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EDAN INSTRUMENTS, INC.

SE-3 3Manual Ver: V1.3


Release Date: Aug. 2008
Part Number: MS1R-20094-V1.3

Copyright
Copyright EDAN INSTRUMENTS, INC. 2008. All rights reserved.

Statement
Edan Instruments, Inc. (hereinafter called EDAN) makes no warranty of any kind with regard to
this material, including, but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness
for a particular purpose. EDAN assumes no responsibility for any error that may appear in this
document, or for incidental or consequential damage in connection with the furnishing,
performance or use of this material.
No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced or translated to another language
without prior written consent of EDAN.
All information contained in this publication is believed to be correct. EDAN shall not be liable
for errors contained herein nor for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the
furnishing, performance, or use of this material. This publication may refer to information and
protected by copyrights or patents and does not convey any license under the patent rights of
this company, nor the rights of others. This company does not assume any liability arising out of
any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties.
The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice.

Responsibility of the Manufacturer


EDAN only considers itself responsible for any effect on safety, reliability and performance of
the equipment if:
Assembly operations, extensions, re-adjustments, modifications or repairs are carried out by
persons authorized by EDAN, and
The electrical installation of the relevant room complies with national standards, and
The instrument is used in accordance with the instructions for use.
NOTE: This device is not intended for home use.
WARNING

: This device is not intended for treatment.

Upon request, EDAN may provide, with compensation, necessary circuit diagrams, and other
information to help qualified technician to maintain and repair some parts, which EDAN may
define as user serviceable.
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Using This Label Guide


This guide is designed to give key concepts on safety precautions.
WARNING
A WARNING label advises against certain actions or situations that could result in personal
injury or death.
CAUTION
A CAUTION label advises against actions or situations that could damage equipment, produce
inaccurate data, or invalidate a procedure.
NOTE: A NOTE provides useful information regarding a function or a procedure.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 General ...................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Function Features ............................................................................................................ 1
1.2 Environment Requirement .............................................................................................. 2
1.3 Power Supply Requirement............................................................................................. 2
Chapter 2 Appearance Views .................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Top Panel......................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Patient Cable Socket and Signal Interface ...................................................................... 3
2.3 Mains Connection and Switch......................................................................................... 5
2.4 Bottom Panel ................................................................................................................... 5
Chapter 3 Principle .................................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Abstract of theory of ECG operation............................................................................... 6
3.2 Composition of ECG....................................................................................................... 6
3.3 Lead................................................................................................................................. 7
3.4 Hardware Design Principle Description.......................................................................... 9
3.4.1 ECG Board description ....................................................................................... 10
3.4.2 Main control part description .............................................................................. 11
3.4.3 Power control part description ............................................................................ 12
Chapter 4 Tests ......................................................................................................................... 13
4.1 System Tests .................................................................................................................. 13
4.2 Application System Tests .............................................................................................. 13
4.3 Safety Tests.................................................................................................................... 15
Chapter 5 Electrocardiograph Servicing ............................................................................... 16
5.1 Disassembly Steps......................................................................................................... 16
5.2 Internal Boards and Interfaces....................................................................................... 19
5.3 Troubleshooting............................................................................................................. 23
Chapter 6 Electrocardiograph Installation............................................................................ 27
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6.1 Power and Earthing ....................................................................................................... 27


6.2 Loading/Replacing Record Paper.................................................................................. 28
6.3 Patient Cable Connection.............................................................................................. 29
6.4 Electrodes Connections ................................................................................................. 30
6.5 Inspection before Power On.......................................................................................... 32
Chapter 7 Cleaning .................................................................................................................. 34
7.1 Clean.............................................................................................................................. 34
7.1.1 Clean the Main Unit and Patient Cable............................................................... 34
7.1.2 Clean the Electrodes............................................................................................ 34
7.1.3 Clean the Print Head ........................................................................................... 34
7.2 Disinfection ................................................................................................................... 35
Chapter 8 Maintenance ........................................................................................................... 36
8.1 Recharge and Replacement of Battery .......................................................................... 36
8.2 Record Paper .......................................................................................................... 37
8.3 Maintenance of Main Unit, Patient Cable & Electrodes ........................................ 37
Chapter 9 Technical Specifications......................................................................................... 39

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 1 General
SE-3 is 3-channel electrocardiographs with 12 leads gathered simultaneously, visual display of
operation menu, ECG parameters as well as electrocardiogram.
3-channel ECG can be viewed on the LCD (liquid crystal display) screen of SE-3 simultaneously.
And it can be recorded by high-quality thermal recorder.
Manual, automatic, rhythm recording mode and USB print mode can be chosen conveniently.
Either mains supply or built-in rechargeable Lithium battery can be used as power.
With a high resolution thermal printer, 32-bit processor and huge capacity memorizer, SE-3 has
advanced performance and high reliability. And the compact size makes it suitable for clinic,
hospital and ambulance use.
Configurations: Main unit and accessories (power cord, earth wire, patient cable, electrodes and
thermal recording paper)
Note: It is not designed for internal use and direct cardiac application.

1.1 Function Features

Low weight and compact size

Touch key for easy operation

High resolution thermal recorder, recording frequency response 150Hz

12-lead gathered and amplified simultaneously, 3-channel built-in recorder

Automatic mode, manual mode, rhythm mode and USB print mode optional

Measurement function and interpretation function optional

LOGIN/PRINT/GENERAL/SYSTEM menu for parameters setting (Only for the device


with 320240 dot single color LCD Screen)

Built-in rechargeable Li battery with high capacity

Hint information for lead off, lack of paper and low battery capacity etc.

