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Midterm exam questions Dr_Suleiman Olimat

Summer 2016
2014

MCQ :
1_ pharmacognosy mean:
A_ study of physical and chemical of drug
B_ study of biochemical and biological properties of drug
C- study of drug substance or drug substances of natural origins
D- the search for new drug from natural sources
E_ a+b+c+d
Answer :E
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2_ all of crude drugs used in Ancient Egyptian period except :
A_ myrrh. B_ poppy

c- taxol d-pomegranate e- colocynth

Answer: c
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3_ ethnobotany:
A _the process by which animals self-medicate, by selecting and using
plants, soils, and insects to treat and prevent
disease.

B-the study of the traditional use of plants for medicinal purposes;


C- the study of the pharmacological qualities of traditional medicinal
substances;
D- the study of chemicals derived from marine organisms.
E- the process by which animals self-medicate, by selecting and using
plants, soils, and insects to treat and prevent
disease.
Answer: b
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4- in botanical name, in this system the first name, which is always
spelt with Capital letter, denotes the genus:
A- species b- genus c- family
Answer: b
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5- in botanical name, in this system the second name, which is always
spelt with small letter, denotes the genus:
A- species b- genus c- family
Answer: A
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6_ Plants growing in their native countries are said to be :

A- naturalized
indigenous

b-geographical source. C_ original source.

D_

Answer: D
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7- all of this are acellular products except:
A- resins b- fresh plant material c- balsam. d- volatile oil. E- fixed oil
Answer: b
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8- crude drugs means :
A- collection B- extraction C- drying D- a+b E- a+c
Answer: E
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9- Plant material obtained in the tropics is normally dried by :
A- sun-dried b- oven dried. C- lyophilization d- garbiling e- a+b
Answer: A
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10- no heat involved :
A_ infusions b- decoction c- percilation d- maceration e- lyophilization
Answer: e
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11- soxhlet :
A- chemical tests
B- type of plant classification
C- method for extract material from plant d- morphological test
Answer: c
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12- infusion :
A- drug stood in cold water
B- drug boiled with water
C- drug stood in hot water
D- a+b
E- a+c
Answer :e
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13- ___________ is a prolonged infusion, often in aqueous alcohol
A_ infusion b- decoction c- percilation d- maceration e- lyophilization
Answer: d
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14 - percolation: _________
followed by a slow flow of fresh solvent through the ground material.:

A_ infusion b- decoction c- percilation d- maceration e- lyophilization


Answer: d
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15- all of this are consider primary metabolite except :
A- protein b- carbohydrates c-fixed oil d- volatile oil
Answer: d
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16- synthetic chemicals are used to enhance the natural character :
A- addition of benzyl benzoate to balsam of Peru
B-citral to citrus oils like oil of lemon
C- citral to citrus oils like oil of orange oil.
D- a+b+c
Answer: d
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17- wasted front market consider :
A- foreign matter
B- inferior quality materials
C- faulty collection
D- imperfect preparation
E- harmful /fictitious

Answer: e
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18_ the practice is more common in case of volatile oil containing
drugs :
A- foreign matter
B- inferior quality materials
C _ exhausted drug
D- imperfect preparation
E- harmful /fictitious
Answer: c
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19- morphological evaluation include :
A- skin b-eye c- tongue d- nose ea+b+c+d
________________
20- onchoncerciasis disease treatment by :
A- artimisin b- metfirmin c- ivermectine d- tamiflu
Answer: c
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21- rosacea treatment by :

A- artimisin b- metfirmin c- ivermectine e- c+d


Answer: c
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22- bark mean cortex
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23- drug antimalaria and killing plasmodium parasites is :
A- artimisin b- metfirmin c- ivermectine
d- avermectin
Answer: A
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24_ guanine group find in ____ drug :
plasmodium parasites is :
A- artimisin b- metfirmin c- ivermectine
d- avermectin
Answer: b
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25- all of this drug from plant source except :
A- artimisin b- metfirmin c- ivermectine
d- avermectin. E- exenatide
Answer: e

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T and F Q:
26- pharmacognosy the term come from two Greek word:
"pharmakon".. Meaning medicine or drug.. And " gnosis " meaning
knowledge.
T
..........
27 _ Ibn Al-Baitar (1197-1248 A.C.) was the best Arabian pharmacognosist
and botanist and ranked with Dioscorides in that respect. His book
"Jame-ul-Muffradat" contains description of 2000 drugs.
Answer: T
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28- Galenical preparations. Extracts and tincture may be used as such
or may be the first stage in further processing.
Answer: T
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29- Acellular products. These are material such as the gum exudates,
resins, balsams and fixed and volatile oils. They are derived indirectly
from plant .
Answer: F
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30- Photosynthesis is the process by which autotrophic organisms use


light energy to make sugar and oxygen gas from carbon dioxide and
water
Answer: T
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31- Cellulose is extremely strong due to its chemical organization. It is
made of a long chain of alpha-glucose molecules
Answer: F
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32- The most common roles for secondary compounds in plants are
ecological roles that govern interactions between plants and other
organisms.
Answer: T
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33_ chemicals evaluation these include
moisture content, specific gravity, optical rotation, refractive, melting
point, viscosity and solubility in different solvents.
Answer: F
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34_ avermectin and analog ivermectin

the standard of care for these infections in both humans and animals
and have dramatically reduced the human suffering from river
blindness and liver disease
Answer: F
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35- ivermectine The drug rapidly kills microfilariae, but not the adult
worms.
Answer: T
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36- diosgenin is still an important starting material for the production
of various steroid hormones.
Answer: T
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37- paclitaxol make it from shikimic acid
Answer: f
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38- osteltamivir phosphate it still relies on both extraction and
fermentation method to obtaine from 10- deacetylbaccatin lll.
Answer: F
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39- plant secondary

metabolites in their original forms as drugs, these compounds can also


be used as drug precursors, templates for synthetic modification, and
pharmacological probes.
Answer: T
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40- Fresh plant material is often required by the flavor industry and
is also used by the perfumery industry
Answer: T

Note:
Dr _ Suleiman repeat his questions every year, so try study it please
Good luck ^^