab le 312 Values 01 L lor Pipo Slzes


Oepth,
d, In.

;; n
"' o

h
e a.
o_. _
~ f1Q

"
'<

o
,,o N
3 ~
~=r
o o

>
::' 3
[. 3.
o

E
~ I ...
(' VJ

I'.l

;'g

~:

o~ 6~
S

s:

g
3: ir

;
"'
::l :j

.0"s:"
oo "" rn

o a
>
;!

V>

!"

lID

NPS 56 l hrough NPS 60

Wa ll Thickness, r, in.
0.750

0.812

0.406

0.438

0.469

0. 500

0.562

0.62 5

0.68 8

0.04
0.0 5
0.06
0.07
0.0 8

No limit

No limit

No limit

No llmit

21.3 6
21.36
21.36
14.8 3

22. 19
22.19
22.19
19.11

22 .96
22 .96
22 .96
22 .96

23.71
23.71
23.7 1
23.71

No limit
No Hmtt

No limit
No limit
No Hmit

No limit
No rntt
No limit

26.50
26.50

27.81
27.81

29.0 3

No l imit
No li mil
No hmlt
No Hmit
No li mil

0.09
0. 10
0. 11
0. 12
0.13

11. 4 3

17.09
13. 29
11.0 7
9.59
8. 52

21.4 2
15.8 6
12.8 7
10.98
9.66

25.13
23.63
17.7 5
14.50
12.4 2

26. 50
26. 50
25.91
19.70
16.19

27.8 1
27 .81
2 7.81
27.8 1
21.62

29.0 3
29.0 3
29.03
29.03
29.0 3

30.21
30. 21
30.21
30.21
30. 21

31.36
31.36
31.36
31.36
31. 36

No Hmt

No limit

9.48
8 .19
7.26
6.56

13.93
11.23
9.54
8.37
7. 50

32. 4 7
3 2.4 7
3 2.47
32 .47

33. 53
33 .5 3
33. 53
33.53

0 .14

0.15
0. 16
0. 17
0.18

6.00
5.54
5.16
4.8 3
4. 54

6.82
6.28
5.83
5.45
5.12

7.70
7.06
6. 53
6.08
5.71

8. 67
7.90
7.28
6.7 7
6.3 3

10.9 5
9.84
8.98
8.2 9
7.71

13.90
12.28
11.06
10.10
9.33

17.8 5
15.37
13.61
12.27
11.22

23.39
19.4 3
16.79
14.8 9
13.4 5

30.21
25.11
20. 98
18 .19
16.1 6

31.36
31.3 6
26.91
22. 58
19.63

32.47
32. 47
3 2.47
28.68
24. 17

33.5 3
33.53
33 .53
33.53
30 .29

0. 19
0.20
0.21
0.22
0. 23

4.2 9
4.0 7
3.8 7
3.68
3. 52

4.83
4.57
4.3 5
4. 14
3.95

5.38
5.09
4.8 3
4.6 0
4.39

5.96
5.6 3
5.34
5.08
4.85

7.22
6.80
6.44
6.1 1
5.82

8.68
8. 14
7.67
7.2 7
6.90

10.37
9.66
9.06
8.55
8. 10

12.31
11. 39
10.6 2
9.97
9.4 1

14.6 2
13.40
12. 41
11 .58
10.8 7

17.48
15.8 3
14.5 2
13.46
12. 57

21. 0 7
18 .79
17.0 4
15.6 5
14. 51

0.24
0.25
0.26
0.27
0.28

3.36
3.22
3.0 9
2.96
2.85

3.78
3.6 2
3.48
3.34
3.2 1

4.20
4.03
3.87
3.72
3.58

4.64
4.44
4.27
4.1 0
3.9 5

5.56
5.33
5.11
4. 91
4.73

6.58
6.2 9
6.0 3
5.79
5.58

7.70
7.35
7.0 3
6.7 4
6.48

8.92
8.4 9
8 .10
7.76
7.44

10.2 7
9.74
9.27
8 .86
8 .48

11.81
