You are on page 1of 22

Operators Dictionary

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 1
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
A.................................................................................................................18
1.1
ABSOLUTE PRESSURE.........................................................................18
1.2
ABSOLUTE TEMPERATURE..................................................................18
1.3
ABSORPTION PROCESS.......................................................................18
1.4
ACCELERATOR......................................................................................18
1.5
ACCUMULATOR.....................................................................................18
1.6
ACETYLENE C2H2.................................................................................18
1.7
ACID.........................................................................................................18
1.8
ADDITIVE.................................................................................................18
1.9
ADIP.........................................................................................................18
1.10
ADIP TREATING......................................................................................18
1.11
ADSORPTION PROCESS.......................................................................18
1.12
AEROBIC.................................................................................................19
1.13
AEROMETER..........................................................................................19
1.14
AGGREGATE...........................................................................................19
1.15
AIR-BLOWN ASPHALT...........................................................................19
1.16
AIR HEAT EXCHANGER.........................................................................19
1.17
AIR SWEETENING..................................................................................19
1.18
ALCOHOLS.............................................................................................19
1.19
ALGAE.....................................................................................................19
1.20
ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS..............................................................19
1.21
ALKALI....................................................................................................19
1.22
ALKALI TEST..........................................................................................19
1.23
ALKALINE...............................................................................................19
1.24
ALKALINITY............................................................................................19
1.25
ALKYLATION...........................................................................................19
1.26
ALLOY.....................................................................................................20
1.27
AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE...................................................20
1.28
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING MATERIALS...............................20
1.29
AMINE......................................................................................................20
1.30
AMMONIA NH3........................................................................................20
1.31
ANAEROBIC............................................................................................20
1.32
ANALYSIS................................................................................................20
1.33
ANHYDROUS..........................................................................................20
1.34
ANILINE POINT.......................................................................................20
1.35
ANNEALING............................................................................................20
1.36
ANTIFOAM AGENT.................................................................................20
1.37
ANTI-KNOCK...........................................................................................20
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 2
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
1.42
1.43
1.44
1.45
1.46
1.47
1.48
1.49
1.50
1.51
1.52
1.53
1.54
1.55
1.56
1.57
1.58
1.59
1.60
1.61
1.62
1.63
1.64
1.65
1.66
1.67
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9

ANTI-KNOCK AGENT.............................................................................20
ANTIOXIDANT.........................................................................................20
ANTI-STATIC ADDITIVE..........................................................................21
API GRAVITY...........................................................................................21
AROMATIC BLEND.................................................................................21
AROMATICS............................................................................................21
ASH..........................................................................................................21
ASH CONTENT.......................................................................................21
ASPHALT.................................................................................................21
ASPHALTENES.......................................................................................21
ASPHALTIC BASE CRUDE OILS...........................................................21
ASPHALTIC BITUMEN............................................................................21
ASPIRATOR.............................................................................................21
ASSOCIATED NATURAL GAS...............................................................22
ASTM DISTILLATION..............................................................................22
ASTM GUM TEST....................................................................................22
ASTM MELTING POINT..........................................................................22
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE..................................................................22
ATOM.......................................................................................................22
ATOMISE\................................................................................................22
ATTEMPERATOR\...................................................................................22
ATTRITION\..............................................................................................22
AUTO IGNITION POINT..........................................................................22
AVERAGE BOILING POINT....................................................................22
AVGAS.....................................................................................................22
AVIATION GASOLINE.............................................................................22
AVTAG.....................................................................................................23
AVTUR.....................................................................................................23
AZEOTROPE...........................................................................................23
AZEOTROPIC DISTILLATION................................................................23
B.................................................................................................................24
BACK PRESSURE..................................................................................24
BAFFLE...................................................................................................24
BALANCED DRAUGHT..........................................................................24
BAR OVER..............................................................................................24
BAROMETER..........................................................................................24
BAROMETRIC CONDENSER.................................................................24
BAROMETRIC LEG.................................................................................24
BARREL..................................................................................................24
BASIC SEDIMENT AND WATER............................................................24

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 3
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
2.10
2.11
2.12
2.13
2.14
2.15
2.16
2.17
2.18
2.19
2.20
2.21
2.22
2.23
2.24
2.25
2.26
2.27
2.28
2.29
2.30
2.31
2.32
2.33
2.34
2.35
2.36
2.37
2.38
2.39
2.40
2.41
2.42
2.43
2.44
2.45
2.46
2.47
2.48
2.49
2.50

BATCH.....................................................................................................24
BATCH PROCESS...................................................................................24
BATTERY.................................................................................................24
BATTERY LIMITS....................................................................................24
BEARING.................................................................................................24
BENZENE C6H6........................................................................................25
BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD)............................................25
BIODEGRADATION.................................................................................25
BIOTREATER..........................................................................................25
BITUMEN.................................................................................................25
BLACK PRODUCTS................................................................................25
BLANK - See Spade...............................................................................25
BLEEDING...............................................................................................25
BLEND.....................................................................................................25
BLENDED FUEL OIL...............................................................................25
BLENDING...............................................................................................25
BLENDING STOCK.................................................................................25
BLENDING VALUE (ANTI-KNOCK)........................................................25
BLOCK VALVE........................................................................................25
BLOCKED OPERATION..........................................................................25
BLOWBACK............................................................................................26
BLOW-BY................................................................................................26
BLOWDOWN...........................................................................................26
BLOWER.................................................................................................26
BLOWN BITUMEN..................................................................................26
BLUE SMOKE.........................................................................................26
BOILING POINT (AT A GIVEN PRESSURE)..........................................26
BOILING RANGE....................................................................................26
BOMB......................................................................................................26
BOND.......................................................................................................26
BOOSTER STATION...............................................................................26
BOTTLED GAS........................................................................................26
BOTTOMS...............................................................................................26
BOX-IN.....................................................................................................26
BOX-UP...................................................................................................27
BRAKE HORSEPOWER.........................................................................27
BREAKER POINT....................................................................................27
BREATHING............................................................................................27
BRINE......................................................................................................27
BRITISH THERMAL UNIT (BTU)............................................................27
BRITOLITE...............................................................................................27

