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GEOLOGY OF PADALARANG AND SURROUNDING AREA,


PADALARANG SUB-DISTRICT, WEST JAVA REGENCY, PROVINCE OF
WEST JAVA
A part of BAKOSURTANAL maps, Padalarang Sheet (1209-224)

GEOLOGICAL FURTHER MAPPING


Proposed to take Bachelor of Engineering exam on Department of Geological
Engineering, Faculty of Geology, Padjadjaran University

By
NITTHIYANANTHAN RAMALINGAM
270110132002

PADJADJARAN UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF GEOLOGY
GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING STUDY PROGRAM
JATINANGOR
2016

ENDORSEMENT PAGE

TITLE

: GEOLOGY OF PADALARANG AND SURROUNDING AREA,


PADALARANG SUB-DISTRICT, WEST JAVA REGENCY,
PROVINCE OF WEST JAVA

EDITOR: NITTHIYANANTHAN RAMALINGAM


NPM

: 270110132002

JATINANGOR, FEBRUARY 2016


Approved by

Main Supervisor

Companion Supervisor

Dr.Ir.Emi Sukiyah,MT
NIP.196701221997032002

Dr.Ir.Nana Sulaksana, MSP


NIP.195210021983121001
Known By

Chairman of the Department of Geological Engineering,


Faculty of Geology,
Padjajdjaran University

Abdurruokhim, ST.,MT.,PHD
NIP. 196810061997031007

PREFACE

Praise Ganesha and greetings may shed our Lord Shiva, because with his
permission and blessing I can finish geological mapping report is entitled
"Geology of Padalarang and surrounding area, Padalarang Sub-District,
West Bandung Regency, Province of West Java.
This report contains the results of geological mapping which includes the
analysis of geomorphology, stratigraphy, structural geology, and the history of
geology and economic potential such as minerals and also the potential disaster on
Padalarang and surrounding areas. This report is structured to meet one of the
requirements for a bachelor's exams (S1) at the Department of Geological
Engineering, Faculty of Geology, Padjadjaran University.
The completion of further geological mapping report writing is also
inseparable from the support and assistance of all parties, therefore, a sense of
deep gratitude and highest appreciation goes to:
1. Dean of the Faculty of Geology, University of Padjadjaran,
Dr.Ir.Hendarmawan, M.sc for encouraging me to immediately resolve this
report.
2. Mrs. Dr.Ir. Emi Sukiyah, MT and Mr. Nana Sulaksana, MSP as a
supervisor who has been patiently taking the time and mind to guide
writers during the conduct of the study from the beginning to the
completion of the preparation of this report.
3. The entire staff of other lecturers and the administration of the Faculty of
Engineerin Geology Unpad for all their help and support.
4. Father and mother and brother and family for the support, love, prayers,
advice and motivation so that I can finish this report.
5. My friends whom always give encouragement and motivation for writers
doing research until the completion of this report
6. The entire academic community program Geological Engineering, Faculty
of Geology, University of Padjadjaran.
7. To the unnamed one by one who has helped many writers

The author realizes that this report is far from perfection therefore criticism and
constructive suggestions for improvement very authors expect this report. We
hope that this report will provide benefits to those who need them.

Jatinangor, February 2016

NITTHIYANANTHAN RAMALINGAM
270110132002

ABSTRACT

Location of the study area is located in Padalarang, West Bandung Regency,


West Java Province. While the geographical area of this research lies in at
107o25o40 until 107o28o10 and -6o48o40 until -6051010. Geomorphology unit
area is divided into three units such as Volcanic geomorphology, Sediment
geomorphology and Karst Geomorphology.
Stratigraphy of the study area divided into three lithogies and the sediment
surface in order form old to young, which is Limestone Unit (Tol), Sandstone Unit
and interbedded clay (Tms) and Tuff Unit (Qt)
Geological structures that developed in the area of research is joint like
extensional joint; Ciseuruh, Ciwalahir and etc.
Geology in the study area can be followed from the Late Oligocene to Holocene
epoch. There are several potential geological namely: positive potential available
economically valuable minerals and also the negative potential like air pollution.

Keyword: Geological Mapping, Padalarang, Rajamandala

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE
COVER.. i
ENDORSEMENT ii
PREFACE..iii
ABSTRACTv
TABLE OF CONTENTS..vi
LIST OF FIGURE..x
LIST OF TABLE..xii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION...1
1.1 Background1
1.2 Identification and Problems Formulation ..1
1.3 Purpose and Objectives.........2
1.4 Methodology of Geological Mapping ..3
1.4.1 Object of Research ..3
1.4.2 The Equipments Used4
1.4.3 Workflow of Research 5-17
1.4.4 General Geographic Area of Research17-19
CHAPTER 2 GEOLOGICAL REGIONAL FRAMEWORK..20
2.1 Physiography/ Geomorphological20-22
2.2 Regional Stratigraphic......22-26
2.3 Regional Geological Structure 26-27
CHAPTER 3 GEOLOGY.28
3.1 Geomorphology. 28
3.1.1 Morphography...............................28
3.1.2 Land Form.....29
3.1.3 Drainage Pattern...29-30
3.1.4 Morphometric31
3.1.5 Morphogenetic32

