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Chapter 7

Locating, Mining, and Citing Sources

Is

the source reliable? Why or why not?

Quality

of your research and success of any


paper lies upon locating relevant,
significant, reliable, and current sources

Do

NOT use information obtained through a


general search engine

Secondary

Found in books, periodicals, peer-reviewed


journals

Primary

Sources

Sources

Experiments, observations, surveys,


interviews, diaries, letters

.com
Commercial
Encyclopedias - AVOID WIKIPEDIA
Footnote references & external links can be useful

.net

Network

.org
Organization

.gov
Government

.edu

education (reliability depends)

Licensed

Databases

www.ccac.edu/library
Provides access to peer-reviewed articles
Held in high regards in academia
Refer to pages 212-215 for effective search
terms

Tend

to be heavily researched with


numerous notes and references
Generally published by university presses
Authors are university professors
Generally peer reviewed by other scholars
in field

Use for general search engine articles


Whats the likelihood that the information has
been checked by anyone other than the
author?
What are the authors qualifications to write
on the subject?
What is the reputation of the publisher?
Who is the author?
What are the biases of the Web site?
How current is the site?
Which topics are included in the site? To what
extent are the topics covered in depth?

Magazines

Dont provide citations so of limited usefulness


for scholarly research

Newspapers

Level of bias

Books

watch currency

Government

publications and other


statistical sources

Trust?

Interviews

and surveys

Bias (tips pg. 222)

Used

to document sources to avoid


plagiarism
Consult OWL at Purdue for up-to-date
formulas
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/
Bibliography generators are like Word and
dont always catch errors

Demonstrate CCAC bib generator

Entries are arranged alphabetically by author, or


by title if there is no author
It there is more than one entry per author, works
are arranged alphabetically by title
For second and all additional entries, type three
hyphens and a period in place of the authors
name
Link to example on Owl at Purdue
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/12/

Every source on Works Cited must be mentioned in


body of paper
Every source cited in an in-text citation must be
included on Works Cited page
First word in each entry of Works Cited must also
appear in the in-text citation

The following is an excerpt from an essay:


This disenfranchisement over his marginalization in
Anglo society [affected] his individual psyche
(Delgadillo 99).
-----------------------------------------------------------------Stanko 17
Works Cited
Delgadillo, Theresa. Forms of Chicana Feminist
Resistance: Hybrid Spirituatlity in Ana
Castillos So Far From God. Modern Fiction
Studies 44.4 (1998):79 102. Print.

In-text citations contain two elements


Last name of author
Page number of quoted or paraphrased passage
Information can be placed in parentheses
immediately after the material being cited

The Spanish tried to reduce the status of Filipina women,


who had been able to do business, get divorced, and
sometimes become village chiefs (Karnow 41).

Or place authors name in an attributive tag at the


beginning of the source material and the page
number in parentheses at the end
According to Karnow, the Spanish tried to reduce the status
of Filipina women, who had been able to do business, get
divorced, and sometimes become village chiefs (41).