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RUSSIAN M A R I T I M E REGISTER OF SHIPPING

Electronic version of printed


document approved on 31.12.14

RULES
FOR THE CLASSIFICATION SURVEYS
OF SHIPS IN S E R V I C E

ND No. 2-020101-012-E

St. P e t e r s b u r g
2015

Rules for the Classification Surveys o f Ships i n Service o f Russian M a r i t i m e Register o f Shipping have been
a p p r o v e d i n accordance w i t h t h e established a p p r o v a l p r o c e d u r e a n d c o m e i n t o force since 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 5 . T h e R u l e s
are based o n t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n S u r v e y s o f S h i p s i n S e r v i c e , 2 0 1 4 .
T h e u n i f i e d r e q u i r e m e n t s , interpretations a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o f t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l A s s o c i a t i o n o f C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Societies a n d t h e r e l e v a n t r e s o l u t i o n s o f t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l M a r i t i m e O r g a n i z a t i o n h a v e b e e n t a k e n i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n
i n the Rules.
T h e amendments and additions have been introduced:
P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " : i n paras 7.2.1.2, 7.7.5, 7 . 7 . 5 . 1 ;
P a r t I I " S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope": i n paras 6 . 1 3 . 4 , 7 . 1 0 . 4 ; i n paras 5.1.1 5.1.7 o f T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 ; i n paras
2.2.1.4, 2.4.3.3.5, 2.4.3.4.7, 2.4.3.5.3, 2.4.3.6.5, 2.4.3.7.2, 2.4.5.7.8, 2.4.5.9.4.1.1, 2.4.5.9.4.1.2.2, 2.4.5.9.4.1.3,
2 . 4 . 6 . 4 . 3 , 2 . 5 . 2 . 3 , 4 . 6 . 4 . 2 , 4 . 7 . 1 ; n e w paras 3.2.2.5, 3 . 4 . 2 . 1 0 , 4 . 5 . 4 , 4 . 8 . 1 . 4 h a v e b e e n i n t r o d u c e d ;
Part IJJ " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys o f Ships D e p e n d i n g o n their Purpose a n d H u l l M a t e r i a l " : i n para 1.1.1 o f A p p e n d i x 1.3-1;
i n paras 8.7.2, 8 . 7 . 3 . 1 , 8.7.3.2, 1 5 . 1 . 1 ; n e w p a r a 15.1.2 h a v e b e e n i n t r o d u c e d ; t h e t i t l e o f C h a p t e r 1.8 h a s b e e n
amended;
P a r t I V " S u r v e y s o f R e f r i g e r a t i n g P l a n t s " : i n paras 3 . 7 . 1 , 3.7.5, 3.7.6;
A p p e n d i x 2 "Instructions for D e t e r m i n a t i o n o f the Technical C o n d i t i o n , R e n o v a t i o n and Repair o f the H u l l s
o f S e a - G o i n g S h i p s " : i n paras 3.1.4, 3.2.1.3, 3 . 2 . 2 . 1 , 4 . 2 . 4 . 4 , 6 . 5 . 3 . 1 .
T h e f o l l o w i n g c i r c u l a r letters h a v e b e e n i n t r o d u c e d i n t o t h e R u l e s : 3 4 0 - 2 1 - 6 9 2 c o f 0 5 . 1 1 . 2 0 1 3 , 3 4 0 - 2 1 - 6 9 4 c
o f 15.11.2013, 3 4 0 ^ U - 7 2 4 c o f 11.03.2014, 340-21-728c o f 04.04.2014, 340-21-740c o f 26.05.2014, 340-21-743c
o f 06.06.2014, 340-21-758c o f 08.08.2014, 340-21-760c o f 01.09.2014, 340-21-764c o f 05.09.2014, 340-21-766c
o f 18.09.2014.
T h e R u l e s are i n t e n d e d f o r s u r v e y o r s , ship crews a n d s h i p o w n e r s .

I S B N 978-5-89331-288-1

, 2 0 1 5

C O N T E N T S

PART I.GENERAL PROVISIONS

1
2
2.1
2.2

Application
Definitions a n d explanations
D e f i n i t i o n s applied t o a l l ships
D e f i n i t i o n s o f types o f ships subject
to Enhanced Survey Programme ( E S P ) . . . .
2.3 A b b r e v i a t i o n s
3
T y p e s of classification surveys
4
Preparation for surveys
4.10 P r e p a r a t i o n a n d safe e x e c u t i o n o f t h e ship
hull survey
5
Assessment of the ship technical
condition
6
Ship's technical documentation
7
Requirements for service suppliers . . . .
7.1 G e n e r a l
7.2 A p p l i c a t i o n
7.3 P r o c e d u r e f o r r e c o g n i t i o n a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n .
7.4 Issue o f R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e
7.5 I n f o r m a t i o n o n alterations t o t h e c e r t i f i e d
service o p e r a t i o n s y s t e m
7.6 C a n c e l l a t i o n o f r e c o g n i t i o n
7.7 S p e c i a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r
service suppliers

7
7
7
11
13
13
13
14
16
17
18
18
18
19
20
20
20
20

P A R T . S U R V E Y S C H E D U L E A N D S C O P E

1
1.1
1.2
2
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.23
2.2.4
2.2.5
2.2.6
2.2.7
2.2.8
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.2
2.33
2.3.4
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2

Initial survey
General
S u r v e y s p e r f o r m e d f o r t h e purpose
o f class a s s i g n m e n t t o a ship i n s e r v i c e . . .
Periodical surveys
S u m m a r i z e d scope o f p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s
o f a ship i n tabular f o r m
A n n u a l survey
General
Hull
Ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t
and outfit
Fire protection
Machinery installation
S h i p systems a n d p i p i n g
Electrical equipment
A u t o m a t i o n equipment
Intermediate survey
General
Hull
Machinery installation
Electrical equipment
Special survey
General
Hull

28
28
29
31
31
52
52
52
53
55
55
55
56
56
56
56
57
58
59
59
59
61

2.43 Ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t


and outfit
2.4.4 F i r e p r o t e c t i o n
2.4.5 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n
2.4.6 S h i p systems a n d p i p i n g
2.4.7 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t
2.4.8 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t
2.5 S u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m . .
2.6 C o n t i n u o u s S u r v e y S y s t e m
2.7 Planned Maintenance Scheme
for Machinery
2.8 S c h e m e o f H a r m o n i z e d S h i p
Survey System
2.9 Survey o f boilers
3
Occasional surveys
3.1 S u r v e y s f o r suspension, r e i n s t a t e m e n t
o r w i t h d r a w a l o f ship's class
3.2 S u r v e y s f o r transfer o f ship's class a n d
a s s i g n m e n t o f R S class t o a ship
i n service
3.3 S u r v e y s f o r ships w i t h d o u b l e o r d u a l class
i n case o f assignment, r e t a i n m e n t
a n d w i t h d r a w a l o f class
3.4 S u r v e y s f o r laid-up ships a n d f o r these ships
put i n operation
3.5 S u r v e y s o f ships i n c o n n e c t i o n
w i t h accidents
3.6 C h a n g i n g o f class n o t a t i o n o f a ship classed
b y the Register
4
Other surveys
4.1 G e n e r a l
4.2 S u r v e y s carried o u t o n a u t h o r i z a t i o n
o f state a u t h o r i t i e s
4.3 S u r v e y s o f ships r e c e i v e d t o o r accepted
f r o m the time-charter
4.4 S u r v e y s associated w i t h c o n f i r m a t i o n
o f damage claims
4.5 S u r v e y o f ships t o b e w r i t t e n o f f f r o m
a c t i v e fleet
4.6 S u r v e y o f ships d u r i n g change o f s h i p o w n e r ,
port o f registry and name
4.7 Pre-sale s u r v e y o f ships
4.8 S p e c i a l s u r v e i l l a n c e r e g i m e

66
70
73
88
91
96
98
100
101
103
103
108
108

108

108
109
Ill
112
112
112
112
113
113
114
115
118
118

P A R T . A D D I T I O N A L S U R V E Y S O F S H I P S D E P E N D I N G
ON THEIR PURPOSE AND HULL MATERIAL

1
1.1
1.2
1.3
App

General
Definitions
Repairs
Preparations f o r s u r v e y
e n d i x 1 . 3 . Guidelines o n Technical
A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e E S P Ships' H u l l s
i n C o n j u n c t i o n w i t h P l a n n i n g f o r Special
Enhanced H u l l Survey

120
120
122
122

126

A p p e n d i x 1.3 - 1 . Survey Programme. . . . 129


A p p e n d i x 1.3 - 2 . Survey Planning
Questionnaire
132
1.4 D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d t h e E S P ships . . 1 3 5
A p p e n d i x 1 . 4 . F o r m o f Owner's Inspection
Report
136
1.5 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . . 1 3 7
1.6 R e q u i r e m e n t f o r t h e E S P s u r v e y s
(IACS P R 20)
137
1.7 N u m b e r a n d l o c a t i o n s o f m e a s u r e m e n t s
f o r C S R b u l k carriers a n d o i l tankers. . . . 1 3 7
1.8 A c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a
141
2
Surveys o f oil tankers a n d combination
carriers
142
2.1 G e n e r a l
142
2.2 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
142
2.3 A n n u a l s u r v e y
146
2.4 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
147
2.5 Preparations f o r s u r v e y
148
2.6 D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d
148
2.7 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . . 1 4 8
2.8 R e p o r t i n g o n h u l l s u r v e y a n d e v a l u a t i o n
o f survey
148
A p p e n d i x 2 . 8 . Survey reporting principles . 1 4 9
2.9 C r i t e r i a f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f h u l l girder
f o r o i l tankers
151
A p p e n d i x 2 . 9 - 1 . S a m p l i n g m e t h o d o f thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength e v a l u a t i o n
a n d repair m e t h o d s
151
A p p e n d i x 2 . 9 - 2 . Calculation criteria
o f section modulus o f midship section
o f h u l l girder
153
A p p e n d i x 2 . 9 - 3 . Diminution limit o f m i n i m u m
l o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f ships i n service . . 1 5 3
3
Surveys o f double skin oil tankers . . . . 154
3.1 G e n e r a l
154
3.2 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
154
3.3 A n n u a l s u r v e y
159
3.4 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
160
3.5 Preparations f o r s u r v e y
161
3.6 D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d
161
3.7 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . . 1 6 1
3.8 R e p o r t i n g o n h u l l s u r v e y a n d e v a l u a t i o n
o f survey
161
A p p e n d i x 3 . 8 . Survey reporting
principles
162
3.9 C r i t e r i a f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f h u l l girder
f o r o i l tankers
164
A p p e n d i x 3 . 9 - 1 . S a m p l i n g m e t h o d o f thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength
e v a l u a t i o n a n d repair m e t h o d s
165
A p p e n d i x 3 . 9 - 2 . Calculation criteria o f section
m o d u l u s o f m i d s h i p s e c t i o n o f h u l l girder . 1 6 6
A p p e n d i x 3 .9 - 3 . Diminution limit o f m i n i m u m
l o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f ships i n service . . 1 6 6

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
App
5
5.1
5.2
App

App

5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
App
5.9

App

App

App

5.10
5.11
5.12

App

Surveys of chemical tankers


167
General
167
Special survey
167
A n n u a l survey
174
Intermediate survey
175
Preparations f o r s u r v e y
176
Documentation o n board
176
Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . 1 7 6
Reporting o n h u l l survey and evaluation
o f survey
176
e n d i x 4 . 8 . Survey reporting principles . 1 7 7
Surveys of bulk carriers
178
General
178
Special survey
178
e n d i x 5 . 2 - 1 . C r i t e r i a f o r assessment
o f t h e c o n d i t i o n o f h a t c h covers
and coamings
184
e n d i x 5 . 2 - 2 . T i m i n g o f compliance
o f b u l k carriers w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f S O L A S /12 a n d /13
184
A n n u a l survey
185
Intermediate survey
188
Preparations f o r s u r v e y
189
Documentation o n board
189
Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . 1 8 9
Reporting o n h u l l survey and evaluation
o f survey
189
e n d i x 5 . 8 . Survey reporting principles . 1 9 0
E v a l u a t i o n o f scantlings o f t h e transverse
w a t e r t i g h t corrugated b u l k h e a d
b e t w e e n cargo h o l d s N o s . 1 a n d 2 w i t h
cargo h o l d N o . 1 f l o o d e d
(IACS U R SI9)
191
e n d i x 5 . 9 - 1 . G u i d e l i n e s t o Assess C a p a b i l i t y
o f Carriage o f H i g h Density Cargoes o n Existing
B u l k Carriers A c c o r d i n g t o t h e S t r e n g t h
o f Transverse B u l k h e a d between Cargo H o l d s
N o s . 1 and 2
198
e n d i x 5 . 9 - 2 . Guidelines
on Renewal/Reinforcement o f Vertically
Corrugated Transverse Watertight B u l k h e a d
between Cargo Holds N o s . 1 and 2 . . . . 1 9 9
e n d i x 5 . 9 - 3 . Guidelines for the Gauging
o f the Vertically Corrugated Transverse
Watertight Bulkhead between
Holds Nos. 1 and 2
201
E v a l u a t i o n o f a l l o w a b l e h o l d l o a d i n g o f cargo
h o l d w i t h cargo h o l d N o . 1 ( I A C S U R S 2 2 ) 2 0 2
E v a l u a t i o n o f e m e r g e n c y s t a b i l i t y w i t h cargo
h o l d N o . 1 flooded ( I A C S U R S 2 3 ) . . . . 2 0 4
E v a l u a t i o n o f t h e c o n d i t i o n o f frames
a n d frame brackets o f cargo h o l d s
(IACSURS31)
204
e n d i x 5 . 1 2 . Guidelines for Gauging
o f Side Shell Frames and Brackets
i n Single Side S k i n B u l k Carriers
210

Contents

5.13 E v a l u a t i o n o f cargo h a t c h c o v e r securing


arrangements ( I A C S U R S 3 0 )
6
Surveys of double skin bulk carriers . . .
6.1 G e n e r a l
6.2 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
6.3 A n n u a l s u r v e y
6.4 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
6.5 Preparations f o r s u r v e y
6.6 D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d
6.7 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . .
6.8 R e p o r t i n g o n h u l l s u r v e y a n d e v a l u a t i o n
o f survey
A p p e n d i x 6 . 8 . Survey reporting principles .
6.9 E v a l u a t i o n o f cargo h a t c h c o v e r securing
arrangements ( I A C S U R S 3 0 )
7
H u l l surveys of certain types of general
dry cargo ships
7.1 G e n e r a l
7.2 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
7.3 A n n u a l s u r v e y
7.4 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
7.5 Preparations f o r s u r v e y
7.6 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . .
8
Surveys of gas carriers
8.1 G e n e r a l
8.2 A n n u a l s u r v e y
8.3 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
8.4 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
8.5 Preparations f o r s u r v e y
8.6 Procedures f o r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . . .
8.7 S u r v e y s b e f o r e a n d after t h e first l o a d e d
voyage
9
Surveys of passenger ships
9.1 G e n e r a l
9.2 G e n e r a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y
9.3 A n n u a l s u r v e y
9.4 S p e c i a l s u r v e y
9.5 D r a w i n g u p s u r v e y results
10
Surveys of special purpose ships
10.1 G e n e r a l
10.2 D e f i n i t i o n s a n d e x p l a n a t i o n s
10.3 S u r v e y
10.4 R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s
11
Surveys of ships carrying non-bulk
dangerous goods
11.1 G e n e r a l
11.2 S u r v e y
11.3 R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s
12
S u r v e y s o f ships for fitness for c a r r i a g e
of b u l k cargoes other than grain
12.1 G e n e r a l
12.2 S u r v e y
12.3 R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s
13
S u r v e y s o f floating docks, berth-connected
ships a n d barges
13.1 G e n e r a l

212
213
213
213
220
222
223
223
224
224
224
225

13.2
14
14.1
14.2
14.3
15
15.1
16

16.1
16.2
16.3
17

226
226
227
230
232
233
233
233
233
234
236
237
242
242

17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
18

242
243
243
244
244
244
245
245
245
245
245
245

1.7
1.8
2

245
245
246
246

3.6

S u r v e y o f floating d o c k h u l l s
248
Hull surveys of concrete ships
248
General
248
Survey
248
T e c h n i c a l assessment o f c o n d i t i o n
o f r e i n f o r c e d concrete h u l l structures . . . 2 4 8
H u l l s u r v e y s o f glass-reinforced plastic s h i p s
249
General
249
Surveys of ships carrying packaged
irradiated nuclear fuel, p l u t o n i u m
and high-level radioactive wastes . . . .
249
General
249
Survey
249
Register documents
250
S u r v e y requirements to bow, side, stern doors,
r a m p s a n d inner doors of ro-ro ships . . 250
General
250
Special survey
250
A n n u a l survey
250
Reporting
252
S u r v e y s o f fishing vessels
252

P A R T IV. S U R V E Y S O F R E F R I G E R A T I N G P L A N T S

1
1.5
1.6

3
3.1
3.2
3.3

3.4
3.5

247
247
247
247

3.7
3.8
4
4.1
4.2
4.3

248
248

4.4

General
253
Survey
253
Classification o f refrigerating plants w i t h a class
o f a n o t h e r classification society o r w i t h
n o class assigned
253
Continuous survey
254
R e i n s t a t e m e n t o f class
254
Procedure a n d scope of periodical
surveys
254
Annual survey
254
General
254
Survey o f machinery
254
S u r v e y o f heat exchangers a n d o t h e r apparatus,
a n d pressure vessels as w e l l as c o o l i n g
appliances
254
S u r v e y o f fittings, p i p e l i n e s a n d a i r ducts . 2 5 7
Survey o f refrigerating plant instrumentation
a n d a u t o m a t i o n devices
257
S u r v e y o f refrigerated spaces, r e f r i g e r a t i n g
m a c h i n e r y r o o m , refrigerant store r o o m s ,
process e q u i p m e n t r o o m s
257
O p e r a t i o n a l testing
257
Tests
258
Special survey
258
General
258
Survey o f machinery
258
S u r v e y o f refrigerant heat exchangers
a n d pressure vessels, a n d c o o l i n g
appliances
258
S u r v e y o f fittings, p i p e l i n e s a n d a i r ducts . 2 5 9

4.5

4.6

4.7
4.8

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

S u r v e y o f i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , a l a r m and
w a r n i n g systems, a n d refrigerating p l a n t
a u t o m a t i o n devices
S u r v e y o f refrigerated spaces a n d t h e i r
i n s u l a t i o n , refrigerating m a c h i n e r y r o o m ,
refrigerant store r o o m s , process e q u i p m e n t
rooms
O p e r a t i o n a l testing
Tests

259

259
259
259

5
Initial survey
6
Assessment of the technical condition . .
A p p e n d i x 1 . L i s t o f ship t e c h n i c a l
documentation
A p p e n d i x 2 . Instructions for Determination
o f the Technical Condition, R e n o v a t i o n
and Repair o f the H u l l s
o f Sea-Going Ships
A p p e n d i x 3 . L i s t o f documents recommended
f o r use d u r i n g h u l l repair

260
260
260

265
310

R U L E S F O RT H EC L A S S I F I C A T I O N S U R V E Y S O F SHIPS IN

PART I. GENERAL

1 APPLICATION
1.1 T h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n S u r v e y s o f Ships
i n S e r v i c e set f o r t h types, scopes a n d schedule o f
surveys o f items o f technical supervision for various
p u r p o s e ships t o v e r i f y t h a t ships a n d ship r e f r i g e r a t i n g
plants c o m p l y w i t h the rules o f Russian M a r i t i m e
Register o f S h i p p i n g and the normative technical
d o c u m e n t s r e g a r d i n g t h e p o s s i b i l i t y t o assign, r e t a i n
a n d c o n f i r m t h e R e g i s t e r class according t o t h e i r purpose,
safety o f h u m a n l i f e at sea, safe carriage o f passengers
a n d cargoes, as w e l l as f o r o t h e r f u n c t i o n s o f t e c h n i c a l
s u p e r v i s i o n assigned t o t h e Register.
1.2 T h e present R u l e s are a p p l i e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r
d u r i n g t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f ships a n d ship refrigerating plants i n service w i t h the purpose o f their
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d v e r i f i c a t i o n o f class c o n d i t i o n s .
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n s u r v e y s carried o u t i n due dates a n d scope
are m a n d a t o r y f o r a ship a n d ship r e f r i g e r a t i n g p l a n t
classification b y t h e Register.
M o r e detailed instructions and recommendations t o the
surveyors and shipowners o n the organization and methods
o f technical supervision are g i v e n i n the Guidelines o n
Technical Supervision o f Ships i n Service .
1.3 T h e p r e s e n t R u l e s are m a n d a t o r y f o r a l l
shipowners, organizations, firms and individuals i n v o l v e d i n o p e r a t i o n o f ships. T h e a b o v e - m e n t i o n e d
o r g a n i z a t i o n s , f i r m s a n d i n d i v i d u a l s ensure t h e f u l f i l m e n t
o f the Rules' requirements, performance o f the Register
technical supervision, submission o f the necessary
documentation to the Register surveyors and the
fulfilment o f the requirements o f the Register surveyors
issued u p o n t h e s u r v e y results.
1.4 T h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f d e v i a t i o n f r o m c e r t a i n
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R u l e s is d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r
Head Office ( R H O ) , provided the shipowner submits the
technical substantiation and the conclusion o f the
R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n .
1.5 T h e R e g i s t e r classification a c t i v i t i e s d o n o t
preclude t h e set activities o f o t h e r state s u p e r v i s i o n
bodies, s h i p o w n e r s , flag state m a r i t i m e a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s
and port administrations.
T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r suppliers o f services, w h i c h
results are u s e d d u r i n g R e g i s t e r s u r v e y s o f ships, are set
f o r t h i n S e c t i o n 7.
1

S E R V I C E

PROVISIONS

T h e requirements for checking o f instrumentation


are set f o r t h i n S e c t i o n 5, P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " o f
the Guidelines.
1.6 T h e fees f o r the supervision carried o u t are charged
b y the Register according t o the p r i c i n g s y s t e m established
b y the Register. I n case o f n o n - f u l f i l l m e n t o r i m p r o p e r
f u l f i l l m e n t o f the obligations t o the Register, i n c l u d i n g the
p a y m e n t f o r its services, the Register has a r i g h t n o t t o
assign the class or, w h e n the class has been already
assigned, t o suspend o r w i t h d r a w the class o f the ship, o n
w h i c h the o b l i g a t i o n t o the Register, i n c l u d i n g the p a y m e n t
f o r its services, has n o t b e e n f u l f i l l e d o r has b e e n
i m p r o p e r l y fulfilled, a n d t o w i t h d r a w ( m a k e a n entry o f
i n v a l i d i t y ) the documents issued b y the Register. P a y m e n t
o f invoices submitted b y the Register f o r the survey is m a d e
per existing scale o f fees o r o n the basis o f a n agreement
b e t w e e n a shipowner/yard a n d the Register Representation.
S u r v e y carried o u t b y the Register Representation initiative
is n o t invoiced, h o w e v e r , the surveys a i m e d t o e l i m i n a t e the
c o m m e n t s m a d e i n the course o f the initiative survey are
paid f o r o n c o m m o n terms.

1
2
3

H e r e i n a f t e r referred t o as "the R u l e s " .


H e r e i n a f t e r referred t o as "the Register, R S " .
H e r e i n a f t e r referred t o as "the G u i d e l i n e s " .

2 DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS

2.1 D E F I N I T I O N S A P P L I E D T O A L L S H I P S
See circular 810

C a n c e l l a t i o n o f c l a s s is a t e r m i n a t i o n o f
t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n due t o t h e ship's loss
o r scrapping.
B a l l a s t t a n k is a t a n k , w h i c h is u s e d s o l e l y f o r
salt w a t e r ballast. A d o u b l e side t a n k o f a d o u b l e s k i n
ship is considered as a separate t a n k e v e n i f i t is
connected w i t h d o u b l e b o t t o m o r o t h e r t a n k s .
T e m p o r a r y r e p a i r is repair p r o v i d i n g retainm e n t o f the ship's class, and, w h e r e applicable, o f statutory
certificates o f the ship o r floating facility f o r time period,
assigned b y the Register i n each particular case considering
essential ship's structures, mechanisms, systems, equipm e n t , arrangements t o be repaired a n d depending o n
dimensions/particulars o f the damages/failures. T e m p o r a r y
repair is a l l o w e d i n such cases w h e n i t is impossible t o
carry o u t p r o m p t and t h o r o u g h repair o f ship's h u l l
structures, mechanisms, systems, equipment, arrangements,
etc. a n d safe operation o f the ship is p r o v i d e d f o r the w h o l e
p e r i o d u n t i l t h o r o u g h repair is carried o u t t a k i n g i n t o
account provisions o f A n n e x 17 t o the Guidelines.

R e n e w a l o f c l a s s is a c o n f i r m a t i o n o f t h e
s h i p class v a l i d i t y f o r a n e w , as a r u l e , 5 - y e a r
classification p e r i o d a n d issue o f t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Certificate, instead o f t h e C e r t i f i c a t e , w h i c h v a l i d i t y
e x p i r e d , i n case o f t h e satisfactory results o f t h e special
s u r v e y o f t h e ship i n t h e R e g i s t e r class.
A g e o f s h i p is a p e r i o d o f t i m e (a n u m b e r o f f u l l
years) b e t w e e n t h e date o f t h e ship c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d t h e
c u r r e n t date. T h e a g e o f a s h i p ( o r t h e date o f
c o n s t r u c t i o n ) cannot b e changed as t h e r e s u l t o f m a j o r
c o n v e r s i o n , m o d e r n i z a t i o n o r r e n o v a t i o n o f t h e ship h u l l .
R e i n s t a t e m e n t o f c l a s s is a c o n f i r m a t i o n
o f class v a l i d i t y w i t h t h e satisfactory results o f t h e
occasional s u r v e y o f t h e ship w i t h t h e class suspended o n
t h e e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e reason t h a t caused t h e class
suspension.
A i r p i p e h e a d s fitted o n t h e exposed deck are
those e x t e n d i n g a b o v e t h e freeboard deck o r super
structure decks.
P r o t o t y p e s h i p is a s i n g l e - b u i l t ship o r t h e
first ship o f a series. W h e r e series ships a r e b u i l t a t
different firms, t h e first ship o f a series b u i l t at each f i r m
is considered t o b e t h e p r o t o t y p e ship. T h e ship, w h i c h
has u n d e r g o n e m a j o r c o n v e r s i o n , s h a l l b e q u a l i f i e d as a
p r o t o t y p e ship.
I N F c a r g o is p a c k a g e d irradiated n u c l e a r f u e l ,
p l u t o n i u m a n d h i g h - l e v e l r a d i o a c t i v e wastes carried as
cargo i n accordance w i t h Class 7 o f t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l
M a r i t i m e D a n g e r o u s G o o d s C o d e (schedules 1 0 , 1 1 , 12,
13 o r 1 4 ) .
C a r g o area (cargo l e n g t h area):
f o r tankers ( i n c l u d i n g o i l tankers a n d c h e m i c a l
t a n k e r s ) : i s that part o f t h e ship, w h i c h includes cargo
t a n k s , slop tanks a n d cargo/ballast p u m p - r o o m s , coffer
dams, ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces adjacent t o cargo
t a n k s , a n d also deck areas t h r o u g h o u t t h e e n t i r e l e n g t h
a n d b r e a d t h o f t h e part o f t h e ship o v e r t h e a b o v e
m e n t i o n e d spaces;
f o r d r y cargo ships ( i n c l u d i n g b u l k carriers a n d
general d r y cargo ships): i s that part o f t h e ship, w h i c h
includes a l l cargo h o l d s a n d adjacent areas i n c l u d i n g f u e l
t a n k s , cofferdams, ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces.
D a t e o f i s s u e i s t h e date o f c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e
ship survey resulting i n issue o f a n appropriate
certificate.
D a t e o f s u r v e y is t h e date stated i n d o c u m e n t s
confirming t h e survey performance, i n t h e report
( i f several reports a r e a v a i l a b l e , t h e date o f t h e latest
o n e ) , certificate.
D a t e o f b u i l d o f t h e s h i p i s t h e date (day,
m o n t h a n d year) w h e n t h e n e w construction survey
process o f t h e R e g i s t e r i s a c t u a l l y c o m p l e t e d a n d t h e
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e i s issued t o t h e ship.
After conversion, modernization o r renovation is
c o m p l e t e d , t h e date o f b u i l d s h a l l r e m a i n assigned t o t h e
ship.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

W h e r e a complete replacement o r addition o f a


m a j o r p o r t i o n o f t h e ship (e.g., c o m p l e t e f o r w a r d o r after
section, a c o m p l e t e m a i n cargo s e c t i o n ( w h i c h m a y
i n c l u d e a c o m p l e t e cargo h o l d / t a n k ) , a c o m p l e t e deck
section o f a passenger ship o r a h u l l structure o b t a i n e d
after c o n v e r s i o n o f a s i n g l e h u l l t o a d o u b l e h u l l s h i p ) i s
i n v o l v e d as a r e s u l t o f c o n v e r s i o n , m o d e r n i z a t i o n o r
renovation, the f o l l o w i n g shall apply:
t h e date o f b u i l d (date, m o n t h a n d y e a r ) associated
w i t h each m a j o r p o r t i o n o f t h e ship s h a l l b e i n d i c a t e d
w h e r e i t has b e e n agreed that t h e n e w e r structure s h a l l be
o n a different s u r v e y cycle;
s u r v e y r e q u i r e m e n t s s h a l l b e based o n t h e date o f
b u i l d associated w i t h each m a j o r p o r t i o n o f t h e ship;
a n n i v e r s a r y dates o f t h e subsequent s u r v e y s o f t h e
replaced o r b u i l t - i n h u l l m a j o r parts/portions s h a l l b e
assigned t h e s a m e as f o r t h e w h o l e ship, i . e . o n e
a n n i v e r s a r y date f o r t h e ship as a w h o l e .
D o u b l e c l a s s i s a class o f a ship classed w i t h
t w o societies n o t entered i n t o a n agreement o n d u a l class.
I n t h i s case, o n e classification society i n p e r f o r m i n g
classification s u r v e y o f t h e ship f o r c o n f i r m a t i o n / r e n e w a l
o f its class, acts i n d e p e n d e n t l y o f t h e o t h e r society a n d i n
c o n f o r m i t y w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f its rules as i t w o u l d
act i n t h e case o f t h e ship b e i n g classed w i t h t h e society
alone.
Close-up
s u r v e y is a survey where the
details o f structural c o m p o n e n t s a r e w i t h i n t h e close
v i s u a l i n s p e c t i o n range o f t h e s u r v e y o r , i.e. n o r m a l l y
w i t h i n reach o f h a n d .
Approved materials, products a n d
p r o d u c t i o n p r o c e s s e s are m a t e r i a l s , products
and p r o d u c t i o n processes h o l d i n g T y p e A p p r o v a l
Certificate o r a l l o w e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r f o r direct u s e
w i t h o u t t h e d r a w i n g - u p o f t h i s Certificate.
A n n i v e r s a r y d a t e i s t h e date a n d m o n t h o f
each y e a r c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e e x p i r y date o f v a l i d i t y o f
t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e issued i n accordance w i t h
2.4.1.4.5 t o 2.4.1.4.9 o f P a r t " S u r v e y Schedule a n d
Scope".
S u b s t a n t i a l c o r r o s i o n is an extent o f
c o r r o s i o n s u c h that assessment o f c o r r o s i o n p a t t e r n
indicates a w a s t a g e i n excess o f 7 5 p e r cent o f a l l o w a b l e
m a r g i n s , b u t w i t h i n acceptable l i m i t s .
C h a n g i n g o f c l a s s n o t a t i o n isaprocessof
c h a n g i n g t h e character o f classification, d i s t i n g u i s h i n g
m a r k s , as w e l l as descriptive n o t a t i o n i n t h e class
n o t a t i o n o f R S - c l a s s e d ship.
W i t h d r a w a l o f d o c u m e n t s i s a procedure
o f t e r m i n a t i o n o f t h e ship d o c u m e n t s c o n s i s t i n g i n a n
e n t r y t o b e m a d e i n t h e S u r v e y R e p o r t and, w h e n e v e r
practicable, i n t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e i t s e l f t o t h e
effect t h a t t h e C e r t i f i c a t e ceases t o b e v a l i d (loses i t s
v a l i d i t y ) due t o t h e reasons o f w i t h d r a w a l , as w e l l as i n
case o f n o n - f u l f i l l m e n t o r i m p r o p e r f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e
shipowner/proprietor c o m m i t m e n t s t o t h e Register,

Part I. General Provisions

i n c l u d i n g c o m m i t m e n t s o n p a y m e n t f o r its services o r
payment o f a penally. W i t h d r a w a l o f documents may,
w h e n e v e r practicable, b e a c c o m p a n i e d b y t h e actual
w i t h d r a w a l o f t h e C e r t i f i c a t e i t s e l f from t h e ship.
S u r v e y o r ' s i n s p e c t i o n is c h e c k i n g o f t h e
ship r e c e i v e d t o o r accepted f r o m t h e t i m e - c h a r t e r
according t o t h e charterer's request.
N o r m a t i v e - t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s are
standards, g u i d i n g t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , t e c h n i c a l r e quirements, norms, calculation methods, instructions,
guidelines a n d other documents approved b y t h e
Register, w h i c h d e t e r m i n e s t r u c t u r a l a n d p r o d u c t i o n
standards d u r i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n ( m a n u f a c t u r e ) , repairs,
assembly, tests a n d o p e r a t i o n o f ships, ship's systems,
arrangements a n d e q u i p m e n t , m a t e r i a l s a n d products.
O v e r a l l s u r v e y is a s u r v e y i n t e n d e d t o r e p o r t
o n t h e o v e r a l l c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e h u l l structure a n d
d e t e r m i n e t h e e x t e n t o f a d d i t i o n a l close-up s u r v e y s .
O p e r a t o r is a n i n d i v i d u a l o r l e g a l e n t i t y , w h i c h
operates t h e ship o n t h e basis o f agreement w i t h a
proprietor or shipowner.
S u r v e y is a n i n t e g r a l part o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n
comprising:
v e r i f i c a t i o n o f t h e ship d o c u m e n t s , a p p r o v e d techn i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n , certificates o f c o n f o r m i t y f o r
materials and components;
v e r i f i c a t i o n o f d o c u m e n t s o n scheduled i n s p e c t i o n
carried o u t b y c o m p e t e n t persons o r organisations;
e x a m i n a t i o n , i n c l u d i n g , i f necessary, o p e n i n g - u p a n d
dismantling;
c h e c k o f m e a s u r e m e n t s , p a r t i c i p a t i o n i n tests,
o p e r a t i o n a l testing;
m o n i t o r i n g o f p r o d u c t i o n processes;
issue o f t h e r e q u i r e d R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s o r t h e i r
endorsement;
b r a n d i n g a n d sealing o f i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l superv i s i o n , i f necessary.
Survey o f quality management
syst e m is verification o f the q u a l i t y m a n a g e m e n t s y s t e m w i t h
the purpose o f defining its compliance w i t h the requirements o f the specified standard and assessment o f its operat i o n a l effectiveness and capability t o achieve the objectives
w i t h i n the framework o f establishing the q u a l i t y policy.
S p e c i a l / E x c e p t i o n a l c i r c u m s t a n c e s is
a t e r m applied:
w h e n t h e d u e date f o r s u b m i s s i o n o f a ship f o r
special s u r v e y i s assigned a c c o r d i n g t o 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 6 ; a n d a
t e r m w h i c h m e a n s t h a t t h e ship i s l a i d u p o r w i t h d r a w n
from o p e r a t i o n f o r a l o n g p e r i o d due t o m a j o r ( l o n g - t e r m )
repair or conversion;
i n t h e case o f e x t e n s i o n o f special s u r v e y a c c o r d i n g
t o 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 9 as w e l l as e x t e n s i o n o f s u r v e y o f t h e outside
o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k according t o 2 . 5 . 1 . 2 ; a n d
a t e r m w h i c h m e a n s delays i n c u r r e d b y actions t a k e n t o
a v o i d severe w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s , o r t h a t a t t h e place o f
t h e ship s u r v e y t h e f o l l o w i n g has b e e n f o u n d t o occur:

unavailability o f dry-docking facilities; o r


u n a v a i l a b i l i t y o f repair facilities; o r
u n a v a i l a b i l i t y o f essential m a t e r i a l s , e q u i p m e n t o r
spare parts.
R e a s s i g n m e n t o f R S c l a s s i s a process o f
classification o f a ship w i t h w i t h d r a w n R S class a n d
h a v i n g n o class o f another classification society ( A C S )
I A C S m e m b e r o v e r 6 m o n t h s from receipt o f w r i t t e n
request f o r r e a s s i g n m e n t o f R S class.
C o n f i r m a t i o n o f c l a s s is a ronfirmation o f
class v a l i d i t y i n the Classification Certificate i n case o f the
satisfactory results o f the a n n u a l (intermediate) survey.
T h o r o u g h r e p a i r is a repair made f o r renovat i o n o f t h e d a m a g e d structure i n accordance w i t h t h e
requirements o f the Rules for Construction u p t o t h e
l e v e l w h e n there i s n o necessity t o set a n y r e q u i r e m e n t s
o r c o n d i t i o n s r e g a r d i n g t h e object r e p a i r e d a n d t o
p e r f o r m t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e latter u n t i l t h e n e x t
periodical survey, i.e. t h e repair w a s made t o t h e
s u r v e y o r satisfaction a n d n o a d d i t i o n a l r e p a i r is r e q u i r e d .
S e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g is t h e coating, w h i c h
solidifies o r changes s o t h a t i t retains flexibility a n d a n
a b i l i t y t o p r e v e n t c o r r o s i o n w i t h i n , at least, three years. I t
shall b e hard enough t o be touched a n d for w a l k i n g
w i t h o u t essential deterioration o f its protective
properties.
S p a c e s a r e separate c o m p a r t m e n t s , i n c l u d i n g
holds and tanks.
T r a n s v e r s e s e c t i o n includes a l l l o n g i t u d i n a l
m e m b e r s s u c h as p l a t i n g , l o n g i t u d i n a l s a n d girders at t h e
deck, sides, b o t t o m , i n n e r b o t t o m , a n d l o n g i t u d i n a l
bulkhead (including plating and longitudinals o f sloping
a n d h o r i z o n t a l plates o f topside, h o p p e r a n d w i n g t a n k s )
w i t h i n t h e l e n g t h o f o n e p l a t e a l o n g t h e ship. F o r
t r a n s v e r s e l y framed vessels, a transverse s e c t i o n includes
adjacent frames a n d t h e i r e n d c o n n e c t i o n s i n w a y o f
transverse sections.
R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n are the Rules for
the Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships
a n d also t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n o f o t h e r types o f
ships l i k e m o b i l e o f f s h o r e d r i l l i n g u n i t s , n u c l e a r vessels,
gas carriers, etc.
C o m p e t e n t b o d y is a n organization (firm)
recognized b y t h e Register f o r performing w o r k s
( r e n d e r i n g services) i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r
requirements.
R e c o g n i t i o n o f s e r v i c e s u p p l i e r is a
procedure f o r obtaining b y the service supplier o f recognit i o n (approval) b y the Register t o p e r f o r m the w o r k s , w h i c h
results are used b y the Register d u r i n g survey o f ships.
S u s p e n s i o n o f c l a s s is a notification o f the
s h i p o w n e r t h a t t h e v a l i d i t y o f t h e ship class is suspended
from t h e date a n d d u e t o t h e r e a s o n stated i n t h e
notification, until t h e m o m e n t o f elimination o f t h e
reason t h a t caused t h e class suspension, b u t n o t m o r e
t h a n f o r 6 m o n t h s after t h e date o f class suspension.

10

Assignment o f R S class t o a ship i n


s e r v i c e i s a process o f classification o f t h e ship
constructed w i t h o u t R S t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n a n d h a v i n g
n o class o f A C S I A C S m e m b e r o v e r 6 m o n t h s from
receipt o f w r i t t e n request f o r classification.
C r a n k i n g o f m a c h i n e r y is periodical propulsion o f driving mechanisms and equipment b y means
o f d r i v i n g gears o r m a n u a l l y b y r o t a t i n g n o t less t h a n o n e
r e v o l u t i o n / c y c l e a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o f these elements i n n e w
position.
C r i t i c a l s t r u c t u r a l a r e a s are locations,
w h i c h h a v e b e e n i d e n t i f i e d from calculations t o r e q u i r e
m o n i t o r i n g o r from t h e service h i s t o r y o f t h e subject ship
o r from s i m i l a r o r sister ships ( i f a v a i l a b l e ) t o b e sensitive
to cracking, buckling or corrosion, w h i c h w o u l d impair
t h e structural i n t e g r i t y o f t h e ship.
S e l f - p r o p e l l e d s h i p i s a ship w i t h m e c h a n i c a l m e a n s o f p r o p u l s i o n n o t r e q u i r i n g assistance from
a n o t h e r ships d u r i n g n o r m a l o p e r a t i o n .
Q u a l i t y m a n a g e m e n t s y s t e m is a n aggregate o f i n t e r r e l a t e d a n d i n t e r a c t i n g c o m p o n e n t s t o
d e v e l o p t h e p o l i c y a n d objectives o f t h e R e g i s t e r a n d
t o a c h i e v e these q u a l i t y objectives b y t h e w a y o f t h e
coordinated t o p management activities a n d Register
quality management system. T h e quality management
s y s t e m i n v o l v e s as i t s i n t e g r a l part t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n
structure, processes a n d resources, r e s p o n s i b i l i t y a n d
a u t h o r i t i e s necessary t o h a v e t h e q u a l i t y m a n a g e m e n t
implemented.
C o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n s y s t e m is norm a l l y considered a f u l l h a r d p r o t e c t i v e coating. H a r d
protective coating i s usually to b e epoxy or equivalent.
O t h e r coating systems, w h i c h are neither soft n o r semi-hard
coatings, m a y b e considered acceptable as alternatives,
provided that they are applied a n d maintained i n
compliance w i t h the manufacturer's specification. A s f o r
the requirements regarding s e m i - h a r d coatings, these
coatings, i f already applied, w i l l n o t be accepted from t h e
n e x t special o r intermediate survey c o m m e n c e d o n o r after
1 J u l y 2 0 1 0 , w h i c h e v e r comes first, w i t h respect t o w a i v i n g
the annual internal e x a m i n a t i o n o f the ballast tanks.
Transfer o fclass i s :
t r a n s f e r o f class o f t h e s h i p h o l d i n g v a l i d o r
suspended class o f A C S I A C S m e m b e r t o R S class;
transfer t o R S class o f t h e ship w h i c h l o s t A C S
( I A C S m e m b e r ) class less t h a n 6 m o n t h s p r i o r t o w r i t t e n
request f o r classification;
transfer o f t h e ship f r o m R S class t o A C S ( I A C S
m e m b e r ) class.
W i t h d r a w a l o f c l a s s is a notification o f the
s h i p o w n e r that t h e ship's class i s w i t h d r a w n from t h e
date a n d due t o t h e r e a s o n stated i n t h e n o t i f i c a t i o n , w i t h
termination o f the Register technical supervision a n d
cancellation o f the Classification Certificate validity.
O w n e r is a n i n d i v i d u a l o r l e g a l e n t i t y , w h i c h o w n s
t h e ship o n t h e basis o f proprietor's r i g h t s w i t h n o regard

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

w h e t h e r h e operates t h e ship h i m s e l f o r places u n d e r t h e


trust m a n a g e m e n t o r t h e o t h e r t y p e o f m a n a g e m e n t t o
other party o n the legal grounds.
D u a l c l a s s i s a class o f a ship classed w i t h t w o
societies entered i n t o a n agreement o n a dual class. Tn this
case, o n e s u c h c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s o c i e t y i n p e r f o r m i n g
classification survey f o r ronfirmation/renewal o f its class,
acts independently o f the other society and i n c o n f o r m i t y
w i t h the requirements o f its rules as i t w o u l d act i n the case
o f the ship being classed w i t h this society alone.
S u s p e c t a r e a s are l o c a t i o n s s h o w i n g substant i a l c o r r o s i o n and/or are considered b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o be
p r o n e t o r a p i d wastage.
C o a t i n g c o n d i t i o n i s d e f i n e d as f o l l o w s :
G O O D c o n d i t i o n w i t h o n l y m i n o r spot r u s t i n g ;
F A I R c o n d i t i o n w i t h l o c a l b r e a k d o w n a t edges o f
stiffeners a n d w e l d connections and/or l i g h t r u s t i n g o v e r
2 0 p e r cent o r m o r e o f areas u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n , b u t less
t h a n as defined f o r P O O R c o n d i t i o n ;
P O O R condition w i t h general b r e a k d o w n o f
c o a t i n g o v e r 2 0 p e r cent o r m o r e , o r h a r d scale a t
10 p e r cent o r m o r e , o f areas u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n .
R e t a i n m e n t o f c l a s s is a confirmation o f
class v a l i d i t y i n t h e S u r v e y R e p o r t i n case o f t h e
satisfactory results o f t h e occasional s u r v e y i n c l u d i n g t h e
s u r v e y carried o u t i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h a n accident o r w i t h
replacement o f t h e R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s due t o t h e change
o f f l a g , s h i p o w n e r , p o r t o f registry, n a m e o f t h e ship o r
s i g n a l letters.
S p e c i a l c o n s i d e r a t i o n ( i n connection w i t h
close-up s u r v e y s a n d t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s ) m e a n s
sufficient close-up i n s p e c t i o n a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s t o be t a k e n t o c o n f i r m t h e actual average c o n d i t i o n
o f t h e structures u n d e r t h e coating.
P r o m p t r e p a i r is t h e repair m a d e w i t h o u t d e l a y
d u r i n g t h e survey.
P r o m p t a n d t h o r o u g h r e p a i r is a perman e n t repair p e r f o r m e d a n d c o m p l e t e d a t t h e t i m e o f
survey t o t h e satisfaction o f t h e surveyor, therein
r e m o v i n g t h e n e e d f o r t h e i m p o s i t i o n o f a n y associated
c o n d i t i o n o f classification.
L a i d - u p s h i p i s a ship w i t h a reduced c r e w o r
duties, w h i c h is w i t h d r a w n from o p e r a t i o n w i t h possible
c o n s e r v a t i o n o f i t e m s o f t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l superv i s i o n due t o f i n a n c i a l o r o t h e r reasons w i t h r e t a i n m e n t
o f class, b u t w h i c h t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n u p o n t h e results o f
s u r v e y is considered fit.
S h i p i n s e r v i c e i s a ship i n o p e r a t i o n , u n d e r
repairs, m o d e r n i z a t i o n , i n r e n o v a t i o n o r l a y - u p w i t h t h e
v a l i d R e g i s t e r class a n d a l l t h e R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s
issued, w h i c h are r e q u i r e d f o r its o p e r a t i o n .
S h i p t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n i s design
a n d t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n f o r ship's i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l
s u p e r v i s i o n , w h i c h c o n t a i n s t h e data necessary f o r
checking t h e implementation o f the Register relevant
requirements.

Part I. General Provisions

S h i p o w n e r is a n i n d i v i d u a l o r l e g a l e n t i t y , w h i c h
operates t h e ship o n i t s o w n b e h a l f w i t h n o regard
w h e t h e r h e is the o w n e r o f the ship o r h e uses i t o n o t h e r
l e g a l grounds.
Conversion o f a ship o f substantial
n a t u r e ( m a j o r c o n v e r s i o n ) is conversion o f a
ship r e s u l t i n g i n change o f the ship p r i n c i p a l character
istics a n d s t r u c t u r a l parameters ( s u c h as w e i g h t char
acteristics, gross t o n n a g e , o v e r a l l d i m e n s i o n s , freeboard,
p o w e r output o f the m a i n propulsion installation, ice
s t r e n g t h e n i n g , etc.), w h i c h can cause change o f t h e ship
t y p e , p r i n c i p a l d i m e n s i o n s , passenger capacity, cargo
c a r r y i n g capacity, e x t e n s i o n o f t h e ship service l i f e o r
change o f t h e ship class n o t a t i o n . N a t u r e o f c o n v e r s i o n
( m a j o r / m i n o r ) i s d e t e r m i n e d b y R H O i n each p a r t i c u l a r
case.
W h e r e a n e x i s t i n g cargo ship i s subject t o a n y
c o n v e r s i o n , w h i c h affects t h e l e v e l o f s u b d i v i s i o n o f t h a t
ship, i t shall be demonstrated that t h e A / R ratio
calculated f o r t h e ship after such c o n v e r s i o n i s n o t less
t h a n t h e A / R r a t i o calculated f o r t h e ship before t h e
c o n v e r s i o n . H o w e v e r , i n those cases w h e r e t h e ship's
A / R r a t i o before c o n v e r s i o n i s e q u a l t o o r greater t h a n
o n e , i t is o n l y necessary t o demonstrate t h a t the ship after
such c o n v e r s i o n has a n A v a l u e , w h i c h is n o t less t h a n R ,
calculated f o r the ship before c o n v e r s i o n . A d e f i n i t i o n o f
t h e t e r m " e x i s t i n g cargo ship" i n t h e c o n t e x t o f t h e a b o v e
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n m e a n s a cargo ship constructed before
1 F e b r u a r y 1 9 9 2 , regardless o f the l e n g t h .
R e p r e s e n t a t i v e t a n k s , s p a c e s a r e those,
w h i c h are expected t o reflect t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f o t h e r
spaces o f s i m i l a r t y p e a n d service a n d w i t h s i m i l a r
c o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n systems. W h e n selecting represen
t a t i v e t a n k s , c o m p a r t m e n s a n d spaces, account s h a l l b e
t a k e n o f t h e service a n d repair h i s t o r y o n b o a r d a n d
i d e n t i f i a b l e c r i t i c a l s t r u c t u r a l areas and/or suspect areas.
E x c l u s i v e s u r v e y o r is a n i n d i v i d u a l w h o has
c o n c l u d e d t h e contract o f e m p l o y m e n t e x c l u s i v e l y i n t h e
R S B r a n c h O f f i c e a n d h a s adequate q u a l i f i c a t i o n a n d
b a c k g r o u n d a n d i s a u t h o r i z e d t o p e r f o r m duties a n d
activities entrusted w i t h b y the e m p l o y e r w i t h i n h i s t e r m s
o f reference.

11

2.2.3 Requirements for enhanced survey o f ships are


set f o r t h i n Sections 2 t o 6 o f Part H I " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys
o f Ships D e p e n d i n g o n their Purpose and H u l l M a t e r i a l " .
2.2.4 O i l t a n k e r .
T h e descriptive notation " O i l t a n k e r " o r t h e
equivalent w i t h the distinguishing m a r k ( E S P ) shall be
assigned t o sea-going self-propelled ships, w h i c h a r e
constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h i n t e g r a l t a n k s a n d i n t e n d e d
p r i m a r i l y t o c a r r y o i l i n b u l k . T h i s descriptive n o t a t i o n
s h a l l b e assigned t o tankers o f b o t h single a n d d o u b l e
s k i n c o n s t r u c t i o n , as w e l l as tankers w i t h a l t e r n a t i v e
structural arrangements, e.g. m i d - d e c k designs. T y p i c a l
m i d s h i p sections are g i v e n i n F i g . 2 . 2 . 4 .
"1
J
?

1 r

F i g . 2.2.4 T y p i c a l m i d s h i p s e c t i o n s o f a n o i l t a n k e r

N o t e . O i l tankers that d o not c o m p l y w i t h M A R P O L 1 / 1 9 m a y


b e subject to international and/or national regulations requiring phase
o u t u n d e r M A R P O L 1/20 a n d / o r M A R P O L 1/21.

2.2.5 B u l k c a r r i e r .
T h e descriptive n o t a t i o n " B u l k c a r r i e r " o r t h e
equivalent w i t h the distinguishing m a r k ( E S P ) shall be
assigned t o sea-going self-propelled ships, w h i c h a r e
constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h single deck, d o u b l e b o t t o m ,
h o p p e r side t a n k s a n d topside t a n k s a n d w i t h single o r
d o u b l e side s k i n c o n s t r u c t i o n i n cargo l e n g t h area a n d
i n t e n d e d p r i m a r i l y t o carry d r y cargoes i n b u l k . T y p i c a l
m i d s h i p sections are g i v e n i n F i g . 2 . 2 . 5 .

2.2 D E F I N I T I O N S O F T Y P E S O F S H I P S S U B J E C T
T O E N H A N C E D S U R V E Y P R O G R A M M E (ESP)

2 . 2 . 1 E n h a n c e d S u r v e y P r o g r a m m e ( E S P ) prescribed
i n Sections 2 t o 6 o f P a r t I I I " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s
Depending o n their Purpose and H u l l Material" apply to
such types o f ships as o i l tankers, c h e m i c a l tankers a n d
b u l k carriers, w h i c h definitions are g i v e n i n t h e
m e n t i o n e d sections.
2.2.2 F o r proper a n d unified interpretation b y
s h i p o w n e r s a n d s u r v e y o r s t h e d e f i n i t i o n s o f ships subject
t o E S P are g i v e n b e l o w .

F i g . 2.2.5 T y p i c a l m i d s h i p s e c t i o n s o f a b u l k c a r r i e r

F o r b u l k carriers w i t h h y b r i d cargo h o l d arrange


m e n t s , i.e. w i t h s o m e cargo h o l d s o f single side s k i n a n d
others o f d o u b l e side s k i n , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f S e c t i o n 6,
Part I I I " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys o f Ships Depending o n
T h e i r P u r p o s e a n d H u l l M a t e r i a l " s h a l l a p p l y t o cargo

12

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

h o l d s o f single side s k i n a n d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Section 5, Part I I I " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys o f Ships
Depending o n T h e i r Purpose and H u l l M a t e r i a l " shall
a p p l y t o cargo h o l d s o f d o u b l e side s k i n .
2.2.6 O r e c a r r i e r .
The descriptive notation " O r e c a r r i e r " o r t h e
e q u i v a l e n t w i t h the d i s t i n g u i s h i n g m a r k ( E S P ) s h a l l b e
assigned t o sea-going self-propelled ships, w h i c h are
constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h single deck, t w o l o n g i t u d i n a l
b u l k h e a d s a n d a d o u b l e b o t t o m t h r o u g h o u t the cargo
l e n g t h area a n d i n t e n d e d p r i m a r i l y t o carry ore cargoes i n
t h e centre h o l d s o n l y . T y p i c a l m i d s h i p sections are g i v e n
i n F i g . 2.2.6.

it

if

/C_J

/./

F i g . 2.2.7.2 T y p i c a l m i d s h i p s e c t i o n s o f a n o r e / o i l c a r r i e r
F i g . 2.2.6 T y p i c a l m i d s h i p s e c t i o n s o f a n o r e c a r r i e r

2.2.7 C o m b i n a t i o n carrier.
2 . 2 . 7 . 1 C o m b i n a t i o n c a r r i e r is a general t e r m
applied t o ships intended for the carriage o f b o t h o i l and dry
cargoes i n b u l k . These cargoes are n o t carried simulta
neously, w i t h the exception o f o i l y mixtures retained i n slop
tanks. T h e ship types defined i n 2.2.7.2 and 2.2.7.3 shall be
considered t o be combination carriers.
2.2.7.2 T h e descriptive n o t a t i o n " O r e / o i l c a r r i e r " o r
the equivalent w i t h the distinguishing m a r k ( E S P ) shall
be assigned t o sea-going self-propelled ships, w h i c h are
constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h single deck, t w o l o n g i t u d i n a l
b u l k h e a d s a n d a d o u b l e b o t t o m t h r o u g h o u t the cargo
l e n g t h area a n d i n t e n d e d p r i m a r i l y t o carry ore cargoes i n
t h e centre h o l d s o r o f o i l cargoes i n centre h o l d s a n d
w i n g tanks. T y p i c a l m i d s h i p sections are g i v e n
i n F i g . 2.2.7.2.
N o t e . O r e / o i l c a r r i e r s t h a t d o n o t c o m p l y w i t h M A R P O L 1/19
m a y b e subject to international and/or national regulations requiring
p h a s e o u t u n d e r M A R P O L 1/20 a n d / o r M A R P O L 1/21.

2.2.7.3 T h e descriptive notation " O i l / b u l k / o r e


( O B O ) c a r r i e r " o r the e q u i v a l e n t w i t h the d i s t i n g u i s h i n g
m a r k ( E S P ) s h a l l be assigned t o sea-going self-propelled
ships, w h i c h are constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h single deck,
d o u b l e b o t t o m , h o p p e r side t a n k s a n d topside t a n k s , a n d
w i t h single o r d o u b l e side s k i n c o n s t r u c t i o n i n t h e cargo
l e n g t h area, a n d i n t e n d e d p r i m a r i l y t o carry o i l o r d r y
cargoes, i n c l u d i n g ore, i n b u l k . T y p i c a l m i d s h i p sections
are g i v e n i n F i g . 2 . 2 . 7 . 3 .
N o t e . O i l / b u l k / o r e c a r r i e r s t h a t d o n o t c o m p l y w i t h M A R P O L 1/19
m a y b e subject to international and/or national regulations requiring
p h a s e o u t u n d e r M A R P O L 1/20 a n d / o r M A R P O L 1/21.

F i g . 22.13

T y p i c a l m i d s h i p sections o f a n oil/bulk/ore carrier

2.2.8 C h e m i c a l t a n k e r .
T h e descriptive n o t a t i o n " C h e m i c a l t a n k e r " o r t h e
e q u i v a l e n t w i t h the d i s t i n g u i s h i n g m a r k ( E S P ) s h a l l b e
assigned t o sea-going self-propelled ships, w h i c h a r e
constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h i n t e g r a l t a n k s a n d i n t e n d e d
p r i m a r i l y t o carry c h e m i c a l s i n b u l k . T h i s t y p e n o t a t i o n
s h a l l b e assigned t o tankers o f b o t h single a n d d o u b l e
s k i n c o n s t r u c t i o n , as w e l l as tankers w i t h a l t e r n a t i v e
structural arrangements. T y p i c a l m i d s h i p sections a r e
given i n F i g . 2.2.8.
F

A.

F i g . 2.2.8 T y p i c a l m i d s h i p s e c t i o n s o f a c h e m i c a l t a n k e r

Part I. General Provisions

2.3

13

ABBREVIATIONS

G M D S S G l o b a l M a r i t i m e Distress a n d S a f e t y
System.
R H O Register Head Office.
A C S a n o t h e r classification society.
I M O International Maritime Organization.
I S M Code - International Management Code for the
Safe O p e r a t i o n o f S h i p s a n d f o r P o l l u t i o n P r e v e n t i o n .
I S O International O r g a n i z a t i o n f o r Standardization.
I A C S International Association o f Classification
Societies.
M A R P O L - 7 3 / 7 8 International Convention f o r
P r e v e n t i o n o f P o l l u t i o n from S h i p s , 1 9 7 3 , as m o d i f i e d b y
t h e P r o t o c o l o f 1 9 7 8 r e l a t i n g thereto.
I n t e r n a t i o n a l E l e c t r o t e c h n i c a l C o m m i s s i o n .
N D T - n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing;
R S Nomenclature Nomenclature o f Items o f the
Register Technical Supervision;
ESP Enhanced Survey Programme.
I N F irradiated n u c l e a r f u e l i s a m a t e r i a l c o n t a i n
i n g u r a n i u m , t h o r i u m and/or p l u t o n i u m isotopes, w h i c h
h a v e b e e n used t o m a i n t a i n n u c l e a r c h a i n r e a c t i o n .
CSS Continuous Survey System.
S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 International C o n v e n t i o n for the
S a f e t y o f L i f e a t Sea, 1 9 7 4 , as m o d i f i e d b y t h e P r o t o c o l
o f 1 9 7 8 r e l a t i n g thereto.
P M S Planned Maintenance Scheme.
I A C S P R I A C S Procedural Requirement.
I A C S U R I A C S Unified Requirement.

3 TYPES OF CLASSIFICATION

SURVEYS

3.1 T h e f o l l o w i n g types o f c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s u r v e y s are


a p p l i e d d u r i n g t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f ships a n d
refrigerating plants i n service:
.1 i n i t i a l s u r v e y s ;
.2 p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s :
.2.1 a n n u a l s u r v e y ;
.2.2 i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y ;
.2.3 special s u r v e y ;
.2.4 s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m ;
.2.5 a d d i t i o n a l s u r v e y s o f ships depending o n t h e i r
purpose a n d h u l l m a t e r i a l ;
.2.6 s u r v e y o f r e f r i g e r a t i n g plants;
.2.7 s u r v e y s w i t h i n t h e C S S scope;
.2.8 s u r v e y s w i t h i n t h e P M S scope;
.2.9 s u r v e y s w i t h i n t h e h a r m o n i z e d s u r v e y s y s t e m
( H S S ) scope;
.3 occasional s u r v e y s :
.3.1 associated w i t h suspension, r e i n s t a t e m e n t o r
w i t h d r a w a l o f class. R e f e r also t o 4 . 7 . 6 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g
out C l a s s i f i c a t i o n S u r v e y o f S h i p s " o f t h e G u i d e l i n e s ;

.3.2 associated w i t h transfer o f class;


.3.3 associated w i t h assignment, r e t a i n m e n t a n d
w i t h d r a w a l o f class o f double-class o r dual-class ships;
.3.4 a t t h e ship l a y i n g - u p a n d c o m m i s s i o n i n g after
laying-up;
.3.5 associated w i t h accidents;
.3.6 associated w i t h v e r i f i c a t i o n o f t h e i m p l e m e n t a
t i o n o f set ( i m p o s e d ) before r e q u i r e m e n t s ;
.4 o t h e r s u r v e y s carried o u t :
.4.1 o n b e h a l f o f state bodies ( M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t
ration o f a F l a g State, t h e F l a g State embassy,
s t a n d a r d i z a t i o n bodies, t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s o r y bodies f o r
pressure vessels, etc.);
.4.2 at t h e request o f c o m p a n i e s (insurance, s h i p p i n g ,
i n d u s t r i a l , etc.).
3.2 Schedule a n d scope o f t h e a b o v e s u r v e y s a r e
g i v e n i n P a r t I I " S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope", P a r t
"Additional Surveys o f Ships Depending o n their
Purpose a n d H u l l Material" a n d Part I V "Surveys o f
Refrigerating Plants".
3.3 I n s t r u c t i o n s o n c a r r y i n g o u t s u r v e y s a n d tests o f
h u l l structures, m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n parts a n d u n i t s ,
r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o n i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f p o t e n t i a l areas o f
increased w a s t a g e a n d / o r defects a r e g i v e n i n t h e
G u i d e l i n e s a n d appendices thereto.

4 PREPARATION F O R SURVEYS
4.1 Surveys are carried o u t b y qualified surveyors
sufficiently competent t o p e r f o r m t h e required survey.
Periodical surveys are generally carried o u t b y the experts
o n t h e h u l l , mechanical, electromechanical a n d radio
specialities. I n certain cases, a c o m b i n a t i o n o f specialities
is a l l o w e d f o r the s u r v e y o r considering his qualification,
experience, b a c k g r o u n d i n m i n o r specialities a n d c o m p l e x
i t y l e v e l o f the ship submitted f o r the survey.
T h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l ensure i n i t s contracts w i t h
s h i p o w n e r s o r operators f o r t h e issue o f s t a t u t o r y o r
class certificates t o a ship that s u c h issue s h a l l b e m a d e
c o n d i t i o n a l o n t h e parties n o t o p p o s i n g t h e access o f t h e
C o m m i s s i o n inspectors o n b o a r d t h a t s h i p f o r t h e
purposes o f R e g u l a t i o n ( E C ) N o 3 9 1 / 2 0 0 9 .
4.2 I n order t o assist s u r v e y o r s d u r i n g t h e ship
survey, t h e master and/or c h i e f engineer i n charge o f t h e
ship s u b m i s s i o n s h a l l assign t h e i r mates responsible f o r
operation a n d maintenance o f t h e ship part t o b e
s u b m i t t e d , w h i c h are f a m i l i a r w i t h a l l t h e faults, defects
a n d damages w i t h i n t h e t i m e p e r i o d after t h e p r e v i o u s
survey and w i t h their elimination.
4.3 F o r issues r e l a t i n g t o classification a n d applica
t i o n o f t h e rules, t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s use b o t h current
a n d p r e v i o u s e d i t i o n s o f t h e rules a n d o t h e r R e g i s t e r
n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s , standards, n a v i g a t i o n a n d ship
repair n o r m a t i v e - t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n .

14

Ships i n service are c o v e r e d b y t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f


t h a t e d i t i o n o f t h e r u l e s t h e y w e r e constructed i n
c o m p l i a n c e w i t h , unless o t h e r w i s e i s specified i n t h e
f o l l o w - u p e d i t i o n s o f t h e rules a n d notices o f a m e n d
m e n t s thereto issued after p u b l i c a t i o n o f t h e rules.
Ships i n service b e i n g classed b y t h e R e g i s t e r f o r t h e
first t i m e are c o v e r e d b y t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e rules i n
force d u r i n g t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e ship i n q u e s t i o n
considering the requirements o f the follow-up editions o f
t h e rules applicable t o t h e ships i n service.
T h e e x t e n t o f n e w l y - i s s u e d rules' a p p l i c a t i o n t o t h e
ships i n service at t h e i r r e c o n s t r u c t i o n after accidents o r
i n o t h e r s i m i l a r cases, o r a t t h e i r c o n v e r s i o n , i s
d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r w i t h d u e regard t o e x
p e d i e n c y a n d t e c h n i c a l s u b s t a n t i a t i o n i n each case.
4.4 T o reduce t h e s u r v e y d u r a t i o n a n d ensure f u l l r a n g e survey, t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l prepare t h e ship i n a n
appropriate w a y :
a l l t h e ship's spaces s h a l l be m a d e accessible f o r t h e
survey;
a l l i t e m s s h a l l b e i n g o o d w o r k i n g order except f o r
cases o f repairs a n d accidents;
i n n e c e s s a r y cases access, o p e n i n g - u p a n d / o r
d i s m a n t l i n g s h a l l be p r o v i d e d .
Organizations and individuals involved i n operation,
repairs o r c o n v e r s i o n o f ships subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r
technical supervision shall provide support f o r t h e
s u r v e y o r i n h i s t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f repair w o r k s ,
m a n u f a c t u r e a n d testing o f m a t e r i a l s a n d products f o r
ships.
R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t i m e l y s u b m i s s i o n o f ships a n d
ship's i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n f o r s u r v e y s a n d
t i m e l y implementation o f the surveyor's requirements
a n d c o m m e n t s set o u t i n t h e R e g i s t e r d o c u m e n t s (reports,
certificates, etc.) stays w i t h t h e s h i p o w n e r a n d t h e ship
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n . P e r f o r m a n c e o f testing, m e a s u r e m e n t s
a n d testing f o r defects i s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e
s h i p o w n e r o r t h e w o r k s r e p a i r i n g t h e ship.
I f t h e s h i p o w n e r is u n a b l e t o s i m u l t a n e o u s l y s u b m i t
t o t h e R e g i s t e r a l l t h e ballast t a n k s subject t o a n n u a l o r
intermediate surveys, the shipowner shall develop and
agree w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r t h e schedule f o r s u b m i s s i o n o f a l l
ballast t a n k s d u r i n g established s u r v e y s ( 3 m o n t h s
from t h e a p p o i n t e d date o f a n n u a l s u r v e y ) .
Classification Certificate m a y be confirmed o n l y
after s u r v e y i n g a l l ballast t a n k s .
4.5 D u r i n g t h e s u r v e y t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s u b m i t t h e
f o l l o w i n g d o c u m e n t s u p o n t h e R e g i s t e r request:
documents issued and/or approved b y t h e
Register, i n c l u d i n g a l l t h e latest reports o f t h e ship
survey performed b y the Register or A C S , all informa
t i o n s f o r t h e master a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s r e g a r d i n g m a t t e r s
regulated b y t h e R e g i s t e r rules (strength, b a l l a s t i n g ,
s h i p m e n t o f special cargoes, etc.);
.2 s h i p t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n , i . e . d r a w i n g s ,
d i a g r a m s , descriptions, service i n s t r u c t i o n s , files o r

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

passports, n o r m a t i v e a n d o p e r a t i o n d o c u m e n t a t i o n o n
ship, m a c h i n e r y a n d arrangements;
3 f o r a l l the items o f the Register technical supervision
(machinery, boilers, pressure vessels a n d other equipment
and outfit), there shall be available onboard the certificates
o f c o n f o r m i t y o r manufacturer's documents according t o the
rules and also, i f necessary, the proper operation and repair
documentation f o r products;
.4 l o g b o o k s a n d o t h e r d o c u m e n t s r e f l e c t i n g
o p e r a t i o n o f ship a n d m a c h i n e r y , arrangements, e q u i p
m e n t subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r s u p e r v i s i o n , m a l f u n c t i o n s
occurred t o t h e m a n d t h e i r e l i m i n a t i o n . I n case t h e
s h i p o w n e r is u n a b l e t o p r o v i d e t h e t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a
tion i n full, measures shall b e taken t o provide t h e
r e q u i r e d i n f o r m a t i o n w i t h calculations, test results a n d
d r a w i n g s m a d e , i f necessary.
4.6 T h e R e g i s t e r m a y i n v i t e experts i n s h i p b u i l d i n g
a n d m e c h a n i c a l e n g i n e e r i n g t o r e s o l v e issues r e g a r d i n g
n e w types o f ships, m a c h i n e r y a n d arrangements, as w e l l
as f o r r e s o l u t i o n o f e x t r a o r d i n a r y i m p o r t a n t p r o b l e m s ,
w h i c h occur d u r i n g repairs, accident i n v e s t i g a t i o n s a n d
i n o t h e r cases.
4.7 D u r i n g repairs, m o d e r n i z a t i o n a n d o p e r a t i o n o f
ships, t h e s h i p o w n e r s , designers, shipyards a n d ship
repair yards s h a l l f o l l o w t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R e g i s t e r
rules.
4.8 F o r s u r v e y s c o n s u m i n g c o n s i d e r a b l e t i m e ,
i n c l u d i n g r e v i e w o f the t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d
testing o f m a c h i n e r y , arrangements a n d ship as a w h o l e ,
the shipowner shall submit for the Register approval a
p l a n o f s u b m i s s i o n o f d o c u m e n t s , parts o f t h e ship a n d
schedule o f testings.
4.9 S h i p o w n e r s , o r g a n i z a t i o n s a n d f i r m s s h a l l ensure
a l l t h e necessary c o n d i t i o n s f o r q u a l i t y a n d safe s u r v e y o r
testing o f i t e m s . A l l t h e ship m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t a n d
i n s t r u m e n t s s h a l l b e i n w o r k i n g order (except cases o f
repairs a n d accidents); ladders, scaffoldings a n d o t h e r
arrangements f o r s u r v e y s o n large ships s h a l l b e i n
o p e r a t i n g c o n d i t i o n , a n d also a l l t h e safely precautions
f o r t h e s u r v e y p e r f o r m e d s h a l l b e m a d e , i n particular,
r e g a r d i n g i n t e r n a l s u r v e y s o f t a n k s , b o i l e r s a n d pressure
vessels, as w e l l as e x a m i n a t i o n o f structures a t h e i g h t ,
crankcases, etc.

4.10 P R E P A R A T I O N A N D S A F E E X E C U T I O N
OF T H E SHIP H U L L SURVEY

4.10.1 T a k i n g i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n that t h e process o f a


h u l l s u r v e y i n t h e scope o f special s u r v e y i s t h e m o s t
time-taking, t h e requirements f o r preparations f o r
e x e c u t i o n o f s u c h s u r v e y are g i v e n b e l o w .
D u r i n g preparation f o r execution o f annual o r
i n t e r m e d i a t e h u l l survey, o n e s h a l l use t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
applicable t o p r e p a r a t i o n f o r h u l l s u r v e y e x e c u t i o n g i v e n
below.

Part I. General Provisions

4.10.2 P r i o r t o t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f special survey,


the shipowner shall provide information o n a l l t h e
defects, w e a r s a n d damages d u r i n g t h e p r e v i o u s 5-year
period, w i t h t h e equipment performance logs, ship
t e c h n i c a l files, ship reports, ship l o g b o o k , etc.
4.10.3 C o n d i t i o n s f o r s u r v e y o f h u l l s t r u c t u r e s .
T h e ship h u l l s h a l l b e prepared f o r e x e c u t i o n o f t h e
survey and, simultaneously, t h e following conditions
s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d f o r a safe e x e c u t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y :
.1 t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e necessary facilities f o r
a safe e x e c u t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y ;
.2 t a n k s , h o l d s a n d o t h e r spaces s h a l l b e safe f o r
access, i.e. gas-freed, v e n t i l a t e d a n d i l l u m i n a t e d ;
.3 i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r s u r v e y a n d t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s , a n d also t o a l l o w f o r a t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n , a l l
spaces s h a l l b e c l e a n e d i n c l u d i n g r e m o v i n g f r o m
surfaces o f a l l l o o s e a c c u m u l a t e d c o r r o s i o n scale. T h e
spaces s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t l y clean a n d dry, a n d free from
w a t e r , scale, dirt, o i l residues, etc. t o r e v e a l c o r r o s i o n ,
d e f o r m a t i o n , fractures, d a m a g e s o r o t h e r s t r u c t u r a l
d e t e r i o r a t i o n . T h o s e areas o f structures, w h i c h r e n e w a l
has already b e e n decided b y t h e s h i p o w n e r , s h a l l o n l y b e
cleaned a n d descaled t o t h e e x t e n t necessary t o d e t e r m i n e
t h e l i m i t s o f t h e areas t o b e r e n e w e d ;
.4 s u f f i c i e n t i l l u m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d t o r e v e a l
substantial c o r r o s i o n , d e f o r m a t i o n , fractures, damages o r
o t h e r structural d e t e r i o r a t i o n ;
.5 w h e r e soft o r s e m i - h a r d coatings h a v e b e e n
applied, safe access s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d f o r t h e s u r v e y o r t o
v e r i f y the effectiveness o f t h e coating a n d t o carry o u t a n
assessment o f the c o n d i t i o n s o f i n t e r n a l structures, w h i c h
m a y include spot r e m o v a l o f t h e coating. W h e n safe
access cannot b e p r o v i d e d , t h e soft o r semi-hard coating
shall b e r e m o v e d .
4.10.4 S a f e t y r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r w o r k b e i n g
performed in enclosed a n d confined spaces.
W h e n p e r f o r m i n g w o r k i n enclosed a n d c o n f i n e d
spaces safely r e q u i r e m e n t s specified i n A p p e n d i x A t o
the Occupational Safety Instructions f o r R S Surveyors
C o n d u c t i n g S u r v e y o f Ships a n d I t e m s o f R S T e c h n i c a l
Supervision shall b e met.
4.10.5 A c c e s s t o s t r u c t u r e s .
T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e access t o t h e i t e m s o f
survey, n a m e l y :
.1 m e a n s s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d t o enable t h e s u r v e y o r t o
e x a m i n e t h e h u l l structure i n a safe a n d practical w a y ;
.2 f o r s u r v e y o f cargo h o l d s a n d ballast t a n k s o n e o r
m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g m e a n s f o r access, acceptable t o t h e
surveyor, shall b e provided:
p e r m a n e n t staging a n d passages t h r o u g h structures;
t e m p o r a r y staging/scaffolding a n d passages t h r o u g h
structures;
lifts a n d m o v a b l e p l a t f o r m s ;
boats o r rafts;
other equivalent means.

15

4.10.6 E q u i p m e n t f o r s u r v e y .
4.10.6.1 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l n o r m a l l y b e
carried o u t b y m e a n s o f u l t r a s o n i c test e q u i p m e n t . T h e
accuracy o f t h e e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e p r o v e n t o t h e
s u r v e y o r as r e q u i r e d . R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r i n s t r u m e n t s
i n t e n d e d f o r m e a s u r i n g t h e parameters o f structural
defects, as w e l l as t h e procedure f o r s u c h m e a s u r i n g are
given i n Appendix 2 and i n the Instruction o n Residual
T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s .
4.10.6.2 O n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g
fracture
detection procedures m a y b e required, i f deemed
necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r :
r a d i o g r a p h i c testing;
u l t r a s o n i c testing;
m a g n e t i c particle testing;
dye penetrant testing o r other non-destructive
testing.
4.10.7 S u r v e y a t s e a o r a t a n c h o r a g e .
B y request o f t h e s h i p o w n e r , a special s u r v e y o f t h e
ship's h u l l c o m p o n e n t s a t sea o r a t anchorage m a y b e
accepted. H o w e v e r , i n t h i s case, t h e ship a d m i n i s t r a t i o n
shall provide the following conditions f o r survey
execution b y the surveyor:
.1 s u r v e y a t s e a o r a t anchorage m a y b e accepted,
p r o v i d e d t h e s u r v e y o r i s g i v e n t h e necessary assistance
from t h e p e r s o n n e l o n b o a r d . Necessary precautions a n d
procedures f o r c a r r y i n g o u t t h e s u r v e y s h a l l b e i n
accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 4.10.3 t o 4 . 1 0 . 6 ;
.2 a c o m m u n i c a t i o n s y s t e m s h a l l b e a r r a n g e d
b e t w e e n t h e s u r v e y p a r t y i n t h e t a n k a n d t h e responsible
officer o n deck. T h i s s y s t e m s h a l l also i n c l u d e t h e
p e r s o n n e l i n charge o f ballast p u m p h a n d l i n g i f boats o r
rafts a r e used;
.3 w h e n boats o r rafts a r e used, appropriate l i f e
j a c k e t s s h a l l b e a v a i l a b l e f o r a l l participants. B o a t s o r
rafts s h a l l h a v e satisfactory r e s i d u a l b u o y a n c y a n d
stability even i f one chamber is ruptured. T h e shipowner
s h a l l d e v e l o p a safely c h e c k l i s t f o r e x e c u t i o n o f s u c h
surveys;
.4 s u r v e y s o f t a n k s b y m e a n s o f boats o r rafts m a y
o n l y b e u n d e r t a k e n at t h e sole d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r ,
w h o s h a l l t a k e i n t o account t h e safety arrangements
provided, including weather forecasting a n d ship
response i n reasonable sea c o n d i t i o n s (refer also t o
I A C S Recommendation N o . 3 9 "Guidelines for Use o f
Boats o r Rafts for Close-Up Surveys").
4.11 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o n t h e dates f o r f o r w a r d i n g
s h i p o w n e r ' s requests f o r t h e ships' s u r v e y a n d t h e
o r g a n i z a t i o n o f t h e requests' e x e c u t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r
are g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 4 , P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " o f t h e
Guidelines.
4.12 T h e s u r v e y o r has t h e r i g h t t o reject e x e c u t i o n o f
the survey i f t h e ship o r i t e m o f t h e survey is
inadequately prepared f o r s u r v e y e x e c u t i o n , a n d i n case
o f t h e defects revealed, w h i c h affect s u r v e y and/or test
safety, t h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l w i t h d r a w t h e survey. A t that t h e

16

report w i t h the comments o n the surveyor's decision shall


b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e ship.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

t h e bodies r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r or, i n p a r t i c u l a r
cases, b y A C S I A C S m e m b e r , a n d i n t h e presence o f
t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register. M e a s u r i n g o f d e f o r m a t i o n s
See circular 771
a n d cracks parameters m a y b e p e r f o r m e d e i t h e r b y t h e
f i r m , w h i c h i s c a r r y i n g o u t thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , o r
5 ASSESSMENT O F T H E SHIP TECHNICAL
b y t h e a u t h o r i z e d s h i p o w n e r ' s representative. R e s u l t s o f
CONDITION
testing f o r defects m a y b e used b y t h e s u r v e y o r a t t h e
s u r v e y o f t h e ship i n f u l l o r its parts. I f necessary, t h e
5.1 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship's s u r v e y o r m a y d e m a n d that defects b e e l i m i n a t e d ; t h i s
h u l l , arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t , m a c h i n e r y r e q u i r e m e n t m a y b e i n t r o d u c e d i n t o S u r v e y R e p o r t .
i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d r e f r i g e r a t i n g p l a n t , electrical e q u i p m e n t
5.5 M a i n defects affecting t h e assessment o f t h e
is t h e m a i n c o n d i t i o n f o r r e c o g n i t i o n t h e ship as f i t f o r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f i t e m s o f s u p e r v i s i o n a r e t h e
safe n a v i g a t i o n , a n d f o r a s s i g n m e n t , c o n f i r m a t i o n , f o l l o w i n g :
reinstatement, r e n e w a l a n d r e a s s i g n m e n t o f t h e ship's
w e a r decrease o f strength d i m e n s i o n s o f strucclass; i t is also r e q u i r e d f o r assessment o f t h e necessary tures a n d c o m p o n e n t s o r d e t e r i o r a t i o n o f m a t e r i a l q u a l i t y
scope o f repairs.
i n o p e r a t i o n due t o c o r r o s i o n , e r o s i o n , fatigue, g a l l i n g o f
5.2 R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e contacting parts o f f l e x i b l e j o i n t s , r o t t i n g , m o u l d o r
ship's h u l l , i t s m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , arrangements, m u s t i n e s s ( w o o d , t a r p a u l i n , fibre ropes, etc.) applied t o
systems a n d o u t f i t , as w e l l as t h e i r m a i n t e n a n c e i n h u l l structures ( f o r d e f i n i t i o n , refer t o A p p e n d i x 2 ) ;
o p e r a t i o n a l c o n d i t i o n i s w i t h i n duties o f t h e s h i p o w n e r
d a m a g e change o f shape o r b r e a k o f structures
a n d ship a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , w h i c h s h a l l ensure p e r f o r m a n c e a n d c o m p o n e n t s i n t e g r i t y , s u c h as: destructions, ruptures,
o f r e q u i r e d checks a n d e x a m i n a t i o n s f o r detection o f fractures, cracks, breakages a n d r e s i d u a l d e f o r m a t i o n s
possible defects a n d faults. I f defects a n d faults affecting (dents, bends, t o r s i o n s , goffers, b u l g e s ) , etc. applied t o
t h e ship safely are detected, t h e ship a d m i n i s t r a t i o n s h a l l h u l l structures ( f o r d e f i n i t i o n , refer t o A p p e n d i x 2 ) ;
i n f o r m t h e R e g i s t e r representative a b o u t i t .
fault f a i l u r e o f r e l i a b l e o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y
5.3 T h e R e g i s t e r carries o u t assessment o f t h e and equipment, such as: failure ( b r e a k d o w n ) , m i s a l i g n m e n t ,
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f i t e m s o f s u p e r v i s i o n i n t h e course a b n o r m a l f u n c t i o n i n g o f engines, bearings a n d e q u i p o f e x a m i n a t i o n s , m e a s u r e m e n t s , checks a n d o p e r a t i o n a l m e n t ( h i g h v i b r a t i o n , n o i s e , t e m p e r a t u r e ) , excessive
testsing, w h i c h scope is specified i n t h e r e l e v a n t parts o f clearances o f j o i n t s , incorrect readings o f i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , etc.
these R u l e s .
5.4 O n ships b e i n g i n service f o r a l o n g t i m e a
5.6 Assessment o f technical c o n d i t i o n o f items o f
t h o r o u g h t e s t i n g f o r defects o f h u l l , a r r a n g e m e n t s , supervision i s carried o u t b y the Register o n the basis o f
m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d r e f r i g e r a t i n g p l a n t , ship's n o r m s f o r permissible defects (wears, damages, faults)
e q u i p m e n t , electrical e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e carried o u t f o r g i v e n i n t h e relevant chapters o f these R u l e s , other
assessment o f t h e i r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n . T h e scope o f approved n o r m a t i v e documents, manufacturers' operation
p a r t i c u l a r e x a m i n a t i o n s , m e a s u r e m e n t s , inspections a n d manuals o f machinery, arrangements and equipment.
tests s h a l l b e increased depending o n t h e ship's age,
5.7 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f h u l l
repairs a n d replacements p e r f o r m e d .
structures is carried o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n s
T e s t i n g f o r defects o f t h e ship's h u l l i s s u b d i v i d e d o f A p p e n d i x 2 .
i n t o p a r t i a l ( e x a m i n a t i o n o f restricted h u l l areas w i t h i n
5.8 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ships'
certain spans o r cross sections) a n d c o m p l e t e ( t h o r o u g h structures d u r i n g r e n o v a t i o n o f t h e ships' h u l l s is carried
e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l h u l l m e m b e r s ) . T h e p a r t i a l testing f o r o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f A p p e n d i x 2 .
defects, as a r u l e , s h a l l be p e r f o r m e d o n ships o f n o t m o r e
5.9 T e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n fit f o r service f o r ships,
t h a n 1 0 years o f age, complete testing f o r defects i n c l u d i n g t h e i r c o m p o n e n t s ( s t r u c t u r e s , m a c h i n e r y ,
o n ships o f m o r e t h a n 15 years o f age. D r a w i n g s s h a l l arrangements, e q u i p m e n t , o u t f i t a n d o t h e r i t e m s o f
c o n t a i n thicknesses, parameters o f goffers, bulges a n d t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n ) , m e a n s that t h e y are i n t e c h n i c a l
dents, i n f o r m a t i o n o n h u l l m e m b e r replacements, as w e l l c o n d i t i o n fit f o r s e r v i c e , i . e . t h e y a r e capable o f
as l o c a t i o n a n d e x t e n t o f back-up w e l d s .
performing their functions, a n d operational wears
T h e R e g i s t e r - w i t n e s s e d results o f t h e testing f o r ( d a m a g e s ) l i e w i t h i n l i m i t s , w h i c h e n s u r e n o r m a l
defects ( r e p o r t w i t h d r a w i n g s o f s h e l l e x p a n s i o n , deck o p e r a t i o n d u r i n g t h e p e r i o d specified i n t h e ship's
p l a t i n g , w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d s a n d f r a m i n g m e m b e r s ) d o c u m e n t s , a n d there a r e n o dangerous defects, w h i l e
s h a l l b e k e p t o n b o a r d , a n d t h e i r copies a t t h e t h e defects i d e n t i f i e d l i e w i t h i n a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s .
R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n .
5.10 I f d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f ship's h u l l m e m b e r s , ship, its h u l l , ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t ,
p i p i n g a n d ship's arrangements, i f n o t carried o u t b y t h e m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n o r r e f r i g e r a t i n g p l a n t , electrical
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r h i m s e l f , s h a l l b e carried o u t b y e q u i p m e n t is f o u n d n o t t o c o m p l y w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s

Part I. General Provisions

o f t h e R u l e s , t h e ship s h a l l n o t b e r e c o g n i z e d f i t f o r
service, a n d classification d o c u m e n t s s h a l l n o t b e issued/
endorsed/extended; t h e ship's class is suspended u n t i l t h e
ship i s b r o u g h t i n t o l i n e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e
R u l e s o r u n t i l defects are e l i m i n a t e d a n d t h e n t e c h n i c a l
c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship m a y b e r e c o g n i z e d f i t f o r service.
I n n e c e s s a r y cases C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e ,
Seaworthiness Certificate o r other documents m a y be
w i t h d r a w n from t h e ship a n d ship a d m i n i s t r a t i o n receives
t h e r e p o r t o n i n v a l i d a t i o n o f these d o c u m e n t s .
5.11 I f d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y dangerous defects caused
b y structural deficiencies a r e detected (e.g. incorrect
structure, i n s u f f i c i e n t strength, etc.), t h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l
d e m a n d b o t h t o repair damages a n d e l i m i n a t e structural
deficiencies, w h i c h h a v e caused these damages.
5.12 I f detected damages, faults o r deficiencies d o
n o t e v i d e n t l y affect t h e ship safety a n d t h e i r e l i m i n a t i o n
is i m p o s s i b l e o r t r o u b l e s o m e f o r t h e t i m e b e i n g , t h e n ,
u p o n t h e s h i p o w n e r request, p e r f o r m i n g o f t h e r e q u i r e ments o f the Rules for Construction m a y be postponed
u n t i l t h e soonest scheduled repair o r f o r t h e agreed t e r m ;
i n necessary cases service restrictions m a y b e i m p o s e d .
S e r v i c e restrictions (area o f n a v i g a t i o n , w e a t h e r
conditions, ship load, etc.) due t o poor technical
c o n d i t i o n , w h i c h i s e q u a l t o r e c o g n i t i o n t h e ship as
s e a w o r t h y u n d e r c e r t a i n service restrictions m a y b e
a d m i t t e d as a n e x c e p t i o n f o r a restricted p e r i o d a n d i f
sufficient substantiations are available.
5.13 F a u l t y c o n d i t i o n o f i t e m s i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d t h e
ship i n a d d i t i o n t o m a n d a t o r y i t e m s r e q u i r e d b y t h e R u l e s
f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n s h a l l n o t p r e v e n t r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e ship
as b e i n g i n t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n f i t f o r service. H o w e v e r , i f
t h e i r use affects t h e ship n a v i g a t i o n , safely o f h u m a n l i f e
o r safe carriage o f cargoes, t h e n o p e r a t i o n o f s u c h i t e m s
s h a l l b e p r o h i b i t e d u n t i l t h e y a r e i n a satisfactory
condition.
5.14 I f e x t r a o r d i n a r y large w e a r s , damages o r defects
o f u n u s u a l n a t u r e h a v e b e e n detected, a l l possible
measures s h a l l b e t a k e n t o f i n d o u t t h e i r causes and, i f
necessary, c o m p e t e n t experts s h a l l b e i n v o l v e d a n d
calculations a n d tests s h a l l b e carried o u t . A s s e s s m e n t
s h a l l b e m a d e o f t h e r e q u i r e d scope o f t h e repairs t o
e l i m i n a t e defects, besides, measures s h a l l b e t a k e n t o
p r e v e n t s u c h defects i n f u t u r e .
Tn extraordinary complicated cases, specialized c o m petent organizations s h a l l b e i n v o l v e d a n d measures
associated w i t h structural modifications shall be developed.
5.15 W h e n , as a r e s u l t o f s u r v e y , s u b s t a n t i a l
c o r r o s i o n o r s i g n i f i c a n t d e f o r m a t i o n are detected, w h i c h ,
i n t h e opinion o f the surveyor, d o n o t allow further
o p e r a t i o n o f t h e s h i p , measures s h a l l b e t a k e n t o
e l i m i n a t e t h e m p r i o r t o t h e ship's v o y a g e .
espite t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d , a n y d a m a g e associated
w i t h t h e a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ( i n c l u d i n g dents, ruptures,
cracks o r e x t e n s i v e areas o f wastage o v e r t h e a l l o w a b l e
l i m i t s ) , w h i c h affects o r m a y affect t h e structural a n d

17

watertight integrity, shall b e p r o m p t l y and thoroughly


repaired. I n t h i s case, special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e
following items o f technical supervision:
side s h e l l frames, t h e i r e n d attachments o r adjacent
shell plating;
deck structures a n d deck p l a t i n g ;
b o t t o m structures a n d b o t t o m p l a t i n g ;
watertight or oiltight bulkheads;
h a t c h covers o r h a t c h c o a m i n g s .
I n ports w h e r e t h e adequate repair facilities a r e
u n a v a i l a b l e , c o n s i d e r a t i o n m a y b e g i v e n t o a l l o w t h e ship
t o proceed d i r e c t l y t o a p o r t w i t h repair facilities. T h i s
m a y r e q u i r e t h e ship u n l o a d i n g and/or t e m p o r a r y repairs
f o r t h e l i m i t e d p e r i o d o f t h e i n t e n d e d passage.

6 SHIP'S T E C H N I C A L DOCUMENTATION
6.1 T e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n l i s t e d i n A p p e n d i x 1
shall b e available o n board. I t is required t o verify
c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e t e c h n i c a l r e q u i r e m e n t s a n d ensure
p r o v i s i o n o f rates a n d characteristics specified b y t h e
R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n a t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship b u i l t
neither under t h e Register technical supervision n o r
u n d e r t h e s u p e r v i s i o n o f a c o m p e t e n t b o d y o n t h e basis
o f agreement o n m u t u a l s u b s t i t u t i o n w i t h t h e Register.
T h e a b o v e l i s t includes design d o c u m e n t a t i o n , w h i c h i s
u s u a l l y issued t o t h e ship after c o n s t r u c t i o n o r m a j o r
repairs, c o n v e r s i o n , m o d e r n i z a t i o n a n d replacement o f
items o f technical supervision.
6.2 T h e a m o u n t o f t h e r e q u i r e d ship's t e c h n i c a l
d o c u m e n t a t i o n m a y b e reduced i f d o c u m e n t a t i o n from
classification a n d o t h e r s u p e r v i s o r y bodies, as w e l l as
from a s h i p b u i l d i n g y a r d ( m a n u f a c t u r e r ) i s available.
This documentation shall confirm fulfilment o f the
requirements o f the Rules for Construction and internat i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s , q u a l i t y o f t h e m a t e r i a l s used a n d
w o r k m a n s h i p , p e r f o r m a n c e o f d u e tests o f i t e m s o f
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n a n d that t h e s u b m i t t e d d o c u m e n t a t i o n contains a l l t h e data r e q u i r e d f o r i s s u i n g t h e R e g i s t e r
d o c u m e n t s . T h e a m o u n t o f d o c u m e n t s m a y b e changed i f
agreed b y t h e Register.
6.3 W h e r e m o d i f i c a t i o n s a n d r e p l a c e m e n t s a r e
p e r f o r m e d i n h u l l structures, u n i t s o f t h e m a c h i n e r y
installation a n d refrigerating plant, t h e amount o f
d o c u m e n t a t i o n s u b m i t t e d s h a l l correspond t o t h e scope
o f m o d i f i c a t i o n s a n d replacements p e r f o r m e d . D r a w i n g s
o f t h e s h e l l p l a t i n g expansions, d o u b l e b o t t o m p l a t i n g
a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d s w i t h i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e plates
replaced d u r i n g p r e v i o u s repairs t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e results
o f testing f o r defects s h a l l b e a v a i l a b l e o n b o a r d a l l ships.
6.4 T h e s u r v e y o r m a y d e m a n d t h e calculations t o b e
s u b m i t t e d r e q u i r e d t o assess w h e t h e r t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n a r e c o m p l i e d w i t h , unless
these are p r o v i d e d i n t h e s u b m i t t e d d o c u m e n t a t i o n .

18

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

6.5 I f t h e s h i p o w n e r i s u n a b l e t o s u b m i t a n y
t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n c o n t a i n e d i n t h e list m e n t i o n e d
i n 6 . 1 , h e s h a l l ensure t h a t t h e s u r v e y o r receives a l l t h e
necessary i n f o r m a t i o n a t i n i t i a l s u r v e y ; i f necessary,
d r a w i n g s s h a l l b e prepared o n full-scale m e a s u r e m e n t s
a n d calculations. W h e r e certificates o f c o n f o r m i t y o r
o t h e r d o c u m e n t s ascertaining t h e tests r e q u i r e d b y t h e
R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f SeaG o i n g S h i p s are u n a v a i l a b l e , t h e i t e m s s h a l l b e subjected
t o t h e respective tests.
6.6 D u r i n g c o n v e r s i o n o r repairs, d o c u m e n t a t i o n
s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r t h e R e g i s t e r a p p r o v a l o n those
parts o f t h e ship's h u l l , m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u i p m e n t , w h i c h
are l i a b l e t o c o n v e r s i o n o r r e s t o r a t i o n .
6.7 W h e r e n e w m a c h i n e r y o r arrangements subject
t o t h e R e g i s t e r s u p e r v i s i o n are i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d t h e ship,
w h i c h differ considerably f r o m t h e o r i g i n a l ones,
technical documentation o n t h e n e w items shall be
submitted for the Register approval to the extent required
f o r i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship.
6.8 W h e n t h e ship is s u b m i t t e d t o a n y t y p e o f survey,
t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n specified i n 4 . 5 s h a l l be s u b m i t t e d t o
t h e s u r v e y o r u p o n h i s request.
6.9 O n c o m p l e t i o n o f s u r v e y t h e R e g i s t e r issues t h e
documents confirming the fulfillment o f the requirements
o f t h e Rules (refer t o Section 6 , Part I "General
Provisions" o f the Guidelines).

7 REQUIREMENTS F O RSERVICE SUPPLIERS


7.1 G E N E R A L
See circular 835

7 . 1 . 1 F i r m s p r o v i d i n g services o n b e h a l f o f t h e
o w n e r o f a ship o r m o b i l e o f f s h o r e d r i l l i n g u n i t , such as
m e a s u r e m e n t s , tests o r m a i n t e n a n c e o f safely systems
a n d e q u i p m e n t , as w e l l as t e s t i n g laboratories t h e results
o f w h i c h are used b y t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e R e g i s t e r i n
m a k i n g decisions affecting classification, shall b e
r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n accordance w i t h t h e
m a n d a t o r y procedures set f o r t h i n t h i s S e c t i o n .
7.1.2 W h e r e s u c h services are used b y t h e s u r v e y o r s
i n m a k i n g decisions affecting statutory certifications, the
f i r m s s h a l l be recognized b y t h e Register w h e r e the latter
is s o a u t h o r i z e d b y the r e l e v a n t F l a g A d m i n i s t r a t i o n . F o r
such services, the R e g i s t e r m a y recognize the approvals o f
the F l a g A d m i n i s t r a t i o n i t s e l f o r d u l y a u t h o r i z e d organiza
tions acting o n b e h a l f o f t h e F l a g A d m i n i s t r a t i o n .
7.1.3 T h i s S e c t i o n sets basic standards f o r q u a l i f y i n g
service suppliers.

7.2 A P P L I C A T I O N
See circular 835

7.2.1 U n l e s s specified o t h e r w i s e , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
t h e present S e c t i o n a p p l y t o r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e f o l l o w i n g
categories o f service suppliers d e p e n d i n g o n t h e t y p e o f
services p r o v i d e d .
7.2.1.1 C l a s s i f i c a t i o n services are p r o v i d e d b y t h e
firms:
engaged i n tightness t e s t i n g o f hatches w i t h u l t r a
sonic e q u i p m e n t ;
c a r r y i n g o u t i n - w a t e r s u r v e y s o f ships a n d m o b i l e
offshore drilling units;
engaged i n t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f b o w , stern, side a n d
i n n e r d o o r s o n r o - r o ships;
engaged i n t e s t i n g o f c o a t i n g systems i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h the requirements o f I M O Resolution M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 )
and I A C S U I SC223;
engaged i n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o n ships (here
inafter r e f e r r e d t o as " T M F i r m " ) a n d c e r t i f i e d as o n e o f
t h e f o l l o w i n g t w o categories:
category I : engaged i n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o n
a l l ships regardless o f t h e i r gross tonnage;
category : engaged i n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o n
a l l fishing vessels regardless o f t h e i r gross t o n n a g e , a n d
n o n - E S P ships less t h a n 5 0 0 gross t o n n a g e .
7.2.1.2 S t a t u t o r y services are p r o v i d e d b y t h e firms:
engaged i n s u r v e y s a n d m a i n t e n a n c e o f fire e x t i n
g u i s h i n g e q u i p m e n t a n d systems;
engaged i n service o n i n f l a t a b l e liferafts, i n f l a t a b l e
lifejackets, h y d r o s t a t i c release u n i t s , i n f l a t a b l e rescue/fast
rescue boats, rescue boats w h i c h are a c o m b i n a t i o n o f
rigid a n d inflatable construction/fast rescue boats,
e v a c u a t i o n systems, i n f l a t a b l e p l a t f o r m s o f m e a n s o f
rescue, lifeboats a n d l a u n c h i n g appliances;
engaged i n t h e servicing a n d testing o f radio
equipment and E P I R B s ;
engaged i n i n s p e c t i o n a n d testing o f c e n t r a l i z e d gas
welding and cutting equipment;
engaged i n surveys a n d maintenance o f selfc o n t a i n e d b r e a t h i n g apparatus;
engaged i n a n n u a l p e r f o r m a n c e t e s t i n g o f v o y a g e
data recorders ( V D R ) ;
engaged i n s u r v e y s o f l o w l o c a t i o n l i g h t i n g systems
using photo luminescent materials;
engaged i n s o u n d pressure l e v e l m e a s u r e m e n t s f o r
l o u d s p e a k e r s o f p u b l i c address a n d g e n e r a l a l a r m
systems;
engaged i n t e s t i n g o f c o a t i n g systems i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h the requirements o f I M O Resolution M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 )
and I A C S U I S C 2 2 3 and/or I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 8 8 ( 8 7 ) .
7.2.2 D e t a i l e d r e q u i r e m e n t s specific t o t h e v a r i o u s
categories o f suppliers a r e g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 7.7. T h e
n a t i o n a l and/or i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e g u l a t i o n s m a y c o n t a i n
additional requirements. References t o such n a t i o n a l and/or
i n t e r n a t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 7.7.

Part I. General Provisions

R e q u i r e m e n t s o f 7.7.1.2 s h a l l a p p l y t o r e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e
category I I T M F i r m s .

19

7.3.2.3 S u p e r v i s i o n .
T h e supplier shall provide supervision f o r a l l
services p r o v i d e d . T h e responsible s u p e r v i s o r s h a l l h a v e
m i n i m u m t w o years experience as a n operator/technician/inspector w i t h i n t h e activity, f o r w h i c h t h e
7.3 P R O C E D U R E F O R R E C O G N I T I O N
s u p p l i e r i s recognized. F o r a s u p p l i e r c o n s i s t i n g o f o n e
AND CERTIFICATION
person, that person shall meet t h e qualification requirem e n t s o f a supervisor.
7.3.1 S u b m i s s i o n o f d o c u m e n t s .
T h e following documents shall b e submitted t o the
7.3.2.4 Personnel's records.
Register for r e v i e w :
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l k e e p records o f t h e a p p r o v e d
outline o f f i r m (e.g. organization a n d management operators/technicians/inspectors. T h e records s h a l l c o n structure, including subsidiaries i n the approval/recognition); t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n o n age, f o r m a l e d u c a t i o n , t r a i n i n g a n d
experience f o r t h e services, f o r w h i c h t h e y are a p p r o v e d .
list o f n o m i n a t e d agents;
f i r m experience i n t h e specific service area;
7.3.2.5 E q u i p m e n t a n d facilities.
list o f operators/technicians/inspectors h a v i n g d o c u T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e t h e necessary e q u i p m e n t a n d
m e n t e d t r a i n i n g a n d experience i n t h e r e l e v a n t service facilities f o r t h e services t o b e supplied. A r e c o r d o f t h e
area a n d q u a l i f i c a t i o n s a c c o r d i n g t o r e c o g n i z e d n a t i o n a l e q u i p m e n t u s e d s h a l l b e kept. T h e r e c o r d s h a l l c o n t a i n
o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l standards, as r e l e v a n t ;
information o n maintenance and calibration.
description o f equipment used f o r t h e particular
7.3.2.6 Procedures.
service, f o r w h i c h a p p r o v a l i s sought;
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e d o c u m e n t e d w o r k procedures c o v e r i n g a l l services supplied.
a g u i d e f o r operators o f s u c h e q u i p m e n t ;
t r a i n i n g p r o g r a m m e s f o r operators/technicians/in7.3.2.7 Subcontractors.
spectors;
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l s u b m i t i n f o r m a t i o n o f agreements
checklists a n d r e c o r d f o r m a t s f o r r e c o r d i n g results o f a n d arrangements i f a n y parts o f t h e services p r o v i d e d
t h e services referred t o i n C h a p t e r 7 . 1 ;
are subcontracted. P a r t i c u l a r emphasis s h a l l b e g i v e n t o
Q u a l i t y M a n u a l and/or documented procedures quality management b y t h e supplier i n f o l l o w i n g - u p o f
d e v e l o p e d i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r a s u c h subcontracts. Subcontractors p r o v i d i n g a n y t h i n g
o t h e r t h a n subcontracted p e r s o n n e l o r e q u i p m e n t s h a l l
quality system;
evidence o f approval/recognition b y other bodies, i f any; also m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 7.3.2 a n d 7 . 3 . 5 .
i n f o r m a t i o n o n o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s , w h i c h m a y present a
7.3.2.8 V e r i f i c a t i o n .
c o n f l i c t o f interest;
T h e supplier s h a l l v e r i f y that the services p r o v i d e d are
r e c o r d o f customers' c l a i m s a n d c o r r e c t i v e actions carried o u t i n compliance w i t h the approved procedures.
requested b y c e r t i f i c a t i o n bodies;
7.3.2.9 R e p o r t i n g .
list a n d d o c u m e n t a t i o n o n licences granted b y t h e
T h e r e p o r t s h a l l b e prepared i n a f o r m acceptable t o
e q u i p m e n t m a n u f a c t u r e r ( w h e r e applicable).
t h e Register. Specific g u i d e l i n e s are g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 7.7.
T h e report shall include a copy o f the Recognition
7.3.2 G e n e r a l r e q u i r e m e n t s .
Certificate.
7.3.2.1 E x t e n t o f r e c o g n i t i o n .
7.3.3 A u d i t i n g o f s u p p l i e r .
T h e supplier shall demonstrate, as required b y 7.3.2.2
7.3.2.9, that i t has competence and control needed t o p e r f o r m
U p o n reviewing t h e submitted documents w i t h
the services, f o r w h i c h recognition is s o u g h t
satisfactory result, t h e supplier is audited i n order t o
7.3.2.2 T r a i n i n g o f p e r s o n n e l .
ascertain that the supplier is d u l y organized a n d managed i n
T h e supplier i s responsible f o r t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n a n d accordance w i t h t h e submitted documents, a n d that i t i s
t r a i n i n g o f i t s p e r s o n n e l t o t h e recognized n a t i o n a l , considered capable o f p r o v i d i n g t h e services, f o r w h i c h
i n t e r n a t i o n a l o r i n d u s t r i a l standards, as applicable. W h e r e recognition/issue o f the R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate i s s o u g h t
such standards d o n o t exist, t h e supplier s h a l l define
7.3.4 T h e r e c o g n i t i o n i s c o n d i t i o n a l o n a practical
standards f o r the t r a i n i n g a n d q u a l i f i c a t i o n o f its personnel d e m o n s t r a t i o n o f t h e specific service p e r f o r m a n c e , as
relevant t o the functions each a u t h o r i z e d t o p e r f o r m . T h e w e l l as satisfactory r e p o r t i n g b e i n g carried o u t .
p e r s o n n e l s h a l l also h a v e a n adequate experience a n d b e
7.3.5 Q u a l i t y S y s t e m .
f a m i l i a r w i t h t h e o p e r a t i o n o f a n y necessary equipment.
7.3.5.1 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e a d o c u m e n t e d s y s t e m
Operators/technicians/inspectors s h a l l h a v e a m i n i m u m o f c o v e r i n g a t least t h e f o l l o w i n g :
o n e y e a r t u t o r e d on-the-job t r a i n i n g . W h e r e i t i s n o t
code o f c o n d u c t f o r t h e r e l e v a n t a c t i v i t y ;
possible t o p e r f o r m i n t e r n a l t r a i n i n g , a p r o g r a m o f e x t e r n a l
maintenance and calibration o f equipment;
t r a i n i n g m a y b e considered as acceptable.
t r a i n i n g p r o g r a m m e s f o r operators/technicians/in
spectors;
' G e n e r a l r e q u i r e m e n t s c o n c e r n i n g suppliers are g i v e n i n 7 . 3 . 2 ,
s u p e r v i s i o n a n d v e r i f i c a t i o n t o ensure c o m p l i a n c e
a n d specific r e q u i r e m e n t s , as r e l e v a n t , i n chapter 7.7.
w i t h o p e r a t i o n a l procedures;
1

20

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

recording and reporting o f information;


q u a l i t y m a n a g e m e n t o f subsidiaries a n d agents;
j o b preparation;
p e r i o d i c r e v i e w o f w o r k process procedures, c o m p
laints, corrective actions a n d issuance, m a i n t e n a n c e a n d
control o f documents.
73.5.2 A documented Q u a l i t y S y s t e m c o m p l y i n g w i t h
the m o s t current v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series a n d i n c l u d i n g
the above items, shall b e considered acceptable.
7.3.6 S e r v i c e s u p p l i e r s ' r e l a t i o n s w i t h t h e e q u i p
ment manufacturers.
7.3.6.1 A f i r m , w h i c h w o r k s as a service s t a t i o n f o r
m a n u f a c t u r e r s ) o f e q u i p m e n t a n d as a service supplier i n
t h i s f i e l d s h a l l b e assessed b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s ) a n d
n o m i n a t e d as t h e i r agent. T h e m a n u f a c t u r e r s h a l l ensure
that appropriate i n s t r u c t i o n m a n u a l s , m a t e r i a l s , etc. a r e
a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e agent as w e l l as o f p r o p e r t r a i n i n g o f t h e
agent's technicians. S u c h suppliers s h a l l b e r e c o g n i z e d
either o n a case-by-case basis o r i n accordance
w i t h 7.3.6.2.
7.3.6.2 I f a m a n u f a c t u r e r o f e q u i p m e n t ( a n d service
s u p p l i e r ) applies t o t h e R e g i s t e r f o r i n c l u s i o n o f h i s
n o m i n a t e d agents and/or subsidiaries i n r e c o g n i t i o n , h e
(the m a n u f a c t u r e r ) s h a l l h a v e a Q u a l i t y S y s t e m c o m p l y
i n g w i t h t h e m o s t c u r r e n t v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series,
w i t h effective c o n t r o l s o f h i s agents and/or subsidiaries,
a n d w h e n these agents/subsidiaries h a v e a n e q u a l l y
effective Q u a l i t y S y s t e m c o m p l y i n g w i t h t h e m o s t
c u r r e n t v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series. S u c h approvals s h a l l
b e based u p o n a n e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e Q u a l i t y S y s t e m u s e d
b y the manufacturer and c o m p l y i n g w i t h the most current
v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series. T h e R e g i s t e r m a y r e q u i r e
confirming efficiency o f this Q u a l i t y System b y
p e r f o r m i n g audits o n s u c h agents o r subsidiaries against
t h e m o s t c u r r e n t v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series.

