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Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

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2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

CORROSION

WELD AND METAL DEFECTS

PHOTOGRAPHY

CONCRETE

12

ULTASONICS

15

MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION

21

GENERAL

25

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Corrosion
1

CORROSION CAN BEST BE DEFINED AS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

THE GALVANIC SERIES IN SEAWATER IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

d.

Galvanic corrosion
Erosion corrosion
General corrosion
Crevice corrosion

Rise in the pH level


Stagnation of the water
Increase in temperature
Increase in the amount of light

A series of sacrificial anodes placed on a structure


The establishment of a preferential corrosion cell sympathetic to the material to be protected
The application of an external current equal to or greater than all of the microscopic cell current at
the steel surface
The suppression of corrosion

Zinc
Magnesium
Aluminum
All of the above

WHEN PROTECTING A STRUCTURE, A SACRIFICIAL ANODE SHOULD BE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

It will remain secure as brass does not corrode


The brass will corrode and the bolt will fail
The aluminum will corrode
Both will corrode equally as they are in contact

SACRIFICIAL ANODES MAY BE MADE OF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

11

8
10
12
14

CATHODIC PROTECTION IS DESCRIBED AS:


a.
b.
c.

10

There is always more general pitting corrosion


Pitting corrosion is more significant b
In general corrosion on the anodic areas shift around
General corrosion only occurs at depths below 20m

THE RATE OF CORROSION WILL BE INCREASED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Positive and protected


Negative and protected
Positive and corrodes
Negative and corrodes

MARINE GROWTH MAY CAUSE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

metals that corrode in seawater


metals in order of increasing tendency to corrode in seawater
noble and less noble metal
metals that react with one another when placed in seawater

A BRASS BOLT IS FITTED INTO AN ALUMINUM PLATE, WHAT WILL BE THE RESULT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

of
of
of
of

THE DESIRED PH LEVEL TO INHIBIT CORROSION IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

list
list
list
list

GENERAL CORROSION DIFFERS FROM PITTING CORROSION BECAUSE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

A
A
A
A

THE CATHODE IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Physical breakdown of a material


Oxidation of materials
Surface rust
Metal reverting to its original state

More noble
Well insulated
Less noble
Similar

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


12

IMPRESSED CURRENT ANODES ARE ENERGISED UP TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

15

IF CATHODIC PROTECTION IS USED TO PREVENT CORROSION OF A METAL SURFACE, THAT SURFACE IS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

14

-500
-800
-400
-450

to
to
to
to

-600
-900
-650
-600

mV
mV
mV
mV

Heavily corroding steel


Zinc / magnesium anode
Monel
Silver

The
The
The
The

anode
cathode
electrolyte
electrical path

PRIOR TO A DIVE SHOULD A CP METER BE CALIBRATED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

corrosion that has taken place


wall thickness of the steel
potential to corrode
corrosion rate

WHAT PART OF THE GALVANIC CELL IS FORMED BY THE STAINLESS STEEL TIP ON A CP METER:
a.
b.
c.
d.

22

The
The
The
The

A POTENTIAL READING OF -100 MV WOULD INDICATE THAT THE MATERIAL UNDER TEST WAS:
a.
b.
c.
e.

21

Major pipelines up to 20m from its base


All pipelines up to 200m from its base
Nothing else
Pipeline connections

WHAT ARE THE EXPECTED RANGE OF READINGS FOR UNPROTECTED STEEL IN SEAWATER IS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

20

6 hours in every 24 hours


One week in a month
Never
When it may be a hazard

A CP METER MEASURES:
a.
b.
c.
d.

19

anode
earth anchorage away from the structure
insulated conductor
structure

AN INSPECTION OF A CATHODE PROTECTION SYSTEM WILL NORMALLY INCLUDE THE STRUCTURE AND:
a.
b.
c.
d.

18

The
The
The
The

AN IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM SHOULD BE SWITCHED OFF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

17

Zinc
Magnesium
Aluminum
Niobium

THE NEGATIVE TERMINAL OF THE GENERATOR IN AN IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM SHOULD BE ATTACHED TO:
a.
b.
c.
d.

16

The anode
The cathode
Radioactive
None of the above

ANODES IN THE IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM MAY BE MADE OF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

15

240 volts AC, 13 amps


90 volts DC, 340 amps
80 volts DC, 750 amps
60 volts DC, 600 amps

Calibration
Calibration
Calibration
Calibration

is not required
should be done before the dive
should be done after the dive
should be done before and after the dive

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


23

WHAT WOULD A READING OF -700 MV ON A STEEL STRUCTURE WOULD INDICATE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

24

WHEN OBTAINING A READING USING A CP METER, THE REFERENCE HALF CELL SHOULD:
a.
b.
c.
d.