Automatic adjustment of baseline for optimal recording

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Standard input/output interface and RS232 communication interface for linking to


special network and setting up ECG database

1.2 Environment Requirement


The environment requirements are listed in the following table.
Transport & Storage

Working

Temperature:

-20~+55

5~40

Relative
Humidity:
Atmospheric
Pressure:

25%~93%
(Non-Condensing)

25%~80%
(Non-Condensing)

700hPa~1060hPa

860hPa~1060hPa

1.3 Power Supply Requirement


Power Supply
1) Mains Supply:
Rated input voltage:

100V~115V/220V~240V

Rated frequency:

50Hz/60Hz

Rated input power:

35VA

2) Built-in Rechargeable Lithium Battery Pack:


Rated voltage:

14.8V

3) Power Consumption:

35VA

4) Fuse Specification:
T200mA 250V 520 (for 220V~240V)
T400mA 250V 520 (for 100V~115V)

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 2 Appearance Views


2.1 Top Panel
Smart ECG SE-3
LCD Screen
Record Paper
USB Interface

Recorder

External

Control Panel

Input/Output

Socket
RS232 Socket
Patient Cable Socket
Figure 2-1 Main Unit (320240 dot single color LCD Screen)

2.2 Patient Cable Socket and Signal Interface


There are sockets including the patient cable socket, RS232 socket, external input/output
socket and USB interface at the right side of the main unit as Figure 2-1 shows.
1) Patient Cable Socket

: Applied part of type CF with defibrillator proof


: Attention see accompanying document

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Definition of corresponding pins:


Pin

Signal

Pin

Signal

Pin

Signal

C2 (input)

SH

11

F (input)

C3 (input)

NC

12

NC

C4 (input)

NC

13

C1(input)

C5 (input)

R (input)

14

NC

C6 (input)

10

L (input)

15

N or RF (input)

2) RS232 Socket
WARNING

RS232 interface is 1500V AC isolated intensity and the maximum voltage applied
should not exceed +15V DC.

Definition of corresponding pins:


Pin

Signal

Pin

Signal

Pin

Signal

NC

NC

NC

RxD (input)

GND

NC

TxD (output)

NC

NC

3) External Input/Output Socket

Definition of corresponding pins:


Pin

Signal

Pin

GND

GND

GND

ECG Signal (input)

GND

ECG Signal (output)

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Signal

SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

4) USB Interface

Definition of corresponding pins:


Pin

Signal

Pin

VBUS

D+

D-

GND

WARNING

Signal

: Only the USB equipments recommended by EDAN can be connected


to the USB interface.

2.3 Mains Connection and Switch

Potential equalization terminal


Mains Power Switch
Mains Supply Socket

2.4 Bottom Panel


Mains Supply Shift Switch

Battery Compartment

Fuse

Fuse Label

Label

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 3 Principle
3.1 Abstract of theory of ECG operation
The heart is a power organ of the body blood circulation. Before the systole or diastole, a cardiac
impulse happens in the heart muscle, and a faint bioelectric current signal is thus generated. The
bioelectric current signal is transmitted through the whole body, and the electric potential
difference is generated on the different skin surfaces because of the different distances from the
heart.
The cardiogram is a record of the amplification of the electric potential distribution on the body
skin surface. The electric potential difference is sampled by the electrodes, and is amplified and
processed by the electrocardiograph, and at last it is recorded on the paper. From it the doctor can
detect if the heart has a disease. The Electrocardiograph is just a kind of medical electrical
equipment intended for producing cardiograms for diagnostic purposes with 10 associated
electrodes at certain specific locations on the body. They only record the heart's electrical activity.
They do not produce any electricity of their own. The test does not hurt and has no known side
effects. It does not require any preparation (except for possibly shaving chest hair to get a better
recording). The recording itself takes only a few seconds.
There has been more than one hundred years since the electrocardiograph was applied in clinical
diagnosis. It is an important measure in clinical diagnosis of heart-disease. This instrument has
been equipped in almost every hospital and clinic.

3.2 Composition of ECG


The standard 12-lead electrocardiogram is a representation of the heart's electrical activity
recorded from electrodes on the body surface. The normal ECG wave consists of P wave, QRS
complex, ST segment, T wave and U wave. In the following figure, the x-axis is time and y-axis
is voltage. When the recording speed is 25mm/s and the sensitivity is 10mm/mV, one little grid in
x-axis represents 0.04 second, and one little grid in y-axis represents 0.1mV.
This diagram illustrates ECG waves and intervals as well as standard time and voltage measures
on the ECG paper.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Figure 3-1 Composition of ECG

P wave: the sequential activation (depolarization) of the right and left atria
QRS complex: right and left ventricular depolarization (normally the ventricles are
activated simultaneously)
ST-T wave: ventricular repolarization
U wave: origin for this wave is not clear - but probably represents
"after-depolarizations" in the ventricles.
PR interval: time interval from onset of atria depolarization (P wave) to onset of
ventricular depolarization (QRS complex)
QRS duration: duration of ventricular muscle depolarization
QT interval: duration of ventricular depolarization and repolarization
RR interval: duration of ventricular cardiac cycle (an indicator of ventricular rate)
PP interval: duration of atria cycle (an indicator or atria rate)

3.3 Lead
It is important to remember that the 12-lead ECG provides spatial information about the
heart's electrical activity in 3 approximately orthogonal directions:
Right

