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American Water Works Association

ANSI/AWWA D103-97
(Revisin de ANSI/AWWA D103-87)

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Fecha de aplicacin: 1 de febrero de 1988.
Primera
edicin aprobada por el Consejo de Directores AWWA: 28 de enero de 1980.
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Esta edicin aprobada: 15 de junio de 1997.
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Aprobada por el Instituto Americano de Normas Nacionales (American National
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Standards Institute) el 1 de diciembre de 1997.
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AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION
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6666 West Quincy Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80235
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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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#89:;!'(('!
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Este documento es un estndar de la American Water Works Association (AWWA).
No es una especificacin. Los estndares (o normas) AWWA describen los
requerimientos mnimos y no contienen toda la informacin de ingeniera y
administracin normalmente contenida en especificaciones. Las normas AWWA
usualmente contienen opciones que deben ser evaluadas por el usuario de la
norma. Mientras no quede especificada cada opcin por el usuario, el
producto o el servicio no esta plenamente definido. La publicacin de una
norma AWWA no constituye aval de ningun producto ni tipo de producto, como
tampoco la AWWA prueba, certifica ni aprueba ningun producto. El empleo de
las normas AWWA es enteramente voluntario. Las normas AWWA tienen la
intencin de representar un consenso de la industria del agua que el
producto descrito podr proporcionar un servicio satisfactorio. Cuando la
AWWA revisa o retira esta norma, se colocar un aviso de accin oficial en
la primera plana de la seccin de anuncios clasificados de la publicacin
Journal AWWA. Esta accin se vuelve efectiva el primer dia del mes siguiente
al mes de publicacin del aviso oficial en el Journal AWWA.

#89:;!#;<=8>;?!':@9=<;>;!
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Una Norma Nacional Americana implica un consenso de los sustancialmente
involucrados con sus alcances y contenido. Una Norma Nacional Americana tiene
la intencin de servir de gua para el fabricante, el consumidor y el pblico
en general. La existencia de una Norma Nacional Americana de ninguna manera
precluye a nadie, habiendo ste aprobado o no la norma, de la fabricacin,
venta, compra o utilizacin de productos, procesos o procedimientos que no
conforman con la norma. Las Normas Nacionales Americanas estan sujetas a
revisiones peridicas, y se le recomienda al usuario procurar las ediciones
ms recientes. A los productores de bienes fabricados de conformidad con
alguna Norma Nacional Americana se les recomienda declarar su propia
responsabilidad en los materiales de propaganda y promocionales o en etiquetas
o marbetes que tales bienes se producen de conformidad con norma particular de
Normas Nacionales Americanas.
AVISO DE PRECAUCIN: La fecha de aprobacin del Instituto Americana de Normas
Nacionales (ANSI) que aparece en la portada de esta norma indica la
terminacin del procedimiento de aprobacin del ANSI. Esta Norma Nacional
Americana puede ser revisada o retirada en cualquier momento. Los
procedimientos del ANSI requieren que se tome accin para reafirmar, revisar o
retirar esta norma a no ms de cinco aos a partir de la fecha de su
publicacin. Adquirientes de Normas Nacionales Americanas pueden recibir
informacin actualizada acerca de todas las normas, llamando o escribiendo al
American National Standards Institute, 11 W. 42nd. St., New York, NY 10036;
(212)642-4900.

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Copyright 1998 por la American Water Works Association
Impreso en los EUA

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

)@9A8>;?!B@?!38:=CD!
El Grupo de Trabajo D103 que desarroll esta norma, en ese tiempo estaba constituido
por el siguiente personal:
Francis Grillot Jr., Presidente
Miembro de Consumidores
A.J.Hamlett Jr., Tulsa Public Works Department, Tulsa, Okla.

(AWWA)

Miembro de Inters General


J.E. Rudina, AEC Engineering, Minneapolis, Minn.

(AWWA)

Miembros Fabricantes
N.C.Bailey, Conservatek Industries, Conroe, Texas
R.W.Cooper, Columbian Steel Tank Company, Kansas City, Kan.
John Farris, Peabody TecTank Inc., Parsons, Kan.
R.V. Field, A.O. Smith Engineered Storage Products Company, DeKalb, Ill.
Francis Grillot Jr., Temcor, Carson, Calif.
G.C.Margolf, Temcor, Carson, Calif.
D.A. Turner, Peabody TecTank Inc., Parsons, Kan.
L.D. Scott, Trustco Tank Inc., San Luis Obispo, Calif.
Mark Workman, Columbian Steel Tank Company, Kansas City, Kan.

(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)
(AWWA)

Asociacin Americana de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado (American Water Works Association)

"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved


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ANSI/AWWA D103-97
(Revisin de ANSI/AWWA D103-87)

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"A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Asociacin Americana de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado (American Water Works Association)

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ANSI/AWWA D103-97
(Revisin de ANSI/AWWA D103-87)

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Asociacin Americana de Agua Potable y Alcantarillado (American Water Works Association)
A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved


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ANSI/AWWA D103-97
(Revisin de ANSI/AWWA D103-87)

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#$%&'!'(('!)'%'!

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

:9:9V

:9:9^

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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_"
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

!
!
!

.-3310#!GF!!!&'*-%1'2-.!
Seccin 2.1 Generales
;(,(*!%(*!0.+-'".%-*!.!"/2('&('.'*-!-/!25.%65"-'!-*+'52+5'.!&.'.!250&%"'!2(/!-*+.!/('0.!
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Seccin 2.1 Tornillos y Tornillos de Anclaje
>9>9: Tornillos9!!?(*!+('/"%%(*!&.'.!5/"'!&./-%-*!,-!+./65-!,-3-/!2(/1('0.'!2(/!
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Seccin 2.3 Acero de Refuerzo de Base
$%!.2-'(!,-!'-15-'H(!,-!%.*!3.*-*!,-3-!250&%"'!2(/!%(*!'-65-'"0"-/+(*!,-!SCX!G:^9!
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Seccin 2.4 Placas y Lminas
?(*! 0.+-'".%-*! ,-! &%.2.! K! %<0"/.! ,-3-! *-'! ,-! &'(2-*(! ,-! .2-'(! ,-! =(8.'! .3"-'+(4! =('/(!
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Seccin 2.5 Perfiles Estructurales
?(*!&-'1"%-*!-*+'52+5'.%-*!'(%.,(*!-/!2.%"-/+-!&.'.!5*(!3.@(!-%!2(/+-/",(!,-!-*+.!/('0.!*-!
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Seccin 2.6 Hierro Colados
?.*!&"-H.*!,-!="-''(!2(%.,(!*-'</!2(/1('0-!.!SD;E!SR^4!2%.*-!GZ9!?(*!2(%.,(*!,-!.2-'(!
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_""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Seccin 2.7 Forjados


>9V9: Forjados a partir de materiales de placa y lmina.!?(*!1('@.,(*!.!&.'+"'!,-!
0.+-'".%-*! ,-! &%.2.! K! %<0"/.! *-! 2(/1('0.'</! .! %(*! 0.+-'".%-*! ,-! &%.2.! K!
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_"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

!
!

.-3310#!OF!
!
Seccin 3.1

Seccin 3.2

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Seccin 3.7 Vigas Superiores e Intermedias (Cerchas) del Cuerpo


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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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__A"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!YF!!!'33-.$%1$.!)'%'!3$2,&#'.!/-!'7,'!X!)'%'!*'#+,-.!
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__"_
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Seccin 5.3 Derrame (demasas).


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___
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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G9 Y.'.!&-/,"-/+-*!0-/('-*!.!>!-/!:>4!/(!'-65"-'-/!,-!3.'./,.%!/"!,-!*5&-'1"2"-!
./+",-''.&./+-9!
T9R9R!!Requerimientos mnimos.!!?(*!'-65-'"0"-/+(*!07/"0(*!&.'.!-*2.%-'.*4!'-8"*+'(*!
K! ,-0<*! &5-,-/! -2(/+'.'*-! -/! dDcS! >W! CM[! Y.'+-! :W:Z4! {d225&.+"(/.%! D.1-+K!
./,! c-.%+=! D+./,.',*x! Nb('0.*! &.'.! D-85'",.,! K! D.%5,! -/! -%! ;'.3.@(P9! bd;SB!
S&.'+-!,-!%.!&'(+-22")/!.%!.22-*(!.!%(*!'-8"*+'(*!&.*(i=(03'-!K!%.*!A-/+"%.*! -/! -%!
+-2=(4! %.*! 2(/,"2"(/-*! ,-%! 2%"0.! *(3'-! %(*! +-2=(*! ,-! %(*! +./65-*! *(/!
-_+'-0.,.0-/+-!A.'".3%-*!K!%(*!+'.3.@.,('-*!K!*5*!*5&-'A"*('-*!-@-'2-'!35-/!@5"2"(!
-/!%(*!.*5/+(*!,-!*-85'",.,9!$/+'-!(+'.*!2(*.*4!-*+(!&5-,-!"/2%5"'!-%!5*(!,-!!25-',.*!
,-!*-85'",.,!25./,(!-_"*+-/!A"-/+(4!="-%(!5!(+'.*!2(/,"2"(/-*!&-%"8'(*.*9!
!
Seccin 5.5 Dispositivos de Seguridad
!
!
D"! *-! '-65"-'-! &('! '-8%.0-/+(*! (! %-K-*! %(2.%-*4! @.5%.! ,-! *-85'",.,4! &%.+.1('0.*! ,-!
,-*2./*(4!3.'./,.%-*!-/!-*2.%-'.*!,-!+-2=(4!,-!*-85'(*!!,-!-*2.%-'.*4!,"*&(*"+"A(*!2(/+'.!.22-*(*!5!
(+'(*!,"*&(*"+"A(*4!-%!2(0&'.,('!%(!-*&-2"1"2.'<9!b(!*-!'-2(0"-/,.!-/!-0&%-(!,-!/"/85/(!,-!%(!
./+-'"('!-/!-%!"/+-'"('!,-%!+./65-9!
!
Seccin 5.6 Aberturas de Techos
T9U9:

T9U9>

Escalera.!!$%!1.3'"2./+-!&'(&('2"(/.'<!5/.!.3-'+5'.!,-%!+-2=(4!%.!25.%!*-!2(%(2.'<!
2-'2.!,-!%.!-*2.%-'.!,-%!+./65-!K!65-!-*+.'<!&'(A"*+(!,-!5/.!+.&.!.3"*.8'.,.!K!5/!
&('+.2./,.,(9!?.!.3-'+5'.!+-/,'<!5/.!,"0-/*")/!%"3'-!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!>R!&5%8.,.*!
NU:Z! 00P! -/! 5/.! ,"'-22")/! K! ,-! :T! &5%8.,.*! NG^:! 00P! -/! %.! (+'.! ,"'-22")/9! ?.!
.3-'+5'.!+-/,'<!N:P!5/!25-%%(!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!R!&5%8.,.*!N:Z:9U!00P!,-!.%+5'.4!2(/!
2-@.!&-'"0-+'.%!=.2".!.3.@(!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!>!&5%8.,.*!NTZ9^!00P!,-!./2=(f!(!N>P!
5/.! +.&.! 2(/! -0&.65-+.,.! .! &'5-3.! ,-! "/+-0&-'"-4! -/! %58.'! ,-%! 25-%%(! ,-! R!
&5%8.,.*!N:Z:9U!00P!K!,-!%.!2-@.!,-!>!&5%8.,.*!NTZ9^!00P9!C5./,(!*-!&'(&('2"(/.!
5/.! +.&.! &.'.! '-8"*+'(! &.*(i=(03'-! ! 2(/! &('+.2./,.,(! K! 2(03"/.,.! 2(/!
'-*&"'.,-'(!2(/!0.%%.!-/!%.!.3-'+5'.!2-/+'.%!,-%!+-2=(4!*-!&5-,-!(0"+"'!%.!.3-'+5'.!
,-!-*2.%-'.9!
Centro del techo.! I-3-'<! &'(&('2"(/.'*-! -/4! (! 2-'2.! ,-%! 2-/+'(! ,-%! +./65-4! 5/.!
.3-'+5'.! .,"2"(/.%4! 2(/! 5/.! +.&.! '-0(A"3%-! 65-! +-/8.! 5/! ,"0-/*")/! (! ,"<0-+'(!
%"3'-!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!>Z!&5%8.,.*!NTZ^!00P!K!5/!25-%%(!2(/!5/.!.%+5'.!07/"0.!,-!
R!&5%8.,.*!N:Z:9U!00P9!$/!%58.'!,-%!25-%%(!,-!R!&5%8.,.*!N:Z:9U!00P4!5/.!+.&.!.!
&'5-3.!,-!"/+-0&-'"-!+.03"]/!-*!.2-&+.3%-9!

