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Long Term Evolution

(LTE)

Outlines
Introduction of 3GPP Evolution
LTE/SAE
LTE Advanced

Concept of Internet Mobile


For the first time in 2008, consumer based traffic
exceeded business traffic.
3GPP: from GSM to LTE Advanced
http://www.3gpp.org/Specification-Numbering

EDGE
473kbps
GSM
Phase 1

GSM
Phase 2

GSM
GPRS

UMTS
WCDMA

UMTS
HSPA

171.2kbps

2Mbps
R99~R4

10Mbps
R5~R8

LTE
10Mbps

LTE
Advanced
1Gbps
R10
3

Internet . 20075, WCDMA packet data


voice. 2008, traffic business
traffic. Consumer traffic social networking, video personal
communications, . , mobile , user
any device, anywhere, Internet.
LTE LTE-advanced high user throughput low latency, ,,
(, ) LTE ,

: , , , , (presence
applications)
(YouTube) ,
downlink uplink.
WiFifemtos capability,
operators band, cellular network. ,
900, 1800, 2100, 2600 HMz cellular system. device
band ( band ),
, , .

Introduction to 3GPP Studies


3GPP UMTS
To meet the requirement of International Mobile
Telephony-2000 (IMT-2000) 3G platform

3GPP Long Term Evolution (LTE)


Initial deployments expected in 2009

In March 2008, 3GPP initiated a study term on


LTE-Advanced
The evolution of LTE
LTE Advanced: to meet the requirement of
IMT-Advanced for radio access
1GbpsPeak data rate in downlink & 500Mbps in uplink
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IMT-2000 Advanced ITU (International Telecommunication Union) radio


access .
3G2000, 3G2000 MHz,
2000K bps.
IMT-2000 : 2.048Mbps indoor; 384bps outdoor and pedestrian;
144kbps vehicular; 9.6kbps satellite.
3G , UMTS . 3.5G, 3.75G.
ITU Enhanced 3G systems enhanced IMT-2000
systems: UMTS HSPA, WiMAX, CDMA1xEvDo.
ITU (International Telecommunication Union) IMT-Advanced ( 4G)
2008-2009 : Proposal ITU-R
Up to 2010:
Mid-2010: IMT-Advanced
ITU, 4G . ITU ITU-R
M.1465, 100Mbps, 1Gbps .
IEEE 802.16e standard (Mobile WiMAX), 3GPP LTE
.
20085, 3GPP study team LTE Advanced(
Release 10 ), IMT-Advanced .
LTE-Advanced peak data rate, capacity, low-cost deployment
IMT-2000 Advanced. cell high data rate
( light of sight, BS high peak data rate), .

Overview of UMTS Evolution (1/2)


2G/2.5G
GSM / GPRS
Bearer Services
- CS Data (CSD)
9.6 kbps
- PS Data (PSD)
Peak data rate
115 kbps
using CS2 coding
scheme
Main Technologies
- New coding scheme
- Packet switched
core network

3G UMTS
Rel. 99 or Rel. 3

Rel. 5
Rel. 4

Bearer Services
- CSD64 kbps
- PSDPeak data rate
2 Mbps

Bearer Services
- CSD64 kbps
- PSDPeak data rate
2 Mbps

Main Technologies
- WCDMA
- UTRA FDD/TDD
3.84 Mcps
- ATM-based UTRAN
- Alternative IP-based
signalling bearer

Main Technologies
- TD-SCDMA
1.28 Mcps
- IP telephony
MSC server
& Media Gateway

HSDPA
Bearer Services
- CSD64 kbps
- Peak data rate
DL: 14.4 Mbps
UL: 384 kbps
- Average Capacity
DL: 4 2.5 Mbps/cell
UL: 4 1 Mbps/cell
- RTT: 40-60 ms
Main Technologies
- ALL IP core network
- IP multimedia
subsystem
- IP RAN
- HSDPA: 16QAM
HARQ

1982 CEPT Group Spcial Mobile, 1990 Phase 1 GSM 900 ,


DCS 1800. 1991 First system
GPRS 1994 ETSI/SMGthe European Telecommunications
Standards Institute / Special Mobile Group. 1997
SMG#25 (25SMG), , 1999 .
1988 , RACE I (Research of Advanced Communication Technologies in
Europe) program, 3G . 1999 , 3GPP , ETSI
3GPP . UMTS specification , 3GPP.