1 1.16
10. 58
10.08
9.6 3

0.29
0.30
0.31
0.32
0.33
0.34

2.74
2.6 3
2.53

3.09
2.98
2.87
2.77
2.67
2.58

3.45
3.32
3.2 1
3.10
2.99
2.89

3.81
3.6 7
3.55
3.43
3.32
3.21

4.56
4.40
4.25
4.11
3.98
3.86

5.37
5.19
5.01
4.8 5
4.70
4.55

6. 24
6.0 2
5.81
5.62
5.44
5.28

7.16
6.90
6. 6 5
6.43
6. 22
6.03

8.14
7.8 4
7. 55
7.2 9
7.0 5
6.83

9.23
8.8 6
8.5 3
8. 23
7.9 5
7.69

2. 44

25.13
25.13
25.13

No
No
No
No

Iimit
I1 mil

limil
limit

0.875
No
No
No
No
No

limit
limit
l frmt
timit
li mit

0.938
No
No
No
No
No

limlt
limil

II mil
li mil

limlt

1.0 00
No
No
No
No
No

lim lt
limit
limlt

ttmft
limit

1. 062
No
No
No
No
No

rmt
limit
limit

Hmit

llmit

No fimit
No llmlt

1.125
No
No
No
No
No

Hmit

limit
limi l

mlt
llrnlt

1. 188

No
No
No
No
No

limit
llmlt
limit
Iimit
lirnlt

1. 250
No
No
No
No
No

Hmit
limit

lirnit
limit
limit

No Iimil
No llmlt
No Hmit

No limit
No Hmtt
No Hmft

35.56
35 .56

36. 54
36.54

34. 55
34.5 5
34.55
34.55
34.55

35.56
35.5 6
35.56
35.5 6
3 5.56

36.54
36.54
36.54
36.54
36 .54

37.48
37. 48
37.48
37 .48
37.4 8

25.66
22.4 3
20.0 5
18.21
16.7 3

31.87
27.12
23.78
21.29
19.36

35.5 6
33.53
28.64
25.18
22. 58

36. 54
36.54
35.17
30.1 5
26 .56

37,48
37.48
3 7.48
36. 6 5
31.54

13. 56
12.74
12.05
1 1.4 3
10.89

15.53
14.52
13 .66
12 .91
12.26

17.8 2
16. 54
15.48
14.57
13.78

20.56
18 ,9 3
17.59
16.47
15.51

23.86
21.7 5
20.0 5
18.64
17.4 6

27.8 6
25.08
22,8 9
21.12
19.6 5

10.41
9.98
9.59
9.23
8.91
8.6 1

11.6 9
11.18
10.71
10.30
9.92
9.57

13.09
12.48
11.94
11.45
11.0 1
10.61

14.68
13.9 5
13.30
12.73
12.21
11.74

16.4 5
15.5 7
14.80
14.12
13. 52
12.97

18 .4 2
17. 36
16.44
15.64
14.92
14.28

34.5 5
34.55
34.5 5

No Hmit
No limit
No limit
No limit

37.4 8

;;
'<
~

e;'"
e
w

.
~

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'IUO esn s.aesueou JOI vO-Z: l-v~OG UO u!VJnO uuea 01pesuaoureueieur paI1.l61Jdo:)

Jable 312 Values of L for Pipe Sizes


ep th.
d. in.
o
;
'O

n
o

8.~
:s a.
o
_
~. tg.

~ @

0.41
0.42
0. 43
0.44
0. 45
0. 46

"
N
-<
o

11 ;:;
3 cr

~~
o ir

8,>

,: ~,.
3 g

" "'"
;
~
s

8.
~

:=" -e
,,"o
o ~

3 :::

~.

g.

~ ;;.
~
::s

"

"t-t,
~.
2, ~

~
::s

>~

'"
z
!'"

