You are on page 1of 22

CodeofPractice

For
RackSafetyInspections

AustralianSteelStorageIndustryGroup

(ASSIG)

Page1of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Foreword
ThisCodeofPracticeonhowtomanageracksafetyinspectionsisproducedbythe
AustralianSteelStorageIndustryGroup(ASSIG).

ThemainobjectiveofthisCodeofPracticeistosetouttheframework:
1) Fortheinspectionofsteelstoragepalletrackingsolutionsacrosstherackingindustry
throughoutAustraliaandNewZealand.
2) Torecommendtheprocessandqualityofconductinginspectionsandcompetencyofthe
inspectors.
3) ToensurethatallinspectionsshallbecarriedoutinaccordancewiththeWorkHealth&
Safety(WHS)Actandlegislation.

Byadoptingbestpracticesthattheindustryoffers,itwillhelpminimisethepotentialriskofinjury
topersonnel,damagetogoods&interruptionofbusiness.

Disclaimer: The information presented by the Australian Steel Institute in this publication has been
preparedforgeneralinformationonlyanddoesnotinanywayconstituterecommendationsorprofessional
advice. While every effort has been made and all reasonable care taken to ensure the accuracy of the
information contained in this publication, this information should not be used or relied upon for any
specificapplicationwithoutinvestigationandverificationastoitsaccuracy,suitabilityandapplicabilitybya
competentprofessionalpersoninthisregard.TheAustralianSteelInstitute,itsofficersandemployeesand
the authors and editors of this publication do not give any warranties or make any representations in
relationtotheinformationprovidedhereinandtotheextentpermittedbylaw(a)willnotbeheldliableor
responsibleinanyway;and(b)expresslydisclaimanyliabilityorresponsibilityforanylossordamagecosts
or expenses incurred in connection with this publication by any person, whether that person is the
purchaser of this publication or not. Without limitation, this includes loss, damage, costs and expenses
incurredasaresultofthenegligenceoftheauthors,editorsorpublishers.
The information in this publication should not be relied upon as a substitute for independent due
diligence,professionalorlegaladviceandinthisregardstheservicesofacompetentprofessionalperson
orpersonsshouldbesought.

Page2of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Tableofcontents
Foreword............................................................................................................................................2
Tableofcontents...............................................................................................................................3
Terminology.......................................................................................................................................4
PurposeofInspections.......................................................................................................................4
RackInspectorCompetenciesandQualifications..............................................................................5
Inspections.........................................................................................................................................7
SafetyoftheRackInspector..............................................................................................................7
RackingInspectorToolList(minimumrecommendedrequirements):.............................................8
DamageControlProcedures..............................................................................................................8
MethodsofMeasurement(Fig1)......................................................................................................8
DamageEvaluation..........................................................................................................................10
DamageActionFlowChart..............................................................................................................10
ExamplesofaSuggestedInspectionProcess...................................................................................12
AssessmentofBeamsVerticalDeflection......................................................................................13
MeasuringDeflection.......................................................................................................................13
HorizontalBeamDeflection.............................................................................................................14
OutofplumbRacking......................................................................................................................14
VerticalOutofplumb(Measurement)............................................................................................14
FinishedTolerances.........................................................................................................................15
InspectionConsiderations...............................................................................................................17

Page3of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Terminology
Palletracking:Palletrackingisamaterialhandlingstorageaidsystem,designedspecificallytostore
materialsonpallets(orskids)andaccessedbymechanicalhandlingequipment.

Competentperson:Apersonwhohasacquiredthroughtraining,qualificationorexperience,ora
combinationofboththeknowledgeandskillsrequiredtosafelycarryoutatask.

PurposeofInspections
Itisrecommendedthatasystemofregularinspectionsforpalletrackinginstallationsshallbe
carriedoutonaregularbasisandatleastonceevery12months,asaminimuminaccordance
withAS40842012(Ref.AS40842012,Section8.1General,andSection8.2Inspections,pages
99100.)

Forinspectionscarriedoutafteraseismicorcyclonicevent,itisrecommendedthattheinspector
issueacopyoftheinspectionreporttothemanufacturerfortheirtechnicalreviewand
comment.Aqualifiedstructuralengineermayberequiredtoinspectthesitesubjecttotheinitial
reportandfindings.

