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Tutorial 10

Vibration & Rigid Mody Motion

Part A Introductory

Question 1 (Problem 8/1, 8/2, 8/3 from M&K - Dynamics)

Figure 1

(a) When a 3 kg collar is placed upon the pan which is attached to the spring of unknown constant, the

additional static deflection of the pan is observed to be 42 mm (see Figure 1(a)). Determine the spring

constant k in N/m.

p

(b) Show that the natural frequency for the hang pan system may be expressed as n = g/st where st

is the static deflection.

(c) Determine the natural frequency of the spring-mass system shown in Figure 1(b) in both radians per

second and cycles per second (Hz).

Week 11

Spring-mass-dashpot system 1.

(a)

(a) Determine the value of the damping ratio for the simple spring-mass-dashpot system shown in Figure

2(a).

(b) Determine the value of the viscous damping coefficient c for which the system shown in Figure 2(b) is

critically damped.

(c) The 3.6 kg body of question (a) is released from rest a distance x0 to the right of the equilibrium position.

Determine the damped natural frequency d of the system.

The circular disk of radius r = 0.16 m rotates about a fixed axis through point O with the angular

properties = 2 rad/s and = 3 rad/s2 with directions as shown in figure 3. Determine the instantaneous

values of the velocity and acceleration of point A.

Page 2 of 7

Week 11

The T-shaped body rotates about a horizontal axis through point O (see Figure 4). At the instant

represented, its angular velocity is = 3 rad/s and its angular acceleration is = 14 rad/s2 in the directions

indicated. Determine:

(a) the velocity of point A;

(b) the acceleration of point A; and

(c) the velocity and acceleration of point B. Express your results in terms of components along the n- and

t-axes shown.

Figure 5: Pulley.

The concrete pier P is being lowered by the pulley and cable arrangement shown in Figure 5. If points

A and B have velocities of 0.4 m/s and 0.2 m/s, respectively, compute:

(a) the velocity of P ;

(b) the velocity of point C for the instant represented; and

(c) the angular velocity of the pulley.

Page 3 of 7

Week 11

Figure 6: Link.

End A of the link has the velocity shown at the instant depicted in Figure 6. End B is connected to move

in the slot. For this instant calculate:

(a) the velocity of B;

(b) the relative velocity between B and A, vB/A ; and

(c) the angular velocity of AB.

Part B

Question 7 (Problem 8/4, 8/5, 8/30 from M&K - Dynamics)

For the system of Problem 1c, determine the position x of the mass as a function of time if the mass is

released from rest at time t = 0 from a position

(a) 50 mm to the left of the equilibrium position. Determine the maximum velocity and maximum acceleration of the mass over one cycle of motion.

(b) 50 mm to the right of the equilibrium position with an initial velocity of 225 mm/s to the left. Determine

the amplitude C and period of the motion.

For the system of Problem 2c, determine the displacement x as a function of time t, where t = 0 is the time

of release.

Figure 7: Bumper.

An energy-absorbing car bumper with its springs initially undeformed has an equivalent spring constant

of 525 kN/m (see Figure 7). If the 1200 kg car approaches a massive wall with a speed of 8 km/h determine

(a) the velocity v of the car as a function of time during contact with the wall, where t = 0 is the beginning

of the impact, and (b) the maximum deflection xmax of the bumper.

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Week 11

The 0.1 kg projectile is fired into the 10 kg block which is initially at rest with no force in the spring (see

Figure 8). The spring is attached at both ends. Calculate the maximum horizontal displacement X of the

spring and the ensuing period of oscillation of the block and embedded projectile.

The tilting device in Figure 9 maintains a sloshing water bath for washing vegetable produce. If the crank

OA has a clockwise angular velocity about O of 4 rad/s when OA is vertical and no angular acceleration,

determine the angular velocity and angular acceleration of the basket in the position shown ( = 30 ).

The circular disc rotates with a constant angular velocity = 40 rad/s about its axis, which is inclined in

the y-z plane at the angle = tan1 (3/4) (see Figure 10). Determine the vector expressions for the velocity

and acceleration of point P , whose position vector at the instant shown is r = 375i + 400j 300k mm. (Check

the magnitudes of your results from the scalar values v = r and an = r 2 .)

Page 5 of 7

Week 11

Vertical motion of the work platform is controlled by the horizontal motion of pin A (see Figure 11). If

A has a velocity v0 to the left, determine the vertical velocity v of the platform for any value of .

The punch is operated by a simple harmonic oscillation of the pivoted sector given by = 0 sin 2t

where the amplitude is 0 = /12 rad (15 ) and the time for one complete oscillation is 1 second (see Figure

12). Determine the acceleration of the punch when (a) = 0 and (b) = /12.

The unit at A consists of a high-torque geared motor which rotates link AB at the constant rate =

0.5 rad/s (see Figure 13). Unit A is free to roll along the horizontal surface. Determine the velocity vA of

unit A when reaches 60 .

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Week 11

The elements of a simplified clam-shell bucket for a dredge are shown in Figure 14. The cable which

opens and closes the bucket passes through the block at O. With O as a fixed point, determine the angular

velocity of the bucket jaws when = 45 as they are closing. The upward velocity of the control cable is

0.5 m/s as it passes through the block.

Page 7 of 7

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