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CROSS DRAINAGE DESIGN, 4 CELLS @ (2.1336X1.

905)
Design Load Computation
Interior Dimensions of Conduit
No of Cells =
4
Width =
2.1336
m
Height =
1.905
m
Total Length of conduit=
60
m
Unit Length of conduit=
1
m
Top Slab
Unit Weight of Soil =
18
KN / m3
Unit Weight of Concrete =
2400
Kg / m3 =
23.544 KN / m3
Depth of Fill above Top Slab =
2.10
m
Weight of Overlying Soil =
37.8
KN / m
Thickness of Slab =
300
mm
Total Width of Slab (at Top) =
10.0344
m
Total Width of Slab (at bottom) =
10.0344
m
Self Weight of Slab =
7.06
KN / m
Total Dead Load =
44.86
KN / m
Factor for Dead Load =
1.40
Factor for Live Load =
1.70
Side Walls
Thickness of Side Wall =
300
mm
Weight of Top Slab =
70.87
KN
Weight of Soil Over Top Slab =
379.30
KN
Height of Side Wall =
1.91
m
weight of Side wall =
13.46
KN
Total Reaction From Top Slab =
238.54
KN (Axially Compressing the Wall)
Lateral Earth Pressure on Side Wall
Earth Pressure at top of Wall =
37.80
KN / m2
Earth Pressure at Base of Wall =
82.89
KN / m2
Base Slab
Bearing Capacity of Soil =
160
KN / m2
(1.5 Tons per sft)
Self Weight of Box Culvert =
209.03
KN / m
Weight of Overlying Soil =
379.30
KN / m
Water Load =
159.49
KN / m *Assume Culvert Flowing at Full Depth
Bearing Pressure on Base Slab =
74.53
KN / m2
OK
Total Pressure On Base Slab =
74.53
KN / m2
Factored Total Pressure on Base Slab=
109.10
KN / m2

300mm

1.905m

300mm
2.1336m

Live Load Computations


Consider wheel load if depth of fill is less than or equal to 2.44m (8 ft)
Depth of Fill above Top Slab =
Consider Wheel Load

2.10

As road is to be provided at top of the Embsnkmrnt so Effect of Wheel Loads should also be
considered.
Factor for Live Load
1.70
Impact Factor for Slabs =
33%
Load Reduction Factor due to Fill =
0%
Wheel Load =
50.15
Kips =
223.16 KN
H-20 Truck Loading
Wheel Load
Class A Loading
Wheel Load (CDO - Pub - 214 (page 22))
NLC Loading
Wheel Load (CDO - Pub - 214 (page 20))

16

Kips =

71.20

KN

12.5

Kips =

55.63

KN

22.18

Kips =

98.70

KN

Calculation for Design Moments


Section Properties
I for AB and CD (bd3/12) = 2250000000 mm4
I for AD and BC (bd3/12) = 2250000000 mm4
K for AB and CD (bd3/12)/L =
K for AD and BC (bd3/12)/L =