25

Niobium
Niobium
Niobium
Niobium

and
and
and
and

tungsten and lead


silver and lead
tungsten and aluminum
titanium

Increase the electrical flow


Reduce the weight loading
Use less power and maintenance
Reduce the electrical flow

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING METHODS ARE USED TO DETERMINE INTERNAL CORROSION:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Silver and lead


Copper and lead
Copper and silver
Silver and aluminum

ARE IMPRESSED CURRENT ANODES USED ON PLATFORMS TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

32

pH is too high
pH is too low
Metal in electrochemical environment
If one metal is more noble than another

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MATERIALS ARE USED TO MAKE IMPRESSED CURRENT ANODE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

31

If the water temperature increases a


If the water temperature decreases
Water temperature does not affect the corrosion rate of steel
If the water was freshwater

IN THE GALVANIC SERIES, WHICH PRODUCES MOST ELECTRICITY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

30

MPI
'A' scan unit
UT meter
CP meter

CORROSION WILL START IF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

29

mV
mV
mV
mV

WHEN WILL THE CORROSION RATE OF STEEL INCREASE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

28

-600
-700
-650
-900

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD BE USED TO MEASURE THE CORROSION RATE ON A STEEL STRUCTURE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

27

Be in direct contact with the structure


Be at least 300mm from the steel surface
Be as close as possible without making contact
Never be used

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS CONSIDERED TO BE THE HIGHER READING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

26

The structure was adequately protected


The meter was faulty
There was inadequate local protection
The structure was unprotected

CP metering
MPI
'A' scan
Visual inspection

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Weld and metal defects


1

WHICH IS THE WELD ZONE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

WHAT IS THE WELD FACE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

3
2.5b
5405
5200

The whole weld


10 cm either side and the weld itself
15 cm either side and the weld itself
20 cm either side and the weld itself

Clock positions
Centimeters
Millimeters from datum
Millimeters from nearest known feature

OXIDE IN WELDS, CAN CAUSE DISCONTINUITIES, WHICH ARE SIMILAR TO NON-METALLIC INCLUSIONS, THESE
OXIDE RELATED DISCONTINUITIES ARE CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

SA
SA
BS
BS

WHEN REPORTING A DEFECT DURING A WELD INSPECTION, WHICH IS THE MOST ACCURATE MEASUREMENT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

11

Welds - on the surface


Welds - internally
Parent metal
Heat affected zone

WHEN CLEANING A WELD FOR MPI WHAT AREAS SHOULD NORMALLY BE INCLUDED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

10

Laminations
Cracks
Worm holes
Lack of sidewall fusion

WHEN CLEANING A WELD FOR CVI/MPI WHICH CLEANING STANDARD SHOULD BE ADOPTED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Overlap
Lack of fusion
Solid inclusions
Porosity

WHERE ARE FATIGUE CRACKS MOST LIKELY TO APPEAR:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Lack of fusion
Lack of penetration
Porosity
Incompletely filled groove

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE VOLUMETRIC DEFECTS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

4
5
6
7

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE PLANAR DEFECTS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

surface of the weld


edge where the parent metal has been prepared
surface joint where weld metal meets parent metal
boundary between the fusion zone and the heat affected zone

AN IMPERFECT SHAPE CLASSIFICATION GIVEN TO:


a.
b.
c.
f.

The
The
The
The

WELDING DEFECTS CLASSIFIED INTO HOW MANY GROUPS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

The part of the parent metal that is melted into the weld metal
The area of the parent metal that has been affected by heat
The area containing the weld metal
The boundary between the fusion zone and the heat affected zone

Crater cracks
Seams
Slag inclusions
TIG inclusions

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


12

A GROOVE IN THE TOE OF THE WELD CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE ARC WHEN WELDING IS TERMED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

13

EXCESS WELD METAL AT THE FACE OF A BUTT WELD SHOULD BE TERMED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

14

Un-welded steel plates


Large aluminum casting
Center of butt welds
None of the above

ONE METHOD OF REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF FATIGUE FAILURE IN A WELDED JOINT IS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Reported but not significant


Not acceptable by many fabrication codes
Not detectable on a visual inspection
Never occur offshore

IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD YOU EXPECT TO FIND LAMELLAR TEARING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

22

Distance from datum


Diameter, depth
Distance from adjacent toe
All of the above

ARC STRIKES ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

21

Oxides produced at the surface


Impurities in the electrode
Melting of the flux coating
Incompletely fused metal

WHEN MEASURING A DEFECT IN THE HAZ SUCH AS SPATTER WHAT INFORMATION WOULD YOU GIVE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

20

Lack of fusion
Lack of penetration
Undercut
Excessive penetration

WHAT CAUSES SLAG TO FORM ON THE WELD RUN:


a.
b.
c.
d.

19

Transverse
Compression
Longitudinal
Branching

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD NORMALLY BE IDENTIFIED, BY CLOSE VISUAL INSPECTION OF A WELD FROM
THE REINFORCEMENT SIDE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

18

Underflushing
Overflushing
Underdressing
Grinding mark

A CRACK RUNNING STRAIGHT ALONG THE CENTER OF THE WELD WOULD BE CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

17

Overcapping
Excessive convexity
Excessive reinforcement
Overlay

A REDUCTION IN THICKNESS OF THE PARENT METAL CAUSED BY EXCESSIVE GRINDING IS CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

16

Overlapping
Excessive convexity
Excessive reinforcement
Overlay

EXCESS WELD METAL AT THE FACE OF A FILLET WELD SHOULD BE TERMED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

15

Underlap
Incomplete filled groove
Undercut
Insufficient reinforcement

Use backing strips


Flexible coatings
Weld toe profiling
Concrete coating

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


23

LAMINATIONS AND SOLID INCLUSIONS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

24

WHEN BOTH SIDES OF A WELD ARE ACCESSIBLE, WHICH OF FOLLOWING CAN NOT BE DEDUCTED BY VISUAL
INSPECTION:
a.
b.
c.
d.