!
Seccin 5.7 Ventilacin!
!
D"! -%! +-2=(! ,-%! +./65-! -*! ,-! 2(/*+'522")/! =-'0]+"2.4! *-! &'(&('2"(/.'<! 5/.! A-/+"%.2")/! )!
'-*&",.,-'(!.&'(&".,(!.''"3.!,-%!/"A-%!0<_"0(!,-%!.85.9!$%!'-*&"'.,-'(!+-/,'<!5/.!2.&.2",.,!&.'.!
-%! &.*(! ,-! ."'-! ,-! 0./-'.! 65-! /(! *-! ,-*.''(%%.! &'-*")/! -_2-*"A.! .%! -/+'.'! (! *.%"'! .85.! .%! 1%5@(!
0<_"0(!&(*"3%-9!$%!+53(!,-!,-''.0-*!(!,-0.*7.*4!/(!*-!2(/*",-'.'<!+53(!'-*&"'.,-'(9!
!
!
___"
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

SIF$[;$bCXSB! `/! +./65-! "/2(''-2+.0-/+-! A-/+"%.,(! &5-,-! 2.5*.'! &'-*"(/-*! "/+-'/.*! 65-!
.2+\./!2(/+'.!-%!+./65-4!%(!25.%!&5-,-!2.5*.'!.%.3-(!.\/!.!5/.!&'-*")/!,"1-'-/2".%!3.@.9!
!
T9V9: Ubicacin9! ! S\/! *"! *-! '-65"-'-! 0<*! ,-! 5/! '-*&"'.,-'(4! 5/! '-*&"'.,-'(! ,-! +./65-! ,-3-!
*"-0&'-! 2(%(2.'*-! 2-'2.! ,-%! 2-/+'(! ,-%! +-2=(9! $%! '-*&"'.,-'(! ,-3-'<! ,"*-J.'! K! 2(/*+'5"'!
&.'.!&'-A-/"'!%.!-/+'.,.!,-!.A-*!(!./"0.%-*9!
T9V9> Malla contra insectos9! ! C5./,(! %.*! .5+('",.,-*! ,-! *.%5,! 2(0&-+-/+-! '-65"-'-/! 0.%%.! ,-!
&'(+-22")/!2(/+'.!"/*-2+(*4!*-!,-3-!&'(&('2"(/.'!5/!'-*&"'.,-'(!&'-*")/iA.27(!2(/!0.%%.!(!
5/! 0-2./"*0(! *-&.'.,(! ,-! .%"A"(! ,-! &'-*")/iA.27(! 65-! 15/2"(/.'<! -/! -%! -A-/+(! 65-! %.*!
0.%%.*! *-! +.&-/! 2(/! ="-%(! (! 0.+-'".%! -_+'.J(9! ?.*! 0.%%.*! (! -%! 0-2./"*0(! ,-! .%"A"(! /(!
,-3-'<! ,.J.'*-! -/! +.%! (2.*")/! K! ,-3-/! '-8'-*.'! .5+(0<+"2.0-/+-! .! *5! &(*"2")/! ,-!
15/2"(/.0"-/+(!,-*&5]*!,-!%"0&".'!-%!+.&.H)/9!
bd;SB!$%!2(0&'.,('!,-3-'<!%"0&".'!%.*!0.%%.*!K!2(0&'(3.'!%.*!&.%-+.*!(!0-2./"*0(!,-!
.%"A"(!&('!%(!0-/(*!5/.!A-H!.%!.J(4!&-'(!&'-1-'"3%-0-/+-!-/!%.!&'"0.A-'.!K!-%!(+(J(9!
!
Seccin 5.8 Accesorios Adicionales y Excepciones
!
!
C5.%65"-'!.22-*('"(!'-65-'",(!&.'.!*-'!*50"/"*+'.,(! *-'<! -*&-2"1"2.,(! &('! -%! 2(0&'.,('9!
?.*! -_2-&2"(/-*! ,-! %(! &'-A"*+.! -/! -*+.! *-22")/! &(,'</! *-'! -*&-2"1"2.,(! &('! -%! 2(0&'.,('! ,-!
.25-',(!2(/!*"+5.2"(/-*!-*&-2".%-*9!

___""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!ZF!!!!.$2/'/,%'!

!
Seccin 6.1 Generales
!
$%!-/*.03%-!,-!2.0&(!,-!+(,.*!%.*!&%.2.*!(!%<0"/.*!A-'+"2.%-*4!=('"H(/+.%-*4!25-'&(!2(/!
+-2=(! K! 25-'&(! 2(/! ! 1(/,(! *-'<! 0-,"./+-! +('/"%%(*9! ?.! *(%,.,5'.! *-! %"0"+.'<! .! "/*+.%.2"(/-*! -/!
1<3'"2.!,-!3(65"%%.*4!'-*&"'.,-'(*4!&.*"%%(*4!2(/-_"(/-*!K!*532(/@5/+(*9!?.!*(%,.,5'.!,-!2.0&(!*-!
0./+-/,'<!.%!07/"0(!K!*-'<!5+"%"H.,.!\/"2.0-/+-!,-*&5]*!,-!%.!.2-&+.2")/!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-!K!-%!
2(0&'.,('9!
!
Seccin 6.2 Soldaduras
!
;(,.*! %.*! *(%,.,5'.*! ,-%! +./65-! K! 0"-03'(*! -*+'52+5'.%-*4! *-! =.'</! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %(*!
'-65-'"0"-/+(*!,-!SgD9!?(*!1.3'"2./+-*!0./+-/,'</!5/!&'(8'.0.!,-!2.&.2"+.2")/!,-!*(%,.,('-*!
K!&(,'</!2-'+"1"2.'!,-!*(%"2"+.'*-!65-!-*+.*!*(%,.,5'.*!*-!="2"-'(/!&('!*(%,.,('-*!2.%"1"2.,(*!SgD!
-!"/*&-22"(/.,.*!,-!.25-',(!.!%.*!/('0.*!,-!%.!SgD9!$*+.*!*(%,.,5'.*!*-!-1-2+5.'</!,-!0./-'.!
65-!*-!.*-85'.!%.!15*")/!,-%!0-+.%!3.*-4!,-/+'(!,-!%(*!%70"+-*!-*&-2"1"2.,(*!&.'.!2.,.!5/")/4!-/!
(3*-'A./2".!-*+'"2+.!,-%!*"85"-/+-!&'(2-,"0"-/+(9!
U9>9: Condiciones de clima9!!b(!*-!%%-A.'<!.!2.3(!*(%,.,5'.!25./,(!%.*!*5&-'1"2"-*!,-!%.*!
&.'+-*!.!*(%,.'!-*+</!0(@.,.*!&('!%%5A".4!/"-A-!(!="-%(f!25./,(!-*+.!2.K-/,(!%%5A".!(!
/"-A-! *(3'-! +.%-*! *5&-'1"2"-*f! (! ,5'./+-! &-'7(,(*! ,-! A"-/+(*! -%-A.,(*4! *.%A(! 65-! -%!
*(%,.,('!(!-%!(&-'.,('!,-!*(%,.,('.!K!%.*!&"-H.*!-*+</!,-3",.0-/+-!&'(+-8",(*9!b(!
*-!-1-2+5.'<!*(%,.,5'.!25./,(!%.!+-0&-'.+5'.!,-%!0-+.%!3.*-!*-.!0-/('!65-!Z(M!Ni
:V9^(CP9! C5./,(! %.! +-0&-'.+5'.! ,-%! 0-+.%! 3.*-! 65-,.! -/! -%! './8(! ,-! Z(MiG>(M! Ni
:V9^(CiZ(CP4!-%!0-+.%!3.*-!,-/+'(!,-!%.*!G!&5%8.,.*!NVU9>!00P!,-%!%58.'!,(/,-!*-!
"/"2".'<!%.!*(%,.,5'.!*-'<!2.%-/+.,(!=.*+.!*-'!2<%",(!.%!+.2+(9!
U9>9> Martillado9! ! D-! &5-,-! -0&%-.'! 0.'+"%%.,(! ,-! %.*! 2.&.*! ,-! *(%,.,5'.! &.'.! &'-A-/"'!
,"*+('*")/!"/,-3",.9!?.*!2.&.*!,-!*5&-'1"2"-!/(!*-'<!0.'+"%%.,.*9!
U9>9>9: $%! 0.'+"%%.,(! *-! -1-2+5.'<! 2(/! 8(%&-*! %-A-*! 2(/! 0.'+"%%(! "0&5%*.,(!
5+"%"H./,(!5/.!=-''.0"-/+.!,-!&5/+.!'(0.9!
U9>9G Conformacin9! ! ;(,.! *(%,.,5'.! 65-! *-'<! %"0&".,.! 2(/! 2=(''(! ,-! .3'.*"A(! ,-3-'<!
-*0-'"%.'*-!&.'.!'-0(A-'!25.%65"-'!&5/+(!%-A./+.,(!./+-*!,-!%"0&".'!2(/!-%!2=(''(!
,-!.3'.*"A(9!
U9>9G9: D-!'-&.'.'<!-%!*(2.A.,(!,-%!0-+.%!3.*-!.,K.2-/+-!.!%.!*(%,.,5'.9!
U9>9G9> ;(,(*! %(*! 2'<+-'-*! *-! '-%%-/.'</! =.*+.! %.! *-22")/! +'./*A-'*.%! 2.3.%! ,-! %.!
*(%,.,5'.9!
U9>9R Respaldos9!!$%!'-*&.%,(!,-!*(%,.,5'.*!.!+(&-4!*-'<!%(!0<*!&-65-J(!65-!*-.!&'<2+"2(4!
&'-1-'"3%-0-/+-!/(!0.K('!,-!:j:U!,-!&5%8.,.!N:9U!00P9!$/!/"/8\/!2.*(!%.!2.'.!,-!
%.!*(%,.,5'.!65-,.'<!,-3.@(!,-!%.!*5&-'1"2"-!,-!%.*!&%.2.*!65-!*-!5/-/9!
U9>9T Rebaje9!!$%!'-3.@-!,-!%.!'.7H!,-!%.*!*(%,.,5'.*!K!-%!'-3.@-!,-!*(%,.,5'.*!&.'.!'-0(A-'!
,-1-2+(*4! &(,'<! -1-2+5.'*-! 2(/! 5/.! =-''.0"-/+.! ,-! &5/+.! '-,(/,-.,.! (! 0-,"./+-!
'-3.@-!&('!.'2(!(!&('!(_78-/(9!
U9>9U Limpieza entre cordones9! ! C.,.! 2(',)/! ,-! 5/.! *(%,.,5'.! ,-! 0\%+"&%-*! &.*.,.*4! *-!
%"0&".'<!,-!%.!-*2('".!K!(+'(*!,-&)*"+(*!*5-%+(*!./+-*!,-!.&%"2.'!-%!*"85"-/+-!2(',)/9!

