13 views

Uploaded by Albeb Lim

- L0210107111.pdf
- Dvanaesti Deo
- ComputerScienceandInformationTechnology_62
- Matlab Intro 1
- AQA-MFP4-W-QP-JUN06
- Qualitative Behavior of Solutions to Differential Equations in -i
- art%3A10.1007%2FBF01742934
- pSdxdfBnu0I
- eigenvectors
- AQA-MFP4-W-QP-JAN09
- 13b FP3 June 2013
- Tutorial 3 Matrix Op
- dela_4-1.pdf
- Keller 2011
- LectureIasi
- Campbell Analysis
- m225
- Determ.of Eigenvalue & Eigenvector
- Gate18 Cs Gforum
- Linear Algebra.pptx

You are on page 1of 7

Introtopopulationmatrixmodels

Reviewofmatrixalgebra

Ageclassifiedmatrixmodel:Lesliematrix

Eigenvalueandeigenvectors

SensitivityandElasticity

Stageclassifiedmatrixmodel

POPULATIONMATRIXMODELS

Whymatrixmodels?

Exponential/logisticmodelstreated

individualsinapopulationasallidenticaland

uniform nottrue!

Populationprocesses(e.g.,survival,growth

andreproduction)arenotuniformacrossall

individuals

Onewayofincludingindividualvariabilityis

throughstructuring(e.g.,age,size)

Wanttolooknotonlyatsize,butalso

shape/structureofthepopulation

Applications

Definitions

variables, functions, etc.)

Entry or Element of the matrix one of the symbols

it contains

E.g., a32 element in row 3, column 2 of matrix A

n)

Column vector m x 1 matrix

Row vector 1 x n matrix

Scalar ordinary number (1 x 1)

18 Oct 2016

Operations: Transpose

4 x1 3 x2 2 x3 0

2 x1 2 x2 5 x3 6

x1 x2 3 x3 1

Transpose of A AT

Switching rows and columns

1 4

T

1 2 3

4 5 6 2 5

3 6

2 x1 0

4 3

2 2 5 x 6

2

1 1 3 x3 1

Operations: Addition

Operations: Multiplication

a

b

a b

a

b

22

21 22 21 21 a22 b22

21

A+B=B+A

Scalar multiplication

a b 2a 2b

2

2c 2d

c

d

18 Oct 2016

Operations: Multiplication

and add them together

b1

a1 a2 a3 b2 a1b1 a2b2 a3b3

b3

# of elements in a row of first matrix has to be the

same as the # of elements in column in second

matrix

A

1x3

A

2x2

B

2x2

a

b

a b a b

a

b

22 21

22

21 11 22 21 a21b12 a22b22

21

B

3x1

AB BA

inner coordinates

agree

dimension of

product

TheLeslieMatrix(ageclassifiedmatrix)

Ages 0 1 :

Ages 2 :

Ages 2 3 :

Age class 1

Age class 2

Age class 3

Given by the numbers of individuals in each age

class.

Individuals in age classes 2 and 3 at time t + 1 are

Survivors of the previous age class at time t

n2 (t 1) P1n1 (t )

n3 (t 1) P2 n2 (t )

for one time interval (the projection interval)

Fi = per capita fertility of age class i

n1 (t 1) F1n1 (t ) F2 n2 (t ) F3 n3 (t )

n1

F1

n (t 1) P

2

1

n3

0

F2

0

P2

F3 n1

0 n2 (t )

0 n3

n(t+1) = An(t)

vector n describes the state of the population

matrix A population projection matrix

(Leslie matrix)

First row fertilities (Fi )

Sub-diagonal survival probabilities (Pi )

18 Oct 2016

Projection

Hughes 1984

Projection

n(1) = A n(0)

time

n(2) = A n(1)

n(3) = A n(2)

n(4) = A n(3)

n(5) = A n(4)

n(6) = A n(5)

Inageclassifiedmatrix,assumethat

variabilityinsurvivalandfecunditylieininter

individualagedifferences

n(t) = At n(0)

