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You are on page 1of 109

If the line is not parallel to the plane, it should intersect the plane

and the common point is called the piercing point

bH

rH

jH

cH

sH

aH

rF

cF

jF

aF

bF

sF

A line (RS) intersecting a

plane (ABC) has a common

point to that plane (J)

Edge View Method to see piercing points

bH

cH

aH

H

F

cF

aF

bF

Edge View Method to see piercing points

bH

cH

pH qH

aH

H

F

cF

pF

qF

aF

bF

E.V

.

H A

Edge View Method to see piercing

points

aA

pA

bH

qA

nH

cA

TL

cH

pH qH

mH

aH

H

F

cF

pF

qF

aF

nF

mF

bF

E.V

.

H A

Edge View Method to see piercing

points

aA

pA jA

qA

bH

nH

TL

cA

jH

pH qH

mH

cH

aH

H

F

cF

pF

jF

aF

nF

mF

bF

qF

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

bH

rH

plane (ABC) must have a

common point to that plane

cH

sH

aH

rF

H

F

cF

aF

sF

bF

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

bH

rH

plane (ABC) must have a

common point to that plane

cH

sH

aH

rF

H

F

cF

aF

sF

bF

If a CP with line RS

is introduced to cut

abc, the line RS will

intersect at piercing

point with abc

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

bH

rH

plane (ABC) must have a

common point to that plane

pH

qH cH

sH

aH

rF

qF

H

F

cF

aF

pF

sF

bF

Line RS is in

the since the EV

of CP coincides

RS

are in a plane

and if they are

add a cutting plane whose

edge view conincides with

not parallel,

line RS in the top view

they must

intersect in the

plane

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

bH

plane (ABC) must have a

common point to that plane

rH

pH

jH

qH cH

add a cutting plane whose

edge view conincides with

line RS in the top view

sH

aH

rF

qF

H

F

cF

line RS and the projection of the CP in

the front view will give the common

point between the line RS and the

plane abc. The point J is the piercing

point

jF

aF

pF

sF

bF

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

Rule of Visibility

Point 5 on edge 1-3 is nearer to the observer. So edge 1-3 is visible in view B

Point 7 on edge 1-3 is nearer to the observer. So edge 1-3 is visible in view A

Cutting Plane Method to see piercing points

bH

plane (ABC) must have a

common point to that plane

rH

pH

jH

qH cH

add a cutting plane whose

edge view conincides with

line RS in the top view

sH

aH

rF

qF

H

F

cF

will be collected in any adjacent view.

The corner or edge fartherest from the

observer will usually be hidden if it lies

within the outline of the view.

The corner or edge of the object nearest to

the observer will be visible.

jF

aF

pF

sF

bF

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

Edge View Method

intersect or be

parallel to the lines

in the plane

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

Cutting Plane Method

MECHANICAL

ENGINEERING GRAPHICS

MECH 211

LECTURE #7

Polyhedrons and curved surfaces discussion

Intersection of a plane with a polyhedron

visibility

Intersection of a line with a polyhedron

visibility

Location of a plane perpendicular to a line

through a point

Projection of a point to a plane

Intersection of a line with a cone

Intersection of a cylinder with a plane

Intersection of two prisms

Intersection of two cylinders

Surface is 2D. It has area, no volume

Surface is generated by moving a line (straight or

curved). This is called generatrix

Every position of this generatrix is called the element of

the surface

Ruled Surface Generated by moving straight lines

Plane Surfaces Polyhedrons

Single Curved surfaces Cylinders or Cones

Warped Surfaces adjacent lines are skewed lines (Hyperboloid)

lines (Sphere, Torus, ellipsoid)

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

iH

bH

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

iH

bH

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point I in

both FV and TV

iH

bH

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point I in

both FV and TV

Perpendicular line must be a TL line. so to make it true

length the projection in the adjacent view needs to be

parallel to the folding line.

iH

bH

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point I in

both FV and TV

Perpendicular line must be a TL line. so to make it true

length the projection in the adjacent view needs to be

parallel to the folding line.

iH

bH

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point I in

both FV and TV

Perpendicular line must be a TL line. so to make it true

length the projection in the adjacent view needs to be

parallel to the folding line.

iH

bH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point e in

both FV and TV

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a Plane

perpendicular to a line through a point

eH

that are perpendicular to line AB

aH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point I in

both FV and TV

Perpendicular line must be a TL line. so to make it true

length the projection in the adjacent view needs to be

parallel to the folding line.

iH

bH

Draw lines perpendicular to line ab from point e in

both FV and TV

Perpendicular line must be a TL line. so to make it true

length the projection in the adjacent view needs to be

parallel to the folding line.

H

F

eF

bA

iF

aF

Location of a point on a Cone/Cylinder

Location of a point on a Cone/Cylinder

Location of a point on a Cone/Cylinder

Location of a point on a Cone/Cylinder

Location of a point on a Cone/Cylinder

Cutting plane

method

The problem

shows one

vertical and one

inclined prism,

we must find

the intersection

figures

The CP is chosen

across one edge

RS of the prism

This plane cuts the

lower surface at VT,

and the other prism

at AB and CD

The 4 points WZYX

line in both the

prisms and also on

the cutting plane

These are the points

of intersection

required

The cutting plane

shown in multi

view projection.

The visibility of

the points are

seen in the 3D

Total number of

cutting planes

required is 6 and

locate the

intersection

points from the

cutting planes

and locate the

points in the front

view

The points are

connected in the

front view based

on the visibility

and sequence

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