You are on page 1of 61

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a~$l~

CIIAPTER

1-TIIE

WELDI"G ''''PEC

fOR

--1)~\,

lleview--Chapi'er

or

Qt-I

fl.

Ihe following,

which' is considered

an imporwm

dUly

respo:~~ibility
,.

IIIjll~lgc: the qllality of lhe produ(;t

respollsihilily

10 monitor

b.

il i:i a welding
a wddlng

d,

all of the abave

1':.

nOlle of

inspeclor's

~,

prot(;S,IOllill

(I.
c.

chghw.,:ling
((>

cxperience.
[raira~(1 ~

hI:

descdbes

\VhiLiOCUlllCnl

I!.

AWS flU
AWS AS.!
i'.\VS Qel
A'NSDI4.1

c.

nvre

!~it~ il'llpOrlanl

of Ihe above

Whil:I, (,f Ihe following

__(), .~I-nAJJ

Illllst

yOll

according

. ~",
integrily
profession:ll

c.

good physical

c.._/

oJ)/

.'6. \X,-

/.'
/.,

w ~

ImpCCI'lf

prog)'<!ln?

rtuJ\U?..) IJ'I ~

//

/~,

;-3 J)!>'
are-imporlnlln)lhical
rcqlliremells

..JIIl!III'

for lhe welding

il.speeto(!

.,.--

'X
V

abililY

,~-;,,;:>

COIl(~

"

L .

"

~;;l~:;~~~I:~:~~:~5=~lellts-rCgardlllgan

r'

,'vf

mspeClIOIlforpmanal exposure'.

.'

2'

t "".
ff3

--o~
I

Of I~o~e alldbutes consu!crcd.to> be: im ortant ill l':.~w,~;jing inspector, which' is probahly mnst ilillucmi"l~i:;lillinglhe.c0$P)lraiill~aOd.re5pec
()i'''-'Lherswil.h~UQrrr.II~y'~(,.k?
,.,j;",." ",
n.
abiliw II) he Irninc;ll'
~
,',
i\,,?'
-d;j 9
".

~)

t/) ..,.
,

-r?n.

q1,,6

' :'f..:j.

. ~-:-..

. 'y

~lY)[~sdannl

d.

,'''y'

~.

[r,.
Q1-1

shipb~lihliug

.,

~\iJ\..

.~

h;/ :lU!lll':IOil\!c

~.. C

'\

(J

l.

10

..

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1'hl\ welding inspector is. likely 10;wlJ:tk;.in r.:hich of Ilie following inJuslrks?
iI.

~Hli(u~C':

c.omplele:ll.ud. UUlI111aUYlnspeCl1;m (eeo~ds


goo,l pl,ysical condiliolU'
.
nhility III illlcrpret drawings all(j;~f:cdfi(;a!iong
. ~
.

,{ ....-,""".:;.. ":ii!il)'

~?/ '
-r

.....\
, ~

i!

'i; I

to AWS QC I

;i1r~\
~.

inspector'?

of the A~VS Certified \Velding

know heM Ii. wcld~

,:S;-

h.

f.i VfKP.~'-J~:

attlilmlc of fl welding
- ...- ~ ~

~':J.~~~--j~::>~

uN mandatory;

iI.

)2.J

'1: \ '

(~~.,

e.

e.

rCillurcmcnls

/
':,

d.

b.

(J:"

/.

ronn o{ ""d'te

<f. f

yes, ;lcconling 10 AWS D 1.1


)'C5, accor.HnglO /.WS QCl
yes. if insl,ccling highway bridges.
no. aceo,ding 10 AWS DL I

,1.

sOllie

"v~~

relillirr:ments

,--;/;,."

,-

As a \H~.dlllg \lISPt~C((lf.

...---

operations'

fl ~.w""(1

HllIlllde

. .
Ql1

welding

which is not considerell


all illlponant
experienceitlSPCCI~OIl expe.rience'r/ \ '1't-t.~~

c.

h.

to

the above

wcldiug

ability

in relntihn

II1spcc[Qr must be able tn inlCljWCLIhe specification

a.
b.

c.

rhe: ",,<:l;1ing illspeclOr?

l1f

it b II welding ihSpeGlOr's
Il~nspecificllt:()n

c.

iI.

rJ?

(if Ih..: follQl.ving.

Ql-3

vi

1--1'he "'cldinrr Inspector -:; ..Jf

bndge

\~O[\SrlllGh",.

,1.

[0'-'';$$\11'(:

e.

,.11

ijf

vessel connrl1C110~1

Ihe above

\~

~.

~_.
)

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"~,.""

" QI-8

According 10 ille requir~menls of II~e AWS CWT program. what is the necessary
inspector?'
/a. 20/20 natuml vision
b. 20/20corrected ~isjon
c. 20/40 nmur1\1vision'
d. 20/'10 coo'ected vision
naluraL orCOITectedvision

visual aCUity of a weldine

t:!l"20/40
Ql-9'

Which of Ihe following could be considered esser,tial knowledg~ for a welding, inspecwr'?
a. !lOmleslructive testing
b~ weiding symbols.
~
c. welding processes
~/
iL destruc[i~e.t~stjllg
e. all of the above

Ql10- When iI ;:tel(1 re'lUires~llle


10 some deficiency, to wholllshouid yOllr inspection report b~ direCll:l~?
a. to Ihe welder whose mark ii'.on Ihe welU
.'
b. 10 another weld::.-. belter lrained, .-.
y
'
.
~,
0/

c
10 IIi~ proJecl engIneer
, 9'
.
,/'/
d, to II,e welding engineer
'-.(..
1'-1'.,
~
V""

V-

'"'"

,t::->fl

--J

Ql-l1

"

,~

\S.~

\.yV

c.

b.,
c.,

e.

l.

~,),e~l1",~
clO,s,C,'
fl'ientls~~~~~elders and snperi()r~~;.j'
::: ~
,
tl~ll1g" Fonner weldef.----J.:,~
'j'
'~1 \ )
being a umi:'uniol'l employee-./:l'~_>~(
~
,
' ,
being a nondeStructive exall1jn~lion technician (NDE) as well asa CWI

A'"

Ql-l~ With whom majt the welding inspeclor commilnicate during the j.'1:rforrnauce'of his or her inspection respon,ibililit:s .-

1'.

a. weldingengineef'

"
~~'

b.
c.
d..

wehling, foremau'"
welders
inspection'snpervisor

c.

allO~ t1~e~bove;

"":)'...(

"

~/

~...'

Q,l-l}, \~h~~~O~I~rne~ll?~~.lles the prop~rlemunology


.. ) .. a.. AWS QCl
b: AWS A3.0 '
/
,.. AVIS DI.l ..

,
for use Ily thr;CWI?

V:' ,
,
(/

A'NSJU.l
none of the ahove ''''i ,~
I. 'r ',.v
r"
;. \l
Q~.lf Witluelillril to d~
and s~s,
the C\VI must:
'V" a. -1iefamiliau witlvengineering 4rawings and. allIe to !Indersta'ld specifications
',,';;
,_ b:,./.rnemo02.e: the:con',ent, U,,,su
-". 1
memorize: !hosellortions of these documents applicable 10 a particular job
.J ',.(i d. all of the'above'
J

d.

e.

!t

._.'fJ c!f.'

~'r/1

Whitt profession'!l alt~ibllte~ are: most he~pflll i~lperforming: inspection duties?


a. being informed, tmpal1lal, and consl~tenlln yonr deCISionS ,r

~ .-',L

J.

7'

IDlhe welding- fOreman Of supervisor


~,'1'--~
,/.

r ,c:~

r,;i,Y . oo,,,."h,,"'''.

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r
d

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f~

If"";Ll\ If P'TED
~fi-rM.
I' ;n:

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,.

Welding Inspector
Responsibililies

IlIh'odlll: don

12

J !lspeetior! H.c.sl'Oi!~ihilities Before' Welding:


Wll.ling lIl5r~ctol' Rcspcmsibililics
Welding

Inspec/or

During Welding~

nt~SI;on5ibilities A(tet: Wtldiilg


c

RCyjeW,-Chtlpter- 2'-W h'!ing Inspect~JTneSpon5i~iI1ty,

'
:

: :

12

:..;

::

18

20
'"

24

2-- Welding_ Inspectm" Responsibility

Review-Chapter
Q2-1

Which of the-following i~'an acceptable way to correct ~ error-on an inspecdon repon?


a. draw II Iin~ through -the incorrect portion of the ropere
.
b. erase the incorrect word or words
c. throwaway the repon
d. line out the: error, make- the correction', and initial and date the correctione. none of Iheabove-~.

\f'

. Q2-2 What recordsshould_YOll keep'as-a CWI?- ... /t~


/a:-'t:opies
of reports: of all inspe~!ionsyoU:(lerform'
b.
c.

copies of reports relevant-loyour areas_of responsibiljty (material test reports, welder qualification
work, proce~ure-quaiificlltion paperwork~ etc.) eventhougk you dido't prepare them
.
copies of sales literature describing welding equipment
/'

d.
e.

a and b above
all of the-above

'-

____
.

->

<]"

."

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7' ~
, / ~ .1/. 'I""c-,'
J.~jjj
"--1":1
-~~
\}) oj"~
, -~= ..
T

/"Q:i-~)~en

.J.:j

-'

paper-

~.}
.

~,

\.

- \

.. --:",~'--\.rW Ij

a particI.llar type-of weld j' con~~~t~,nl~~_.~~rgtIilil:~Vilh


rej;cts occurring, what acdon would be appropdate/
tor yOll as the tnspector?
~r"

a. tell the welder what)!ou want 6'" , \t'


b. bdng the problem to the attention of production personnel in:order for corrective action to be taken, if possi- <j.P ./ ble

-0, .'

l< p.9

, .-;r.r

, "-,f-.-! '\
t~\t..

c/
d.
e.

simply continue, to accepror


for inspectors)
all of the above
none of the above

r -. -. .

."'

reject the' welds according to,specified criteria (no more action is appropriate

Q2-+

~ specification- for a weld joint' that must be immediately accepted or rejected lacks delailed information
that particular joint: Who should rule OIF the meaning and intent or the-specificatiun'?
1\.
the Jesigner.
b. the weldirig.engineer
..
c. Ihe projecl.engineet or: quality assurance petsonnel (if their approval is, requirecl by contract)
d. you. as the CWI
e. none of th~'above

Q2-S

How can yOIl identify andndividunllow-hydrpgent:lectrode


thata.weldeds
already consuming
a. read theclassification:uumbe~
paintedo~ th~ covering. near the: stub end of the-electrode
b. ask the weldercwhat.ltis:
.

,~

c.
d.
e.
Q26'

\3
f(

,,')

ask the welding.forelIilln,


look at the: completed weld-and identify the rype: of electrode- by the visual appearance of. the weld deposit
look on the: drawing or specification to' determine: what type of electrode is required for that weld

..

~
x:~-a.
'~b.
J
c.
d.

'V

e.

auou [

to make a welcl?

