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Problems in Deformation of Solids – simple problems

SP1

SP2

A square steel rod 20 mm × 20 mm in section is to carry an axial load (compressive)
of 100 kN. Calculate the shortening in a length of 20 mm. E = 2.14 × 10 8 kN/m2. (Ans.
0.00584 mm)
A hollow cylinder 2 m long as an outside diameter of 50 mm and inside diameter of 30
mm. If the cylinder is carrying a load of 25 kN, find the stress in the cylinder. Also find
the deformation of the cylinder, if the value of modulus of elasticity for the cylinder
material is 100 GPa. (Ans.

SP3

SP4

SP5

σ

= 19.9 MPa,

δl

= 0.4 mm)

A load of 5kN is to be raised with the help of a steel wire. Find the minimum diameter
of the steel wire, if the stress in not to exceed 100 MPa. (Ans. d = 7.98 mm)
In an experiment, a steel specimen of 13 mm diameter was found to elongate 0.2 mm
in a 200 mm gauge length when it was subjected to a tensile force of 26.8 kN. If the
specimen was tested within the elastic range, what is the value of Young’s modulus
for the steel specimen? (Ans. E = 201.9 GPa)
A hollow steel tube 3.5 mm long has external diameter of 120 mm. In order to
determine the internal diameter, the tube was subjected to a tensile load of 400 kN
and extension was measured to be 2 mm. If the modulus of elasticity for the tube
material is 200 GPa, determine the internal diameter of the tube. (Ans. d = 99.71 mm)

Problems in Deformation of Solids – Different Sections
An automobile component shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile load of 160 kN.
Determine the total elongation of the component, if its modulus of elasticity is 200
DS 1

DS 2

GPa. (Ans.

DS 4

DS 5

DS 6

= 2.4 mm)

A 6 m long hollow bar of circular section has 140 mm diameter
while it has 120 mm diameter for a length of 2 m. the bore
throughout as shown in fig. find the elongation of the bar, when
axial tensile force of 300 kN. Take modulus of elasticity for the
GPa. ( Ans.

DS 3

δl

δl

for a length of 4 m,
diameter is 80 mm
it is subjected to an
bar material as 200

= 1.054 mm)

A steel bar 2 m long and 40 mm in diameter is subjected to an axial pull of 80 kN. Find
the length of the 20 mm diameter bore, which should be centrally carried out, so that
the total elongation should increase by 20 % under the same pull. Take E for the bar
material as 200 GPa. (Ans. 1.24 m)
A tensile load of 50 kN is acting on rod of 50 mm diameter and length of 5 m.
Determine the length of a bore of 25 mm that can be made central in the rod, if the
total extension is not to exceed by 25 percent under the same tensile load. Take E =
2.05 × 105 N / mm2 (Ans. x = 416.5 mm)
An alloy circular bar ABCD 3 m long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 kN as hown in
Fig. if the stress in the middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 MPa, then what should
be its diameter? Also find the length of the middle portion, if the total extension of the
bar should not exceed by 3 mm. Take E as 100 GPa.
(Ans. d = 20.6 mm, L = 1.64
m)
A bar, shown in fig. is subjected to a tensile force of 200 kN at each end. Find (a) the
diameter of middle portion if the stress in the middle portion is limited to 150 N/mm 2,
and (b) the length of the individual portions if the total elongation of the bar is limited
to 0.30 mm. Take E = 200 kN/mm2.
(Ans. L1 = 155.69 mm, L2 =
188.62 mm)

(Ans. δl =1.14 × 10 8 kN/m2. if the stress in not to exceed 100 MPa. (Ans. Modulus of elasticity of the brass = 100 GN/m 2. (Ans.9 GPa) A hollow steel tube 3. what is the value of Young’s modulus for the steel specimen? (Ans. P2. P3 = 450 kN and P4 = 130 kN. δl = -0. If the cylinder is carrying a load of 25 kN. (Ans. δl = 0.98 mm) 4. (Ans. In an experiment.sectional area of 1000 mm 2 is subjected to axial forces shown in the fig. 2.12 mm) SP 2 A steel bar ABCD 4m long is subjected to forces as shown in figure. 0.00584 mm) A hollow cylinder 2 m long as an outside diameter of 50 mm and inside diameter of 30 mm. E = 2. E = 201. A square steel rod 20 mm × 20 mm in section is to carry an axial load (compressive) of 100 kN. d = 99.5 mm long has external diameter of 120 mm.9 MPa.4 mm) 3. If the modulus of elasticity for the tube material is 200 GPa. Calculate the shortening in a length of 20 mm. Take E for the steel 200 GPa. determine the internal diameter of the tube. assuming the modulus of elasticity to be 2. Find the minimum diameter of the steel wire. if the value of modulus of elasticity for the cylinder material is 100 GPa. P3 and P4 as shown in fig. Calculate the force P2 necessary for equilibrium. In order to determine the internal diameter.71 mm) 5.8 kN. A load of 5kN is to be raised with the help of a steel wire. the tube was subjected to a tensile load of 400 kN and extension was measured to be 2 mm. Problems in Principle of Superposition SP 1 A brass bar having cross.2 mm in a 200 mm gauge length when it was subjected to a tensile force of 26.85 mm) SP 3 A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P1. find the total elongation of the bar. P1 = 45 kN. Also find the deformation of the cylinder. Determine the total elongation of the member.1 × 105 N/mm2. If the specimen was tested within the elastic range. find the stress in the cylinder. (Ans. δl = 0. (Ans.4914 mm) . d = 7. σ = 19.Problems in Deformation of Solids – simple problems 1. a steel specimen of 13 mm diameter was found to elongate 0. Find the elongation of the bar.