0.47
0. 48
0.49
0.50
0.51
0.52

0.438

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.625

0.68 8

0.75 0

0.812

0.875

0 .938

1.000

1.062

1.1 2 5

1. ] 88

1.250

2.4 9

2.80
2.7 0
2.6 2

3.11
3.0 1
2.92
2.83
2.74
2.66

3.7 4

4.4 2
4.29
4.17
4.0 5
3.94
3.8 3

5. 12
4.97
4.83

5.85
5.68
5.52
5.37
5.23
5.0 9

6.6 2
6.4 3
6.24
6.0 7
5.9 1
5.7 5

7.4 5
7.22
7.01
6.82
6.6 3
6.46

8.33
8.07
7.83

10.24
9.90
9.58
9.29
9.02
8.77

11.31
10.92
10.56
10.23
9.92
9.63

12.4 7

13.71
13. 19

7.6 1
7.40
7.20

9.2 5
8 .96
8.68
8.43
8. 19
7.96

4.96
4 .84
4.72
4.61
4. 50
4.39

5.61
5.4 7
5.34
5.2 1
5.09
4.9 7

6. 29

4.23
4.13
4.02
3.9 3
3.8 3

7.75
7.5 5
7.37
7.19
7.0 2
6.8 6

8.53
8.3 1
8.10
7.90
7.71
7.53

9.37
9.11
8.88
8.66
8 .45
8. 25

10. 2 5
9.97

5.99
5.8 5
5.71
5. 58

7.0 1
6.83
6.67
6.5 1
6.36
6.21

9.70
9.4 5
9.22
8 .99

11.1 7
10.8 5
10.55
10.27
10.01
9.76

3.74
3.66
3. 57
3.49
3.41
3.34

4.29
4. 20
4.11
4.0 2
3.93
3.85

4.8 6
4. 7 5
4.6 5
4. 55
4.46
4.3 7

5.4 6
5.34
5.22
5.12
5.01
ti.91

6.07
5.94
5.8 2
5.70
5.58
5.47

6.71
6.56
6.4 2
6.29
6.16
6.0 3

7.36
7.20
7.05
6.90
6.76
6.6 2

8.06
7.88

r.i

8.78
8.58
8. 39
8. 21
8.04
7.88

9.53
9.31
9. 10
8.9 0
8.71
8.5 3

3.26
3.19
3.12

3.7 6
J. 69
3.6 1
3.53
3.46
3.39

4.28
4.19
4. 11
4.0 2
3.9 5
3.8 7

4.81
4.72
ti.6 2
ti.53
4.45

5.36
5.26
5.15
5.06
4.96
4.8 7

5.92
5.80
5.69
5.59
5.4 8
5. 38

6.ti9
6.J7
6.25
6.13
6.0 2
5.91

7.09
6 .96
6 .8 3
6. 70
6.5 8
6.46

7.72
7.5 7
7.43
7.29
7.15
7.0 2

8.3 6
8. 19
8 .04
7.88
7.74
7.60

3.32
3.25

3.79
3.72
3.65
3.58
3.5 1
3.45

4.13
ti.05
3.98
3.91

4.78
4.70
4.61
4.53
4.45
4.38

5.29
5.19
5.10
5.02
4.9 3
4.8 5

5.80
5.70
5.60
5.51
5.4 2
5.33

6.3 4
6.23
6. 13
6.0 2
5.92
5.83

6.90
6.7 8
6.6 6
6.55
6.4ti
6.34

7.33
7.21
7.09
6.97
6.86

3.84
3.77
3.71
3.64
3. 58
3. 51

ti.30
4.23
4.16
ti.09
4.02
3.95

4.77
4.69
4.61
4. 54
4.4 6
4. 39

5.24
5.16
5.0 7
ti.99
4.92
4.8 4

5.73
5.64
5.55
5.47
5.38
5.30

6.24
6.1 4
6.04
5.9 5
5.8 6
5.77

6.75
6.6 4
6. 54
6.ti4
6.3 4
6. 24

...
...

...

...
...
...

...

0.55
0.56
0.57
0.58
0.5 9
0.60
0.6 1
0.6 2
0.6 3
0.64

0.65
0.66
0.67
0.68
0.69

OJ O

J .6J
3.52
3.4 2

J .J J
3.23
3. 14

...

3.06
2.97
2.8 9

. ..

...
.. .

...

...
...

...
...

...

.. .

.. .

...

...
...

...

...
.. .

. ..

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

3. 20
3.12
3.04
2.9 7

.. .

...
...
...

...

3.73
3.6 3
3.5 4
3.45
3. 36
3.28

...

0.53

o.ss

NPS 56 lhro ugh NPS 60 (Conl'd)

Wall r htckness, t, In.


0.406

0.35
0.36
0.J7
0.38
0.39
0. 40

...

4.7 0
4.5 7

4.45
4. 34

.. .
.. .

...

...

...
...

...

...

...

...
...
.. .

...

7.1 1

7.54
7.39

12.72
t 2.28

11.88
11. 51

;;

;:
m

'"
e'"
~

.. .

...

6. 14

1 2.02
11. 6 1
11. 23
10.88
10. 55

.. .
...

...
...

w ocn aaJSlp el' M.MM

'on

v r

s.zs
s.zo

r.s

(::JI,IUal::JS) SJane ~ UOS WO~ l q palnQ LJ1SIO 'pelllWJed SI 6U1'>1JOMeU JO uouo npoi d ar Je ~lJnJ 0 N
,(UO esn s.eesua oq JOJ vO-U-v Wl uo u'VmO uu eO 01 PasU9:J!118!J98W pa l~6IJdo:J

Table 3-12

Values of L for Pipe Sizes " NPS 56 Through NPS 60 (Cont'd)


Wall rhkkness. t. in.

Depth,

d. In.

0.406

0.438

0.469

0.500

0.562

0.625

0.688

0.75 0

0 .812

0.875

0.9]8

1.000

1.062

1.125

1.188

1.250

3.89
3.83
3.7 6
3.70

'1.32

4.76
4.69

5.22
5.14

4.12

4.62
4.55

5.07
4.9 9

3.6'1

4.06
4.00

4.48

4.92

4 .4 2

4.8 5

5.69
5.60
5. 52
5.4 4
5.36
5. 29

6. 1 S
6.06
5.98
5.89
5.81
S.73

0.71
0. 72
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.76

.g r:
il o

0.'"

