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4

Planenergi

2016128

Tetsunari IIDA /
Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies
tetsu@isep.or.jp

EUEU
EU2016216COM(2016) 51 final
EU205080%

EU4(2012)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

3050%
20501050%
()
4
100

The purpose of this paper has been to dene the concept of 4th
Generation District Heating (4GDH) including the concept of smart
thermal grids. The paper has described the historical development
of district heating systems in terms of three generations and

challenge in the integration of uctuating and intermittent


renewable electricity production. It should also be emphasised
that the two concepts complement each other and both of them
are to be regarded as necessary for the implementation of sustainable energy systems.

4


()

>200
>100
<100

<50~60(70)

Henrik Lund et.al.


(2014)

4
1.

2.

3.


45 %
/
95 / 36 C
: 15 C
:
118 %
District Heating

Flow, 95 C
95


Absorption Heat Pump

7 C

105 C
80 C

12 C
60 C

Flue gas

Fuel

15 C
Bio Boiler

Combustion air
Pre heating


Condensor

District Heating

40-50
Return 40-50 C


VS

(% Hn*)

45%,

20%,

> 60%
10

JP ('08)

15 1 15

GE ('07)

43

US ('05)

40
0

20

Space
Heat
Hot
water
Cooling

EL

Cooking
etc.

7 10 2

20
40

8
60

30
80

GJ/household*y

100

120

10

1.0

Japan

0.8

W/m
K
U value
(W/m22K)

Korea

0.6

USCalifornia
Prescriptive

0.4

Germany

UK

0.2

0.0
0

500

1,000

1,500

2,000

2,500

NRI public management review January 2015 vol.138

3,000

3,500

4,000

4,500

5,000

11
5,500

Heating Degree Day


(D18-18)

25

(50%)


89 (05-10)

45(90%)

12

13


renewable heat energy in Japan
PJ

14

106ha

96

22ha
10

EC

82GJ/h
59GJ/h
E C

614GJ/h

614GJ/h


(180)
(80)
(6)

E C

170GJ/h
170GJ/h
154GJ/h
154GJ/h

9,630kW
9,630kW

E C

38GJ/h
38GJ/h

21GJ/h
21GJ/h

1,270kW
1,270kW

24
E C

29GJ/h

29GJ/h
24GJ/h

24GJ/h

700kW
700kW

15

Danish-Japan Technology Transfer program

(SoG)

SoG

ISEP

16

Danish-Japan Technology Transfer program


()


A

ISEP/

,
C

17

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup,


Denmark Scandic rhus
Vest, rhus
Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup,
Denmark
Assens, Danmark
Fjerritslev
Aars Golfklub, Aars
Scandic rhus Vest, rhus

18



2008



State-of-green.jp 2015





180 :

(40%)
(15%)
(35%)
(10%)


30

19

20

Projectbalance1Project schedule
Set project schedule separately in Step1 and Step2.

Conduit improvement takes about three years in Step1, and the supply will start accordingly.
In Step 2, it will take 10years to improve the conduits, and supply will be expanded to the whole area once Step 1 has finished.

H 27

H 28

H 29

H 31

H 32

H 33

S tep1
1

S tep2/1

H 34

H 35

H 36

H 37

H 38

H 39

H 40

H 41

H 42

H 30

S tep2

S tep2/2

S tep2/3


Planning Local Biomass and District HeaPng
Ogata Mura
Area 1:
Hotel, Polder Spa, Welfare
and Nursing Home
Area 2:
Villagerun Housing
Area 3: Public facilities
Village Office, Village Center,
Clinic, Health Center,
Schools, Public Hall
Area 4:
Individual Housing 731 units.
Danish-Japan Technology Transfer Program

22
Jens Birch Jensen