___"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Seccin 6.3 Preparacin de las Superficies a Soldar


!
?.*!*5&-'1"2"-*!.!*(%,.'!,-3-/!-*+.'!%"3'-*!,-!-*2.0.*!*5-%+.*4!-*2('".4!(_",.2")/!8'5-*.4!
8'.*.4! &"/+5'.! K! 25.%65"-'! (+'(! 0.+-'".%! -_+'.J(! -_2-&+(! %.! 2.&.! ,-! %.0"/.2")/! 1"'0-0-/+-!
.,=-'",.9! Y5-,-! &.*.'*-! &('! .%+(! 5/.! %"8-'.! &-%725%.! (! 2(0&5-*+(! *(%,.3%-! &.'.! &'-A-/"'!
(_",.2")/9! ;.%-*! *5&-'1"2"-*! +.03"]/! *-'</! %"*.*4! 5/"1('0-*! K! %"3'-*! ,-! 1"%(*4! '(+5'.*! K! (+'(*!
,-1-2+(*!65-!&5-,./!.1-2+.'!.,A-'*.0-/+-!%.!*(%,.,5'.!,-3",.9!b(!*-!/-2-*"+.!65"+.'!%.!&-%725%.!
,-!)_",(!65-!.&.'-2-!-/!%.*!('"%%.*!,-!2('+-!(!2"H.%%.,(!,-*&5]*!,-!%"0&".'!2(/!2-&"%%(!,-!.%.03'-9!
!
Seccin 6.4 Electrodos de Bajo Hidrgeno
!
$%!-0&%-(!,-!-%-2+'(,(*!,-!3.@(!=",')8-/(4!*-'<!&'(A-2=(*(!25./,(!*-!-1-2+\.!*(%,.,5'.!.!
3.@.*!+-0&-'.+5'.*9!C5./,(!*-!-0&%-./!%(*!-%-2+'(,(*!'-A-*+",(*4!,-*"8/.,(*!,-!3.@(!=",')8-/(4!
/(! *-! '-65"-'-! -%! &'-2.%-/+.0"-/+(! ,-%! .2-'(4! .! 0-/(*! 65-! %.! +-0&-'.+5'.! ,-%! 0-+.%! -*! ,-! G>(M!
NZ(CP! (! "/1-'"('9! I-*&5]*! ,-! *.2.'! -%! 0-+.%! ,-! .&('+-! ,-! *5! -/A.*-! ('"8"/.%4! ,-3-! &'(+-8-'*-! (!
.%0.2-/.'*-!,-!0./-'.!65-!/(!*-./!.1-2+.,.*!*5*!2.'.2+-'7*+"2.*!(!&'(&"-,.,-*!&.'.!*(%,.'9!$/!-%!
2.*(!,-!-%-2+'(,(*!,-!3.@(!=",')8-/(4!-*+(!*"8/"1"2.!0./+-/-'!+"3"(*!K!*-2(*!.!%(*!-%-2+'(,(*!=.*+.!
-%!0(0-/+(!65-!*-./!'-+"'.,(*!,-%!=('/(!,-!2(/*-'A.2")/!,-!-%-2+'(,(*9!?(*!-%-2+'(,(*!,-!3.@(!
=",')8-/(!,-3-/!85.',.'*-4!K!'-2.%-/+.,(*!,-!*-'!/-2-*.'"(4!,-!.25-',(!2(/!%.*!'-2(0-/,.2"(/-*!
,-!.2(/,"2"(/.0"-/+(!,-!-%-2+'(,(*!2(/+-/",.*!-/!SgD!ST9:9!
!
Seccin 6.5 Socavacin y Penetracin de Soldaduras
?.*!*(%,.,5'.*!*-'</!-_.0"/.,.*!A"*5.%0-/+-!&.'.!2(/1('0.'*-!2(/!%(!*"85"-/+-B!
!
U9T9:!Uniones a tope y de traslape sujetas a esfuerzos primarios9!Y.'.!5/"(/-*!.!+(&-!K!,-!
+'.*%.&-!*5@-+.*!.!-*15-'H(*!&'"0.'"(*!,-3",(*!.%!&-*(!(!%.!&'-*")/!,-%!2(/+-/",(!,-%!+./65-4!=.3'<!
5/.!&-/-+'.2")/!2(0&%-+.!,-!%.!5/")/!K!*"/!*(2.A.,(9!
U9T9> Unin a tope sujeta a esfuerzos secundarios9! ! Y.'.! 5/"(/-*! .! +(&-! *5@-+.*! .!
-*15-'H(*!*-25/,.'"(*4!=.3'<!5/.!&-/-+'.2")/!2(0&%-+.!,-!%.!5/")/!K!*"/!*(2.A.,(9!
U9T9G Uniones a traslape.! ! Y.'.! 5/"(/-*! ,-! +'.*%.&-! *5@-+.*! .! -*15-'H(*! *-25/,.'"(*4! -%!
*(2.A.,(! 0<_"0(! &-'0"+",(! *-'<! ,-%! :>! w! &('! 2"-/+(! ,-! %.! =(@.! 0<*! ,-%8.,.!
0-,",(!-/!2.,.!('"%%.!,-!%.!*(%,.,5'.9!
!
Seccin 6.6 Limpieza de Soldaduras
!
$%!1.3'"2./+-!'-0(A-'<!!%.!-*2('".!(!-*2.0.*!,-!*(%,.,5'.4!*.%&"2.,5'.*4!'-3.3.*!K!(+'.*!
&'(K-22"(/-*!1"%(*.*!(!<*&-'.*!,-!5/.!0./-'.!65-!%.!*5&-'1"2"-!65-,-!.&'(&".,.!&.'.!%.!(&-'.2")/!
*53*"85"-/+-!,-!%"0&"-H.!K!'-253'"0"-/+(9!?(*!2(',(/-*!,-!*(%,.,5'.!/(!/-2-*"+./!,-!2"/2-%.,(!(!
-*0-'"%.,(4!*"-0&'-!65-!&5-,./!*-'!%"0&".,(*!K!'-253"-'+(*!*.+"*1.2+('".0-/+-9!

___"A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

!!

.-3310#![F!!!5'4%13'310#!-#!*'22-%!
!
!
!
Seccin 7.1 Enderezado
!
S%! '-65-'"'! -/,-'-H.'! -%! 0.+-'".%4! *-! -1-2+5.'<! &('! 0]+(,(*! 65-! /(! ,.J.'</! .%! .2-'(9! $%!
-/,-'-H.,(! 0-/('! -/! 1'7(! -*! &-'0"+",(9! $%! -/,-'-H.,(! -/! 1'7(! &5-,-! -1-2+5.'*-! .! 0.'+"%%(4! (!
&'-1-'-/+-0-/+-4!&('!'(%.,(!(!&'-/*.,(9!$%!2.%('!&5-,-!5*.'*-!&.'.!-/,-'-H.'!,-1('0.2"(/-*!0<*!
*-A-'.*9!
!
Seccin 7.2 Acabado de las Orillas de las Placas Obra Soldada
!
?.*! ('"%%.*! ,-! &%.2.*! 65-! A./! .! *-'! .+('/"%%.,.*! (! *(%,.,.*4! &5-,-/! 65-,.'! -/! ('"%%.! ,-!
%.0"/.2")/!(!*-'!&'-&.'.,.*!&('!2"H.%%.0"-/+(4!0.65"/.,(4!2"/2-%.,(!(!&('!2('+-!&('!(_78-/(!(!
&('!.'2(!,-!&%.*0.!0-2</"2.0-/+-!,"'"8",(9!
V9>9: Corte al oxgeno o arco de plasma9!!C5./,(!%.*!('"%%.*!,-!%.*!&%.2.*!*(/!2('+.,.*!
2(/!(_78-/(!(!2(/!.'2(!,-!&%.*0.4!%.!*5&-'1"2"-!65-!*-!(3+"-/-!,-3-'<!*-'!5/"1('0-!
K!%"*.!K!,-3-'<!%"0&".'*-!,-!.2505%.2"(/-*!,-!-*2('".!./+-*!,-!*(%,.'9!;(,(!2('+-!
,-3-'<!*-85"'!25",.,(*.0-/+-!%(*!%"/-.0"-/+(*!&'-*2'"+(*9!
V9>9> Cizallamiento9! $%! 2"H.%%.0"-/+(! &5-,-! 5*.'*-! &.'.! -%! 0.+-'".%! 2(/! -*&-*('! Gj^!
&5%8.,.!NW9T!00P!(!0-/(*9!
Seccin 7.3 Rolado.
!
?.*!&%.2.*!K!%.*!%<0"/.*!*-'</!'(%.,.*!-/!1'7(!(!&'-/*.,.*!&.'.!2(/1('0.'*-!.!%.!25'A.+5'.!
,-%!+./65-!K!.%!&'(2-,"0"-/+(!,-!0(/+.@-9!
!
Seccin 7.4 Placas de Doble Curva
!
?.*!&%.2.*!K!%.*!%<0"/.*!65-!*-!25'A./!-/!,(*!,"'-22"(/-*4!&5-,-/!*-'!&'-/*.,.*!(!'(%.,.*!
-/!2.%"-/+-!(!-/!1'7(9!
!
Seccin 7.5 Tolerancias de Fabricacin.
V9T9: Tanques con uniones de cuerpo horizontales y bridadas9! ?.*! &.'+-*! 1.3'"2.,.*! K!
&5/H(/.,.*! &.'.! +./65-*! 2(/! 5/"(/-*! ,-! 25-'&(! =('"H(/+.%-*! 3'",.,.*4! ,-3-'</!
250&%"'!2(/!%.*!,"0-/*"(/-*!K!+(%-'./2".*!,-!SYX!:>L9!
V9T9> Tanques con uniones de cuerpo con traslape horizontal9! ! ?.! +(%-'./2".! -/! -%!
-*&.2".,(!,-!3.''-/(*!&.'.!+('/"%%(*!,-!+./65-*!2(/!5/"(/-*!,-!25-'&(!2(/!+'.*%.&-!
=('"H(/+.%4!*-'<! r :jG>!&5%8.,.!NZ9^!00P!-/+'-!25.%-*65"-'.!,(*!('"1"2"(*4!0-,",(!
-/!&%./(!./+-*!,-!1('0.'9!
!
Seccin 7.6 Recubrimientos
!
?(*! +./65-*! .+('/"%%.,(*4! *-! *50"/"*+'./! 2(/! '-253'"0"-/+(*! .&%"2.,(*! -/! 1<3'"2.! NA-'!
D-22")/!:Z!&.'.!%(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*P9!
!
Seccin 7.7 Embarque
!
;(,(! -%! 0.+-'".%! *-'<! 2.'8.,(4! +'./*&('+.,(! .%! *"+"(4! ,-*2.'8.,(! K! .%0.2-/.,(! ,-! +.%!
0./-'.!65-!*-!&'-A"-/-!2(/+'.!,.J(*9!