.l~

il @
~
-c o
~

g.g-

"':;: .,a.
;T

3
~

f:"
5

(/l

8.

:E !!

::;: -e

"

3.9 4
3.87
3.82
3.76

0.77
0.78
0.79
0 .80
0. 81
0.81

8- -e~

C.

I~

.4

4.26
4.19

0.83
0 .84

o.as
0.86
0.87
0 .88

4.35

4.78

4.29

4.22

4.7 1
4 .64

4.16

4.58

4.10

4. 0 4

4 .51
4. 45

5. 2 1
5. 14
5.07
5.0 0
4.93
4.8 6

3.98
3.93

4.39
4.33

4.80
4.73

4.27
4.21
4.1 5
4 .1 0

4.6 7
4.61
4.55

4.49

S.65

5.S7
S.49
5.42
5.3S
S.28
5.21
S.14
5.07
S.Ol
4.94
4.88

"

w
~

,~

~
~

~. ~

~ ~.
:.;
o -

r:

;;; m

gre.
e ~

;9

vo '

3:
r-t

4.04

0 .89
0.90
0.91
0.92
0. 93

3.99

4 .4 3
4.37
4. 3 2

4.26
4.20

0.9 4

4. 1 S

0.9S
0. 96
0. 97
0.98
0.99

4.1 0

4.82
4.76
4.70
4.64
4.58
4.5 2
4.47
4.41
4.3 6
4.3 1

4.25
4. 20

1.00

WCY.)leaJjS4-::lejMMM '811 (-::lIJlluel-::lsl

SJalne~

UOSWOlll q pl nqlJls!opell!wJed S! 5U!)jJOMaU JO uononporder JllnmJ ON

~IUO asn seesueoq JO vO-~~-tdO~ uo u'ymO uueO 0\ oesusou reuoreur paq5IJdo:

Table 312M

Values 01 L l ar Pipe 5izes ~ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0.0.


Wall thfckness, t. mm

e pth,

"2

d,

r:
8. ~
e a.

mm

10.3

1.0
1.3
1.5
1.8

No limit
542. 6
542. 6
54 2.6
376.8

11. 1

11.9

12.7

14.3

1 5.9

17.5

limit
563.6
563.6
563.6

No li rnit

No Hmtt
602 .1
602. 1
602. 1
602. 1

No Hmit
No limit
638 .4
638.4
6 38.4

No Hmtt
No l imit
No l imit
673 .2
673.2

No Hmit
No limft
No li mil

19.1

20 .6

No limit

No limit
No limlt
No li mit

22.2

23.8

-c o

oe::". '"
_
:::r
o

Eo

'<

2.0

""
e. ;3
3 ~

g.So o
2. >

[.s
-' 3

2.3
2.5
2.8
3.0
3.3

290.3
240.7
207.9
184.4
166.5

4 34.2
33 7.6

24 2.3

28 1. 1

212.6
190.5

243.5
21 6.3

152.3
140.7

173.3
159.5

19 5.7
179.2

131.0

] 48.1

165.8

4.3
4.6

122.6
115.4

138.3
130.0

144 .9

4.8
5.1
5.3
5.6
5.8

109 .0
10 3.3
98 .2
93 .6
89.3

122 .7
116.2

6.1

85. 4
8 1.8
78. 4
75.3

3.6

3.8
4 .1

-;!l"
- -'<

g- ~

S
~

s:

~ ~

gK
o !C

g '"
o
g l'!:.

- o
o "
~

"
>;l
V>

3:

VI

485.4

583.2
583 .2
58 3.2
583 . 2

353.8
28 5.1

"

" V>
~ I ..

