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CLU 3M: EXAM REVIEW

Unit 1 & 2: Intro to Law and Rights/Freedoms


Human Rights Law
Hammurabi
Criminal Law
Constitutional Law
Tort Law
Property Law
Public Law
Precedent
Hammurabi Code
The Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Legal Rights
Oakes Case
Patriation
Prima Facie

Entrenched
Administrative Law
Labour Law

Section 1
Family Law
Contract Law
Private/Civil Law

Napoleonic Code
Supreme Court of Canada
Bill of Rights
Precedent

Habeas Corpus
Personal Freedoms
United Nations

Procedural Law
Equality Rights
Human Rights

1. What are our fundamental freedoms under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms?
2. Can our rights and Freedoms be limited even though we have the Charter of Rights and Freedoms? (Hint:
think of how the Article 1 of the Charter applies)
3. Explain the process of creating a new law in parliament.
4.
Discuss the historic contributions that led to the development of the Canadian Charter of Rights
and Freedoms. Your answer should include the impact of the United Nations, Bill of Rights, Human
Rights.
Unit 3: Criminal Law
Summary Conviction Offences
General Intent
1st Degree Murder
Disclosure
Perjury
Goals of Sentencing
Aiding
Adversarial System

Indictable Offences
Specific Intent
2nd
Degree Murder
The Plea
Sentencing
Hearsay
Entrapment
Sequestering

Hybrid Offences
Search & Seizure
Objections
Abetting
Jury
Impaired Driving
Counselling
Empanelling

Actus Reus
Homicide
Circumstantial Evidence
Accessory
Credible Witnesses
Trafficking
Admissible Evidence
Mitigating

Mens Rea
Manslaughter
Search Warrant
Motive
Voir Dire
Possession
Habeas Corpus
Aggravating

1. What are your rights upon arrest?


2.
Identify and explain the criminal court system from lowest to highest level in terms of function
and types of cases they hear.
3.
Identify and explain five valid defences an accused may use in court. Be sure to explain each
defence.
4.

Explain the difference between 1st degree murder, 2nd degree murder, and manslaughter.

5.
As seen in our mock trials, explain the process of the presentation of evidence in court? (direct
examination, cross examination, rebuttal, surrebuttal, etc.)

Unit 4: Tort Law


Small Claims Court
Negligence
Contributory Negligence
Voluntary Assumption of Risk
Defamation of Character
Arbitration

Unintentional Tort
Duty of Care
Professional Negligence
Examination of Debtor
Medical Negligence
Negotiation

Intentional Tort
Foreseeability
Garnishment
Statement of Claim
Counterclaim
Mediation

Plaintiff
Causation
Punitive Damages
Balance of Probabilities
Payment into Court

Defendant
Real Harm/Loss
General Damages
Litigation
3rd Party Claim

1. What is the limit that minors are allowed to sue for?


2. List and explain the defences available for negligence.
3.
What criteria which must be present in order for a charge of negligence to be successful? Provide
an example.
4.
Briefly, compare a criminal prosecution with a civil action. In each case, state the purpose of the
legal action and who is responsible for initiating it.
5.

Discuss the civil trial procedures, starting from filing a claim to Pre-Trial Conference.

6.

In a civil case, if a debtor cannot pay, what options do they have?