Left

Superior

Inferior

Anterior

Posterior
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Each of the 12 leads represents a particular orientation in space, as indicated below (RA =
right arm; LA = left arm, LL = left leg):
Bipolar limb leads (frontal plane):
Lead I: RA (-) to LA (+) (Right Left, or lateral)
Lead II: RA (-) to LL (+) (Superior Inferior)
Lead III: LA (-) to LL (+) (Superior Inferior)
Augmented unipolar limb leads (frontal plane):
Lead aVR: RA (+) to [LA & LL] (-) (Rightward)
Lead aVL: LA (+) to [RA & LL] (-) (Leftward)
Lead aVF: LL (+) to [RA & LA] (-) (Inferior)
Unipolar (+) chest leads (horizontal plane):
Leads V1, V2, V3: (Posterior Anterior)
Leads V4, V5, V6:(Right Left, or lateral)

Figure 3-2 Standard limb leads

RA: right arm


LA: Left arm
LL: left Leg
V1: right 4th intercostal space
V2: left 4th intercostal space
V3: halfway between V2 and V4
V4: left 5th intercostal space, mid-clavicular line
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

V5: horizontal to V4, anterior axillary line


V6: horizontal to V5, mid-axillary line

Figure3-3 Chest electrode of the standard limb leads

3.4 Hardware Design Principle Description


The SE-3 electrocardiograph consists of the following functional blocks:
1)

Keyboard panel for user input/output;

2)

Front_end module including signal acquisition, digital filter and the amplifier;

3)

ARM9 and peripheral module;

4)

Thermal Printer module;

5)

LCD display module;

6)

Power supply module.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Figure 3-4 SE-3 machine block diagram

3.4.1 ECG Board description

Figure3-5 ECG Board circuit block diagram


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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

This module is a 12-channel ECG signal sampling and processing module. It can realize the
amplification and pre-processing of patient ECG signal in every channel, and the detection of
lead situations, as well as sending data to ARM9 MCU. This module is connected to ARM9MCU
through UART port.
The standard 12-lead electrocardiograph has 10 lead cables, including 9 lead signal input and 1
Right Foot electrode as the float ground. The ECG signals pass through the defibrillator
protection circuit, buffering circuit (U1~U3), and enter the difference amplifier circuit. And then
they continue to pass through the pacemaker pulse restraining, high-pass filter, low-pass filter,
channel switch, second level amplification, and are sent to the A/D sampling port of
MSP430F147.
Because the ECG system must meet the safety requirement of the photo-electricity isolation, the
serial signals will be sent to the photo-electricity component.

3.4.2 Main control part description


The main control part includes ARM9 Board and Interface Circuit Board.
ARM9 Board consists of MCU S3C2410, SDRAM, NAND FLASH, NOR FLASH, LAN
controller, and CPLD etc. The main frequency is 203MHz.
The interface Circuit Board consists of RS232 interface, LAN interface, USB interface, printer
interface, LCD interface, and keyboard interface etc. It also provides power supply to the device.

Figure 3-6 ARM9 Board circuit block diagram

The system uses ARM9 (S3C2410) (U1) as the control MCU, and the peripheral equipments are
connected to the MCU ports. The MCU controls the peripheral equipments by several kinds of
methods. The system expands 64M external SDRAM (U6, U7), 64M FLASH (U2), LAN
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Controller (U9) and CPLD (U8).


The Interface Circuit Board integrates all sockets for USB, Ethernet, Input/output, RS232 and
thermal printer. And the main control circuits include Paper Detection circuit (U18), Motor
Driving circuit (U16, U17), Thermal Recording circuit (U14, U15) and Heat Time Control circuit
(U19). And external analog input is connected to MCU by U21.
The thermal recorder has step motor and transmission frame of its own. And the paper detection
is carried out depending on a photoelectric diode.
The keyboard uses filmy keys, and the keyboard control component uses 3*4 matrixes, 12 keys in
total.
SE-3 (Configuration A) uses 192*64 LCD screen that adopts 8 bit bus interface. The mainboard
of SE-3 uses 8 GPIO to simulate 8 bit buses to control the reading and writing of LCD screen.
SE-3 (Configuration B) uses 320*240 LCD screen that adopts standard FSTN interface. Because
ARM9 has the FSTN interface of its own, it can be drived directly after connected.

3.4.3 Power control part description


220VAC voltage passes linear transformer and is transformed into 20VAC voltage. One part is
provided to charge the battery, and another part passes DC/DC to provide +8V for thermal
prinhead, +5V for electric machine, +5V for core board and +5V for ECG board.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 4 Tests
4.1 System Tests
1. Unit appearance and assembly examinations
1) Clean appearance, firm assembly, no remainder in the unit when shaking it.
2) Keys feel well when pressing.
3) Labels are full and correct.
4) Standard configurations are full; Sockets are installed firmly.
5) Vibration test should be done before doing the following tests.
2. Switch on
After turned on, the electrocardiograph runs well and LCD screen displays well.

4.2 Application System Tests


1. Equipment Requirement
Equipment

Model

ECG emulator

FLUKE MPS450

2. LCD screen tests


Observe if some characters are missing, or there are bright spots and dark shadows on the LCD
screen. Observe if the waveforms, fonts and symbols displayed on the LCD screen are normal.

