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ABSTRACT

Addressing ground water quality and environmental issues along with geological mapping are of
great value for sustainable growth. This is especially necessary in order to keep pace with the
increasing needs of growing population of Ahsanpur quadrangle which is an expanding mix of
urban and rural community along the river Indus. The immediate ambition of the present study is
to carry out a geo-scientific survey to map quaternary geology, ground water quality, land use,
environmental geology and natural resources of Ahsanpur and surrounding areas. To achieve this
goal, an exhaustive field work was carried out for mapping quaternary units and to collect
representative ground water samples from already drilled hand pumps. These water samples were
chemically analyzed in laboratory of GSP Lahore for the content of TDS, Ca, Mg, Cl, HC0 3, C03,
Total Hardness and pH. The results of these analyses were carefully examined and discrepancies
were removed. The results revealed that the value of TDS, Ca, Mg, Cl, HC0 3, C03, Total
Hardness and pH varied from 272 to 8788(ppm), 30 to 3663(ppm), 10 to 798(ppm), 0 to
406(ppm), BDL (Below detection limit),27 to 240(ppm), 170 to 1025(ppm), 14 to 1099(ppm), 31
to 1416(ppm) and 6 to 9 respectively. Based on TDS values obtained from these water samples, a
predicted TDS map was prepared in GIS environment, which was utilized to demarcate three
zones of TDS.