InaccordancewithAS40842012inspectionsshallbecarriedoutto:
(a) Ensurethecorrectapplicationanduseofequipment.
(b) Ensurethattheworkingloadlimitsareadheredto.
(c) Ensurethattherackinginstallationhasnotbeenaltered.Acopyoftheloadapplicationand
configurationdrawingsshallberetainedforthispurpose.
(d) Examinetheextentofdamageduetoimpactontherackinginstallation.
(e) Examinetheoutofplumboftheracking.
(f) Examineforanydislocationanddeformationofsectionsandconnectionsforuprightsand
beams.
(g) Examineconnectorsfordeformationorsignsofcrackingatthewelds.
(h) Examinebaseplateforanchors.

Additionally,itisrecommendedthataformalreportingandrecordingprocessforalldamageand
repairsiscarriedout.

Page4of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

RackInspectorCompetenciesandQualifications
ASSIGhavesetminimumqualificationsforrackinspectors.Thefollowingminimumrequirements
ofEXPERIENCE,EDUCATIONandKNOWLEDGEarerecommendedasaprerequisitepriorto
understandingfurtherONTHEJOBTRAINING.

Eachcompanythatprovidesrackinspectionservicesshalldemonstrateanevidencebased
structuredtrainingprogramme.

1.EXPERIENCE(proofofevidencemustbeprovided)

Inspectorsshallhaveminimumof5yearsfulltimeexperienceworkingintheindustryintheroleof
eitherDESIGNER,ENGINEER,INSTALLER,orwithsimilarexperienceusingpalletrackingsystems,
andminimumonthejobtrainingof100hours,or50hourswhendeemedcompetentbyaSenior
RackInspector
OR
Inspectorswithcompetencyinusingsimplemeasuringequipmentinalogical,systematicway
(suchasqualifiedtradesmen)andabilitytorecordresultsofthesurveyclearly.Furtheronthe
jobtrainingisrecommendedforaminimumperiodof200hoursinthepresenceofaqualified
rackinspector.

2.EDUCATION(proofofsuccessfulcompletionrequired)

Inspectorsshallhaveaminimumlevelofeducationqualificationasstatedbelow:
a) ConstructionIndustrySafetyCard
b) CompanySafetyInductioncourse
c) SitespecificSafetyInductionwhereapplicable
d) CertificateinracksafetyinspectionsCertIIIorCertIVinWHS

3. KNOWLEDGE

Inspectorsshallhavereadandunderstoodthefollowingpublications(proofofknowledgeduringon
thejobtrainingshouldformpartofdemonstratedevidence):
a) DutyofCareprovisionsforeachstateauthority
b) AS40842012,Sections1.6,1.7,6.4,6.5,6.6and8
c) BCAaccess/egressrequirements
d) ASSIGCodeofPracticeforRackSafetyInspections
e) CompanyOperator/Usermanuals
f) CompanyRackInspectionmanuals

ApprovalmaybegrantedtocompleteeducationalqualificationsduringOntheJobtraining.

Page5of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

ONTHEJOBTRAINING
OntheJobtrainingshouldbeundertakenundertheguidanceofaseniorexperiencedrack
inspectornominatedbythecompanyandshouldcoverthefollowingareasofcompetency:
a. DamageIdentification
b. DamageAssessmentandClassification
c. CausesofDamage
d. DamageReportingandRepairs
e. CustomerService

Forinspectorswithrackdesign/installationindustryexperienceaminimumperiodof3
monthsonthejobtrainingisrequiredbeforecompetencycanbeachievedandrecognised.

Forinspectorsfromoutsidetherackdesign/installationindustry,aminimumof6monthsonthe
jobtrainingisrequiredpriortocompetencyassessmentandcertificationapproved.

Furtheronthejobtrainingmayberequired(atthediscretionofthetrainer)forsuccessful
completionofthetrainingandfinalcertification.

Certificationisvalidforaninitial2yearperiodthereafterrecertificationwillbeprovidedaftera
successfulaudit.Recertificationwillalsoberequiredshouldtherebeanychangestothestandard
oralterationstorackinspectioncriteriabyanylocalornationalsafetyauthority.

Failurebyqualifiedrackinspectorstoseekrecertificationwillresultincancellationofthe
inspectorscertification.

Anauditwillbeundertakenoftherackinspectorsannually,byASSIG,andmayalsobeundertaken
shouldASSIGbemadeawareofsubstandardperformanceofaqualifiedrackinspector.Failureto
passanauditwillresultinthecancellationoftheinspectorscertification.

