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Abstract

Purok Niyog is situated between two barangays with confirmed dengue cases. It
would only be a matter of time before infected vectors reach the community and
aggravate existing health problems. The researchers, therefore, chose this study in order
to determine the dengue sensitivity of Purok Niyog, Barangay Wines, Baguio District,
Davao City. The study utilized a descriptive study design and used the Dengue Larval
Surveillance Method by the DOH in 2015 for data collection. The data was analyzed by
computing the larval indices: House Index, Container Index, Breteau Index, and Pupal
Index. The area was deemed dengue sensitive if it has high larval indices (HI 5% PI >
1%, and/or BI 20). Among the 19 households surveyed, 5 households are infested with
the larva, and the most common containers are outdoor containers. Among the outdoor
containers, the most common type are jugs or pitchers (16.13%). However, the most
common water-holding container with positive mosquito larva is the outdoor cooking pot
or casserole (37.5%) with a container index of 100%. Out of eight containers positive for
larvae, seven (7) were identified to harbor Aedes albopictus larvae and only one (1) had
an Aedes aegypti larva. The two (2) pupal samples collected were identified as Aedes
albopictus. The results revealed that Purok Niyog is a locality with high larval indices
and is a dengue sensitive area as interpreted from the computed House Index of 26%,
Breteau Index of 42, and Pupal Index of 67%. It was then classified under priority 2 with
a red code in which the community and the local officials should intensify the campaign
regarding prevention & control of dengue vectors through mobilization of residents of the
affected barangay to start clean-up drives, monthly dengue vector surveillance and
improvement of environmental sanitation.