Projectpopulationfromtimettotimet+1;

unitoftime=projectioninterval=ageclass

width=important

IfA isconstant=assumeconstant

probabilities

18 Oct 2016

Analyzingthematrixmodel:

EigenvectorsandEigenvalues

Oncestableage/stagedistributionhasbeenattained,theonlyeffectof

multiplyingtheprojectionmatrixbythecolumnvector,N,istoincreasethe

populationsizebythegeometricgrowthfactor(R)

Theeigenvector isavectorsuchthatwhenyoumultiplyitbyamatrixmerely

lengthensorshrinksit(changesonlythemagnitude notdirection)

And,thefactorbywhichitislengthenedorshrunkistheeigenvalue (

scalarvalue);alsocalledthedeterminantofthematrix

AnXbyXmatrixcanhaveuptoXdifferenteigenvectorswithcorresponding

eigenvalues

Mostimportantistheonewiththebiggesteigenvalue(strongestinfluence)

Givenaconstantprojectionmatrix,any

initialagedistributionvectorwillconvergeto

thesamegrowthrateandstableage

distribution theproportionsremain

consistent(notnumbers)

Whenapopulationreachesthestableage

distribution,itgrowsexponentially

EigenvectorsandEigenvalues:

Biologicallyspeaking

Rightdominanteigenvector

stableage/stagedistribution,(w1)

1w1 Aw1

Leftdominanteigenvector

1 v1 v1A

reproductivevalues,(v1)

(contributionofeachstagetothe

populationgrowth)

Dominant(largest)eigenvalue,1

correspondingtotherightdominant

eigenvector geometricgrowth

factor,R;populationgrowthrate

N (t 1) 1N (t )

Matlab: mat1project

18 Oct 2016

Whattheeigenvaluecantellyou

>1:exponentialgrowth

<1:exponentialdecay

To determine how the effect of changes in the transitions/processes affect the

population dynamics, particularly the magnitude of the dominant eigenvalue

(growth rate)

respect to absolute change in a matrix element

1< <0:dampedoscillationswithperiod=2

Sij

< 1:divergingoscillationswithperiod=2

Complex :oscillations

Dampingratio:largesteigenvalue/second

1

aij

ranges for variables (e.g., survival: 0 1, fecundities can be

large)... So use standardized sensitivity -> Elasticity

largestvalue howfastthepopulationis

approachingthestablestagedistribution

respect to relative change in a matrix element

Elasticity analysis estimates the effect of a proportional change

in the vital rates on population growth. In essence, elasticities

are proportional sensitivities, scaled so that they are

dimensionless. This allows you to directly compare survival and

reproductive matrix elements.

1

Eij

1

aij

aij

aij 1 aij

Sij

1 aij 1

matlab:

mat2valvecspitt (senstuff)

18 Oct 2016

Stageclassifiedmatrix

Problemswithusingageclassifiedmatrix:

Longlivedorganisms

Organismsthatcannotbeaged

Assumethatvariabilityinsurvivorshipand

fecundityisduesolelytothecategorization

used

Probabilityof

growing/shrinking

toothersizeclass

subdiagonals

Probabilityof

stayinginsame

sizeclass

diagonal

Firstrow

fecundities

based on individual size rather than age:

a general model with a reef coral

example. The American Naturalist.

