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UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

DECENTRALIZED ENERGY SYSTEM IN DENMARK

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

MILESTONES IN DANISH ENERGY POLICY


1970s Oil Shock
1985 Parliament decides that
Denmark will not move into
nuclear power
2012 Energy Agreement
Toward a fossil-free Denmark
in 2050, supported by over
90% of the Parliamentarians
http://www.kebmin.dk/node/839

POWER GENERATION2014

Wind

Solar

Renewable Energy56
3
http://www.ens.dk/sites/ens.dk/files/info/tal-kort/statistik-noegletal/aarlig-energistatistik/energistatistik_2014.pdf

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

Energy Mix 2014


Renewable Energy

Fossil Fuel

Renewable
Energy

Waste

Biomass
Bio Fuel
Biogas
Wind
Others

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

KEYWORDS
Decentralized energy supply from
centralized energy supply
Holistic approach to energy- electricity, gas,
heat, transportation, industry etc.
Active participation by local residentsinvestment, cooperatives
Green Growth

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

DECENTRALIZED ENERGY SUPPLY FROM


CENTRALIZED ENERGY SUPPLY

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

FUTURE OF GAS GRID??

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

HOLISTIC APPROACH TO ENERGY


No thermal power generation permitted
without CHP (from the 1970s)
Environment and Energy Company, often
owned by municipalities, which has
responsibilities of waste and heat and sells
electricity
Biogas used for heat,
power and as city gas

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

ACTIVE PARTICIPATION BY LOCAL


RESIDENTS
Regulations regarding ownership of on-shore
wind turbines

Right to invest first offered to


residents 18-years of older
within 4.5km of the turbine
Next to residents of the
municipality the turbine is located
To ensure those affected by the
installation receives the benefit

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

ACTIVE PARTICIPATION BY LOCAL


RESIDENTS
Cooperatives- Community of Foens
No mandate to connect
43 consumers
200kW x 2 biomass chip boiler
No paid employee, non-paid board members
take care of maintenance
An old farm building re-used to cut the cost
No public subsidy, the municipality guarantees
the loan in order to receive low interest rate and
long repayment period

UDENRIGSMINISTERIET, MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF DENMARK

DECOUPLING OF ECONOMIC GROWTH AND


ENERGY CONSUMPTION/GHG EMISSION

Danish Energy Agency http://www.ens.dk/en/info/facts-figures/energy-statistics-indicators-energy-efficiency/annual-energy-statistics


OECD http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DatasetCode=SNA_TABLE1#