3. Lead off tests


Under AUTO mode, when pull out and insert the lead cables according to the sequence of the
lead cables inserted into the ECG emulator, the electrocardiograph will accurately identify the
disconnection and connection of the corresponding lead cables.
When pull out several lead cables simultaneously, the electrocardiograph will give the hint
information of lead off circularly.
4. Keys tests
Press every key on the keyboard to test if they work as the descriptions in the user manual.
5. Menu setup and store capability tests
Enter the More Setup interface of System Setup window, and set the Default as Yes, and then the
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

system will be shifted to the main interface automatically. And then enter the corresponding
interfaces of the System Setup window to set the current time and change some menu options and
exit.
Turn off the electrocardiograph, and turn on it five seconds later. When the electrocardiograph is
ready for examination and recording, observe if the time displayed on the LCD screen is the
current time. And enter the corresponding interfaces of the System Setup window to see if these
menus keep the changed options. Then restore these menus to the default values and turn off the
electrocardiograph. Five seconds later, turn on the electrocardiograph again. When the
electrocardiograph is ready for examination and recording, observe if the menus are still the
default options.
6. Heart Rate display tests
Set the heart rate output from the ECG emulator as different values, and the error of Heart Rate
values displayed on the LCD screen of electrocardiograph should be within 1bpm. When the
heart rate output from the ECG emulator is 240bpm, the electrocardiograph will give the hint
information of Heart Rate exceeding the limit and make an alarm sound.
7. Recording tests
1) Set the following values:
The heart rate output of ECG emulator is 80bpm, the work mode of electrocardiograph is auto,
the speed is 25mm/s, the AC Filter is off, the Lowpass Filter is 150Hz and all the options in the
Record Setting menu are on. Install the recording paper and press PRINT/STOP key to begin to
record. Examine whether the recording content are integrated and consistent with the information
displayed on the LCD screen.
2) Make the ECG detector output the sine wave with 2mV and 10Hz. Press PRINT/STOP key to
begin to record. Examine whether the recording content are integrated and consistent with the
information displayed on the LCD screen. The amplitude of ECG waveform of Lead I should not
be less than 25mm.
3) The ECG record includes: Date and time, ID, Name, Sex, Age, Sensitivity, Paper speed, filter,
Lead, 1mV calibration mark, ECG waveform, Heart Rate etc. Meanwhile, before recording ECG
wave, 1mV Calibration mark and lead names will be recorded. Recorded characters and
waveforms are clear.
4) Open the casing of recorder and remove paper, the hint information of Paper? should be
displayed. Install the paper again and close the casing of recorder, the hint information of
Paper? should disappear.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

4.3 Safety Tests


1) Test the protection earth resistance according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit 0.1 ohm.
2) Test the earth leakage current according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: NC 500 uA, SFC 1000uA.
3) Test the patient leakage current according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: 10 uA (CF).
4) Test the patient leakage current under single fault condition with mains voltage on the applied
part according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: 50uA (CF).

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 5 Electrocardiograph Servicing


5.1 Disassembly Steps
1. View of whole machine

2. Disassembly steps of the whole machine and recorder casing


Remove the crosshead screws (M310) in the four corners of the bottom of electrocardiograph.
Open the upper unit and remove the cables between the upper and lower unit, and then
separate the upper unit from the lower. In the following pictures, is the lower unit, and is
the recorder casing.

3. Disassembly steps of the upper unit (Configuration A--19264 dot single color LCD
screen)
The upper unit of the electrocardiograph (19264 dot single color LCD screen) includes the
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

lower casing of the displaying box, filmy switch panel, LCD screen, rotation base etc.
The disassembly steps:
Remove the cables between LCD screen , filmy switch panel and transfer board
.Remove the five crosshead panhead screws (M36), and dismantle the transfer board
Remove the four crosshead panhead screws (M38), and dismantle the upper casing of
the displaying box to show the LCD screen and rotation base fixed on the lower casing of
the displaying box. Remove the screws used to fix the LCD screen and dismantle the LCD
screen. Remove the two crosshead sunk screws (M320) to dismantle the lower casing of
the displaying box Remove the four crosshead sunk screws (M36) to dismantle the
rotation base .
The label (11) and filmy switch panel are sticked to the upper unit , and can be torn off.
Note: The LCD screen should be protected from being damaged when disassembling it.

4. Disassembly steps of the upper unit (Configuration B--320240 dot single color LCD
screen)
The difference between disassembling Configuration A and B is that the LCD screen of
Configuration B is embedded in the upper casing of the displaying box, while the LCD screen of
Configuration A is fixed in the lower casing of the displaying box by screws.
The following picture shows: crosshead panhead screws M36, transfer board, the
upper unit, rotation base, crosshead panhead screws M38, the lower casing of the
displaying box, crosshead sunk screws M36, crosshead sunk screws M320, LCD
screen, filmy switch panel, (11) the upper casing of the displaying box, (12) label, (13)
protection screen.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

5. The picture of lower unit

6. Disassembly steps of the lower unit


Remove the cables between two parts before disassembly. Remove the transfer board of power
supply which is embedded in the groove of the lower unit Remove screws to dismantle the
interface board and ECG board Remove crosshead panhead screws (M38) and
dismantle the transformer Remove the two crosshead panhead screws (M26) and
dismantle the print-head Remove the four crosshead sunk screws (M36) and dismantle
the print bracket .

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

5.2 Internal Boards and Interfaces


1. ECG boardreceiving and processing ECG signals

P2--socket connected to the interface board

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Pin
1

Description
Digital signal (output)
RxD (input)

Pin

Description

GND

TxD (output)

+5V

2. Interface boardintegrating power supplies and input/output interfaces

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

CON11-- Socket connected to ECG board. Please refer to P2 socket of ECG board for pin
information.
CON12-- Interface connected to recorder.
Pin

Description

Draw to GND

2, 15

+5V

Paper Detection

16

Temperature Detection

4, 5, 24

NC

6, 7, 25, 26

+8V

Data Output

Clock Output

10, 11, 19, 20, 21, 22

GND

12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23

Control Signal Input (valid in low electrical level)

27, 28, 29, 30

Drive Signal of Electric Motor

CON8Interface of LCD (Configuration B)


Pin

Description

1, 2, 3, 4

Data Signal of LCD Screen

LCD Displays control signal


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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