which should be centrally carried out. is subjected to a tensile load of 160 kN. while it has 120 mm diameter for a length of 2 m.Problems in Deformation of Solids – Different Sections DS 1 An automobile component shown in fig. 1. find the elongation of the bar.054 mm) A steel bar 2 m long and 40 mm in diameter is subjected to an axial pull of 80 kN. Take modulus of elasticity for the bar material as 200 GPa.4 mm) A 6 m long hollow bar of circular section has 140 mm diameter for a length of 4 m. (Ans. DS 3 δl δl = 1. if its modulus of elasticity is 200 GPa. when it is subjected to an axial tensile force of 300 kN. Determine the total elongation of the component. the bore diameter is 80 mm throughout as shown in fig. DS 2 = 2. so that the total elongation should increase by 20 % under the same pull. (Ans. ( Ans. Find the length of the 20 mm diameter bore.24 m) . Take E for the bar material as 200 GPa.

if the total extension of the bar should not exceed by 3 mm. shown in fig.64 m) DS 6 A bar. if the stress in the middle portion BC is not to exceed 150 MPa. L = 1.25 mm. then what should be its diameter? Also find the length of the middle portion.05 × 105 N / mm2 (Ans. Take E = 200 kN/mm2.5 mm) DS 5 An alloy circular bar ABCD 3 m long is subjected to a tensile force of 50 kN as hown in Fig. Determine the length of a bore of 25 mm that can be made central in the rod. is subjected to a tensile force of 200 kN at each end. L2 = 188. The values of elastic modulus for steel and aluminium are 2. calculate the magnitude of force P that will cause the total length of the member to decrease 0. Take E as 100 GPa. Take E = 2. (Ans.37 kN) . Find (a) the diameter of middle portion if the stress in the middle portion is limited to 150 N/mm 2. (Ans.69 mm. d = 20. (Ans. and (b) the length of the individual portions if the total elongation of the bar is limited to 0.DS 4 A tensile load of 50 kN is acting on rod of 50 mm diameter and length of 5 m. 224. if the total extension is not to exceed by 25 percent under the same tensile load.62 mm) DS 7 A member formed by connecting a steel bar to an aluminium bar is shown in fig.30 mm.6 mm. x = 416. assuming that the bars are prevented from buckling sideways.1 × 10 5 N/mm2 and 7 × 104 N/mm2 respectively. L1 = 155.

sectional area of 1000 mm 2 is subjected to axial forces shown in the fig. (Ans.85 mm) .12 mm) PS 2 A steel bar ABCD 4m long is subjected to forces as shown in figure. Find the elongation of the bar. Problems in Principle of Superposition PS 1 A brass bar having cross.5 m long is made up of two parts of aluminium and steel and that cross-sectional area of aluminium bar is twice that of the steel bar. Take E for the steel 200 GPa. δl = -0. The rod is subjected to an axial tensile load of 200 kN. find the lengths of the two parts of the compound bar. Take E for steel as 200 GPa and E for aluminium as one-third of E for steel. δl =1. (Ans.DS 8 A compound bar ABC 1. If the elongations of aluminium and steel parts are equal. Modulus of elasticity of the brass = 100 GN/m 2. find the total elongation of the bar.

P1 = 45 kN. Determine the total elongation of the member. P3 and P4 as shown in Fig.PS 3 A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P 1. P2 = 220 kN and P4 = 160 kN. 0. (Ans.55 mm) . Calculate the force P 2 necessary for equilibrium.1 × 105 N/mm2. δl = 0. P2. Calculate the force P3 necessary for equilibrium if P1 = 120 kN. Take E = 200 GN/m2. P2. P3 = 450 kN and P4 = 130 kN. assuming the modulus of elasticity to be 2. (Ans.4914 mm) PS 4 A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P1. Determine also the net change in the length of the member. P3 and P4 as shown in fig.