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Problems in Deformation of Solids simple problems

SP1

SP2

A square steel rod 20 mm 20 mm in section is to carry an axial load (compressive)


of 100 kN. Calculate the shortening in a length of 20 mm. E = 2.14 10 8 kN/m2. (Ans.
0.00584 mm)
A hollow cylinder 2 m long as an outside diameter of 50 mm and inside diameter of 30
mm. If the cylinder is carrying a load of 25 kN, find the stress in the cylinder. Also find
the deformation of the cylinder, if the value of modulus of elasticity for the cylinder
material is 100 GPa. (Ans.

SP3

SP4

SP5

= 19.9 MPa,

= 0.4 mm)

A load of 5kN is to be raised with the help of a steel wire. Find the minimum diameter
of the steel wire, if the stress in not to exceed 100 MPa. (Ans. d = 7.98 mm)
In an experiment, a steel specimen of 13 mm diameter was found to elongate 0.2 mm
in a 200 mm gauge length when it was subjected to a tensile force of 26.8 kN. If the
specimen was tested within the elastic range, what is the value of Youngs modulus
for the steel specimen? (Ans. E = 201.9 GPa)
A hollow steel tube 3.5 mm long has external diameter of 120 mm. In order to
determine the internal diameter, the tube was subjected to a tensile load of 400 kN
and extension was measured to be 2 mm. If the modulus of elasticity for the tube
material is 200 GPa, determine the internal diameter of the tube. (Ans. d = 99.71 mm)

Problems in Deformation of Solids Different Sections


An automobile component shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile load of 160 kN.
Determine the total elongation of the component, if its modulus of elasticity is 200
DS 1

DS 2

GPa. (Ans.

DS 4

DS 5

DS 6

= 2.4 mm)

A 6 m long hollow bar of circular section has 140 mm diameter


while it has 120 mm diameter for a length of 2 m. the bore
throughout as shown in fig. find the elongation of the bar, when
axial tensile force of 300 kN. Take modulus of elasticity for the
GPa. ( Ans.

DS 3

for a length of 4 m,
diameter is 80 mm
it is subjected to an
bar material as 200

= 1.054 mm)

A steel bar 2 m long and 40 mm in diameter is subjected to an axial pull of 80 kN. Find
the length of the 20 mm diameter bore, which should be centrally carried out, so that
the total elongation should increase by 20 % under the same pull. Take E for the bar
material as 200 GPa. (Ans. 1.24 m)
A tensile load of 50 kN is acting on rod of 50 mm diameter and length of 5 m.
Determine the length of a bore of 25 mm that can be made central in the rod, if the
total extension is not to exceed by 25 percent under the same tensile load. Take E =
2.05 105 N / mm2 (Ans. x = 416.5 mm)
An alloy circular bar ABCD 3 m long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 kN as hown in
Fig. if the stress in the middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 MPa, then what should
be its diameter? Also find the length of the middle portion, if the total extension of the
bar should not exceed by 3 mm. Take E as 100 GPa.
(Ans. d = 20.6 mm, L = 1.64
m)
A bar, shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile force of 200 kN at each end. Find (a) the
diameter of middle portion if the stress in the middle portion is limited to 150 N/mm 2,
and (b) the length of the individual portions if the total elongation of the bar is limited
to 0.30 mm. Take E = 200 kN/mm2.
(Ans. L1 = 155.69 mm, L2 =
188.62 mm)

Problems in Deformation of Solids simple problems


1.

2.

A square steel rod 20 mm 20 mm in section is to carry an axial load (compressive) of


100 kN. Calculate the shortening in a length of 20 mm. E = 2.14 10 8 kN/m2. (Ans.
0.00584 mm)
A hollow cylinder 2 m long as an outside diameter of 50 mm and inside diameter of 30
mm. If the cylinder is carrying a load of 25 kN, find the stress in the cylinder. Also find
the deformation of the cylinder, if the value of modulus of elasticity for the cylinder
material is 100 GPa. (Ans.

= 19.9 MPa,

= 0.4 mm)

3.

A load of 5kN is to be raised with the help of a steel wire. Find the minimum diameter of
the steel wire, if the stress in not to exceed 100 MPa. (Ans. d = 7.98 mm)

4.

In an experiment, a steel specimen of 13 mm diameter was found to elongate 0.2 mm


in a 200 mm gauge length when it was subjected to a tensile force of 26.8 kN. If the
specimen was tested within the elastic range, what is the value of Youngs modulus for
the steel specimen? (Ans. E = 201.9 GPa)
A hollow steel tube 3.5 mm long has external diameter of 120 mm. In order to
determine the internal diameter, the tube was subjected to a tensile load of 400 kN and
extension was measured to be 2 mm. If the modulus of elasticity for the tube material
is 200 GPa, determine the internal diameter of the tube.
(Ans. d = 99.71 mm)

5.

