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What is a Watershed Webquest?

Name: Savion Young

Access the following link and answer the questions:


http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watershed.html

1. What is a watershed? - Is an area of land that drains all the streams and rainfall to a common
outlet such as the outflow of a reservoir, mouth of a bay, or any point along a stream channel.

2. Watersheds can vary in size. True/False

3. What type of watershed is shown in the map? - National 8-digit hydrologic units

4. The word watershed is sometimes used interchangeably with drainage basin of catchment.

5. Ridges and hills that separate two watersheds are called the drainage divide.

6. What does watershed consist of? The watershed consists of surface water--lakes, streams,
reservoirs, and wetlands--and all the underlying ground water.

7. Larger watersheds contain many smaller watersheds. It all depends on the outflow point.
8. What is the outflow point? - all of the land that drains water to the outflow point is the watershed
for that outflow location.

9. Why are watersheds important? - because the streamflow and the water quality of a river are
affected by things, human-induced or not, happening in the land area "above" the river-outflow
point.

A Watershed is a precipitation collector:


1. Name 6 factors that determine how much of the streamflow will flow by the monitoring site? Precipitation, Infiltration, Soil characteristics, Soil saturation, Land cover, slope of land
2. What is the greatest factor controlling streamflow? Precipitation

3. The amount of water that will infiltrate (soak in over time) depends on which four characteristics?
Soil characteristics
4. Water from rainfall returns to the atmosphere largely through evaporation.

5. The root systems of plants absorb water from the surrounding soil in various amounts through the
process of transpiration.

6. Infiltration store water and increase the amount of water that evaporates and infiltrates.

River Basins of N.C.:


http://wwweenorthcarolina.org/riverbasins-interactive.html
Choose one of the NC. River Basins and list out 10 facts about the one you
investigate. Also include one picture that best represents a main feature of
the River Basin.

The basin is characterized by low-lying lands and vast, open waters; in


fact, 41 percent of the basins land is submerged by rivers, streams
and estuaries.

Although the basin is named for the Pasquotank River, it contains other
major rivers, including the Alligator, Perquimans, Little, Yeopim,
Scuppernong and North rivers.

Water quality is generally good in the Pasquotank River Basin. The


state has designated many water bodies as Outstanding Resource
Waters, meaning they have excellent water quality or other unique
features.

Habitat destructionincluding the loss of riparian (streamside or


shoreline) vegetation, straightening of streams and erosion of banks
is the primary water quality issue in the basin.

Declines in aquatic vegetation such as submerged seagrasses and


intertidal marsh grasses are a problem throughout the basin,
particularly in Currituck Sound.

The Pasquotank river basin is one of 6 major watersheds that drain into
the Albemarle-Pamlico estuary.

Like the Roanoke and Chowan river basins, the Pasquotank river basin
extends between North Carolina and Virginia.

Slaves dug a 22-mile-long canal through the Dismal Swamp to connect


the Pasquotank River and the Albemarle Sound with Norfolk and the
Chesapeake Bay.

Is a coastal water-body in Northeastern North Carolina in the United


States. Located between Camden and Pasquotank counties, the
Pasquotank connects directly to the Albemarle Sound and is part of the
Intracoastal Waterway via Elizabeth City.

The name "Pasquotank" is derived from pashetanki, an Algonquian


word translated as "where the current forks." The river gained
importance in trade and shipping during the American colonial period.