7.4 I S S U E O F R E C O G N I T I O N C E R T I F I C A T E

7.4.1 U p o n satisfactory c o m p l e t i o n o f b o t h the audit o f


the supplier a n d t h e demonstration test, i f required, t h e
Register shall issue a R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate stating that the
supplier's service operation s y s t e m has b e e n f o u n d t o b e
satisfactory a n d that t h e results o f services p r o v i d e d i n
accordance w i t h that s y s t e m m a y be recognized and utilized
b y t h e surveyors t o t h e Register i n m a k i n g decisions
affecting classification o r statutory certification, as applic
able. T h e R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate shall clearly state the type
and scope o f services a n d a n y l i m i t a t i o n s o r restrictions
imposed. T h e supplier w i l l also b e included i n the Register
records o f recognized service suppliers.
7.4.2 R e n e w a l o f t h e R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e s h a l l b e
m a d e i n accordance w i t h t h e procedure established b y
Section 3, Part I "General Regulations f o r Technical
Supervision" o f the Rules f o r Technical Supervision

during Construction o f Ships a n d Manufacture o f


Materials and Products f o r Ships.
7.4.3 W h e r e several service stations are o w n e d b y a
g i v e n f i r m , each s t a t i o n s h a l l b e assessed a n d r e c o g n i z e d
except as specified i n 7.3.6.2.

7.5 I N F O R M A T I O N O N A L T E R A T I O N S
TO THE CERTIFIED SERVICE OPERATION SYSTEM

7.5.1 I n case w h e r e any alteration t o the certified service


operation system o f the supplier is made, such alteration shall
be i m m e d i a t e l y i n f o r m e d t o t h e Register. Re-audit m a y b e
required w h e n deemed necessary b y t h e Register.

7.6 C A N C E L L A T I O N O F R E C O G N I T I O N

7.6.1 R e c o g n i t i o n m a y b e cancelled i n t h e f o l l o w i n g
cases:
.1 w h e r e t h e service w a s i m p r o p e r l y p r o v i d e d o r t h e
results w e r e i m p r o p e r l y reported;
.2 w h e r e a s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r finds deficiencies
i n t h e r e c o g n i z e d service o p e r a t i o n s y s t e m o f t h e supplier
a n d appropriate c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n is n o t t a k e n ;
.3 w h e r e t h e supplier fails t o i n f o r m t h e R e g i s t e r o f
a n y a l t e r a t i o n , as r e q u i r e d i n C h a p t e r 7.5;
.4 w h e r e i n t e r m e d i a t e audit, i f requested as p e r 7.4.2,
has n o t b e e n carried o u t ;
.5 w h e r e a n y o m i s s i o n s o r acts n o t agreed w i t h t h e
R e g i s t e r are ascertained.
7.6.2 T h e R e g i s t e r reserves t h e r i g h t t o cancel t h e
recognition and t o inform A C S I A C S member
accordingly.
7.63 A supplier, w h o s e recognition has been cancelled,
m a y apply f o r re-recognition, provided i t has eliminated t h e
non-conformities, w h i c h resulted i n cancellation o f t h e
recognition, a n d the Register is able t o c o n f i r m that t h e
supplier has effectively implemented t h e corrective action.

7.7 S P E C I A L R E Q U I R E M E N T S F O R S E R V I C E S U P P L I E R S

7.7.1 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r T M F i r m s .
7.7.1.1 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r category I T M F i r m s .
7.7.1.1.1 Supervisor.
T h e responsible s u p e r v i s o r s h a l l b e q u a l i f i e d accord
ing t o a recognized national o r international industrial
N D T standard (e.g. I S O 9 7 1 2 l e v e l ).
1 }

^ r o m 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 3 , t h e standard E N I S O 9 7 1 2 w a s adopted
a n d has superseded E N 4 7 3 , I S O 9 7 1 2 . I n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e n e w
E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T p e r s o n n e l according t o E N 4 7 3 o r
I S O 9 7 1 2 a w a r d e d before 2 0 1 3 r e m a i n s v a l i d u n t i l t h e e x p i r y date o f
t h e certificates.

Part I. General Provisions

21

S u p e r v i s o r s h a l l h a v e adequate k n o w l e d g e o f t h e
ship structures a n d b e able t o assess t h e results o f t h e
performed measurements i n compliance w i t h the R S
n o r m a t i v e basis.
7.7.1.1.2 Operators.
T h e operators c a r r y i n g o u t t h e m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l
be certified t o a recognized national o r international
i n d u s t r i a l standard (e.g. I S O 9 7 1 2 l e v e l I ) a n d s h a l l
h a v e adequate k n o w l e d g e o f ship structures s u f f i c i e n t t o
select a representative p o s i t i o n f o r each m e a s u r e m e n t .
7.7.1.1.3 Operators/supervisors s h a l l h a v e a p p r o p r i ate q u a l i f i c a t i o n d o c u m e n t s i n u l t r a s o n i c testing ( u l t r a s o n i c t h i c k n e s s ) issued b y a n accredited b o d y f o r t r a i n i n g
a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T p e r s o n n e l (hereinafter r e f e r r e d
t o as " c e r t i f i c a t i o n b o d y " ) specified i n 7.7.1.1.4.
I f t h e d o c u m e n t s o f operators/supervisors are issued
b y c e r t i f i c a t i o n bodies w i t h o u t accreditation as specified
i n 7.7.1.1.4, the possibility o f the T M F i r m recognition is
subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y R H O .
F o r each service p r o v i d e d , a n operator/supervisor
s h a l l h o l d a p o w e r o f a t t o r n e y d u l y signed a n d sealed b y
a T M F i r m , t o enable h i m / h e r t o c a r r y o u t thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f h u l l structures o n a p a r t i c u l a r ship.
7.7.1.1.4 B o d i e s f o r t r a i n i n g a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n
o f N D T personnel.
According t o E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , bodies operating
t r a i n i n g a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T p e r s o n n e l (operators/
s u p e r v i s o r s ) s h a l l b e accredited b y t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l o r
n a t i o n a l accreditation b o d y f o r n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e t e s t i n g
(hereinafter referred t o as " N D T accreditation b o d i e s " )
for compliance w i t h the requirements o f I S O / I E C 17024.
Self-declaration o f compliance is n o t allowed.
T h e list o f N D T accreditation bodies m e m b e r s o f
t h e f o l l o w i n g i n t e r n a t i o n a l associations f o r N D T , c a n b e
found b y links:
t h e E u r o p e a n F e d e r a t i o n f o r N o n - D e s t r u c t i v e Testi n g ( E F N D T ) : http://www.efndt.org/Members.aspx;
the International C o m m i t t e e f o r Non-Destructive
T e s t i n g ( I C N D T ) : http://www.icndt.org/Directory.aspx;
A s i a Pacific Federation for Non-Destructive Testing
( A P F N D T ) : http://apjh.dt. org/apfndt3.html.
B o d i e s accredited f o r p e r s o n n e l t r a i n i n g a n d c e r t i f i cation i n non-destructive testing o f items o f t h e R S
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n (e.g. i n s h i p b u i l d i n g a n d shiprepair
sector) according t o E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , m a y b e a d d i t i o n a l l y
certified b y R S i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Section 1 1 , Part I "General Regulations f o r Technical
Supervision" o f the Rules f o r Technical Supervision
during Construction o f Ships a n d Manufacture o f
Materials a n d Products f o r Ships at their voluntary
request.
1 }

^ r o m 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 3 , t h e standard E N I S O 9 7 1 2 w a s adopted
a n d h a s superseded E N 4 7 3 , I S O 9 7 1 2 . I n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e n e w
E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T p e r s o n n e l according t o E N 4 7 3 o r
I S O 9 7 1 2 a w a r d e d b e f o r e 2 0 1 3 r e m a i n s v a l i d u n t i l t h e e x p i r y date o f
the certificates.

B o d i e s t h a t are n o t accredited b y N D T accreditation


bodies f o r p e r s o n n e l t r a i n i n g a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n i n n o n destructive t e s t i n g o f i t e m s o f t h e R S t e c h n i c a l superv i s i o n according t o E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , shall b e certified
b y R S o n a m a n d a t o r y basis.
7.7.1.1.5 E q u i p m e n t .
O n coated surfaces, i n s t r u m e n t s u s i n g p u l s e d echo
t e c h n i q u e ( e i t h e r w i t h oscilloscope o r d i g i t a l i n s t r u m e n t s
u s i n g m u l t i p l e echo, o r a s i n g l e c r y s t a l t e c h n i q u e ) s h a l l
be used. S i n g l e e c h o i n s t r u m e n t s m a y b e u s e d o n
u n c o a t e d surfaces, w h i c h h a v e b e e n cleaned a n d g r i n d e d .
7.7.1.1.6 Procedures.
D o c u m e n t e d w o r k procedures s h a l l , at least, c o n t a i n
information o n survey preparation, selection a n d identif i c a t i o n o f test l o c a t i o n s , surface p r e p a r a t i o n , p r o t e c t i v e
coating preservation, calibration checks a n d report
p r e p a r a t i o n a n d content.
7.7.1.1.7 R e p o r t i n g .
T h e r e p o r t s h a l l b e based o n t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Appendix 2 and the Instruction o n Residual Thickness
Measurements o f Ships H u l l s .
7.7.1.1.8 D e t a i l s o f category I T M F i r m r e c o g n i t i o n .
T M F i r m r e c o g n i t i o n a n d issuance o f t h e R e c o g n i tion Certificate are conditional o n a practical demonstration o f thickness measurements o n board t h e ship
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e R S s u r v e y o r , as w e l l
as satisfactory r e p o r t i n g b e i n g carried o u t based o n t h e
results o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s .
T h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l issue t h e C e r t i f i c a t e o f V o c a t i o n a l
T r a i n i n g ( f o r m 7 . 1 . 3 4 ) t o t h e operator/supervisor c o n f i r m i n g h i s / h e r appropriate q u a l i f i c a t i o n f o r c a r r y i n g o u t
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o n ships i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
the R S normative documents.
A n entry o n t h e type o f service shall b e m a d e i n t h e
A n n e x t o t h e R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate ( f o r m 7.1.4.2) reading
as f o l l o w s : " 2 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 Category I : thickness measurements o n ships under supervision o f R S S u r v e y o r " .
During surveys o f recognized T M F i r m s f o r
corifirmation/renewal o f the Recognition Certificate, i t
shall b e confirmed that they fully c o m p l y w i t h t h e
applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R S n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s
concerning T M F i r m recognition, a n d that the residual
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s d u r i n g t h e p e r i o d o f v a l i d i t y o f
t h e R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e h a v e b e e n carried o u t o n
p a r t i c u l a r ships u n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e
Register, o r subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y R H O ,
under supervision o f the surveyors t o other classification
societies I A C S m e m b e r s w h o s e R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i cates a r e also a v a i l a b l e at t h e T M F i r m , i t s h a l l b e also
c o n f i r m e d t h a t thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s reports h a v e
b e e n d u l y signed a n d s t a m p e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e
R e g i s t e r o r s u r v e y o r s t o o t h e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n societies.
P a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e relevance o f t h e
list o f t h e T M F i r m operators, a n d t o t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f
t h e necessary d o c u m e n t s c o n f i r m i n g N D T p e r s o n n e l
qualification.

22

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

7.7.1.1.9 S u p e r v i s i o n f o r services p r o v i d e d b y b a s e f l n f o r m a t i o n o n S u p e r v i s i o n i n I n d u s t r y / L i s t o f T M
a recognized T M F i r m .
F i r m s R e c o g n i z e d b y O t h e r C l a s s i f i c a t i o n Societies,
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o n t h e R S - c l a s s e d ships w h o s e C e r t i f i c a t e s a r e C a n c e l l e d " b y l i n k
carried o u t b y t h e T M F i r m , s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d u n d e r http://gur.rs-head.spb.ru/win/survey/sto/tmcan.htm.
s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register, o r subject t o A l i s t o f T M F i r m s r e c o g n i z e d b y o t h e r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y R H O , u n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e societies c a n b e f o u n d o n t h e w e b s i t e www.iacs.org.uk
s u r v e y o r t o A C S I A C S m e m b e r i f t h e ship i s i n S e c t i o n " S h i p / C o m p a n y d a t a / T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e
s u b m i t t e d i n l o c a t i o n s inaccessible f o r s u r v e y b y t h e m e n t F i r m s " . I n cases w h e r e t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r
Register. T h e fact o f s u p e r v i s i o n a n d p e r f o r m a n c e o f reveals that t h e r e c o g n i t i o n o f a n y T M F i r m h a s b e e n
w o r k s i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R S cancelled b y A C S o r o t h e r classification societies, he/she
n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s s h a l l b e c e r t i f i e d b y signature a n d ( i f necessary) m a y contact R H O f o r f u r t h e r i n s t r u c t i o n s
stamp o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r o n t h e c o v e r page o n t h i s occasion.
o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t r e p o r t (refer t o 7 . 7 . 1 . 1 . 7 ) .
7.7.1.2 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r category T M F i r m s
7.7.1.1.10 I n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e T M F i r m s r e c o g n i t i o n l i m i t e d r e c o g n i t i o n .
status.
7.7.1.2.1 S c o p e o f r e c o g n i t i o n .
7.7.1.1.10.1 T h e I A C S w e b s i t e p r o v i d e s l i n k s t o t h e
I n addition t o t h e requirements o f Section 7 , Part I
databases o f o f f i c i a l w e b s i t e s o f t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n "General Regulations f o r Technical S u p e r v i s i o n " o f t h e
societies p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n I A C S P R 2 3 ( h e r e i n a f t e r R u l e s f o r Technical S u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g C o n s t r u c t i o n o f
referred t o as "participating s o c i e t y ( i e s ) " ) , w h i c h c o n t a i n Ships a n d M a n u f a c t u r e o f Materials and Products f o r Ships,
t h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e r e c o g n i z e d T M F i r m s (www.iacs. the objective o f this l i m i t e d recognition p r o g r a m m e i s t o
org.uk i n S e c t i o n " S h i p / C o m p a n y data/Thickness M e a v e r i f y that t h e T M F i r m has qualified personnel that are
s u r e m e n t F i r m s " ) . E a c h p a r t i c i p a t i n g society i s r e s p o n able t o measure thicknesses, recognize types o f wear,
sible t o p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n o n alterations o f t h e l i n k s i n understand h u l l structural drawings, have adequate k n o w l
order t o update t h e I A C S w e b s i t e .
edge o f ship structures i n addition t o h a v i n g the necessary
7.7.1.1.10.2 A C S i n c l u d i n g t h e Register shall n o t i f y technical equipment t o render professional assistance.
other classification societies (participating societies) and the
7.7.1.2.2 S u b m i s s i o n o f d o c u m e n t s .
I A C S Permanent Secretary o n cancellation o f the R e c o g n i
T h e following documents shall be submitted t o the
t i o n Certificates o f t h e T M F i r m s d u e t o a n y reason R e g i s t e r f o r r e v i e w :
specified i n 7.6.1.1 t o 7.6.1.3, 7.6.1.5. R H O shall send a
o u t l i n e o f t h e T M F i r m , e.g. o r g a n i z a t i o n a n d
notification o f cancellation o f recognition (the R e c o g n i t i o n m a n a g e m e n t structure;
Certificate) i n t h e f o r m g i v e n i n I A C S P R 2 3 w i t h i n
list o f operators d o c u m e n t i n g t r a i n i n g , q u a l i f i c a t i o n s
5 w o r k i n g days o f such cancellation v i a e - m a i l t o t h e a n d experience;
participating societies posted o n t h e I A C S website under
d e s c r i p t i o n o f e q u i p m e n t used, i n c l u d i n g m a i n t e
" P R 2 3 Contact Details", a n d t o t h e I A C S Permanent n a n c e a n d c a l i b r a t i o n procedures;
Secretary a t e - m a i l address permsec@iacs.org.uk. O n
a guide f o r operators o f s u c h e q u i p m e n t .
receipt b y t h e Register o f n o t i f i c a t i o n o n cancellation o f
7.7.1.2.3 N D T p e r s o n n e l d o c u m e n t s .
recognition (the R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate) o f the T M F i r m
T h e T M F i r m s h a l l k e e p records ( d o c u m e n t s ) o f t h e
from A C S o r other classification societies, R H O ( i f neces N D T p e r s o n n e l . T h e s e d o c u m e n t s s h a l l c o n t a i n i n f o r m a
sary) m a y request other classification societies/ACS f o r a n y t i o n o n age, f o r m a l education, t r a i n i n g a n d experience i n
additional i n f o r m a t i o n o n the reason f o r cancellation o f the thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s .
recognition (the R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate). N e x t , the obtained
A n operator c a r r y i n g o u t t h e m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e
i n f o r m a t i o n is subject t o the R H O r e v i e w , and the decision certified i n n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing m i n i m u m a t l e v e l I ,
is t a k e n w i t h regard t o t h e possibility o f m a i n t a i n i n g t h e a c c o r d i n g t o a r e c o g n i z e d n a t i o n a l o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l
T M F i r m recognition b y t h e Register, i f any, o r t h e standard f o r q u a l i f i c a t i o n a n d c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T
possibility o f issuance o f the R e c o g n i t i o n Certificate, i f the p e r s o n n e l ( i . e . E N I S O 9 7 1 2 ) . A n operator s h a l l h a v e
T M F i r m requests t o R S f o r the first time.
a m i n i m u m o f one year tutored on-the-job training, o r
w
h e r e i t i s n o t possible t o p e r f o r m i n t e r n a l t r a i n i n g ,
R H O a n d p a r t i c i p a t i n g societies s h a l l t i m e l y advise
a
p r o g r a m o f external training m a y b e considered
t h e I A C S P e r m a n e n t Secretary o f changes i n t h e i r p o i n t s
as
acceptable. A n operator s h a l l h a v e adequate k n o w l
o f contact as t h e y occur t o update t h e P R 2 3 contact
edge
o f ship structures, s u f f i c i e n t t o select a representa
details o n t h e I A C S w e b s i t e accordingly.
t
i
v
e
p
o s i t i o n f o r each m e a s u r e m e n t .
7.7.1.1.10.3 P r i o r t o issuance o f a n e w R e c o g n i t i o n
Certificate t o a T M F i r m o r r e n e w a l / c o n f i r m a t i o n o f a
^ r o m 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 3 , the standard E N I S O 9 7 1 2 w a s adopted
v a l i d o n e , t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l check t h e
a n d has superseded E N 4 7 3 , I S O 9 7 1 2 . I n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h the n e w
information o n cancellation o f the T M F i r m s recognition
E N I S O 9 7 1 2 , c e r t i f i c a t i o n o f N D T p e r s o n n e l according t o E N 4 7 3 o r
b y o t h e r classification societies o n t h e R S i n t e r n a l
I S O 9 7 1 2 a w a r d e d before 2 0 1 3 r e m a i n s v a l i d u n t i l t h e e x p i r y date o f
t h e certificates.
website i n Section "Information Systems/Industry Data! )

Part I. General Provisions

A n operator s h a l l h a v e r e l e v a n t q u a l i f i c a t i o n d o c u m e n t s i n u l t r a s o n i c testing ( u l t r a s o n i c t h i c k n e s s ) issued


b y accredited c e r t i f i c a t i o n b o d i e s specified i n 7.7.1.1.4.
I f t h e documents o f operators are issued b y
c e r t i f i c a t i o n b o d i e s w i t h o u t accreditation as specified
i n 7.7.1.1.4, t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f t h e T M F i r m r e c o g n i t i o n is
subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y R H O .
F o r each service p r o v i d e d a n operator/supervisor
s h a l l h o l d a p o w e r o f a t t o r n e y d u l y signed a n d sealed b y
a T M F i r m , t o enable h i m / h e r t o carry o u t thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f h u l l structures o n a p a r t i c u l a r ship
7.7.1.2.4 E q u i p m e n t .
R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r e q u i p m e n t a r e s i m i l a r t o those
specified i n 7.7.1.1.5.
7.7.1.2.5 R e p o r t i n g .
T h e r e p o r t s h a l l b e based o n t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
Appendix 2 and the Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s .
7.7.1.2.6 Details o f t h e category I I T M F i r m
recognition.
U p o n reviewing the submitted documents w i t h
satisfactory results, t h e T M F i r m s h a l l b e a u d i t e d t o
ascertain that t h e supplier ( T M F i r m ) i s d u l y o r g a n i z e d
a n d m a n a g e d i n accordance w i t h t h e s u b m i t t e d d o c u m e n t s , a n d that i t is considered capable o f r e n d e r i n g t h e
services f o r w h i c h r e c o g n i t i o n o f supplier ( T M F i r m ) /
issuance o f t h e R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e i s requested.
T h e T M F i r m r e c o g n i t i o n a n d issuance o f t h e
R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e a r e c o n d i t i o n a l o n a practical
d e m o n s t r a t i o n o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o n b o a r d t h e
ship p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e R S s u r v e y o r , as
w e l l as satisfactory r e p o r t i n g b e i n g carried o u t based o n
t h e N D T results.
U p o n satisfactory completion o f survey o f the T M F i r m ,
t h e d e m o n s t r a t i o n test a n d p r o p e r r e p o r t i n g , t h e R e g i s t e r
s h a l l issue r e l e v a n t reports o n s u r v e y a n d a R e c o g n i t i o n
Certificate stating that t h e procedures a n d m e t h o d s f o r
carrying o u t thickness measurements used b y t h e
T M F i r m have been recognized b y t h e Register a n d
m a y b e accepted a n d u t i l i z e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e
R e g i s t e r i n m a k i n g decisions affecting s u r v e y s o f ships.
A n entry shall be made i n t h e A n n e x t o the
R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e ( f o r m 7 . 1 . 4 . 2 ) r e a d i n g as
follows: "22001000 Category I I : thickness measurem e n t s o n a l l fishing vessels regardless o f t h e i r gross
t o n n a g e , a n d n o n - E S P ships less t h a n 5 0 0 gross t o n n a g e
under supervision o f R S Surveyor".
T h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l issue C e r t i f i c a t e o f V o c a t i o n a l
T r a i n i n g ( F o r m 7 . 1 . 3 4 ) t o t h e operator, c o n f i r m i n g h i s /
h e r appropriate q u a l i f i c a t i o n f o r c a r r y i n g o u t thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o n ships i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e R S
normative documents.
D u r i n g surveys o f the recognized T M F i r m s f o r
corifirmation/renewal o f the Recognition Certificate, i t
s h a l l b e c o n f i r m e d that t h e y f u l l y c o m p l y w i t h t h e
applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R S n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s

23

concerning t h e T M F i r m recognition, a n d that t h e


residual thickness measurements during t h e period o f
v a l i d i t y o f t h e R e c o g n i t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e h a v e b e e n carried
o u t o n p a r t i c u l a r ships u n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r s
t o t h e Register, o r subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y
R H O , under supervision o f t h e surveyors t o other
classification societies I A C S m e m b e r s w h o s e R e c o g n i t i o n Certificates a r e also a v a i l a b l e a t t h e T M F i r m ,
i t s h a l l b e also c o n f i r m e d that thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
reports h a v e b e e n d u l y s i g n e d a n d s t a m p e d b y t h e
surveyors t o the Register o r surveyors t o other
classification societies.
P a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e relevance o f
t h e l i s t o f t h e T M F i r m s operators, a n d t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f
t h e necessary d o c u m e n t s c o n f i r m i n g t h e N D T p e r s o n n e l
qualification.
R e n e w a l o f t h e Recognition Certificate shall be
m a d e i n accordance w i t h t h e procedure established b y
Section 3, Part I "General Regulations f o r Technical
Supervision" o f the Rules f o r Technical Supervision
during Construction o f Ships a n d Manufacture o f
Materials and Products for Ships.
I n case w h e r e a n y a l t e r a t i o n t o t h e c e r t i f i e d service
o p e r a t i o n s y s t e m o f t h e supplier is m a d e , s u c h a l t e r a t i o n
s h a l l b e i m m e d i a t e l y i n f o r m e d t o t h e Register. R e - a u d i t
m a y b e r e q u i r e d w h e n d e e m e d necessary b y t h e Register.
R e c o g n i t i o n m a y b e cancelled i n cases specified i n
7 . 6 . 1 . 1 , 7.6.1.3 t o 7.6.1.5.
T h e Register reserves t h e right t o cancel t h e
recognition .
A supplier w h o s e r e c o g n i t i o n w a s cancelled, m a y
apply f o r re-recognition, p r o v i d e d i t has e l i m i n a t e d the n o n conformities w h i c h resulted i n cancellation o f the recognit i o n , and the Register is able t o rorifirm that the supplier has
effectively i m p l e m e n t e d the corrective action.
7.7.1.2.7 S u p e r v i s i o n f o r services p r o v i d e d b y t h e
recognized T M F i r m .
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o n t h e R S - c l a s s e d ships
carried o u t b y t h e T M F i r m , s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d u n d e r t h e
s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e R S s u r v e y o r , o r subject t o special
consideration b y R H O , under supervision o f the surveyor
t o A C S I A C S m e m b e r i f t h e ship i s s u b m i t t e d i n
l o c a t i o n s inaccessible f o r s u r v e y b y t h e Register. T h e fact
o f supervision and performance o f w o r k s i n compliance
w i t h the requirements o f the R S normative documents
s h a l l b e c e r t i f i e d b y signature a n d stamp o f t h e s u r v e y o r
to t h e Register o n t h e cover page o f thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t r e p o r t (refer t o 7 . 7 . 1 . 2 . 5 ) .
7.7.2 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r firms e n g a g e d i n t i g h t n e s s
testing of hatches with ultrasonic e q u i p m e n t
7 . 7 . 2 . 1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t u l t r a s o n i c tightness
testing o f h a t c h covers.
7.7.2.2 Operators.
T h e operator s h a l l :
h a v e k n o w l e d g e o f different designs o f h a t c h covers,
t h e i r f u n c t i o n i n g a n d sealing features;

24

h a v e experience w i t h o p e r a t i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e o f
different designs o f h a t c h covers;
be able t o d o c u m e n t a t h e o r e t i c a l a n d practical
t r a i n i n g o n b o a r d i n u s i n g u l t r a s o n i c e q u i p m e n t specified.
7.7.2.3 E q u i p m e n t .
T h e u l t r a s o n i c e q u i p m e n t t o b e used s h a l l b e t y p e
a p p r o v e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r o r c l a s s i f i c a t i o n society
I A C S member. I t shall be demonstrated for the surveyor
t o t h e R e g i s t e r t h a t t h e e q u i p m e n t is f i t f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f
detecting leakages i n h a t c h covers.
7.7.2.4 Procedures.
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e d o c u m e n t e d w o r k proce
dures, w h i c h s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e m a n u a l f o r t h e u l t r a s o n i c
e q u i p m e n t specified, i t s adjustment, m a i n t e n a n c e , opera
t i o n a n d a p p r o v a l criteria.
7.7.3 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s c a r r y i n g o u t
in-water surveys o f ships a n d mobile offshore drilling
units.
7.7.3.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t i n - w a t e r s u r v e y s o f
ships a n d m o b i l e o f f s h o r e d r i l l i n g u n i t s .
7.7.3.2 T r a i n i n g o f p e r s o n n e l .
T h e s u p p l i e r i s responsible f o r t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n o f its
divers a n d t h e d i v i n g equipment utilized w h e n carrying
out survey. K n o w l e d g e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g shall b e
documented:
ship's u n d e r w a t e r structure a n d appendages, t a i l
shaft, propeller, r u d d e r a n d i t s bearings, etc.;
n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing i n accordance w i t h a recog
n i z e d n a t i o n a l o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l i n d u s t r i a l standard o n
ultrasonic inspection a n d taking into account t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 8.3.7, P a r t I " G e n e r a l R e g u l a t i o n s f o r
Technical Supervision" o f t h e Rules f o r Technical
Supervision D u r i n g Construction o f Ships a n d M a n u
facture o f M a t e r i a l s a n d P r o d u c t s f o r S h i p s w i t h respect
t o p e r f o r m i n g t h e u n d e r w a t e r thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s .
T h i s r e q u i r e m e n t o n l y applies i f t h e f i r m c a r r y i n g o u t i n w a t e r s u r v e y uses m e t h o d s o f n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e t e s t i n g f o r
examinations;
b e a r i n g clearance m e a s u r e m e n t s o n rudders a n d t h e
t a i l shaft;
u n d e r w a t e r m o n i t o r i n g w i t h T V - m o n i t o r s o n deck,
as w e l l as s t i l l p i c t u r e w o r k ;
o p e r a t i o n o f u n d e r w a t e r c o m m u n i c a t i o n systems;
special e q u i p m e n t a n d t o o l s l i k e h u l l cleaners,
grinders a n d cutters, etc.
7.7.3.3 A p l a n f o r t h e p e r s o n n e l t r a i n i n g i n t h e
reporting system, t h e m i n i m u m requirements o f t h e
R e g i s t e r rules f o r r e l e v a n t ship types, ship's u n d e r w a t e r
structure, m e a s u r i n g o f b e a r i n g clearances, t h e r e c o g n i
t i o n o f c o r r o s i o n damage, b u c k l i n g a n d deteriorated
coatings, etc. s h a l l b e i n c l u d e d .
7.7.3.4 S u p e r v i s o r .
T h e supervisor shall b e qualified according t o t h e
supplier's general r e g u l a t i o n s a n d s h a l l h a v e m i n i m u m
t w o years' experience as a d i v e r c a r r y i n g o u t s u c h
surveys.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

7.7.3.5 D i v e r .
T h e d i v e r c a r r y i n g o u t s u r v e y s s h a l l h a v e , a t least,
o n e - y e a r experience as a n assistant d i v e r c a r r y i n g o u t
s u r v e y s ( m i n i m u m 1 0 d i f f e r e n t assignments).
7.7.3.6 E q u i p m e n t .
Firms shall have the following equipment:
closed circuit colour television w i t h sufficient
illumination equipment;
t w o - w a y communication between diver and surface staff;
video-recording device connected t o t h e closed
circuit colour television;
s t i l l p h o t o g r a p h y camera;
e q u i p m e n t f o r c a r r y i n g o u t thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s ,
n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e t e s t i n g a n d m e a s u r e m e n t s ( e . g . clear
ances, i n d e n t s , etc. as r e l e v a n t t o t h e w o r k t o b e
performed);
e q u i p m e n t f o r c l e a n i n g o f the h u l l .
7.7.3.7 Procedures a n d g u i d e l i n e s .
T h e supplier shall have documented operational
procedures a n d g u i d e l i n e s f o r s u r v e y p e r f o r m a n c e a n d
h a n d l i n g o f e q u i p m e n t , w h i c h s h a l l specify:
t w o - w a y c o m m u n i c a t i o n b e t w e e n d i v e r a n d surface;
video-recording a n d closed circuit television operation;
guidance o f t h e d i v e r a l o n g t h e ship's h u l l t o ensure
c o m p l e t e coverage o f t h e parts t o b e s u r v e y e d .
7.7.3.8 V e r i f i c a t i o n .
T h e supplier shall have the surveyor's verification o f
each separate j o b , d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e r e p o r t b y h i s
signature.
7.7.4 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r firms e n g a g e d i n s u r v e y s
a n d m a i n t e n a n c e o f fire extinguishing e q u i p m e n t a n d
systems.
7.7.4.1 E x t e n t o f engagement.
T h e supplier shall have the professional knowledge
o f fire t h e o r y , s k i l l s o f f i r e - f i g h t i n g a n d fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g
appliances s u f f i c i e n t t o c a r r y o u t t h e s u r v e y s a n d t o m a k e
t h e necessary e v a l u a t i o n s o f t h e e q u i p m e n t c o n d i t i o n .
7.7.5 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r firms e n g a g e d i n s e r v i c e
of inflatable liferafts, inflatable lifejackets, h y d r o
static release units, inflatable rescue/fast rescue boats,
rescue boats which a r e a combination o frigid a n d
inflatable construction/fast rescue boats, evacuation
systems, inflatable platforms o f m e a n s o f rescue,
lifeboats a n d launching appliances.
7.7.5.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t s e r v i c i n g o f
inflatable liferafts, inflatable lifejackets, hydrostatic
release u n i t s , i n f l a t a b l e rescue/fast rescue boats, rescue
boats w h i c h a r e a c o m b i n a t i o n o f r i g i d a n d i n f l a t a b l e
construction/fast rescue boats, evacuation systems,
inflatable p l a t f o r m s o f m e a n s o f rescue, lifeboats a n d
l a u n c h i n g appliances.
7.7.5.2 E q u i p m e n t a n d premises.
7.7.5.3 I M O r e s o l u t i o n .7618) as a m e n d e d
b y I M O resolution M S C . 5 5 ( 6 6 ) gives recommendations
o n c o n d i t i o n s f o r t h e a p p r o v a l o f s e r v i c i n g stations f o r
inflatable liferafts, w h i c h s h a l l b e o b s e r v e d as r e l e v a n t .

Part I. General Provisions

7.7.5.4 Procedures a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s .
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e d o c u m e n t e d procedures a n d
i n s t r u c t i o n s o n service o f t h e e q u i p m e n t . T h e procedures
shall include the requirements t o record the nature and
e x t e n t o f damages a n d defects f o u n d i n e q u i p m e n t d u r i n g
s e r v i c i n g a n d repairs. T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l b e n o t i f i e d o f
a l l r e v e a l e d defects a f f e c t i n g f u r t h e r u s e o f t h i s
e q u i p m e n t . I n case o f a n y differences, r e l e v a n t i n f o r m a t i o n from t h e service s u p p l i e r s h a l l b e f o r w a r d e d t o t h e
nearest R S B r a n c h O f f i c e t o settle t h e differences. T h e s e
data s h a l l b e m a d e a v a i l a b l e t o t h e R e g i s t e r u p o n request.
7.7.5.5 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l p r o v i d e e v i d e n c e t h a t i t
has b e e n a u t h o r i z e d o r licensed t o serve t h e p a r t i c u l a r
types a n d m o d e l s o f e q u i p m e n t , f o r w h i c h a p p r o v a l i s
s o u g h t b y t h e e q u i p m e n t manufacturer.
7.7.6 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r firms e n g a g e d i n s e r v i c i n g
a n d testing o f radio communication e q u i p m e n t
7 . 7 . 6 . 1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t i n s p e c t i o n a n d tests
o f r a d i o e q u i p m e n t o n b o a r d ships o r m o b i l e o f f s h o r e
drilling units for compliance w i t h the requirements o f
SOLAS-74/78.
7.7.6.1.1 Reference documents.
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e access t o S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , as
amended, I M O resolution A . 7 8 9 ( 1 9 ) "Specification o n
the Survey and Certification Functions o f Recognized
Organizations A c t i n g o n behalf o f the Administration",
I T U R a d i o R e g u l a t i o n s , I M O P e r f o r m a n c e Standards f o r
r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t , as w e l l as r e l e v a n t parts
o f t h e R e g i s t e r rules a n d g u i d e l i n e s .
7.7.6.1.2 S u p e r v i s o r .
T h e supervisor shall have m i n i m u m two-years'
secondary special t e c h n i c a l t r a i n i n g at a t e c h n i c a l s c h o o l
a n d w o r k e x p e r i e n c e as a n inspector. I t s h a l l b e
preferable f o r t h e s u p e r v i s o r t o h o l d a G M D S S G e n e r a l
Operator's C e r t i f i c a t e ( G O C ) .
7.7.6.1.3 R a d i o inspector.
T h e inspector carrying o u t t h e inspection o f radio
equipment shall undergo the internal training o f the services
supplier and shall also h a v e a t least one-year secondary
special technical t r a i n i n g at a technical school, and, at least,
one-year w o r k experience as a n assistant radio inspector.
7.7.6.1.4 E q u i p m e n t .
7.7.6.1.4.1 T h e supplier shall have t h e m a j o r and
auxiliary equipment required for correctly performing the
i n s p e c t i o n . R e c o r d s o f t h e e q u i p m e n t u s e d s h a l l b e kept,
including information o n manufacturer a n d type o f
e q u i p m e n t , as w e l l as l o g o f m a i n t e n a n c e a n d calibration.
7.7.6.1.4.2 A standard, w h i c h is r e l e v a n t t o t h e r a d i o
e q u i p m e n t t o b e tested, s h a l l b e a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e
e q u i p m e n t a n d s h a l l b e cited i n t h e i n s p e c t i o n report.
7.7.6.1.4.3 T h e s o f t w a r e a n d h a r d w a r e u s e d i n
t e s t i n g / e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e f u l l y described a n d v e r i f i e d .
7.7.6.1.5 M i n i m u m r e q u i r e d i n s t r u m e n t s :
i n s t r u m e n t s f o r m e a s u r i n g frequency, v o l t a g e , curr e n t a n d resistance;

25

i n s t r u m e n t s f o r m e a s u r i n g o u t p u t a n d reflect effect
on V H F and M F / H F ;
instruments for measuring m o d u l a t i o n o n V H F , M F
and H F ;
acid tester f o r c h e c k i n g specific g r a v i t y o f l e a d
batteries;
tester f o r c h e c k i n g E P I R B s .
7.7.6.1.6 Procedures a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s .
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e d o c u m e n t e d procedures a n d
i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r h o w t o c a r r y o u t testing a n d e x a m i n a t i o n
o f r a d i o e q u i p m e n t . Procedures a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r
o p e r a t i n g o f each i t e m o f t h e t e s t i n g / i n s p e c t i o n e q u i p m e n t shall be available. These shall b e available for the
personnel at all times.
7.7.7 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r firms e n g a g e d i n s h o r e b a s e d servicing a n d testing E P I R B e q u i p m e n t
7 . 7 . 7 . 1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t shore-based s e r v i c i n g e m e r g e n c y r a d i o beacons ( E P I R B - 4 0 6 ) o f t h e
C O S P A S - S A R S A T satellite s y s t e m .
7.7.7.2 Operators.
T h e firm p e r s o n n e l s h a l l u n d e r g o t h e r e l e v a n t
training and h o l d the Certificate for E P I R B manufacturer
c o n f i r m i n g i t s r i g h t f o r E P I R B - 4 0 6 shore-based s e r v i cing performance.
7.7.7.3 E q u i p m e n t .
Firms shall have the following:
set o f c a l i b r a t e d e q u i p m e n t f o r s e r v i c i n g t h e
E P I R B - 4 0 6 i n accordance w i t h t h e provisions o f
I M O MSC/Circ.1039;
screened r o o m o r t h e r e l e v a n t screening e q u i p m e n t
preventing the transmission o f a signal f r o m the
E P I R B - 4 0 6 b e i n g checked t o a satellite;
set o f spare parts, spare s u p p l y u n i t s a p p r o v e d b y t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e r , as w e l l as t h e reserve stock o f E P I R B - 4 0 6
i n amounts agreed w i t h t h e manufacturer ( f o r a
t e m p o r a r y E P I R B - 4 0 6 r e p l a c e m e n t o n a ship f o r a
period o f servicing).
7.7.7.4 Procedures a n d g u i d e l i n e s .
F i r m s shall have:
d o c u m e n t e d o p e r a t i n g procedures a n d g u i d e l i n e s
regulating E P I R B - 4 0 6 servicing performance;
l o g o f s e r v i c i n g w i t h details o f t h e scope o f
inspections carried o u t a n d t h e c o m p o n e n t s replaced;
set o f t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n f o r those types o f
E P I R B - 4 0 6 , w h i c h t h e f i r m is a u t h o r i z e d t o service;
service-bulletins distributed b y t h e E P I R B - 4 0 6
manu-facturer;
last v e r s i o n o f t h e s o f t w a r e p r o v i d e d b y t h e
E P I R B - 4 0 6 manufacturer o r t h e manufacturer o f the
e q u i p m e n t u s e d d u r i n g i n s p e c t i o n , as w e l l as access t o
the renewal o f that software.
7.7.7.5 C o n f i r m a t i o n o f a u t h o r i t y .
F i r m s s h a l l present t h e c o n f i r m a t i o n o f a u t h o r i t y , i.e.
contractual relations w i t h the manufacturer f o r supply o f
spare parts, p o w e r s u p p l y u n i t s a n d c o n s u m a b l e s , as w e l l
as t h e d o c u m e n t a u t h o r i z i n g s h o r e - b a s e d s e r v i c i n g

26

p e r f o r m a n c e f o r t h e specific E P I R B - 4 0 6 t y p e ( s ) o n
behalf o f the E P I R B - 4 0 6 manufacturer.
7.7.8 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n i n s p e c tion a n d testing o f centralized gas welding a n d cutting
equipment.
T h e supplier shall document a n d demonstrate i t s
k n o w l e d g e o f gas w e l d i n g , a s s o c i a t e d c e n t r a l gas
i n s t a l l a t i o n systems a n d c u r r e n t safely r e q u i r e m e n t s
applicable t o such e q u i p m e n t b y n a t i o n a l M a r i t i m e
Administrations. This knowledge shall b e sufficient t o
c a r r y o u t inspections a n d t e s t i n g a n d t o m a k e t h e
necessary e v a l u a t i o n s o f t h e e q u i p m e n t c o n d i t i o n .
7.7.9 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n s u r v e y s
a n d maintenance o f self-contained breathing apparatus.
T h e supplier shall document a n d demonstrate i t s
k n o w l e d g e o f t h e e q u i p m e n t a n d systems s u f f i c i e n t t o
carry o u t inspections a n d testing o f self-contained
b r e a t h i n g apparatus t o i d e n t i f i e d standards a n d t o m a k e
t h e necessary e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e e q u i p m e n t c o n d i t i o n .
7.7.10 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n t h e
examination o f bow, stern, side a n d inner doors o n r o ro ships.
7.7.10.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t i n s p e c t i o n o f
securing a n d l o c k i n g devices, h y d r a u l i c operating
systems, electric c o n t r o l system, electric indicator
systems a n d s u p p o r t i n g , securing a n d l o c k i n g devices
a n d tightness testing.
7.7.10.2 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l b e c e r t i f i e d t o c o m p l y
w i t h t h e relevant requirements o f t h e most current
v e r s i o n o f I S O 9 0 0 0 series.
7.7.10.3 R e f e r e n c e d o c u m e n t s .
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e access t o S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , as
amended, and I A C S U R Z 2 4 "Survey Requirements f o r
Shell a n d Inner D o o r s o f R o - R o Ships", the Register
n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s r e l a t i n g t o i n n e r doors o r t h e
e q u i v a l e n t , b y t h e r e l e v a n t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n society.
7.7.10.4 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 7.3.2.3,
t h e s e n i o r service engineer ( s u p e r v i s o r ) s h a l l h a v e a
m i n i m u m two-years' education at a technical school.
7.7.10.5 R e q u i r e d e q u i p m e n t .
7.7.10.5.1 F o r i n s p e c t i o n o f s u p p o r t i n g , securing a n d
l o c k i n g devices, h i n g e s a n d bearings, e q u i p m e n t f o r
m e a s u r i n g clearances s h a l l b e a v a i l a b l e ( i . e . feeler
gauges, v e r n i e r calipers, m i c r o m e t e r s ) .
T h e i n s p e c t i o n i s carried o u t w i t h u s e o f n o n destructive e x a m i n a t i o n techniques ( e . g . d y e penetrant,
magnetic particle testing).
7.7.10.5.2 F o r tightness testing, a n u l t r a s o n i c l e a k
detector o r e q u i v a l e n t i s r e q u i r e d .
7.7.10.5.3 F o r i n s p e c t i o n o f h y d r a u l i c o p e r a t i n g
system, the f o l l o w i n g shall be available:
pressure gauges;
particle counter f o r analyzing t h e quality o f
hydraulic fluid.
7.7.10.5.4 F o r i n s p e c t i o n o f electric c o n t r o l s y s t e m ,
the f o l l o w i n g shall be available:

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

digital multimeter;
e a r t h f a u l t detector.
7.7.10.6 Procedures a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s .
7.7.10.6.1 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e access t o
drawings and documents including the Operating a n d
Inspection M a n u a l .
7.7.10.6.2 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e access t o t h e
service h i s t o r y o f t h e doors.
7.7.10.6.3 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l use, c o m p l e t e a n d s i g n
a checklist, w h i c h h a s b e e n f o u n d acceptable b y t h e
Register.
7.7.11 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n a n n u a l
performance testing o f voyage data recorders (VDR).
7.7.11.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t t e s t i n g a n d
s e r v i c i n g o f v o y a g e data recorders i n accordance w i t h
R e g u l a t i o n 1 8 . 8 , C h a p t e r V o f S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , as
amended.
7.7.11.2 T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l p r o v i d e evidence t h a t h e
has b e e n a u t h o r i z e d o r licensed b y t h e e q u i p m e n t
m a n u f a c t u r e r t o service t h e p a r t i c u l a r types a n d m o d e l s
o f t h e e q u i p m e n t , f o r w h i c h a p p r o v a l i s sought.
7.7.11.3 D o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d e q u i p m e n t .
T h e supplier shall have I M O resolution A . 8 6 1 ( 2 0 )
and applicable industrial performance standards
(e.g. I E C 6 1 9 9 6 ) a n d h a v e d o c u m e n t e d procedures a n d
i n s t r u c t i o n s . I n a d d i t i o n , t h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l h a v e docu m e n t a t i o n a n d e q u i p m e n t as specified i n t h e a u t h o r i z a t i o n o r license f r o m t h e e q u i p m e n t m a n u f a c t u r e r .
7.7.11.4 T e s t report.
T h e s u p p l i e r s h a l l issue t h e C e r t i f i c a t e o f C o m p l i ance as specified i n R e g u l a t i o n 1 8 . 8 , C h a p t e r V o f
S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , as a m e n d e d .
7.7.12 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n s u r v e y s o f
low location lighting systems using photo luminescent
materials.
7.7.12.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t l u m i n a n c e
m e a s u r e m e n t s o n b o a r d ships o f l o w l o c a t i o n l i g h t i n g
systems u s i n g p h o t o l u m i n e s c e n t m a t e r i a l s .
7.7.12.2 Operators.
T h e operator shall have t h e relevant qualification,
adequate k n o w l e d g e o f t h e a p p l i c a b l e i n t e r n a t i o n a l
requirements (be aware o f Regulation II-2/13.3.2.5 o f
S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , I M O resolution A . 7 5 2 ( 1 8 ) , I S O 1 5 3 7 0 - 2 0 0 1 ,
F S S S C o d e C h a p t e r 1 1 ) , t o b e able t o d o c u m e n t a
theoretical a n d practical training o f t h e personnel
o n b o a r d t h e ship i n u s i n g t h e a b o v e e q u i p m e n t .
7.7.12.3 E q u i p m e n t .
T h e m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s h a l l i n c o r p o r a t e a fastresponse photometer head w i t h C I E (International
C o m m i s s i o n o n Illumination) photopic correction and
h a v e a m e a s u r e m e n t r a n g e o f , at least, from 1 0 ~ c d / m
to 10 cd/m .
7.7.12.4 Procedures.
D o c u m e n t e d w o r k procedures s h a l l , at least, c o n t a i n
information o n survey preparation, selection a n d identif i c a t i o n o f test l o c a t i o n s .
4

Part I. General Provisions

7.7.12.5 R e p o r t i n g .
T h e r e p o r t s h a l l b e prepared i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
Annex to I S O 15370-2001.
7.7.12.6 V e r i f i c a t i o n .
T h e supplier shall have t h e Register surveyor's
v e r i f i c a t i o n o f each separate j o b , d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e
r e p o r t b y h i s signature.
7.7.13 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n s o u n d
pressure level measurements for loudspeakers o f public
address a n d general a l a r m systems.
7.7.13.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t s o u n d pressure
l e v e l m e a s u r e m e n t s o f p u b l i c address s y s t e m , a c o m
m a n d broadcast apparatus a n d s o u n d devices o f a general
a l a r m s y s t e m o n b o a r d ships.
7.7.13.2 Operators.
T h e operator shall have t h e relevant qualification,
adequate k n o w l e d g e o f t h e a p p l i c a b l e i n t e r n a t i o n a l
requirements (be aware o f Regulations TTT/4 a n d TTT/6 o f
S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 , as amended, L S A C o d e Chapter V H / 7 . 2 ,
I M O C o d e o n A l a r m s a n d I n d i c a t o r s , 1 9 9 5 ) , b e able t o
document a theoretical a n d practical training o f t h e
p e r s o n n e l o n b o a r d t h e ship i n u s i n g t h e e q u i p m e n t
specified.
7.7.13.3 E q u i p m e n t .
T h e measuring instrument shall be a n integrating
s o u n d pressure l e v e l m e t e r w i t h f r e q u e n c y a n a l y z e r
capabilities c o m p l y i n g w i t h t h e requirements o f
6 0 6 5 1 a n d 6 0 8 0 4 , t y p e 1 p r e c i s i o n class w i t h ,
at least, a n A - w e i g h t i n g f r e q u e n c y response c u r v e a n d
1/3-octave a n d 1-octave b a n d filters c o m p l y i n g w i t h
6 1 2 6 0 , as appropriate f o r t h e m e a s u r e m e n t s t o b e
carried o u t . I n a d d i t i o n m i c r o p h o n e s s h a l l b e o f t h e
r a n d o m incidence t y p e c o m p l y i n g w i t h 6 0 6 5 1 .
7.7.13.4 Procedures.
D o c u m e n t e d w o r k procedures s h a l l , at least, c o n t a i n
information o n survey preparation, calibration, selection
a n d i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f test l o c a t i o n s .
7.7.13.5 R e p o r t i n g .
T h e r e p o r t s h a l l describe, as a m i n i m u m , t h e
e n v i r o n m e n t a l c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e tests and, f o r each test
location, t h e ambient noise level o r t h e speech
interference l e v e l , as appropriate f o r t h e m e a s u r e m e n t s
t o b e carried o u t . T h e r e p o r t s h a l l c o m p l y w i t h a n y o t h e r
specific r e q u i r e m e n t o f t h e Register.
7.7.13.6 V e r i f i c a t i o n .
T h e supplier shall have t h e Register surveyor's
v e r i f i c a t i o n o f each separate j o b , d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e
r e p o r t b y h i s signature.

27

7.7.14 R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i r m s e n g a g e d i n t e s t i n g
of coating systems i n compliance with t h e require
m e n t s o f R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) a n d I A C S U I
S C 2 2 3 a n d / o r R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 8 8 ( 8 7 ) .
7.7.14.1 L a b o r a t o r i e s .
7.7.14.1.1 E x t e n t o f e n g a g e m e n t t e s t i n g o f
c o a t i n g systems i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) and I A C S U I S C 2 2 3 and/
or I M O Resolution M S C . 2 8 8 ( 8 7 ) .
7.7.14.1.2 T h e l a b o r a t o r y s h a l l p r o v i d e t h e R e g i s t e r
with the following information:
a detailed list o f t h e l a b o r a t o r y test e q u i p m e n t f o r
coating approval i n compliance w i t h the requirements o f
I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) and/or M S C . 2 8 8 ( 8 7 ) ;
a detailed l i s t o f t h e r e l e v a n t d o c u m e n t s acceptable
for the laboratory complying w i t h the requirements o f
I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) and/or M S C . 2 8 8 ( 8 7 ) ;
details o f procedure f o r test p a n e l p r e p a r a t i o n , test
p a n e l i d e n t i f i c a t i o n , c o a t i n g systems a p p l i c a t i o n a n d a
f o r m o f test report;
details o f a p p l i c a t i o n m e t h o d s a n d sites f o r h e a t i n g
o f test panels w i t h a p p l i e d c o a t i n g ;
f o r m s o f d a i l y o r w e e k l y logs/sheets f o r m a k i n g
entries a n d r e c o r d i n g t h e o b s e r v a t i o n s , i n c l u d i n g u n f o r e
seen i n t e r r u p t i o n o f t h e applied cycles w i t h c o r r e c t i v e
actions;
details o f a n y sub-contracting agreements, i f applic
able;
c o m p a r i s o n test reports w i t h test results o f t h e
a p p r o v e d c o a t i n g systems o r laboratories, i f applicable.
7.7.14.1.3. R e p o r t i n g .
Test reports s h a l l b e prepared i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
following I A C S Recommendations:
Recommendation N o . 101 " I A C S M o d e l Report for
I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) A n n e x 1 "Test P r o c e
dures f o r C o a t i n g Q u a l i f i c a t i o n " ;
Recommendation N o . 102 " I A C S M o d e l Report for
I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) A n n e x 1 "Test P r o c e
dures f o r C o a t i n g Q u a l i f i c a t i o n " , S e c t i o n 1.7 C r o s s
o v e r Test".
7.7.14.1.4 A u d i t o f t h e test l a b o r a t o r y s h a l l b e based
o n t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e present S e c t i o n a n d t h e
standards l i s t e d i n I M O R e s o l u t i o n M S C . 2 1 5 ( 8 2 ) and/or
MSC.288(87).

28

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

PART II. SURVEY SCHEDULE AND SCOPE

1 INITIAL SURVEY

arrangement and installation, any deviations f r o m the


Rules f o r Construction a n d structural deficiencies
affecting safely. B y t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n , t h e rules
See circular 771
1.1 G E N E R A L
are m e a n t , w h i c h are stated i n t h e t e c h n i c a l project, i n
1.1.1 T h e a i m o f the initial survey o f a ship i n service accordance o f w h i c h t h e ship w a s constructed.
is t o determine w h e t h e r i t is possible t o assign class t o a
I f d e v i a t i o n s from t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n a n d
ship being submitted f o r the R S classification f o r the first structural deficiencies are revealed, v e r i f i c a t i o n that t h e
time, as w e l l as t o re-assign the R S class t o the ship, the R S rules are s u f f i c i e n t l y c o m p l i e d w i t h is subject t o special
class o f w h i c h w a s w i t h d r a w n . I n i t i a l survey is p e r f o r m e d c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case. D u r i n g t h e
d u r i n g r e - c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , assigning class t o t h e s h i p s u r v e y t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l
constructed w i t h o u t the R S technical supervision, reassign- s u p e r v i s i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d .
ing class f o r the ship, the R S class o f w h i c h w a s w i t h d r a w n ,
1.1.6 A t i n i t i a l survey, t h e area o f n a v i g a t i o n , category
as w e l l as w h e n changing the existing n o t a t i o n o f the R S o f i c e strengthening a n d freeboard o f t h e ship a r e
class and assigning n e w class n o t a t i o n ( o n l y f o r items o f established o r c o n f i r m e d w i t h assessing stability, strength
technical supervision related t o the n e w distinguishing m a r k a n d fire protection, a n d f o r passenger ships, passenger
or descriptive n o t a t i o n i n the class notation).
capacity is established additionally. D u r i n g this survey, i t
1.1.2 W h e n ships i n service, w h i c h h a d n o R S class, shall b e checked w h e t h e r I n f o r m a t i o n o n S t a b i l i t y i s
are accepted f o r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n , t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y available o n board. I n this case, the R S s u r v e y o r shall
s h a l l b e carried. I n i t i a l s u r v e y o f a ship consists o f v e r i f y a n d c o n f i r m the c o m p l i a n c e w i t h the requirements
t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n s , inspections, tests a n d m e a s u r e - o f 1.5.1.3 t o 1.5.1.8 a n d 1.5.5, P a r t I V " S t a b i l i t y " o f the
m e n t s , w h i c h scope i s d e t e r m i n e d depending o n t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f Seaship's age, its t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , as w e l l as t e c h n i c a l G o i n g Ships f o r i n c l i n i n g tests o r l i g h t - w e i g h t checks.
d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d c e r t i f i c a t e s o f r e c o g n i z e d a n d I n f o r m a t i o n o n p e r m i t t e d service areas a n d i c e service
c o m p e t e n t s u p e r v i s o r y b o d i e s b e i n g available. I n i t i a l conditions, referred t o i n 2.2.3, P a r t I " C l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o f
s u r v e y i s assigned i n t h e scope o f special s u r v e y the R u l e s f o r the C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f Seai n c l u d i n g s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n G o i n g Ships, m a y n o t b e used f o r r e g u l a t i o n o f the
a l l o w a b l e n a v i g a t i o n c o n d i t i o n s o f ships i n service. I t i s
dry dock.
1.1.3 P r i o r t o s u r v e y i t is necessary t o ensure that t h e assumed that d u r i n g service the s h i p o w n e r w i l l f o l l o w the
s h i p o w n e r has prepared t h e ship f o r s u r v e y a n d p r o v i d e d requirements o f t h e Ice Certificate o r another d o c u m e n t
t h e c o n d i t i o n s , safe f o r t h e s u r v e y o r ' s l i f e a n d h e a t h , specifying the conditions o f safe o p e r a t i o n o f the ship i n
r e q u i r e d f o r p e r f o r m a n c e o f s u r v e y a n d testing o f i t e m s ice d e p e n d i n g o n t h e ship's specific features, i c e
conditions a n d icebreaker escort.
(refer t o S e c t i o n 4 o f P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) .
W h e r e t h e ship is i n t e n d e d t o carry g r a i n and/or n o n 1.1.4 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s u b m i t
t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n (refer t o S e c t i o n 6 o f P a r t I g r a i n b u l k cargoes, i t s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d w i t h G r a i n
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) i n t h e scope r e q u i r e d f o r v e r i f i c a - L o a d i n g S t a b i l i t y I n f o r m a t i o n and/or N o n - G r a i n B u l k
tion o f compliance w i t h t h e technical requirements, Cargo L o a d i n g Stability and Strength I n f o r m a t i o n .
parameters a n d characteristics, regulated b y t h e R u l e s f o r
I n f o r m a t i o n o n S t a b i l i t y i s checked f o r c o m p l i a n c e
the Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships, w i t h the requirements o f Part I V "Stability" o f the Rules
as w e l l as t h e s h i p d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( d o c u m e n t s o f f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f S e a - G o i n g
classification a n d o t h e r c o m p e t e n t s u p e r v i s o r y bodies, Ships r e g a r d i n g t h e completeness o f t h e data thereof.
manufacturer's certificates, etc.). L i s t o f ship's t e c h n i c a l
P r i o r t o t h e ship's t e c h n i c a l appraisal w i t h regard t o
d o c u m e n t a t i o n i s g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 1 . I n case t h e t h e p r o v i s i o n s i n 5.1.6, P a r t I I " C a r r y i n g o u t Classificas h i p o w n e r fails t o s u b m i t t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n i n t h e t i o n S u r v e y o f S h i p s " o f t h e G u i d e l i n e s , f o r v e r i f i c a t i o n
adequate extent, m e a s u r e s s h a l l b e t a k e n f o r p r o v i s i o n o f o f t h e ship's c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s
the i n f o r m a t i o n required, w i t h m a k i n g calculations, o f the Rules for the Classification and Construction o f
w h e r e necessary, tests a n d d r a w i n g s .
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s , t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l be p r o v i d e d w i t h t h e
f
ollowing documents:
1.1.5 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f a ship, its h u l l , arrangem e n t s , e q u i p m e n t a n d outfit, m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d
Information on Stability;
refrigerating p l a n t , electrical e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e checked
Information o n Damage T r i m and Stability;
for compliance w i t h the requirements o f the Rules for
Grain Loading Stability Information;
C o n s t r u c t i o n i n respect o f specified indices a n d charNon-Grain B u l k Cargo Loading Stability a n d
acteristics, structure a n d m a n d a t o r y list o f i t e m s , t h e i r S t r e n g t h I n f o r m a t i o n .

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

F o r ships less t h a n 15 years o f age w h i c h are


transferred f r o m A C S I A C S m e m b e r i n t o t h e R S
class, assessment o f s t a b i l i t y s h a l l b e carried o u t w i t h i n
t h e i n t e r v a l n o t exceeding 1 2 m o n t h s from t h e c o m p l e
t i o n date o f t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y .
Thereafter, t h e a b o v e I n f o r m a t i o n s s h a l l b e f i n a l l y
approved b y R H O .
W h e r e a subdivision m a r k is introduced i n t h e class
n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship, calculations shall b e made a n d
I n f o r m a t i o n o n D a m a g e T r i m a n d Stability shall b e d r a w n
up i n accordance w i t h Part V "Subdivision" o f the R u l e s for
the Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
A l l t h e passenger a n d cargo ships, t h e k e e l s o f w h i c h
w e r e l a i d o n 1 F e b r u a r y 1 9 9 2 o r after t h i s date, s h a l l b e
checked f o r t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o n b o a r d o f t h e D a m a g e
Control P l a n t o be developed and exhibited under the
requirements o f Part V "Subdivision" o f the Rules for the
Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
1.1.7 I f initial survey results are satisfactory, a registered
n u m b e r is assigned t o the ship a n d the Register documents
are issued i n compliance w i t h 5.4, Part " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification S u r v e y o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
1.1.8 T o b e considered as t h e date o f i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f
ship i s t h e actual date o f s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n a n d i s s u i n g
o f C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e t o t h e ship.
1.1.9 T h e scope o f i n i t i a l s u r v e y d u r i n g transfer o f
class, assigning a class f o r t h e ship b e i n g constructed
w i t h o u t R S t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n , i n case o f re-assigning
class t o t h e ship, t h e class o f w h i c h w a s w i t h d r a w n , i s
specified i n t h e r e l e v a n t sections o f t h e present R u l e s .

See circular 771

1.2 S U R V E Y S P E R F O R M E D F O R T H E P U R P O S E
OF CLASS ASSIGNMENT T O A SHIP IN SERVICE

1.2.1 H u l l .
1.2.1.1 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y , h u l l structures, m a t e r i a l s
and scantlings o f members shall be checked f o r
compliance w i t h the requirements o f the Rules f o r
C o n s t r u c t i o n , as w e l l as o v e r a l l a n d l o c a l strength s h a l l
b e c h e c k e d t o b e ensured p r o c e e d i n g f r o m t h e ship
purpose a n d area o f n a v i g a t i o n . C h e c k i n g s h a l l b e m a d e
f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e r u l e s i n force
o n t h e date o f c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r ship, h a v i n g
regard t o t h e subsequent e d i t i o n s o f t h e rules c o v e r i n g
t h e ships i n service. T h e e x c e p t i o n i s c h e c k i n g o f t h e
c o m p l i a n c e o f t h e ship scantlings t h a t s h a l l m e e t t h e
requirements o f the n e w l y published Rules for Construc
tion. D u r i n g the survey, the technical condition o f h u l l
structures s h a l l b e c h e c k e d i n respect o f w e l d e d a n d
r i v e t e d j o i n t q u a l i t y , tightness, w e a r e x t e n t a n d d a m a g e
presence, also h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n s h a l l b e assessed
i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h 1.2.1.2.
1.2.1.2 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
1.2.1.2.1 H u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n i s assessed b y
c o m p a r i n g t h e actual scantlings w i t h t h e p e r m i s s i b l e

29

r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l m e m b e r s . W h e r e necessary,
a c o m p a r a t i v e analysis o f h u l l s e c t i o n m o d u l u s , upper
d e c k s e c t i o n m o d u l u s , as w e l l as s i d e s h e l l a n d
longitudinal bulkhead section m o d u l i , m a y be required.
T h e assessment o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f h u l l structures
o n t h e basis o f t h e results o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d
s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h S e c t i o n 5 ,
Part I "General Provisions" b y the procedure given i n
Appendix 2 w i t h consideration f o r the requirements o f
3.2.2.3 o r 3.2.3.4 o f t h e present P a r t , as applicable.
1.2.2 S h i p a r r a n g e m e n t s , e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t
1.2.2.1 A t initial survey o f a ship, compliance w i t h the
requirements o f the rules i n force o n the date o f construction
o f t h e particular ship, h a v i n g regard t o the subsequent
editions o f the rules covering t h e ships i n service, shall b e
verified, f o r this purpose the f o l l o w i n g shall be checked:
m a n d a t o r y list o f ship arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d
outfit, their completeness, design, arrangement a n d
i n s t a l l a t i o n , as w e l l as t h e i r specified characteristics
( p o w e r , capacity, speed, etc.);
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e i t e m s i n respect o f t h e i r
q u a l i t y o f m a n u f a c t u r e a n d t h e presence o f defects ( w e a r ,
damage, m a l f u n c t i o n ) ;
design o f closures a n d c o a m i n g height compliance
proceeding from the arrangement and purpose o f openings;
steering gear design a n d the specified time f o r p u t t i n g
the rudder o v e r a n d the rudder angle b e i n g ensured;
anchors, anchor chains a n d ropes provided o n board,
anchor arrangement design a n d specified anchor-heaving
speed being ensured (during this survey, the shipowner shall
submit certificates f o r anchors, anchor chains and ropes);
t o w - l i n e l e n g t h , design a n d strength, as w e l l as t o w
h o o k , t o w i n g r a i l , t o w i n g arch, w i r e stopper, b o l l a r d ,
chock, b i t t a n d t o w i n g p o r t design, as w e l l as t h e n u m b e r
o f m o o r i n g ropes, t h e i r l e n g t h , s t r e n g t h a n d design;
design o f masts a n d rigging a n d p r o v i s i o n o f i t s
strength, as w e l l as completeness o f e m e r g e n c y outfit;
design o f s m a l l hatches i n t h e b o w part o f t h e ship
( I A C S U R S 2 6 ) according t o 2.4.3.2.9;
design o f a i r a n d v e n t pipes i n t h e b o w part o f t h e
ship ( I A C S U R S 2 7 ) a c c o r d i n g t o 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 .
S u r v e y o f i t e m s o f ship arrangements, e q u i p m e n t
a n d o u t f i t at i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship s h a l l b e carried o u t
i n t h e scope o f special s u r v e y .
1.2.2.2 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f a ship, t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f Cargo Securing M a n u a l shall be complied w i t h i n
respect o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
R e g i s t e r - a p p r o v e d d i a g r a m ( d r a w i n g ) o f arrange
m e n t a n d securing o f general cargo, i n c l u d i n g w h e e l e d
v e h i c l e s a n d containers t o b e a v a i l a b l e o n b o a r d ;
sufficient n u m b e r o f l a s h i n g a v a i l a b l e a n d correct
a r r a n g e m e n t o f securing e q u i p m e n t as p e r a p p r o v e d
diagram;
R e g i s t e r certificates, o r those o f a n o t h e r classifica
t i o n s o c i e t y r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e Register, a v a i l a b l e f o r
general cargo lashings a n d securing e q u i p m e n t ;

30

stamps o f manufacturer, t h e Register o r A C S


r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r b e i n g a p p l i e d t o general
cargo lashings a n d securing e q u i p m e n t ;
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f general cargo lashings a n d
securing e q u i p m e n t t o b e d e t e r m i n e d i n accordance w i t h
w e a r standards;
t e s t i n g o f g e n e r a l cargo l a s h i n g s a n d s e c u r i n g
e q u i p m e n t m a n u f a c t u r e d w i t h o u t t h e t e c h n i c a l supervision b y t h e Register o r a classification society
r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r at t h e rate o f 2 p e r cent ( b u t
n o t less t h a n 2 pes.) o f each t y p e a n d size, b y t h e u l t i m a t e
load (up t o failure), for the purpose o f determining t h e
safe w o r k i n g l o a d ( S W L ) . F o r t h e securing e q u i p m e n t a
c a l c u l a t i o n m e t h o d o f S W L d e t e r m i n i n g m a y b e applied.
After S W L determining, t h e lashing a n d securing
equipment shall b e provided w i t h marking indicating
their S W L a n d allowing identifying the model o f
lashings a n d securing e q u i p m e n t , as w e l l as w i t h t h e
Register's b r a n d . U l t i m a t e l o a d tested lashings a n d
securing e q u i p m e n t s h a l l n o t b e repaired.
1.2.3 F i r e p r o t e c t i o n .
1.2.3.1 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f ships i t s h a l l b e checked
w h e t h e r t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e r u l e s i n force o n t h e date
o f c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r ship, h a v i n g regard t o
t h e subsequent e d i t i o n s o f t h e rules c o v e r i n g t h e ships i n
service, a r e c o m p l i e d w i t h , i n v i e w o f t h e i n t e n d e d ship
purpose w i t h d u e regard t o its design a n d d i m e n s i o n s , i n
respect o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
a r r a n g e m e n t a n d e q u i p m e n t o f ship spaces, fire
e x t i n c t i o n s t a t i o n a n d fire c o n t r o l stations;
safe e v a c u a t i o n o f p e o p l e f r o m a c c o m m o d a t i o n a n d
service spaces;
d i v i s i o n o f h u l l s , superstructures a n d deckhouses o f
passenger ships, a n d ships classed a m o n g these, f o r
instance, special p u r p o s e ships h a v i n g Passenger S h i p
S a f e t y C e r t i f i c a t e , i n t o m a i n v e r t i c a l fire zones, a n d
p r o t e c t i o n o f spaces i n s i d e fire zones, o n ships o f o t h e r
purposes, d i v i s i o n o f spaces i n s i d e superstructures i n
accordance w i t h m e a n s o f fire p r o t e c t i o n ;
application o f non-combustible materials w h e n
i n s u l a t i n g a n d e q u i p p i n g o f ship spaces;
u s i n g r e l e v a n t fire-resisting a n d fire-retarding d i v i sions, as w e l l as closures f o r openings t h e r e i n ;
i n s t a l l a t i o n o f self-closing fire d o o r s , t h e i r r e m o t e
c o n t r o l a n d a u t o m a t i o n systems;
closure o f d o o r s , t r u n k s , v e n t i l a t i o n ducts, a n n u l a r
spaces o f stacks, s k y l i g h t s a n d o t h e r o p e n i n g s i n cargo
a n d m a c h i n e r y spaces, i n p u m p r o o m s a n d t h e i r d r i v e s ,
c l o s i n g o f a i r spaces b e h i n d ceilings w i t h p a n e l i n g a n d
linings;
m a n d a t o r y list o f fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems;
technical characteristics and arrangement o f m a c h i n e r y
o f systems, m a t e r i a l a n d design o f p i p i n g , its connection
and fittings, l a y i n g a n d attachment;
remote control drives o f valves a n d machinery o f
systems;

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

fire detection systems a n d fire w a r n i n g a l a r m s ;


completeness o f fire fighting o u t f i t i n c l u d i n g emerg e n c y escape b r e a t h i n g devices, spares a n d t o o l s ;
fire a l a r m ;
availability o f guide signs o f fire plans location and condition o f their enclosures, as w e l l as m a r k i n g a n d condition
o f cabinets and enclosures f o r fire hoses ( w i t h hose nozzles);
fire extinguishing a n d fire detection and a l a r m systems,
means o f accsess t o the compartments a n d escape routes;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f m a r k i n g o f c o n t r o l stations, fire
e x t i n c t i o n stations, places o f f i r e - t i g h t i n g e q u i p m e n t
a n d o u t f i t l o c a t i o n , etc. b y c o l o u r e d g r a p h i c a l s y m b o l s i n
accordance w i t h t h e F i r e C o n t r o l P l a n ;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f the certificates and/or results o f analysis
o f e x t i n g u i s h i n g m e d i a , w h i c h a r e used i n t h e fire
e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems, as w e l l as t h e i r r e q u i r e d quantity.
1.2.3.2 S u r v e y o f fire p r o t e c t i o n i t e m s a t i n i t i a l
s u r v e y o f t h e ship s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e scope o f
special s u r v e y .
1.2.4 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n .
1.2.4.1 A t i n i t i a l survey, t h e m a n d a t o r y list o f
m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n i t e m s a n d m a c h i n e r y space
e q u i p m e n t , t h e i r design, a r r a n g e m e n t a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n ,
as w e l l as specified t e c h n i c a l characteristics ( p o w e r ,
capacity, speed, etc.) s h a l l b e checked f o r c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e r u l e s i n force o n t h e date o f
c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r ship, h a v i n g regard t o t h e
subsequent e d i t i o n s o f t h e rules c o v e r i n g t h e ships i n
service. D u r i n g t h i s survey, t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
i t e m s o f s u p e r v i s i o n s h a l l b e checked.
1.2.4.2 S u r v e y o f i t e m s o f m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n a t
i n i t i a l s u r v e y i s p e r f o r m e d i n t h e scope o f a special
s u r v e y o f t h e ship a n d consists o f t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n ,
checks, m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d t e s t i n g , w h i c h e x t e n t i s
d e t e r m i n e d subject t o t h e a g e o f ship, i t s t e c h n i c a l
condition and availability o f technical documentation.
1.2.4.3 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f b o i l e r s , heat exchanger
a n d pressure vessels o n b o a r d , t h e i r i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n ,
h y d r a u l i c test a n d e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried
out (while boilers shall b e examined externally under
w o r k i n g pressure).
W h e r e a certificate issued b y A C S i s available, t h e
internal e x a m i n a t i o n and h y d r a u l i c test results m a y b e t a k e n
into consideration, as obtained earlier w i t h i n t h e specified
periods o f t i m e . I n this case, t h e n e x t internal e x a m i n a t i o n
and h y d r a u l i c test date shall b e determined o n the basis o f
the date stated i n t h e certificate, s o that i t w o u l d coincide
w i t h the periodical survey o f the ship.
1.2.5 S y s t e m s a n d p i p i n g .
1.2.5.1 A t initial survey o f ship, t h e m a n d a t o r y list o f
ship's s y s t e m a n d p i p i n g , as w e l l as o f the systems a n d
p i p i n g o f the ship's m a c h i n e r y installation w i t h its fittings
and instruments, their design, arrangement a n d installation
shall b e checked f o r compliance w i t h t h e requirements o f
the rules i n force o n t h e date o f construction o f t h e
particular ship, h a v i n g regard t o the subsequent editions o f

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

the rules covering t h e ships i n service. D u r i n g this survey,


the technical c o n d i t i o n o f systems and p i p i n g is assessed.
1.2.5.2 S u r v e y o f systems a n d p i p i n g s h a l l b e carried
o u t i n t h e scope o f special s u r v e y .
1.2.6 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
1.2.6.1 A t initial survey, the list o f electrical equipment,
its design, arrangement, i n s t a l l a t i o n , t e c h n i c a l character
istics a r e checked f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e r u l e s i n force o n t h e date o f c o n s t r u c t i o n o f t h e
p a r t i c u l a r ship, h a v i n g regard t o t h e subsequent e d i t i o n s
o f t h e rules c o v e r i n g t h e ships i n service, a n d t h e
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e e q u i p m e n t i s assessed.
1.2.6.2 S u r v e y o f electrical e q u i p m e n t o f t h e ship
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e scope o f special survey.
1.2.7 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t
1.2.7.1 A t i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship, t h e s h i p o w n e r
shall submit t h e f o l l o w i n g technical documentation, i n
a d d i t i o n t o d o c u m e n t a t i o n specified i n S e c t i o n 6 o f P a r t I
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " (besides certificates issued b y
classification societies a n d o t h e r c o m p e t e n t s u p e r v i s o r y
bodies, manufacturer's certificates):
e x p l a n a t o r y n o t e c o n t a i n i n g a list a n d d e s c r i p t i o n o f
automated machinery and equipment o f machinery
installation;
f u n c t i o n a l a n d l i n e diagrams o f a u t o m a t i o n w i t h
parameters a n d m a x i m u m v a l u e s , at w h i c h a l a r m a n d
p r o t e c t i o n are activated, as w e l l as w i t h data p e r t i n e n t t o
parameter indication;
d r a w i n g s o f separate a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t devices
( u n i t s ) , boards, m o n i t o r i n g a n d c o n t r o l panels, p o w e r
u n i t s , etc., as w e l l as d r a w i n g s s h o w i n g t h e i r arrange
m e n t o n board;
l i s t o f e l e m e n t s a n d d e v i c e s u s e d i n separate
a u t o m a t i o n systems, w i t h i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e i r purpose,
t y p e , m a k e r , r e g u l a t i o n range, as w e l l as data o n a m b i e n t
c o n d i t i o n s resistance a n d , w h e n e v e r possible, i n f o r m a
tion o n reliability.
1.2.7.2 T h e scope o f i n i t i a l s u r v e y i s d e t e r m i n e d
p r o c e e d i n g from t h e scope o f special s u r v e y , p r o v i d e d
t h e ship h a s a v a l i d a u t o m a t i o n m a r k i n its class n o t a t i o n .
A t the Register discretion, the initial survey m a y be
reduced t o t h e scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y , p r o v i d e d t h e ship
has a v a l i d a u t o m a t i o n m a r k i n its class n o t a t i o n assigned
b y a recognized A C S .
1.2.7.3 R e p l a c e m e n t o f p a r t i c u l a r types o f a u t o m a
t i o n e q u i p m e n t w i t h e q u i p m e n t o f o t h e r types, as w e l l as
additional installation o f automation equipment, shall be
effected o n t h e basis o f technical d o c u m e n t a t i o n
a p p r o v e d b y t h e Register.

2 PERIODICAL SURVEYS
T h e p r o v i s i o n s o f chapters i n t h i s S e c t i o n a r e
applicable t o a l l t h e types o f ships.

31

A d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y s o f h u l l struc
tures, p i p i n g systems a n d ballast t a n k s applicable t o selfp r o p e l l e d o i l t a n k e r s , d o u b l e s k i n o i l tankers, c h e m i c a l
tankers, b u l k carriers, d o u b l e s k i n b u l k carriers a n d ships
c a r r y i n g d r y general cargoes are g i v e n i n Sections 2 t o 7
o f P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g o n
their Purpose and H u l l Material".
A d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y s o f gas carriers
are g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 8 o f P a r t " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f
Ships Depending o n their Purpose a n d H u l l Material".
Additional requirements f o r surveys o f water level
detectors o f s i n g l e - h o l d d r y cargo ships are g i v e n i n
Section 7 o f Part " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys o f Ships
Depending o n their Purpose and H u l l Material".
A d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y s o f ships d e
p e n d i n g o n t h e i r purpose a n d h u l l m a t e r i a l a r e g i v e n i n
P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g o n t h e i r
Purpose and H u l l Material".
I n a d d i t i o n , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r i n c l i n i n g tests o r
l i g h t - w e i g h t c h e c k s s p e c i f i e d i n 1.5.1.3 t o 1.5.1.8
a n d 1.5.5, P a r t I V " S t a b i l i t y " o f t h e R u l e s f o r t h e
Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships
a p p l y t o a l l types o f ships. C o m p l i a n c e w i t h these
requirements shall be mandatorily verified b y the R S
surveyors t o confirm their fulfilment w i t h i n the t i m e limit
prescribed f o r c e r t a i n types o f ships, a n d i n cases
specified i n t h e a b o v e r e q u i r e m e n t s .
A p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h e present S e c t i o n
w h e n c a r r y i n g o u t p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s o f t h e h u l l (refer t o
2 . 2 . 2 , 2 . 3 . 2 a n d 2 . 4 . 2 ) a n d m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n s (refer
t o 2 . 2 . 5 , 2 . 3 . 3 , 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 3 , 2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 , Chapters 2 . 6 a n d 2 . 9 )
o f c o m m e r c i a l ships, w h i c h are o w n e d o r chartered b y
g o v e r n m e n t s a n d are used as c o m b a t o r support vessels
i n m i l i t a r y operations, i s subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n
b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each p a r t i c u l a r case.

2.1 S U M M A R I Z E D S C O P E O F P E R I O D I C A L S U R V E Y S
OF A SHIP IN TABULAR F O R M

2.1.1 I n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e scope o f p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s
and intervals between t h e m shall be found i n Table 2.1.1
b e i n g t h e s u m m a r i z e d list o f i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l super
v i s i o n . I n case t h e disputes r e g a r d i n g t h e d e t e r m i n a t i o n
o f scope a n d schedule o f s u r v e y s arise, t h e final d e c i s i o n
s h a l l b e m a d e o n t h e basis o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s set f o r t h i n
t h e r e l e v a n t sections o f t h e R u l e s .
References t o t h e i t e m s o f T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 relate t o t h e
t e x t o f t h e present P a r t o f t h e R u l e s , i f n o t specified
otherwise.
T h e extent o f particular examinations, measure
m e n t s , t e s t i n g , etc. i s t h e m i n i m u m a n d m a y b e changed
b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r p r o c e e d i n g from v a l i d
instructions a n d current situations.
2.1.2 T h e scope o f p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s f o r ships l i s t e d
i n 1.2.1 a n d 1.2.2 o f P a r t I " C l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o f t h e R u l e s

32

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

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2.4.2.6.5

2.4.2.6.5

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope


33

34

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Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope


35

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Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

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Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope


45

46

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

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See circular 808c

51

52

for the Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going


Ships s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n those g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 .
W h e r e necessary, t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r m a y
r e q u i r e e x p a n d i n g t h e scope o f s u r v e y s f o r these ships.
2.1.3 T a b l e s p e c i f y i n g t h e scope a n d schedule o f
s u r v e y s o f refrigerating p l a n t is g i v e n i n P a r t I V " S u r v e y s
o f Refrigerating Plants".

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.2.1.5 A n n u a l surveys o f a ship consist m a i n l y o f a n


external examination o f items a n d their operational testing.
S u m m a r i z e d scope o f s u r v e y s i s g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1
a n d i n t h e r e l e v a n t chapters o f t h i s S e c t i o n .
2.2.1.6 A t a n n u a l survey, t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s u b m i t
t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n (refer t o S e c t i o n 6 o f P a r t I
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) i n t h e a m o u n t necessary f o r
verifying t h e compliance w i t h t h e technical require
m e n t s , v a l u e s a n d characteristics set o u t i n t h e R u l e s f o r
t
he Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships,
2.2 A N N U A L S U R V E Y
as w e l l as t h e ship d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( d o c u m e n t s issued b y
See circular 771
See circular 778
classification societies a n d o t h e r c o m p e t e n t s u p e r v i s o r y
bodies, manufacturer's certificates, etc.). I f t h e s h i p o w n e r
2.2.1 G e n e r a l .
2.2.1.1 A n n u a l s u r v e y f o r class c o n f i r m a t i o n i s c a n n o t s u b m i t t h e s u f f i c i e n t a m o u n t o f t e c h n i c a l
i n t e n d e d f o r establishing that t h e ship c o m p l i e s t o a d o c u m e n t a t i o n , m e a s u r e s s h a l l b e t a k e n t o p r o v i d e t h e
sufficient degree w i t h t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f class, as w e l l as r e q u i r e d i n f o r m a t i o n , a n d , i f necessary, t o m a k e calcula
f o r c h e c k i n g t h e o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y , devices a n d t i o n s , conduct tests a n d prepare d r a w i n g s .
installations covered b y the requirements o f the Rules for
2.2.1.7 A n n u a l s u r v e y s s h a l l , as f a r as practicable,
t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f S e a - G o i n g S h i p s . b e c o m b i n e d w i t h s u r v e y s o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e ship's
2.2.1.2 A t a n n u a l s u r v e y s o f a s h i p , i t s h u l l , b o t t o m s t i p u l a t e d b y t h e R u l e s (refer t o C h a p t e r 2 . 5 ) , as
arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t , m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a w e l l as w i t h t h e s u r v e y s c a r r i e d o u t f o r r e n e w a l a n d
t i o n , fire p r o t e c t i o n , systems a n d p i p i n g , electrical a n d e n d o r s e m e n t o f t h e r e l e v a n t s t a t u t o r y certificates. I t i s
a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t a r e checked w i t h regard t o a n y r e c o m m e n d e d t h a t t h e s u r v e y s c a r r i e d o u t o n t h e
changes i n t h e list, completeness, design, a r r a n g e m e n t C o n t i n u o u s S u r v e y S y s t e m ( C S S ) b a s i s s h a l l b e
a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o f i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n , as w e l l c o m b i n e d w i t h a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
as i n t h e i r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
2.2.1.8 P r i o r t o c o m m e n c e m e n t o f survey, i t s h a l l b e
2.2.1.3 A t a n n u a l survey, i t i s checked that t h e ship ascertained that t h e s h i p o w n e r h a s prepared t h e ship f o r
c o n t i n u e s t o c o m p l y w i t h t h e s t a b i l i t y a n d s u b d i v i s i o n s u r v e y a n d p r o v i d e d t h e necessary facilities f o r a q u a l i t y
c o n d i t i o n s as stated i n t h e appropriate I n f o r m a t i o n o n a n d safe e x e c u t i o n o f s u r v e y s a n d testing o f i t e m s (refer
Stability and Information o n Damage T r i m a n d Stability to Section 4 o f Part I "General Provisions").
a p p r o v e d b y t h e Register.
2.2.2 H u l l .
2.2.1.4 A n n u a l s u r v e y s s h a l l b e carried o u t b e t w e e n
2.2.2.1 A t a n n u a l s u r v e y t h e f o l l o w i n g i t e m s s h a l l b e
special s u r v e y s ( o r b e t w e e n i n i t i a l a n d special s u r v e y ) e x a m i n e d :
w i t h i n three m o n t h s b e f o r e o r after each a n n i v e r s a r y date
o p e n decks, u n d e r w a t e r part o f s h e l l p l a t i n g ;
o f the Classification Certificate.
ballast tanks according t o t h e requirements
I f a n annual o r intermediate survey is completed o f 2.2.2.3.2;
before t h e b e g i n n i n g o f a specified s u r v e y w i n d o w ( e a r l y
superstructures, deckhouses, m a c h i n e r y a n d b o i l e r
s u r v e y ) , a n e w a n n i v e r s a r y date s h a l l b e stated i n t h e casings;
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e , a n d t h e subsequent a n n u a l o r
c o a m i n g s o f cargo a n d c o m p a n i o n hatches, c o m p a
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s s h a l l b e c o m p l e t e d a t t h e i n t e r v a l s n i o n s , v e n t i l a t o r s a n d a i r pipes;
prescribed b y these R u l e s u s i n g t h e n e w a n n i v e r s a r y
h a t c h covers o f freeboard decks a n d superstructures,
date. A n e w a n n i v e r s a r y date s h a l l b e fixed n o t later t h a n i n c l u d i n g cargo h a t c h covers;
3 m o n t h s after t h e s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n date, a n d a n e w
f u n n e l casings;
survey w i n d o w shall b e prescribed ( 3 m o n t h s ) ,
c o m p a n i o n ladder o p e n i n g s , s k y l i g h t s , f l u s h deck,
respectively. T h u s , t h e v a l i d i t y date f t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n side a n d n o n - o p e n i n g scuttles, c o m p a n i o n ladders;
Certificate m a y b e c h a n g e d accordingly, n a m e l y , t h e
closures o f o p e n i n g s i n e x t e r n a l c o n t o u r ;
c o m p l e t i o n o f a n n u a l o r i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y before t h e
deck a n d b u l k h e a d adapters i n w a t e r t i g h t structures;
b e g i n n i n g o f a specified s u r v e y w i n d o w ( e a r l y s u r v e y )
scuppers a n d sanitary d r a i n h o l e s ;
m a y lead t o t h e r e d u c t i o n o f c u r r e n t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
g a n g w a y s a n d u n d e r d e c k passages;
Certificate v a l i d i t y p e r i o d .
guard rails and bulwarks;
T h e e x p i r y date o f t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e m a y
ports, b o w , side a n d stern doors o f r o - r o ships;
remain unchanged provided o n e o r m o r e annual o r
deck-cargo l a s h i n g facilities;
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s , as appropriate, are carried o u t s o
devices t o ensure t h e watertightness o f h a t c h covers
t h a t t h e m a x i m u m i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n t h e s u r v e y s a n d o t h e r closures o f o p e n i n g s i n e x t e r n a l c o n t o u r ;
prescribed b y t h e r e l e v a n t r e q u i r e m e n t s o f these R u l e s
structures o f m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y spaces,
are n o t exceeded.
refrigerating m a c h i n e r y spaces a n d b o i l e r spaces;

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

coal bunkers;
propeller-shaft t u n n e l s .
S u r v e y o f fore air and ventilator pipes ( I A C S U R S 2 7 )
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 .
2.2.2.2 O n r o - r o ships, i n c l u d i n g passenger ships,
t h e closures i n h u l l , superstructures a n d deckhouses, i n
t h e u p p e r a n d p r o m e n a d e decks, fire doors, d o o r s i n
watertight bulkheads, ramps, ports and other h u l l
closures are s u r v e y e d t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e i r d r i v e s a n d
r e l e v a n t s i g n a l l i n g systems. A d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r
passenger ships a n d passenger r o - r o ships a r e g i v e n i n
S e c t i o n 9 o f P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s
Depending o n their Purpose and H u l l Material".
2.2.2.3 S u r v e y o f suspect areas a n d ballast t a n k s .
2.2.2.3.1 Suspect areas.
Suspect areas i d e n t i f i e d at p r e v i o u s s u r v e y s s h a l l b e
examined. Thickness measurements shall be taken o f the
areas o f substantial c o r r o s i o n . T h e e x t e n t o f thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e increased t o d e t e r m i n e areas o f
substantial c o r r o s i o n . T a b l e 2 . 4 . 2 . 6 . 2 - 2 m a y b e used as
guidance f o r these a d d i t i o n a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s .
T h e s e e x t e n d e d t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried
o u t b e f o r e t h e a n n u a l s u r v e y i s credited as c o m p l e t e d .
N o t e . T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s are n o t applicable t o cargo t a n k s o f
a l l o i l tankers ( s i n g l e s k i n a n d d o u b l e s k i n ) a n d c h e m i c a l tankers
s u r v e y e d i n accordance w i t h Sections 2 t o 4 o f P a r t " A d d i t i o n a l
S u r v e y s o f Ships D e p e n d i n g o n t h e i r P u r p o s e a n d H u l l M a t e r i a l " .

2.2.2.3.2 S u r v e y o f ballast t a n k s .
S u r v e y o f b a l l a s t t a n k s w h e n r e q u i r e d as a
consequence o f t h e results o f t h e special s u r v e y a n d
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t . W h e n c o n
sidered necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r , o r w h e r e e x t e n s i v e
c o r r o s i o n exists, thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s h a l l b e carried
out. I f t h e results o f these thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
indicate t h a t substantial c o r r o s i o n i s f o u n d , t h e n t h e
e x t e n t o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e increased t o
determine areas o f substantial corrosion. Table 2.4.2.6.2-2
m a y b e used as guidance f o r these additional measurements.
These extended thickness measurements shall b e carried o u t
before t h e annual survey is credited as completed.
W h e n soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g i s a p p l i e d t o surfaces
o f ballast t a n k s , t h e ballast t a n k s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d at
annual intervals.
The surveyor shall be provided w i t h documentation
confirming that prior t o application o f t h e semi-hard
c o a t i n g , thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d s t r u c t u r a l repairs, i f
so r e q u i r e d as a consequence o f t h e results o f thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s , h a v e b e e n carried o u t , a n d t h a t surface
preparation, coating application a n d f i l m thickness
c o m p l y w i t h t h e manufacturer's specification.
2.2.2.4 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f structures i n
areas subject t o close-up s u r v e y s s h a l l b e carried o u t
s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h t h e close-up s u r v e y s .
2.2.2.5 L o a d i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
2.2.2.5.1 L o a d i n g i n s t r u m e n t s a r e subject t o a n n u a l
inspection. Availability o f operation m a n u a l and the

53

R e g i s t e r R e p o r t w i t h a p p r o v e d reference e x a m p l e s s h a l l
be checked. I t s h a l l b e ascertained t h a t t h e I n f o r m a t i o n
on Stability, I n f o r m a t i o n o n Strength and Information o n
D a m a g e T r i m a n d S t a b i l i t y , o n t h e basis o f w h i c h t h e
check o f s o f t w a r e o p e r a t i o n w a s carried o u t a n d w h i c h
are stated i n t h e R e g i s t e r R e p o r t , h a v e n o t b e e n corrected
since t h e date o f issuance o f t h e a b o v e R e p o r t , a n d t h a t
t h e results o b t a i n e d from t h e l o a d i n g i n s t r u m e n t are
i d e n t i c a l t o t h e results o f t h e e x a m p l e s a p p r o v e d b y t h e
R e g i s t e r a n d attached t o t h e R e p o r t .
2.2.2.6 R e p a i r s .
2.2.2.6.1 A n y d a m a g e i n association w i t h wastage
over the allowable limits (including buckling, grooving,
d e t a c h m e n t o r fracture) o r e x t e n s i v e areas o f wastage
o v e r t h e a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , w h i c h affects or, i n t h e o p i n i o n
o f t h e s u r v e y o r , w i l l affect t h e ship's s t r u c t u r a l , w a t e r
tight o r weathertight integrity, shall be p r o m p t l y and
t h o r o u g h l y r e p a i r e d ( f o r details refer t o 2 . 4 . 2 . 1 0 ) .
2.2.2.7 S u r v e y o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e ship's b o t t o m .
See circular 810
S u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m f o r
passenger, w o o d e n a n d composite ships, a n d f o r ships
regularly operating i n ice, as w e l l as f o r ice-breaking ships
(refer t o 2.5.1.5) shall include t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f the h u l l ,
bilge keels, sea chests w i t h inlet screens, bottom-and-side
fittings w i t h branch pipes, adapters a n d sea chest crossconnections, propeller, sterntube a n d rudder a n d steering
arrangement Scope o f survey shall b e sufficient t o m a k e
sure that the c o n d i t i o n o f the above items remains f i t
In-water survey using the underwater television m a y
be considered as e q u i v a l e n t t o d r y d o c k i n g s u r v e y i f t h e
c o n d i t i o n s o f 2 . 5 a r e o b s e r v e d a n d also i n case o f t h e
acceptable s u r v e y t e r m s f o r sterntubes.
2.2.2.8 T h e assessment o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i
t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 2 . 9 .
2.2.3 S h i p ' s a r r a n g e m e n t s , e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t
2.2.3.1 R u d d e r a n d steering gear.
2.2.3.1.1 R u d d e r a n d steering gear e x a m i n a t i o n
includes a n o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g o f t h e m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y
steering gear together w i t h t h e c o n t r o l s y s t e m a n d
stations, as w e l l as w i t h r u d d e r indicators, u n d e r w a y o r
when lying.
2.2.3.1.2 E m e r g e n c y steering gear a n d r u d d e r stops
are e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.3.1.3 M a c h i n e r y , systems a n d electrical e q u i p
m e n t f o r m i n g p a r t o f r u d d e r a n d steering gear are
s u r v e y e d i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s t o b e
f o u n d i n t h e r e l e v a n t parts o f these R u l e s .
2.2.3.1.4 I n d e t e r m i n i n g t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
r u d d e r a n d steering gear, t h e w e a r a n d defect rates g i v e n
i n 2.4.3.3.5 s h a l l b e t a k e n i n t o account.
2.2.3.2 A n c h o r arrangement.
2.2.3.2.1 A n c h o r a r r a n g e m e n t i s e x a m i n e d a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested t h r o u g h d r o p p i n g o r l o w e r i n g a n d
h o i s t i n g o f anchors.
2.2.3.2.2 A n c h o r s , h a w s e pipes, s w i v e l s , stoppers,
ropes a n d chains s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y .

54

2.2.3.2.3 M a c h i n e r y , s y s t e m s a n d electrical e q u i p ment forming part o f t h e anchor arrangement are


s u r v e y e d i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s t o b e
f o u n d i n t h e r e l e v a n t parts o f these R u l e s .
2.2.3.2.4 I n d e t e r m i n i n g t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e a n c h o r arrangement, t h e w e a r a n d defect rates g i v e n
i n 2.4.3.4.7 s h a l l b e t a k e n i n t o account.
2.2.3.3 M o o r i n g a r r a n g e m e n t .
2.2.3.3.1 B o l l a r d s , h a w s e pipes, reels, fairleads a n d
ropes s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y . M o o r i n g w i n c h e s
s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.3.3.2 I n d e t e r m i n i n g t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e m o o r i n g arrangement, t h e w e a r a n d defect rates g i v e n
i n 2.4.3.5.3 s h a l l b e t a k e n i n t o account.
2.2.3.4 T o w i n g arrangement.
2.2.3.4.1 T o w i n g arrangement, as w e l l as t o w i n g
w i n c h e s and t h e i r equipment, are e x a m i n e d and operationa l l y tested. T o w h o o k s are subject t o close-up survey.
2.2.3.4.2 O n tugs, t o w h o o k s , t o w i n g rails, t o w i n g
arches a n d w i r e stoppers are e x a m i n e d .
2.2.3.4.3 I n d e t e r m i n i n g t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t , t h e w e a r a n d defect rates g i v e n
i n 2.4.3.6.5 s h a l l b e t a k e n i n t o account.
2.2.3.5 C l o s i n g appliances f o r o p e n i n g s i n s h e l l
p l a t i n g , decks, superstructures a n d b u l k h e a d s .
2.2.3.5.1 C l o s i n g appliances o f hatches a n d m a n h o l e s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d o n o p e n deck areas a n d i n s i d e
superstructures, w h i c h a r e n o t enclosed, as w e l l as
external doors o f superstructures a n d deckhouses,
c o m p a n i o n hatches, s k y l i g h t s a n d v e n t i l a t i n g t r u n k s ,
b o w , side a n d stern doors a n d scuttles, v e n t i l a t o r covers,
w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d doors. H a t c h covers, t h e i r c o a m i n g s ,
s t i f f e n i n g structures a n d p a c k i n g f a c i l i t i e s s h a l l b e
s u r v e y e d aboard a l l ships as part o f a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
2.2.3.5.2 D o o r s i n w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d s a n d t h e i r
drives w i t h i n d i c a t o r s , as w e l l as h a t c h c o v e r d r i v e s s h a l l
b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested. S l i d i n g d o o r s s h a l l b e a d d i t i o n a l l y tested w i t h a feeler gauge. T h e feeler gauge o f
0,05 m m i n l e n g t h s h a l l n o t penetrate t h r o u g h t h e entire
p e r i m e t e r o f sealing.
2.2.3.5.3 S u r v e y o f s m a l l hatches o n t h e f o r e deck o f
the ship ( I A C S U R S 2 6 ) shall b e carried o u t i n
accordance w i t h 2.4.3.2.9.
2.2.3.5.4 M a c h i n e r y , systems and electrical equipment
f o r m i n g part o f mechanical drives o f hatch covers a n d
bulkhead doors shall b e surveyed i n accordance w i t h t h e
requirements t o b e f o u n d i n the relevant parts o f these Rules.
2.2.3.6 S p e c i a l e m e r g e n c y t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t f o r
o i l t a n k e r s , o i l tankers ( > 6 0 C), c o m b i n a t i o n carriers,
gas carriers a n d c h e m i c a l t a n k e r s .
2.2.3.6.1 S p e c i a l e m e r g e n c y t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t f o r
t h e a b o v e types o f ships o f 2 0 0 0 0 t o n s d e a d w e i g h t a n d
above, c o n s i s t i n g o f p i c k - u p gear, t o w i n g pennants,
c h a f i n g gear, fairleads, s t r o n g p o i n t s , r o l l e r pedestal, i s
subject t o e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n t o m a k e sure t h a t i t i s
r e a d y f o r use.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.2.3.7 C a r g o s e c u r i n g e q u i p m e n t .
2.2.3.7.1 C a r g o s e c u r i n g e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e e x a mined, including container securing equipment aboard
c o n t a i n e r ships a n d ships adapted f o r c o n t a i n e r carriage.
F o r this purpose i t shall b e checked whether t h e
e q u i p m e n t i s c o m p l e t e , w h e t h e r there a r e a n y e x t e r n a l
defects o r excessive w e a r , a n d w h e t h e r m a r k i n g a n d
r e l e v a n t certificates a r e a v a i l a b l e .
2.2.3.8 E x a m i n a t i o n o f w e a t h e r decks, ship side
p l a t i n g a b o v e w a t e r l i n e , h a t c h covers a n d c o a m i n g s .
2.2.3.8.1 C o n f i r m a t i o n s h a l l b e o b t a i n e d t h a t n o
u n a p p r o v e d changes h a v e b e e n m a d e t o t h e h a t c h covers,
h a t c h c o a m i n g s a n d t h e i r s e c u r i n g a n d s e a l i n g devices
since t h e last survey.
2.2.3.8.2 M e c h a n i c a l l y operated steel covers s h a l l b e
checked, i n p a r t i c u l a r :
.1 h a t c h covers, i n c l u d i n g close-up s u r v e y o f p l a t i n g ;
.2 tightness devices o f l o n g i t u d i n a l , transverse a n d
i n t e r m e d i a t e cross j u n c t i o n s ( g a s k e t s , g a s k e t l i p s ,
c o m p r e s s i o n bars, drainage channels);
.3 c l a m p i n g devices, r e t a i n i n g bars, cleating;
.4 c h a i n a n d r o p e p u l l e y s ;
.5 guides;
.6 g u i d e r a i l s a n d t r a c k w h e e l s ;
.7 stoppers, etc.;
.8 w i r e s , chains, gypsies, t e n s i o n i n g devices;
.9 h y d r a u l i c s y s t e m essential t o c l o s i n g a n d securing;
.10 safety l o c k s a n d r e t a i n i n g devices.
2.2.3.8.3 P o r t a b l e covers, w o o d e n o r steel p o n t o o n s
s h a l l b e checked, w h e r e applicable, i n p a r t i c u l a r :
.1 w o o d e n covers a n d p o r t a b l e b e a m s , carriers o r
sockets f o r t h e p o r t a b l e b e a m , a n d t h e i r s e c u r i n g devices;
.2 steel p o n t o o n s ,
.3 t a r p a u l i n s ;
.4 cleats, battens a n d w e d g e s ;
.5 h a t c h securing bars a n d t h e i r securing devices;
.6 l o a d i n g pads/bars a n d side plate edge;
.7 g u i d e plates a n d chocks;
.8 c o m p r e s s i o n bars, drainage channels a n d d r a i n
pipes.
2.2.3.8.4 T h e c o n d i t i o n o f h a t c h c o a m i n g p l a t i n g a n d
t h e i r stiffeners s h a l l b e checked.
2.2.3.8.5 R a n d o m c h e c k i n g o f t h e s a t i s f a c t o r y
o p e r a t i o n o f m e c h a n i c a l l y operated h a t c h covers s h a l l
be m a d e , i n c l u d i n g :
.1 s t o w a g e a n d s e c u r i n g i n o p e n c o n d i t i o n ;
.2 p r o p e r f i t a n d e f f i c i e n c y o f sealing i n closed
condition;
.3 o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g o f h y d r a u l i c a n d p o w e r
c o m p o n e n t s , w i r e s , chains a n d l i n k d r i v e s .
2.2.3.8.6 W e l d c o n n e c t i o n s b e t w e e n a l l a i r pipes a n d
deck p l a t i n g s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d .
2.2.3.8.7 A l l a i r pipes i n s t a l l e d o n t h e e x p o s e d decks
shall be examined externally.
2.2.3.8.8 F l a m e screens o n v e n t s t o a l l f u e l o i l a n d
lube o i l tanks shall be examined.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.2.3.8.9 V e n t i l a t o r heads, i n c l u d i n g a u t o m a t i c ,
located o n o p e n decks a n d t h e i r closures s h a l l b e
e x t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d a n d t h e i r m a r k i n g ( " o p e n - closed")
s h a l l b e checked.
2.2.4 F i r e p r o t e c t i o n .
2.2.4.1 F i r e b u l k h e a d s a n d decks s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d ,
as w e l l as c l o s i n g appliances o f o p e n i n g s t h e r e i n , fire
doors, c l o s i n g appliances o f e x t e r n a l openings ( v e n t i l a t i o n ducts, a n n u l a r spaces o f stacks, s k y l i g h t s ) . T h e
r e m o t e c o n t r o l systems o f fire doors s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.4.2 F i r e e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems are e x a m i n e d a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested c o m p l e t e w i t h c y l i n d e r s , t a n k s ,
arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t .
T h e p i p i n g o f c a r b o n d i o x i d e s m o t h e r i n g systems,
fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g u s i n g fieons, f o a m f i r e e x t i n g u i s h i n g
systems s h a l l b e air-tested f o r free passage o f t h e m e d i u m
transferred.
T h e aerosol fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems s h a l l b e
checked b y m e a n s o f v i s u a l e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e w o r k i n g
order t h r o u g h i n d i c a t i o n o n t h e r e m o t e c o n t r o l device
a n d t h e e f f i c i e n c y o f fastening o f t h e s y s t e m e q u i p m e n t
a n d cables.
T h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems
s h a l l b e carried o u t c o n c u r r e n t l y w i t h that o f t h e p u m p s ,
compressors, v e n t i l a t o r s , b o i l e r s , apparatuses a n d pressure vessels, b y w h i c h t h e y are served, a l o n g w i t h testing
o f t h e i r systems, c o n n e c t i n g devices, r e m o t e c o n t r o l
d r i v e s , a u t o m a t i o n systems a n d devices, m o n i t o r i n g
devices.
T h e v i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m s w a r n i n g a b o u t t h e fire
e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m starting s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y
tested.
A l l c y l i n d e r s f o r t h e storage o f f i r e e x t i n g u i s h i n g
m e d i u m s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d , a n d a check f o r completeness
a n d e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t i n respect
o f f i r e - f i g h t i n g o u t f i t , i n c l u d i n g e m e r g e n c y escape
b r e a t h i n g devices ( t h e i r e x p i r y date s h a l l b e checked),
spares a n d t o o l s .
A t s u r v e y o f cabinets f o r fire hoses, t h e y s h a l l b e
checked f o r s t r u c t u r a l i n t e g r i t y , drainage a n d c o r r o s i o n .
2.2.4.3 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f s u r v e y o f fire s m o t h e r i n g
systems, i t s h a l l b e checked w h e t h e r t h e v o l u m e o f fire
e x t i n g u i s h i n g m e d i u m is sufficient, w h e t h e r t h e c y l i n d e r s
bear t h e stamps o f c o m p e t e n t a u t h o r i t i e s , as w e l l as
w h e t h e r certificates from a r e c o g n i z e d l a b o r a t o r y o r
c o m p e t e n t b o d y are a v a i l a b l e t o t e s t i f y that t h e fire
e x t i n g u i s h i n g m e d i u m m a y b e used.
2.2.4.4 F i r e a l a r m systems s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y
tested.
2.2.4.5 A d d i t i o n a l i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o n t h e checks a n d e x a m i n a t i o n s o f fire hoses,
c o u p l i n g s , fire h o s e n o z z l e s , f o a m generators a n d selfc o n t a i n e d b r e a t h i n g apparatuses carried o u t at a n n u a l
s u r v e y s a r e set o u t i n 2 . 2 . 4 , P a r t I I " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.

