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Transportation of

Biomass with
Hydraulically Driven
Piston Pumps

PSP
Putzmeister
Solid Pumps GmbH

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

Putzmeister Solid Pumps (PSP)

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Fly ash

Paint sludge

Coal

Screenings

Biomass

River sludge

Clarification sludge

Paper sludge

Titanium dioxide

- Pushing the Limits of Pumping -

Transportation of
Biomass

Benefit from using Piston Pumps


for Biomass-Transportation
Single Cylinder Piston Pump

Qmax = 10 m/h; pmax = 45 bar

Corn Stover and straw are chopped


and steamed

Double Cylinder Piston Pump

Qmax = 400 m/h; pmax = 100 bar

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Kitchen Waste or Energy Plant


mixed with manure
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Transportation of
Biomass

Benefit from using Piston Pumps


for Biomass-Transportation
Liquid Biomass as
mixing material to the
rough Biomass

Transportation belt with


rough Biomass

Mixing and
Feeding Device

Liquid Reject coming from


the fermentation process

Piston Pump

Delivery line to the Fermentation Process

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

Different process of treating


Biomass
Renewable energy (NaWaRo)
Green household residue
Food waste and food with expired storage time
Using animal excrement as an energy source
Biomass conversion into carbon or crude oil

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

Renewable energy (NaWaRo) at the


Jger & Walz Plant; Bruchsal/Germany
The renewable material has a particle
size of approx. max. 50 mm. This is
sufficient surface for the next
treatment step of Methanisation

A transportation belt is moving the


NaWaRo to the dosing device. This
dosing device is putting the Biomass
into the pump feeding screw.
Together with manure in the ratio of
1:1 the material is going into the
piston pump. The piston pump is
pumping the mixture to a thermopressure Hydrolyse for reducing of
the retention time of the biomass to
produce Methane Gas.
Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

Green household residue

OWS
DRANCO - Process
Valorga International
Valorga Process

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

References
OWS / Belgium Dranco - Process
19 Installation in 10 Countries
Rome / I
Alicante / ES
Terrassa / ES
Vitoria / ES

Brecht I / B
Brecht II / B
Idelux / B
Hotaks / J

Salzburg / A
Bassum / Ger
Pusan / Korea
Mnster / Ger
Chablais / CH
Kempten / Ger
Bourg-en-Bresse / F
Kaiserslautern / Ger

Leonberg / Ger
Pohlsche Heide / Ger
Leszno / PL
Wijster / NL

Valorga International Valorga - Process


20 Installation in 10 Countries
Amiens / F
Calaise / F
Varennes-Jarcy / F
Rounne / F

Cadix / ES
Barcelona / ES
La Coruna / ES
Mons / B

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Papethe / Tahiti
Tilburg / NL
Tondela / P
Tratolixo / P

Genf / CH
Hannover / Ger
Engelskirchen / Ger
Freiburg / Ger

Beijing / PRC
Schanghai / PRC
Yingkou / PRC
Bassano / I

Transportation of
Biomass

Dranco Process
www.ows.de

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Transportation of
Biomass

Dranco Process
The DRANCO Process Characteristics
digester loading: 10 to 20 kg
COD/m reactor per day
temperature range: thermophilic: 48
to 57C (or mesophilic: 35 to 40C)
retention time in the digester: 15 to
30 days
biogas production: 100 to 200 Nm of
biogas per ton of waste
electricity production: 220 to 440
kWh per ton of waste

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Dranco Process

Putzmeister Piston Pump at


the Dranco Plant Leonberg /
Germany
Collecting
Mixing Device
(450 m/h)
Piston Pump
(150 m/h; 10 bar)
Hydraulic Power Pack
(132 kW)
Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Dranco Process
Typical Size of a OWS installation
Location

Leonberg / Germany

Plant Capacity

30,000 t/a

Digestion capacity:

30,000 t/a

Waste type

Biowaste

Reactor volume :

2,440 m

Start-up

December 2004

Client

Abfallwirtschaft Landkreis Bblingen /


Germany

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Valorga Process
www.valorgainternational.fr

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Valorga - Process
%

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Valorga - Process
Typical material for a
Valorga installation.
The material is
collected household
waste.
Due to the fact that this
material contain a lot of
inorganic fractions the
production of Methane
Gas is lower as with
pure organic material
as for example food
waste