Overview of UMTS Evolution (2/2)


Rel. 6

Rel. 7

HSDPA/HSUPA

HSPA Evo (step 1)

Theoretical QoS
- Peak data rate
DL: 14.4 Mbps
UL: 5.7 Mbps
- Average Capacity
DL: 4 2.5 Mbps/cell
UL: 4 1.5 Mbps/cell
(HSPA: 4 carriers =
2 20 MHz in total)
- RTT: 40-60 ms
Main Technologies
- 10/2 ms TTI
(Transmission Time
Interval)
- High speed Uplink

Rel. 8
HSPA Evo (step 2)

LTE/SAE

Theoretical QoS
- Peak data rate
DL: 28 Mbps
UL: 11.5 Mbps
- Average Capacity
DL: 4 6.5 Mbps/cell
UL: 4 2 Mbps/cell
- RTT: 25-35 ms

Theoretical QoS
- Peak data rate
DL: 42 Mbps
UL: 11.5 Mbps
- Average Capacity
DL: 4 6.5 Mbps/cell
UL: 4 2 Mbps/cell
- RTT: 25-35 ms

Theoretical QoS
- Peak data rate
DL: 173 Mbps
UL: 58 Mbps
- Average Capacity
DL: 36 Mbps/cell
UL: 18 Mbps/cell
- RTT: 10-20 ms

Main Technologies
- Direct Tunnel
- 64 QAM
- MIMO
- Flat architecture
- Handover Support
- Higher number of
RNC IDs

Main Technologies
- 64 QAM + MIMO

Main Technologies
- OFDM based
- SC-FDMA in UL
- Up to 44 MIMO
- Dynamic LA
- Flat architecture
- IP backhauling

WCDMA/HSPA
For operators with 3G spectrum
Broad terminal eco system
High data security and QoS
Quick and cost-effective upgrade of existing networks
Seamless 2G/3G handover global coverage, global roaming
Proven technology
HSPA Evo
Possible evolution step for HSPA
Increased spectral efficiency, same latency as HSPA
Used in 3G spectrum
MIMO terminals requiredMIMO + SW upgrades for infrastructure
LTE
Mainstream; 3G evolution leverage large installed 3G base
Utilizes 2G and 3G spectrum efficient re-farming with flexible bandwidth
Broad terminal eco system expected
Highest capacity, lowest latency
Very flat and IP based architecture

High-Speed Packet Access (1/2)


Parity between DSL-type broadband speeds and
mobile broadband moved a step closer with
HSDPA delivering up to
Downlink speeds of 14Mbps
Uplink speeds of 5.8Mbps

Specifications for HSPA are included in Release


5 (Downlink) and Release 6 (Uplink) of 3GPP
specifications.

HSDPA NodeB 14Mbps , HSUPA UE


5.8Mbps
DSL-type HSPA .
HSPA 3GPP Release 5 (Downlink) Release 6 (Uplink)
HSPA UMTS spectrum efficiency :
: 16QAM
radio frame
( NodeBRNC retransmissions)
throughput latency (HSDPA 100ms HSUPA
50ms).
2007, 75 166 HSDPA networks 38
HSDPA .
2007, HSUPA , 2007 24 HSUPA
. Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) , 45
networks HSUPA.

High-Speed Packet Access (2/2)


HSPA improvements in UMTS spectrum
efficiency are achieved through:
New modulation (16QAM) techniques
Reduced radio frame lengths
New functionalities within radio networks (including
re-transmissions between NodeB and the Radio
Network Controller)

Consequently, throughput is increased and


latency is reduced (down to 100ms and 50ms for
HSDPA and HSUPA respectively).
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HSPA+
HSPA+ is an evolution of HSPA.
Downlink speeds of 42Mbps
Uplink speeds of 11Mbps

Specifications for HSPA+ are included in


Release 7.
Main technologies
Multiple input/ multiple output (MIMO) antenna
capability
16QAM (Uplink)/ 64QAM (Downlink) modulation

HSPA+ HSPA .
HSPA+ 3GPP Release 7.
multiple input/ multiple output (MIMO) antenna capability
16QAM (Uplink)/ 64QAM (Downlink) modulation.
Coupled with improvements in the radio access network for continuous packet
connectivity, HSPA+ will allow Uplink speeds of 11Mbps and Downlink speeds of
42Mbps within the Release 8 time frame.
HSPA uplink downlink , 3GPP 25 series.
Frozen in Release 5, HSPA work is largely covered by the Radio Access
Network (RAN) group of 3GPP