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 4
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
2.51
2.52
2.53
2.54
2.55
2.56
2.57
2.58
2.59
2.60

BUFFER...................................................................................................27
BUG COUNT............................................................................................27
BULK CRUSHING STRENGTH...............................................................27
BULK DENSITY.......................................................................................27
BUND WALL............................................................................................27
BUNKER FUEL........................................................................................27
BURNING OIL..........................................................................................27
BUTANE C4H10.........................................................................................28
BUTANE DE-ASPHALTING....................................................................28
BYPRODUCT...........................................................................................28

3
C.................................................................................................................29
3.1
C1,C2,C3,C4,C5...........................................................................................29
3.2
CALIBRATION.........................................................................................29
3.3
CALMING SECTION TRAYS...................................................................29
3.4
CALORIE.................................................................................................29
3.5
CALORIFIC VALUE.................................................................................29
3.6
CANDLEPOWER.....................................................................................29
3.7
CAPILLARITY..........................................................................................29
3.8
CARBON..................................................................................................29
3.9
CARBON (FIXED CARBON)...................................................................29
3.10
CARBON DEPOSIT.................................................................................29
3.11
CARBON DIOXIDE..................................................................................29
3.12
CARBON MONOXIDE.............................................................................29
3.13
CARBURETTOR......................................................................................30
3.14
CARRYOVER...........................................................................................30
3.15
CASCADE TRAY.....................................................................................30
3.16
CATALYSIS..............................................................................................30
3.17
CATALYST...............................................................................................30
3.18
CATALYST POISON................................................................................30
3.19
CATALYTIC PROCESS...........................................................................30
3.20
CATALYTIC REFORMING.......................................................................30
3.21
CATHODIC PROTECTION......................................................................30
3.22
CAUSTIC SODA......................................................................................30
3.23
CENTRIGRADE (CELSIUS) SCALE.......................................................30
3.24
CENTIPOISE, CENTISTOKES................................................................30
3.25
CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR.............................................................31
3.26
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP............................................................................31
3.27
CENTRIFUGE..........................................................................................31
3.28
CERAMIC BALLS....................................................................................31
3.29
CETANE NUMBER..................................................................................31
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 5
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
3.30
3.31
3.32
3.33
3.34
3.35
3.36
3.37
3.38
3.39
3.40
3.41
3.42
3.43
3.44
3.45
3.46
3.47
3.48
3.49
3.50
3.51
3.52
3.53
3.54
3.55
3.56
3.57
3.58
3.59
3.60
3.61
3.62
3.63
3.64
3.65
3.66
3.67
3.68
3.69
3.70

CFR ENGINE...........................................................................................31
CHANNELING.........................................................................................31
CHARACTERISATION............................................................................31
CHAR VALUE..........................................................................................31
CHECK VALVE (NON RETURN VALVE)................................................31
CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD)..................................................31
CHLORINATION......................................................................................31
CHROMOMETER - See Colorimeter......................................................31
CLADDING..............................................................................................31
CLAUS PROCESS..................................................................................31
CLEAR GASOLINE.................................................................................32
CLOUD POINT.........................................................................................32
COAGULATION.......................................................................................32
COALESCER...........................................................................................32
COASTAL TANKER Ltd- (CTL)...............................................................32
COEFFICIENT OF EXPANSION..............................................................32
COFFERDAMS........................................................................................32
COKE.......................................................................................................32
COKE DRUM...........................................................................................32
COLD FILTER PLUGGING POINT..........................................................32
COLORIMETER.......................................................................................32
COMBINED FEED RATIO (CFR).............................................................32
COMBUSTION.........................................................................................32
COMBUSTION CHAMBER......................................................................32
COMPATABILITY.....................................................................................32
COMPOUND............................................................................................32
COMPRESSION......................................................................................33
COMPRESSION IGNITION......................................................................33
COMPRESSION RATIO...........................................................................33
COMPRESSOR.......................................................................................33
CONDENSATE.........................................................................................33
CONDENSATION (PHYSICAL)...............................................................33
CONDENSER..........................................................................................33
CONDENSER BOX..................................................................................33
CONDUCTIVITY......................................................................................33
CONGEAL...............................................................................................33
CONTINUOUS CATALYST REGENERATOR.........................................33
CONTINUOUS DISTILLATION................................................................33
CONTROL LOOP.....................................................................................33
CONTROLLER........................................................................................33
CONVECTION.........................................................................................33

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 6
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
3.71
3.72
3.73
3.74
3.75
3.76
3.77
3.78
3.79
3.80
3.81
3.82
3.83
3.84
3.85
3.86
3.87
3.88
3.89
3.90
3.91
3.92
3.93
3.94
3.95
3.96