- L0210107111.pdfUploaded byAJER JOURNAL
- Dvanaesti DeoUploaded byKatja Kustudic
- ComputerScienceandInformationTechnology_62Uploaded byLokesh Sai Kumar Dasari
- Matlab Intro 1Uploaded byMahmoud Basho
- AQA-MFP4-W-QP-JUN06Uploaded byVũ Lê
- Qualitative Behavior of Solutions to Differential Equations in -iUploaded byd_naba09
- art%3A10.1007%2FBF01742934Uploaded bydzenek
- pSdxdfBnu0IUploaded byDaniel
- eigenvectorsUploaded byHemant Kumar
- AQA-MFP4-W-QP-JAN09Uploaded byÖzgür Oz Yilmaz Mehmet
- 13b FP3 June 2013Uploaded byPat
- Tutorial 3 Matrix OpUploaded byMitra Mulya
- dela_4-1.pdfUploaded byaa
- Keller 2011Uploaded byMetuzalen Gonçalves
- LectureIasiUploaded byAndreea Pavel
- Campbell AnalysisUploaded bymishraengg
- m225Uploaded byNir Prajapati
- Determ.of Eigenvalue & EigenvectorUploaded byMuhamad Soqhimi
- Gate18 Cs GforumUploaded byprabhu.swain3500
- Linear Algebra.pptxUploaded byShobha Bagai
- starting2matricesUploaded bymike510
- Abdi MCA2007 PrettyUploaded byHuma_Bukhari_8546
- Hyperspectral Subspace IdentiﬁcationUploaded bysolmazbabakan
- Quiz 8Uploaded bymelxies59
- math2019_s2_13_exam (1)Uploaded byZaeed Huq
- Principal ComponentsUploaded byMahmud Hasan
- Stability Lin SysUploaded bypps2190087
- 1Uploaded bymahmood hunar
- bit_sylUploaded byprithviraj_tarafdar
- Beam Natural FreqUploaded bytrimohit

- Accommodation Rates LBUploaded byJoseph Pagtananan
- Bergey's Manual of Determinative BacteriologyUploaded byerinulat
- Anime to DLUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- Crouse Etal 1987 Sea Turtles Matrix ModelUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- Maikiling KuwentoUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- PHYS 3 ReviewerUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- Eng2 FinalUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- ppath104Uploaded byAlbeb Lim
- HandoutsUploaded byAlbeb Lim
- sci paper mcb 101Uploaded byAlbeb Lim

- A New Approach on Smarandache tn1 Curves in terms of Spacelike Biharmonic Curves with a Timelike Binormal in the Lorentzian Heisenberg Group Heis, by T Körpinar and E TurhanUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Circles Ad Infinitum _ Nrich.mathsUploaded bygonsalvis
- Math for 5th gradeUploaded byNava Grahaz
- CalcI_Complete_Solutions.pdfUploaded byMandela Bright Quashie
- Maths for Actual SciencesUploaded byspinanh90
- Additional Mathematics 2008 June Paper 2Uploaded bylornarifa
- Math TermsUploaded by"The Dangerous One"
- 9709_s10_qp_31Uploaded byroukaiya_peerkhan
- New Approach to special factorial functionsUploaded byInije Ejiro
- Signals and SystemsUploaded byKrista Jackson
- Chapter 1Uploaded byDaksh Parashar
- Solving ODE-BVP using the Galerkin's MethodUploaded bySuddhasheel Basabi Ghosh
- MatlabUploaded byZuber Khan
- Extra Practice LogsUploaded byPedro Mtz
- Finite Difference Methods for Differential Equations (Math585) (R. LeVeque)Uploaded byCosmin Vestemean
- CBSE Class 10 Formulaes for All ChaptersUploaded bypreeti.2405
- icse-class-6-maths-sp-term-1-model-31.pdfUploaded bypreetha
- 12- Laplace Transforms and their Applications.pdfUploaded byMonty
- Random Matrix TheoryUploaded byHaider AlSabbagh
- Binomial ExpansionUploaded byBinit K.C.
- FunctionsUploaded byChandra Sekhar
- 2Uploaded byapi-331338526
- An Elementary Introduction to Siegel Modular FormsUploaded byXin Wang
- misconceptions.pdfUploaded bypurush
- Lecture 24(Matrix Chain Multiplication)Uploaded byavinash
- Ritz MethodUploaded bydocsdownforfree
- Activity 2: Graphing Relationships | www.iLearnMath.netUploaded byteachopensource
- sequencesUploaded bydarknessmon
- soalan terkumpulUploaded byqeelah
- fhffffhUploaded bysuar90