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ASSESMENT OF CANTEEN MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN PUBLIC


ELEMENTARY SCHOOL: BASIS FOR A
PROPOSED ENHANCED HANDBOOK

______________

A Thesis Proposal
Presented to
The Faculty of the Graduate School
Marikina Polytechnic College
Marikina City

_______________

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Degree
Master of Education

_______________

By
Jonalyn L. Santos
2016
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Pages
TITLE PAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ii

DEDICATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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CHAPTER
I

II

III

INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Statement of the Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Significance of the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Scope and Delimitation of the Study . . . . . . . . .

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
Review of Related Literature and
Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Synthesis of the Related Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Conceptual Model of the Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Definition of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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RESEARCH DESIGN
Methods of Research . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . .

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Sources of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Data Gathering Instrument. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 32

Data Gathering Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .

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Statistical Treatment of Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34


BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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CURRICULUM VITAE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researcher wishes to convey and express her extreme and


profound thanks to all those persons who in one way or another extended
their benevolent support, and inspired, encouraged and helped in the
completion of this study. Without them, this research would not have been
realized.
Foremost and above all, the greatest acknowledgement is due to
our Almighty - and ever loving God for all. The many wisdom and talent
He bestowed upon the researcher and the countless blessings showered
upon her family all through the years;
Dr. Lauro Z. De Guzman the District II Supervisor of Marikina, for
his fatherly advice and words of encouragement which facilitated the
development of the work.
Raquel A. Lawas, for all the many invaluable guidance, intelligent
ideas and sensible works of encouragement which made this research
study a better one.
Lastly to her niece Genny S. Loyola who patiently helped the
researcher in encoding the final draft of the study.

Dedication
The researcher wishes to dedicate this work
to her relatives and family,
most specially to her sons Jorel and Justin,
who served as her inspiration,
Her loving husband Joselito
for his moral and spiritual support which
made the
researcher to become determined to finish
and pursue this study.
Alsoo her late parent whose death have
made the researcher to move on
to face life squarely and courageously.
Lastly, to all her students of Concepcion
Elementary School,
beloved relatives and friends,
this researcher extends her sincerest
thanks.

Jonalyn

CHAPTER I
Introduction

This chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the


problem, significance of the study, and its scope and delimitation.
Background of the Study
There

are

two

types

of

school

canteen

management

in

the

Philippine public elementary the first is the cooperative type and the
second is the school manage type. For some school, they prefer the
cooperative type of school canteen management but for others, they prefer
the school manage type. Currently, the first type is the cooperative
management that is implemented in most schools because it is more service
oriented, student-focused and teacher-based management which would allow the
school to be more decisive to resource generation and public service
implementation (Sandoval, 2013: 22)
A few years back, all public elementary school in the Philippines
were ordered to put up a canteen through a Department of Education
Memorandum. There were guidelines to be followed according to the
memorandum such as, the school canteen shall help eliminate malnutrition
among pupils. It shall serves as a venue for the development of desirable

eating habit of

pupils. Service should be the main consideration for

operating a school canteen. Profit shall only be secondary since the


clientele are pupils who are dependent only on their meager allowance
from their parents. Reporting and accounting of the proceeds from the
operation of a school canteen shall be made by the parties concerned to
emphasize

transparency

and

Department

of Education

Policy

accountability.
that

school

It

was

canteen

stated
shall

on
adhere

the
to

professional management and sound business practices as well as to


safety and security measures.
The

Department

of

Education

is

strongly committed

to

support

student health and well-being through its curriculum in schools and a


range of initiatives that offer opportunities that promote physically fit
individuals who love eating healthy food. Schools are encouraged to
implement comprehensive health and well-being programs, including food
and nutrition education. The establishment and operation of school canteen
is important in developing love and interest in buying nutritious and
healthy food among students, faculty and the school personnel, making it
possible for them to enjoy nutritious and healthy food at affordable prices
during the school day. The canteen should also provide the pupils a
variety of foods and dishes that enhance their skills and knowledge.
(DepEd Order no. 8 of 2007 )
Ladia (2013) stated that recognizing the importance of eating the
right kind of food in childrens growth and development, many schools

today accept food services as an integral part of the school program. It is


imperative therefore, that the child who spends the greater part of his/her
waking hours in school be given food that are nutritious and economical.
There are plenty of students with meager allowance for snacks in the
public

schools, therefore it is necessary that daily food served in the

school canteen are assured to be within the means of the children.