CONVECTION SECTION........................................................................34
CONVENTIONAL PRODUCTS................................................................34
CONVERSION PROCESSES..................................................................34
COOLER..................................................................................................34
COOLING TOWER..................................................................................34
COPPER STRIP CORROSION................................................................34
CORRECTED ENERGY & LOSS (CEL)..................................................34
CORROSION...........................................................................................34
COUNTERCURRENT FLOW...................................................................34
CRACKING..............................................................................................34
CREDITORS............................................................................................34
CREEP.....................................................................................................34
CRITERIA REFERENCED INSTRUCTION.............................................34
CRITICAL PRESSURE............................................................................34
CRITICAL TEMPERATURE.....................................................................34
CRITICAL VELOCITY..............................................................................35
CRUDE NAPHTHA..................................................................................35
CRUDE OIL TYPES.................................................................................35
CRUDE WAX...........................................................................................35
CRYSTALISATION...................................................................................35
CUSTODY TRANSFER TANKS..............................................................35
CURRENT RATE.....................................................................................35
CUT..........................................................................................................35
CUT POINT..............................................................................................35
CYCLISATION.........................................................................................35
CYCLONE SEPARATOR.........................................................................35

4
D.................................................................................................................36
4.1
DAMPER..................................................................................................36
4.2
DEACTIVATION.......................................................................................36
4.3
DEADWEIGHT.........................................................................................36
4.4
DEARATOR.............................................................................................36
4.5
DEBTORS................................................................................................36
4.6
DECOMPOSITION...................................................................................36
4.7
DEFERRED TAXATION...........................................................................36
4.8
DEHYDRATION.......................................................................................36
4.9
DEHYDROCYCLISATION.......................................................................36
4.10
DEHYDROGENATION.............................................................................36
4.11
DEIONIZED WATER................................................................................36
4.12
DEISOLATION.........................................................................................36
4.13
DEMISTER...............................................................................................36
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 7
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
4.14
4.15
4.16
4.17
4.18
4.19
4.20
4.21
4.22
4.23
4.24
4.25
4.26
4.27
4.28
4.29
4.30
4.31
4.32
4.33
4.34
4.35
4.36
4.37
4.38
4.39
4.40
4.41
4.42
4.43
4.44
4.45
4.46
4.47
4.48
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4

DEMULSIFIER.........................................................................................36
DEMURRAGE..........................................................................................36
DENITRIFICATION..................................................................................37
DENSE BED LOADING...........................................................................37
DEOXYGENATION..................................................................................37
DESALTING.............................................................................................37
DESULPHURISATION - See Hydrodesulphurisation...........................37
DESUPERHEATER..................................................................................37
DETERGENCY........................................................................................37
DETERGENT OIL....................................................................................37
DETONATION..........................................................................................37
DEW POINT (at a given pressure).........................................................37
DEWAXING..............................................................................................37
DIESEL ENGINE......................................................................................37
DIESEL FUEL..........................................................................................37
DIESEL INDEX.........................................................................................37
DIFLUOROETHANE................................................................................38
DILUENT..................................................................................................38
DIPPING...................................................................................................38
DISTILLATE.............................................................................................38
DISTILLATION (fractional).....................................................................38
DISTILLATION CURVE...........................................................................38
DISTILLATION LOSS..............................................................................38
DISTRIBUTOR (LIQUID/GAS).................................................................38
DISULPHIDE............................................................................................38
DIVIDEND COVER..................................................................................38
DIVIDEND YIELD.....................................................................................38
DOCTOR SOLUTION..............................................................................38
DOCTOR TREATMENT...........................................................................38
DOLPHIN.................................................................................................39
DOWNCOMER.........................................................................................39
DOWNSTREAM.......................................................................................39
DRAW OFF..............................................................................................39
DRY GAS.................................................................................................39
DUAL PURPOSE KEROSENE................................................................39
E..................................................................................................................40
EARNINGS PER SHARE (CENTS).........................................................40
ECONOMISER.........................................................................................40
EJECTOR................................................................................................40
ELASTOMER...........................................................................................40

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 8
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
5.18
5.19
5.20
5.21
5.22
5.23
5.24
5.25
5.26
5.27
5.28

ELECTRICAL ISOLATION CERTIFICATE..............................................40


ELECTROLYSIS......................................................................................40
EMULSIFIER............................................................................................40
EMULSION..............................................................................................40
END POINT..............................................................................................40
ENDOTHERMIC.......................................................................................40
ENGINE OIL.............................................................................................40
ENGLER DISTILLATION.........................................................................40
ENTRAINMENT.......................................................................................40
EROSION.................................................................................................40
ETHANE C2H6..........................................................................................41
ETHENE...................................................................................................41
EVACUATION..........................................................................................41
EVAPORATION........................................................................................41
EVAPORATOR.........................................................................................41
EX SITU REGEN......................................................................................41
EXOTHERMIC.........................................................................................41
EXPANSION JOINT.................................................................................41
EXTRACT................................................................................................41
EXTRACTION..........................................................................................41
EXTRACTION DEPTH.............................................................................41
EXTRACTOR...........................................................................................41
EXTRAORDINARY ITEMS......................................................................41
EXTREME PRESSURE LUBRICANTS...................................................41