Page6of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Inspections
Allinspectionsmustbecarriedoutbyacompetentperson,fullyexperiencedintheidentification
andcategorisationofrackingdamage.Itisrecommendedthatpersonsresponsibleforwarehouse
racking,setuptheirowndamagereportingandmaintenanceprocess,alongwithtraining
responsiblestaff,tocarryoutregularrackdamageinspections,additionaltoanythirdparty
inspectionstakingplace.

SafetyoftheRackInspector
Safetyoftherackinspectorisparamounttoasuccessfulinspection:
Whereacustomerdoesnothavesuitableproceduresforpersonnelinteractionand
materialhandlingequipment(MHE),ariskassessmentmustbewritten,priortostarting
theinspection.
Where practicable the aisles are to be barricaded or bunted off to prevent MHE from
entering,orasaminimumsignage,orsafetyconesmustbepositionedattheendsofthe
workingaisle.
If barricades and bunting are unacceptable to the customer, it is mandatory for the
inspector to request that ALL operators within the facility are advised of the presence of
inspectors within the warehouse, especially as there may not be designated walkways,
separatingpedestriansfromMHE.
Inspectorsmustbetrainedinwarehousesafetyandmustbealertatalltimestothe
potentialdangerswithinthewarehouse,especiallyadvancingwithcautionwhenentering
orleavinganaisle.
PPEmustbewornatalltimes,safetyshoesandhighvisibilityvestshavingreflectivetape
frontandback,bothhorizontallyandverticallyshouldalsobemandatory.Incircumstances
wherelightingispoor,astrobelightisrecommendedasadditionalPPE.
Freezerroomsposeadifferenthazardtoastandardwarehouse,thereforepriortostarting,
theinspectormustalwaysnegotiatethesafestandmostacceptablemethodpossible,to
carryouttheinspectionandadviseathirdpartythattheyareworking(alone)inafreezer
environment.
Wearingafreezersuitorappropriatewarmclothingismandatory.Timeinshouldbe
limitedto30minutes,withamandatorytimeoutof10minutesorasdeterminedbysite
rules.Timeoutshouldbespentinawarmroom,ifavailable.
Additionalequipmentrequiredforspecificsitesmayalsoinclude:
personalvertical/horizontalalarmor
2wayradiowithmotionsensor.

Page7of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

RackingInspectorToolList(minimumrecommendedrequirements):

CopiesofAS40841993andAS40842012
1metrelongspiritlevel
Lasermeasure
Tapemeasure
Digitalcamera
PDA/tablet(ifappropriate)
Printer(ifappropriate)
Torch
Clipboard
Workingpenandpencil(specialpen/pencilrequiredforfreezers)
Appropriatepaperworkrequiredfortheinspection

Laser/dumpy/theodolite(ifrequired)

Copyofdesignmanualorracklayoutdrawings(wherepossible)ofracksbeing
inspected
Colourcodedstickers

DamageControlProcedures
AllinspectionsshouldfollowtheAS40842012protocolfordamageclassification,usingtheRed,
AmberandGreencategories.

Aninspectionreportofrackdamage(redclassification)shouldinitiateamanagementprocedure
forisolatingandmakingsafe,sectionsofseriouslydamagedracking.
Theinspectionreportshouldcontainobservationsandproposalsforanyactionnecessary,with
recommendationstoreduceoreliminatetheproblemofdamagereoccurring.

MethodsofMeasurement(Fig1)
Wherepracticableplacea1000mmstraightedgeonthefaceofthedamagedmember,
keepingthedamagedareaascloseaspossibletothecentreofthestraightedge,then
measuretheindentation.
Note:Wherepracticablealwaystestovera1000mmspan.Wherea1000mmspanisunavailableit
isrecommendedtocalculatemaximumtolerancesovertheshorterdistanceavailablebyprorata
adjustment(i.e.3mmmaxdeflectionover1000mm=2mmover600mm).

Page8of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015


Figure1

Foranuprightbentinthedirectionoftheframebracing,themaximumgapbetweenthe
uprightandthestraightedgeshouldnotexceed3mm.

Foranuprightbentinthedirectionoftherackbeamspans,themaximumgapbetweenthe
uprightandthestraightedgeshouldnotexceed5mm.

Foranuprightthatisdamagedsuchthatthereisdamageinbothlongitudinalandlateral
directions,thelefttorightandfronttobackdeformationshallbemeasuredandtreated
separatelyandtheappropriate5mmand3mmlimitsobserved.

Forbracingmembersbentineitherplane,thegapbetweenthestraightedgeandthebracing
membershouldnotexceed10mm.

