Public Private Partnership model

for community windpower

Tore Wizelius & Åke Pettersson Frykberg
Wind4shore AB, Sweden

Presentation
Tore Wizelius
Writer
• Wind Power Projects theory
and practice
• Windpower ownership in
Sweden – business models
and motives
University teacher
• Gotland University
Project developer
• Vindform AB
• ReWind Offshore AB
• Wind4shore AB

Presentation
Åke Pettersson Fryberg
Politician
Commissioner
Karlstad city
Business leader
Chairman Karlstad Energi
Project developer
• Vindpark Vänern
• ReWind Offshore AB
• Wind4shore AB

Problem

• High risk to invest in windpower project development
• Local organizations lack economic resources
• They are reluctant to collect funds from citizens which risk
to lose their money if permission to develop a windpower
plant is denied.

Solution:
Public Private Partnership

Partners:
• Project developer - know-how
• Cooperative – local participation
• Municipality – financing

Vindpark
Vänern

10 x 3MW wind turbines
Owned by
Municipal utilities:
Karlstad Energi 2
Hammarö Energi 1
Municipal housing co:
Karlstad Bostäder 1
Hammarö Bostäder 1
Wind cooperatives:
Gässlingen ek för 1
Kyrkvinden ek för 1
Local private investors:
Gåsungarna AB 3

Marviken - Norrköping

• This model is used in Norrköping municipality to develop
windpower projects;
• Vindpark Marviken – on the rocks – 60 MW
• Vikboland Vind – 60 MW

PPP - organization
Consortium
Wind4shore 50%
Municipal
housing Co
30%
Windpower
cooperative 20%

Cooperation contract
regulates conditions and
financing.
All practical work done by
Wind4shore
External consultants –
ornitologists, biologists,
lawyers

Process
Financing of project development
Consortium
• Cooperation
contract
• Budget

Feasibility
study

Additional
budget
EIA
Permission
application

Permission granted – realization of windpower plant
Umbrella
company
New budget
additional
investors

Building

Operation

Advantages & Drawbacks
Advantages

Drawbacks

• Less need of capital
for developer
• Shared risk
• Windpower at cost
price < market price
for partners

• Slow decisions
in municipal
companies
• Political risk

Kattegatt Vind

Conclusion
• Public-Private Partership is a feasible way to organize
windpower project development
Besides competence in windpower development it takes
• Political skill – i.e. good contacts with local politicians
and knowledge of political processes
• The main advantage for the developer is that this helps
to finance the project development process
• It enables development of Community

Power

Thank you
for your
attention

Tore Wizelius
Åke Pettersson Frykberg

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