3.2 Geomorphology Unit of research area33


3.2.1 Plain Volcanic
Geomorphology Unit............34
3.2.2 Steep Volcanic Hills
Geomorphology Unit.....36
3.2.3 Very Steep Volcanic
Hills Geomorphology Unit.......37
3.2.4 Steep Sedimentary
Hills Geomorphology Unit...38
3.2.5 Very Steep Sedimentary Hills
Geomorphology Unit...39
3.2.6 Steep Karst Hills
Geomorhphology Unit..40
3.2.7 Very Steep Hills
Geomorphology Unit...41

3.3 Geological Research Area.......42


3.3.1Stratigraphy..42
3.3.1.1 Limestone Unit (Tol).43
3.3.1.2 Lithology Characteristics.44
3.3.1.3 The Distribution and Thickness..45
3.3.1.4 Age and Depositional Environment....45
3.3.1.5 Stratigraphy Relationship....45
3.3.1.6 Regional Proportionality...45

3.3.2 Sandstone Unit (Tms)47


3.3.2.1 Lithology Characteristics..47
3.3.2.2 The Distribution and Thickness...47
3.3.2.3 Age and Depositional Environment.48
3.3.2.4 Stratigraphy Relationship.48
3.3.2.5 Regional Proportionality...48

3.3.3 Tuff Unit (Qt)..49


3.3.3.1 Lithology Characteristics..49
3.3.3.2 The Distribution and Thickness...49
3.3.3.3 Age and Depositional Environment.50
3.3.3.4 Stratigraphy Relationship.50
3.3.3.5 Regional Proportionality...50

3.4 Structural Geology..50


3.4.1 DEM Interpretation (Digital Elevation Model)...51
3.4.2 Interpretation of River Lineament...52
3.4.3 Joint.53

3.5 Historical Geology...53


3.5.1 Geological Potential of Research Areas..54
3.5.1.1 Geological Potential Which Is Positive.54
3.5.1.2 Geological Potential Which Is Negative...55
CHAPTER 4 SUMMARY..56

BIBLIOGRAPHY........58
ATTACHMENT

LIST OF FIGURES

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PAGE
Figure 1.1 Work Flow Chart ...19
Figure 2.1 Physiography Western Jawa according to Van Bemmelen (1949).....21
Figure 2.2 Mandala sedimentation of Western Java (Mortodjojo,1984).22
Figure 2.3 General Stratigraphy of the Bogor Basin Evolution from
Martodjojo (1984)..23
Figure 2.4 Regional Geological Maps, Cianjur Sheet (Sudjatmiko,1972)..25
Figure 2.5 Stratigraphic Cross Section Regional Geological Maps,
Cianjur Sheet (Sudjatmiko,1972).......26
Figure 2.6 Lineament structural pattern of Java Island
(Martodjojo and Pulunggono, 1994)...........27
Figure 3.1 Drainage Pattern of research area ......30
Figure 3.2 Morphometric......32
Figure 3.3 Plain Volcanic ................................35
Figure 3.4 Steep Volcanic Hills...........................................................36
Figure 3.5 Very Steep Volcanic Hills..37
Figure 3.6 Steep Sedimentary Hills.....................................................................38
Figure 3.7 Very Steep Sedimentary Hills....39
Figure 3.8 Steep Karst Hills................................................................................40
Figure 3.9 Very Steep Karst Hill.....41
Figure 4.0 Limestone Unit Outcrop (Tol).......................44
Figure 4.1 Sandstone Unit (Tms)................................47
Figure 4.2 Tuff Unit (Qt)........................................49
Figure 4.3 Lineament patterns of Ridge and Valley of research based DEM.....51

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Figure 4.4 Interpretation of the ridge and valley based on dip software.............51
Figure 4.5 Interpretation river lineaments of research area..............................52
Figure 4.6 Structural joint on station 54 di Ciseuruh....................................53
Figure 4.7 (A)Limestone quarry which located in Mount Hawu
(B) Sandstone which located in Gunung Halimun..............54
Figure 4.8 Air Pollutant from the quarries....................................55

LIST OF TABLE

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PAGE
Table 1.1 Basic Drainage Pattern...........................7
Table 1.2 Modification Drainage Pattern...9
Table 1.3 The Distribution of Slope and Landform quantitatively...10
Table 1.4 Symbol of geomorphological units based on genetic aspects
(Van Zuidam, 1985)...11
Table 3.1 Geomorphologic Unit Characteristics Of Research Area.34
Table 3.2 Stratigraphy Column of Research Areas...43
Table 3.3 Proportionality limestone unit (Tol) with the Rajamandala
Formation (Martodjojo, 1984) .46
Table 3.4 Proportionality sandstone unit (Tms) with the Citarum
Formation (Martodjojo,1984)...48