No

6.4
6.6
6.9

rrt

7.1

72.3

7.4
7.6
7.9
8 .1
8 .4
8. 6

69. 5
66.8
64.3
61.9

154.6

10 5.2

136 .6
129 .3
122.7
11 6.9

100 .4

1 11. 6

96 .1
92. 0
88.3
84.8
81.6

106.7
102 .3

110 .4

78.S
75.7
72.9
70.3
67.9
65.5

98. 2

94.4
90 .8
8 7.5

84.4
8 1. 4

78 .6
76.0
73.4

706 .3
706.3

No li mil
No limit
No Iimlt
737.5

No limlt

No tlmlt

mtt

25.4

27.0

No hmit

No

No Iimit
No li mit
No Ilmlt
No limit

No Hmit
No Hrntt
No Hmlt

No limit
No limit
No Hmtt

No limit

No Hrn tt

No
No
No
No
No

796.5
79 6.5
796.5
796.5
79 6.5

No llmit
8 24 .7
8 24.7
8 24.7
8 24.7

No li mit

No limit

85 1.5
85 1.5
85 1.5
851. 5

No limit
877.5
871.5
871 .5

No Hmlt

28 .6

JO.2

31.8

No llmft
No Hmlt

No limit

Hm it

No Ilmit

lim il

No

limit
Hrntr

No limit
No ll mit
No limit

mtt

mtt

No Hm lt
No limit

No limlt

No limit

No mtt
No lim
No llmit

mtt
Hmtt
No Hrmt

No Hmtt
No Hmtt

No Hrntt

No li mil

No limit

90 3.2
90 3.2

928. 1
928 .1

No li mil

411.1

706.3
706 .3
706.3
706 .3
549. 1

737.5
737.5
737.5
737.5
737.5

76 7.3
76 7.3
767.3
767.3
76 7.3

278.0
250.1
228. 2
210.5
195.9

353.0
311.8
28 0.8
25 6.5
236.9

4 53.5
390 .5
345 .6
311. 7
28 5.0

594.0
493.4
4 26.4
378. 1
341.6

767.3
63 7.9
532.8
461. 9
4 10.5

796.5
796. 5
683.6
573.6
498.7

82 4.7
82 4.7
824 .7
728.4
614.0

8 51.5
85 1.5
851.5
851.5
769.4

871.5
877.5
871.5
871.5
877.5

903.2
903 .2
903. 2
903 .2
903 .2

928. 1
928. 1
928. 1
928.1
928. 1

9 52.1
952 .1
952 .1
9 52.1
95 2.1

15 1.3
143.0
135.7
129.1
123.2

183 .5
172.8
163.5
155.2
147. 9

220.6
206.8
194.9
184.5
175. 4

263.4
24 5.4
230 .2
217.1
20 5.7

312.7
289.2
269.7
253.2
238.9

371.4
340.4
315.1
294.1
276.2

444.0
402.2
368.9
34 1.8
319.2

53 5.2
4 77.4
4 32.9
397.5
368.5

6 51.7
569.8
509.2
462 .4
4 25.0

80 9.5
688.8
603.9
540 .8
491. 8

90 3.2
85 1.7
727. 5
6 39.5
573.6

928. 1
928. 1
893.2
765.7
674 .7

952. 1
9 52 .1
952 .1
930. 8
8 01.2

117.8
112.9
10 8.4
104.2
100.3

141. 3
135.3
129.8
124.8
120. 1

167.2
1 59.9
1 53.2
14 7. 2
14 1.6

195. 7
186. 7
178 .6
171. 3
164 .6

226.5
215.5
205.8
197.0
189.0

260.8
247.4
23 5.5
224.9
21 5.4

299.9
283 .3
268.9
256. 1
24 4.7

344.3
323.7
30 6.0
290.4
276.7

394.4
368.7
346. 9
328.0
311.5

452.5
420.2
393.1
370.0
350.0

522.2
480 .9
446.9
418.3
393 .9

606.2
552.5
509.3
4 73 .6
44 3.5

707.8
6 37 .0
581.4
536. 5
499. 2

96.7
9 3. 3
90. 1
87. 1
84.2
81.5

115.8
111.8
108.1
104 .5
101.2
98. 0

136. 5
131.7
127.3
123.1
1 19.3
1 15.6

158 .5
152.9
14 7.7
142 .8
138 .3
134 .1

181.8
175.1
169.0
163.4
158.1
153.2

206.8
199.0
191.8
18 5.2
179.1
173 .4

234.4
225.2
216.7
209.0
201. 9
19 5. 3

264 .5
253.5
243.5
234. 5
226.2
218.6

296.9
283.8
272. 1
261.6
251.9
243. 1

332.5
317. 1
303.3
290.9
279.6
269.4

372.8
354. 2
337 .9
323.2
310. 1
298 .2

41 7.8
395.5
376.0
358.7
343.3
329.4

4 67 .8
44 0.9
4 17.6
397.1
379.0
362.8

544. 1
40 2.9
327.0
278.9
245.3

638 .4
600.1
450. 9
368.4
315.4

673.2
673.2
658.2

220.2
200.7
18 5.0
171.9
160.8

SOO.s

No l imit

No
No

952 .1

G;

;<
~

'"c;
...
s
~

WOOISaJ)SlpSMMM '811 (::lljIlUSI::lS) s.Ja lns~ UOSW041 Aq palnqUSlO 'peu.uned SI 5U!''iJOMla U JOuouonpordar J84lJnJ 0N
'AIUO esn s.eesueoj JOJ vo-U PlOl UD u!ymo Auuea 01 pesueonreueieur peI1l5!JAdo:)

Table 312M

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ;, 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)


Wall Ihlckness, t, mm

Depth ,
d,

mm
8.9
9.1

t'