25

Excessive penetration
Worm holes
Cold lap and overlap
Laminations

WHAT ARE TWO OR MORE MEMBERS WELDED TOGETHER ARE CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Are found in steel plates


Are found in steel pipes
Can be found with ultrasonic inspection
All of the above

Span
Node
Junction
Platform

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Photography
1

WHICH COLOUR LIGHT IS ABSORBED FIRST:


a.
b.
c.
d.

WHAT TERM IS GIVEN TO THE REFLECTIVE EFFECT OF SUSPENDED MINERALS, SILT ETC IN WEAKENING THE
LIGHT INTENSITY:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Colour negative
Colour reversal
Colour retrieval
Monochrome negative

126
35 mm
110
70 mm

HOW MUCH LARGER OR SMALLER IS THE IMAGE ON 70 MM WHEN COMPARED WITH 35 MM FILM:
a.
b.
c.
d.

50 - 64
100 - 200
400 - 6000
20 - 35

WHAT SIZE FILM IS USED IN THE SEA & SEA MOTOR MARINE CAMERA:
a.
b.
c.
d.

11

Dividing the focal length by the diameter of the aperture


Multiplying the focal length by the diameter of the aperture
Adding the camera to subject distance to the depth of field
Dividing the focal length by the lens size

FILM PROCESS USING THE E6 TECHNIQUE ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10

The F number is increased


The subject to camera distance is increased
The lens focal length is decreased
All of the above

WHICH IS THE FOLLOWING HAS THE FASTEST ASA:


a.
b.
c.
d.

F stop
depth of field
focal length
focal point

THE F STOP NUMBER ON A CAMERA IS CALCULATED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

The
The
The
The

DEPTH OF FIELD INCREASES WHEN:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Normal
Telephoto
Inverse
Wide angle

WHAT IS THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE NEAREST AND FARTHEST POINTS IN FOCUS FOR ANY PARTICULAR LENS
SETTING IS CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Viewfinder camera
TLR camera
SLR camera
SDP camera

LENSES WITH SHORT FOCAL LENGTHS ARE CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Attenuation
Absorption
Scattering
Refraction

A CAMERA THAT ALLOWS VIEWING THROUGH THE LENS PRIOR TO TAKING THE PHOTOGRAPH IS CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Green
Blue
Red
All the same

Two times larger


Four times larger
Two times smaller
Four times smaller

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


12

WHAT TERM IS USED TO EXPRESS THE LIGHT OUTPUT OF A STROBE OR FLASH UNIT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

13

WHEN MAKING A PHOTOMOSAIC OF AN NODAL WELD, WHAT OVERLAP ON INDIVIDUAL FRAMES SHOULD BE
USED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

14

F
F
F
F

8
11
16
22

A label noting the subject


A scale with either imperial or metric markings
Holding the camera in a horizontal position
Ensuring the flash is orientated correctly

To
As
To
To

save time during the writing of the report


a record of photographs having been taken
record the basic details of the film, such as subject, diver and date
count the number of exposures used

The size of the film


Size of the aperture
Amount of light available
None of the above

The spectrum changes


It gains in intensity
The beam is not affected by scattering
It is not affected at the air water interface

Type of camera
Type of film
Adjust the aperture
Adjust the development

SCATTER IS CAUSED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

1/60th second
1/100th second
M90
1/30th - 1/2000th second

TO DARKEN THE NEGATIVE OF A BLACK AND WHITE FILM:


a.
b.
c.
d.

22

9 cm
8 cm
5 cm
20 cm

WHAT HAPPENS AS LIGHT TRAVELS THROUGH WATER:


a.
b.
c.
d.

21

x
x
x
x

THE SPEED OF PHOTOGRAPHIC EMULSION IS AFFECTED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

20

12 cm
11 cm
7 cm
18 cm

WHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT REASON FOR FILLING OUT LOGS DURING PHOTOGRAPHY:
a.
b.
c.
d.

19

%
%
%
%

WHAT IS THE ESSENTIAL INGREDIENT OF A GOOD INSPECTION PHOTOGRAPH:


a.
b.
c.
d.

18

40
50
70
80

WHAT F STOPS WOULD YOU BRACKET AROUND WHEN TAKING A STAND-OFF PHOTOGRAPH FROM
UNDERWATER:
a.
b.
c.
d.

17

WHAT IS THE SPEED SETTING ON THE NIKONOS CAMERA:


a.
b.
c.
d.

16

30
40
60
70

WHAT IS THE FRAME SIZE OF THE NIKONOS CAMERA WHEN FITTED WITH CLOSE-UP LENS AND PRODS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

15

Wattage
Strobe number
Guide number
Lux

Light reflection on particles in the water


Light exciting the molecules
The ASA of the film
Moving the camera

2000 - 2002

1M

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


23

WHICH LENS CAN BE USED FOR BOTH UNDERWATER OR SURFACE USE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

24

Twice as sensitive as 50 ASA film


Has larger grains than 50 ASA film
Has smaller grains than 50 ASA film
Half as sensitive as 50 ASA film

Refracts towards the normal


Refracts away from the normal
Carries straight on its original path
Is all reflected

HOW IS SIZE OF 35 MM FILM MEASURED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Twice as much as 200 ASA


Once as much as 200 ASA
Once less than 200 ASA
Four times less than 200 ASA

AS SUNLIGHT ENTERS THE WATER IT:


a.
b.
c.
d.