H: DISPLAY ON
6, 7, 8, 9, 21

Control Signal of LCD Screen

10, 40

+3V

11, 21, 22, 27, 34, 35

GND

12, 15~19, 23, 24

NC

13

Analog Signal Input

14

Restoration Signal

25, 26, 28~33

Control Signal of Filmy Switch Panel

36

Mains Supply Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

37, 39

Battery Recharging Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

38

Battery Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

CON7Interface of LCD (Configuration A)


Pin

Description

1, 2, 23, 24

NC

3, 22, 27, 34, 35

GND

+5V

5, 6

Analog Signal Input

7, 8, 11, 12, 21

Control Signal of LCD Screen

Restoration Signal

10, 13~20

Data Signal of LCD Screen

25, 26, 28~33

Control Signal of Filmy Switch Panel

36

Mains Supply Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

37, 39

Battery Recharging Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

38

Battery Indicator Signals (Analog Signal)

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

3. ARM9 boardLCD display control, data process, ECG analysis

5.3 Troubleshooting
The electrocardiograph is a complicated electrical device and it is difficult for even an
experienced person to repair the internal hardware failure. The manufacture does not recommend
the user to repair it. Always call the representative of the manufacture for service if the device
failed to work.
This troubleshooting guide introduces the suitable actions for correcting the problems or
replacing the accessory or calling the service person. It can also help the user to have more exact
descriptions of the fault symptoms when call for service, which greatly makes the service fast and
efficient.
1. Troubles of the whole machine
Fault symptoms
Can not turn on the
electrocardiograph with mains
supply.
Can not turn on the
electrocardiograph with
battery.

Possible cause
Fuse failure
Interface board failure
Key panel failure
Battery failure
Interface board failure
Key panel failure

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Correction action
Change fuse
Change interface board
Change key panel
Change battery
Change interface board
Change key panel

SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

strong interference of
electric networks
ARM9 board failure
Out of work
Power supply or
plug-in unit on the master
control board failure
The power supply or
Fuse is burned when turning on
other component is
the electrocardiograph.
short-circuited.
Fuse is burned when
This component is
connecting a certain
short-circuited.
component.

Inspect Power supply and


earthing system
Change ARM9 board
Change or repair plug-in unit

open the electrocardiograph


for further examination

Change this component

2. Display troubles
Fault symptoms

Possible cause

Some characters displayed on


LCD screen failure
the LCD screen are missing.
The brightness of
interface board is not
LCD screen is dark.
adjusted well.
LCD screen failure

Correction action

Change LCD screen


Adjust the adjustable
transformer VR1 in the interface
board
Change LCD screen

3. Transmission troubles
Fault symptoms

Fail to transmit by net port or


serial port
Fail to copy to or from U disk

Possible cause

Correction action

Set and connect again (The


Setup and connection first three numbers of Local IP
error
and Remote IP must be set the
Connection cord failure same.)
Port failure
Change connection cord
IC failure
Change port
Change IC

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

4. Operation troubles
Fault symptoms

Possible cause

Correction action

Key failure

Key board is damaged


ARM9 board failure

Change key board


Change ARM9 board

No Key Beep or Key Beep is


raucous

Buzzer failure

Change buzzer

Can not print

Recording is illegible

Some characters or waveform


recorded are missing.

Error for detecting paper

recording paper runs


out
Print-head failure
Interface board failure
Recorder connection
cord failure
Install the paper roller
on the print-head directly.
If recording becomes clear,
you can confirm that the
recorder is not installed
well.
If still illegible,
print-head is failure.
Print-head has stain
Print-head failure
There is a stain on the
detecting position of the
print-head.
Print-head failure
Main board failure

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Install paper for recorder


Change print-head
Change interface board
Change or repair recorder
connection cord

Adjust the installation of


recorder
Change print-head

Clean print-head
Change print-head
Clean the stain on the
detecting position of the
print-head
Change print-head
Change main board

SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

5. Parameter troubles
Fault symptoms

Possible cause

Correction action
Install electrode clamp
again or clean electrode area
on body surface with alcohol
connect the patient cable
with the unit
Change ECG board
Install electrode clamp
again or clean electrode area
on body surface with alcohol
Change patient cable
Change ECG board

Without ECG waveform

Electrode clamp is not


installed well.
Patient cable is loose
from the unit
ECG board failure

ECG waveform is abnormal


or disturbed

Electrode clamp is not


installed well.
Patient cable failure
ECG board failure

Heart rate is not accurate

Waveform measuring
failure

Adjust connections

ECG waveform has burr

Electrode clamp is not


installed well.
ECG board failure

Install electrode clamp


again or clean electrode area
on body surface with alcohol
Change ECG board

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 6 Electrocardiograph Installation


CAUTION

Before use, the equipment, patient cable and electrodes should be checked. Replace it if
there is any evident defectiveness or aging which may impair the safety or performance.
And be sure that the equipment is in proper working condition.

6.1 Power and Earthing


WARNING :
If the integrity of external protective conductor in installation or arrangement is in doubt,
the equipment should be operated from the built-in rechargeable battery.
Power Supply
The electrocardiograph can be powered either by mains supply or the built-in rechargeable
lithium battery pack.
1. Mains supply
The mains connection socket is on the left of the unit. If mains supply used, connect the power
cord to the socket first, and then connect the plug of the cord to the hospital grade outlet.
Rated input voltage:
Rated frequency:
Rated input power:

100V~115V or 220V~240V
50Hz/60Hz
35VA

Make sure the mains supply meets the above requirements before power on. And then press the
mains power switch to power on the unit. Then the mains supply indicator lamp ( ) will be lit.
If the built-in rechargeable battery is weak when mains supply used, it will be recharged
automatically at the same time. And both the mains supply indicator lamp (
recharging indicator lamp (

) and the battery

) will be lit.