55

2.2.5 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n .
2.2.5.1 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n , together w i t h t h e
m a c h i n e r y , systems, electrical e q u i p m e n t , arrangements,
automation, signalling and monitoring equipment b y
w h i c h i t i s served, s h a l l b e inspected t o v e r i f y w h e t h e r
any modifications have been introduced t o t h e list o f
i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n , t h e i r design, a r r a n g e m e n t
and installation o n board, equipment o f machinery
spaces, as w e l l as t o assess t h e i r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n ,
o n t h e basis o f t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d
Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
2.2.5.2 M a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y , e m e r g e n c y
p o w e r sources a n d systems, b y w h i c h t h e y are served,
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.5.3 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y
m a c h i n e r y o p e r a t i o n a l testing, i t s a v a i l a b i l i t y f o r service
is checked, as w e l l as t h e s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f m a n o e u v r i n g
a n d starting devices, r e m o t e c o n t r o l , r e g u l a t i n g a n d
p r o t e c t i o n devices, m a c h i n e r y d r i v e n b y t h e m a i n engine
a n d d r i v i n g m a c h i n e r y , as w e l l as o f gear a n d c o u p l i n g s .
I t is n o t necessary f o r t h e m a c h i n e r y t o a c h i e v e a specific
speed, l o a d o r o t h e r parameters.
2.2.5.4 D i e s e l generators, p u m p s , turbochargers,
ejectors, separators, compressors, v e n t i l a t o r s i n dangerous spaces, a n d b o i l e r b l o w e r s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.5.5 Speed g o v e r n o r s a n d overspeed devices
( o n l y w h e r e t h e m a i n m a c h i n e r y d r i v i n g m a i n generators
o r d r i v i n g a p r o p e l l e r t h r o u g h a release gear, o r a C P P i s
concerned, as w e l l as diesel generators w i t h p o w e r
output o f 2 2 0 k W and above) shall be operationally
tested.
2.2.5.6 S h a f t i n g a n d sterntube a r r a n g e m e n t s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d . T h e c o n t r o l systems o f C P P a n d p i t c h - c o n t r o l
u n i t s , as w e l l as t h e c o o l i n g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g s y s t e m o f
p r o p e l l e r shaft bearings, s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d opera t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.5.7 S u r v e y o f ship b o i l e r s i s a n i n t e g r a l p a r t o f
a n n u a l s u r v e y a n d s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h Chapter 2.9.
2.2.5.8 S y s t e m s a n d f i t t i n g s , r e m o t e l y d r i v e n fittings
i n c l u d e d , as w e l l as b o t t o m - a n d - s i d e fittings, s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.5.9 Heat exchangers, air receivers and other pressure
vessels, filters a n d t h e i r safety devices s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d checked t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e check o f t h e systems.
2.2.5.10 C o m m u n i c a t i o n s y s t e m s , t e l e g r a p h s ,
a u d i b l e a n d v i s u a l s i g n a l devices s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.6 S h i p s y s t e m s a n d p i p i n g .
2.2.6.1 B i l g e a n d ballast systems s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested t o g e t h e r w i t h r e l e v a n t f i t t i n g s
a n d m a c h i n e r y , as w e l l as t o g e t h e r w i t h r e m o t e c o n t r o l ,
m o n i t o r i n g , p r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m systems.
2.2.6.2 W h e n s u r v e y i n g air, e x h a u s t gas, o v e r f l o w
a n d s o u n d i n g pipes, w h i c h s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d t a k i n g i n t o

56

account 2 . 2 . 3 . 8 . 6 t o 2 . 2 . 3 . 8 . 9 , a check s h a l l b e carried


out o f a v a i l a b i l i t y a n d c o n d i t i o n o f s h u t - o f f v a l v e s o n a i r
pipes o f ice b o x e s a n d sea chests, f l a m e arresters o n ends
o f e x h a u s t gas pipes, sight glasses o n o v e r f l o w pipes,
self-closing faucets o f s h o r t s o u n d i n g pipes i n engine
r o o m a n d self-closing test cocks located b e l o w t h e m ,
l e v e l indicators.
2.2.6.3 H y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.6.4 T h e v e n t i l a t i o n s y s t e m o f dangerous spaces
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested. Ships w h o s e
keels w e r e l a i d o n o r after 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 2 s h a l l b e
checked f o r t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f safe access t o t h e c o n t r o l s
for closure o f v e n t i l a t i o n ducts (refer t o l 2 . 1 . 1 0 , P a r t V I I I
"Systems and Piping" o f the Rules f o r Construction)
l e a d i n g t o cargo, m a c h i n e r y a n d o t h e r spaces f i t t e d w i t h
fire s m o t h e r i n g systems.
2.2.6.5 B a s e d o n t h e e x a m i n a t i o n r e s u l t s , t h e
s u r v e y o r m a y r e q u i r e h y d r a u l i c tests t o b e carried o u t
u n d e r a pressure e q u a l t o t h e m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e
w o r k i n g pressure o f t h e h o s e stated i n i t s certificate
a n d m a r k e d o n b o t h ends o f t h e hose o r e q u a l t o 1,5 o f
t h e w o r k i n g pressure o f t h e s y s t e m o n w h i c h t h e h o s e i s
fitted, w h i c h e v e r i s greater.
2.2.7 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
2.2.7.1 T h e electric p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t ( m a i n g e nerators, exciters, electric p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s a n d electrom a g n e t i c c o u p l i n g s , s w i t c h gear, c o n t r o l a n d m o n i t o r i n g
panels) s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.7.2 M a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y electric p o w e r sources,
a c c u m u l a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , converters s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.7.3 T h e f o l l o w i n g s w i t c h gear s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested: m a i n , e m e r g e n c y , s e c t i o n ,
distribution a n d navigation light switchboards, control,
m o n i t o r i n g a n d s i g n a l l i n g desks a n d panels.
2.2.7.4 T h e electric drives o f devices a n d m a c h i n e r y
mentioned i n Table 2 . 1 . 1 shall be examined a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, as w e l l as t h e i r m o n i t o r i n g a n d
p r o t e c t i o n e q u i p m e n t , s w i t c h a n d c o n t r o l gear.
2.2.7.5 T o b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested i s
t h e m a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y l i g h t i n g o f i t e m s a n d spaces
e s s e n t i a l f o r t h e safe o p e r a t i o n o f t h e s h i p , i t s
s u r v i v a b i l i t y , h a b i t a b i l i t y a n d e v a c u a t i o n o f people.
2.2.7.6 T h e m a i n a n d spare sets o f n a v i g a t i o n l i g h t s
fitted i n t h e i r r e g u l a r places s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, as w e l l as f l a s h i n g l i g h t s . Spare
n a v i g a t i o n l i g h t s f i t t e d i n r e g u l a r places instead o f m a i n
ones s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d .
2.2.7.7 T o b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested are
engine r o o m telegraphs, r u d d e r a n d C P P blade p o s i t i o n
indicators, i n t e r n a l service c o m m u n i c a t i o n , general a l a r m
s y s t e m , fire detection a n d a l a r m s y s t e m , a l a r m s t o w a r n
that fire s m o t h e r i n g s y s t e m i s p u t i n t o a c t i o n , s i g n a l l i n g
systems o f c l o s i n g o f w a t e r t i g h t a n d f i r e p r o o f r e m o t e l y
operated doors, w a t e r ingress detection a n d a l a r m i n

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

cargo h o l d s o f b u l k carriers; engineers' a l a r m ; fire


e x t i n g u i s h i n g m e d i u m release a l a r m .
Protective earthing a n d lightning rods shall b e
examined.
2.2.7.8 C a b l e penetrations t h r o u g h w a t e r t i g h t a n d
fire-resisting b u l k h e a d s a n d decks, as w e l l as e x t r a
p r o t e c t i o n o f cables s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d .
2.2.7.9 T h e i n s u l a t i o n resistance o f c a b l i n g , as w e l l
as o f electrical e q u i p m e n t a n d cable r u n s i n dangerous
spaces s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d .
2.2.8 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t .
2.2.8.1 C o n t r o l , g o v e r n o r s , m o n i t o r i n g , a l a r m ,
i n d i c a t i o n a n d p r o t e c t i o n systems s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested d u r i n g t h e r e l e v a n t o p e r a t i o n a l
testings o f m a c h i n e r y a n d equipment m e n t i o n e d
under 2.2.2 t o 2.2.7.
2.2.8.2 T h e e m e r g e n c y s t o p d e v i c e s o f m a i n
m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.8.3 T h e remote starting o f m a i n machinery shall b e
tested w h e n electric p o w e r supply is restored after b l a c k o u t
2.2.8.4 T h e change-over devices o f t h e c o n t r o l
stations o f m a i n a n d auxiliary machinery (wheelhouse
m a i n m a c h i n e r y c o n t r o l r o o m l o c a l c o n t r o l s t a t i o n ) , as
w e l l as devices f o r c o n t r o l l i n g t h i s m a c h i n e r y from each
o f t h e stations s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.2.8.5 T h e a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t o f electric p o w e r
p l a n t s h a l l b e tested f o r a u t o m a t i c starting after b l a c k o u t .
2.2.8.6 T h e a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y essential f o r t h e
operation o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y shall b e tested b y remote
starting a n d s h u t d o w n ( f r o m m a i n m a c h i n e r y c o n t r o l
room), and standby m a c h i n e r y shall b e tested b y automatic
starting w i t h a simultaneous a l a r m s y s t e m inspection.
2.2.8.7 T h e p r o t e c t i o n systems o f b o i l e r p l a n t s s h a l l
be tested u n d e r c o n d i t i o n s o f f l a m e f a i l u r e , w a t e r l e v e l
d r o p i n t h e b o i l e r , a i r pressure drop before t h e b o i l e r
furnace, a n d t h e r e m o t e shut d o w n o f t h e electric m o t o r
d r i v i n g t h e f u e l p u m p o f t h e boiler.
2.2.8.8 T h e a u t o m a t e d o p e r a t i o n o f m a c h i n e r y
installation is prohibited i f the remote automated control,
g o v e r n o r , a l a r m o r p r o t e c t i o n systems o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y
or a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y essential f o r t h e o p e r a t i o n o f m a i n
m a c h i n e r y b e c o m e inoperable, u n t i l t h e f a u l t y a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t o p e r a b i l i t y i s restored.
2.2.8.9 A t a n n u a l s u r v e y s c o m p u t e r s a n d c o m p u t e r based a u t o m a t i o n systems o f t h e devices a n d m a c h i n e r y
subject t o t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y
tested u s i n g test p r o g r a m m e s a n d special p r o g r a m m e s
according t o t h e i r i n t e n d e d purpose.
See circular 808c

2.3 I N T E R M E D I A T E

SURVEY
See circular 771

2.3.1 G e n e r a l .
2.3.1.1 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t
either at o r b e t w e e n t h e second a n d t h i r d a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
I t e m s , w h i c h are a d d i t i o n a l t o t h e i t e m s t o b e s u r v e y e d at

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

a n n u a l s u r v e y s , m a y b e s u r v e y e d e i t h e r at o r b e t w e e n t h e
second a n d t h i r d a n n u a l s u r v e y .
Prior t o intermediate survey, the shipowner shall
agree w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r t h e scheduled f u l l scope o f
survey.
2.3.1.2 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y covers t h e i n s p e c t i o n o f
h u l l structures, m a c h i n e r y , b o i l e r s a n d pressure vessels,
e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t , electrical e q u i p m e n t i n order t o
ascertain that these r e m a i n i n a satisfactory c o n d i t i o n f o r
t h e s h i p o p e r a t i o n i n accordance w i t h i t s i n t e n d e d
purpose.
2.3.1.3 Subject t o i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s a r e t h e
f o l l o w i n g ships irrespective o f t h e i r gross t o n n a g e :
all self-propelled o i l tankers a n d combination
carriers, b u l k carriers, c h e m i c a l tankers, gas carriers,
ships c a r r y i n g d r y general cargoes m o r e t h a n 5 years o f
age;
a l l r e m a i n i n g self-propelled ships m o r e t h a n 5 years
o f age that h a v e t a n k s f o r w a t e r ballast ( i n c l u d i n g cargo
spaces u s e d f o r b a l l a s t i n g ) ;
a l l self-propelled d r y cargo ships m o r e t h a n 1 5 years
o f age, o t h e r t h a n those specified i n Sections 5 a n d 6 o f
P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f Ships D e p e n d i n g o n t h e i r
Purpose and H u l l Material";
a l l self-propelled d r y cargo ships m o r e t h a n 1 5 years
o f age o t h e r t h a n those specified i n 7.1.1.1 o f P a r t 1
"Additional Surveys o f Ships Depending o n their
Purpose and H u l l Material".
2.3.1.4 I n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s h a l l c o m p r i s e s u r v e y o f
outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m (refer t o 2 . 3 . 2 . 5 ) .
2.3.1.5 A t i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, s o m e o f t h e i t e m s
m a y b e s u b m i t t e d d u r i n g t h e second a n d others d u r i n g
t h e t h i r d a n n u a l survey, w i t h a r e l e v a n t e n t r y t o b e m a d e
i n t h e certificates after c a r r y i n g o u t t h e i n t e r m e d i a t e
survey t o the full. T h e submittal o f the items shall be
recorded i n r e l e v a n t reports.
2.3.1.6 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
i t e m s subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r s u p e r v i s i o n ( w e a r rates,
clearances i n bearings, test pressure, l o a d , i n s u l a t i o n
resistance v a l u e s ) against t h e acceptable service c o n d i
t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h p r o v i s i o n s o f
Section 5, Part I "General Provisions".
2.3.1.7 A t i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l
s u b m i t t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n (refer t o S e c t i o n 6, P a r t I
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) i n t h e scope r e q u i r e d f o r v e r i f i c a
tion o f compliance w i t h the technical requirements,
parameters a n d characteristics, regulated b y t h e R u l e s f o r
the Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships,
as w e l l as t h e s h i p d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( d o c u m e n t s o f
classification a n d o t h e r c o m p e t e n t s u p e r v i s o r y bodies,
manufacturer's certificates, etc.). L i s t o f ship's t e c h n i c a l
d o c u m e n t a t i o n i s g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 1 . I n case t h e
s h i p o w n e r fails t o s u b m i t t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n i n t h e
adequate extent, m e a s u r e s s h a l l b e t a k e n f o r p r o v i s i o n o f
the information required, w i t h m a k i n g calculations,
w h e r e necessary, tests a n d d r a w i n g s .

57

2.3.1.8 P r i o r t o s u r v e y i t i s necessary t o ensure that


t h e s h i p o w n e r h a s prepared t h e ship f o r s u r v e y a n d
p r o v i d e d t h e c o n d i t i o n s f o r q u a l i t y a n d safe p e r f o r m a n c e
o f s u r v e y a n d testing o f i t e m s (refer t o S e c t i o n 4 , P a r t I
"General Provisions").
2.3.2 H u l l .
2.3.2.1 T h e scope o f s u r v e y o f h u l l structures at
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y o f a ship consists o f t h e scope o f t h e
a n n u a l h u l l s u r v e y a n d t h e scope o f a d d i t i o n a l h u l l
s u r v e y s p r o c e e d i n g f r o m t h e ship t y p e , age a n d c o a t i n g
c o n d i t i o n o f ballast t a n k s . S u r v e y o f ballast t a n k s a n d
cargo h o l d s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e
provisions o f 2.3.2.1.1 t o 2.3.2.1.2.
Meeting o n the survey planning shall be held prior to
commencement o f the intermediate h u l l survey.
Concurrent crediting t o b o t h intermediate survey o r
special s u r v e y f o r s u r v e y s a n d t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s
o f spaces a r e n o t acceptable.
2.3.2.1.1 S u r v e y o f ballast t a n k s .
2.3.2.1.1.1 F o r ships b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 years o f age,
a general i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n o f representative ballast
t a n k s s h a l l b e carried out. I f there i s n o h a r d p r o t e c t i v e
c o a t i n g , soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g , o r t h e h a r d c o a t i n g
c o n d i t i o n i s p o o r , o t h e r ballast t a n k s o f t h e s a m e t y p e
shall be examined.
2.3.2.1.1.2 F o r ships o v e r 1 0 years o f age, a general,
internal e x a m i n a t i o n o f all ballast tanks shall b e carried o u t
2.3.2.1.1.3 I f such examinations reveal n o visible struc
tural defects, the examination m a y b e l i m i t e d t o verification
that t h e c o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n s y s t e m r e m a i n s effective.
2.3.2.1.1.4 F o r b a l l a s t t a n k s ( e x c l u d i n g d o u b l e
b o t t o m t a n k s ) , i f there i s n o h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g , soft
or s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g , o r t h e h a r d c o a t i n g c o n d i t i o n i s
poor, t h e t a n k s i n q u e s t i o n s h a l l b e i n t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d
at a n n u a l i n t e r v a l s .
23.2.1.1.5 D o u b l e b o t t o m tanks, i n w h i c h there is n o
h a r d protective coating, soft o r semi-hard coating, o r t h e
h a r d coating c o n d i t i o n is poor, m a y b e internally e x a m i n e d
at annual intervals, as deemed necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r
and i n case o f substantial corrosion and deformation.
2.3.2.1.2 S u r v e y o f cargo spaces.
2.3.2.1.2.1 I n t h e case o f ships o v e r 15 years o l d ,
internal e x a m i n a t i o n o f cargo spaces (holds a n d 'tweendecks) selected b y the s u r v e y o r shall b e carried out.
N o t e . T h i s r e q u i r e m e n t is n o t applicable t o cargo h o l d s o f a l l
self-propelled b u l k carriers ( s i n g l e s k i n a n d d o u b l e s k i n ) a n d general
dry cargo ships, w h i c h are surveyed i n compliance w i t h Sections 5 to 7 o f
P a r t " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f Ships D e p e n d i n g o n t h e i r Purpose a n d
H u l l Material".

2.3.2.1.2.2 I n t h e case o f ships o v e r 10 years o f age,


o t h e r t h a n ships engaged i n t h e carriage o f d r y cargoes
(refer t o 2 . 3 . 2 . 1 . 2 . 1 ) o r ships subject t o Sections 2 , 3 , 4
a n d 8, P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g
on Their Purpose and H u l l Material", a n internal
e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e cargo spaces selected b y t h e s u r v e y o r
s h a l l b e carried o u t .

58

2.3.2.2 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f structures i n
areas subject t o close-up s u r v e y s s h a l l b e carried o u t
s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h t h e close-up s u r v e y s .
I f necessary, t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried
out i n compliance w i t h provisions o f 2.4.2.6.
Guidelines f o r surveyors t o t h e Register o n t h e
c o n t r o l o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s carried o u t b y t h e
bodies recognized b y the Register are g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 3 3
to the Guidelines.
2.3.2.3 R e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o n t h e e x a m i n a t i o n a n d
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f t h e areas w h e r e r e s i d u a l d e f o r m a t i o n s
a n d cracks a r e m o s t l i k e l y t o appear a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s o n
t h e s u r v e y o f t h e w o r n h u l l m e m b e r s i n areas l i a b l e t o
intensive wastage due t o corrosive environment, sweating,
i n s u f f i c i e n t v e n t i l a t i o n a n d excessive h u m i d i t y w h e r e
technical maintenance during operation is impeded are
set o u t i n 2 . 2 . 2 . 3 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
23.2.4 S u r v e y o f flexible attachments o f deck houses.
Except where p r o v i s i o n is made for annual surveys,
t h e general c o n d i t i o n o f f l e x i b l y attached deckhouses
s h a l l b e assessed at i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, and/or t h e y s h a l l
b e e x a m i n e d i n case o f d a m a g e t o t h e f o l l o w i n g
components:
e x p a n s i o n j o i n t s ( t a k i n g i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n possible
prestressing o f threaded c o n n e c t i o n s ) ;
insulation;
devices g u a r d i n g t h e d e c k h o u s e against s h i f t i n g o r
lifting;
p i p e a n d cable attachments t o t h e h u l l .
A t t a c h m e n t c o m p o n e n t s that a r e n o t d i r e c t l y acces
sible s h a l l b e d i s m a n t l e d a n d e x a m i n e d w h e r e d a m a g e
m a y b e expected.
2.3.2.5 S u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m .
See circular 810
T h e s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m carried
out i n compliance w i t h 2.3.1.4 shall comprise examina
t i o n o f h u l l , k e e l s , sea chests a n d t h e i r i n l e t screens,
b o t t o m , side a n d b u l k h e a d f i t t i n g s w i t h b r a n c h pipes,
adapters a n d k i n g s t o n c o n n e c t i n g channels, p r o p u l s i o n
u n i t , r u d d e r a n d steering gear. T h e s u r v e y scope s h a l l b e
sufficient t o ascertain t h a t t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e a b o v e
i t e m s r e m a i n s satisfactory.
In-water survey using underwater T V , m a y b e
considered e q u i v a l e n t t o d r y d o c k i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship,
p r o v i d e d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f C h a p t e r 2.5 are m e t , a n d i n
case w h e n t h e t e r m s o f s u r v e y o f sterntube arrangements
d o n o t preclude t h i s .
2.3.2.6 S u r v e y o f l o a d i n g i n s t r u m e n t s i s carried o u t
i n compliance w i t h 2.2.2.5.
2.3.2.7 S u r v e y o f a i r a n d v e n t pipes i n t h e b o w part
o f t h e ship ( I A C S U R S 2 7 ) i s carried o u t according
to 2.4.2.8.
Ships w h o s e keels w e r e l a i d o n o r after 1 January 2 0 1 2
s h a l l b e checked f o r t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f safe access t o t h e
c o n t r o l s f o r closure o f v e n t i l a t i o n ducts (refer t o 1 2 . 1 . 1 0 ,
Part V n i "Systems and Piping" o f the Rules f o r the

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships)


l e a d i n g t o cargo, m a c h i n e r y a n d o t h e r spaces fitted w i t h
fire s m o t h e r i n g systems.
23.2.8 S u r v e y o f s m a l l hatches o n the fore deck o f the
ship ( I A C S U R S 2 6 ) is carried out according t o 2.4.3.2.9.
2.3.2.9 R e p a i r s .
2.3.2.9.1 A n y d a m a g e i n association w i t h wastage
over the allowable limits (including buckling, grooving,
detachment o r fracture), o r e x t e n s i v e areas o f wastage
o v e r t h e a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , w h i c h affects or, i n t h e o p i n i o n
o f t h e s u r v e y o r , w i l l affect t h e ship's s t r u c t u r a l , w a t e r
tight o r weathertight integrity, shall be thoroughly and
p r o m p t l y repaired ( f o r details refer t o 2 . 4 . 2 . 1 0 ) .
2.3.2.10 H u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n s h a l l b e assessed i n
accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 2 . 9 .
2.3.3 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n .
2.3.3.1 A t i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e
scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y specified i n 2 . 2 . 5 , t h e s u r v e y s
listed i n 2 . 3 . 3 . 2 t o 2.3.3.5 s h a l l b e carried o u t .
2.3.3.2 A t i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s , t h e f o l l o w i n g
e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
e m e r g e n c y drainage v a l v e o f e n g i n e r o o m ;
drainage, v e n t i l a t i o n , m o n i t o r i n g a n d c o n t r o l sys
t e m s used d u r i n g t h e carriage o f dangerous goods;
c o n t r o l systems o f m a i n , a u x i l i a r y a n d e m e r g e n c y
drives o f steering gear.
2.3.3.3 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e scope o f s u r v e y s m e n t i o n e d See circular 810
i n 2 . 2 . 5 , scope o f s u r v e y f o r s h a f t i n g , propeller, r u d d e r
a n d sterntube a r r a n g e m e n t s h a l l b e as f o l l o w s :
shafting s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d i n accessible l o c a t i o n s ,
shafting a l i g n m e n t s h a l l b e checked w h e r e p r o p e l l e r
shafts a r e extracted a n d p r o c e e d i n g from t h e size o f
clearances i n sterntube bearings, a x i a l clearances s h a l l b e
m e a s u r e d , as f a r as p r a c t i c a b l e , h a v i n g r e g a r d t o
structural features o f t h e shafting;
v i s i b l e sections o f p r o p e l l e r s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d , w i t h
n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing o f blades, e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e
carried o u t o f t h e cone seal a n d p r o p e l l e r shaft flange
h o u s i n g , sterntube a n d protective (antirope) shaft
h o u s i n g , sterntube sealing, a n d t h e threaded connections
o f p r o p e l l e r c o m p o n e n t s a n d sterntube a r r a n g e m e n t s h a l l
be checked f o r r e l i a b i l i t y o f t h e i r l o c k i n g ;
sterntube b e a r i n g clearances s h a l l b e checked a n d
sterntube sealing pressure tested, boss attachment a n d
tightness s h a l l b e checked, as w e l l as C P P blade seal.
T h e C P P a n d sterntube b e a r i n g o i l s h a l l b e checked f o r
presence o f w a t e r a n d m e c h a n i c a l i m p u r i t i e s ;
sterntube arrangements a n d C P P boss sealing s h a l l
be pressure tested i n accordance w i t h t h e manufacturer's
i n s t r u c t i o n s , n o r m a l l y , i n t h e process o f p r o p e l l e r shaft
t u r n i n g a n d C P P blade adjustment. T h e C P P s h a l l n o t b e
d i s m a n t l e d , i f n o t f o u n d necessary.
23.3.4 Rudder-and-steering gear shall b e surveyed i n See circular 810
assembly i n order t o ascertain that the side plating o f rudder
(rudder n o z z l e ) and detachable sections are n o t cracked o r
damaged, that rudder stock a n d pintles h a v e n o signs o f

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

59

visible damage w h e r e accessible f o r e x a m i n a t i o n , that t h e


clearances i n rudder stock and p i n t l e bearings d o n o t exceed
values permissible f o r a ship i n service. T o b e checked is
the c o n d i t i o n o f coupling connecting the rudder stock t o the
rudder (rudder nozzle), o f rudder axle attachment t o h u l l
and the " s k i " o f the sternframe, as w e l l as o f the equipment
for l o c k i n g t h e nuts o f pintles, rudder stock a n d rudder
axle. T o b e measured i s t h e dropping o f rudder, rudder
n o z z l e a n d t h e thickness o f rudder-nozzle inside plating.
Proceeding from t h e rudder n o z z l e dropping value, t h e
clearances b e t w e e n t h e blade a n d rudder n o z z l e shall b e
measured. T h e rudder a n d steering gear shall b e checked
for t h e facility o f p u t t i n g t h e rudder from side t o side.
2.3.3.5 I f i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y covers s u r v e y o f t h e
outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k , a n d i f t h e m a i n
a n d a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y , shafting, p r o p e l l e r s , r u d d e r a n d
steering gear a r e repaired d u r i n g t h e t i m e preceding
special s u r v e y o f t h e ship o r d u r i n g t h e special survey,
t h e y s h a l l b e tested i n t h e presence o f t h e s u r v e y o r d u r i n g
m o o r i n g a n d sea t r i a l s i n order t o check a n d c o n f i r m t h e
characteristics r e q u i r e d b y t h e R u l e s . A t that t h e scope
a n d d u r a t i o n o f testing i s d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r
taking into consideration t h e extent a n d nature o f t h e
repair m a d e .
2.3.3.6 S u r v e y o f ship b o i l e r s i s a n i n t e g r a l p a r t o f
intermediate survey a n d shall be carried o u t i n
compliance w i t h Chapter 2.9.
2.3.4 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
2.3.4.1 A t i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e
scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y m e n t i o n e d i n 2 . 2 . 7 , m e a s u r e m e n t s o f i n s u l a t i o n resistance o f generators a n d electric
m o t o r s o f essential e q u i p m e n t , i n c l u d i n g cables a n d
switches, s h a l l b e carried o u t .
I n o i l tankers, gas carriers a n d c h e m i c a l tankers, t h e
electrical equipment, cables a n d earthing o f dangerous
zones shall b e inspected, f o r instance, i n cargo p u m p
r o o m s a n d areas adjacent t o cargo tanks, a n d the i n s u l a t i o n
resistance o f electric circuits shall b e measured.
W h e r e ship's logs a r e k e p t p r o p e r l y , a p p r o v a l o f t h e
latest m e a s u r e d data m a y b e considered.

2.4 S P E C I A L S U R V E Y
See circular 771

See circular 778

2.4.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.1.1 Special s u r v e y f o r class r e n e w a l i s i n t e n d e d
f o r d e t e r m i n i n g w h e t h e r t h e ship's t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n
a n d structural a n d c o m p o s i t i o n m o d i f i c a t i o n s o f its i t e m s
c o m p l y w i t h the requirements o f the Rules.
2.4.1.2 S p e c i a l s u r v e y s h a l l i n c l u d e s u r v e y o f t h e
outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h Chapter 2.5.
2.4.1.3 A t special s u r v e y t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s u b m i t
t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n (refer t o S e c t i o n 6 o f P a r t I
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) a n d ship d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( d o c u -

ments o f classification and other competent supervisory


bodies, manufacturer's certificates, e t c . ) i n t h e scope
required for verification o f compliance w i t h the technical
r e q u i r e m e n t s , parameters a n d characteristics, regulated
b y the Rules f o r the Classification and Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s , also t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e
necessary c o n d i t i o n s f o r s u r v e y a n d testing o f t h e i t e m s
in compliance w i t h Section 4 o f Part I "General
Provisions".
2.4.1.4 S p e c i a l s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t a t 5 years
i n t e r v a l s t o r e n e w t h e class i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
requirements o f 2.4.1.4.1 t o 2.4.1.4.9.
2.4.1.4.1 T h e first special s u r v e y s h a l l b e c o m p l e t e d
w i t h i n 5 years f r o m t h e date o f t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y after
c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d thereafter 5 years f r o m t h e credited date
o f t h e p r e v i o u s special survey.
2.4.1.4.2 Special s u r v e y m a y b e c o m m e n c e d a t t h e
4 t h a n n u a l s u r v e y a n d b e progressed w i t h a v i e w t o
c o m p l e t i o n b y t h e 5 t h a n n i v e r s a r y date. W h e n special
survey is commenced prior t o the 4 t h annual survey
( m o r e t h a n 1 5 m o n t h s b e f o r e t h e 5 t h a n n i v e r s a r y date),
t h e e n t i r e s u r v e y ( i n c l u d i n g s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e
ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k ) s h a l l b e c o m p l e t e d w i t h i n
15 m o n t h s i f s u c h w o r k s h a l l b e credited t o special
survey. R e g a r d i n g s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's
b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k , refer also t o C h a p t e r 2 . 5 .
2.4.1.4.3 O n c o m p l e t i o n o f special s u r v e y , t h e
surveys o f t h e items o f technical supervision, w h i c h
w e r e carried o u t i n t h e r e q u i r e d scope n o t earlier t h a n
15 m o n t h s b e f o r e t h e 5 t h a n n i v e r s a r y date ( i n c l u d i n g
s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k ) ,
m a y b e credited.
2.4.1.4.4 I n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n special s u r v e y s s h a l l b e
recorded:
from t h e date o f c o m m e n c e m e n t o f t h e first i n i t i a l
s u r v e y after t h e ship c o n s t r u c t i o n ;
from t h e date o f c o m m e n c e m e n t o f i n i t i a l ( i n t h e
scope o f special) s u r v e y f o r a s s i g n m e n t o f class t o t h e
ship constructed w i t h o u t t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e
R e g i s t e r o r r e c o g n i z e d classification society;
from t h e date o f c o m m e n c e m e n t o f special s u r v e y
carried o u t b y t h e classification society I A C S m e m b e r
i n case o f transfer o f class o f ship w i t h t h e v a l i d class o f
t h e r e c o g n i z e d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n society ( r e t e n t i o n o f dates o f
periodical surveys);
from t h e date o f i n i t i a l s u r v e y carried o u t b y t h e
R e g i s t e r at transfer o f class o f t h e ship w i t h t h e v a l i d
class o f t h e r e c o g n i z e d classification society, i f i n i t i a l
s u r v e y w a s carried o u t i n t h e scope o f special s u r v e y ;
from t h e date o f special s u r v e y carried o u t b y t h e
R e g i s t e r f o r r e n e w a l o f class;
from t h e date o f c o m m e n c e m e n t o f o c c a s i o n a l
( i n scope o f special) s u r v e y a t reassignment o f class t o
t h e ship, w h i c h class w a s w i t h d r a w n .
2.4.1.4.5 I f special s u r v e y f o r class r e n e w a l i s
c o m p l e t e d w i t h i n 3 m o n t h s b e f o r e t h e e x p i r y date o f

60

special s u r v e y , t h e n e x t p e r i o d o f class i s established f o r


5 years b e g i n n i n g from t h e e x p i r y date o f special survey.
I n t h i s case t h e p e r i o d o f v a l i d i t y o f a n e w C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Certificate (hereinafter, t h e C e r t i f i c a t e ) begins from t h e
date o f c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e special s u r v e y u n t i l t h e date n o t
later t h a n 5 years after t h e date o f e x p i r a t i o n o f p e r i o d o f
the existing Certificate validity.
2.4.1.4.6 I f special s u r v e y f o r class r e n e w a l i s
c o m p l e t e d after t h e e x p i r y date o f special survey, t h e n e x t
p e r i o d o f class i s established f o r 5 years b e g i n n i n g from
t h e e x p i r y date o f special survey. I n t h i s case t h e p e r i o d
o f v a l i d i t y o f a n e w C e r t i f i c a t e begins from t h e date o f
c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e special s u r v e y u n t i l t h e date n o t later
t h a n 5 years after t h e date o f e x p i r a t i o n o f p e r i o d o f t h e
existing Certificate validity w i t h o u t extension o f the
special s u r v e y o r o f t h e e x i s t i n g Certificate.
I n e x c e p t i o n a l circumstances, o n t h e agreement w i t h
R H O , t h e n e x t p e r i o d o f class m a y b e established f o r
5 years b e g i n n i n g from t h e date o f actual c o m p l e t i o n o f
special survey. I n t h i s case t h e p e r i o d o f v a l i d i t y o f a n e w
Certificate begins from t h e date o f c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e
special s u r v e y u n t i l t h e date n o t later t h a n 5 years after
t h e date o f c o m p l e t i o n o f t h i s survey.
2.4.1.4.7 I f special s u r v e y f o r class r e n e w a l i s
c o m p l e t e d m o r e t h a n 3 m o n t h s before t h e e x p i r y date o f
special s u r v e y , t h e n e x t p e r i o d o f class i s established f o r
5 years b e g i n n i n g from t h e s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n date. I n
t h i s case t h e p e r i o d o f v a l i d i t y o f a n e w C e r t i f i c a t e begins
from t h e date o f c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e special s u r v e y w i t h
t h e date n o t later t h a n 5 years after t h e date o f c o m p l e t i o n
o f t h i s survey.
2.4.1.4.8 I n cases w h e r e t h e ship has been laid u p o r
has been o u t o f service f o r a considerable p e r i o d because o f
a m a j o r repair o r m o d i f i c a t i o n a n d t h e s h i p o w n e r elects t o
o n l y carry o u t t h e overdue (because o f m a j o r repair o r
m o d i f i c a t i o n ) special survey, t h e n e x t p e r i o d o f class w i l l
start from t h e e x p i r y date o f the overdue special survey. I f
the s h i p o w n e r elects t o o n l y carry o u t t h e n e x t d u e
(depending o n the age o f the ship) special survey, the p e r i o d
o f class w i l l start from t h e survey c o m p l e t i o n date.
2.4.1.4.9 C o n s i d e r i n g t h e ship's age a n d changes i n
its t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , reduced i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n special
s u r v e y s m a y b e assigned. S u c h decision, t h i s a n d f u r t h e r
special s u r v e y s ' scope a n d schedule are subject t o special
c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case.
2.4.1.4.10 E x t e n s i o n o f special survey.
U n d e r special circumstances, t h e R e g i s t e r m a y grant
a n e x t e n s i o n n o t exceeding three ( 3 ) m o n t h s t o a l l o w f o r
c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e special s u r v e y p r o v i d e d that t h e ship i s
attended a n d t h e a t t e n d i n g R S s u r v e y o r s s o r e c o m m e n d
after t h e f o l l o w i n g h a s b e e n carried o u t :
.1 occasional s u r v e y i n f u l l scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y ;
.2 v e r i f i c a t i o n o f c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
or r e v i e w o f t h e p o s s i b i l i t y t o p o s t p o n e f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s a n d o t h e r c o n d i t i o n s o f class prescribed f o r
t h e d u e date o f t h e special s u r v e y ;

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

.3 special s u r v e y i n t h e m a x i m u m possible scope;


.4 i n - w a t e r s u r v e y b y t h e r e c o g n i z e d o r g a n i z a t i o n
( f i r m ) i n accordance w i t h 2 . 5 . 1 . 2 . I n - w a t e r s u r v e y m a y
be dispensed w i t h i n t h e case o f e x t e n s i o n o f t e r m s o f
special s u r v e y n o t exceeding 3 6 m o n t h s interval
p r o v i d e d t h e ship i s w i t h o u t o u t s t a n d i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s
a n d o t h e r c o n d i t i o n s o f class r e g a r d i n g t h e outside o f t h e
ship's b o t t o m .
R e v i e w o f t h e issue c o n c e r n i n g e x t e n s i o n o f special
survey, a s s i g n m e n t o f c o n d i t i o n s a n d d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f
t h e scope o f occasional s u r v e y ( n o t less t h a n d e t e r m i n e d
b y 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 1 0 . 1 t o 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 1 0 . 4 ) falls u n d e r t h e c o m p e tence o f :
R H O S h i p s i n S e r v i c e D e p a r t m e n t f o r ships o f
o v e r 1 0 0 gross tonnage;
R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n f o r
ships o f 1 0 0 gross t o n n a g e a n d less.
R e v i e w o f t h e issue c o n c e r n i n g e x t e n s i o n o f special
s u r v e y i s carried o u t based o n t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s w r i t t e n
request. F o r t h i s purpose, t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l a p p l y w i t h
a request t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e
s u p e r v i s i o n , o r t o a n y o t h e r R S B r a n c h O f f i c e that s h a l l
f o r w a r d t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e
for in-service s u p e r v i s i o n . T h e s h i p o w n e r i n h i s request
s h a l l p r o v i d e t h e d o c u m e n t a r y evidence c o n f i r m i n g t h e
occurrence o f special circumstances.
U p o n receipt o f t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request f o r e x t e n s i o n o f special s u r v e y o f t h e ship o f o v e r 1 0 0 gross
t o n n a g e t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n
s h a l l n o t i f y t h e R H O Ships i n S e r v i c e D e p a r t m e n t o f its
o p i n i o n o n t h e p o s s i b i l i t y t o grant s u c h a n e x t e n s i o n
based o n t h e analysis results.
I f t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request h a s b e e n r e c e i v e d b y
R H O then the R H O Ships i n Service Department shall:
request a n o p i n i o n o f t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n service s u p e r v i s i o n f o r ships o f o v e r 1 0 0 gross
tonnage;
send t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request t o t h e R S B r a n c h
O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e s u p e r v i s i o n f o r r e v i e w f o r ships
o f 1 0 0 gross t o n n a g e a n d less.
Taking final decision o n granting a n extension o f
special s u r v e y i s w i t h i n t h e competence o f t h e D i r e c t o r /
Head o f the R S Branch Office w h i c h performed t h e
occasional s u r v e y prescribed b y t h i s paragraph. S u c h a
d e c i s i o n i s m a d e based o n t h e s u r v e y results c o n s i d e r i n g
w h e t h e r t h e prescribed c o n d i t i o n s a r e c o m p l i e d w i t h .
2.4.1.5 A t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request, t h e R e g i s t e r
establishes t h e C o n t i n u o u s S u r v e y S y s t e m ( C C S ) o f t h e
ship ( h u l l , arrangements, m a c h i n e r y , electrical e q u i p m e n t , r e f r i g e r a t i n g p l a n t ) , refer t o C h a p t e r 2 . 6 .
2.4.1.6 A t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request, as a n a l t e r n a t i v e
to C C S , t h e R e g i s t e r m a y establish a n a p p r o v e d P l a n n e d
M a i n t e n a n c e S c h e m e ( P M S ) , refer t o C h a p t e r 2 . 7 .
2.4.1.7 A p p l i c a t i o n b y t h e s h i p o w n e r o f t h e inspect i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e schemes o f t h e ship's h u l l s h a l l b e
encouraged as t h e m e a n s f o r p r o v i d i n g t h e c o m p l i a n c e

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

61

w i t h t h e classification a n d statutory requirements i n t h e


i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n t h e R e g i s t e r s u r v e y s . H o w e v e r , these
schemes s h a l l n o t b e r e c o g n i z e d as t h e a l t e r n a t i v e t o o r
replacement o f t h e r e q u i r e d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n and/or statu
t o r y s u r v e y s o f t h e ship's h u l l carried o u t b y t h e
surveyors t o the Register o r other duly authorized
classification society. T h e s u r v e y o r m a y b e assisted,
w h e r e appropriate, b y service suppliers as d e f i n e d i n
Section 7, Part I "General Provisions".
2.4.2 H u l l .
2.4.2.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.2.1.1 A s u r v e y p l a n n i n g m e e t i n g s h a l l b e h e l d
p r i o r t o t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f special survey.
2.4.2.1.2 C o n c u r r e n t c r e d i t i n g t o b o t h i n t e r m e d i a t e
s u r v e y o r special s u r v e y f o r s u r v e y s a n d thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f spaces a r e n o t acceptable.
2.4.2.2 Scope o f survey.
2.4.2.2.1 Special s u r v e y s h a l l i n c l u d e , i n a d d i t i o n t o
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r a n n u a l s u r v e y s (refer t o 2 . 2 . 2 ) ,
e x a m i n a t i o n s , tests a n d checks o f s u f f i c i e n t e x t e n t t o
ensure t h a t t h e h u l l , e q u i p m e n t , o u t f i t a n d r e l a y e d p i p i n g ,
as r e q u i r e d i n 2.4.6.1, are i n satisfactory c o n d i t i o n a n d f i t
f o r t h e i n t e n d e d purpose f o r t h e n e w p e r i o d o f class o f
f i v e years t o b e assigned, subject t o p r o p e r m a i n t e n a n c e
a n d o p e r a t i o n a n d t h e p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s b e i n g carried
o u t a t t h e d u e dates.
2.4.2.2.2 T h e s u r v e y o f t h e h u l l s h a l l b e supple
m e n t e d b y t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s , as r e q u i r e d
i n 2.4.2.6, a n d testing, as r e q u i r e d i n 2.4.2.5, t o ensure
that t h e structural i n t e g r i t y r e m a i n s effective. T h e a i m o f
t h e s u r v e y is t o d i s c o v e r substantial c o r r o s i o n , s i g n i f i c a n t
d e f o r m a t i o n , fractures, d a m a g e s o r o t h e r s t r u c t u r a l
d e t e r i o r a t i o n that m a y b e present.
2.4.2.2.3 A l l spaces i n c l u d i n g h o l d s a n d t h e i r
'tweendecks, w h e r e fitted, d o u b l e b o t t o m , deep, peak,
ballast a n d cargo tanks, p u m p r o o m s , p i p e tunnels, duct
keels, m a c h i n e r y spaces, d r y spaces, cofferdams a n d other
v o i d spaces s h a l l b e i n t e r n a l l y surveyed. T h i s s u r v e y shall
include the e x a m i n a t i o n o f p l a t i n g a n d f r a m i n g , bilges a n d

b i l g e w e l l s , s o u n d i n g pipes, cargo, ballast, v e n t i n g a n d


b i l g e p i p i n g a n d p u m p i n g arrangements. I n t e r n a l e x a m
inations o f fuel o i l , l u b e o i l , fresh w a t e r a n d o t h e r tanks
shall b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h T a b l e 2.4.2.2.3.
2.4.2.2.4 Scope o f special s u r v e y m a y b e extended
b y t h e s u r v e y o r i n each p a r t i c u l a r case o n t h e a s s u m p t i o n
that t h e e x a m i n a t i o n e x t e n t w i l l g r a d u a l l y increase as t h e
ship g r o w s older.
The recommendations o n examination o f hull
m e m b e r s i n areas l i a b l e t o i n t e n s i v e wastage d u e t o
corrosive environment, sweating, insufficient ventilation,
excessive h u m i d i t y a n d i n areas, w h e r e r e s i d u a l defor
m a t i o n s , ruptures a n d cracks a r e m o s t l i n e l y t o appear,
are set o u t i n 2 . 2 . 2 . 3 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.2.2.5 A t special s u r v e y t h e engine r o o m s h a l l b e
s u r v e y e d . P a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e g i v e n t o t a n k tops,
h u l l s h e l l p l a t i n g at t a n k tops, brackets c o n n e c t i n g side
s h e l l frames a n d t a n k tops, e n g i n e r o o m b u l k h e a d s i n
w a y o f t a n k tops a n d b i l g e w e l l s . P a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n
s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e sea suctions, sea w a t e r c o o l i n g p i p i n g
a n d o v e r b o a r d discharge v a l v e s a n d t h e i r connections t o
t h e s h e l l p l a t i n g . W h e r e wastage i s e v i d e n t o r suspect,
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t . W h e r e
wastage exceeds a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , r e n e w a l s o r repairs o f
d a m a g e d parts o f h u l l structure s h a l l b e m a d e .
2.4.2.2.6 D u r i n g s u r v e y special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e
paid t o the following:
areas w h e r e h u l l s e c t i o n varies appreciably a n d i n
w a y o f m a i n longitudinals;
s h e l l p l a t i n g near openings (side p o r t s , side scuttles,
scuppers, fittings o f systems echo-sounder v i b r a t o r s a n d
p l a t i n g u n d e r s o u n d i n g pipes, etc.);
interfaces o f structures m a d e o f a l u m i n i u m a l l o y s
a n d those m a d e o f steel w i t h a v i e w t o assessing
c o r r o s i o n i n t e n s i t y a n d t h e c o n d i t i o n o f i n s u l a t i n g pads
in joints;
sheer strake, deck stringer a n d b u l w a r k i n w a y o f
e n d b u l k h e a d s o f superstructures a n d upper deck breaks;

T a b l e 2.4.2.2.3
M i n i m u m requirements f o r internal s u r v e y o f fuel oil, lube oil, fresh w a t e r a n d other t a n k s a t hull special surveys
Tank

Special s u r v e y N o . 1
A g e S 5

Special survey N o . 2
5 < age ^ 1 0

Special survey N o . 3
10 < age S 1 5

Special s u r v e y N o . 4
a n d subsequent
A g e > 15

F u e l o i l b u n k e r tanks i n :
engine r o o m
cargo l e n g t h area

None
None

None
One

One
Two

One
Half, m i n i m u m 2

L u b e o i l tanks
F r e s h w a t e r tanks
Vegetable oil, whale o i l tanks
I n d e p e n d e n t tanks

None
None
None
None

None
One
O n e o f each t y p e
O n e o f each t y p e

None
All
All
All

One
All
All
All

N o t e s : 1 . E x c l u d i n g separate independent tanks, a l l r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o t a n k s o f i n t e g r a l (structural) type.


2 . I f a selection o f tanks o f several types i s accepted t o b e e x a m i n e d , t h e n different t a n k s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a t each special survey, o n a
r o t a t i o n basis.
3. P e a k tanks ( a l l uses) are subject t o i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n at each special survey.
4 . A t special surveys N o . 3 a n d subsequent, o n e deep t a n k f o r f u e l o i l i n t h e cargo l e n g t h area s h a l l b e i n c l u d e d , i f fitted.

62

deck p l a t i n g i n w a y o f h a t c h c o m e r s a n d l o n g
deckhouses, a n d i n t h e corners o f d r e d g i n g c u t i n
hoppers a n d o p e n barges.
I n o i l tankers, t h e b o t t o m a n d b u l k h e a d p l a t i n g i n
w a y o f cargo p i p i n g suctions, attachments o f protectors
a n d o t h e r e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d from
i n s i d e t h e cargo t a n k s .
B e g i n n i n g from the second special survey, additionally
t h e a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e l o w e r sections o f
w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d s , p r o p e l l e r shaft recesses a n d
t u n n e l s , as w e l l as t h e l o w e r sections o f t h e e n d
b u l k h e a d s o f superstructures, h a t c h c o a m i n g s , v e n t i l a t o r
c o w l s i n cargo tanks, v e n t i n g pipes a n d v e n t i l a t o r s .
2.4.2.2.7 A t t h e b u l w a r k survey, t h e p o r t covers s h a l l
b e tested f o r j a m m i n g .
2.4.2.2.8 B e g i n n i n g from t h e second special s u r v e y
t h e c h a i n lockers s h a l l b e i n t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d .
2.4.2.2.9 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e first special s u r v e y
o f structures i n s i d e t h e spaces (ships less t h a n 5 years o f
age), t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e t h e f o l l o w i n g :
o p e n i n g - u p o f p a n e l l e d f l o o r ceilings a b o v e b i l g e s
and bilge wells i n holds;
r e m o v a l o f f l o o r ceilings o r p l a n k s o f h o l d s i n w a y
o f centre-plane girder o r a t b i l g e o n each side i n ships
w i t h o u t a d o u b l e b o t t o m t o m a k e possible t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f areas w h e r e transverse b u l k h e a d s a r e attached t o
h u l l structures;
r e m o v a l of, at least, one s t a k e o f planks i n w a y o f the
upper t u r n o f bilge a n d i n the upper section o f the side i n
ships w i t h continuous w o o d e n cladding o f sides i n holds;
r e m o v a l o f c e m e n t o r o t h e r b o t t o m coat w h e r e i t gets
detached from t h e h u l l , i n several places at t h e s u r v e y o r ' s
discretion.
2.4.2.2.10 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e second special
s u r v e y o f structures i n s i d e t h e spaces (ships aged
b e t w e e n 5 a n d 1 0 years), t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e
the following:
o p e n i n g - u p o f p a n e l l e d f l o o r ceilings a b o v e b i l g e s
and bilge wells i n holds;
r e m o v a l o f f l o o r ceilings o r planks o f holds i n w a y o f
centre-plane girder o r at bilge o n each side i n ships w i t h o u t
a double b o t t o m t o m a k e possible the e x a m i n a t i o n o f areas
w h e r e transverse bulkheads are attached t o h u l l structures;
partial opening-up, at t h e surveyor's discretion, o f
w o o d e n planking i n holds for examination o f the inner
b o t t o m steel p l a t i n g ;
partial opening-up, at t h e surveyor's discretion, o f
w o o d e n p l a n k i n g o r mastic-and-paint coat o f t h e upper
deck f o r e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e steel p l a t i n g ;
partial opening-up, at t h e surveyor's discretion, o f
t h e i n s u l a t i o n i n refrigerated h o l d s a n d chambers f o r
s u r v e y o f t h e p l a t i n g a n d framing;
local opening-up, at the surveyor's discretion, o f the
w o o d e n a n d other cladding i n accommodation a n d
service spaces w h e r e e x t e n s i v e c o r r o s i o n w e a r m i g h t
b e expected, especially i n w a y o f side scuttles, i f t h e

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e structure c a n n o t b e assessed
w i t h o u t opening-up.
2.4.2.2.11 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e t h i r d a n d
subsequent special s u r v e y s (ships o f m o r e t h a n 1 0 years
o f age), t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e t h e access t o t h e
structures i n s i d e t h e spaces b y o p e n i n g - u p o f extended
area o f w o o d e n p l a n k i n g a n d side c l a d d i n g o f h o l d s ,
deck w o o d e n p l a n k i n g o r mastic-and-paint coat, r e f r i gerated h o l d a n d c h a m b e r i n s u l a t i o n , w o o d e n a n d o t h e r
c l a d d i n g a n d i n s u l a t i o n i n a c c o m m o d a t i o n a n d service
spaces, c e m e n t a t i o n a n d o t h e r b o t t o m coats t o ensure a n
extended scope o f e x a m i n a t i o n o f enclosed structures
a n d t h e r e q u i r e d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o f p l a n k i n g ,
p l a t i n g a n d f r a m i n g . W h e r e necessary, structures a n d
e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e d i s m a n t l e d , w h i c h m a k e access
d i f f i c u l t f o r e x a m i n a t i o n a n d framing scantlings m e a surement, a n d s o l i d ballast s h a l l b e r e m o v e d .
2.4.2.2.12 F o r correct a p p l i c a t i o n a n d i n t e r p r e t a t i o n
o f 2.4.2.2.9, 2.4.2.2.10 a n d 2.4.2.2.11, o n e s h a l l b e
guided b y the following:
.1 casings, ceilings o r linings, a n d loose insulation,
w h e r e fitted, shall b e r e m o v e d , as required b y the surveyor,
for e x a m i n a t i o n o f plating a n d f r a m i n g . C o m p o s i t i o n s o n
plating shall b e e x a m i n e d a n d sounded, b u t need n o t b e
disturbed i f f o u n d adhering satisfactorily t o the plating;
.2 i n refrigerated cargo spaces t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
coating behind t h e insulation shall b e examined at
representative l o c a t i o n s . T h e e x a m i n a t i o n m a y b e l i m i t e d
to verification that t h e protective coating remains
effective a n d that there are n o v i s i b l e structural defects.
W h e r e P O O R coating condition is found, the examinat i o n s h a l l b e extended, as d e e m e d necessary b y t h e
s u r v e y o r . T h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e c o a t i n g s h a l l b e reported.
I f indents, scratches, etc., a r e detected d u r i n g s u r v e y s o f
s h e l l p l a t i n g f r o m t h e outside, i n s u l a t i o n s i n w a y s h a l l b e
r e m o v e d as r e q u i r e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r , f o r f u r t h e r
e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e p l a t i n g a n d adjacent frames.
2.4.2.2.13 Special h u l l s u r v e y w i t h C S S a p p l i c a t i o n
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h C h a p t e r 2.6.
2.4.2.3 S u r v e y o f t h e u n d e r w a t e r h u l l .
2.4.23.1 Underwater h u l l b o t t o m and related items shall
be surveyed i n d r y dock i n compliance w i t h Chapter 2.5.
2.4.2.4 T a n k p r o t e c t i o n .
2.4.2.4.1 W h e r e p r o v i d e d , t h e c o n d i t i o n o f c o r r o s i o n
p r e v e n t i o n s y s t e m o f ballast t a n k s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d .
Ballast tanks, excluding double b o t t o m tanks, where a
hard protective coating is found i n P O O R condition a n d
i t i s n o t r e n e w e d , w h e r e soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g h a s
b e e n applied, o r w h e r e a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g w a s n o t
applied from t i m e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n , s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a t
annual intervals. Thickness measurements shall be
carried o u t , as d e e m e d necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r .
2.4.2.4.2 W h e n s u c h b r e a k d o w n o f h a r d p r o t e c t i v e
c o a t i n g i s f o u n d i n d o u b l e b o t t o m ballast t a n k s a n d i t i s
n o t r e n e w e d , w h e r e soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g h a s b e e n
applied, o r w h e r e a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g w a s n o t

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

63

applied f r o m t i m e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n , t h e t a n k s i n q u e s t i o n
m a y b e e x a m i n e d a t a n n u a l i n t e r v a l s as d e e m e d
necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r . W h e r e e x t e n s i v e c o r r o s i o n
exists o r w h e n considered necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r ,
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried out.
2.4.2.5 Scope o f testing o f t a n k s a n d o t h e r spaces.
2.4.2.5.1 B o u n d a r i e s o f d o u b l e b o t t o m ballast, o t h e r
ballast t a n k s , deep, p e a k a n d o t h e r t a n k s , i n c l u d i n g cargo
h o l d s adapted f o r t h e carriage o f w a t e r ballast, s h a l l b e
tested w i t h a h e a d o f l i q u i d t o t h e t o p o f a i r pipes o r t o
near t h e t o p o f hatches f o r ballast/cargo h o l d s .
2.4.2.5.2 B o u n d a r i e s o f f u e l o i l , l u b e o i l , fresh w a t e r
a n d o t h e r l i q u i d tanks, a n d a n y independent t a n k s s h a l l
b e tested w i t h a h e a d o f l i q u i d t o t h e highest p o i n t that
l i q u i d w i l l rise u n d e r service c o n d i t i o n s .
T a n k testing o f f u e l o i l , l u b e o i l a n d fresh w a t e r
t a n k s m a y b e specially considered based o n satisfactory
external examination o f t h e tank boundaries, a n d a
c o n f i r m a t i o n f r o m t h e master stating t h a t t h e pressure
testing h a s b e e n carried o u t according t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s w i t h satisfactory results.
A t t h e first special s u r v e y f u e l o i l , l u b e o i l t a n k s ,
i n c l u d i n g d o u b l e b o t t o m t a n k s , m a y b e tested w i t h f u e l
o i l o r l u b e o i l , accordingly.
2.4.2.5.3 T h e cargo tanks o f o i l tankers a n d Iheir
cofferdams m a y b e tested crosswise so that each bulkhead i n

the w h o l e area is tested. Tanks m a y b e tested b y filling t h e m


u p t o t h e light-ship w a t e r l i n e w h e n i n d o c k w i t h a
subsequent filling-up t o the hatch-coaming top w h e n afloat
2.4.2.5.4 T h e s u r v e y o r m a y e x t e n d t h e testing, as
d e e m e d necessary.
2.4.2.5.5 Standards a n d procedures o f tightness
testing a r e g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 1 0 t o t h e G u i d e l i n e s .
2.4.2.5.6 S e a chests, l o g a n d echo-sounder t r u n k s
s h a l l b e tightness-tested at special s u r v e y s . T h e y are
tightness-tested d u r i n g l a u n c h i n g o f t h e ship.
2.4.2.6 E x t e n t o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s .
2.4.2.6.1 G u i d e l i n e s f o r s u r v e y o r s t o t h e R e g i s t e r o n
t h e c o n t r o l o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s carried o u t b y t h e
bodies r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r i s g i v e n i n A p p e n dix 33 t o the Guidelines.
2.4.2.6.2 D e p e n d i n g o n t h e ship age, thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f h u l l structures s h a l l b e carried o u t t o
t h e e x t e n t specified i n T a b l e 2.4.2.6.2-1. T h e s u r v e y o r
m a y e x t e n d t h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , as d e e m e d
necessary. W h e n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s indicate substantial c o r r o s i o n , t h e e x t e n t o f t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l b e increased t o d e t e r m i n e areas o f substantial
c o r r o s i o n . T a b l e 2.4.2.6.2-2 m a y b e used as guidance f o r
these a d d i t i o n a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . T h e s e extended
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t before t h e
s u r v e y i s credited as c o m p l e t e d .
T a b l e 2.4.2.6.2-1

M i n i m u m requirements for thickness measurements a t special surveys


Special s u r v e y N o . 1
A g e S 5

Special survey N o . 2
5 < age ^ 1 0

1. Suspect areas t h r o u g h o u t 1. Suspect areas t h r o u g h o u t t h e


the ship
ship
2. O n e transverse s e c t i o n o f deck
p l a t i n g i n w a y o f a cargo space
w i t h i n the a m i d s h i p s 0,5

Special s u r v e y N o . 3
10 < age S 15

Special survey N o . 4
a n d subsequent
Age > 15

1. Suspect areas throughout the ship

1. Suspect areas throughout the ship

2. T w o transverse sections w i t h i n
the amidships 0,5 i n w a y o f t w o
different cargo spaces
3 . A l l cargo h o l d hatch covers and
coamings (plating and stiffeners)
4. I n t e r n a l s i n f o r e p e a k a n d
afterpeak t a n k s

2. T h r e e transverse sections i n w a y o f cargo


spaces w i t h i n t h e a m i d s h i p s 0,5
3. A l l cargo h o l d hatch covers a n d
c o a m i n g s ( p l a t i n g a n d stiffeners)
4. I n t e r n a l s i n forepeak a n d afterpeak tanks
5. A l l o p e n parts o f m a i n deck p l a t i n g f u l l
length
6. Representative exposed super-structure
deck plating (poop, bridge,
a n d forecastle deck)
7. L o w e s t strake a n d strakes i n w a y o f
'tweendecks o f a l l transverse bulkheads i n
cargo spaces together w i t h internals i n w a y
8. A l l w i n d a n d w a t e r strakes, p o r t a n d
starboard, f u l l l e n g t h
9. A l l k e e l plates f u l l l e n g t h . A l s o ,
additional b o t t o m plates i n w a y o f
cofferdams, m a c h i n e r y space a n d a f t e n d
o f tanks
10. Plating o f sea chests. Shell plating i n w a y
o f o v e r b o a r d discharges, as considered
necessary b y the attending surveyor

N o t e s : 1. T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t l o c a t i o n s s h a l l b e selected t o p r o v i d e the best representative s a m p l i n g o f areas l i k e l y t o b e m o s t exposed


to c o r r o s i o n , c o n s i d e r i n g cargo a n d ballast h i s t o r y a n d arrangement a n d c o n d i t i o n o f p r o t e c t i v e coatings.
2. T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f i n t e r n a l s m a y b e specially considered b y t h e s u r v e y o r i f the h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g i s i n G O O D c o n d i t i o n .
3. F o r ships less t h a n 1 0 0 m i n l e n g t h , t h e n u m b e r o f transverse sections r e q u i r e d a t special s u r v e y N o . 3 m a y b e reduced t o o n e ( 1 ) , a n d t h e
n u m b e r o f transverse sections r e q u i r e d a t special s u r v e y N o . 4 a n d a t subsequent special s u r v e y s m a y b e reduced t o t w o ( 2 ) .
4. F o r ships m o r e t h a n 1 0 0 m i n l e n g t h , a t special s u r v e y N o . 3, thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o f exposed deck p l a t i n g w i t h i n t h e a m i d s h i p s 0 , 5 i
m a y b e required.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

64

T a b l e 2.4.2.6.2-2
Guidance for additional thickness measurements in w a y of substantial corrosion
Structural member
Plating
Stiffeners

E x t e n t o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s

P a t t e r n o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
2

F i v e point pattern over 1 m


3 m e a s u r e m e n t s , each i n t h e w a l l cross-section a n d i n free b o o m
o f frame girder

Suspect area a n d adjacent plates


Suspect area

2.4.2.6.3 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f h u l l structures
s h a l l b e carried o u t b y t h e f i r m s r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e
R e g i s t e r or, i n e x c e p t i o n a l cases, b y t h e A C S r e c o g n i z e d
f o r these t y p e o f a c t i v i t y i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f S e c t i o n 7, P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " .
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s m a y b e carried o u t b y t h e
s u r v e y o r s t o t h e Register, p r o v i d e d t h e s u r v e y o r s possess
t h e appropriate classification certificates.
2.4.2.6.4 T e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n assessment o f h u l l
structures based o n the results o f thickness measurements
and special survey is performed i n compliance w i t h 2.4.2.9,
Section 5 o f Part I "General Provisions" and A p p e n d i x 2 .
2.4.2.6.5 S t a r t i n g f r o m t h e second special s u r v e y
(ships m o r e t h a n 5 years o l d ) , i n w a y o f cargo t a n k s o f
n o n - s e l f - p r o p e l l e d o i l tankers, r a n d o m thickness m e a surements o f plates s h a l l b e carried o u t w h e r e t h e
c o r r o s i o n w e a r o f s h e l l p l a t i n g i s t h e greatest, a t upperdeck p l a t i n g , h a t c h c o a m i n g s , v e n t i l a t o r c o w l s a n d
ventilators.
2.4.2.6.6 A d d i t i o n a l l y , starting f r o m t h e t h i r d special
s u r v e y (ships m o r e t h a n 10 years o l d ) , r a n d o m thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e w a y o f t h e
greatest w e a r o f s h e l l p l a t i n g a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d
f r a m i n g , k e e l - g i r d e r p l a t i n g a n d hopper-dredger a n d
o p e n barge f l o o r s , sea chests, l o g a n d echo-sounder
t r u n k s , deck, p l a t f o r m a n d i n n e r b o t t o m p l a t i n g , superstructure a n d deckhouse plating, hatch coamings,
ventilator cowls a n d ventilators, m a i n machinery a n d
b o i l e r seatings, sea i n l e t b r a n c h pipes, k i n g s t o n sea w a t e r
channels, casings o f sea w a t e r filters, as w e l l as o f f l o o r s
a n d o t h e r girders o f b o t t o m , side a n d deck f r a m i n g .
2.4.2.6.7 A d d i t i o n a l l y , starting f r o m t h e f o r t h special
s u r v e y (ships m o r e t h a n 15 years o l d ) , r a n d o m thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f m e m b e r s n o t replaced d u r i n g repair
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e w a y o f t h e greatest w e a r o f
c o n t i n u o u s superstructure deck p l a t i n g , l o n g bridge,
l o n g forecastle a n d p o o p a n d t h e i r e n d b u l k h e a d s .

2.4.2.7 S u r v e y o f a u t o m a t i c a i r p i p e heads.
2.4.2.7.1 F o r a l l ships, i n c l u d i n g passenger ships,
a u t o m a t i c a i r p i p e heads located o n t h e exposed decks
shall be completely surveyed (both externally a n d
internally) i n compliance w i t h Table 2.4.2.7.1.
2.4.2.7.2 F o r designs w h e r e t h e i n n e r parts c a n n o t
be p r o p e r l y inspected f r o m outside, t h i s s h a l l i n c l u d e
r e m o v a l o f t h e h e a d f r o m t h e a i r pipe. P a r t i c u l a r a t t e n t i o n
s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e z i n c c o a t i n g i n heads
constructed f r o m g a l v a n i z e d steel.
2.4.2.7.3 A f t e r r e m o v a l o f t h e heads, parts o f a i r
pipes located a b o v e t h e deck s h a l l b e cleaned a n d
subjected t o e x t e r n a l a n d i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n . W h e n
suspect areas are f o u n d , thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l be
carried o u t .
2.4.2.8 S u r v e y o f a i r a n d v e n t pipes.
2.4.2.8.1 I n t h i s Chapter, t h e t e r m " A i r a n d v e n t
pipes" m e a n s a i r a n d v e n t pipes, as w e l l as t h e i r c l o s i n g
devices located o n exposed decks i n t h e f o r w a r d p a r t o f
t h e ship.
2.4.2.8.2 T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o :
.1 a l l ship types o f l e n g t h 8 0 m a n d m o r e that are
contracted f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o n o r after 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 ,
built i n non-compliance w i t h the R S Rules for Construct i o n , issue 2 0 0 5 , a n d the requirements o f I A C S U R S 2 7 ,
w h e r e t h e h e i g h t o f t h e exposed deck i n w a y o f a i r a n d
v e n t pipes w i t h i n 0 , 2 5 Z from t h e f o r w a r d perpendicular
is less t h a n 0 , L L o r 2 2 m a b o v e t h e s u m m e r l o a d
w a t e r l i n e , w h i c h e v e r is t h e lesser;
.2 b u l k carriers, ore carriers, c o m b i n a t i o n carriers (as
defined i n 2.2.7 o f P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) a n d
general d r y cargo ships ( e x c l u d i n g container ships, r o - r o
ships a n d w o o d c h i p carriers) o f l e n g t h 1 0 0 m a n d m o r e
that are contracted f o r construction p r i o r t o 1 January 2 0 0 4
a n d d o n o t m e e t the requirements o f I A C S U R S 2 7 , w h e r e
air a n d v e n t pipes serve the spaces f o r w a r d o f the c o l l i s i o n
b u l k h e a d o r e x t e n d o v e r this l i n e aftwards.
T a b l e 2.4.2.7.1

S u r v e y requirements for automatic pipe heads at special surveys


Special survey N o . l
A g e S 5
1,2

1. T w o a i r p i p e h e a d s , o n e p o r t a n d o n e starboard,
located o n the exposed decks i n the f o r w a r d 0,25,
p r e f e r a b l y a i r pipes s e r v i n g ballast t a n k s
2. T w o a i r p i p e h e a d s ' , o n e p o r t a n d o n e starboard,
o n exposed decks, s e r v i n g spaced a f t o f 0,25,
p r e f e r a b l y a i r pipes s e r v i n g ballast t a n k s
1

Special survey N o . 2
5 < age ^ 1 0

S p e c i a l s u r v e y N o . 3 a n d subsequent
A g e > 10

1,2

1. A l l a i r p i p e h e a d s located o n t h e exposed 1. A l l a i r p i p e heads located o n t h e


decks i n t h e f o r w a r d 0,25
exposed d e c k s
2. A t least 2 0 p e r cent o f a i r p i p e h e a d s ' o n the
e x p o s e d decks s e r v i n g spaces a f t o f 0,25,
p r e f e r a b l y air pipes s e r v i n g ballast t a n k s
3

^ h e selection o f a i r p i p e heads t o b e s u r v e y e d is left t o t h e attending surveyor.


A c c o r d i n g t o the results o f t h i s survey, the s u r v e y o r m a y r e q u i r e the s u r v e y o f o t h e r heads located o n the exposed decks.
E x c l u s i o n s h a l l be m a d e f o r t h e a i r pipes replaced i n t h e p r e v i o u s 5-years p e r i o d , i f i t is c o n f i r m e d b y t h e d o c u m e n t s .

2
3

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.4.2.8.3 A i r a n d v e n t pipes, a n d t h e i r c l o s i n g
devices s h a l l b e c h e c k e d f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 1.4.6, P a r t V I I I " S y s t e m s a n d P i p i n g "
o f the Rules f o r the Classification and Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s a t t h e f o l l o w i n g dates:
. 1 f o r ships specified i n 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 . 2 . 1 b y t h e t i m e o f
t h e ship d e l i v e r y o r t h e t i m e w h e n its c l a s s i f i c a t i o n b y t h e
R e g i s t e r i s c o m p l e t e d , as t h e case m a y b e ;
.2 f o r ships specified i n 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h w i l l b e
15 years o f age o r m o r e o n 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 b y t h e d u e
date o f t h e first i n t e r m e d i a t e o r special s u r v e y after that
date, w h i c h e v e r i s t h e earliest;
.3 f o r ships specified i n 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h w i l l b e
10 years o f age o r m o r e , b u t less t h a n 15 years o n
1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 b y t h e d u e date o f t h e first special
s u r v e y after that date;
.4 f o r ships specified i n 2 . 4 . 2 . 8 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h w i l l b e
less t h a n 1 0 years o f age o n 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 b y t h e
date, o n w h i c h t h e ship reaches 1 0 years o f age.
2.4.2.9 A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
2.4.2.9.1 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessment o f t h e
h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n are g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 5 o f P a r t I
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " . G u i d a n c e o n t h e assessment o f
h u l l technical condition is given i n A p p e n d i x 2 .
2.4.2.9.2 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s P a r t a p p l y t o t h e
extent, as appropriate, d u r i n g a n n u a l , i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d
other surveys provided for b y the Rules.
2.4.2.9.3 A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n
is carried o u t b y m e a n s o f e x a m i n a t i o n s , thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d t i g h t n e s s tests u s i n g data f r o m
p r e v i o u s s u r v e y reports a n d data o n w e a r a n d damages
f o u n d d u r i n g service, repairs a n d replacements carried
o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e ship d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( m a i n tenance records, ship reports, sketches a n d entries i n
d r a w i n g s , repair specifications, ship l o g s ) .
2.4.2.9.4 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f o u t e r
s h e l l plates, b u l k h e a d s , b o x k e e l girders, deck a n d i n n e r
b o t t o m p l a t i n g , sea chest a n d c h a i n b o x p l a n k i n g , t r u n k s
a n d o t h e r c o m p a r t m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t u p o n t h e
results o f s u r v e y o u t s i d e a n d i n s i d e o f spaces.
2.4.2.9.5 F o r assessment o f t h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t results o f t h e h u l l structures o f t h e ship b u i l t i n
c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r r u l e s , w e a r rates s h a l l b e
used depending o n t h e as-built thicknesses according t o
Appendix 2.
2.4.2.9.6 F o r assessment o f t h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t results o f t h e h u l l structures o f t h e ship classed o r
transferred from a class o f A C S n o n - I A C S m e m b e r ,
and built i n non-compliance w i t h the Rules f o r
C o n s t r u c t i o n , t h e p e r m i s s i b l e r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l
m e m b e r s shall be used, derived f r o m t h e values
calculated according t o t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n .
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f h u l l structures s h a l l b e
carried o u t o n l y after d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f t h e p e r m i s s i b l e
r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l m e m b e r s i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 3.2.3.4 o f t h e present Part.

65

2.4.2.9.7 F o r assessment o f t h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t results o f t h e h u l l structures o f t h e ship b u i l t i n


c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e rules o f A C S I A C S m e m b e r
( o t h e r t h a n R S ) , transferred from a class o f A C S
I A C S m e m b e r , d u r i n g f u r t h e r o p e r a t i o n i n t h e R S class
after transfer o f class, t h e p e r m i s s i b l e w e a r rates o f t h e
l o o s i n g society f r o m w h i c h a ship w a s transferred m a y b e
applied except f o r ships s u r v e y e d according t o t h e E S P .
F o r ships surveyed according t o t h e E S P t h e decision
o n possible application o f the permissible w e a r rates o f the
loosing society d u r i n g t h e n e x t prescribed surveys after
transfer o f class shall b e t a k e n b y t h e R H O i n each
particular case d u r i n g assignment o f conditions o f transfer
to t h e R S class. C a l c u l a t i o n o f t h e permissible residual
scantlings o f h u l l m e m b e r s based o n values calculated
according t o the R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n shall b e made b y a
competent organization f o r a l l h u l l members regulated b y
the R u l e s f o r Construction, a n d i t shall b e submitted t o
R H O f o r a p p r o v a l n o t less t h a n 1 m o n t h p r i o r t o
submission o f the E S P t o t h e R H O f o r review.
F o r assessment o f t h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t results
o f h u l l structures t h e s h i p o w n e r m a y u s e p e r m i s s i b l e
r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l m e m b e r s based o n t h e v a l u e s
calculated according t o t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n u p o n
special agreement w i t h t h e R H O . C a l c u l a t i o n s s h a l l b e
made b y the competent organization and approved b y the
R H O . T h e s u m m a r y table o f permissible residual
scantlings o f h u l l m e m b e r s as a part o f c a l c u l a t i o n s h a l l
be translated i n E n g l i s h .
2.4.2.9.8 R e n e w a l o f class t o t h e ships o f restricted
areas o f n a v i g a t i o n R I , R 2 , R 2 - R S N , R 2 - R S N ( 4 , 5 ) a n d
R 3 - R S N o f 15 years o f age a n d m o r e b u i l t t o t h e class o f
t h e R u s s i a n R i v e r R e g i s t e r i s possible, p r o v i d e d that t h e
shipowner submits the mathematical substantiation o f the
ship's h u l l p r o p e r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g
5-year service.
The mathematical substantiation developed b y the
competent organization a n d approved b y R H O shall be
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r o n b o a r d t h e ship p r i o r t o
c o m p l e t i o n o f r e n e w a l s u r v e y . U p o n agreement w i t h t h e
R H O the terms o f the document submission m a y be
extended, p r o v i d e d t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s are m e t :
t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l b e n o t i f i e d that i f t h e results o f
t h e o v e r a l l l o n g i t u d i n a l strength checks a r e i n s u f f i c i e n t ,
t h e ship's h u l l s h a l l b e adequately strengthened w i t h i n
t h e t e r m s agreed w i t h t h e R H O ( e . g . i n s t a l l a t i o n o f
a d d i t i o n a l l o n g i t u d i n a l s o r s t r e n g t h e n i n g stripes i n
compliance w i t h Chapter 5.2 o f A p p e n d i x 2);
p r i o r t o c o m p l e t i o n o f r e n e w a l (special) survey o f the
ship, a s h i p o w n e r o r a n authorized representative o f a
s h i p o w n e r shall s u b m i t t o the R S s u r v e y o r a n evaluation o f
loss o f the deck a n d b o t t o m sectional area i n measured
cross-sections determined b y the R u l e s . T h e deck sectional
area shall include the deck plating, sheerstrake, continuous
c o a m i n g , i f any, as w e l l as longitudinals and strengthening
strips installed o n t h e above m e n t i o n e d h u l l members.

66

T h e b o t t o m sectional area shall include the b o t t o m plating,


b i l g e strake, as w e l l as l o n g i t u d i n a l stiffeners a n d
strengthening strips installed o n t h e b o t t o m I n case t h e
strengthening strips are installed o n t h e inner b o t t o m
plating, t h e sectional area shall additionally include t h e
inner b o t t o m plating, as w e l l as longitudinal stiffeners o f the
inner b o t t o m plating, b o t t o m centre girder, stringers a n d
strengthening strips installed o n the i n n e r b o t t o m plating;
i n case o f t h e sectional area loss b y 10 p e r cent o f asb u i l t v a l u e o r less, t h e m a t h e m a t i c a l s u b s t a n t i a t i o n o f
sufficient strength m a y b e submitted t o R H O f o r
a p p r o v a l n o t later t h a n 1 m o n t h from t h e date o f s u r v e y
completion;
i n case o f t h e s e c t i o n a l area loss b y m o r e t h a n 10 p e r
cent o f as-built v a l u e , t h e m a t h e m a t i c a l s u b s t a n t i a t i o n o f
sufficient strength s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S s u r v e y o r
o n b o a r d t h e ship p r i o r t o s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n .
F o r c o n c u r r e n t assessment o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
the h u l l structures during thickness measurements
( e x c l u d i n g i n i t i a l classification), t h e p e r m i s s i b l e r e s i d u a l
thicknesses o f t h e h u l l m e m b e r s m a y b e used (calculated
i n the previous mathematical substantiation).
A t the surveyor's discretion, thickness measurements
m a y b e extended b e y o n d prescribed b y t h e R u l e s
depending o n t h e actual c o n d i t i o n o f t h e h u l l structures.
2.4.2.10 R e p a i r s .
2.4.2.10.1 A n y d a m a g e i n association w i t h wastage
over the allowable limits (including buckling, grooving,
d e t a c h m e n t o r fracture), o r e x t e n s i v e areas o f wastage
o v e r t h e a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , w h i c h affects or, i n t h e o p i n i o n
o f t h e s u r v e y o r , m a y affect t h e ship structural, w a t e r t i g h t
or weathertight integrity, shall be promptly a n d
t h o r o u g h l y repaired.
A r e a s t o b e considered i n c l u d e :
side s h e l l frames, t h e i r e n d attachments a n d adjacent
shell plating;
deck structure a n d deck p l a t i n g ;
b o t t o m structure a n d b o t t o m p l a t i n g ;
watertight o r oiltight bulkheads;
h a t c h covers a n d h a t c h c o a m i n g s ;
w e l d connections b e t w e e n air pipes a n d deck plating;
air p i p e heads i n s t a l l e d o n t h e e x p o s e d decks;
v e n t i l a t o r s , i n c l u d i n g c l o s i n g devices.
F o r l o c a t i o n s w h e r e adequate r e p a i r facilities are n o t
a v a i l a b l e , c o n s i d e r a t i o n m a y b e g i v e n t o a l l o w t h e ship t o
proceed d i r e c t l y t o a repair facility. T h i s m a y r e q u i r e
discharging t h e cargo and/or t e m p o r a r y repairs f o r t h e
intended voyage.
W h e r e t h e damage f o u n d o n structures m e n t i o n e d
above is isolated a n d o f a localized nature w h i c h does n o t
affect t h e ship's structural integrity, consideration m a y b e
g i v e n b y the R S s u r v e y o r t o a l l o w a n appropriate t e m p o r a r y
repair to restore watertight o r weather t i g h t integrity a n d
i m p o s e a C o n d i t i o n o f Class to carry o u t permanent repair
w i t h i n a specific t i m e l i m i t agreed w i t h t h e R S B r a n c h
Offices f o r in-service supervision i n accordance w i t h t h e

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

provisions o f A n n e x 17 t o t h e Guidelines. F o r E S P ships


(chemical tankers, b u l k carriers and o i l tankers) the t e r m o f
f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e permanent repair o f t h e part o f t h e
structure r e p a i r e d t e m p o r a r i l y s h a l l b e agreed w i t h
the R H O , a n d , i f necessary, w i t h t h e ship's F l a g State
Maritime Administration.
2.4.2.10.2 A d d i t i o n a l l y , w h e n a survey results i n t h e
identification o f structural defects o r corrosion, either o f
w h i c h , i n the o p i n i o n o f the surveyor, m a y i m p a i r the ship
fitness f o r continued service, r e m e d i a l measures shall b e
i m p l e m e n t e d before the ship continues i n service.
2.4.2.11 S u r v e y o f l o a d i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
D u r i n g survey o f loading instruments the requirem e n t s o f 2.2.2.5 s h a l l b e m e t .
2.4.3 S h i p ' s a r r a n g e m e n t s , e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t
2.4.3.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.3.1.1 A t special s u r v e y o f t h e ship, t h e l i s t o f
i t e m s o f ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t , t h e i r
completeness, design, a r r a n g e m e n t a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n , as
w e l l as specified characteristics s h a l l b e checked f o r t h e i r
compliance w i t h the requirements o f the Rules f o r the
Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships. A t
t h a t t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e i t e m s s h a l l b e assessed
a n d t h e i r defects revealed.
2.4.3.1.2 T h e s u r v e y o f ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l superv i s i o n , w h i c h design i s n o t regulated b y t h e R u l e s , s h a l l
be carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
specified b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case.
2.4.3.1.3 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship, those i t e m s m a y
n o t b e s u r v e y e d f o r t h e second t i m e , w h i c h h a v e b e e n
s u r v e y e d i n t h e necessary scope w i t h i n 15 m o n t h s b e f o r e
t h e date o f t h e special survey.
W h e r e , d u e t o s o m e reasons, c e r t a i n i t e m s s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y b e f o r e t h e d u e date o f p e r i o d i c a l
survey, t h e date o f ship s u b m i t t i n g f o r occasional s u r v e y
w i t h regard t o these i t e m s s h a l l b e established.
2.4.3.1.4 F o r ship's arrangements, e q u i p m e n t n e w l y
i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d , a n d f o r o u t f i t t a k e n o n b o a r d , as w e l l
as i n case o f t h e i r replacement, d o c u m e n t s t e s t i f y i n g t o
t h e products m a n u f a c t u r e s u p e r v i s i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r
shall be submitted.
I f ship's arrangements a n d e q u i p m e n t a r e n e w l y
i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d o r as-repaired, t h e tests s h a l l b e
conducted, w h i c h a r e prescribed f o r t h e case o f t h e i r
manufacture a n d installation o n board.
2.4.3.1.5 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e survey, ship's
arrangements, equipment a n d outfit shall b e prepared
accordingly, a n d access, opening-up and/or d i s m a n t l i n g
shall b e ensured w h e r e necessary. I t e m s to undergo survey
and operational testing shall b e submitted i n w o r k i n g order.
2.4.3.1.6 T h e e x t e n t o f i n d i v i d u a l e x a m i n a t i o n s ,
m e a s u r e m e n t s , checks a n d tests s h a l l b e specified b y t h e
R e g i s t e r p r o c e e d i n g from t h e r e l e v a n t p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s
C h a p t e r a n d w i t h d u e regard t o t h e p a r t i c u l a r s u r v e y
conditions.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

T h e extent o f examinations a n d measurements


stipulated b y this Chapter and o f associated openings-up
a n d d i s m a n t l i n g m a y b e changed b y t h e s u r v e y o r i n each
case w i t h due regard t o t h e design, service l i f e , results o f
t h e p r e v i o u s survey, repairs a n d replacements effected
earlier, as w e l l t h e results o f s u r v e y i n r e a d i l y accessible
places a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing.
2.4.3.1.7 Unless specifically stipulated b y this
Chapter, t h e s u r v e y o f m a c h i n e r y , c y l i n d e r s , systems
a n d p i p i n g , electrical e q u i p m e n t f o r m i n g part o f ship's
arrangements, e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t s h a l l b e carried o u t
i n compliance w i t h t h e requirements o f the relevant
chapters o f these R u l e s .
2.4.3.2 C l o s u r e s o f openings i n h u l l , superstructures
a n d deckhouses.
2.4.3.2.1 T h e s u m m a r i z e d extent o f checks (tests) o f
closures o f openings i n h u l l , superstructures and deckhouses
during survey o f the ship is g i v e n i n Table 2 . 1 . 1 .
2.4.3.2.2 D u r i n g s u r v e y t o b e e x a m i n e d a n d checked
(tested) f o r tightness are h a t c h a n d m a n h o l e covers o n t h e
o p e n area o f freeboard deck a n d enclosed superstruc
tures, as w e l l as i n s i d e superstructures, w h i c h a r e n o t
enclosed; closures o f b o w , side a n d aft o p e n i n g s i n h u l l ;
c o m p a n i o n hatches, s k y l i g h t s a n d v e n t i l a t i n g t r u n k s ;
scuttles; covers o f v e n t p i p e c o a m i n g s o n freeboard a n d
superstructure decks a n d deckhouses.
H a t c h covers i n 'tweendeck spaces shall be examined.
2.4.3.2.3 S u r v e y o f h a t c h covers a n d c o a m i n g s .
H a t c h covers a n d c o a m i n g s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d as
follows:
.1 a thorough inspection o f the items listed
i n 2 . 2 . 3 . 8 , i n c l u d i n g close-up s u r v e y o f h a t c h c o v e r
p l a t i n g a n d h a t c h c o a m i n g p l a t i n g , s h a l l b e carried out;
.2 c h e c k i n g o f t h e satisfactory o p e r a t i o n o f a l l
mechanically-operated hatch covers shall b e made,
including:
s t o w a g e a n d securing i n o p e n c o n d i t i o n ;
proper f i t a n d efficiency o f sealing i n closed
condition;
operational testing o f hydraulic and p o w e r compo
nents, w i r e s , chains a n d l i n k drives;
.3 c h e c k i n g o f t h e effectiveness o f sealing arrange
m e n t s o f a l l h a t c h covers b y hose testing o r e q u i v a l e n t
s h a l l b e carried o u t .
2.4.3.2.4 Watertight b u l k h e a d and side p o r t doors, b o w
and stern v i s o r doors f o r loading vehicles are subject t o
t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n , a n d their drives w i t h indicators, as
w e l l as hatch cover drives, shall b e operationally tested.
S l i d i n g doors shall b e additionally tested w i t h a feeler
gauge. T h e feeler gauge o f 0,05 m m i n length shall n o t
penetrate t h r o u g h the entire perimeter o f sealing.
2.4.3.2.5 M e t a l h a t c h covers o n t h e freeboard a n d
superstructure decks, d o o r s o f b o w , side a n d after
openings i n h u l l exposed t o sea s h a l l b e tightness tested
together w i t h t h e i r sealing a n d securing devices b y hose
testing.

67

2.4.3.2.6 D u r i n g survey, the thorough examination


o f scuppers, b o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s
s h a l l b e carried out. T h e b o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t
b u l k h e a d v a l v e s located b e l o w t h e w a t e r l i n e s h a l l b e
tested b y h y d r a u l i c pressure d u r i n g t h e ship d o c k i n g
(refer t o 2 . 4 . 6 . 4 a n d C h a p t e r 2 . 5 ) .
2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 7 W h e n assessing t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
m e t a l closures, o n e s h a l l b e g u i d e d b y t h e w e a r standards
f o r h u l l structures (refer t o 2 . 4 . 2 . 9 ) .
T h e application o f damaged or rotten w o o d e n hatch
covers i s n o t p e r m i t t e d , as w e l l as o f h a t c h tarpaulins
where damaged or rotten.
2.4.3.2.8 T h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f m e t a l h a t c h covers,
doors o f b o w , side a n d after openings i n h u l l , b o w a n d
stern v i s o r doors f o r l o a d i n g v e h i c l e s , w h i c h tightness i s
ensured b y m e a n s o f r u b b e r o r o t h e r sealing a n d securing
devices, scuttles, w a t e r t i g h t d o o r s i n superstructures,
deckhouses, e n g i n e r o o m t r u n k s a n d b u l k h e a d s i s n o t
p e r m i t t e d i n case o f i n c o m p l e t e tightness, defects o f
sealing, c l o s i n g devices a n d d i s t o r t i o n o f closures.
2.4.3.2.9 S m a l l h a t c h c o v e r s o n t h e f o r e deck
(IACS U R S26).
2.4.3.2.9.1 T h e t e r m " s m a l l h a t c h covers o n t h e f o r e
deck" i n t h e c o n t e x t o f t h i s C h a p t e r o f t h e R u l e s m e a n s
h a t c h covers o f 2,5 m a n d less i n area located o n t h e
exposed f o r e deck o f a ship w i t h i n 0,25L f r o m t h e f o r e
perpendicular.
2.4.3.2.9.2 T h e present r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o :
.1 a l l ship types o f l e n g t h 8 0 m a n d m o r e contracted
f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o n o r after 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 , b u i l t i n
non-compliance w i t h the Rules for the Classification and
C o n s t r u c t i o n o f S e a - G o i n g S h i p s , issue 2 0 0 5 , a n d n o t
meeting I A C S U R S26, where the height o f the exposed
deck i n w a y o f t h e h a t c h is less t h a n 0,lL o r 2 2 m a b o v e
t h e s u m m e r w a t e r l i n e , w h i c h e v e r is t h e lesser;
.2 b u l k carriers, o r e carriers, c o m b i n a t i o n carriers (as
d e f i n e d i n 2.2.7 o f P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " ) a n d
general d r y cargo ships ( e x c l u d i n g c o n t a i n e r ships, r o - r o
ships a n d w o o d c h i p carriers) o f l e n g t h 1 0 0 m a n d m o r e
contracted f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n p r i o r t o 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 a n d
n o t m e e t i n g I A C S U R S 2 6 , w h e r e hatches g i v e access t o
spaces f o r w a r d o f t h e c o l l i s i o n b u l k h e a d , a n d t o spaces,
w h i c h e x t e n d o v e r t h i s l i n e aftwards.
2.4.3.2.9.3 S m a l l h a t c h covers o n t h e f o r e deck,
e x c e p t i n g hatches o f e m e r g e n c y e x i t s , s h a l l b e c h e c k e d
f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 7 . 7 . 2 , P a r t 1
"Equipment, Arrangements and Outfit" o f the Rules for
the Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships,
at t h e f o l l o w i n g dates:
.1 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 1 , b y t h e date o f t h e
ship d e l i v e r y o r t h e date w h e n classed b y t h e Register,
w h i c h e v e r is t h e case;
.2 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h a r e
15 years o f age o r m o r e o n 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 , b y t h e date o f
t h e first i n t e r m e d i a t e o r special s u r v e y after t h a t date,
w h i c h e v e r is t h e earlier;
2

68

See circular 810

.3 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h a r e
10 years o f age o r m o r e , b u t less t h a n 1 5 years o n
1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 , b y t h e date o f t h e first special s u r v e y
after t h a t date;
.4 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 a n d w h i c h a r e
less t h a n 10 years o f age o n 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 0 4 , b y t h e date,
o n w h i c h t h e ship reaches 10 years o f age.
2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 4 S m a l l h a t c h covers o n t h e f o r e deck o f
t h e ship, w h i c h a r e used f o r e m e r g e n c y e x i t , s h a l l b e
checked f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 7.7.2.5,
P a r t 1 " E q u i p m e n t , A r r a n g e m e n t s a n d O u t f i t " o f t h e
Rules f o r t h e Classification and Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s , at t h e f o l l o w i n g dates:
. 1 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 1 , b y t h e date o f t h e
ship d e l i v e r y o r t h e date w h e n classed b y t h e Register,
w h i c h e v e r is t h e case;
.2 o n ships d e f i n e d i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 , b y t h e dates
established i n compliance w i t h 2.4.3.2.9.3.2
t o 2 . 4 . 3 . 2 . 9 . 3 . 4 o r t h e date o f t h e first special s u r v e y
after 1 J u l y 2 0 0 7 , w h i c h e v e r is t h e earlier.
2.4.3.3 R u d d e r a n d steering gear.
2 . 4 . 3 . 3 . 1 T h e s u m m a r i z e d e x t e n t o f checks (tests) f o r
t h e r u d d e r a n d steering gear d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship i s
given i n Table 2.1.1.
2.4.3.3.2 D u r i n g s u r v e y , r u d d e r blade, steering a n d
fixed n o z z l e s o f p r o p e l l e r s , r u d d e r a n d steering n o z z l e
stocks, r u d d e r a x l e , r u d d e r p i n t l e s a n d bearings, r u d d e r
t u b e a n d s t e e r i n g gear a r e subject t o a t h o r o u g h
examination i n dry dock w i t h measurements o f bearing
clearances a n d d r o p p i n g o f t h e r u d d e r a n d steering
n o z z l e . D u r i n g t h i s survey, t h e s e c u r i t y o f c o m p o n e n t
l o c k i n g ( n u t s , p i n t l e s , l i n e r s , c o u p l i n g b o l t s , etc.) s h a l l be
checked.
2.4.3.3.3 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship, t h e r u d d e r a n d
steering gear s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e m a i n
a n d a u x i l i a r y steering gear, a n d w i t h t h e e m e r g e n c y
steering gear. R u d d e r stops a n d steering n o z z l e stops are
subject t o e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n .
T h e r u d d e r a n d steering gear o p e r a t i o n b y t h e m a i n
steering gear s h a l l b e checked at t h e m a x i m u m o p e r a t i n g
draught a n d f u l l ahead speed, as w e l l as m e d i u m astern
speed. I n case t e s t i n g a t m a x i m u m o p e r a t i n g d r a u g h t i s
n o t possible, a l t e r n a t i v e t e s t i n g c o n d i t i o n s subject t o
special a g r e e m e n t w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r m a y b e used. T h e
r u d d e r a n d steering gear o p e r a t i o n b y t h e a u x i l i a r y
steering gear s h a l l b e checked at t h e m a x i m u m o p e r a t i n g
draught a n d ahead speed e q u a l t o h a l f t h e ship m a x i m u m
speed, b u t n o t less t h a n 7 k n o t s . D u r i n g these tests t h e
t u r n i n g t i m e a n d h e l m angles f o r r u d d e r o r steering
n o z z l e s h a l l b e checked, as w e l l as correct readings o f
t h e r u d d e r o r steering n o z z l e angle indicators a n d t h e
absence o f r u d d e r o r steering n o z z l e b l a d e drift w h e n
t h e y are k e p t i n h a r d - o v e r p o s i t i o n a t e i t h e r side.
T h e s u r v e y o f t h e r u d d e r stock, r u d d e r blade, r u d d e r
a n d steering gear bearings a n d j o i n t s w i t h o u t d i s m a n t l i n g
m a y be a l l o w e d u n d e r t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s :

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

r u d d e r a n d s t e e r i n g gear d e s i g n p e r m i t t i n g f o r
b e a r i n g clearance m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d b e a r i n g e x a m i n a
t i o n . I n t h i s case, p a r t i a l d i s m a n t l i n g m a y b e necessary
( r e m o v a l o f covers, s m a l l hatches, etc.);
t h e s u r v e y o r r e s e r v i n g t h e right t o r e q u i r e u n i t s t o be
opened u p , rudder blade pressurization a n d other
a d d i t i o n a l operations i f doubts arise as a result o f t h e
survey, c o n c e r n i n g t h e u n i t c o n d i t i o n assessment;
the design o f pintle corrosion protection permits
c h e c k i n g its t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n ;
rudder stocks a n d p i n t l e s w e r e n o t m a n u f a c t u r e d a n d
repaired u s i n g b u i l d - u p w e l d i n g ; o t h e r w i s e t h e y s h a l l be
subject t o p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y i n n o t m o r e t h a n 5 years w i t h
m a n d a t o r y flaw i n s p e c t i o n o f t h e b u i l t - u p area.
Parts o f suspended r u d d e r j o i n t s w i t h r u d d e r s t o c k
are subject t o a t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n d u r i n g each special
s u r v e y o f t h e r u d d e r a n d steering gear i n dock.
D u r i n g a l l types o f c h e c k i n g o f t h e r u d d e r a n d
steering gear u n d e r w a y , t h e rudder o r steering n o z z l e
s h a l l b e f u l l y submerged.
2.4.3.3.4 W h e n repairing or replacing the plating o f
p r o f i l e rudders a n d steering n o z z l e s , t h e y s h a l l be tested
f o r tightness.
2.4.3.3.5 W h e n assessing t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e r u d d e r a n d steering gear d u r i n g survey, t h e f o l l o w i n g
s h a l l b e considered:
average w e a r o f p l a t i n g o f t h e r u d d e r blade, steering
a n d fixed n o z z l e s s h a l l n o t exceed 1/4 o f t h e as-built
thickness;
stressed parts ( i n c l u d i n g chains a n d steering-line
r o d s ) w i t h t h e average w e a r 1/10 o f t h e as-built thickness
o r d i a m e t e r a n d a b o v e , as w e l l as those h a v i n g cracks o r
r e s i d u a l d e f o r m a t i o n s are n o t p e r m i t t e d f o r a p p l i c a t i o n ;
steel rope o f the steering gear s y s t e m shall be replaced
i f the n u m b e r o f b r o k e n w i r e s is 1/10 o f their total n u m b e r
o r above at a n y p o i n t o f its length equal t o eight t i m e s the
diameter, and i f the rope is excessively deformed.
R e d u c t i o n o f t h e r u d d e r stock, p i n t l e s a n d r u d d e r
a x l e d i a m e t e r t o v a l u e s b e l o w those stipulated b y t h e
R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f SeaG o i n g S h i p s is n o t p e r m i t t e d .
P e r m i s s i b l e clearances f o r t h e s u p p o r t i n g u n i t s o f t h e
r u d d e r s h a l l b e i n each case established c o n s i d e r i n g t h e i r
as-built t h i c k n e s s a n d j o i n t design.
W h e r e t h e r u d d e r stock is t w i s t e d b y 5 o r m o r e , its
a p p l i c a t i o n m a y b e o n l y p e r m i t t e d subject t o a n n e a l i n g
a n d t o sector o r t i l l e r t r a n s p l a n t a t i o n t o a n e w k e y . I f
t w i s t e d b y 15 o r m o r e , a n d i f cracks a r e f o u n d , t h e
r u d d e r stock s h a l l b e replaced.
F o u n d a t i o n s o f steering gear d r i v e s s h a l l b e replaced
i f t h e i r e l e m e n t s a r e w o r n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e as-built
thickness a n d m o r e .
2 . 4 . 3 . 4 A n c h o r arrangement.
2 . 4 . 3 . 4 . 1 T h e s u m m a r i z e d e x t e n t o f checks (tests) o f
t h e a n c h o r a r r a n g e m e n t d u r i n g special s u r v e y o f t h e ship
is g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 .