LTE/SAE

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LTE2004% 3GPP RAN


, 200412, TS25.913 , ,
. 200511uplinkSC-FDMAdownlink
OFDM. 20063LTE Phase 2 . 20066LTE
,. 20079LTE Phase 3

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High-level Requirements of LTE


LTE/SAE introduces the mechanism to fulfill the
requirements of a next generation mobile
network.
High-level requirements of LTE

Reduce cost per bit


Increased service provisioning
Flexibility of use of existing /new frequency bands
Simplified architecture, open interfaces
Allow for reasonable terminal power consumption

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GSM/HSPA LTE, CDMA operators LTE


.

11

Requirements of LTE
Peak data rate within 20MHz band
DL: 100Mbps; UL: 50Mbps

Average user throughput per MHz


DL: 3-4 times R6 HSDPA; UL: 2-3 time R6

E-UTRAN
Optimized for speed 0-15km/h
High performance for 15-120km/h
Mobility support for 120-350km/h

Spectrum flexibility
Co-existance with GERAN/3G
Handover with UTRAN and GERAN

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LTE :
: 20MHz band, downlink
100Mbps (i.e., 5bps/Hz) uplink 50Mbps (i.e., 2.5bps/Hz).
; MHz Average user throughput
Release 6 downlink HSDPA 3-4 , Release 6 uplink
Enhanced uplink 2-3 ,
(RAN) : RAN10ms
E-UTRAN (0-15km/h) mobile user . (15120km/h) user high performance.
120-350 km/h 500 km/h user cellular network
mobility.
Rel.6 UTRA .
3G3GPP: UTRAN GERAN
handover
(scalable bandwidth): spectrum:
FDDTDD; band 1.4 MHz, 2.5, 5, 10, 15 20MHz
; Uplink downlink .
: 3GPP10 (FDD) 4
(TDD) LTE. LTE .
GERAM/3G operators , ,
(overlapping) (adjacent spectrum)
(plug and play), (self-configuration)
(self-optimization), .
.
IP.

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Radio Technologies Used in LTE


New radio interface technology: Orthogonal
Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA)
Support FDD and TDD modes.
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)
LTE can be deployed in

Existing 2G system Spectrum (900MHz & 1800MHz)


Existing 3G system Spectrum (2.1GHz)
A new spectrum (2.6GHz for LTE)
UHF spectrum (700MHz)
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OFDMA LTE peak data rate, cell edge performance,


latency, spectrum scalable, GSM/EDGE.UMTS ,
CAPEX/OPEX.
CAPEX (Capital Expenditure): ,
CAPEX
CAPEX

OPEX (Operating Expenditure): ,


OPEX

LTE/SAE . LTE Terrestrial Radio Access Network


technology Release 8.
LTE UHF spectrum , 790-862MHz in Region 1 (Europe,
African, Middle East), 698-806MHz in Region 2 (Americas) in Asia.
, LTE global service .
NGMN: a group of network operator

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OFDMA
Frequency Division Multiple Access
Frequency division
Orthogonal subcarriers

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, IEEE 802.11 a/b/n, 802.16, HIPERLAN-2, DVB, DAB


OFDM.
band1.4MHz, tone (sub-channel) 15kHz, 72 tone;
20MHz band 1200 tones. Subchannel orthogonal.
1 PRB (Physical Resource Block) 12 Subcarriers= 15kHz *12 = 180 kHz,
PRB (TTI) 2 slot, 0.5ms *2= 1ms.
TTI (Transmission Time Interval), 2 slot,
0.5ms *2= 1ms.
TTI HSDPA , (for a good
scheduling).
PRB , user.
Downlink OFDM, BS PRB.
Uplink Single Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA): subcarrier PRB
(group), uplink
OFDM Peak to Average Power Ratio (PAPR) , ,
quantization (so sample rate),
.
LTE OFDM subcarrier/TTI RESOURCE BLOCK (12 channel
*7 slots resource elements) , (Better
power efficiency at the terminal)
10MHz band LTE, 3 MHz band, LTE 87%, 1.4
MHz band (60%) ( low frequency band refarming scenarios)
The differences between bandwidths come from frequency scheduling gain and
different overheads

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Multipath Fading
Short symbol duration causes high ISI (Inter
Symbol Interference).