6
F..................................................................................................................42
6.1
FAECAL COLIFORM (F. COLI.)..............................................................42
6.2
FATIGUE..................................................................................................42
6.3
FEED PREPARATION UNIT....................................................................42
6.4
FEEDSTOCK...........................................................................................42
6.5
FILTER.....................................................................................................42
6.6
FILTRATE.................................................................................................42
6.7
FIN FAN...................................................................................................42
6.8
FIRE WALL..............................................................................................42
6.9
FIXED-BED OPERATION........................................................................42
6.10
FLAME ARRESTOR................................................................................42
6.11
FLAMMABLE...........................................................................................42
6.12
FLASH.....................................................................................................42
6.13
FLASH DISTILLATION............................................................................42
6.14
FLASH POINT.........................................................................................42
6.15
FLEXIBLE VOLATILITY INDEX..............................................................43
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 9
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
6.16
6.17
6.18
6.19
6.20
6.21
6.22
6.23
6.24
6.25
6.26
6.27
6.28
6.29
6.30
6.31
6.32
6.33
6.34
6.35
6.36
6.37
6.38
6.39
6.40
6.41
6.42
6.43
6.44
6.45
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9

FLOATING HEAD....................................................................................43
FLOATING ROOF....................................................................................43
FLOC........................................................................................................43
FLOCCULATION.....................................................................................43
FLOODING..............................................................................................43
FLUE GAS...............................................................................................43
FLUID.......................................................................................................43
FLUID BED OPERATION........................................................................43
FOAM.......................................................................................................43
FOAMING................................................................................................43
FORCED DRAUGHT...............................................................................43
FRACTION...............................................................................................43
FRACTIONAL CONDENSATION............................................................44
FRACTIONATING COLUMN...................................................................44
FRACTIONATING TRAYS.......................................................................44
FRACTIONATION....................................................................................44
FREE ON BOARD (FOB)........................................................................44
FREE WATER..........................................................................................44
FREEZE POINT.......................................................................................44
FREEZING POINT...................................................................................44
FRESH GAS............................................................................................44
FRICTION................................................................................................44
FUEL AIR RATIO.....................................................................................44
FUEL CELL..............................................................................................44
FUEL GAS...............................................................................................45
FUEL OIL.................................................................................................45
FUNCTIONAL LOGIC SCHEME.............................................................45
FUNCTIONAL LOGIC SYSTEM..............................................................45
FURNACE................................................................................................45
FURNACE PASS.....................................................................................45
G.................................................................................................................46
GAP..........................................................................................................46
GAS HOLDER.........................................................................................46
GAS OIL...................................................................................................46
GAS/OIL RATIO.......................................................................................46
GASOLINE...............................................................................................46
GAS TURBINE.........................................................................................46
GATHERING STATION............................................................................46
GEAR OIL................................................................................................46
GLAND.....................................................................................................46

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 10
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13

GOVERNOR............................................................................................46
GRAVITOMETER.....................................................................................46
GRID TRAYS............................................................................................46
GUM.........................................................................................................46

8
H.................................................................................................................47
8.1
HAMER LINE BLIND...............................................................................47
8.2
HEADER..................................................................................................47
8.3
HEAT CAPACITY.....................................................................................47
8.4
HEAT EXCHANGER................................................................................47
8.5
HEAT OF COMBUSTION........................................................................47
8.6
HEATER...................................................................................................47
8.7
HI-FI TRAYS.............................................................................................47
8.8
HIGH VACUUM UNIT...............................................................................47
8.9
HORSEPOWER.......................................................................................47
8.10
HORTON SPHERE..................................................................................47
8.11
HOT OIL...................................................................................................47
8.12
HOT SPOT...............................................................................................47
8.13
HUMIDITY................................................................................................47
8.14
HYDRATE................................................................................................48
8.15
HYDRATION............................................................................................48
8.16
HYDRAULIC FLUIDS..............................................................................48
8.17
HYDROCARBON.....................................................................................48
8.18
HYDROCHLORIC ACID..........................................................................48
8.19
HYDROCRACKING.................................................................................48
8.20
HYDRODEALKYLATION.........................................................................48
8.21
HYDRODESULPHURIZATION................................................................48
8.22
HYDROGEN.............................................................................................48
8.23
HYDROGEN BLISTERING......................................................................48
8.24
HYDROGEN SULPHIDE.........................................................................48
8.25
HYDROGENATION..................................................................................48
8.26
HYDROLYSIS..........................................................................................48
8.27
HYDROMETER........................................................................................49
8.28
HYDROSTATIC HEAD.............................................................................49
1.29
HYDROSTATIC TEST..............................................................................49
8.30
HYDROTREATING..................................................................................49
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4

I...................................................................................................................50
IGNITION POINT.....................................................................................50
IGNITION QUALITY.................................................................................50
IMMISCIBLE............................................................................................50
INCOMPATIBLE.......................................................................................50

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 11
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
9.5
9.6
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.10
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.14
9.15
9.16
9.17
9.18
9.19
9.20
9.21
9.22
9.23
9.24
9.25

