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# CROSS DRAINAGE DESIGN, 4 CELLS @ (2.1336X1.

905)
Interior Dimensions of Conduit
No of Cells =
4
Width =
2.1336
m
Height =
1.905
m
Total Length of conduit=
60
m
Unit Length of conduit=
1
m
Top Slab
Unit Weight of Soil =
18
KN / m3
Unit Weight of Concrete =
2400
Kg / m3 =
23.544 KN / m3
Depth of Fill above Top Slab =
2.10
m
Weight of Overlying Soil =
37.8
KN / m
Thickness of Slab =
300
mm
Total Width of Slab (at Top) =
10.0344
m
Total Width of Slab (at bottom) =
10.0344
m
Self Weight of Slab =
7.06
KN / m
44.86
KN / m
1.40
1.70
Side Walls
Thickness of Side Wall =
300
mm
Weight of Top Slab =
70.87
KN
Weight of Soil Over Top Slab =
379.30
KN
Height of Side Wall =
1.91
m
weight of Side wall =
13.46
KN
Total Reaction From Top Slab =
238.54
KN (Axially Compressing the Wall)
Lateral Earth Pressure on Side Wall
Earth Pressure at top of Wall =
37.80
KN / m2
Earth Pressure at Base of Wall =
82.89
KN / m2
Base Slab
Bearing Capacity of Soil =
160
KN / m2
(1.5 Tons per sft)
Self Weight of Box Culvert =
209.03
KN / m
Weight of Overlying Soil =
379.30
KN / m
159.49
KN / m *Assume Culvert Flowing at Full Depth
Bearing Pressure on Base Slab =
74.53
KN / m2
OK
Total Pressure On Base Slab =
74.53
KN / m2
Factored Total Pressure on Base Slab=
109.10
KN / m2

300mm

1.905m

300mm
2.1336m

Consider wheel load if depth of fill is less than or equal to 2.44m (8 ft)
Depth of Fill above Top Slab =

2.10

As road is to be provided at top of the Embsnkmrnt so Effect of Wheel Loads should also be
considered.
1.70
Impact Factor for Slabs =
33%
Load Reduction Factor due to Fill =
0%
50.15
Kips =
223.16 KN
Wheel Load (CDO - Pub - 214 (page 22))
Wheel Load (CDO - Pub - 214 (page 20))

16

Kips =

71.20

KN

12.5

Kips =

55.63

KN

22.18

Kips =

98.70

KN

## Calculation for Design Moments

Section Properties
I for AB and CD (bd3/12) = 2250000000 mm4
I for AD and BC (bd3/12) = 2250000000 mm4
K for AB and CD (bd3/12)/L =
K for AD and BC (bd3/12)/L =