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.4.3.4.2 A n c h o r s a n d h a w s e pipes, chain cables a n d


w i r e ropes, stoppers a n d devices f o r releasing t h e i n b o a r d
end o f chain cable shall b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d . M e a n s f o r
drainage o f the chain lockers shall b e operationally tested.
A n c h o r chains shall be r o l l e d from the chain locker, cleaned
and arranged f o r e x a m i n a t i o n , anchors shall b e also cleaned
and l a i d d o w n f o r e x a m i n a t i o n . A n c h o r s and anchor chains
shall b e checked f o r completeness.
2.4.3.4.3 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship, t h e a n c h o r
a r r a n g e m e n t s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, a n d t h e
a n c h o r - h o i s t i n g speed s h a l l b e checked. Besides, t h e
o p e r a t i o n o f stoppers a n d t h e device f o r releasing t h e
i n b o a r d e n d o f c h a i n cable s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.3.4.4 O p e r a t i o n a l testing o f t h e a n c h o r arrange
m e n t s h a l l b e carried o u t b y d r o p p i n g a n d h o i s t i n g o f
anchors at a d e p t h o f n o t less t h a n 4 0 m . H o w e v e r w h e r e
t h e m a x i m u m d e p t h i n t h e ship's restricted area o f
n a v i g a t i o n i s less t h a n 4 0 m , t h e testing m a y b e carried
o u t a t t h e m a x i m u m depth.
2.4.3.4.5 W h e n c h e c k i n g t h e spare parts o f t h e
anchor arrangement, t h e requirement f o r p r o v i d i n g t h e
t h i r d (spare) a n c h o r o n b o a r d m a y b e o m i t t e d .
2.4.3.4.6 S t a r t i n g from t h e second special survey,
a n c h o r chains s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d . I f t h e average d i a m e t e r
o f c h a i n l i n k s i s less t h a n p e r m i t t e d , c h a i n lengths s h a l l
b e replaced.
2.4.3.4.7 W h e n assessing t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e a n c h o r arrangement, t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e c o n s i
dered:
a n c h o r c h a i n l i n k s , as w e l l as s w i v e l , shackle a n d
a n c h o r c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e replaced i f t h e i r average
d i a m e t e r i n t h e m o s t w o r n - o u t area i s reduced b y
12 p e r cent a n d m o r e o f t h e i n i t i a l n o m i n a l diameter, a n d
also i f cracks a n d d e f o r m a t i o n s are revealed. T h e average
d i a m e t e r s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d as a h a l f - s u m o f t h e
m i n i m u m d i a m e t e r o f a l i n k o r c o m p o n e n t cross s e c t i o n
and the diameter measured perpendicularly w i t h i n the
s a m e section;
the application o f chain links w i t h fallen o u t o r
w e a k e n e d studs i s n o t p e r m i t t e d ; w h e n r e p a i r i n g s u c h
l i n k s , w e a k e n e d steel studs m a y b e strengthened a l o n g
t h e i r p e r i m e t e r b y electric w e l d i n g at o n e e n d o f t h e s t u d
o r b y t h e l i n k squeezing;
w h e r e a c h a i n length i s f o u n d t o contain l i n k s w i t h
s m a l l cracks o r fractures n o t i n w a y o f w e l d e d j o i n t s , such
chain length, after the defective l i n k s h a v e been replaced,
shall b e heat-treated i n compliance w i t h t h e procedure
specified b y the repairing w o r k s ; after the heat treatment the
chain length shall b e tested b y a p r o o f load;
a steel r o p e s h a l l b e replaced i f t h e n u m b e r o f b r o k e n
w i r e s i s 1/10 a n d m o r e o f t h e i r t o t a l n u m b e r at a n y p o i n t
o f its l e n g t h equal t o e i g h t t i m e s t h e diameter, o r i f t h e
w i r e d i a m e t e r i s reduced b y 4 0 p e r cent a n d m o r e as
c o m p a r e d t o t h e i n i t i a l v a l u e as a r e s u l t o f t h e surface
w e a r o r c o r r o s i o n , as w e l l as w h e r e t h e r o p e i s
excessively deformed;

69

w h e r e a f l u k e angle r e l a t i v e t o t h e s h a n k i s changed
b y 5 0 p e r cent, p i n s a n d s h a n k h o l e s w e a r a m o u n t s t o
10 p e r cent a n d m o r e , o r i f these c o m p o n e n t s are
cracked, t h e a n c h o r s h a l l b e replaced.
Foundations o f anchor arrangement drives shall be
replaced i f t h e i r e l e m e n t s are w o r n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e asb u i l t thickness a n d m o r e .
2.4.3.5 M o o r i n g arrangement.
2.4.3.5.1 A t s p e c i a l s u r v e y o f t h e s h i p , t h e
m a c h i n e r y , systems, electrical e q u i p m e n t f o r m i n g part
o f the m o o r i n g arrangement shall be thoroughly
e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.3.5.2 D u r i n g s u r v e y , b o l l a r d s , h a w s e pipes,
fairleads, ropes a n d o t h e r e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e e x t e r n a l l y
examined.
2.4.3.5.3 W h e n assessing the technical c o n d i t i o n o f the
m o o r i n g arrangement, the f o l l o w i n g shall b e considered:
a steel m o o r i n g rope shall b e replaced i f the n u m b e r o f
b r o k e n w i r e s is 1/10 and m o r e o f their total n u m b e r at any
point o f its length equal t o eight times the diameter, o r i f the
w i r e diameter is reduced b y 4 0 p e r cent a n d m o r e as
compared t o the initial value as a result o f the surface w e a r o r
corrosion, as w e l l as w h e n the rope is excessively deformed;
fibre ropes a n d s y n t h e t i c ropes s h a l l b e replaced i f
t h e i r y a r n s a r e t o r n , t h e ropes are r o t t e n , e x c e s s i v e l y
w o r n o r deformed;
r o l l e r s o f fairleads, g u i d e r o l l e r s , b o l l a r d s , h a w s e
pipes a n d w a r p i n g d r u m s s h a l l b e free o f excessive w e a r ,
scores o r o t h e r damages.
Foundations o f m o o r i n g arrangement drives shall be
replaced i f t h e i r e l e m e n t s are w o r n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e asb u i l t thickness a n d m o r e .
T h e t o t a l c o r r o s i o n a d d i t i o n f o r b o t h sides o f t h e h u l l
s u p p o r t i n g structure o f t h e m o o r i n g appliance s h a l l b e
n o t m o r e t h a n 2 m m i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h 4 . 3 . 5 , P a r t 1
"Equipment, Arrangements and Outfit" o f the Rules f o r
the Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships
f o r a l l ships, except those specified i n t h e C o m m o n
Structural Rules f o r B u l k Carriers and C o m m o n
Structural Rules for D o u b l e H u l l O i l Tankers.
2.4.3.6 T o w i n g arrangement.
2.4.3.6.1 T h e s u m m a r i z e d e x t e n t o f checks f o r t h e
t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t d u r i n g special s u r v e y o f t h e ship i s
given i n Table 2.1.1.
2.4.3.6.2 D u r i n g survey, t h e machinery, systems,
electrical equipment f o r m i n g part o f the t o w i n g arrangement
s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.3.6.3 T o w h o o k s c o m p l e t e w i t h t h e i r r e m o t e
c o n t r o l s a n d o v e r l o a d p r o t e c t i o n devices, t o w i n g r a i l s ,
t o w i n g arches, cable stoppers, b o l l a r d s , t o w i n g bitts,
h a w s e pipes a n d t o w lines s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d .
T h e remote controls o f the t o w h o o k shall be
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.3.6.4 E m e r g e n c y t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t f o r o i l
tankers, o i l tankers ( > 6 0 C), c o m b i n a t i o n carriers, gas
carriers a n d c h e m i c a l t a n k e r s o f 2 0 0 0 0 t o n s d e a d w e i g h t

70

a n d m o r e c o n s i s t i n g o f p i c k - u p gear, t o w i n g pennants,
c h a f i n g gear, fairleads, s t r o n g p o i n t s a n d r o l l e r pedestals
shall b e thoroughly examined during t h e survey a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, w h e r e practicable.
2.4.3.6.5 I n the assessment o f the technical c o n d i t i o n o f
the t o w i n g arrangement, the f o l l o w i n g shall b e considered:
a steel t o w l i n e s h a l l b e replaced i f t h e n u m b e r o f
b r o k e n w i r e s i s 1/10 a n d m o r e o f t h e i r t o t a l n u m b e r a t
a n y p o i n t o f its l e n g t h e q u a l t o e i g h t t i m e s t h e diameter,
as w e l l as w h e r e t h e t o w l i n e i s e x c e s s i v e l y d e f o r m e d ;
r e g a r d i n g t h e c h a f i n g gear f o r m i n g part o f t h e
e m e r g e n c y t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t f o r t h e ships, specified
i n 2 . 4 . 3 . 6 . 4 , t h e standards f o r a n c h o r c h a i n w e a r a n d
defects i n 2.4.3.4.7 s h a l l b e f o l l o w e d ;
a f i b r e r o p e s h a l l b e replaced i f its y a r n s are b r o k e n ,
the rope is rotten, has excessively w o r n o r deformed;
h o o k s , b o l l a r d s , t o w i n g b i t t s a n d h a w s e pipes s h a l l
b e free o f excessive w e a r , scores o r o t h e r damages.
F o u n d a t i o n s o f t o w i n g a r r a n g e m e n t drives s h a l l b e
replaced i f t h e i r elements are w o r n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e asb u i l t thickness a n d m o r e .
2.4.3.7 S i g n a l masts.
2.4.3.7.1 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship, s i g n a l masts a n d
their rigging shall be thoroughly examined.
2.4.3.7.2 W h e n assessing t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
s i g n a l masts a n d t h e i r r i g g i n g , t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e
considered:
average w e a r o f steel m a s t plates s h a l l n o t exceed
1/5 o f t h e as-built thickness;
w o o d e n masts s h a l l b e replaced i f r o t t e n b y 1/10 a n d
m o r e o f t h e i r cross-sectional area;
a p p l i c a t i o n o f stressed c o m p o n e n t s h a v i n g a n
average w e a r o f 1/10 a n d m o r e o f t h e i r as-built thickness
or diameter is not permitted;
a steel r o p e s h a l l b e replaced i f t h e n u m b e r o f b r o k e n
w i r e s i s 1/10 a n d m o r e o f t h e i r t o t a l n u m b e r at a n y p o i n t
o f its l e n g t h e q u a l t o e i g h t t i m e s t h e diameter, as w e l l as
where the rope i s excessively w o r n o r deformed.
2.4.3.8 E q u i p m e n t o f b u l k cargo h o l d s .
2.4.3.8.1 F i x e d e q u i p m e n t f o r b u l k cargo separation
s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d d u r i n g each special s u r v e y
o f t h e ship.
2.4.3.8.2 A b o a r d ships designed o r adapted f o r b u l k
cargo carriage, t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y s h a l l b e checked o f a n
a p p r o v e d b u l k cargo l o a d i n g p l a n a n d I n f o r m a t i o n o n
S t a b i l i t y ; besides, t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f f i x e d
e q u i p m e n t f o r b u l k cargo separation ( b u l k h e a d s , feeders,
arrangements f o r t h e i r securing t o t h e ship structures)
s h a l l b e assessed.
2.4.3.8.3 W h e n assessing t h e technical c o n d i t i o n o f
f i x e d equipment, the w e a r a n d damage standards relating t o
the ship's h u l l structures shall b e applied (refer t o 2.4.2.9).
2.3.4.9 E m e r g e n c y o u t f i t .
A t special s u r v e y o f t h e ship, e m e r g e n c y o u t f i t s h a l l
b e e x t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d a n d checked f o r completeness i n
accordance w i t h t h e ship's list o f e m e r g e n c y o u t f i t .

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.4.3.10 C a r g o securing e q u i p m e n t .
A t special s u r v e y o f t h e s h i p , cargo s e c u r i n g
equipment i n c l u d i n g the securing equipment f o r containers
o n c o n t a i n e r ships a n d ships adapted f o r t h e carriage o f
containers, s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d i n t h e scope o f
i n i t i a l s u r v e y (refer t o 1.2.2.2).
2.4.4 F i r e p r o t e c t i o n .
2.4.4.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.4.1.1 S p e c i a l s u r v e y o f fire p r o t e c t i o n i s carried
o u t at 5-years i n t e r v a l s t o b e d e t e r m i n e d from t h e date o f
t h e p r e v i o u s special ( o r i n i t i a l ) s u r v e y . T h e R e g i s t e r m a y
reduce t h i s p e r i o d i n v i e w o f t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n
d e t e r i o r a t i o n o r d u e t o o t h e r reasons.
2.4.4.1.2 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s S e c t i o n a p p l y t o
t h e fire p r o t e c t i o n i t e m s , w h i c h p u r p o s e a n d d e s i g n are
regulated b y t h e Rules f o r t h e Classification a n d
Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
2.4.4.1.3 N e w i t e m s o f fire p r o t e c t i o n s h a l l b e
i n s t a l l e d o n ships i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e a p p r o v e d
technical documentation and under the Register technical
supervision. F o r n e w items t h e documents shall be
s u b m i t t e d as s t i p u l a t e d b y t h e R u l e s f o r T e c h n i c a l
Supervision during Construction o f Ships a n d Manufacture o f Materials and Products for Ships.
2.4.4.1.4 A f t e r repair a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o f n e w i t e m s o f
fire p r o t e c t i o n o n ships, t h e tests s h a l l b e conducted as
stipulated f o r t h e i r m a n u f a c t u r e a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n o n b o a r d .
Tests s h a l l b e conducted i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e R u l e s f o r
Technical Supervision during Construction o f Ships a n d
Manufacture o f Materials a n d Products f o r Ships
f o l l o w e d b y issue o f t h e r e l e v a n t d o c u m e n t s .
A f t e r r e p a i r o f fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m s , t h e
h y d r a u l i c tests o f repaired i t e m s s h a l l b e conducted
( p i p i n g a n d fittings f o r c y l i n d e r s , reservoirs o r t a n k s ) a n d
f o r t h e a e r o s o l fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems tests s h a l l b e
conducted b y m e a n s o f s i m u l a t i n g t h e a c t u a t i o n o f t h e
s y s t e m w i t h t h e fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g a e r o s o l generators
being switched off.
C y l i n d e r s , r e s e r v o i r s , p i p i n g a n d fitting o f t h e c a r b o n
dioxide smothering system, freon extinguishing, f o a m
e x t i n g u i s h i n g u n d e r pressure, h y d r o p n e u m a t i c t a n k s o f
s p r i n k l e r s y s t e m s h a l l b e subject t o h y d r a u l i c testing
starting f r o m t h e second special s u r v e y a n d t h e n after
t w o i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n special s u r v e y s .
N e c e s s i t y o f i n t e r n a l s u r v e y s a n d h y d r a u l i c testing o f
t a n k s f o r storage o f freons 1 1 4 B 2 i s d e t e r m i n e d starting
from t h e t h i r d special s u r v e y u p o n t h e results o f e x t e r n a l
e x a m i n a t i o n a n d m e a s u r e m e n t o f t h e t a n k w a l l thickness.
2.4.4.1.5 D u r i n g survey fire protection items shall b e
prepared f o r survey w i t h access, opening-up o r dismantling.
A t t h e surveyor's request a l l required drawings, descriptions, diagrams, files and passports shall b e submitted.
2.4.4.1.6 D u r i n g s u r v e y i t s h a l l b e v e r i f i e d w h e t h e r
t h e list o f fire p r o t e c t i o n i t e m s , t h e i r completeness,
s t r u c t u r e , a r r a n g e m e n t a n d i n s t a l l a t i o n , as w e l l as
specified characteristics c o m p l y w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

o f the Rules f o r the Classification and Construction o f


Sea-Going Ships. T h e technical condition o f items shall
b e assessed i n order t o f i n d o u t possible defects.
2.4.4.2 S t r u c t u r a l fire p r o t e c t i o n .
D u r i n g e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e structural fire p r o t e c t i o n ,
t h e c o n d i t i o n o f i n s u l a t i o n o f fire-resistant a n d firer e t a r d i n g d i v i s i o n s a n d closures o f o p e n i n g s t h e r e i n s h a l l
b e checked; w h e r e necessary, certain areas o f c l a d d i n g
and insulation m a y be opened up.
T h e s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f closures i n c l u d i n g those w i t h
r e m o t e d r i v e , f i r e d o o r s , t r u n k s , v e n t i l a t i o n ducts,
a n n u l a r spaces o f stacks, s k y l i g h t s a n d o t h e r o p e n i n g s
i n cargo a n d m a c h i n e r y spaces, i n t h e p u m p r o o m s , as
w e l l as t h e i r drives, s h a l l b e checked.
D u r i n g e x a m i n a t i o n a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e fact
w h e t h e r t h e r e l e v a n t structural, i n s u l a t i n g , finishing a n d
c o a t i n g m a t e r i a l s a r e applied i n order t o u s e n o n combustible, n o t readily ignitable, l o w
flame-spread
m a t e r i a l s , w h i c h are n o t hazardous as regards g e n e r a t i o n
o f excessive quantities o f s m o k e , t o x i c a n d e x p l o s i v e
products.
2.4.4.3 F i r e e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems.
2.4.4.3.1 D u r i n g s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f
fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g systems t h e i r readiness f o r i m m e d i a t e
use, s e r v i c e a b i l i t y a n d r e t a i n i n g o f t h e i r rated capacity
s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.4.3.2 W h e n w a t e r fire m a i n s y s t e m i s o p e r a t i o n
a l l y tested, s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f t h e r e m o t e starting o f fire
p u m p s , as w e l l as e m e r g e n c y fire p u m p t o g e t h e r w i t h i t s
sea chest s h a l l b e checked. W h e n a p o r t a b l e m o t o r p u m p
is used as a n e m e r g e n c y fire p u m p o n ships b u i l t p r i o r t o
1 September 1984, then instructions o f 2.4.4.4.2, Part
"Carrying o u t Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the
Guidelines shall be taken into consideration during its
survey.
2.4.4.3.3 D u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f s p r i n k l e r
system, actuation o f control valves ( b y means o f
opening-up the sprinkler o r control branch pipe),
e m e r g e n c y a l a r m , o p e r a t i o n o f devices f o r a u t o m a t i c
pressure m a i n t e n a n c e a n d w a t e r l e v e l c o n t r o l i n t h e
pressure t a n k , as w e l l as a u t o m a t i c starting o f p u m p s a n d
compressors s h a l l b e checked.
T h e pressure t a n k s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y a n d
i n t e r n a l l y . T h e i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t
at each special s u r v e y o f t h e ship starting f r o m t h e
second o n e .
2.4.4.3.4 W h e n water-screen s y s t e m i s o p e r a t i o n a l l y
tested, t h e r e m o t e start-up s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.4.3.5 W h e n f o a m e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m i s
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f t h e r e m o t e o p e n i n g
o f sea chest v a l v e s h a l l b e checked.
A v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e required f o a m concentrate
quantity shall be checked. T h e quality o f f o a m
concentrate a n d f o a m e x p a n s i o n r a t i o s h a l l b e c o n f i r m e d
b y the document o f the competent body. F o r additional
i n s t r u c t i o n s o n t h e s u r v e y o f f o a m concentrate, refer

71

to 2.2.4.2.2, Part "Carrying o u t Classification Survey


o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.4.3.6 W h e n w a t e r - s p r a y i n g s y s t e m i s o p e r a t i o n
a l l y tested, s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f t h e r e m o t e c o n t r o l o f s h u t - o f f
valves a n d automatic actuation o f the p u m p b y the
pressure d r o p i n t h e s y s t e m s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.4.3.7 T h e steam smothering s y s t e m is operation
a l l y tested b y trial discharge o f steam i n t o protected spaces.
2.4.4.3.8 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e i n e r t gas systems, t h e
non-return valves a n d f l a m e arresters o n p i p i n g supplying
gas t o c o m p a r t m e n t s o f tankers s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . W h e n
t h e s y s t e m i s o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested b y t r i a l release o f gas
i n t o protected spaces, s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f starting devices
a n d a u t o m a t i c gas c o n t r o l devices w i t h v i s u a l a n d
a u d i b l e a l a r m s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.4.3.9 W h e n s u r v e y i n g t h e fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g
s y s t e m u s i n g freon 1 1 4 B 2 , freon storage t a n k s s h a l l b e
i n t e r n a l l y s u r v e y e d i n t h e f o l l o w i n g cases:
i f t h e results o f t h e f r e o n q u a l i t y check indicate t h e
necessity o f i t s r e p l a c e m e n t b y a n e w o n e ( o r rege
nerated);
after i n t e n d e d u s e o f f r e o n o r after freon release from
the tanks. T h e quality o f freon shall be confirmed b y the
d o c u m e n t issued b y t h e c o m p e t e n t b o d y ;
after detection o f p a r t i a l o r f u l l f r e o n leakage;
d u r i n g repair o f tanks.
Availability o f the required freon quantity shall be
checked. T h e freon q u a l i t y s h a l l b e c o n f i r m e d b y t h e
d o c u m e n t s o f t h e c o m p e t e n t body. T h e s y s t e m s h a l l b e
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested b y discharge o f compressed a i r
instead o f f r e o n . B e g i n n i n g from t h e t h i r d s u r v e y u p o n
results o f t h e e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n a n d t a n k thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t i t i s necessary t o m a k e a d e c i s i o n o n
necessity o f t h e i n t e r n a l s u r v e y a n d h y d r a u l i c tests.
A t s u r v e y o f t h e systems u s i n g f r e o n 1 3 0 1 ( 1 3 B 1 ) ,
t h e c y l i n d e r s s h a l l b e checked f o r leakage (based o n t h e
readings o f pressure indicators fitted o n each c y l i n d e r ) .
F o r i n s t r u c t i o n s o n s u r v e y o f c y l i n d e r s f o r storage o f
freon 1 1 4 B 2 , as w e l l as f r e o n s 1 2 1 1 ( 1 2 B 1 ) a n d
1 3 0 1 ( 1 3 B 1 ) , refer t o 2 . 4 . 4 . 4 . 1 , P a r t I I " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.4.3.10 W h e n s u r v e y i n g c a r b o n d i o x i d e s m o t h e r
ing system, t h e valves o f carbon dioxide cylinders shall
be e x a m i n e d together w i t h t h e i r safety devices a n d
c o n t r o l appliances i n d i c a t i n g t h e a c t u a t i o n o f safety
devices, p e r f o r m a n c e o f audible device s i g n a l l i n g about
t h e d a m a g e o f safety m e m b r a n e s , devices f o r i n d i v i d u a l ,
group a n d remote opening o f cylinder valves.
W h e n e x a m i n i n g t h e c y l i n d e r s , presence o f c a r b o n
dioxide therein shall be checked according t o the
w e i g h i n g report (or measurement b y a n y other approved
procedure) s u b m i t t e d b y t h e ship's officers. T h e t o t a l
c a r b o n d i o x i d e q u a n t i t y s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n 0 , 9 o f t h e
design v a l u e , at that t h e q u a n t i t y o f c a r b o n d i o x i d e i n
each cylinder m a y b e increased b y n o t m o r e
than 0,5 k g .

72

T h e s y s t e m m a y b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested b y discharge
o f compressed a i r instead o f c a r b o n d i o x i d e .
A t least 1 0 p e r cent o f a l l h i g h pressure c a r b o n
d i o x i d e c y l i n d e r s s h a l l b e subjected t o h y d r a u l i c testing
after 1 0 years. I f o n e o r m o r e c a r b o n d i o x i d e c y l i n d e r s
f a i l , a t o t a l o f 5 0 p e r cent o f o n b o a r d c y l i n d e r s s h a l l b e
subject t o h y d r a u l i c tests. F l e x i b l e hoses s h a l l b e
replaced a t i n t e r v a l s r e c o m m e n d e d b y t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r
a n d n o t exceeding 1 0 years.
W h e n surveying the cylinders, internal survey a n d
h y d r a u l i c testing dates s h a l l b e assigned i n t h e f o l l o w i n g
w a y : f o r c y l i n d e r s that h a v e u n d e r g o n e h y d r a u l i c tests a t
t h e recognised test s t a t i o n ( 1 0 p e r cent), o n t h e basis o f
stamps o f these test s t a t i o n a n d f o r c y l i n d e r s that h a v e
n o t u n d e r g o n e h y d r a u l i c tests ( 9 0 p e r cent), o n t h e basis
o f t h e p r e v i o u s R e g i s t e r s u r v e y reports.
I n well-grounded cases and proceeding f r o m the service
life, survey results, repairs a n d replacements effected,
checking o f the safety valves o f low-pressure carbon dioxide
smothering system tank m a y b e required, as w e l l as heat
insulation i n compliance w i t h t h e requirements o f 3.8.3.6,
Part V I "Fire Protection" o f the Rules f o r the Classification
and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
T h e tanks o f low-pressure carbon dioxide smother
i n g s y s t e m s h a l l b e subjected t o t h e i n t e r n a l s u r v e y after
repair a n d after discharge o f t h e c a r b o n d i o x i d e i f t h e
t a n k i s o l d e r t h a n 5 years.
H y d r a u l i c testing o f t h e t a n k m a y b e requested b y
t h e s u r v e y o r p r o c e e d i n g from t h e i n t e r n a l s u r v e y results.
A t that, t h e surface u n d e r heat i n s u l a t i o n s h a l l b e
checked a t r a n d o m f o r c o r r o s i o n . W h e r e necessary,
i n s u l a t i o n r e m o v a l s h a l l b e carried o u t according t o t h e
procedure r e c o m m e n d e d b y t h e t a n k manufacturer.
A b o a r d ship t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e ship's m a i n
tenance p l a n f o r c a r b o n d i o x i d e s m o t h e r i n g systems s h a l l
b e checked. M a i n t e n a n c e o f c a r b o n d i o x i d e s m o t h e r i n g
systems i n accordance w i t h t h e ship's m a i n t e n a n c e p l a n
s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d b y t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( f i r m s ) recog
n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r a t least once e v e r y t w o years
(at i n t e r v a l s 2 years + 3 m o n t h s ) o n passenger ships o r at
each special s u r v e y o n cargo ships.
2.4.4.3.11 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e a e r o s o l f i r e
e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m , t h e latter s h a l l b e tested b y m e a n s
o f s i m u l a t i n g i t s a c t u a t i o n w i t h t h e fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g
aerosol generators b e i n g c u t o u t o f t h e starting circuits.
Special s i m u l a t o r s s h a l l b e connected d u r i n g t h e tests
instead o f generators.
Subject t o m o n i t o r i n g a r e :
visual a n d audible indication o n t h e remote control
device ( R C D ) ;
d e l a y t i m e o f starting a n d s i m u l a t i o n o f generators'
starting;
d i s c o n n e c t i o n o f v e n t i l a t i o n i n t h e protected space;
a l a r m a c t u a t i o n i n t h e protected space;
cable i n s u l a t i o n resistance;
a r r a n g e m e n t a n d e x t e r n a l v i e w o f generators.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

Resistance o f t h e aerosol fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m


s h a l l b e checked t o false a c t i v a t i o n t h r o u g h c o n n e c t i o n o f
a special starting u n i t s i m u l a t o r t o each starting circuit,
a n d t h i s b e i n g done, t h e generator s h a l l b e c u t o u t o f t h e
starting c i r c u i t .
A s f a r as practicable, t h e tests s h a l l b e carried o u t
w i t h a l l electric p o w e r c o n s u m e r s b e i n g u n d e r w o r k i n g
conditions.
F i r e e x t i n g u i s h i n g aerosol generators shall b e
s u r v e y e d c o n s i d e r i n g t h e n u m b e r o f generators l i m i t e d
b y a m a n u f a c t u r e r f o r testing a n d dates o f c h e c k i n g o f
t h e i r fitness b y t h e c o m p e t e n t bodies ( o r accredited
laboratories) o r dates o f generators' r e p l a c e m e n t b y n e w
generators established b y t h e manufacturer.
2.4.4.3.12 W h e n s u r v e y i n g t h e d r y p o w d e r s y s t e m ,
reservoirs f o r storage o f p o w d e r s h a l l b e subjected t o
i n t e r n a l s u r v e y starting f r o m t h e second special s u r v e y .
Q u a n t i t y o f p o w d e r i n reservoirs s h a l l b e c o r i f i r m e d
b y t h e r e l e v a n t report.
T h e s y s t e m s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested b y c o m
pressed air.
D u r i n g e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e c y l i n d e r s , presence o f
carrier gas s h a l l b e checked according t o t h e w e i g h i n g
report ( o r according t o measurement b y a n y other
a p p r o v e d p r o c e d u r e ) s u b m i t t e d b y t h e ship's officers.
Q u a n t i t y o f carrier gas s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n that r e q u i r e d
f o r s i n g l e p o w d e r discharge from reservoir.
2.4.4.4 F i r e detection a n d a l a r m systems.
Fire detection a n d alarm systems a n d alarms
i n t e n d e d t o w a r n o f fire s m o t h e r i n g systems b e i n g
activated s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested a n d e x t e r n a l l y
examined t o determine serviceability o f the automatic
fire detection a n d a l a r m s y s t e m i n case o f heat, l i g h t o r
s m o k e detectors' o p e r a t i o n i n t h e protected space, t o
d e t e r m i n e s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f m a n u a l fire a l a r m s i n case o f
t h e detectors' o p e r a t i o n i n protected spaces a n d o n decks,
s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f fire w a r n i n g s y s t e m ( a l a r m s y s t e m ) a n d
that o f a u d i b l e a n d v i s u a l a l a r m s i n t e n d e d t o w a r n o f t h e
fire s m o t h e r i n g s y s t e m b e i n g activated i n protected
spaces a n d o f its i n t e r l o c k i n g w i t h t h e m a n u a l a n d r e m o t e
starting o f t h e fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m .
2.4.4.5 F i r e - f i g h t i n g o u t f i t . Spare parts a n d t o o l s .
2.4.4.5.1 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f f i r e - f i g h t i n g o u t f i t , m o t o r
p u m p s s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.4.5.2 T h e completeness o f fire-fighting outfit, spare
parts a n d tools shall b e checked, a n d they shall b e
externally examined; besides, compliance w i t h schedule
o f m a n d a t o r y p e r i o d i c a l checks o f instruments, selfcontained breathing apparatuses a n d fire extinguishers shall
be verified. A v a i l a b i l i t y o f documentation (certificates) f o r
the elements o f t h e fireman outfit (protective clothing,
breathing apparatus, safety lantern, safety rope) shall b e
checked. F o r additional instructions o n survey o f selfcontained breathing apparatuses, refer t o 2.2.4.2.3, Part
" C a r r y i n g o u t Classification S u r v e y o f Ships" o f t h e
Guidelines.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

T h e completeness o f e m e r g e n c y b r e a t h i n g appara
tuses, t h e i r e x p i r y dates a n d a v a i l a b i l i t y o f certificates f o r
these apparatuses s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.4.53 A l l fire hoses s h a l l b e subjected t o h y d r a u l i c
tests b y t h e w o r k i n g pressure o f t h e w a t e r fire m a i n
system. A t s u r v e y o f cabinets (boxes) f o r fire hoses, t h e y
shall b e checked f o r structural integrity, drainage a n d
c o r r o s i o n . F o r a d d i t i o n a l instructions o n s u r v e y o f fire
hoses a n d h o s e c o u p l i n g s a n d assessment o f t h e i r
c o n d i t i o n , refer t o 2.2.4.2.1, P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification S u r v e y o f S h i p s " o f t h e G u i d e l i n e s .
2.4.5 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n .
2.4.5.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.5.1.1 A t special s u r v e y o f t h e ship f o r r e n e w a l o f
class i t i s n e c e s s a r y t o v e r i f y t h e c o m p l i a n c e o f
machinery installation items w i t h the requirements o f
the Rules f o r the Classification a n d Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s a n d assess t h e i r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
2.4.5.1.2 T h e scope o f special s u r v e y s o f m a c h i n e r y
i n s t a l l a t i o n i t e m s i s d e t e r m i n e d i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e age o f
ship a n d t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n
i t e m s c o n s i d e r i n g t h e dates o f o p e n i n g - u p a n d d i s m a n t
l i n g , d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f w e a r a n d clearances, o p e r a t i o n a l
testing a n d h y d r a u l i c tests specified i n t h e t e c h n i c a l
documentation (maintenance manual) o f machinery a n d
arrangement manufacturers.
E x t e n t o f e x a m i n a t i o n s a n d m e a s u r e m e n t s pres
cribed b y t h i s C h a p t e r a n d related opening-ups, d i s m a n
t l i n g a n d d i s a s s e m b l i n g m a y b e changed b y t h e s u r v e y o r
i n each case c o n s i d e r i n g structure, service l i f e , results o f
t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y , repairs a n d replacements m a d e , as
w e l l t h e results o f s u r v e y i n accessible places a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l testing.
F o r ships less t h a n 15 years o f age a n d i n t h e absence
o f manufacturer's recommendations, t h e in-place
diagnostics o f t h e internal c o m b u s t i o n engine a n d

73

a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y a p p r o v e d b y t h e Register, m a y b e
applied.
2.4.5.1.3 A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f special s u r v e y o f t h e
ship, m a i n m a c h i n e r y , s h a f t i n g w i t h a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y
a n d systems s h a l l b e tested i n t h e presence o f t h e
s u r v e y o r d u r i n g m o o r i n g a n d sea t r i a l s i n order t o check
a n d c o n f i r m t h e characteristics r e q u i r e d b y t h e R u l e s .
D u r a t i o n o f testing i s t a k e n i n accordance w i t h
Table 2.4.5.1.3.
I f t h e m a i n a n d auxiliary machinery, shafting,
propellers, r u d d e r a n d steering gear a r e repaired d u r i n g
t h e t i m e preceding special s u r v e y o f t h e ship o r d u r i n g
t h e special s u r v e y , t h e scope a n d d u r a t i o n o f testing i s
determined taking into consideration the extent a n d
n a t u r e o f t h e repair m a d e .
Sea t r i a l s s h a l l b e preceded b y m o o r i n g t r i a l s . T h e
p r o g r a m o f m o o r i n g a n d sea trials w i t h o p e r a t i n g r e g i m e s
and duration o f trials shall be submitted t o the surveyor
for approval. Sea trials performed f o r t h e purpose o f
o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f t h e m a i n m a c h i n e r y , shafting,
propellers a n d steering gear m a y b e substituted b y tests
u s i n g s i m u l a t i o n m e t h o d s a n d facilities, o r m o o r i n g trials
i f t h e y c a n ensure check o f p e r f o r m a n c e o f t h e said
m a c h i n e r y a n d devices i n o p e r a t i n g r e g i m e s a n d ensure
loading o f the m a i n machinery, shafting a n d propellers
c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o that a p p l i e d i n o p e r a t i n g r e g i m e s .
Procedures a n d p r o g r a m s o f s u c h tests s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d
f o r r e v i e w a n d a p p r o v a l t o t h e R e g i s t e r representation i n
charge o f t h e t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f ships, aboard
w h i c h s u c h tests s h a l l b e carried o u t .
M o o r i n g , s i m u l a t i o n o r sea trials s h a l l b e carried o u t
according t o t h e R S - a p p r o v e d p r o g r a m a n d u n d e r t h e
technical supervision o f the R S surveyor.
I n w e l l - g r o u n d e d cases i n absence o f r e m a r k s u p o n
t h e results o f m o o r i n g t r i a l s , t h e s h i p o w n e r i s p e r m i t t e d
t o r u n sea trials i n c o m b i n a t i o n w i t h a v o y a g e . A t that,
T a b l e 2.4.5.1.3

Power, k W
I n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines:
not more than 7 5 0
751 2250
more than 2250
Turbines:
not more than 2200
2201 5880
5881 11025
more than 11025

D u r a t i o n o f testing, h
3
5
7
5
7
10
12

N o t e s : 1 . D u r a t i o n o f testing d u r i n g sea trials m a y b e changed b y t h e s u r v e y o r p r o c e e d i n g f r o m the m a c h i n e r y t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .


2 . T o t a l d u r a t i o n o f testing includes the t i m e necessary f o r different l o a d testing, i n c l u d i n g reverse a n d the m i n i m u m stable speed ( f o r i n t e r n a l
c o m b u s t i o n engines), at t h a t the f u l l l o a d c o n d i t i o n s ( n o t less t h a n 9 0 p e r cent o f rated p o w e r ) s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n 7 0 p e r cent o f t h e t o t a l d u r a t i o n
o f testing.
3. T h e t i m e necessary f o r t h e m a c h i n e r y w a r m i n g - u p i s n o t i n c l u d e d i n t h e t o t a l d u r a t i o n o f testing.
4 . W h e n d u r i n g m o o r i n g t r i a l s t h e l o a d o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e o p e r a t i n g r e g i m e s ( C P P , p r o p e l l e r discharge n o z z l e ,
electrical m o t i o n ) m a y b e p r o v i d e d , i n s p e c t i o n o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y d u r i n g sea trials m a y b e o m i t t e d .
5. I n case o f the e m e r g e n c y stop d u r i n g testing, t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n o r repeating o f t h e testing r e g i m e i s decided b y the s u r v e y o r p r o c e e d i n g
f r o m the nature a n d cause o f e m e r g e n c y stop i n each case.
6. U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f sea t r i a l s t h e i n s p e c t i o n o f p a r t i c u l a r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t , t h e necessity a n d e x t e n t o f t h e
i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e surveyor. T h e necessity o f c o n t r o l tests a n d t h e i r d u r a t i o n after t h e i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e
surveyor.

74

the shipowner shall notify the R S B r a n c h Office o f their


results w i t h i n o n e d a y after c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e t r i a l s a n d i f
failures o f tested i t e m s are detected t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l
guarantee t h a t these i t e m s a r e s u b m i t t e d t o R S p r i o r t o
t h e ship departure.
U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f sea trials t h e i n s p e c t i o n o f
p a r t i c u l a r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t , t h e
necessity a n d e x t e n t o f t h e i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d
b y t h e s u r v e y o r . T h e necessity o f c o n t r o l tests a n d t h e i r
d u r a t i o n after t h e i n s p e c t i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e
surveyor.
2.4.5.1.4 T h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e m a c h i n e r y
i n s t a l l a t i o n i t e m s s h a l l b e assessed p r o c e e d i n g from t h e
s u r v e y results based o n t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y reports a n d
o n i n f o r m a t i o n c o n c e r n i n g w e a r , damage, deficiencies
f o u n d i n service, o n repairs a n d replacements recorded i n
t h e s h i p d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( m a i n t e n a n c e records, s h i p
p r o t o c o l s , m a c h i n e r y logs, etc.).
2.4.5.1.5 P e r m i s s i b l e w e a r standards f o r m a c h i n e r y ,
u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d o n t h e basis o f
i n f o r m a t i o n c o n t a i n e d i n t h e m a n u a l s a n d data cards o f
m a n u f a c t u r e r s a n d i n t h e n o r m a t i v e d o c u m e n t s deve
l o p e d b y design offices a n d research i n s t i t u t i o n s a n d
a p p r o v e d b y t h e Register.
2.4.5.1.6 P r o c e e d i n g f r o m m e a s u r e d data, t h e
vibrations o f m a i n a n d auxiliary machinery a n d shafting
s h a l l b e assessed i n accordance w i t h t h e v i b r a t i o n
standards specified i n C h a p t e r 18.7, P a r t V " T e c h n i c a l
Supervision during Construction o f Ships" o f the Rules
f o r T e c h n i c a l S u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g C o n s t r u c t i o n o f Ships
and Manufacture o f Materials and Products for Ships.
2.4.5.1.7 I f w e a r , d a m a g e o r deficiencies exceeding
p e r m i s s i b l e v a l u e s o r dangerous f o r t h e ship's o p e r a t i o n
are f o u n d d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y o f t h e m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n
i t e m s , these i t e m s s h a l l n o t b e considered fit f o r service
u n t i l t h e deficiencies a r e e l i m i n a t e d , a n d t h e ship s h a l l
not be found seaworthy.
2.4.5.2 I n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines. S t e a m engines.
2.4.5.2.1 I n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines.
2.4.5.2.1.1 Special survey covers t h e survey o f m a i n
and a u x i l i a r y engines w i t h t h e i r m a n o e u v r i n g a n d starting
devices, a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y and equipment d r i v e n b y m a i n
engine, transmissions, couplings, dampers a n d antivibrators, as w e l l as m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y steam p i s t o n m a c h i n e r y
w i t h its m a n o e u v r i n g devices and d r i v e gear.
2.4.5.2.1.2 A t special s u r v e y , i n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n
engines c o m p l e t e w i t h t r a n s m i s s i o n s , c o u p l i n g s a n d
r e d u c t i o n gear, m a n o e u v r i n g , starting, s h a f t - t u r n i n g gear,
auxiliary engine-driven machinery and equipment shall
be submitted for thorough examination w i t h opening-up
as necessary a n d w i t h d i s m a n t l i n g o f a l l u n i t s a n d
components o f the above mentioned items o f machinery
installation w i t h consideration o f t h e manufacturers'
recommendations.
2.4.5.2.1.3 T h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p o n e n t s a n d u n i t s o f
t h e m a i n e n g i n e are s u r v e y e d :

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

b e d plate, c o l u m n s , crankcase, t i e rods, r e a m e d b o l t s


a n d chocks;
engine m o u n t i n g , c y l i n d e r b l o c k , c y l i n d e r covers;
c y l i n d e r l i n e r s , p i s t o n s , p i s t o n rods;
crossheads w i t h p i n s a n d sliders, guides;
connecting-rods, g u d g e o n p i n s , telescopic s y s t e m ;
crosshead, top-end, b o t t o m - e n d , m a i n bearings w i t h
their bolts and pins;
t h r u s t b e a r i n g i n t e g r a l w i t h t h e engine;
c o n n e c t i n g rods a n d j o u r n a l s ;
crankshaft w e b s , p i n s f o r fixing balance w e i g h t s o n
crank webs;
d i s t r i b u t i n g devices, i n c l u d i n g camshafts;
cams o n camshafts;
bearings, v a l v e drives, s u c t i o n , e x h a u s t a n d s t a r t i n g air v a l v e s ;
camshaft drives ( g e a r i n g a n d c h a i n gear);
safety v a l v e s (check o f a d j u s t m e n t ) ;
lubricators, m a n o e u v r i n g a n d starting devices;
speed g o v e r n o r a n d overspeed device;
a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y d r i v e n b y m a i n engine;
s h a f t - t u r n i n g gear, t o r s i o n a l v i b r a t i o n d a m p e r a n d
antivibrator;
exhaust-gas turbosuperchargers, supercharger i n t e r cooler.
I n case o f medium-speed diesels, t h e d i s m a n t l i n g o f
m a i n and b o t t o m - e n d bearings and t h e i r replacement d u r i n g
special survey m a y b e postponed u n t i l t h e e n d o f t h e
bearings life, as stated i n the technical documentation o f the
diesel manufacturer. T h e survey scope f o r t h e a u x i l i a r y
engine components and units shall b e determined proceed
ing from the applicable p r o v i s i o n s o f the present Chapter.
Instructions o n survey o f components and units o f
i n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines a r e set f o r t h i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 4 . 1 ,
Part "Carrying out Classification Survey o f Ships" o f
the Guidelines.
2.4.5.2.1.4 T o b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r d u r i n g
t h e s u r v e y a r e t h e m e a s u r e d data a n d t h e results o f
assessing t h e w e a r o f c y l i n d e r l i n e r s , p i s t o n s , sliders a n d
guides (parallels), crosshead p i n s ( g u d g e o n p i n s ) , c o n
n e c t i n g r o d s a n d j o u r n a l s , crosshead ( b o t t o m - e n d ) ,
c r a n k , j o u r n a l a n d t h r u s t bearings, camshafts, t h e i r
c o m p o n e n t s a n d drives. I f f o u n d necessary, t h e s u r v e y o r
m a y require f o r other components a n d units t o be
measured a n d their wear t o be determined. T o b e
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r a r e c r a n k - w e b clearance
m e a s u r e m e n t data, w h i c h s h a l l n o t exceed t h e standards
contained i n t h e technical documentation o f engine
m a n u f a c t u r e r s , c r a n k s h a f t - d r o p p i n g m e a s u r e m e n t data
a n d data o n t h e l e n g t h m e a s u r e m e n t o f b o t t o m - e n d a n d
crosshead b e a r i n g b o l t s . W h e r e a u x i l i a r y i n t e r n a l c o m
b u s t i o n engines a r e concerned, m e a s u r e m e n t s o f t h i s
k i n d , w e a r assessment a n d c r a n k - w e b clearance d e t e r m i
n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t p r o c e e d i n g from t h e engine
design a n d at t h e s u r v e y o r ' s request, as w e l l as i n case o f
scheduled repairs a n d w h e n t h e dates a r e d u e that a r e

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

stated i n t h e maintenance m a n u a l s a n d technical


documentation o f engine manufacturers.
C o n d i t i o n o f t h e v i s c o u s dampers s h a l l b e checked
b y analysis o f l i q u i d samples o r t h e r m a l n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e
testing o r m e a s u r e m e n t s o f t o r s i o n a l v i b r a t i o n s i n t e r m s
c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e resource assigned b y t h e d a m p e r
m a n u f a c t u r e r o r r e s i d u a l resource f o u n d a c c o r d i n g t o
i n s t r u c t i o n (refer t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 4 . 1 . 9 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines and
Appendix 38 t o the Guidelines).
F o r l o w - s p e e d engines w i t h t h e n u m b e r o f r e v o l u
tions < 2 5 0 m i n the measurements o f connecting rod
b o l t s m a y b e o m i t t e d . I n t h i s case, r e l e v a n t d o c u m e n t s
s h a l l b e d e m o n s t r a t e d t o t h e effect t h a t a l l p r e v e n t i v e a n d
scheduled r o u t i n e m a i n t e n a n c e prescribed b y t h e opera
tion manual and the Rules for the Technical Operation
has b e e n carried o u t w i t h i n t h e specified t i m e . A n o t h e r
reason m a y b e t h a t t h e engines h a v e b e e n f o u n d i n g o o d
w o r k i n g o r d e r as a r e s u l t o f c o n t r o l tests. C o n n e c t i n g r o d
b o l t s o f f o u r - s t r o k e i n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines s h a l l b e
checked f o r r e s i d u a l e l o n g a t i o n ( i f a n y ) a n d b y m e a n s o f
f l a w i n s p e c t i o n , as w e l l as t h e e n g i n e r u n n i n g h o u r s s h a l l
b e m o n i t o r e d as stated i n t h e m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s a n d
technical documentation o f engine manufacturers.
2.4.5.2.1.5 W h e n special s u r v e y i s c o m p l e t e d a n d
t h e deficiencies f o u n d are e l i m i n a t e d , t h e engines s h a l l
b e s u b m i t t e d f o r a n o p e r a t i o n a l testing. A t special survey,
m a i n engines s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g i n
t h e course o f sea trials, t a k i n g i n t o account t h e c o n d i t i o n s
stipulated u n d e r 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 3 .
2.4.5.2.1.6 T h e engines s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested
complete w i t h couplings and reduction gear, m a n o e u v r i n g ,
starting a n d p r o t e c t i n g devices, service p u m p s a n d
compressors ( i n c l u d i n g standby ones), heat exchangers,
pressure vessels, systems, p i p i n g a n d e q u i p m e n t .
2.4.5.2.1.7 W h e n m a i n engines a r e o p e r a t i o n a l l y
tested, t h e i r p r i n c i p a l service characteristics s h a l l b e
checked i n c l u d i n g speed, m a x i m u m c o m b u s t i o n pressure
a n d c o m p r e s s i o n pressure ( f o r prescribed c o n d i t i o n s ) ,
exhaust gas temperature, l u b r i c a t i n g o i l a n d c o o l i n g
w a t e r pressure, lubricating o i l a n d c o o l i n g w a t e r
t e m p e r a t u r e , etc.
W h e r e necessary, t h e surveyor m a y require f o r m a i n
engine p o w e r t o be determined during the sea trials. C y l i n d e r
load control is recommended. Reversing gear and reversing
time shall b e checked. Engines operating v i a reversereduction gear, hydraulic a n d electromagnetic couplings
shall b e operationally tested together w i t h t h e above
machinery, and w i t h the reversing gear w o r k i n g as w e l l .
2.4.5.2.1.8 T h e l i m i t switches o f engines d r i v i n g
propellers v i a reverse-reduction gear, h y d r a u l i c couplings
o f C P P - d r i v i n g engines, as w e l l as o f the engines o f m a i n
and a u x i l i a r y generators, shall b e checked f o r tripping.
2.4.5.2.1.9 T h e p r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m systems o f
engines s h a l l b e checked w h i l e t h e engines are tested.
T h i s check m a y b e c a r r i e d o u t b y s i m u l a t i n g t h e
- 1

75

conditions, under w h i c h the protection and signalling


devices are activated.
2.4.5.2.1.10 T h e starting, s h u t d o w n , r e v e r s i n g a n d
r e m o v i n g t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f r e m o t e l y c o n t r o l l e d engines
s h a l l b e checked from t h e l o c a l a n d r e m o t e c o n t r o l
station. S i m u l t a n e o u s l y , t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e i n t e r l o c k i n g
between the local and remote control station, the w o r k o f
i n s t r u m e n t s a n d t h e t r a n s i t i o n o f c o n t r o l f u n c t i o n s from
o n e s t a t i o n t o a n o t h e r s h a l l b e checked. T h e o p e r a t i o n o f
t h e i n t e r l o c k i n g s h a l l b e checked u n d e r c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e
s h a f t - t u r n i n g gear b e i n g activated.
2.4.5.2.1.11 E n g i n e s w i t h direct t r a n s m i s s i o n t o
p r o p e l l e r s s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested at t h e m i n i m u m
stable speed.
2.4.5.2.1.12 W h e n o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, a u x i l i a r y
engines s h a l l b e tested i n accordance w i t h t h e i r purpose
at s p e c i f i c a t i o n speed a n d w i t h o t h e r parameters as
specified.
2.4.5.2.1.13 T h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n e f f i c i e n c y b e t w e e n
the navigation bridge and m a i n machinery control rooms
s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.5.2.1.14 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessing I C E
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n are set f o r t h i n 2.4.5.1.4 t o 2.4.5.1.6.
2.4.5.2.1.15 E n g i n e u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e
repaired o r replaced i f dangerous deficiencies o r w e a r
exceeding p e r m i s s i b l e standards are f o u n d d u r i n g t h e
survey.
A m o n g s u c h deficiencies a r e :
.1 d a m a g e t o essential u n i t s o r c o m p o n e n t s :
cracks i n engine components, such as b e d plates a n d
c o l u m n s , cylinder blocks, cylinder covers, cylinder liners,
pistons, crankshaft pins a n d webs, b r e a k i n g o f tie rods;
d e f o r m a t i o n ( b e n d i n g ) o f crankshafts, c o n n e c t i n g
rods, p i s t o n rods, camshafts;
m e l t i n g , f l a k i n g , c r a c k i n g a n d detaching o f e n g i n e
bearing linings;
p i t t i n g a n d d a m a g e t o t h e gear t e e t h a n d p i n i o n s o f
camshaft d r i v e , c a m c h i p p i n g o f camshafts;
excessive elongation o f connecting r o d bolts
(the residual deformation o f the bolts exceeding
permissible values);
.2 w e a r o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
wear a n d galling o f crank pins and journals,
crosshead p i n s , camshaft necks;
ellipticity, p i n and j o u r n a l conicity b e y o n d permis
sible standards, c a m w e a r o f camshafts;
piston and piston p i n wear beyond permissible
standards;
b e a r i n g w e a r , crosshead ( c o n n e c t i n g r o d ) , crank,
j o u r n a l a n d t h r u s t - b e a r i n g clearances b e y o n d p e r m i s s i b l e
standards, r e d u c t i o n o f t h e l i n i n g thickness i n bearings
b e y o n d p e r m i s s i b l e standards;
c y l i n d e r l i n e r w e a r b e y o n d p e r m i s s i b l e standards;
.3 defects o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
crankshaft d e f l e c t i o n a n d d r o p p i n g v a l u e s e x c e e d i n g
p e r m i s s i b l e standards stated i n t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n ;

76

i n s u f f i c i e n t tightness o f c o n n e c t i n g r o d a n d j o u r n a l
fit i n b u i l t a n d s e m i - b u i l t crankshafts, a n d o f c a m f i t i n
camshafts;
leakage i n c y l i n d e r l i n e r seals;
incorrect a d j o i n i n g o f shaft pins i n bearings,
i n v o l v i n g base-surface r e d u c t i o n f o r b e a r i n g inserts;
m i s a l i g n m e n t b e y o n d p e r m i s s i b l e standards.
2.4.5.2.1.16 E n g i n e s s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d f i t f o r service
i f t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing reveals t h e f o l l o w i n g :
a b n o r m a l l y h i g h engine v i b r a t i o n ;
h a m m e r i n g a n d n o i s e i n engines a b o v e n o r m a l ;
incorrect l o a d d i s t r i b u t i o n a m o n g c y l i n d e r s ;
excessive h e a t i n g o f bearings;
lubricating o i l a n d cooling water temperatures
exceeding m a x i m u m p e r m i s s i b l e v a l u e s stated i n t h e
engine manufacturers' i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
exhaust gas temperatures exceeding m a x i m u m permis
sible values stated i n the engine manufacturers' instructions;
crankcase b l o w - b y ;
m a l f u n c t i o n o f m a n o e u v r i n g a n d starting devices,
speed g o v e r n o r s , l i m i t switches, f u e l i n j e c t i o n e q u i p m e n t
a n d safety v a l v e s ;
malfunction o f auxiliary machinery servicing t h e
engines a n d d r i v e n b y t h e m ;
malfunction o f indicating and measuring instrument.
T h e causes o f t h e a b o v e m a l f u n c t i o n s s h a l l b e f o u n d
a n d t h e deficiencies s h a l l b e e l i m i n a t e d .
W h e r e a b n o r m a l l y h i g h engine v i b r a t i o n i s f o u n d , i t s
parameters shall b e m e a s u r e d i n order t o b e assessed o n
the basis o f technical standards a n d i n order measures f o r
vibration reduction could be w o r k e d out and implemented.
W h e n assessing t h e w e a r o f u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s o f
i n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines a n d d e t e r m i n i n g p e r m i s s i b l e
clearances f o r t h e u n i t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d
manufacturers' m a c h i n e r y m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s s h a l l b e
applied, as w e l l as t h e a p p r o v e d standards.
2.4.5.2.2 S t e a m engines.
Requirements f o r survey o f steam engines ( m a i n a n d
a u x i l i a r y ) are deleted f r o m the present e d i t i o n o f the Rules.
W h e n necessary t o carry o u t s u r v e y o f t h e s t e a m
engines, t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s h a l l c o n s u l t R H O .
2.4.5.3 S t e m turbines. G a s turbines.
2.4.5.3.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.5.3.1.1 Special s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f m a i n
steam turbines, steam turbines o f m a i n (electric)
generators, a u x i l i a r y s t e a m t u r b i n e s , w a s t e s t e a m t u r
bines, i n c l u d i n g m a n o e u v r i n g gears, m a i n gas t u r b i n e
engines, gas turbines f o r gears o f (electric) generators
i n c l u d i n g c o m b u s t i o n chambers a n d m a n o e u v r i n g gears
( h e r e i n a f t e r r e f e r r e d t o as " s t e a m t u r b i n e s " , " g a s
turbines").
2.4.5.3.1.2 S u r v e y o f gas t u r b o b l o w e r s o f i n t e r n a l
c o m b u s t i o n engines i s i n c l u d e d i n t h e scope o f I C E
special s u r v e y (refer t o 2.4.5.2.1.3).
2.4.5.3.1.3 A t each special s u r v e y t h e s h i p o w n e r
shall submit t o t h e surveyor a conclusion (protocol)

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

prepared b y a c o m p e t e n t b o d y o n v i b r a t i o n m e a s u r e m e n t
o f m a i n s t e a m turbines, m a i n gas t u r b i n e engines, w h i c h
contains assessment o f v i b r a t i o n characteristics. V i b r a
t i o n m e a s u r e m e n t m a y b e carried o u t d u r i n g ship service
and i t shall be performed regularly.
O n t h e basis o f c o n c l u s i o n a b o u t a l l o w a b l e v i b r a t i o n
parameters a n d t h e i r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h e x i s t i n g standards,
the shipowner's statement denying m a i n m a c h i n e r y
defects d u r i n g t h e ship's service a n d entries i n t h e ship
d o c u m e n t a t i o n , o p e n i n g - u p m a y b e a v o i d e d o f casings o f
m a i n s t e a m t u r b i n e s a n d m a i n gas t u r b i n e engines at t h i s
special s u r v e y s ( i f s u c h w o r k s f o r m a c h i n e r y u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s i n s p e c t i o n are n o t p r o v i d e d b y t h e m a n u f a c
turer's m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s f o r t u r b i n e s a n d engines).
Proceeding f r o m the v i b r a t i o n measurement results and
at the surveyor's request, casings o f m a i n turbines, m a i n a n d
a u x i l i a r y gas turbine engines shall b e opened u p f o r t h e
survey o f units a n d components o f the said machinery.
P r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s paragraph also a p p l y t o s t e a m
turbines o f m a i n (electric) generators a n d gas t u r b i n e s f o r
d r i v i n g gear o f m a i n (electric) generators.
2.4.5.3.1.4 G e n e r a l r e g u l a t i o n s f o r assessing t e c h n i
cal c o n d i t i o n o f s t e a m a n d gas t u r b i n e s a r e s e t f o r t h
i n 2.4.5.1.4 t o 2.4.5.1.6.
2.4.5.3.2 S t e a m t u r b i n e s .
2.4.5.3.2.1 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s set o u t
i n 2.4.5.3.1.3, a t special survey, gas turbines together
w i t h c o u p l i n g s , r e d u c t i o n gear, m a n o e u v r i n g a n d shaft
t u r n i n g gear s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n
w i t h opening-up a n d dismantling o f units a n d compo
nents, w h e r e necessary.
2.4.5.3.2.2 A t special s u r v e y o f s t e a m t u r b i n e s
subject t o o p e n i n g - u p a n d d i s m a n t l i n g f o r e x a m i n a t i o n
o f units a n d components (refer t o 2.4.5.3.1.3
a n d 2.4.5.3.2.1), t h e f o l l o w i n g c o m p o n e n t s a n d u n i t s
s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : t u r b i n e casings, n o z z l e b o x e s ,
m a n o e u v r i n g gear, g u i d e vanes, d i a p h r a g m s , seals, r o t o r s
w i t h vanes a n d discs, r o t o r shafts w i t h b e a r i n g j o u r n a l s ,
carrier a n d t h r u s t bearings, safety devices a n d g o v e r n o r s ,
shaft t u r n i n g gear.
S u r v e y scope f o r c o m p o n e n t s a n d u n i t s o f a u x i l i a r y
s t e a m turbines i s d e t e r m i n e d i n accordance w i t h t h e
applicable i n s t r u c t i o n s o f t h i s paragraph a n d 2.4.5.3.1.3.
Instructions a n d recommendations o n survey o f the
above mentioned components a n d units are given
i n 2.4.5.5.1, Part "Carrying o u t Classification Survey
o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.53.23 D u r i n g t h e survey, clearance measurements
o f t h r u s t a n d carrier bearings, assessment o f r o t o r
p o s i t i o n , a x i a l r o t o r float s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e
s u r v e y o r . W h e r e necessary, t h e s u r v e y o r m a y r e q u i r e f o r
measurements o f other units a n d components t o be
carried o u t .
2.4.5.3.2.4 A f t e r special s u r v e y process i s c o m p l e t e d
a n d defects detected d u r i n g s u r v e y a r e e l i m i n a t e d , s t e a m
turbines s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing. M a i n

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

s t e a m turbines s h a l l be s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing
d u r i n g t h e ship sea t r i a l s (refer t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 3 ) .
2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 . 5 S t e a m t u r b i n e o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g is
p e r f o r m e d f o r r e d u c t i o n gears, m a n o e u v r i n g gear,
auxiliary machinery serving turbines (including
back-up a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y ) , heat exchangers, systems,
piping and equipment.
2 . 4 . 5 3 . 2 . 6 W h e n m a i n steam turbines are operationally
tested, t h e i r m a i n w o r k i n g characteristics s h a l l b e
checked i n c l u d i n g speed, w o r k i n g s t e a m pressure a n d
temperature, s t e a m pressure at i n t e r m e d i a t e stages a n d
s t e a m e x t r a c t i o n chambers i n t u r b i n e s , s t e a m pressure i n
l i n i n g systems a n d underpressure i n e x h a u s t i o n c h a m bers, underpressure i n t h e m a i n condenser, l u b r i c a t i n g o i l
pressure i n l u b r i c a t i n g s y s t e m , l u b r i c a t i n g o i l t e m p e r a t u r e before a n d after o i l - c o o l e r , a x i a l p o s i t i o n o f r o t o r s
a n d heat e x p a n s i o n o f t u r b i n e casings. S t e a m t u r b i n e
p r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m systems s h a l l b e checked. T h i s
check m a y b e carried o u t b y s i m u l a t i o n o f a c t i v a t i o n
c o n d i t i o n s f o r p r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m devices.
2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 . 7 M a n o e u v r i n g gear a n d shaft t u r n i n g gear
w i t h b l o c k i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 . 8 A s t e r n turbines a n d r e v e r s i n g t i m e s h a l l
b e checked.
2.4.5.3.2.9 C o m m u n i c a t i o n efficiency between the
navigating bridge and control rooms o f m a i n steam
turbines s h a l l be checked.
2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 . 1 0 R e p a i r s o r replacement o f u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s o f s t e a m t u r b i n e s s h a l l b e carried o u t i f
d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y dangerous defects a n d w e a r s exceeding
a l l o w a b l e standards h a v e b e e n detected.
T h e s e defects i n c l u d e :
. 1 d a m a g e t o essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
cracks o n t u r b i n e c o m p o n e n t s s u c h as casings, discs,
w o r k i n g blades, d i a p h r a g m s , n o z z l e b o x e s ;
d e f o r m a t i o n , c h i p p i n g , breakage o f blades;
cracks a n d fractures o f blade fastening bandings,
rupture o f connecting wires;
f u s i o n , f l a k i n g , cracks, d e t e r i o r a t i o n o f a n t i f r i c t i o n
l i n i n g o f bearings;
failures o f s t e a m t u r b i n e c o n t r o l s y s t e m ( c o n t r o l
valves, servomotors, governors) due to mechanical
damages;
.2 w e a r o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
e r o s i o n a n d c o r r o s i o n o f w o r k i n g blades;
wear, e r o s i o n a n d c o r r o s i o n o f n o z z l e s ;
wear, g a l l i n g o f w o r k i n g j o u r n a l s o f s t e a m t u r b i n e
r o t o r shafts, e l l i p t i c i t y a n d c o n i c i t y o f j o u r n a l s exceeding
allowable limits;
w e a r o f bearings, r e d u c t i o n o f a n t i f r i c t i o n l i n i n g
thickness exceeding a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , increase o f b e a r i n g
clearances exceeding a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ;
galling o f hinge and lever joints o f steam turbine
control system, galling o f governor components preventing
control system n o r m a l operation;
.3 defects o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :

11

d r o p p i n g a n d a x i a l f l o a t ( s h i f t ) o f r o t o r shafts
exceeding m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ( v a l u e s ) specified
i n manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n tenance m a n u a l s f o r s e r v i c i n g o f s t e a m turbines;
l o o s e n i n g o f f i t o f r o t o r discs;
w e a k e n i n g o f w o r k i n g blades fastening;
incorrect a d j o i n i n g o f shaft j o u r n a l s t o bearings;
non-tightness ( g a p p i n g ) i n t h e splits o f s t e a m t u r b i n e
casing.
2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 2 . 1 1 S t e a m turbines s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d fit f o r
service i f t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing reveals t h e f o l l o w i n g :
abnormal v i b r a t i o n o f steam turbines and their
r e d u c t i o n gear;
a b n o r m a l h e a t i n g o f bearings, a b n o r m a l l u b r i c a t i n g
o i l t e m p e r a t u r e increase i n c o m p a r i s o n w i t h t h e specified
t e m p e r a t u r e parameters f o r bearings a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l ;
defects i n m a n o e u v r i n g gear a n d s t e a m t u r b i n e
control system (control valves, servomotors, governors);
defects o f i n d i c a t i n g a n d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
Causes o f these defects s h a l l b e detected a n d defects
shall be eliminated.
I f a b n o r m a l v i b r a t i o n o f steam turbines is detected, its
parameters s h a l l be measured f o r assessment against
technical standards and f o r development a n d i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f v i b r a t i o n reduction actions (refer also t o 2.4.5.3.1.3).
2.4.5.3.2.12 Manufacturer's technical documentation
a n d s t e a m t u r b i n e m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s s h a l l b e used f o r
w e a r assessment o f s t e a m t u r b i n e u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s ,
assessment o f a l l o w a b l e a x i a l a n d d i a m e t r i c a l clearances
o f u n i t s , a l l o w a b l e v a l u e s o f r o t o r p o s i t i o n s , t h e i r float.
2.4.5.3.3 Gas turbines.
2.4.5.3.3.1 I n addition to the requirements
o f 2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 1 . 3 , at special s u r v e y gas t u r b i n e s c o m p l e t e
w i t h c o u p l i n g s , r e d u c t i o n gear, m a n o e u v r i n g a n d shaft
t u r n i n g gear s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n w i t h due opening up and dismantling o f units and
c o m p o n e n t s . I f e f f e c t i v e m e a n s are a v a i l a b l e f o r
c o n d i t i o n assessment o f gas t u r b i n e s u n i t s a n d c o m p o nents w i t h o u t d i s m a n t l i n g t h e r e o f , t h e i r o p e n i n g u p m a y
be omitted.
Gas turbines subject t o u n i t repairs s h a l l n o t be
opened up. S u c h t u r b i n e s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d d u r i n g
scheduled repairs at specialized plants.
2.4.5.3.3.2 D u r i n g special s u r v e y s o f gas turbines
subject t o o p e n i n g u p a n d d i s m a n t l i n g f o r e x a m i n a t i o n o f
u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s , t h e f o l l o w i n g parts a n d u n i t s s h a l l
be s u r v e y e d : t u r b i n e a n d compressor casings, guide
v a n e s a n d t u r b i n e a n d c o m p r e s s o r seals, r o t o r s o f
turbines a n d compressors w i t h blades a n d discs, r o t o r
shafts o f t u r b i n e s a n d compressors i n c l u d i n g shaft
j o u r n a l s , carrier a n d t h r u s t bearings o f turbines a n d
compressors, chambers o f t u r b i n e w a t e r c o o l i n g , n o z z l e
apparatuses, d i a p h r a g m s , c o m b u s t i o n chambers w i t h
flame tubes, r e v e r s i n g devices ( i f a n y ) , gas t u r b i n e
frames, m a n o e u v r i n g gear, m a n o e u v r i n g v a l v e s , shaft
t u r n i n g gear, as w e l l as safety devices a n d g o v e r n o r s .

78

Instructions a n d recommendations o n performance


o f surveys o f the above mentioned components and units
o f gas turbines are set f o r t h i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g
out Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.5.3.3.3 D u r i n g t h e s u r v e y t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r : m e a s u r e m e n t results a n d w e a r
assessment o f r o t o r shaft w o r k i n g j o u r n a l s o f t u r b i n e a n d
compressor, carrier a n d thrust bearing clearances,
assessment o f r o t o r p o s i t i o n a n d r o t o r a x i a l float. I f
necessary, t h e s u r v e y o r m a y r e q u i r e f o r m e a s u r e m e n t s o f
o t h e r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s t o b e carried o u t .
2.4.5.3.3.4 A f t e r special s u r v e y i s c o m p l e t e d a n d
defects detected d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y a r e e l i m i n a t e d , gas
turbines s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing. M a i n
gas t u r b o e n g i n e a n d gas turbines o f m a i n (electric)
generators s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing
d u r i n g t h e ship sea t r i a l s (refer t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 1 . 3 ) .
2.4.5.3.3.5 G a s turbines a r e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested
together w i t h r e d u c t i o n gear, m a n o e u v r i n g gear, a u x
i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y s e r v i c i n g turbines ( i n c l u d i n g standby
a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y ) , heat e x c h a n g e r s a n d systems,
pipelines, e q u i p m e n t , f u e l p r e p a r a t i o n s y s t e m , c l e a n i n g
systems o f f l o w i n g parts o f compressors a n d turbines, a i r
filters, heat-recovery c i r c u i t ( i f a n y ) .
2.4.53.3.6 W h e n m a i n gas turbine engines a n d gas
turbines o f m a i n (electric) generators are operationally
tested, m a i n w o r k i n g characteristics o f turbines a n d
compressors shall b e checked including speed, lubricating
o i l pressure i n lubricating system, lubricating o i l tempera
ture before a n d after o i l cooler, c o o l i n g w a t e r pressure,
c o o l i n g w a t e r temperature before a n d after w a t e r cooler,
fuel pressure a n d temperature as w e l l as other parameters
describing technical c o n d i t i o n o f gas turbines a n d c o m
pressors. P o s i t i o n o f t u r b i n e a n d compressor rotors,
clearances o f thrust bearings shall b e also checked.
2.4.5.3.3.7 M a n o e u v e r i n g gear a n d shaft t u r n i n g
gear w i t h b l o c k i n g a n d s t a r t i n g d e v i c e s s h a l l b e
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.5.3.3.8 R e v e r s i n g gears a n d r e v e r s i n g t i m e o f
m a i n gas t u r b i n e engines o r astern o p e r a t i o n o f turbines
s h a l l b e checked.
2A5.3.3.9 Gas turbine protection and alarm systems shall
be checked. T h i s check m a y b e carried out b y simulation o f
activation conditions for protection and a l a r m devices.
2.4.5.3.3.10 C o m m u n i c a t i o n e f f i c i e n c y b e t w e e n t h e
n a v i g a t i n g b r i d g e a n d c o n t r o l s t a t i o n o f m a i n gas t u r b i n e
engines s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.5.3.3.11 R e p a i r s o r replacement o f gas t u r b i n e
u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t i f d u r i n g t h e
s u r v e y dangerous defects a n d w e a r s exceeding m a x i m u m
a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s h a v e b e e n detected.
S u c h defects i n c l u d e :
.1 d a m a g e t o essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
cracks i n parts o f gas turbines a n d compressors, s u c h
as casings, discs, blades, diaphragms a n d cracks i n f l a m e
tubes o f c o m b u s t i o n chambers;

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

cracks a n d d e f o r m a t i o n s ( r o u n d - u p ) o f r o t o r s a n d gas
t u r b i n e a n d compressor r o t o r shafts;
d e f o r m a t i o n , c h i p p i n g , breakages o f w o r k i n g blades
o f gas turbines a n d compressors;
cracks a n d fractures o f w o r k i n g b l a d e fastenings,
fractures o f c o n n e c t i n g w i r e s ;
f u s i o n , f l a k i n g , cracks, d e s t r u c t i o n o f a n t i f r i c t i o n
l i n i n g o f sleeve bearings;
cracks, c o r r o s i o n , dents, signs o f o v e r h e a t i n g o n t h e
w o r k i n g surfaces o f o u t e r a n d i n n e r races, separators,
balls a n d r o l l e r s o f r o l l e r bearings, r o l l e r b e a r i n g j a m s ;
failures o f control and gas turbine regulation system due
t o mechanical damage o f system units and components;
.2 w e a r o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
e r o s i o n and c o r r o s i o n o f gas t u r b i n e a n d compressor
w o r k i n g blades;
e r o s i o n , c o r r o s i o n , w e a r o f nozzles;
wear, g a l l i n g o f w o r k i n g j o u r n a l s o f gas t u r b i n e a n d
compressor r o t o r shafts, ellipticity a n d conicity exceeding
allowable limits;
w e a r o f sleeve bearings a n d g a l l i n g o f b e a r i n g
a n t i f r i c t i o n l i n i n g exceeding a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , increase o f
b e a r i n g clearances exceeding m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ;
g a l l i n g o f r o l l e r b e a r i n g seat o f gas t u r b i n e a n d
compressor r o t o r shafts;
e x p i r a t i o n o f r o l l e r b e a r i n g service l i f e specified i n
manufacturers' technical d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a n u a l s ;
.3 defects o f essential c o m p o n e n t s a n d u n i t s :
d r o p p i n g a n d a x i a l f l o a t ( s h i f t ) o f r o t o r shafts
exceeding m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ( v a l u e s ) specified
i n manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n
tenance m a n u a l s f o r gas turbines;
l o o s e n i n g o f f i t o f r o t o r discs o f gas turbines a n d
compressors;
l o o s e n i n g o f w o r k i n g b l a d e s f a s t e n i n g o f gas
turbines a n d compressors;
l o o s e n i n g o f r o l l e r b e a r i n g seats o f gas t u r b i n e a n d
compressor r o t o r shafts;
n o n - t i g h t n e s s i n t h e splits o f gas t u r b i n e a n d
compressor casings.
Besides, w h e r e u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s r e v e a l d a
m a g e s , w e a r a n d defects, w h i c h p r e v e n t gas turbines a n d
compressors from p r o p e r p e r f o r m i n g t h e i r f u n c t i o n s ,
s u c h u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e repaired o r replaced.
2.4.5.3.3.12 G a s turbines s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d f i t f o r
service i f t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing reveals t h e f o l l o w i n g :
a b n o r m a l v i b r a t i o n o f gas turbines a n d compressors,
t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l u n i t s a n d gas t u r b i n e r e d u c t i o n gears;
a b n o r m a l strikes, slaps a n d noises i n gas turbines,
compressors a n d gas t u r b i n e r e d u c t i o n gears;
a b n o r m a l h e a t i n g o f bearings, a b n o r m a l l u b r i c a t i n g
o i l t e m p e r a t u r e increase i n c o m p a r i s o n w i t h specified
temperature parameters f o r bearings a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l ;
defects o f m a n o e u v r i n g gear, g o v e r n o r s , p r o t e c t i o n
and alarm signalling system;
stalling a n d surging;

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

gas t e m p e r a t u r e increase b e y o n d specified parameters;


defects o f i n d i c a t i n g a n d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s .
Causes o f t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d defects s h a l l b e
detected a n d defects s h a l l b e e l i m i n a t e d .
I f a b n o r m a l v i b r a t i o n i n gas turbines a n d c o m p r e s sors i s detected, i t s parameters s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d f o r
assessment against t e c h n i c a l standards a n d f o r d e v e l o p m e n t a n d i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f v i b r a t i o n r e d u c t i o n actions
(refer also t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 3 . 1 . 3 ) .
2.4.5.3.3.13 M a n u f a c t u r e r ' s t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n
a n d gas t u r b i n e m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s s h a l l b e used f o r
w e a r assessment o f gas t u r b i n e a n d compressor u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s , assessment o f a l l o w a b l e a x i a l a n d d i a m e t r i c a l clearances o f u n i t s , a l l o w a b l e v a l u e s o f r o t o r
p o s i t i o n , its float.
2.4.5.4 Gears a n d c o u p l i n g s .
2.4.5.4.1 Special s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f t o o t h
gears ( r e d u c t i o n gears, reverse-reduction gears) c o u p l i n g
b o x e s a n d disengaging c o u p l i n g s o f v a r i o u s types: r i g i d ,
elastic, h y d r a u l i c , electromagnetic, etc.
2.4.5.4.2 A t special s u r v e y gears, r e d u c t i o n gears,
reverse-reduction gears (hereinafter referred t o as reduct i o n gears) a n d c o u p l i n g s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r t h o r o u g h
e x a m i n a t i o n w i t h casings b e i n g opened u p a n d u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s d i s m a n t l e d , w h e r e necessary.
2.4.5.4.3 T h e f o l l o w i n g parts a n d u n i t s o f gears a n d
r e d u c t i o n gears s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : casing, f o u n d a t i o n
b o l t s a n d wedges, shafts a n d bearings, p i n i o n s a n d gear
w h e e l s , c o u p l i n g s o f a h e a d a n d astern r u n n i n g o r
m e c h a n i s m s o f ahead a n d astern r u n n i n g ( f o r reverser e d u c t i o n gears), l u b r i c a t i n g o i l p u m p s d r i v e n b y t o o t h
gears o f r e d u c t i o n gears ( i f s u c h p u m p s a r e fitted),
c o n t r o l systems. P r o c e e d i n g from t h e c o u p l i n g purpose
a n d design, its casing, c o n n e c t i n g b o l t s , c o n t r o l systems,
as w e l l as u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s a c c e s s i b l e f o r
d i s m a n t l i n g a n d those desirable t o b e f u l l y e x a m i n e d
shall be surveyed.
These units a n d components include:
f o r c o n n e c t i n g rigid, s e m i - r i g i d m o v a b l e a n d elastic,
as w e l l as friction c o u p l i n g s , i n t e r m e d i a t e m e t a l bars,
plates, c y l i n d r i c a l a n d l e a f springs, i n t e r m e d i a t e c o m p o nents o f r u b b e r a n d o t h e r n o n - m e t a l m a t e r i a l s , elastic
elements o f different types, p a c k s o f d r i v i n g a n d d r i v e n
steel discs, c y l i n d r i c a l p i n s o f h a l f - c o u p l i n g s ;
for tooth and tooth-spring type couplings, tooth-type
h a l f - c o u p l i n g s w i t h i n n e r teeth, l i n e r s w i t h o u t e r teeth;
a n d besides, f o r t o o t h - s p r i n g t y p e c o u p l i n g s , elastic
s p r i n g elements also;
for connecting/disengaging couplings o f c a m and t o o t h
types, cams, gear wheels, pinions, synchronizers ( i f any); and
besides, f o r tooth-type couplings, spring elements also;
for hydraulic couplings, p u m p a n d turbine rotors
( w h e e l s ) , shafts a n d b e a r i n g s , h y d r a u l i c u n i t s a n d
systems, r e g u l a t i n g systems; s h u t - o f f , d i a p h r a g m , s p r i n g
valves;

79

for electromagnetic connecting a n d connecting/


disengaging c o u p l i n g s , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c u n i t s ,
friction
u n i t s a n d gear w h e e l s ( i f a n y ) .
T o determine dismantling a n d survey extent f o r
r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s , manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l
documentation and maintenance manuals f o r reduction
gears a n d c o u p l i n g s s h a l l b e considered.
Instructions and recommendations o n performance
o f s u r v e y o f t h e a b o v e c o m p o n e n t s a n d u n i t s o f gearings,
r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s a n d t h e i r o p e r a t i o n a l
testing a r e set f o r t h i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 6 , P a r t I I " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.5.4.4 D u r i n g t h e s u r v e y t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r : m e a s u r e m e n t results a n d w e a r
assessment o f shaft w o r k i n g j o u r n a l s , carrier a n d t h r u s t
b e a r i n g clearances, r a d i a l clearances o f w h e e l t e e t h a n d
gear w h e e l s , c o u p l i n g a n d slit disc teeth, clearances i n
components o f lubricating o i l and hydraulics driving
p u m p s : i n l i n e r s , b e t w e e n p i n i o n s a n d covers, b e t w e e n
p i n i o n teeth.
W h e r e necessary, t h e s u r v e y o r m a y r e q u i r e f o r
measurements o f other units and components t o b e carried
o u t depending u p o n manufacturer's maintenance manuals
for tooth-type gears, reduction gears and couplings.
2.4.5.4.5 A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f special s u r v e y a n d
e l i m i n a t i o n o f defects, gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d
c o u p l i n g s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing
together w i t h internal combustion engines, steam
turbines, gas t u r b i n e s t h e y relate t o .
2.4.5.4.6 W h e n gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s
are o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested, a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d that these
m e c h a n i s m s h a v e n o a b n o r m a l slaps a n d s t r i k e s ,
a b n o r m a l noises, a b n o r m a l casing a n d b e a r i n g h e a t i n g
exceeding those l i m i t s , w h i c h a r e specified i n m a n u f a c turer's m a c h i n e r y m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s a n d that there are
n o o i l leakages i n flanged connections a n d seals.
2.4.5.4.7 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessing t e c h n i c a l
c o n d i t i o n o f gears a n d c o u p l i n g s a r e set f o r t h i n
2.4.5.1.4 t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 6 .
2.4.5.4.8 R e p a i r s o r r e p l a c e m e n t o f u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s o f t o o t h gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d coupl i n g s s h a l l b e carried out, i f dangerous defects a n d w e a r s
exceeding m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s h a v e b e e n detected
i n t h e course o f t h e s u r v e y .
T h e s e defects i n c l u d e :
.1 d a m a g e t o essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
cracks o f casings o f t o o t h gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d
couplings;
cracks a n d d e f o r m a t i o n ( r o u n d - u p ) o f d r i v i n g a n d
d r i v e n shafts, s c u f f i n g a n d g a l l i n g o f shaft w o r k i n g
journals;
fusions, flaking, cracks, destruction o f sleeve bearings
antifriction lining;
cracks, c o r r o s i o n , dents, signs o f o v e r h e a t i n g o n t h e
w o r k i n g surfaces o f o u t e r a n d i n n e r races, separators,
balls a n d r o l l e r s o f r o l l e r bearings;

80

roller bearing j a m s ;
u n e v e n g a l l i n g o f disc w o r k i n g surfaces o f f r i c t i o n t y p e c o u p l i n g s , disc w a r p i n g a n d s c u f f i n g , d e s t r u c t i o n o f
c o u p l i n g springs;
c r u m p l i n g , s c u f f i n g o f cams a n d t e e t h w o r k i n g
surfaces o f m o v a b l e c o u p l i n g s , b r e a k o f s p r i n g s ,
d e t e r i o r a t i o n o f elastic c o u p l i n g teeth, c r u m p l i n g o f slit
slots i n connecting/disengaging c o u p l i n g s ;
defects o f coupling intermediate components preventi n g coupling f r o m n o r m a l operation, defects o f elastic
elements o f different types o f couplings (refer t o 2.4.5.4.3);
corrosion a n d cavitation o f rotors a n d wheels o f
h y d r a u l i c c o u p l i n g ; defects o f v a l v e s , u n i t s a n d h y d r a u l i c
system;
defects o f e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c u n i t s , f r i c t i o n u n i t s a n d
control system o f electromagnetic couplings;
.2 w e a r o f essential u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
wear, g a l l i n g o f w o r k i n g j o u r n a l s o f d r i v i n g a n d
d r i v e n shafts, e l l i p t i c i t y a n d c o n i c i t y exceeding a l l o w able l i m i t s ;
w e a r o f sleeve bearings, r e d u c t i o n o f a n t i f r i c t i o n
l i n i n g thickness o f bearings exceeding a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ,
increase o f b e a r i n g clearance exceeding a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ;
g a l l i n g o f r o l l e r b e a r i n g slots;
e x p i r a t i o n o f r o l l e r b e a r i n g service l i f e specified i n
manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e
manuals;
teeth w e a r , increase o f t e e t h clearances o f w h e e l s a n d
p i n i o n s exceeding m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ;
w e a r o f essential units a n d components o f lubricating
o i l p u m p s d r i v e n b y t o o t h gears;
increase o f clearances i n l i n e r s , b e t w e e n p i n i o n s a n d
covers, b e t w e e n p i n i o n t e e t h ( f o r gear p u m p s ) exceeding
m a x i m u m allowable limits;
w e a r o f c a m s a n d t e e t h w o r k i n g surfaces, w e a r o f
f r i c t i o n discs a n d plates o f c o u p l i n g s o f v a r i o u s types;
.3 defects o f i n d i v i d u a l u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s :
defects o f l u b r i c a t i n g o i l systems o f p i n i o n s a n d gear
w h e e l s , shaft bearings o f t o o t h gear, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d
couplings;
defects o f h y d r a u l i c systems a n d p u m p s o f h y d r a u l i c
couplings;
i n c o r r e c t a d j o i n i n g o f shaft j o u r n a l s t o s l e e v e
bearings;
l o o s e n i n g o f shaft r o l l e r b e a r i n g slots;
l o o s e n i n g o f h a l f - c o u p l i n g fit o n shafts;
n o n - c o m p a c t n e s s o f casing slits o f t o o t h gear,
r e d u c t i o n gear a n d h y d r a u l i c c o u p l i n g s .
Besides, w h e r e o t h e r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s r e v e a l
damages, w e a r a n d defects, w h i c h p r e v e n t t o o t h gears,
r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s from p r o p e r p e r f o r m i n g
their functions, such units a n d components shall be
repaired o r replaced.
2.4.5.4.9 Gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s s h a l l
n o t b e f o u n d fit f o r service i f t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing
reveals t h e f o l l o w i n g :

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

a b n o r m a l strikes, slaps a n d noises i n gears, r e d u c t i o n


gears a n d c o u p l i n g s ;
bearing overheating, abnormal lubricating o i l t e m p e r a t u r e increase ( i n c o m p a r i s o n w i t h s p e c i f i c a t i o n
t e m p e r a t u r e parameters f o r bearings a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l ) ;
a b n o r m a l v i b r a t i o n o f gears a n d r e d u c t i o n gears.
Causes o f t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d defects s h a l l b e
detected a n d defects s h a l l b e e l i m i n a t e d .
I f a b n o r m a l v i b r a t i o n o f gears a n d r e d u c t i o n gears i s
detected, its parameters s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d f o r assessment
against t e c h n i c a l standards a n d f o r d e v e l o p m e n t a n d
i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f v i b r a t i o n r e d u c t i o n actions (refer also
to 2.4.5.3.1.3).
2.4.5.4.10 F o r w e a r a s s e s s m e n t o f u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s o f gears, r e d u c t i o n gears a n d c o u p l i n g s ,
f o r clearance assessment a n d o t h e r parameters, m a n u facturers' t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e
m a n u a l s f o r t h e a b o v e m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e used.
2.4.5.5 A u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y .
2.4.5.5.1 Special s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f t h e
f o l l o w i n g a u x i l i a r y machinery: b o i l e r circulating pumps,
bilge p u m p s , c o o l i n g w a t e r pumps, feed pumps, ballast
pumps, fire pumps, fuel o i l p u m p s , lubricating o i l pumps,
w e t v a c u u m air pumps, condensate p u m p s a n d l o a d steam
j e t ejectors o f condensers, bilge ejectors, m o t o r s a n d p u m p s
o f h y d r a u l i c systems a n d h y d r a u l i c cylinders, centrifugal
fuel a n d o i l separators, a i r compressors w i t h a i r coolers,
fans o f dangerous spaces, b o i l e r b l o w e r s , steering gears,
anchor a n d m o o r i n g machinery, m a c h i n e r y o f launching
appliances o f boats a n d rafts, t o w i n g winches, stripping
p u m p s and inert gas s y s t e m b l o w e r s o f o i l tankers.
2.4.5.5.2 A u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y d r i v e n b y m a i n I C E
(cooling water pumps, lubricating oil pumps, fuel pumps,
b i l g e p u m p s , a i r compressors, etc.), p u m p s d r i v e n b y
m a i n s t e a m engines ( s t e a m - b o i l e r feed p u m p s , w e t
v a c u u m a i r pumps, bilge pumps) shall b e surveyed
together w i t h m a i n engines a n d m a c h i n e r y .
2.4.5.5.3 C o m p r e s s o r a i r coolers s h a l l b e tested b y
test pressure a t t h e second special s u r v e y a n d afterwards
e v e r y second special s u r v e y .
2.4.5.5.4 D u r i n g t h e s u r v e y a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y
shall b e submitted for thorough examination w i t h units
and components being opened u p and dismantled, where
necessary, p r o c e e d i n g from t h e purpose a n d t y p e o f
auxiliary machinery.
2.4.5.5.5 T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d i n p i s t o n
p u m p s : c y l i n d e r b l o c k s a n d h e a d covers, c y l i n d e r s a n d
c y l i n d e r l i n e r s , p i s t o n s w i t h p i s t o n r i n g s a n d rods,
crankshafts, c o n n e c t i n g r o d s w i t h sliders, bearings,
control valve boxes, suction a n d forcing valves w i t h
springs a n d fenders, v a l v e seats, r e d u c t i o n c o u p l i n g s a n d
c o u p l i n g b o x e s , safety v a l v e s ; besides, i n direct-acting
s t e a m p u m p s s t e a m c y l i n d e r s a n d p i s t o n s w i t h rods,
c y l i n d e r h e a d covers a n d slide v a l v e covers, slide v a l v e
chests, s t e a m d i s t r i b u t i o n slide v a l v e s , s l i d e - v a l v e rods
shall be surveyed.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.4.5.5.6 I n c e n t r i f u g a l p u m p s , fans, a i r b l o w e r s t h e
f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : casings, casing covers,
w h e e l s , shafts w i t h b e a r i n g s , s e l f - p r i m i n g d e v i c e s
( o f s e l f - p r i m i n g p u m p s ) , c o u p l i n g b o x e s , safety v a l v e s
a n d seals. T h e aforesaid also applies t o p e r i p h e r a l ,
centrifugal peripheral a n d axial-flow pumps. A t survey
o f these p u m p s manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n
a n d p u m p m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s s h a l l b e considered.
2.4.5.5.7 F o r screw a n d gear p u m p s t h e f o l l o w i n g
s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : casings, casing covers, screws a n d
screw p u m p casings ( o f s c r e w p u m p s ) , shafts a n d p i n i o n s
( o f gear p u m p s ) , bearings, balance p i s t o n s o f s c r e w
p u m p s ( i f a n y ) , safety o v e r f l o w v a l v e s , seals.
2.4.5.5.8 E j e c t o r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s accessible
for examination shall be surveyed.
2.4.5.5.9 F o r m o t o r s a n d p u m p s o f h y d r a u l i c
systems a n d hydrocylinders t h e f o l l o w i n g shall be
surveyed: casings a n d covers, cylinders, plungers
( p l u n g e r - a n d - b a r r e l a s s e m b l y ) , p l u n g e r b e a r i n g surfaces,
seals, o v e r f l o w , c o n t r o l a n d safety v a l v e s , p u m p s s e r v i n g
a u x i l i a r y systems (feed-water circuits, c o n t r o l s y s t e m
feeding, o i l supply t o hydraulic cylinders o f brake drives, etc.).
R e c o m m e n d a t i o n s t o b e f o u n d i n manufacturer's t e c h n i cal d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s f o r h y d r a u l i c sets s h a l l b e also considered.
2.4.5.5.10 I n c e n t r i f u g a l o i l a n d f u e l separators,
b o w l s , b o w l c o m p o n e n t s , disks, b o w l shafts, p i n i o n s ,
friction couplings, locks shall be surveyed.
B o w l b o d y a n d v e r t i c a l shafts s h a l l b e tested b y a n
a p p r o v e d n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e t e s t i n g m e t h o d ; results o f
testing f o r defects s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e s u r v e y o r .
2.4.5.5.11 C y l i n d e r b l o c k s , c y l i n d e r s , c y l i n d e r l i n e r s ,
c y l i n d e r covers, p i s t o n s w i t h p i s t o n r i n g s , c o n n e c t i n g
rods, crankshafts; crosshead, c o n n e c t i n g r o d a n d m a i n
bearings; s u c t i o n , f o r c i n g a n d safety v a l v e s , v a l v e seats,
springs s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d i n a i r p i s t o n compressors.
Compressor a i r coolers shall be surveyed i n
accessible places.
2.4.5.5.12 F o r fans i n dangerous spaces a n d b o i l e r
b l o w e r s t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : casings, shafts,
r o t o r s ( i m p e l l e r s ) , bearings.
Completeness o f the above mentioned machinery
s h a l l b e checked, as w e l l as casing a n d i m p e l l e r m a t e r i a l
compliance w i t h t h e requirements o f manufacturer's
technical documentation o r maintenance manuals.
2.4.5.5.13 T h e f o l l o w i n g u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l
b e s u r v e y e d i n steering gears o f v a r i o u s types:
electrical steering gears t i l l e r s o f m a i n a n d
e m e r g e n c y gears, rudder quadrants, sliders o r b e a r i n g
r o l l e r s , c o u p l i n g s b e t w e e n electric m o t o r s a n d r e d u c t i o n
gears, r e d u c t i o n gears, p i n i o n s , b u f f e r i n g s p r i n g c o m pensators, l i m i t switches and limiters, emergency (stand-by)
gears w i t h c o m p o n e n t s ;
electrical h y d r a u l i c steering gears t i l l e r s , rods,
cylinders o f plunger hydraulic drives, plungers, pins f o r
c o n n e c t i o n o f p l u n g e r s w i t h rods, p u m p s o f h y d r a u l i c

81

drives, c o u p l i n g s (electric m o t o r s w i t h p u m p s ) , h y d r a u l i c
actuators, v a l v e b o x e s , safety v a l v e s , feeding v a l v e s ,
p u m p s f o r loss r e c o v e r y i n t h e h y d r a u l i c s y s t e m , p a c k i n g
seals, e m e r g e n c y ( s t a n d - b y ) gear, l i m i t s w i t c h e s a n d
o t h e r i m p o r t a n t u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s p r o c e e d i n g from
steering gear design (refer also t o 2.4.5.5.9 a n d 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 ) .
P r o t e c t i o n devices a n d a l a r m s ( i f a n y ) s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d i n rudder gears.
S u r v e y o f s t e a m r u d d e r gears s h a l l b e carried o u t i n
accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s applicable t o t h e
a u x i l i a r y s t e a m engines.
R e c o m m e n d a t i o n s t o b e f o u n d i n manufacturer's
technical documentation and maintenance manuals f o r
r u d d e r gears s h a l l b e considered at s u r v e y o f a l l types o f
r u d d e r gears i n c l u d i n g those n o t m e n t i o n e d i n t h i s
paragraph ( f o r instance, blade gears).
2.4.5.5.14 I n a n c h o r m a c h i n e r y ( a n c h o r w i n d l a s s e s
a n d capstans) t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : shafts,
spindles, bearings, p i n i o n s , gear w h e e l s , sprockets, w o r m
shafts a n d w h e e l s , r e d u c t i o n gears, belt, e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c
a n d o t h e r brakes, c o n n e c t i o n / d i s e n g a g i n g c o u p l i n g s a n d
sprocket s w i t c h e s , t o r q u e - l i m i t i n g clutches ( o v e r l o a d
p r o t e c t i o n devices), f o u n d a t i o n frames.
S u r v e y o f h y d r a u l i c d r i v i n g gears ( i n c l u d i n g h y draulic motors, pumps, accumulators, governors, valves,
p i p e l i n e s , etc.) o f a n c h o r m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e carried o u t
i n accordance w i t h 2.4.5.5.9 a n d 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 .
S u r v e y o f these gears i n s t e a m d r i v e n a n c h o r
m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e scope o f t h e
a u x i l i a r y s t e a m e n g i n e s u r v e y (refer t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 2 . 2 ) .
2.4.5.5.15 I n m o o r i n g m a c h i n e r y ( m o o r i n g capstans
and winches) the following shall be surveyed: load
shafts, spindles, d r u m s , w a r p i n g d r u m s , bearings, gear
w h e e l s , w o r m shafts a n d p i n i o n s , r e d u c t i o n gears, b e l t
and other brakes, connecting/disengaging couplings,
f r i c t i o n c o u p l i n g s , t o r q u e - l i m i t i n g clutches, o v e r l o a d
p r o t e c t i o n devices, fairleads, f o u n d a t i o n frames.
Survey o f hydraulic drives a n d steam drives o f
m o o r i n g m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance
w i t h 2.4.5.2.2, 2.4.5.5.9, 2.4.5.5.14 and 2.4.6.3.
2.4.5.5.16 I n l a u n c h i n g appliances o f boats a n d rafts
t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d : shafts, d r u m s , bearings,
p i n i o n s a n d gear w h e e l s o f r e d u c t i o n gears, o t h e r t o o t h
a n d c h a i n gears, ( i f a n y ) , c e n t r i f u g a l , b e l t a n d o t h e r
brakes, c e n t r i f u g a l c o u p l i n g s , c o u p l i n g b o x e s , h a n d
drives, l o c k i n g arrangements p r e v e n t i n g w i n c h e s from
spontaneous reverse r o t a t i o n , l i m i t s w i t c h e s , fairleads.
Boat w i n c h hydraulic drives, i f any, shall be
s u r v e y e d i n accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 9 a n d 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 .
D u r i n g s u r v e y o f raft l a u n c h i n g appliances, as w e l l
as b o a t l a u n c h i n g appliances o f o t h e r types n o t c o v e r e d
b y t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s paragraph, t h e i r u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d according t o i n s t r u c t i o n s
a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s set o u t i n manufacturer's t e c h n i c a l
d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d m a i n t e n a n c e m a n u a l s f o r these
appliances.

82

2.4.5.5.17 I n t o w i n g w i n c h e s t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e
s u r v e y e d : shafts, d r u m s , bearings, p i n i o n s a n d gear
w h e e l s , r e d u c t i o n gears, b r a k e s w i t h s p r i n g s h o c k absorbers, b e l t a n d o t h e r brakes, t o o t h t y p e c o u p l i n g s
(connection/disengaging), l i m i t s w i t c h e s , fairleads w i t h
d r i v i n g gears, a u t o m a t i c devices f o r g o v e r n i n g t h e
t e n s i o n o f t h e t o w l i n e , f o u n d a t i o n f r a m e s (plates).
Hydraulic drives o f winches shall b e surveyed i n
accordance w i t h 2.4.5.5.9 a n d 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 .
2.4.5.5.18 I n s t r u c t i o n s a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s f o r
p e r f o r m a n c e o f s u r v e y s o f c o m p o n e n t s a n d details l i s t e d
i n 2.4.5.5.1, auxiliary machinery and their operational
testing g i v e n i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 7 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t Classifica
tion Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.5.5.19 O p e r a t i o n a l testing o f a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y
s h a l l b e carried o u t s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h o p e r a t i o n a l
testing o f m a c h i n e r y , arrangements a n d systems served
by it.
D u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y , its
m a i n o p e r a t i o n characteristics s h a l l b e checked w i t h
regard t o t h e p u r p o s e o f t h i s m a c h i n e r y .
L i s t o f parameters a n d characteristics s h a l l b e
checked, as w e l l as d u r a t i o n o f the a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y
operational testing s h a l l b e agreed u p o n w i t h the surveyor.
2.4.5.5.20 P r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m systems o f a u x i l i a r y
m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e checked. T h i s check m a y b e carried
out b y simulation o f activation conditions for protection
a n d a l a r m systems.
2.4.5.5.21 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r technical c o n d i t i o n
assessment o f t h e m a c h i n e r y a r e g i v e n i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 4 t o
2.4.5.1.6.
2.4.5.5.22 R e p a i r s a n d r e p l a c e m e n t o f a u x i l i a r y
m a c h i n e r y u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t i f
d a n g e r o u s defects a n d w e a r s e x c e e d i n g m a x i m u m
a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s h a v e b e e n detected d u r i n g t h e survey.
A p p l i c a b l e i n s t r u c t i o n s o f 2 . 4 . 5 . 2 . 1 . 1 6 a n d 2.4.5.4.8
s h a l l b e considered at assessment o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
T h e f o l l o w i n g damages, w e a r s a n d defects s h a l l b e
also i n c l u d e d i n t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d :
.1 for pumps:
cracks o n casings, covers, pistons, i m p e l l e r s , screws,
p i n i o n s a n d shafts;
s c u f f i n g o f c y l i n d e r s , p u m p casings a n d s c r e w
casings;
t o u c h o f p u m p casings a n d s c r e w casings b y
i m p e l l e r s , screws a n d p i n i o n s ;
h a r d starting o f p u m p s ;
pump sticking;
p u m p casing v i b r a t i o n d u e t o w e a r o f bearings,
m i s a l i g n m e n t o f p u m p s i n r e l a t i o n t o electric m o t o r s ;
misalignment o f impellers o f centrifugal pumps;
crumpling a n d cut o f keys fixing impellers a n d
p i n i o n s o n shafts o f s c r e w a n d gear p u m p s , l o o s e n i n g o f
k e y s i n k e y w a y s ( k e y beds);
clearance increase b e t w e e n screws a n d casings,
b e t w e e n p i n i o n teeth o f screw a n d gear p u m p s exceeding

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

m a x i m u m allowable limits, wear and breakage o f piston


rings o f piston pumps;
w e a r o f shaft j o u r n a l s , w e a r a n d d a m a g e o f sleeve
bearings, w e a r a n d d a m a g e o f r o l l e r bearings, w e a r o f
b e a r i n g seats o f r o l l e r bearings o n shafts;
clearance increase o f sleeve bearings exceeding
m a x i m u m allowable limits;
e x p i r e o f service l i f e o f r o l l e r bearings;
p o o r p u m p capacity d u e t o w e a r o f u n i t s a n d
components;
w e a r o f c o u p l i n g boxes;
.2 f o r m o t o r s a n d p u m p s o f h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems
(refer also t o t h e respective defects i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 1 ) :
s i g n i f i c a n t i n t e r n a l leakages i n h y d r a u l i c m o t o r s a n d
pumps;
w e a r o f p r e c i s i o n pairs o f h y d r a u l i c m o t o r s a n d
pumps;
.3 f o r f u e l and o i l c e n t r i f u g a l separators:
separator casing v i b r a t i o n ;
d a m a g e t o b o w l s a n d shafts;
d a m a g e t o w o r m shafts a n d w o r m p i n i o n s o f
r e d u c t i o n gears;
wear or damage o f friction couplings;
.4 f o r a i r p i s t o n compressors (refer also t o t h e
respective defects i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 1 ) :
compressor casing v i b r a t i o n ;
r e d u c t i o n o f capacity a n d c o m p r e s s i o n pressure due
t o w e a r o f c y l i n d r i c a l p i s t o n groups, d a m a g e t o v a l v e s ,
b r e a k o f v a l v e springs;
.5 f o r h y d r a u l i c steering gears (refer also t o t h e
respective defects i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 1 , 2.4.5.5.22.2,
2.4.5.5.22.6):
b r e a k o f p l u n g e r seals i n p o w e r c y l i n d e r s ;
fault o f p u t t i n g t h e rudder o v e r due t o v a l v e defects,
faults o f h y d r a u l i c p u m p s , steering gear m i s a l i g n m e n t ;
o i l leakage from h y d r a u l i c systems;
galling o f coupling boxes;
.6 f o r a n c h o r a n d m o o r i n g m a c h i n e r y , t o w i n g
w i n c h e s , l i f e b o a t w i n c h e s (refer also t o t h e respective
defects i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 1 , 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 5 ) :
chipping and damage o f w o r m pinions, damage o f
w o r m shafts o f r e d u c t i o n gears, c h i p p i n g o f teeth o f
w h e e l s , p i n i o n s , progressing p i t t i n g o f w h e e l a n d p i n i o n
teeth o f c y l i n d r i c a l t o o t h gears;
o i l leakage t h r o u g h contacting surfaces o f r e d u c t i o n
gear casing parts;
g a l l i n g o f b e l t brakes;
galling o f coupling boxes.
S u r v e y o f h y d r a u l i c anchor, m o o r i n g m a c h i n e r y ,
t o w i n g , lifeboat winches shall b e carried o u t i n
accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 2 2 . 2 , 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 .
Besides, w h e r e o t h e r u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s r e v e a l
damages, w e a r a n d defects, w h i c h p r e v e n t a u x i l i a r y
m a c h i n e r y l i s t e d i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 . 1 from p r o p e r p e r f o r m i n g its
f u n c t i o n s , s u c h u n i t s and c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e replaced
o r repaired.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

83

Manufacturer's recommendations t o be found i n


technical documentation a n d machinery maintenance
m a n u a l s s h a l l b e considered a t assessment o f contact
( a d j o i n i n g ) o f t e e t h o f w h e e l s , p i n i o n s , w o r m shafts a n d
w o r m p i n i o n s a n d at assessment o f clearances.
2.4.5.5.23 A u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d f i t
for service, i f t h e operational testing reveals the
following:
service parameters a n d characteristics d o n o t c o m p l y
w i t h those g i v e n i n specification;
abnormal machinery vibration;
a b n o r m a l strikes, slaps a n d noises i n m a c h i n e r y ;
bearing overheating;
t e m p e r a t u r e o f l u b r i c a t i n g o i l f o r bearings a n d
r e d u c t i o n gears, as w e l l as o i l t e m p e r a t u r e i n h y d r a u l i c
d r i v e systems exceed a l l o w a b l e v a l u e s specified i n
manufacturer's i n s t r u c t i o n s ;
defects o f i n s t r u m e n t s .
Causes o f t h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d defects s h a l l b e
detected a n d defects s h a l l b e e l i m i n a t e d .
I f abnormal vibration o f auxiliary machinery is
detected, its parameters s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d f o r assessment
against t e c h n i c a l standards a n d f o r d e v e l o p m e n t a n d
i m p l e m e n t a t i o n o f v i b r a t i o n r e d u c t i o n actions.
2.4.5.5.24 M a n u f a c t u r e r ' s t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n
and auxiliary machinery maintenance manuals shall be
used f o r w e a r assessment o f a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y u n i t s
a n d c o m p o n e n t s , f o r assessment o f a l l o w a b l e clearances
in units.
2.4.5.6 S h i p b o i l e r s .
2.4.5.6.1 S u r v e y o f ship b o i l e r s i s a n i n t e g r a l part o f
special s u r v e y a n d s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h C h a p t e r 2.9.
2.4.5.7 H e a t exchangers a n d pressure vessels.
2.4.5.7.1 Special s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f heat
exchangers a n d pressure vessels s u c h as:
evaporators o f d i r t y condensates;
evaporators o f m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y boilers f o r
essential services;
condensers o f m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y ;
deaerators a n d feed w a t e r heaters;
air receivers a n d o t h e r pressure vessels.
2.4.5.7.2 G e n e r a l .
2.4.5.7.2.1 I n t e r n a l s u r v e y o f heat exchanger a n d
pressure vessel s h a l l b e carried o u t at each special s u r v e y
o f t h e ship.
I n t e r n a l s u r v e y s a n d h y d r a u l i c tests o f c y l i n d e r s o f
c a r b o n d i o x i d e e x t i n c t i o n s t a t i o n m a y b e carried o u t b y
c o m p e t e n t bodies r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e Register. N o t less
t h a n 1 0 p e r cent o f a l l h i g h pressure C 0 c y l i n d e r s s h a l l
u n d e r g o h y d r a u l i c tests once i n 1 0 years.
I f d u r i n g i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n o f c y l i n d e r s defects
h a v e b e e n revealed, t h e defective c y l i n d e r s s h a l l b e
subjected t o h y d r a u l i c test s o that, based o n t h e results o f
t h i s test, t h e necessity f o r h y d r a u l i c test o f a l l r e m a i n i n g
c y l i n d e r s c a n b e i d e n t i f i e d (refer also t o 2.4.4.3.10).
2

I f one o r m o r e carbon dioxide cylinders fail, a total o f


5 0 p e r cent o f o n b o a r d c y l i n d e r s s h a l l b e subject t o
h y d r a u l i c tests. F l e x i b l e hoses s h a l l b e replaced at
intervals recommended b y the manufacturer and
n o t exceeding 1 0 years.
A b o a r d ship t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e ship's m a i n tenance p l a n f o r c a r b o n d i o x i d e s m o t h e r i n g systems
shall b e checked. Maintenance o f carbon dioxide
s m o t h e r i n g s y s t e m s i n a c c o r d a n c e w i t h t h e ship's
maintenance plan shall be performed b y the organizat i o n s ( f i r m s ) r e c o g n i z e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r at least once
e v e r y t w o years ( a t i n t e r v a l 2 years + 3 m o n t h s ) o n
passenger ships o r at each special s u r v e y o n cargo ships.
2.4.5.7.3 S u r v e y o f heat exchangers a n d pressure
vessels o t h e r t h a n those l i s t e d i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 7 . 1 s h a l l b e carried
o u t b y t h e s u r v e y o r o n l y at t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y o f
m a c h i n e r y a n d after s i g n i f i c a n t repairs. T h e i r s u r v e y
a n d test i n a l l o t h e r cases s h a l l b e carried o u t b y a
c o m p e t e n t representative o f t h e s h i p o w n e r i n t e r m s a n d
i n t h e scope specified i n t h e present S e c t i o n .
N o t e s o n s u r v e y a n d test results carried o u t b y t h e
c o m p e t e n t representative o f t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l b e
checked b y t h e s u r v e y o r i n t h e ship d o c u m e n t a t i o n .
2.4.5.7.4 I n t e r n a l s u r v e y .
2.4.5.7.4.1 A p p l i c a b l e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f C h a p t e r 2 . 9
s h a l l b e considered w h e n p r e p a r i n g f o r a n d c a r r y i n g o u t
special s u r v e y s .
2.4.5.7.4.2 Apparatuses a n d vessels inaccessible f o r
internal survey due t o their location shall be taken o f f or
r e m o v e d from t h e i r places.
H e a t exchangers a n d vessels are considered inaccessible f o r i n t e r n a l s u r v e y i f :
clear d i a m e t e r o f a h o l e f o r vessel h e a d is 3 0 m m a n d
less;
l e n g t h o f vessel i s 2 , 5 m a n d a b o v e w i t h n o
manholes o n both bottoms;
i t i s necessary t o r e m o v e tubes a n d tube plates t o
e x a m i n e heat exchangers inside, at that, t h e s u r v e y s h a l l
be v i s u a l w i t h o u t u s i n g special t e c h n i c a l c o n t r o l m e a n s
enabling carrying out internal survey o f above mentioned
vessels.
D u r i n g t h e i n t e r n a l s u r v e y o f these vessels u s i n g
c o n t r o l t o o l s t h e h y d r a u l i c testing o f these vessels m a y
be requested b y t h e s u r v e y o r p r o c e e d i n g f r o m t h e
e x a m i n a t i o n results.
2.4.5.7.4.3 V a p o r i z e r s s e r v i n g m a i n b o i l e r s a r e
subjected t o i n t e r n a l s u r v e y i n t e r m s established f o r
w a t e r tube b o i l e r s .
2.4.5.7.5 H y d r a u l i c testing.
2.4.5.7.5.1 H y d r a u l i c testing o f heat exchangers a n d
pressure vessels inaccessible f o r i n t e r n a l s u r v e y (refer
t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 7 . 4 . 2 ) s h a l l b e carried o u t at special s u r v e y o f t h e
ship after t w o periods b e t w e e n s u r v e y s ( m i s s i n g o n e
special s u r v e y ) , h o w e v e r vessels filled w i t h e x h a u s t
gases s h a l l b e subjected t o h y d r a u l i c testing at each
special s u r v e y o f t h e ship.

