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PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF

EXPONENTIATED MODIFIED
WEIBULL EXTENSION DISTRIBUTION
Christian Beren1 , Sri Astuti Thamrin1 , Andi Kresna Jaya1
1 Department

of Mathematics, Hasanuddin University, Indonesia,

email: statchristianberen@gmail.com,tuti@unhas.ac.id, andikresna@yahoo.com

Abstract
Survival analysis is a statistical method for analyzing the life time of an individual or
a particular unit to an event. The commonly used distribution in analyzing the life
time data is Weibull distribution and it is flexible in modeling failure time data, as the
corresponding hazard function can be increasing, decreasing or constant. However, it
is unable to model the non-monotonic hazard function such as bathtub-shaped hazard.
Exponentiated Modified Weibull Extension (EMWE) distribution introduced to analyze
the data set with bathtub-shaped hazard function. EMWE distribution has four parameters which consist of two scale parameters and two shape parameters. These four
parameters are estimated by maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) method, followed
by the Newton-Raphson iteration method. This is was illustrated using the diagnosis
time of lung cancer patients from initial diagnosis until tested positive. The result of
this study indicate that the diagnosis time of lung cancer patients follows the EMWE
distribution. We can also observe immediately that the lung cancer patients has a
bathtub-shaped hazard.
2010 Mathematics Subject Classification: 62N01, 62N02, 62F15.
Keywords: Bathtub-shaped, Exponentiated Modified Weibull Extension, Hazard Function, Kolmogorov Smirnov, Maximum Likelihood Estimation, Newton Raphson.
Session: SS-07.