28

Towards the object


Away from the object
Does not change
Fom the object

200 ASA FILM IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

27

70 mm
35 mm
125 mm
35 mm

IS THE SPEED OF 64 ASA FILM:


a.
b.
c.
d.

26

DOES LIGHT REFLECTS THROUGH WATER:


a.
b.
c.
d.

25

35
16
35
28

Diagonally
Width of film
Size of aperture
Number of exposures

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Concrete
1

WHAT IS CONCRETE A MIXTURE OF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

A
A
A
A

cold joint
dry joint
panel joint
construction joint

Additives
Steam curing
Sust
Mould oil

4
8
12
14

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT CONCRETE IS TRUE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Slipforming
Deterioration
Honeycombing
Jointing

CONCRETE IS DESIGNED TO PROTECT THE REBAR, A SITUATION CALLED PASSIVATION; WHAT PH LEVEL DOES
THE CONCRETE NEED TO BEABLE TO ACHIEVE THIS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

11

Exudation
Incrustation
Spalling
Carbonation

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT LIKELY TO CAUSE DISCOLOURATION:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10

0 - 1 mm
1 - 2 mm
More than 2 mm
Less than 2 mm

WHAT IS THE GRITTY JOINT FORMED BY INSUFFICIENT SURFACE WETTING IN HOT CONDITIONS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

protect from seawater penetration


protect from accidental damage
protect from spalling
of the above

IF CONCRETE IS POURED FROM HEIGHTS GREATER THAN 2 M WHAT IS LIKELY TO OCCUR:


a.
b.
c.
d.

To
To
To
All

SALTS APPEARING ON THE SURFACE OF CONCRETE HAVING BEEN WASHED OUT FROM A CRACK ARE CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

The disintegration of the concrete matrix


The erosion of the corner edges
The corrosion of the rebar through loss of cover
Loss of cover

A WIDE CRACK IS A CRACK WITH A WIDTH OF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Pre-stressing
Slip-forming
Shuttering
Cable tracks

STEEL REINFORCEMENT MUST HAVE ADEQUATE COVER:


a.
b.
c.
d.

water - additives
sand - water
gravel - sand - water - additives
sand - additives

CONCRETE CORROSION REFERS TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

VERTICAL LINES ON THE FACE OF A CONCRETE STRUCTURE WOULD INDICATE WHAT:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Cement
Cement
Cement
Cement

It
It
It
It

is
is
is
is

impermeable so protecting the rebar


totally porous but protects the rebar through passivation
porous but if cover is sufficient water will not penetrate
porous but the rebar can not rust as no oxygen is present

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


12

WHAT SHOULD SHE-BOLTS INDICATE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

13

A JARLAN WALL IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

14

Slip form shuttering


Board shuttering
Pre-cast sections
Integration

Soffit
Splay
Overhang
Underside

CONCRETE IN SERVICE DEFECTS ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

The wall thickness is decreased


Corrosion may take place
It may not be possible to find it again
It allows wind and rain to get in

WHAT IS THE UNDERSIDE OF A CONCRETE BEAM CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

22

Bleeding channels
Sand streaks
Water pockets
Stratification

THE STRONGEST FORM OF CONCRETE IS PRODUCED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

21

Planned joints during construction


Joints where wet concrete has accidentally been poured on dry concrete
Unplanned steps during construction
Marks left by the shuttering

LOSS OF COVER IS PARTICULARLY IMPORTANT BECAUSE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

20

Prevent the concrete falling apart


To impart tension
To impart compression
To keep the shuttering in place

EXCESSIVE VIBRATION DURING CONSTRUCTION WILL CAUSE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

19

Stains on the concrete


Surface crazing
Honeycombing
Spalling

CONSTRUCTION JOINTS ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

18

Loss of cover
Surface discolouration
Fine cracks
All of the above

PRE-STRESSED TENDONS ARE INSTALLED TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

17

slip-formed wall
perforated wave wall
caisson wall
shuttered wall

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CONSIDERED TO BE UNIMPORTANT FEATURES:


a.
b.
c.
d.

16

A
A
A
A

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CONSIDERED TO BE IMPORTANT FEATURES:


a.
b.
c.
d.

15

Pre-stressing cables
Fixing points
Shoddy workmanship
Shuttered construction

Fatigue cracks
Hot tears
Diffraction mottling
None of the above

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


23

WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON METHOD OF INSPECTION FOR CONCRETE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

MPI
UT metering
Visual inspection
Radiography

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Ultasonics
1

THE BENDING OF A SOUND BEAM AS IT PASSES THROUGH AN INTERFACE IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

TRANSVERSE (SHEAR) WAVES ARE DESCRIBED AS HAVING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Period
Frequency
Wavelength
Velocity

THE NUMBER OF CYCLES PER SECOND (HZ) A VIBRATION OCCURS IS CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Cycles
Wavelengths
Vibrations
Displacements

WHAT IS THE PERIOD OF TIME CALLED TO PERFORM ONE COMPLETE CYCLE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10

Frequency
Period
Cycle
Wavelength

THE BACK AND FORTH MOVEMENTS OF PARTICLES WITHIN A MEDIUM ARE CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

True
False

THE CONDITION OF STARTING AT A CENTER POSITION, MOVING TOWARD A MAXIMUM POSITION, RETURNING
THROUGH THE CENTER POSITION TO A MAXIMUM POSITION IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION AND FINALLY
RETURNING TO THE CENTER POSITION IS CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Only the surface mode enters the specimen


A false back wall echo
Longitudinal waves will be totally reflected
Longitudinal waves will be abosorbed and lost

IN ULTRASONIC TESTING ENERGY IS TRANSMITTED THROUGH A SOLID MATERIAL BY A SERIES OF SMALL


MATERIAL DISPLACEMENTS WITHIN THE MATERIAL:
a.
b.