Problems in Principle of Superposition


SP
1

A brass bar having cross- sectional area of 1000 mm 2 is subjected to axial forces shown in the fig.
find the total elongation of the bar. Modulus of elasticity of the brass = 100 GN/m 2. (Ans. l =
-0.12 mm)

SP
2

A steel bar ABCD 4m long is subjected to forces as shown in figure. Find the elongation of the bar.
Take E for the steel 200 GPa. (Ans. l =1.85 mm)

SP
3

A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P1, P2, P3 and P4 as shown in fig. Calculate the force P2
necessary for equilibrium, P1 = 45 kN, P3 = 450 kN and P4 = 130 kN. Determine the total elongation
of the member, assuming the modulus of elasticity to be 2.1 105 N/mm2. (Ans. l = 0.4914 mm)

Problems in Deformation of Solids Different Sections


DS
1

An automobile component shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile load of 160 kN.


Determine the total elongation of the component, if its modulus of elasticity is 200 GPa.
(Ans.

DS
2

= 2.4 mm)

A 6 m long hollow bar of circular section has 140 mm diameter for a length of 4 m,
while it has 120 mm diameter for a length of 2 m. the bore diameter is 80 mm
throughout as shown in fig. find the elongation of the bar, when it is subjected to an
axial tensile force of 300 kN. Take modulus of elasticity for the bar material as 200 GPa.
( Ans.

DS
3

= 1.054 mm)

A steel bar 2 m long and 40 mm in diameter is subjected to an axial pull of 80 kN. Find
the length of the 20 mm diameter bore, which should be centrally carried out, so that
the total elongation should increase by 20 % under the same pull. Take E for the bar
material as 200 GPa. (Ans. 1.24 m)

DS
4

A tensile load of 50 kN is acting on rod of 50 mm diameter and length of 5 m.


Determine the length of a bore of 25 mm that can be made central in the rod, if the
total extension is not to exceed by 25 percent under the same tensile load. Take E =
2.05 105 N / mm2 (Ans. x = 416.5 mm)

DS
5

An alloy circular bar ABCD 3 m long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 kN as hown in


Fig. if the stress in the middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 MPa, then what should
be its diameter? Also find the length of the middle portion, if the total extension of the
bar should not exceed by 3 mm. Take E as 100 GPa. (Ans. d = 20.6 mm, L = 1.64 m)

DS
6

A bar, shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile force of 200 kN at each end. Find (a) the
diameter of middle portion if the stress in the middle portion is limited to 150 N/mm 2,
and (b) the length of the individual portions if the total elongation of the bar is limited
to 0.30 mm. Take E = 200 kN/mm2. (Ans. L1 = 155.69 mm, L2 = 188.62 mm)

DS
7

A member formed by connecting a steel bar to an aluminium bar is shown in fig.


assuming that the bars are prevented from buckling sideways, calculate the magnitude
of force P that will cause the total length of the member to decrease 0.25 mm. The
values of elastic modulus for steel and aluminium are 2.1 10 5 N/mm2 and 7 104
N/mm2 respectively. (Ans. 224.37 kN)

DS
8

A compound bar ABC 1.5 m long is made up of two parts of aluminium and steel and
that cross-sectional area of aluminium bar is twice that of the steel bar. The rod is
subjected to an axial tensile load of 200 kN. If the elongations of aluminium and steel
parts are equal, find the lengths of the two parts of the compound bar. Take E for steel
as 200 GPa and E for aluminium as one-third of E for steel.

Problems in Principle of Superposition


PS
1

A brass bar having cross- sectional area of 1000 mm 2 is subjected to axial forces shown in the fig.
find the total elongation of the bar. Modulus of elasticity of the brass = 100 GN/m 2. (Ans. l =
-0.12 mm)

PS
2

A steel bar ABCD 4m long is subjected to forces as shown in figure. Find the elongation of the bar.
Take E for the steel 200 GPa. (Ans. l =1.85 mm)

PS
3

A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P 1, P2, P3 and P4 as shown in fig. Calculate the force P 2
necessary for equilibrium, P1 = 45 kN, P3 = 450 kN and P4 = 130 kN. Determine the total elongation
of the member, assuming the modulus of elasticity to be 2.1 105 N/mm2. (Ans. l = 0.4914 mm)

PS
4

A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P1, P2, P3 and P4 as shown in Fig. Calculate the force P3
necessary for equilibrium if P1 = 120 kN, P2 = 220 kN and P4 = 160 kN. Determine also the net
change in the length of the member. Take E = 200 GN/m2. (Ans. 0.55 mm)