2. Built-in rechargeable battery


While using the built-in rechargeable lithium battery pack, turn on the unit by pressing ON/OFF
key on control panel directly and the battery indicator lamp (
The battery symbol

) will be lit.

will be displayed on the LCD screen. Because of the consumption

during storage and transport, the capacity of battery may not be full. If the symbol

and the

hint information BAT WEAK are displayed, which means the battery capacity is weak, please
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

recharge the battery first.


Please refer to the maintenance section for how to recharge the battery. During recharging the
battery, SE-3 can be powered by mains supply at the same time.
WARNING

Potential equalization conductor of the unit should be connected to the potential


equalization bus bar of the electrical installation when necessary.

6.2 Loading/Replacing Record Paper


Two kinds of paper can be used as ECG record paper. One is Rolled thermal paper with 80mm
width, and the other is folded thermal paper with 80mm width.
Note: When using folded thermal paper, the Paper Roller is unnecessary, and it can be
taken out.
When there is no record paper loaded or it reaches the end of record paper, warning message
Paper? will be given on the screen. Under this circumstance, record paper should be loaded or
replaced immediately.

Casing

Paper Tray

Paper Roller

Thermal Print Head

Printer Platen

Groove

Loading/Replacing Process for Rolled thermal paper:


1)

Place fingers under the flange of the recorder casing, pull upwards directly to release
the casing;

2)

Take out the paper roller, and remove remain paper from the left of roller if necessary;

3)

Take off the wrapper of thermal paper roll, and then put through the roller from the left
with the papers grid side facing downward;
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

4)

Place the paper and roller gently in the recorder with the roller pin on the rollers left
side facing to the groove;

5)

Pull about 2cm of paper out, and put down the recorder casing;

6)

Secure the casing by pressing it firmly.

Loading/Replacing Process for Folded thermal paper:


1)

Place fingers under the flange of the recorder casing, pull upwards directly to release
the casing;

2)

Remove residual paper in the Paper Tray if necessary;

3)

Take off the wrapper of folded thermal paper, and then put it in the Paper Tray with the
papers grid side facing the thermal print head while put the free end of paper upright;

4)

Pull about 2cm of paper out, and put down the recorder casing;

5)

Secure the casing by pressing it firmly.

6.3 Patient Cable Connection


WARNING

: The performance and electric shock protection can be guaranteed only


if original EDAN patient cable and electrodes are used.

Patient cable includes two parts, main cable and lead wires with associated connectors, which
can be distinguished from the color and identifier on the connectors.

Main Cable
Lead Wires

Screw

Electrode Connectors

Connector

Connect Main Cable:


Plug the connector of main cable into the patient cable socket on the right side of the unit
according to the direction of arrow on the plug, and then secure it with two screws.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

6.4 Electrodes Connections


Chest Electrode:

Suction Bulb

Electrode

Metal Cup

Limb Electrode:

Electrode

Reed
Clamp

The identifier and color code of electrodes used complies with IEC/EN requirements. In order
to avoid incorrect connections, the electrode identifier and color code is specified in Table 4-1.
Moreover the equivalent code according to American requirements is given in Table 4-1 too.
Table 4-1 Electrodes and their identifier and color code

European
Electrodes

Identifier

American

Color code

Identifier

Color code

Right arm

Red

RA

White

Left arm

Yellow

LA

Black

Right leg

N or RF

Black

RL

Green

Green

LL

Red

Left leg

Chest 1

C1

Red

V1

Red

Chest 2

C2

Yellow

V2

Yellow

Chest 3

C3

Green

V3

Green

Chest 4

C4

Brown

V4

Blue

Chest 5

C5

Black

V5

Orange

Chest 6

C6

Violet

V6

Violet

As the following figure shows, the chest electrodes position on body surface is

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

C1: Fourth intercostals space at right border of sternum


C2: Fourth intercostals space at left border of sternum
C3: Fifth rib between C2 and C4
C4: Fifth intercostals space on left midclavicular line
C5: Left anterior axillary line at the horizontal level of C4
C6: Left midaxillary line at the horizontal level of C4

C1
C4

C2
C6
C3
C5

The contacting resistance between the patient and the electrode will affect the quality of ECG
greatly. In order to get a high-quality ECG, the skin/electrode resistance must be minimized
while connecting electrodes.
WARNING

: Be sure that all electrodes have been connected to the patient


correctly before operation.

WARNING

: Be sure that the conductive parts of electrodes and associated


connectors, including neutral electrode, should not contact with earth
or any other conducting objects.

Chest electrodes connection:


1)

Ensure the electrodes to be clean firstly;

2)

Align all lead wires of patient cable to avoid twisting, and connect the associated
electrode connectors with corresponding electrodes according to the color and
identifier;

3)

Clean electrode area on chest surface with alcohol;

4)

Daub the round area of 25mm diameter on each electrode site with gel evenly;

5)

Place a small mount of gel on the brim of chest electrodes metal cup;

6)

Place the electrode on chest electrode site and squeeze the suction bulb. Unclench it and
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

then the electrode is adsorbed on chest. Attach all chest electrodes in the same way.
Limb electrodes connection:
1)

Ensure the electrodes to be clean firstly;

2)

Align lead wires of patient cable to avoid twisting, and connect the electrode connectors
to corresponding electrodes according to the color and identifier;

3)

Clean electrode area on a short distance above the ankle or wrist with alcohol;

4)

Daub the electrode area on limb with gel evenly;

5)

Place a small amount of gel on the metal part of limb electrode clamp;

6)

Connect the electrode to limb, and be sure that the metal part be placed on the electrode
area above the ankle or wrist. Attach all limb electrodes in the same way.

