You are on page 1of 5

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN [DAO 34-90 & DAO 35-90] and [DAO 2016-08]

1. CHANGES OF WATER QUALITY GUIDELINES


1.1. CLASSIFICATION OF WATER BODIES
For DAO 2016-08, the following changes were made:

Water used for agriculture, irrigation, and livestock watering were reclassified
from Class D to Class C

Class C, Class D, and Class SD no longer contains the industrial water supply

Class D and SD is assigned for navigable waters.

1.2 CATEGORIZATION OF PARAMETERS


For DAO 34-90, the parameters were categorized by:
For Fresh Waters:

Conventional and Other Pollutants Contributing to Aesthetics and Oxygen


Demand

Toxic and Other Deleterious Substances (for the Protection of Public Health)

For Coastal and Marine Waters:

Conventional and Other Pollutants Affecting Aesthetics and Exerting Oxygen


Demand

Toxic and Other Deleterious Substances (for the Protection of Public Health)

For DAO 2016-08, water quality are categorized as:


Primary Parameters

the required minimum water quality parameters to be monitored for each


water body

Secondary Parameters

other water quality parameters to be used in baseline assessment as part of the


EIA and other water quality monitoring purposes, it has three main parameters
inorganics, metals and organics

1.3 MONITORING OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY

For DAO 34-90, monitoring of groundwater quality was not covered

For DAO 2016-08, guidelines for monitoring groundwater quality are included

2. CHANGES OF THE GENERAL EFFLUENT STANDARDS


2.1 SCOPE AND COVERAGE

DAO 35-90 applies to all industrial and municipal wastewater effluents with a
note that states that the effluent standards apply to industrial manufacturing
plants and municipal treatment plants discharging more than thirty (30) cubic
meters per day.

DAO 2016-08 applies to all point sources of pollution, regardless of volume,


that discharge to receiving body of water or land.

2.2 CATEGORIZATION OF PARAMETERS


For DAO 35-90, parameters were categorized as:

Toxic and Other Deleterious Substance (Maximum Limits for the Protection of
Public Health)

Conventional and Other Pollutants in Protected Waters Category I and II and in


Inland Waters Class C

Conventional and Other Pollutants in Inland Waters Class D, Coastal Waters


Class SC and SD and other Coastal Waters not yet Classified)

For DAO 2016-08, under the GES the parameters are categorized as:

Physical-Chemical

Metals

Organics

Microbiological

3. CHANGES IN BOTH OF THE WQG AND GES


3.1 NEW PARAMETERS FOR WQG AND GES
New parameters were added in the WQG and GES and these are:

Ammonia as NH3-N

Sulfate

Nickel

Benzene

Boron

Barium

Zinc

Toluene

Fluoride

Iron

Benzo(a)pyrene

Ethylbenzene

Selenium

Manganese

Trichloroethylene

Xylenes

3.2 CHANGE IN METHOD OF EXPRESSION

The following parameters were modified in the way they are expressed:

Color Changed unit from PCU to TCU

Nitrate Changed expression to Nitrate as NO 3-N from Nitrate as N

Copper Changed expression to Dissolved Copper from total Copper

Cyanide Changed to Free Cyanide from total Cyanide

Organophosphate as Malathion Change expression to Malathion; changed


unit from mg/L to g/L

PCBs Clarified to be the sum of the 9 Aroclors and 19 Congeners

Phenol & Phenolic Substances Clarified to be the sum of 2-chlorophenol, 2,4dichlorophenol, and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

3.3 WQG AND GES VALUES

After the update with the 2007 PNSDW, the WQG values became more
stringent

Since the WQG values are used to derived the GES values, the GES values
became more stringent as well

The parameters which became stringent are Arsenic, Cadmium, Chromium,


Lead, and Mercury

3.4 ADDITIONAL SELECTED TYPES OF INDUSTRIES

DAO 34-90

The number of industries have already increased to about 100 and significant
parameters have been identified for each industry as a result of the Significant
Effluent Quality Parameters per Sector in the WQG and GES being based on
the Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (2009)

3.5 NEW SECTIONS

Additional sections were added in the WQG and GES and these are as follows:

Section 8.0 Modification of WQG and GES As long as there is a clear and
scientifically valid evidence having a probative value prove to that the desired
modification is consistent with RA 9275, any modification can be requested and
must be provided with its IRR.

Section 10.0 Grace Period If values for the GES have become stringent
compared to the values in DAO 35-90 or if new significant effluent quality
parameters were identified, a grace period of not more than 5 years may be
given.