84

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.4.5.7.5.2 H y d r a u l i c t e s t i n g o f heat exchangers a n d


pressure vessels m a y b e d e m a n d e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r based
u p o n t h e results o f i n t e r n a l survey.
2.4.5.7.5.3 T h e r e a r e n o p e r i o d i c a l h y d r a u l i c t e s t i n g
f o r condensers.
2.4.5.7.6 Test pressure f o r h y d r a u l i c testing o f heat
exchangers a n d p r e s s u r e vessels i s t a k e n e q u a l t o
1,25 w o r k i n g pressure b u t i n a n y case i t s h a l l n o t b e
less t h a n P Mn
+ 100 k P a .
Instructions f o r carrying o u t internal surveys a n d
h y d r a u l i c tests a r e specified i n 2.4.5.8.1 a n d 2.4.5.8.2,
Part "Carrying out Classification Survey o f Ships" o f
the Guidelines.
2.4.5.7.7 H e a t exchangers a n d pressure vessels s h a l l
be submitted f o r external examination together w i t h
i n s t a l l e d m a n d a t o r y f i t t i n g s a n d a l l o t h e r devices a n d
systems s e r v i n g t h e m .
2.4.5.7.8 S a f e t y v a l v e s s h a l l b e adjusted f o r a
pressure e x c e e d i n g w o r k i n g pressure b y n o t m o r e t h a n
10 p e r cent unless pressure, f o r w h i c h t h e safety v a l v e
s h a l l b e adjusted, i s expressly specified.
W h e n l i f t e d , t h e safety v a l v e s o f a i r receivers o f
m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y engines a n d fire extinguishing
systems s h a l l f u l l y i n t e r r u p t t h e o u t g o i n g a i r f l o w i n
case o f t h e pressure d r o p i n t h e a i r r e c e i v e r n o m o r e t h a n
15 p e r cent o f t h e w o r k i n g pressure.
A f t e r t h e i r a d j u s t m e n t a n d o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g , safety
v a l v e s o f a i r receivers s h a l l b e sealed b y t h e c h i e f
engineer i n t h e presence o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register.
2.4.5.7.9 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f heat
exchangers a n d pressure vessels s h a l l b e carried o u t o n
t h e basis o f t h e s u r v e y a n d t e s t i n g results. W h e n
substantial w e a r is f o u n d d u r i n g i n s p e c t i o n , t h e s u r v e y o r
m a y demand residual thickness measurement o f hulls,
t u b e a n d o t h e r e l e m e n t s o f apparatus a n d vessels b y
check d r i l l i n g o r t h i c k n e s s gages.
2.4.5.7.10 I f t h e average w e a r o f w a l l s o f h u l l s , tubes
and other responsible elements determined u p o n several
r e s i d u a l t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s exceeds 10 p e r cent o f
the initial thickness o r local wear i n t h e f o r m o f pitting
w e a r exceeds 20 p e r cent o f t h e i n i t i a l t h i c k n e s s , t h e
w o r n e l e m e n t s h a l l b e replaced o r repaired; a t that,
excessive thicknesses i n r e l a t i o n t o t h o s e r e q u i r e d b y t h e
R u l e s m a y b e considered. I n s t r u c t i o n s f o r t e c h n i c a l
supervision during repair o f heat exchangers a n d
p r e s s u r e vessels a r e s p e c i f i e d i n A p p e n d i x t o t h e
Guidelines o n Technical Supervision during Repair o f
Sea-Going Ships.
H e a t exchangers a n d pressure vessels w o r n i n excess
o f t h e specified standards m a y b e a l l o w e d f o r service a t
reduced w o r k i n g pressure i f t h i s i s j u s t i f i e d b y s t r e n g t h
calculations c o n s i d e r i n g t h e w e a r . T h e a b o v e said does
n o t refer t o C 0 c y l i n d e r s , f o r w h i c h t h e reduced
w o r k i n g pressure i s n o t a l l o w e d .
A i r receivers o f starting a i r o f m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y
engines m a y b e u s e d at reduced w o r k i n g pressure o n l y i f
WO

t h i s doesn't reduce t h e n u m b e r o f e n g i n e starts r e q u i r e d


b y 16.1.3 t o 16.1.5, P a r t V i n " S y s t e m s a n d P i p i n g " o f
the Rules f o r t h e Classification a n d Construction o f
Sea-Going Ships.
2.4.5.7.11 H e a t exchangers a n d pressure vessels are
not a l l o w e d f o r operation w h e n insufficient strength is
f o u n d a n d t h e f o l l o w i n g specific defects a r e f o u n d :
reduction o f residual thickness m o r e than values
specified i n 2.4.5.7.10;
cracks a n d h o n e y c o m b s i n h u l l s a n d tubes;
d e f o r m a t i o n o f h u l l s a n d tubes;
gaps i n j o i n t s ;
failures o f safety a n d r e d u c i n g v a l v e s a n d o t h e r
responsible fittings;
absence o r f a i l u r e o f i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n .
2.4.5.8 S y s t e m s a n d p i p i n g .
2.4.5.8.1 S p e c i a l s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f p i p e l i n e s
o f m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n s w i t h exhaust gas, f u e l o i l ,
l u b r i c a t i n g o i l , c o o l i n g w a t e r , feed w a t e r a n d compressed
a i r fittings, s t e a m pipes a n d b l o w - o f f pipes.
2.4.5.8.2 A t special s u r v e y o f s y s t e m s , t h o r o u g h
e x a m i n a t i o n o f p i p e l i n e s a n d t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l elements
s h a l l b e c a r r i e d o u t w i t h access, o p e n i n g - u p o r
dismantling, pipe residual thickness measurement, h y
d r a u l i c tests a n d o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g b e i n g p r o v i d e d ,
w h e r e necessary.
2.4.5.8.3 I t e m s s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y s h a l l b e
p r o p e r l y p r e p a r e d w i t h safety casing a n d c l a d d i n g
opened, cleared from m u d , deposits, scale.
2.4.5.8.4 S y s t e m tracing diagram shall b e prepared and
submitted for agreement t o t h e Register w i t h indication o f
each measurement p o i n t and residual thicknesses.
2.4.5.8.5 B e f o r e h y d r a u l i c test, i n s u l a t i o n a r o u n d
detachable j o i n t s a n d s e a m s h a l l b e r e m o v e d w i t h i n
100 m m o n b o t h sides o f t h e j o i n t ( s e a m ) .
2.4.5.8.6 E x h a u s t gas s y s t e m o f engines a n d b o i l e r s
s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d b y e n a b l i n g access t o i n t e r n a l
e x a m i n a t i o n o f silencers, spark arresters a n d devices
p r e v e n t i n g w a t e r p e n e t r a t i o n i n t o t h e e n g i n e . I n neces
sary cases r e s i d u a l t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f these
devices s h a l l b e carried out. B y - p a s s d a m p e r s a n d t h e i r
actuators s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d i n d i s m a n t l e d c o n d i t i o n w i t h
m e a s u r e m e n t results, w h e r e necessary. T h e s y s t e m s h a l l
be e x t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d . S p a r k arresting a n d drainage
arrangements s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d i n o p e r a t i o n .
2.4.5.8.7 F u e l s y s t e m .
Independent fuel o i l tanks shall b e opened u p a n d
e x a m i n e d . F i t t i n g s s h a l l b e flaw detected a n d repaired,
safety v a l v e s adjusted a n d sealed.
Seal elements o f pipeline detachable j o i n t s w i t h
signs o f fuel leakage shall b e replaced, a n d pipelines
w i t h fittings i n a s s e m b l y s h a l l b e t e s t e d u n d e r w o r k i n g
conditions i n accordance w i t h t h e requirements o f
S e c t i o n 21, P a r t V I I I " S y s t e m s a n d P i p i n g " o f t h e
Rules f o r the Classification a n d Construction o f
Sea-Going Ships. Gas fuel system shall b e surveyed

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

according t o the requirements o f Chapter 13.12,


Part V I I I "Systems and Piping" o f the Rules f o r the
Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
Operational testing o f the system, i f possible, shall be
combined w i t h the operational testing o f the respective
machinery.
2.4.5.8.8 L u b r i c a t i n g o i l a n d h y d r a u l i c s y s t e m .
Applicable requirements o f 2.4.5.8.7 shall b e
considered d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e s y s t e m .
2.4.5.8.9 C o o l i n g w a t e r s y s t e m .
2.4.5.8.9.1 S e a w a t e r c o o l i n g s y s t e m .
S y s t e m f i t t i n g s s h a l l b e f l a w detected a n d repaired.
Filters shall be submitted f o r thorough examination.
E m e r g e n c y drainage v a l v e s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y
i n a d i s m a n t l e d c o n d i t i o n . W e l d e d b r a n c h pipes o f sea
v a l v e s a n d p i p e l i n e s (ducts) c o n n e c t i n g sea chests a n d
ice b o x e s s h a l l b e tested b y h y d r a u l i c pressure i n
accordance w i t h 2 . 4 . 6 . 4 d u r i n g each special s u r v e y
starting f r o m t h e second o n e . T h e s y s t e m o p e r a t i o n a l
testing, i f possible, s h a l l b e c o m b i n e d w i t h t h e opera
t i o n a l testing o f t h e respective m a c h i n e r y .
2.4.5.8.9.2 F r e s h w a t e r c o o l i n g s y s t e m .
Applicable requirements o f 2.4.5.8.9.1 shall be
considered d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e s y s t e m .
2.4.5.8.10 Condensate feeding s y s t e m .
T h e s y s t e m shall b e submitted f o r survey i n accordance
w i t h t h e applicable requirements o f 2.4.5.8. F e e d i n g
pipeline b e t w e e n feeding p u m p s a n d boilers is subjected
t o h y d r a u l i c test b y a pressure ^=Pworking ^ accordance
w i t h Table 2 . 1 . 1 . F i t t i n g s s h a l l b e f l a w detected a n d
repaired. F i l t e r s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r t h o r o u g h i n t e r n a l
e x a m i n a t i o n . A u t o m a t i o n arrangements s h a l l b e sub
mitted for examination w i t h opening-up and dismantling,
w h e r e necessary. I f possible, t h e s y s t e m o p e r a t i o n a l
testing s h a l l b e c o m b i n e d w i t h t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f
t h e respective m a c h i n e r y a n d b o i l e r s .
2.4.5.8.11 S t e a m a n d b l o w - o f f systems.
I n ships w i t h s t e a m t u r b i n e plants m e a s u r e m e n t
results s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d f o r m a i n s t e a m l i n e w o r k i n g i n
t h e c o n d i t i o n o f stress r e l a x a t i o n . M a i n s t e a m lines a n d
auxilary boiler steam lines w i t h inner diameter o f 75 m m
a n d a b o v e , w o r k i n g pressure o f 1 M P a a n d above, as
w e l l as b o i l e r b l o w - o f f pipes are subject t o h y d r a u l i c
tests at 1 0 years i n t e r v a l s f o r a test pressure e q u a l t o
\,5P rkmgF i t t i n g s s h a l l b e f l a w detected a n d repaired.
S a f e t y v a l v e s s h a l l b e adjusted a n d sealed. S p r i n g
hangers s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d i n d i s m a n t l e d c o n d i t i o n a n d
m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d . O p e r a t i o n a l testing, i f
possible, s h a l l b e c o m b i n e d w i t h t h e o p e r a t i o n a l testing
o f t h e p o w e r p l a n t a n d t h e respective m a c h i n e r y a n d
boilers.
2.4.5.8.12 C o m p r e s s e d a i r s y s t e m .
Compressed air pipelines w i t h inner diameter o f
7 5 m m a n d above, w o r k i n g pressure o f 1 M P a a n d a b o v e
are subject t o h y d r a u l i c tests at 1 0 years i n t e r v a l s b y test
pressure o f 1 , 5 ^ ^ .
1&

WO

85

F i t t i n g s s h a l l b e f l a w detected a n d repaired. S a f e t y
v a l v e s s h a l l b e adjusted a n d sealed.
2.4.5.8.13 T h e s u m m a r i z e d scope a n d schedule o f
s u r v e y s a n d tests are g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 .
2.4.5.8.14 T e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f systems a n d p i p i n g
is assessed u p o n t h e results o f s u r v e y p e r f o r m e d .
I f excessive w e a r is f o u n d d u r i n g survey, t h e s u r v e y o r
m a y d e m a n d determination o f residual thickness o f pipe
w a l l s , as w e l l as apparatuses a n d vessels f o r m i n g a part o f
the s y s t e m b y drilling w i t h mechanical instruments, b y
thickness gages o r non-destructive testing instruments.
2.4.5.8.15 W h e n dangerous defects o f p i p i n g o r
fittings a r e f o u n d d u r i n g s u r v e y , s y s t e m o p e r a t i o n s h a l l
be p r o h i b i t e d u n t i l e l i m i n a t i o n o f defects.
2.4.5.8.16 A d d i t i o n a l i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r s u r v e y o f t h e
ship p i p i n g are stipulated i n A n n e x 26 t o t h e G u i d e l i n e s .
2.4.5.9 S h a f t i n g , propeller, sterntube, p r o p e l l e r a n d
stern shafts.
2.4.5.9.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.5.9.1.1 A t s u r v e y , t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n o f i t e m s
a n d t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l parts s h a l l b e carried o u t w i t h
opening u p and dismantling, measurement execution,
h y d r a u l i c tests a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing b e i n g p e r f o r m e d ,
w h e r e necessary.
2.4.5.9.1.2 I t e m s s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y s h a l l b e
p r o p e r l y prepared a n d cleaned o f m u d a n d deposits.
2.4.5.9.1.3 S u m m a r i z e d scope a n d schedule o f
s u r v e y s a n d tests are g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 .
2.4.5.9.2 I n t e r m e d i a t e s h a f t i n g s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r
examination.
2.4.5.9.2.1 I f a shaft a l i g n m e n t is carried o u t b y shaft
axis breaks a n d floats, connection w i t h propeller (sterntube)
shaft shall b e unscrewed before t h e ship is docked.
S c r e w i n g o f this connection after the d o c k i n g is completed
shall b e carried o u t afloat. B r e a k a n d float o f this
connection shall b e checked before a n d after the docking.
2.4.5.9.2.2 Parts o f shafts i n t h e w a y o f h o l e s , slots
a n d k e y beds s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d . W h e r e
necessary, testing f o r defects m a y b e carried o u t b y a n
a p p r o v e d procedure.
2.4.5.9.2.3 P i t c h c o n t r o l u n i t s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r
survey i n dismantled condition w i t h measurements being
presented.
2.4.5.9.2.4 Shaft a l i g n m e n t s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d at
each d i s m a n t l i n g o f shafts, bearings, f o u n d a t i o n chocks,
as w e l l as d u r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t repair t o replace h u l l
m e m b e r s i n t h e area o f s h a f t i n g .
2.4.5.9.3 Propeller.
2.4.5.9.3.1 C o n t r o l l a b l e p i t c h a n d v e r t i c a l - a x i s
propellers s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y i n d i s m a n t l e d
c o n d i t i o n w i t h m e a s u r e m e n t s b e i n g presented, unless
expressly p r o v i d e d o t h e r w i s e i n o t h e r standards agreed
u p o n w i t h t h e Register.
A t special s u r v e y s starting from t h e second special
survey, feedback rods o f t h e pitch-actuating m e c h a n i s m
s h a l l b e tested f o r defects.

86

It is allowed n o t t o dismantle C P P h u b during the


first special survey. I f necessary, bearings o f blade parts
i n t h e scope s u f f i c i e n t f o r assessment o f t h e general
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e p r o p e l l e r u p o n its design s h a l l
be partially dismantled a n d examined.
2.4.5.9.3.2 I n f i x e d p i t c h p r o p e l l e r s w i t h detachable
blades a d j o i n i n g surfaces o f bosses a n d blades s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d . I f necessary, t h e i r g a p p i n g m a y b e checked.
2.4.5.9.3.3 P r o p e l l e r a n d blade securing b o l t s (studs)
s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d w i t h t h e u s e o f a n a p p r o v e d procedure
o f t e s t i n g f o r defects f o r d e t e c t i o n o f cracks. B o l t s
p e r m a n e n t e l o n g a t i o n s h a l l b e c h e c k e d w i t h considerat i o n o f t h e manufacturer's r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s .
2.4.5.9.3.4 B l a d e s s h a l l b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d f o r
crack d e t e c t i o n i n t h e z o n e A w i t h t h e use o f an a p p r o v e d
procedure o f t e s t i n g f o r defects a t each ship d o c k i n g .
O t h e r zones s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d v i s u a l l y .
2.4.5.9.3.5 C P P s h a l l b e pressurized after a s s e m b l y
i n accordance w i t h t h e manufacturer's r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s .
2.4.5.9.3.6 N o r m a l / o v e r a l l s u r v e y o f active m e a n s o f
t h e ship's steering s h a l l b e carried o u t a t each special
survey. E x t e n s i o n o f t h e i n t e r v a l b e t w e e n o v e r a l l s u r v e y s
is subject t o t h e special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n
each case a n d depends o n e f f i c i e n c y o f t h e a p p l i e d
technical condition m o n i t o r i n g system for active means
o f t h e ship's steering, as w e l l as c o n s i d e r i n g m a n u f a c turer's r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s .
2.4.5.9.4 P r o p e l l e r shafts a n d sterntube arrangements.
2.4.5.9.4.1 T o c a r r y o u t n o r m a l / o v e r a l l s u r v e y o f
p r o p e l l e r shafts a n d sterntube arrangements t h e p r o p e l l e r
shafts s h a l l b e t a k e n o u t . T h e access s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d f o r
visual examination and measuring.
2.4.5.9.4.1.1 A t n o r m a l / o v e r a l l survey, m e a s u r i n g o f
j o u r n a l s ( l i n e r s ) , bearings, clearances, d r o p p i n g s h a l l b e
carried out. W h e r e p r o t e c t i v e coating o f i n t e r l i n i n g space
is applied, t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f the coating c o n d i t i o n s h a l l
b e carried o u t , a n d i n case o f m e c h a n i c a l damages o r
adhesion failure, t h e coating s h a l l b e c o m p l e t e l y replaced.
T h e shaft s h a l l b e tested f o r defects u s i n g N D T m e t h o d s .
Glass-reinforced plastic protective coating shall b e
c o m p l e t e l y replaced after t e n years o f service. I n t h e
absence o f m e c h a n i c a l damage a n d i n case o f adhesion
r e t e n t i o n ( c o n f i r m e d b y a c o n c l u s i o n (Test R e p o r t ) o n
non-destructive testing carried o u t b y a testing l a b o r a t o r y
recognized b y the R e g i s t e r ) , t h e u s e o f e p o x y coating f o r
m o r e t h a n 1 0 years s h a l l b e subject t o special considerat i o n b y t h e Register. T h e e n d o f shaft c y l i n d r i c a l part
( f r o m t h e s t e m e n d o f liner, i f a n y ) a n d a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1/3
o f the cone l e n g t h ( f r o m the cone base), as w e l l as flange
k e y b e d a n d flange fillet ( i f a s t e m o r p r o p e l l e r shaft i s
connected w i t h propeller o r intermediate/thrust shafts b y
flange) shall b e checked f o r cracks u s i n g t h e approved
procedure o f testing f o r defects. Seals s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d
(replaced, w h e r e necessary) a n d pressurized i n accordance
w i t h t h e manufacturer's r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s . Fabricated

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

rubber products s h a l l b e replaced w i t h o u t b e i n g tested


for defects.
2.4.5.9.4.1.2 N o r m a l / o v e r a l l s u r v e y o f t h e f o l l o w i n g
structures o f p r o p e l l e r a n d sterntube shafts i s carried o u t
once i n 5 years, p r o v i d e d t h e y are successfully s u r v e y e d
w h i l e intermediate docking surveys:
.1 o i l l u b r i c a t e d shafts ( b e a r i n g clearances a n d w e a r
s h a l l b e measured, o i l c o n s u m p t i o n a n d t e m p e r a t u r e
analysis reports s h a l l b e r e v i e w e d , e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n
i n accessible places);
.2 w a t e r l u b r i c a t e d shafts w i t h c o n t i n u o u s l i n e r
( i n c l u d i n g shafts w i t h separate l i n e r s w i t h closed fresh
water lubrication system):
i n case o f cone k e y c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p r o p e l l e r
w i t h e x a m i n a t i o n o f c y l i n d r i c a l part o f shaft ( f r o m stern
a n d o f b u s h , i f a n y ) a n d check o f c r a c k i n g u s i n g m e t h o d
o f testing f o r defects a p p r o v e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r o f
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 1/3 l e n g t h o f cone ( f r o m i t s b i g g e r
foundation);
i n case o f flange c o n n e c t i o n w i t h propeller w i t h
check o f cracking i n case o f unsatisfactory results o f v i s u a l
inspection u s i n g m e t h o d o f testing f o r defects approved b y
the Register o f the flange fillet a n d e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e
lubrication o f the sterntube arrangement;
i n case o f cone k e y l e s s c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p r o p e l l e r
w i t h check o f c r a c k i n g u s i n g m e t h o d o f t e s t i n g f o r
defects a p p r o v e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r o f t h e b o w part o f cone;
i n case o f successful a d d i t i o n a l o p e r a t i n g indicators f o r shafts w i t h closed fresh w a t e r l u b r i c a t i o n s y s t e m ;
.3 shafts m a d e o f c o r r o s i o n resistant steels.
2.4.5.9.4.1.3 I n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n n o r m a l / o v e r a l l surv e y s o f p r o p e l l e r a n d stern shafts o f design d i f f e r e n t from
those l i s t e d u n d e r 2.4.5.9.4.1.2 s h a l l n o t exceed 2,5 years
( 6 months).
F o r n e w ships w i t h t w o a n d m o r e shaft design
a p p r o v e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r t h e said i n t e r v a l s f o r shafts w i t h
separate l i n e r s a n d c o a t i n g b e t w e e n l i n e r s m a y b e
e x t e n d e d t o 5 years (before t h e first special s u r v e y ) .
2.4.5.9.4.1.4 P r o v i d e d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 2.4.5.9.4.2
are c o m p l i e d w i t h , t h e m o d i f i e d s u r v e y m a y b e a p p l i e d
instead o f n o r m a l / o v e r a l l s u r v e y a t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s
request.
2.4.5.9.4.1.5 F o r t h e shafts, t o w h i c h t h e m o d i f i e d
s u r v e y i s applied, t h e i n t e r v a l b e t w e e n o v e r a l l s u r v e y s
m a y be extended to:
u p t o 7,5 years, p r o v i d e d t h e p a r t i a l s u r v e y i s carried
out (refer t o 2.4.5.9.4.3);
u p t o 1 0 years ( i n j u s t i f i e d cases u p t o 12,5 y e a r s ) ,
p r o v i d e d t h e p a r t i a l s u r v e y i s carried o u t a n d t h e s y s t e m
f o r m o n i t o r i n g shaft c o n d i t i o n is i m p l e m e n t e d , w h i c h use
is recorded i n t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e .
2.4.5.9.4.2 M o d i f i e d s u r v e y m a y b e carried o u t at t h e
s h i p o w n e r ' s request instead o f n o r m a l / o v e r a l l (at 5-years
i n t e r v a l s ) survey. F o r s i n g l e a n d m u l t i s h a f t plants s u c h
s u r v e y s m a y b e carried o u t , p r o v i d e d t h e f o l l o w i n g
c o n d i t i o n s are m e t :

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

.1 i f used:
k e y e d j o i n t s o f p r o p e l l e r w i t h p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d
s t r u c t u r a l p r o t e c t i o n o f t h i s j o i n t a n d shaft against
e x p o s u r e t o sea w a t e r i s ensured; o r
flange j o i n t o f p r o p e l l e r w i t h p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d
s t r u c t u r a l p r o t e c t i o n o f t h i s j o i n t a n d shaft against
e x p o s u r e t o sea w a t e r i s ensured; o r
k e y l e s s j o i n t o f p r o p e l l e r w i t h p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d
p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e shaft j o i n t against e x p o s u r e t o sea w a t e r
is ensured;
.2 m e a n w h i l e :
closed o i l l u b r i c a t i n g s y s t e m i s used;
shaft a n d j o i n t s a r e n o t l i a b l e t o c o r r o s i o n ;
n e w seals m a y b e i n s t a l l e d w i t h o u t r e m o v a l o f a
p r o p e l l e r (except t h e case o f k e y e d j o i n t o f p r o p e l l e r w i t h
shaft);
design i s a p p r o v e d a n d meets t h e R e g i s t e r r e q u i r e ments;
clearances i n aft b e a r i n g are u p t o standards a n d
seals h a v e p r o v e d t h e i r efficiency;
3 at m o d i f i e d survey the f o l l o w i n g shall b e carried out:
shift o f shaft f o r e x a m i n a t i o n o f its surface
contacting w i t h a f t b e a r i n g ;
survey, as f a r as possible, o f b o w b e a r i n g a n d a l l
accessible parts o f t h e shaft i n c l u d i n g c o n n e c t i o n o f
p r o p e l l e r w i t h shaft;
testing f o r defects o f shaft cone at 1/3 o f t h e cone
l e n g t h f r o m t h e cone base a n d k e y b e d f o r cracks, as w e l l
as o f t h e shaft fillet;
s u r v e y o f a seal b e t w e e n t h e shaft a n d t h e p r o p e l l e r
( w h e r e k e y l e s s j o i n t o f p r o p e l l e r a n d shaft i s used).
S h i f t o f t h e shaft m a y n o t b e r e q u i r e d , p r o v i d e d t h e
p r o p u l s i o n u n i t i s p a r t o f t h e p r o p e l l e r shaft c o n d i t i o n
m o n i t o r i n g ( P C M ) s y s t e m a n d a l l its p r o v i s i o n s a r e m e t ,
namely:
o i l analysis i s carried o u t o n a r e g u l a r basis at
i n t e r v a l s n o t exceeding 6 m o n t h s , a n d o i l specimens
were sampled during operation;
oil consumption and bearing temperature were
registered a n d r e m a i n e d w i t h i n a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s .
D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n o i l analysis s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d .
A s a m i n i m u m , each analysis s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e f o l l o w i n g
parameters: contents o f w a t e r , chlorides, m e t a l particles
a n d o i l ageing ( o x i d a t i o n ) . S t e r n seals s h a l l b e checked
f o r tightness (refer also t o A p p e n d i x 13 t o t h e G u i d e lines).
2.4.5.9.4.3 P a r t i a l s u r v e y m a y b e carried o u t a t t h e
shipowner's discretion i n lieu o f the overall survey ( w i t h
a n i n t e r v a l o f 5 years). P a r t i a l s u r v e y includes t h e check
o f o i l seals a n d b e a r i n g clearances and/or shaft d r o p p i n g .
W h e r e propellers w i t h k e y e d j o i n t s a r e used, p r o p e l l e r
d i s m a n t l i n g i s r e q u i r e d t o o p e n u p t h e b o w cone p a r t a n d
conduct testing f o r defects u s i n g t h e a p p r o v e d N D T
procedure.
2.4.5.9.4.4 A p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h e
present C h a p t e r t o t h e c o m m e r c i a l vessels, w h i c h are

87

o w n e d o r chartered b y governments and are used as combat


o r support ships i n m i l i t a r y operations, i s subject t o special
consideration b y t h e Register i n each particular case.
2.4.5.9.5 O p e r a t i o n a l testing.
2.4.5.9.5.1 O p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g o f s h a f t i n g a n d
p r o p e l l e r s h a l l b e carried o u t d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a l testing
o f m a i n machinery.
W h e r e necessary, special o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g o f
shafting a n d p r o p e l l e r m a y b e d e m a n d e d p r o c e e d i n g
from t h e i r t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n a n d e x t e n t o f repair.
2.4.5.9.5.2 D u r i n g C P P testing, o p e r a t i o n a l testing
o f controllable pitch mechanism and control system
( f r o m a l l c o n t r o l stations) s h a l l b e carried o u t .
2.4.5.9.5.3 B e a r i n g t e m p e r a t u r e a n d w a t e r a n d
sterntube b e a r i n g o i l a n d w a t e r l u b r i c a t i o n systems s h a l l
be checked d u r i n g tests.
2.4.5.9.6 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
2.4.5.9.6.1 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessment o f
technical condition o f shafting a n d propeller are
stipulated i n 2.4.5.1.4 t o 2.4.5.1.6.
2.4.5.9.6.2 T h e m a x i m u m p e r m i s s i b l e o p e r a t i n g
clearance A b e t w e e n t h e p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d f r a m i n g
o r b e t w e e n t h e p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d b a b b i t t i n g o f t h e
sterntube seal s h a l l n o t exceed t h e f o l l o w i n g v a l u e s :
w h e n b e a r i n g i s m a n u f a c t u r e d from l i g n u m v i t a e ,
rubber, t e x t o l i t e , resin-bonded chipboard, c a p r o l o n :
A = 0,012c? + 1,8 m m f o r shaft d i a m e t e r 6 0 0 m m
a n d less;
A = 0,005c? + 6 , 0 m m f o r shaft d i a m e t e r m o r e t h a n
600 m m ;
babbitting:
A = 0,005c? + 1,0 m m
w h e r e d = shaft d i a m e t e r b y t h e liner, i n m m .

2.4.5.9.6.3 T h e m i n i m a l thickness t o f t h e b r o n z e
l i n e r o f p r o p e l l e r shaft i n t h e w o r k i n g areas ( i n t h e area
o f sterntube b e a r i n g a n d seals) p e r m i t t e d d u r i n g operat i o n s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n that calculated b y t h e f o r m u l a
t = 0,02d + 5 , 0 m m
w h e r e d = shaft d i a m e t e r u n d e r t h e liner, i n m m .

2.4.5.9.6.4 R e p a i r o r r e p l a c e m e n t o f u n i t s a n d
c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e r e q u i r e d , i f defects exceeding t h e
m a x i m u m p e r m i s s i b l e standards a r e f o u n d .
T h e s e are t h e f o l l o w i n g defects:
.1 damages:
shaft c r a c k i n g a n d b e n d i n g ;
cracks and h o n e y c o m b s i n sterntube and bearing bush;
damage o f framing o r bearing lining;
excessive n i c k s , h a i r l i n e s a n d roughness o f shaft
necks, l i n e r s a n d bearings;
cracks o n liners a n d damage o f the protective coating;
cracks o n t h e p r o p e l l e r blades a n d excessive b e n d i n g
o f blades;
d a m a g e t o sterntube a r r a n g e m e n t seal details;

88

.2 excessive w e a r o f shafts, l i n e r s , f r a m i n g o r
b e a r i n g l i n i n g , blades a n d hubs o f propellers ( i n c l u d i n g
w e a r d u e t o c o r r o s i o n a n d e r o s i o n ) , details o f sterntube
b e a r i n g seal elements o i l o r w a t e r lubricated;
.3 s h a f t i n g m i s a l i g n m e n t , b r e a k i n g t h e fit o f
sterntube, b u s h e s , l i n e r s , c o n n e c t i n g c o u p l i n g s a n d
propeller.
I n s t r u c t i o n s f o r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g repair
o f s h a f t i n g a n d propellers c o m p o n e n t s are stipulated i n
t h e r e l e v a n t appendices t o t h e G u i d e l i n e s o n T e c h n i c a l
Supervision during Repair o f Sea-Going Ships.
2.4.5.9.6.5 S h a f t i n g a n d p r o p e l l e r s h a l l n o t b e
considered fit f o r service, i f d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a l testing
t h e f o l l o w i n g findings w e r e detected: excessive v i b r a t i o n , a b n o r m a l strokes, excessive h e a t i n g o f bearings,
malfunctions o f the lubricating system and controllable
pitch mechanism.
R e a s o n s f o r s u c h m a l f u n c t i o n s s h a l l b e detected a n d
defects s h a l l b e e l i m i n a t e d .
2.4.5.9.6.6 D u r i n g each d i s m a n t l i n g , s h a f t i n g a l i g n m e n t s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d u s i n g t h e procedure a p p r o v e d
b y t h e Register.
N e c e s s i t y f o r t h e static b a l a n c i n g o f propellers after
repair i s established p r o c e e d i n g f r o m t h e scope o f
r e p l a c e m e n t o f b l a d e parts o r w e l d i n g d e p o s i t i o n
c o n s i d e r i n g results o f s u r v e y a n d i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e
shafting o p e r a t i o n .
2.4.6 S h i p s y s t e m s a n d p i p i n g .
2.4.6.1 Special s u r v e y includes s u r v e y o f t h e general
ship systems a n d p i p i n g w i t h fittings a n d i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n
(bilge, drainage, ballast, h e e l i n g a n d t r i m m i n g , p i p e l i n e s
passing t h r o u g h f u e l o i l a n d l i q u i d cargo t a n k s , l i q u i d
cargo systems o f o i l tankers, air, o v e r f l o w a n d s o u n d i n g
pipes, v e n t i l a t i o n ) , h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems, b o t t o m , side
fittings a n d fittings i n t h e w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d s , c o r r o s i o n
protection condition.
F o r special s u r v e y o f systems a n d p i p i n g f o r m i n g
part o f t h e ship m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n s , refer t o 2.4.5.8.
2.4.6.2 A t each special s u r v e y o f general ship
systems a n d p i p i n g l i s t e d i n 2.4.6.1, t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n o f systems a n d t h e i r separate c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e
carried o u t p r o v i d i n g , w h e r e necessary, access, opening-up
o r d i s m a n t l i n g , m e a s u r e m e n t o f r e s i d u a l thicknesses o f
pipes, as w e l l as h y d r a u l i c tests a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing.
I n s t r u c t i o n s f o r p r e p a r a t i o n o f general ship systems
a n d p i p i n g f o r s u r v e y , refer t o 2.4.5.8.3 t o 2.4.5.8.5.
L i q u i d cargo systems o n o i l tankers, o i l r e c o v e r y
ships a n d c o m b i n a t i o n carriers, gas carriers a n d c h e m i c a l
tankers s h a l l b e degassed p r i o r t o survey.
T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y o f general ship systems
listed i n 2.4.6.1 are g i v e n b e l o w :
.1 d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e b i l g e s y s t e m , t h e i n l e t b r a n c h
pipes, t h e i r m u d boxes o r screens, s h u t - o f f a n d
non-return valves, manifolds and their non-return valves,
w a t e r seals f o r d r y i n g c o o l e d spaces, stop v a l v e s o f
drainage pipes i n b i l g e s y s t e m s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . D u r i n g

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f t h e s y s t e m c o m p a r t m e n t s s h a l l b e
d r i e d b y each b i l g e p u m p a n d e m e r g e n c y d r y i n g o f
engine r o o m , as w e l l as a c t u a t i o n o f t h e v a l v e r e m o t e
c o n t r o l s h a l l b e carried out.
W h e r e e m e r g e n c y drainage s y s t e m i s a v a i l a b l e o n
b o a r d , i t s h a l l b e subjected t o t h e s i m i l a r s u r v e y a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l testing;
.2 d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ballast s y s t e m , v a l v e s o n
watertight bulkheads and valves o f distribution boxes
shall be examined.
D u r i n g o p e r a t i o n a l testing, p u m p i n g o f w a t e r from
t h e f a r t h e r m o s t ballast t a n k s b y each ballast p u m p a n d
operation o f valve remote control drives shall be
checked;
.3 d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e l i q u i d cargo s y s t e m o n o i l
tankers, i t is necessary t o carry o u t t h e external
e x a m i n a t i o n o f p i p e l i n e s a n d fittings, as w e l l as contact
b a n k s o n flange j o i n t s o f cargo p i p e l i n e a n d e a r t h i n g .
P u m p r e m o t e s t o p p i n g devices s h a l l b e checked;
.4 d u r i n g s u r v e y o f air, exhaust gas, o v e r f l o w a n d
s o u n d i n g pipes, i t i s necessary t o check t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y
a n d c o n d i t i o n o f closures o f outlets o f a i r pipes o n o p e n
decks, s h u t - o f f v a l v e s o f a i r pipes o f sea chests a n d i c e
b o x e s , flame arresters o n a i r pipes o f f u e l o i l , o i l a n
l i q u i d cargo t a n k s , cofferdams adjacent t o cargo t a n k s
a n d slop t a n k s , o n t h e outlets o f v e n t pipes, b r e a t h i n g
v a l v e s a n d flame arresters o f v e n t pipes, p r o t e c t i v e
devices from t h e a t m o s p h e r i c precipitates, sight glasses
o n o v e r f l o w pipes, s e l f - c l o s i n g a n d test cocks o f s h o r t
s o u n d i n g pipes a n d l i q u i d l e v e l indicator;
.5 d u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e v e n t i l a t i o n s y s t e m , i t i s
necessary t o check t h e c o n d i t i o n o f v e n t ducts a n d
t r u n k s , especially i n t h e places o f passage t h r o u g h
w a t e r t i g h t a n d fire b u l k h e a d s , fire dampers a n d t h e i r
drives, closures o f v e n t i l a t i n g c o w l s o n o p e n decks,
i n s u l a t i o n o f v e n t ducts, flame arresters o n v e n t i l a t i o n
t r u n k s o f cargo p u m p r o o m s , etc.
V e n t i l a t i n g s y s t e m o f hazardous spaces s h a l l b e
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested. Ships w h o s e keels w e r e l a i d o n o r
after 1 J a n u a r y 2 0 1 2 s h a l l b e checked f o r t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y
o f safe access t o t h e c o n t r o l s f o r closure o f v e n t i l a t i o n
ducts (refer t o 1 2 . 1 . 1 0 , P a r t V H I " S y s t e m s a n d P i p i n g " o f
t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d C o n s t r u c t i o n o f SeaG o i n g S h i p s ) l e a d i n g t o cargo, m a c h i n e r y a n d o t h e r
spaces fitted w i t h fire s m o t h e r i n g systems;
.6 special survey includes survey o f drainage pipes
passing t h r o u g h the sides, decks, bulkheads and platforms.
D r a i n a g e pipes s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r e x a m i n a t i o n
w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n o f access, o p e n i n g - u p a n d d i s m a n t l i n g , w h e r e necessary.
D r a i n a g e pipes t o g e t h e r w i t h detachable j o i n t s ,
b u l k h e a d penetrations, p i p e l i n e a n d side fittings s h a l l
be s u r v e y e d i n order t o assess t h e i r c o n d i t i o n , absence o f
m e d i u m gaps a n d e x t e r n a l i n d i c a t i o n s o f damage.
D u r i n g s u r v e y o f fittings t h e c o n d i t i o n o f l o c a l a n d
r e m o t e c o n t r o l drives s h a l l b e checked.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

89

W h e r e necessary, u p o n t h e s u r v e y o r ' s request, t h e manufacturers' technical documentation a n d manuals t h e


p i p e l i n e i n s u l a t i o n ( i f a n y ) s h a l l b e r e m o v e d , pipes a n d s u r v e y o r m a y require f o r measurement results a n d w e a r
fittings s h a l l b e d i s m a n t l e d f o r e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e i r determination o f the essential units a n d components o f the
i n t e r n a l surface, assessment o f c o n d i t i o n o f v a l v e s , gate hydraulic d r i v e systems t o b e submitted.
v a l v e s a n d flaps, a n d t h e r e s i d u a l thickness o f pipes s h a l l
2.4.6.3.3 U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y a n d
b e m e a s u r e d . F o r t h i s p u r p o s e before d i s m a n t l i n g a n d e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e defects r e v e a l e d d u r i n g t h e survey,
s u r v e y t h e drainage pipes s h a l l b e prepared, f l u s h e d a n d t h e h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r
steamed o u t , as appropriate.
o p e r a t i o n a l testing together w i t h h y d r a u l i c m o t o r s a n d
U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y , t h e drainage pipes h y d r a u l i c p u m p s o f t h e respective m a c h i n e r y (refer
together w i t h detachable j o i n t s , b u l k h e a d penetrations, t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 5 ) . T h e m a i n characteristics o f t h e h y d r a u l i c
p i p e l i n e a n d s i d e f i t t i n g s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r drives o p e r a t i o n s h a l l b e checked d u r i n g t h e o p e r a t i o n a l
o p e r a t i o n a l testing according t o t h e i r purpose. A t t h e testing o f t h e m a c h i n e r y served b y t h e m .
same time the serviceability o f the local and remote
2.4.6.3.4 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 . 3 ,
f i t t i n g c o n t r o l stations s h a l l b e checked.
t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
.1 f a i l u r e - f r e e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e h y d r a u l i c d r i v e
Repairs o r replacement o f drainage pipes a n d fittings
shall b e carried o u t i n case defects o r wears, preventing the systems;
use o f pipes and fittings b y proper purpose, w e r e detected
.2 o p e r a t i o n o f w o r k i n g l i q u i d d r a i n i n g devices after
d u r i n g the survey. Pipe cracks, t h r o u g h holes i n pipe w a l l s , l i f t i n g safety v a l v e s ;
unavoidable looseness i n the detachable pipe j o i n t s , damage
.3 o p e r a t i o n o f t h e devices f o r a i r r e m o v a l from t h e
o f b u l k h e a d penetrations, pipeline a n d b o t t o m fittings, h y d r a u l i c d r i v e m a c h i n e r y a n d s y s t e m ;
leaking o f m e d i u m t h r o u g h the closed valves, gate valves
.4 o p e r a t i o n o f t h e devices ( p u m p s , v a l v e s , etc.) f o r
and flaps due t o t h e i r w e a r o r damage, w e a r o f pipe w a l l s r e f i l l i n g t h e w o r k i n g l i q u i d leakages a n d t h e devices f o r
exceeding t h e l i m i t s o f pipe wear, stated i n t h e technical t h e l i q u i d d r a i n i n g from t h e s y s t e m ;
documentation o f the appropriate organizations a n d f i r m s o r
.5 o p e r a t i o n o f filters, c o n t r o l e q u i p m e n t ;
exceeding t h e l i m i t i n g residual pipe w a l l thickness, are
.6 operation o f the w o r k i n g l i q u i d accumulators ( i f any);
considered as such.
.7 absence o f w o r k i n g m e d i u m gaps i n t h e s y s t e m
D r a i n a g e pipes s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d f i t f o r service, i f a n d a i r i n f l o w s ;
d u r i n g s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing t h e a b o v e m e n .8 o p e r a t i o n o f i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n .
t i o n e d defects o r o t h e r defects, p r e v e n t i n g t h e u s e o f
2.4.6.3.5 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessment o f
pipes a n d f i t t i n g s b y p r o p e r purpose, a r e f o u n d ;
technical condition o f hydraulic drive systems are
.7 plastic p i p e l i n e s used i n t h e v e n t i l a t i o n s y s t e m , stipulated i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 4 t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 6 .
passing t h r o u g h t h e w a t e r t i g h t a n d f i r e - f i g h t i n g b u l k 2.4.6.3.6 R e p a i r s o r r e p l a c e m e n t o f u n i t s o r
heads a n d hazardous spaces, s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d p r o v i d - c o m p o n e n t s i n t h e h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems s h a l l b e
i n g , w h e r e necessary, access, o p e n i n g - u p a n d d i s m a n t - carried o u t i n case defects o r w e a r s , p r e v e n t i n g t h e use o f
l i n g at i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d special s u r v e y s .
pipes a n d fittings b y p r o p e r purpose, w e r e detected
d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y . P i p e cracks, t h r o u g h h o l e s i n p i p e
2.4.6.3 H y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems.
2.4.6.3.1 Special s u r v e y o f h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems w a l l s , u n a v o i d a b l e looseness i n t h e detachable p i p e
i n c l u d e s t h e s u r v e y o f h y d r a u l i c m o t o r s , h y d r a u l i c j o i n t s , l e a k i n g o f m e d i u m t h r o u g h t h e v a l v e s , slide gates,
p u m p s , p i p e l i n e s , v a l v e u n i t s , slide v a l v e u n i t s , a u x i l i a r y a u x i l i a r y p u m p s , a c c u m u l a t o r d i a p h r a g m fracture, f a i l u r e
d r i v e p u m p s ( m a k e - u p p u m p s , etc.), h y d r a u l i c a m p l i - o f a u x i l i a r y d r i v e p u m p s ( m a k e - u p p u m p f o r r e f i l l i n g
f i e r s , d r a i n i n g stations a n d h y d r a u l i c a c c u m u l a t o r s leakage i n t h e s y s t e m , d r a i n s t a t i o n p u m p , etc.) f a i l u r e o f
( i f a n y ) , h y d r a u l i c c y l i n d e r s o f t h e brakes ( i n deck c o n t r o l e q u i p m e n t , p i p e w a l l w e a r e x c e e d i n g t h e
m a c h i n e r y w i t h h y d r a u l i c d r i v e s ) , safety v a l v e s , p n e u - m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s stated i n t h e appropriate
m a t i c t a n k s a n d d r a i n i n g t a n k s ( i f a n y ) , a n d o t h e r t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n t a t i o n o r i n t h e present R u l e s are
h y d r a u l i c devices a n d u n i t s depending o n t h e design a n d considered as such.
purpose o f t h e h y d r a u l i c drives.
2.4.6.3.7 H y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d
2.4.6.3.2 A t special survey, h y d r a u l i c d r i v e systems fit f o r service, i f d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing
including t h e i r components a n d units, listed i n 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 . 1 , t h e defects m e n t i o n e d i n 2 . 4 . 6 . 3 . 6 o r o t h e r defects,
shall b e submitted f o r survey w i t h the p r o v i s i o n o f access, p r e v e n t i n g t h e u s e o f pipes a n d fittings b y p r o p e r
opening-up a n d dismantling, w h e r e necessary. T h e r e w i t h purpose, are f o u n d .
the directions contained i n t h e manufacturers' technical
2.4.6.4 B o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s .
documentation a n d maintenance manuals f o r h y d r a u l i c
2.4.6.4.1 Special s u r v e y includes t h e s u r v e y o f
drive systems shall b e considered, as w e l l as structural b o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s , located
peculiarities o f t h e systems installed. I f required, at t h e b o t h a b o v e a n d u n d e r t h e w a t e r l i n e .
surveyor's request, pipe residual thickness measurements
2.4.6.4.2 A t special s u r v e y s , b o t t o m , side a n d
s h a l l b e carried o u t . I n t h e cases stipulated i n t h e w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r

90

thorough examination w i t h mandatory opening-up o f


units and components. Such surveys shall be combined
w i t h d o c k s u r v e y s (refer t o C h a p t e r 2 . 5 ) .
2.4.6.4.3 A t e v e r y i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d special d r y d o c k
s u r v e y starting from t h e second special s u r v e y , a n d f o r
ships subject t o a n n u a l d o c k i n g (refer t o 2 . 5 . 1 . 5 ) , at t h e
second o r t h i r d a n n u a l d r y d o c k s u r v e y s t h e b o t t o m a n d
side f i t t i n g s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d i n t h e d i s m a n t l e d
c o n d i t i o n , defects s h a l l b e detected a n d t h e fittings s h a l l
b e repaired a n d lapped. T h e b r a n c h pipes w h e r e t h e
a b o v e m e n t i o n e d fittings a r e i n s t a l l e d as w e l l as pipes
(ducts) c o n n e c t i n g sea chests a n d i c e b o x e s s h a l l b e
submitted f o r thorough examination accompanied b y
r e s i d u a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t . T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s
paragraph i n respect o f r e s i d u a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l also a p p l y t o i n - w a t e r s u r v e y .
2.4.6.4.4 H y d r a u l i c tests instead o f s u r v e y s w i t h t h e
r e s i d u a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t are n o t a l l o w e d .
2.4.6.4.5 A f t e r the ship has been launched t h e valves
shall b e t h o r o u g h l y e x a m i n e d and operationally tested.
2.4.6.4.6 W a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s s h a l l b e submitted for survey i n dismantled condition. T h e bulkhead
penetrations s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r t h o r o u g h e x a m i n a t i o n . I f necessary, t h e r e s i d u a l thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l b e carried o u t .
2.4.6.4.7 T h e r e m o t e drives s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d i n
operation.
2.4.6.4.8 B o t t o m , side v a l v e s a n d v a l v e s i n s t a l l e d
b e n e a t h t h e w a t e r l i n e a n d also w e l d e d branches a n d
p i p e l i n e s ( c h a n n e l s ) c o n n e c t i n g sea chests a n d ice b o x e s ,
i f t h e v a l v e s a r e i n s t a l l e d t h e r e o n , s h a l l b e tested at each
special survey, starting f r o m t h e second s u r v e y . T h e
a b o v e v a l v e s a n d branches s h a l l b e h y d r a u l i c a l l y tested
b y n o t less t h a n 0,5 M P a testing pressure.
Test pressure o f the h y d r a u l i c test corresponds t o t h e
pressure stipulated f o r t h e sea chests a n d ice boxes, a n d
pipelines (channels) connecting sea chests a n d ice boxes
w h i c h shall b e hose tested u p t o the l e v e l o f 1,25 height o f
the ship's side, t h e test pressure being n o t less t h a n t h e
pressure i n the b l o w i n g s y s t e m o f sea chests and ice boxes.
Discharge valves above waterline shall be hydraul i c a l l y tested b y t h e test pressure e q u a l t o t h e pressure o f
t h e v a l v e s b l o w i n g u p m e d i u m o r t h e test pressure s h a l l
be taken equal t o 0,2 M P a .
A f t e r repair o r replacement t h e v a l v e s s h a l l b e
h y d r a u l i c a l l y tested b y t h e pressure n o t less t h a n
0,5 M P a .
2.4.6.4.9 U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y a n d
e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e defects r e v e a l e d d u r i n g t h e survey,
b o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d v a l v e s s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing.
2.4.6.4.10 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessment o f t h e
v a l v e s t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n a r e stipulated i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 1 . 4 ,
2.4.5.1.5.
2.4.6.4.11 R e p a i r s o r r e p l a c e m e n t o f t h e fittings'
u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n case t h e

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

defects p r e v e n t i n g t h e u s e o f t h e v a l v e s b y t h e p r o p e r
purpose a r e r e v e a l e d d u r i n g t h e survey.
M a t e r i a l o f gaskets b e i n g i n s t a l l e d i n t h e a s s e m b l y
process o f t h e v a l v e s s h a l l c o m p l y w i t h t h e t e c h n i c a l
d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( d r a w i n g s ) a p p r o v e d b y t h e Register.
2.4.6.4.12 B o t t o m , side a n d w a t e r t i g h t b u l k h e a d
v a l v e s s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d f i t f o r service i n case d u r i n g t h e
s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing t h e defects, p r e v e n t i n g t h e
use o f t h e v a l v e s b y t h e p r o p e r purpose, are detected.
2.4.6.5 P i p i n g passing t h r o u g h f u e l t a n k s a n d cargo
tanks.
2.4.6.5.1 Special s u r v e y includes t h e s u r v e y o f
p i p e l i n e s passing t h r o u g h f u e l t a n k s a n d cargo t a n k s
w i t h o u t tunnels.
2.4.6.5.2 D u r i n g s u r v e y t h e p i p e l i n e s p a s s i n g
t h r o u g h f u e l t a n k s a n d cargo tanks w i t h o u t t u n n e l s s h a l l
be s u b m i t t e d f o r s u r v e y w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n o f access,
o p e n i n g - u p a n d d i s m a n t l i n g , w h e r e necessary. I f needed,
at t h e s u r v e y o r ' s request, t h e m e a s u r e m e n t s o f t h e p i p e
r e s i d u a l thickness s h a l l b e carried o u t .
2.4.6.5.3 T h e p i p e l i n e s i n q u e s t i o n s h a l l b e tested
h y d r a u l i c a l l y at each special survey. W h e r e t h e p i p e l i n e s
are f i t t e d w i t h detachable j o i n t s i n s i d e t h e t a n k s , t h e y
s h a l l b e h y d r a u l i c a l l y tested at i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s . T h e
test pressure o f p i p e l i n e h y d r a u l i c test s h a l l b e t a k e n
e q u a l t o 1,5 m a x i m u m w o r k i n g pressure (l^Pwo^ing)
of
t h e p i p e l i n e passing t h r o u g h f u e l t a n k s a n d cargo
tanks.
2.4.6.5.4 U p o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y a n d
e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e defects r e v e a l e d d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y
t h e p i p e l i n e s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l testing.
2.4.6.5.5 G e n e r a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r assessment o f t h e
fittings' t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n a r e stipulated i n 2.4.5.1.4,
2.4.5.1.5 a n d 2.4.5.1.7.
2.4.6.5.6 R e p a i r s o r replacement o f t h e p i p e l i n e s
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n case t h e defects p r e v e n t i n g t h e u s e
o f t h e p i p e l i n e s b y t h e p r o p e r p u r p o s e a r e detected
d u r i n g t h e survey.
2.4.6.5.7 T h e p i p i n g i n q u e s t i o n s h a l l n o t b e f o u n d
fit f o r service i f d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing
t h e i r r e m o v a b l e defects a r e detected.
2.4.6.6 O t h e r systems a n d p i p i n g .
2.4.6.6.1 S p e c i a l s u r v e y s o f o t h e r systems a n d
p i p e l i n e s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e
applicable i n s t r u c t i o n s o f 2.4.6.1 t o 2.4.6.5.
2.4.6.6.2 Special s u r v e y o f ship hoses subject t o t h e
R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e
scope specified i n 2.2.6.5 w i t h t h e o b l i g a t o r y h y d r a u l i c
tests u n d e r a pressure e q u a l t o t h e m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e
w o r k i n g pressure o f t h e hose stated i n its certificate a n d
m a r k e d o n b o t h ends o f t h e h o s e o r t o 1,5 o f t h e w o r k i n g
pressure o f t h e s y s t e m o n w h i c h t h e hose i s fitted,
w h i c h e v e r i s greater.
2.4.6.6.3 R e p a i r o f hoses m a y b e c a r r i e d o u t
according t o procedure a p p r o v e d b y t h e R e g i s t e r b y
m e a n s o f c u r i n g t h e p a d layers l y i n g outside t h e w i r e

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

spiral. T h e repair o f t h e p a d layers i n each case s h a l l b e


carried o u t l a y e r b y layer. I t i s n o t p e r m i t t e d t o repair t h e
s a m e h o s e segment m o r e t h a n once. A f t e r repair t h e
s u r v e y a n d h y d r a u l i c testing s h a l l b e repeated u n d e r t h e
Register technical supervision.
2.4.6.7 C o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n .
2.4.6.7.1 A t special s u r v e y t h e c o n d i t i o n o f c o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n o f sea w a t e r p i p i n g s h a l l b e checked:
i n s u l a t i n g j o i n t s f o r t h e absence o f m e t a l - c o n t a c t i n g
surfaces ( v o l t a g e drop s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n 0 , 1 V ) ;
protectors (protectors, w h i c h w o r k i n g m e t a l i s w o r n
b y m o r e t h a n 4 0 p e r cent o f t h e i n i t i a l m a s s b y t h e date o f
survey, s h a l l b e replaced);
"sacrificial" b r a n c h pipes (residual w a l l thickness o f
"sacrificial" b r a n c h pipes s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t t i l l t h e n e x t
special s u r v e y w i t h regard t o carbon steel c o r r o s i o n rate
b e i n g e q u a l t o 1,5 m m p e r y e a r ) .
2.4.7 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t .
2.4.7.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.7.1.1 D u r i n g special s u r v e y o f t h e ship t h e l i s t o f
its electrical e q u i p m e n t , i t s design, a r r a n g e m e n t a n d
i n s t a l l a t i o n s h a l l b e checked f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
Rules f o r the Classification and Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g S h i p s a n d t h e technical c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
electrical e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d .
2.4.7.1.2 T h e s u m m a r i z e d scope o f s u r v e y o f t h e
electrical c o m p o n e n t s i s g i v e n i n T a b l e 2 . 1 . 1 .
2.4.7.1.3 I f i n t h e p e r i o d p r i o r t o special s u r v e y o f
t h e ship o r d u r i n g special s u r v e y t h e repair w o r k s o f t h e
m a i n generators, p r o p e l l e r m o t o r s w e r e carried o u t , t h e n
t h e said electrical m a c h i n e s s h a l l b e tested d u r i n g t h e sea
trials together w i t h t h e w h o l e electric p r o p u l s i o n plant.
T h e p r o g r a m o f sea t r i a l s w i t h i n d i c a t i o n o f m o d e s a n d
duration o f the trials shall be submitted t o the Register
for approval.
2.4.7.1.4 T h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e electrical
e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d as p e r t h e s u r v e y results
a n d t h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n w e a r s , damages, defects r e v e a l e d
d u r i n g t h e o p e r a t i o n ; repairs a n d replacements p e r f o r m e d
as s h o w n i n t h e ship's d o c u m e n t a t i o n (ship's data b o o k s ,
reports, e n g i n e - r o o m logs, etc.).
2.4.7.1.5 F o r n e w electrical e q u i p m e n t b e i n g i n stalled o n b o a r d t h e ship, t h e d o c u m e n t s s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d f o r t h e i t e m s stipulated b y t h e R u l e s f o r t h e
Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships a n d
Rules for Technical Supervision during Construction o f
Ships a n d M a n u f a c t u r e o f M a t e r i a l s a n d P r o d u c t s f o r
Ships.
2.4.7.1.6 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t o f t h e service, a m e n i t y a n d process spaces s h a l l b e subjected t o t h e technical
s u p e r v i s i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n respect o f selection o f
types a n d cross-section o f cables a n d w i r e s , m e t h o d s o f
cable i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d c o n n e c t i o n , i n s u l a t i o n resistance,
e a r t h i n g a n d p r o t e c t i o n devices.
2.4.7.1.7 T h e p e r m i s s i b l e standards o f t h e a x i a l shaft
displacement i n the sliding bearings o f electrical

91

m a c h i n e s , standards o f t h e i n s u l a t i o n resistance a n d
standards o f s e l f - v i b r a t i o n o f electrical m a c h i n e s are
g i v e n i n Tables 2 . 4 . 7 . 1 . 7 - 1 , 2 . 4 . 7 . 1 . 7 - 2 a n d 2 . 4 . 7 . 1 . 7 - 3 ,
accordingly.
T a b l e 2.4.7.1.7-1
S t a n d a r d s o f axial shaft displacement i n sliding bearings
o f electrical m a c h i n e s
Output,
kW

Shaft displacement

U p to 10
10 30
30 70
7 0 125
Over 125

o n e side

b o t h sides

0,5
0,75
1,0
1,5
2,0

1,0
1,5
2,0
3,0
4,0

N o t e s : 1 . Displacement established to b o t h sides o f the armature


(rotor) central position, being determined b y magnetic field
2 . F o r m a c h i n e s w i t h t h e shaft j o u r n a l d i a m e t e r b e i n g m o r e
t h a n 2 0 0 m m , r u n d o w n is t a k e n t o b e equal t o 2 p e r cent o f t h e shaft
j o u r n a l diameter.
Table
Standards of insulation resistance
Nos.

Electrical equipment

2.4.7.1.7-2

Resistance o f i n s u l a t i o n
i n t h e heated c o n d i t i o n , M O h
Normal

Electrical machines
M a g n e t i c stations, starting
devices
M a i n , emergency, d i s t r i b u t i o n
switchboards, c o n t r o l panels,
etc. w i t h the detached e x t e r n a l
circuits, e a r t h i n g indicators
s i g n a l l a m p s , v o l t m e t e r s , etc.:
up to 100 V
100 500 V
A c c u m u l a t o r batteries w i t h t h e
detached consumers:
up to 24 V
25 220 V
C a b l e n e t w o r k feeder:
lighting
up to 100 V
100 220 V
power 100 500 V
Signalling
and monitoring
c o n t r o l circuits:
up to 100 V
101 5 0 0 V

Maximum
allowable

0,7 a n d above not less than 0,2


0,5 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,2

0,3 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,06


1,0 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,2

0 , 1 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,02


0,5 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,1

0,3 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,06


0,5 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,2
1,0 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,2

0,3 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,06


1,0 a n d a b o v e not less than 0,2

T a b l e 2.4.7.1.7-3
S t a n d a r d s o f self-vibration o f electrical m a c h i n e s
Speed o f r o t a t i o n , m i n "
Self-vibration amplitude,
mm

1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 4000 5000


0,1

0,09 0,075 0 , 0 6 0 0 , 0 5 0 0 , 0 3 0 0 , 0 2 0

N o t e . T h e l i m i t s o f t h e a l l o w a b l e v i b r a t i o n s are d e t e r m i n e d
b y t h e m a x i m u m d o u b l e a m p l i t u d e o f s e l f - v i b r a t i o n o f electrical
m a c h i n e s i n d i c a t e d i n the T a b l e .

92

Standards o f t h e p e r m i s s i b l e v a r i a t i o n s o f t h e a i r
gaps o f t h e electrical m a c h i n e s s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d i n
accordance w i t h t h e stated b e l o w .
T h e m a x i m u m p e r m i s s i b l e d e v i a t i o n s o f t h e a i r gaps
relative t o the arithmetic mean value:
between rotor and stator o f asynchronous machines
u p t o 2 5 p e r cent;
b e t w e e n rotor a n d stator o f synchronous machines
u p t o 1 0 p e r cent;
f o r direct-current m a c h i n e s w i t h l a p w i n d i n g w i t h
gaps b e t w e e n t h e a r m a t u r e a n d m a i n poles u p t o 3 m m
1 0 p e r cent, m o r e t h a n 3 m m u p t o 5 p e r cent;
f o r direct-current m a c h i n e s w i t h w a v e w i n d i n g w i t h
gaps b e t w e e n t h e a r m a t u r e a n d m a i n poles u p t o 3 m m
2 5 p e r cent, m o r e t h a n 3 m m u p t o 12 p e r cent;
f o r direct c u r r e n t m a c h i n e s ( b e t w e e n t h e a r m a t u r e
a n d c o m m u t a t i n g p o l e s ) 5 p e r cent.
M e a s u r e m e n t o f a i r gaps, w h e r e possible, s h a l l b e
p e r f o r m e d f r o m b o t h sides o f t h e a r m a t u r e ( r o t o r ) i n f o u r
different p o i n t s i n t w o p e r p e n d i c u l a r planes ( i n 90).
2.4.7.1.8 T h e a l l o w a b l e eccentricity o f c o m m u t a t o r s
a n d r i n g s s h a l l n o t exceed t h e v a l u e s r e g u l a t e d b y t h e
m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s d o c u m e n t a t i o n , a n d i n t h e absence o f t h e
latter b y t h e R e g i s t e r - a p p r o v e d d o c u m e n t a t i o n .
2.4.7.2 E l e c t r i c p r o p u l s i o n plants.
2.4.7.2.1 Electric propulsion plants m a i n gene-rators,
propulsion m o t o r s and electromagnetic clutches w i t h a l l the
servicing a u x i l i a r y machinery, switchboards, control a n d
m o n i t o r i n g panels, safety interlock and signalling shall b e
operationally tested together w i t h the p r i m e movers. D u r i n g
the e x a m i n a t i o n o f m a i n generators, exciting units, converters the f o l l o w i n g shall b e checked:
c o n d i t i o n o f b e d plate, e n d shields a n d bearings;
axial displacement o f armature o r rotor i n sliding
bearings ( d i s p l a c e m e n t s h a l l n o t exceed t h e v a l u e s
indicated i n Table 2.4.7.1.7-1);
clearances i n t h e bearings o f electrical m a c h i n e s o f
the electric p r o p u l s i o n plant ( t h e clearances shall
c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e manufacturer's data);
air gaps o f t h e m a c h i n e s (the gaps s h a l l c o r r e s p o n d
t o t h e manufacturer's data, t h e m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e
v a r i a t i o n s are g i v e n i n 2 . 4 . 7 . 1 . 7 ) ;
i n s u l a t i o n o f bearings o f p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s a n d m a i n
generators o f electric p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t ;
c o n d i t i o n o f surfaces o f c o m m u t a t o r s a n d slip r i n g s
(refer t o 2 . 4 . 7 . 1 . 8 ) ;
p o s i t i o n o f t h e cross-piece i n accordance w i t h t h e
m a r k a v a i l a b l e , c o n d i t i o n o f brushes a n d b r u s h u n i t ;
availability and condition o f instrumentation (temperature sensors, o i l a n d w a t e r pressure r e l a y s , w a t e r
sensors, etc.) a n d h e a t i n g elements;
a v a i l a b i l i t y a n d c o n d i t i o n o f spare parts.
D u r i n g the examination attention shall b e paid t o
possible cracks i n t h e b e d plates a n d shafts o f r o t o r s a n d
armatures a n d i n t h e e n d shields o f m a c h i n e s , d a m a g e o f
a l a y e r o f p r o t e c t i v e v a r n i s h o f stator w i n d i n g s , a r m a t u r e

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

a n d p o l e c o i l s , located outside o f t h e slots a n d i n t h e


s h r o u d i n g o f r o t o r a n d stator f r o n t parts, b u r r s a n d o t h e r
defects o f t h e i n t e r n a l surfaces o f b r u s h h o l d e r collars.
2.4.7.2.2 W h e n t e s t i n g t h e electrical p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t
at direct c u r r e n t t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
start o f p r i m e m o v e r s b y electric starter ( i f p r o v i d e d ) ;
start a n d r e v e r s e o f p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s a t t h e
m i n i m u m speed o f r o t a t i o n , o p e r a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c a l
p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t at e v e r y p o s i t i o n o f t h e m o d e s w i t c h g e a r
o n t h e m a i n exciting unit a n d other m a i n auxiliary
m a c h i n e r y , as w e l l as o n t h e standby e x c i t i n g u n i t a n d
standby a u x i l i a r y m a c h i n e r y ;
c o n t r o l o f p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s from each c o n t r o l
station;
actuating o f a l l types o f p r o t e c t i o n p r o v i d e d b y t h e
electric m o v e m e n t d i a g r a m ;
operation o f interlocks and signalling provided b y
t h e electric m o v e m e n t d i a g r a m .
2.4.7.2.3 O p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g o f t h e electric p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t a t a l t e r n a t i n g current s h a l l b e carried o u t
s i m i l a r t o t h e test o f t h e electrical p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t a t
direct current.
M o r e o v e r , t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
start a n d reverse o f p r o p u l s i o n electric m o t o r s from
t w o diesel-generators a n d f r o m o n e diesel-generator
( i f s u c h e m e r g e n c y start o f electric p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s
is p r o v i d e d ) , o n b o a r d ships w h e r e t u r b i n e s a r e p r i m e
m o v e r s o f t h e generators start a n d reverse o f each
p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r f r o m its generator a n d b o t h p r o p u l s i o n
m o t o r s from o n e generator;
i n t e r l o c k o f t h e starting device w i t h t h e e n g i n e
telegraph ( i f provided);
change o f r o t a t i o n a l speed o f p r o p u l s i o n m o t o r s b y
m e a n s o f change o f r o t a t i o n a l speed o f p r i m e m o v e r s .
2.4.7.3 M a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y sources o f electrical
power.
2.4.7.3.1 M a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y sources o f electrical
p o w e r (unless t h e y a r e a c c u m u l a t o r batteries) s h a l l b e
checked together w i t h p r i m e m o v e r s a t t h e m a x i m u m
possible l o a d o f generators, n o t e x c e e d i n g t h e n o m i n a l
value.
2.4.7.3.2 D u r i n g t h e test o f t h e generator w i t h
d r i v i n g e n g i n e t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
a l l o w a b l e change l i m i t s o f t h e p r i m e m o v e r n o - l o a d
speed b y t h e r e m o t e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e r e g u l a t o r f r o m t h e
m a i n s w i t c h b o a r d . T h e l i m i t s o f change s h a l l n o t b e less
t h a n 2 0 p e r cent a n d n o t m o r e t h a n 1 0 p e r cent o f t h e
rated r o t a t i o n a l speed;
o p e r a t i o n o f v o l t a g e regulator;
degree o f c o m m u t a t o r s p a r k i n g i n t h e direct-current
m a c h i n e s a n d i n t h e r i n g s o f t h e alternating-current
m a c h i n e s w i t h t h e l o a d e d generator;
h e a t i n g o f bearings, w h i c h s h a l l n o t exceed 8 0 C f o r
s l i d i n g bearings a n d 1 0 0 C f o r r o l l e r bearings;
voltage variations at changing o f the l o a d from zero u p
t o the m a x i m u m possible, voltage shall n o t v a r y b y m o r e

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

t h a n + 2 , 5 p e r cent o f the rated voltage f o r t h e m a i n


generators, and b y m o r e t h a n + 3,5 p e r cent o f the rated
voltage f o r emergency alternating-current generators;
r o t a t i o n a l speed v a r i a t i o n s a n d its r e s t o r a t i o n t i m e at
l o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g . P r o m p t change o f r o t a t i o n a l
speed s h a l l n o t exceed 10 per cent o f rated speed, a n d t h e
steady r o t a t i o n a l speed s h a l l n o t v a r y from t h e rated
speed b y m o r e t h a n 5 p e r cent. T i m e o f a c h i e v e m e n t o f
t h e steady r o t a t i o n a l speed s h a l l n o t exceed 5 s;
voltage variations a n d its restoration t i m e at t h e
balanced l o a d increases and drops. I n this case, a sudden
change i n the balanced l o a d o f a generator r u n n i n g at rated
speed a n d rated voltage, under g i v e n current a n d p o w e r factor conditions, shall n o t cause a drop o f voltage b e l o w
85 per cent o r a rise above 120 per cent o f the rated value.
A f t e r the c o m p l e t i o n o f transient processes, t h e generator
voltage shall b e restored w i t h i n n o t m o r e t h a n 1,5 s w i t h a
deviation from t h e rated v a l u e being + 3 p e r c e n t F o r
emergency sets these values m a y b e increased, respectively,
t o 5 s a n d 4 p e r cent o f the rated voltage.
W i t h generators p a r a l l e l e d t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e
checked:
s w i t c h i n g o f generators t o p a r a l l e l o p e r a t i o n ;
d i s t r i b u t i o n o f active a n d reactive loads at increase
a n d release o f l o a d o n generators, b e i n g created b y t h e
ship c o n s u m e r s , w i t h i n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e rated l o a d u p t o
t h e m a x i m u m possible l o a d ;
transfer o f l o a d f r o m o n e generator t o another;
m i n i m u m v o l t a g e p r o t e c t i o n a n d o v e r l o a d protection;
b a c k p o w e r ( f o r alternating-current generators) o r
b a c k c u r r e n t p r o t e c t i o n ( f o r direct-current generators).
P r o t e c t i o n s h a l l b e actuated w i t h n o t m o r e t h a n
10 s t i m e d e l a y w h e n t h e b a c k p o w e r o r c u r r e n t v a l u e s
are n o t m o r e t h a n 2 6 p e r cent o f t h e i r rated v a l u e s f o r
turbochargers a n d 8 1 5 p e r cent o f t h e i r rated v a l u e s
f o r generators d r i v e n b y i n t e r n a l c o m b u s t i o n engines.
2.4.7.3.3 E m e r g e n c y generator w i t h t h e p r i m e m o v e r
s h a l l b e checked as stated i n 2 . 4 . 7 . 3 . 2 ( e x c l u d i n g t h e
p a r a l l e l o p e r a t i o n , d i s t r i b u t i o n o f loads, transfer o f l o a d
a n d b a c k p o w e r p r o t e c t i o n ) . Besides, t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l
b e checked:
a u t o m a t i c a n d m a n u a l start, i f p r o v i d e d ( t o b e carried
o u t 3 t i m e s each);
t h e t o t a l t i m e o f a u t o m a t i c start o f diesel a n d l o a d i n g
o f generator ( s h a l l n o t exceed 4 5 s ) ;
unless a n effective m a n u a l starting device is
provided, t h e second p o w e r source o f energy f o r
c o n d u c t i n g three a d d i t i o n a l starts d u r i n g 3 0 m i n s h a l l
b e checked;
automatic switching o n t h e emergency consumers;
t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f electric p o w e r s u p p l y t o c o n s u m e r s
f o r r e g e n e r a t i o n o f ship's p o w e r p l a n t ( i f p r o v i d e d ) ;
audible and visual signalling.
2.4.7.3.4 W h e r e a c c u m u l a t o r batteries are t h e m a i n
o r e m e r g e n c y sources o f electrical p o w e r , t h e f o l l o w i n g
s h a l l b e checked:

93

correctness o f i n s t a l l a t i o n , c o n n e c t i n g a n d f i x i n g o f
a c c u m u l a t o r batteries;
serviceability a n d compliance w i t h the requirements
o f lighting, heating a n d ventilation o f a battery r o o m ;
direct purpose discharge d u r i n g t h e r e g u l a t e d t i m e i n
o r d e r t o check t h e b a t t e r y v o l t a g e a n d capacity;
c h a r g i n g at a l l t h e stages o f c h a r g i n g current, n o
w a r m i n g - u p o f t h e b a t t e r y contacts a n d c h a r g i n g b o a r d ;
actuating o f b a c k c u r r e n t p r o t e c t i o n ( f o r electric
machinery units);
a u t o m a t i c s w i t c h i n g o n t h e a c c u m u l a t o r batteries,
b e i n g a n e m e r g e n c y ( e m e r g e n c y i n t e r m e d i a t e ) source o f
electrical p o w e r i n case o f absence o f ship's p o w e r
network voltage;
p a r a l l e l o p e r a t i o n o f c h a r g i n g devices ( i f p r o v i d e d ) ;
d e n s i t y a n d l e v e l o f e l e c t r o l y t e i n batteries;
b l o c k i n g o f f o r c e d v e n t i l a t i o n a n d c h a r g i n g device;
c o n d i t i o n o f b a t t e r y shelves a n d f i x i n g o f batteries;
c o n d i t i o n o f v e n t i n g ducts a n d openings, w a r n i n g
notices;
c o n d i t i o n o f safe-type l i g h t i n g f i x t u r e s .
Availability o f the operation manuals f o r the
batteries s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.7.4 C o n v e r t i n g devices feeding essential c o n sumers.
2.4.7.4.1 Static p o w e r converters.
D u r i n g t h e t e s t i n g o f static p o w e r converters t h e
f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
air c o o l i n g (self- o r forced c o o l i n g ) ;
p r o t e c t i o n , v i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m o f exceeding o f
t h e m a x i m u m a l l o w a b l e c o o l i n g m e d i u m t e m p e r a t u r e at
t h e s y s t e m o u t l e t f o r t h e converters w i t h t h e f o r c e d
cooling;
v i s u a l a l a r m o f p o w e r circuits a n d c o n t r o l circuits
switching o n and off.
2.4.7.4.2 R o t a r y converters.
D u r i n g t h e t e s t i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
degree o f t h e bearings' h e a t i n g ;
o p e r a t i o n o f starting a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n devices.
2.4.7.4.3 T r a n s f o r m e r s .
D u r i n g the examination o f the transformers the
f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
ventilation o f the transformer rooms;
locking o f the doors a n d interlocking o f t h e
d i s c o n n e c t i n g devices i n t r a n s f o r m e r r o o m s .
D u r i n g t h e operational testing t h e heating under the
l o a d , p r o d u c e d b y t h e ship c o n s u m e r s , a n d u n i f o r m i t y o f
phase l o a d d i s t r i b u t i o n s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.7.5 D i s t r i b u t i o n devices.
D u r i n g the examination o f m a i n and emergency
switchboards, p o w e r a n d light, section a n d group
d i s t r i b u t i o n s w i t c h b o a r d s , s t a r t i n g a n d c o n t r o l panels
a n d c h a r g i n g devices t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
c o n d i t i o n o f s w i t c h i n g devices;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e d o c u m e n t s o r stamps f o r calibrat i o n o f electric m e t e r s , as w e l l as t h e c o l o u r g r a d u a t i o n

94

lines o n t h e scales o f t h e devices t a k i n g t h e readings o f


t h e n o m i n a l parameters;
o p e r a t i o n o f a l l types o f p r o t e c t i o n devices (except
the short-circuit protection) provided i n t h e energy
generating a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g circuits, as w e l l as adequacy
o f a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e current a n d v o l t a g e settings i n fuses;
c o n d i t i o n o f f i x i n g t h e isolators o f busbars a n d
devices i n s i d e t h e s w i t c h b o a r d s .
W i t h t h e p u r p o s e o f r e v e a l i n g t h e defects i n contacts
o f electrical connections i n t h e electrical e q u i p m e n t ,
shipowners are recommended t o perform infrared
t h e r m o g r a p h i c analysis o f t h e electrical e q u i p m e n t .
2.4.7.6 C a b l i n g .
D u r i n g t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f c a b l i n g a n d interference
protection o f radio reception t h e following shall be
checked:
c o n d i t i o n o f cables, panels, clips, pipes, p a c k i n g
b o x e s a n d glands i n t h e cable p e n e t r a t i o n t h r o u g h t h e
w a t e r t i g h t a n d fire-resisting b u l k h e a d s a n d decks, sight
p o r t h o l e s a n d drainage h o l e s o f cable p i p e l i n e s , e a r t h i n g
o f cable m e t a l sheathing;
c o n d i t i o n o f o f f t a k e w i r e o f l i g h t i n g conductor,
j o i n i n g o f its parts, c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e ship's h u l l a n d
flexible straps ( i n case o f collapsible masts);
c o n t i n u i t y a n d c o n d i t i o n o f electrical connections
b e t w e e n t h e s h i e l d i n g s h e a t h i n g o f t h e cables, h o u s i n g o f
t h e devices, m a c h i n e s , filters, d i s t r i b u t i o n devices a n d
t h e ship's h u l l .
D u r i n g special s u r v e y s o f ships o f 2 5 years a n d over,
diagnostics o f cables a n d cable r u n s s h a l l b e carried o u t
for determination o f their technical condition t o t h e
e x t e n t agreed w i t h t h e Register.
2.4.7.7 E l e c t r i c d r i v e s o f t h e essential devices a n d
machinery and their monitoring, protection and control
equipment.
2.4.7.7.1 Electric drives shall b e operationally tested
together w i t h their starting-control and protection equipment,
instruments a n d signalling under t h e load o f machinery
operating b y t h e proper purpose. I n t h e electric drives t h e
overload protection devices a n d zero protection shall b e
checked f o r compliance w i t h the required parameters.
F o r electric drives w i t h cage a s y n c h r o n o u s m o t o r s at
t h e first special s u r v e y o n l y t h e i r o p e r a t i o n a l testing a n d
e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried out.
E l e c t r i c d r i v e s o f fire p u m p s s h a l l b e tested as t o
t h e i r o v e r l o a d i n g p r o t e c t i o n operated o n t h e t h e r m a l o r
temperature relay principle; visual and audible overload
a l a r m s h a l l b e tested.
T h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f actuating fire a n d b i l g e p u m p s
from t h e l o c a l c o n t r o l stations s h a l l b e tested i n case o f
the remote shut-off circuit failure.
2.4.7.7.2 E l e c t r i c d r i v e s o f e n g i n e - a n d - b o i l e r m a chinery.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
p e r f o r m a n c e o f t h e starting c o n t r o l apparatus a n d
p r o t e c t i o n devices, m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s a n d a l a r m s ,

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

m a c h i n e r y starting a n d s t o p p i n g s h a l l b e conducted three


t i m e s f r o m each c o n t r o l s t a t i o n ;
r e m o t e s h u t - o f f o f t h e electric drives o f f u e l a n d o i l
transfer p u m p s , f u e l a n d o i l separators, v e n t i l a t i o n a n d
systems f o r sea p o l l u t i o n p r e v e n t i o n ;
operation o f the electric drives o f classed refrigerating
plants, v e n t i l a t i o n o f spaces, emergency disconnection.
2.4.7.7.3 E l e c t r i c drives a n d c o n t r o l o f t h e steering
gears s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e rules applicable t o t h e p a r t i c u l a r
ship.
A t that t h e f o l l o w i n g i s p e r f o r m e d :
putting t h e rudder (rudder nozzle) over o f the m a i n
d r i v e from 35 o n e side t o 30 t h e o t h e r side a n d t h e
opposite w a y . T h e t i m e o f t h e rudder p u t t i n g o v e r s h a l l
n o t exceed 2 8 s;
putting t h e rudder (rudder nozzle) over o f t h e
a u x i l i a r y d r i v e f r o m 15 o n e side t o 15 t h e o t h e r side
a n d t h e opposite w a y . T h e t i m e o f t h e r u d d e r p u t t i n g o v e r
s h a l l n o t exceed 6 0 s.
T h e r u d d e r p u t t i n g o v e r s h a l l b e carried o u t from
each c o n t r o l s t a t i o n a n d b y m e a n s o f each t y p e o f
c o n t r o l ; t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
c o n t i n u i t y o f t h e steering gear o p e r a t i o n , a n d w h e r e
r u d d e r electric drives are a v a i l a b l e , i n s t a l l e d i n t w o sets,
t h e i r o p e r a t i o n a t e v e r y possible c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e
components;
correspondence o f t h e readings o f a l l t h e r u d d e r
indicators w i t h t h e m e a s u r i n g s t a f f o f t h e m e c h a n i c a l
i n d i c a t o r o n t h e steering engine;
difference b e t w e e n t h e i n d i c a t e d a n d actual p o s i t i o n
o f t h e rudder blade (rudder nozzle), w h i c h shall
n o t exceed:
1 a t t h e rudder (rudder n o z z l e ) p o s i t i o n i n t h e
l o n g i t u d i n a l centre p l a n e o r p a r a l l e l w i t h i t ;
1,5 a t t h e r u d d e r ( r u d d e r n o z z l e ) p o s i t i o n angles
from 0 u p t o 5;
2,5 a t t h e r u d d e r ( r u d d e r n o z z l e ) p o s i t i o n angles
from 5 u p t o 35;
response o f l i m i t switches;
a c t i v a t i o n o f v i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m o f loss o f
v o l t a g e , b r e a k o f phase a n d o v e r l o a d i n t h e s u p p l y
circuit, o n loss o f v o l t a g e i n t h e c o n t r o l s y s t e m circuit,
m i n i m u m o i l l e v e l i n t h e service t a n k ;
i n d i c a t i o n o f electric m o t o r s o f p o w e r u n i t steering
gear o p e r a t i o n .
2.4.7.7.4 E l e c t r i c drives o f a n c h o r a n d m o o r i n g
machinery.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
i d l i n g a t each speed a n d d i r e c t i o n o f r o t a t i o n
stipulated b y t h e d i a g r a m ;
s i m u l t a n e o u s a n d separate p a y i n g o u t a n d h e a v i n g
anchors b y a n electric d r i v e d u r i n g t h e anchorage. I f t w o
actuating electric m o t o r s a r e a v a i l a b l e , t h e said operat i o n s s h a l l b e carried o u t separately w i t h each electric
motor;

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

p e r f o r m a n c e o f electromagnetic brakes, e m e r g e n c y
s w i t c h a n d zero p r o t e c t i o n ;
o p e r a t i o n o f t h e electric d r i v e d u r i n g p u l l i n g t h e
anchor i n t o t h e h a w s e ;
actuating o f t h e electric d r i v e p r o t e c t i o n a n d i t s
possible s t a l l i n g i n " o n " p o s i t i o n .
2.4.7.7.5 E l e c t r i c drives o f b o a t w i n c h e s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
p a y i n g o u t a n d h e a v i n g u p o f t h e boats w i t h t h e
electric d r i v e a n d o p e r a t i o n o f brakes;
o p e r a t i o n o f c o n t r o l stations, l i m i t switches, safety
switches i n t h e m a i n current c i r c u i t a n d i n t e r l o c k i n g w i t h
the manual drive.
2.4.7.7.6 E l e c t r i c drives o f w a t e r t i g h t a n d fire doors.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
c l o s i n g a n d o p e n i n g o f t h e doors from t h e l o c a l a n d
r e m o t e c o n t r o l stations w i t h t h e electric d r i v e feeding
from t h e m a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y p o w e r sources;
w a r n i n g v i s u a l a n d audible a l a r m f o r c l o s i n g o f t h e
doors a n d its p e r f o r m a n c e d u r i n g t h e c l o s i n g , as w e l l as
the door position indication.
2.4.7.8 L i g h t i n g .
Lighting and navigation lights shall be operationally
tested, i n c l u d i n g :
operation o f m a i n a n d emergency lighting fixtures;
l i g h t i n g i n t h e boiler-and-engine r o o m f r o m a l l t h e
feeders;
l i g h t i n g o f cargo h o l d s , i n c l u d i n g t h e a l a r m o n
s u p p l y switchboards;
l i g h t i n g o f b o i l e r w a t e r - l e v e l gauge glasses f r o m t h e
m a i n a n d e m e r g e n c y l i g h t i n g circuit;
l i g h t i n g o f b o a t e m b a r k a t i o n places, o u t b o a r d spaces
a n d t h e places o f l i f e raft storage, e m e r g e n c y exits;
r e m o t e s w i t c h i n g o f f o f t h e e x t e r n a l l i g h t i n g from t h e
bridge;
serviceability o f portable lighting;
o p e r a t i o n o f n a v i g a t i o n lights from t w o separate
feeders o f s w i t c h b o a r d s u p p l y m a i n a n d standby;
correspondence o f l a m p s t o t h e n a v i g a t i o n lanterns'
certificate data;
o p e r a t i o n o f s t a n d b y n a v i g a t i o n lanterns;
v i s u a l a n d audible a l a r m o f n a v i g a t i o n l i g h t s w i t c h i n
case o f f a i l u r e o f a n y l i g h t ;
o n passenger ships a n d ferries t h e p e r f o r m a n c e o f
l o w - s e t l i g h t i n g s h a l l b e checked;
condition and operation o f the explosion-proof lighting
fixtures including the w o r k o f interlocking and a l a r m
2.4.7.9 E l e c t r i c a l c o o k i n g a n d h e a t i n g appliances.
D u r i n g the examination the following shall be
checked:
c o n d i t i o n o f electrical p r o t e c t i o n ;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f f i r e - f i g h t i n g i n s u l a t i o n o r sufficient air
gaps b e t w e e n t h e h e a t i n g appliances a n d c o m b u s t i b l e
structures;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f p r o t e c t i v e enclosures e x c l u d i n g p l a c i n g o f f o r e i g n objects o n t h e m .

95

2.4.7.10 E l e c t r i c a l e q u i p m e n t a n d cables i n hazardous r o o m s a n d spaces.


D u r i n g examination i n addition t o t h e requirements
o f 2.4.7.6 t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
c o n d i t i o n o f cable o n t h e c a t w a l k a n d c o m p e n s a t i o n
devices;
availability a n d condition o f earthing o f cargo
pipelines, rigging o f masts, e x p l o s i o n - p r o o f e q u i p m e n t ,
v e n t pipes;
i n t e g r i t y o f p r o t e c t i v e casings, gratings, h o u s i n g s o f
electrical e q u i p m e n t , glasses o f e x p l o s i o n - p r o o f l i g h t i n g
fixtures, e x t e r n a l p r o t e c t i v e cable sheathing;
interlocks ensuring t h e possibility o f electrical
equipment connecting o r admission o f t h e personnel
after t h e sufficient v e n t i l a t i o n o f t h e r o o m ;
i n t e r l o c k s e x c l u d i n g c o n n e c t i o n o f p o r t a b l e electrical
equipment under voltage;
tightness o f cable c o n d u i t i f a cable g l a n d l e a d - i n i s
p r o v i d e d b y t h e design;
availability a n d serviceability o f earthing.
2.4.7.11 A l a r m a n d i n t e r n a l c o m m u n i c a t i o n devices.
2.4.7.11.1 E l e c t r i c e n g i n e r o o m telegraphs, tachometers.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
o p e r a t i o n o f e n g i n e r o o m telegraphs f r o m each
station, correspondence o f t h e i r readings at t h e b r i d g e
and i n the engine r o o m , alarm;
i n t e r l o c k i n g o f t h e r o o m telegraph w i t h t h e m a i n
engine c o n t r o l s t a t i o n ( i f p r o v i d e d ) ;
i l l u m i n a t i o n o f dials o f c o n t r o l e q u i p m e n t ;
availability o f the communication means between
t h e rudder c o n t r o l s t a t i o n at t h e b r i d g e a n d t h e m a n u a l
steering gear c o m p a r t m e n t ;
operation o f tachometers ( w h e n the propulsion plant is
i n operation) a n d correspondence o f their readings at t h e
bridge w i t h the actual schedule o f the propeller shaft rotation.
2.4.7.11.2 I n t e r n a l service c o m m u n i c a t i o n .
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
v i s u a l a n d audible a l a r m c a l l i n g devices;
a u d i b i l i t y a n d i n t e l l i g i b i l i t y d u r i n g t h e conversations.
2.4.7.11.3 G e n e r a l a l a r m s y s t e m .
A u d i b i l i t y o f s o u n d devices i n a l l t h e spaces s h a l l b e
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested. I n t h e spaces w i t h h i g h i n t e n s i t y
noise t h e test o f v i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m s h a l l b e carried
o u t w i t h t h e r u n n i n g m a c h i n e r y . T h e electrical s o u n d
s i g n a l m e a n s s h a l l b e c h e c k e d ( w h i s t l e , b e l l , g o n g , etc.).
2.4.7.11.4 F i r e detection a n d fire a l a r m s y s t e m .
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e checked:
operation o f detectors o f automated fire detection syst e m (at least 10 per cent o f a l l the installed detectors shall b e
checked b u t n o t less t h a n one detector i n each section);
o p e r a t i o n o f a l l m a n u a l detectors;
o p e r a t i o n o f v i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m o f fire
detection s y s t e m i n case o f disconnecting o f m a i n a n d
reserve p o w e r supply, t h e c i r c u i t d i s c o n t i n u i t y , e a r t h i n g
a n d actuating from t h e detector;

96

o p e r a t i o n o f s m o k e fire detection a u t o m a t i c s y s t e m
carried o u t b y check o f actuating t h e s t a t i o n from a l l t h e
protected spaces;
w o r k o f t h e m a i n a n d reserve fans i n t h e p o w e r
s u p p l y o f s m o k e fire d e t e c t i o n a u t o m a t i c s y s t e m ,
i n c l u d i n g t h e i r a u t o m a t i c change-over a n d s o u n d a l a r m ;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e d o c u m e n t issued b y t h e c o m p e t e n t
b o d y c o n f i r m i n g r e g u l a t e d data p e r f o r m a n c e s o f fire
a l a r m indicators, o r t h e ship's r e p o r t o n t h e i r check b y
m e a n s o f special arrangements.
2.4.7.11.5 W a r n i n g a l a r m o f e x t i n g u i s h i n g s y s t e m
release.
I n t e r l o c k i n g a n d w a r n i n g s i g n a l , as w e l l as v i s u a l
a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m w i t h t h e w a r n i n g m a r k s "Gas! G o
a w a y ! " s h a l l b e o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
2.4.7.11.6 S i g n a l l i n g i n engineers' a c c o m m o d a t i o n
spaces.
The sound signalling system f o r t h e call o f the
engineer s h a l l b e checked.
2.4.7.11.7 I n d i c a t i o n o f c l o s u r e o f w a t e r t i g h t a n d fire
doors.
S i g n a l l i n g o f d o o r c o n d i t i o n s h a l l b e tested a t t h e
d o o r c o n t r o l stations.
2.4.7.11.8 P e r s o n n e l a l a r m .
S c h e d u l e o f m o n i t o r i n g o f t h e m a c h i n e r y space
p e r s o n n e l c o n d i t i o n s h a l l b e checked, w h i c h s h a l l n o t
exceed 3 0 m i n u t e s , a n d t r a n s m i t t a n c e o f t h e s o u n d a l a r m
s i g n a l t o t h e n a v i g a t i n g b r i d g e a n d engineers' service
spaces s h a l l b e checked, i f t h e s i g n a l i s n o t a c k n o w
ledged w i t h i n 3 m i n u t e s .
2.4.7.11.9 R e l e a s e i n d i c a t i o n o f f i x e d l o c a l applica
t i o n fire-fighting s y s t e m .
V i s u a l a n d a u d i b l e a l a r m o f release o f t h e s y s t e m
b o t h i n t h e protected space a n d a t t h e p e r m a n e n t l y
attended c o n t r o l stations s h a l l b e checked. W h e r e several
systems a r e i n s t a l l e d , t h e i n d i c a t i o n s y s t e m s h a l l c l e a r l y
indicate t h e p a r t i c u l a r s y s t e m activated.
2.4.8 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t
2.4.8.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.8.1.1 A n n u a l a n d special s u r v e y s o f t h e a u t o m a
t i o n e q u i p m e n t are p e r f o r m e d together w i t h t h e s u r v e y o f
a u t o m a t e d m a c h i n e r y , devices a n d systems.
2.4.8.1.2 T h e l i s t o f a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t , i t s
design, a r r a n g e m e n t , i n s t a l l a t i o n a n d t e c h n i c a l specifica
t i o n s s h a l l b e checked t o m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e
Rules f o r the Classification and Construction o f SeaG o i n g Ships.
2.4.8.1.3 R e p l a c e m e n t o f separate types o f a u t o m a
t i o n equipment b y the equipment o f different type, a n d
additional installation o f n e w automation equipment
s h a l l b e c o n f i r m e d b y t h e appropriate R e g i s t e r d o c u
m e n t s stipulated b y t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d
Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
2.4.8.1.4 T h e s u r v e y o f p n e u m a t i c , h y d r a u l i c a n d
electric appliances b e i n g p a r t o f a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t
s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d i n accordance w i t h 2.4.5 t o 2.4.7.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.4.8.1.5 W h e n defects are f o u n d i n t h e a u t o m a t i o n


e q u i p m e n t p r e v e n t i n g t h e n o r m a l a n d safety o p e r a t i o n o f
t h e m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n , t h e R e g i s t e r m a y decide t o
prohibit the use o f the faulty equipment and operation o f
the machinery installation i n the automatic m o d e until
t h e e q u i p m e n t i s operable o r t o e x c l u d e t h e a u t o m a t i o n
m a r k from t h e class n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship. I n case t h e
a u t o m a t i o n m a r k i s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e class n o t a t i o n , t h e
machinery installation shall be provided w i t h the
m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f a l a r m a n d p r o t e c t i o n appliances
as r e q u i r e d b y t h e R u l e s f o r t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n a n d
Construction o f Sea-Going Ships f o r non-automatic
plants. T h e basis f o r t h e a b o v e i s f o r m e d b y t h e failures
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g systems:
remote automated control o f m a i n a n d auxiliary
machinery providing the running o f main propulsion
plant;
protection, control and alarm o f m a i n and auxiliary
m a c h i n e r y as t o p r o v i d e t h e r u n n i n g o f m a i n p r o p u l s i o n
plants.
2.4.8.1.6 T h e a u t o m a t i o n m a r k m a y b e e x c l u d e d
from t h e class n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship after t h e r e l e v a n t
application o f the shipowner a n d submission o f the
documents for the Register review, confirming technical
impossibility o f the machinery installation operation i n
the automatic mode.
2.4.8.1.7 T h e s u m m a r i z e d scope o f t h e a u t o m a t i o n
equipment surveys is given i n Table 2.1.1.
2.4.8.1.8 M o n i t o r e d parameters, measuring points,
l i m i t i n g values o f parameter, types o f automatic protection
and parameter i n d i c a t i o n i n t h e m a i n m a c h i n e r y c o n t r o l
room o f the automated m a i n p r o p u l s i o n plants, automated
b o i l e r plants, automated electric p o w e r plants, automated
compressor, bilge a n d refrigerating plants, as w e l l as plants
and systems f o r ships h a v i n g t h e a u t o m a t i o n m a r k A U T 3
i n the class n o t a t i o n are g i v e n i n 2.4.8, Part " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification S u r v e y o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.4.8.1.9 I t i s permitted t o carry o u t surveys w i t h i n the
scope o f the available special p r o g r a m m e intended f o r t h e
particular ship design and approved b y the Register.
2.4.8.1.10 P r i o r t o s u r v e y t h e cargo systems s h a l l b e
degassed.
2.4.8.2 C o m p l e x a u t o m a t i o n systems.
2.4.8.2.1 P r i o r t o t h e s u r v e y o f t h e c o m p l e x
a u t o m a t i o n s y s t e m t h e technical d o c u m e n t a t i o n f o r t h e
automation equipment comprising control, regulation,
m o n i t o r i n g , p r o t e c t i o n , s i g n a l l i n g , i n d i c a t i o n systems
a n d a s y s t e m f o r recording ship's technical appliances,
shall b e s u b m i t t e d b y t h e s h i p o w n e r f o r f a m i l i a r i z a t i o n
w i t h t h e a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t available o n b o a r d the ship.
2.4.8.2.2 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ( c o n t r o l , r e g u l a t i o n ,
m o n i t o r i n g , p r o t e c t i o n , s i g n a l l i n g , i n d i c a t i o n systems
a n d a s y s t e m f o r r e c o r d i n g o f ship's t e c h n i c a l appliances)
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e
checking o f :
correctness and accuracy o f the m a c h i n e r y f u n c t i o n i n g ;

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

correctness o f i n t e r a c t i o n b e t w e e n t h e interdependent a u t o m a t i o n systems;


operability o f automatic protection system;
t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f o p e r a t i o n o f t h e s y s t e m s at
c h a n g i n g o f p o w e r s u p p l y parameters;
a u t o m a t i c starting o f standby m a c h i n e r y a n d devices
a n d p u t t i n g t h e r u n n i n g m a c h i n e r y a n d devices o u t o f
operation;
l o a d i n g a n d u n l o a d i n g i n t h e r e g u l a t i o n systems;
efficiency o f t h e circuits as t o p r o h i b i t passing o f
a l a r m signals at start a n d n o r m a l stop o f m a c h i n e r y a n d
devices ( w h e r e p r o v i d e d ) .
2.4.8.3 C e n t r a l i z e d m o n i t o r i n g systems.
C e n t r a l i z e d m o n i t o r i n g systems s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e check o f t h e f o l l o wing:
efficiency o f regulated m o n i t o r i n g a n d s e l f - m o n i t o r i n g
devices;
s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f t h e i l l u m i n a t e d i n d i c a t o r boards a n d
sound signalling;
t h e p o s s i b i l i t y o f o p e r a t i o n at c h a n g i n g o f p o w e r
s u p p l y parameters;
correctness o f actuating f o r each c o n t r o l l e d param e t e r w i t h t h e s i m u l t a n e o u s check o f t h e general a l a r m
system;
actuating o f a l a r m s y s t e m a t loss o f p o w e r supply;
actuating o f a l a r m s y s t e m a t t h e failures i n t h e
centralized m o n i t o r i n g s y s t e m ;
correctness o f f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e m i m i c diagrams;
c a l l o f c o n t r o l l e d parameters ( d i g i t a l a n d a n a l o g
m o n i t o r i n g ) o n t h e displays.
2.4.8.4 M a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n a u t o m a t i o n systems.
2.4.8.4.1 R e m o t e c o n t r o l a n d r e m o t e a u t o m a t i c
c o n t r o l systems o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e check o f t h e f o l l o w i n g :
start a n d stop o f t h e m a i n m a c h i n e r y from t h e
wheelhouse;
reversing;
c o n t r o l at t h e a l a r m s y s t e m s w i t c h e d o f f w i t h
maintenance o f m o n i t o r i n g according t o constantly
operating instruments;
serviceability o f the automatic protection;
s e r v i c e a b i l i t y o f r e m o t e a u t o m a t i c c o n t r o l systems at
de-energizing o f t h e ship a n d t h e subsequent regenerat i o n o f v o l t a g e i n t h e ship's n e t w o r k ;
a u t o m a t i c p e r f o r m a n c e o f i n t e r m e d i a t e operations;
p o s s i b i l i t y o f occurrence o f i n a d m i s s i b l e o p e r a t i o n
m o d e s (spontaneous increase o f n u m b e r o f r e v o l u t i o n s ,
self-start, spontaneous reverse o f m a i n m a c h i n e r y ) , i f
r e m o t e a u t o m a t i c c o n t r o l fails.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e also checked:
u r g e n t stop device;
efficiency o f i n t e r l o c k i n g ;
control change-over between t h e stations w i t h
checking o f the relevant alarm.