How should lowchydrogen electrodes be:stored before lIse?


a. in their original. unopened, containers:
b. in ovens held at a temperature: that ensilres the maintenance of their low. moisfure content
c. .in 1001 room cribs. properly{1ao~~ ready fat' quiet distribution"_
d. a or b ahove\~
.cJ:.J ) -'-,- ,
e. ~Il of the above:"
f ,)(. /

_-w- 7
)

':7'

<,~?/
'

[t should YO'!Jnsist on1 ~5/


within tolerances specjfied on drawings orsp~cifications
groove welds should have'min~mal root openings to reduce di~tortion
root openings greater than lI8 In. to ensure complete penetrallon
fillet welds should haveroot openings so that the n:su1ting ~e1d's effective throat.will b~ greater
none of the above

\..~-~-----------

iiJ' .,~

~./
-\

,\

Which wel~ers are allowed to work on a "code" Job'/~'


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

\..,,,,,"

,r' ('"
~ :,t '-

ollly Ihose wilh certification papers from fanner jobs


only thosc lested by Ihe fabricator (or thispailicula:r job
only those qualitied in accordance wilh job specifications
only those you have reqllalified for lhisjob
all of the above

How should low-hydrogeneleclrodes


out of Iheir original COOl;,uncrsbe stored?
a. in their original resealed containers
b.

invented electric storage ovens

c. ',in:open 1001crib shelves


d.

indl\dividual welders'

e.

none of lhe above

electrode pouches

Q21O'1I0w can a CWI verify that lhe specified material is llsed on Ihe job?
ui
b.

for cocle jobs. each piece of m~teri~1 must be C?rre.~~.!~~~~a~~~e~."Yjlh..its


ideniity
perfoml a quick carbon analysIs wllh a fieidtesl kil~::
-:SfP \,

c.

malerial must be scrapped if no identifici\tion is evident i ",)

d.

once the materialleu~e\,t,~~stor~ge

e.

noneOftheabOVe(>,,'~

10 verify it

it'

~))

Q2~ll If a mil! rroduct has imperfi:ciiO~S;ICh


speclor Inice?
u.. rejen ;;ny imperfect materials

~\

area. Ihe CWI~\IOngeih~

p, t

as splirs, !e~
~'

or surrace irregularities.
what . action should you as the in
..~-~ ""-"--,.,-_._-,--,

.. "

!J

j.mS"" whether or not the imperfeclions

c;,
d..

ignore the irregularities,. if not in the immediate vicinilY of Ihe weld joint
wait until ille welder finishes the weld 1.0 see if any cracking occurs. before making any judgmenc

e.,

nOlle of lheabove

a.
b.
c.

check joint lit


check preh~a( temperature
check: interpass temperature

do.

11

e;.

band c above

meet acceptance crilC:ria according to applicabh.: joh :ipedflC;Hio(;s

\:

Wlllltshouid be done?
a. reject the weld for being' oversize
b. accept the weld if ~ weld s~ tolerances are specified
G, lis\<.for an eng'ineering review of t,he design

d.. band

above:

C~

none of the above-

b. +1132 in.
c. -1116 in.
. <:-=i[~-1132 ill.')

t:r~~'.!'

I '\))

~'"

(p

Q2~ lit Fillet welds may he measured using a tolerance of;


a. +-1/16 in. ~

't,//~/I

's \'

Q2-l3 ~ l/4 in) fillet weill is specified on the drawing. When the

e:

welding?

and b above

,.

b.

QI-l2 Which of the following is a welding inspe,:tor's responsiLiliry ~00

"l

..

~o -;;Ierance

(\\11 inspects the weld, it is measured to be-2!t~n:..

-".'

:~l:

,.

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Reyiew

Chapter J:-Safety

Q3- J

welding inspector is exposed to which of the following safety hazards?


radiation
.
falling objects
electrical shock
eye hazards
all of Ihe above

Q3-2

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

A document Ihat covers safety in.welding and qUlting is:


a. AWS DI.I
b. API 1104
c. ANSI 249.\
d. ASME Section IX
'. e. ASME B31.l
!

Eye
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

hazards found in welding operation~include:


grinding duS!
.
/
weld spauer
/
radiation
/
smoke anel fumes
./
alllhe above

Q3-4

In ijvoidingfumes during welding/the most important factor is:


a. the lype of base metal
. /
b. the posicion of lhe welder's l1ead
c. the type of welding prcces
d. Ihe position of the weldin$ machine
.
e. lhe lype of filler metal /

Q35

Acelylene becomes unstablr s.bove what pressure?


5 psi
/
b.
JO psi
I
c.15psi
/
d. 25 psi
/

a.

l~.

none of lhe abtoe

Q3-6

Electric cu~ents abo e approximately 6 milliamperes (mA) are considered:


a. second.lfy curr nts.
... . .... .....
..
b. primary curre.jls
c. harmful
/
d. band c abOy'
e. not harmfl!

Q3-7

When operalilg gas cylinders. Ihecylindervalve.should.


be opened:
a. aU the wf4Yon the acetylene cylinder:
b. one [lIq{ on an ollygen cylindeI:'
c. one [lI~ or less on an:acetylene;crlinder,. aU the wayan 'h oxygen cylinder
d. whatter is convenient
.
e. \lone of the above

Q3-a

Proper ~allllling of compressed


a. opt welding on cylinders
b. ~ot including the cylinders
c. /securing them properly
identifying lhe gas prior to
e/ all of the above

d.j

. t- ...
f

.. ';'

gas cylinders; includes:


.
.
iQdle ground or electrical cirdlit
,
use

II

Q3-9

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

.
of an effective saf~y and health program is:
most Important componenl
;'
safety rules
/
9
safety procedures
,
\.
management support
j
welding helmet
protective equipment
/

Q3~lO Safety tmining is mandated under provisi9~s of:


a. AWS Safe Practices
/
b.

OSHA

c.

ASMF. code

d..
e.

AWS Welding Handbook, Volum


Ilone'of!he abpve

Q3-11 Protective equipmem suitable for ey protection from welding radiation' includes:
a.
b,

weld!ng helmelS with filter len


clem-safe[y glasses '
safe[,;\loggles with fiher pla(es
rrote~t1ve screens'
/
all or'lhe above
I

c.
d..
e.

Q311. Suitable clo;hing materials fo/welding


u. 65% cOllon. 35'k Po,yesir
b. wool
. c.. chemically treated cotyln
d. lJ il.lld c above
,I
e. noneol"- t he above / I
;'
!
/
/

,/

i
j

and CUlling are:

4
"-

\'
l

'TAtlOAROS. 1~ICLUDINGCODES AND SPECIFlc;..nONS

CHAPTER 4- S

,,,

r'
,1/
--

n~~~w-Chapter
.~.
Q1-1

...
ub qua,ity

b.'
c.
1 d.
e.

rr,

. 'Irements can be found. in all

a-~odes
.

'I

4-Standanls,.Induding

ICq.l

v.hi.c.h of thefollOWillg~7
. _-'-'
P

\JLil
"

)l~
-<..

,-P

't\S ;

\..c

standards
specifications
lext books
a and b only

Of the following d~~~~ents. which may be,considered

[\\

Codes and specifiC~~jons

a.

codes

d.
e.

aandbabove
all of the above

(,J

I"

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/'-'\

a 'sland

:::~:~~~~~~:~
~~:~::~J'\
r J '1~,
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,,'~

Q4-3

iI.
b.
c.
d.
e.

.~

[It

(/

The ty pe

0f

doc I!lIlent that has legal status is:

code
srandard
specification
bOlh a and b above
all of the above

Q'H l"hat tYi'~ of document that d::~clibe5 the' requirement;

"---

a.
b.
c.
d.

r
....\.

r componeOi is rererreci to

for ;Gilrticlllar

j(

I "
/~

I,'
LLJ

Q4-5 ))f the following types of documents. which i:> th~ rn~e general type? i'n fact. the Olhel" documents
-" .--/ considered us more S:::!fiC lypes of this ClasSifiC. ation ..:
.
a_ corles'
- \ 1& \ I ~ I \
L ~t:I' "".
b: standards
Ufl L""'~\
'Y 'jI..J. 6' ~

oe

c." specificatiolls
d_ drawings
e_ none of the above

.i:

X--'

ceode
standard
specification -"':~
a anel b above
band G above

. ....

'.

..

could be

1\

X'
~

The code that covers the welding of steeLstructure~ds:


11_ ~SME Section IX
b. ASME B31.1
c. APII104
.

d.

AWS Dl.l

e:.

none of the above'

The
. a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

co~e Ihat covers the design and fabrication of uufiredprcssurc


ASME Section IX
ASlvfE Se9tion VIII
ASME Seqion III
API 1104
AWS Dl.I

vessels is:

. l

1\

i", 1.. ~~.,..\


...!t

L.------'----"------~~~-------~~
...
-.--_.--_

The specification covering the requirements for welding electrodes llre designated as:
ll.
AVIS DLX
b. AWS DI4X
c.
AWS A5.X
d. ASTM A 53
e. ASTMA 36
The
a..
be.
c.

4.
e.

standard describing the requirements for welding of cross-country pipelines is:


AVIS DI.I
.
ASME Section VB!
ASME SectioQ IX.
APl'll04
none of the above

Review-Chapter
QS-l

C\

and Welding:Terminology:

5- -Weld JointGeometry

Which of Ihe. following is not considered a tYI)eof joint'!

QS-l

a_

butt

b_
c_
d_
e.

T
fillet
comer
edge

The lype of joint formed1when the two:pieces to be joined are-aligned in parallel planes and their edges overlap is
called:
a comer
b.

c.

edge
lap
bUll

d.

e.

That ponion of the joint where the two pieces to be joined. come' closest togelher: is referred to as the:
a. bevel
.--- ..-..--.- ,
b.
c.
d.
e.
[I)

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

joint roOI
groove angle
1'001 face;
both b and d
a single- V-groove weld.lhe-sloped
root fnce-.
joint root
groOV.t face
groove angle
bevel angle'

surfaces II.gainsl which the weld metal is applied are called:

The ty\)C of weld produced hy .filling an elongated hole in an: overlapping


nemli is called a:
11.
plug weld
b. spm weld .
.' -....c. seam weld
d. slot weleL
e. ooile of the above

,\'

Q5-5

The lype of. wcldhaving


joiOl is calle-da:
a. flange weld
b. flare weld
c. fillet weld.
d. slot weld.
e. spot weld.

..'

a generally lriangulatcross

member, fusing It to the member he-

section and which is applied to either a T-. comer, or lap

~S-T

The type of weld used to build up thinned surfaces, provide a layer- of corrosion protection,
abrasion-resislant ma!erial. etc. is referred to as a:
a. edge weld
b. flare weld
c. flange weld.
d. slot weld
1;. surfacing weld

provide a layer of

_ ..

_-~"'
..;
\

The Iype of wtlt! shown in Figure. t is a:

QS-22

a.

dUllblt-beve!-groovc

/
~

b.

single-bevel-groove

c.

dOlllJle.-Vgroo'lc

,L

sinr,le V-Ilwove

e,

nOlle';

of ahe above

(15.13 TIle weld reinforcemelH height shown in Figme I is labeled:


a_I
k

~
"2

c.
lL

e_

"-"~

\ ' 45'2~!}The ....eld

>' \ lali

-' :;

in Figure

We shown

.. . .

I is labeled:

c.3
IL 6
e.. 7
Q515 Number 6 Showlljn
ll.
weld 1'001
h:

filSioll' face

c.
d.

groove rac~

e.

i.leplit of fll,ioll

\Veld

Q5.1ii NUlTlber.5

Figure I is the:

illlcrfaccc

dween

arrows

shown in f'igure I is the:

weld roOt'

u.
h.

fusion

filce

l;mo\'l~ face'
wel,1 inlerface

deplh of fusion
QS.2T Numher '\ 51\own ill figure
<1..

weld size

h.

joint

c.

nelllal Ihroat

d.'