9 .4
9.7

; r

-c

9.9
10.2

E. ~
e a.

oo=..,::r_

:: e
El
N

-c o

cr"
o
3~

10.3

11 .1

11.9

12.7

14 .3

63.3

71 .0
68.7
66. 5

78 .9
76.4
74. t
71.8
69.6
67. 5

95.1
92.2

89.5
86 .9
84.5
8 2.1

10.4

79.8

10 .7
10.9
11 .2
11 .4

77 .6

75.5
73. 5

15.9

17.5

19.1

20.6

22.2

23 .8

25.4

27.0

28 .6

30.2

31.8

112. 2
108.9
105.8
10 2.8
100.0
97.3

13 0.1
126.3

148.6

122 .8
119 .4
11 6.2
113.1

140.2
136.4
132.7
129.3

168.2
163.2
158.5
154.2
150.0
146.1

189.2
18 3. 5
178.2
173.2
168. 5
164 .0

21 1.5
205.0
198 .9
19 3.2
18 7.8
18 2.8

235 .0
227. 5
220.5
214.0
207. 9
202.2

260.0
2 51.4
243.4
236.0
229.2
22 2.7

287 .4
277 .4
268.3
259.8
25 2.0
244.7

316.8
305. 4
294.9
285.2
276.3
268 .0

348 .2
335.0
323.0
312.0
301.8
292 .4

94.8
92 .3

110. 2

126.0
122.9
119.9
117.0
114 .3
111. 6

142.4
138. 9
13 5.5
132.3
129.2
126.3

159.8
155.8
152.1
148 .5
14 5.0
141.8

178 .1
1 73.6
169.3
16 5.3
161.5
1 57.8

196.9
191.8
18 7.1
18 2.6
178 .3
174. 2

216.7
211.0
205.7
200.6
19 5.8
191.3

23 7.9
231.5
225.5
219 .9
214.5
209 .4

260.3
253. 1
246.4
240.1
234. 1
228. 4

283.7
275.6
268. 1
261.0
254. 3
248. 0

109. 1
106.6
104.3
10 2.0
99.8
97.7

123.5
120 .8
118.2
115.7
113.2
110.9

138.6
13 5.6
132.7
129.9
127.3
124.7

154.3
150.9
14 7.7
144. 7
14 1.7
138.9

170.3
166.6
16 3.1
159.7
156.4
153.3

18 7.0
18 2.9
179.0
175.2
17 1.6
168.2

204.6
200 .1
19 5.7
191.6
187.6
183.8

223. 1
218.0
213.2
208.6
204 .3
200. 1

242. 1
236.5
231. 2
226 .1
221. 3
216.7

95.6
93.6
91.7
89.8
87.9
86. 1

108 .6
10 6.4
104.3
10 2.2
100.2
98.3

122.2
119.8
117.4
115.2
11 3.0
110.9

136.1
13 3.5
130.9
128.5
126.1
123 .8

150.3
147.4
144.6
141.9
139.3
136.7

164.9
161. 7
1 58 .6
15 5.7
152.8
150.1

180. 2
176.7
173.4
170.1
167 .0
164.0

196.1
19 2. 3
188.6
18 5.1
181. 7
178 .4

212.3
208.1
204.1
200.3
196.6
193.0

84.4
82.7

96 .4
94 .5
92 .7
91.0
89.3
8 7.6

108.8
10 6.8
104 .9
10 3.0
101.1
99.3

121. 5
119.3
11 7.2
11 5.2
11 3.1
11 1.2

134.3
131.9
12 9.6
127.4
125. 2
123.1

14 7.4
144. 9
142.4
140.0
137.6
135.3

161.1
158 .3
1 55.6
153.0
150.5
148. 0

175.3
172. 2
169.3
166.4
163.7
161.0

189.6
186.3
183. 1
180 .0
177 .0
174.2

97.5
95.8
94.1
92.5
90.9
89.3

10 9.3
10 7.4
10 5.6
10 3.9
10 2.1
10 0.4

121.1
119.1
117.1
115. 2
113.4
111.6

133. 1
13 1.0
128 .9
126 .8
124 .8
122.9

145.6
143.3
141. 0
138.8
136.7
134.6

158 .4
155.9
153.5
15 1.1
148.8
146.6

171.4
168.7
166.0
163 .5
161.0
158 .6

89.9

1 0 7. 4
104 .8

87.6
85. 4

10 2.2
99.8

g. S-

11. 7

83.3

97 .4

o >
::' 3

11. 9
12. 2

81.3
79.3

12 .4

77.3

12.7

75.4

95 .1
92.9
90 .8
88.7

[. ~.

;
::!. '"
~
g. ;S"

~ 2,

'<

~ ?::
:;: g

._.
....
o o
o !'.

