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HVAC

(Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning)

HVAC Systems and Components

M.N.M. RUSHDY

2
2.1
2.1.1

AIR CONDITION EQUIPMENT


Chilled Water System
Centrifugal water cooled
chillers

Reciprocating water cooled


chillers

Screw water cooled chillers

Page | 1

Reciprocating air cooled


chillers

Screw air cooled chillers

Chilled water pumps sets

Page | 2

Chilled water heat


exchanger

2.2

Condenser Water System


Cooling towers

Condenser water pump


sets

Page | 3

Condenser water heat


exchangers

2.3

Air Handling Unit (AHU)

2.3.2

Computer Room Air


Conditioning Unit (CRAC)
Air cooled floor mounted
CRAC units

Chilled water cooled floor


mounted CRAC units

-----------------

Page | 4

2.3.3

Package Unit (Air Cool)

2.4

Fan Coil Unit

2.4.1

Chilled Water Fan Coil Unit


Ceiling suspended

Ceiling cassette

Page | 5

Ducted fan coil unit

Floor mounted (Free


Throw)

2.4.2

Direct Expansion Fan Coil Unit


Wall mounted

Page | 6

Ceiling mounted

Ceiling cassette

Duct fan coil unit

2.5

Condensing Unit (CU)


Standard Inverter

Page | 7

Variable Refrigerant
Volume

2.6

Variable Air Volume (VAV) box

2.7

Constant Air Volume (CAV) box

Page | 8

2.8

Dehumidifiers

2.9

Cooling Tower Make up Water


Tank
Fiber glass reinforced
plastic (FRP) water tank
panel

2.10

Chilled Water Feed Expansion


Tank
FRP water tank panel

Page | 9

Black steel water tank


panel

3
3.1

MECHANICAL VENTILATION
Ventilation fans
Centrifugal flow fan

Axial flow fan

Page | 10

Jet fan

Bifurcated fan

Propeller fan

Page | 11

Window mounted exhaust


fan complete with shutters,
air flow rate

Smoke extract fan

4
4.1
4.1.1

DUCTWORK AND INSULATION


Ductwork
Rectangular Ductwork
Galvanized steel without
insulation

Page | 12

Stainless steel 316 without


insulation

Stainless steel 304 without


insulation

4.1.2

Circular ductwork
Circular duct without
insulation

Flexible duct with


insulation

Page | 13

4.1.3

Access Panel

4.2

Insulation
Internal Insulation/Lining

External insulation

Page | 14

4.3

Fire Rated Material

4.4

Plastering

4.5

Painting

Page | 15

5
5.1

DAMPERS
Fire Damper
Wall Mounted Type

Floor Mounted Type

5.2

Motorized damper (MD)


Open/Close type

Page | 16

Modulating Type

Smoke Damper

5.3

Volume Control Damper

Page | 17

5.4

Non-Return Dampers

6
6.1

DIFFUSERS, GRILLES REGISTERS & LOUVERS


Grilles and Registers
Fixed blade

Single defection

Page | 18

Egg crate

6.2

Diffusers
4 way square diffuser

6.3

Circular ceiling Air Diffusers

Page | 19

6.4

Jet Diffusers

6.5

Linear Diffusers
Without Plenum box

Inclusive of plenum box

Page | 20

6.6

Liners Bar Grille


Without Plenum box

Inclusive of plenum box

6.7

External Louvers Inclusive of insect Screen


Non weather proof

Page | 21

Weather proof

7
7.1

AIR CURTAIN
Air Curtain

8
8.1

PIPEWORK AND INSTALLATION


Pipework

8.1.1

Pre insulated chilled water pipe


Black steel medium gauge

Page | 22

Black steel heavy gauge

8.1.2

Condenser water pipe


Galvanized steel medium gauge
Galvanized steel heavy gauge

8.1.3

Refrigerant copper pipe

Page | 23

8.1.4

Condensate drain pipe


Galvanized steel

Copper

uPVC

Page | 24

9
9.1

VALVES AND FITTINGS


Valves
Gate valve

Globe valve

Check valve/Non-return valve

Page | 25

Butterfly valve

Regulating valve

Bronzed screwed

Cast iron flanged

Ball valve

Page | 26

Balancing valve including measuring


ports

Y-strainer

Motorized on/off valve (Electric)

Motorized modulating 2 way control


valve (Electric)

Page | 27

Constant flow valve

Ball float valve

Pressure relief valve

Page | 28

Automatic air release valve

Rubber expansion joint/flexible


connection

Stainless steel expansion joint/flexible


connection

Page | 29

9.2

Valve Insulation
Without cladding
Inclusive cladding

10
10.1

AIR FILTERS
Washable Panel Filters

10.2

Disposable Primary

Page | 30

10.3

Disposable Medium Efficiency

10.4

Bag

10.5

High Efficiency

Page | 31

10.6

Electronic

10.7

Carbon Filter

11
11.1

ACOUSTIC TREATMENT & VIBRATION ISOLATOR


Sound Attenuators
Cylindrical with pod type

Page | 32

Rectangular type

Acoustic enclosure

11.2

Vibration Isolator
Un-housed steel spring

Page | 33

Restrained steel spring

Neoprene hangers and mounts

Spring in series with neoprene hangers

Page | 34

12
12.1
12.1.1

Apparatus
Water Instruments and Fittings Inclusive of
Associated Ancillaries
BTU meter

Direct read flow meter (Magnetic type)

Direct read flow meter (Ultrasonic type)

Page | 35

Temperature sensor

Thermometer

Thermometer well

Pressure sensor

Page | 36

Pressure gauge

Flow switch

Test plug

Page | 37

12.2

Air Instruments and Fittings


Carbon dioxide sensor

Carbon monoxide sensor

Differential pressure switch

Dirty filter alarm and sensor

Page | 38

Flow meter

Flow switch

Humidity indicator

Page | 39

Humidity sensor

Pressure gauge

Pressure switch

Smoke detector

Page | 40

Static pressure sensor

Temperature indicator

Temperature sensor

Thermostat

Page | 41

Thermostat inclusive 3 speed fan switch

3 speed fan switch

Timer control

Page | 42

Drip pan (galvanized steel)

Test hole plug

Page | 43