Shear wave mode will be totally reflected


Longitudinal waves will be totally reflected
Shear wave mode will be refracted
Longitudinal waves will be abosorbed and lost

WHEN THE ANGLE OF INCIDENCE FOR SHEAR WAVE EXCEEDS THE SECOND CRITICAL ANGLE WE HAVE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Resonance
Pulse - echo
Through transmission
Harmonics

WHEN THE ANGLE OF INCIDENCE FOR A LONGITUDINAL WAVE EXCEEDS THE FIRST CRITICAL ANGLE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Aparticle motion normal (90 ) to the direction of propagation and a velocity approximately half that
of longitudinal waves
Exceptionally high sensitivity due to low attenuation resulting from longer wavelengths when
propagating through water
A velocity approximately twice that of surface waves in the direction of propagation
Particle motion perpendicular to the direction of propagation and no attenuation in water

A DIGITAL THICKNESS METER USES WHICH PRINCIPLE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Reflection
Refraction
Attenuation
Absorption

Period
Frequency
Wavelength
Velocity

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


11

A VIBRATION CAN BE SAID TO HAVE THE FOLLOWING PROPERTY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

12

ULTRASONIC SOUND PROPAGATES THROUGH A MEDIUM AS WAVES OF PARTICLE VIBRATION:


a.
b.

13

d.

/f

c.
d.

x =

/f

A DEVICE THAT CONVERTS ELECTRICAL ENERGY TO MECHANICAL ENERGY AND MECHANICAL ENERGY TO
ELECTRICAL ENERGY IS CALLED
a.
b.
c.
d.

Generator
Transceiver
Transducer
Converter

THE ZONE IN AN ULTRASONIC BEAM WHERE IRREGULAR INTENSITIES EXIST IS CALLED THE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

= /v
= fv

b.

21

Ferromagnetic
Piezoelectric
Electromechanical
Hyperacoustic

A DEFINITE RELATIONSHIP EXISTS AMONG THE THREE FACTORS; VELOCITY, FREQUENCY AND WAVELENGTH.
THIS RELATIONSHIP IS EXPRESSED BY THE FORMULA:
a.

20

The distance a wave travels to the back surface of the specimen


The distance a waveform advances while a particle makes one complete vibration or orbit
The number of cycles produced per second the time required or a wave to reach a certain point in
the specimen
None of the above

TANSDUCERS USED IN ULTRASONIC TESTING EXHIBIT WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

19

true
false

WAVELENGTH IS DESCRIBED AS:


a.
b.
c.

18

5 KHz
20 KHz
100 KHz
1 MHz

ULTRASONIC SOUND CAN BE EITHER CONTINUOUS OR PULSED:


a.
b.

17

True
False

ULTRASONIC VIBRATIONS ARE GENERALLY DEFINED AS HAVING A FREQUENCY OF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

16

Which may or may not be heard by human ear


Too high to be heard by human ear
Too low to be heard by human ear
Which can be heard in the audible range only

THE VELOCITY OF SOUND IS CONSTANT FOR A GIVEN MATERIAL BUT VARIES FROM ONE MATERIAL TO ANOTHER:
a.
b.

15

True
False

ULTRASONIC SOUND IS USUALLY DESCRIBED AS SOUND:


a.
b.
c.
d.

14

Cycle
Period
Frequency
All of these

Near zone
Far zone
Irregular zone
Free field

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


22

THE LOSS OF ENERGY AS SOUND MOVES THROUGH A SPECIMEN IS CALLED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

23

ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE (Z) IS DEFINED AS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

24

The
The
The
The

product of material density and wave velocity


ratio of material density to wave velocity
ratio of wave velocity to sound density
product of wave velocity and frequency

THE LOWER THE IMPEDANCE MISMATCH BETWEEN MATERIALS MAKING UP AN INTERFACE, THE GREATER THE
SOUND LOSS:
a.
b.