6.5 Inspection before Power On


In order to avoid safety hazards and get good ECG record, the following inspection procedure
is recommended before power on and operation.
1) Environment:

Check and make sure that there is no electromagnetic interference source around the
equipment, especially large medical electrical equipment such as electrosurgical
equipment, radiological equipment and magnetic resonance imaging equipment etc.
Switch off these devices when necessary.

Keep the examination room warm to avoid muscle action voltages in ECG signal
caused by cold.

2) Power Supply:

If mains power used, please check whether the power cord has been connected to the
unit well. And the grounded three-phase outlet should be used.
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

3)

Recharge the battery first when the battery capacity is weak before use.
Patient Cable:

Check whether the patient cable has been connected to the unit firmly, and keep it far
away from the power cord.

4) Electrodes:

Check whether all electrodes have been connected to lead wires of patient cable
correctly according to the identifier and color.

Ensure that the chest electrodes havent contacted with each other.

5) Recorder Paper:

Ensure that there is enough recorder paper loaded correctly.

6) Patient:

The patient should not contact with conducting object such as earth, and metal part of
bed etc.

Ensure the patient is warm and relaxed, and breathe calmly.

WARNING

: The electrocardiograph is provided for the use of qualified physicians


or personnel professionally trained. And they should be familiar with
the contents of this user manual before operation.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 7 Cleaning
7.1 Clean
CAUTION

Turn off the power before cleaning and disinfection. Mains supply must be switch off
if it has been in use.

7.1.1 Clean the Main Unit and Patient Cable


The surface of the main unit and patient cable can be wiped with a clean soft cloth damped
in soapy water or non-caustic neutral detergent. After that, remove detergent remainder with
a clean dry cloth.

7.1.2 Clean the Electrodes


Remove the remainder gel from the electrodes with a clean soft cloth first. Take the suction
bulb and mental cup of chest electrodes apart, and take the clamp and the metal part of the
limb electrodes apart. Clean them in warm water and be sure there is no remainder gel. Dry
the electrodes with a clean dry cloth or air dry naturally.

7.1.3 Clean the Print Head


Dirty and soiled thermal print head will deteriorate the record definition. So it should be
cleaned at least once a month regularly.
Open the recorder casing and remove the paper. Wipe the print head gently with a clean soft
cloth damped in 75% alcohol. For stubborn stain, soak it with a little alcohol first and wipe it
off with a clean soft cloth. After air dried, load the record paper and shut the casing of the
recorder.
CAUTION

Prevent the detergent from seeping into the main unit while cleaning. Do not
immerse the unit or patient cable into liquid under any circumstances.
CAUTION

Do not clean the unit and accessories with abrasive fabric and avoid scratching the
electrodes.
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

7.2 Disinfection
To avoid permanent damage to the equipment, disinfection can be performed only when it has
been considered as necessary according to your hospitals regulations.
Before disinfection clean the equipment first. Then wipe the surface of the unit and patient
cable with hospital standard disinfectant.
CAUTION

Do not use chloric disinfectant such as chloride and sodium hypochlorite etc.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 8 Maintenance
8.1 Recharge and Replacement of Battery
1) Capacity Identification
Current capacity of the rechargeable battery can be identified according to the battery
symbol in the top right corner on LCD screen.
: Full capacity
: Capacity is limited, and recharge should be taken into account
: Battery is weak; and warning message BAT WEAK will be displayed on LCD screen.
The battery should be recharged immediately
2) Recharge
SE-3 is equipped with recharge control circuit together with built-in rechargeable lithium
battery. When connect with the mains supply, the battery will be recharged automatically.
And then the battery recharge indicator lamp (

) and the mains supply indicator lamp (

will be lit at the same time. During the course of recharging, the symbol

will flash in

the top right corner of LCD screen. When the capacity of battery is full, the symbol
will stop flashing, and the battery recharge indicator lamp (

) will usually be black. But

if SE-3 is power off, the lamp will still lit just because the equipment will not monitor the
recharge status; so you need to power on the device to verify the status.
Because of the capacity consumption during storage and transport, the capacity of battery is
not full while using at the first time. Battery recharge should be considered before first
usage.
3) Replacement
When the useful life of battery is over, or foul smell and leakage has been found, please
contact with manufacturer or local distributor for replacement of battery.
WARNING

Only qualified service engineer authorized by EDAN can open the battery
compartment and replace the battery. And the battery of same model and
specification provided by manufacturer must be used.

Danger of explosion -- Do not reverse the anode and cathode when

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

connecting the battery.

When the batterys useful life is over, contact with the manufacturer or local
distributor for disposal or dispose the battery according to local regulations.

8.2 Record Paper


Note: Record paper provided by manufacturer should be used. Other paper may
shorten thermal print heads life. And the deteriorated print head may lead to
illegible ECG record and block the advance of paper etc.
Storage requirements:

Record paper should be stored in dry, dark and cool area, avoiding excessive
temperature, humidity and sunshine.

Do not put the paper under fluorescence for long time.

Be sure that there is no polyvinyl chloride or other chemicals in the storage


environment, which will lead to color change of the paper.

Do not overlap the recorded paper long time, or else the ECG record may trans-print
each other.