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OFDMA, fading block, CDMA


() .
symbol , fading , ISI (Inter Symbol
Interference), symbol (Short symbol duration
causes high ISI).
multipath fading: Reflections and multipath-fading result in large
variations of frequency response.
GSM 900MHz , symbol duration ,
ISI , 3G UMTS symbol duration , fading
ISI ,

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Advanced Scheduling
Transmission Time Interval (TTI) scheduling
Frequency selective scheduling uses those
resource blocks that are not faded.

signal
strength

user 1 transmission
freq.

user 2 transmission
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Advanced scheduling: (Frequency Selective Scheduling)


user block.
Frequency selective scheduling: User 1 User 2 faded
frequency .
packet error rate, bit error rate block .

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Downlink MIMO
Enhance cell edge performance
Transmit diversity
One code is transmitted via two antennas on the
same PRB to far away UE

Double the peak rate at good channel quality


Spatial multiplexing
Two code words (A+B) are transmitted in parallel on
the same PRB to near UE

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LTEeHSPA, MIMO. High peak


data rate 22, 44 MIMO, (beam forming) .
UE, 2 antennas word A one user,
link budget/ SNIR. cell edge performance.
SFBC (Space Frequency Block Codes)
UE, 2 antennas word A & B one user,
peak data rate.

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Flat and Cost Effective Issues


Improved flexible radio technology
New air I/F providing higher data throughputs
LTE provides flexibility for spectrum re-farming and
new spectrum
LTE can operate in a number of different frequency
bands

Simplified Architecture
Simplified, flat network architecture based on IP
reduces operators cost per bit significantly
Interworking with legacy systems is an integral part of
service continuity
Reuse of existing equipment as mush as possible 18
LTE cost per bit :
RNC (Radio Network Controllers), network component, 2node , HSPA networks, HSPA RNC.
core network IP routable , protocol stack,
QoS .
backhaul , E1/T1, cable, microwave, LTE
Ethernet over Fiber/VDSL microwave. Ethernet LTE
backhaul, 2G/3G system .
LTE base station , , . LTE
BS , 2G/3G BS .
OFDMA, multi-antenna spectrum , signaling
scheduling .
LTE radio network , plug-and-play, selfconfiguration, self-optimization simplify, .

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Current LTE Deployment


US: Verizon, AT&T
China: create a TDD variant of LTE
Japan
KDDI (a CDMA2000 operator) in 2010
DoCoMo will launch Super 3G in 2010.

Europe: 3G and LTE


India: initially WiMAX, but currently LTE

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US, Verizon Wireless AT&T 700MHz digital-dividend band


( US$16Bn).
Verizon ( America 700MHz ) 2
, 2009 LTE, 2010 35
LTE .
AT&T 700MHz (700MHz) LTE.
2006 advanced wireless services (AWS) ,
700MHz Aloha Partners. AT&T Mobility 100
82% 20MHz band for LTE. 2011
commercial LTE.
700MHz band (
, ) . ,
high speed Internet access.
standard, LTE TDD . 3G ,
China 2G LTE.
China Mobile LTE , TD-SCDMA
LTE network elements.
China Telecom 2011-2012 LTE
KDDI (a CDMA2000 operator) Verizon LTE
, 2010 . DoCoMo LTE,
, 2010 Super 3G .
90 3G voice data , 3G
bands, LTE, capacity/performance enhancement.
WiMAX,
WiMAX. 3GPP LTE.
Telecom New Zealand LTE. 2010-2012
LTE
.

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System Architecture Evolution (SAE)


To optimize the core network for packet mode, in
particular, for the IP-Multimedia System (IMS)
Aims of SAE include
Improvements in latency, capacity, throughput
Simplify the core network
Optimization for IP traffic and services, and expected
growth
Simplify support and handover to non-3GPP access
technologies

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3GPP LTE radio access , 3GPP core network


System Architecture Evolution. packet , IMS
.
SAE, , IP
. class QoS
GSM/UMTScore network, hierarchical . control plane
user plane eNode/BTS, RNC, SGSN, GGSN functional entity. SAE
eNodeB SAE (SAE Gateway). .
SAE user plane: LTE (eNodeB) SAE (SAE
Gateway).
SAE GW , SGSN, eNodeB, IP network
.
MME SAE Gateway , . MME HSS,
LTE eNodeB SAE GW, SGSN (GSM/WCDMA/HSPA) ,
3GPP2 (CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO),
, CDMA LTE seamless mobility.