25

True
False

SNELL'S LAW IS USED TO FIND:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Critical angles
Angular relationships
Velocity
Wavelength

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF COUPLANT:

26

a.
b.
c.
d.
27

To
To
To
To

filter undesirable reflections from the specimen


tune the transducer to the correct frequency
reduce attenuation within the specimen
transmit ultrasonic waves from the transducer to the specimen

THE ANGLE OF REFLECTION OF AN ULTRASONIC BEAM IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

28

Equal to the angle of incidence


Approximately four times the angle of incidence
Approximately half the angle of incidence
Equal to the angle of refraction

LONGITUDINAL (COMPRESSION) WAVES PRODUCE VIBRATIONS WHICH ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

29

In the same direction as the motion of the sound


Perpendicular to the motion of the sound
Elliptical
Symmetrical

IN AN 'A' SCAN PRESENTATION, THE HORIZONTAL SWEEP (X AXIS) IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

30

Elapsed time or distance


Signal amplitude
Distance traveled by the transducer
Direction of wave travel

IN AN 'A' SCAN PRESENTATION THE VERTICAL DEFLECTION ON THE CATHODE RAY TUBE REPRESENTS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

31

Elapsed time or distance


Signal amplitude
Distance traveled by the transducers
Direction of wave travel

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING SURFACES ARE IDEAL FOR ULTRASONIC TESTING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

32

A rough surface
A contoured surface
An irregular or polished surface
A flat smooth surface

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WILL NOT PRODUCE SPURIOUS INDICATIONS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

33

Mode conversion
Attenuation
Reflection
Refraction

A DIGITAL THICKNESS METER WILL GIVE A READING BEST DESCRIBED AS:


a
b
c
d

Absorption
Propagation
Reflection
Attenuation

The
The
The
The

thickness of the material


size of the defect
distance to the area of greatest discontinuity
distance to the back wall including the probe
2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


34

ULTRASONIC TESTING EQUIPMENT USED UNDERWATER OPERATES ON WHICH PRINCIPLE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

35

WHEN USING A DIGITAL THICKNESS METER WHICH DOES NOT HAVE A BUILT IN SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATION,
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS IS CORRECT:

a.
b.
c.
d.
36

43

2
6
8
10

FORMULA USED TO DETERMINE THE NEAR ZONE:


a.

N =

b.

N =

c.

N =

d.

N =

D 4
Df 4
D4f
Dv 4f

TAKING THE SOFTEST SOUND POWER LEVEL THE EAR CAN DETECT AS
EAR CAN ACCEPT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

2
6
8
10

AN INCREASE IN SIGNAL AMPLITUDE OF 20 DB WILL INCREASE THE AMPLITUDE BY HOW MANY TIMES:
a.
b.
c.
b.

42

A linear measurement of sound intensity


A logarithmic comparison
A unit of sound velocity
None of the above

AN INCREASE IN SIGNAL AMPLITUDE OF 6 DB WILL INCREASE THE AMPLITUDE BY HOW MANY TIMES:
a.
b.
c.
d.

41

1.0 MHz
10.0 MHz
25 KHz
25 MHz

WHAT IS A DECIBEL:
a.
b.
c.
d.

41

Continuous wave
'A' scan presentation
'B' scan presentation
'C' scan presentation

OF THE FOLLOWING FREQUENCIES WHICH WOULD PROBABLY RESULT IN THE GREATEST ATTENUATION LOSS:
a.
b.
c.
d.

40

Less than that of the transducer


Higher than that of the transducer
Between that of the transducer and the test specimen
Irrelevant

AN ULTRASONIC TEST INSTRUMENT THAT DISPLAYS PULSES REPRESENTING THE AMPLITUDE OF REFLECTED
SOUND AS A FUNCTION OF TIME AND DISTANCE IS A:

a.
b.
c.
d.
39

Greater the beam spread and depth of penetration


Less the beam spread and the greater the sensitivity and resolution
Less the sound beam attenuates thus increasing penetration
Less the sensitivity and the greater the penetration

THE ACOUSTIC IMPEDANCE OF AN IDEAL COUPLANT SHOULD BE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

38

Calibration is unnecessary
The meter should be calibrated once a week
The meter should be calibrated before and after every reading is taken
The meter should be check calibrated before and after every dive on which it is to be used

THE HIGHER THE FREQUENCY OF A TRANSDUCER THE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

37

Pulse - echo
Through transmission
Resonance
All of the above

100
120
200
260

dB
dB
dB
dB

2000 - 2002

1 DB WHAT IS THE LOUDEST SOUND THE

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


44

A HIGH FREQUENCY PROBE WILL HAVE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

45

WHEN CALIBRATING THE 'A' SCAN UNIT WHICH INDICATION SHOULD BE AT FULL SCALE HEIGHT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

46

Chemical energy
Electro/chemical energy
Mechanical energy
Heat energy

A reduction of the attenuation


a
Small defects will be detected more easily
Penetration will be less
Beam spread will be less

WHEN USING AN 'A' SCAN DISPLAY, A LACK OF PARALLELISM WILL RESULT IN:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Diameter of the probe


Density of material under test
Sound velocity and frequency
All of the above

REDUCING THE FREQUENCY OF A PROBE WILL RESULT IN:


a.
b.
c.
d.