Rackingcomponentssubjectedtotearsandsplitsshouldbeunloadedandreplaced
immediately.

Pleasenote:Localdeformationoftheshapeorsectionatthebaseoftheuprightmaybe
difficulttomeasure.Wherethisoccurs,theinspectorshouldusehis/herbestjudgementand
makerecommendationstoreplacecomponentswhere,inhis/heropinion,thedamageisclose
toexceedingtolerances,orisofanaturethattheyconsiderwillaffecttheoverallstabilityor
integrityoftherackstructure.

Page9of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

DamageEvaluation
Theseriousnessofstructuraldamagetopalletrackingcomponents,shouldbeevaluated,classified
andrecordedsystematically.

DamageActionFlowChart

Page10of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

DamageActionFlow
GreenRisk
Acceptabledamage
WhenthelevelofdamagedoesnotexceedthepermissiblelimitsspecifiedinFig.1theracking
shallbeconsideredserviceableanddoesnotrequireeitherunitloadreductionorimmediate
unloading.
Damagedcomponentsshallberecordedassuitableforfurtherserviceuntilthenextinspection
andshallbeclearlyidentified(e.g.stickonlabels)forspecificreexaminationandassessmentat
futureassessments.
NOTE:Exceedingthegreenlevelshallbeconsideredhazardousorveryseriousdamagetothe
rackingsystem.

AmberRisk
Hazardousdamage
When the level of damage exceeds the permissible limits specified in Fig.1, the damaged section
shallbeclearlymarkedandisolateduntilremedialworkhasbeencarriedoutbeforetherackingcan
be reloaded. The client should be informed of all areas rated AMBER and advised of the correct
actiontotake,andtheconsequencesshouldcorrectactionnotbetaken.Ifremedialworkcannot
becarriedoutwithin4weeks,thelevelofdamageshallbe
redesignatedasveryseriousdamage(redrisk).

RedRisk

Veryseriousdamage
WhenthelevelofdamageisinexcessofthepermissiblelimitsspecifiedinFig.1bymorethana
factorof2,thedamagedsectionandappropriateadjacentsection(s)shallbeimmediatelyunloaded
andisolatedfromfurtheruseuntilremedialworkhasbeencarriedoutandcertifiedassafe.The
clientshouldbeinformedofallareasratedREDandadvisedofthecorrectactiontotake,andthe
consequencesshouldcorrectactionnotbetaken.

Anyrepairworksshallbeinconsultationwiththerackingsupplieroraqualifiedstructural
engineer.Note:ifanymodificationstotheoriginalrackstructureareidentifiedbythe
inspector,theclientorusershouldbenotifiedandchecksundertakenthatchangeswere
approvedbytherackmanufacturerordesigner.Theclientshouldbeadvisedthatany
unauthorisedmodificationsmayvoidanyOEMwarrantyandmaynotcomplywiththe
standards.

NOTE:Onlylikeforlikematerialsmustbeusedwhenrepairingadamagedrack.

Damagedcomponentsmustbereplacedwithneworgoodqualityundamagedsecondhand
product,butnotreworkedorcopyproducts.

Page11of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

ExamplesofaSuggestedInspectionProcess

Alwaysinspectracksinasystematicorder.Forexample,

Up

Across

Down

OR

Up

Across

Repeat

Lookdownaislealongtherackforhorizontalbeamdamage/outofplumbframes,etc.

Page12of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

AssessmentofBeamsVerticalDeflection

BeamSpan

Deflection

Maximumdeflection=span/180(fullyloadedbeam)

Maximumdeflectionforanunloadedbeam=span/900

MeasuringDeflection
Beamcentreline

Stretchastringlinefromoneend
Measurethedistancefromthestring

connectortotheotheracrossthe
linetothebottomofthebeamatthe

faceofthebeam
centrepoint

Calculateallowabledeflection

Loadeddeflection Unloadeddeflection

Lengthofbeam
Lengthofbeam
180

900

Page13of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

HorizontalBeamDeflection

Deflection

Framedepth

BeamSpan

MAXIMUMDEFLECTION=Span/360

Foranunloadedbeam

OutofplumbRacking
Outofplumbrackingposesariskthatcouldeventuallyleadtorackfailure.
Anyvisiblesignsofoutofplumborsignsoftherackleaningmustbeinvestigated
immediately.
Thecausesofoutofplumbrackingcanbe:
Damagefromimpact
Incorrectinstallation
Componentfailure
Excessiveloads
Concretefloorsinking
Builtonbitumen

VerticalOutofplumb(Measurement)
EmptyRack=height/500
FullyloadedRack =height/200

Page14of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

FinishedTolerances
TocomplywithAS40842012palletrackingistobeinstalledtomeetfinishedtolerancesas
specifiedinSection7whenunloaded.