INDIGENOUS FEEDSTOCK....................................................................50
INDUCED DRAUGHT..............................................................................50
INERT ENTRY..........................................................................................50
INERT GAS..............................................................................................50
INERT FILLER.........................................................................................50
INFLAMMABLE.......................................................................................50
INHIBITOR...............................................................................................50
INITIAL BOILING POINT.........................................................................50
INJECTOR...............................................................................................50
IN-LINE BLENDING.................................................................................50
INORGANIC.............................................................................................51
INSITU REGEN........................................................................................51
INSTITUTE OF PETROLEUM.................................................................51
INTERCEPTOR........................................................................................51
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE.......................................................51
ION EXCHANGE RESINS.......................................................................51
ISOLATE..................................................................................................51
ISOMER...................................................................................................51
ISOMERISATION.....................................................................................51
ISO-OCTANE C8H18 (2,2,4-TRIMETHYLPENTANE).............................51
ISOTOPE.................................................................................................51

10
J..................................................................................................................52
10.1
JET A1.....................................................................................................52
10.2
JET ENGINE (see also Gas Turbine).....................................................52
10.3
JET FUEL................................................................................................52
10.4
JETTY HOSE...........................................................................................52
11
K.................................................................................................................53
11.1
KELVIN....................................................................................................53
11.2
KEROSENE.............................................................................................53
11.3
KETTLE REBOILER................................................................................53
11.4
KNOCK....................................................................................................53
11.5
KNOCKOUT (DRUM OR VESSEL).........................................................53
12
L..................................................................................................................54
12.1
LAGGING.................................................................................................54
12.2
LASER ALIGNMENT...............................................................................54
12.3
LATENT HEAT.........................................................................................54
12.4
LEAD........................................................................................................54
12.5
LEAD ACETATE TEST............................................................................54
12.6
LEAD SUSCEPTIBILITY.........................................................................54
12.7
LEADED GASOLINE...............................................................................54
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 12
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
12.8
12.9
12.10
12.11
12.12
12.13
12.14
12.15
12.16
12.17
12.18
12.19
12.20
12.21
12.22
12.23
12.24
12.25
12.26
12.27
12.28
12.29
12.30

LEAN ADIP..............................................................................................54
LICHEN....................................................................................................54
LIGHT DISTILLATE...............................................................................54
LIGHT ENDS.........................................................................................54
LIGHT TOPS.........................................................................................54
LINEAR PROGRAMME (LP)................................................................54
LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG)......................................................54
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS (LPG).................................................55
LIQUID PHASE.....................................................................................55
LIQUID SEAL........................................................................................55
LITRE....................................................................................................55
LIVE STEAM.........................................................................................55
LOAD-ON-TOP SYSTEM......................................................................55
LOADING RACK...................................................................................55
LOGIC...................................................................................................55
LONG RESIDUE...................................................................................55
LOST TIME ACCIDENT (LTI)................................................................55
LOW VISCOSITY INDEX......................................................................55
LOWER EXPLOSIVE LIMIT..................................................................55
LUBOIL.................................................................................................55
LUBRICANT..........................................................................................55
LUBRICATING OIL...............................................................................56
LUBRICATION......................................................................................56

13
M.................................................................................................................57
13.1
M CAP DECK...........................................................................................57
13.2
MANIFOLD..............................................................................................57
13.3
MANOMETER..........................................................................................57
13.4
MASS SPECTROMETER........................................................................57
13.5
MELTING POINT......................................................................................57
13.6
MERCAPTANS........................................................................................57
13.7
METHANATOR........................................................................................57
13.8
METHANE CH4.......................................................................................57
13.9
METHANE SERIES.................................................................................57
13.10
METHANOL..........................................................................................57
13.11
METHYL CHLOROFORM.....................................................................57
13.12
METHYL TERTIARY BUTYL ETHER (MTBE)......................................57
13.13
METRIC SYSTEM.................................................................................58
13.14
MICROCRYSTALLINE WAXES............................................................58
13.15
MIDDLE DISTILLATE............................................................................58
13.16
MINERAL OIL........................................................................................58
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 13
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
13.17
13.18
13.19
13.20
13.21
13.22
13.23
13.24
13.25
13.26
13.27
13.28
13.29
13.30

MINIMUM STOP....................................................................................58
MISCIBLE..............................................................................................58
MIXED BASE CRUDE...........................................................................58
MIXER...................................................................................................58
MIXING VALVE......................................................................................58
MIXTURE...............................................................................................58
MOLE PERCENT..................................................................................58
MOLECULAR WEIGHT.........................................................................58
MOLECULE...........................................................................................58
MOTOR GASOLINE..............................................................................58
MOTOR OCTANE NUMBER (MON).....................................................59
MOTORISED VALVE.............................................................................59
MULTIGRADE OIL................................................................................59
MULTISTAGE PUMP.............................................................................59

14
N.................................................................................................................60
14.1
NAPHTHA................................................................................................60
14.2
NAPHTHENE...........................................................................................60
14.3
NAPHTHENIC ACID................................................................................60
14.4
NAPHTHENIC CRUDE............................................................................60
14.5
NATURAL DRAUGHT.............................................................................60
14.6
NATURAL GAS........................................................................................60
14.7
NATURAL GASOLINE.............................................................................60
14.8
NET ASSET BACKING/SHARE..............................................................60
14.9
NET PROFIT AFTER TAX.......................................................................60
14.10
NET PROFIT BEFORE TAX..................................................................60
14.11
NEUTRAL..............................................................................................60
14.12
NEUTRON.............................................................................................60
14.13
NITROGEN............................................................................................61
14.14
NITROGEN BASE.................................................................................61
14.15
NON-ASSOCIATED NATURAL GAS....................................................61
14.16
NON CUSTODY TRANSFER TANKS...................................................61
14.17
NORMALISE.........................................................................................61
15
O.................................................................................................................62
15.1
OCTANE..................................................................................................62
15.2
OIL RING.................................................................................................62
15.3
OIL SHALE..............................................................................................62
15.4
OLEFINS..................................................................................................62
15.5
ONCE-THROUGH....................................................................................62
15.6
ON STREAM............................................................................................62
15.7
ORGANIC................................................................................................62
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 14
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
15.8
15.9
15.10
15.11
15.12
15.13
15.14
15.15

