You are on page 1of 4

1/3

( 200245)
1/ 3 ,

1/ 3

USE LIMITATION OF ONE THIRD OF STRESS RISING METHOD IN AMERICAN CODE


Zhu YanqingHao YantaoWang Yi
(S hanghai Boiler Works Co., Ltd.Shanghai 200245)

ABSTRACT T he applicatio n of o ne third of stress rising method in the U nited States is introduced;
and it is proposed
that some sug gestions on the precautions that merit attention during desig n by allow able stress method.
KEY WORDSone third of stress rising method load reduction factor lo ad combination

1/ 0.56 =77 %
,

0
,
1/ 3 ,

ASCE 7(
) 1/ 3 ,

,
1/ 3

, AISC

1/ 3 , ,

,
, ,

ASCE SEI

1/ 3 ,

, ,
1/3 , 1/ 3

:
[ ]=(1 +1/ 3)
[ ] = P/ A
:

(1)

[ ] =0.75P/ A
P ;

(2)

A ;
[ ] ;
[ ] 1/ 3
,
(2)
, 1/ 3
0.
75 1/ 3
,
0.
75 0.
75 =0.
56 ,
84

AISC ASCE 7
1/ 3
3/ 4 ,
ASCE 7 -93 ,
ASCE 7 -95 , ASCE 7 -98 , SEI/ASCE 7 -02 , 2000
IBC , 2003 IBC , 1999 SBC , 1997
UBC , 2003 NF PA 5000
, , 1/3


,

:
1975 12
:
2005 -02 -10

2005 4 20 80

, :
1/ 3

:D ;
L

;
L r ;
S ;
R

, :
1)

;
W ;
E ,
F( ), H( ), P(

0.75
,

), T () F a ()

;
2) ,

:
AISC ;

ASCE ;
BOCA
;
IBC ;
NFPA

2.1.5 ASCE 7 -98


ASCE 7 -98 2.4.1

;
SBC ;
SEI

;
UBC

1)D
2)D +L +F +H +T +(L r S R)

3)D +(W 0.7E)+L +(L r S R)

2.1 ASCE 7 -93(BOCA 1993), ASCE 7 -95 , AS-

4)0.6D +W +H

CE 7 -98()

5)0.6D +0.7E +H
2.4.2

, F H P T

BOCA 1993() ASCE 7 -93



, E , 0.
7

2.1.1 ASCE 7 -93

1)D

2)D +L +(L r S R)
3)D +(W E)

2.1.6 ASCE 7 -98


ASCE 7 -98 2.4.3

4)D +L +(L r S R)+(W E)

0.75 ASCE 7 -98 2.4.


1

F H P T ,

2.4.2 ,

1/ 3
2.1.2 ASCE 7 -93

, 0.75

D +0.75 :

L +(L r S R )+(W E)
L +(L r S R )+T

, 2001 4 19
ASCE 7 -98 ,

(W E)+ T

D +0.66 [ L +(L r S R )+(W E)+

F H T P ) :

T]

1)D
2)D +L

, F H P
2.1.3 ASCE 7 -95

3)D +(L r S R)

1)D
2)D +L +F +H + T +(L r S R )

4)D +0.75[ L +(L r S R)


]
5)D +(W 0.7E)

3)D +(W E)

6)D +0.75[ (W 0.7E)+L +(L r S

4)D +L +(L r S R)+(W E)


, F a
2.1.4 ASCE 7 -95

R)
]
7)0.6D +W
8)0.6D +0.7E

ASCE 7 -93 , ASCE 7 -95

0.75

0.66
0.75 ASCE 7 -95 2.
4.1

2.1.7 ASCE 7 -93 , ASCE 7 -95 , ASCE 7 -98

2.4.2 ,

Steel Constructio n.2005 (4), V ol.20, No.80

85

4)D +L +S +W/ 2

1/ 3

5)D +L +S +E/ 1.4


,
1/ 3

6)0.9D E/ 1.4
F H P T ,

2.2 SEI/ ASCE 7 -02(2003 FPA 5000)

1612.3.3

2003 FPA 5000 SEI/ASCE 7 -02

2.3.2 UBC1997 1/ 3
1612.3.2 (

1612.3.3 )
, 1/ 3 W E

2.2.1 SEI/ ASCE 7 -02

2209 ,

1612.3.1

1)D +F

2.3.3 1/ 3

2)D +H +F +L + T
3)D +H +F +(L r S R)