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Architecture Concept
Access

GSM/EDGE/
UMTS/HSPA

2G BTS

BSC

WCDMA
BTS

RNC

Core

Control

MGW

SGSN

MSC

GGSN
HLR/HSS
(AAA)

LTE/SAE

MGW
eNodeB

MME: Mobility Management Entity


MGW: Media Gateway
SAE-GW: S-GW+PDN-GW

MME
SAE-GW

IMS

S-GW: Signaling Gateway


PDN-GW: Packet Data Network
gateway
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LTE network elements transport network, Layer 1 WDM, NG


SDH MWR transport.
Layer 2 Ethernet , Layer 3 IP protocol.
eNode B eNode B Ethernet (X2-u/c), interBTS handover.
eNode B MME interface S1-c (S1-MME) (control signaling); eNode B
S-GW interface S1-u (user data)
, LTE/GSM/GPRS/EDGE/3G
.
HSSDiameterPacket core, GSMWCDMA
SS7. (Policy Control) (charging)
Diameter . SAE IP .

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Core Technology Overview (1/2)


Mobility Management Entity

MME SAE-GW

C-Plane Part
Session & Mobility management
Idle mode mobility management
Paging

SAE-Serving Gateway
User plane anchor for mobility
between the 2G/3G access system
and the LTE access system.
Resides in visited network in roaming cases
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MMEcontrol plane, user place SAE-GW.


SAE-GW Serving gateway PDN gateway. Serving GW eNodeB
2G/3G RAN. PDN (packet data network) GW IMS network.
operator core network control network (IMS),
services, user PDN GW IMS. user data PDN GW
PDN (packet data network).
access network (RAN) eNodeB , ,
eNodeB operator gateway ( MME/SAE-GW
pool). multi operator core.

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Core Technology Overview (2/2)


Packet Data Network Gateway
Gateway towards Internet/Intranets
User plane anchor for mobility between 3GPP and
non-3GPP access systems (HA).
Charging Support
Policy and Charging Enforcement (PCEF)
Policy and Charging Rules Function communicates with
PCEF
PCEF: Policy and Charging Enforcement Function within
PDN SAE GW

Packet Filtering
Lawful Interception
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IPR Framework for LTE/SAE


April 14, 2008
Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson, NEC, NextWave Wireless,
Nokia, Nokia Siemens Networks and Sony Ericsson
A framework for establishing predictable and more
transparent maximum aggregate costs for licensing
intellectual property rights (IPR)
A reasonable maximum aggregate royalty level for
LTE/SAE essential IPR
In handset, a single-digit percentage of the sales price
In notebooks with embedded LTE, a single-digit dollar
amount

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Qualcomm CDMA , ,
LTE/SAE, framework, , , ,
(FRAND: fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory) ,
.

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LTE Advanced

25

GPRS core network MS , MM


(mobility management) , PDP context QoS profile.
The ITU has coined the term IMT Advanced to identify mobile systems
whose capabilities go beyond those of IMT 2000. In order to meet this
new challenge, 3GPPs Organizational Partners have agreed to widen
3GPPs scope to include systems beyond 3G.
In 2008 3GPP held two workshops on IMT Advanced, where the
Requirements for Further Advancements for E-UTRA were gathered.
The resulting Technical Report 36.913 is now published (June 08) and a
liaison was sent to ITU-R covering the work in 3GPP RAN on LTEAdvanced towards IMT-Advanced.
Some of the key features of IMT-Advanced will be;
Worldwide functionality & roaming
Compatibility of services
Interworking with other radio access systems
Enhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications
(100 Mbit/s for high and 1 Gbit/s for low mobility)
3GPP will be contributing to the ITU-R towards the development of IMTAdvanced via its proposal for LTE-Advanced.