ORIFICE METER.....................................................................................62
ORIFICE PLATE......................................................................................62
OSMOSIS..............................................................................................62
OUTPUT................................................................................................62
OVERHEADS........................................................................................62
OVERLAP.............................................................................................63
OXIDATION...........................................................................................63
OXIDIZING FLAME...............................................................................63

16
P..................................................................................................................64
16.1
PACKED TOWER....................................................................................64
16.2
PACKING.................................................................................................64
16.3
PALL RINGS............................................................................................64
16.4
PARAFFIN-BASE CRUDE.......................................................................64
16.5
PARAFFINS.............................................................................................64
16.6
PARAFFIN WAX......................................................................................64
16.7
PARTIAL CONDENSER..........................................................................64
16.8
PARTIAL PRESSURE.............................................................................64
1.9
PENETRATION........................................................................................64
16.10
PERMIT TO WORK...............................................................................64
16.11
PETROIL MIXTURE (2 STROKE MIX).................................................64
16.12
PETROL................................................................................................64
16.13
PETROLEUM........................................................................................65
16.14
PETROLEUM NAPHTHA......................................................................65
16.15
PETROLEUM SPIRITS.........................................................................65
16.16
PETROLEUM WAX...............................................................................65
16.17
PHENOL................................................................................................65
16.18
PHOSPHATE.........................................................................................65
16.19
pH VALUE.............................................................................................65
16.20
PIG.........................................................................................................65
16.21
PILOT PLANT.......................................................................................65
16.22
PIPELINE..............................................................................................65
16.23
PISTON..................................................................................................65
16.24
PISTON RING........................................................................................65
16.25
PITTING.................................................................................................65
16.26
PLASTICIZERS.....................................................................................65
16.27
PLATFORMING.....................................................................................66
16.28
POLYELECTROLYTE...........................................................................66
16.29
POLYMER.............................................................................................66
16.30
POUR POINT........................................................................................66
16.31
POWER RECOVERY TURBINE...........................................................66
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 15
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
16.32
16.33
16.34
16.35
16.36
16.37
16.38
16.39
16.40
16.41
16.42
16.43
16.44
16.45
16.46
16.47
16.48
16.49

PREDILUTON (RATIO).........................................................................66
PREHEAT..............................................................................................66
PREHEATER.........................................................................................66
PRESSURE...........................................................................................66
PRESSURE DROP................................................................................66
PRESULPHIDE.....................................................................................66
PRIMARY..............................................................................................66
PRIMARY AIR.......................................................................................66
PRIMARY PROCESS............................................................................66
PRIME MOVER.....................................................................................67
PROCESS INTEGRATION....................................................................67
PROMOTER..........................................................................................67
PROPANE C3H8...................................................................................67
PROPYLENE C3H6...............................................................................67
PROSS..................................................................................................67
PUKING.................................................................................................67
PURGING..............................................................................................67
PYROPHORIC.......................................................................................67

17
Q.................................................................................................................68
17.1
QUENCH..................................................................................................68
17.2
QUENCH GAS.........................................................................................68
17.3
QUENCHING OILS..................................................................................68
18
R.................................................................................................................69
18.1
RADIANT ENERGY.................................................................................69
18.2
RADIANT SECTION................................................................................69
18.3
RADIATION..............................................................................................69
18.4
RADICAL.................................................................................................69
18.5
RAFFINATE.............................................................................................69
18.6
RASCHIG RING.......................................................................................69
18.7
REACTION...............................................................................................69
18.8
REACTION TIME.....................................................................................69
18.9
REACTOR................................................................................................69
18.10
REBOILER............................................................................................69
18.11
RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR......................................................69
18.12
RECIPROCATING PUMP......................................................................69
18.13
RECLAIMER.........................................................................................69
18.14
RECONTACTING..................................................................................69
18.15
RECYCLE GAS.....................................................................................70
18.16
RECYCLE OIL.......................................................................................70
18.17
RECYCLE RATIO..................................................................................70
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 16
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
18.18
18.19
18.20
18.21
18.22
18.23
18.24
18.25
18.26
18.27
18.28
18.29
18.30
18.31
18.32
18.33
18.34
18.35
18.36
18.37
18.38
18.39
18.40
18.41
18.42
18.43
18.44
18.45
18.46
18.47
18.48
18.49
18.50