1612.3.1
1/ 3

4)D +H +F +0.75(L + T)+0.75(L r S

2.4 IBC 2000 IBC 2003

R)
5)D +H +F +(W 0.
7 E)
6)D +H +F +0.75(W 0.7E)+0.75 L +
0.75(L r S R)
7)0.6D + W +H
8)0.6D +0.
7 E +H
2.2.2 SEI/ ASCE 7 -02 1/ 3

,

2.2.3 1/ 3
ASCE 7 -98 SEI/ASCE 7
-02 , 1/ 3

2.3 UBC 1997


2.3.1
UBC 1997
1612.3.
1 :
1)D
2)D +L +(L r S)
3)D +(W E/ 1.4)
4)0.9D E/ 1.4
5)0.6D + W

IBC 2000 IBC 2003


2.4.1
IBC 2000 IBC 2003 1605.
3.1
:
1)D
2)D +L
3)D +L +(L r S R )
4)D +(W 0.7E)+L +(L r S R)
5)0.6D +W
6)0.6D +0.7E
2.4.2 IBC 2000 IBC 2003
ASCE 7 -98 SEI/ ASCE 7 -02 ,
1605.3.1.1 ,
0.75
0.75 ,
IBC 2000 IBC 2003 ASCE 7 E 0.7
0.75
1605.
3.1.2 , F H P T
F a , ASCE 7 -98 2.4.1 2.4.2
IBC 2000 , SEI/ ASCE 7 02 2.4.1 2.
4.2
IBC 2003
:
IBC 2000 IBC

6)D +0.75[ L +(L r S )+(W E/ 1.4)


]
1612.3.2 :

2003 ,

1)D +L +(L r S)

(1605.3.2 ) , (
):

2)D +L +(W E/ 1.4)


3)D +L + W +S / 2
86

1)D +L +(L r S R)
2005 4 20 80

, :
1/ 3

2)D +L +(W)

3)D +L +W +S/ 2

3)D +L +(W)+S/ 2

4)D +L +W/ 2 +S

4)D +L +S + W/ 2
5)D +L +S +E/ 1.4
6)0.9D +E/ 1.4

5)D +L +S +E/ 1.4


2.5.2 SBC 1999
1/3

IBC 2000 ( IBC 2003)

1609.6 ASCE 7 -98( ASCE 7 -02) ,


1.3 ;
, 1.
0

( 1/ 3 )

F H P T , 1605.3.
2.1

2.5.3 SBC 1999 1/ 3

, 1.0 IBC 2000 IBC 2003


1989 IBC 2000

,
1 , 1609.1.1

1 , 1605.3.2

1/ 3 ,

, 1/3

, IBC 2003 1 ,
1/3

2.4.3 IBC 2000 IBC 2003 1/ 3

3
,

1605.3.1.1

1605.3.1 , 23

, 1/3
,1/ 3

1605.3.2 , 1/ 3

W E

IBC 2003 1 ,
1/ 3

2.4.4 1/ 3

1/ 3

IBC 2000 IBC 2003 ,


1605.3.1 1605.3.2

()
, SEI/ASCE 7 -02

1/ 3

1/ 3

IBC 2000

1/3 ( 1
), 1605.3.2

:
1) , 1/3

2.5 SBC 1999


2.5.1


2) ,

SBC 1609.1
:

1/ 3 , 1/3

1)D +L +(L r S)
2)D +L +(W E/ 1.4)

3) , 0.75

, :
82 -850
Steel Constructio n.2005 (4), V ol.20, No.80

87