97

2.4.8.4.2 S y s t e m s o f t h e C P P r e m o t e a u t o m a t i c
c o n t r o l s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h
t h e check o f :
CPP-related functions listed i n 2.4.8.4.1;
t i m e a n d speed o f p i t c h adjustment;
devices l i m i t i n g t h e speed o f blade adjustment i n
increasing t h e p r o p e l l e r p i t c h i n order t o e x c l u d e t h e
engine o v e r l o a d .
2.4.8.4.3 T h e b o i l e r p l a n t s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e check o f :
p r o t e c t i o n o f t h e b o i l e r at f l a m e f a i l u r e ;
protection o n extremely l o w water level i n the boiler
drum;
p r o t e c t i o n o n a i r pressure d r o p at furnace inlet;
r e m o t e s w i t c h i n g - o f f o f t h e furnace i n l e t .
2.4.8.4.4 P r i m e m o v e r s f o r t h e generator d r i v e s h a l l
be e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e check o f :
r e m o t e start a n d stop;
a u t o m a t i c start o f t h e standby e n g i n e at o v e r l o a d o f
the r u n n i n g one;
a u t o m a t i c d i s t r i b u t i o n o f l o a d a t t h e p a r a l l e l operation o f the units ( i f provided);
operational integrity o f automatic protection;
m a i n t e n a n c e o f s p i n n i n g reserve ( i f p r o v i d e d ) .
2.4.8.4.5 T h e a u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t o f compressors
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e
check o f :
p r o t e c t i o n o n o i l pressure;
p r o t e c t i o n o n a i r t e m p e r a t u r e at o u t l e t o f compressor;
air pressure w h e n t h e compressor i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y
started a n d stopped.
2.4.8.4.6 A u t o m a t i o n e q u i p m e n t o f fuel a n d o i l
separators s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested
w i t h the check o f protection a n d a l a r m provided
p r o c e e d i n g from t h e separator t y p e . T h e a l a r m i n t h e
b i l g e t a n k s o f separator u n i t s s h a l l b e also checked.
2.4.8.5 G e n e r a l ship a u t o m a t i o n systems.
G e n e r a l ship a u t o m a t i o n systems s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested w i t h t h e check o f :
r e m o t e a n d a u t o m a t i c start o f b i l g e p u m p s w i t h
alarm o f r u n n i n g o f pumps and position o f valves;
remote closing and opening o f valves;
automatic control o f valves;
correctness o f a l a r m i n t h e m i m i c diagrams;
a l a r m o f o p e n o r closed c o n d i t i o n o f t h e fittings.
2.4.8.6 R e g u l a t i o n , m o n i t o r i n g , p r o t e c t i o n a n d a l a r m
systems.
R e g u l a t i o n , m o n i t o r i n g , protection a n d a l a r m systems
shall be e x a m i n e d and operationally tested together w i t h the
a u t o m a t i o n systems indicated i n the present Chapter.
2.4.8.7 A u t o m a t i o n devices.
2.4.8.8 A u t o m a t i o n devices (regulators, sensors,
s i g n a l l i n g devices) s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d ( w h e r e accessible)
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested together w i t h t h e m a c h i n e r y ,
devices a n d systems i n d i c a t e d i n t h e present S e c t i o n .
See circular 808c

98

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

age o f ships s h a l l n o t exceed 15 years;


p r o p e l l e r shaft a n d sterntube a r r a n g e m e n t design
See circular 771
See circular 810
s h a l l p e r m i t o p e r a t i o n o f t h e shaft w i t h o u t its e x t r a c t i o n
d u r i n g 5 years;
2.5.1 G e n e r a l .
2.5.1.1 S u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i s
i n absence o f data o n l i k e l y damages o f t h e outside
carried o u t i n o r d e r t o p e r i o d i c a l l y check t h e t e c h n i c a l o f t h e ship's b o t t o m since t h e last d o c k i n g survey, subject
condition o f t h e underwater h u l l b o t t o m , openings, to mandatory e l i m i n a t i o n o n l y i n the dock;
b o t t o m a n d side v a l v e s , e x t e r n a l u n d e r w a t e r parts o f
.2 f o r f l o a t i n g docks a n d m o b i l e o f f s h o r e d r i l l i n g
r u d d e r a n d steering gear, p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t a n d n a v i g a - u n i t s , a n d o t h e r s i m i l a r f l o a t i n g facilities subject t o
tional equipment.
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f t h e Register, i n l i e u o f a d o c k i n g
2.5.1.2 T h e r e s h a l l b e a m i n i m u m o f t w o s u r v e y s o f s u r v e y ( i n cases specified i n t h e G u i d e l i n e s o n T e c h n i c a l
t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m a n d related i t e m s d u r i n g S u p e r v i s i o n o f M o b i l e O f f s h o r e D r i l l i n g U n i t s i n
Service);
each f i v e - y e a r special s u r v e y p e r i o d (refer t o t h e N o t e ) .
O n e such e x a m i n a t i o n shall b e carried o u t i n
.3 f o r r e i n f o r c e d concrete a n d berth-connected ships,
c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h t h e special survey, w h i c h m a y b e g i n i n l i e u o f a d o c k i n g s u r v e y w i t h c o n d i t i o n s referred t o
n o t earlier t h a n 1 5 m o n t h s p r i o r t o t h e d u e date o f t h e i n 2 . 5 . 1 . 3 . 2 b e i n g m e t ;
special s u r v e y (refer t o 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 2 a n d 2 . 4 . 1 . 4 . 3 ) . I n a l l
.4 i n l i e u o f a d o c k i n g s u r v e y i n m a k i n g decisions o n
cases t h e i n t e r v a l b e t w e e n these t w o s u r v e y s s h a l l e x t e n s i o n o f special s u r v e y s ;
n o t exceed 3 6 m o n t h s .
.5 f o r passenger, w o o d e n a n d c o m p o s i t e ships, i n
lieu o f a docking survey combined w i t h annual surveys,
N o t e . " R e l a t e d i t e m s o f t h e ship's b o t t o m " m e a n s u c h i t e m s ,
subject t o special agreement w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r a n d w i t h
w h i c h m a y n o r m a l l y b e e x a m i n e d w i t h t h e ship i n d r y d o c k , o r o n a
c o n d i t i o n s referred t o i n 2 . 5 . 1 . 3 . 1 b e i n g m e t , as w e l l as
s l i p w a y . F o r o i l tankers, c h e m i c a l tankers a n d gas carriers t h i s m e a n s
t h a t t h e ship s h a l l b e specially prepared, f o r e x a m p l e , b y c l e a n i n g a n d
o n c o n d i t i o n that c o a t i n g o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's
degassing. I n t h i s case, e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e i t e m s , s u c h as t h e i n t e r n a l
b o t t o m i s p r a c t i c a l l y t o t a l l y i n place;
e x a m i n a t i o n o f cargo tanks, m a y b e carried o u t concurrently.
.6 i n l i e u o f occasional d o c k i n g s u r v e y s , subject t o
E x t e n s i o n o f s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's special agreement w i t h t h e Register, i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h
b o t t o m o f 3 m o n t h s b e y o n d t h e d u e date m a y b e granted damages o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m ( i n case o f
i n e x c e p t i o n a l circumstances ( d o c u m e n t e d evidence o f g r o u n d i n g , etc.).
unavailability o f dry-docking facilities; unavailability o f
F o r ships o f 15 years o f age a n d over, p e r f o r m a n c e
repair facilities; u n a v a i l a b i l i t y o f essential m a t e r i a l s , o f i n - w a t e r s u r v e y instead o f s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e
e q u i p m e n t o r spare parts; o r delays i n c u r r e d b y a c t i o n ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k s h a l l b e subject t o t h e special
t a k e n t o a v o i d severe w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s ) . I n t h i s case, i t c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case.
s h a l l b e n o t e d that t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8
F o r E S P ships e x c e e d i n g 1 5 years o f a g e i n
d o n o t p e r m i t e x t e n s i o n o f s u r v e y s o f t h e outside o f t h e accordance w i t h Sections 2 t o 6 o f P a r t H J " A d d i t i o n a l
ship's b o t t o m , i f t h e i n t e r v a l b e t w e e n s u c h t w o s u r v e y s S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g o n t h e i r P u r p o s e a n d H u l l
exceeds 3 6 m o n t h s , t h e r e f o r e three m o n t h e x t e n s i o n M a t e r i a l " , s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m s h a l l
b e y o n d t h e d u e i n t e r v a l m a y b e a p p l i e d o n l y t o t h e ships be p e r f o r m e d i n d r y d o c k .
not covered b y the S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 requirements.
F o r ships o f 1 0 0 gross t o n n a g e a n d a b o v e t h e
F o r ships o f 100 gross tonnage a n d above t h e decision d e c i s i o n o n p e r f o r m a n c e o f i n - w a t e r s u r v e y u s i n g t h e
o n e x t e n s i o n o f s u r v e y o f the outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m u n d e r w a t e r t e l e v i s i o n instead o f s u r v e y o f o f t h e outside
m a y o n l y b e t a k e n b y R H O based o n t h e shipowner's o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k ( a t s u r v e y s correspondw r i t t e n request a n d o p i n i o n o f t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e i n g t o i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d a n n u a l s u r v e y s ) m a y o n l y b e
w h i c h p e r f o r m e d t h e survey. U p o n t h e s u r v e y results t h e t a k e n b y R H O based o n t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s w r i t t e n request
e n t r y o n w h e n a n d u n d e r w h a t decision ( w i t h a n i n d i c a t i o n a n d o p i n i o n o f t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service
o f the n u m b e r o f the R H O letter) t h e ship's s u r v e y w a s s u p e r v i s i o n . U p o n t h e s u r v e y results t h e e n t r y o n w h e n
extended s h a l l b e m a d e i n S e c t i o n " M e m o r a n d a f o r a n d u n d e r w h a t d e c i s i o n ( w i t h a n i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e
S h i p o w n e r s a n d S u r v e y o r s " o f the L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status n u m b e r o f t h e R H O l e t t e r ) t h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y u s i n g t h e
u n d e r w a t e r t e l e v i s i o n w a s p e r f o r m e d instead o f s u r v e y o f
o f the ship o f 1 0 0 gross tonnage a n d above.
t
h e outside o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y d o c k s h a l l b e m a d e
2.5.1.3 G e n e r a l l y , s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's
See circular 788
i
n Section "Memoranda for Shipowners and Surveyors"
b o t t o m a n d related i t e m s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n d r y dock.
o
f t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status o f t h e ship o f 1 0 0 gross
U p o n agreement w i t h t h e Register, i n - w a t e r s u r v e y
t
o
n n a g e a n d above.
m a y b e p e r f o r m e d according t o 2 . 5 . 3 i n t h e f o l l o w i n g
cases:
2.5.1.4 F o r ships designed f o r n a v i g a t i o n i n fresh
.1 i n l i e u o f a d o c k i n g s u r v e y c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o w a t e r s , as w e l l as f o r h a r b o u r n o n - s e l f - p r o p e l l e d ships
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s i n p e r i o d 3 6 m o n t h s , p r o v i d e d t h e (steel berth-connected ships, i n c l u d i n g steel f l o a t i n g
docks, concrete ships a n d f l o a t i n g structures), i n t e r v a l s
f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s are m e t :
2.5 S U R V E Y O F T H E O U T S I D E O F T H E S H I P ' S B O T T O M

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

b e t w e e n d o c k s u r v e y o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e ship's
b o t t o m a n d related i t e m s s h a l l b e established p r o c e e d i n g
from t h e results o f t h e i n - w a t e r survey, b u t n o t later t h a n
15 years after c o n s t r u c t i o n , a n d s u b s e q u e n t l y each
10 years.
2.5.1.5 Passenger, w o o d e n , c o m p o s i t e ships a n d
ships s y s t e m a t i c a l l y n a v i g a t i n g i n i c e , as w e l l as ships
n a v i g a t i n g as i c e breakers, s h a l l b e subject t o d r y d o c k
s u r v e y at each a n n u a l s u r v e y . B y systematic n a v i g a t i n g
i n ice, r e g u l a r v o y a g e s i n arctic seas are m e a n t . I f s i n g l e
v o y a g e s are m a d e i n i c e o f arctic a n d n o n - a r c t i c seas, t h e
schedule o f t h e ship d o c k i n g s h a l l b e subject t o t h e
special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case.
I f t h e ship designed f o r n a v i g a t i o n i n arctic seas i s
n o t p l a n n e d f o r arctic n a v i g a t i o n , i n accordance w i t h t h e
w r i t t e n statement o f t h e s h i p o w n e r , t h e schedule o f d r y
dock survey o f this ship m a y be established i n
accordance w i t h 2 . 5 . 1 . 2 . I n t h i s case, c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s statement c o n c e r n i n g n a v i g a t i o n c o n d i
t i o n s s h a l l b e checked d u r i n g subsequent a n n u a l s u r v e y s
o f t h e ship afloat.
2.5.1.6 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f
t h e ship's b o t t o m a n d related i t e m s o f s e l f - p r o p e l l e d o i l
tankers a n d c o m b i n a t i o n carriers, d o u b l e s k i n o i l tankers,
c h e m i c a l tankers, s i n g l e h u l l a n d d o u b l e s k i n b u l k
carriers a n d g e n e r a l d r y cargo ships a r e g i v e n i n
Sections 2 t o 7 o f P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f Ships
Depending o n their Purpose and H u l l Material".
2.5.1.7 A p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h e present
S e c t i o n f o r t h e ships, w h i c h a r e o w n e d o r chartered b y
t h e g o v e r n m e n t s a n d w h i c h are used as c o m b a t o r
support vessels, i s subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e
R e g i s t e r i n each case.
2.5.2 S c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2.5.2.1 W h e n s u r v e y o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's
b o t t o m a n d related i t e m s i s carried o u t i n d r y d o c k o r o n
a s l i p w a y , t h e ship s h a l l b e placed o n blocks/cages o f
sufficient h e i g h t a n d w i t h t h e necessary staging t o p e r m i t
t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f elements, s u c h as s h e l l p l a t i n g
i n c l u d i n g b o t t o m a n d b o w p l a t i n g , stern frame a n d
rudder, sea chests a n d v a l v e s , propeller, etc.
2.5.2.2 T h e side a n d b o t t o m s h e l l p l a t i n g s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d f o r excessive c o r r o s i o n o r d e t e r i o r a t i o n d u e t o
c h a f i n g o r contact w i t h t h e g r o u n d a n d f o r a n y u n d u e
unfairness o r b u c k l i n g . S t e m s , b a r k e e l , b i l g e keels,
p r o p e l l e r shaft s t m t s , b e a m s a n d f l o o r s o f h o p p e r
dredgers a n d h o p p e r barges, sea chests, as w e l l as a l l
w e l d s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . Special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d
t o t h e c o n n e c t i o n b e t w e e n t h e b i l g e strakes a n d t h e b i l g e
keels. I m p o r t a n t p l a t e unfairness o r o t h e r d e t e r i o r a t i o n ,
w h i c h d o n o t necessitate i m m e d i a t e repairs, s h a l l b e
recorded.
2.5.23 Sea chests a n d their gratings, sea connections
and overboard discharge valves, b o t t o m a n d side valves,
sea chest pipelines w i t h filters, cocks a n d their fastenings t o
the h u l l o r sea chests shall b e examined. V a l v e s a n d cocks

99

need n o t b e opened unless considered necessary b y t h e


surveyor. Surveys, at w h i c h residual thickness measure
ments shall b e carried out, a n d fittings shall b e submitted i n
dismantled c o n d i t i o n are specified i n 2.4.6.4.3.
2.5.2.4 V i s i b l e parts o f rudder, rudder pintles a n d
gudgeons, rudder shafts a n d couplings a n d stern frames
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . I f considered necessary b y t h e
surveyor, the rudder s h a l l b e lifted o r the i n s p e c t i o n plates
r e m o v e d f o r t h e e x a m i n a t i o n o f pintles. T h e clearance i n
the rudder bearings shall b e ascertained a n d recorded.
W h e r e applicable, pressure test o f t h e rudder m a y b e
required as deemed necessary b y t h e surveyor.
2.5.2.5 V i s i b l e parts o f t h e p r o p e l l e r a n d stern b u s h
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . Clearances i n t h e stern b u s h a n d t h e
efficiency o f t h e o i l g l a n d , i f fitted, s h a l l b e ascertained
a n d recorded. F o r c o n t r o l l a b l e p i t c h p r o p e l l e r s , t h e
s u r v e y o r s h a l l b e satisfied w i t h t h e fastenings a n d
tightness o f h u b a n d blade sealing. D i s m a n t l i n g n e e d
n o t t o b e carried o u t , unless considered necessary b y t h e
s u r v e y o r ( f o r s u r v e y o f p r o p e l l e r shafts a n d sterntube
arrangements a n d p r o p u l s i o n u n i t s , refer t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 9 ) .
2.5.2.6 V i s i b l e parts o f side thrusters s h a l l b e
examined.
O t h e r p r o p u l s i o n p l a n t s w h i c h also h a v e m a n o e u v r
i n g characteristics ( s u c h as steerable propellers, v e r t i c a l
axis propellers, water jets) shall be examined externally
w i t h focus o n t h e c o n d i t i o n o f gear h o u s i n g , p r o p e l l e r
blades, b o l t l o c k i n g device a n d o t h e r fastening arrange
m e n t s . S e a l i n g a r r a n g e m e n t o f p r o p e l l e r blades, p r o p e l l e r
shaft a n d steerable propellers s h a l l b e v e r i f i e d .
2.5.2.7 F o r ships exceeding 2 0 years o f age h a v i n g
no documents o n renovation o f their hulls, during d r y
d o c k s u r v e y i t i s necessary t o carry o u t o v e r a l l flaw
detection o f areas o f t h e ship's s h e l l p l a t i n g , w h i c h w e r e
o n k e e l b l o c k s d u r i n g t h e last special s u r v e y i n d r y dock.
2.5.3 I n - w a t e r s u r v e y s .
2.5.3.1 T h e i n - w a t e r survey shall p r o v i d e t h e i n f o r m a
t i o n o n t h e outside o f the ship's b o t t o m n o r m a l l y obtained
from the d r y dock survey. Special consideration shall b e
g i v e n t o ascertaining rudder bearing clearances a n d stern
b u s h clearances o f o i l stern bearings based o n a r e v i e w o f
the operating history, o n board testing a n d stern o i l sample
reports. These considerations shall b e included i n t h e
proposals f o r i n - w a t e r survey, w h i c h shall b e submitted i n
advance o f the survey s o that the satisfactory arrangements
can b e agreed w i t h t h e Register.
2.5.3.2 I n - w a t e r s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t i n
sheltered w a t e r a n d p r e f e r a b l y w i t h w e a k t i d a l streams
a n d currents. I n - w a t e r v i s i b i l i t y a n d cleanliness o f t h e
ship's h u l l b e l o w w a t e r l i n e s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t t o p e r f o r m
meaningful examination allowing the surveyor and diver
t o d e t e r m i n e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e s h e l l p l a t i n g , appendages,
welds. Methods o f the diver localization during survey
w i t h a p p l i c a t i o n , w h e r e necessary, p e r m a n e n t m a r k i n g s
o n t h e s h e l l p l a t i n g at selected p o i n t s s h a l l b e agreed w i t h
t h e Register.

100

F u r t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e procedure o f i n - w a t e r
survey is given i n Section 9, Part "Carrying o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines a n d i n
A n n e x 1 t o the Guidelines.
2.5.3.3 T h e e q u i p m e n t , procedure f o r o b s e r v i n g a n d
r e p o r t i n g t h e s u r v e y s h a l l b e discussed w i t h t h e parties
i n v o l v e d p r i o r t o t h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y , a n d suitable t i m e
s h a l l b e a l l o w e d t o p e r m i t t h e d i v i n g c o m p a n y t o test a l l
e q u i p m e n t beforehand.
2.5.3.4 T h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t b y
the surveyor t o the Register w i t h participation o f the
q u a l i f i e d d i v e r s u s i n g t e c h n i c a l facilities thereof. T h e
d i v e r s h a l l b e e m p l o y e d b y a f i r m r e c o g n i z e d as a service
supplier according t o t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f S e c t i o n 7 o f
Part I "General Provisions".
2.5.3.5 T h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l b e satisfied w i t h t h e
m e t h o d o f p i c t o r i a l representation, a n d a g o o d t w o - w a y
communication between the surveyor and the diver shall
be provided.
2.5.3.6 I f t h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y reveals d a m a g e o r
d e t e r i o r a t i o n that requires e a r l y a t t e n t i o n , t h e s u r v e y o r
m a y r e q u i r e that t h e ship b e d r y d o c k e d i n order that a
detailed s u r v e y c a n b e u n d e r t a k e n a n d t h e necessary
repairs carried o u t .
2.5.4 P l a n n i n g o f s u r v e y s o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e
ship's bottom.
2.5.4.1 T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s are applied t o t h e ships,
w h i c h are n o t subject t o e n h a n c e d s u r v e y i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g o n
T h e i r Purpose a n d H u l l Material".
2.5.4.2 P r o p e r p r e p a r a t i o n a n d close c o - o p e r a t i o n
between t h e shipowner, attending surveyor t o t h e
R e g i s t e r a n d o t h e r interested parties (e.g., a representa
t i v e o f t h e f i r m engaged i n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s )
p r i o r t o t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f a d r y d o c k i n g s u r v e y are
a n essential p a r t i n t h e e f f i c i e n t a n d safe conduct o f t h e
survey i n compliance w i t h the current Rules.
2.5.4.3 S u r v e y p l a n n i n g m e e t i n g s h a l l b e h e l d i n
advance t o co-ordinate t h e w o r k t o b e carried o u t d u r i n g
t h e survey, w h i c h s h a l l i n c l u d e , as a m i n i m u m , a r e v i e w
o f the following information:
.1 s u r v e y status a n d basic ship i n f o r m a t i o n ;
.2 s u r v e y r e p o r t files o f t h e outside o f t h e ship's
bottom;
.3 details o f a n y r e q u i r e m e n t s o r k n o w n damages
(due t o g r o u n d i n g , cargo operations, etc.) that affect o r
m a y affect d r y d o c k i n g s u r v e y ;
.4 details o f k n o w n s t r u c t u r a l damages o f t h e ship;
.5 reports o f k n o w n s t r u c t u r a l repairs carried o u t
during dry docking survey; and
.6 details o f a n y additional items t o b e surveyed,
thickness measurements t o b e t a k e n a n d k n o w n m a i n
tenance w o r k s t o b e carried o u t d u r i n g d r y d o c k i n g survey.
2.5.4.4 T h e r e s u l t s o f t h e m e e t i n g s h a l l b e
d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e appropriate report.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.6 C O N T I N U O U S S U R V E Y S Y S T E M

2.6.1 A t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s r e q u e s t t h e R e g i s t e r
establishes t h e C o n t i n u o u s S u r v e y S y s t e m o f t h e Ships
( C S S ) : h u l l , arrangements, m a c h i n e r y , electrical e q u i p
ment, refrigerating plant.
2.6.2 C S S does n o t a p p l y t o t h e h u l l o f ships, w h i c h
are c o v e r e d b y t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f Sections 2 t o 7 o f
Part U I " A d d i t i o n a l Surveys o f Ships Depending o n their
Purpose and H u l l Material".
2.6.3 S h i p s , t o w h i c h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f S e c t i o n 7
o f P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l S u r v e y s o f S h i p s D e p e n d i n g o n
their Purpose a n d H u l l M a t e r i a l " apply, shall b e
e x e m p t e d f r o m C S S o f t h e h u l l n o t later t h a n b y t h e
due date o f t h e subsequent i n t e r m e d i a t e o r special survey,
w h i c h e v e r i s earlier after 1 J u l y 2 0 0 5 . I n t h i s case:
all items o f technical supervision credited f o r
c o n t i n u o u s s u r v e y w i t h i n 1 5 m o n t h s p r i o r t o t h e date
o f t h e ship's e x e m p t i o n from C S S , m a y b e accepted
w i t h o u t f u r t h e r s u r v e y at t h e d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o
t h e R e g i s t e r as i f t h e y w e r e s u r v e y e d d u r i n g t h i s
i n t e r m e d i a t e o r special s u r v e y ;
all other items o f technical supervision shall be
s u r v e y e d b y t h e d u e date o f t h e i n t e r m e d i a t e o r special
s u r v e y a t c h a n g e o v e r t o t h e standard classification h u l l
s u r v e y i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e scope o f t h i s ( i n t e r m e d i a t e
or special) s u r v e y specified b y t h e present R u l e s .
2.6.4 C o n t i n u o u s s u r v e y consists o f the d i s t r i b u t i o n o f
s u r v e y scope corresponding t o the scope o f special s u r v e y
for class r e n e w a l b e t w e e n separate surveys, a n d t h e w h o l e
cycle o f s u r v e y s h a l l b e conducted w i t h i n t h e period, f o r
w h i c h t h e class i s assigned o r r e n e w e d .
2.6.5 A p p l i c a t i o n o f C S S t o t h e ship ( h u l l , arrange
m e n t s , m a c h i n e r y , electric e q u i p m e n t a n d r e f r i g e r a t i n g
plant) is certified b y a n appropriate entry i n t h e
Classification Certificate a n d t h e Continuous Survey
L i s t attached thereto, c o n t a i n i n g t h e list o f i t e m s o f
technical supervision, b r i e f description o f survey a n d
s u b m i s s i o n dates p l a n n e d .
2.6.6 Surveys, w h i c h are permitted t o b e carried o u t b y
the ship's c h i e f engineer, are credited after the corifirming
survey p e r f o r m e d b y the s u r v e y o r t o the Register.
I f during survey o f a n item, the surveyor finds o u t
wear, damages o r failures affecting t h e i t e m fitness f o r
service o r h e h a s s o m e d o u b t i n p r o p e r t e c h n i c a l
c o n d i t i o n o f t h e i t e m , h e m a y r e q u i r e repeated o r
a d d i t i o n a l s u r v e y , as w e l l e l i m i n a t i o n o f t h e r e v e a l e d
defect i m m e d i a t e l y o r at a stated t i m e .
2.6.7 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r p e r f o r m a n c e o f s u r v e y s
i n d u e dates s h a l l a p p l y t o C S S i n f u l l :
for a n n u a l s u r v e y s , i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e
ments o f 2.2.1;
for special s u r v e y s , i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e
ments o f 2.4.1.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

I t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n subject t o c o n t i n u o u s
survey, w h i c h dates are d u e o r o v e r d u e b y t h e t i m e o f
a n n u a l survey, s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d d u r i n g t h i s a n n u a l
survey. O t h e r w i s e , t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e s h a l l n o t
b e endorsed, a n d t h e ship's class s h a l l b e suspended, i n
case t h e i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n w i t h i n C S S w e r e
n o t s u r v e y e d a t t h e specified d u e date, o r s u r v e y o f these
i t e m s w a s extended.
2.6.8 A s t o i m p l e m e n t a t i o n a n d a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e
CSS, o n e shall be followed b y the Instructions f o r
C o n t i n u o u s S u r v e y o f S h i p s (refer t o A n n e x 2 t o t h e
Guidelines).
2.6.9 A p p l i c a t i o n o f C S S o f t h e h u l l .
A t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request, t h e ships' h u l l s m a y b e
s u b m i t t e d f o r special survey, except f o r o i l t a n k e r s ,
c o m b i n a t i o n carriers, b u l k carriers, c h e m i c a l tankers a n d
ships specified i n S e c t i o n 7 o f P a r t 1 " A d d i t i o n a l
Surveys o f Ships Depending o n their Purpose and H u l l
Material", w h i c h is conducted i n compliance w i t h the C S S .
I n t h i s case:
.1 c o m p l e t e s u r v e y o f t h e h u l l t o m e e t t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e h u l l special survey, m a y b e carried
o u t o n t h e C S S basis, w h e n , a t t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request i t
has b e e n agreed b y t h e Register. C S S does n o t e x e m p t
from t h e necessity t o s u b m i t t h e ship f o r o t h e r specified
periodical surveys;
.2 w h e n s u c h s y s t e m is adopted, a l l t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e p a r t i c u l a r h u l l special s u r v e y s h a l l b e c o m p l e t e d at
t h e e n d o f t h e f i v e - y e a r class p e r i o d ;
.3 d u r i n g each cycle o f continuous survey, a l l items o f
technical supervision shall b e surveyed (and tested, w h e r e
required) i n regular rotation, as f a r as practicable, w i t h
u n i f o r m a n n u a l share w i t h i n t h e five-year class period;
.4 s h i p o w n e r is e n t i t l e d t o f i x t h e sequence, i n w h i c h
t h e i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s o f t h e h u l l are i n t e n d e d t o b e
s u r v e y e d . H o w e v e r , t h e sequence i n each s u r v e y cycle
shall be linked w i t h that o f the previous o n e i n such a
w a y t h a t t h e i n t e r v a l b e t w e e n consecutive s u r v e y s o f
each i t e m s h a l l n o t exceed f i v e years.
D r y d o c k s u r v e y m a y b e carried o u t a t a n y t i m e
w i t h i n t h e f i v e - y e a r class p e r i o d , p r o v i d e d t h a t t h e
requirements o f Chapter 2.5 are complied w i t h .
F o r ships m o r e t h a n 10 years o f age, t h e ballast t a n k s
s h a l l b e i n t e r n a l l y e x a m i n e d t w i c e i n each f i v e - y e a r class
p e r i o d , i.e. once w i t h i n t h e scope o f i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y
a n d once w i t h i n t h e scope o f t h e c o n t i n u o u s s y s t e m f o r
t h e h u l l special s u r v e y ;
.5 t h e s u r v e y o r m a y e x t e n d t h e scope o f s u r v e y at h i s
d i s c r e t i o n , i f t h e s u r v e y carried o u t r e v e a l e d a n y defects;
.6 t h e a g r e e m e n t f o r s u r v e y s t o b e carried o u t o n t h e
C S S basis m a y b e w i t h d r a w n a t d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e
Register.

101

2.7 P L A N N E D M A I N T E N A N C E S C H E M E
FOR MACHINERY

2.7.1 G e n e r a l .
2.7.1.1 A p p l i c a t i o n .
2.7.1.1.1 T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o a n a p p r o v e d
P l a n n e d M a i n t e n a n c e S c h e m e f o r M a c h i n e r y ( P M S ) as
an alternative t o C S S .
2.7.1.1.2 I t considers s u r v e y s t o b e carried o u t o n t h e
basis o f intervals b e t w e e n overhauls (maintenance
operations) recommended b y the manufacturers, docu
m e n t e d operator's experience a n d a c o n d i t i o n m o n i t o r i n g
s y s t e m , w h e r e fitted.
2.7.1.1.3 T h i s S c h e m e i s l i m i t e d t o c o m p o n e n t s a n d
systems c o v e r e d b y C S S .
2.7.1.1.4 A n y i t e m s n o t c o v e r e d b y P M S s h a l l b e
s u r v e y e d a n d credited i n t h e u s u a l w a y ( i n accordance
w i t h the Register rules).
2.7.1.2 M a i n t e n a n c e i n t e r v a l s .
2.7.1.2.1 T h e i n t e r v a l s f o r P M S s h a l l n o t exceed
those specified f o r C S S .
2.7.1.2.2 H o w e v e r , i f a n a p p r o v e d c o n d i t i o n m o n
i t o r i n g s y s t e m (refer t o A n n e x 3 t o t h e G u i d e l i n e s ) i s
applied, t h e machinery survey intervals based o n
t h e P M S c y c l e m a y b e extended.
2.7.1.3 O n b o a r d r e s p o n s i b i l i t y .
2.7.1.3.1 T h e c h i e f engineer s h a l l b e t h e responsible
p e r s o n o n b o a r d i n charge o f P M S .
2.7.13.2 D o c u m e n t a t i o n o n overhauls (maintenance
operations) o f items covered b y P M S shall b e reported and
signed b y the c h i e f engineer and submitted t o the Register.
2.7.1.3.3 A c c e s s t o c o m p u t e r i z e d s y s t e m s f o r
updating o f the maintenance documentation and m a i n
tenance p r o g r a m m e s h a l l o n l y b e p e r m i t t e d b y t h e c h i e f
engineer o r o t h e r a u t h o r i z e d p e r s o n .
2.7.2 P r o c e d u r e s a n d c o n d i t i o n s f o r P M S
approval.
2.7.2.1 S y s t e m r e q u i r e m e n t s .
2.7.2.1.1 P M S s h a l l b e p r o g r a m m e d a n d m a i n t a i n e d
b y a computerized system. H o w e v e r , this m a y n o t be
applied t o t h e c u r r e n t already a p p r o v e d schemes.
2.7.2.1.2 P M S s h a l l b e a p p r o v e d i n accordance w i t h
a procedure established b y t h e Register.
2.7.2.1.3 C o m p u t e r i z e d systems shall include back-up
disks/tapes, C D s , w h i c h s h a l l b e updated at r e g u l a r
intervals.
2.7.2.1.4 C o m p u t e r i z e d systems s h a l l b e a p p r o v e d
b y t h e Register.
2.7.2.2 D o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d i n f o r m a t i o n .
2.7.2.2.1 T h e f o l l o w i n g d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e
submitted for P M S review and approval:
.1 organization chart identifying areas o f responsibility;

102

.2 d o c u m e n t a t i o n filling procedures ( i n s t r u c t i o n s ) ;
.3 l i s t i n g o f e q u i p m e n t t o b e considered b y t h e
Register i n P M S ;
.4 m a c h i n e r y i d e n t i f i c a t i o n procedure;
.5 p r e v e n t i v e m a i n t e n a n c e sheets f o r each m a c h i n e
t o b e considered;
.6 l i s t i n g a n d specifications o f c o n d i t i o n m o n i t o r i n g
equipment;
.7 b a s e l i n e data f o r e q u i p m e n t w i t h c o n d i t i o n
monitoring;
.8 l i s t i n g a n d schedule o f p r e v e n t i v e m a i n t e n a n c e
procedures.
2.7.2.2.2 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e a b o v e d o c u m e n t a t i o n , t h e
f o l l o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n shall be available o n board:
. 1 a l l clauses i n 2 . 7 . 2 . 2 . 1 i n a n up-to-date f a s h i o n ;
.2 m a i n t e n a n c e i n s t r u c t i o n s ( m a n u f a c t u r e r ' s a n d
shipyard's);
.3 c o n d i t i o n m o n i t o r i n g data i n c l u d i n g a l l data since
last opening o f the machine, a n d the o r i g i n a l baseline data;
.4 reference d o c u m e n t a t i o n ( t r e n d i n v e s t i g a t i o n
procedures, etc.);
.5 records o f t h e m a i n t e n a n c e i n c l u d i n g repairs a n d
r e n e w a l s carried o u t .
2.7.2.3 A p p r o v a l v a l i d i t y .
2 . 7 . 2 . 3 . 1 W h e n P M S i s approved, a C e r t i f i c a t e o f
A p p r o v a l f o r P l a n n e d M a i n t e n a n c e S c h e m e i s issued.
H o w e v e r , o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t certificate o r class n o t a t i o n
m a y b e issued t o t h e ship ( P M S ) . I n a n y case, t h e
c e r t i f i c a t i o n s h a l l b e k e p t o n board.
2.7.2.3.2 A n i m p l e m e n t a t i o n s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried
o u t t o c o n f i r m t h e v a l i d i t y o f t h e certificate/class
notation.
2 . 7 . 2 . 3 . 3 A n a n n u a l r e p o r t c o v e r i n g t h e year's
service, i n c l u d i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n s h a l l b e
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e Register:
. 1 specified i n 2.7.2.2.1.3 t o 2.7.2.2.1.5 and 2.7.2.2.1.7,
as w e l l as changes t o o t h e r clauses i n 2 . 7 . 2 . 2 . 1 ;
.2 specified i n 2 . 7 . 2 . 2 . 2 . 3 ;
.3 f u l l t r e n d analysis ( i n c l u d i n g s p e c t r u m analysis f o r
v i b r a t i o n s ) o f m a c h i n e r y d i s p l a y i n g o p e r a t i n g parameters
exceeding acceptable tolerances.
2.7.2.3.4 A n a n n u a l a u d i t s h a l l b e carried o u t t o
m a i n t a i n t h e v a l i d i t y o f P M S (refer t o 2 . 7 . 3 . 2 ) .
2.7.2.3.5 T h e s u r v e y a r r a n g e m e n t f o r m a c h i n e r y
u n d e r P M S m a y b e cancelled b y t h e Register, i f :
. 1 P M S is n o t b e i n g satisfactorily carried o u t ;
.2 f r o m t h e m a i n t e n a n c e records o r t h e general
condition o f the machinery t h e non-conformities are
revealed;
.3 w h e n t h e agreed i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n o v e r h a u l s are
exceeded.
2.7.2.3.6 T h e case o f sale o r change o f m a n a g e m e n t
o f t h e ship s h a l l cause P M S a p p r o v a l t o be reconsidered.
2.7.2.3.7 T h e s h i p o w n e r m a y , at a n y t i m e , cancel t h e
survey arrangement f o r machinery under P M S b y
i n f o r m i n g t h e R e g i s t e r i n w r i t i n g a n d f o r t h i s case t h e

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

i t e m s , w h i c h h a v e b e e n inspected u n d e r P M S since t h e
last a n n u a l s u r v e y , m a y b e credited f o r class a t t h e
d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e attending s u r v e y o r .
2.7.3 S u r v e y s .
2 . 7 . 3 . 1 I m p l e m e n t a t i o n survey.
2 . 7 . 3 . 1 . 1 T h e i m p l e m e n t a t i o n s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried
o u t b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r w i t h i n o n e y e a r from
t h e date o f a p p r o v a l .
2.7.3.1.2 D u r i n g t h e implementation survey t h e
f o l l o w i n g s h a l l b e v e r i f i e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o ensure:
. 1 P M S i s i m p l e m e n t e d according t o t h e a p p r o v e d
d o c u m e n t a t i o n a n d is adapted t o t h e t y p e a n d c o m p l e x i t y
o f the components/system o n board;
.2 P M S is p r o d u c i n g t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n r e q u i r e d f o r
the annual audit and the requirements o f surveys and
testing f o r class r e t e n t i o n are c o m p l i e d w i t h ;
.3 t h e o n b o a r d p e r s o n n e l i s f a m i l i a r w i t h P M S .
2.7.3.1.3 W h e n t h i s s u r v e y i s carried o u t a n d t h e
i m p l e m e n t a t i o n is f o u n d i n order, a r e p o r t describing t h e
P M S s y s t e m s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e Register, a n d t h e
s y s t e m m a y b e p u t i n t o service.
2.7.3.2 A n n u a l a u d i t .
2 . 7 . 3 . 2 . 1 A n a n n u a l a u d i t o f P M S s h a l l b e carried
out b y t h e surveyor t o t h e Register a n d preferably
concurrently w i t h the annual survey o f machinery.
2.7.3.2.2 T h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l r e v i e w t h e a n n u a l r e p o r t
o r v e r i f y that i t has b e e n r e v i e w e d b y t h e Register, i f t h i s
has t a k e n place.
2 . 7 3 . 2 . 3 T h e purpose o f this s u r v e y s h a l l b e t o v e r i f y
that P M S i s b e i n g c o r r e c t l y operated a n d that t h e
m a c h i n e r y h a s b e e n f u n c t i o n i n g satisfactorily since the
p r e v i o u s survey. A general e x a m i n a t i o n o f the i t e m s o f
technical s u p e r v i s i o n covered b y P M S shall b e carried o u t .
2.7.3.2.4 T h e p e r f o r m a n c e a n d m a i n t e n a n c e records
s h a l l be e x a m i n e d t o v e r i f y that t h e m a c h i n e r y has b e e n
f u n c t i o n i n g s a t i s f a c t o r i l y since t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y o r
actions h a v e b e e n t a k e n i n response t o m a c h i n e r y
o p e r a t i n g parameters exceeding acceptable tolerances
and the overhaul intervals (maintenance operations) have
been maintained.
2.7.3.2.5 W r i t t e n details o f b r e a k - d o w n o r m a l f u n c t i o n s h a l l b e m a d e available.
2.7.3.2.6 D e s c r i p t i o n s o f repairs carried o u t s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d . A n y m a c h i n e r y part, w h i c h has b e e n replaced
b y a spare o n e , due t o damage, s h a l l b e r e t a i n e d o n
b o a r d , w h e r e possible, u n t i l e x a m i n e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o
t h e Register.
2.7.3.2.7 A t t h e d i s c r e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r , f u n c t i o n
tests, c o n f i r m a t o r y s u r v e y s a n d r a n d o m check readings,
w h e r e c o n d i t i o n m o n i t o r i n g e q u i p m e n t is i n use, s h a l l be
carried o u t , as far as practicable a n d reasonable.
2.7.3.2.8 U p o n satisfactory c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e a n n u a l
audit a n d t h e above requirements, t h e Register shall
retain P M S .
1

T h e t e r m "audit", i n t h i s context, is n o t related t o I S M audit.

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.7.4 D a m a g e a n d r e p a i r s .
2.7.4.1 T h e d a m a g e o f essential c o m p o n e n t s / m a
c h i n e r y s h a l l b e r e p o r t e d t o t h e Register. T h e repairs o f
s u c h d a m a g e d c o m p o n e n t s / m a c h i n e r y s h a l l b e carried
out u n d e r t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
2.7.4.2 A n y repair o r c o r r e c t i v e a c t i o n r e g a r d i n g t h e
machinery under P M S shall be recorded i n the
P M S logbook a n d repair shall be verified b y t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r at t h e a n n u a l audits.
2.7.4.3 I n t h e case o f o v e r d u e o u t s t a n d i n g r e c o m
mendations o r a record o f unrepaired damage, w h i c h
w o u l d affect P M S , t h e r e l e v a n t i t e m s s h a l l b e k e p t o u t o f
P M S u n t i l t h e r e c o m m e n d a t i o n i s f u l f i l l e d o r t h e repair is
carried o u t .

2.8 S C H E M E O F H A R M O N I Z E D S H I P S U R V E Y S Y S T E M

2.8.1 S c h e m e o f H a r m o n i z e d S h i p S u r v e y S y s t e m i s
given i n Fig. 2.8.1.

2.9 S U R V E Y O F B O I L E R S

2.9.1 G e n e r a l .
2.9.1.1 T h e p r o v i s i o n s o f t h i s C h a p t e r a p p l y t o m a i n ,
a u x i l i a r y a n d waste-heat b o i l e r s , i n c l u d i n g w a t e r h e a t i n g
b o i l e r s subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d
t h e r m a l o i l b o i l e r s as w e l l as i n c i n e r a t o r b o i l e r s , s t e a m
superheaters a n d e c o n o m i z e r s . S u m m a r i z e d scope o f
surveys is given i n Table 2.1.1.
2.9.1.2 S u r v e y s o f b o i l e r s a r e s u b d i v i d e d i n t o :
external examination (2.9.2.1); o r
internal survey (internal examination) (2.9.2.2);or
h y d r a u l i c tests ( 2 . 9 . 2 . 3 ) .
2.9.1.3 S u r v e y o f i n c i n e r a t i n g part o f t h e incinerators
s h a l l b e carried o u t t o c o m p l y w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f 4 . 1 . 5 , P a r t 1 " S u r v e y o f S h i p s i n C o m p l i a n c e w i t h
International Conventions, Codes and Resolutions" o f
the Guidelines.
2.9.1.4 A t special s u r v e y o f ship b o i l e r s , i t i s
r e c o m m e n d e d t o use description o f specific defects, w h i c h
can b e revealed i n s o m e b o i l e r components, a n d t h e w a y s
o f t h e i r e l i m i n a t i o n set f o r t h i n P a r t 7 " T e c h n i c a l
Supervision during Repair o f Boilers, Heat Exchangers
a n d Pressure Vessels" o f t h e G u i d e l i n e s o n T e c h n i c a l
S u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g R e p a i r o f S e a - G o i n g Ships.
2.9.1.5 Schedule a n d scope o f b o i l e r s u r v e y s are
specified i n 2 . 9 . 2 .
2.9.1.6 C o m p l i a n c e o f b o i l e r s w i t h t h e R u l e s f o r
C o n s t r u c t i o n s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d according t o 2 . 9 . 3 .
2.9.2 S c h e d u l e a n d s c o p e o f b o i l e r s u r v e y .
2.9.2.1 E x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n .
2.9.2.1.1 E x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n o f b o i l e r s together
w i t h fittings, e q u i p m e n t , s e r v i n g m a c h i n e r y a n d heat
exchangers, support systems a n d p i p e l i n e s s h a l l b e

103

c a r r i e d o u t a n n u a l l y at p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s o f s h i p
machinery installation.
2.9.2.1.2 B o i l e r s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y u n d e r
w o r k i n g pressure.
2.9.2.1.3 A t each e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n , t h e f o l l o w
ing shall be submitted t o the R S surveyor, examined and
o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested:
w a t e r l e v e l indicators;
face a n d b o t t o m b l o w - d o w n arrangements;
v a l v e easing gears (feed, safety, s h u t - o f f , stop, b l o w d o w n v a l v e s , v a l v e s f o r deaeration, s a l i n o m e t e r v a l v e s ) ;
automatic control system, protective devices and alarms;
m a n u a l operation o f the boiler.
2.9.2.1.4 W h e r e defects h a v e b e e n detected d u r i n g
e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n , a n d t h e i r causes c a n n o t b e
determined through the examination, the surveyor t o
t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l r e q u i r e t h e cause o f t h e defect t o b e
i n v e s t i g a t e d a n d , i f necessary, i n t e r n a l s u r v e y and/or
h y d r a u l i c test t o b e carried o u t .
2.9.2.1.5 T h e a d j u s t m e n t o f safety v a l v e s s h a l l b e
v e r i f i e d d u r i n g e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e b o i l e r (refer
to 2 . 9 . 4 ) .
2.9.2.2 I n t e r n a l s u r v e y ( i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n ) o f
boilers.
2.9.2.2.1 A d d i t i o n a l i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d r e c o m m e n d a
tions o n carrying o u t internal survey (internal examina
t i o n ) o f ship b o i l e r s based o n t h e i r s t r u c t u r a l features are
specified i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 8 . 1 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.9.2.2.2 F o r ships o f 10 years o f age a n d less, there
s h a l l b e a m i n i m u m o f t w o i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s o f each
s t e a m b o i l e r d u r i n g each 5-year special s u r v e y p e r i o d .
O n e s u c h s u r v e y ( e x a m i n a t i o n ) s h a l l b e carried o u t
d u r i n g special s u r v e y o f t h e ship, t h e o t h e r s h a l l b e
carried o u t a t i n t e r v a l s n o t exceeding 3 6 m o n t h s a n d
s h a l l b e c o m b i n e d w i t h p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship
machinery installation.
2.9.2.2.3 F o r ships o v e r 1 0 years o f age, t h e i n t e r n a l
survey (internal examination) o f steam boilers shall be
carried o u t d u r i n g each p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship
m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n , except f o r m a i n w a t e r - t u b e s t e a m
b o i l e r s specified i n 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 4 .
2.9.2.2.4 W h e r e t w o o r m o r e m a i n w a t e r - t u b e s t e a m
b o i l e r s are i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d t h e ship, t h e i n t e r v a l s
b e t w e e n i n t e r n a l s u r v e y s ( i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s ) after t h e
second special s u r v e y o f t h e ship r e m a i n u n c h a n g e d , i.e.
t h e dates o f i n t e r n a l s u r v e y s ( i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s ) are
assigned i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 2 .
2.9.2.2.5 T h e r m a l o i l b o i l e r s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d
internally. There shall be a m i n i m u m o f t w o internal
surveys (internal examinations) o f thermal oil boilers and
o f a h e a t i n g surface d u r i n g each 5-year special s u r v e y
p e r i o d regardless t h e ship's age.
O n e s u c h s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t d u r i n g special
s u r v e y o f t h e ship, a n d t h e o t h e r d u r i n g t h e second o r
t h i r d a n n u a l survey, o r d u r i n g t h e i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y .

104

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

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Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

2.9.2.2.6 B o i l e r s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d i n t e r n a l l y after
each s i g n i f i c a n t repair ( f o r instance, after furnaces ( f l a m e
tubes) replacement o r s t r a i g h t e n i n g , replacement o f m o r e
t h a n 2 5 p e r cent o f s h o r t stays o f t h e s a m e w a l l o r m o r e
t h a n 15 p e r cent o f t h e t o t a l n u m b e r o f sort stays, w e l d - i n
inserts, etc.) o r replacement.
2.9.2.2.7 A t i n t e r n a l survey, t h e b o i l e r f i t t i n g s a n d
safety v a l v e s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d f o r e x a m i n a t i o n . I f
i n t e r n a l s u r v e y i s carried o u t d u r i n g special survey, t h e
results o f b o i l e r f i t t i n g s testing f o r defects p e r f o r m e d b y
t h e c h i e f engineer o r ship repair y a r d s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d
to the R S surveyor.
2.9.2.2.8 A t each i n t e r n a l s u r v e y , t h e s t e a m b o i l e r s ,
s t e a m superheaters a n d e c o n o m i z e r s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d
i n t e r n a l l y o n w a t e r - s t e a m a n d fire side.
2.9.2.2.9 A t i n t e r n a l s u r v e y o f t h e waste-heat b o i l e r s ,
a l l accessible w e l d e d j o i n t s s h a l l b e subjected t o a v i s u a l
e x a m i n a t i o n f o r c r a c k i n g . O n t h e R S s u r v e y o r decision,
n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing m a y b e r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s purpose.
2.9.2.2.10 B o i l e r s inaccessible f o r i n t e r n a l s u r v e y
s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y , as f a r as practicable. T h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 2 . 9 . 2 . 3 . 4 s h a l l also b e m e t .
N o t e : A b o i l e r , t o a n y c o m p o n e n t o f w h i c h ( o t h e r t h a n tubes
o f less t h a n 2 0 0 m m i n d i a m e t e r u n d e r i n t e r n a l pressures) n o access
f o r v i s u a l e x a m i n a t i o n f r o m t w o sides is available, s h a l l b e considered
inaccessible f o r t h o r o u g h i n t e r n a l survey.

2.9.2.2.11 B e f o r e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f i n t e r n a l survey,
p r e p a r a t i o n w o r k s s h a l l b e carried o u t w i t h o p e n i n g - u p ,
p r o v i d i n g access a n d d i s m a n t l i n g . B o t h w a t e r - s t e a m side
a n d gas ( f i r e ) side o f b o i l e r s s h a l l b e cleaned a n d
subjected t o i n t e r n a l s u r v e y .
2.9.2.2.12 P r i o r t o c o m m e n c e m e n t o f i n t e r n a l
survey, t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d
w i t h measurement results o f furnace (flame tube)
diameters t o d e t e r m i n e tube general d e f o r m a t i o n , s k e t c h
o f i n t e r n a l l a y o u t o f headers a n d t h e t u b e plates ( e n d
plates) w i t h m a r k s indicating tube a n d tube plate
c o n d i t i o n (places a n d dates o f t u b e p l u g s i n s t a l l a t i o n ,
t h e i r replacement o r repairs), m e a s u r e m e n t s o f w a t e r o r
fire t u b e sagging a n d b e n d i n g . T h e said m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l b e carried o u t b y t h e c h i e f engineer and/or ship
repair y a r d w i t h i n p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y , p r i o r t o t h e s u r v e y
t o b e p e r f o r m e d b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register.
2.9.2.2.13 F o r t h e r m a l o i l b o i l e r s , t h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l
be submitted prior t o internal survey:
d r a w i n g o f h e a t i n g elements ( c o i l s ) w i t h m a r k s
indicating c o n d i t i o n o f coils, sagging and bending measure
ments o f s o m e coils carried out b y the c h i e f engineer and/or
ship repair y a r d w i t h i n periodical survey p r i o r t o the survey
t o b e performed b y the surveyor t o the Register,
t h e r m a l o i l analysis m a d e b y a r e c o g n i z e d l a b o r a t o r y
t o evaluate its fitness f o r f u r t h e r use.
2.9.2.2.14 R e v i e w o f t h e f o l l o w i n g records m a d e i n
t h e l o g b o o k since t h e last s u r v e y o f t h e b o i l e r s h a l l b e
carried o u t as a part o f i n t e r n a l s u r v e y :
o p e r a t i n g parameters;

105

maintenance;
repair h i s t o r y ;
feed w a t e r c h e m i s t r y .
2.9.2.2.15 A n e x t e n s i o n o f t h e i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n
o f t h e b o i l e r u p t o 3 m o n t h s b e y o n d t h e d u e date can b e
granted i n e x c e p t i o n a l circumstances, such as u n a v a i l
a b i l i t y o f repair f a c i l i t i e s , u n a v a i l a b i l i t y o f essential
m a t e r i a l s , e q u i p m e n t o r spare parts, o r delays i n c u r r e d b y
a c t i o n t a k e n t o a v o i d severe w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s .
S u c h e x t e n s i o n m a y b e granted b y t h e R e g i s t e r after
t h e f o l l o w i n g i s s a t i s f a c t o r i l y carried o u t :
external examination o f the boiler;
compliance w i t h the requirements o f 2.9.2.2.13.
2.9.2.2.16 I n t e r n a l s u r v e y o f t h e b o i l e r p e r f o r m e d b y
t h e c h i e f engineer, w h i c h results w i l l b e credited t o
a n n u a l / i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y o f t h e ship, m a y b e carried
o u t w i t h i n t h e t i m e w i n d o w specified f o r t h i s s u r v e y
(the s u r v e y w i n d o w ) . T h i s i n t e r n a l s u r v e y i s subject t o
special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n service s u p e r v i s i o n . D o c u m e n t s issued u p o n results o f
the internal survey (ship report a n d photos) shall be
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S s u r v e y o r w h o m a y r e q u i r e repeated
i n t e r n a l s u r v e y i n h i s presence based o n t h e results o f t h e
s u b m i t t e d d o c u m e n t a t i o n r e v i e w , and/or based o n t h e
e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n results.
2.9.2.3 H y d r a u l i c tests o f b o i l e r s .
2.9.2.3.1 A d d i t i o n a l i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d r e c o m m e n d a
t i o n s o n c a r r y i n g o u t h y d r a u l i c tests o f t h e ship b o i l e r s
are g i v e n i n 2 . 4 . 5 . 8 . 2 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
2.9.2.3.2 T h e necessity o f t h e s t e a m b o i l e r t o b e
subjected t o t h e h y d r a u l i c test s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r based o n t h e i n t e r n a l s u r v e y
results as w e l l as o n t h e t y p e a n d scope o f b o i l e r repairs,
i f any.
2.9.2.3.3 H y d r a u l i c testing o f s t e a m b o i l e r s after
each s i g n i f i c a n t repair ( f o r instance, after
furnace
replacement o r s t r a i g h t e n i n g , replacement o f m o r e t h a n
2 5 p e r cent o f s h o r t stays o f t h e s a m e w a l l o r m o r e t h a n
15 p e r cent o f t h e t o t a l n u m b e r o f sort stays, w e l d - i n
inserts, etc.) o r replacement o f p i p i n g systems is
mandatory.
2.9.2.3.4 S t e a m b o i l e r s inaccessible f o r i n t e r n a l
s u r v e y s h a l l b e subjected t o t h e h y d r a u l i c test a t each
special s u r v e y o f t h e ship (refer t o 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 7 ) .
2.9.2.3.5 T h e r m a l o i l b o i l e r s s h a l l b e h y d r a u l i c a l l y
tested after each i n t e r n a l s u r v e y . I t i s a l l o w e d t o p e r f o r m
tests u s i n g t h e r m a l o i l from b o i l e r s , at that, t h e results o f
t h e r m a l o i l analysis m a d e b y a r e c o g n i z e d l a b o r a t o r y
together w i t h a c o n c l u s i o n o n i t s fitness f o r f u r t h e r u s e
shall be submitted t o the R S surveyor.
2.9.2.3.6 B o i l e r s s h a l l b e h y d r a u l i c a l l y tested,
provided the f o l l o w i n g conditions are met:
b o i l e r i s c o m p l e t e l y filled w i t h l i q u i d ( r e f e r
t o 2 . 9 . 2 . 3 . 5 ) a n d free o f air;
t w o tested pressure gauges a r e available;

106

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

temperature o f liquid a n d ambient a i r temperature


are n o t b e l o w + 5 C. T o p r e v e n t possible s w e a t i n g , t h e
temperature o f the liquid shall be higher than the ambient
air temperature;
p u m p o p e r a t i o n s h a l l n o t cause a drastic rise o f
pressure.
D u r i n g h y d r a u l i c tests t h e f o l l o w i n g i s n o t a l l o w e d :
use o f f l e x i b l e hoses n o t c u t o f f b y v a l v e s d u r i n g
pressure exposure;
e x e c u t i o n o f a n y n o i s y w o r k s o n b o a r d t h e ship;
p u m p i n g u p t o m a i n t a i n test p r e s s u r e d u r i n g
e x p o s u r e t o test pressure.
2.9.2.3.7 P r i o r t o c o m m e n c e m e n t o f h y d r a u l i c
testing, t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l v e r i f y t h a t a l l
t h e defects r e v e a l e d a t e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n a n d i n t e r n a l
s u r v e y a r e e l i m i n a t e d , a n d m a n h o l e a n d scuttle seats
fitted. W a t e r t i g h t n e s s o f safety v a l v e s s h a l l b e ensured b y
d i s a b l i n g r e g u l a r springs.
2.9.2.3.8 A t h y d r a u l i c tests o f b o i l e r s , superheaters,
e c o n o m i z e r s , t h e pressure s h a l l b e t a k e n e q u a l t o
1,25P
b u t s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n P u n g + 1 0 0 k P a .
F o r b o i l e r s after s i g n i f i c a n t repairs, t h e test pressure s h a l l
b e t a k e n e q u a l t o \ , 5 P r k i n g b u t s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n
w o r k i n g

w o r

W O

P w o r k m g + 100 kPa.

2.9.2.3.9 A f t e r h y d r a u l i c tests, t h e b o i l e r s h a l l b e
e x a m i n e d e x t e r n a l l y i n t h e scope specified i n 2.9.2.1.
2.9.2.3.10 T h e b o i l e r i s r e c o g n i z e d t o h a v e passed
t h e test, unless e x a m i n a t i o n reveals:
leakage;
l o c a l bulges;
noticeable changes o f shape;
s e a m fractures; o r
signs o f i n t e g r i t y breakage o f a n y part o r j o i n t .
2.9.2.3.11 D u r i n g h y d r a u l i c t e s t i n g n o f a l l s o f
pressure s h a l l b e a l l o w e d .
2.9.2.3.12 S w e a t i n g o r signs o f w a t e r i n e x p a n s i o n
j o i n t s i n t h e f o r m o f s i n g l e n o n - l e a k i n g drops ("tears")
s h a l l n o t b e considered a leakage. T h e s e signs are n o t
a l l o w e d i n w e l d seams s u c h seams s h a l l b e c u t o f f a n d
welded again f o l l o w i n g the technique approved b y the
Register. C o r r e c t i o n o f w e l d s e a m defects b y c a u l k i n g ,
p u n c h i n g o r o t h e r m e c h a n i c a l procedure i s n o t a l l o w e d .
E l i m i n a t i o n o f r e v e a l e d defects i n t h e b o i l e r u n d e r
pressure, as w e l l as w e l d i n g o f a b o i l e r filled w i t h w a t e r
is n o t a l l o w e d .
2.9.3 D e t e r m i n a t i o n o f t h e b o i l e r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
the requirements of the Rules for Construction.
2.9.3.1 T h e b o i l e r p l a n t i s r e c o g n i z e d as c o m p l y i n g
w i t h t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n , p r o v i d e d n o defects
w e r e f o u n d d u r i n g t h e survey, o r t h e r e v e a l e d defects d o
n o t exceed t h e standards established b y t h e manufacturer.
I n t h e absence o f s u c h standards, t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s g i v e n
i n t h e present C h a p t e r s h a l l b e m e t .
2.9.3.2 B o i l e r plants w i t h inorganic coolant m a y b e
recognised fit f o r service u n t i l t h e n e x t periodical survey,
p r o v i d e d the revealed defects are non-progressive, such as:

bulges o n flat w a l l s o f fire sides w i t h a b e n d i n g


c u r v e n o t m o r e t h a n plate thickness i n t h e absence o f
d a m a g e d stays a n d signs o f s t e a m i n g ;
d e f o r m a t i o n o f furnaces ( f l a m e tubes) n o t exceeding
3 p e r cent calculated according t o 2 . 4 . 5 . 8 . 1 . 2 . 1 , P a r t
"Carrying o u t Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the
Guidelines;
c o n t r a c t i o n o f furnaces w i t h o u t d e f o r m a t i o n o f
c i r c u m f e r e n c e u p t o 5 p e r cent o f as-built v a l u e s , as
w e l l as l o c a l bulges w i t h c u r v e o f b e n d i n g n o t m o r e t h a n
t w o thicknesses o f furnace w a l l ;
l o c a l p i t t i n g a n d g r o o v i n g o f b o i l e r plates outside
w e l d area, t u b e h o l e s a n d flanging o f ends w i t h a d e p t h
o f p o c k m a r k n o t m o r e t h a n 2 0 p e r cent o f plate thickness
a n d t o t a l area n o t m o r e t h a n 1 0 0 c m ;
t h i n n i n g o f ends o f fire tubes n o t m o r e t h a n b y
3 0 p e r cent o f t h e i n i t i a l thickness i n t h e place o f r o l l i n g
i n t h e absence o f b u r n i n g a n d leaks;
t h i n n i n g o f ends o f w a t e r - h e a t i n g pipes i n t h e place
o f r o l l i n g a n d t h e i r p l u n g e r s b y n o t m o r e t h a n 3 0 p e r cent
o f t h e i n i t i a l thickness i n t h e absence o f leaks;
r e d u c t i o n o f t h e transverse s e c t i o n areas o f s h o r t a n d
l o n g stays b y n o t m o r e t h a n 1 0 p e r cent o f as-built
thickness, i f t h e n u m b e r o f t h i n n e d stays d o n o t exceed
10 p e r cent o f t h e stays s t r e n g t h e n i n g t h i s b o i l e r w a l l ;
p l u g g e d fire o r b o i l e r tubes i n t h e a m o u n t n o t m o r e
t h a n 1 0 p e r cent o f t h e t o t a l n u m b e r o f tubes, p r o v i d e d
t h e b o i l e r tubes d o n o t serve as a screen p r e v e n t i n g
o v e r h e a t i n g o f o t h e r parts. I t i s a l l o w e d that n o t m o r e
t h a n 5 p e r cent o f t h e tubes s e r v i n g as a screen a r e
p l u g g e d , p r o v i d e d t h e y a r e n o t located close t o each
other;
sagging o f straight b o i l e r tubes w i t h a sagging c u r v e
o f u p t o 1 p e r cent o f t h e t u b e l e n g t h i n t h e absence o f
steaming i n the expansion joints.
2.9.3.3 T h e r m a l o i l b o i l e r s m a y b e recognised fit f o r
service u n t i l t h e n e x t p e r i o d i c a l survey, p r o v i d e d t h e
r e v e a l e d defects a r e n o n - p r o g r e s s i v e , s u c h as:
sagging o f c o i l branches w i t h a sagging c u r v e o f u p
t o 1 p e r cent o f t h e b r a n c h l e n g t h i n t h e absence o f
cracking i n welds;
l o c a l p i t t i n g a n d g r o o v i n g o f coils a t a d e p t h o f n o t
m o r e t h a n 2 0 p e r cent o f w a l l thickness a n d t o t a l area n o t
more than 3 0 cm .
2.9.3.4 T h e f o l l o w i n g b o i l e r defects are inadmissible:
defects o f m e t a l f o u n d d u r i n g research a n d testing o f
the boiler material;
w e a r s a n d damages exceeding p e r m i s s i b l e standards;
cracks i n b o i l e r c o m p o n e n t s , breakage o f stays,
leakages i n t h e w e l d s ;
leaks o f tubes i n tube plates;
d e s t r u c t i o n o f setting o f protected parts o f s t e a m w a t e r a n d w a t e r headers a n d chambers o r at least o n e o f
the boiler walls.
2.9.3.5 T h e boilers are considered as n o t c o m p l y i n g
w i t h the R u l e s f o r Construction, i n case o f failure o f at least
2

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

one pressure gauge, w a t e r - l e v e l indicator, safety v a l v e , feed


v a l v e , stop v a l v e , fuel quick-closing v a l v e , r e m o t e c o n t r o l
gear, as w e l l as one o f the f o l l o w i n g systems: protective a n d
signalling systems o f automated b o i l e r plants, b l o w - d o w n
systems, feeding systems, fuel a n d a i r supply systems
enabling safe operation o f b o i l e r plant.
2.9.3.6 I f a n y defects r e d u c i n g t h e strength o f s o m e
c o m p o n e n t s ( t h i n n i n g o f w a l l s , w e a r o f stays, etc.) are
detected d u r i n g s u r v e y o f b o i l e r s , t h e class o f t h e ship
m a y be c o n f i r m e d o n l y u p o n results o f special
c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r p r i o r t o t h e first scheduled
repair, o r f o r t h e l i m i t e d p e r i o d at t h e r e d u c e d service
parameters ( w o r k i n g pressure).
C h e c k strength calculations o f t h e c o m p o n e n t s u n d e r
i n t e r n a l pressure p e r f o r m e d c o n s i d e r i n g r e d u c t i o n o f
w o r k i n g pressure s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R e g i s t e r f o r
review.
Besides, t h e c a l c u l a t i o n s t o b e s u b m i t t e d s h a l l
c o n f i r m that:
t e m p e r a t u r e o f t u b e stack w a l l s at t h e gas o u t l e t i s
at least 1 4 0 C;
velocity o f steam-water m i x t u r e i n t h e heating
surfaces does n o t exceed 1 4 m / s ;
satisfactory o p e r a t i o n o f s t e a m p i p e l i n e s is p r o v i d e d ;
o p e r a t i o n o f e q u i p m e n t at r e d u c e d parameters w i l l
not affect t h e ship safety.
2.9.3.7 Waste-heat b o i l e r s are n o t a l l o w e d t o operate
at reduced s t e a m pressure.
2.9.3.8 T h e necessity a n d p o s s i b i l i t y o f t h e b o i l e r
p l a n t c o n t i n u o u s o p e r a t i o n at r e d u c e d w o r k i n g pressure
s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e s h i p o w n e r o n agreement w i t h
t h e b o i l e r manufacturer. I n t h i s case, t o c o n f i r m t h e b o i l e r
compliance w i t h the requirements o f the Rules f o r
C o n s t r u c t i o n , a n occasional s u r v e y o f t h e b o i l e r s h a l l b e
carried o u t i n t h e scope specified i n 2 . 9 . 2 . 1 .
W h e r e s u c h agreement w i t h t h e m a n u f a c t u r e r i s
i m p o s s i b l e f o r o b j e c t i v e reasons, t h e occasional s u r v e y
o f t h e b o i l e r s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e f o l l o w i n g scope t o
confirm the boiler compliance w i t h the Rules f o r
Construction:
external examination (2.9.2.1);
internal survey (internal examination) (2.9.2.2);
h y d r a u l i c tests ( 2 . 9 . 2 . 3 ) .
E n t r y o n r e d u c i n g t h e w o r k i n g pressure o f t h e b o i l e r
p l a n t s h a l l b e m a d e i n t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status b y t h e
surveyor t o t h e Register performing t h e survey.
2.9.3.9 M e t a l c o n d i t i o n m o n i t o r i n g o f s t e a m b o i l e r s ,
w h e r e necessary ( s u s p i c i o n about o v e r h e a t i n g o f t h e
m e t a l o f fire parts, systematic c r a c k i n g a n d d e l a m i n a t i o n , etc.) s h a l l b e carried o u t b y n o n - d e s t r u c t i v e testing,
as w e l l as b y m e c h a n i c a l tests, c h e m i c a l analysis a n d
metallographic examination. M e t h o d and technology o f
r e v e a l e d defects e l i m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e agreed w i t h t h e
Register.
2.9.3.10 C o r r o s i o n w e a r o f essential b o i l e r c o m p o nents s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d b y c o m p a r i s o n o f t h e m e a s u r e d

107

r e s i d u a l thicknesses w i t h t h e as-built ( i n i t i a l ) thicknesses.


I n so doing, t o determine the boiler plant compliance
w i t h the requirements o f the Rules for Construction, the
strength calculations o f t h e r e l e v a n t b o i l e r c o m p o n e n t s
s h a l l b e m a d e according t o S e c t i o n 2 , P a r t X " B o i l e r s ,
H e a t E x c h a n g e r s a n d Pressure Vessels" o f t h e R u l e s f o r
the Classification a n d Construction o f Sea-Going Ships.
T h e calculations s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o R H O f o r r e v i e w .
2.9.4 V e r i f i c a t i o n o f s a f e t y v a l v e s a d j u s t m e n t
2.9.4.1 T h e adjustment o f safety v a l v e s s h a l l b e
v e r i f i e d d u r i n g each b o i l e r e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n .
2.9.4.2 S a f e t y v a l v e s o f s t e a m b o i l e r s s h a l l b e
adjusted f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g v a l v e o p e n i n g pressure:
Popening

^ 1 j 0 5 ^ w o r k i n g fo^* P w o r k i n g

1 MPa,

1,03 P w o d d n g for boilers w i t h


> 1 MPa.
I n a l l cases, t h e safety v a l v e s h a l l b e adjusted s o that
at f u l l y o p e n e d c o n d i t i o n t h e m a x i m u m pressure rise
s h a l l n o t exceed \ , \ P w o r U n g 2.9.4.3 A t f u l l y o p e n e d c o n d i t i o n , t h e safety v a l v e s
o f m a i n a n d a u x i l i a r y b o i l e r s f o r essential services s h a l l
f u l l y i n t e r r u p t t h e o u t g o i n g s t e a m f l o w i n case o f t h e
pressure d r o p i n t h e b o i l e r n o t b e l o w 0,85 o f t h e w o r k i n g
pressure.
2.9.4.4 S a f e t y v a l v e s o f s t e a m superheaters s h a l l b e
adjusted f o r o p e n i n g before t h e b o i l e r v a l v e s .
2.9.4.5 I f e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n a n d o p e r a t i o n a l
testing results a r e satisfactory, o n e o f t h e b o i l e r safety
v a l v e s s h a l l b e sealed b y t h e c h i e f engineer i n t h e
presence o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register, a n d t h e r e l e v a n t
record shall be made i n the log book.
2.9.4.6 T h e adjustment o f safety v a l v e s o f t h e w a s t e heat b o i l e r s m a y b e v e r i f i e d b y t h e c h i e f engineer a t sea,
w h i c h results w i l l b e credited t o t h e a n n u a l / i n t e r m e d i a t e
s u r v e y o f ship, i n case t h e v e r i f i c a t i o n at t h e p o r t o f
s u r v e y i s i m p o s s i b l e . T h e v e r i f i c a t i o n results s h a l l b e
recorded i n t h e l o g b o o k b y t h e c h i e f engineer. S u c h
verification shall be carried o u t w i t h i n t h e survey
w i n d o w a n d i s subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e
R S Branch Office for in-service supervision.
2.9.5 D r a w i n g u p b o i l e r s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
2.9.5.1 T h e results o f b o i l e r p l a n t s s u r v e y s h a l l b e
recorded i n t h e r e l e v a n t sections o f t h e C h e c k L i s t o n
Survey o f the Ship ( f o r m 6.1.01) using the program
S T O R M , a n d i n j u s t i f i e d cases, i n t h e R e p o r t o n A n n u a l /
Intermediate Survey o f M a c h i n e r y Installation, Systems
( f o r m 6.3.8) o r i n the Report o n Special Survey o f
Machinery Installation and Systems ( f o r m 6.3.13).
2.9.5.2 A n e n t r y o n t h e dates o f t h e b o i l e r s u r v e y s
shall be made i n t h e relevant section o f t h e List o f
S u r v e y ' s Status ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 5 1 - 1 ) .
2.9.5.3 W h e n assigning t h e dates o f i n t e r n a l s u r v e y s
( i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n s ) o f b o i l e r plants i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d
t h e ships o f 10 years o f age a n d less, o n e s h a l l b e g u i d e d
by the following: the interval between t w o internal
e x a m i n a t i o n s (after b o i l e r i n t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n at i n i t i a l /
special s u r v e y o f t h e s h i p ) s h a l l n o t exceed 3 6 m o n t h s ,
^opening <

108

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

but shall be w i t h i n the w i n d o w o f the relevant periodical


survey.
2.9.5.5 T h e results o f occasional s u r v e y s o f b o i l e r
plants m a y b e d r a w n u p b y i s s u i n g t h e R e p o r t o n S u r v e y
o f t h e S h i p ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) w i t h m a k i n g t h e necessary
entries i n t h e r e l e v a n t s e c t i o n o f t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s
Status.

3 OCCASIONAL SURVEYS

See circular 771

3.1 S U R V E Y S F O R S U S P E N S I O N , R E I N S T A T E M E N T
O R W I T H D R A W A L O F SHIP'S C L A S S

P r o c e d u r e f o r suspension, w i t h d r a w a l , r e i n s t a t e m e n t
a n d r e a s s i g n m e n t o f t h e R S class i s g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 4
Part "Carrying o u t Classification Survey o f Ships" o f
the Guidelines.

See circular 771

3.2 S U R V E Y S F O R T R A N S F E R O F S H I P ' S C L A S S
AND ASSIGNMENT O F R S CLASS TO A SHIP I N SERVICE

3.2.1 G e n e r a l .
3.2.1.1 T r a n s f e r o f class a n d a s s i g n m e n t o f R S class
t o a ship i n service s h a l l b e carried o u t u p o n t h e
s h i p o w n e r ' s request.
3.2.1.2 A s s i g n m e n t o f R S class t o ships o v e r
2 0 years o f age m a y b e o n l y carried o u t i n e x c e p t i o n a l
cases subject t o t h e R H O special decision.
3.2.2 T r a n s f e r o f s h i p ' s c l a s s .
3.2.2.1 W h e n t r a n s f e r r i n g ships f r o m t h e class o f
A C S I A C S m e m b e r , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e present
Chapter a n d 5 . 1 , Part I I "Carrying o u t Classification
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines shall be met.
3.2.2.2 O n r e c e i v i n g t h e request a n d t h e r e q u i r e d
d o c u m e n t a t i o n from t h e s h i p o w n e r , as w e l l as s u r v e y
status o f A C S , t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e assigned b y t h e
R H O s h a l l carry o u t t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y i n t h e scope
specified i n 5 . 1 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
3.2.2.3 A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h p e r m i s s i b l e w e a r
rates o f t h e l o o s i n g society. I n j u s t i f i e d cases, v e r i f i c a t i o n
o f h u l l strength i n compliance w i t h t h e Register
r e q u i r e m e n t s m a y b e requested b y t h e R S s u r v e y o r .
3.2.2.4 F o r c o n d i t i o n s o f class assignment, proce
dure o f correspondence exchange b e t w e e n t h e l o o s i n g
S o c i e t y a n d g a i n i n g Society, i n f o r m a t i o n f r o m t h e I A C S
P e r m a n e n t Secretariat a n d M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n s o f
F l a g States a b o u t change o f t h e class status, as w e l l as
f o r m s o f d o c u m e n t s used a t transfer o f class, refer t o
Section 5, Part I I "Carrying out Classification Survey o f
Ships" o f the Guidelines.
3.2.2.5 F o r a n i t e m i n s t a l l e d o n b o a r d t h e ship
subject t o m a n d a t o r y t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n i n accordance

w i t h t h e R S N o m e n c l a t u r e , a n d h a v i n g certificates issued
b y A C S I A C S m e m b e r o r documents/certificates
corifirming its compliance w i t h the M a r i n e Equipment
D i r e c t i v e 9 6 / 9 8 / E ( M a r E D ) , t h e R S certificates s h a l l n o t
be issued.
3.2.3 A s s i g n m e n t o f R S c l a s s t o a s h i p i n s e r v i c e .
3.2.3.1 W h e n assigning R S class t o a ship i n service
(ships h a v i n g n o class a n d ships h o l d i n g t h e class o f
A C S n o n - I A C S member) t h e requirements o f the
present C h a p t e r a n d 5.2, P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t Classifica
tion Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines shall be met.
3.2.3.2 O n r e c e i v i n g t h e request a n d t h e necessary
documentation f r o m t h e shipowner, t h e R S Branch
O f f i c e assigned b y t h e R H O s h a l l carry o u t t h e i n i t i a l
s u r v e y i n t h e scope specified i n t h e present C h a p t e r
and 5.2, Part "Carrying o u t Classification Survey o f
Ships" o f the Guidelines.
3.2.3.3 A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n
s h a l l b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h p e r m i s s i b l e w e a r
rates calculated i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
the Rules for Construction.
T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l b e n o t i f i e d a b o u t t h e necessity
t o h a v e p e r m i s s i b l e r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l elements
d e t e r m i n e d b y t h e c o m p e t e n t o r g a n i z a t i o n based o n t h e
v a l u e s calculated i n accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
the Rules f o r Construction. Calculations shall b e
prepared f o r a l l h u l l m e m b e r s c o v e r e d b y t h e r e q u i r e
m e n t s o f t h e R u l e s f o r C o n s t r u c t i o n . A s u m m a r y table o f
t h e p e r m i s s i b l e r e s i d u a l scantlings o f h u l l elements as
part o f c a l c u l a t i o n s h a l l c o n t a i n t r a n s l a t i o n i n t o E n g l i s h .
T h e calculations s h a l l b e m a d e a t t h e stage o f
preparing for the initial survey. Calculations approved b y
the R H O shall b e available f o r the R S B r a n c h Office
c a r r y i n g o u t t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y , f o r t h e s h i p o w n e r a n d ship
a d m i n i s t r a t i o n before t h e c o m m e n c e m e n t o f t h e i n i t i a l
survey, a n d as applied t o t h e E S P ships b y t h e date o f
d e v e l o p m e n t o f t h e enhanced s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e .
Verification o f actual h u l l strength i n compliance w i t h
the Register requirements shall b e made b y a competent
organization p r i o r t o c o m p l e t i o n o f the initial survey.
A p p l i c a t i o n o f p e r m i s s i b l e w e a r rates o f A C S
I A C S m e m b e r , f o r w h i c h class t h e ship w a s constructed
o r w h i c h class t h e ship w a s h o l d i n g earlier, i s i n each
case subject t o special c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R H O .

3.3 S U R V E Y S F O R S H I P S W I T H D O U B L E
O R D U A L C L A S S I NC A S E O F ASSIGNMENT,
RETAINMENT AND WITHDRAWAL OF CLASS

See circular 771

3.3.1 S u r v e y s f o r ships w i t h d u a l o r d o u b l e class i n


case o f assignment, r e t a i n m e n t o r w i t h d r a w a l o f class
i n v o l v e c o n s i d e r a t i o n o f s h i p o w n e r s ' requests a b o u t t h e i r
i n t e n t i o n t o o b t a i n o r t o l o o s e t h e class o f t h e second
classification society, m u t u a l o b l i g a t i o n s o f t h e c l a s s i f i
c a t i o n societies f o r r e t a i n m e n t o f t h e i r classes, exchange

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

o f i n f o r m a t i o n o n c o n d i t i o n o f classes b e t w e e n t h e
societies a n d p r e p a r a t i o n o f t h e u n i f i e d f o r m s o f
d o c u m e n t s t o b e issued a n d s u b m i s s i o n o f i n f o r m a t i o n
t o t h e I A C S P e r m a n e n t Secretariat.
3.3.2 T y p e s o f s u r v e y s t o b e carried o u t at t h e
different stages o f assignment, r e t a i n m e n t o r w i t h d r a w a l
o f class a r e g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 6 , P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines, and
shall be completed t o the extent o f the requirements o f
t h e r e l e v a n t chapters i n S e c t i o n 2 o f t h e present P a r t o f
the Rules.

3.4 S U R V E Y S F O R L A I D - U P S H I P S
AND F O R THESE SHIPS P U TI N OPERATION

3.4.1 G e n e r a l .
3.4.1.1 T h e present S e c t i o n regulates t h e procedure
o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f l a i d - u p ships. T h e scope a n d
m e t h o d s o f s u p e r v i s i o n a r e r e g u l a t e d b y t h e respective
sections o f t h e present R u l e s , i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s
a n d t h e G u i d e l i n e s , p r o v i d e d o t h e r w i s e i s n o t stated.
3.4.1.2 T h e m a i n c o n d i t i o n o f class r e t a i n m e n t o f a
l a i d - u p ship s h a l l b e t h e m a i n t e n a n c e o f t h e ship i n a f i t
technical condition and performance o f annual surveys
b y t h e R e g i s t e r f o r c o n f i r m a t i o n o f class o f t h e l a i d - u p
ship t a k i n g i n t o account t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 3.4.2.3,
w h e r e t h e a n n u a l s u r v e y i s o v e r d u e , w h i l e t h e ship class
is n o t suspended.
3.4.1.3 T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s t a f f t h e ship ( g r o u p o f
ships) w i t h a m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f q u a l i f i e d c r e w o r
persons o n w a t c h i n o r d e r t o m a i n t a i n t h e ship ( g r o u p o f
ships) i n f i t c o n d i t i o n , safety a n d t h e p o s s i b i l i t y t o s u b m i t
t h e ship t o t h e R e g i s t e r f o r p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s .
3.4.1.4 T h e c r e w o r persons o n w a t c h s h a l l b e
p r o v i d e d w i t h c o m m u n i c a t i o n established w i t h P o r t State
C o n t r o l , coastal fire-fighting a n d e m e r g e n c y s u r v i v a l
l i f e - s a v i n g services.
3.4.1.5 I f t h e ship ( g r o u p o f ships) i s i n t h e roads,
electric p o w e r s u p p l y s h a l l b e a d d i t i o n a l l y p r o v i d e d f o r
l i g h t i n g , o p e r a t i o n o f fire-fighting, drainage systems,
c o n t i n u o u s o p e r a t i o n o f f i r e - f i g h t i n g start-up s i g n a l l i n g
system and emergency signalling system.
3.4.1.6 B y d e c i s i o n o f t h e s h i p o w n e r t h e ship c a n b e
l a i d u p either w i t h m a i n t e n a n c e o f t h e i t e m s o f t h e
Register technical supervision i n operating condition
("hot" lay-up), o r w i t h their conservation ("cold" lay-up).
3.4.2 S u r v e y o f s h i p b e f o r e l a y i n g - u p .
3.4.2.1 U p o n t h e shipowner's request f o r survey o f
ship before laying-up w i t h retainment o f the Register class
survey shall b e carried o u t a n d u p o n the satisfactory results
o f the survey the Classification Certificate shall b e issued t o
c o n f i r m t h e retainment o f class w h i l e l a y i n g t h e ship u p .
3.4.2.2 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship i n " h o t " l a y - u p t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l check t h e f o l l o w i n g i t e m s
o f technical supervision:

109

c o n d i t i o n o f l i f e - s a v i n g appliances a n d t h e i r r e a d i
ness f o r i m m e d i a t e u s e ;
anchor, m o o r i n g a n d t o w i n g arrangements;
i f letting go the anchor is n o t required f o r the
s h i p i n " h o t " l a y - u p , readiness o f o n e a n c h o r f o r
emergency letting go;
w a t e r t i g h t c l o s i n g o f a l l h a t c h covers, s k y l i g h t s a n d
e n g i n e - r o o m t r u n k openings;
w a t e r t i g h t c l o s i n g o f a l l d o o r s a n d side scuttles i n
spaces, w h i c h a r e n o t attended b y t h e c r e w ;
c o n d i t i o n o f v e n t i l a t o r heads a n d flame screens o f
ballast a n d f u e l o i l t a n k s ;
readiness o f closures o f i n l e t a n d discharge h o l e s
r e q u i r e d f o r t h e o p e r a t i o n o f e m e r g e n c y diesel-generator
a n d fire p u m p f o r i m m e d i a t e a n d a u t o m a t i c openings;
absence o f sea w a t e r i n c o m p a r t m e n t s a n d t a n k s ;
drainage s y s t e m i n o p e r a t i o n ;
fire-fighting
system i n operation, including:
fire p u m p s ;
e m e r g e n c y fire p u m p ;
pipelines a n d valves;
fire hoses a n d n o z z l e s ;
c o n d i t i o n o f s t a t i o n a r y f i r e - f i g h t i n g systems i n t h e
engine rooms;
a v a i l a b i l i t y , c o n d i t i o n a n d a r r a n g e m e n t o f fireman's
o u t f i t a n d i t s accessibility f o r t h e c r e w ;
availability and arrangement o f the international
shore c o n n e c t i o n ( w h e r e r e q u i r e d ) ;
c o n d i t i o n o f s t r u c t u r a l fire p r o t e c t i o n ;
c o n d i t i o n o f emergency radio c o m m u n i c a t i o n facilities;
condition o f navigation lights and sound signal
means;
draught m a r k s i n o r d e r t o check t h e i r v a l u e s ;
readiness o f t h e e m e r g e n c y source o f electrical
p o w e r f o r a u t o m a t i c s w i t c h i n g o n u p o n loss o f v o l t a g e
from t h e m a i n source o f p o w e r ;
c o n d i t i o n o f a u t o m a t i c fire detection a n d general
alarm system;
condition o f fixed radiation m o n i t o r i n g systems a n d
m e a n s ( f o r nuclear ships a n d floating facilities w i t h
unloaded reactor core as w e l l as f o r nuclear support vessels).
3.4.2.3 D u r i n g s u r v e y o f t h e ship i n " c o l d " l a y - u p
t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l check t h e f o l l o w i n g :
availability o f the contract and acceptance-transfer report
between t h e shipowner a n d t h e organization-lay-up site;
a v a i l a b i l i t y o f p l a n f o r safe a n d p o l l u t i o n - f r e e l a y - u p ,
i n c l u d i n g m e a s u r e s f o r e n f o r c e m e n t o f r a d i a t i o n safety
r e q u i r e m e n t s o n ships a n d floating facilities as w e l l as o n
n u c l e a r s u p p o r t vessels, p l a n o f a r r a n g e m e n t o f ships
d u r i n g t h e l a i d - u p p e r i o d , r e g u l a t i o n s f o r transfer
(acceptance) o f s h i p f o r l a y i n g - u p (after l a y i n g - u p )
d e v e l o p e d b y t h e s h i p o w n e r a n d agreed u p o n w i t h t h e
port administration;
m o o r i n g a r r a n g e m e n t ( i f applicable);
i f l e t t i n g g o t h e a n c h o r is n o t r e q u i r e d f o r t h e ship i n
" c o l d " l a y - u p , readiness o f o n e a n c h o r f o r e m e r g e n c y

l e t t i n g g o s h a l l b e checked, except w h e r e t h e ship i s


ashore o r i n d r y dock;
w a t e r t i g h t c l o s i n g o f a l l h a t c h covers, s k y l i g h t s ,
openings o f t r u n k s o f m a c h i n e r y spaces, d o o r s a n d side
scuttles;
c o n d i t i o n o f v e n t i l a t o r heads a n d f l a m e screens o f
ballast a n d f u e l o i l t a n k s ;
absence o f sea w a t e r i n c o m p a r t m e n t s a n d tanks;
w a t e r t i g h t c l o s i n g o f b o t t o m a n d side v a l v e s ( i f
applicable);
availability a n d arrangement o f the international
shore c o n n e c t i o n ( w h e r e r e q u i r e d ) ;
c o n d i t i o n o f t h e s t r u c t u r a l fire p r o t e c t i o n ;
draught m a r k s t o check t h e i r v a l u e s ( i f applicable).
3.4.2.4 I f t h e ship w i t h suspended class i s l a i d u p , t h e
s h i p m a y b e s u r v e y e d w i t h i n t h e scope s p e c i f i e d
i n 3.4.2.2 a n d 3.4.2.3, a n d i f the results o f this survey are
satisfactory, class shall b e reinstated w i t h a n entry: " S h i p is
laid u p " t o b e m a d e i n the Classification Certificate.
I f the ship i s laid u p w i t h class suspended as a result o f
a n overdue survey a n d t h e ship w a s n o t surveyed t o
reinstate the class as stated above, the ship class remains t o
be suspended u n t i l the overdue s u r v e y has been completed.
D u r i n g l a y i n g - u p o f t h e ship i n c o n f o r m i t y w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h i s S e c t i o n i n case o f a n o v e r d u e
survey, t h e ship class m a y b e r e t a i n e d f o r n o t m o r e t h a n
three m o n t h s , provided that t h e annual survey is
postponed f o r t h e above mentioned period w i t h t h e
p u r p o s e o f c o n f i r m i n g t h e ship class. I f t h e ship h a s n o t
b e e n s u b m i t t e d t o t h e a n n u a l s u r v e y w i t h d u e regard t o
t h e a b o v e p o s t p o n e m e n t , t h e ship's class s h a l l b e
suspended. O n t h e e x p i r y o f s i x m o n t h s f r o m t h e date
o f t h e ship's class suspension, i t s h a l l b e w i t h d r a w n .
T h e scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n t h e
scope specified i n 3.4.2.2 a n d 3.4.2.3.
3.4.2.5 D u r i n g l a y i n g - u p o f t h e ship w i t h t h e v a l i d
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e , a ship s u r v e y i n t h e scope
specified i n 3.4.2.2 a n d 3.4.2.3 s h a l l b e carried o u t a n d
u p o n t h e satisfactory results o f t h e s u r v e y t h e e n t r y :
"Ship is laid up" shall be made i n the Classification
Certificate ( i n s e c t i o n " O t h e r characteristics").
3.4.2.6 I f the p e r i o d o f the Classification Certificate
v a l i d i t y expired w h i l e the ship h a d b e e n laid-up, i t m a y b e
r e n e w e d based o n the satisfactory results o f annual survey
i n the scope specified i n 3.4.2.2 a n d 3.4.2.3 w i t h a n entry:
"Ship i s laid u p " i n the Classification Certificate.
3.4.2.7 I f there i s a n e n t r y o n s o m e u n f u l f i l l e d
requirements i n the Register documents at the t i m e o f the
ship l a y i n g - u p , t h e f u l f i l m e n t o f these r e q u i r e m e n t s m a y
b e p o s t p o n e d t i l l t h e e n d o f t h e l a y - u p p e r i o d , except f o r
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s , w h i c h i m p o s e direct threat t o t h e safety
o f l a i d - u p ship ( f o r instance, r e p a i r i n g a h o l e i n t h e s h e l l
plating below the waterline).
3.4.2.8 I f t h e s h i p w i t h e x p i r e d C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Certificate i s l a i d - u p a t special s u r v e y , t h e s u r v e y s h a l l
be carried o u t i n t h e scope specified i n 3.4.2.2

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

a n d 3.4.2.3. U p o n satisfactory results, t h e ship's class i s


renewed w i t h a n entry: "Ship is laid u p " i n t h e
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e . I n respect o f f u l f i l l m e n t o f
t h e e x i s t i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s , refer t o 3.4.2.7.
3.4.2.9 T h e R e g i s t e r does n o t r e v i e w issues r e l a t i n g
t o l a y i n g - u p t h e ships w i t h w i t h d r a w n R S class.
3.4.2.10 A d d i t i o n a l requirements f o r laying-up
n u c l e a r ships a n d nuclear-support vessels.
3 . 4 . 2 . 1 0 . 1 I f a n u c l e a r ship i s subject t o " h o t " l a y - u p ,
t h e f o l l o w i n g i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n (as applic
able) s h a l l b e tested i n o p e r a t i o n b y s u r v e y o r t o t h e
R e g i s t e r i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e scope o f s u r v e y specified
i n 3.4.2.2:
. 1 n u c l e a r core reactor b e i n g loaded:
p r i m a r y c o o l a n t p u r i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m a n d r e s i d u a l heat
removal system;
core e m e r g e n c y c o o l i n g s y s t e m ;
fresh w a t e r a n d sea w a t e r c o o l i n g systems;
p r i m a r y c o o l a n t m a k e - u p s y s t e m a n d fresh w a t e r
cooling system;
h i g h pressure gas s y s t e m ;
h i g h pressure a i r s y s t e m ;
drainage s y s t e m a n d special b i l g e s y s t e m ;
s p e c i a l - p u r p o s e s a n i t a r y spaces i n c l u d i n g t h e i r
systems a n d e q u i p m e n t ;
special v e n t i l a t i o n a n d a i r filtering s y s t e m i n t h e
c o n t r o l l e d area;
secondary circuit s y s t e m i n w a y o f 7 4 9 5 framings;
indication, alarm and m o n i t o r i n g system;
a u t o m a t i c a n d r e m o t e c o n t r o l systems o f n u c l e a r
steam supply system ( N S S S ) , drives o f automatic and
remote control a n d protective systems o f nuclear
reactors, a u t o m a t i c a n d r e m o t e c o n t r o l s y s t e m s o f
e m e r g e n c y diesel-generators;
radiation monitoring system and biological shielding;
complex o f engineering a n d technical means o f
physical protection;
.2 n u c l e a r core reactor b e i n g u n l o a d e d :
drainage s y s t e m a n d special b i l g e s y s t e m ;
s p e c i a l - p u r p o s e s a n i t a r y spaces i n c l u d i n g t h e i r
systems a n d e q u i p m e n t ;
special v e n t i l a t i o n a n d a i r filtering s y s t e m i n t h e
c o n t r o l l e d area;
indication, alarm and m o n i t o r i n g system;
radiation monitoring system and biological shielding;
complex o f engineering a n d technical means o f
physical protection.
3 . 4 . 2 . 1 0 . 2 I f a n u c l e a r support vessel i s subject t o
"hot" lay-up, the f o l l o w i n g items o f technical supervision
(as applicable, a n d d e p e n d i n g o n t h e ship p u r p o s e ) s h a l l
be tested i n o p e r a t i o n b y s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r i n
a d d i t i o n t o t h e scope o f s u r v e y specified i n 3 . 4 . 2 . 2 :
. 1 a v a i l a b l e o n b o a r d : spent f u e l assemblies, s o l i d
radioactive waste, liquid radioactive waste:
spent f u e l assemblies a n d s o l i d r a d i o a c t i v e w a s t e
storage f a c i l i t i e s , l i q u i d r a d i o a c t i v e w a s t e t a n k s ;

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

spent f u e l assemblies c o o l i n g s y s t e m ;
compressed a i r s y s t e m ;
drainage s y s t e m a n d special b i l g e s y s t e m ;
decontamination and spraying system;
s p e c i a l - p u r p o s e s a n i t a r y spaces i n c l u d i n g t h e i r
systems a n d e q u i p m e n t ;
special v e n t i l a t i o n a n d a i r f i l t e r i n g s y s t e m i n t h e
c o n t r o l l e d area;
b i o l o g i c a l shielding a n d r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r i n g system;
complex o f engineering a n d technical means o f
physical protection;
.2 n o t a v a i l a b l e o n b o a r d : spent f u e l assemblies,
solid radioactive waste, liquid radioactive waste:
drainage s y s t e m a n d special b i l g e s y s t e m ;
s p e c i a l - p u r p o s e s a n i t a r y spaces i n c l u d i n g t h e i r
systems a n d e q u i p m e n t ;
special v e n t i l a t i o n a n d a i r f i l t e r i n g s y s t e m i n t h e
c o n t r o l l e d area;
b i o l o g i c a l shielding a n d r a d i a t i o n m o n i t o r i n g s y s t e m
3.4.3 S u r v e y o f s h i p w h e n p u t t i n g i n o p e r a t i o n
after laying-up.
3.4.3.1 T o b e p u t i n o p e r a t i o n , t h e ship m e n t i o n e d
i n 3.4.2.8 s h a l l u n d e r g o i n i t i a l s u r v e y .
3.4.3.2 I f a ship is p u t i n o p e r a t i o n b e f o r e e x p i r a t i o n
o f the Classification Certificate, i t shall undergo full
scope a n n u a l s u r v e y i n d r y d o c k w i t h o p e n i n g - u p f o r
e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e essential m a c h i n e r y a n d devices,
w h e n e v e r necessary, p r o v i d e d t h e p e r i o d b e t w e e n t h e last
a n d t h e present d r y - d o c k i n g exceeds 3 6 m o n t h s . W h e n
t h e said p e r i o d i s less t h a n 3 6 m o n t h s , t h e d r y d o c k
s u r v e y m a y n o t b e p e r f o r m e d , b u t t h e date o f s u b m i t t i n g
t h e ship t o s u r v e y , w h i c h does n o t exceed 3 6 m o n t h s
from t h e date o f t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y , s h a l l b e stated i n t h e
r e p o r t o n survey.
3.4.3.3 I f t h e ship i s p u t i n o p e r a t i o n o n t h e date o f
scheduled special s u r v e y o r after i t , t h e ship s h a l l b e
s u r v e y e d i n t h e scope o f special survey. T h e v a l i d i t y o f
t h e n e w C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e is 5 years, starting from
t h e e x p i r y date o f t h e e x i s t i n g C l a s s i f i c a t i o n Certificate.
I n cases w h e r e t h e ship h a s b e e n l a i d u p o r has b e e n o u t
o f service f o r a considerable p e r i o d because o f a m a j o r
repair o r m o d i f i c a t i o n a n d t h e s h i p o w n e r elects t o o n l y
carry o u t t h e o v e r d u e (because o f m a j o r repair o r
m o d i f i c a t i o n ) special survey, t h e n e x t p e r i o d o f class w i l l
start f r o m t h e e x p i r y date o f t h e o v e r d u e special survey.
I f t h e s h i p o w n e r elects t o o n l y carry o u t t h e n e x t d u e
(depending o n t h e age o f the s h i p ) special survey, t h e
p e r i o d o f class w i l l start from t h e s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n date.
3.4.3.4 B e f o r e p u t t i n g t h e ship i n o p e r a t i o n a n d
r e i n s t a t e m e n t o f class, a l l t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s stated i n t h e
Register documents shall be fulfilled.
3.4.3.5 I f t h e ship w i t h t h e v a l i d C l a s s i f i c a t i o n
Certificate i n accordance w i t h 3.4.3.2 i s p u t i n o p e r a t i o n
after t h e laid-up p e r i o d , t h e e n t r y " S h i p i s l a i d - u p " s h a l l
b e deleted i n t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e ( u p o n t h e
satisfactory results o f t h e a n n u a l s u r v e y i n f u l l scope),

111

and a n e w entry "Corrected" shall be made documented


b y t h e signature a n d stamp o f t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e
R e g i s t e r w i t h t h e date b e i n g i d e n t i f i e d .

3.5 S U R V E Y S O F S H I P S I N C O N N E C T I O N
WITH ACCIDENTS

3.5.1 F o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h i s C h a p t e r t h e f o l l o w i n g
d e f i n i t i o n s h a v e b e e n adopted.
A c c i d e n t i s a casualty o r substantial d a m a g e o f
o n e o r m o r e objects o f t h e R e g i s t e r t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n
( h u l l o f ship o r floating structure, arrangements,
m a c h i n e r y , systems, electrical e q u i p m e n t ) .
C a s u a l t y i s a ship accident r e s u l t i n g i n a ship
t o t a l loss o r t o t a l c o n s t r u c t i v e loss.
S u b s t a n t i a l d a m a g e is a damage caused b y
a n object failure, t h e consequences o f w h i c h m a y b e
eliminated o n l y under specialized ship-repairing conditions.
3.5.2 A l l accidents o f sea-going ships classed b y t h e
R e g i s t e r s h a l l b e recorded a n d investigated.
3.5.3 Subject t o r e v i e w a n d i n v e s t i g a t i o n are t h e
cases associated w i t h :
deviations f r o m the requirements o f the Rules i n the
process o f c o n s t r u c t i o n o r repair;
l a c k o r inadequacy o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R u l e s ;
structural deficiencies;
c o n s t r u c t i o n , m a n u f a c t u r e , repair defects.
3.5.4 Instructions o n performance o f survey o f ships i n
connection w i t h accidents, as w e l l as investigation a n d r e
v i e w o f causes o f accidents, submission o f i n f o r m a t i o n and
issuance o f documents are g i v e n i n Section 7 , Part "Car
r y i n g out Classification S u r v e y o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.
3.5.5 S h i p s s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d after each accident i n
case o f damages t o t h e h u l l , m a c h i n e r y , arrangements,
i n s t a l l a t i o n s , e q u i p m e n t o r o u t f i t subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r
technical supervision.
The shipowner shall immediately w i t h i n 2 4 h notify
t h e R e g i s t e r a b o u t each accident w i t h t h e ship.
S u r v e y shall b e carried o u t at t h e p o r t w h e r e t h e
accident t o o k place o r at t h e first p o r t o f call after t h e
accident T h i s survey shall b e carried o u t t o identify t h e
nature o f damages, their causes, agree the scope o f repairs
t o e l i m i n a t e the consequences o f the accident and determine
possibilities and conditions t o retain the ship's class.
3.5.6 I n case o f t h e accident, w h i c h resulted i n
damages t o t h e i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n associated
w i t h t h e class o r scope o f a p p l i c a t i o n o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
o f t h e international conventions, classification and
s t a t u t o r y certificates r e m a i n i n force, a n d t h e class i s
n o t suspended, i f p r i o r t o t h e ship departure, p r o m p t
repair h a s b e e n m a d e o n b o a r d u n d e r t h e R e g i s t e r
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n t o e l i m i n a t e t h e damages, as far as
practicable ( t e m p o r a r y repairs, r e i n f o r c e m e n t s , etc.), t o
p r o v i d e t h e ship c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e
R S R u l e s a n d t h e ship safe passage, u n d e r i t s o w n

112

p r o p u l s i o n , w i t h c r e w m e m b e r s a n d cargoes o n b o a r d o r
i n ballast t o t h e ship r e p a i r i n g y a r d at t h e p o r t agreed w i t h
the Register. I f the area o f n a v i g a t i o n is corresponding t o
t h e area o f n a v i g a t i o n prescribed f o r t h e passage t o t h e
ship r e p a i r i n g y a r d , t h e S a i l i n g P e r m i t f o r S i n g l e Passage
s h a l l n o t b e issued.
3.5.7 W h e r e , p r i o r t o t h e ship's departure, p r o m p t
a n d t h o r o u g h repair has b e e n m a d e u n d e r t h e R e g i s t e r
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n t o e l i m i n a t e damages o f t h e i t e m s
o f s u p e r v i s i o n t o t h e e x t e n t w h e n t h e necessity o f
imposing a n y requirements a n d conditions f o r t h e
repaired i t e m o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n n o l o n g e r arises
u n t i l t h e subsequent special s u r v e y , i.e. w h e n t h e ship
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n is assessed as " f i t " , classification a n d
s t a t u t o r y certificates r e m a i n i n force.
3.5.8 W h e r e , i n case o f a n accident, i t is n o t possible
t o attend t h e ship f o r s u r v e y a n d assessment o f i t s
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n due t o w e a t h e r o r o t h e r restrictions,
t h e ship class s h a l l b e suspended a u t o m a t i c a l l y , i n
compliance w i t h 4.2, Part "Carrying out Classification
Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines, w i t h notification t o
t h e R e p r e s e n t a t i o n w h e r e t h e ship is registered i n order t o
m a k e t h e appropriate alterations i n t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s
Status ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 5 1 - 1 ) .
S t a t u t o r y certificates also b e c o m e i n v a l i d about w h i c h
a n e n t r y is m a d e i n the L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status. I f , w i t h i n
7 days, possibilities o f c a r r y i n g o u t t h e s u r v e y a n d repair
specified i n 3.5.6 o r 3.5.7 arise, t h e ship's class m a y b e
reinstated w i t h o u t s u r v e y f o r reinstatement o f class a n d the
s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register carries o u t s u r v e y a n d technical
s u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g r e p a i r i n accordance w i t h 3.5.6
o r 3.5.7. I n case t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register h a s a n
o p p o r t u n i t y t o carry o u t s u r v e y o f t h e damaged ship w i t h
suspended class o n t h e e x p i r y o f 7 days, the ship's class
m a y b e reinstated o n l y after occasional s u r v e y f o r
reinstatement o f class i n accordance w i t h 4.7.6, P a r t I I
" C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n S u r v e y o f S h i p s " o f the
G u i d e l i n e s , a n d t h e n the s u r v e y o r t o the Register carries
o u t the s u r v e y a n d technical s u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g repair i n
accordance w i t h 3.5.6 o r 3.5.7.
3.5.9 I f d u r i n g 6 m o n t h s , i n case o f i m p o s s i b i l i t y o f
attendance o f t h e d a m a g e d ship i n d i c a t e d i n 3.5.8, t h e
s h i p o w n e r h a s n o t s u b m i t t e d t h e ship f o r occasional
s u r v e y i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e accident, t h e ship's class
shall be w i t h d r a w n .
3.5.10 T h e R e g i s t e r i n d e p e n d e n t l y participates i n
i n v e s t i g a t i o n s o f t h e accidents associated w i t h t h e scope
regulated b y t h e Rules f o r t h e Classification a n d
C o n s t r u c t i o n o f S e a - G o i n g S h i p s , as w e l l as w i t h t h e
matters o f safety. T h e s u r v e y o r takes p a r t i n c o m m i s s i o n s
i n v e s t i g a t i n g t h e accidents as a n independent expert n o t
being a member o f the commissions. T h e surveyor's
report m a y b e submitted t o commissions investigating
t h e accidents after its a p p r o v a l b y t h e R S R e p r e s e n t a t i o n .
I n especially i m p o r t a n t cases t h e r e p o r t is subject t o t h e
R H O approval.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

3.6 C H A N G I N G O F C L A S S N O T A T I O N O F A S H I P C L A S S E D
BY THE REGISTER

3.6.1 W h e n a s h i p o w n e r has a n i n t e n t i o n t o change


t h e class o f t h e ship, h e s h a l l send a request t o t h e R H O
w i t h t h e explanation o f reasons f o r t h e changes
requested. T h e s e changes s h a l l b e substantiated, i f
necessary b y a n e x p l a n a t o r y n o t e , t e c h n i c a l calculations,
d r a w i n g s a n d schemes v e r i f y i n g c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
Register relevant requirements.
3.6.2. U p o n results o f t h e request c o n s i d e r a t i o n , t h e
R e g i s t e r H e a d O f f i c e takes a d e c i s i o n o n t h e p o s s i b i l i t y
o f requested changes i n t h e class n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship, o n
t h e basis o f w h i c h t h e c o n d i t i o n s f o r c h a n g i n g o f class
n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship, necessity o f p e r f o r m a n c e a n d scope
o f t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y s h a l l b e assigned.
3.6.3 Scope o f t h e i n i t i a l s u r v e y depends o n t h e
estimated changes i n t h e class n o t a t i o n o f t h e ship a n d
t h e e x t e n t o f c o n v e r s i o n o f t h e ship r e q u i r e d f o r i t .
3.6.4 A s s i g n m e n t o f a n e w class n o t a t i o n s h a l l b e
c o n f i r m e d b y t h e R H O based o n t h e proposals presented
b y the R S B r a n c h Office performing the verification o f
assigned c o n d i t i o n s a n d c a r r y i n g o u t t h e i n i t i a l survey.

4 OTHER SURVEYS
4.1 G E N E R A L

4.1.1 Subject t o special agreement a n d a u t h o r i


zation, the Register m a y carry o u t other surveys, such as:
s u r v e y s c a r r i e d o u t o n a u t h o r i z a t i o n o f state
a u t h o r i t i e s ( M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f F l a g State,
embassy o f F l a g State, s t a n d a r d i z a t i o n bodies, state
t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s o r y bodies, etc.);
s u r v e y s carried o u t a t t h e request o f c o m p a n i e s
( s h i p p i n g , insurance, i n d u s t r i a l a n d others).
Authorizations m a y be o f single type (request, letter) o r
long-term type (contract, agreement, F l a g State legislative
act, etc.) limited o r u n l i m i t e d as t o their period o f validity.
T h e a b o v e m e n t i o n e d a u t h o r i z a t i o n s , as a r u l e , a r e
submitted to the Register v i a R H O for organization and
m o n i t o r i n g o f their fulfillment b y t h e appropriate
R e g i s t e r Representations.
S i n g l e u r g e n t a u t h o r i z a t i o n s m a y b e l o c a l l y accepted
b y t h e Register Representations, provided R H O is
i m m e d i a t e l y n o t i f i e d t o agree t h e subsequent actions o n
fulfillment o f the authorization.

4.2 S U R V E Y S C A R R I E D O U T O N A U T H O R I Z A T I O N
OF STATE AUTHORITIES

4.2.1 S u r v e y s carried o u t o n a u t h o r i z a t i o n o f state


a u t h o r i t i e s are s u b d i v i d e d as f o l l o w s :

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

.1 s u r v e y s c a r r i e d o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s a n d codes;
.2 s u r v e y s c a r r i e d o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
n a t i o n a l standards a n d r e g u l a t i o n s .
4.2.2 Scope o f s u r v e y s o f ships i n service carried o u t
i n compliance w i t h the provisions o f the international
c o n v e n t i o n s s h a l l be d e t e r m i n e d p r o c e e d i n g from t h e
conditions laid d o w n i n the authorization o f the M a r i t i m e
A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f F l a g State a n d s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e r e l e v a n t R e g i s t e r rules ( f o r t h e ships
f l y i n g t h e R F f l a g ) , i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s , agree
ments, I M O codes and additional instructions o f
M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n s o f F l a g States c o n t a i n e d i n
Section "Additional Requirements o f M a r i t i m e A d m i n
istrations" o n t h e R S i n t e r n a l w e b s i t e .
I n s t r u c t i o n s f o r c a r r y i n g o u t s u r v e y s a n d issuance o f
d o c u m e n t s are g i v e n i n P a r t 1 " S u r v e y o f S h i p s i n
Compliance w i t h International Conventions, Codes and
Resolutions" o f the Guidelines.
4.2.3 T h e s u r v e y s specified i n 4.2.2 s h a l l b e carried
out b y the R S exclusive surveyors.
E x c l u s i v e surveyors t o A C S I A C S m e m b e r m a y b e
authorized b y R H O t o carry o u t such surveys, subject t o
agreement o f the M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f F l a g State.
4.2.4 Scope o f s u r v e y s carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e
w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e n a t i o n a l standards s h a l l be
determined proceeding f r o m the conditions laid d o w n i n
a u t h o r i z a t i o n s o f t h e appropriate s t a n d a r d i z a t i o n bodies
o r state t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s o r y bodies.
T h e s e a u t h o r i z a t i o n s , as a r u l e , are associated w i t h
the export and import deliveries o f materials and
equipment not covered b y the Register Nomenclature.
W h e n authorized to carry out surveys i n compliance
w i t h t h e n a t i o n a l standards, t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e R e g i s t e r
s h a l l p e r f o r m t h e s u r v e y s s t r i c t l y w i t h i n t h e frames o f t h e
authorization and m o n i t o r the fulfillment o f requirements
o f t h e d o c u m e n t s , parameters a n d properties stipulated i n
this authorization.
Report o n fulfillment o f the authorization and
p a y m e n t matters s h a l l b e agreed w i t h R H O .

4.3 S U R V E Y S O F S H I P S R E C E I V E D T O O R A C C E P T E D
FROM THE TIME-CHARTER

4.3.1 A c c o r d i n g t o e x i s t i n g practice r e c e i v i n g o f a
ship t o t i m e - c h a r t e r o r acceptance from t i m e - c h a r t e r s h a l l
b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h agreements o r contracts
b e t w e e n t h e s h i p o w n e r a n d charterer, w h i c h r e q u i r e t h e
ship I n s p e c t i o n R e p o r t issued after t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e
R e g i s t e r has inspected t h e ship.
4.3.2 S u r v e y f o r issue o f t h e I n s p e c t i o n R e p o r t s h a l l
b e carried o u t u p o n t h e charterer's request r e c e i v i n g a
ship t o t i m e - c h a r t e r o r accepting i t from time-charter.
4.3.3 I n order t o c o m p i l e t h e R e p o r t , t h e s u r v e y o r
shall carry o u t external e x a m i n a t i o n o f freeboard,

113

superstructures, decks, cargo h o l d s a n d t h e i r p l a t i n g ,


cargo h a n d l i n g gear, deck m a c h i n e r y , h o l d c l o s i n g
devices a n d o t h e r appliances related t o cargo operations
a n d affecting safety o f transported cargoes.
C a r g o h a n d l i n g gear a n d m e c h a n i c a l arrangements
f o r c l o s i n g o f h a t c h covers s h a l l be o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested.
D u r i n g s u r v e y i t is necessary t o v e r i f y t h e T o n n a g e
Certificate a v a i l a b i l i t y , as w e l l as a v a i l a b i l i t y a n d v a l i d i t y
o f t h e f o l l o w i n g ship d o c u m e n t s : C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i
cate, S a f e t y C e r t i f i c a t e , L o a d L i n e Certificate.
4.3.4 R e s u l t s o f s u r v e y stating defects s h a l l b e l i s t e d
i n the Report per f o r m 6.3.10. T h e Report shall contain
t h e date o f t h e latest d o c k i n g a n d a m o u n t o f f u e l , o i l a n d
fresh w a t e r o n b o a r d at t h e t i m e o f t h e s u r v e y ; a v a i l a b i l i t y
a n d v a l i d i t y o f t h e ship d o c u m e n t s .
T h e R e p o r t m a y b e m a d e i n R u s s i a n and/or i n
E n g l i s h depending o n the customer's request and
s u b m i t t e d t o t h e representatives o f t h e charterer a n d ship
administration.