RECYCLING..........................................................................................70
REDUCED CRUDE...............................................................................70
REDUCTION.........................................................................................70
REFINERS MARGIN - GROSS.............................................................70
REFINERS MARGIN - NET...................................................................70
REFINERY.............................................................................................70
REFINERY FUEL AND LOSS...............................................................70
REFINING..............................................................................................70
REFLUX................................................................................................70
REFLUX CONDENSER.........................................................................70
REFLUX RATIO.....................................................................................70
REFORMING.........................................................................................71
REFRACTORY......................................................................................71
REFRACTORY BRICK..........................................................................71
REGENERATION..................................................................................71
REGENERATOR...................................................................................71
REID VAPOUR PRESSURE (RVP).......................................................71
RELIEF VALVE......................................................................................71
RERUNNING.........................................................................................71
RESEARCH OCTANE NUMBER (RON)...............................................71
RESIDENCE TIME................................................................................71
RESIDUAL FUEL OIL...........................................................................71
RESIDUE...............................................................................................71
RESIN....................................................................................................72
RETAINED EARNINGS.........................................................................72
RETURN BEND.....................................................................................72
RICH ADIP.............................................................................................72
RING COMPOUNDS.............................................................................72
RISER....................................................................................................72
ROCKET FUEL.....................................................................................72
ROTAMETER........................................................................................72
ROTARY PUMP.....................................................................................72
RUNDOWN TANK.................................................................................72

19
S..................................................................................................................73
19.1
SAE CLASSIFICATION...........................................................................73
19.2
SAFEGUARDING....................................................................................73
19.3
SALT........................................................................................................73
19.4
SAMPLE..................................................................................................73
19.5
SATURATED HYDROCARBON..............................................................73
19.6
SATURATION TEMPERATURE..............................................................73
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 17
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
19.7
19.8
19.9
19.10
19.11
19.12
19.13
19.14
19.15
19.16
19.17
19.18
19.19
19.20
19.21
19.22
19.23
19.24
19.25
19.26
19.27
19.28
19.29
19.30
19.31
19.32
19.33
19.34
19.35
19.36
19.37
19.38
19.39
19.40
19.41
19.42
19.43
19.44
19.45
19.46
19.47

SCAVENGERS.........................................................................................73
SCHEDULING..........................................................................................73
SCHOEPENTOETER...............................................................................73
SEAL.....................................................................................................73
SECONDARY AIR.................................................................................73
SECONDARY PROCESS......................................................................73
SEIZE....................................................................................................74
SENSIBLE HEAT..................................................................................74
SEPARATOR.........................................................................................74
SEPARATION INDEX............................................................................74
SEPARATION PROCESSES................................................................74
SETTLER..............................................................................................74
SETTLING POINT.................................................................................74
SETTLING TANK..................................................................................74
SHAREHOLDERS INVESTMENT.........................................................74
SHIFT REACTION.................................................................................74
SHORT RESIDUE.................................................................................74
SIDE STRIPPER...................................................................................74
SIDESTREAM.......................................................................................74
SIEVE TRAYS.......................................................................................74
SIGHT GLASS......................................................................................75
SILVER STRIP.......................................................................................75
SLACK WAX.........................................................................................75
SLIDE VALVE........................................................................................75
SLOPS...................................................................................................75
SLUDGE................................................................................................75
SMOKE POINT......................................................................................75
SOLAR ENERGY..................................................................................75
SOLUBLE OIL.......................................................................................75
SOLUTION............................................................................................75
SOLVENT..............................................................................................75
SOLVENT EXTRACTION......................................................................75
SOLVENT/FEED RATIO........................................................................75
SOOTBLOWER.....................................................................................75
SOUR CRUDE.......................................................................................76
SOUR GAS............................................................................................76
SOUR GASOLINE.................................................................................76
SOUR WATER.......................................................................................76
SPACE VELOCITY................................................................................76
SPADE...................................................................................................76
SPALLING.............................................................................................76

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 18
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
19.48
19.49
19.50
19.51
19.52
19.53
19.54
19.55
19.56
19.57
19.58
19.59
19.60
19.61
19.62
19.63
19.64
19.65
19.66
19.67
19.68
19.69
19.70
19.71
19.72
19.73
19.74
19.75
19.76
19.77
19.78
19.79
19.80
19.81
19.82
19.83
19.84
19.85
19.86
19.87
19.88

SPARGE................................................................................................76
SPARK ADVANCE................................................................................76
SPECIFIC GRAVITY..............................................................................76
SPECIFIC HEAT....................................................................................76
SPECTACLE.........................................................................................76
SPHERE - SEE HORTON SPHERE.....................................................76
SPLITTER.............................................................................................76
SPOT.....................................................................................................76
STABILISATION....................................................................................77
STABILISED GASOLINE......................................................................77
STABILITY.............................................................................................77
STABILISER..........................................................................................77
STADIS..................................................................................................77
STANDARD PRESSURE......................................................................77
STANDARD REFINERY FUEL (SRF)...................................................77
STAND-BY.............................................................................................77
STAND PIPE..........................................................................................77
STATIC ELECTRICITY..........................................................................77
STEAM/AIR DECOKING.......................................................................77
STEAM DISTILLATION.........................................................................77
STEAM REFORMING...........................................................................77
STEEL...................................................................................................77
STONEWALL........................................................................................78
STRAIGHT-RUN...................................................................................78
STRAINER............................................................................................78
STRAPPING..........................................................................................78
STREAM DAY.......................................................................................78
STRIPPING...........................................................................................78
STUFFING BOX....................................................................................78
SULFINOL PROCESS..........................................................................78
SULFOLANE.........................................................................................78
SULPHATE............................................................................................78
SULPHIDE.............................................................................................78
SULPHUR.............................................................................................78
SULPHUR CEMENT.............................................................................78
SULPHUR DIOXIDE..............................................................................78
SULPHURIC ACID................................................................................79
SUPERHEATER....................................................................................79
SURFACE AREA...................................................................................79
SURFACE TENSION.............................................................................79
SURFACRANTS....................................................................................79