8.3 Maintenance of Main Unit, Patient Cable & Electrodes


The following safety checks should be performed at least every 24 months by a qualified
person who has adequate training, knowledge, and practical experience to perform these
tests.
a) Inspect the equipment and accessories for mechanical and functional damage.
b) Inspect the safety relevant labels for legibility.
c) Inspect the fuse to verify compliance with rated current and breaking characteristics.
d) Verify the device functions properly as described in the instructions for use.
e) Test the protection earth resistance according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit 0.2ohm.
f) Test the earth leakage current according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: NC 500uA, SFC
1000uA.
g) Test the patient leakage current according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: 10uA (CF).
h) Test the patient leakage current under single fault condition with mains voltage on the
applied part according to IEC/EN 60601-1: Limit: 50uA (CF).
The leakage current should never exceed the limit. The data should be recorded in an
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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

equipment log. If the device is not functioning properly or fails any of the above tests, the
device has to be repaired.
WARNING

Failure on the part of the responsible individual hospital or institution employing the use
of this equipment to implement a satisfactory maintenance schedule may cause undue
equipment failure and possible health hazards.
1) Main Unit

Avoid excessive temperature, sunshine, humidity and dirt.

Put on the dustproof coat after use and prevent from shaking violently when moving it
to another place.

Prevent any liquid from seeping into the equipment, for it will affect the safety and
performance of electrocardiograph.

2) Patient Cable

Integrity of patient cable, including main cable and lead wires, should be checked
regularly. And be sure that it is conductible.

Do not drag or twist the patient cable with excessive stress while using. Hold the
connector plugs instead of the cable when connect or disconnect the patient cable.

Align the patient cable to avoid twisting, knotting or crooking in closed angle while
using.

Store the lead wires in bigger wheel to prevent any people from stumbling.

Once damage or aging of the cable patient has been found, replace it with a new one
immediately.

3) Electrodes

Electrodes must be cleansed after use and be sure there is no remainder gel on them.

Keep the suction bulb of chest electrode from sunshine and excessive temperature.

After long-term use, the surface of electrodes will be oxidized because of erosion and
other causes. By this time, electrodes should be replaced to achieve high-quality ECG.

CAUTION

The equipment should be sent to the special agencies according to local regulation for
separate collection after its useful life.

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Chapter 9 Technical Specifications


Safety

1) EN 60601-1: 1990(A1 + A2),

Standards

2) IEC/EN 60601-1-2: 2001,


3) IEC/EN 60601-2-25,
4) ANSI/AAMI EC-11.

Classification

Anti-electric-shock type:

Class with internal power supply

Anti-electric-shock degree:

Type CF

Degree of protection against harmful


ingress of water:

Ordinary
equipment
(Sealed
equipment without liquid proof)

Disinfection/sterilization method:

Refer to the user manual for details

Degree of safety of application in the


presence of flammable gas:

Equipment not suitable for use in


the presence of flammable gas

Working mode:

Continuous operation

EMC:

Group , type A

Dimensions

288mm210mm70mm

Weight

About 2.5kg

Display

320240 dot single color LCD Screen


19264 dot single color LCD Screen

Environment

Transport /Storage

Working

Temperature:

-20~55

5~40

Relative

25%~93%

25%~80%

Non-Condensing

Non-Condensing

700hPa ~1060hPa

860hPa ~1060hPa

Humidity:
Atmospheric
Pressure:
Power Supply

Rated input voltage =100V~115V/220V~240V


Mains Supply:

Rated frequency = 50/60Hz


Rated input power = 35VA
Rated voltage = 14.8V

Built-in Lithium Battery


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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Pack:

Rated capacity =2000mAh /2200mAh /2400mAh


When the capacity of battery is full, SE-3 can
work continuously at least 249 minutes.
Charge mode: Constant current/voltage
Charge current (standard) = 0.2C5A (320mA)
Charge voltage (standard) = (170.1V)
Cycle life 300 times

Recording

Power Consumption:

35VA (max)

Fuse:

T400mA250V 520/T200mA 250V 520

Recorder:

Thermal dot-matrix printer


Folded thermal paper, 80mm width

Record Paper:
Rolled thermal paper, 80mm width
Effective Width:
Paper Speed:

HR
Recognition

ECG Unit

72mm
5mm/s, 10mm/s, 12.5mm/s, 25mm/s, 50mm/s
3%

Accuracy of data:

5% (x-axis), 5%(y-axis)

Technique:

Peak-peak detection

HR Range:

30 BPM ~300 BPM

Accuracy:

1BPM

Leads:

12 standard leads

Acquisition Mode:

simultaneously 12 leads

A/D Resolution:

12 bits

Time Constant:

3.2s

Frequency Response:

0.05Hz ~ 150Hz

Sensitivity:

2.5, 5, 10, 20 (mm/mV)

Input Impedance:

50M (10Hz)

Input Circuit Current:

50nA

Input Voltage Range

<5 mVpp

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SE-3 3-Channel Electrocardiograph Service Manual

Calibration Voltage:

1mV3%

Noise:

<12.5 Vp-p

Multichannel crosstalk

0.5mm
AC Filter: On/Off
DFT Filter: 0.05/0.15/0.25/0.5

Filter
EMG Filter: 25Hz/35Hz/OFF
LOWPASS Filter:150Hz/100Hz/75Hz
CMRR

110dB

Sampling Frequency

1000Hz

Patient Leakage Current:

<10 A (220V~240V)

Patient Auxiliary Current:

<0.1 A (DC)

Dielectric Strength:

4000V rms

External
Input/Output

Input

100k ; Sensitivity 10mm/V5%;


Single ended

(Optional)
Output

100 ; Sensitivity 1V/mV5%;


Single ended

-41-

EDAN INSTRUMENTS, INC.


3/F - B, Nanshan Medical Equipments Park, Nanhai Rd 1019#, shekou, Nanshan
Shenzhen, 518067 P.R. China
TEL:86-755-26882220

FAX: 86-755-26882223

EC REPRESENTATIVE
Shanghai International Holding Corp. GmbH (Europe)
Eiffestrasse 80, D-20537 Hamburg Germany
TEL: +49-40-2513175

FAX: +49-40-255726

E-mail: antonjin@yahoo.com.cn