___A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!\F!

&$#*']-!

!
Seccin 8.1 Generales
!
$%!1.3'"2./+-!&'(&('2"(/.'<!%.*!"/*+'522"(/-*!&.'.!-%!0(/+.@-!,-%!+./65-4!&('!2(/*"85"-/+-!
,-3-'<!*-'!0(/+.,(!,-!.25-',(!2(/!-*+.*!"/*+'522"(/-*9!
!
Seccin 8.2 Atornillado
!
;(,(*! %(*! +('/"%%(*! ,-3-/! %(2.%"H.'*-! -! "/*+.%.'*-! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.*! "/*+'522"(/-*! ,-!
0(/+.@-!,-%!+./65-!&'(&('2"(/.,(!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-9!
!
Seccin 8.3 Empaquetaduras y Selladores
!
?.*!-0&.65-+.,5'.*!K!%(*!*-%%.,('-*!(!.03(*!,-3-'</!*-'!*50"/"*+'.,(*!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-!
K! 2(%(2.,(*! -/+'-! +(,.*! 5/"(/-*! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.*! "/*+'522"(/-*! ,-! 0(/+.@-9! $%! 2(/*+'52+('!
-@-'2-'<! 25",.,(! -/! %.! ,-3",.! %(2.%"H.2")/! -! "/*+.%.2")/! ,-! 25.%-*65"-'.! -0&.65-*! -*&-2".%-*!
N-0&.65-*!,-!+'.*%.&-*4!"/*-'+(*!.2=.1%./.,(*!K!(+'(*P!*50"/"*+'.,(*!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-9!
!
Seccin 8.4 Reparacin de Recubrimiento
!
$%!'-253'"0"-/+(!*-'<!A"*5.%0-/+-!"/*&-22"(/.,(!&('!-%!2(/*+'52+('!K!25.%65"-'!,.J(!.!%(*!
'-253'"0"-/+(*! .&%"2.,(*! -/! 1<3'"2.! *-'<! '-&.'.,(! -*+'"2+.0-/+-! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.*!
'-2(0-/,.2"(/-*!,-%!1.3'"2./+-!NA-'!D-22")/!:Z9>P9!
!
Seccin 8.5 Limpieza General
!
S%! +]'0"/(! ,-%! 0(/+.@-4! -%! 2(/*+'52+('4! ,-! *-'! '-65-'",(! &('! %.*! -*&-2"1"2.2"(/-*! ,-%!
2(0&'.,('4!*-!=.'<!2.'8(!,-!+(,(!,-*&-',"2"(!K!25.%65"-'!(+'(!0.+-'".%!-_+'.J(!2.5*.,(!&('!%.*!
(&-'.2"(/-*!K!,-@.'<!-%!&'-,"(!-/!2(/,"2"(/-*!+./!35-/.*!2(0(!25./,(!*-!"/"2")!-%!0(/+.@-!,-%!
+./65-9!

___A"
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!^F!
1#.)-3310#!X!)%,-4'.!
!
!
!
Seccin 9.1 Inspeccin en Taller
W9:9: Inspeccin en taller.!!$%!2(0&'.,('!&5-,-4!*"!%(!-*&-2"1"2.4!'-65-'"'!"/*&-22")/!-/!
+.%%-'!0-,"./+-!5/.!-/+",.,!2(0-'2".%!,-!"/*&-22")/4!25K(!2(*+(!*-'<!&.8.,(!&('!-%!
2(0&'.,('9! ?.! "/*&-22")/! -/! +.%%-'! 2(0(! 07/"0(! 2(/*"*+"'<! ,-! 5/.! "/*&-22")/!
A"*5.%! ,-! %.*! &'<2+"2.*! K! (&-'.2"(/-*! ,-! 1.3'"2.2")/! &.'.! ,-+-'0"/.'! -%!
250&%"0"-/+(!2(/!-*+.!/('0.9!
W9:9> Reportes de laminacin.! ! I-! -*&-2"1"2.'*-! &('! -%! 2(0&'.,('4! -%! 1.3'"2./+-!
*50"/"*+'.'<! 2(&".*! 2-'+"1"2.,.*! ,-! %(*! '-&('+-*! ,-! %.0"/.2")/9! $%! 1.3'"2./+-!
(3+-/,'<!2(&".*!,-!+(,(*!%(*!'-&('+-*!,-!%.0"/.2")/9!
W9:9G Datos de pruebas de espesor de recubrimiento9! ! C5./,(! .*7! *-! -*&-2"1"2.4! -%!
1.3'"2./+-! *50"/"*+'.'<! %.! "/1('0.2")/! 2-'+"1"2.,.! ,-! %.*! &'5-3.*! ,-%! -*&-*('! ,-%!
'-253'"0"-/+(9!
!
Seccin 9.2 Pruebas
W9>9: Reparacin de fugas.!C5.%65"-'!158.!-/2(/+'.,.!*-'<!'-&.'.,.!&('!-%!2(/*+'52+('9!
$*!&'-1-'"3%-!65-!%.!'-&.'.2")/!,-!5/"(/-*!*-!=.8.!0"-/+'.*!-%!/"A-%!,-!.85.!-*+.!
.''"3.! ,-%! &5/+(! -/! '-&.'.2")/9! F-.! -%! &'-<035%(4! D-22")/! XXX9C4! 7+-0! VP4! &.'.!
'-2(0-/,.2"(/-*!-/!2-''.'!-/+'.,.*!K!%%-/.'!-%!+./65-4!%(!25.%!/(!-*+.!253"-'+(!&('!
-*+.!/('0.9!
W9>9> Prueba de porosidad del recubrimiento.! C5./,(! .*7! *-! -*&-2"1"2.4! *-! =.'<! %.!
&'5-3.! "/,-&-/,"-/+-! ,-! ,-+-22")/! ,-! &('(*",.,! ,-%! '-253'"0"-/+(! -/! %.*!
*5&-'1"2"-*! "/+-'"('-*! ,-3.@(! ,-%! /"A-%! ,-%! .85.4! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! "/*+'522"(/-*! ,-%!
1.3'"2./+-9!
!!
Seccin 9.3 Drenado del Agua de Prueba
!
$%! 2(0&'.,('! &'(&('2"(/.'<! 5/! 0-,"(! ,-! ,'-/.'! -%! .85.! ,-! &'5-3.! 2(/! 5/.! 2(/-_")/! .%!
+53(!,-!-/+'.,.!(!,-!,'-/.,(9!
!
Seccin 9.4 Desinfeccin
!
X/,-&-/,"-/+-! ,-! %.! *-25-/2".! -0&%-.,.! &.'.! &'(3.'! -%! +./65-4! ]*+-! *-'<! ,-*"/1-2+.,(!
,-*&5]*!,-!%.!&'5-3.!1"/.%!K!-/+(/2-*!&5-,-!-%!+./65-!*-'!%%-/.,(!2(/!.85.!&(+.3%-!K!&5-*+(!-/!
*-'A"2"(9!?.!,-*"/1-22")/!/(!*-'<!%.!'-*&(/*.3"%",.,!,-%!2(/*+'52+('!(!,-%!1.3'"2./+-!.!0-/(*!65-!
-%!2(0&'.,('!-*&-2"1"65-!(+'.!2(*.!NA-'!SbDXjSggS!CUT>P9!
!

___A""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!E_F!
!!!!!%-3,4%1&1-#*$.!
!
!
Seccin 10.1 Generales!
!
?(*! +./65-*!.+('/"%%.,(*!*(/!1.3'"2.,(*!&('!A.'"(*!1.3'"2./+-*!,-!+./65-*!K!%(*!'-253'-/!
-/! *5*! &'(&".*! &%./+.*! K! %(*! -03.'2./! .! +(,(! -%! 05/,(9! ?(*! *"85"-/+-*! *"*+-0.*! 8-/]'"2(*! *(/!
'-&'-*-/+.+"A(*!,-!%(*!65-!-*+</!-/!5*(!8-/-'.%9!D"*+-0.*!8-/]'"2(*!-65"A.%-/+-*4!&.'.!%(*!25.%-*!
,(250-/+.2")/!2(/*"*+-/+-!,-!,.+(*!,-!&'5-3.*4!="*+('".%!,-!*-'A"2"(!-!"/1('0.2")/!+(_"2(%)8"2.!
=.! *",(! &'(&('2"(/.,.! &('! -%! 1.3'"2./+-! ,-%! +./65-4! *-'</! 2(/*",-'.,(*! &.'.! 5*(! 2(0(! +./65-*!
,-&)*"+(*!3.@(!%.*!&'(A"*"(/-*!,-!-*+.!/('0.9!
!
Seccin 10.2 Reparacin del recubrimiento!
!
D-'<!%.!'-*&(/*.3"%",.,!,-!2.,.!1.3'"2./+-!,-!+./65-*4!&'(&('2"(/.'!5/!&'(2-,"0"-/+(!,-!
'-&.'.2")/!K!'-+(65-!-/!-%!2.0&(!,-!%(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*!,.J.,(*9!
!
Seccin 10.3 Recubrimientos Galvanizados
!
C5./,(! *-! A./! .! *50"/"*+'.'! '-253'"0"-/+(*! 8.%A./"H.,(*! -/! 2.%"-/+-4! *-! .&%"2.'<! 0-+.%!
H"/2!.&'(&".,(!&.'.!"/0-'*")/!-/!.85.!&(+.3%-!.!%.*!&.'+-*!,-%!+./65-!,-*&5]*!,-!%.!1.3'"2.2")/!,-!
.25-',(!2(/!%.!&'<2+"2.!'-2(0-/,.,.!&('!S0-'"2./!c(+!I"&!Q.%A./"H-'*!S**(2".+"(/!NS*(2".2")/!
S0-'"2./.! ,-! Q.%A./"H.,('-*! ,-! X/0-'*")/! -/! C.%"-/+-P! -/! 250&%"0"-/+(! 2(/! SD;E! S:>G! K!
SD;E!S:TG9!
!
Seccin 10.4 Recubrimientos Vidriados
!
C5./,(!*-!&'(&('2"(/./!'-253'"0"-/+(*!,-!A",'"(!15*"(/.,(!2(/!.2-'(4!%(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*!
*-! .&%"2.'</! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.*! '-2(0-/,.2"(/-*! ,-%! 1.3'"2./+-9! ?(*! '-253'"0"-/+(*! A",'".,(*!
250&%"'</!2(/!%(!*"85"-/+-B!
:Z9R9: Preparacin de superficies.!!$%!.2-'(!*-!%"0&".'<!,-!+(,(!.2-"+-!K!%53'"2./+-*9!D-!
,-3-! '-0(A-'! %.! -*2.0.! ,-! %.0"/.2")/! K! -%! )_",(! ,-! %.! *5&-'1"2"-! ,-%! .2-'(!
0-,"./+-! 2=(''(! ,-! .3'.*"A(! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! YDC! DY:Z! (! ,-! 3.J(! 6570"2(! ,-!
.25-',(!2(/!YDC!DY^9!
:Z9R9> Recubrimientos.!
:Z9R9>9: S%! .2-'(! *-! %-! =.'</! .&%"2.2"(/-*! ,-! )_",(! ,-! /765-%! 2.+.%7+"2(! 25./,(!
%(*! +./65-*! *-! 1.3'"2./! .! &.'+"'! ,-! .2-'(! '(%.,(! -/! 2.%"-/+-9! $%! .2-'(!
'(%.,(! -/! 2.%"-/+-4! -*! *5*2-&+"3%-! .! -*2.0.,.! 65-! -*! 5/! ,-1-2+(! ,-%!
=",')8-/(! 65-! &5-,-! 2(/+'(%.'*-! 0-,"./+-! .&%"2.2"(/-*! ,-! )_",(! ,-!
/765-%! 2.+.%7+"2(9! ;.%! 1(/,(! N&'-0"-'P! -*! /-2-*.'"(! *"! .03(*! %.,(*! ,-%!
.2-'(!'(%.,(!-/!2.%"-/+-!'-2"3-!A",'".,(9!
:Z9R9>9> [-253'"0"-/+(*! A",'".,(*! &5-,-/! .&%"2.'*-! &('! '(2".,(! =\0-,(4!
,-''.0-4! "/0-'*")/! (! ,-&)*"+(! -%-2+'(1(']+"2(9! $%! -*&-*('! ,-%!
'-253'"0"-/+(! *-'<! -/+'-! U! 0"%]*"0.*! NZ9:T! 00P! K! :W! 0"%]*"0.*! NZ9R^!
00P9!

