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CLASS - XI

PHYSICS

SYSTEM OF PARTICLES AND ROTATIONAL MOTION

Assignment No. 8

1. Why spokes are provided in a bicycle wheel?

2. If angular momentum is conserved in a system whose moment of inertia is decreased, will its

rotational kinetic energy be conserved?

3. A particle performing uniform circular motion has angular momentum L. what will be the new

angular momentum, if its angular frequency is doubled and its kinetic energy halved?

4. In the HCl molecule, the separation between the nuclei of the atoms is about 1.27 A0, Find the

approximate location of the C.M of the molecule, given that chlorine atom is 35.5 times as

massive as hydrogen atom and nearly all the mass of an atom is concentrated in its nucleus.

5. From a uniform disc of radius R, a circular hole of the radius R/2 is cut off. The centre of the

hole is at R/2 from the centre of the original disc. Locate the centre of gravity of the resulting

flat body.

6. A metre stick is balanced on a knife edge at the centre. When two coins each of mass 5g are put

on the top of the other at the 12cm mark, the stick is found to be balanced at 45cm.what is the

mass of the metre stick?

7. A hoop of radius 2 m weighs 100 kg. It rolls along a horizontal floor so that its centre of mass

has a speed of 20cm/s. How much work has to be done to stop it?

8. A solid cylinder rolls up an inclined plane of angle of inclination 300. At the bottom of the

inclined plane, the centre of mass has a speed of 5m/s. (a) How far will the cylinder go up the

plane? (b) How long will it take to return to the bottom?

9. The moment of inertia of a disc about an axis through its edge and perpendicular to its plane is

2400 kgm2. Find the moment of inertia of the disc about its diameter.

10. A flywheel of mass 25 kg has a radius of 0.2 m. It is making 240 r.p.m. what is the torque

necessary to bring it to rest in 20 s? If the torque is due to a force applied tangentially on the

rim of the flywheel, what is the magnitude of the force? Assume that mass of the flywheel is

concentrated at its rim.

11. A disc of mass 200 kg and radius 0.5 m is rotating at the rate of 8r.p.s. find the work done to

bring the disc to rest. If the disc is stopped in 11 rotations, calculate the breaking torque.

12. Calculate the moment of inertia of a ring of mass 2kg and radius 50cm about an axis passing

through its edge and perpendicular to its plane.

13. Show that the radii of gyration of a circular disc and circular ring of the same radius about a

tangential axis(in their own plane) are in the ratio 5:6.

14. Four spheres, each of radius a and mass M are placed with their centres on the four corners of a

square of side b. Calculate the moment of inertia of the whole system about one side of the

square taken as the axis

15. Find the moment of inertia of a rod of length 0.5 m and mass 0.2 kg about an axis (a) passing

through its centre and (b) through one end of the rod, the axis being perpendicular to its length

in both cases.

16. Prove that the angular momentum of a planet is equal to twice the product of its mass and areal

velocity. How does it lead to Kepler's second law of planetary motion?

17. Three particles, each of mass m, are situated at the vertices of an equilateral triangle ABC of

side L. find the moment of inertia of the system about the AX perpendicular to AB and in the

plane of ABC.

18. If the earth suddenly contracts by one-fourth of its present radius, by how would the day be

shortened?

(10.5 hrs)

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