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1st World Community Power Conference

Corasse Fukushima(Fukushima City)


Session 3C: Overcoming barrier through cooperation of Energy Regions

Transition of renewable energy policies and vision


of 100% renewable energy region in Japan
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Hironao MATSUBARA
4th November, 2016
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies
Nakano 4-7-3, Nakano-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Tel +81-3-5942-8937 Fax +81-3-5942-8938
http://www.isep.or.jp/en/
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Renewables 2016 Japan Status Report,


Summary
Status report that summarizes trend and
various data relating to renewable
energy policies centering around Japan

Published in November, 2016

http://www.isep.or.jp/en/

Edit/Issue : Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies (ISEP)

IntroductionToward the Age of Energy Democracy


Status and Trends of renewable energy in Japan
Renewable Energy Policies in Japan
The FIT Program: Current State and Issues
Topic1: The trend to aim for 100% renewable regions
Topic2: Renewable energy and getting social agreement
Topic3: Coming to grips with community power

Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Trends of Renewable Power Generation in Japan


Share of renewable energy power generation
increased to 14.5% in FY2015.
7.1%
12.5%
9.8%

1.7%

14.5%

1.6%
0.2%

10.5% 10.1% 11.0%


0.5%
3.3%
0.9%

Source: METI, ISEP(Renewables Japan Status Report)


Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Sustainable Zone: Indicator for Sustainability of region in Japan


Energy Sustainable Zone (SZ) is an indicator to identify areas where local production of
renewable energy exceeds local consumption of energy by residential and service sector.
Estimated by ISEP and Kurasaka Lab. Chiba Univ.
Ratio of Renewable Energy =

Renewable Power Supply


Electricity Demand(excluding industries)

Electricity(FY2014)
61 towns and villages
over 100% Sustainable Zone
(100% renewables region in Japan)

Prefectures
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Source: Sustainable Zone Study Group


http://www.sustainable-zone.org

Sustainable Zone: Indicator for Sustainability of region in Japan


Share of Renewable Energy in Fukushima Prefecture
100 towns and villages over 100% Sustainable Zone in power generation
100% Renewable power generation in 4 City, town and village of Fukushima
PV
Yanaizu town
Shimogo town
Kawauchi village
Tamura City
Furudono town
Namie town
Otama village
Naraha town
Showa village
Tenei village
Yabuki town
Senzaki village
Nishiaizu town
Shirakawa City
Kagamiishi town
Hanawa town
Fukushima Pref.

Wind
2%
1%
3%
8%
3%
3%
68%
19%
0%
19%
52%
35%
1%
13%
31%
12%
7%

0%
0%
0%
105%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
33%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
3%

Geothermal Small Hydro


743%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
1%

15%
306%
141%
11%
89%
82%
0%
34%
52%
0%
0%
0%
33%
0%
0%
17%
7%

Biomass
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
0%
21%
0%
0%
1%

Total Share
759%
308%
143%
124%
93%
85%
68%
53%
53%
52%
52%
35%
34%
33%
31%
30%
19%

(+ISEP)
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Trends of Solar PV in Japan and Germany


Expanded introduction of Solar PV in Japan and Germany
Since 2013, trend of additional capacity is dramatically changed in Japan and Germany.
2030
100GW
Certified PV
Over 83GW
(March 2015)

2020
66GW

2014
24GW
JPEA PV
OUTLOOK 2030
Source data: IEA PVPS, EPIA Graph: ISEP
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

FIT certified and operating in Fukushima Pref.


as of end of March 2016, including transfer
Fukushima
PV
Pref.
1MW
MW <10kW >10kW
<1MW

Certified
910 3470
190
Operating
170
290
310
Ratio
92%
32%
9%
Annual
20
110
140
Installation
FY2015

UnitMW
Wind Mid. Geo Biomass Total
Small Ther
Hydro mal
170
160
93%
0

100
10
6%
0

4880
900
20%
290

SourceANRE data

Oguni PV power station(sourceAizu Power)


Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

40
0.4
20
0.4
57% 100%
10
0.4

Tsuchiyu Onsen Hydro power station)

Renewable Energy Vision of Fukushima Pref.

Fukushima Prefecture:
Vision and Scenario of 100% Renewable Energy.
Primary Energy Share:
Current Status 20% (2009)
Policy Target1 40% (2020)
Policy Target2 64% (2030)
Vision 100% (2040)

100%Renewable Energy Region Conference (2014)


Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

Scenario of renewable energy power capacity


in Fukushima Pref.
Cumulative capacity [10MW]

Until 2040, cumulative capacity will increase to 16GW from 4GW

Biomass
Geothermal
Small Hydro
Large Hydro
Offshore wind
Onshore wind
PV(Business)
Residential PV

FY
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(SourceSEEPS 2015)
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Regional Economy Effect of Renewable energ


Regional
Financial
Institution

FIT
Loan interest
Earning
yield

Regional
Companies

Citizens

Electricity

Renewable Energy
Company(SPC)

Regional Tax(Business TAX


VATPropaty Tax, etc.)

Development
Fee
Community
Fund,yield

Construction
Fee
O&M Fee

Development
Company

Utility

Fee

EPC
Company

Local
Government
Regional
Tax

O&M
Company

Regional Tax
(Residence)

EmploymentSalary
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

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Fukushima 100%Renewable Energy Vision


Trends of regional economy effects(Locally-owned)

Regional economy effects occur predominantly in long-term business operation


To increase regional economy effects in investment phase, industry should be
established in the region
Fukushima Pref.(FY2013)
Income1.9 trillion JPY
Subsidy for power development70 billion JPY

Locally-owned Case

Regional economy effects for Investment and Operation


Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

(SourceSEEPS 2015)

11

Comarison of Regional economy effects between


Locally-owned and Externally owned business
3.3 trillion JPY

Cumulative regional economy


until FY2040 after FIT started

1.6 trillion JPY

Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies

(SourceSEEPS 2015)

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