I~

13.0

86 .7

13.2

84 .8

13.5
13.7

8 2.9
81.0
79.2

14.0

1-4 .2
14 .5

g m

14. 7

15.0
15.2
15. 5
15.7
16.0
16.3

~.

> ;;

r:m

G;
3:

'i'

e
~

g lE.
o

-o o

14 4.]

16.5
16 .8
17 .0
17.3
17.5
17.8

'wo::n aaJISlj:>aI' MMM '::)11 (:>IJ1IUal:l S) SJalna~ UOSWOljl q palnq lJIS!O -oeujun ed S! 6U!'lIJOMISU JO uouonpordor J94\.JnJ 0N
'};IUO esn s.eesueou JOJ vO-Z:~ 'v~Ol uo u' VJnO uueO 01 pesueoursueieur P8146!Jdo:::

Table 3-12M
Z

d. mm

o~ cf'
_

C- ~

18 .0

_. ""

18.3

18.5
18.8

19. 1

t-l

g"

fi;.
ro;
2.. >

- ..",3
:!
'" ::l
3 g
~

'"

_. '<

;. O
O ~

r.
r.

a. e-

2::l :;.
5
n

::l

o,

-m

-e "
_ . r.
o

> !2

'"
<:

rn

11.1

11 .9

12.7

14 .3

15.9

17.5

19 .1

20.6

...

22 .2

...

"

30.2

) 1.8

109.8

1 21. 0

156.3

14 2.3

10 3.1
10 1.5

119.2
11 7.3
11 5.6
11 3.8
11 2.2

132.6
130. 6
128.7

144 .4

108. 1
10 6.4

154.0
151.8
149.6
14 7.5

100.0
98. 4
96.9
95.4

110 .5
10 8.9
10 7.3
105 .7

98.8
97.2
95.6
9 4.0
91.5

10 4.7

...
...
...

...
...

...

...

...
...

...

...
...

...

.. .

wOOaa nSlpalMMM ':)11

(~IJ IU al:lS) sJana~

12 6. 8

124.9
123.1

140 .2

138 .2
136.2
134. 3

121 .4

132 .4

119.6
117 .9

10 4 .2

1 16 .3
114 .6

130.5
128.7
127.0
125.2

10 2.7

113.0

123. 5

101.2
99 .7

...

21.3
21.6
21.8
22.1
22.4

24. 1
24.4
24.6
24.9
25. 1
25. 4

28.6

25.4

...

21.1

22.6
22.9
23. 1
23 .4
23.6
23.9

27.0

23.8

19.6
19.8
20. 1
20.3
20 .6
20.8

c;

r.

10.3

19.3

.'l

,
H
~ !?

WaU rh tckness, t, mm

Dept h,

o
; n
"Sie "Oe

Values of L for Pipe Sizes ~ 1 42 2 mm Through 1 524 mm 0 .0. (Cont'd)

111.5
109.9
108.4
106.9
10 5.5

14 5.4
14 3.4
1/d .5

139.6
137.7
135.8
13 4 .0

121.9

132.3

120 .2

10 4.0

1 14 .0

1 ) 0 .5
128 .8
127 .2
125 .6
124.0

102. 6
101.2

11 2.5
111.1
109.6
10S.2
106 .S
105.4

122 .4
120.S
11 9. 3
11 7.S
11 6.4
114.9

10 4.1

11 3.5
112.1
110 .7
109 .4
108 .0
106 .7

1 18. 6
11 7. 1

11S.5

>

'"

'"
m

'"

;"
O

;:;

UOSWOlll q panqU1S!O oemuceo SI 5Ul)!JOMaU JOuouoncorder J811lJnJ 0 N


(UO asn s.oosueou .101 t>O-~~-vlOC: uo u!'y'JnO (uue O O} pasueouieuereur paq51J(do:)

rr-

INTENTI ONALLY LEFT BLANK

48
Copyrig ht 2012 by th c America n Socicty of' Me ch anica l Eng ineers.
No re prod uctio n may be mad e of this material without written conscnt of AS M E.

~.