Considerations are given to the nutritive value of the food items being
served to them. However, there are other factors in the process which are
not

given

attention

which

may

adversely

affect

the schools

total

development program especially if the canteen is being mismanaged by a


group or an individual.
Presently, there is an existing problem in the operation of most
school canteen, about issues on profit transparency and accountability
were failed to be settled until today. Majority of the cooperative members
wanted the school canteen manager to resign from the position because
of mismanagement. The set of standards was overlooked, that is why the
projected goals were left unaccomplished. Aside from mismanagement, the
need for facilities is of great concern, facilities are needed to

provide

quality services which is the reason why costumers keep on patronizing its
products and services. The students who are the vital component of the
school development program suffer. The canteen, in its mission to nourish
the childrens mind and provide quality services failed to accomplish its
target goal which is evident in the complaints raised and presented to the

board. The dilemma continuous to exist and remains unsolved. The quality
and quantity of food served is also affected. This result in getting more
complaints from the canteens clientele.
As a nurse by profession and as a school nurse, one of my
important goal and

task in our school is to ensure the health and

welfare of our pupils while inside the school premises. Nutritious foods play
a major role on childs growth and development as according to the study of
Cruz (2013). In order to function properly, the brain needs a constant
supply

of

healthy

fats,

proteins,

carbohydrates,

water, vitamins

and

minerals. The amino acids found in high-protein foods are responsible for
the firing of brain chemical messengers called neurotransmitters. Vitamins
and minerals convert amino acids to neurotransmitter, while sugars found
in fruits and vegetable power the brain. When a child is deficient in any
one of that food sources, he might seem confused, irritable, distracted or
apathetic. Unfortunately, excessive intake of foods high in fats, calories
and sugar might lead to acquire a lifestyle diseases such as Type 2
Diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hepatic steatosis according to the
recent studies it can all began at a very young age. ron-deficiency
anemia can be a problem for some children. Iron is an oxygen-carrying
component of blood. Children need iron for expanding blood volume which
is accompanied during periods of rapid growth. For girls, the beginning of
menstruation in late childhood adds an extra demand for iron due to the
regular loss of iron in menstrual blood. Meats, fish, poultry, and enriched

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breads and cereals are the best sources of dietary iron. Most children eat
diets that are adequate in Vitamins A and C. When children do not eat
enough fruits and vegetables they run the risk of having low intakes of
vitamins A and C. B Complex vitamins (thiamin, niacin, riboflavin and other
B vitamins) come from a variety of foods, including grain products, meat
and meat substitutes and dairy products (The Health Magazine, 2013). Food
served at the canteen are always the same everyday nothing change.
Foods in the tray such as Fudgee bar, chocolitos were containing too
much sugar which is excessive to the recommended daily allowance
needed for children. I wonder, why I had an average of 5 pupils a day
complaints of toothache and abdominal pain because hot food should be
served hot but it was served cold especially in afternoon session. One of
the precipitating factors to aggravate toothache is the intake of too sweet
foods. This was the reason why the researcher wants to conduct this
study because of willingness to help improve the present school canteen
practices.
Statement of the Problem
This study aimed to assess the canteen management practices as
basis for an enhanced handbook in selected public elementary schools in
Marikina City District II during school year 2016 2017.
Specifically, it sought answers to the following questions:
1. What is the status of the school canteen practices as perceived by
the teachers and canteen personnel in terms of:

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a. quality and quantity of food served


b. kinds of service rendered to the customers
c. prices of the commodities
d. utilization of canteen facilities
e. transparency of profit
f. efficiency of coop staff; and
2. Is there a significant difference between the perception of the canteen
personnel and teacher respondents on the status of school canteen practices?
3. What are the comments and suggestions of the respondents to improve the
school canteen practices?
4. What enhancement can be proposed by the researcher to the handbook as
output of the study?

