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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CONTROL SYSTEM

EXERCISE 2

Draw the functional block diagram for each control system below.

1. Many luxury automobiles have thermostatically controlled air-conditioning systems for the
comfort of the passengers. Sketch a block diagram of an air-conditioning system where the
driver sets the desired interior temperature on a dashboard panel.

2. A precise optical signal source can control the output power level to within 1%. A laser is
controlled by an input current to yield the output power. A microprocessor controls the input
current to the laser. The microprocessor compares the desired power level with a measured
signal proportional to the laser power output obtained from a sensor. Draw the block diagram
representing the closed-loop control system.

3. Many modern devices use a turntable to rotate a disk at a constant speed. For Example, a
computer disk drive and a CD Player all require a constant speed of rotation in spite of motor
wear and variation and other component change.

4. For the turntable speed control, the goal is to design a controller that will ensure that the actual
speed of rotation is within a specified percentage of the desired speed despite all possible
uncertainties.

5. Automobile steering control system. The driver uses the difference between the actual and the
desired direction of travel to generate a controlled adjustment of the steering wheel.