1054556
1181102

mm3
mm3

Fixed End Moments


67.8
MFAB = wl2/12+PL/8 =

102.99

KN-m

MFBA = wl2/12+PL/8 =

-102.99

KN-m

MFBC = wl2/12 + wl2/30 =

23.64

KN-m

MFCB = wl2/12 +wl2/20 =

-27.46

KN-m

MFCD = wl2/12 =

88.31

KN-m

MFDC = wl2/12 =

-88.31

KN-m

MFDA = wl2/12 + wl2/20 =

27.46

KN-m

MFAD = wl2/12 +wl2/30 =

-23.64

KN-m

184.6

67.8

67.8

67.8

-24.3

-24.3

57.4

57.4

57.4

195.0

57.4

Fixed End Moment Distribution Table


Joint
A
B
C
D
Member
AD
AB
BA
BC
CB
CD
DC
DA
K
1181102
1054556 1054556
1181102
1181102 1054556
1054556
1181102
Cycle
D.F.
0.5283019 0.4716981 0.471698 0.52830189 0.5283019 0.4716981 0.47169811 0.5283019
1
FEMs
-23.64
102.99
-102.99
23.64
-27.46
88.31
-88.31
27.46
Bal
-41.918
-37.427
37.427
41.918
-32.147
-28.703
28.703
32.147
2
CO
16.073
18.713
-18.713
-16.073
20.959
14.351
-14.351
-20.959
Bal
-18.378
-16.409
16.409
18.378
-18.654
-16.656
16.656
18.654
3
CO
9.327
8.204
-8.204
-9.327
9.189
8.328
-8.328
-9.189
Bal
-9.262
-8.270
8.270
9.262
-9.254
-8.263
8.263
9.254
4
CO
4.627
4.135
-4.135
-4.627
4.631
4.131
-4.131
-4.631
Bal
-4.629
-4.133
4.133
4.629
-4.629
-4.133
4.133
4.629
5
CO
2.315
2.066
-2.066
-2.315
2.314
2.067
-2.067
-2.314
Bal
-2.315
-2.067
2.067
2.315
-2.315
-2.067
2.067
2.315
6
CO
1.157
1.033
-1.033
-1.157
1.157
1.033
-1.033
-1.157
Bal
-1.157
-1.033
1.033
1.157
-1.157
-1.033
1.033
1.157
7
CO
0.579
0.517
-0.517
-0.579
0.579
0.517
-0.517
-0.579
Bal
-0.579
-0.517
0.517
0.579
-0.579
-0.517
0.517
0.579
8
CO
0.289
0.258
-0.258
-0.289
0.289
0.258
-0.258
-0.289
Bal
-0.289
-0.258
0.258
0.289
-0.289
-0.258
0.258
0.289
9
CO
0.145
0.129
-0.129
-0.145
0.145
0.129
-0.129
-0.145
Bal
-0.145
-0.129
0.129
0.145
-0.145
-0.129
0.129
0.145
10
CO
0.072
0.065
-0.065
-0.072
0.072
0.065
-0.065
-0.072
Bal
-0.072
-0.065
0.065
0.072
-0.072
-0.065
0.065
0.072
11
CO
0.036
0.032
-0.032
-0.036
0.036
0.032
-0.032
-0.036
Bal
-0.036
-0.032
0.032
0.036
-0.036
-0.032
0.032
0.036
12
CO
0.018
0.016
-0.016
-0.018
0.018
0.016
-0.016
-0.018
Bal
-0.018
-0.016
0.016
0.018
-0.018
-0.016
0.016
0.018
13
CO
0.009
0.008
-0.008
-0.009
0.009
0.008
-0.008
-0.009
Bal
-0.009
-0.008
0.008
0.009
-0.009
-0.008
0.008
0.009
14
CO
0.005
0.004
-0.004
-0.005
0.005
0.004
-0.004
-0.005
Bal
-0.005
-0.004
0.004
0.005
-0.005
-0.004
0.004
0.005
15
CO
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
Bal
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
-0.002
-0.002
0.002
0.002
Total
-67.80
67.80
-67.80
67.80
-57.36
57.36
-57.36
57.36

CHECK

Reinforcement Computations
General Data
fc' =
fy =

40
600

MPa
MPa

Thickness of Wall =
Thickness of Concrete Slab =
Concrete Cover =

300
300
40

Use Bar Size

20

mm
mm
mm

Top Slab
(Bottom Steel)
Mu = 184.60 KN-m
b=
1000 mm
d = 300-40-20/2
250
mm
min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.005762
>min So Use
Ast = 1440.41 mm /m
Provide 20 @ 125 mm C/C
2

Spacing = 217.99 mm (Required)


Provide Spacing =
125
mm

(Top Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

67.80
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.00198
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C
Base Slab
(Bottom Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

57.36
1000
254

Use Bar Size


12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.001671
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

Use Bar Size


12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

(Top Steel)
Mu = 195.03 KN-m
b=
1000 mm
d = 300-40-20/2
250
mm
min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.006107
>min So Use
Ast = 1526.737 mm2/m

Use Bar Size


20
Spacing = 205.67 mm (Required)

Provide 20 @ 200 mm C/C

Provide Spacing =

200

mm

Side Walls
(Inner Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

N/A
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

Provide Minimum Steel, No requirement of +ve. Moment

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
=
0
N/A
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

Use Bar Size


12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

(Outer Steel)
Mu =
b=
d = 300-40-12/2

67.80
1000
254

KN-m
mm
mm

min =
0.002
max = 0.018063
= 0.00198
min> So Use min
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

Use Bar Size


12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

Distribution Steel
min =
0.002
Ast =
600
mm2/m
Provide 12 @ 150 mm C/C

Use Bar Size


12
Spacing = 188.40 mm (Required)
Provide Spacing =
150
mm

12 @ 150 mm C/C (2)

20 @ 125 mm C/C (4)

(12)
12 @ 150 mm C/C

12 @ 150 mm C/C (EF)

12 @ 150 mm C/C
(5)

12 @ 150 mm C/C (EF)

12 @ 150 mm C/C (EF)

12 @ 150 mm C/C (EF)

12 @ 150 mm C/C (1)

20 @ 200 mm C/C (3)