IheorCliGallltroat

e.

a and II ahove'

I is Ihe:

pcnclrmion,

t
"[_7~
,

'L-----FIGUI1'i2

..

Q5-28 Tile \Veld face shown in Figure 1.is labeled:


a. 7
.
h.
c.

8
6

d.

II
10

e.

Q5-29 The weld rOOlshown in figure 1 is labeled:


~.-'".
a. 6
....,.,.,.

b. 4
c.
d.
e.
Q5-30' TIle
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

5
9
]
welds shown in, figure 2 are:
concave filIets"
conical fillets
convex fillets
T-fillets
filler of fish

Q5-31 The- actuaL throat shown- in' Figure 2 is labeled:

;lL, ~.i
d,
e.

-2;'-f

10
9

Q5~32 The weld!ge'shown


a. II
b. 8
c.
10
d. T
e. bOlh a and 1

in' Figure 2 is labeled:

Q5-33 Number 6'show~ iil' Figure 1. is t~e:


a. 'weld root,
11:
fusion:;face:c. groove-face.
1.. weld interfacee'
e. depth, of fusioO't

Q5-3'f Number 9 shown in: Figure' 2' is the:


a.
b.
c.
,d.
e.

weld roo I

fusion fal,:egroove: face::


weld interface
deptlrof fusiotl

Q5-35 Number 2, shown in Figure: 2 is lhe:


a. weld root
b. fusion facec. groove face
/c.!: weld interface
e. depth of fusion

.
,r.::~
~~---------------~--.-------

QS-36- Number.1 shown in Figure 2 is the:


D.
weld root
b. fusion face
c.

groove face

d.'
e.

weld interface
depth of fusion

t/

QS-3T Number 2 shown in Figure 2 is the:


a. weld size
~
effective throat
~/
actual throat
d.. theoretical throat
e~ a and b above
Q5-38 Number'3 shown in Figure 2 is the:
a. weld size
b. effective throat
c. actual throat
d. theoretical throat
e. a and b above
Q~-39' Number 10 show'n in Figure 2 is the:
n. weld size and leg size
b. weld size
c. leg
d. theoretical throat
e. acwal thmat

Q5~40>The groove angle shown in Figure 3 is labeled:

a.

b.

c.

d.

4-

e: 5
Q5'4~ The: bevel angle shown in Figure 3 is labeled:

a.
.'

b.

I
2

c. 3
d. 4e. 5

I
I
L--

/.
/'

Q5-,.2

Number 3 shown in Figure 3 is Ihe:


a. groove angle
b. bevel angle
c.

groove fnee

d.

fusion face
bOlhe and d above

e.

Q5-f3: Numher, 6 shown in Figure 3 is the;


a. groove face
,
b:
fusion face
c. bevel face'
d. rool face
e. bevel

Q5-++ Number 5 showl\'iii Figure: 3 is Ihe;


n.. rush>il face
.
b;
c.
d.
e._

groove face
root opening
root face
weld roar .

Q5.'15 The weirl ~es


a_ 8 and"l.
b~ 9-and7

shown- in figure 4 are: labeled~


.
-~

_
/.-'
,-"

c. Tnnd4
d~ I and 6,
e_ 3 and 9'
Q5-4o.The w~!droOI shown in Figure-4 is labeled:

"

a_

I,

b. 2
c~ ).

d.
eo.

"

/'
-

7
a and c above:

Q5-4-7' The weld shown in' Figure


a. backing, weld.
b. back weld
c. double-V-groove.
d. double-bevel-groove
e. none of the above-

4- includes
'

a:

---........:1...'":'...

Q58 The
a.
b.
c:.
d.
e.

weld size shown in Figure 4 is labeled:


9
8
7

2
none of the above

Q5-49"Thc weld toe shown in Figure-4 is labeled:


a. I
b.' 2
c. 3
d. 6
e. 7
QS-50 Number 6 shown in Figure 4 is the:
a. weld root
b. fllsidn face
c. groove face
d. weld interface
e. depth of fusion
Q5-51 Number] shown in Figure
a. weld root
b. fusion face
c. groove face
d. weld imerface
e. depth of fUSIOn

+IS

the:

QS-52 Number 4 (between arrows) shown in Figure' oJ is the:


1\. weld roOl
b. f\isiui1 face
c. grcove face
d. weld interface
e. dcpl~ :)1' fusion .
Q5-53 Number 2 shown in Figure 4-is the::8- root surface
be fusion face
c. weld face
d_. weld interface
e. depth of fusion

//'/

L,./"

Q5-S'f;The

a_
b.
c_

bevel angle shown in figure 5 is labeled:


I
2
3

d. 4
e._ bodr c and d above
Q5-55 The joint rool shown in' Figure 5 is I;belcd,
a_
I
be 2
c.
3
d. 4
c. none of the !\bove
Q5-56The groove face shown in Figure5 is labeled:
ac I
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
e. both c and d

above

Q5-5T Thi]~showfl
3.
I

b.
c_

2
3

d.
c.

4-.

in Figure- 5 is labeled:
-

none of the above

-,."".,
..

Q5-58 The weld face shown in Figure 6 is labeled:


'!. I

b. 4
c.
d.
e.

7
3
2

Q5-59' The weld root shown in Figure 6 is labeled:


a. 6
.
b.
c.
d.
e.

4
5
9
10

QS-60" The welds s"hown in Figure 6 are:


a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Q561 The
a.
b.
c.

q.
e.
Q5-62 The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

concave fillets
conical fillets
convex fillets
T- fillets
fillets of fish
actual throat shown in. Fi"gure6 is labeled;
9
10
3
2
5
weld to~ shown in Figure 6 is labeled:
I
8
10
7
both a and d. above

Q5-63 Number 6 shown in Figure 6isthe:


a. weld root
p. fu-sion face
c. groove face
d. weld interfacee. depth of fusion'
Q5 "6+ Number 8 shown in Figure 6is the:
a. weld root
b. fusion face
c. groove face"
d. weld interfacee~ depth of fusio~
0

Q5~65 Number 2 shown in Figure 6:is the:.


a. weld size
.-h. leg size
c. leg and weld size
d. theoretical throat
e. actual throat

.----c=--~----CHAPTER o-WELD'NG

AND NONDESTRUCT'VE EXAM/NAllON SYMBOLO

.Review-Chapter
;\Q6-1

6--Welding and Nondestructive EXHmination Symbols

111e pJimary elemen! of :my welding symbol is referred


a.

[ail

b.

arrow

c.

ret .
rence line

d.

arrow side.
'veld symbol

c.

[0

as the:

.ll1fonnaiion appearing above the reference line refers to lhe:


a. lIear side
b. arrow side
c. rar side
d. other side
e. none of the above
Q6-3

r-

,.

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

graphical representation
t"il
welding symbol
weld symbol
arrow
none of the above

~~Q4-,~)Which
,

[:

'

I~

.~

[.r.. j

'CIJ

KQ6-5

. . .Jl
i!iY

I"

.,

of the symbols below represents the weld shown?

~.~~-)
I-c-J" J U=J

'.

of the type of weld is called the:

--.~

,B
'-

When a weld symbol is centcrect. on' the-refercnce line. this indicates:


a. that tile welder can put the weld on either side
b. that there is no side significance
c, that the designer doesn't know where the weld should go
d.' that the welder should weld in whatever position the weld is in
e. none of the above

11" ,y.,bol below ,,"pi'" "'bin 'ypeof w,'"

7C
_ a.
b.

L1

(\

flare- V-groove
fla/e-bevet-groove
edge-flange
comer-flange
none of [he above

---rr
CHAPTER 6-WElDING

K~6-7

AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION SYMBOLS

/'

In the symbol below. Ihe 118dimension refers

10

wha'?

/
a.
b.
c.
d.
1- e.

;J

Q6-8

groove angle
rool face
deplh of preparation.
weld size
root opening -

In Ihe symbol below. the 3/4 dimension refers to what?

t~~

/314(7/8)

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

~tj

weld size
effective Iln'oal
.depth of preparation
fcot opening
none of the above

If 'ppl;oo

'0' I ;. 'bk' w,ld. ,"",mb.1

"'low "'pre"."

~h" ,>,poofw,'d1

'
X

, ~.
b.
c.
d.
e.

full penetration double-bevel-groove weld


full p~PetrationdOl~ble- V-groove weld. . ';1,..
partial 'penetration double-bevel-groove weld
partial penetration double-V-groove weld
none of the above

Q6-l0 Dimensions app.earing to the left of the weld symbol generally re~er to the:
a. weld length
<
.
, b. weld size/~epth of preparation
..
c. root opening
_ d. radius
e.

none of the above

Q6-11 A triangular-shapecl weld symbol represents what type-of weld?


a. bevel-groove
b. flare-groove
c. flange-groove
d. V-groove
e. none of the above

f:~';

CHAPTER6-WELDING

a.
(b.
c.
d.
e.

"'-'

weld size
rool opening
depth of preparation
weld' length/pitch

e.

~'.iX{Q6-'At
"'-"'"

none of the above

o' /.~ Q6-15 The


a.
b.
c.
d.

Q.

V\;o

.".

\1

~I:

)01
box that conlllins a dimension represents a:
.
~

slot weld
plug weld ill beveled hole
panially ftUed plug weld
plug welG ,n hele having dimension shown

required spot wt:ld size can be shown as'


a dimension te, the light of the symbo: .
a dimension 0; the required nugget diamete~
a value for the req aired shear strength
bmh a and boalove
bolll band cab/lye

6-16 A number appe~ng co the right of the spot weid symbol refers to~
a. spot weld size
b. spot we I!length
~
c. number of spots required
d. pitch distance between adjacent spots
e. none of the aboye
0

t};J
~

e.

Q6.11 In "" ,ymhot "'tnw, Ib' ,ymhol ,bnwn on th, n,h" ,Id' ".""nu,

'/

?<
back weld
lll~cking weld
melt-through weld
both a and b above
e.. both band c abov~

/'
~

A weld symbolized by a rec~ngular


a. plug weld
.

b.
c
tl.
. e

SYMBOLS

slaggered intenniuent fillet weld


chain intenninent tillet weld
segmented fillet weld
inlermiuent fillet weld
none of the above

a.
b.
c.
d.

;
I
;
,... v<
.J)(

EXAMINATION

Dimensions appearing co the right of the weld symbol generally reft:r to the:

Q6-13

1\1<.1

A"lD NONOESTRUCTIVE

,~

/'

'"

'/

v'

single-bevel-groove weld
sing!e- V-groove weld
backing weld
back weld
band c above

x
a.
b.
c.
, d.
e.

square groove
skewed groove
sloped groove
sca~f
1100'':of Ihe above

Q6-20' The part of the weldin~ symbol which can be used


\,
olherwise is referred 10 as:
a. the weld symbol
b. the arrow
c. the reference line
t d.
Iht r.'lil
e. I.one 'If rhe above

3.

b.
II

c.
d.
e.

gas metal arc spot weld


resistance spot weld
gas tungsten arc seam weld
resistance seam weld
1I0ne of the above

10

cOllvey any additional infomll,,::m

which canllOl be shown


.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

magnetic particle testing


eddy curreM testing
radiographic teSting .
penetrant testing
none of the above

Q6-23 A nllmber in parentheses JUSt outside a test symbol represents:


a. Ihe length of weld to be tested
b. the extent of testing
c. the number of tes[S to perform
. d. the type of test to perform
e. none onhe above

Q624 A nllmbo::rro the right of a nondestmctive examination symbol refers to the:


a. nUII~berof tests to perform
b. the length of weld to bt: tested
~.
c. the applic;,ble quality Jrandard
d. lhe test procedure to LIse
e~ none of the above

I .
...
Iy
. ~

Q6-25 Which of the symbols represellls tLe weld shown below'!

f\
~:li~
~t'rof.