___A"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

:Z9R9>9G $%!'-253'"0"-/+(!A",'".,(!,-3-!25'.'*-!(!15*"(/.'*-!.%!.2-'(!&('!15-8(9!
$*+(! *-! =.2-! 0<*! 2(/A-/"-/+-0-/+-! -/! 5/! =('/(4! &-'(! &5-,-! =.2-'*-!
0-,"./+-!2.%-/+.0"-/+(!&('!"/,522")/!(!&('!'-*"*+-/2".9!?.!+-0&-'.+5'.!
,-3-! *5&-'"('! .! %(*! :4>ZZ(M! K! &'-1-'-/+-0-/+-! ,-/+'(! ,-%! './8(! ,-!
:4RTZ(M!.!:4UZZ(M9!
:Z9R9G Inspeccin9! ! D-! "/*&-22"(/.'<! -%! '-253'"0"-/+(! &.'.! 25.%65"-'! ,-1-2+(! A"*"3%-! (!
&('(*",.,-*9!D"!*-!-/25-/+'./!2(/,"2"(/-*!*-A-'.*4!*-!,-3-!-0&%-.'!%.!&'5-3.!,-!
'-*"*+-/2".! ,-! -*&(/@.! 0(@.,.! &.'.! ,-+-'0"/.'! -%! .%2./2-! ,-! %(*! ,-1-2+(*!
0"2'(*2)&"2(*!-/!%.*!*5&-'1"2"-*!"/+-'/.*!,-%!+./65-!\/"2.0-/+-!ND-22")/!:Z9WP9!
!
Seccin 10.5 Recubrimientos de Lquido Termofijo en Suspensin
!
C5./,(!*-!-0&%-./!-&)_"2(*!,-!%765",(!+-'0(1"@(!-/!*5*&-/*")/4!%(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*!*-'</!
.&%"2.,(*! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.*! '-2(0-/,.2"(/-*! ,-%! 1.3'"2./+-! ,-%! +./65-9! ?(*! '-253'"0"-/+(*!
250&%"'</!2(/!%(!*"85"-/+-9!
:Z9T9: Preparacin de superficies9! ! ?.! &'-&.'.2")/! ,-! *5&-'1"2"-*! 250&%"'<! 2(/! %(!
*"85"-/+-9!
:Z9T9:9: $%! .2-'(! *-'<! %"0&".,(! .! 1(/,(! 0-,"./+-! 5/! %.A.,(i-/@5.8.,(! *-85",(!
"/0-,".+.0-/+-!&('!*-2.,(!2(/!."'-!2.%"-/+-9!
:Z9T9:9> S%!.2-'(!*-!%-!.&%"2.'<!2=(''(!,-!.3'.*"A(!&('!.03(*!%.,(*!,-!.25-',(!
2(/!DDYC!DY:Z9!$%!,"35@(!,-!./2%.@-!,-!%.!*5&-'1"2"-!+-/,'<!5/!07/"0(!
,-!:!0"%]*"0.!NZ9ZG!00P9!
:Z9T9> Recubrimientos9!!?(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*!*-!.&%"2.'</!,-!.25-',(!2(/!%(!65-!*"85-B!
:Z9T9>9: I-/+'(!,-!%(*!GZ!0"/5+(*!,-!%.!%"0&"-H.!&('!2=(''(!,-!.3'.*"A(!ND-22")/!
:Z9T9:9>P4! %.*! *5&-'1"2"-*! "/+-'"('-*! ,-%! +./65-! '-2"3"'</! 5/.! 2.&.! ,-!
-&)_"2(! +-'0(1"@(! 25'.,(! 2(/! .0"/.4! -/! -*+'"2+.! 2(/2(',./2".! 2(/! %.*!
'-2(0-/,.2"(/-*!,-%!1.3'"2./+-9!
:Z9T9>9> ?.*! *5&-'1"2"-*! -_+-'"('-*! ,-%! +./65-! '-2"3"'</! 5/.! 2.&.! ,-! &'"0.'"(!
-&)_"2(! (! -65"A.%-/+-! 2(0(! *-.! ,-+-'0"/.,(! &('! -%! 1.3'"2./+-! ,-%!
+./65-9!
:Z9T9>9G ?(*! '-253'"0"-/+(*! "/+-'"('-*! K! -_+-'"('-*! ND-22"(/-*! :Z9T9>9:! K!
:Z9T9>9>P! *-'</! 2.%-/+.,.*! -/! =('/(! =.*+.! 65-! +-/-'! 5/.! 2(/,"2")/!
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:Z9T9>9R ?.*! *5&-'1"2"-*! "/+-'"('-*! ,-%! +./65-! '-2"3"'</! 5/.! *-85/,.! 2.&.! ,-!
-&)_"2(! 2(/! 25'.,(! ,-! .0"/.! &.'.! 5/! -*&-*('! +(+.%! 07/"0(! ,-! T!
0"%]*"0.*!NZ9:G!00P!,-!&-%725%.!*-2.9!
:Z9T9>9T ?.*!*5&-'1"2"-*!-_+-'"('-*!,-%!+./65-!'-2"3"'</!5/.!2.&.!,-!.2.3.,(!,-!
-*0.%+-!.2'7%"2(!&.'.!=('/-.'!K!65-,.'!25'.,(!+]'0"2.0-/+-9!$%!-*&-*('!
07/"0(!,-!%.!&-%725%.!*-2.!*-'<!2(/!5/!+(+.%!,-!G!0"%]*"0.*!NZ9Z^!00P9!
:Z9T9>9U ?.*! 2.&.*! ,-! .2.3.,(! "/+-'"('! K! -_+-'"('! *-'</! 2.%-/+.,.*! .%! =('/(! .!
R>T(MiT>T(M!N>:^9G(Ci>VG9^(CP!,5'./+-!5/!07/"0(!,-!:Z!0"/5+(*!&.'.!
2(0&%-+.0-/+-!+'.*!%"8.'!+]'0"2.0-/+-!.03.*!2.&.*!+-'0(!1"@.*9!
:Z9T9>9V ?(*!'-253'"0"-/+(*!-_+-'"('-*!&5-,-/!0(,"1"2.'*-!2(/!.25-',(!-/+'-!-%!
2(0&'.,('!K!-%!1.3'"2./+-!,-%!+./65-9!
!

___"_
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

10.5.3 Inspeccin.
:Z9T9G9: X/*&-22")/! ,-%! "/+-'"('9! `/.! 05-*+'.! '-&'-*-/+.+"A.! ,-! %.*! *5&-'1"2"-*!
'-253"-'+.*! "/+-'"('-*! *-'<! "/*&-22"(/.,(! K! .2-&+.,.! &('! -%! 1.3'"2./+-!
,-%! +./65-! ./+-*! ,-%! -03.'65-9! ?.! "/*&-22")/! "/2%5"'<! 5/.! &'5-3.! /(!
,-*+'52+"A.!,-%!-*&-*('!-/!0"%]*"0.*!NE"h'(+-*+!(!"85.%P4!5/!&'5-3.!,-!
,-+-22")/! ,-! &('(*",.,-*! N;"h-'! [.H('! (! "85.%P4! K! 5/.! &'5-3.! ,-!
*(%A-/+-!0-+"%(!-+"%(!h-+(/.!NE$}P!2(/*"*+-/+-!-/!>Z!&.*.,.*!(!"85.%9!
:Z9T9G9> X/*&-22")/! ,-%! -_+-'"('9! `/.! 05-*+'.! '-&'-*-/+.+"A.! ,-! %.*! *5&-'1"2"-*!
'-253"-'+.*!-_+-'"('-*4!*-'<!"/*&-22"(/.,.!.2-&+.,.!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-!,-%!
+./65-! ./+-*! ,-! *5! -03.'65-9! ?.! "/*&-22")/! "/2%5"'<! 5/.! &'5-3.! /(!
,-*+'52+"A.!,-%!-*&-*('!-/!0"%]*"0.*!NE(h'(+-*+!(!"85.%P9!
!
Seccin 10.6 Recubrimientos con Polvo Termofijo
!
C5./,(! *-! -0&%-./! '-253'"0"-/+(*! ,-! &(%A(! 1"@.2")/! +]'0"2.4! %(*! '-253'"0"-/+(*! *-!
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1"@.2")/!+]'0"2.!250&%"'</!2(/!%(!*"85"-/+-9!
:Z9U9: Preparacin de superficies9!!D-!.&%"2.'<!2=(''(!,-!8'./"%%.!,-!.2-'(!!-/!+(,(*!*5*!
%.,(*!,-!.25-',(!-/!DDYD!DY:Z9!
:Z9U9> Aplicacin9! $%!'-253'"0"-/+(!*-!.&%"2.'<!,-!.25-',(!2(/!%(!*"85"-/+-9!
:Z9U9>9: I-*&5]*! ,-! %"0&".'! 2(/! -%! 2=(''(! ,-! 8'./"%%.! ,-! .2-'(4! %.*! *5&-'1"2"-*!
"/+-'"('-*! K! -_+-'"('-*! *-'</! 253"-'+.*! 2(/! 5/! '-253'"0"-/+(! -/! &(%A(!
0-,"./+-!5/.!.&%"2.2")/!-%-2+'(*+<+"2.9!
:Z9U9>9> $%!&(%A(!*-2(!*-!,-&(*"+.'<!,-!0./-'.!,-!(3+-/-'!5/.!&-%725%.!*-2.!2(/!
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:Z9U9>9G ?.*! *5&-'1"2"-*! *-'</! 25'.,.*! .%! =('/(! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! %.! /('0.! ,-!
&'<2+"2.!K!-*&-2"1"2.2"(/-*!,-%!1.3'"2./+-!,-%!'-253'"0"-/+(!-/!&(%A(9!
10.6.3 Inspeccin.
:Z9U9G9: X/*&-22")/! ,-! "/+-'"('-*9! `/.! 05-*+'.! '-&'-*-/+.+"A.! ,-! %.*! *5&-'1"2"-*!
"/+-'"('-*! '-253"-'+.*! *-'<! "/*&-22"(/.,.! K! .2-&+.,.! &('! -%! 1.3'"2./+-!
,-%!+./65-!./+-*!,-!*5!-03.'65-9!?.!"/*&-22")/!"/2%5"'<!5/.!&'5-3.!/(!
,-*+'52+"A.! ,-! -*&-*('! -/! 0"%]*"0.*! ,-! &5%8.,.! NE"h'(+-*+! (! "85.%P4!
5/.! &'5-3.! ,-! &('(*",.,! N;"/h-'! [.H('! (! "85.%P! K! 5/.! &'5-3.! ,-!
*(%A-/+-!2(/*"*+-/+-!-/!>Z!&.*.,.*!2(/!0-+"%-+"%65-+(/.!NE$}P9!
:Z9U9G9>!!Inspeccin de exteriores.!!`/.!05-*+'.!'-&'-*-/+.+"A.!,-!%.*!*5&-'1"2"-*!
-_+-'"('-*! '-253"-'+.*! *-'<! "/*&-22"(/.,.! K! .2-&+.,.! &('! -%! 1.3'"2./+-!
,-%!+./65-!./+-*!,-!*5!-03.'65-9!?.!"/*&-22")/!"/2%5"'<!5/.!&'5-3.!/(!
,-*+'52+"A.!,-!-*&-*('!-/!0"%]*"0.*!,-!&5%8.,.!NE"h'(+-*+!(!"85.%P4!5/.!
&'5-3.! ,-! &('(*",.,! N;"/h-'! [.H('! (! "85.%P! K! 5/.! &'5-3.! ,-! *(%A-/+-!
2(/*"*+-/+-!-/!>Z!&.*.,.*!2(/!0-+"%-+"%65-+(/.!NE$}P9!
!
Seccin 10.7 Identificacin de partes
!
S!+(,(*!%(*!2(0&(/-/+-*!,-%!+./65-!*-!%-*!0.'2.'<!2(/!5/!/\0-'(!,-!&.'+-!&.'.!1.2"%"+.'!
-%!0(/+.@-9!S!1.%+.!,-!-*+(4!*-!&5-,-!-0&%-.'!%.!&'<2+"2.!-*+.3%-2",.!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-!,-%!+./65-9!
!

