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# The University of Melbourne

## ENGR20004 Engineering Mechanics

Tutorial 10
Vibration & Rigid Mody Motion

Part A Introductory
Question 1 (Problem 8/1, 8/2, 8/3 from M&K - Dynamics)

## (b) Spring-mass system.

Figure 1

(a) When a 3 kg collar is placed upon the pan which is attached to the spring of unknown constant, the
additional static deflection of the pan is observed to be 42 mm (see Figure 1(a)). Determine the spring
constant k in N/m.
p
(b) Show that the natural frequency for the hang pan system may be expressed as n = g/st where st
is the static deflection.
(c) Determine the natural frequency of the spring-mass system shown in Figure 1(b) in both radians per
second and cycles per second (Hz).

Week 11

## Question 2 (Problem 8/28, 8/29, 8/30 from M&K - Dynamics)

Spring-mass-dashpot system 1.
(a)

## Figure 2: Spring-mass-dashpot systems.

(a) Determine the value of the damping ratio for the simple spring-mass-dashpot system shown in Figure
2(a).
(b) Determine the value of the viscous damping coefficient c for which the system shown in Figure 2(b) is
critically damped.
(c) The 3.6 kg body of question (a) is released from rest a distance x0 to the right of the equilibrium position.
Determine the damped natural frequency d of the system.

## Figure 3: Circular disk.

The circular disk of radius r = 0.16 m rotates about a fixed axis through point O with the angular
properties = 2 rad/s and = 3 rad/s2 with directions as shown in figure 3. Determine the instantaneous
values of the velocity and acceleration of point A.

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Week 11

## Figure 4: T-shaped body.

The T-shaped body rotates about a horizontal axis through point O (see Figure 4). At the instant
represented, its angular velocity is = 3 rad/s and its angular acceleration is = 14 rad/s2 in the directions
indicated. Determine:
(a) the velocity of point A;
(b) the acceleration of point A; and
(c) the velocity and acceleration of point B. Express your results in terms of components along the n- and
t-axes shown.

## Question 5 (Problem 5/31 from M&K - Dynamics)

Figure 5: Pulley.

The concrete pier P is being lowered by the pulley and cable arrangement shown in Figure 5. If points
A and B have velocities of 0.4 m/s and 0.2 m/s, respectively, compute:
(a) the velocity of P ;
(b) the velocity of point C for the instant represented; and
(c) the angular velocity of the pulley.

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Week 11

## Question 6 (Problem 5/59 from M&K - Dynamics)

End A of the link has the velocity shown at the instant depicted in Figure 6. End B is connected to move
in the slot. For this instant calculate:
(a) the velocity of B;
(b) the relative velocity between B and A, vB/A ; and
(c) the angular velocity of AB.

Part B
Question 7 (Problem 8/4, 8/5, 8/30 from M&K - Dynamics)
For the system of Problem 1c, determine the position x of the mass as a function of time if the mass is
released from rest at time t = 0 from a position
(a) 50 mm to the left of the equilibrium position. Determine the maximum velocity and maximum acceleration of the mass over one cycle of motion.
(b) 50 mm to the right of the equilibrium position with an initial velocity of 225 mm/s to the left. Determine
the amplitude C and period of the motion.
For the system of Problem 2c, determine the displacement x as a function of time t, where t = 0 is the time
of release.

## Question 8 (Problem 8/20 from M&K - Dynamics)

Figure 7: Bumper.

An energy-absorbing car bumper with its springs initially undeformed has an equivalent spring constant
of 525 kN/m (see Figure 7). If the 1200 kg car approaches a massive wall with a speed of 8 km/h determine
(a) the velocity v of the car as a function of time during contact with the wall, where t = 0 is the beginning
of the impact, and (b) the maximum deflection xmax of the bumper.

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Week 11

## Figure 8: Bullet and block.

The 0.1 kg projectile is fired into the 10 kg block which is initially at rest with no force in the spring (see
Figure 8). The spring is attached at both ends. Calculate the maximum horizontal displacement X of the
spring and the ensuing period of oscillation of the block and embedded projectile.

## Figure 9: Tilting device.

The tilting device in Figure 9 maintains a sloshing water bath for washing vegetable produce. If the crank
OA has a clockwise angular velocity about O of 4 rad/s when OA is vertical and no angular acceleration,
determine the angular velocity and angular acceleration of the basket in the position shown ( = 30 ).

## Figure 10: Circular disc.

The circular disc rotates with a constant angular velocity = 40 rad/s about its axis, which is inclined in
the y-z plane at the angle = tan1 (3/4) (see Figure 10). Determine the vector expressions for the velocity
and acceleration of point P , whose position vector at the instant shown is r = 375i + 400j 300k mm. (Check
the magnitudes of your results from the scalar values v = r and an = r 2 .)

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## Figure 11: Work platform.

Vertical motion of the work platform is controlled by the horizontal motion of pin A (see Figure 11). If
A has a velocity v0 to the left, determine the vertical velocity v of the platform for any value of .

## Figure 12: Punch.

The punch is operated by a simple harmonic oscillation of the pivoted sector given by = 0 sin 2t
where the amplitude is 0 = /12 rad (15 ) and the time for one complete oscillation is 1 second (see Figure
12). Determine the acceleration of the punch when (a) = 0 and (b) = /12.

## Question 14 (Problem 5/73 from M&K - Dynamics)

The unit at A consists of a high-torque geared motor which rotates link AB at the constant rate =
0.5 rad/s (see Figure 13). Unit A is free to roll along the horizontal surface. Determine the velocity vA of
unit A when reaches 60 .

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Week 11

## Figure 14: Clam-shell bucket.

The elements of a simplified clam-shell bucket for a dredge are shown in Figure 14. The cable which
opens and closes the bucket passes through the block at O. With O as a fixed point, determine the angular
velocity of the bucket jaws when = 45 as they are closing. The upward velocity of the control cable is
0.5 m/s as it passes through the block.

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