,~i1

LKJ

'f,

LaJY*<.0<~x-

rJ

J*-.

.~

~:.i.,

CD CD CD CD
a.

h.

e. none of the above

..

,!

..

CHAPTER 6-WELDING

AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION SYMBOLS

Q6-28 'Vhich of the symbols r-'presenls the weld shown below'?

)(

LIJ~~~
CD CD

o=J

CD

r'

"

e. none
1"

ot the above"

cb

"J

b.
"

,,

'

?~

..

'

I(

i:

/--:+)

:l~}

<
LlJ
d.

:1
',~~l.

t
l,~

QIl-31 Which of lhe symbols :'epresenrs lhe weld shown below?

~. F~

l~

~~

;;7,"

)1 i

t.'
t.

I.-----,I~~
I_"=====:
?_. ',I
~

b.

~
c.

,I

I(

CHAPTER 6-WELDING

X.

~'.32{"

"P""""'h'

of 'h' ,ymbo',

AND NONDESTRUCTIVE EXAMINATION SYMBOLS

w,1d,how. ""ow,

x
-_.,
gp m'J.
"',-:
L...
.
.

~{~,:

'0 ...

:'f\' -, I

.!.",
.j

",--.J

~H\~
\..,

Q6-3' Wh,,' of 'h' w"., "

-;I

.....

..

''I''''''''. by 'h' ,ymho' ,h~.

b"ow'

f~;-'

~"",

I~J'~

~~'6)'

~.,.
:

~.

1.-'.

~j

";'

."

<'\.

(!)lnsutficle~.~~t~=~
...,............. ~~

-----------:-------_._.-

.
etaill~9

/rf7-;

~7

:::II

E:=d
e

b.

Q6-39 Which of .Ihe welds is represented by lhe symbol shown b~lo\V'~

.,/\ "

~C:;~J'----(

/ It' :::

V"/

'E~

8f~~~rE_@

(1)

~2"Cb

~) none of the qbove

b.

c.

0 "'0
(;)

d.

j/
/

Q6-41 What is the weld length?


a.
1/4 in.
b
3/8 in.
3 in.

It.>
~
e.

lOin.
none of llie above

Q6-42 What is tile pilCh distance?


a.
1/4 in.
b. 3/8 in.
3in.
10 in.
~.'
none of lhe above

. Q6-43 What is the size of the arrow side weld?


Q 1/4 Ill.

(!)
c.
d.
e.

Q(j-44~la[
a.

Ii

q.
e.

3/8 in.
3 in.
10 in.
jl"ne of the above

is rhe size of the o~


1/4 in.
3/3 in.
3 ill.
.
10 in.
none of the above

side weld?

Q6-45 What does Ihe symbol represent?


a. fillet welds on both sides
b. intermittent fillet welds
.~.
chain intermittent fillet welds
staggered intermittent fillet welds
none of the above

/"
0/'

Q6-46 Whal is II~".pilCh diStance?


a.
I in.
b. 1/2 in.
45 in.

G)

(];)6in.
e.

none)f

lhe above

Q6-47 What is Ihe angle of the countersink?

a.

(I?)

10
1/20

@45
d.
e.

60
none l'.' the above

Q6-'1a What is lhe depth of filling?


a. I in.

G;;)

(!)
d.
e.

1/2 in.

45 in.
6 in.
none of the above

Q6-49 Whal i~Ihe weld size?


I in.
@ 1/2 in.
c. 45 in.
d'- 6 in.
e. none of the above

to

Q6-S0 What weld is represented by the symbol'?


a_ arrow side slot weld
b. other side slot weld
arrow side plug weld
@ other side plug weld
e. a or c above

G)

'""

"'v/

JL::

1/4 (3/8)
1/2(9I1p}~--_.- __
-_
._-,.,
\/

Q6-51 What is Ihearrow side depth of preparation?


a.. 1/4 in.
b. 3/8 in.
~
112 in.
(])
9/16 in.
e.
15/16 in.
Q6-52 What is the other side depth of preparation?

l--<O
Qlb
c.

d.
e.

1/4 in.
3/8 in.
1/2 in.
9/16 in.
15/16 in.

Q6-53 What i~the (.ther ~ide weld size'?


a.
1/4 in.
.
3/8 in .
.~
112 in .

.~

9/J6in.
e.

15/16 in.

Q6-S:' What is the arrow side weld size?


a.
1/4 in.
b. 3/8 in.
c. 1/2 in.
Q) 9/16 in.
15/16 in.

G}

Q655 What is the total weld size?


a.

1/4 in.

b.

3/8 in.
1/2 iti.
9/16 in.
15116 in.

m
c.

{/"'.
~

1
:::"

(:,:,

.:~t

..;

r
.#

t:

The
u.
b.
c.
d.
e.

use of preheal will lend to:


result in a ~
heal-affected zone
produce a lower heat-affected zone hardness
sl;:lw down the cooling rate
reduce the tendency of producing martensite in Ihe heat-affet:led zone
all of the above

Which of lhe (allowing changes will warrant the addilion of or increase in the required preheat?
a. decreased cMbon equivalent
b. increased carbon equivalent
c. increased base metallhickness
d. bOlh a and c above
e. boch band c above

t"
\i

Q7-10 What heat treatment -is characterized by holding lhe parr at the ausrenilizing
slow cooling in the furnace?

I,:

a.
b.
c:
d.
e.

temperature

normalizing
quenching
annealing
tempering
srress relief

Q7-11 What heat trealment is characterized by holdillg the parr Btthe ausre-nitizing temperature
slow cooling in slill air?
. a. normalizing
b. quenching
c. annealing
d. tempenng
,
\

L,::::::":,,'

Q1-12

'120\

iup."

-""u:n dc:cre.ases the cooling


b.
c.
d.

rate Ilnd ~ncr~~~c:~the likelikood


decreases the coolipg rate aod decreases lhe JikelihooJ
increases rhe cooling rate and j"r.reases the Iikeliliuod
increases the cooling rate aid decreases the likelihood

1
of cracking
of cracking
of c:'acking
of cracking

problems
pmblems
prublems
problems

of cracking
of cracking
of cracking
of cr~cking

problems
problems
problems
problems

e.~~~~~_
Q713

Increasing preheal:
a. decreases'the cooling
b. decreases lhe cooling
c. increases the coaling
d. increases the cooling
e. none of the above

rater and increases


rale llU4decreases
rate and increases
ratc and decreases

Ihe likelihood
the Iikelibood
the likelihood
the likelihood

Q7-11 Increasing lhe carbon content:


lI.

b.
c.
d.
~.

for some time and Ihen

decreases the likelihood of cracking problems


increases the Iikeliqood
cracking problems
has ~olhjng to do with dJe.likelihood of cracking problems
all of lhe above
none of lhe above

of

;;,'-:

Q7-1S Whicl\ of the following generally ~ws


a. annealing
.
b. nonnalizing
c. quenching
d. tempering
e. stress relief

quenching?

for some time and then

-__-~----------.lT~'1
Q7-16 Which of lhe following can be accomplished using eilher Iheffilal or mechanical lechniques'!

a.
b.
c.
d.
e. ..

annealing
nuffillllizing .
quenching
tempering
Slress relie f

.'
\

QT-.7 Which of Ihe following results in lhe softesl slruclure for sleel?
f

a.
b.
c.
d.

anneali.ng
normalizing
quenching
lempering

e.

slress relief

.
.
haVIng, lhl(,:fpllowmg

Q1-1.....
~ for a sleel
,:;:):opper~nd O'0tbrnolY6d~um
CE

= %C

fI,

..
0
COm?o.SlIlon: 0.11 c~bon.

.. wh~~s us c~on

t- (%Mn) ...(%~i) t- (%~)


6
15
5

eqUI~enl

f':'

lY
0.6.5 mang~nese.

l:V
chromium.

0.13
uSing Ihe following formula'!

r:::
Q/

O.J 9 nj(,:kel. 0.005

+ (%Cul + (~Mo)
14

a. 0.15
b. 0.23
.. c.

Q7-19

0.28

d.

0.31

e.

(\n

for a sled having Ihe fullowing composition: 0.16 carbon. 0.85 mung ,nese. C"~5 chromium.
copper. anG 'llI m'llybd,:nLJn., whal is ils carbon equivalent :Jsin!J,lhe followil~~ formula'!

0.05 nickel. 0.055

CE = %C t- (%Mnl + (%Ni) ...(o/CCr) t- (%Cul + (,:",:\'102

a.
b.
c.
d.
. e.

15

13

4-

0.13
0.31
0.34
0.41
0,46

:1

"eal

I
(11') _ Amperage x Voltage x 60
nput
10. -.
.
Travel Speed (m.lmlO.)

..

\}4' .. ,..

_~

", t~
Q7-l0

TIle FCAW process ,is being ulilized 10 weld a I in. Ihick SII1lCIUralsteel member 10 a building column. The welding is being done with a 3/32 in. diameler self-sbielded eleclrode with a .150 minimum preheal and imerpass temperacure. The welding parameters are adjusted 10 30 volts. 250 amperes and 12 in.lmin. Whal is the heal inpu(~
a. 315 J/in .
b. 31 500 J/in ..
c. 375 kllm
d. bolh a and b above
e. both b anq c above
0

Q7-21 GMAW (short circuiling) welds are produced!at 18 volls. 100 amperes and 22 in.lmin. Whal is the heUl inplll'~
,a.
238 J1in.
b. 7333 I1in.

, c.
d.
e.

4909 J/in.
30 J/in.
none of lhe above

_
~_~

,,------7

ReVj~w-Chapter .8-Destructive Tes mg


Which property cannOI be determined
l\. ultimate tensile strength
b. percent elongation
c. percen! reductiOn of area
d. impact strength
e. yi~ld strength

~&.l

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

~._~

\
.
~a-;

property that describes the ability ofa metal to resist some.applied load is:
strength
toughness
hardness
ductility
none of lhe above

11Je point at which a metal's behavior changes from elastic to plastic (onset of pennanentdeformation)
a. yield strenglh
b. ultimate tensile strength
c. modulus of elasli,:ily
d. Young's modulus
none of lhe above

.~-3

from a tensile lest?

~5

9/b.
\

is referred

WhiCh of the following is(Vl expression for a metal's ductility'?


'1.
percent elongation
I}.
percen! reduction Ji area
c. proponionallimit
d. bOlh II and b above
e. both band c above
Wl lat is the percenl elongation of
.
307,
~5~
c. 50Ckd. 40""
_.

it

specimen whose original gauge lengl'J

1/'.15

2 in. 'lfid final gauge length was 2.5 in.'"!

~.

.\).'1/., .
.~./~
.

".~;)
. ,..