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Seccin 10.8 Proteccin


!
;(,.*!%.*!&"-H.*!'-253"-'+.*!*-'</!&'(+-8",.*!2(/+'.!,.J(*!,5'./+-!-%!-03.'65-9!
Seccin 10.9 Prueba de Porosidades
!
;(,.*! %.*! &'5-3.*! ,-! &('(*",.,-*! *-'</! /(! ,-*+'52+"A.*! K! -0&%-.'</! 5/! 0-,",('! ,-!
2(''"-/+-!,"'-2+.!CI!K!5/!,"*&(*"+"A(!,-!-*&(/@.!0(@.,.9!$%!A(%+.@-!0<_"0(!,-%!0-,",('!*-'<!,-!
UV9T! F(%+*9! ?.! -*&(/@.! *-'<! "/0-'*.! -/! .85.! ,-! %.! %%.A-! 2(0(! *-! '-65"-'.! &.'.! 0./+-/-'%.!
5/"1('0-0-/+-!=\0-,.4!/(!-*25''"-/,(!/"!*-2.9!b(!*-!-0&%-.'<!/"/8\/!.,"+"A(!,-!{2(/,522")/x!
(! {*5'1.2+./+-x! -/! -%! .85.! ,-! %.! %%.A-9! C(/*5%+-! %.*! '-2(0-/,.2"(/-*! ,-%! 1.3'"2./+-! ,-%! +./65-!
&.'.!%.!2(%(2.2")/4!&'5-3.!K!(&-'.2")/!,-%!0-,",('!&('!5/!+]2/"2(!2.&.2"+.,(9!

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Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!EEF!!!/1.-P$!X!3$#.*%,3310#!/-!2'!4'.-!

!
Seccin 11.1 Requerimientos Generales
!
?.*! 2"0-/+.2"(/-*! *(/! "0&('+./+-*! &('65-! %(*! .*-/+.0"-/+(*! ,-*"85.%-*! 2.03"./! %(*!
-*15-'H(*!,-!,"*+'"352")/!,-!%.!-*+'52+5'.!K!&5-,-/!*-'!2.5*.!,-!158.*!(!.%.3-(!,-!%.*!&%.2.*9!
!
::9: Planos de cimentacin9! ! $%! 1.3'"2./+-! N(! -%! 2(/*+'52+('P! /(! *(/! '-65-'",(*! .!
*50"/"*+'.'!&%./(*!,-!2"0-/+.2")/!.!0-/(*!65-!%(!-*&-2"1"65-!-%!2(0&'.,('9!D"!-%!
2(0&'.,('! '-65"-'.! &%./(*! ,-! 2"0-/+.2")/! .%! 1.3'"2./+-! (! .%! 2(/*+'52+('4! A-.!
D-22")/! XX9I! K! XXX9C! ,-%! &'-1.2"(! &.'.! "/1('0.2")/! .,"2"(/.%9! I-! '-65-'"'*-!
+('/"%%(*!,-!./2%.@-4!*-'</!,"*-J.,(*!K!*50"/"*+'.,(*!&('!-%!1.3'"2./+-9!
11.1.2 Colocacin de las bases9! ?.*! 3.*-*! *-'</! 2(%(2.,.*! &('! -%! 2(0&'.,('! (! -%!
2(/*+'52+('! NA-'! &'-1.2"(4! D-22")/! XX9I! K! XXX9CP9! ?.! +"-''.! -/! ,-''-,('! ,-%!
2"0"-/+(!*-'<!0-@('.,.!%(!*51"2"-/+-!&.'.!&-'0"+"'!+'.3.@(*!-1"2.2-*!,5'./+-!-%!
0(/+.@-! ,-%! +./65-! K! &.'.! &'-A-/"'! -/2=.'2.0"-/+(! ,-! .85.! -/! -%! <'-.! ,-!
3.*-9!?.!2.'.!*5&-'"('!,-!%.!3.*-!*-'<!53"2.,.!&'-2"*.0-/+-!.!%.!.%+5'.!,-3",.9!
11.1.3 Carga por agua9!?.! 2.'8.! &('! .85.! 2(0(! *-! ,-1"/-! -/! D-22")/! G9>9>4! *-'<!
2(/*",-'.,.!2(0(!2.'8.!A"A.!2(0(!,-1"/",(!&('!SCX!G:^!NA-'!D-22")/!::9UP9!
?(*! 1.2+('-*! .&'(&".,(*! &.'.! +(,.*! %.*! 2.'8.*! A"A.*! *-'</! 5+"%"H.,(*! -/! -%!
,"*-J(!,-!%.!2"0-/+.2")/9!
!
Seccin 11.2 Capacidad de Carga del Suelo
!
$%! 2(0&'.,('! -*&-2"1"2.'<! %.! 2.'8.! &-'0"*"3%-! ,-%! *5-%(4! 5*./,(! 5/! 1.2+('! ,-! *-85'",.,!
.&'(&".,(! ND-22")/! ::9GP9! D"/! -03.'8(4! -/! /"/8\/! 2.*(! %.! 2.'8.! -*&-2"1"2.,.! -_2-,-'<! %.! 65-!
2.5*.'7.!.*-/+.0"-/+(*!"/+(%-'.3%-*!-!.1-2+.'!%.!"/+-8'",.,!-*+'52+5'.%!,-%!+./65-9!
::9>9: Estudio del suelo9! $%! 2(0&'.,('! &'(&('2"(/.'<! 5/! -*+5,"(! ,-! 0-2</"2.! N(!
8-(+-2/".P!,-%!*5-%(!&.'.!,-+-'0"/.'!%(!*"85"-/+-9!
1. ?.!&'-*-/2".!(!%.!.5*-/2".!,-!'(2.4!-_2.A.2")/!A"-@.!(!'-%%-/(9!
2. D"!-%!*"+"(!-*!.&'(&".,(!-/!,(/,-!2(/*+'5"'!%.!-*+'52+5'.9!
3. ?.!2%.*"1"2.2")/!,-!-*+'.+"1"2.2")/!,-%!*5-%(4!,-*&5]*!,-!05-*+'-(!.&'(&".,(9!
4. $%!+"&(!,-!3.*-!'-65-'",.!&.'.!-%!*"+"(9!
5. $%!/"A-%!,-%!.85.!1'-<+"2.4!K!*"!*-!'-65"-'-!.2="2.'!-%!.85.9!
6. ?.!2.&.2",.,!,-!2.'8.!,-%!*5-%(4!K!%.!&'(15/,",.,!.!%.!25.%!,-*&%./+.'!%.!3.*-9!
7. m5-! *"! *-! A.! .! '-65-'"'! &"%(+-*! &.'.! *(&('+.'! %.*! 3.*-*! K! %.! %(/8"+5,! ,-! +.%-*!
&"%(+-*9!
8. ?(*! /"A-%-*! ,-%! +-''-/(! -_"*+-/+-! K! ,-! (+'.*! 2.'.2+-'7*+"2.*! +(&(8'<1"2.*! 65-!
&5-,./!.1-2+.'!-%!,"*-J(!(!%.!2(/*+'522")/!,-!%.!3.*-9!
9. ?.! =(0(8-/-",.,! K! %(! 2(0&'"0"3%-! ,-! %(*! *5-%(*! .! %(! ./2=(! ,-%! *"+"(! ,-%!
+./65-4! &.'.! 65-! &5-,.! -A.%5.'*-! %.! &(*"3"%",.,! ,-! .*-/+.0"-/+(! +(+.%! K!
,"1-'-/2".%!,-!%.!-*+'52+5'.9!
!
!
!
!
_%""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

