A
h
P
tan = 2 x
g
Where tan is the slope at the surface of paraboloid at any distance x from the axis of rotation.
y = 2x2
2g
For cylindrical vessel of radius r revolved about its vertical axis, the height h of paraboloid is
h = 2r2
2g
Other Formulas
By squaredproperty of parabola, the relationship of y, x, h and r is defined by
r2 =x2
h y
Volume of paraboloid of revolution
V = r2 h
Important conversion factor
1 rpm = 1/30 rad/sec
Resources/Instruments Required:
Procedure:
Measurements
1.
Insert combined radius and height gauge in mount from underneath and secure using
startype nut.
For measurement, loosen startype nut and set new height; then use knurled
nut and set new height ; then use knurled nut on cross member to move
gauges to surface of vortex.
2. Height gauge
Pull combined radius and height gauge downwards out of mount and insert 10 mm gauge
in hole; secure with startype nut.
For measurement, position gauges on surface of vortex. As all gauges are of equal length,
a rule can be used to measure the distance between the top edge of the mount and the
end of the gauge.
1. Allow a small piece of paper or polystyrene to drop into the surface to measure the velocity of
the vortex.
2. Then use a stopwatch to determine the time taken for the piece of paper to perform 10
revolutions with the vortex.
3. Determine the radius on which the paper revolves.
= 2 . .n in 1/s
with n in Revolutions/seconds
Laboratory Report:
Group No.:
Date Performed:
Group Members:
Section:
Date Submitted:
FORCED VORTEX
Radius r in
mm
Height h in
mm
30
50
70
90
110
(rpm)
9.6
10.4
11.1
13
14.9
17.2
126
(rad/se
c)
13.19
11.1
14.9
126
13.19
10.4
13
17.2
126
13.19
Experimental
(right)
Experimental
(Left)

315.24
875.689
1716.35
30
50
70
2837.23
4238.336 791.68
82.90
Theoretical
FREE VORTEX
Radius r in
mm
Height h in
mm
90
110
10.9
13
15
17.8
21.9
(rpm)
138
(rad/sec)
13
17.8
138
14.45
10.9
15
21.9
138
14.45
14.45
Experimental
(right)
Experimental
(Left)

378.19
1050.54
2059.06
3403.750
5084.61 867.08
90.80
Theoretical
2. Observations:
Based on observation in our experiment, we only get the height of the vortex in a given specific radius.
Then record the velocity of the paper rotating in the vortex, to get the angular velocity. The subject of this
experiment is a complex nonlinear fluid flow; however the experiment does not require special
knowledge of fluid dynamics. Rather, it involves general physical principles such as dimensional analysis
and conservation laws. The method is based on an electromagnetic technique for generating the flows.
This method is not routine, and although simple, is used in advanced research.
3. Analysis
FORCED VORTEX
21 rev 60 sec
x
=126 rpm
10 sec 1min
rad /sec
30
126 rpm
=13.19 rad /sec
1 rpm
In theoretical:
=2 ( 2.1 )=13.19 rev /sec
rad /sec
30
791.68 rpm
= 82.90 rad /sec
1 rpm
30
( 2)
82.902
=315.248 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
50
(
2)
82.902
=875.689 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
70
( 2)
82.90
=1716.35 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
2
90
( 2)
82.902
=2837.23 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
110
(
2)
82.902
=4238.336 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
rad /sec
30
138 rpm
= 14.45rad /sec
1 rpm
In theoretical:
=2 ( 2.3 )=14.45 rev /sec
rad /sec
30
867.08 rpm
=90.80 rad /sec
1 rpm
30
( 2)
90.80
=378.19 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
2
50
( 2)
90.802
=1050.54 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
70
( 2)
90.802
=2059.06 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
90
(
2)
90.802
=3403.750 mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
110
( 2)
90.802
=5084.61mm
2 ( 9.81 ) (1000)
2 r2
h=
=
2g
4. Source/s of Error/s:
5. Conclusions:
I therefore conclude that as the rotation in the cylinder increases, the radius of a vortex surface at the
axis also increases. I also conclude that the curve made in a vortex is a parabolic curve. The position of
the curve is depending on the speed of the fluid. In this experiment we can identify the components of
the parabola. We can also know the discharge of the water.
Assessment (Rubric for Laboratory Performance):
CRITERIA
BEGINNER
ACCEPTABLE
PROFICIENT
I. Laboratory Skills
Manipulative
Skills
Members occasionally
demonstrate needed skills.
Experimental Setup
Process Skills
Members occasionally
demonstrate targeted process
skills.
Safety Precautions
SCORE
Cooperative and
Teamwork
Neatness and
Orderliness
Ability to do
independent work
TOTAL SCORE
RATING
= (
TotalScore
24
x 100%
2. If the tank in Problem 1 is filled with water and accelerated in the direction of its length and the rate of
5 ft./sec2, how many gallons of water are spilled?
3. A tank is 1.5 square and contains 1m of water. How high must its sides be if no water is spilled when
the acceleration is 4 m/sec2 parallel to a pair of sides?
4. An open cylindrical tank 6 fthigh and 3 ft in diameter contains 4.5 ft of water. If the cylinder rotates its
geometric axis,
a. What is the greatest constant angular velocity that will be allowedwithout spilling the water?
5. A Utube with right angles bends is 305 mm wide and contains mercury that rises 229 in each leg
when the tube is at rest. At what speed must the tube be rotated about an axis 76 mm from one leg
so that there will be no mercury in that leg of the tube.