TABLE1.7.1(a)
FINISHEDTOLERANCES

Typeoftolerance
(seeFigure1.7.1)
A
nA

Tolerance,mm
Tolerance,grade
I
II
III
3
3
3
30
20
10

Description

Maximumvariationinindividualbays
Totalcumulativedeviationinrackinglength
(nA=totaldeviation,wherenisthenumberofbays)
B
Maximuminstallationoutofplumbofupright
h/500
h/750
h/1000
perpendiculartotheplaneoftheuprightframes
(downaisle)
C
Rackingdepth(singleormultipleframes)
5
5
5
D
Stringdepth
5
5
5
Eb
Railpositioningwithregardtothepalletracking
5
5
SeeFEM
measuredasthedifferencebetweenthevaluesatthe
9.831
bottomoftheuprightframesorclearaisleforGraders
andFEM
9.832
IandII
Et
Railpositioningwithregardtothepalletracking
5
5
SeeFEM
measuredasthedifferencebetweenthevaluesatthe
9.831
andFEM
topoftheuprightframesorclearaisleforGradersI
9.832
andII
F
Maximumimperfectionofuprightwithregardtothe
h/1000
h/1000
h/1000
theoreticallongitudinaluprightxoryaxis
G
Maximuminstallationoutofplumbofuprightinthe
h/500
h/750
h/1000
planeoftheuprightframe(crossaisle)
H
Distancebetweentopofbaseplateandtopoflowest
10
7
5
beamlevel
J
Maximumdeviationofbeamlevelorportallevelwith
hi/500 hi/750 hi/1000
regardtothelowestbeamlevel
or5
or4
S
Maximumdeviationofadjacentverticalbeamspacing
5
3
2
NOTE:InTable1.7.1(a),h isthedistancetothetopmostbeamlevelandhiisthedistancetobeamleveli,seeFig.
1.7.1.

TABLE1.7.1(b)
TOLERANCEGRADES

ToleranceGrade

II

III

Typeofunitloadhandlingequipment
Manuallyoperatedequipmentguidedby
operator(e.g.wideandnarrowaisle
racking)
Manuallyoperatedequipmentguidedby
electricalormechanicaldevices(e.g.very
narrowaisleracking)
Fullyautomaticallyoperatedequipment
guidedbyelectricalormechanicaldevices
(e.g.ASRSracking)

REFAS40842012
Page15of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

REFAS40842012
Page16of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

InspectionConsiderations
Loadsigns
AS40842012statesthattherackinginstallationshallhave,inoneormoreconspicuouslocations,
apermanent,corrosiveresistantplaque,notlessthan125mmlongand250mmhigh,
mechanicallysecuredtotherackingstructureat2mabovethefloorlevel.

Atypicalloadsignshouldcontainbutnotbelimitedto:
1. Rackingmanufacturersname,suppliersnameandtrademark
2. Designersname
3. Workingunitloadlimit
4. Totalworkingunitloadlimitforeachpalletbeamlevel
5. Totalworkingunitloadlimitforeachbay
6. Maximumdistancefromthebaseplatetothefirstbeamlevelandmaximum
distancebetweenfirstandsecondbeamlevels
7. Installationdate
8. Clientsname

TypicalrackingSWLsign

Page17of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Beams
Allbeamsarefittedwithsafetyclips.
Allconnectorsarecorrectlyinstalledintheuprights(nodislodgement).
Novisibledeformityofthebeam(ifthisnotevidentinloadedsituationthebeamsshould
beunloadedandchecked).
Rotationofthebeamcausedbyimpactoroverloading.
Signofcracksinthewelds.
Signofbowingorbendingonbeamendconnector.
Signofcorrosion.
Impactdamagetobeams.
Signofseparationoftheweldedsections.
CheckifthelevelscorrespondtotheSWLsignage.

Baseplates
Visibledamagetothebaseplate.
Damagedfloorfixings.
Baseplateissecuredtoframecorrectly.
ForselectivepalletrackingtoconformtoAS40842012,theremustbe2anchorssecuring
thebaseplatetotheconcreteslab.Installationspriortothe2012Standardmayonlyhave1
fixing.