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 19
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
19.89
19.90
19.91
19.92
19.93
19.94
19.95
19.96

SURGE..................................................................................................79
SURGE DRUM......................................................................................79
SURGE PARAMETER...........................................................................79
SUSPENSION.......................................................................................79
SWEET GAS.........................................................................................79
SWEETENING.......................................................................................79
SYNFUEL..............................................................................................79
SYNTHESIS..........................................................................................79

20
T..................................................................................................................80
20.1
TANK CAR...............................................................................................80
20.2
TANK FARM.............................................................................................80
20.3
TANK VOLUME.......................................................................................80
20.4
TANKAGE................................................................................................80
20.5
TANKER...................................................................................................80
20.6
TEMPERATURE......................................................................................80
20.7
TEMPERATURE GRADIENT...................................................................80
20.8
TEROMAN...............................................................................................80
20.9
TETRAETHYLLEAD (TEL)......................................................................80
20.10
TETRAMETHYL LEAD (TML)...............................................................80
20.11
THERM..................................................................................................80
20.12
THERMAL CRACKING.........................................................................80
20.13
THERMOCOUPLE................................................................................80
20.14
THERMOSTAT......................................................................................80
20.15
TOLUENE C6H5CH3............................................................................81
20.16
TONNAGE (MARINE)...........................................................................81
20.17
TOPANOL..............................................................................................81
20.18
TOPS.....................................................................................................81
20.19
TORQUE................................................................................................81
20.20
TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON (TOC)......................................................81
20.21
TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS (TSS)...................................................81
20.22
TOWER..................................................................................................81
20.23
TRANSFER LINE..................................................................................81
20.24
TRANSFORMER OIL............................................................................81
20.25
TRAP.....................................................................................................81
20.26
TRAYS...................................................................................................81
20.27
TREATING PROCESSES.....................................................................81
20.28
TRIP SYSTEM.......................................................................................82
20.29
TRYCOCKS...........................................................................................82
20.30
TURBINE...............................................................................................82
20.31
TURBINE OIL........................................................................................82
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 20
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
20.32
20.33
20.34

TURBOJET ENGINE.............................................................................82
TURNAROUND.....................................................................................82
TURN DOWN........................................................................................82

21
U.................................................................................................................83
21.1
ULLAGE...................................................................................................83
21.2
UNSATURATED.......................................................................................83
21.3
UPPER EXPLOSIVE LIMIT.....................................................................83
21.4
UPSTREAM.............................................................................................83
22
V..................................................................................................................84
22.1
V50...........................................................................................................84
22.2
VACUUM..................................................................................................84
22.3
VACUUM DISTILLATION........................................................................84
22.4
VALENCE.................................................................................................84
22.5
VALVE......................................................................................................84
22.6
VALVE TRAYS.........................................................................................84
22.7
VAPOUR..................................................................................................84
22.8
VAPOUR DENSITY..................................................................................84
22.9
VAPOUR LINE.........................................................................................84
22.10
VAPOUR LOCK.....................................................................................84
22.11
VAPOUR PHASE..................................................................................84
22.12
VAPOUR PRESSURE (AT GIVEN TEMPERATURE)...........................84
22.13
VAPORISATION....................................................................................84
22.14
VENTURI METER.................................................................................85
22.15
VENTURI TUBE....................................................................................85
22.16
VISCOSIMETER....................................................................................85
22.17
VISCOSITY............................................................................................85
22.18
VISCOSITY INDEX................................................................................85
22.19
VOLATILE.............................................................................................85
23
W.................................................................................................................86
23.1
WASH OILS.............................................................................................86
23.2
WASH WATER.........................................................................................86
23.3
WASTE HEAT BOILER............................................................................86
23.4
WATER BOTTOM....................................................................................86
23.5
WATER SOFTENING...............................................................................86
23.6
WAXY DISTILLATE.................................................................................86
23.7
WEAR......................................................................................................86
23.8
WEATHERING.........................................................................................86
23.9
WEIGHTED AVERAGE BED TEMPERATURE (WABT).........................86
23.10
WEIR.....................................................................................................86
23.11
WET GAS..............................................................................................86
Doc No: Error: Reference source not found
Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 21
Printed Date: 28 November 2001

Operators Dictionary
23.12
23.13
23.14
23.15
23.16
23.17

WHESSOE............................................................................................86
WHITE OIL............................................................................................86
WHITE PRODUCTS..............................................................................86
WHITE SPIRITS....................................................................................86
WIDE RANGE DISTILLATE..................................................................87
WORK SAFE AUDIT.............................................................................87

24
X..................................................................................................................88
24.1
XRAY........................................................................................................88
24.2
XYLENE C6H4 (CH) 2................................................................................88
25
Y..................................................................................................................89
25.1
YARD PIPE (YP)......................................................................................89
25.2
YIELD.......................................................................................................89
26

REGULARLY USED ABBREVIATIONS.....................................................90

27

REFINERY THROUGHPUT 1989 AND 1998.............................................95

28

REFINERY STATISTICS.............................................................................97

Doc No: Error: Reference source not found


Author: Error: Reference source not found
http://intranet.nzrc.co.nz/Procedures/ControlDocs/

Issue Date: Error: Reference source not found


Page 22
Printed Date: 28 November 2001