Seccin 11.3 Factor de Seguridad


!
?(*! *"85"-/+-*! 1.2+('-*! 07/"0(*! ,-! *-85'",.,! ,-3-'</! 5*.'*-! &.'.! ,-+-'0"/.'! %.! 2.'8.!
&-'0"*"3%-! ,-%! *5-%(9! ?.! 2.&.2",.,! ,-! 2.'8.! \%+"0.! ,-3-'<! 3.*.'*-! -/! &'"/2"&"(*! 1"'0-*! ,-!
"/8-/"-'7.!8-(+]2/"2.9!F-'!-%!&'-1.2"(4!D-22")/!XXX9C4!7+0-!:Z4!&.'.!"/1('0.2")/!.,"2"(/.%9!
!
::9G9:!Columnas de agua y tanques depsitos9!!D-!-0&%-.'<!5/!1.2+('!,-!*-85'",.,!,-!G4!
3.*.,(!-/!%.!2.&.2",.,!,-!2.'8.!\%+"0.!2.%25%.,.!25./,(!*-!+(0./!-/!25-/+.!+(,.*!2.'8.*!,"'-2+.*!
K!,-!A"-/+(9!
!
::9G9:9:!D-!-0&%-.'<!5/!1.2+('!,-!*-85'",.,!,-!>9>T4!3.*.,(!%.!2.&.2",.,!\%+"0.!2.%25%.,.!
25./,(!*-!2(/*",-'./!+(,.*!%.*!2.'8.*!,"'-2+.*!K!*7*0"2.*9!
!
Seccin 11.4 Bases
!
;(,(!+./65-!*-'<!*(&('+.,(!*(3'-!5/!./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(4!%(*.!,-!2(/2'-+(!(!3-'0.!8'./5%.'!
-*+'52+5'.%0-/+-!2(0&.2+.,.!*-8\/!-*&-2"1"65-!-%!2(0&'.,('9!?.!2.'.!*5&-'"('!,-!%.!3.*-!-*+.'<!.!
5/! 07/"0(! ,-! U! &5%8.,.*! N:T>9R! 00P! .''"3.! ,-%! /"A-%! ,-%! +-''-/(4! .! 0-/(*! 65-! -%! 2(0&'.,('!
-*&-2"1"65-! ,"1-'-/+-9! ?(*! +./65-*!65-! '-65"-'-/! ,-! +('/"%%(*! ,-! ./2%.@-4! *-'</! *(&('+.,(*! *(3'-!
5/!./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(!(!5/.!%(*.!,-!2(/2'-+(9!
!
::9R9: Tipos de bases9!?.!3.*-!,-%!+./65-!*-'<!5/.!,-!%(*!+"&(*!*"85"-/+-*9!
!
::9R9:9: Tipo 1. Ttanques soportados sobre anillos de concreto.!D-!&'(&('2"(/.'<!5/.!
2.&.!,-!.'-/.!(!,-!&"-,'.!1"/.!2(/!-*&-*('!07/"0(!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!G!&5%8.,.*!
NVU9>! 00P! -/2"0.! ,-%! +-''-/(! ,-3.@(! ,-%! 1(/,(! ,-%! +./65-9! D-! '-%%-/.'<! 5/!
-*&.2"(! ,-! :! &5%8.,.! 07/"0(! -/+'-! -%! 1(/,(! ,-%! +./65-! K! %.! 2.'.! *5&-'"('! ,-%!
./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(4!0-,"./+-!5/!0('+-'(!.!&'5-3.!,-!-/2(8"0"-/+(!(!5/!0('+-'(!
,-!2-0-/+(i.'-/.!-/!&'(&('2")/!:B:9T9!$%!0('+-'(!%%-/.'<!+(,(!-%!-*&.2"(!,-3.@(!
,-%!+./65-!,-*,-!%.!('"%%.!-_+-'"('!,-%!1(/,(!,-%!+./65-!=.*+.!%.!2.&.!,-!.'-/.9!
$/!/"/8\/!2.*(!-%!0('+-'(!+-/,'<!5/!./2=(!0-/(*!,-!U!&5%8.,.*9!?(*!0.+-'".%-*!
K!%.!0./(!,-!(3'.!&.'.!.&%"2.'!-%!0('+-'(!*-'<!*50"/"*+'.,.!&('!-%!2(/*+'52+('9!
$/!%58.'!,-!0('+-'(!,-3.@(!,-%!25-'&(4!-%!25-'&(!&(,'<!*-'!*(&('+.,(!*(3'-!5/!
'-%%-/(! ,-! 5/"(/-*! =-2=(! ,-! 1"3'.! ,-! 2.J.! 2(/! -*&-*('! 07/"0(! ,-! w! &5%8.,.!
N:>9V!00P!65-!'-\/.!%(*!'-65-'"0"-/+(*!,-!%.!SD;E!I:VT:!K!*"!%.!3.*-!,-3.@(!
,-%!25-'&(!250&%-!2(/!%.*!+(%-'./2".*!,-!D-22")/!::9U9:9!
!
::9R9:9> Tipo 2. Tanques soportados por losas de concreto.! D-! &'(&('2"(/.'<! 5/.!
2.&.!,-!.'-/.!(!,-!&"-,'.!1"/.!2(/!-*&-*('!07/"0(!,-!&('!%(!0-/(*!:!&5%8.,.!
N>T9R! 00P! -/+'-! -%! 1(/,(! &%./(! ,-%! +./65-! K! %.! %(*.! ,-! 2(/2'-+(9! $/! %58.'! ,-!
0('+-'(! ,-3.@(! ,-%! 25-'&(4! -%! 25-'&(! &(,'<! *-'! *(&('+.,(! *(3'-! 5/! '-%%-/(! ,-!
5/"(/-*!=-2=(!,-!1"3'.!,-!2.J.!2(/!-*&-*('!07/"0(!,-!w!&5%8.,.*!N:>9V!00P!
65-! '-\/.! %(*! '-65-'"0"-/+(*! ,-! %.! SD;E! I:VT:9! $%! 25-'&(! ,-! +./65-! *-'<!
*(&('+.,(!2(/!0('+-'(!(4!2(0(!.%+-'/.+"A.4!2(/!'-%%-/.,('!,-!5/"(/-*!*"!%.!3.*-!
,-3.@(! ,-%! +./65-! 250&%-! 2(/! %.*! +(%-'./2".*! ,-! D-22")/! ::9U9:9! ?5-8(! ,-!
.&%"2.'!-%!0('+-'(4!5/!-*&.2"(!07/"0(!,-!:!&5%8.,.!N>T4R!00P!-/+'-!-%!1(/,(!
,-%! +./65-! K! %.! 2.'.! *5&-'"('! ,-! %.! %(*.! ,-! 2(/2'-+(! ,-3-'<! %%-/.'*-! 2(/! 5/!
0('+-'(! 65-! /(! -/2(8-! (! 5/! 0('+-'(! 2-0-/+(i.'-/.! 2(/! &'(&('2")/! :B:9T9! $%!
0('+-'(!'-%%-/.'<!+(,(!-%!-*&.2"(!,-3.@(!,-%!+./65-!,-*,-!%.!('"%%.!-_+-'"('!,-%!
1(/,(!,-%!+./65-!=.*+.!%.!2.&.!,-!.'-/.9!$/!/"/8\/!2.*(!-%!./2=(!,-%!0('+-'(!
_%"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

2(%(2.,(! ,-3.@(! ,-%! 1(/,(! ,-! +./65-! &(,'<! *-'! 0-/(*! ,-! U! &5%8.,.*! N:T>9R!
00P9! ?.! 2.'.! *5&-'"('! ,-! %.! 3.*-! ,-3-'<! *.+5'.'*-! .! 1(/,(! 2(/! .85.! ./+-*! ,-!
2(%(2.'! -%! 0('+-'(9! ?(*! 0.+-'".%-*! K! %.! 0./(! ,-! (3'.! &.'.! 2(%(2.'! -%! 0('+-'(!
*-'</!*50"/"*+'.,(*!&('!-%!2(/*+'52+('9!
bd;SB!C5./,(!*-!-0&%-.!5/!./"%%(!3.*-!,-!.2-'(!-/!2(/@5/+(!2(/!5/.!%(*.!,-!
2(/2'-+(4!/(!*-!'-65"-'-!,-!0('+-'(!/"!*-%%.,('!,-!5/"(/-*!,-!1"3'.!NA-'!D-22")/!
::9R9:9U!&.'.!3.*-*!;"&(!UP9!
!
::9R9:9G

Tipo 3. Tanques dentro de anillos de concreto.! ?(*! +./65-*! &(,'</! *-'!


2(%(2.,(*! -/2"0.! ,-! 5/.! 2.&.! ,-/+'(! ,-! 5/! ./"%%(! ,-! 2(/2'-+(9! ?.! 2.&.!
2(/*"*+"'<! ,-! 5/! 07/"0(! ,-! U! &5%8.,.*! N:T>9R! 00P! .'-/.! (! &"-,'.! 1"/.9! $%!
"/+-'"('!,-%!./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(!65-,.'<!2(/!5/!07/"0(!,-!y!&5%8.,.!N:W!00P!
15-'.!,-!%.*!&%.2.*!,-%!1(/,(9!D-!,-3-!&'(A--'!,'-/.@-!.,-25.,(!,-*,-!.,-/+'(!
,-%!./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(9!

!
::9R9:9R Tipo 4. Tanques soportados sobre berma granulosa.!?.!3-'0.!*-'<!,-!&"-,'.!
(!8'.A.!,-!8'./5%(0-+'7.!3"-/!2(/+'(%.,.9!?.!3-'0.!*-!-_+-/,-'<!5/!07/"0(!,-!
G! &"-*! NZ9W! 0P! .15-'.! ,-%! 25-'&(! ,-%! +./65-! K! .! &.'+"'! ,-! .=7! +-/-'! 8'.,"-/+-!
0<_"0(!,-!:B:9T9!?.!3-'0.!,-3.@(!,-%!25-'&(!-*+.'<!.!/"A-%!,-/+'(!,-! r :j^!
&5%8.,.! NG9>! 00P! -/! 25.%65"-'! 2"'25/1-'-/2".! ,-! :Z! &"-*! NZ9W! 0P! K! ,-/+'(! ,-!
r :j>! &5%8.,.! N:>9V! 00P! -/! %.! 2"'25/1-'-/2".! +(+.%9! D-! &'(&('2"(/.'<!
&'(+-22")/!.,-25.,.!&.'.!.*-85'.'!2(/+'.!,-*%.A-!,-!%.!3.*-9!
::9R9:9T Tipo 5. Tanques soportados por bermas granulosas con anillos de
contencin de acero.! ?.! 3-'0.! *-'<! ,-! &"-,'.! (! 8'.A.! ,-! 8'./5%(0-+'7.!
2(/+'(%.,.9! ?.! 3-'0.! *-! -_+-/,-'<! =.*+.! -%! ./"%%(! ,-! 2(/+-/2")/! ,-! .2-'(9! $%!
+.0.J(! K! -%! '-253'"0"-/+(! ,-%! ./"%%(! ,-! 2(/+-/2")/! *-! -*&-2"1"2.'<! &('! -%!
2(0&'.,('!K!+-/,'<!5/!07/"0(!,-!:>!&5%8.,.*!NGZ>9^!00P!,-*,-!-%!25-'&(!(!.!
5/.! ,"*+./2".! *51"2"-/+-! &.'.! .*-85'.'! %.! -*+.3"%",.,! ,-! %.! 3-'0.! ,-3.@(! ,-%!
25-'&(! -/! -%! -A-/+(! ,-! 65-! *-.! '-0(A",(! ./"%%(! ,-! .2-'(! ,-! 2(/+-/2")/9! ?.!
3-'0.! ,-3.@(! ,-%! 25-'&(! -*+.'<! .! /"A-%! ,-/+'(! ,-! r :j^! &5%8.,.! NG9>! 00P! -/!
25.%65"-'!2"'25/1-'-/2".!,-!:Z!&"-*!NZ9W!0P!K!,-/+'(!,-! r w!&5%8.,.!N:>9V!00P!
-/!%.!2"'25/1-'-/2".!+(+.%9!
!
::9R9:9U Tipo 6. Tanques con un anillo base de asiento ahogada en la losa de
concreto.!$%!./"%%(!3.*-!,-!.*"-/+(!*-'<!*(&('+.,(!*(3'-!5/.!H.&.+.!2"'25%.'!,-!
2(/2'-+(!./+-*!,-!A.2".'!-%!2(/2'-+(!,-!%.!%(*.9!D-!&'(&('2"(/.'<!5/!2%.'(!,-!G!
&5%8.,.*! NVU9>! 00P! 07/"0(! -/+'-! %.! 2.'.! *5&-'"('! ,-! %.! %(*.! K! -%! 1(/,(! ,-%!
./"%%(!3.*-9!?.!85.'/"2")/!.%!-_+-'"('! +-/,'<! 5/! ./2=(! 07/"0(! ,-! ^! &5%8.,.*!
N>ZG9>!00P!K!*5!2.'.!*5&-'"('!-*+.'<!.!/"A-%!,-/+'(!,-! r :!&5%8.,.!2(/!%.!2.'.!
*5&-'"('!,-!%.!%(*.9!D-!.,=-'"'<!2(0(!07/"0(!5/.!3.''-'.!2(/+'.!.85.!,-/+'(!
,-! %.! *5&-'1"2"-! ,-%! ./"%%(! 3.*-! ! ,-! .*"-/+(! .! 5/.! ,"*+./2".! 07/"0.! ,-! >!
&5%8.,.*!,-3.@(!,-!%.!2.'.!*5&-'"('!,-!%.!%(*.9!D-!-0&%-.'<!.2-'(!,-!'-15-'H(!
2(/+'.! -/2(8"0"-/+(! -/! %.! %(*.! .,K.2-/+-! .%! "/+-'"('! K! -%! -_+-'"('! ,-%! ./"%%(!
3.*-! ,-! .*"-/+(! ,-! .25-',(! 2(/! SCX! G:^9! Y.'.! %(*.*! ,-! 2(/2'-+(! *(3'-! -%!
+-''-/(4! -%! 1.3'"2./+-! &'(&('2"(/.'<! %.*! -*&-2"1"2.2"(/-*! ,-! &'-&.'.2")/! ,-%!
_%"A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