1054556
1181102

mm3
mm3

## Fixed End Moments

67.8
MFAB = wl2/12+PL/8 =

102.99

KN-m

MFBA = wl2/12+PL/8 =

-102.99

KN-m

23.64

KN-m

-27.46

KN-m

MFCD = wl2/12 =

88.31

KN-m

MFDC = wl2/12 =

-88.31

KN-m

27.46

KN-m

-23.64

KN-m

184.6

67.8

67.8

67.8

-24.3

-24.3

57.4

57.4

57.4

195.0

57.4

## Fixed End Moment Distribution Table

Joint
A
B
C
D
Member
AB
BA
BC
CB
CD
DC
DA
K
1181102
1054556 1054556
1181102
1181102 1054556
1054556
1181102
Cycle
D.F.
0.5283019 0.4716981 0.471698 0.52830189 0.5283019 0.4716981 0.47169811 0.5283019
1
FEMs
-23.64
102.99
-102.99
23.64
-27.46
88.31
-88.31
27.46
Bal
-41.918
-37.427
37.427
41.918
-32.147
-28.703
28.703
32.147
2
CO
16.073
18.713
-18.713
-16.073
20.959
14.351
-14.351
-20.959
Bal
-18.378
-16.409
16.409
18.378
-18.654
-16.656
16.656
18.654
3
CO
9.327
8.204
-8.204
-9.327
9.189
8.328
-8.328
-9.189
Bal
-9.262
-8.270
8.270
9.262
-9.254
-8.263
8.263
9.254
4
CO
4.627
4.135
-4.135
-4.627
4.631
4.131
-4.131
-4.631
Bal
-4.629
-4.133
4.133
4.629
-4.629
-4.133
4.133
4.629
5
CO
2.315
2.066
-2.066
-2.315
2.314
2.067
-2.067
-2.314
Bal
-2.315
-2.067
2.067
2.315
-2.315
-2.067
2.067
2.315
6
CO
1.157
1.033
-1.033
-1.157
1.157
1.033
-1.033
-1.157
Bal
-1.157
-1.033
1.033
1.157
-1.157
-1.033
1.033
1.157
7
CO
0.579
0.517
-0.517
-0.579
0.579
0.517
-0.517
-0.579
Bal
-0.579
-0.517
0.517
0.579
-0.579
-0.517
0.517
0.579
8
CO
0.289
0.258
-0.258
-0.289
0.289
0.258
-0.258
-0.289
Bal
-0.289
-0.258
0.258
0.289
-0.289
-0.258
0.258
0.289
9
CO
0.145
0.129
-0.129
-0.145
0.145
0.129
-0.129
-0.145
Bal
-0.145
-0.129
0.129
0.145
-0.145
-0.129
0.129
0.145
10
CO
0.072
0.065
-0.065
-0.072
0.072
0.065
-0.065
-0.072
Bal
-0.072
-0.065
0.065
0.072
-0.072
-0.065
0.065
0.072
11
CO
0.036
0.032
-0.032
-0.036
0.036
0.032
-0.032
-0.036
Bal
-0.036
-0.032
0.032
0.036
-0.036
-0.032
0.032
0.036
12
CO
0.018
0.016
-0.016
-0.018
0.018
0.016
-0.016
-0.018
Bal
-0.018
-0.016
0.016
0.018
-0.018
-0.016
0.016
0.018
13
CO
0.009
0.008
-0.008
-0.009
0.009
0.008
-0.008
-0.009
Bal
-0.009
-0.008
0.008
0.009
-0.009
-0.008
0.008
0.009
14
CO
0.005
0.004
-0.004
-0.005
0.005
0.004
-0.004
-0.005
Bal
-0.005
-0.004
0.004
0.005
-0.005
-0.004
0.004
0.005
15
CO
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
Bal
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
Total
-67.80
67.80
-67.80
67.80
-57.36
57.36
-57.36
57.36

CHECK

Reinforcement Computations
General Data
fc' =
fy =

40
600

MPa
MPa

Thickness of Wall =
Thickness of Concrete Slab =
Concrete Cover =

300
300
40

## Use Bar Size

20

mm
mm
mm

Top Slab
(Bottom Steel)
Mu = 184.60 KN-m
b=
1000 mm
d = 300-40-20/2
250
mm
min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.005762
>min So Use
Ast = 1440.41 mm /m
Provide 20 @ 125 mm C/C
2

## Spacing = 217.99 mm (Required)

Provide Spacing =
125
mm

(Top Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

67.80
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.00198
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C
Base Slab
(Bottom Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

57.36
1000
254

## Use Bar Size

12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.001671
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

## Use Bar Size

12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

(Top Steel)
Mu = 195.03 KN-m
b=
1000 mm
d = 300-40-20/2
250
mm
min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.006107
>min So Use
Ast = 1526.737 mm2/m

## Use Bar Size

20
Spacing = 205.67 mm (Required)

## Provide 20 @ 200 mm C/C

Provide Spacing =

200

mm

Side Walls
(Inner Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

N/A
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

## Provide Minimum Steel, No requirement of +ve. Moment

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
=
0
N/A
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

## Use Bar Size

12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

(Outer Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

67.80
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.00198
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

## Use Bar Size

12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

Distribution Steel
min =
0.002
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

## Use Bar Size

12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

(12)
12 @ 150 mm C/C

12 @ 150 mm C/C
(5)