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., .

, - k = AkO1O2 Rk
R - O1O2 ,
r, : k = k +1 - k , Ak Ak +1
d2 = R2 - 2Rr , O1 ,
d . & k = k t = k Rk .
1 .

2
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k n-, ,
R ,
r ,
O1 , . -
O2 , R, d A1
O1O2 , ,
d O1 , O2 , -
= r R, , -
= d R, r (.2,).
Ak k- n- A1 A2 A3 K An , -
ak = Ak Ak +1 n- A1 A2 A3 K An , :
Bk n- ak A1 A4 ,
, 2,
Rk = O1 Ak , - -
Ak , A1 ?
rk = O2 Bk , - -
Bk , R1 =
Ck ak , = O1 A1
bk = Ak Bk , 1
& 1 . - . 2
1 ., , : ... - -
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2 ., , : .., ...
, A1 A4 ;
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-
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L1L2
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B1
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ur
. - V A1
- B1 A1 = b1
, uur V = L B1 A1 = & a1 b1 .
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. VA1 = V = 1R = & 1R ( 1 = & 1
. , O1 A1 ). uur
. V A1
, . L1L2 ; .
uur
uur r
uu
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. ,
. ur ur
:  
V = V sin V ,V = V sin 1
2
,
, ( 1 O1 A1 O1 A2 ).
, V
- a
V , & a1 b1 = & 1R sin 1 . R sin 1 = 1 ,
. 2 2 2

() - a
& a1 b1 = & 1 1 . (1)
. - 2
, . ,
(- A2 a1
) a
, & a1 b2 = & 2 1 ( b2 = B1 A2 ). (2)
uuur
r 2
: VP = 0 .
-
(
a2 a3
).
O1 A3 O1 A4 . a2
. -
:
;
. - a2 = A2 A3 = A2 B2 + B2 A3 .
,
A2 B2 = A2 B1 = b2 .
, -
uuu
r . , a2 = b2 + b3 b3 = B2 A3  .
VA uuur
uuur ,
PA : VA ^ PA .
A1 A2 L1L2 (.3). a3 = A3 A4 = b3 + b4 b4 = B3 A4  .
L1L2 A2 A3 :
r B1 . a
A1 A2 : & a2 b2 = & 2 2 (3)
2
.
a
& a2 b3 = & 3 2 . (4)
A1 A2 R. 2
" T 2007/1

A3 A4
a R, r
& a3 b3 = & 3 3 (5)
2 d -
, -
a . -
& a3 b4 = & 4 3 . (6) 4.
2
-
(1) (6) :
, -
2& a1 2& a2 2& a3 & & & & a1 =
= = = 1 = 2 = 3 = 4 . (7)
a1 a2 a3 b1 b2 b3 b4 = A1 A2 , O1 A1
&1 & 4 O1 A2 r = O2 B1 ,
= , -
b1 b4 . 4
a1 -
, b1 = b4 ,
.
& 4 & 1 . , O1 A1
A1 - O1 A0 1 , O1 A2
() - O1 A0 2 . 1 -
. O1 A1 O1 A2 :
( ) - 1 = A2O1 A1 = 2 - 1 . A2O1 A1
, O1C1
- O1 ,
, -
( - 1 2 - 1
A2O1C1 = = ,
), 2 2
,
. () - 1 + 1
C1O1 A0 = C1O1 A1 + A1O1 A0 =+ 1 = 2 .
() - 2 2
. :

2 + 1
O1C1 = O1K + KC1 = d cos +r
2
,
, , n- ( K O2 O1C1 ).
( ) , :
1 - 1
O1C1 = O1 A2 cos = R cos 2 .
2 2
,
. ,
2 - 1 + 1
R cos = r + d cos 2 . (9)
A1 A2 K An +1 - 2 2
O1 A1 O1 An +1 : & 1 = & n +1 . R:
A1 A2 K An -
, 2 - 1 r d + 1
cos = + cos 2 .
. 2 R R 2
. , r d
(7), : =, = ,
: R R
2& ak &
= k = c (k = 1, 2, , n). (8) 2 - 1 + 1
ak bk cos = + cos 2 . (10)
2 2
:
2& ak & -
k k. , ..
ak bk
- k +1 - k + k
cos = + cos k +1
(k = 1, 2, , n).
: 2 2
- (11)
R, r d, - ,
, . , An +1
, A1
, - n +1 = 1 + 360 .
, , -
O1O2 . .
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cos2 + cos2 2 = 1 ,
; 2 2
,
- 2 2
. + = 1.
5 -
1 - 2 1 + 2
A1 A2 A3 - (13)