4.4 S U R V E Y S A S S O C I A T E D W I T H C O N F I R M A T I O N
OF DAMAGE CLAIMS

4.4.1 T h e c o n f i r m a t i o n o f d a m a g e c l a i m s s h a l l be
carried o u t b y t h e s u r v e y o r after s u r v e y o f c l a i m i t e m s o n
c a l l o f a s h i p o w n e r o r m a s t e r o f t h e ship.
4.4.2 T h e c o n f i r m a t i o n o f d a m a g e c l a i m s f o r ships
b u i l t at f o r e i g n shipyards s h a l l b e carried o u t o n a l l t h e
Register-supervised a n d n o n - s u p e r v i s e d i t e m s regardless
o f t h e ship's n a t i o n a l i t y a n d a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e R e g i s t e r
class a n d d o c u m e n t s .
4.4.3 T h e c o n f i r m a t i o n o f d a m a g e c l a i m s f o r ships
b u i l t at d o m e s t i c shipyards s h a l l b e carried o u t as regards
the items o f the Register technical supervision. T h e
clauses o f d a m a g e c l a i m s o n t h e g i v e n i t e m s s h a l l be
i n d i c a t e d w h e n t h e c l a i m s are b e i n g signed.
4.4.4 T h e s u r v e y o r c o n d u c t i n g t h e s u r v e y o f a c l a i m
i t e m s h a l l c o n f i r m t h e d a m a g e c l a i m s regardless o f t h e
defect occurrence causes, s i g n i n g a n d w i t n e s s i n g t h e
c l a i m s w i t h h i s stamp, a n d m a k i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g e n t r y :
" D e f e c t c o n f i r m e d " . T h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l also d r a w u p t h e
Report per f o r m 6.3.10, i n w h i c h he shall list numbers
a n d dates o f t h e d a m a g e c l a i m s h e has c o n f i r m e d . T h e
copies o f d a m a g e c l a i m s s h a l l b e sent f o r r e g i s t r a t i o n a n d
storage t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service super
vision, and the copy o f the Report per f o r m 6.3.10 shall
be k e p t i n t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e , w h i c h p e r f o r m e d t h e
survey.
4.4.5 W h e r e significant dangerous defects o r emer
gency damages affecting the ship's n a v i g a t i o n safety are
defected d u r i n g survey, the surveyor m a y d e m a n d the
e l i m i n a t i o n o f the defects p r i o r t o ship g o i n g t o sea or,
depending o n the circumstances, p e r m i t a passage t o a
w a r r a n t y r e p a i r p o r t s p e c i f y i n g service r e s t r i c t i o n s .
I n this case, h e shall d r a w u p the R e p o r t per f o r m 6.3.10.

114

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

4.4.6 T h e R e g i s t e r B r a n c h O f f i c e s s h a l l keep a
c o n t i n u o u s r e c o r d o f defects c o n f i r m e d b y t h e d a m a g e
claims relating t o t h e items o f the Register technical
s u p e r v i s i o n a n d r e v i e w defects o n suppliers o f ships a n d
items o f technical supervision w i t h t h e necessary
generalizations a n d proposals o n e l i m i n a t i o n a n d p r e v e n t i o n o f defects detected. Necessary i n f o r m a t i o n o n
defects s h a l l b e sent t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e , c a r r y i n g
out t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n d u r i n g c o n s t r u c t i o n o f ships o r
m a n u f a c t u r e o f m a t e r i a l s a n d products, a n d t o t h e
RS Branch Office, w h i c h performed t h e survey a n d
w h i c h , i n e x t r e m e l y i m p o r t a n t cases, s h a l l send t h e
results o f t h e r e v i e w a n d generalizations t o R H O .
4.4.7 O n fractures a n d cracks o f components o f
turbines, boilers, pipelines, fittings, heat exchangers a n d
pressure vessels, and also o f other equipment affecting the
navigation safety and presenting a threat f o r life, the R S
B r a n c h Offices shall i m m e d i a t e l y i n f o r m R H O and also
send a copy o f a damage c l a i m confirmation w i t h i n 10 days.

4.5 S U R V E Y O F S H I P S T O B E W R I T T E N O F F
FROM ACTIVE FLEET

4.5.1 S p e c i a l f e a t u r e s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n o f
s h i p s t o b e w r i t t e n o f f f r o m a c t i v e fleet.
I n s o m e cases, t h e s h i p o w n e r takes a d e c i s i o n t o
c o n t i n u e o p e r a t i o n f o r a certain p e r i o d o f t h e ships w i t h
s i g n i f i c a n t w e a r due t o age p r i o r t o t h e i r w r i t e - o f f from
t h e a c t i v e fleet. T h e s i g n i f i c a n t expenditures t h e r e w i t h
are undesirable f o r t h e s h i p o w n e r f o r r e b u i l d i n g t h e
w o r n - o u t parts o f t h e ship, i n particular, f o r replacement
o f s t r u c t u r a l h u l l m e m b e r s w i t h a w e a r exceeding t h e
established standards.
T h e ship's o p e r a t i o n o f that k i n d m a y b e p e r m i t t e d
w i t h t h e restrictions e n s u r i n g t h e m a i n t e n a n c e o f t h e
ship's safety l e v e l needed.
The shipowner shall develop the service restrictions w i t h
the specific proposals and their justification and submit these
materials t o the Register B r a n c h Office f o r approval.
D e p e n d i n g o n t h e circumstances, t h e service restrict i o n s m a y be a p p l i e d t o :
area o f n a v i g a t i o n ;
v a l u e a n d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f ship's l o a d i n g (freeboard
increase, special d i s t r i b u t i o n o f cargo a n d ballast,
e x c l u s i o n o f h e a v y a n d deck cargoes carriage);
n a v i g a t i o n w i t h respect t o weather conditions
(a w i n d force, sea state) a n d a n o p e r a t i o n season;
c o n d i t i o n s o f ice n a v i g a t i o n ;
types o f cargoes carried;
output o f m a i n machinery;
passenger capacity.
A change o f t h e ship's p u r p o s e a n d a change-over o f
a self-propelled ship t o a n o n - s e l f - p r o p e l l e d o n e m a y b e
also a service r e s t r i c t i o n .
T h e c o m b i n a t i o n o f t h e restrictions is p e r m i t t e d .

Besides t h e service restrictions, t h e shortened


periods b e t w e e n ship's s u r v e y s m a y b e specified.
4.5.2 M i n i m u m c o n d i t i o n s t o e n s u r e t h e s a f e t y
of ships to b e w r i t t e n o f f p r i o r to special survey.
4.5.2.1 I n s u r v e y o f ships a n d assigning t h e m service
restrictions, t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s s h a l l proceed from
t h e basic p r o v i s i o n s g i v e n i n t h i s Chapter.
I n d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f t h e necessary e x t e n t o f t h e ship
repair, t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e c u r r e n t rules r e s u l t i n g i n
essential structural changes s h a l l n o t b e applied, because
to t h e ships i n service, as a r u l e , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f those
rules are applied, according t o w h i c h t h e ship w a s b u i l t .
4.5.2.2 T h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f service restrictions due t o
an inferior technical condition m a y be permitted o n the
request o f t h e s h i p o w n e r f o r t h e l i m i t e d p e r i o d (less t h a n
5 years), p r o v i d e d that h e s u b m i t s a n adequate j u s t i f i c a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o s e d restrictions.
S e r v i c e restrictions a n d ( i f necessary) r e d u c t i o n o f
i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n s u r v e y s a r e subject t o t h e R e g i s t e r
approval.
4.5.2.3 T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l s u b m i t t o t h e R S B r a n c h
O f f i c e f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n t h e m a t e r i a l s o n t h e
ship's t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n a n d assessment o f a l l t h e ship
parts i n accordance w i t h t h e c u r r e n t n o r m a t i v e a n d
instructive documents o f the shipowner regulating the
procedure f o r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n a n d
further use o f t h e ships w i t h s i g n i f i c a n t w e a r o r m a j o r
damages. T h e e x t e n t o f repair w o r k s a n d spare parts
standards o n b o a r d t h e ship s h a l l b e agreed b y t h e
Register B r a n c h Office proceeding f r o m the conditions
o f e n s u r i n g t h e n a v i g a t i o n safety f o r t h e specified service
p e r i o d t i l l t h e ship's w r i t e - o f f w i t h r e g a r d t o t h e
s h i p o w n e r ' s proposals o n t h e e x t e n t o f repair w o r k s
a n d service restrictions.
4.5.2.4 I n order t o d e t e r m i n e a n d assess t h e ship
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l c o n d u c t testing
for defects o f a l l t h e ship parts. O n d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f t h e
ship t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n t h e data m a y b e used o f t h e
p r e v i o u s p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s a n d t h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n wear,
damages a n d failures detected i n service, o n repairs a n d
replacements m a d e a n d reflected i n t h e ship d o c u m e n t a t i o n (service logs o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , ship's reports,
e n g i n e - r o o m logs, etc.).
4.5.2.4.1 A s s e s s m e n t o f t h e h u l l t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n .
T e s t i n g f o r defects s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d i n accordance
w i t h the requirements o f Section 5 o f Part I "General
Provisions" and Appendix 2.
A s a c o m p u l s o r y measure, t h e u n d e r w a t e r p a r t o f t h e
h u l l , steering gear, s h a f t i n g a n d propellers, fittings o f
b o t t o m a n d side o p e n i n g s s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d .
I n case o f r e s t r i c t e d a r e a o f n a v i g a t i o n , t h e
p e r m i s s i b l e r e s i d u a l thicknesses o f h u l l m e m b e r s m a y
b e specified i n r e l a t i o n t o t h e a s - b u i l t thicknesses
r e q u i r e d b y t h e rules, according t o w h i c h t h e ship h a s
b e e n b u i l t f o r t h i s area o f n a v i g a t i o n . I n s o m e cases w e a r
o f h u l l m e m b e r s a b o v e standards m a y b e p e r m i t t e d w i t h

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

a d d i t i o n a l restrictions o n w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s and/or t h e
ship's l o a d i n g . H o w e v e r , t h e j u s t i f i c a t i o n s o f m a i n t a i n i n g
t h e e q u i v a l e n t strength w i t h assumed restrictions s h a l l b e
submitted.
4.5.2.4.2 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n , fire-fighting systems a n d outfit.
T h e assessment a n d e v a l u a t i o n o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i
t i o n o f t h e ship m a c h i n e r y i n s t a l l a t i o n b y t h e R S B r a n c h
O f f i c e s h a l l b e based o n t h e m a t e r i a l s s u b m i t t e d b y t h e
shipowner i n accordance w i t h t h e requirements
o f 4 . 5 . 2 . 3 . T h e e x t e n t o f testing f o r defects o f t h e
separate u n i t s a n d c o m p o n e n t s o f m a i n engines, a u x i l i a r y
m a c h i n e r y , shafting, appliances,
fire-fighting
systems
a n d o u t f i t s h a l l b e d e t e r m i n e d i n each case o n t h e results
o f t h e testing f o r defects a n d t h e survey.
T h e final d e c i s i o n s h a l l b e t a k e n after testing i n
accordance w i t h t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e s u r v e y o r s t o t h e
Register. I t is n o t p e r m i t t e d t h e r e w i t h t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e
f o l l o w i n g m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u i p m e n t w i t h w e a r s exceed
ing the permissible values:
p r o p u l s i o n s y s t e m ( m a i n engine, p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
system, propeller);
m a c h i n e r y e n s u r i n g t h e ship's m a n e u v e r a b i l i t y ;
ballast a n d b i l g e systems i n c l u d i n g p u m p s ;
a n c h o r arrangement;
fire-fighting
systems;
e m e r g e n c y p o w e r sources.
I n a d d i t i o n , t h e o p e r a t i o n is n o t p e r m i t t e d w i t h w e a r s
exceeding t h e u l t i m a t e v a l u e s f o r s u c h i t e m s , w h i c h
e m e r g e n c y f a i l u r e threatens t h e safety o f a t t e n d i n g
personnel, namely:
b o i l e r s a n d pressure vessels;
p i p e l i n e s o f compressed a n d l i q u e f i e d gases;
s t e a m a n d h o t l i q u i d s (t > 1 0 0 C) pipelines;
internal combustion engines, a i r compressors,
c e n t r i f u g a l f u e l a n d o i l separators;
a r r a n g e m e n t s h a v i n g storage t a n k s w i t h f l a m e
combustion.
A l o n g w i t h that, w h e r e t h e ship s y s t e m o r c o m p l e x
includes a reserve facility ensuring its proper f u n c t i o n i n g ,
i f the s y s t e m part fails, the requirements i m p o s e d f o r the
technical c o n d i t i o n o f t h e s y s t e m components w i t h wears
exceeding t h e permissible values m a y b e less stringent i n
cases, w h e n w i t h a decrease o f operational parameters
w i t h i n t h e l i m i t s ensuring t h e ship's adequate o p e r a t i o n
safety, t h e l o a d i n g o n these m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u i p m e n t i s
reduced d o w n t o t h e safe v a l u e s . O n t h e R e g i s t e r
requirement, i t s h a l l b e c o n f i r m e d b y calculations.
N o t e . T h e permissible values o f machinery component wears
s h a l l b e assessed according t o t h e manufacturer's i n s t r u c t i o n s o r
o p e r a t i o n rules, a n d also i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h the G u i d e l i n e s .

4.5.2.4.3 A s s e s s m e n t o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f
electrical, r a d i o a n d n a v i g a t i o n a l e q u i p m e n t .
T h e e x t e n t o f repair a n d t h e r e p l a c e m e n t o f separate
elements o f t h e electrical, radio and navigational
e q u i p m e n t i n each case s h a l l b e assessed according t o

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t h e results o f t h e testing f o r defects a n d t h e s u r v e y . I f , i n


t h i s case, t h e w e a r s exceeding v a l u e s a l l o w a b l e b y t h e
present R u l e s a r e i d e n t i f i e d , t h e o p p o r t u n i t y o f a p e r m i t
f o r t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h i s e q u i p m e n t f o r a specified p e r i o d
w i t h t h e necessary restrictions i s subject t o special
c o n s i d e r a t i o n b y t h e R e g i s t e r i n each case.
T h e final d e c i s i o n s h a l l b e t a k e n f o l l o w i n g m e a s u r e
m e n t s a n d tests.
4.5.2.5 T h e specified service restrictions s h a l l b e
reflected i n t h e class n o t a t i o n i n v e r b a l a n d a d d i t i o n a l
characteristics, a n d i n t h e ship d o c u m e n t s i n accordance
w i t h t h e p r o v i s i o n s established.
4.5.3 O n passages o f ships t o b e scrapped refer
t o 8.10, P a r t " C a r r y i n g o u t C l a s s i f i c a t i o n S u r v e y o f
Ships" o f the Guidelines.
4.5.4 T h e class r e i n s t a t e m e n t procedure f o r ships
w i t h suspended class a n d t o b e w r i t t e n o f f from t h e active
fleet i s s p e c i f i e d i n 4 . 7 . 1 2 , P a r t I I " C a r r y i n g o u t
Classification Survey o f Ships" o f the Guidelines.

4.6 S U R V E Y O F S H I P S D U R I N G C H A N G E O F S H I P O W N E R ,
PORT OF REGISTRY AND NAME

4.6.1 G e n e r a l .
4.6.1.1 T h e present r e q u i r e m e n t s are applicable t o
t h e duties o f t h e R S s u r v e y o r s a t s u r v e y s o f t h e
R S - c l a s s e d ships i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h change o f s h i p
o w n e r , p o r t o f registry, ship's n a m e .
4.6.1.2 R e g i s t r a t i o n o f ship i n t h e State R e g i s t e r o f
Ships i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h t h e change o f s h i p o w n e r , p o r t
o f e g i s t r y s h a l l b e carried o u t b y t h e p o r t m a s t e r a t t h e
request o f t h e n e w s h i p o w n e r , w h o p r o v i d e s t h e m w i t h
s u c h d o c u m e n t s as sale contract, ship c o n s t r u c t i o n
agreement, d o c u m e n t c o n f i r m i n g transfer o f ship from
o n e balance t o another, as w e l l as bare-boat charter.
I n accordance w i t h t h e R F M e r c h a n t S h i p p i n g C o d e
and the Rules for Registration o f Ships a n d Rights f o r
T h e m i n M e r c h a n t Seaports a p p r o v e d b y O r d e r N o . 2 7 7
o f 9 D e c e m b e r 2 0 1 0 issued b y t h e R F M i n i s t r y o f
Transport, u p o n registration the shipowner shall submit
to the port master the Tonnage Certificate, Seaworthiness
Certificate, Classification Certificate a n d Passenger
Certificate ( f o r passenger ships) issued b y t h e R e g i s t e r
to a n e w shipowner o r t o a n e w port o f registry o n
condition the shipowner provides the R S Branch Office
w i t h t h e a b o v e - m e n t i o n e d d o c u m e n t s , a n d o n t h e basis o f
s u r v e y s regulated b y t h e present S e c t i o n .
Periods o f validity o f the n e w R S documents remain
t h e s a m e o r i n case o f s p e c i a l / i n i t i a l s u r v e y t h e
certificates s h a l l b e issued f o r a f u l l 5-year p e r i o d .
U p o n agreement w i t h t h e p o r t master, instead o f t h e
above-mentioned documents, the shipowner m a y submit
to the R S Branch Office a n Interim o r Permanent
Certificate o f O w n e r s h i p a n d C e r t i f i c a t e o f R i g h t t o F l y
t h e N a t i o n a l F l a g o f t h e R u s s i a n F e d e r a t i o n issued b y t h e

116

port master o r another authority o f the R F M a r i t i m e


Administration.
W h e r e w i t h i n t h i s p e r i o d transfer o f class o f t h e ship
occurs, t h e d o c u m e n t s describing t h i s procedure s h a l l b e
followed.
4.6.1.3 W h e n e v e r t h e s h i p o w n e r requests t o s u r v e y
the ship a n d t o issue t h e relevant documents i n
consequence w i t h change o f s h i p o w n e r , p o r t o f r e g i s t r y
o r ship's n a m e , r e v i e w o f t h e request s h a l l b e carried o u t
a n d t h e r e l e v a n t procedures s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d .
4.6.2 C h a n g e o f t h e s h i p o w n e r .
4.6.2.1 R e l e v a n t d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e checked,
a n d d u r i n g t h i s procedure t h e f o l l o w i n g o r i g i n a l d o c u m e n t s o r n o t a r i z e d copies t h e r e o f s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o
the R S surveyor:
.1 a t change o f t h e s h i p o w n e r o f t h e ship f l y i n g t h e
R F flag:
Certificate o f O w n e r s h i p ;
Certificate o f R i g h t t o F l y the N a t i o n a l F l a g o f the R F ;
S h i p R a d i o S t a t i o n L i c e n s e issued b y t h e M a i n
Radio-Frequency Centre;
c o r i f i r m a t i o n o f r e g i s t r a t i o n o f t h e ship security alert
s y s t e m i n M o n i t o r i n g a n d S e c u r i t y A l e r t Center.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

S e a w o r t h i n e s s C e r t i f i c a t e , w h e r e necessary;
Report o n Survey o f t h e Ship (form 6.3.10)
c o n t a i n i n g list o f c o m p l e t e d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , stating a
n e w s h i p o w n e r a n d requisites thereof, as w e l l as t h e
issued d o c u m e n t s .
The Report shall be drawn up both i n Russian and i n
E n g l i s h f o r ships flying t h e R F f l a g , a n d o n l y i n E n g l i s h
f o r ships flying a n y o t h e r flags. O n ships n o t engaged o n
international voyages a n d flying the R F flag the Report
shall be d r a w n u p o n l y i n Russian.
S u r v e y results m a y b e d r a w n u p u s i n g t h e p r o g r a m
S T O R M and b y issuing Ship's Survey Statement ( f o r m 6.1.03).
Issuance o f a separate R e p o r t o n S u r v e y o f t h e S h i p
( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) i s n o t r e q u i r e d i n t h i s case.
N o t e . I n t h e Record o f A p p r o v e d Cargo Ship Safety
E q u i p m e n t ( f o r m 4 . 1 . 2 ) a n d also i n t h e certificates o f ship's l i f t i n g
appliances a n d cargo h a n d l i n g gear ( f o r m s 5.1.1 t o 5 . 1 . 5 ) r e l e v a n t
entries d u l y signed, stamped a n d dated b y t h e s u r v e y o r m a y b e m a d e
a b o u t a n e w s h i p o w n e r . A l l a m e n d e d d o c u m e n t s a r e subject t o
r e n e w a l a t t h e p r o x i m a t e special survey.

4.6.2.4 F o r ship w i t h d u a l class, t h e agreement o n a


d u a l class b e c o m e s i n v a l i d after change o f s h i p o w n e r .
I n t h i s c o n n e c t i o n , i t i s necessary t o request a n e w
s h i p o w n e r w h e t h e r h e intends t o c o n t i n u e t h e ship
N o t e s : 1 . Instead o f t h e certificates m e n t i o n e d i n 4 . 6 . 2 . 1 . 1
o p e r a t i o n i n a d u a l class o r t o r e t a i n t h e ship o n l y i n
the s h i p o w n e r m a y s u b m i t t h e o r i g i n a l s o r n o t a r i z e d copies o f t h e
the R S class. I n case o f further ship operation i n a dual class
documents listed i n 4.6.1.2.
2. A l l the above-mentioned documents shall contain the name o f
it i s required t o sign a n agreement o n a dual class f o r f i v e
a n e w s h i p o w n e r a l o n g w i t h t h e requisites thereof.
years. I n case o f i n t e n t i o n t o retain o n l y t h e R S class i t is
T h e ship A d m i n i s t r a t i o n s h a l l also s u b m i t t o t h e required t o send t o t h e R H O official n o t i f i c a t i o n about this
s u r v e y o r t h e c o n f i r m a t i o n f o r m c o n c e r n i n g t h e fact that i n E n g l i s h . Based o n this n o t i f i c a t i o n t h e class o f t h e
C O S P A S - S A R S A T C o o r d i n a t i n g C e n t r e h a s b e e n i n - second classification society shall b e w i t h d r a w n .
f o r m e d a b o u t change o f t h e s h i p o w n e r ;
4.6.3 C h a n g e o f p o r t o f r e g i s t r y .
c o r i f i r m a t i o n o f t h e ship's data e n t r y i n R u s s i a n
4.6.3.1 R e l e v a n t s h i p d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e
center o f L R I T s y s t e m ;
checked a n d d u r i n g t h i s procedure t h e f o l l o w i n g o r i g i n a l
.2 a t change o f t h e s h i p o w n e r o f t h e ship f l y i n g t h e d o c u m e n t s o r n o t a r i z e d copies t h e r e o f s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d
to the R S surveyor:
flag o t h e r t h a n t h e R F f l a g :
Certificate, i n t e r i m o r p e r m a n e n t , o f S h i p R e g i s t r y i n
.1 w h e r e t h e p o r t o f r e g i s t r y o f a ship f l y i n g
t h e R e g i s t e r o f t h e F l a g State;
t h e R F flag i s changed, a l l t h e d o c u m e n t s stated
S h i p R a d i o S t a t i o n L i c e n s e , p r o v i s i o n a l o r p e r m a - i n 4 . 6 . 2 . 1 . 1 . A n e w p o r t o f r e g i s t r y s h a l l b e recorded i n
nent, issued b y t h e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f t h e F l a g State o r b y a l l these d o c u m e n t s ;
authorized organization.
.2 w h e r e t h e p o r t o f r e g i s t r y o f a ship f l y i n g a n y flag
o t h e r t h a n t h e R F one, C e r t i f i c a t e , i n t e r i m o r p e r m a n e n t ,
N o t e . A l l t h e above m e n t i o n e d d o c u m e n t s s h a l l c o n t a i n t h e
o f t h e S h i p R e g i s t r y i n t h e F l a g State R e g i s t e r o r o t h e r
n a m e o f a n e w s h i p o w n e r a l o n g w i t h t h e requisites thereof.
d o c u m e n t o f t h e F l a g State M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n ,
I n a l l t h e cases listed i n 4.6.2.1.1 a n d 4.6.2.1.2 o n e w h e r e change o f ship p o r t o f r e g i s t r y i s recorded.
shall m a k e sure that the contract/agreement f o r shore-based
4.6.3.2 S u r v e y o f t h e ship s h a l l b e carried o u t w i t h
maintenance o f G M D S S radio e q u i p m e n t ( i f applicable) i s t h e purpose o f v e r i f y i n g w h e t h e r a n e w p o r t o f r e g i s t r y
concluded/renewed w i t h t h e n e w shipowner.
is m a r k e d o n t h e s h i p h u l l s t e r n a n d l i f e - s a v i n g
4.6.2.2 O c c a s i o n a l s u r v e y o f a ship s h a l l b e carried appliances, as w e l l as w h e t h e r ship's n e w c a l l s i g n
o u t b y e x t e r n a l e x a m i n a t i o n t o c o r i f i r m that a l l necessary ( s i g n a l letters) assigned t o i t b y t h e n e w F l a g State
e q u i p m e n t a n d o u t f i t are fitted i n t h e i r r e g u l a r palaces M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n i s i n c l u d e d i n t h e static data o f
t h e A u t o m a t i c I d e n t i f i c a t i o n S y s t e m ( A I S ) , i f t h e change
a n d n o changes h a v e b e e n m a d e .
4.6.2.3 U p o n t h e results o f r e v i e w o f t h e s u b m i t t e d o f p o r t o f r e g i s t r y i s associated w i t h t h e f l a g change.
documents and performed survey the following shall be
4.6.3.3 U p o n t h e results o f c h e c k i n g o f t h e s u b m i t t e d
issued:
d o c u m e n t s a n d o f t h e ship's s u r v e y t h e f o l l o w i n g
n e w C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e , w h e r e necessary;
d o c u m e n t s s h a l l b e re-issued:

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

C l a s s i f i c a t i o n Certificate;
S e a w o r t h i n e s s C e r t i f i c a t e , w h e r e necessary;
a l l s t a t u t o r y certificates;
R e p o r t o n S u r v e y o f the S h i p ( f o r m 6.3.10) containing
list o f completed recommendations a n d recording a n e w
p o r t o f registry a n d n e w l y issued documents.
T h e Report shall be d r a w n up b o t h i n Russian and i n
E n g l i s h f o r ships f l y i n g t h e R F f l a g , a n d o n l y i n E n g l i s h
f o r ships f l y i n g a n y o t h e r flags.
S u r v e y results m a y b e d r a w n u p u s i n g t h e p r o g r a m
S T O R M and b y issuing Ship's Survey Statement ( f o r m 6.1.03).
Issuance o f a separate R e p o r t o n S u r v e y o f t h e S h i p
( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) i s n o t r e q u i r e d i n t h i s case.

117

Issuance o f a separate R e p o r t o n S u r v e y o f t h e S h i p
( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) i s n o t r e q u i r e d i n t h i s case.
N o t e . T h e e n t r y o f a n e w p o r t o f r e g i s t r y signed, stamped a n d
dated b y t h e s u r v e y o r m a y be m a d e i n t h e r e m a i n i n g d o c u m e n t a t i o n .
A l l a m e n d e d d o c u m e n t s are subject t o r e n e w a l at t h e p r o x i m a t e
special survey.

4.6.5 D i s t r i b u t i o n o f d o c u m e n t s .
4 . 6 . 5 . 1 A t s u r v e y o f t h e ship b y t h e R S B r a n c h
O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e s u p e r v i s i o n , copies o f a l l t h e
d o c u m e n t s issued s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h i s B r a n c h
O f f i c e t o b e i n c l u d e d i n t h e ship's file.
A t change o f p o r t o f r e g i s t r y t h e d u l y c o m p l e t e d
ship's file s h a l l be s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s f o r
N o t e . T h e e n t r y o f a n e w p o r t o f r e g i s t r y signed, stamped a n d
in-service s u p e r v i s i o n ( t o R H O i f t h e ship h a s b e e n
dated b y t h e s u r v e y o r m a y b e m a d e i n t h e r e m a i n i n g d o c u m e n t a t i o n .
transferred
t o fly t h e f l a g o f a n y state w h e r e n o R S
A l l a m e n d e d d o c u m e n t s are subject t o r e n e w a l at t h e p r o x i m a t e
Branch Office is available).
special survey.
4.6.5.2 A t s u r v e y i n case o f change o f t h e n a m e o r
4.6.4 C h a n g e o f t h e s h i p n a m e .
s h i p o w n e r o f t h e ship, w h i c h is registered i n a n o t h e r R S
4 . 6 . 4 . 1 R e l e v a n t s h i p d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n , copies o f a l l t h e
checked a n d d u r i n g t h i s procedure t h e f o l l o w i n g o r i g i n a l issued d o c u m e n t s i n electronic f o r m a t s h a l l be s u b m i t t e d
d o c u m e n t s o r n o t a r i z e d copies t h e r e o f s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S B r a n c h Offices f o r i n - s e r v i c e s u p e r v i s i o n ( t o
to the R S surveyor:
R H O i f t h e ship i s f l y i n g t h e flag o f a n y state w h e r e n o
. 1 w h e r e t h e n a m e o f ship f l y i n g t h e R F flag i s R S B r a n c h O f f i c e i s a v a i l a b l e ) .
changed, a l l t h e d o c u m e n t s stated i n 4 . 6 . 2 . 1 . 1 . I n a l l t h e
A t s u r v e y o f t h e ship i n case o f change o f p o r t o f
d o c u m e n t s the n e w n a m e o f ship s h a l l b e recorded;
registry, copies o f a l l t h e issued d o c u m e n t s i n electronic
.2 w h e r e t h e n a m e o f ship f l y i n g a n y f l a g o t h e r t h a n f o r m a t s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s f o r
in-service s u p e r v i s i o n as p e r f o r m e r p o r t o f r e g i s t r y f o r
t h e R F f l a g i s changed:
Ship's C e r t i f i c a t e o f R e g i s t r y , i n t e r i m o r p e r m a n e n t ; t h e p u r p o s e o f c o m p l e t i n g t h e ship's file ( t o R H O i f t h e
ship i s f l y i n g t h e flag o f a n y state w h e r e there i s n o R S
Ship R a d i o Station License, interim or permanent;
B r a n c h O f f i c e a v a i l a b l e ) . I t s h a l l b e n o t e d that w h e r e t h e
Safe M a n n i n g Certificate;
c o n f i r m a t i o n o f r e g i s t r a t i o n o f t h e ship security alert ship p r e v i o u s l y registered i n o n e o f t h e R S B r a n c h
Offices is transferred t o f l y t h e f l a g o f a n y state w h e r e n o
s y s t e m i n M o n i t o r i n g a n d S e c u r i t y A l e r t Center.
R S B r a n c h O f f i c e s i s a v a i l a b l e , i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e copies
N o t e . A l l the a b o v e - m e n t i o n e d d o c u m e n t s s h a l l c o n t a i n a n e w
o f issued d o c u m e n t s t o b e s u b m i t t e d t o t h e R S B r a n c h
n a m e o f t h e ship.
Offices f o r in-service s u p e r v i s i o n as p e r f o r m e r p o r t o f
registry,
o n e c o p y o f s t a t u t o r y certificates s h a l l b e
4.6.4.2 S u r v e y o f t h e ship s h a l l b e carried o u t w i t h
s
u
b
m
i
t
t
e
d
t o R H O (Ships i n Service Department) f o r
t h e purpose o f v e r i f y i n g w h e t h e r t h e n e w n a m e o f ship is
t
h
e
i
r
f
u
r
t
h
e
r d e l i v e r y t o t h e F l a g State A d m i n i s t r a t i o n
m a r k e d o n t h e ship's h u l l a n d l i f e - s a v i n g appliances, as
w
i
t
h
t
h
e
p
u
r
p o s e o f c o m p l e t i n g t h e ship's file.
w e l l as w h e t h e r t h e ship's n e w n a m e assigned t o i t b y t h e
F l a g State M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , i s i n c l u d e d i n t h e
4.6.5.3 T h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e , w h i c h p e r f o r m e d t h e
A I S static data.
survey, s h a l l i m m e d i a t e l y , w i t h i n o n e w o r k i n g d a y ,
4.6.4.3 U p o n t h e results o f r e v i e w o f t h e s u b m i t t e d s u b m i t t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 5 1 - 1 ) t o t h e
documents and performed survey t h e f o l l o w i n g docu R S B r a n c h Offices for in-service supervision (to R H O i f
t h e ship i s f l y i n g t h e flag o f a n y state w h e r e n o R S
m e n t s s h a l l b e re-issued:
Branch Office is available).
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n Certificate;
S e a w o r t h i n e s s C e r t i f i c a t e , w h e r e necessary;
4.6.5.4 T h e R S B r a n c h Office, w h i c h performed the
survey, shall submit t o R H O ( I T Research a n d
a l l s t a t u t o r y certificates;
R e p o r t o n S u r v e y o f t h e S h i p ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) D e v e l o p m e n t D e p a r t m e n t ) t h e n o t i f i c a t i o n as p e r
c o n t a i n i n g l i s t o f c o m p l e t e d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s a n d 11..02/01 stating t h e change o f t h e ship
r e c o r d i n g a n e w n a m e o f t h e ship a n d issued d o c u m e n t s . recorded data.
T h e Report shall be d r a w n up b o t h i n Russian and i n
T a k i n g i n t o account t h e fact that w i t h change o f
E n g l i s h f o r ships flying t h e R F flag, a n d o n l y i n E n g l i s h recorded data ( p o r t o f registry, s h i p o w n e r , ship's n a m e ) ,
f o r ships flying a n y flag o t h e r t h a n t h e R F f l a g .
t h e ship d o c u m e n t s p r e v i o u s l y a v a i l a b l e o n b o a r d , i n l i e u
S u r v e y results m a y b e d r a w n u p u s i n g t h e p r o g r a m o f w h i c h t h e n e w d o c u m e n t s are issued, s h a l l cease t o b e
S T O R M and b y issuing Ship's Survey Statement (form 6.1.03). v a l i d a n d s h a l l b e m a r k e d w i t h t h e i n s c r i p t i o n

118

" I N V A L I D " signed, stamped a n d dated b y t h e s u r v e y o r


w i t h d u e reference t o t h e R e p o r t ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 1 0 ) c o n t a i n i n g
g r o u n d s f o r m a k i n g s u c h a decision. T h e s e d o c u m e n t s
are n o t subject t o e x e m p t i o n o r e l i m i n a t i o n .
4.6.5.5 C o p i e s o f t h e issued d o c u m e n t s a n d ship's
files s h a l l b e s u b m i t t e d b y m a i l w i t h a n o t i f i c a t i o n o f
delivery.

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

the intervals between the surveys performed b y R S is not


maintained b y t h e shipowner i n full a n d continued
c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e applicable R S r e q u i r e m e n t s .
4.8.1.2 S S R i s applied t o t h e ships classed b y t h e
Register. S S R m a y b e i m p o s e d o n t h e ship b e i n g u n d e r
t h e s u r v e y o n l y after t h e s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n date.
4.8.1.3 C l a s s o f t h e s h i p u n d e r S S R m a y b e
w i t h d r a w n w i t h n o suspension i n case o f a n y n o n compliance w i t h the R S requirements o r conditions o f
class.
4.7 P R E - S A L E S U R V E Y O F S H I P S
4.8.1.4 T o p r e v e n t t h e o p e r a t i o n o f a ship n o t f u l l y
4.7.1 W h e n c o n d u c t i n g pre-sale s u r v e y requested b y c o m p l y i n g w i t h t h e applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s o f t h e R u l e s
t h e s h i p o w n e r o r b y c o m p a n i e s ( l a w y e r s , u n d e r w r i t e r s , for C o n s t r u c t i o n , s t a t u t o r y r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d t o assess
agents, etc.), t h e ship's t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n s h a l l b e o n l y t h e ship t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n w i t h i n t h e i n t e r v a l s b e t w e e n
assessed. T h i s pre-sale s u r v e y m a y o n l y b e carried o u t prescribed p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s , t h e ship o r i t s p a r t i c u l a r
subject t o p r i o r agreement w i t h t h e s h i p o w n e r . T h e p r e - i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n m a y b e s u r v e y e d o n t h e
sale s u r v e y o f t h e ships classed b y t h e A C S I A C S i n i t i a t i v e o f t h e Register.
m e m b e r m a y b e conducted o n l y i f a u t h o r i z e d b y t h i s
Additional instructions o n carrying o u t the initiative
A C S . T h e results o f s u r v e y s h a l l b e recorded i n t h e s u r v e y a r e set f o r t h i n A n n e x 2 7 t o t h e G u i d e l i n e s .
Report o n Survey o f the Ship ( f o r m 6.3.10 o r i n a n y
4.8.2 I m p o s i n g S S R o n a s h i p .
optional form). T h e Report shall n o t contain commercial
4.8.2.1 T h e r e s o l u t i o n o n i m p o s i n g S S R o n a ship
characteristics, v a l u e a n d o t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n i r r e l e v a n t t o s h a l l b e t a k e n b y T e c h n i c a l C o m m i t t e e ( T C ) a t t h e
t h e t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship.
suggestion o f t h e E x p e r t i s e a n d A n a l y s i s C e n t r e ( E A C )
4.7.2 T h e R e p o r t o n S u r v e y , as a m i n i m u m , s h a l l or t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e s u p e r v i s i o n based
o n t h e ship's file r e v i e w . W h e n p e r f o r m i n g t h e ship's file
include the following information:
ship's particulars ( n a m e , t y p e , f l a g , p o r t o f registry, r e v i e w t h e f o l l o w i n g k e y factors s h a l l b e considered:
class, class status);
.1 t h e ship's age a n d type;
.2 class status h i s t o r y ;
data o n ship's c o n s t r u c t i o n (date a n d place, s h i p y a r d ,
project n u m b e r , etc.);
.3 t i m e l y s u b m i s s i o n o f a ship f o r p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s ,
t h e n u m b e r a n d n a t u r e o f t h e i m p o s e d c o n d i t i o n s o f class
ship's m a i n particulars;
v o l u m e o f t a n k s , t h e i r l o c a t i o n ( d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f f u e l and/or s t a t u t o r y r e q u i r e m e n t s , as w e l l as t h e t i m e l i n e s s o f
their implementation;
residues, i f necessary);
area o f n a v i g a t i o n ;
.4 results o f S M S audits o f t h e ship;
d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e ship's structure;
.5 results o f P S C and/or F l a g State inspections;
h u l l a n d superstructures, closures o f openings;
.6 o t h e r factors affecting t h e m a i n t e n a n c e o f t h e ship
e q u i p m e n t , arrangements a n d o u t f i t ;
i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e applicable R S r e q u i r e m e n t s a n d /
fire p r o t e c t i o n ;
or i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s .
machinery installation;
4.8.2.2 T h e R H O P S C A f f a i r s D e p a r t m e n t w i t h i n
systems a n d p i p i n g ;
3 w o r k i n g days after t h e a p p r o v a l o f t h e m i n u t e s o f t h e
auxiliary machinery;
T C meeting b y the R S C h i e f Executive Officer shall
electrical e q u i p m e n t a n d a u t o m a t i o n ;
n o t i f y t h e s h i p o w n e r o f t h e i m p o s i n g S S R o n t h e ship, a
l i f e - s a v i n g appliances;
c o p y o f t h e n o t i f i c a t i o n s h a l l b e sent t o t h e F l a g State
signal means;
Maritime Administration and the R S Branch Office f o r
in-service s u p e r v i s i o n . T h e n o t i f i c a t i o n s h a l l c o n t a i n
radio and navigational equipment;
i n f o r m a t i o n o n c o n d i t i o n s o f t h e ship's d u r a b i l i t y u n d e r
c a r g o - h a n d l i n g gear;
e q u i p m e n t f o r t h e p r e v e n t i o n o f p o l l u t i o n from S S R a n d o f w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from S S R .
ships;
4.8.2.3 T h e R H O P S C A f f a i r s D e p a r t m e n t s h a l l k e e p
records o f t h e ships u n d e r S S R . E n t r y o n t h e ship's
spare parts.
durability under S S R shall be made i n t h e List o f
S u r v e y ' s Status.
4.8.3 C o n d i t i o n s o f s h i p ' s d u r a b i l i t y u n d e r S S R .
4.8 S P E C I A L S U R V E I L L A N C E R E G I M E
4.8.3.1 I f r e t a i n m e n t o f class i s r e q u i r e d , t h e
s h i p o w n e r s h a l l t a k e necessary m e a s u r e s t o b r i n g t h e
4.8.1 G e n e r a l .
4.8.1.1 S p e c i a l s u r v e i l l a n c e r e g i m e ( S S R ) i s a ship i n l i n e w i t h t h e applicable R S r e q u i r e m e n t s a n d
r e g i m e r e g u l a t i n g t h e procedure a n d scope o f classifica- m a i n t a i n i t s t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n i n f u l l c o m p l i a n c e w i t h
t i o n s u r v e y s o f a ship, w h i c h t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n w i t h i n these r e q u i r e m e n t s .

Part II. Survey Schedule and Scope

4.8.3.2 T h e scope o f p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s o f t h e ship


u n d e r S S R s h a l l b e as f o l l o w s :
.1 i f t h e n e x t prescribed s u r v e y is a n n u a l , t h e n
i n t e r m e d i a t e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s u r v e y o f t h e ship ( d e p e n d i n g
o n t h e ship's a g e ) s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y u s i n g
u n d e r w a t e r t e l e v i s i o n (except w h e r e d r y d o c k s u r v e y is
prescribed f o r t h e s h i p ) . I t is necessary t o c a r r y o u t
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t at least o f suspect areas i d e n t i f i e d
b y t h e s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register, a n d areas o f substantial
c o r r o s i o n stated i n t h e L i s t o f S u r v e y ' s Status, t h e
measurements o f w h i c h shall be taken annually. Survey
o f t h e E S P ships s h a l l b e carried o u t a c c o r d i n g t o t h e
programme approved b y the Register f o r the previous
special o r i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y t o b e p e r f o r m e d together
w i t h thickness measurements as stated above, a n d w i t h o u t
testing tanks f o r tightness unless otherwise specified b y t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e Register f o r t h e assessment o f watertight
and weathertight integrity o f structures;
.2 i f t h e n e x t prescribed s u r v e y is i n t e r m e d i a t e o r
special, t h e n special c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s u r v e y o f t h e ship s h a l l
b e carried o u t i n f u l l scope i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f these R u l e s , a n d s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e s u r v e y
o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e ship's b o t t o m i n d r y dock. S u r v e y o f
t h e E S P ships s h a l l b e carried o u t according t o t h e
programme developed b y the shipowner and approved
b y the Register for this survey;
N o t e : After completion o f intermediate survey performed
w i t h i n t h e scope o f special o n e , t h e e x i s t i n g C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e
s h a l l n o t b e r e n e w e d b u t endorsed.

.3 r e d u c i n g t h e s u r v e y scope r e q u i r e d b y 4 . 8 . 3 . 2 . 1
a n d 4 . 8 . 3 . 2 . 2 is n o t a l l o w e d ;
4.8.3.3 I f t h e deficiencies are f o u n d u p o n results o f
occasional survey o f the ship under S S R , then t o
eliminate t h e m the requirements shall be imposed t o
t h e m a x i m u m possible extent, a n d f u l f i l m e n t o f these
requirements shall ensure n o t o n l y e l i m i n a t i o n o f
separate deficiencies b u t also s i g n i f i c a n t l y i m p r o v e t h e
t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f h u l l structures, m a c h i n e r y , arr a n g e m e n t s a n d systems o f t h e ship as a w h o l e .
4.8.3.4 F o r t h e ship u n d e r S S R t h e f o l l o w i n g is n o t
allowed:
.1 e x t e n s i o n o f special s u r v e y t e r m s ;
.2 e x t e n s i o n o f t e r m s o f s u r v e y o f t h e o u t s i d e o f t h e
ship's b o t t o m a n d s u r v e y o f sterntube arrangements;
.3 e x t e n s i o n o f t e r m s o f s u r v e y w i t h i n t h e c o n t i n u o u s
s u r v e y s y s t e m ( C S S ) scope;
.4 p o s t p o n e m e n t o f f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e R S r e q u i r e ments;
.5 r e t a i n m e n t o f class after t h e e x p i r y date o f t h e
p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y o f t h e ship u n d e r s u r v e y .
4.8.3.5 S S R s h a l l n o t a p p l y t o t h e l a i d - u p ships. I f
t h e ship u n d e r S S R is l a i d - u p , t h e special s u r v e i l l a n c e
r e g i m e s h a l l b e suspended f o r t h e l a i d - u p p e r i o d . W h e n

119

p u t t i n g s u c h ship i n o p e r a t i o n after l a y i n g - u p , t h e special


surveillance regime shall be renewed.
4.8.3.6 P a y m e n t s f o r services related t o s u r v e y s o f
ships under S S R shall o n l y b e made o n terms o f 100 per cent
prepayment.
4.8.3.7 I n case o f w i t h d r a w a l o f class o f t h e ship
u n d e r S S R , t h e special s u r v e i l l a n c e r e g i m e s h a l l cease
a u t o m a t i c a l l y . R e a s s i g n m e n t o f class after its w i t h d r a w a l
o f t h e ship u n d e r S S R is possible o n l y w i t h t h e r e n e w a l
of SSR.
4.8.4 W i t h d r a w i n g t h e s h i p f r o m S S R .
4.8.4.1 T h e g r o u n d s f o r w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from
S S R shall be simultaneous fulfillment o f the f o l l o w i n g
conditions:
.1 a v a i l a b i l i t y o f t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s w r i t t e n request f o r
w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from S S R addressed t o R H O ;
.2 satisfactory results o f at least t w o p e r i o d i c a l
surveys o f the ship carried o u t i n compliance
w i t h 4.8.3.2;
.3 n o accidents i n v o l v i n g t h e s h i p u n d e r S S R
(accidents w i t h t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f a n o t h e r p a r t y are
n o t considered);
.4 n o P S C / F l a g State d e t e n t i o n s o f t h e s h i p
under SSR;
.5 n o o v e r d u e accounts r e c e i v a b l e (debts) t o R S
throughout the S S R duration.
4.8.4.2 I f there are sufficient grounds, t h e R H O Ships
i n Service D i v i s i o n shall n o t i f y t h e s h i p o w n e r o f w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from S S R w h i c h i n v o l v e s t h e f o l l o w i n g :
1. p r e l i m i n a r y a r r a n g e m e n t o n t h e place a n d dates o f
s u b m i s s i o n o f t h e ship f o r p e r i o d i c a l survey, t h e scope o f
w h i c h is d e t e r m i n e d as r e q u i r e d b y 4 . 8 . 3 . 2 ;
2 . a s s i g n m e n t o f s u p e r v i s i o n check o f t h e ship u p o n
t h e results o f t h i s survey.
4.8.4.3 A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f s u r v e y a n d s u p e r v i s i o n
check o f t h e ship as r e q u i r e d b y 4 . 8 . 4 . 2 , t h e R S B r a n c h
Offices w h i c h carried t h e m o u t s h a l l i n f o r m t h e R H O
S h i p s i n S e r v i c e D i v i s i o n o n t h e i r results a n d s u b m i t t h e
copies o f r e p o r t i n g d o c u m e n t s a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o f
the R S surveyors/RS controllers o n the expediency o f
w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from S S R .
4.8.4.4 O u t s t a n d i n g r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s / r e q u i r e m e n t s
a v a i l a b l e u p o n t h e c o m p l e t i o n o f s u r v e y as r e q u i r e d
b y 4 . 8 . 4 . 2 . 1 s h a l l cancel t h e procedure o f w i t h d r a w i n g
t h e ship f r o m S S R . I n t h i s case t h e R H O S h i p s i n S e r v i c e
D i v i s i o n shall notify the shipowner o f the S S R retention.
4.8.4.5 R e s o l u t i o n o n w i t h d r a w i n g t h e ship from
S S R s h a l l b e t a k e n b y T C based o n r e v i e w o f data
submitted b y the R H O Ships i n Service D i v i s i o n .
4.8.4.6 T h e R H O P S C A f f a i r s D e p a r t m e n t s h a l l
n o t i f y t h e s h i p o w n e r , t h e F l a g State M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n a n d t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e supervision o f the resolution taken b y T C .

120

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

P A R T . A D D I T I O N A L S U R V E Y S O F S H I P S D E P E N D I N G O N T H E I R
AND HULL MATERIAL
1 GENERAL

PURPOSE

performed preferably i n a horizontal direction - b y a rollon/roll-off.


IACS C o m m o n Structural Rules
1.1 D E F I N I T I O N S
( C S R ) C o m m o n Structural R u l e s for D o u b l e H u l l
1.1.1 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e d e f i n i t i o n s g i v e n i n P a r t I O i l Tankers and C o m m o n Structural R u l e s f o r B u l k Carriers.
" G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " f o r t h e p u r p o s e o f t h e present P a r t ,
S u p p o r t i n g d e v i c e is a device used t o
t h e f o l l o w i n g d e f i n i t i o n s h a v e b e e n adopted.
t r a n s m i t e x t e r n a l o r i n t e r n a l loads f r o m t h e d o o r t o a
s e c u r i n g d e v i c e a n d from t h e s e c u r i n g device t o t h e
Cargo area, cargo length area:
.1 f o r tankers ( i n c l u d i n g o i l tankers a n d c h e m i c a l ship's structure, o r a device o t h e r t h a n a securing device,
t a n k e r s ) i s t h e part o f t h e ship, w h i c h i n c l u d e s cargo s u c h as a h i n g e , stopper o r o t h e r f i x e d device, t h a t
t a n k s , s l o p t a n k s a n d c a r g o / b a l l a s t p u m p r o o m s , t r a n s m i t s loads from t h e d o o r t o t h e ship's structure.
cofferdams, ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces adjacent t o
Close up survey:
cargo t a n k s , a n d also deck areas t h r o u g h o u t t h e entire
.1 as regards s u r v e y o f t h e h u l l structure is a s u r v e y
l e n g t h a n d b r e a d t h o f t h e part o f t h e ship o v e r t h e a b o v e - w h e r e t h e details o f s t r u c t u r a l c o m p o n e n t s are w i t h i n t h e
m e n t i o n e d spaces;
close v i s u a l i n s p e c t i o n r a n g e o f t h e s u r v e y o r , i . e .
.2 f o r d r y cargo ships ( i n c l u d i n g b u l k carriers a n d n o r m a l l y w i t h i n reach o f h a n d ;
general d r y cargo ships) i s t h e part o f t h e s h i p , w h i c h
.2 as regards s u r v e y o f t h e ship's m a c h i n e r y ,
includes a l l cargo h o l d s a n d adjacent areas i n c l u d i n g f u e l arrangements a n d systems i s a s u r v e y w i t h access,
o i l t a n k s , cofferdams, ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces.
o p e n i n g - u p o r d i s m a n t l i n g p r o v i d e d , w h e r e necessary.
R o - r o c a r g o s p a c e s are spaces n o t n o r m a l l y
O v e r a l l s u r v e y is a survey intended t o
s u b d i v i d e d i n a n y w a y a n d n o r m a l l y e x t e n d i n g t o e i t h e r a r e p o r t o n t h e o v e r a l l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e h u l l structure
substantial l e n g t h o r t h e e n t i r e l e n g t h o f t h e s h i p , spaces a n d d e t e r m i n e t h e e x t e n t o f a d d i t i o n a l c l o s e - u p
i n w h i c h m o t o r vehicles w i t h fuel i n their tanks for their surveys.
o w n p r o p u l s i o n , and/or g o o d s p a c k a g e d ( i n tare o r i n
E n h a n c e d s u r v e y s are s u r v e y s a c c o r d i n g t o
b u l k , o n r a i l o r r o a d cars, v e h i c l e s ( i n c l u d i n g r o a d o r r a i l t h e enhanced s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e , w h i c h are applicable t o
t a n k s ) , t r a i l e r s , containers, pallets, d e m o u n t a b l e t a n k s o r t h e E S P ships.
similar enlarged units, o r other tanks) are n o r m a l l y
A r o l l - o n / r o l l - o f p a s s e n g e r s h i p (ro-ro
loaded and unloaded i n a horizontal direction.
passenger s h i p ) is a passenger ship w i t h enclosed o r o p e n
S e c u r i n g d e v i c e i s a device u s e d t o k e e p t h e cargo spaces w h i c h is l o a d e d / u n l o a d e d i n t h e h o r i z o n t a l
d o o r closed b y p r e v e n t i n g i t f r o m r o t a t i n g a b o u t i t s d i r e c t i o n , o r w i t h special c a t e g o r y spaces. C l a s s e d
a m o n g passenger r o - r o ships are also ferries, i.e. ships
hinges.
S u b s t a n t i a l c o r r o s i o n is an extent o f loaded/unloaded i n t h e h o r i z o n t a l direction w h i c h
c o r r o s i o n s u c h t h a t assessment o f c o r r o s i o n p a t t e r n r e g u l a r l y c a r r y passengers a n d w h i c h c a r r y v e h i c l e s w i t h
indicates a wastage i n excess o f 7 5 p e r cent o f a l l o w a b l e f u e l i n t h e i r t a n k s and/or r a i l w a y carriages o n o p e n a n d /
o r enclosed decks a t f e r r y crossings.
m a r g i n s , b u t w i t h i n acceptable l i m i t s .
F o r ships constructed i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e I A C S
S p e c i a l c a t e g o r y s p a c e s are enclosed
C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s , substantial c o r r o s i o n i s s u c h spaces located a b o v e o r b e l o w t h e b u l k h e a d deck i n t o
degree o f c o r r o s i o n w h e n m e a s u r e d v a l u e lies i n t h e a n d o u t o f w h i c h m o t o r v e h i c l e s can b e d r i v e n u n d e r
range t^ + 0,5 m m a n d . W h e r e t is t h e a l l o w a b l e t h e i r o w n p r o p u l s i o n a n d t o w h i c h passengers h a v e
t h i c k n e s s , i n m m , b e l o w w h i c h r e n e w a l o f s t r u c t u r a l access. S p e c i a l category spaces m a y b e located o n m o r e
m e m b e r s s h a l l b e carried o u t .
t h a n o n e deck i f t o t a l o v e r a l l clear h e i g h t f o r t h e m o t o r
G r o o v i n g c o r r o s i o n d e f i n i t i o n is g i v e n i n v e h i c l e s does n o t exceed 10 m .
Appendix 2.
T r a n s v e r s e s e c t i o n includes a l l
P i t t i n g c o r r o s i o n d e f i n i t i o n i s g i v e n i n l o n g i t u d i n a l m e m b e r s s u c h as p l a t i n g , l o n g i t u d i n a l s a n d
Appendix 2.
girders a t t h e deck, sides, b o t t o m , i n n e r b o t t o m , l o n
E d g e c o r r o s i o n d e f i n i t i o n i s g i v e n i n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d s a n d i n n e r sides ( i n c l u d i n g t h e p l a t i n g
a n d l o n g i t u d i n a l s o f h o p p e r a n d h o r i z o n t a l plates o f t o p
Appendix 2.
A r o l l - o n / r o l l - o f s h i p i s a ship s p e c i a l l y side a n d h o p p e r side t a n k s ) . F o r t r a n s v e r s e l y - f r a m e d
designed f o r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n o f v a r i o u s w h e e l e d v e h i c l e s ships, a transverse s e c t i o n includes adjacent frames a n d
(cars, r o l l i n g stocks, t r a c k e d v e h i c l e s , trailers w i t h a n d t h e i r e n d c o n n e c t i o n s i n w a y o f transverse sections.
w i t h o u t cargo), i n w h i c h t h e cargo l o a d i n g operations are

ren

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

S p e s a r e separate c o m p a r t m e n t s i n c l u d i n g
h o l d s , tanks, cofferdams a n d v o i d spaces b o u n d i n g cargo
h o l d s , decks a n d t h e o u t e r h u l l .
C r i t i c a l s t r u c t u r a l areas:
.1 locations, w h i c h have been identified f r o m
calculations t o r e q u i r e m o n i t o r i n g ; o r
.2 locations, w h i c h have been identified from t h e
service h i s t o r y o f the subject ship, s i m i l a r ships o r sister
ships t o b e sensitive t o cracking, b u c k l i n g o r corrosion,
w h i c h w o u l d i m p a i r the structural integrity o f the ship.
C o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n s y s t e m is
n o r m a l l y considered a f u l l h a r d p r o t e c t i v e coating.
L o c k i n g d e v i c e is a device that locks a
securing device i n t h e closed p o s i t i o n .
H a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g is u s u a l l y t o be
e p o x y c o a t i n g o r e q u i v a l e n t . O t h e r c o a t i n g systems,
w h i c h are n e i t h e r soft n o r s e m i - h a r d coatings, m a y b e
considered acceptable as alternatives, p r o v i d e d that t h e y
are a p p l i e d a n d m a i n t a i n e d i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
manufacturer's specifications ( w i t h regard t o a p p l i c a t i o n
o f s e m i - h a r d coatings refer t o 1.3.2.5).
S u s p e c t
a r e a s are locations s h o w i n g
substantial corrosion and/or are considered b y t h e
s u r v e y o r t o b e p r o n e t o r a p i d wastage.
C o a t i n g c o n d i t i o n i s defined as f o l l o w s :
G O O D c o n d i t i o n w i t h o n l y m i n o r spot r u s t i n g ;
F A I R c o n d i t i o n w i t h l o c a l b r e a k d o w n a t edges o f
stiffeners a n d w e l d connections and/or l i g h t r u s t i n g o v e r
2 0 p e r cent o r m o r e o f areas u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n , b u t less
t h a n as defined f o r P O O R c o n d i t i o n ;
P O O R c o n d i t i o n w i t h general b r e a k d o w n o f c o a t i n g
o v e r 2 0 p e r cent o r m o r e o f areas o r h a r d scale a t
10 p e r cent o r m o r e o f areas u n d e r c o n s i d e r a t i o n .
S p e c i a l c o n s i d e r a t i o n (as regards t o
close-up s u r v e y a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s ) i s s u f f i
cient close-up i n s p e c t i o n a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s ,
w h i c h s h a l l b e t a k e n t o c o n f i r m t h e actual average
c o n d i t i o n o f structures u n d e r t h e coating.
P r o m p t a n d t h o r o u g h r e p a i r is a
p e r m a n e n t repair c o m p l e t e d a t t h e t i m e o f s u r v e y t o t h e
satisfaction o f t h e s u r v e y o r , t h e r e i n r e m o v i n g t h e n e e d
f o r t h e i m p o s i t i o n o f a n y associated c o n d i t i o n o f
classification a n d r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s .
E S P s h i p s are o i l tankers i n c l u d i n g d o u b l e s k i n
011 tankers, c h e m i c a l tankers, b u l k carriers, i n c l u d i n g
d o u b l e s k i n b u l k carriers, w h i c h are subject t o E n h a n c e d
S u r v e y P r o g r a m m e i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h 1.3.1.
G e n e r a l d r y c a r g o s h i p is a ship p r i m a r i l y
designed f o r c a r r y i n g b r e a k - b u l k a n d p a c k a g e d cargoes,
i.e. t h e p a c k e d o r u n p a c k e d ones, accepted f o r c a r r y i n g i n
ships according t o t h e n u m b e r o f cargo pieces.
B u l k c a r r i e r i s a ship, w h i c h i s constructed
g e n e r a l l y w i t h s i n g l e deck, i n n e r b o t t o m , t o p side t a n k s
a n d h o p p e r side t a n k s i n cargo spaces, a n d i s p r i m a r i l y

121

designed f o r c a r r y i n g d r y cargo i n b u l k . R e f e r r e d t o t h i s
t y p e o f ships a r e c o m b i n a t i o n carriers ( a d d i t i o n a l
r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r s i n g l e s k i n c o m b i n a t i o n carriers a r e
given i n Section 2). T h e C o m m o n Structural Rules for
B u l k Carriers d o n o t a p p l y t o o r e a n d c o m b i n a t i o n
carriers.
D o u b l e s k i n b u l k c a r r i e r i s a ship, w h i c h
is constructed g e n e r a l l y w i t h s i n g l e deck, i n n e r b o t t o m ,
t o p side t a n k s a n d h o p p e r side t a n k s i n cargo spaces, has
a l l t h e cargo h o l d s , regardless o f t h e i r w i d t h , b o u n d e d b y
d o u b l e sides a n d i s p r i m a r i l y designed f o r c a r r y i n g d r y
cargo i n b u l k . R e f e r r e d t o t h i s t y p e o f ships a r e o r e
carriers a n d c o m b i n a t i o n carriers ( a d d i t i o n a l r e q u i r e
m e n t s f o r c o m b i n a t i o n carriers w i t h l o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k
heads a r e g i v e n i n S e c t i o n 2 o r 3 ) . T h e C o m m o n
S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s f o r B u l k C a r r i e r s do n o t a p p l y t o o r e a n d
c o m b i n a t i o n carriers.
O i l t a n k e r i s a ship p r i m a r i l y designed f o r
c a r r y i n g o i l i n b u l k , referred t o t h i s t y p e o f ships are also
c o m b i n a t i o n carriers ( o i l / o r e carriers, etc.).
D o u b l e s k i n o i l t a n k e r is a ship p r i m a r i l y
designed f o r c a r r y i n g o i l i n b u l k i n cargo t a n k s protected
o v e r t h e e n t i r e l e n g t h o f a cargo area w i t h t h e d o u b l e
s k i n , w h i c h comprises d o u b l e sides a n d d o u b l e b o t t o m
spaces used f o r w a t e r ballast o r as v o i d spaces.
N o t e . T h e d e f i n i t i o n also applies t o e x i s t i n g d o u b l e s k i n o i l
tankers, w h i c h do n o t m e e t the requirements o f R e g u l a t i o n 13F, A n n e x I
t o M A R P O L - 7 3 / 7 8 , b u t h a v e U - s h a p e d m i d s h i p section.

C h e m i c a l t a n k e r i s a ship constructed o r
adapted a n d used f o r carrying i n b u l k dangerous
chemicals l i s t e d i n C h a p t e r 17 o f t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o d e
for the Construction and Equipment o f Ships Carrying
D a n g e r o u s C h e m i c a l s I n B u l k ( C o d e ) .
B a l l a s t t a n k is a t a n k that is being used solely
for w a t e r ballast. T h e space o f a b u l k carrier o r double s k i n
b u l k carrier used f o r b o t h cargo a n d ballast shall be treated
as a ballast tank w h e n substantial corrosion has been f o u n d
i n that tank. T h e double s k i n t a n k o f the double s k i n b u l k
carrier i s considered as a separate tank, e v e n t h o u g h i t i s
connected w i t h a top side o r hopper side tank.
C o m b i n e d c a r g o / b a l l a s t t a n k is a t a n k ,
w h i c h is used f o r cargo o r w a t e r ballast i n the course o f the
general service o f a ship a n d considered as a ballast tank.
T h e cargo tanks w h e r e i n the w a t e r ballast m a y be t a k e n i n
exceptional cases according t o regulation 18(3), A n n e x I t o
M A R P O L - 7 3 / 7 8 are considered as cargo tanks.
R e p r e s e n t a t i v e t a n k s , s p a c e s are
those, w h i c h a r e expected t o reflect t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f
o t h e r t a n k s a n d spaces o f s i m i l a r t y p e a n d service a n d
w i t h similar corrosion prevention systems. W h e n selecting
representative t a n k s a n d spaces, account s h a l l be t a k e n o f
t h e service a n d repair h i s t o r y o n b o a r d a n d i d e n t i f i a b l e
critical structural areas and/or suspect areas.

122

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

1.2 R E P A I R S

1.3 P R E P A R A T I O N S F O R S U R V E Y

See circular 771

1.2.1 A n y d a m a g e i n association w i t h wastage o v e r


a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s ( i n c l u d i n g b u c k l i n g , g r o o v i n g , detach
m e n t o r fracture) o r e x t e n s i v e areas o f wastage o v e r t h e
a l l o w a b l e l i m i t s , w h i c h affect or, i n t h e o p i n i o n o f t h e
s u r v e y o r , w i l l affect t h e ship's structural, w a t e r t i g h t o r
weathertight integrity, shall be p r o m p t l y and thoroughly
repaired.
A r e a s t o b e considered are:
.1 b o t t o m structures a n d b o t t o m p l a t i n g ;
.2 side s h e l l p l a t i n g a n d side structures ( i n c l u d i n g
shell frames w i t h their e n d attachments o f b u l k
carriers);
.3 deck structures a n d deck p l a t i n g ;
.4 i n n e r b o t t o m p l a t i n g a n d structures;
.5 i n n e r side p l a t i n g a n d structures;
.6 w a t e r t i g h t o r o i l t i g h t b u l k h e a d s ;
.7 h a t c h covers a n d h a t c h c o a m i n g s ;
.8 w e l d e d c o n n e c t i o n s o f a i r p i p e s t o d e c k
plating;
.9 a i r heads o n t h e o p e n decks;
.10 v e n t i l a t o r s i n c l u d i n g dampers.
F o r l o c a t i o n s w h e r e adequate repair facilities are n o t
a v a i l a b l e , c o n s i d e r a t i o n m a y b e g i v e n t o a l l o w t h e ship t o
proceed d i r e c t l y t o a ship repair facility. T h i s m a y r e q u i r e
discharging t h e cargo and/or t e m p o r a r y repairs f o r t h e
i n t e n d e d passage.
1.2.2 A d d i t i o n a l l y , w h e n s u r v e y results i n t h e
identification o f substantial corrosion o r structural
defects, e i t h e r o f w h i c h , i n t h e o p i n i o n o f t h e s u r v e y o r ,
m a y i m p a i r t h e ship's fitness f o r c o n t i n u e d service,
necessary measures s h a l l b e t a k e n f o r t h e i r e l i m i n a t i o n
before t h e ship c o n t i n u e s its service.
W h e r e t h e d a m a g e f o u n d o n structures m e n t i o n e d
a b o v e is isolated a n d o f a l o c a l i z e d n a t u r e w h i c h does n o t
affect t h e ship's s t r u c t u r a l i n t e g r i t y , c o n s i d e r a t i o n m a y be
g i v e n b y t h e R S s u r v e y o r t o a l l o w a n appropriate
t e m p o r a r y repair t o restore w a t e r t i g h t o r w e a t h e r t i g h t
i n t e g r i t y a n d i m p o s e a C o n d i t i o n o f Class t o carry o u t
p e r m a n e n t repair w i t h i n a specific t i m e l i m i t agreed w i t h
the R S B r a n c h Offices f o r in-service supervision i n
accordance w i t h t h e P r o v i s i o n s o f A n n e x 1 7 t o t h e
G u i d e l i n e s . F o r E S P ships ( c h e m i c a l t a n k e r s , b u l k
carriers a n d o i l t a n k e r s ) t h e t e r m o f f u l f i l l m e n t o f t h e
p e r m a n e n t repair o f t h e part o f t h e structure repaired
t e m p o r a r i l y s h a l l b e agreed w i t h t h e R H O , and, i f
necessary, w i t h t h e ship's F l a g State M a r i t i m e A d m i n
istration.
1.2.3 W h e n c h o o s i n g t h e repair m e t h o d s a n d design,
one shall b e guided b y the documents t o b e found i n
A p p e n d i x 3 t o t h e present R u l e s .

See circular 771

1.3.1 S u r v e y p r o g r a m m e o f t h e E S P ships.
1.3.1.1 F o r t h e E S P s h i p s a s p e c i f i c s u r v e y
programme shall b e w o r k e d out b y the shipowner i n
c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r i n advance o f a n y p a r t o f :
.1 special s u r v e y ;
.2 i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y o f t h e E S P ships o f m o r e t h a n
10 years o f age.
T h e survey programme shall be i n a written format,
based o n t h e i n f o r m a t i o n i n A p p e n d i x 1 . 3 - 1 . T h e s u r v e y
s h a l l n o t c o m m e n c e u n t i l t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e has b e e n
agreed. T h e i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e m a y consist
o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e a t t h e p r e v i o u s special s u r v e y
s u p p l e m e n t e d b y t h e E x e c u t i v e H u l l S u m m a r y o f that
special s u r v e y a n d later r e l e v a n t s u r v e y reports. P r i o r t o
the development o f the survey programme, the Survey
Planning Questionnaire shall be completed b y t h e
s h i p o w n e r based o n t h e i n f o r m a t i o n set o u t i n A p p e n
d i x 1.3-2 a n d f o r w a r d e d t o t h e Register.
The survey programme shall b e w o r k e d out taking
i n t o account a n y a m e n d m e n t s t o t h e s u r v e y r e q u i r e m e n t s
i m p l e m e n t e d after t h e last special s u r v e y carried o u t .
1.3.1.2 I n d e v e l o p i n g t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e , t h e
f o l l o w i n g d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e gathered a n d c o n s u l t e d
w i t h a v i e w t o selecting t a n k s , areas a n d structural
elements t o b e e x a m i n e d :
.1 s u r v e y status a n d basic i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e ship;
.2 documentation o n board, as described i n 1.42 and 1.4.3;
.3 m a i n s c a n t l i n g d r a w i n g s o f cargo h o l d s , a n d cargo
a n d ballast t a n k s , i n c l u d i n g i n f o r m a t i o n regarding use o f
h i g h - t e n s i l e steels;
.4 p r e v i o u s E x e c u t i v e H u l l S u m m a r y ( f o r m 6 . 3 . 4 1 ) ;
.5 r e l e v a n t p r e v i o u s d a m a g e a n d repair h i s t o r y ;
.6 r e l e v a n t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y a n d i n s p e c t i o n reports
from b o t h t h e R e g i s t e r a n d t h e s h i p o w n e r ;
.7 i n f o r m a t i o n o n the use o f ship's holds and tanks,
typical cargoes and other relevant data, and for o i l tankers
and chemical tankers, cargo and ballast history f o r the last
3 years, including carriage o f cargo under heated conditions;
.8 details o f t h e i n e r t gas p l a n t a n d t a n k c l e a n i n g
procedures ( f o r o i l tankers a n d c h e m i c a l t a n k e r s ) ;
.9 i n f o r m a t i o n a n d o t h e r r e l e v a n t data r e g a r d i n g
c o n v e r s i o n o r m o d i f i c a t i o n o f t h e ship's cargo a n d ballast
h o l d s / t a n k s since t h e t i m e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n ;
.10 d e s c r i p t i o n a n d h i s t o r y o f t h e c o a t i n g a n d
c o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n s y s t e m ( i n c l u d i n g p r e v i o u s class
notations), i f any;
.11 inspections b y t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s p e r s o n n e l d u r i n g
t h e last 3 years w i t h reference t o structural d e t e r i o r a t i o n
i n general, leakages i n t a n k b o u n d a r i e s a n d p i p i n g a n d
condition o f the coating and corrosion protection system,
i f a n y ( f o r o i l tankers a n d c h e m i c a l t a n k e r s ) ;
1

P r o v i s i o n s o f 1.3.1 1.3.6 s h a l l b e applied o n l y t o t h e


E S P ships, w h i c h are c o v e r e d b y Sections 2 t o 6 o f t h i s Part.

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

.12 i n f o r m a t i o n regarding the relevant maintenance level


d u r i n g operation i n c l u d i n g P S C reports o f inspection
containing h u l l related deficiencies, safety management
s y s t e m n o n - c o n f o r m i t i e s relating t o h u l l maintenance,
including the associated corrective action(s); and
.13 a n y o t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n that w i l l h e l p t o i d e n t i f y
suspect areas a n d c r i t i c a l s t r u c t u r a l areas.
1.3.1.3 T h e s u b m i t t e d s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l
account f o r a n d c o m p l y , as a m i n i m u m , w i t h t h e
r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r close-up s u r v e y , thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d t a n k testing, r e s p e c t i v e l y ( a n d p i p e l i n e testing
- f o r chemical tankers) a n d shall contain t h e relevant
i n f o r m a t i o n i n c l u d i n g a t least:
.1 basic i n f o r m a t i o n o n the ship and m a i n particulars;
.2 m a i n s c a n t l i n g d r a w i n g s o f cargo h o l d s , a n d cargo
a n d ballast t a n k s , i n c l u d i n g i n f o r m a t i o n r e g a r d i n g use o f
h i g h - t e n s i l e steels;
.3 general a r r a n g e m e n t o f h o l d s a n d t a n k s ;
.4 l i s t o f h o l d s a n d t a n k s w i t h i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e i r
use, a v a i l a b i l i t y o f c o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n s y s t e m a n d
c o n d i t i o n o f h a r d p r o t e c t i v e coating;
.5 c o n d i t i o n s f o r s u r v e y (e.g., i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e
t a n k c l e a n i n g , gas freeing, v e n t i l a t i o n , i l l u m i n a t i o n , etc.);
.6 p r o v i s i o n a n d m e t h o d s f o r access t o structures;
.7 e q u i p m e n t f o r s u r v e y ;
.8 identification o f holds, tanks and areas f o r close-up
survey;
.9 i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f cross-sections f o r t h i c k n e s s
measurements;
.10 i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f t a n k s f o r testing;
.11 i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f t h e firm engaged i n r e s i d u a l
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s ;
.12 d a m a g e e x p e r i e n c e r e l a t e d t o t h e s h i p i n
question;
.13 c r i t i c a l structural areas a n d suspect areas, w h e r e
relevant.
1.3.1.4 T h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l n o t i f y t h e s h i p o w n e r o f
t h e m a x i m u m acceptable s t r u c t u r a l c o r r o s i o n d i m i n u t i o n
levels applicable t o t h e ship.
1.3.1.5 U s e m a y also b e m a d e o f t h e G u i d e l i n e s f o r
Technical Assessment o f t h e E S P Ships' H u l l s i n
Conjunction w i t h Planning f o r Special Enhanced H u l l
S u r v e y g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 1.3.
1.3.1.6 E n h a n c e d s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s s h a l l b e
forwarded t o R H O ( i f the ship is n o t registered i n R H O )
or t o t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e f o r i n - s e r v i c e s u p e r v i s i o n f o r
r e v i e w a n d a p p r o v a l n o t later t h a n 1 m o n t h p r i o r t o t h e
prescribed intermediate/special survey. T h e p r o g r a m m e
is a l l o w e d t o b e r e v i e w e d b y t h e R S B r a n c h O f f i c e w h i c h
performed the survey upon authorization f r o m the R S
Branch Office f o r in-service supervision. T h e programmes shall be made i n English a n d m a y include
t r a n s l a t i o n i n t o R u s s i a n at t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s request. I f t h e
ship i s n o t a n d w i l l n o t b e engaged i n i n t e r n a t i o n a l
voyages, the programme is allowed t o be made o n l y i n
Russian.

123

1.3.2 C o n d i t i o n s f o r s u r v e y .
1.3.2.1 T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l p r o v i d e t h e necessary
facilities f o r a safe e x e c u t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y .
See circular 770
.1 i n order t o enable t h e attending s u r v e y o r s t o c a r r y
out t h e survey, p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o p e r a n d safe access s h a l l
be agreed b e t w e e n t h e s h i p o w n e r a n d t h e Register;
.2 details o f t h e m e a n s o f access s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d i n
the Survey Planning Questionnaire;
.3 i n cases w h e r e t h e p r o v i s i o n s o f safety a n d
r e q u i r e d access are j u d g e d b y t h e a t t e n d i n g s u r v e y o r s n o t
to b e adequate, t h e s u r v e y o f t h e spaces i n v o l v e d s h a l l
not proceed.
1.3.2.2 C a r g o h o l d s , t a n k s a n d o t h e r spaces s h a l l b e
safe f o r access. C a r g o h o l d s , t a n k s a n d o t h e r spaces s h a l l
be gas free a n d p r o p e r l y v e n t i l a t e d . P r i o r t o e n t e r i n g a
t a n k , v o i d o r enclosed/confined space, i t s h a l l b e v e r i f i e d
that t h e a t m o s p h e r e i n that space i s free from hazardous
gas a n d contains s u f f i c i e n t o x y g e n .
1.3.2.3 I n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r s u r v e y a n d thickness
measurements and t o a l l o w for a thorough examination,
all spaces s h a l l b e cleaned i n c l u d i n g r e m o v a l from
surfaces o f all loose a c c u m u l a t e d c o r r o s i o n scale. Spaces
s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t l y clean a n d free from w a t e r , scale, d i r t ,
o i l residues, e t c . t o r e v e a l c o r r o s i o n , d e f o r m a t i o n ,
fractures, damages, o r o t h e r s t r u c t u r a l d e t e r i o r a t i o n as
w e l l as t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e coating. H o w e v e r , those
areas o f structure, w h i c h r e n e w a l h a s already b e e n
decided b y t h e s h i p o w n e r , n e e d o n l y b e cleaned a n d
descaled t o t h e e x t e n t necessary t o d e t e r m i n e t h e l i m i t s
o f t h e areas t o b e r e n e w e d .
1.3.2.4 S u f f i c i e n t i l l u m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d t o
r e v e a l s u b s t a n t i a l c o r r o s i o n , d e f o r m a t i o n , fractures,
damages o r o t h e r structural d e t e r i o r a t i o n , as w e l l as t h e
c o n d i t i o n o f t h e coating.
1.3.2.5 W h e r e soft o r s e m i - h a r d coatings h a v e b e e n
applied, safe access s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d f o r t h e s u r v e y o r t o
v e r i f y t h e effectiveness o f t h e c o a t i n g a n d t o carry o u t a n
assessment o f t h e c o n d i t i o n s o f i n t e r n a l structures, w h i c h
m a y i n c l u d e spot r e m o v a l o f t h e coating. W h e n safe
access c a n n o t b e p r o v i d e d , t h e soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g
shall b e removed.
A s f o r r e q u i r e m e n t s related t o s e m i - h a r d coatings,
these coatings, i f already applied, s h a l l n o t b e regarded as
a permission for w a i v i n g the annual internal survey o f
t h e ballast t a n k s b e g i n n i n g f r o m t h e n e x t special o r
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y c o m m e n c e d o n o r after 1 J u l y 2 0 1 0 ,
w h i c h e v e r c o m e s first.
See circular 770
1.3.2.6 T h e s u r v e y o r s ) s h a l l b e a l w a y s a c c o m p a n i e d
b y a t least o n e responsible p e r s o n , assigned b y t h e
s h i p o w n e r , experienced i n t a n k a n d enclosed/confined
spaces i n s p e c t i o n . I n a d d i t i o n , a standby t e a m o f at least
t w o persons s h a l l b e stationed at t h e h a t c h o p e n i n g o f t h e
t a n k o r t h e space that i s b e i n g s u r v e y e d . T h e standby
t e a m s h a l l c o n t i n u o u s l y observe t h e w o r k i n t h e t a n k o r
t h e space a n d s h a l l keep l i f e - s a v i n g a n d e v a c u a t i o n
e q u i p m e n t ready f o r use.

124

1.3.2.7 A c o m m u n i c a t i o n s y s t e m s h a l l b e arranged
b e t w e e n t h e s u r v e y p a r t y i n t h e t a n k o r space b e i n g
e x a m i n e d , t h e responsible o f f i c e r o n deck a n d , as t h e
case m a y be, t h e n a v i g a t i n g bridge. T h e c o m m u n i c a t i o n
arrangements s h a l l b e m a i n t a i n e d t h r o u g h o u t t h e survey.
1.3.3 A c c e s s t o s t r u c t u r e s .
1.3.3.1 F o r o v e r a l l s u r v e y s , m e a n s s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d
t o enable t h e s u r v e y o r t o e x a m i n e t h e structure i n a safe
a n d practical w a y .
1.3.3.2 F o r close-up s u r v e y o f h u l l structures, o n e o r
m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g m e a n s f o r access, acceptable t o t h e
surveyor, shall be provided:
.1 permanent staging and passages t h r o u g h structures;
.2 t e m p o r a r y staging a n d passages t h r o u g h structures;
.3 h y d r a u l i c a r m v e h i c l e s s u c h as c o n v e n t i o n a l
c h e r r y p i c k e r s , lifts a n d m o v a b l e p l a t f o r m s ;
.4 boats a n d rafts;
.5 p o r t a b l e ladders;
.6 o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t m e a n s .
1.3.3.3 F o r close-up s u r v e y s i n cargo h o l d s h e l l
frames o f b u l k carriers ( u n d e r 1 0 0 0 0 0 d e a d w e i g h t ) , o n e
o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g m e a n s f o r access, acceptable t o
the surveyor, shall be provided:
.1 permanent staging and passages t h r o u g h structures;
.2 t e m p o r a r y staging a n d passages t h r o u g h structures;
.3 p o r t a b l e ladders restricted t o n o t m o r e t h a n 5 m i n
l e n g t h m a y b e accepted f o r s u r v e y s o f l o w e r s e c t i o n o f a
s h e l l f r a m e i n c l u d i n g brackets;
.4 h y d r a u l i c a r m v e h i c l e s s u c h as c o n v e n t i o n a l
c h e r r y p i c k e r s , lifts a n d m o v a b l e p l a t f o r m s ;
.5 b u o y a n t apparatus o r rafts, p r o v i d e d t h e h o l d
structure is s u f f i c i e n t t o w i t h s t a n d static loads at a l l l e v e l s
o f water;
.6 o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t m e a n s .
1.3.3.4 F o r close-up s u r v e y s o f t h e cargo h o l d s h e l l
frames o f b u l k carriers ( 1 0 0 0 0 0 d e a d w e i g h t a n d a b o v e ) ,
t h e u s e o f p o r t a b l e ladders i s n o t accepted, a n d o n e o r
m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g m e a n s f o r access, acceptable t o t h e
surveyor, shall be provided:
.1 a t a n n u a l s u r v e y s , i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s o f ships
less t h a n 1 0 years o f age a n d t h e first special s u r v e y :
1.1 p e r m a n e n t staging a n d passages t h r o u g h structures;
1.2 t e m p o r a r y staging a n d passages t h r o u g h structures;
1.3 h y d r a u l i c a r m v e h i c l e s , s u c h as c o n v e n t i o n a l
c h e r r y p i c k e r s , lifts a n d m o v a b l e p l a t f o r m s ;
1.4 boats o r rafts, p r o v i d e d t h e h o l d structure i s
sufficient t o w i t h s t a n d static loads a t a l l l e v e l s o f w a t e r ;
1.5 o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t m e a n s ;
.2 a t subsequent i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d special s u r v e y s :
2.1 p e r m a n e n t o r t e m p o r a r y staging a n d passages
t h r o u g h structures;
2.2 h y d r a u l i c a r m v e h i c l e s , s u c h as c o n v e n t i o n a l
cherry pickers for surveys o f l o w e r a n d middle part o f
s h e l l frames as a l t e r n a t i v e t o staging;

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

2.3 lifts a n d m o v a b l e p l a t f o r m s ;
2.4 boats o r rafts, p r o v i d e d t h e h o l d structure i s
sufficient t o w i t h s t a n d static loads a t a l l l e v e l s o f w a t e r ;
2.5 o t h e r e q u i v a l e n t m e a n s .
Notwithstanding the above requirements, the use o f
a p o r t a b l e ladder fitted w i t h a m e c h a n i c a l device t o
secure the upper e n d o f the ladder is acceptable f o r close-up
s u r v e y o f a l i m i t e d a m o u n t o f frames as r e q u i r e d
i n 5.3.2.4.3.2 a n d 5.3.2.4.4.2.
1.3.4 E q u i p m e n t f o r s u r v e y .
1.3.4.1 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l n o r m a l l y b e
carried o u t b y m e a n s o f u l t r a s o n i c test e q u i p m e n t . T h e
accuracy o f t h e e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e p r o v e n t o t h e
s u r v e y o r as r e q u i r e d .
1.3.4.2 O n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o l l o w i n g fracture
detection procedures m a y b e required, i f deemed
necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r :
radiographic inspection;
ultrasonic inspection;
m a g n e t i c particle i n s p e c t i o n ;
d y e penetrant i n s p e c t i o n .
1.3.4.3 E x p l o s i m e t e r , o x y g e n - m e t e r , b r e a t h i n g apparatus, l i f e l i n e s , r i d i n g belts w i t h r o p e a n d h o o k a n d
w h i s t l e s together w i t h i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d guidance o n t h e i r
use s h a l l b e m a d e a v a i l a b l e d u r i n g t h e survey. A safety
check-list s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d .
1.3.4.4 A d e q u a t e a n d safe l i g h t i n g s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d
f o r t h e safe a n d efficient conduct o f t h e survey.
1.3.4.5 A d e q u a t e p r o t e c t i v e c l o t h i n g s h a l l b e m a d e
a v a i l a b l e a n d used d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y (e.g. safety h e l m e t ,
g l o v e s , safety shoes, etc).
1.3.5 R e s c u e a n d e m e r g e n c y r e s p o n s e e q u i p m e n t
I f b r e a t h i n g apparatus and/or o t h e r e q u i p m e n t i s
used as "rescue a n d e m e r g e n c y response e q u i p m e n t "
t h e n i t i s r e c o m m e n d e d that t h e e q u i p m e n t s h a l l b e
s u i t a b l e f o r t h e c o n f i g u r a t i o n o f t h e space b e i n g
surveyed.
1.3.6 S u r v e y a t s e a o r a t a n c h o r a g e .
1.3.6.1 S u r v e y a t sea o r a t anchorage m a y b e
accepted, p r o v i d e d t h e s u r v e y o r i s g i v e n t h e necessary
assistance f r o m t h e p e r s o n n e l o n b o a r d . N e c e s s a r y
precautions a n d procedures f o r c a r r y i n g o u t t h e s u r v e y
s h a l l b e i n accordance w i t h 1.3.1 t o 1.3.4.
1.3.6.2 A c o m m u n i c a t i o n s y s t e m s h a l l b e arranged
b e t w e e n t h e s u r v e y p a r t y i n t h e t a n k a n d t h e responsible
officer o n deck. T h i s s y s t e m s h a l l also i n c l u d e t h e
p e r s o n n e l i n charge o f ballast p u m p h a n d l i n g i f boats o r
rafts are used.
1.3.6.3 A gas analyzer, o x y g e n meter, b r e a t h i n g
apparatus, l i f e l i n e a n d w h i s t l e s s h a l l b e a t h a n d d u r i n g
t h e survey. A safety check-list s h a l l b e p r o v i d e d .
1.3.6.4 W h e n rafts o r boats w i l l b e used f o r close-up
survey, t h e f o l l o w i n g c o n d i t i o n s s h a l l b e observed:
.1 o n l y r o u g h duty, i n f l a t a b l e rafts o r boats, h a v i n g
satisfactory r e s i d u a l b u o y a n c y a n d s t a b i l i t y e v e n i f o n e
c h a m b e r i s r u p t u r e d , s h a l l b e used;

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

.2 t h e b o a t o r raft s h a l l b e tethered t o t h e access


ladder a n d a n a d d i t i o n a l p e r s o n s h a l l b e stationed d o w n
the access ladder w i t h a clear v i e w o f t h e b o a t o r raft;
.3 appropriate lifejackets s h a l l b e a v a i l a b l e f o r a l l
participants;
.4 t h e surface o f w a t e r i n t h e t a n k s h a l l b e c a l m
( u n d e r a l l foreseeable c o n d i t i o n s t h e expected rise o f
w a t e r w i t h i n t h e t a n k s h a l l n o t exceed 0,25 m ) a n d t h e
w a t e r l e v e l s h a l l be stationary. O n n o account t h e l e v e l o f
t h e w a t e r is rising w h i l e t h e b o a t o r raft i s i n use;
.5 t h e t a n k , h o l d o r space s h a l l c o n t a i n c l e a n ballast
w a t e r o n l y . E v e n a t h i n sheen o f o i l o n t h e w a t e r is n o t
acceptable;
.6 a t n o t i m e s h a l l t h e w a t e r l e v e l b e a l l o w e d t o b e
w i t h i n 1 m o f t h e deepest u n d e r d e c k w e b face flat so t h a t
t h e s u r v e y t e a m is n o t isolated from a direct escape r o u t e
t o t h e t a n k hatch. F i l l i n g t o l e v e l s a b o v e t h e deck
transverses s h a l l b e o n l y c o n t e m p l a t e d i f a deck access
m a n h o l e is fitted a n d o p e n i n t h e b a y b e i n g e x a m i n e d , s o
t h a t a n escape r o u t e f o r t h e s u r v e y p a r t y is a v a i l a b l e at a l l
t i m e s . O t h e r effective m e a n s o f escape t o t h e deck m a y
be considered;
.7 i f t h e t a n k s ( o r spaces) a r e connected b y a
c o m m o n v e n t i n g s y s t e m , o r i n e r t gas s y s t e m , t h e t a n k i n
w h i c h t h e b o a t o r raft is used s h a l l be isolated t o p r e v e n t
a transfer o f gas from o t h e r t a n k s ( o r spaces).
1.3.6.5 S u r v e y s o f t a n k s b y m e a n s o f boats o r rafts
m a y o n l y b e undertaken w i t h t h e agreement o f t h e
surveyor, w h o shall take i n t o account t h e safety
arrangements p r o v i d e d , i n c l u d i n g w e a t h e r forecasting
a n d ship response i n reasonable sea c o n d i t i o n s , a n d w h e n
t h e expected rise o f w a t e r i n t h e t a n k does n o t exceed
0,25 m .
1.3.6.6 B o a t s o r rafts a l o n e m a y b e a l l o w e d f o r
s u r v e y o f t h e u n d e r d e c k areas f o r t a n k s a n d spaces, i f t h e
w e b h e i g h t o f frame m e m b e r s i s 1,5 m o r less.
1.3.6.7 W h e r e t h e w e b h e i g h t o f frame m e m b e r s i s
o v e r 1,5 m , boats a n d rafts m a y b e used, p r o v i d e d t h a t
t h e f o l l o w i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s are m e t :
. 1 the coating o f underdeck members is i n G O O D
c o n d i t i o n a n d has n o signs o f w e a r ;
.2 p e r m a n e n t m e a n s o f access f o r safe e n t r y a n d e x i t
i n each framing i s p r o v i d e d .
S u c h m e a n s o f access s h a l l be:
a v e r t i c a l ladder p r o v i d i n g w a l k w a y i m m e d i a t e l y
from t h e deck a n d a s m a l l p l a t f o r m s h a l l b e i n s t a l l e d
a p p r o x i m a t e l y 2 m b e l o w t h e deck i n each framing; o r
ladders o f t h e p e r m a n e n t l o n g i t u d i n a l p l a t f o r m i n
each t a n k e n d p r o v i d i n g access t o t h e deck.
T h e p l a t f o r m shall, for the full length o f the tank, be
arranged i n l e v e l w i t h , o r above, t h e m a x i m u m w a t e r
l e v e l n e e d e d f o r r a f t i n g o f u n d e r deck structure. F o r t h i s
purpose, t h e u l l a g e c o r r e s p o n d i n g t o t h e m a x i m u m w a t e r
l e v e l s h a l l be a s s u m e d n o t m o r e t h a n 3 m from t h e deck
plate m e a s u r e d at t h e m i d s p a n o f deck transverses a n d i n
t h e m i d d l e l e n g t h o f t h e t a n k (refer t o F i g . 1.3.6.7).

3,0 rn

125

3,0 m~

F i g . 1.3.6.7

I f neither o f the above conditions are met, then


staging o r a n "other e q u i v a l e n t m e a n s " s h a l l be p r o v i d e d
f o r t h e s u r v e y o f t h e u n d e r deck areas.
1.3.6.8 A p p l i c a t i o n o f b o a t s o r rafts o n l y , as
specified i n 1.3.6.5 a n d 1.3.6.6 does n o t e x c l u d e t h e i r
use w i t h i n t h e t a n k l e n g t h d u r i n g t h e survey.
1.3.7 S u r v e y P l a n n i n g M e e t i n g .
1.3.7.1 P r o p e r p r e p a r a t i o n a n d close c o - o p e r a t i o n
between the attending surveyor(s) and the shipowner's
representatives o n b o a r d p r i o r t o a n d d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y
are a n essential part i n t h e safe a n d efficient conduct o f
t h e survey. D u r i n g t h e s u r v e y o n b o a r d safety m e e t i n g s
shall be held regularly.
1.3.7.2 P r i o r t o c o m m e n c e m e n t o f a n y part o f t h e
r e n e w a l a n d i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, a s u r v e y p l a n n i n g
m e e t i n g s h a l l be h e l d b e t w e e n t h e a t t e n d i n g s u r v e y o r ( s ) ,
t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s representative i n attendance, t h e t h i c k
ness m e a s u r e m e n t firm operator (as applicable) a n d the
m a s t e r o f t h e ship o r t h e representative(s) h a v i n g r e l e v a n t
qualification a n d appointed b y t h e master o r t h e
s h i p o w n e r f o r t h e purpose t o ascertain t h a t a l l t h e
arrangements envisaged i n t h e E S P are i n place, s o as t o
ensure t h e safe a n d e f f i c i e n t c o n d u c t o f t h e s u r v e y w o r k
t o b e carried o u t (refer also t o 1.6.1.2).
1.3.7.3 T h e f o l l o w i n g i s a n i n d i c a t i v e l i s t o f i t e m s
t h a t s h a l l b e addressed i n t h e m e e t i n g :
. 1 schedule o f t h e ship (i.e. t h e v o y a g e , d o c k i n g a n d
u n d o c k i n g m a n o e u v r e s , periods alongside, cargo a n d
ballast operations, etc.);
.2 p r o v i s i o n s a n d arrangements f o r thickness m e a
surements (i.e. access, cleaning/de-scaling, i l l u m i n a t i o n ,
v e n t i l a t i o n , p e r s o n a l safety);
.3 e x t e n t o f t h e t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s ;
.4 acceptance c r i t e r i a (refer t o t h e list o f m i n i m u m
thicknesses);
.5 e x t e n t o f close-up s u r v e y a n d thickness m e a s u r e
m e n t c o n s i d e r i n g t h e c o a t i n g c o n d i t i o n a n d suspect
areas/areas o f substantial c o r r o s i o n ;
.6 e x e c u t i o n o f t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s ;
.7 t a k i n g representative readings i n general a n d
where uneven corrosion/pitting is found;
.8 m a p p i n g o f areas o f substantial c o r r o s i o n ;
.9 c o m m u n i c a t i o n b e t w e e n a t t e n d i n g s u r v e y o r ( s ) t h e
t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t firm operator(s) a n d s h i p o w n e r
representative(s) c o n c e r n i n g
findings.
1.3.7.4 T h e r e s u l t s o f t h e m e e t i n g s h a l l b e
d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e appropriate report.

126

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

Appendix 1.3

G U I D E L I N E S O N T E C H N I C A L A S S E S S M E N T O F T H EE S PSHIPS'
IN CONJUNCTION W I T H PLANNING
FOR SPECIAL ENHANCED HULL SURVEY

1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 T h e s e G u i d e l i n e s c o n t a i n i n f o r m a t i o n a n d
suggestions c o n c e r n i n g assessment o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , w h i c h m a y b e o f use i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h p l a n n i n g
o f special enhanced h u l l s u r v e y s o f t h e E S P ships.

2 PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES

2.1 P u r p o s e .
The purpose o f these Guidelines f o r technical
assessment i s t o assist i n i d e n t i f y i n g c r i t i c a l structural
areas, n o m i n a t i n g suspect areas a n d i n f o c u s i n g a t t e n t i o n
on structural elements, w h i c h m a y b e particularly
susceptible t o wastage o r damage. T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n
m a y b e u s e f u l i n n o m i n a t i n g l o c a t i o n s , areas a n d t a n k s
for thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , close-up s u r v e y a n d t a n k
testing.
C r i t i c a l structural areas a r e l o c a t i o n s , w h i c h h a v e
b e e n i d e n t i f i e d f r o m calculations t o r e q u i r e m o n i t o r i n g o r
from t h e service h i s t o r y o f t h e subject ship o r from
s i m i l a r o r sister ships t o b e s e n s i t i v e t o c r a c k i n g ,
b u c k l i n g o r c o r r o s i o n , w h i c h m a y i m p a i r t h e structural
i n t e g r i t y o f t h e ship.
2.2 M i n i m u m r e q u i r e m e n t s .
H o w e v e r , these G u i d e l i n e s s h a l l n o t b e used t o
reduce t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s p e r t a i n i n g t o thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , close-up s u r v e y a n d t a n k testing specified i n t h e
r e l e v a n t chapters o f Sections 2 t o 6 o f t h e present R u l e s ,
w h i c h s h a l l b e , i n a l l cases, c o m p l i e d w i t h as t h e
minimum.
2.3 T i m i n g .
A s w i t h o t h e r aspects o f s u r v e y p l a n n i n g , t h e
t e c h n i c a l assessments described i n these G u i d e l i n e s s h a l l
b e w o r k e d o u t b y t h e s h i p o w n e r o r operator o f t h e ship i n
c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r w e l l i n advance o f t h e
c o m m e n c e m e n t o f special survey, i.e. a t least 1 2 t o
15 m o n t h s before t h e s u r v e y c o m p l e t i o n due date.
2.4 A s p e c t s t o b e c o n s i d e r e d .
W h i l e n o m i n a t i n g t h e t a n k s a n d areas subjected t o
assessment o f t e c h n i c a l c o n d i t i o n , w h i c h i n c l u d e q u a n t i tative o r qualitative evaluation o f relative risks o f
possible d e t e r i o r a t i o n , special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e g i v e n
to t h e f o l l o w i n g aspects:
.1 design features, s u c h as stress l e v e l s o n v a r i o u s
structural elements, design details a n d e x t e n t o f use o f
h i g h t e n s i l e steel;

HULLS

.2 f o r m e r h i s t o r y w i t h respect t o c o r r o s i o n , d e f o r m a t i o n a n d repairs f o r t h e p a r t i c u l a r ship, as w e l l as s i m i l a r


ships, w h e r e available;
.3 i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e types o f cargoes carried, use o f
h o l d s / t a n k s f o r receipt o f cargo/ballast, c o r r o s i o n protect i o n o f h o l d s a n d t a n k s , a n d c o n d i t i o n o f c o a t i n g , i f any.
T e c h n i c a l assessment o f r i s k o f s u s c e p t i b i l i t y t o
d a m a g e o r d e t e r i o r a t i o n o f v a r i o u s s t r u c t u r a l elements
a n d areas s h a l l be p e r f o r m e d o n t h e basis o f r e c o g n i z e d
p r i n c i p l e s a n d t a k i n g i n t o a c c o u n t t h e practice o f
technical supervision.

3 TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT

3.1 G e n e r a l .
T h e f o l l o w i n g possible defects m a y be the subject o f
technical assessment i n c o n n e c t i o n w i t h p l a n n i n g o f
surveys: corrosion, b u c k l i n g a n d cracks. Contact damages
are n o t n o r m a l l y covered b y the survey p l a n , since t h e y are
usually n o t e d i n accident reports and assumed t o b e dealt
w i t h as a n o r m a l r o u t i n e b y the surveyor.
T h e schematic block-diagram o f technical condition
assessment and survey planning process is s h o w n i n Fig. 3 . 1 .
T h e approach i s b a s i c a l l y a n e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e r i s k
based o n t h e k n o w l e d g e a n d experience related t o design
and corrosion.
T h e design s h a l l b e considered w i t h respect t o
structural details, w h i c h m a y b e susceptible t o b u c k l i n g
or c r a c k i n g as a r e s u l t o f v i b r a t i o n , h i g h stress l e v e l s o r
fatigue.
C o r r o s i o n i s related t o t h e ageing process a n d i s
c l o s e l y connected w i t h t h e q u a l i t y o f c o r r o s i o n protect i o n during t h e ship construction, a n d subsequent
m a i n t e n a n c e i n service. C o r r o s i o n m a y also lead t o
c r a c k i n g and/or b u c k l i n g .
3.2 M e t h o d s .
3.2.1 D e s i g n d e t a i l s .
D a m a g e experience related t o t h e ship i n q u e s t i o n
a n d s i m i l a r ships, w h e r e a v a i l a b l e , is t h e m a i n source o f
i n f o r m a t i o n t o be used i n t h e s u r v e y p l a n n i n g process. I n
a d d i t i o n , a selection o f s t r u c t u r a l details f r o m t h e design
drawings shall be included.
T y p i c a l d a m a g e experience t o b e considered s h a l l
consist o f n u m b e r , extent, l o c a t i o n a n d frequency o f
cracks, as w e l l as l o c a t i o n o f b u c k l e s .
This information m a y be found i n t h e previous
s u r v e y reports and/or t h e results o f t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s o w n

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

Input:
Drawings, Reports,
Acceptable Corrosion
Allowance

Collection of Informatior

Design Related Risk

Coating Condition
Usage of Tanks

Corrosion Risk

Analyse:
Hull Damage
This Ship

Coating condition
Usage o f Tanks

Analyse Hull
Damage for
Similar Ships
Where Available

Corrosiori Damage
This Ship

Hull Damage :
General Experience
Corrosiori Damage
S i m i l a r S tiip w h e r e
Available

Present Areas w h e r e
D a m a g e has been f o u n d
and R i s k s considered
high. M a r k Sketches o r
Drawings

Location for Thickness Measurement and Close-Up Survey

Survey

F i g . 3 . 1 S c h e m a t i c b l o c k - d i a g r a m o f t e c h n i c a l assessment a n d t h e s u r v e y p l a n n i n g process

127

128

inspections. T h e defects s h a l l b e a n a l y z e d , n o t e d a n d
marked o n drawings.
I n a d d i t i o n , experience o f t h e ships' o p e r a t i o n s h a l l
b e u t i l i z e d . A l s o , reference s h a l l b e m a d e t o t h e
I A C S p u b l i c a t i o n s , w h i c h c o n t a i n a catalogue o f t y p i c a l
damages a n d proposed repair methods f o r various
structural m e m b e r s .
T h e r e v i e w o f structural drawings, i n addition t o
application o f the above-mentioned I A C S publications,
s h a l l i n c l u d e c h e c k i n g o f t y p i c a l structural m e m b e r s
w h e r e c r a c k i n g has b e e n experienced. D u r i n g repair o f
d a m a g e d structures a n d areas, as w e l l as f o r p r e v e n t i o n
o f possible damages, t h e factors c o n t r i b u t i n g t o damages
s h a l l b e c a r e f u l l y considered.
Special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e p a i d t o t h e structures m a d e
o f h i g h t e n s i l e steels. H u l l m e m b e r s s h o w i n g g o o d
service experience, w h e r e o r d i n a r y m i l d steel has b e e n
used, m a y b e m o r e susceptible t o d a m a g e w h e n h i g h
tensile steel a n d its h i g h e r associated stresses are u t i l i z e d .
Stress calculations o f t y p i c a l essential assemblies
a n d m e m b e r s s h a l l b e carried o u t i n c o m p l i a n c e w i t h t h e
requirements o f Part " H u l l " o f the Rules for t h e
Classification and Construction o f Sea-Going Ships and
t h e S t r e n g t h Standards f o r S e a - G o i n g S h i p s .
T h e selected areas o f a structure i d e n t i f i e d w i t h use
o f t h e a b o v e r e q u i r e m e n t s s h a l l b e recorded a n d m a r k e d
on the drawings t o be included i n the Survey
Programme.
3.2.2 C o r r o s i o n .
I n order t o evaluate c o r r o s i o n r i s k s , the f o l l o w i n g
i n f o r m a t i o n s h a l l b e g e n e r a l l y considered:
. 1 usage o f t a n k s , h o l d s a n d spaces;

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

.2 c o n d i t i o n o f coatings;
.3 c l e a n i n g a n d w a s h i n g procedures f o r t a n k s a n d
holds;
.4 p r e v i o u s c o r r o s i o n damages;
.5 ballast use a n d t i m e f o r cargo h o l d s a n d t a n k s ;
.6 r i s k o f c o r r o s i o n i n cargo h o l d s , a n d cargo a n d
ballast t a n k s ;
.7 l o c a t i o n o f heated t a n k s ;
.8 l o c a t i o n o f ballast t a n k s adjacent t o heated f u e l o i l
tanks.
T h e e v a l u a t i o n o f c o r r o s i o n r i s k s s h a l l b e based o n
the above i n f o r m a t i o n together w i t h t h e relevant
i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e anticipated c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship as
d e r i v e d from t h e i n f o r m a t i o n collected i n o r d e r t o
prepare t h e S u r v e y P r o g r a m m e a n d t h e age o f t h e ship.
T h e v a r i o u s h o l d s , t a n k s a n d spaces s h a l l b e l i s t e d
w i t h t h e c o r r o s i o n r i s k s n o m i n a t e d accordingly.
3.2.3 L o c a t i o n s f o r c l o s e - u p s u r v e y a n d t h i c k n e s s
measurements.
O n t h e basis o f t h e table o f c o r r o s i o n r i s k s a n d t h e
e v a l u a t i o n o f design experience, t h e l o c a t i o n s f o r i n i t i a l
close-up s u r v e y a n d h u l l cross-sections f o r thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s m a y be n o m i n a t e d .
T h e h u l l cross-sections subject t o thickness m e a s u r e
ments shall n o r m a l l y b e nominated i n tanks, holds and
spaces w h e r e c o r r o s i o n r i s k is j u d g e d t o b e t h e highest.
T h e n o m i n a t i o n o f t a n k s , h o l d s a n d spaces f o r closeu p s u r v e y s h a l l be, i n i t i a l l y , based o n t h e c o r r o s i o n r i s k ,
a n d s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e ballast t a n k s . S e l e c t i o n s h a l l b e
based o n t h e p r i n c i p l e that t h e r i s k i s increased b y t h e
ship's age a n d that i n s u f f i c i e n t o r u n r e l i a b l e i n f o r m a t i o n
is also a n i m p o r t a n t factor f o r c a r r y i n g o u t t h e survey.