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IMT-Advanced Submission and


Evaluation Process
Enhanced 3G or Enhanced IMT-2000
UMTS HSPA, WiMAX, 1xEvDo

4G or IMT-Advanced
100Mbps while moving
1Gbps while stationary

The time for the process of IMT-Advanced


2008 beginning of 2009: submit proposals
Up to 2010: Evaluation of the proposed technologies
Mid-2010: make decision which systems will get IMTAdvanced stamp
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ITU (International Telecommunication Union) ()


3G IMT-2000 program 3G system .
Enhanced 3G systems enhanced IMT-2000 systems: UMTS
HSPA, WiMAX, CDMA1xEvDo, 3.9G LTE (Release 8).
4G IMT-Advanced. IMT IMT-2000
spectrum ( IMT spectrum) IMT-Advanced .
ITU IMT-Advanced :
2008-2009 : Proposal ITU-R
Up to 2010:
Mid-2010: IMT-Advanced
ITU, 4G . ITU ITU-R
M.1465, 100Mbps, 1Gbps .
IEEE 802.16e standard (Mobile WiMAX), 3GPP LTE (
Release 10 )

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Requirements of LTE-Advanced
Results in 3GPP TSG RAM workshop
LTE- Advanced: to fulfil the 4G requirements
LTE-Advanced Requirements (TS36.913)

Peak data rate: DL: 1Gbps, UL: 500Mbps


Transmission bandwidth: 70MHz in DL, 40MHz in UL
Latency C-plane < 50ms, U-plane < ms.
Cell edge user throughput > double of that in LTE
A user throughput > double of that in LTE
Average user throughput > triple of that in LTE
Capacity > triple of that in LTE
Backward compatibility
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3GPP LTE-Advanced ITU 4G


LTE-Advanced LTE Release 9 (correction)
(improvement phase) , Release 10 .
3GPP TSG RAM workshop on IMT-Advanced 2008 4 7-8
, , IMT-Advanced eUTRA
radio interface eUTRAN. Workshop RAN
.
LTE Advanced LTE (backwards compatible), ,
LTE-Advanced LTE spectrum LTE terminals.
smooth, low-cost transition to LTE-Advanced. ( the
evolution of WCDMA to HSPA).
TS25.913 ( TSG-RAN #30 ) requirement
LTE Advanced requirement, ITU IMT-Advanced
requirement.
Release 8 intra and inter-RAT interworking
capability performance.
LTE-Advanced TSG RAN email reflector, LTEAdvanced requirement .
LTE-Advanced requirement:
Peak data rate DL: 1Gbps, UL:500Mbps
transmission bandwidth, DL 70MHz, UL 40MHz.
30% retransmission (FFS), Latency: C-plane from Idle (with
IP address allocated) to Connected in <50ms. U-plane latency < 5ms
in RAN.
Cell edge user throughput LTE ; Average user throughput
LTE 3. Capacity (spectrum efficiency) LTE 3.

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Challenges for LTE Advanced


Possible proposals on physical layer:
Relay nodes, MIMO, Cognitive Radio,

Since the Release 8 UE capabilities only support


20MHz bandwidth, LTE Advanced must
consider a mix of terminals.
Multicarrier operations
Resource allocation, MIMO, link adaptation, HARQ
scheduler
Across the bandwidth
HARQ

HARQ

HARQ

HARQ

HARQ

HARQ

PHY

PHY

PHY

PHY

PHY

PHY

LTE 20MHz

LTE Advanced 100 MHz

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RAN1 physical layer . relay nodes, MIMO,


cognitive radio, automatic and autonomous network configuration and operation,
enhanced precoding and forward error correction, interference management and
suppression, hybird OFDMA and SC-FDMA in uplink..
data rate, OFDM UE.
100MHz terminal, RF filter, channel
decoding, buffer size, ADC .
LTE UE 20MHz , LTE Advanced
terminals data rate.
backward compatibility, synchronous, broadcast,
PDCCH/PUCCH control channel 20MHz band.
multicarrier operation, : resource allocation,
MIMO, link adaptation, HARQ. 20MHz
bandwidth. transmission time interval,
transport blocks , scheduler .
Release 8 , FDD, uplink downlink bandwidth.
LTE Advanced, uplink band .

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LTE Advanced in Release 10


LTE Advanced will be standardized in the 3GPP
spec. Rel. 10.
Smooth evolution of the LTE
Changes on the PHY
enhance antenna, flexible allocation, larger bandwidth,
coordinated scheduling, coordinated MIMO,
interference management, suppression, repeater/
relaying

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3GPP LTE Advanced Release 10 .


Release 8 LTE .
physical layer, large bandwidth (100MHz) ,
antenna (multi-antenna), (extended spectrum flexibility),
band (coordinated multipoint transmission/reception),
repeater/relaying, BS , .
These work items can be found in the current work plan.
The status of Features being developed under the current work plan can be
found in the summary presentation to the most recent TSG SA meeting.

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