 
2 2
1 1-
2
= ,
O1O2 . 2 1 + 2

- 1 1 - 2 . 6
= ,
2 1+ 2
.
. 5 - 1 R2 - d2
: r= . (14)
1 O2 B1 r R2 + d2 2
cos = = = .
2 O2 A1 R - d 1 - , (12) -
, , -
.
cos 1 = cos A2O1 A1 = - cos C2O1 A2 =

OC r-d
= - 1 2 =- = -  -  .
O1 A2 R , .
1 -
cos 1 = 2 cos2 - 1 , .
2
,
2
-  -  = 2 -1. ( )
1 - 2 O1O2
(.7).


2 2
22 + 1 -  - 1 -  1 +  = 0 .

: (11), .. k = 1 k =
= 2.

= 0,5 1 - 2 , 1 = 0 (-
) 2 = 1 , -

( k = 1)
R2 - d2 :
r = 0,5 . (12)
R
cos 1 = , . 7
, 2 1-
R, r d, ( k = 2) :
. - 1 + 1
cos 3 = + cos 3 .
2 2

6
, 3
O1O2 (). 1 -  cos cos 1 + 1 +  sin 3 sin 1 = . (15)
2 2 2 2

-
OB r 7:
cos 1 = 2 1 = = ,
2 O2 A1 R - d 1 -
cos 3 = cos 180 - 3 = - cos 3 =
2 2
2 O2 B2 r O1B3
cos = = = r-d
2 O2 A3 R + d 1+ . = - =- = -  -  = - .
O1 A3 R
1 2 .
, 1 + 2 = 180 , .. + = 90 , - (15)
2 2
$ T 2007/1

: (17) (19) (18), :


3 1 + cos 3 1+ -
cos = = , sin 1 + cos 3 = 1 , (20)
2 2 2 2 2

3 1 - cos 3 1- +
sin = = ,
2 2 2 2 2
1 + 1 = 1. (21)
2  1 -  2 - 2 (1 )2 (1 + )2
sin 1 = 1 - cos2 1 = 1 - =
2 2  1 -  2 1- ,
, ,
1+ - 1+ 1- - :
+ 1 - +  = .
2 1- 2 3 1 2
= .
2
( )
2
- 1 + 2 + 1 + 2 + 122
: , -
  
3 82 + 42 1 - 2 - 2 1 - 2  + 1 - 
2 2 3
= 0. 6, ,
.
, -
1 - 2 .
y = .
2
-, -, - -
.
y 3 + y 2 - y - 2 = 0 . (16)

, = 0 . 1.
. . -
- -
, -
. .
. .
,

-
,
( )
O1O2
(.8). O1 (.9).
-
- , . 9
(11), .. -
k = 1, k = 2 k = .
= 3.
1 = 0
R = O1 A1 = O1O2 + O2 A1 = r + r 2 = r 1 + 2 .  
() 2 = 1 ,
- r 1
: = = = 2 1.
R 2 +1

cos 1 = , (17) 2.
. 8 2 1-

:

3 1 d
1 -  cos cos + 1 +  sin 3 sin 1 = . (18) = .
2 2 2 2 R
?
. -
4 - 3 + 3 A1 A2 A3 A1 ,
cos = + cos 4
2 2 (.10,).
( 4 = 180 ) r
sin = , r ,
2 l
sin 3 = . (19) l = O2 A1 . l
2 1+
%
,