55

Surface waves
Shear waves
Longitudinal waves
All of the above

VIBRATIONS ARE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

54

By switching to twin crystal and noting the difference


By checking the relevant tables
By measuring the length of the initial pulse
The dead zone cannot be checked

THE WAVE LENGTH IS DEPENDANT ON THE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

53

'C' scan presentation


'A' scan presentation
Checking A scan with a digital thickness meter
Checking the resolution

UT WAVES IN WATER ARE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

52

6 dB drop
20 dB drop
10 dB drop
Seaprobe

HOW IS THE DEAD ZONE CHECKED ON A SINGLE CRYSTAL PROBE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

51

is properly calibrated
has good linearity
has good sensitivity
has good resolution

CHECKING THE TIME BASE LINEARITY IS THE TERM GIVEN TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

50

It
It
It
It

V1 TEST BLOCK AND THREE CLEARLY DEFINED INDICATIONS

WHEN GREAT ACCURACY IS REQUIRED IN SIZING A DISCONTINUITY WHAT METHOD SHOULD BE USED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

48

First backwall echo


Initial pulse
Primary discontinuity
All peaks

IF THE PROBE IS PLACED OVER THE GROOVE ON THE


ARE PRODUCED WHAT CAN BE SAID OF THE UNIT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

47

Good resolution
Good sensitivity
Poor measuring accuracy
All of the above

Reflection that may not be indicated on the display


The most likely reflection would result in a display of numeral indications of variable amplitude
Signal amplitude being greatly increased
Signal amplitude being greatly reduced

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


56

AN INACCURATE WALL THICKNESS READING WILL RESULT IF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

57

THE VELOCITY OF COMPRESSION WAVES OF SOUND IS QUICKEST IN:


a.
b.
c.
d.

58

25
10
25
12

kHz
MHz
MHz
kHz

LOW FREQUENCY PROBES HAVE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

62

Back wall echo to half height


Back wall echo to the same height as the defect
Defect half height
None of the above

WHICH HAS THE SHORTEST WAVELENGTH:


a.
b.
c.
d.

61

Measure the depth of a surface breaking crack


Locate a sub surface defect
Measure the length of a surface breaking crack
Determine the width of a crack

THE 6 DB DROP IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

60

Steel
Water
Aluminum
Perspex

ACPD IS USED TO:


a.
b.
c.
d.

59

The material is laminated


There is a lack of parallelism between the back and front faces
The material is between 10 and 15 mm thick
The material is between 30 and 40 mm thick

Better resolution
Better penetration
Higher sensitivity
All of the above

WAVELENGTH IS CALCULATED BY:

frequency
Frequency velocity

a.

Velocity

b.
c.
d.

Velocity x frequency
Velocity + frequency

IF THE ULTRASONIC TEST FREQUENCY IS DECREASED:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Penetration is less
Resolution is improved
Attenuation decreases
Small defects detected

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

Magnetic Particle Inspection


1

AN OBJECT THAT HAS THE ABILITY TO STRONGLY ATTRACT IRON AND OTHER MAGNETIC MATERIALS IS TERMED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING ARE CORRECT:


a.
b.
c.
d.

10

H
B
Z
Fd

WHAT IS THE SI UNIT FOR FLUX DENSITY:


a.

Gauss

b.
c.
d.

Kg/m
Tesla
Oersted

MATERIALS THAT ARE REPELLED BY A MAGNETIC FIELD SUCH AS BISMUTH ARE CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

11

Vector fields
Resultant force
Flux leakage
Hunters

WHAT SYMBOL DENOTES FLUX DENSITY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Oersted
Maxwell
Gauss
Tesla

WHAT ARE THE LINES OF FORCE THAT JUMP THE GAP FORMED BY A CRACK CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Resistance
Perspicacity
Reluctance
Potential

WHAT IS THE UNIT OF MAGNETIC FLUX:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Oersted
Coulomb
Amps per metre
Gauss

WHICH IS THE TERM GIVEN TO THE RESISTANCE OF A MATERIAL TO A MAGNETISING FORCE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

H
B
Z
Mg

WHAT IS THE SI UNIT FOR MAGNETISING FORCE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Unlike magnetic poles attract one another


Unlike magnetic poles repel one another
Like magnetic poles attract one another
Like magnetic poles invert one another

WHAT SYMBOL IS USED TO DENOTE MAGNETISING FORCE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Magnetic
Ferromagnetic
Diamagnetic
Magnetisable

Diamagnetic
Paramagnetic
Antimagnetic
Ferromagnetic

WHAT IS THE FORMULA FOR CALCULATING PERMEABILITY:


a.

P = BH

b.

/Hb

c.

d.

= HB

/B

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


12

HIGH PERMEABILITY MATERIALS WILL HAVE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

13

WHAT IS THE REVERSING MAGNETISING FORCE REQUIRED TO REMOVE RESIDUAL MAGNETISM FROM A MATERIAL
CALLED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

14

AC
DC
HWAC
Full wave 3 phase AC

Reversing it in the magnetic field


Reversing the current through the coil
Reversing the coil around the article
Applying an alternating magnetic field and reduce to zero

WHEN USING DC FOR DEMAGNETISATION HOW OFTEN SHOULD THE CURRENT BE REVERSED:
a.
b.
c.
d.

than 0.72 tesla


than 0.72 gauss
than 365 manometers
that 1.44 gauss

WHAT IS THE BEST METHOD FOR DEMAGNETISING AN ARTICLE:

a
b
c
d
22

More
More
More
More

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS BEST SUITED TO LOCATING SURFACE DEFECTS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

21

Burma Castrol strip


Gaussmeter
Berthold penetrameter
All of the above

WHAT FLUX DENSITY IS REQUIRED IN THE TESTING AREA FOR MPI:


a.
b.
c.
d.

20

Kettle element
Free pole
Coil
All of the above

OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH FIELD INDICATORS MAY BE USED UNDERWATER:


a.
b.
c.
d.