/lone of the above

Tpe propeny of metals thaI descrlbestheir


a. Slre/lgth
p. toughness
c. liard ness
d. dUClility
e. pone of the above

resistance to indentation is called:

<.h "

1~7
1

The !ype of testing thllt is used routinely for lhe qualification o! ~eidi!l& procedures and ~
a. tensil~ strength
p. hardness
c. soundness
d.impact
strength.
e. all orlhe l\bove
Of Ihe following, which propenies

~.8

10 as:

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

can be detennined as a result of ~

ultimate tensile strength


ductility
percent elongalion
yield strangth
all of the above

'

is:'
~/
~/

c/

Jesting?

l/C/
~
.- /

V/..
157

/,/

i
;J
V

1
~

1-

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

family of hardness rests lhal uses bOlh a ITlhlOrand major load is called:
Brindl'
Vickers
Rockwell
Knoop
none of Ihe above

Q8-l0 Which of Ihe following tests are referred 10 as microhardness lests?

9\

':

L.: .

8H
.

.d

a.
b.
c.
d.

Rockwell
Vickers
Knoop
borh a and b above

e.

bOlh band c above

Whallype of leSI _1~~Sa weightedl.'~~~UllllJll/!.!!t strike.s a not_~.I~ Ie!! specimen?


a. Brinelllesl
b.
c.

~~

d.

4'

. ;

fali~lIc lesl
tenSIle lest
crack o~ening displacement
Charpy Impacllesl
..

~'12j>f Ib' fOllOW;O"wb;'b ;, ~of

:.:..
~.

--~-:::~~:::s;"

. .

>.

c.
d.
e.

..

~~\..
.." /'

~~-13

~ ~).

sOIl~dness."
lens IOn
none of lht'. above

(COD)

'f

c-~\
\. "

Ib~m , m<"O"'b1~f'

~f .;".1_-------

..q~

d.
e.

~~I~~I
bber~~k
rool bend
pick-break

11'1~'~

Q8-11The Iype. of lesling used 10 evaluliteUle type of microsrruclUrc pre~enl in

~is

y-:2&/'

A 50 Ib can of welding eleclro~es weighs approximalely how manY~kg?


227 kg
.
b. 2.3 kg
. .
~
c. 22.7 kg
d. 23 000 I::g
.
e. none uf Ihe above
~:
~

..

"l

/lone of Ihe above

.8.

\
Iii

mClal is clllled:

~'. :~~;~;;~:~PhiC .
e:

II

~ :::::..

:1

f':":

X.

\-"hich o~ Ihe following i~ \!5L"cQnsidercd a sOJlndness leSI?


a. tenSIle

\~:

)'1

~
~V
~

0') -f'

-Ill Which IWOmel~1properties are ~ir_~c;lyrelaled\for many steels?


a. impacl sltenglh and faligue strength
b. Jellsile slreuglh and duclility
,
c. tensile strenglh and hardness
d. !Ollgh!leSSand fatigue str<:~glh
~. none of Ihe above

~:!"
j

/'

V .

...~

~ha\i~jt~:jre

/"

~
/"
.

~~l9.
.,.;"
. .//"/'
c:

feed spc;ed that is measured atI75i.~:':~:,1.?

b.
c.'
d.
e.

74 mOlls
7.4 mmls
bOlh a and b above
both band c above

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

property of metals that'describes


strength
toughness
hardness
ductility
none of the above

their ability to carry some type of load is:


.
_

For less ductile meUlls. which method is used to determine the yield strenglh'!
drop of beam
b. offset technique
~
c. stress-straw curve
~/
d. abmpt yielding
~. 'none oflhe above

~ll.
~

t/

Af:

-20Tilt
a.
b.
c.
d.
. e.

.
. .

ability of a mew I to absorb energy is called:


strength
duclililY
hardnes5
ionghness
lIone of the above

-21 A weld join! is measured and found to be 345 mm long. flow long is that joint in terms of inches?
a. 135,8 in.
/
j)..
13.58 in.
c. 8760 in.
d. 876 in.
e. flone ohhe. above

2 Which OIlile following tests is used to verify the soundness of a weld'!


a. nick break
. .,-/\
(J.A
.
~ opj
.
lr,

b.
c.
d.
e.

~)

;;7
'//

I J,I

...
1 ~;

!J

fillet break
bend test.
radiographic te,st
all of the above

.) \;) \
/-

v.
j.J

Wuh lhe SAW process we achieve a deposition rale of 19.7 k~l.: How many Ibth is this?
a. 43j Ibth
.-.S"
/"
,-h. 43.34 Ilith
//
c. 87.51b/h
L/"
d. 89 Ib/ll
e. Iione of the above
I

..14 Ultimale tensile strength can be determined lJsing which of the following tests'!
8.

b.
c.
d.
e.

tensile
..
bend '
Charpy
nick break
nilduclility drop-weight

L,....:.-~
/'
.~
/

~-- ... --------------------------~-----------_

..~~----~-------:_-------_._--=-

_---_

. - ..

..

_._._---------------------

_.
__.-y
tf.

.~

.'
/4

5 Calcll'jillion of percent elongation is detennined aflg measuring the change in:


a. percent reduction of area
.
.
b. deplh of indelJlatioll
.
.
c. diameter of indentation
d. .cross-seclional area

e..

I ,...~ /'

-i:"-d
Lf

'/

~\~

./

1Willi the GTAW process, flow rates al'e measured al 22 !Jrnin. How many ft3/h is this?
a. 10.4 ((l/h
b

II~(/

\Villi the G.MA~ process we lIse a Wtre feed speed of 170 mn.l/s. How ~any in.lmin. is this?
a. 40.16 ill/mm.
,_.----./
b. 53.7 in Imin.
c..,./'
C.
401 6 in.lmin.
d. 537 ill.lmlll.
.
e. none of the above
.

{j

length belweell gauge. mar"s

I 39 ftJ/I

/l:

r/'-46.6ftl

It~~ ~
I:.........
/'

!)

d.

83.2 fl3/h

e.

noneoflheabove

...

~'f.

,',J-l

Calcuhllion of tcn5ile slrength is accomplished by dividing lhe lensile load by:


a. cross-seclional area
~
b.
C.

d.
e.

percent elodllga.lion f
percent re UCllOIl0 area
6a!lge lenglh
1l'1Ileof lhe above

~~
~/

The mewl pi-opcny describing its freedom from impelieclions is:


rensile strenglh
b.sonndness
.
c
impact strengrh
.,...y'':..
..~. toughness
v.
,
/
e. . ductility .
~
L'\0
.'
,) 0- ,

.
/"

't.

\) f'"

30 Ifamclalcxhibirsagrel\tdealo
B.
t~nsile strenglh I
lJ. hardness i
c. impact strr.ngdl'
d. loughf!ess ~
e. ductility..
3~

'(;

fl'
~(
eongallonplioriota

'"

G~

. JIe.'1 1 d'
I' 'J '
'd\ I
I' I
lngwhenatenste
oa ls-applec tS,sal 1,0 lil\'e IIgl:

A s~dmen approximately 2 in. long with a V-notch machined in the cenrer of on~ of its sides is used for which
of Ihe following leSlS?
a. tensile
b. pH-ductiliIY drop-weighl
~-

v'

c.
d.
e.
2
/

Charpy
bel1d
IIlC~ break

WhiCh.of the follo~ing rropert!es can be delermi,n~ from .a ten;i1e test?


a. ultimate lensile strength. ~teld strength, ducuhty
b. yield strength, ductililY. toughness
'./
<:, ductiiity anI y
~
Ii. toughness on Iy
e. all of the ahove

/'

Review-Chapter 9-Welding Procedure and WeideI;'Qualification


Q9-1

Who is noemary responsible for the qualification of welding procedures and welders'?
a. wel,ler
b. archilect
c. welder's employer
d. independent test lab
e. code body

vf~
Which of the following destnlctive tesling methods may be used for procedilre qualification
a. tensile
b. nick-break
c. Charpy

testing'?

d. bend
e.
Q9-3

all of lhe above

What is lhe pipe welding posilion in which the pipe remains fixed with ils axis horizonlal.
weld around the joint'?
iI.IG

and the welder must

b.
c.
d.
e.
Q9-~

1G

"-

5G

6G
6GR

What is the pipe welding posi:io!l in which the axis of lhe pipe lies fix",d at a 45 angle'?
a. lei
b. 2C
c.
:'iG
d. c'J
e.
ncrae of lhe above
What is the necessary pipe posilion lest for welders who are lrying to qual! fy w weld T-, Y-, and KCLnnecliens?
lG

a.

b.

2G

c.

5(;

d.
e.

6G
6GR

1;';;

~\

)J

~'

~-'\

With regard co procedure and welder qualification, what is the Oloft important
inspector?
a. watching the welding qualification
b.'
c.
d.
e.
Q9-7

idenlifying samples
cUlt.ing test ~pecimens
testing speCImens
monitoring production welding

test

r \~~ \

responsibility

of the welding

1
I

"

"'-.

>< ~

for most codes. if a welder continues to use a particular procedure. how long does his qualification
effect?
a. indefinitely
b. 6 months
c.
d.
e.

1 year

3 years
until he produces a rejectable weld

remain in

a.V'";

Q9-8

Wh~l dOClInlllOl dc;scribes

Q9-9

lhe requiremel1l~

ASME
b. .-\SME
c.
ASME
d ... -\SME

Seclion

III

Section

n. Part

e.

SeCtion V

a.

ASME

ID

ASME

b.

AWS Dl.l
AWS D14.3

c.

.\

IX
Section Xl

a.

d.

in accordance

Seclion

QualilicatiDn

c.

of .ceider qllalilicalion

weld cross-counlry

Section

API 1104
API 650

Wilh AS\1E~

pipelines

is :lorrnally

done in accordance

with:

III
~.

(' ~.\
~_

.------.
-\ f) _
')iHAPTER

rn(}~

I.-WELDING. BRAZING.ANDCUTTINGPROCESSES

Review-Chapter to-Welding, Brazing, and CuttingProcesses


Of the f.,lIowi\lg.

QIO-l.

which is not

a. source of energy

it

necessary requirement for a welding process?

-.- b_ electricity

c. means of shielding molten metal


u. !Jase rOiHerial ~
e. none of the above

. QIO-2

Which of Ihe following are functions of the flux coaling of a SMAW electrode?
a. insulating
b. alloying
c. [koxidation
d shielding
e. all of lhe above

In
a.
b.
~ c.
d.
e.

/QI0.-'1.
/"

'

the AWS system of SMAW electrode designations. lhe n~


IIsabilily
electrode coating
[lositioll
strengrh
llon\:Df the above

/ /.-/'

to the last number refers to:

Which of the following is an incorrecl Slalemen! about a SMAW eleclrode designated as an E7024?
It IS a low-hydrogen type.
b. The .veld deposit'ha a minimum tensile menglh of 70000 pSI.
C. It is suitable for IIse in the flat and horizc'llal filiet positions 'Hlly.
d. all of fhe above
e. none of the above
il.

I\

Which ':f (h: following is not an essential pun of a ::ypical SI"lAW ~yslem?
a. CJnU3nt CUITentpower supply
b wife feeder
;. covered eleclrodt<
[i. elecn'ode lead
c. work lead
Shielding of lhe molten metal ill GMAW is accomplished
.\. granular flux
h. sing
c. f\lel gas and oxygen y
d. bOlh a and b above
c. inert and reactive gases

~QI0-7

/
/A._--')

through tl~euse of:

Which of Ihe following is not considered a type of metal lransfer for GMA W?
a. short circuiting
b. spray
c. globular
d. drop tel.
t. pulsed arc
J

Which of the following types of melal rransfer in GMAW is cOllsidcred to be the lOWest e~ergy. llnd Iherefore
prone to incomplele fusioll?
, u. short circuiting
b. spray
c. glohular
d. droplet
e. pulsed arc

a. SMAW
b, GMAVJ

c. fCAW
d. SAW
1:. E3\V

'"

"./
I

e(noneof;he

..