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

129

Appendix 1.3-1

SURVEY

PROGRAMME

BASIC INFORMATION AND PARTICULARS

N a m e o f ship:
I M O number:
F l a g State:
Port o f registry:
Gross tonnage:
Deadweight, metric tonnes:
L e n g t h b e t w e e n perpendiculars, m :
Shipbuilder:
H u l l number:
Classification Society:
Class :
D a t e o f b u i l d o f t h e ship:
Shipowner:
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t firm:

1 PREAMBLE

1.1 S c o p e .
1.1.1 T h e present s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e covers t h e m i
n i m u m e x t e n t o f o v e r a l l s u r v e y s , close-up s u r v e y s ,
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d pressure testing w i t h i n t h e
cargo area, cargo t a n k s , ballast t a n k s , i n c l u d i n g f o r e a n d
aft p e a k t a n k s , r e q u i r e d b y I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o d e o n t h e
E n h a n c e d P r o g r a m m e o f Inspections d u r i n g S u r v e y s o f
B u l k Carriers and O i l Tankers, 2011 ( E S P Code) ( I M O
R e s o l u t i o n A . 1 0 4 9 ( 2 7 ) ) and/or I A C S U R Z 1 0 . 1 . Z 1 0 . 2 ,
Z 1 0 . 3 , Z 1 0 . 4 , Z 1 0 . 5 , as applicable.
1.1.2 T h e arrangements a n d safety aspects o f t h e
s u r v e y s h a l l b e acceptable t o t h e attending s u r v e y o r s .
1.2 D o c u m e n t a t i o n .
A l l documents used i n t h e development o f t h e
survey programme shall be available onboard during the
s u r v e y as r e q u i r e d b y C h a p t e r 1.4.

2 ARRANGEMENT O F CARGO HOLDS, TANKS AND SPACES

T h i s section o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l p r o v i d e
i n f o r m a t i o n ( e i t h e r i n t h e f o r m o f plans o r t e x t ) o n t h e
a r r a n g e m e n t o f cargo h o l d s , t a n k s a n d spaces that f a l l
w i t h i n t h e scope o f t h e survey.

t i o n o n t h e use o f t h e h o l d s a n d t a n k s o f t h e ship, t h e
e x t e n t o f coatings a n d t h e c o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i v e s y s t e m
provided i n the Survey Planning Questionnaire.

4 CONDITIONS F O R SURVEY

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall provide


i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e c o n d i t i o n s f o r survey, e.g. i n f o r m a
t i o n r e g a r d i n g cargo h o l d a n d t a n k c l e a n i n g , gas freeing,
v e n t i l a t i o n , l i g h t i n g , etc.

5 PROVISIONS AND METHOD OFACCESS T O STRUCTURES

T h i s s e c t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l indicate
a n y changes r e l a t i n g t o ( a n d s h a l l update) t h e i n f o r m a
t i o n o n t h e p r o v i s i o n s a n d m e t h o d s o f access t o
structures p r o v i d e d i n t h e S u r v e y P l a n n i n g Q u e s t i o n
naire.

6 LIST OF EQUIPMENT F O R SURVEY

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify


a n d l i s t t h e e q u i p m e n t that w i l l b e m a d e a v a i l a b l e f o r
c a r r y i n g o u t t h e s u r v e y a n d t h e r e q u i r e d thickness
measurements.

7 SURVEY REQUIREMENTS

7.1 O v e r a l l s u r v e y .
T h i s section o f the survey p r o g r a m m e shall identify
and list the spaces that shall undergo a n o v e r a l l survey f o r
the ship i n accordance w i t h 2 . 2 . 3 . 1 , 3 . 2 . 3 . 1 , 4 . 2 . 3 . 1 , 5.2.3.1
o r 6 . 2 . 3 . 1 , as applicable.
7.2 C l o s e - u p s u r v e y .
T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify
a n d list t h e h u l l structures that s h a l l u n d e r g o a close-up
s u r v e y f o r t h e ship i n accordance w i t h 2 . 2 . 3 . 1 , 3 . 2 . 3 . 1 ,
4 . 2 . 3 . 1 , 5.2.3.2 o r 6.2.3.2, as applicable.

3 LIST O F CARGO HOLDS, TANKS AND SPACES


WI TH INFORMATION ON THEIR USE, E X T E N T
OF COATINGS AND CORROSION PROTECTION SYSTEM

8 IDENTIFICATION O F T A N K S F O RT A N K T E S T I N G

T h i s s e c t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l indicate
a n y changes r e l a t i n g t o ( a n d s h a l l update) t h e i n f o r m a -

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify


a n d l i s t t h e cargo h o l d s a n d t a n k s that s h a l l u n d e r g o

130

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

testing f o r t h e ship i n accordance w i t h 2 . 2 . 5 , 3 . 2 . 5 , 4 . 2 . 5 ,


5.2.5 o r 6.2.5, as applicable.

9 IDENTIFICATION O FA R E A S AND SECTIONS


FOR THICKNESS MEASUREMENTS

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify


a n d list t h e areas a n d sections w h e r e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e t a k e n i n accordance w i t h 2 . 2 . 4 , 3.2.4,
4 . 2 . 4 , 5.2.4 o r 6.2.4, as applicable.

10 M I N I M U M T H I C K N E S S O F H U L L

STRUCTURES

T h i s section o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l specify
t h e m i n i m u m thickness f o r h u l l structures o f t h e ship that
are subject t o s u r v e y i n accordance w i t h (a) o r (b):
(a) d e t e r m i n e d f r o m t h e attached w a s t a g e a l l o w a n c e
table a n d t h e o r i g i n a l thickness t o t h e h u l l structure plans
o f t h e ship;
(b) g i v e n i n T a b l e 1.3-1.1.
Table

Area or location

Deck
Plating
Longitudinals
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Cross d e c k p l a t i n g
Cross d e c k stiffeners
Bottom
Plating
Longitudinals
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Inner bottom
Plating
Longitudinals
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Floors
Ship side i n w a y o f topside tanks
Plating
Longitudinals
Ship side i n w a y o f hopper side tanks
Plating
Longitudinals
Ship side i n w a y o f double hull
Plating
L o n g i t u d i n a l s o r o r d i n a r y frames
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Ship side i n w a y o f tanks
Plating
Longitudinals
L o n g i t u d i n a l stringers
Ship side i n w a y o f cargo holds
Plating
Side frames w e b s
Side frames flanges
U p p e r brackets w e b s
U p p e r b r a c k e t flanges
L o w e r bracket w e b s
L o w e r bracket flanges
L o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d (inside)
Plating
L o n g i t u d i n a l s o r o r d i n a r y frames
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Transverse bulkheads
Plating
Stiffeners
Upper stool plating
U p p e r s t o o l stiffeners
L o w e r stool plating
L o w e r s t o o l stiffeners
T r a n s v e r s e w e b frames, floors a n d stringers
Plating
Flanges

O r i g i n a l as-built
thickness, m m

Minimum
thickness, m m

1.3-1.1

Substantial corrosion
thickness, m m

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

131

Table 1.3-1.1 -

Area or location

O r i g i n a l as b u i l t
thickness, m m

Minimum
thickness, m m

continued

Substantial corrosion
thickness, m m

Stiffeners
Cross ties
Flanges
Webs
Transverse web frames in topside tanks
Plating
Flanges
Stiffeners
Transverse w e b frames in double hull
Plating
Flanges
Stiffeners
Transverse web frames in hopper tanks
Plating
Flanges
Stiffeners
Hatch covers
Plating
Stiffeners
Hatch coamings
Plating
Stiffeners
1

T h e T a b l e s h a l l c o n t a i n t h e i t e m s applicable t o t h e p a r t i c u l a r ship.
N o t e . T h e wastage a l l o w a n c e tables s h a l l be attached t o the s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e .

F o r ships b u i l t under the I A C S C o m m o n Structural


Rules ( C S R ships), the renewal thickness
o f the h u l l
structure elements is indicated i n the appropriate drawings.

11 T H I C K N E S S M E A S U R E M E N T F I R M

This
changes,
thickness
Planning

section o f the survey programme shall identify


i f any, r e l a t i n g t o t h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e
measurement f i r m provided i n t h e Survey
Questionnaire.

12 D A M A G E E X P E R I E N C E R E L A T E D T O T H E S H I P

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall, using


Tables 1.3-1.2 1.3-1.3, p r o v i d e details o f t h e h u l l
damages f o r a t least t h e last three years i n w a y o f t h e
cargo h o l d s , ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces w i t h i n t h e
cargo l e n g t h area. T h e s e damages are subject t o survey.

Table

1.3-1.2

Hull damages sorted b y location for the ship


T a n k o r space n u m b e r o r area

P o s s i b l e cause, i f k n o w n

Description o f the
damages

Location

Repair

D a t e o f repair

T a b l e 1.3-1.3
H u l l d a m a g e s f o r s i s t e r o r s i m i l a r s h i p s (if a v a i l a b l e ) i n t h e c a s e o f d e s i g n r e l a t e d d a m a g e
T a n k o r space n u m b e r o r area

P o s s i b l e cause, i f k n o w n

Description o f the
damages

Location

Repair

Date o f repair

132

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

13 A R E A S I D E N T I F I E D W I T H S U B S T A N T I A L C O R R O S I O N
FROM PREVIOUS SURVEYS

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify


a n d list t h e areas o f substantial c o r r o s i o n from p r e v i o u s
surveys.

14 C R I T I C A L S T R U C T U R A L A R E A S A N D S U S P E C T A R E A S

T h i s section o f the survey programme shall identify


a n d list t h e c r i t i c a l structural areas a n d t h e suspect areas,
i f s u c h i n f o r m a t i o n is available.

1 . P a r a g r a p h 1.3.1.3 o f t h i s P a r t o f t h e R u l e s requires
that m a i n structural p l a n s o f cargo h o l d s a n d ballast t a n k s
(scantling drawings), including i n f o r m a t i o n regarding
use o f h i g h tensile steel, t o b e available. T h i s A p p e n d i x
o f the survey programme shall identify and list the m a i n
structural plans, w h i c h f o r m part o f t h e survey
programme.
2 . T h e S u r v e y P l a n n i n g Q u e s t i o n n a i r e (refer t o
A p p e n d i x 1.3-2), w h i c h h a s b e e n s u b m i t t e d b y t h e
shipowner.
3. Part "Other documentation" o f the programme
s h a l l i d e n t i f y a n d l i s t a n y o t h e r d o c u m e n t a t i o n that f o r m s
part o f t h e d r a w i n g s .
Prepared b y t h e s h i p o w n e r i n c o - o p e r a t i o n w i t h t h e
R e g i s t e r f o r c o m p l i a n c e w i t h 1.3.1.3:

15 O T H E R R E L E V A N T C O M M E N T S A N D I N F O R M A T I O N

Date
( n a m e a n d signature o f a u t h o r i z e d s h i p o w n e r ' s representative)

T h i s section o f t h e s u r v e y p r o g r a m m e s h a l l p r o v i d e
any other comments a n d i n f o r m a t i o n relevant t o t h e
Date
survey.
(name
T h e f o l l o w i n g d o c u m e n t s s h a l l b e appended t o t h e
programme.

a n d signature o f a u t h o r i z e d representative o f the R e g i s t e r ) .

Appendix 1.3-2

SURVEY

PLANNINGQUESTIONNAIRE

T h e f o l l o w i n g i n f o r m a t i o n w i l l enable t h e s h i p o w n e r
i n co-operation w i t h the Register t o develop a survey
programme c o m p l y i n g w i t h the requirements o f 1.3-1. I t
is essential that t h e s h i p o w n e r p r o v i d e s , w h e n c o m p l e t
i n g t h e present q u e s t i o n n a i r e , up-to-date i n f o r m a t i o n .
T h e present questionnaire, w h e n completed, shall
provide all information and material required b y E S P
Code ( I M O Resolution A . 1049(27)) or I A C S U R Z 1 0 . 1 ,
Z 1 0 . 2 , Z 1 0 . 3 , Z 1 0 . 4 , Z 1 0 . 5 , as applicable.

PARTICULARS

Ship's n a m e :
I M O number:
F l a g State:
Port o f registry:

Shipowner:
Classification Society:
Class :
G r o s s tonnage:
Deadweight, metric tonnes:
Date o f b u i l d :

INFORMATION ON ACCESS PROVISION F O R CLOSE-UP


SURVEYS AND THICKNESS MEASUREMENT

T h e shipowner shall indicate i n Tables 1.3-2.1 1.3-2.2,


d e p e n d i n g o n t h e ship t y p e , t h e m e a n s o f access t o t h e
structures subject t o close-up s u r v e y a n d t h i c k n e s s
m e a s u r e m e n t . A close-up s u r v e y i s a n e x a m i n a t i o n
w h e r e t h e details o f s t r u c t u r a l c o m p o n e n t s are w i t h i n t h e
close v i s u a l i n s p e c t i o n r a n g e o f t h e attending s u r v e y o r ,
i.e. n o r m a l l y w i t h i n reach o f h a n d .

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

133

Table

1.3-2.1

I n f o r m a t i o n o n access provision f o r close-up s u r v e y a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t (for oil tankers)


Tank No.

Structure

F.P.

Fore peak

A.P.

A f t peak

W i n g tanks

U n d e r deck
Side shell a n d framing
B o t t o m transverse
L o n g i t u d i n a l girders
Transverse bulkheads

Centre tanks

U n d e r deck
B o t t o m transverse
Transverse bulkheads

(Cargo)/
(Ballast)

Temporary
staging

Rafts

Ladders

Direct
access

Other means Permanent


(please
means o f
specify)
access

Table

1.3-2.2

I n f o r m a t i o n o n access provision f o r close-up s u r v e y a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t (for b u l k carriers)


Hold/Tank N o .

Structure

F.P.

Fore peak

A.P.

After peak

Cargo holds

H a t c h side c o a m i n g s
T o p s i d e s l o p i n g plate
Upper stool plating
C r o s s deck
S i d e s h e l l , frames a n d brackets
D o u b l e s k i n t a n k p l a t i n g ( w h e r e applicable)
Transverse bulkhead
Hopper tank platting
L o w e r stool
Tank top

Topside tanks

U n d e r d e c k structure
S i d e s h e l l a n d structure
S l o p i n g plate a n d structure
Webs and bulkheads

Hopper tanks

H o p p e r s l o p i n g plate a n d structure
S i d e s h e l l a n d structure
B o t t o m structure
Webs and bulkheads

D o u b l e side
skin
tanks
( w h e r e
applicable)

S i d e s h e l l a n d structure
I n n e r s k i n a n d structure
Webs and bulkheads
D o u b l e b o t t o m structure
U p p e r s t o o l i n t e r n a l structure
L o w e r s t o o l i n t e r n a l structure

W i n g tanks o f
ore carriers
( w h e r e
applicable)

U n d e r d e c k a n d structure
S i d e s h e l l a n d structure
S i d e s h e l l v e r t i c a l w e b a n d structure
L o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d a n d structure
L o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d w e b a n d structure
B o t t o m p l a t i n g a n d structure
C r o s s ties/stringers

Temporary
staging

Rafts

Ladders

Direct
access

Other means
(please
specify)

Permanent
means o f
access

134

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

SHIPOWNER'S INSPECTIONS

U s i n g a f o r m a t s i m i l a r t o t h a t o f T a b l e 1.3-2.3
( w h i c h i s g i v e n as a n e x a m p l e ) , t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l

p r o v i d e details o f t h e results o f t h e i r inspections f o r t h e


last 3 years ( i n accordance w i t h I A C S U R Z 1 0 . 1 , Z 1 0 . 2 ,
Z 1 0 . 3 , Z 1 0 . 4 , Z 1 0 . 5 ) o n a l l cargo h o l d s , ballast t a n k s a n d
v o i d spaces w i t h i n t h e cargo area.
T a b l e 1.3-2.3

Tank/Hold No.

Corrosion
protection

Coating
extent
2

Coating
condition

Structural
deterioration

T a n k and h o l d
damage
5

C a r g o centre tanks ( f o r o i l t a n k e r s )
Cargo w i n g tanks (for o i l tankers)
Slop tanks (for o i l tankers)
Cargo holds
Topside tanks
H o p p e r tanks
D o u b l e b o t t o m tanks
D o u b l e side s k i n tanks ( w h e r e applicable)
W i n g t a n k s ( o r e carriers)
U p p e r stools
L o w e r stools
B a l l a s t tanks
Fore peak
After peak
M i s c e l l a n e o u s spaces
1

H C = h a r d c o a t i n g ; S C = soft c o a t i n g ; S H = s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g ; N P = n o p r o t e c t i o n .
U = u p p e r part; M = m i d d l e part; L = l o w e r part; = c o m p l e t e .
G = g o o d ; F = fair; P = p o o r ; R C = recoated ( d u r i n g t h e last 3 years).
N = n o f i n d i n g s recorded; Y = f i n d i n g s recorded.
( D e s c r i p t i o n o f f i n d i n g s s h a l l b e attached t o the Q u e s t i o n n a i r e ) .
D R = d a m a g e a n d repair; L = leakages; C V = c o n v e r s i o n .
( D e s c r i p t i o n s h a l l b e attached t o t h e Q u e s t i o n n a i r e ) .
N o t e . I n d i c a t e t a n k s , w h i c h are u s e d f o r o i V b a l l a s t .
2
3
4

N a m e o f shipowner's representative^
Signature:
Date:

REPORTS OF PORT STATE CONTROL INSPECTIONS

L i s t t h e reports o f P S C inspections c o n t a i n i n g h u l l
structural related deficiencies a n d r e l e v a n t i n f o r m a t i o n
o n r e c t i f i c a t i o n o f t h e deficiencies:

SAFETY MANAGEMENT

SYSTEM

L i s t n o n - c o n f o r m i t i e s related t o h u l l m a i n t e n a n c e ,
i n c l u d i n g t h e associated c o r r e c t i v e actions:

N a m e a n d address o f t h e a p p r o v e d
measurement firm:

thickness

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

1.4 D O C U M E N T A T I O N O N B O A R D T H E E S P S H I P S

1.4.1 G e n e r a l .
1.4.1.1 F o r t h e E S P ships, t h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l
supply, p r o v i d e a v i a l a b i l i t y a n d m a i n t a i n a n c e o n b o a r d
o f t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n specified i n 1.4.2 a n d 1.4.3 w h i c h
shall b e readily available for the surveyor.
1.4.1.2 T h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n s h a l l b e k e p t o n b o a r d
d u r i n g t h e service l i f e o f t h e ship.
1.4.1.3 T h e present r e q u i r e m e n t c o m p l y i n g w i t h
R e g u l a t i o n -1/3-10 o f S O L A S - 7 4 / 7 8 s h a l l a p p l y t o o i l
tankers o f 1 5 0 m i n l e n g t h a n d above, a n d t o b u l k
carriers o f 1 5 0 m i n l e n g t h a n d a b o v e , constructed w i t h
s i n g l e deck, topside t a n k s a n d h o p p e r side t a n k s i n cargo
spaces, e x c l u d i n g o r e carriers a n d c o m b i n a t i o n carriers:
.1 f o r w h i c h t h e b u i l d i n g contract is placed
(contracted f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n ) o n o r after 1 J u l y 2 0 1 6 ;
.2 i n t h e absence o f a b u i l d i n g contract, t h e keels o f
w h i c h a r e l a i d o r w h i c h a r e a t a s i m i l a r stage o f
c o n s t r u c t i o n o n o r after 1 J u l y 2 0 1 7 ; o r
.3 t h e d e l i v e r y o f w h i c h i s o n o r after 1 J u l y 2 0 2 0 .
T h e s h i p o w n e r s h a l l arrange t h e u p d a t i n g o f t h e S h i p
C o n s t r u c t i o n F i l e ( S C F ) t h r o u g h o u t t h e ship's service l i f e
whenever a modification o f the documentation included
i n t h e S C F h a s t a k e n place. D o c u m e n t e d procedures f o r
u p d a t i n g t h e S C F s h a l l b e i n c l u d e d w i t h i n t h e safety
management system.
1.4.2 S h i p ' s file.
1.4.2.1 Ship's file o f t h e E S P ship, w h e r e i n t h e
R e g i s t e r s u r v e y reports a r e kept, s h a l l b e part o f t h e
documentation o n board and shall include:
.1 h u l l s u r v e y reports;
.2 E x e c u t i v e H u l l S u m m a r y ( C o n d i t i o n E v a l u a t i o n
Report) ( f o r m 6.3.41);
.3 thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s reports.
1.4.2.2 Ship's file o f t h e E S P ship s h a l l b e also
available at the shipowner and i n the R S Branch Office
for in-service supervision.
1.4.3 A d d i t i o n a l d o c u m e n t s .
1.4.3.1 T h e f o l l o w i n g a d d i t i o n a l d o c u m e n t s s h a l l b e
k e p t o n b o a r d t h e E S P ships:

135

.1 S u r v e y P r o g r a m m e , as r e q u i r e d b y 1.3.1, f o r t h e
p r e v i o u s special o r i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y c o m p l e t e d ;
.2 m a i n s t r u c t u r a l plans o f cargo h o l d s a n d ballast
t a n k s ( f o r C S R ships these plans s h a l l i n c l u d e f o r each
structural e l e m e n t b o t h t h e as-built a n d r e n e w a l t h i c k
ness ( t r e n ) - A n y thickness f o r v o l u n t a r y a d d i t i o n ( ^ )
s h a l l also b e c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d o n t h e plans. T h e m i d s h i p
section p l a n t o b e supplied o n b o a r d t h e ship s h a l l
i n c l u d e t h e m i n i m u m a l l o w a b l e h u l l g i r d e r sectional
properties f o r h o l d transverse section i n a l l cargo h o l d s ) ;
.3 p r e v i o u s repair h i s t o r y ;
.4 cargo a n d ballast h i s t o r y ;
.5 usage o f i n e r t gas s y s t e m a n d t a n k c l e a n i n g
procedures;
.6 results o f inspections p e r f o r m e d b y t h e s h i p b o a r d
personnel w i t h the a i m of:
.6.1 d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f structural general w e a r ;
.6.2 d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f leakages i n b u l k h e a d s a n d
piping;
.6.3 c h e c k i n g o f c o n d i t i o n o f c o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n
system, i f any;
.7 a n y o t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n i n assistance t o i d e n t i f y t h e
critical structural areas and/or suspect areas r e q u i r i n g
inspection.
1.4.3.2 F o r o i l tankers a n d b u l k carriers subject t o
t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 1.4.1.3, t h e S C F , l i m i t e d t o t h e i t e m s
to be retained onboard, shall be available o n board.
1.4.4 R e v i e w o f t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d .
1.4.4.1 P r i o r t o survey, t h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l check t h e
completeness o f t h e d o c u m e n t a t i o n o n b o a r d a n d i t s
contents as t h e basis f o r survey.
1.4.4.2 F o r o i l tankers a n d b u l k carriers subject t o
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 1.4.1.3, o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y , t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l v e r i f y that t h e update o f t h e
S C F has been done whenever a modification o f t h e
d o c u m e n t a t i o n i n c l u d e d i n t h e S C F h a s t a k e n place.
1.4.4.3 F o r o i l tankers a n d b u l k carriers subject t o
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 1.4.1.3, o n c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y , t h e
s u r v e y o r t o t h e R e g i s t e r s h a l l v e r i f y a n y a d d i t i o n and/or
renewal o f materials used for the construction o f the h u l l
structure are documented w i t h i n t h e S C F list o f
materials.
a d a

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

136

Appendix 1.4
F O R M O FO W N E R ' S I N S P E C T I O N

REPORT

:
Ship

Name:

,
OWNER'S
INSPECTION
R E P O R T Structural
condition
/
F o r Tank/Hold

No.:

/Decfc

/Side:

G r a d e of

/Bottom:

steel:

/Long.bhd:

Defects/Elements

Cracks

Buckles

Corrosion

Coating condition

Pitting

/
Mod./Repair

Deck

Bottom

Side


Long,

bulkheads


Transv.

bulkheads

:
R e p a i r s c a r r i e d out due to:

, :
Thickness

measurements

c a r r i e d out,

dates:

:
Results

in g e n e r a l :

:
Overdue

surveys:

:
O u t s t a n d i n g conditions

of

class:

Comments:

/Date of

inspection:

/Inspected by:

/Signature:

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

1.5 P R O C E D U R E S F O R T H I C K N E S S M E A S U R E M E N T S

1.5.1 G e n e r a l .
1.5.1.1 T h e procedure f o r t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s i s
given i n Appendix 2 and i n the Instruction o n Residual
T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s .
1.5.1.2 T h e f i r m engaged i n thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l participate i n t h e s u r v e y p l a n n i n g m e e t i n g t o b e
held prior t o survey.
1.5.1.3 T h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o f structures i n
t h e areas subject t o close-up s u r v e y s s h a l l b e carried o u t
s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h these close-up s u r v e y s .
1.5.1.4 I n a l l cases t h e e x t e n t o f t h e thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t as t o represent t h e
actual average c o n d i t i o n .
1.5.2 R e c o g n i t i o n o f t h e f i r m e n g a g e d i n t h i c k n e s s
measurements.
1.5.2.1 Thickness measurements o n ships shall b e
See circular 835
carried o u t b y the T M F i r m s recognized b y the Register, o r
subject t o special consideration b y R H O , b y a n y A C S
I A C S member.
T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e T M F i r m r e c o g n i t i o n are
specified i n S e c t i o n 7 o f P a r t I " G e n e r a l P r o v i s i o n s " .
1.5.3 R e p o r t i n g .
1.5.3.1 A t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t r e p o r t s h a l l b e
See circular 835
prepared. T h e r e p o r t s h a l l c o n t a i n t h e i n f o r m a t i o n o n
l o c a t i o n o f m e a s u r e m e n t s , thicknesses measured, as w e l l
as t h e r e l e v a n t as-built thicknesses. F u r t h e r m o r e , t h e
r e p o r t s h a l l c o n t a i n t h e date o f c a r r y i n g o u t t h e
measurements, type o f equipment used f o r measurements, names o f personnel a n d their qualification. T h e
r e p o r t s h a l l b e s i g n e d b y t h e operator w h o h a s carried o u t
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s . T h e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t
report shall also meet the principles stated i n A p p e n d i x 2-1
to these R u l e s .
1.5.3.2 T h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l r e v i e w t h e f i n a l thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t r e p o r t a n d certify t h e c o v e r page w i t h
signature a n d stamp.

1.6 R E Q U I R E M E N T F O R T H E E S P S U R V E Y S
( I A C S P R 20)

1.6.1 T h e o b j e c t i v e o f t h i s r e q u i r e m e n t i s t o i m p r o v e
t h e q u a l i t y o f surveys. T a k i n g i n t o c o n s i d e r a t i o n , t h e size
o f ships a n d scope o f s u r v e y s f o r ships n o t e d b e l o w , i t i s
m o r e effective t o h a v e m o r e t h a n o n e s u r v e y o r e x a m i n e
t h e r e q u i r e d spaces, h o l d s o r t a n k s a n d t o p r o v i d e m u t u a l
support a n d c o n s u l t a t i o n d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y s i n r e c o m m e n d i n g repairs a n d actions r e q u i r e d f o r c o n d i t i o n s o f
class/recommendations. O n t h e E S P ships 2 0 0 0 0 tones
d e a d w e i g h t a n d a b o v e , starting w i t h t h e t h i r d special
survey, a l l special a n d i n t e r m e d i a t e h u l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s u r v e y s s h a l l b e carried o u t b y a t least t w o e x c l u s i v e
s u r v e y o r s . O n b u l k carriers 1 0 0 0 0 0 d e a d w e i g h t a n d

137

a b o v e o f s i n g l e s k i n c o n s t r u c t i o n (large-capacity b u l k
carriers a r e d e t e r m i n e d as b u l k carriers 1 0 0 0 0 0 deadw e i g h t a n d a b o v e ) b e t w e e n 1 0 a n d 1 5 years o f age,
i n t e r m e d i a t e h u l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s u r v e y s s h a l l b e performed b y t w o exclusive surveyors .
T h i s requires that, a t least, t w o e x c l u s i v e s u r v e y o r s
s h a l l attend s i m u l t a n e o u s l y o n b o a r d t o j o i n t l y p e r f o r m
the required surveys.
T h o u g h each a t t e n d i n g s u r v e y o r i s n o t r e q u i r e d t o
p e r f o r m a l l aspects o f t h e r e q u i r e d survey, t h e y a r e
r e q u i r e d t o c o n s u l t w i t h each o t h e r a n d t o d o j o i n t o v e r a l l
a n d close-up s u r v e y s t o t h e e x t e n t necessary t o d e t e r m i n e
t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship. T h e scope o f these s u r v e y s
s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t f o r t h e s u r v e y o r s t o agree o n actions
r e q u i r e d t o c o m p l e t e t h e s u r v e y w i t h respect t o r e n e w a l s ,
repairs, a n d o t h e r r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s o r c o n d i t i o n s o f
class. E a c h s u r v e y o r i s r e q u i r e d t o c o - s i g n t h e s u r v e y
r e p o r t o r indicate t h e i r concurrence i n a n e q u i v a l e n t
m a n n e r . T h e o n b o a r d attendance o f t w o s u r v e y o r s t o t h e
R e g i s t e r s h a l l b e d o c u m e n t e d i n t h e s u r v e y report.
The f o l l o w i n g surveys m a y be witnessed b y a single
surveyor:
.1 thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s carried o u t i n accordance
w i t h t h e provisions o f A n n e x 33 t o t h e Guidelines
( I A C S P R 19);
.2 leakage testing o f t a n k s ;
.3 repairs carried o u t i n association w i t h i n t e r m e d i a t e
or special h u l l classification s u r v e y s , t h e scope o f w h i c h
h a v e b e e n agreed u p o n b y t h e r e q u i r e d t w o s u r v e y o r s
d u r i n g t h e course o f t h e s u r v e y s .
O n d o u b l e o r d u a l class s h i p s , i f a r e l e v a n t
agreement is a v a i l a b l e , t h e r e q u i r e m e n t f o r t w o e x c l u s i v e
s u r v e y o r s m a y b e f u l f i l l e d b y h a v i n g o n e s u r v e y o r attend
from each classification society.
1

1.7 N U M B E R A N D L O C A T I O N S O F M E A S U R E M E N T S
FOR CSR BULK CARRIERS AND OIL TANKERS

1.7.1 A p p l i c a t i o n .
T h e present r e q u i r e m e n t s o n l y a p p l y t o ships b u i l t
u n d e r t h e C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s f o r B u l k Carriers
and C o m m o n Structural Rules f o r Double H u l l O i l
T a n k e r s . F o r ships n o t b u i l t u n d e r I A C S C S R , t h e
requirements for number and locations o f measurements
are a c c o r d i n g t o A p p e n d i x 2 t o t h e s e R u l e s a n d
Instruction o n Residual Thickness Measurements o f
Ships H u l l s depending o n ship's a g e a n d structural
elements concerned.

' T w o h u l l surveyors shall b e i n v o l v e d i n such intermediate/


special s u r v e y s w h o are c o m p e t e n t a t least i n intermediate/special
s u r v e y s subject t o t h e t y p e o f s u r v e y a n d ages o f t h e ship, a t t h a t
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y o f t h e ship w i t h ages above 15 years o l d , s h a l l b e
carried o u t b y t w o h u l l s u r v e y o r s c o m p e t e n t i n special s u r v e y s .

138

1.7.2 N u m b e r o f m e a s u r e m e n t s .
Considering the extent o f thickness measurements
according t o t h e different structural elements o f t h e ship
a n d s u r v e y s (special, i n t e r m e d i a t e a n d a n n u a l ) , t h e
l o c a t i o n s o f t h e p o i n t s t o b e m e a s u r e d are g i v e n f o r t h e
m o s t i m p o r t a n t i t e m s o f t h e structure.
1.7.3 L o c a t i o n s o f m e a s u r e m e n t s .
Tables 1.7.1 a n d 1.7.2 p r o v i d e e x p l a n a t i o n s and/or
interpretations f o r t h e a p p l i c a t i o n o f those r e q u i r e m e n t s

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

i n d i c a t e d i n t h e present R u l e s , w h i c h refer t o b o t h
systematic t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s o f i t e m s related t o
t h e g l o b a l h u l l g i r d e r strength a n d specific m e a s u r e m e n t s
connected t o close-up s u r v e y s .
F i g s . 5.2.1 t o 5.3.11 o f t h e I n s t r u c t i o n o n R e s i d u a l
T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e m e n t s o f S h i p s H u l l s are p r o v i d e d t o
facilitate t h e e x p l a n a t i o n s and/or interpretations g i v e n i n
Tables 1.7.1 a n d 1.7.2.

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

139

Table

1.7.1

Interpretations o f requirements for t h e locations a n d n u m b e r o f points to b e m e a s u r e d for C S R b u l k carriers


Item

Interpretation

F i g u r e reference

Selected plates o n deck p l a t i n g , t a n k "Selected" m e a n s a t least a single p o i n t o n o n e o u t o f three


t o p ( i n n e r b o t t o m p l a t i n g ) , b o t t o m plates, t o b e c h o s e n o n representative areas o f average
p l a t i n g a n d w i n d - a n d - w a t e r strakes c o r r o s i o n
A l l deck, t a n k t o p ( i n n e r b o t t o m ) A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate t o b e t a k e n either at each 1/4
a n d b o t t o m plates a n d w i n d - a n d - e x t r e m i t y o f p l a t e o r a t representative areas o f average
corrosion
w a t e r strakes
T r a n s v e r s e section

A transverse s e c t i o n includes a l l l o n g i t u d i n a l m e m b e r s s u c h as
p l a t i n g , l o n g i t u d i n a l s a n d girders a t t h e deck, side, b o t t o m ,
i n n e r b o t t o m a n d h o p p e r side p l a t i n g , l o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d s
a n d b o t t o m p l a t i n g i n t o p w i n g tanks, etc

A l l cargo h o l d h a t c h covers a n d I n c l u d i n g plates a n d stiffeners


coamings

Locations
Appendix
5.2.2.2 o f
Thickness
Hulls

o f points are given i n


2 a n d Figs. 5.2.2.1 a n d
the I n s t r u c t i o n o n R e s i d u a l
Measurements o f Ships

Locations o f points are given i n


A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.10 o f t h e
Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

T r a n s v e r s e s e c t i o n o f deck p l a t i n g T w o single p o i n t s o n each deck plate ( t o be t a k e n either at each


outside l i n e o f cargo h a t c h openings 1/4 e x t r e m i t y o f plate o r a t representative areas o f average
c o r r o s i o n ) b e t w e e n t h e ship sides a n d h a t c h c o a m i n g s i n t h e
transverse s e c t i o n concerned
A l l deck p l a t i n g a n d u n d e r deck
structure inside line o f hatch
openings b e t w e e n cargo h o l d
hatches

" A l l deck p l a t i n g " m e a n s at least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate t o b e


t a k e n either a t each 1/4 e x t r e m i t y o f plate o r at representative
areas o f average c o r r o s i o n
" U n d e r deck structure": at each s h o r t l o n g i t u d i n a l girder: three
p o i n t s f o r w e b p l a t i n g ( f o r w a r d / m i d d l e / a f t ) , single p o i n t f o r
face plate, o n e p o i n t f o r w e b p l a t i n g a n d o n e p o i n t f o r face
p l a t i n g o f transverse b e a m i n w a y . A t each e n d o f transverse
beams, o n e p o i n t f o r w e b p l a t i n g a n d o n e p o i n t f o r face p l a t i n g

Areas o f measurements are s h o w n i n


T a b l e 5 . 2 . 4 . 1 . L o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s are
g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.11 o f
the Instruction o n Residual Thickness
Measurements o f Shins Hulls

/
h

!
"T,

1
L>

"

Selected side s h e l l frames i n cargo Includes side s h e l l f r a m e , upper a n d l o w e r e n d attachments a n d


adjacent s h e l l p l a t i n g . 2 5 p e r cent o f frames: o n e o u t o f f o u r
holds
frames s h a l l p r e f e r a b l y b e chosen t h r o u g h o u t t h e cargo h o l d
l e n g t h o n each side. 5 0 p e r cent o f frames: o n e o u t o f t w o
frames s h a l l p r e f e r a b l y b e chosen t h r o u g h o u t t h e cargo h o l d
l e n g t h o n each side. "Selected frames" m e a n s at least 3 frames
o n each side o f cargo h o l d s

Areas o f measurements are s h o w n i n


T a b l e 5 . 2 . 4 . 1 . L o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s are
given i n Appendix 2 and Figs. 5.3.4.1,
5.3.4.2 a n d 5.3.6 o f t h e I n s t r u c t i o n o n
Residual Thickness Measurements o f
Ships H u l l s
N o t e : T h e gauging pattern for web
p l a t i n g s h a l l be a three p o i n t p a t t e r n f o r
zones , a n d D , a n d a t w o p o i n t
pattern for zone B . I f the w e b plating
has i n t e n s i v e g e n e r a l c o r r o s i o n t h e n t h i s
p a t t e r n s h a l l b e expanded t o a five p o i n t
pattern

T r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d s i n cargo h o l d s Includes b u l k h e a d p l a t i n g , stiffeners a n d girders, i n c l u d i n g


i n t e r n a l structure o f upper a n d l o w e r stools, w h e r e fitted. T w o
selected b u l k h e a d s : o n e s h a l l b e the b u l k h e a d b e t w e e n t h e t w o
f o r e m o s t cargo h o l d s a n d the second m a y b e chosen i n o t h e r
positions

Areas o f measurements are s h o w n i n


T a b l e 5 . 2 . 4 . 1 . L o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s are
g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.1 o f
the Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

O n e transverse b u l k h e a d i n each T h i s m e a n s t h a t t h e close-up s u r v e y a n d related thickness


m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e p e r f o r m e d o n o n e side o f t h e b u l k h e a d ;
cargo h o l d
the side s h a l l b e chosen b a s e d o n t h e o u t c o m e o f t h e o v e r a l l
s u r v e y o f b o t h sides. I n t h e e v e n t o f doubt, the s u r v e y o r t o t h e
R e g i s t e r m a y also r e q u i r e ( p o s s i b l y p a r t i a l ) close-up s u r v e y o n
the o t h e r side

Areas o f measurements are s h o w n i n


T a b l e 5 . 2 . 4 . 1 . L o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s are
g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.1 o f
the Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

140

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

Table

Item

Interpretation

1.7.1

continued

F i g u r e reference

T r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d s i n o n e I n c l u d e s b u l k h e a d a n d s t i f f e n i n g systems.
topside, h o p p e r a n d d o u b l e b o t t o m T h e ballast t a n k s h a l l b e c h o s e n based o n t h e h i s t o r y o f
b a l l a s t i n g a m o n g t h o s e p r o n e t o h a v e t h e m o s t severe
ballast t a n k
conditions

Locations o f points are given i n


Appendix 2 and Fig. 5.3.8 o f the
Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

T r a n s v e r s e w e b s i n ballast t a n k s

Areas o f measurements are s h o w n i n


Table 5.2.4.1. Locations o f points are
g i v e n i n A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g s . 5.2.2.2,
5.3.6 o f the I n s t r u c t i o n o n R e s i d u a l
Thickness Measurements o f Ships
Hulls

I n c l u d e s w e b p l a t i n g , face plates, stiffeners a n d associated


plating and longitudinals.
O n e o f t h e representative t a n k s o f each t y p e ( i . e . topside o r
h o p p e r o r side t a n k ) s h a l l be c h o s e n i n the f o r w a r d part

' D e s p i t e I A C S interpretations the n u m b e r a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s t o be m e a s u r e d s h a l l be n o t less t h a n those d e f i n e d i n the I n s t r u c t i o n o n


R e s i d u a l T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s .
T a b l e 1.7.2
Interpretations o f r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r the locations a n d n u m b e r o f points to b e m e a s u r e d f o r C S R oil t a n k e r s (double skin)
Item

Interpretation

Selected plates

F i g u r e reference

"Selected" m e a n s a t least a single p o i n t o n o n e o u t o f three


plates, t o b e c h o s e n o n representative areas o f average
corrosion.

A l l deck, b o t t o m plates a n d w i n d - A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate t o b e t a k e n e i t h e r at each 1/4


a n d - w a t e r strakes
e x t r e m i t y o f p l a t e o r a t representative areas o f average
corrosion
T r a n s v e r s e section

Transverse rings
ballast t a n k s

M e a s u r e m e n t s t o be t a k e n o n a l l l o n g i t u d i n a l m e m b e r s s u c h as
p l a t i n g , l o n g i t u d i n a l s a n d girders a t t h e deck, side, b o t t o m ,
longitudinal bulkheads, inner b o t t o m and hopper
O n e p o i n t t o b e t a k e n o n each plate. B o t h w e b a n d flange t o b e
m e a s u r e d o n l o n g i t u d i n a l s , i f applicable
F o r tankers o l d e r t h a n 1 0 years o f age:
w i t h i n 0, ( w h e r e D is t h e ship's m o u l d e d depth) o f the deck
a n d b o t t o m a t each transverse section t o b e m e a s u r e d , e v e r y
l o n g i t u d i n a l a n d g i r d e r s h a l l b e m e a s u r e d o n t h e w e b a n d face
plate, a n d e v e r y p l a t e s h a l l be m e a s u r e d a t o n e p o i n t b e t w e e n
longitudinals
2

Locations
Appendix
5.2.5.2 o f
Thickness
Hulls

o f points are given i n


2 a n d Figs. 5.2.5.1 a n d
the I n s t r u c t i o n o n R e s i d u a l
Measurements o f Ships

i n c a r g o a n d A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate i n a staggered p a t t e r n a n d t w o


p o i n t s o n t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g flange w h e r e applicable
M i n i m u m f o u r p o i n t s o n the first plate b e l o w deck
A d d i t i o n a l p o i n t s i n w a y o f c u r v e d parts
A t least o n e p o i n t o n each o f t w o stiffeners b e t w e e n stringers/
l o n g i t u d i n a l girders

Locations o f points are given i n


A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.7.2 o f t h e
Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

T r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d s i n cargo tanks A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate


M i n i m u m f o u r p o i n t s o n the first plate b e l o w m a i n deck
A t least o n e p o i n t o n e v e r y t h i r d stiffener t o b e t a k e n b e t w e e n
each stringer
A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate o f stringers a n d girders, a n d
t w o p o i n t s o n t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g flange
Additional points i n w a y o f curved part
T w o p o i n t s o f each d i a p h r a g m p l a t e o f stools i f fitted

Locations o f points are given i n


A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.3.1 o f the
Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

T r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d s i n b a l l a s t A t least f o u r p o i n t s o n plates b e t w e e n s t r i n g e r s / l o n g i t u d i n a l
tanks
girders, o r p e r plate i f stringers/girders n o t fitted
A t least t w o p o i n t s o n each plate o f stringers a n d girders, a n d
t w o p o i n t s o n t h e c o r r e s p o n d i n g flange
Additional points i n w a y o f curved part
A t least o n e p o i n t o n t w o stiffeners b e t w e e n each stringer/
longitudinal girder

Locations o f points are given i n


A p p e n d i x 2 a n d F i g . 5.3.3.2 o f t h e
Instruction o n Residual Thickness
M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s

Adjacent structural members

O n adjacent s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s o n e p o i n t p e r plate a n d o n e
p o i n t o n e v e r y t h i r d stiffener/ l o n g i t u d i n a l

' D e s p i t e I A C S interpretations the n u m b e r a n d l o c a t i o n s o f p o i n t s t o be m e a s u r e d s h a l l be n o t less t h a n those d e f i n e d i n the I n s t r u c t i o n o n


R e s i d u a l T h i c k n e s s M e a s u r e m e n t s o f Ships H u l l s .
" T r a n s v e r s e r i n g s " m e a n s a l l transverse m a t e r i a l appearing i n a cross-section o f the ship's h u l l , i n w a y o f a d o u b l e b o t t o m floor, v e r t i c a l
w e b a n d deck transverse ( d e f i n i t i o n f r o m C S R ) .
2

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

i s total corrosion addition, i n m m , defined i n the C o m m o n


S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s f o r B u l k Carriers o r i n t h e C o m m o n
Structural Rules f o r O i l Tankers;
i s m e a s u r e d thickness, i n m m , o n o n e i t e m , i . e . average
thickness o n one i t e m using the various measurements taken
o n this s a m e i t e m .

1.8 A C C E P T A N C E C R I T E R I A

1.8.1 G e n e r a l .
1.8.1.1 F o r ships b u i l t u n d e r t h e I A C S C o m m o n
S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s , t h e acceptance c r i t e r i a are according t o
C h a p t e r 13 o f t h e C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s f o r B u l k
Carriers a n d S e c t i o n 1 2 o f t h e C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s
f o r D o u b l e H u l l O i l T a n k e r s ( w h i c h i s applicable) as
specified i n 1.8.2, 1.8.3 a n d 1.8.4 g i v e n b e l o w .
1.8.1.2 F o r ships n o t b u i l t u n d e r t h e I A C S C o m m o n
S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s , t h e acceptance c r i t e r i a are according t o
t h e R S R u l e s and/or specific I A C S U R s depending o n
ship's a g e a n d s t r u c t u r a l elements concerned, e.g I A C S
U R S 3 1 f o r side s h e l l frames.
1.8.2 A c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a f o r p i t t i n g c o r r o s i o n
of C S R ships.
1.8.2.1 S i d e structures o f C S R b u l k carriers.
I f p i t t i n g intensity i n a n area w h e r e coating is required
according t o Section 5 , Chapter 3 o f the C o m m o n Struc
tural R u l e s f o r B u l k Carriers, i s higher t h a n 15 p e r cent
(refer t o F i g . 1.2.1-3 o f A p p e n d i x 2 ) , thickness measure
ments shall b e p e r f o r m e d t o check t h e extent o f p i t t i n g
corrosion. T h e 15 per cent intensity is based u p o n p i t t i n g o r
g r o o v i n g o n o n l y one side o f the plate.
I n cases w h e r e p i t t i n g is exceeding 15 p e r cent, as
defined above, a n area o f 3 0 0 m m diameter o r m o r e (or,
w h e r e this i s impracticable o n the frame flange o r the side
shell, hopper t a n k plating o r topside t a n k plating attached t o
the side frame, equivalent rectangular area), at t h e m o s t
pitted part, shall b e cleaned t o bare m e t a l , and the thickness
measured i n w a y o f the f i v e deepest pits w i t h i n the cleaned
area. T h e least thickness measured i n w a y o f a n y o f these
pits shall b e t a k e n as t h e thickness t o b e recorded.
T h e m i n i m u m acceptable r e m a i n i n g thickness i n p i t s
or grooves is equal to:
7 5 p e r cent o f t h e as-built thickness, i n t h e f r a m e a n d
e n d brackets w e b s a n d flanges;
7 0 p e r cent o f the as-built thickness, i n the side shell,
hopper t a n k a n d topside t a n k plating attached t o t h e each
side frame, o v e r a w i d t h u p t o 3 0 m m from each side o f i t
1.8.2.2 O t h e r structures o f C S R b u l k carriers a n d a l l
structures o f C S R d o u b l e h u l l o i l tankers.
F o r plates w i t h p i t t i n g i n t e n s i t y less t h a n 2 0 p e r cent,
refer t o F i g . 1.2.1-3 o f A p p e n d i x 2 , t h e m e a s u r e d
thickness, t o f a n y i n d i v i d u a l m e a s u r e m e n t s h a l l m e e t
t h e lesser o f t h e f o l l o w i n g criteria:
m

0,l{t -buih

tren

Uol add),

as

m m

',

111111

141

1.8.3 A c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a f o r e d g e c o r r o s i o n
of C S R ships.
1.8.3.1 P r o v i d e d that t h e o v e r a l l corroded h e i g h t o f
t h e edge c o r r o s i o n o f t h e flange, o r w e b i n t h e case o f flat
bar stiffeners, is less t h a n 2 5 p e r cent, refer t o F i g . 1.2.1-4
o f A p p e n d i x 2 , o f t h e stiffener flange b r e a d t h o r w e b
h e i g h t , as applicable, t h e m e a s u r e d thickness, t , s h a l l
m e e t t h e lesser o f t h e f o l l o w i n g criteria:
m

0 , 7 (tas-built

tren

t v o l add),
m

1111

1.8.3.2 T h e average m e a s u r e d thickness across t h e


breadth o r h e i g h t o f t h e stiffener ( i n c l u d i n g face plate
a n d w e b ) s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n that d e f i n e d i n C h a p t e r 13
o f the C o m m o n Structural Rules f o r B u l k Carriers o r
Section 12 o f the C o m m o n Structural Rules for D o u b l e
H u l l O i l T a n k e r s ( w h i c h i s applicable).
1.8.3.3 P l a t e edges a t o p e n i n g s f o r m a n h o l e s ,
lightening holes etc. m a y b e b e l o w t h e m i n i m u m
thickness g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 13 o f t h e C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l
R u l e s f o r B u l k Carriers o r S e c t i o n 1 2 o f t h e C o m m o n
Structural Rules for Double H u l l O i l Tankers ( w h i c h is
applicable) p r o v i d e d that:
t h e m a x i m u m e x t e n t o f t h e reduced plate thickness,
b e l o w t h e m i n i m u m g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 13 o f t h e C o m m o n
Structural Rules for B u l k Carriers o r Section 1 2 o f the
C o m m o n Structural Rules for D o u b l e H u l l O i l Tankers
( w h i c h i s applicable), from t h e o p e n i n g edge i s n o t m o r e
t h a n 2 0 p e r cent o f t h e smallest d i m e n s i o n o f t h e o p e n i n g
a n d does n o t exceed 1 0 0 m m ;
r o u g h o r u n e v e n edges m a y b e c r o p p e d - b a c k
p r o v i d e d that t h e m a x i m u m d i m e n s i o n o f t h e o p e n i n g
is n o t increased b y m o r e t h a n 1 0 p e r cent a n d t h e
r e m a i n i n g thickness o f t h e n e w edge i s n o t less t h a n
Uen 1 m m .
1.8.4 A c c e p t a n c e c r i t e r i a f o r g r o o v i n g c o r r o s i o n
of C S R ships.
1.8.4.1 W h e r e t h e g r o o v e b r e a d t h i s a m a x i m u m o f
15 p e r cent o f t h e w e b h e i g h t , b u t n o t m o r e t h a n 3 0 m m
(refer t o F i g . 1.2.1-5 o f A p p e n d i x 2 ) t h e m e a s u r e d
thickness, t , i n t h e g r o o v e d area s h a l l m e e t t h e lesser o f
t h e f o l l o w i n g criteria:
m

0 , 7 5 (tas-built

tren 0,5

t v o l add),

1111

mm,

b u t s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n t = 6 m m .
1.8.4.2 S t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s w i t h areas o f g r o o v i n g
greater t h a n those i n 1.8.4.1 a b o v e s h a l l b e assessed
based o n t h e c r i t e r i a f o r general c o r r o s i o n as d e f i n e d i n
C h a p t e r 13 o f t h e C o m m o n S t r u c t u r a l R u l e s f o r B u l k
Carriers o r Section 1 2 o f the C o m m o n Structural R u l e s f o r
D o u b l e H u l l O i l Tankers ( w h i c h i s applicable) using t h e
average measured thickness across the plating/stiffener.
m

w h e r e tas-buitt is as-built t h i c k n e s s o f t h e m e m b e r , i n m m ;
Koi add i s v o l u n t a r y t h i c k n e s s a d d i t i o n ; thickness, i n m m , v o l u n t a r i l y
a d d e d as t h e s h i p o w n e r ' s e x t r a m a r g i n f o r c o r r o s i o n w a s t a g e
i n addition t o t \
t ^ , i s renewal thickness; m i n i m u m allowable thickness, i n m m ,
b e l o w w h i c h renewal o f structural members shall b e carried out,
and defined i n Chapter 13 o f the C o m m o n Structural Rules for
B u l k Carriers o r Section 1 2 o f the C o m m o n Structural R u l e s for
D o u b l e H u l l O i l Tankers ( w h i c h i s applicable);

142

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

a n d o p e r a t i o n a n d t o p e r i o d i c a l s u r v e y s b e i n g carried o u t
at t h e d u e dates.
2.2.2.1.2 A l l cargo t a n k s , ballast t a n k s , i n c l u d i n g
d o u b l e - b o t t o m t a n k s , p u m p r o o m s , p i p e t u n n e l s , coffer
2.1 G E N E R A L
d a m s a n d v o i d spaces b o u n d i n g cargo t a n k s , decks a n d
outer h u l l shall be examined, and this examination shall
be s u p p l e m e n t e d b y thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d testing
2.1.1 A p p l i c a t i o n .
2.1.1.1 T h e present r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o a l l self- r e q u i r e d b y 2.2.4 a n d 2.2.5, t o ensure that t h e structural
p r o p e l l e d o i l t a n k e r s , as d e f i n e d i n C h a p t e r 1 . 1 , i n t e g r i t y r e m a i n s effective. T h e e x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e
sufficient t o discover substantial c o r r o s i o n , s i g n i f i c a n t
e x c e p t i n g d o u b l e s k i n o i l tankers.
2.1.1.2 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s a p p l y t o s u r v e y s o f h u l l d e f o r m a t i o n , fractures, d a m a g e s o r o t h e r s t r u c t u r a l
structures a n d p i p i n g systems i n w a y o f cargo t a n k s , d e t e r i o r a t i o n .
p u m p r o o m s , cofferdams, p i p e t u n n e l s , v o i d spaces
2.2.2.1.3 C a r g o p i p i n g o n deck, i n c l u d i n g crude o i l
w i t h i n t h e c a r g o area a n d a l l b a l l a s t t a n k s . T h e w a s h i n g p i p i n g , a n d cargo a n d ballast p i p i n g i n t h e t a n k s
r e q u i r e m e n t s a l s o a p p l y t o s u r v e y o f m a c h i n e r y , a n d spaces d e f i n e d i n 2.2.2.1.2 s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a n d
electrical e q u i p m e n t a n d systems. T h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o p e r a t i o n a l l y tested u n d e r w o r k i n g pressure t o a t t e n d i n g
are a d d i t i o n a l t o t h e classification r e q u i r e m e n t s stated i n s u r v e y o r ' s satisfaction t o ensure that t h e i r tightness a n d
P a r t I I " S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope".
c o n d i t i o n r e m a i n satisfactory. Special a t t e n t i o n s h a l l b e
2.1.1.3 T h e r e q u i r e m e n t s c o n t a i n t h e m i n i m u m g i v e n t o ballast p i p i n g i n cargo t a n k s a n d a n y cargo
e x t e n t o f e x a m i n a t i o n , thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d t a n k p i p i n g i n ballast t a n k s a n d v o i d spaces. A t that t h e
testing. T h e s u r v e y s h a l l b e extended w h e n substantial s u r v e y o r s s h a l l b e advised o n a l l occasions w h e n t h i s
c o r r o s i o n and/or structural defects a r e f o u n d a n d i n c l u d e p i p i n g , i n c l u d i n g v a l v e s a n d fittings a r e o p e n d u r i n g
repair periods a n d c a n b e e x a m i n e d i n t e r n a l l y .
a n a d d i t i o n a l close-up s u r v e y w h e n necessary.
2.2.2.2 D r y d o c k survey.
2.1.1.4 T h e s u r v e y o f i t e m s o f t e c h n i c a l s u p e r v i s i o n
not i n c l u d e d i n t o t h i s S e c t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t i n
A s u r v e y i n d r y d o c k is a part o f the special survey.
accordance w i t h t h e applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s o f P a r t T h e o v e r a l l a n d close-up surveys a n d thickness measure
" S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope".
ments, as applicable, o f the l o w e r portions o f the cargo a n d
ballast tanks shall b e carried o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e
2.1.2 D e f i n i t i o n s .
Definitions used i n this Section are g i v e n i n Chapter 1.1. applicable requirements f o r special survey, i f n o t already
performed. T h e scope o f d r y dock survey is specified i n
2.1.3 R e p a i r s .
T h e p r o v i s i o n s applicable t o repairs o f h u l l struc Chapter 2.5 o f Part " S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope".
tures a r e g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 1.2.
N o t e . L o w e r p o r t i o n s o f t h e cargo a n d ballast t a n k s a r e
2.1.4 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d c l o s e - u p s u r v e y s .
considered t o b e t h e parts b e l o w t h e l i g h t ballast w a t e r l i n e .
I n a n y k i n d o f s u r v e y , i . e . special, i n t e r m e d i a t e ,
2.2.2.3 T a n k p r o t e c t i o n .
a n n u a l o r o t h e r s u r v e y s h a v i n g t h e scope o f t h e f o r e g o i n g
ones, thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s o f structures i n areas
2.2.2.3.1 W h e r e p r o v i d e d , t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
w h e r e close-up s u r v e y s are r e q u i r e d , s h a l l b e carried o u t c o r r o s i o n p r e v e n t i o n s y s t e m o f cargo tanks s h a l l b e
s i m u l t a n e o u s l y w i t h close-up surveys.
examined.
A ballast t a n k s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d a t a n n u a l i n t e r v a l s
where:
.1 a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g w a s n o t applied from
2.2 S P E C I A L S U R V E Y
time o f construction; o r
.2 a soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g h a s b e e n applied; o r
.3 substantial c o r r o s i o n i s f o u n d w i t h i n t h e t a n k ; o r
2.2.1 S c h e d u l e .
.4 a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g i s f o u n d t o b e i n less
2.2.1.1 T h e procedure f o r assigning p e r i o d o f class
d u r i n g special s u r v e y s s h a l l c o m p l y w i t h t h e applicable t h a n G O O D c o n d i t i o n a n d t h e h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g i s
r e q u i r e m e n t s l i s t e d i n C h a p t e r 2.4, P a r t " S u r v e y not r e n e w e d t o t h e satisfaction o f t h e s u r v e y o r .
Schedule a n d Scope".
T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t , as
d e e m e d necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r .
2.2.2 S c o p e .
2.2.2.1 G e n e r a l .
2.2.3 S c o p e o f o v e r a l l a n d c l o s e - u p s u r v e y s .
2.2.3.1 A n o v e r a l l s u r v e y o f a l l t a n k s a n d spaces
2.2.2.1.1 Scope o f special s u r v e y s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e
scope o f a n n u a l s u r v e y , as w e l l as e x a m i n a t i o n s , tests s h a l l b e carried o u t a t each special s u r v e y .
a n d checks t o ensure that t h e h u l l a n d t h e related p i p i n g ,
2.2.3.2 T h e m i n i m u m r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r close-up
as d e f i n e d i n 2.2.2.1.3, i s i n satisfactory c o n d i t i o n a n d i s s u r v e y s a t special s u r v e y are g i v e n i n T a b l e 2.2.3.2.
fit for i t s i n t e n d e d purpose f o r a n e w p e r i o d o f class o f
2.2.3.3 T h e s u r v e y o r m a y e x t e n d t h e close-up
5 years t o b e assigned, subject t o p r o p e r m a i n t e n a n c e survey, as d e e m e d necessary, t a k i n g i n t o account t h e
2 SURVEYS O F Oil. T A N K E R S
AND COMBINATION C A R R I E R S

Part III Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

143

Table

2.2.3.2

M i n i m u m r e q u i r e m e n t s t o close-up s u r v e y s a t s p e c i a l s u r v e y o f o i l t a n k e r s , c o m b i n a t i o n c a r r i e r s a n d s i m i l a r s h i p s
Special survey N o . 1
age ^ 5

Special survey N o . 2
5 < a g e ^ 10

Special survey N o . 3
10 < a g e ^ 15

Special survey N o . 4
and subsequent
a g e > 15

(A) O n e w e b f r a m e ring i n
a ballast w i n g tank, i fany,
or a cargo w i n g tank used
primarily f o r water ballast.
(B) O n e d e c k t r a n s v e r s e i n
a cargo o i l tank
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d
in a ballast tank
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d
in a cargo oil w i n g tank
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d
i n a cargo o i l centre t a n k

(A) A l l w e b f r a m e rings i n a b a l l a s t w i n g t a n k , i f
any, o r a cargo w i n g tank used primarily for water
ballast
(B) O n e d e c k t r a n s v e r s e i n e a c h o f t h e r e m a i n i n g
ballast tanks, i f a n y
(B) O n e d e c k t r a n s v e r s e i n a c a r g o w i n g t a n k
(B) O n e d e c k t r a n s v e r s e i n t w o c a r g o c e n t r e t a n k s
( Q B o t h transverse bulkheads i n a w i n g ballast
tank, i f any, o r a cargo wing tank used primarily
for water ballast
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d i n e a c h r e m a i n i n g
ballast tank
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d i n a c a r g o o i l w i n g
tank
(D) O n e t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d i n t w o
cargo centre tanks

(A) A l l w e b f r a m e rings i n a l l b a l l a s t
tanks
(A) A l l w e b f r a m e rings i n a c a r g o
wing tank
(A) A m i n i m u m o f 3 0 p e r c e n t o f a l l
w e b f r a m e rings i n e a c h r e m a i n i n g
cargo w i n g t a n k (refer also t o
N o t e 2)
( Q A l ltransverse bulkheads i n all
cargo a n d ballast tanks
(E) A r n i n i m u m o f 30 p e r c e n t o f d e c k
and bottom transverses, including
adjacent structural m e m b e r s i n each
cargo centre t a n k
(F) A s c o n s i d e r e d n e c e s s a r y b y t h e
surveyor

A s s p e c i a l s u r v e y N o . 3.
Additional transverses
included, a s deemed
necessary
b ythe
surveyor

N o t e s : 1 . (A) t o (F) a r e a r e a s o f t h e c l o s e - u p s u r v e y , i n c l u d i n g :
(A) - c o m p l e t e t r a n s v e r s e w e b f r a m e ring, i n c l u d i n g a d j a c e n t s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s ;
(B) - d e c k t r a n s v e r s e , i n c l u d i n g a d j a c e n t d e c k s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s ;
( Q - transverse b u l k h e a d complete, including girder s y s t e m a n d adjacent structural m e m b e r s ;
(D) - t r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d l o w e r p a r t , i n c l u d i n g g i r d e r s y s t e m a n d a d j a c e n t s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s ;
(E) - d e c k a n d b o t t o m t r a n s v e r s e s , i n c l u d i n g a d j a c e n t s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s ;
(F) - a d d i t i o n a l c o m p l e t e t r a n s v e r s e w e b f r a m e ring.
2. T h e 3 0 p e r c e n t s h a l l b e r o u n d e d u p t o t h e n e x t w h o l e i n t e g e r .
3. T h e a r r a n g e m e n t o f a r e a s (A) t o (F) f o r c l o s e - u p s u r v e y o f o i l t a n k e r s a n d c o m b i n a t i o n c a r r i e r s i s s h o w n i n F i g s . 2.2.3.2-1 a n d 2.2.3.2-2.

Typical transverse
section
Areas (A), (B) and (E)
for close-up
survey
Typical transverse
section
Areas (A), (B) and (E)
for close-up
survey

V> ! ! ' I , ! I I

T T I T T T T H S T T T

I I I

T
I I I I I I I

G i r d e r ! ! ! ! ! ! !

Typical
transverse
bulkhead
Areas (C) and (D)
for close-up
survey

-m-t-f-r-H--H-H-r-

Typical
transverse
bulkhead
Areas (C) and (D)
for close-up
survey

Girder
system

F i g . 2.2.3.2-1
A r e a s (A), (B), ( Q , (D) a n d (E) f o r c l o s e - u p s u r v e y s
o f combination carriers

F i g . 2.2.3.2-2
A r e a s ( A \ (B), ( Q , (D) a n d (E) f o r c l o s e - u p s u r v e y s
o f combination carriers

144

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

m a i n t e n a n c e o f t h e t a n k s u n d e r survey, t h e c o n d i t i o n o f
t h e c o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n s y s t e m a n d also i n t h e f o l l o w i n g
cases:
. 1 i n t a n k s h a v i n g s t r u c t u r a l arrangements o r details,
w h i c h h a v e suffered defects i n s i m i l a r t a n k s o r o n s i m i l a r
ships a c c o r d i n g t o a v a i l a b l e i n f o r m a t i o n ;
.2 i n t a n k s , w h i c h h a v e structures a p p r o v e d w i t h
reduced scantlings due t o t h e a p p r o v e d c o r r o s i o n c o n t r o l
system.
2.2.3.4 F o r areas i n t a n k s w h e r e a h a r d c o a t i n g i s
f o u n d i n G O O D c o n d i t i o n , t h e scope o f close-up s u r v e y s
according t o T a b l e 2 . 2 . 3 . 2 m a y b e specially considered.
2.2.4 E x t e n t o f t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s .
2.2.4.1 T h e m i n i m u m r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r thickness
measurements at special survey are given i n
Table 2.2.4.1.
2.2.4.2 P r o v i s i o n s f o r e x t e n d e d m e a s u r e m e n t s f o r
areas w i t h substantial c o r r o s i o n a r e g i v e n i n
T a b l e 2 . 2 . 4 . 2 , a n d m a y b e a d d i t i o n a l l y specified i n t h e
Survey P r o g r a m m e required i n 1.3.1. These extended
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t b e f o r e t h e
s u r v e y is credited as c o m p l e t e d . Suspect areas i d e n t i f i e d
at p r e v i o u s s u r v e y s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d . A r e a s o f
substantial c o r r o s i o n i d e n t i f i e d at p r e v i o u s s u r v e y s s h a l l
h a v e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s t a k e n .
2.2.4.3 T h e s u r v e y o r m a y e x t e n d t h e thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s , as d e e m e d necessary.
2.2.4.4 F o r areas i n t a n k s w h e r e a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e
coating is found i n G O O D condition, t h e extent o f
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s according t o T a b l e 2 . 2 . 4 . 1 m a y
b e specially considered.
2.2.4.5 T r a n s v e r s e sections s h a l l b e c h o s e n w h e r e
t h e largest reductions a r e suspected t o o c c u r o r a r e
r e v e a l e d from deck p l a t i n g m e a s u r e m e n t s .
2.2.4.6 I n cases w h e r e t w o o r three sections s h a l l be
measured, at least o n e s h a l l i n c l u d e a ballast t a n k w i t h i n
0,5L a m i d s h i p s .

I n case o f o i l tankers o f 1 3 0 m i n l e n g t h a n d a b o v e
(as d e f i n e d i n t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n v e n t i o n o n L o a d
L i n e s i n f o r c e ) o f m o r e t h a n 1 0 years o f age, t h e
procedure o f s a m p l e thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s g i v e n i n
A p p e n d i x 2 . 9 - 1 s h a l l be used f o r e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e ship's
l o n g i t u d i n a l s t r e n g t h as r e q u i r e d i n 2 . 8 . 1 . 1 . 1 .
2.2.5 E x t e n t o f t a n k t e s t i n g .
2.2.5.1 T h e m i n i m u m requirements f o r ballast tank testing at special survey are g i v e n i n 2.2.5.3 and Table 2.2.5.1.
T h e m i n i m u m requirements f o r cargo t a n k testing at special
survey are g i v e n i n 2.2.5.4 and Table 2.2.5.1.
C a r g o t a n k t e s t i n g carried o u t b y t h e ship's c r e w
u n d e r t h e d i r e c t i o n o f t h e m a s t e r m a y b e accepted b y t h e
surveyor to the Register provided the f o l l o w i n g condit i o n s are c o m p l i e d w i t h :
.1 a t a n k testing procedure has b e e n s u b m i t t e d b y t h e
s h i p o w n e r a n d agreed w i t h t h e R e g i s t e r p r i o r t o t h e
testing b e i n g carried out. T h e p r o c e d u r e r e v i e w is subject
to the R S B r a n c h Office for in-service supervision;
.2 t h e satisfactory results o f t h e testing is recorded i n
t h e ship l o g b o o k . F u r t h e r m o r e , there i s n o r e c o r d o f
leakage, d i s t o r t i o n o r substantial c o r r o s i o n t h a t w o u l d
affect t h e s t r u c t u r a l i n t e g r i t y o f t h e t a n k ;
.3 t h e t a n k t e s t i n g has b e e n s a t i s f a c t o r i l y carried o u t
w i t h i n special s u r v e y w i n d o w n o t m o r e t h a n 3 m o n t h s
p r i o r t o t h e date o f t h e s u r v e y o n w h i c h t h e o v e r a l l o r
close-up s u r v e y is c o m p l e t e d ;
.4 the internal and external condition o f the tanks and
associated structure are f o u n d satisfactory b y the surveyor t o
the Register at the time o f the overall and close-up survey.
2.2.5.2 T h e s u r v e y o r m a y e x t e n d t h e t a n k testing, as
d e e m e d necessary.
2.2.5.3 B o u n d a r i e s o f ballast t a n k s s h a l l b e tested
w i t h a h e a d o f l i q u i d t o the t o p o f a i r pipes.
2.2.5.4 T e s t i n g o f t h e cargo t a n k b o u n d a r i e s s h a l l be
carried o u t w i t h a h e a d o f l i q u i d t o t h e h i g h e s t p o i n t t h a t
l i q u i d w i l l rise u n d e r service c o n d i t i o n s .

T a b l e 2.2.4.1
M i n i m u m requirements to thickness measurements at special surveys o f oil tankers, combination carriers a n d similar ships
Special survey N o . 1
age ^ 5

Special s u r v e y N o . 2
5 < age ^ 1 0

1. Suspect areas
1. Suspect areas
2 . O n e section o f deck plating f o r 2 . W i t h i n t h e cargo area:
the foil b e a m o f the ship w i t h i n . 1 each deck p l a t e
the cargo area ( i n w a y o f aballast .2 o n e transverse s e c t i o n
tank, i f any, o r a cargo tank used
p r i m a r i l y for water ballast)
3. Selected w i n d a n d w a t e r strakes
outside t h e cargo area
4. M e a s u r e m e n t s f o r general 4. M e a s u r e m e n t s f o r g e n e r a l
assessment a n d r e c o r d i n g o f a s s e s s m e n t a n d r e c o r d i n g o f
c o r r o s i o n p a t t e r n o f t h o s e c o r r o s i o n p a t t e r n o f those structural
structural m e m b e r s subject t o m e m b e r s subject t o close-up s u r v e y
close-up s u r v e y according t o according t o T a b l e 2 . 2 . 3 . 2
Table 2.2.3.2
1

Special s u r v e y N o . 3
10 < age S 1 5

Special s u r v e y N o . 4
a n d subsequent
age > 15

1. Suspect areas
2 . W i t h i n the cargo area:
.1 each deck plate
.2 t w o transverse sections
.3 a l l w i n d a n d w a t e r strakes

1. Suspect areas
2 . W i t h i n t h e cargo area:
. 1 each deck p l a t e
.2 three transverse sections
.3 each b o t t o m p l a t e

3. Selected w i n d a n d w a t e r strakes
outside t h e cargo area
4. M e a s u r e m e n t s f o r g e n e r a l
assessment and recording o f corros i o n p a t t e r n o f those structural
members subject t o close-up
survey according to Table 2.2.3.2

3. A l l w i n d a n d w a t e r strakes, f u l l
length
4. M e a s u r e m e n t s f o r g e n e r a l
assessment a n d recording o f
corrosion pattern o f those structural
members subject to close-up survey
according to Table 2.2.3.2

A t least o n e section s h a l l i n c l u d e a ballast t a n k w i t h i n 0 , 5 i a m i d s h i p s .

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

145

T a b l e 2.2.4.2
R e q u i r e m e n t s f o r extent o f thickness measurements at those areas o f substantial corrosion.
Special survey o f oil tankers, combination carriers a n d the similar ships within the cargo t a n k length
Structural m e m b e r

Extent o f measurements

Pattern o f measurements

1. B o t t o m s t r u c t u r e
1.1 B o t t o m p l a t i n g
1.2 B o t t o m l o n g i t u d i n a l s
1.3 B o t t o m girders a n d brackets

1.4 B o t t o m transverse w e b s
1.5 P a n e l s t i f f e n i n g
2. D e c k s t r u c t u r e
2.1 D e c k p l a t i n g
2.2 D e c k l o n g i t u d i n a l s
2.3 D e c k girders a n d brackets

2.4 D e c k transverse w e b s

M i n i m u m o f 3 b a y s across t a n k i n c l u d i n g aft b a y
Measurements around and under all bell mouths
M i n i m u m o f 3 l o n g i t u d i n a l s i n each b a y w h e r e
b o t t o m plating is measured
A t fore a n d aft transverse b u l k h e a d b r a c k e t toes a n d
i n centre o f t a n k s

5 p o i n t p a t t e r n f o r each p a n e l b e t w e e n
longitudinals and webs
3 m e a s u r e m e n t s i n l i n e across f l a n g e a n d
3 measurements o n vertical web
Vertical line o f single measurements o n w e b
p l a t i n g w i t h o n e m e a s u r e m e n t b e t w e e n each
p a n e l stiffener, o r a m i n i m u m o f t h r e e
m e a s u r e m e n t s . T w o m e a s u r e m e n t s across
& c e flat. 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o n g i r d e r / b u l k h e a d
brackets
3 w e b s i n b a y s w h e r e b o t t o m p l a t i n g i s m e a s u r e d , 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o v e r 2 m area. S i n g l e
w i t h m e a s u r e m e n t s at b o t h ends a n d m i d d l e
m e a s u r e m e n t s o n face flat
Where provided
Single measurements
2

T w o bands across t a n k

M i n i m u m o f three m e a s u r e m e n t s p e r plate
per band
M i n i m u m o f 3 l o n g i t u d i n a l s i n each o f t w o b a y s
3 measurements i n line vertically o n webs,
a n d 2 m e a s u r e m e n t s o n flange ( i f fitted)
A t fore a n d aft transverse b u l k h e a d , b r a c k e t toes a n d V e r t i c a l l i n e o f s i n g l e m e a s u r e m e n t s o n w e b
p l a t i n g w i t h o n e m e a s u r e m e n t b e t w e e n each
i n centre o f t a n k s
p a n e l stiffener, o r a m i n i m u m o f t h r e e
m e a s u r e m e n t s . T w o m e a s u r e m e n t s across
& c e flat. 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o n g i r d e r / b u l k h e a d
brackets
M i n i m u m o f t w o w e b s w i t h m e a s u r e m e n t s at m i d d l e 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o v e r a b o u t 2 m area. S i n g l e
a n d b o t h ends o f span
m e a s u r e m e n t s o n face flat
Where provided
Single measurements
2

2.5 P a n e l s t i f f e n i n g
3. S i d e s h e l l a n d l o n g i t u d i n a l b u l k h e a d s .
3.1 D e c k h e a d a n d b o t t o m strakes, a n d P l a t i n g b e t w e e n each p a i r o f l o n g i t u d i n a l s i n a
strakes i n w a y o f s t r i n g e r p l a t f o r m s .
m i n i m u m o f 3 bays
3.2 A l l o t h e r strakes.
Plating between every 3rd pair o f longitudinals i n
s a m e 3 bays
3.3 L o n g i t u d i n a l s deckhead a n d b o t t o m E a c h l o n g i t u d i n a l i n s a m e 3 b a y s
strakes
3.4 L o n g i t u d i n a l s a l l others
E v e r y third longitudinal i n same 3 bays
3.5 L o n g i t u d i n a l s brackets
3.6 W e b frames a n d transverses

4. T r a n s v e r s e b u l k h e a d s a n d s w a s h
bulkheads
4.1 D e c k h e a d a n d b o t t o m strakes, a n d
strakes i n w a y o f h o r i z o n t a l w e b s (shelves,
platforms)
4.2 A l l o t h e r strakes
4.3 Strakes i n c o r r u g a t e d b u l k h e a d s
4.4 Stiffeners

4.5 B r a c k e t s
4.6 D e e p w e b s a n d girders
4.7 S t r i n g e r p l a t f o r m s

Single measurements
Single measurements

3 measurements across w e b and 1 measurement


o n flange
3 measurements across w e b and 1 measurement
o n flange
M i n i m u m o f three at t o p , m i d d l e a n d b o t t o m o f t a n k 5 p o i n t s p a t t e r n o v e r area o f b r a c k e t
i n same 3 bays
3 w e b s w i t h m i n i m u m o f 3 l o c a t i o n s o n each w e b , 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o v e r a b o u t 2 m area p l u s
i n c l u d i n g i n w a y o f cross t i e c o n n e c t i o n s
single m e a s u r e m e n t s o n w e b frame a n d cross
tie face flats
2

P l a t i n g b e t w e e n a p a i r o f stiffeners at three l o c a t i o n s 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n b e t w e e n stiffeners o v e r 1 m


approx. ' / i , Vi a n d % w i d t h o f t a n k .
length.
P l a t i n g b e t w e e n a p a i r o f stiffeners at m i d d l e l o c a t i o n S i n g l e m e a s u r e m e n t s
P l a t i n g f o r each change o f scantling at centre o f p a n e l 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o v e r a b o u t 1 m o f p l a t i n g
a n d a t flange o r fabricated c o n n e c t i o n
M i n i m u m o f three t y p i c a l stiffeners
F o r web, 5 p o i n t pattern over span between
bracket connections ( 2 measurements across
w e b at each bracket connection, a n d one a t
centre o f span). F o r flange, single measurements
at each bracket toe and at centre o f span
M i n i m u m o f three at t o p , m i d d l e a n d b o t t o m o f t a n k 5 p o i n t p a t t e r n o v e r areas o f b r a c k e t
M e a s u r e m e n t s at t o e o f b r a c k e t a n d at centre o f span F o r w e b , 5 p o i n t pattern o v e r about 1 m
3 m e a s u r e m e n t s across & c e flat
A l l stringers w i t h m e a s u r e m e n t s a t b o t h ends a n d 5 p o i n t pattern over 1 m o f area plus single
measurements near bracket toes and o n face flats
middle
2

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

146

T a b l e 2.2.5.1
M i n i m u m r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t a n k testing a t special s u r v e y o f oil t a n k e r s , ore/oil carriers a n d similar ships
Special s u r v e y N o . 1
age ^ 5

S p e c i a l s u r v e y N o . 2 a n d subsequent
ago 5

A l l ballast t a n k b o u n d a r i e s
C a r g o t a n k boundaries facing ballast t a n k s , v o i d spaces, p i p e t u n n e l s , p u m p r o o m s o r cofferdams

2.2.6 S u r v e y o f m e c h a n i c a l , electrical e q u i p m e n t
and systems.
2 2 . 6 . 1 Special survey shall include scope o f annual
survey (refer t o 2.3.2.6), as w e l l as examinations, tests and
checks t o c o n f i r m that the relevant mechanical, electrical
equipment and systems are i n a satisfactory c o n d i t i o n a n d
fit f o r a n intended purpose f o r the n e w 5 year p e r i o d o f
class validity, p r o v i d e d t h e y are p r o p e r l y m a i n t a i n e d and
handled, and are periodically surveyed a t due dates.
2.2.6.2 P u m p s , fans w i t h t h e i r d r i v e m o t o r s , c o n t r o l
s y s t e m s , i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , safety devices a n d o t h e r
e q u i p m e n t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g systems a r e subject t o
close-up s u r v e y a n d o p e r a t i o n a l t e s t i n g :
. 1 cargo a n d s t r i p p i n g systems;
.2 ballast s y s t e m ;
.3 a u t o m a t e d cargo c o n t r o l s y s t e m ;
.4 i n e r t gas s y s t e m ;
.5 f i x e d f o a m fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g deck s y s t e m ;
.6 h y d r o c a r b o n gas c o n c e n t r a t i o n c o n t r o l s y s t e m i n
pump rooms;
.7 cargo h e a t i n g systems i n cargo t a n k s .

2.3 A N N U A L S U R V E Y

2.3.1 Schedule.
2.3.1.1 A n n u a l surveys shall be held w i t h i n
3 m o n t h s before o r after each a n n i v e r s a r y date o f t h e
date o f t h e i n i t i a l classification s u r v e y after c o n s t r u c t i o n
o r t h e c o m p l e t i o n o f t h e last special survey.
2.3.2 S c o p e .
2.3.2.1 General.
T h e s u r v e y s h a l l consist o f a n e x a m i n a t i o n f o r t h e
purpose o f e n s u r i n g , as far as practicable, that t h e h u l l ,
p i p i n g , m e c h a n i c a l a n d electrical e q u i p m e n t a n d systems
are m a i n t a i n e d i n a satisfactory c o n d i t i o n .
2.3.2.2 S u r v e y o f t h e h u l l includes:
. 1 e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e h u l l p l a t i n g a n d its closures, as
far as practicable;
.2 e x a m i n a t i o n o f deck a n d b u l k h e a d sockets i n
w a t e r t i g h t structures, as far as practicable.
2.3.2.3 S u r v e y o f w e a t h e r decks includes:
. 1 e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l cargo t a n k o p e n i n g s i n c l u d i n g
gaskets, covers, c o a m i n g s a n d f l a m e screens;
.2 e x a m i n a t i o n o f v a c u u m / p r e s s u r e v a l v e s o f v e n t
systems, f l a m e screens a n d f l a m e - a r r e s t i n g fittings;
.3 e x a m i n a t i o n o f flame screens o n a i r pipes o f f u e l
and o i l tanks;

A l l ballast t a n k b o u n d a r i e s
A l l cargo t a n k b u l k h e a d s

.4 e x a m i n a t i o n o f cargo, b u n k e r , v e n t i l a t i n g a n d v e n t
p i p i n g systems, i n c l u d i n g v e n t masts a n d headers;
.5 e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l e l e c t r i c a l c o n n e c t i o n s o f
p i p e l i n e sections a n d t h e i r e a r t h i n g .
2 . 3 . 2 . 4 S u r v e y o f cargo p u m p r o o m s a n d p i p e
t u n n e l s , i f any, includes:
. 1 e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l p u m p r o o m b u l k h e a d s f o r signs
o f o i l leakage o r fractures and, i n particular, t h e sealing
arrangements o f p u m p shafts a n d b u l k h e a d sockets;
.2 e x a m i n a t i o n o f t h e c o n d i t i o n o f a l l p i p i n g
systems;
.3 e x a m i n a t i o n o f electrical connections o f p i p e l i n e
sections a n d t h e i r e a r t h i n g ;
.4 e x a m i n a t i o n o f vent systems, including a n
i n t e r l o c k o f cargo p u m p r o o m l i g h t i n g a n d a check o f
mechanical ventilating system operation.
2.3.2.5 S u r v e y o f ballast t a n k s .
2 . 3 . 2 . 5 . 1 E x a m i n a t i o n o f ballast t a n k s , w h e n r e q u i r e d , i s carried o u t as a consequence o f t h e results o f
special (refer t o 2.2.2.3.1) o r intermediate (refer
t o 2 . 4 . 2 . 2 . 2 ) s u r v e y . W h e n considered necessary b y t h e
s u r v e y o r , o r w h e r e e x t e n s i v e c o r r o s i o n exists, thickness
m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l be carried o u t . I f t h e results o f these
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s indicate that substantial c o r r o s i o n is f o u n d , t h e n t h e e x t e n t o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s
s h a l l b e increased i n accordance w i t h T a b l e 2 . 2 . 4 . 2 .
T h e s e extended t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried
o u t before a n n u a l s u r v e y i s credited as c o m p l e t e d .
Suspect areas d e t e r m i n e d at t h e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y s s h a l l be
e x a m i n e d . T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l b e carried o u t
i n t h e areas o f substantial c o r r o s i o n d e t e r m i n e d a t t h e
previous surveys.
2 . 3 . 2 . 6 S u r v e y o f m e c h a n i c a l , electrical e q u i p m e n t
a n d systems.
2 . 3 . 2 . 6 . 1 Subject t o e x a m i n a t i o n a n d o p e r a t i o n a l
testing are p u m p s , fans w i t h t h e i r d r i v e m o t o r s , c o n t r o l
s y s t e m s , i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , safety devices a n d o t h e r
e q u i p m e n t o f t h e f o l l o w i n g systems:
cargo a n d s t r i p p i n g systems;
ballast systems;
a u t o m a t e d cargo c o n t r o l systems;
h y d r o c a r b o n gas c o n c e n t r a t i o n c o n t r o l systems i n
pump rooms;
cargo h e a t i n g systems i n cargo t a n k s .
2.3.2.6.2 E x a m i n a t i o n s h a l l b e carried o u t t o c o n f i r m
that p o t e n t i a l sources o f f i r e i n p u m p r o o m s o r n e a r b y are
m i s s i n g a n d ladders f o r access are i n fit c o n d i t i o n a n d
that a l l t h e electrical e q u i p m e n t i n p u m p r o o m s i s i n fit
condition and properly maintained.

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

2.3.2.6.3 S u r v e y o f i n e r t gas s y s t e m includes:


.1 e x a m i n a t i o n t o c o n f i r m that a l l p i p i n g a n d t h e i r
c o m p o n e n t s a r e i n f i t c o n d i t i o n a n d free o f signs o f
c o r r o s i o n , o r gas o r l i q u i d leakage;
.2 e x a m i n a t i o n t o c o n f i r m that b o t h i n e r t gas b l o w e r s
are p r o p e r l y operated;
.3 o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f a scrubber r o o m v e n t i l a t i n g
system;
.4 check o f a deck w a t e r seal f o r a u t o m a t i c f i l l i n g
a n d d r a i n i n g , a n d f o r b e i n g free o f w a t e r carry-over;
.5 check o f a n o n - r e t u r n v a l v e c o n d i t i o n ;
.6 o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f a l l r e m o t e l y operated a n d
a u t o m a t i c a l l y c o n t r o l l e d v a l v e s i n c l u d i n g i n e r t gas
shut-off valves;
.7 o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f soot b l o w e r s i n t e r l o c k i n g ;
.8 check, as f a r as practicable, i n c l u d i n g s i m u l a t i o n
o f c o n d i t i o n s , w h e n necessary, o f t h e f o l l o w i n g a l a r m
a n d safety devices o f t h e i n e r t gas s y s t e m :
h i g h o x y g e n c o n t e n t o f t h e i n e r t gas i n t h e i n e r t gas
supply main;
l o w pressure i n t h e i n e r t gas s u p p l y m a i n ;
l o w pressure i n the pipeline feeding the deck water seal;
h i g h gas t e m p e r a t u r e i n t h e i n e r t gas s u p p l y m a i n ;
l o w pressure o r l o w v e l o c i t y o f w a t e r f l o w ;
h i g h w a t e r l e v e l i n scrubber;
discontinuance o f i n e r t gas b l o w e r s o p e r a t i o n ;
failure o f p o w e r supply t o t h e automatic control system
for the gas regulating v a l v e a n d t o continuously indicating
and permanently recording devices f o r m o n i t o r i n g pressure
and o x y g e n content i n t h e inert gas supply m a i n ;
h i g h gas pressure i n t h e i n e r t gas s u p p l y m a i n ;
.9 check o f a n accuracy o f p o r t a b l e a n d f i x e d
equipment for measurements o f an oxygen concentration
w i t h u s e o f a c a l i b r a t i n g gas;
.10 check, i f practicable, o f the proper functioning o f the
inert gas system after the completion o f the above checks;
.11 e x a m i n a t i o n o f p i p i n g a n d fittings o f a f i x e d f o a m
fire extinguishing s y s t e m o n deck a n d i n p u m p rooms;
.12 e x a m i n a t i o n a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing o f spark
arresters o f exhaust systems o f m a i n , a u x i l i a r y a n d
e m e r g e n c y engines, s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d fire e x t i n g u i s h i n g
m e a n s f o r silencers, i f fitted.

2.4.2 S c o p e .
2.4.2.1 G e n e r a l .
2.4.2.1.1 I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e scope o f t h e a n n u a l
s u r v e y defined i n C h a p t e r 2 . 3 , t h e scope o f i n t e r m e d i a t e
s u r v e y s h a l l i n c l u d e , depending o n t h e ship's age, t h e
requirements o f 2.4.2.2 t o 2.4.2.4.
2.4.2.1.2 F o r w e a t h e r decks, a n e x a m i n a t i o n , as f a r
as practicable, o f p i p i n g o f cargo, crude o i l w a s h i n g ,
b l o w - o f f a n d gas-freeing systems, cargo v a p o u r discharge s y s t e m , gas e x h a u s t i n g s y s t e m , o v e r f l o w c o n t r o l
system, bunker system, including a n d vent piping
systems, i n c l u d i n g gas e x h a u s t i n g appliances. I f u p o n
e x a m i n a t i o n there i s a n y d o u b t as t o t h e c o n d i t i o n o f t h e
p i p i n g , t h e p i p i n g m a y b e r e q u i r e d t o b e pressure tested,
thickness m e a s u r e d o r b o t h .
2.4.2.1.3 T h e s u r v e y o f m e c h a n i c a l , e l e c t r i c a l
e q u i p m e n t a n d systems s h a l l b e carried o u t i n t h e scope
according t o 2 . 3 . 2 . 6 .
2.4.2.2 S u r v e y o f o i l tankers 5 1 0 years o f age.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l a p p l y t o o i l tankers b e t w e e n
5 a n d 1 0 years o f age, i n c l u s i v e :
.1 e x a m i n a t i o n o f a l l ballast t a n k s .
W h e n considered necessary b y t h e s u r v e y o r , t h i c k ness m e a s u r e m e n t s a n d testing s h a l l b e carried o u t t o
confirm their structural integrity;
.2 a ballast t a n k s h a l l b e s u r v e y e d a t subsequent
annual intervals where:
.2.1 a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g has n o t b e e n a p p l i e d
from t h e t i m e o f c o n s t r u c t i o n ; o r
.2.2 a soft o r s e m i - h a r d c o a t i n g h a s b e e n applied; o r
.2.3 substantial c o r r o s i o n i s f o u n d i n t h e t a n k ; o r
.2.4 a h a r d p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g i s f o u n d t o b e less t h a n
in G O O D condition and i t is n o t renewed t o the
satisfaction o f t h e s u r v e y o r .
I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e a b o v e r e q u i r e m e n t s , suspect areas
i d e n t i f i e d at p r e v i o u s s u r v e y s s h a l l b e e x a m i n e d .
2.4.2.3 S u r v e y o f o i l tankers 1 0 15 years o f age.
T h e f o l l o w i n g s h a l l a p p l y t o o i l tankers b e t w e e n
10 a n d 15 years o f age, i n c l u s i v e :
.1 i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, w h i c h s h a l l b e carried o u t i n
t h e scope o f t h e p r e v i o u s special s u r v e y as r e q u i r e d
i n C h a p t e r 2 . 2 a n d 1.3.1. H o w e v e r , h y d r a u l i c testing o f
cargo a n d ballast t a n k s a n d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e h u l l girder according
t o 2 . 8 . 1 . 1 . 1 are n o t r e q u i r e d , unless d e e m e d necessary b y
2.4 I N T E R M E D I A T E S U R V E Y
t h e attending s u r v e y o r ;
.2 t h e a b o v e - m e n t i o n e d i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y m a y b e
c o m m e n c e d a t t h e second a n n u a l s u r v e y a n d progressed
2.4.1 S c h e d u l e .
2.4.1.1 T h e i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s h a l l b e carried o u t d u r i n g t h e succeeding y e a r w i t h a v i e w t o c o m p l e t i o n a t
the third annual survey;
either a t o r b e t w e e n t h e 2 n d a n d 3 r d a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
.3 i n l i e u o f t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f 2 . 2 . 2 . 2 , a t
2.4.1.2 T h o s e i t e m s , w h i c h a r e a d d i t i o n a l t o t h e
requirements o f the annual survey m a y be surveyed intermediate s u r v e y t h e i n - w a t e r s u r v e y m a y b e
performed.
either a t o r b e t w e e n t h e 2 n d a n d 3 r d a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
2.4.1.3 C o n c u r r e n t c r e d i t i n g t o b o t h i n t e r m e d i a t e
2.4.2.4 S u r v e y o f o i l tankers o v e r 15 years o f age.
s u r v e y a n d special s u r v e y f o r s u r v e y s a n d thickness
T h e f o l l o w i n g shall apply t o o i l tankers over
m e a s u r e m e n t s o f spaces a r e n o t acceptable.
15 years o f age:

148

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

.1 i n t e r m e d i a t e survey, w h i c h s h a l l b e carried o u t i n
t h e scope o f t h e p r e v i o u s special s u r v e y as r e q u i r e d
i n C h a p t e r 2 . 2 a n d 1.3.1. H o w e v e r , h y d r a u l i c testing o f
cargo a n d ballast t a n k s a n d t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r l o n g
i t u d i n a l strength e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e h u l l g i r d e r according
t o 2 . 8 . 1 . 1 . 1 are n o t r e q u i r e d , unless d e e m e d necessary b y
t h e attending s u r v e y o r ;
.2 i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y m a y b e c o m m e n c e d a t t h e
second a n n u a l s u r v e y a n d b e progressed d u r i n g t h e
succeeding y e a r w i t h a v i e w t o c o m p l e t i o n a t t h e t h i r d
annual survey;
.3 s u r v e y i n d r y d o c k s h a l l b e p a r t o f t h e
i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y . T h e o v e r a l l a n d close-up s u r v e y s
a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , as applicable, o f t h e l o w e r
p o r t i o n s o f cargo t a n k s a n d w a t e r ballast t a n k s s h a l l b e
carried o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e applicable r e q u i r e
m e n t s f o r i n t e r m e d i a t e s u r v e y s , unless a l r e a d y per
f o r m e d . T h e scope o f t h e d r y d o c k s u r v e y i s specified
i n C h a p t e r 2 . 5 , P a r t " S u r v e y Schedule a n d Scope".
N o t e . L o w e r p o r t i o n s o f cargo a n d ballast t a n k s are considered
t o b e t h e parts b e l o w t h e l i g h t ballast w a t e r l i n e .

2.5 P R E P A R A T I O N S F O R S U R V E Y

2.5.1 T h e p r o v i s i o n s related t o preparations f o r


s u r v e y are g i v e n i n C h a p t e r 1.3.

2.6 D O C U M E N T A T I O N O N B O A R D

2.6.1 T h e p r o v i s i o n s related t o a v a i l a b i l i t y a n d
verification o f documentation o n board are given i n
C h a p t e r 1.4.

2.7 P R O C E D U R E S
FOR THICKNESS MEASUREMENTS

2.7.1 T h e p r o v i s i o n s related t o t h e procedures f o r


thickness measurements o f h u l l structures are g i v e n i n
Chapter 1.5.

2.8 R E P O R T I N G O N H U L L S U R V E Y A N D E V A L U A T I O N
OF SURVEY

2.8.1 E v a l u a t i o n o f S u r v e y R e p o r t
2.8.1.1 T h e data a n d i n f o r m a t i o n o n t h e structural
c o n d i t i o n o f t h e ship's h u l l collected d u r i n g s u r v e y s h a l l
be evaluated f o r acceptability a n d c o n t i n u e d structural
i n t e g r i t y o f t h e ship's h u l l .
2.8.1.1.1 O n o i l tankers o f 1 3 0 m i n l e n g t h a n d
u p w a r d s (as d e f i n e d i n t h e c u r r e n t I n t e r n a t i o n a l C o n
v e n t i o n o n L o a d L i n e s , 1 9 6 6 ) , t h e ship's l o n g i t u d i n a l
strength s h a l l b e e v a l u a t e d b y u s i n g t h e thickness o f
structural m e m b e r s measured, r e n e w e d a n d r e i n f o r c e d , as
appropriate, d u r i n g t h e special s u r v e y carried o u t after
t h e ship reached 1 0 years o f age i n accordance w i t h t h e
criteria f o r l o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f t h e ship's h u l l f o r o i l
tankers specified i n C h a p t e r 2 . 9 .
2.8.1.1.2 T h e f i n a l results o f e v a l u a t i o n o f t h e ship's
l o n g i t u d i n a l strength r e q u i r e d i n 2 . 8 . 1 . 1 . 1 , after r e n e w a l
o r r e i n f o r c e m e n t w o r k o f structural m e m b e r s ( i f carried
o u t as a r e s u l t o f i n i t i a l e v a l u a t i o n ) , s h a l l b e r e p o r t e d as
p a r t o f t h e s u r v e y r e p o r t (refer t o E x e c u t i v e H u l l
Summary (Condition Evaluation Report)).
2.8.2 R e p o r t i n g o n s u r v e y .
2.8.2.1 P r i n c i p l e s f o r s u r v e y r e p o r t i n g are s h o w n i n
A p p e n d i x 2.8 a n d considered i n t h e r e l e v a n t f o r m s o f t h e
Register documents.
2.8.2.2 W h e n a s u r v e y i s s p l i t b e t w e e n different
R e g i s t e r B r a n c h O f f i c e s , a r e p o r t s h a l l b e m a d e f o r each
p o r t i o n o f t h e s u r v e y . A l i s t o f i t e m s e x a m i n e d and/or
tested (pressure testing, thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s , e t c . )
a n d a n i n d i c a t i o n o f w h e t h e r t h e i t e m has b e e n credited,
shall be made available t o t h e next attending surveyor
prior t o continuing o r completing t h e survey.
2.8.2.3 A n E x e c u t i v e H u l l S u m m a r y o f t h e s u r v e y
shall b e s u b m i t t e d t o the s h i p o w n e r a n d k e p t o n b o a r d t h e
ship f o r reference a t future surveys. T h e E x e c u t i v e H u l l
S u m m a r y s h a l l b e v e r i f i e d b y a d u l y authorised p e r s o n o f
the R S B r a n c h O f f i c e w h i c h p e r f o r m e d t h e ship's s u r v e y
and/or issued t h i s S u m m a r y u p o n t h e analysis o f t h e
s u r v e y reports.

Part III. Additional Surveys of Ships Depending on their Purpose and Hull Material

149

Appendix 2.8

SURVEY REPORTING

T h e results o f t h e s u r v e y o f o i l t a n k e r h u l l structures
a n d p i p i n g systems s h a l l b e stated i n t h e r e l e v a n t f o r m s
o f the Register documents considering t h e f o l l o w i n g
principles.

PRINCIPLES

N t e . A s a m i n i m u m , the identification o f locations o f close-up


s u r v e y a n d thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s s h a l l i n c l u d e t h e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
s t r u c t u r a l m e m b e r s i n accordance w i t h t h e applicable r e q u i r e m e n t s
d e p e n d i n g o n t h e t y p e o f s u r v e y a n d t h e ship's age.

W h e r e o n l y partial survey is required, e.g. one w e b


frame ring/one deck transverse, the identification shall include
a location w i t h i n each tank b y reference t o frame numbers.
1 GENERAL
2.4 A r e a s w h e r e p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g is f o u n d t o b e i n
a G O O D c o n d i t i o n a n d f o r w h i c h t h e scope o f a close-up
1.1 T h e s u r v e y reports s h a l l b e generated i n t h e s u r v e y a n d t h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t s has b e e n specially
considered, s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d .
f o l l o w i n g cases:
in connection w i t h commencement, continuation
2.5 T a n k s subject t o t a n k testing s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d .
and/or c o m p l e t i o n o f p e r i o d i c a l ( a n n u a l , i n t e r m e d i a t e
2.6 C a r g o p i p i n g o n deck, i n c l u d i n g crude o i l
a n d special) h u l l s u r v e y ;
w a s h i n g p i p i n g , a n d cargo a n d ballast p i p i n g w i t h i n
w h e n s t r u c t u r a l d a m a g e s / d e f e c t s h a v e b e e n cargo a n d ballast t a n k s , p u m p r o o m s , p i p e t u n n e l s a n d
v o i d spaces, s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d , w h e r e :
found;
examination including internal examination o f
w h e n repairs, r e n e w a l s o r m o d i f i c a t i o n s h a v e b e e n
piping w i t h valves and fittings;
carried o u t ;
thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s ;
w h e n c o n d i t i o n o f class ( r e q u i r e m e n t s ) h a v e b e e n
i m p o s e d o r deleted.
a n d o p e r a t i o n a l testing t o w o r k i n g pressure h a v e
b e e n carried o u t .
1.2 T h e p u r p o s e o f r e p o r t i n g s h a l l p r o v i d e :
evidence that prescribed s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n carried
o u t i n accordance w i t h t h e applicable classification rules;
d o c u m e n t a t i o n o f s u r v e y s carried o u t w i t h f i n d i n g s ,
3 RESULTS OF SURVEY
repairs carried o u t a n d c o n d i t i o n o f class ( r e q u i r e m e n t s )
i m p o s e d o r deleted;
s u r v e y records, w h i c h s h a l l f o r m a n a u d i t a b l e
3.1 T y p e , e x t e n t a n d c o n d i t i o n o f p r o t e c t i v e c o a t i n g
i n each t a n k (rated G O O D , F A I R o r P O O R ) s h a l l b e
documentary trail;
identified.
information for planning o f future surveys;
i n f o r m a t i o n , w h i c h m a y b e u s e d as i n p u t f o r
3.2 C o n d i t i o n o f h u l l structures i n each tank/space
m a i n t e n a n c e o f classification rules a n d i n s t r u c t i o n s .
w i t h i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e presence a n d characteristics o f
1.3 W h e n a s u r v e y is s p l i t b e t w e e n different R e g i s t e r damages a n d defects s h a l l be i d e n t i f i e d . R e p o r t s m a y be
B r a n c h O f f i c e s , a r e p o r t s h a l l be m a d e f o r each p o r t i o n o f s u p p l e m e n t e d b y sketches, diagrams a n d p h o t o s .
t h e s u r v e y . A list o f i t e m s s u r v e y e d s h a l l b e m a d e
3.3 T h i c k n e s s m e a s u r e m e n t r e p o r t s h a l l b e w i t n e s s e d
available t o t h e n e x t attending surveyor, p r i o r t o b y the surveyor controlling the measurements o n board.
c o n t i n u i n g o r c o m p l e t i n g t h e survey.
3.4 L o n g i t u d i n a l strength o f t h e h u l l g i r d e r o f o i l
L i s t o f thickness m e a s u r e m e n t s carried o u t a n d t a n k s tankers o f 1 3 0 m i n l e n g t h a n d u p w a r d s aged o v e r
10 years s h a l l b e checked a n d evaluated.
tested s h a l l b e also m a d e a v a i l a b l e t o t h e n e x t a t t e n d i n g
surveyor.
4 ACTIONS TAKEN W I T H RESPECT T O FINDINGS
2 SCOPE OF SURVEY

2.1 C o m p a r t m e n t s w h e r e a n o v e r a l l s u r v e y has b e e n
carried o u t s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d .
2.2 L o c a t i o n s , i n each t a n k , w h e r e a close-up s u r v e y
has b e e n carried o u t , together w i t h i n f o r m a t i o n o f t h e
m e a n s o f access used s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d .
2.3 L o c a t i o n s , i n e a c h t a n k , w h e r e t h i c k n e s s
m e a s u r e m e n t s h a v e b e e n carried o u t s h a l l b e i d e n t i f i e d .

4.1 W h e n e v e r t h e attending s u r v e y o r i s o f t h e
o p i n i o n that repairs are r e q u i r e d , a n d repairs w e r e carried
out, t h e s u r v e y o r s h a l l list i n t h e r e p o r t a l l t h e h u l l
structures r e p a i r e d w i t h i n d i c a t i o n o f t h e i r n a m e s ,
l o c a t i o n , repair m e t h o d ( c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l replacement,
r e i n f o r c e m e n t , etc.), repair extent, test p e r f o r m a n c e .
4.2 F o r repairs n o t c o m p l e t e d a t t h e t i m e o f survey,
c o n d i t i o n o f class ( r e q u i r e m e n t ) s h a l l b e i m p o s e d w i t h a

150

Rules for the Classification Surveys of Ships in Service

specific t i m e l i m i t f o r t h e repairs. I n t h i s case, c o n d i t i o n


o f class s h a l l b e s u f f i c i e n t l y detailed b y t h e s u r v e y o r w i t h
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f each i t e m t o b e repaired.

5 EVALUATION OF LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH


O F T H E H U L L G I R D E R F O R O I L T A N K E R S O F 130 M
I N L E N G T H A G E D O V E R 10 Y E A R S O F A G E

T a b l e 5.2
Transverse section moduli o f hull girder
Transverse
section
No.

Flange

YY

acb

cm

2)

Remarks

cm

Deck
1
Bottom
Deck

O n l y o n e o f the f o l l o w i n g items w i t h filling-in o f an


appropriate table i n t h e s u r v e y r e p o r t applies t o t h e
e v a l u a t i o n o f l o n g i t u d i n a l strength.
5.1 A l l s h i p s r e g a r d l e s s o f t h e i r c o n s t r u c t i o n d a t e .
T h e transverse sectional areas o f deck flange (deck
plating a n d deck longitudinals) a n d b o t t o m flange
(bottom shell plating and b o t t o m longitudinals) shall be
calculated b y u s i n g t h e thickness measured, r e n e w e d o r
reinforced, during t h e survey f o r renewal o f t h e
C l a s s i f i c a t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e a n d C a r g o S h i p Safety C o n
s t r u c t i o n C e r t i f i c a t e / C a r g o S h i p S a f e t y C e r t i f i c a t e carried
o u t after t h e ship i s aged 10 years a n d w h e r e i n i t has b e e n
f o u n d that t h e d i m i n u t i o n o f t h e transverse sectional area
does n o t exceed 10 p e r cent o f t h e as-built area, as s h o w n
i n Table 5 . 1 .
T a b l e 5.1
Transverse sectional area o f hull girder
Transverse
section
No.

Flange

Measured,
cm
2

As-built,
cm
2

Diminution,
cm (%)
2

Deck
1
Bottom
Deck
2

Bottom
Deck

Bottom

Bottom
Deck

Bottom

^Wact t h e actual transverse section m o d u l u s o f t h e h u l l g i r d e r


calculated b y u s i n g t h e thickness measured, r e n e w e d o r r e i n f o r c e d
d u r i n g t h e s u r v e y f o r r e n e w a l o f t h e C l a s s i f i c a t i o n Certificate a n d
Cargo Ship Safety Construction Certificate/Cargo Ship Safety
Certificate according t o 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 1 . 1 .
^W^q - t h e d i m i n u t i o n l i m i t o f t h e l o n g i t u d i n a l b e n d i n g s t r e n g t h
o f ships calculated u n d e r 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 1 . 1 .

N o t e . T h e actual transverse section m o d u l u s o f t h e h u l l girder


o f o i l tankers calculated u n d e r 2 . 9 . 2 . 2 . 1 . 1 s h a l l n o t b e less t h a n
9 0 p e r cent o f the r e q u i r e d s e c t i o n m o d u l u s specified i n 1.4, P a r t
" H u l l " o f the Rules f o r t h e Classification a n d Construction o f
S e a - G o i n g Ships.

T h e Wact c a l c u l a t i o n s h a l l b e attached t o t h e s u r v e y
report.
5.3 S h i p s c o n s t r u c t e d b e f o r e 1 J u l y 2002.
S e c t i o n m o d u l u s o f tran