0.+-'".%! ,-! *53i3.*-4! *"! .*7! -*! '-65-'",(! &('! -%! %.*! -*&-2"1"2.2"(/-*! ,-%!
2(0&'.,('!NA-'!&'-1.2"(4!D-22")/!XXX9C4!7+-0!::P9!
11.5
::9T9:
::9T9>

!
Diseo en Detalle de Bases
Altura sobre el terreno9! ?.*! 2.'.*! *5&-'"('-*! ,-! %.*! 3.*-*! ,-! 2(/2'-+(! +-/,'</! 5/!
07/"0(! ,-! U! &5%8.,.*! N:T>9R! 00P! .''"3.! ,-%! /"A-%! .,K.2-/+-4! .! 0-/(*! 65-! -%!
2(0&'.,('!%(!-*&-2"1"65-!,"1-'-/+-9!
Profundidad mnima de las bases. ?.! &'(15/,",.,! 07/"0.! ,-! %.*! 3.*-*! *-!
,-+-'0"/.'<! *-8\/! %.! M"85'.! G9! ?.! &'(15/,",.,! ,-! &-/-+'.2")/! ,-! 2(/8-%.2")/!
-_+'-0.!-/!%.!M"85'.!G!*-'<!%.!&'(15/,",.,!07/"0.!,-!%.!3.*-!,-3.@(!,-%!/"A-%!,-%!
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!

_%A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

::9T9G Tamaos de caras superiores9!?.*!2.'.*!*5&-'"('-*!,-!%.*!3.*-*!*-!&'(K-2+.'</!.%!


0-/(*!G!&5%8.,.*!0<*!.%%<!,-%!25-'&(!,-%!+./65-9!$/!.&%"2.2"(/-*!,-!./"%%(!3.*-4!%.!
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3.*-*!*-!-_+-/,-'</!25./,(!0-/(*!W!&5%8.,.*!N>>^9U!00P!0<*!.%%<!,-%!25-'&(!,-%!
+./65-9!
::9T9R Bases con pilotes9! D"! *-! '-65"-'-! 5/.! 3.*-! *(&('+.,.! &('! &"%(+-*4! -%! 2(0&'.,('!
-*&-2"1"2.'<! -%! +"&(! ,-! &"%(+-! K! %.! &'(15/,",.,! ,-3.@(! ,-%! /"A-%! ,-%! +-''-/(! &.'.!
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11.6

Concreto: Diseo, Materiales y Construccin

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11.6.3 Tornillos de anclaje. $*!'-*&(/*.3"%",.,!,-%!2(/*+'52+('4!2(%(2.'!%(*!+('/"%%(*!,-!
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+('/"%%(*!,-!./2%.@-9!
11.6.4 Anillo de fijacin de la base9!!D"!*-!'-65"-'-!5/!./"%%(!,-!1"@.2")/!,-!%.!3.*-4!-*!%.!
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11.7 Relleno
Y.'.!+./65-*!2(/!3.*-!,-!./"%%(!,-!2(/2'-+(4!+(,.!%.!2.&.!A-8-+.%4!0.+-'".!('8</"2(!
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_%A"
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

2.&.H! ,-! *(&('+.'! -%! 1(/,(! ,-%! +./65-! *"/! .*-/+.0"-/+(! 8-/-'.%! /"! .*-/+.0"-/+(!
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::9V9:!Material y compactacin.!!$%!'-%%-/(!2(/!2.&.2",.,!,-!2.'8.!*-'<!0.+-'".%!.,-25.,(!
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::9V9> Proteccin de tuberas9!D-!&'(&('2"(/.'<!&'(+-22")/!&.'.!+53-'7.*!,-!.25-',(!2(/!
%.! M"85'.! R4! *.%A(! 65-! 2(/,"2"(/-*! %(2.%-*! ,"2+-/! -%! -0&%-(! ,-! 0<*! (! 0-/(*!
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CJH@9L;e!@>!M=@A!

_%A""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

!
!

.-3310#!EGF!/1.-P$!.f.&13$!/-!*'#+,-.!3$#!5$#/$!!)2'#$!
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!
Seccin 12.1 Generales
!
:>9:9:!Aplicabilidad9!!$*+.!*-22")/!*-!-0&%-.'<!2(0(!-*+<!&'-*2'"+(!-/!%.!D-22")/!G9>9T9!
:>9:9> Forma para tabulacin de datos ssmicos9! ! D-! "/2%5K-! -/! %.! D-22")/! :>9V! 5/.!
1('0.!*"0&%-!&.'.!+.35%.2")/!,-!,.+(*!*7*0"2(*!&.'.!-0&%-(!&('!-%!2(0&'.,('9!?-!
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&.'.!,.+(*!*7*0"2(*!*-'<!2(0&%-+.,.!&('!-%!2(0&'.,('9!
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12.2 Consideraciones del Diseo Ssmico
12.2.1 Mtodo de masa efectiva. $%!,"*-J(!,-!+./65-*!,-!1(/,(!&%./(!*(&('+.,(*!*(3'-!-%!
*5-%(4! '-2(/(2-! %.! '-,522")/! ,-! %.! 2.'8.! *7*0"2.! ,-3",(! .! %.! .8"+.2")/! ,-! %765",(!
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12.2.2 Tanques anclados y tanques no anclados.!;./65-*!,-!1(/,(!&%./(!&5-,-/!
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*"/! ./2%.'9! $%! ./2%.@-! *-! ,"*-J.'<! ,-! 0./-'.! 65-! %(*! +('/"%%(*! ,-!
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2(/!!!%.!'-%.2")/!.%+5'.i,"<0-+'(!,-!%.!-*+'52+5'.9!
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Seccin 12.3 Cargas Ssmicas de Diseo
!
?.*!*"85"-/+-*!2.'8.*!,-!,"*-J(!*-!3.*./!-/!5/.!&'(3.3"%",.,!2(/*"*+-/+-!,-!0(A"0"-/+(*!
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:>9G9: Procedimiento de masa efectiva9!!$%!&'(2-,"0"-/+(!,-!0.*.!-1-2+"A.!2(/*",-'.!,(*!
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!

_%A"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

2(/!5/.!&('2")/!,-%!2(/+-/",(!,-%!+./65-!65-!*-!05-A-!.%!5/7*(/(!2(/!-%!25-'&(4!K!
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%_A
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

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Seccin 12.8 Referencias
:9 :WUG9! Nuclear Reactors and Earthquakes. L5'3./h4! C.%"19B! ?(2h=--,! S"'2'.1+!
C('&('.+"(/4! 5/,-'! .! 8'./+! 1'(0! +=-! `D! S+(0"2! $/-'8K! C(0"**"(/9! ;-2=9! X/1(9! I(29!
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>9 :WV:9! $arthquakes Engineering for Nuclear Reactors. D./! M'./2"*2(4! C.%"19B! n9S9!
L%50-!!S**(2".+-*9!
G9 L.h-'4!$9c94!-+!.%9!S&'9!:WU^9!Shell Analysis Manual. bSDSiC[iW:>9!I(e/-K4!C.%"19B!
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R9 L.h-'4!$9c94!?9!}(A.%-A*hK4!./,!M9?9!["*=9!:WV>9!Structural Analysis of Shells, b-e!
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T9 c(5*/-'4! Q9g9! :WTR9! Earthquake Pressures on Fluid Containers. Y.*.,-'.4! C.%"19B!
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U9 F-%-*+(*! S9D9! ! n9l9! l./84! :WVU9! Dynamics of Fixed-Base Liquid Storage Tanks.
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%_A""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

.-3310#!EOF!!*-3j$.!/-!/$&$!/-!'2,&1#1$!!-.*%,3*,%'2&-#*-!
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Seccin 13.1 Generales

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(+'.*!*-22"(/-*9!;(,(*!%(*!,-0<*!'-65-'"0"-/+(*!,-!SggS!I:ZG!*-!.&%"2.'</9!
Seccin 13.2 Definicin

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13.4 Materiales

:G9R9: Generales9! ! ;(,(*! %(*! 0.+-'".%-*! *50"/"*+'.,(*! &.'.! 250&%"'! 2(/! -*+.! *-22")/4! *-'</!
/5-A(*! K! 250&%"'</! 2(/! +(,(*! %(*! '-65-'"0"-/+(*! ,-! -*+.! *-22")/9! ;(,.*! %.*! .%-.2"(/-*4!
&'(&"-,.,-*! K! +(%-'./2".*! *-'</! 2(0(! *-! ,-1"/-! &('! {Aluminum Standards and Data4!
S%50"/50!S*(2".+"(/x!NNormas y Datos de Aluminio!,-!%.!S*(2".2")/!,-!S%50"/"(P9!S!
0-/(*! 65-! -%! 2(0&'.,('! %(! -*&-2"1"65-4! %(*! 0.+-'".%-*! ,-! .%50"/"(! ,-%! ,(0(! +-/,'</! -%!
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%_A"""
Copyright 1998 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved

:G9R9> Armadura estructural9!!;(,(*!%(*!0"-03'(*!,-!.'0.,5'.!-*+'52+5'.%!*-'<!,-!SSUZU:i;U!


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SSTZZZ!2(/!5/!-*&-*('!/(0"/.%!07/"0(!,-!Z9ZTZ!&5%8.,.!N:4>V!00P9!
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:G9T9: Miembros estructurales de aluminio9! ! ?(*! 0"-03'(*! -*+'52+5'.%-*! ,-! .%50"/"(! K! *5*!
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13.7 Detalles de Fijacin del Techo

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13.10.1!Fabricacin. ! ;(,.*! %.*! &.'+-*! ,-%! +-2=(! *-'</! &'-1.3'"2.,.*! &.'.! -/*.03%-! -/! 2.0&(9!
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