A5ME B31G INTERPRETAT10 NS

ASM E 8 316
INTERPRETATIONS VOlUME 1
Replies to Technical lnquiries
October 30, 2009 through April 30, 2012
FOREWORD
1t has been agreed to p ublish interpre tat ions issued by the 631 Cornmi ttee concem ing B31G
as part of the upda te ser vice to the Manual. Th e interpretati ons ha ve beco assign ed numbe rs in
chro nological arder. Each int erpretatio n applies either to the latest Ed ition at the time of issua nce
of the intcrpretati on or the Edi tion stated in the reply. Subseq uent revisio ns lo the Manual may
ha ve supersed ed the rep Iy.
Th ese replies are ta ken ve rbati m from the originall ette rs, excep t for a few typogra phica l and
editori a l correcti ons made for the purpose of improved c1arity. In sorne instan ces, a review of
th e interpreta tion revealed a need for correc tions of a technical nature. In these cases, a revi sed
repl y bearing th e origi nal interp reta tion n umber wi th the suffix R is p rese nted . In the case wh ere
an in terp retati on is co rrected by er ra ta , the o riginal int er preta tion n umber with th e suffix E is used .
ASME p roced ures p rov id e for reco ns ideration of these nt erp re ta tions when or if addition al
info rruation is available which the inquirer believes might affect the interpret ation. Further,
persons agg r eved b y an interpretaticn may a p pea l to the cog nizant ASME commtttee or sub com mi ttee . As stated in th e Stateme nt of Poliey in the Code d ocuments. ASME does not "approvc ,"
"certify," "ra te, " or "end orse" any item, cons truction, proprieta ry device, or activity.
Fo r deta iled instruction s o n prepa ra tion of techni ca l inquiries to the B31 Co mm ittee, refer to
"Correspond enc e With the B31 Co mmittee " in the front matter.

1-1
Copyright 20 12 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
1'\0 reproduction may be mude of this material without writtcn cense n! uf ASME.

ASME B31G INTERPRETATION S

Interpretation: G-1-0 1

Subjcc t: A5ME B31G-2009


Da te Issu ed : Sep tembe r 29, 2011
File: 11-1259
Q uestion (1): Whe n ca1culating the term z
thi ckn ess?

= L2/Dt, is

t in this case the corroded pipe wa ll

Reply (1): No. Dimension t is the uncorrode d p ip e wall thickness.


Question (2) : Wh en calculating the failure stress (SF), is t the corroded pipe wall thickness?
Repl y (2): Yes o

Question (3): Whe n calcula ting th e hoop stress (So or Sil), is t in thi s case th e carrode d pipe
wall thickness?
Repl y (3): No. Dime nsi n t is th e un co rro ded pipe wall thickness.
Question (4): Does t rep resent the uncor rrod ed pipe wall thickness?
Reply (4): Yes o

1-2

Copyright 20 12 by thc American Socicty ofMcchanical Bngineers.


1\0 rcproduction may be madc ofthis material without writtcn conscnt 01' ASME .

&
~

ASME CODE FOR PRESSURE PIPING, 831

Power Piping ... ...... . . . . . .. .. . . . . .................. ..... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ............... 83 1. 1-20 12


Process Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8)1. 320 10

Tuberias de Proceso . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. . .
Pipeline t ransportaton Svstems tor Liquids and Slurrie s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

831.320 10

. . . ...... . . . . .. . . .. . . . . 83 1.4-2012
Refrige ration Piping and Heat Transfer Compone nts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . .. ...... . . . . . . . . . . 83 1.S-2010
Gas Transmissio n and Distrib ution Piping Svstems ...... ..... . ..... .. . . . . . . . .. ... ....... ...... 8 )1.8-201 0
Managing Svstem Integrity of Gas Plpenes . .. ........ .. .. ..... .. .. . . . . .. . . ... . ..... .. . 8 31. 85-201 0
Gesti n de Integ ridad de Sist emas de Gasoductc s ... .......... ... .. . . __ .
.
_. . . . .. . . . . . . 831. 85-20 10
8 uil ding Services Piping .. _...
. . . _......... .
. . .. __
_... ... B31.9-2 011
. .. .. . . .. . . . . . B31.11 2002
Slurry Transpo rtation Pip ing Systems _.
. ............. _. .
Hydrogen Pip ing and Pipeli nes.... .. . ... . .. . . ... . . . . . ... .. . .... ... . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. 12-20 11
Standard ter the Selsrmc Deslgn and Retrof it of Above-e rouno Pip ing Systems . . ......... . ... . . . . .. . .. . . . . B)lE-2008
Manual for Determi ning the Remai ning Strength of Corrod ed Plpenes: Supptement to ASME B31 Code for Pressure Pipi ng. . . 8 31G-2012
Standard Test Method for Det ermin ing Stress ntenslcation Factors (i-Factors) ter Metallic Piping Cornponents .......... .. 83 1/-200 8
Pip elin e Personnel Qualific ation .
... ... .. . . . . . . . . .. . . .. ..... .
. .. .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B) l Q2010
Califi cacin del Personal de Li neas de Tuberia s ..
. .. .. . .. ....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31Q-2010
Standa rd ro ugbness Requfrement s for Piping ... . . ... . . . . . . .. . .. . .. . . ...
. . . . . . ....... .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .831T-20 10

ot

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ISBN 978-0-79 18-]448-0

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A12 112