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Valorga - Process

Introduction pump with


mixing auger and collecting
hopper
Feeding belt with fresh
biomass
Collecting hopper
Mixing screw
(450 m/h)
Introduction piston
pump
(150 m/h, 10 bar)

Return line of
digested material
Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Valorga Process
Typical size of a Valorga Process
Location

Hannover / Germany

Treatment capacity

100,000 t/a

Digester volume

3 x 4,200 m

Retention time

25 days

Biogas production

90 Nm/t input digestion

Specific methane yield:

190 220 Nm/t input digestion

Start-up

2006

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkl / Kssen - Austria

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkel / Kssen
Processing of the Food waste
Q = 4,2 m/h
intermediate
( 15 min operation, 45 min standby)

Hydraulic Power Unit


Level
Control

HA 45 CI

+
-

Q = 0,4 m/h
Oil Cooling Pump
Q = 3,8 m/h

Collecting
Hopper 1,3 m

KOS 740

Fermentation /
Methanisation

Shredder
< 12 mm

Intermendiate
bunker
38 m

KOS 1050
Q = 0,6 1 m/h

Hydraulic Power Unit

Bio Waste
- Food waste
- Bio Waste from Household
- Food with over-time storage
4.000 t/a

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

KOS 740
EKO 1060 + Gate valve

Substrate

Foreign
Particles

Receiving
bunker
32 m

EKO 1060 PP

Electrical Power
Generator
150 kWhel

Heat for Drying Wooden Chips

HA 75 E
~

Electricity to Public Net

Oil Pump Delivery Cylinder


Oil Pump S-Tube
Oil Cooling Pump

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkel / Kssen

Received Food waste with expired


storage time.
This material will be shredded to a
particle size larger than 12 mm.
After the hydrolyses the material will
be pump for separation of the packing
material to a special single Piston
pump

The preparation of one (1) meal creates 100 g of Food Waste!

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkel / Kssen

Material coming from the


hydrolyses tank

Pipe line for the reject

Pipe line for the substrate

This pump separating the


packing material from the
biogenic material in one
working step

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkel / Kssen

Food waste with expired storage time

Reject with
containment of
foreign particles

Received
material

Squeezed material, perfect for the


following fermentation process
Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Food Waste Methanisation at the


Biogasanlage Kaiserwinkel / Kssen

Reject

Shredded food waste


Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Using Animal Excrement as an


Energy Source

Pumping Chicken Manure mixed with Corn and


Wheat into Biogas Reactor

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Using Animal Excrement as an


Energy Source
NaWaRo
70 %

Mixing device

Hydraulic
Power Unit

Bio Reactor
I

Approx. 100 m

Chicken Manure
30 %

Q = 30 m/h
P = 6 bar

Feeding screw
KOS 1050

Q = 10 m/h
P = 50 bar

Bio Reactor
II

Bio Reactor
III

KOV 1050
Q = 30 m/h
P = 6 bar

KOV 1050
Q = 30 m/h
P = 6 bar

> 600 kW

Biogas tank

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

Post-Digestor

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KOV 1050

Using as
fertalizer

Transportation of
Biomass

Conclusion I
Benefit of using Piston Pumps to feed Biomass into the fermentation for
energy production

All different kinds of material with a certain organic content could be


prepared and pumped. The material can be liquid as well as bulky

With a piston pump it is possible to adjust the flow of material into the
fermenter to have always the correct feed for the digesting process

Pipe line are hermetically closed and have no environmental impact of


smell or leakage

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Conclusion II
Benefit of using Piston Pumps to feed Biomass into the fermentation for
energy production

With the a single cylinder piston pump or a double cylinder piston pump
it is possible to pump also material with a very percentage of dry solid
and also containing large particles

With the special single cylinder piston pump it is possible to separate


inorganic foreign particles from the material and guarantee a trouble
free production of Methane gas in the fermenter

Due to the heavy duty design and the long experience with the
PUTZMEISTER equipment it is possible to operate the Bio
Methanisation Process and the production of Energy at 24 h/d for years

Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass

Thank You!

PSP
Putzmeister
Solid Pumps GmbH
Putzmeister Solid Pumps GmbH

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Transportation of
Biomass