1\'/
i

In
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

above

Ihe CleCI\llde designation system fo:FCAW. the second numberrefers


strenglh
position
chemical composition
usabililY
none of the above

I
10:

Which of the following is not always an essential element of a FCAW system?


a.. constant voltage power supply
b. tubular eleclrode
c. wire feeder
f d. shielding gas
. e. work (ground) lead

QIO-U

d.ESW
QIO-If

...t, /
! "/

/'

/'

;1

QlO-IO Whi-:h of [be following is not considered on arc welding proce~s?


a. SMAV-'
b. GMAW
c. FCAW

;'
;./

) /-""

QlO-13 Whal aspect of [he GTAW and PAW processes is 9ifferent from the other arc welding processes?
t a. nonconsumable electrode
b. power supply
c. shielding
d. all of Ihe above
e. none'of the above

lrf;
L

Q10-H
.
/'

'

through the use of:

Q10-lS

A green slripe on a lungsten electrode designates:


.a, pure tungsten
b. 1% thoriated tungsten
c. 2% thoriated tungsten
d. zirconated tuogsli:o
e. none of the abon:

QI0-16

When welding aluminum with the GTAW process. what type of welding current is most commonly USed?,.r
n. dcep
,
\
l
b. dcen
,
/!/J
c. ac
/
'
d. both a and b abo\'(:
e. both band c abo\'e
./

QlO-P

SAW and ESW are ;imilar in that:


a, both are arc welding processes
b, both use shielding gases
c. both use a gr"'luiar llux
d. both a and b abo\'c
e ooth (; and c abl)\ e

Shielding for the GT.-\W and PAW processes is accomplished


a, /?ranular nux
.
b, slag
c, inert gas
.
d, reactive gas
e. none of the abO\'c

if)

IjA

,H,ELDING GAS
REGULArOR' (OP~:ON"1.1

"

0s:

EI.ECTRODE SUPPLY

I
WEI.D'tlG

GLIN

__

'"

'"

~_/
WELo'NGGUN
(NO GAS SH Lo)

'

1!~'
.'

"

,
I
:

I
I
:

I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
,
I

I'

,
I
I
I

I
I
I
,

SHIEI.D''IG
GAS SUI'~:lLY
(OPTION_q

t __ J

CD

CD

WOAK~EAD
GUN SWITCH
SHIELDING
CABLE

CIACUT

GAS TO GUN

ASSEMBLY

G:>

SHIELDING

WELDING

(1)

POWER

G)

PfllMAFlY

GAS FROM CYLINDER


CONTACTOR

CONTROL

CASLE
INPUT

POWER

a.
b.
c.
d.

SMAW
ESW
FCAW
SAW
e. PAW

------------------_

..

QIO-I'J

Soliuific:llion <:rad:ing uw: III imprnper widlh-Io-ueplh


weldin;; process'!
a.OfW
h. SW

ralio'oi

lh~ weld nuggel muy be a problem

with which

1:. SAW

<.I.all of the above


e. none of Ihe ubove

QIO-20 A welding process done e~senlially jn the /lal pas ilion wilh welding
weld joinl positioned vel1icalLy identifies:
a. GMAW

progressing

from Ihe bOllom

10

lOp of the

b. SAW
Co J;,UI

d. bOlh a and b above


e. bOlh band c above
Wh ieh of the follow in!!- ure nOI
Wand
.......l;ommQ[l to
.. both GTA
_-------.....
,I. nonconsumable
tungsten ~Ieclrode"--.

b. copper cons1ricling

~. ,hi(~Jdi;gg~~~
nUlz}t:
d. ext;rnaJly-applieJ
1;.

P,'\'W)

/~

noule

liller mellli.

none of Ihe abo\ e

Q J II-.?:? WkH I,:, h:liljue IS emplllyeJ


a. s:; ir!~.er beads

,vith P..\ W to produce full


..-'.

pencl.-a!i,)Ij

weld~'?

h. .'Ie,,c b~ads
al:

keyhole

d. b~cksler'

e. none of lhe abov.;

1/

Q 1O-:l3 Whal welding process produces


along the join!'?
a. SAW
IT

~~i

w.:lds In lilt. tlat po~ition. in a single pass. with the progression

b. ESW

c. FCAW
d. bOlh a alld b above
e. bOlh band c above
QII)-24 Which of the following is not an ad\'antage of lhe ESW process?
il. high deposition rate
b. eilse of selllp ..
c. capable of joining Ihick sections
d. no tendency for angular ~istortion
e. none of Ihe above
/

QIO-25 Which welding process is considered


a. SMA\V
b. ESW

c. SAW
Id. OAW
e. HOlle of tht: ubo\'e

10

be n chemiGal welding

process?

\'ellicully

III ,vale

/)

r
/

Q I 026

Which ~

wdding

procc.,,,

provide:.

an efficient

means of joining

311,1Chmenl:, 10 some planar

a.OAW
tI b. 5W

c. GMAW
d. GT:\'H
e. SMAW

QIOc27

Brazing

differs

from welding

a. no tiller metal

tb.

in thai:

is used.

an oKyfuel name

is used.

,~. lhe base metal is not melted.


d. all "f lhe above
c. nOl}f of the above

QIO -2"o'F

//

iif.

a.

'1\

~'''ll:lfOlcl0ry

resu lb'
IS. a

large surface

If

ruze JOint should have:

/f

urea.

b. a ~mall gap betWeen

pieces

to Il~ join~d ..

c: a prccbe bevel.
\I'd.
1:.

QIO-"

both

it

and b above

both band

above

Whi;;h of Ihe following


a. ease of joining

i, ~()!-an ad\'anlage

of brazing':

thick ,eclions

b. abilily 10 join dissimilar mewls


c. ability 10 join thin sections

,.I. :'0111 a ami b abO\'e

e. tolh b ilnd I: abov~


\

Q 1:-30 Of [he

following metals.
~. Iligh-carbon steei
b. low-carbon ~teel

'. medium-carbon

"hkh

S'l!l!!ill he i'll'ecljvcly

clllusjrgOfC:j

sleel

t J. slainless steel
c. none of the above
Which of lhefollowing
a. MAPP

gases
.

clln

be used

10

perfurm OFC?

~-rf(ipane
c. ilcctylene
d. nalural

e. al\ of the above


Q 10-32 Whicla of the

following

cu[(ing processes

CliO

be

lIsed

a.OFC
b. CAC-A
c. PAC
. d. both a and b above

e. bOlh band

c above

The width of a cut is technically referred to as the:

Ql0-33

a. g:lfl
jI

"-----

L. dross
c .. kerf
d. drag
e. none of ,he above

to cut any metal':'

surface?

101.

J"

......._-DIRECTION
OF TRAVEL

a. G.\I.-\W
b. P.-\\\.

c. GT.-\ \\.
d. TlG
e. c.-\ \\.

\#.':/
.,.

Ii

a. G:'dA\V
b SAW
c. GT.-\\\"
d. SW
e. SMAW
QI0-39

:/

SM,\W designates which process'?


a. stick metal arc welding
:=
b. shielded melal arc welding';
c. submerged arc welding
d. seam metal arc welding
e. ShOll circuiting metal arc welding

'JIJIREGUICE
MID CON7':'C,

TUBE

//"--\
r)

(Q IO .
\... /.

!p

SW de~ignalC:' which process'?


a. stud welding
b.
c.
d.
e.

QJO--Il

stud a'rt-weluing
~ubmcrgc:u welding
Slick welding
submerged arc welding

'i.

SAW designuleli which process?


a. stud welding

b.
c.
d.
te.

slUd arc welding


submerged welding
Slick welding
submerged arc welding

Q10--J2 FCAW designates which process?


_a. Ilux cored arc welding
b. nux centered arc welding
c. furnace comrolled arc welding
d. fliclion arc welding
e. flow arc welding
./
.

QlO-n

GivlAW designates which process?


a. gas machine arc welding

.../

b. gas method arc welding


.:. gas >nalerial arc welding
d. gas "If~lal arc welding
e ~r.:-.l'fal material arc welding
"QlO--H
/'"

GTA'iv de,.ignates which process'!

.a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

~/

gas lllngslen arc welding


general lUngsler\ arc welding
globular lransfer arc welding
gas torch arc welding
none of ihe above

PAW designates which process?


a. plasma ;.Ircwelding
b. pressure arc welding
c. plate arc welding
d. percussion arc welding
e. none of lhe above

QIO-..JS

~
QlO---l6 Which of lhe following could result in the creation of porosity in lhe~
members for an aircraft application?
a. insufficient cleaning of the weld joinl
b. contaminated filler metalc. leak in the shiel.<!inggas_~~
d. presence of drafts during the welding operation

, J~-

e. al,loftheabove

'~Ql~'F

()

~70S-6
a. GTAW,)
b.
c.
.1.
e.

~~\~

electrode can be lIsed with which of th~ processes?

GMAW
PAW

all of lhe above


none of the above

of ~aluminum

structural

~'"
/

Vi.

Q 111-,111:\
,

.1.

/lux I' ,I chllmc(eri~lic

granular
ES\I;

uf which uf Ih.: rllllllwlng'~

b SAW

c.

SM;\",'

-,d. bOlh

':,,\,"/'

il

and b

c. bOlh b iind c

Q10--t9

..

Which uf Ihe classifications


a. ER70S-6

Iisred below produces

Ihe "t~nfest
weld metal'?
__ .-.~-

t.
/
~'

b. E]OT-5
c. E70lli
d. FlA::-EM 13K
e.

Q 10-5/1

Ill)

difference

Which

proces~; is classified

as a chemical

welding

melhod?

a, GTAW

b. GM,\W
c. ES\V

d. p:\.\V

e. O/-\\V
Which .;ulting

methous

use declricit}"?

a. PAC
b, CAC--\
c,OAC

d, a
e.

/QIO-52

ill1d

b ahon:

b ami L a[H)\';;

A lubul.lr

i~a ,ignili'~ant

eJe:'lrolk

characlerislic

of which

process'!

a. SA\-\'
b. ESW
c. FCAW
d. SMA 1,\

e. GMAW
QIO-53

Which

arc welding

of plates

proces>; is u~ed very effecrively

and stnJctural

for Ihe welding

members'!

a. SMAW'
b. GMAW

c. FC/\W
d. S\V

e..;

'-/

QIO-54

9~

~im!
----_ .._.--_

...

shoes-"'~'"'-is u term associalcd

,_.---. --,

b.CiIAW

c. ESW
d. reAVY
e. GMAW

(' Q lO-;~)Shofl circuiling

metal tmnsfer

.~a.GTAW

b. FCAW

with which process'!

a. SAW

c.

SMAW

d. none of Ihe above


e. all of {he above

is i\ mode of operation

for:

of various

(yp~,~_.of illluchmenls

(0

suduces

The neeu lor c~.::


S.\;I,\W

hU.!2!.!lg O\~

ii,

r'

for some lypt:s of liS liller melal )'):1 Jls~J(jvamagt:


~

. ~l.'~

of which procesiLw
.,__

.........-

h. FCl \V

./'/

l.../'

c. 5.'" W
tI, all oj' lhe ahove
.......