Significance of the Study


The findings and result of the present study would primarily
benefits the pupils and might as well teachers and head manager. Likewise,
it was the objective of this study to evaluate the difficulties encountered
by the students as to the kind of service that they received and
identifying the aspect of the school canteen management that should be
improved. Moreover, this research may provide opportunities for reflective
thought

and

cooperative,

thereby
so

that

enhance
they

professionalism among

improve

efficiency

and

members of

offer

delicious

the
yet

affordable food. The results of this study could provide the management of

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the cooperative with the information about the present status of the school
canteen and to let them know that the existing situation really affects the
totality of the service that they are rendering. The results of the study will
also

make a

management realize the

need

to

objectively solve the

problems encountered in the canteen operations. The findings may also


serve as guide for canteen managers in the planning, preparation and
implementation of their new programs. The study will provide some insights
and information on how they will manage the canteen for the benefit of
the customers such as the teachers and the pupils who are their main
clients who must be served and be satisfied.
To the Division Superintendents. The result of the study could serve as
baseline data on conducting needs analysis towards improving the canteen
operations of every school in respective districts. This may also be of help in
conducting group discussions in solving canteen operation problems in Districts.
To the school principals. The result of this study can help them in
guiding the teachers and personnel, specifically the canteen managers, in proper
management and operation of the canteen as part of the administrative arm and
as one of the schools tools in fulfilling its duties to its major stakeholders, who
are the students in their respective schools.
To the school canteen managers. The study will serve as guiding
principle in its total operations considering the quantity and quality of services to
its client. The result of the study may also serve as enlightenment for them as
overseers to continuously improve their services and be of help to clients bearing

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in mind their social responsibility and not to focus on profitability alone. The study
could also be of help for the canteen managers planning, preparation, and
implementation of their new programs.
To the canteen staff. This study could provide opportunities for reflective
thought and thereby enhance professionalism among members of the canteen
personnel, so that they may improve efficiency at work and offer delicious yet
affordable food
To the teachers and personnel. The study may serve as information for
them to help the canteen manager in the operation of the canteen. This may also
serve as an eye-opener for them to actively take part in maintaining the good
service of the canteen and be able to recognize its value to the school. They may
also be aware of their part as cooperative members and so they must imbibe the
concept of shared capital and resources with the sense of ownership and for
them to also serve as tool in improving the canteen services and patronizing its
products and services.
Specifically, this study will benefit the different stakeholders as it may be
an input which can be of advantage to the following:
To other education administrators. The result of the study may be of
great help in improving the effectiveness in their respective area of canteen
operations.
To the students. The study may give result in understanding regarding
helping out in patronizing the canteen services and appreciating its effort in
providing nutritious foods and better services for the benefit of the students.

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To other researchers. The data gathered in the study may serve as


baseline and references for future studies related to the present study and for
other researchers to look into other variables not covered within the bound of this
study.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study


The study will focus on the assessment of the canteen management
practices as perceived by the teachers and canteen personnel of selected
public elementary schools in Marikina City District II. The respondents of
this

study consisted of the __ school teachers and __canteen personnel

from selected top most populated schools in District II of Marikina City namely
SSS Elementary School, H. Bautista Elementary School and Concepcion
Elementary School. This study will be limited to the assessment of school
canteen management practices in terms of quality and quantity of food served,
kinds of service rendered to the customers, prices of the commodities, utilization
of canteen facilities, transparency of profit, and efficiency of coop staff. This
study will be conducted during the School Year 2016-2017. Finally, an
enhanced handbook on canteen operation standard shall be the output of the
study.