19

Prods
Threader bars
Permanent magnets
Parallel closed loop conductors

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CONFIGURATIONS CAN BE USED WITH PARALLEL LOOPS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

18

Prods
Permanent magnets
Parallel closed loop conductor
Threader bar

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE THE MOST CONSISTENT METHOD FOR PRODUCING
SUFFICIENT MAGNETIC FLUX UNDERWATER:
a.
b.
c.
d.

17

High carbon steel


Soft iron
Perspex
All the same

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING METHODS OF PRODUCING MAGNETIC FLUX IS NOT USED UNDERWATER:
a.
b.
c.
d.

16

Coercive force
Hysteresis loop
Residual potential
Nega-residual magnetisation

OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH WILL REQUIRE THE GREATEST COERCIVE FORCE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

15

High retentively
High residual magnetism
Continually aligned domain
Low retentively

50 times per second


Once a second
Every half second
It should only be reversed once

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


23

FOR USE IN MPI, WHAT PULL MUST PERMANENT AND ELECTROMAGNETS HAVE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

24

that 18 Kg
than 45 Kg
than 10.5 Kg
than 28 Kg

WHAT IS THE OPTIMUM ORIENTATION OF A DEFECT WITH RELATION TO THE LINES OF MAGNETIC FORCE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

25

More
More
More
More

45o
0o - parallel
90o
45o - 90o

WHAT ARE THE SPACING LIMITS FOR PRODS:

a. 0 - 10 cm
b. 5 - 10 cm
c. 0 - 20 cm
d. 15 - 20 cm
26 FOR SURFACE WET INK APPLICATION WHAT INKS MAY BE USED:
a.
b.
c.
d.
27

WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM SOLID CONTENT FOR FLUORESCENT INK ABOVE WATER:
a.
b.
c.
d.

28

32

10 lux
50 lux
150 lux
210 lux

Less than 320 manometers


Greater than 365 manometers
Less than 365 manometers
Greater than 320 manometers

30 seconds
1 minute
5 minutes
1 hour in seawater

LONGITUDINAL DEFECTS IN A LONGITUDINAL WELD CAN BE READILY DETECTED BY:


Longitudinal magnetism
A circumferential magnetic field

c.
d.

A coil at 90 to the weld


None of the above

THE EASE OF MAGNETISM IS CALLED:


Conductor
Coercive force
Resistance
Permeability

UV LIGHT EMITS WAVELENGTHS OF BETWEEN:


a.
b.
c.
d.

0.35% by volume
10% by weight
0.35% by weight
10% by volume

a.
b.

a.
b.
c.
d.
33

than
than
than
than

HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR THE UV LIGHT TO REACH FULL INTENSITY:
a.
b.
c.
d.

31

greater
greater
greater
greater

WHAT WAVELENGTH ULTRA VIOLET LIGHT MUST BE EMITTED DURING TESTING:


a.
b.
c.
d.

30

Not
Not
Not
Not

WHEN CHECKING THE U/V LIGHT INTENSITY AT A DISTANCE OF 45 CM WHAT IS THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENT:
a.
b.
c.
d.

29

Black
Red
Fluorescent
All of the above

365 - 400 angstroms


365 - 400 manometers
1000 - 2000 angstroms
500 - 600 manometers

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002


34

MAGNETIC INK COMPOSITION IS MAINLY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Iron oxide
Ferric chloride
Coarse iron filings
Fine iron filings

2000 - 2002

Technology Under Rapid Development Software 1993-2002

General
1

A PRE-DIVE BRIEFING SHOULD INCLUDE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING METHODS FOR REMOVING MARINE GROWTH IS THE LEAST DETRIMENTAL TO THE
SURFACE OF A STRUCTURE:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Harmful
Never used
Requires access to both sides of the test piecec
Is excellent for planar defect detection

MARINE GROWTH IS INFLUENCED BY:


a.
b.
c.
d.

The depth that it grows


Density of the growth
Rate of the growth
Colour of the growth

RADIOGRAPHY IN UNDERWATER INSPECTION IS:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Close down the platform for a given period


Inspect known defects and possible defects
Do it as long as the money is available
Do it as quickly as possible

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HARD AND SOFT MARINE GROWTH:


a.
b.
c.
d.

3m
30 m
50 m
120 m

WHAT IS THE IDEAL INSPECTION PROGRAM ON A PRODUCTION PLATFORM:


a.
b.
c.
d.

The water temperature rises


The depth of water is increased
The depth of water is decreased
None of the above

WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM WATER DEPTH THAT PNEUMATIC ENTRAINMENT OF ABRASIVES CAN USED EFFICIENTLY:
a.
b.
c.
d.

Water jet
Pneumatic grinder
Hydraulic grinder
Needle gun

MARINE GROWTH WILL INCREASE IF:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Length of dive
Tide condition
Inspection information and why
None of the above1

Depth
Temperature
Both
Neither

IT IS NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH A PROCEDURE COVERING THE SECTIONS ON INSPECTION ACTIVITY BECAUSE:


a.
b.
c.
d.

Otherwise inspection items will be overlooked


Iquipment needs to be prepared in advance
It will make it quicker
Logical procedures are an essential prerequisite for efficient operations

To obtain the list of the correct answers, email. inspection@diversworldwide.com

2000 - 2002