.'

). C. il

1l~.5J

aod b

Which process

-;;-

\.:

IIses a ~'~~Dn$.Ject.rode?

cY~~

a. S.vlA\V
b. GMAW
c. GTAW /
d. CAC..\,
e. PAC
__

?;~.

'''~''''''''

........

"

---...

.58E~J,;!l.:Tjis

.'

illl eleclrode

designalion

~. GT-\W~/~,;
b,. PA\V

/.
fi\
~'..'....
~-'"

.--:,: _,J. a and b above


.::. b .lfld Labove:-"/

r "\ .., .11l'5~

. 1

?',

\.()

-7 '

/'
;

"",

./

GI

.
I

<r .....

W\

g
g
?'..lhe .. fOIJ.I.JWin , which braZ ..in. ... p..r?c.,es.s is preferred
_~lIc~~n'::lJl preplaced
ne:lr or.I.!.Vhe.J~~Il.~.'

when

[he pallS

F7P6-1:\11~;s

allller

mew! deslgOlllion for:

b. GM.-\\V

c. t:C ;\\1'd. SA\'v'


e. P.-\\V
[0

perform

keyhole

welding

b. PAW

c. S:V1A\V
d. fCAv-.:

c. SAW
Which gases can be us.::d for OFW'!

a. :V1APP
b. acel~ lene
c. natural

gas

d. propane
e. all of lhe above
../10.63

W.hich gases below


u

ace[ylene
b. oxygen

c. nalllral gas
d. propane

e.

can be

~s~~~-,-e.e!with

lhe

S\I.-\W

The abilil~
a. GT.-\ \\'

be ~razed

~/L

e. n<lnc 0f the aho~''::

a.

[0

~.~.J

a. lorch
b. indlKtion
c. fllrna.:..:
d. Jillll'.i,'n

-',

lisled bel?w'?

'.I ,

I"

c. G.\l.-\\\"

for which of those processes

all of (he above

I .

can be used for

Tar

is a primary

advanlage

of:

CHAPTER

IO-WELDING.

BRAZING.

~.

~~

_:,.....
)->c~;>f~~
,

AND CUTTING PROCESSES

~;1
~

10.6;V A ferru Ie is an item lIsed for shielding in which proecss

~:.~~~~.':

.//

helll\\"~

e. PAC'

'.

d. SV(

e. Hi "

J2f
lQ'~6'

~~

ti

A conslricling
a. Pi\W
b. GTAW

nozzle is one of the components for which welding process?


'.

c. SAW

d. GMAW

e. SW
.0.67
.
/

~hen GTAW is ust;d. whut Iype of current results in the greatc:sl amount of penetration'?
a. dcen
b. (kep
c. ac
d. hwac
c:. no dilfc:rence

What gasc:s can be used for GMAW'?


a. carbon dio.~ide
b. argon
c. 75'1- argun-25% carbon dioxide
d. 989, argun-2% ox~'gen
e. all)f the above

QlO.68

The process which can be used dther with or without an external shielding gas is:

a.

GMAW

SMAW

b.
c.
d.
e.

FCAW

GTAW
PAW

Which of Ihe welding processes below is generally considered to provide Ihe highest deposition

rate'?

a. SAW ~
b. ESW ..
'
c. fCAW
Q. SMAW
e. GMAW

/'

l.../

When welding carbon steel with the OAW,process. the torch should bendjusled
a. an oxidizing flame
b. a carburizing flame
c. a rl~utral flame ~
d. II Ilealrngnn~e
e. none of Ihe above

to provide:

>v:-o

Gf the following, which of Ihe processes make use of water-injected

kerf?
a. PAC
b.
c.
d.
e.

CAe-A
GTAW
a and b above
band c above

larches to minimize the effect of irregular

CHAPTER 1O-WEL01NG

//

Q 10-72 The

ll~e

of a con~lrkling orilicc. i~ lhe dislinguishing fealure

:::~~:~

llf

whit:h

ill'

BRAZING. AND CUITING

lhe following'.'

c. FCAW
dPAW

.I I
e .. noneoI11Ca)OVe

II.

/0-73

, .".~~

n...
'.'..

...

Which of lhe fonowing processes l{ilize u llllX

:t.SMAW
b. SAW

c. GMAW
d. a and b above
e. all of lhe above

10

provi(le_nece~sll~Ls~ielclin~?

PROCESSES

R,~vieW----Chapter ll-\Veld
Qll-'

and Base :Met.alDiscontinuities

A ,Iisconlinuity is:
a. always n defect
b. always a reject
c. always accepmble
d. rejectable if il exceed's :0de Iimirs
e. none of lhe above
Of t.he following,. which is commonly caused by lhe p.i~~~~e
subjected 10 applied stress'~
a.

b.
c.

d
e.
Ql1-3

microstructure
-',..-_._..- .. ~__

lamellar learing
delamination
porosity
delayed crackin~
none of lhe above

Porosity. occurring in thef0r.:n of large cylindrical pores is called:


a. clusrererl porosity
...
b.
c.
d.
e.

Q11-4

or h~rogen in a--crack susceptible

linear scallered porosir:.


unifoffilly scattered por.jiity
elongated porosity
r.one of Ihe above

Wl,ich of the following discor.tinllities


a. loe crack
b. undercut
c. lamellar cear
d. overlap
c. none of lhe above

is least likely to be derecced visually?

Qll-S

l.lnderbead cracks can rcslll! rrGm which of Ihe following welding practices?
a. IIse of wet eleCirode~
h. welding on contamiliilr;:a sceels
,.
welding over paim
d. all of Ihe above
e. none of the above

Q11-6

The
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

weld discontinuity char results from improper remiinacion of the welding arc is referred co as:
undercul
overlap
craIeI' crack
\
incomplele fusion
all of the above

UI

hich of Ihe following processes may result in the presence of slag)inclusions

MAW

~W

in the compleled

!l ~
ll~

weld?

FCAWSAW:
none
Ihe above
That discontinuity Ihal Tcsuhs from the ~n1rau.mem of gas within the weld cross s~clion is referred
a. crack
b"
c.

d.
e.

lL~

slag inclusion
incomplele fusion
poroSily
none of lhe above

--------,,",,-J'------------------

K.~
V"

of

QIl-8

.-/"""

(0

as:

-"fJz

-----..1~

r
QI1-,!~ Whal base melal disconlinuily,
a. underfill
b.

undercul

c.
d.

incomplcle fusion
overlap

e.

none of Ihe above

localed allhe weld loe, is <;aused bY.lh.e v.:e1der traveling


.

100

rapidly'?

V'/
~.

Qll-10 Whal weld discominuilY resullS when the welder Iravelsloo slowly, ~hich causes excess weld metal
of the joinr and lay on the base melal surface without fusing?
a. undercut

Qll-ll

b.

underfill

c.

overlap

d.
e.

incomplere fusion
none of Ihe above

What weld metal disconlinuity


n. underfill
b.
c.

undercut
overlap

d.

incomplele fusion

e.

nOlle of Ihe above

results when the welder fails

ll.

excess conve:<iIY

b.

e~cess weld reillforcemellt

.:.

overfill

d.
e.

all of lhe above


none of the above

a.
b.

complelely /illlhe weld groove'?


~

groove weld is refF.rred 10 ll:i:

thal results from Ihe inilialion of th~ welding arc OlliSide tli~ weiLlJoinl is refen'ed

incomplete fusion
IlnderCUl

overlap
scrlllch stan
arc srrike
Q11-14 Of the following, which weld discontinuity shows up as a light region on a radiograph?
a.
b.

porosity
incomplete joint penetration

c.

a and h above

d.

lungsten inclusion

e.

none of Ihe above

Whal base meta! discontinuiry results from improper steelmaking praCtice and is associaled with the
a. lamination
_ ..... _._- '''-'b.

delamination

c.

seam

d.

crack

e.

none of Ihe above

pour OUI

Ql1-12 Excessive welJ mewl buildup on

Ql1-l3 The weld discontinuity

10

10

10

as:

Qll-16 What disconlinuit


ii.

b
.
II.

e.

is shown by;:; 12b?


ern.:\.;
Imnwerse crack
face cnlck
loe crack
roOI crack
longitudinal

Qll-17

Whardiscontil1uil}' is shown by ~ll'?


a. lamina lion
b. base metal c:ack
c. lamellar tear
d. seam
e. lap

QU-18

Whar discominuity is shown by I: I :?g'?


a. loe crack
b. incomplete fusion
c. root crack
d. lamellar lear
e. underbead crack

Qll-l9 What discontinuity

Ql1-20

is shown b~'#'5?

a.
b.

undercut
underfill

c,

overlap

d.
e.

incomplete fusion
loe crack

What discontinuity is shawn


a. lamination
b. seam
c. delamination
d. base metal crack
e. incomplete fusion

by #IO?

Rcyiew,-Chapter

12-Nondestructive

Examination (NDE) Processes

Which of the following NDE melllOds do 1100llsually require eleclricilY?


a. ~y currenl
.
b. v'sible dye ~cne[rant
c. visual

:;/
~/

d. a and b above
e. b anJ c above

Q 12-2

Which of the following


a. visual
b. penetrant
c. magnelic panicle
- d. all of the above
c. none of the above

Q 12-3

>

Ql1-"

To
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

NDE melhods

of surface discoOlinuities?

_.<"t--

fJ
,

be most effecti ,'e. visual inspection


before welding.
during welding.
afler welding.
all of the ubove
none of the abo~r:

The time during which the pencrrant


nuilies is called:
a. ';Uiliug lime.
b. pr.nclrating lime:
c. soak [ilTJ\~.
- d. dwell time.
c. H:Jne of lhe above
WLich type of magnetizing
iI. AC
b. DC
c. half-wilve rectified DC
d. band c alJove
e. all of the above

QU-6

is limited to the detection

should be performed:

remains on the surface of the pan to allow it to be drawn into any discl)llli.

\
U

CUtTent provides

the beSt comlJinulion

What NDE method will most .!!.kelr reveal subsurface

of penetrability

porosity?

a. PT
b. MT
c. RT

d. lIT
e. all of the above
Which of the following statements is correct for a radiographic test?
a. A reduction in 'thickness will produce a Ught image on the film.
b. A low-density discontinuity
will produce a light image on the film.
- c. A high-density disconlinuiry
will produce n light image on the film_
d. a and b above
,

e. band c above
Wllic~ of the following
a. crack
b. incomplete fusion
c. undercut
d. laJ1]inalion
- e. none of lhe above

'--'-------------------------

\ .~
discontinuities

is rarely detected using RT?

r~

and pGnll.:1c mLlbilitY'l

Q12-9

What device is used during radiography


a. rate meter
b. dosirnt:lcr
c. lead Screen
. d. penelrarnelef
e. none of (he above

Q12-10 Which nondestnlclive


a.VT

exuminalion

to indicate Ihe acquired sensi(ivity of a radiograph?

?
\

method ulilizes SOund energy as a probing mcdiLlm'~


~

~~

UT
d. PT
e. ET

(c.