sin min = cos 2 = ,
2 2 1+


cos min = cos 1 = .
2 2 1-

sin min =

= 2 sin min cos min =
2 2
22
. 10 = .
1 - 2
lmin = R - d 2
(14)
(.10,) lmax =
1 - 2
r r sin min = . min + max =
= R + d (.10,). sin max = = = 1 + 2
2 lmin R-d = 180 ,
r r
= sin min = = = . 1 - 2 1 - 2
1- 2 lmax R + d 1+ arcsin 180 - arcsin .
1 - 2 1+ 1- 1 + 2 1 + 2
= , sin max = sin min = .
2 2 2 2 2 5. A1 A4 -
1- 1+ A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 O1O2 (.
: 2 arcsin 2 arcsin . .8). R. -
2 2
1. , a1 + a3 = 2R ( a1 = A1 A2 , a3 = A3 A4 ).
, . :
.
a1 = 2R sin 2 = 2R sin 1 ,
: 2 2
arccos  +  arccos  -  . 4 - 3 180 - 3
a3 = 2R sin = 2R sin = 2R cos 3 .
2 2 2
2. ,
, (20),
-
.
- a1 + a3 = 2R sin 1 + cos 3 = 2R .
2 2
.
3. , - 6. k ,
, -
. .
? -
. ?
. (11)
: = = 5 -2.
- k
4. sin k +1 :
- 2
n
k +1 - k - k
d sin 2
cos k +1
2
=
= . k =1
R
? n
k + 1 k n
k + k
. 6 A1 A2 A3 A4 = sin + k +1 cos k +1 .
k =1
2 k =1
2 2
O1O2 . -
- ,
A1, A2 , A3 A4 .
( 2), - 1 n
2 k
sin (k +1 k ) =
- =1
max , - n
k + 1 k 1 n
R d = sin + (sin k +1 sin k ) .
2 2 k =1
( A1 ), min k =1
n
R + d (
A3 ).
sin k +1 - sin k  = 0 (, n +1 =
k =1
& T 2007/1

= 360 + 1 ). k +1 - k = k ,
n
sin k
k =1
= n
. (22)

2 sin k
k =1
2
.
, , , (22) -
:
sin 2 + sin 2 + sin 2
=
2 sin + sin + sin  . (23)
. 12
7. -
- , -
(. : a1 + a3 = a2 + a4 .
11). , 2 a1 + a3  . a1 = a3 ,
-
4a1 .
.

. , , a1 = 2R sin 1 .
A1 A2 A3 A4 2
. cos = cos 1 = 2 .
, 1 - cos 1
a1 = 2R = 2 R 1 - 2 ,
2
. 11
A1 A3
A2 A4 , .. = 0,5 1 + 3  . P = 4 2 R 1 - 2 .
1 = 3 , = 1 .
+ 2 A1 A2 A3 A4 A1 A2 = a1 , A2 A3 = a2 ,
= 1 = 180 - 4 ,
2 A3 A4 = a3 , A4 A1 = a4 .
4
= A1O1B4 , 2 = A2O1B2 . P1 = 2 a1 + a3  = 2 a1 + a2  =
2 2
4 + 2 1
cos == cos 4 cos 2 - sin 4 sin 2 . = 2 2R sin 1 + 2R sin 2 = 4R sin + sin 2 .
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
11 1 2
OB r+d + = 90 ,
cos 4 = 1 4 = =+, 2 2
2 O1 A1 R OB r
sin 1 = cos 2 = 2 2 = = ,
2 O1B2 r - d 2 2 O2 A3 R + d 1+
cos = = = - ,
2 O1 A2 R 2 OB r
sin = cos 1 = 2 1 = = .
4 2 2 O2 A1 R - d 1-
cos cos 2 = 2 - 2 .
2 2
4 8 R
P1 = 4 R + =
sin sin 2 : 1 + 1 - 1 - 2 .
2 2
4 1 2
sin sin 2 = 1 -  + 
2 2
1 -  -  = 2 . =
2 2 2 1 + 2
4 2R
P1 = .