Dualfixingstofrontcorners

Ordiagonallyfix

Levellingplates
Donotexceedmanufacturersminimumstackheight.
Twistedandoutofverticalstack.
Missing.
Steel.

Loose,missingordislodgedrackingcomponents
Loose,missingordislodgedrackingcomponentscancausemajorimmediateriskswiththe
structuralintegrityoftheracking.

Page18of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Frames
Alluprightsarefixedtofloorusingthecorrecttypeflooranchors,fortheapplication(2
flooranchors/baseplaterequiredifinstalledafter28/2/2012refAS40842012).
Signsofvisibledamagetotheuprightsectionse.g.twistingoftheupright;anysignofany
tearsorsignificantdentsintheuprightstheframeshouldbeunloadedandnotputback
intouseuntilrepairshavebeencompleted.
Signsofvisibledamagetothebracingsections.
Rackprotectionisinstalledandisinagoodstateofrepair.

Splices
Fittedaspermanufacturersrecommendations.
Largegap(max.2mm)betweensplicedsectionsofupright.
Notsplicedbelowthebottombeamlevel.(Preferableforloweruprightheighttobenot
lessthan60%ofoverallheight.)
Numberofsplicesinupright.
Thebottompartofthespliceduprightmustnotbealightergaugethanthetopsection.

Corrosion
Severelycorrodedcomponentscanfailwithoutwarning.Atthefirstsignofcorrosionan
investigationshouldbecarriedouttodeterminethecauseofthecorrosion.Thinwalled
boxedbeamscoulddevelopcorrosionfromtheinside,anditmaytakeconsiderabletime
beforeshowingsignsofanycorrosivedamage.Acollapsecouldoccurbeforeshowingsignsof
corrosion,thereforespecialcareandconsiderationshouldbetakenwhenassessingtherisk.
Asaguide,blisteringonthesurfacewillindicateexcessivecorrosionistakingplaceinternally.

Pallets
Palletsoftengetoverlookedintherackinspectionprocess;howeverpalletscancausedamageto
thestructureormobileplantandcauseseriousinjurytopersonsworkinginthevicinity.
Palletshouldbedesignedfortherackingandlockintoposition(AustralianStandardPallet
CHEPtype).
Allpalletsshouldhavefronttorearbearerscapableofsupportingtheloadedpallet
otherstylesofpalletsrequireadditionalsupport(refercustomertomanufacturer).
Brokenpalletsshouldberemovedfromtherackingpossibilityofcollapse.
Oversizedpalletsshouldnotbestoredinarackunlesstherackhasbeendesignedforthe
pallet.
Oversizedpalletsshouldnotbestoredinastandarddoubleentryrackpossibilityof
interactionofpalletsattherearoftherack.
Undersizedpalletsshouldnotbestoredinpalletrackingpossibilitythattheycanfall
throughtherack.
Productsshouldnotprotrudebeyondthepalletunlesstherackhasbeendesigned
forthissituation.
Looseproductstoredonupperpalletlevelsshouldbesecuredtothepallet(strappedor
wrappedasrequired)topreventitemsfallingfromheight.
Safetymeshshouldbeattachedatfullheighttotherearoftherackstructurewhere
Page19of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

singledeeprackbacksontopedestrianwalkways.
Plasticpalletsshouldnotbeusedunlessthereisalockingmechanismtopreventthepallets
slidingonthebeams.

REFAS40681993

PalletsshouldconformwithrequirementsofAS40681993

Page20of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Correctplacementofloads

Theloadonthepalletmustbeevenlydistributedacross

thewholeareaofthepallettoavoidanypotentialuneven
loadingoftherackbetweenthefrontandrearbeams.

Thecorrectpositioningoftwo1000kgloadswithina
2000kgcompartment.Thisisanexampleofgoodloadingpracticewhere
minimumclearancesarebeingadheredto.

Thisisanexampleofabadlypositionedpallet.Althoughthis
maynotbeanoverloadconditionitdoespreventthestorage
ofasecondpalletandisnotgoodworkingpractice.

Thisisanoverloadconditionifthecapacityperlevelis
ratedat2000kgUDL.Theillustrationshowsthecentral
positioningofasingle2000kgpalletthatwilloverloada
pairofbeamsdesignedfortwo1000kgpallets.

Page21of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015

Unitloadoperatingclearances

REFAS40842012

Page22of22Version2.0Issued02/04/2015