--

Q 12-11 The process whereby the ullrasonic indicalions are related 10 p.hysical distanc~~'\ in ales! slandard is refen-ed to
~:
a. setup
,b. calibration
(;. slandardizUlion
d. synchronization

'{"

,"_-'

(3

e. none of the above

~/

Ql2-]

C-l>..b')

A test probe containing an alleonating currenl coil is used for which NDE method'!
a. RT
.

f'

b. lJT
c. ET
d. MTI

v'

.~

e. bOlh c and d above

- .~:
~i

Q1?-13 CllanOes in electrical conducti\itv

can be measured using "':hich i'IDE method?

0t/ ~

c. MT
UT

d.

t.,../"
~!t
\

Q12-14 Which of the following NDE methods are suililbte for detecling surface cn:<:ks"!
a. RT
b. VT
c. ET
d. PT
e. all of the above
Q12-15 What NDE method Is mostlikcly
a. RT
,b. UT
c. ET

to reveal illtemallamillalions

ct. MT
e. none of lhe above
12,
~

,,-

?-</.

-1,,6 PT is limited to Ihe detection 'of those discontinuities Ihat nre:


- <;>
a."nenr lhe leSt~urface
..
I
b. open 10 the test object surtace .
v c. clean and open to the test object surface
d.a~the
above
e. pone of the above
(

in a rolled plate?

Visible dye penelraOl indicalions:


a. must be observed under a black light
b. don'l have III be observed under a blnck lighl. but are more 5ensiiiv~ if they an~
c. r.i;lslb;;Observe<! under u/lril\' iokl light

d. 01,151be observed under while light


e. none of Ihe above
Penelrant Clln lJe applied by:
a. lH1Jshing
b. spraying
c. dipping
d. llll of Ihe auove
e. nan" of Ihe above

a/

rl-19

Cl
;"'/'l

fluorescent ocnelfilntS arc eenerallv


more", ~ensili\'e than _~
visible dye penelrnllls becau~e//
_
~
n. Iheycanllowili.tosmullercrack~~>
'L~\ C>,.~
.

'\

b.
c.
d.
e:.

Iluoreseenl indicmions are be1ter seen by lhe human e:ye:


Ihe:y are subject 10 grefter capillary aClion
a and c abo\'c
band c abo\'"c

'r' '-

Which of Ihe fOllOv.i.ngcause: decrease:d sensilivilY ill;;/r?


a. too heavy applic~lioll of the developer"
,,/
b. oily or greasy lest objeel
y
c. improper penetEuu removal
J. all of Ihe above

b. are porous

.;
c. are ferroma!!lletic V
d. are 1l0npOrO~ls </"
e. have subsurface discontinuilies

.".

'.
"~<.

~././

7....
\

~
{/

//

~ ~

~
// ./
V

--.~/

7
c..---"

",'""'i" '" <1'0" "'""m'""",,,

tiT i' ~''':


a

b Wilhlll
c perpf1Hhrul,:Il0 lhe :;ount! \\a\c~
II
,
pam IIt: II {) IIle
suun d wa\l~S
e none Df lhe above
~P-16
.if'>

,~~~A~~~'22"UC~~~
.iN:;":SSES
I~!

perpendlcular!<J
lhe sound wave,
5" of p;lralkllO
ll,t': ~nHnd Wil~'es

WHIlHl -.)

UT uses frequencies;
a. below Ihe range of human
b. wilhin the range of human
c. above Ihe range of human
d. beside lhe range of human
e. non/: of Ihe above

.-_..

._J--~---" ~

.'.
I j

~/.
.,
", ~_y.> Qj
../"I"

0"1'\

r-1

_,,/

./~

...__

__

""",p+

,,_.~.
~:.
....../

hearing
hearing
hearing
hearing

In UT iht: horizolllal axis of llle CRT screen !lives informnlion


Ihe db.lance tl.,lesound has Ira-:elc~l
Ihe. p.afl
'~

aboul:
,._.

il.

b.
c.
d.
e.

the amount 01' soul~d energy retleC[c(~.


('..~)
Il~e IYP~ o~ dlsconllnuHY. ~
\ (:::.::;
dlsconllnuHy Oflcmilllon
F)'~'-'disconlinuity
callsc
'<
.' ~"

_--;_

?~""~

~
:,)~'\

as:

c. iigh: or dark [q~i()ns nn lhe film


J. all of the nb()vc

212<l!t

p:r shows ar,:.::; ,11' I~:;:: thickness


a dark rcg:nns on Ihe lil'll .
(). lighl legions on (he film

in ,how'

"'~

a. dark regions

212-32

~.

~
~
_
~

'\
e-J

():.

'~

dark regions on lhe lilm


1i2hl regions on lhe tilm
liihl or dark regi~ns on lhe film
al\ of lhe above
none of the above

Cracks generally appear in RT

liS:

,a. dark lintS on Ihe film

b.
c.
d.
e.

""

)12-31 Tungsten inclusions generally appear in RT as;


3.

"fi"'"'''d'',"'mi,,iO,,_c----~----''X on lhe tilm

c. light or dark regions on the film


d. all of Ihe above
e. none of lhe above

. b.
c.
d.
e.

...1

as:

b. light r~giolls on the tilm

t01'lv---

c. light or dark regions on the 111m


d. all of lhe above
e. none of the above
J.ll-36

<"
~

Q.11-28 RT shows arens of lowf.[ densily


a. dark regions on Ihe film
b. light regIOns on Ihe film

.._._~

ligtll lines nn (he film


Iighl or dark lines on lhe film
al! of 111<~
aIHl\'t:
none of the above

V~
./

'..'),::>

\.5.--

..

. f"

I,:'

GIIAPTt:fl 12-tlONOESTRUCTIVE

EXAMINATION (NOEl PROCESSES

Q 12-33 Weld reinforcemem generally appears as:


il. dark regions on lhe Ii1m
h. lighl regions on lhe film
c. Iighl or dark regions on Ihe 111m
d. all of the above
e. none orltle above
Porosily generally appears in RT as:
a. dark regions on llle 111m
b. IiglH regions on the film
c. lighl or dark regions on Ihe film
d. all of lhe above
e. none of lhe above

~r)

Q12-35 Shallow surfllce cracks can besl be detecled in type 308 slainless steel by:
a. UT
.. \; ._\
b. MT
c. RT

._

~..J

;.J~~. ~:.1

\.

~':t

d. PT

e. all of ihe above


Q12-36 Underbt::ad cracks can beSI be delecled by:
a. ET
b. MT .\(
c.

U-:-

..

d. PT "e. all Il[ Ihe above


Poroslly in ESW can best be delected by:
\

I:'"

1'/~)~'

a. I1T
b.MT"
c. RT

'

. /.~.
./.

d.PT"
e. ..11 of the above

~~
(.,/"

Q12-38 The vertical axis of the VT CRT screen represents:


a. distance
b.. lime
c. reOeclor size
d. none of lhe above
e. all of lhe above

Q12-40 What NDE methodes) often rely on the appliculion of a hydrost~tic pressure
ac-pres5ure tesls,
\
b. leak tests
,-.,~,
c.praof leSts
a:-i1iiof Ihe above
e. none of the ilbove
----~\

10

a vessel?
!

CHAPTER 12-NONOESTAUCTIVE

Q 12-n What

[cSt below is applied


a. RT-j
b. PRT
c. fenile lest
U. UT '-.
e. f'f "

Q12-~2

AppHq~[ion of a vacuum

~~-

to determine

bo.'(

10

the metallurgical

effects of welding

stainless

steels?

/'

V ._

d. all Of the above


t. none of [he above

~RT

on austenitic

the inside surface of a steel slOrage lank is one form of which [est'?

fi.PRT
c. LT

Ql !-H FN is a unit of measurement

EXAMINATION (NOEl PROCESSES

~
with which lest?

---

b. PRT
c. ferrite
u. UT

ItSt

e. PT

Q :'~'+lNDE

personnel arc normally


a. ASME Seclion V
b.AWSDI.I

qualified

in accordance

wilh:

c. ANSI S!'IT-TC-IA
U. I\S1\T S;'T '1';:::-i r\
e. AS;vIE SN: i C'-1.'\

'

-------------

__

ll'Ili

&
__

lIII'
''

e::::~_::::::::::::_-_._''i~_,::..::;::::~_~:::::::-:-::::::::~::~~::::::::::
~ -=-_____----___ _

ANNEX

Answer KeyRi.eview Ques.tions


for Chapters 1-13

Chapter 1

~9:~

Chapter 2

293

Chapter 3

?98

Chapler 4

Cha pte r 5

:::: ::::::

:
:

298

Chapter 6

299

Chap ler 7

Chapter 8

Cljap Ier 9
Chapler

299

299

Chapler 11

Chllpter 13

...

199

lO

Chnp~er 12

298

199

300

;:

: :

300
300

------------10

~', ,',
": ~ -lI: - - ~ .,

}f

Q121 Once ins ections are completedt what important aspect of the inspector's j~b mw- .
be acco plished?
a. tell the f reman that the weld is acceptable
b. tell the s pervisor that the inspection is complete
c. fill out a inspection report detailing his findings
d. all of the above
e. none of t e above
Q122
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

'. '

Which 0 the following is not normally required of inspection reports?


inspeeto 's signature
an indie ion of only those parts which were acceptable
~
they sho ld be clear and concise
'
-,they 6ho Id be filled out in ink
none of t e above
I

,- " \ft) \

Q12-3
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

'\Vhat aut orship is attached,to inspection report forms?


the inspe tor's signature
the \veld -r's signature
~
the weldi g supervisor's signature
Forms ar anonymously presented.
'Forms ar not sig!led. ~V'

0~

~'y\~~-

Q12-4
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

What ha dy report forms are ayailable from AWS?


Appendi E of A\VS DI.!
Appendi I of AWS DI.I
Appendi 0 of AY.lS D1.1
A\VS QC 1
ASME N 1 Form

"
"

.:. : ..
~

~.'

~>,:":.

-,

-::.'.

d
;j

ft

tr-,

'c

'.l.

t~'

~~~

~.

~.
f;.

~
:..
..

Q12~5 'You have m


a. An experie
corrected.
b. As an inspe
c; To keep th
correc~ion a
correction .
d. ,The report
e. none of the

de a nun~e.dccJmistake on a report form. How should it be corrected?


.ced'"jnspe-;to~\viIruse a pencil so such enOl'S can be erased

Q12-6 How are err


a. crossed out
b. erased with
c. entire page
d. crossed out,
e. none of the

rs in writing corrected in written reports?

and

tor-in-training, such errors need not be corrected.


report legal and'-credible, the error should be crossed out and the
ded adjacent to the error and noted complete with initials and date of .
ust be completely ~written.
bove
- .

nink eraser
ust be rewritten
orrected, initialed and ,dated
ave

Q12-7 \Vho is auth rized to sign off ASM~ data report forms?
the authorize inspector who performed inspection
an authorize keeper of the code stamp'
;nofficer or anage~of the compapy
~
any of the ab ve
\
'.
t/{r \
both a and b bove./~' "
' V\ sl) ,
.

~"

Q12-8 How are opi ions on workmanship or sti.ggestion};for repair usually reported?
.f ~Comments
a writteriIil'cnan~:on the work.
'
:. :~;;;::
b. by ~structur d r~s
0 ~_
:.: ~
c. Provisions fo such comments are contained in structured reports.
d. Inspectors ar @bi.ddenlto~e~Sll. Ch. comments'.
'
e. none of the a ove-~~,~p,~ "\:'0\

7~

V~q~\ "':'J,
.~I

(5

p~