1 + 2
cos 4 + 2 = - 2 .
2 2
,
: cos = 2 , = arccos 2 .
, -
8.
- . 1 - 4 < 1 . -
(.12,) (.12,). , -
? .
. A1 A2 A3 A4 A1 A2 = a1 ,
A2 A3 = a2 , A3 A4 = a3 , A4 A1 = a4 . - ( )


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:
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,
.
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b b
F =  M + m  g = Mg + Vmin g .
V .
FA F ,
hmax -
? :
1 0Vmax
hmax = ln .
Wmax WII , b M + Vmin
m,
hmax , , Vmin ,
,
.
vII = 11,2 . ,
Vmin ,
WII = mgR , . ,
R = 6400 . , Vmin 1
> .
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=

= 40 , Vmax = 60000 3 , Vmin = 600 3 (
Vmin M = 15 3 ), hmax 48,2 . 260 / (. .1).
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( Vmin M = 10 3 ), hmax 50,3 , , V,
2 . Vmin , - h,
, . FA = Vg = 0 e -bhVg .
, hmax ,
, , ,
Vmin , Vmax . :
hmax Vmax , , Vmin M = F = Mg + Vg .
= 10 3 -
, -
.
v,
Rmax .
2
4Rmax , v2
2
M = c 4Rmax d , - F = CS ,
2
, d . - S ,
, - , -
hmax , , , -
V R
0 max 0 max
1 M 1 3c d 0,24. ( ,
hmax = ln = ln . ,
b V b V
1 + min 1 + min ..
M M
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3
c = 1000 - , -
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120000 3 1 .
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r,
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L (.4). ,
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L ,
rmax . -
rmax . -
, ,
.3. :
r + L = 2rmax .
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:
8 grmax M + m
v= 1 - m ,
3C

m
. -
rmax = 25 , = 0,14, =
= 40 , m = 68 , Vmin = 400 3 , m = 492 -
v = 30,3 / = 1818 /,
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.
4 4
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3 3 ,
,
M
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p 0,77 -
FA = m g = Vmin g = a Vmin g , , . -
RTa
,
= 29 .
0,5, ,
-
, 1,0.
Vmax
, ,
1 0Vmax g 1 0Vmax
h* = ln = ln .
b FA b Vmin ,
.
Vmin = 300 3

h* , ,
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40 ( 40,9 ). ,
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S = 3 4 V rmax . 1,8 ,
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2 8rmax RT 8rmax RT a 5,3 ,
, v2 8,5 .
, .
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,
C 0,04 , , . -
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.
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CS 0

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- .
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NT =
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. (3)
) ;
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.
, ni = 0 , (3) (2).
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( 3
) 3
. n - n 24 n, n - 4n 24 ( )
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: ( .) -
2000 .
- 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 - 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 , -
1 2 - 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 - 1 2 1 2 1 1 . -
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0 1 2 - 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 - 1 2 1 2 1 2 , 3/4.
1 2 0 1 2 - 1 2 1 , 1 2 1 2 1 2 - 1 2 1 2 .
. ,
0 1 2 0 1 2 - 1 2 0 0 1 2 1 2 - 1 2 3/4. n , m = [n 2] .
1 2 0 1 2 0 1 2 - 0
0 1 2 1 2 1 2 - , , ,
(
(3) - ).
- - .
= 1/6. , ,
, m (m - 1) 2 ,
. , , n .
(m - 1) 2 + x m . ,
, .. -
, ( n - m - 1) 2 + (m ( n - m) - x ) ( n - m) = ( n + m -
. , - 1) 2 - x ( n - m ) . ,
,
,
( ,
, . x > m ( n - m ) 2 n - 1 8 .( 2
)
n ( n - 1) 2 ,
,
). - n + 1  4n > 1 4 .
, , ,
: , , 3/4.
, , 2k + 1 , i k
!& T 2007/1

i + 1, , i + k 4. ,
, i > k , ,
i k, , i 1 . . , ,
, - , , , .
k , 13.
, , ? ?
. . .
1 k. ,
k + 1 , ,
k + 1 i (i = 1, , k). j- k + 1 .
j k - i j + 1, ..., j + i
k + 1 i, .
j > k i j k + i,. .., j 1 ,
. k + 1 k + 1 + i .
ik . 14.
?
. .
3 4 k3 . ,
k - - k2 .
2 2 , 1
k (2k + 1) (k (2k + 1) - 1) 2 , . , ,
k ,
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+ = mgh + .
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(), -
. :
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-
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. . mv02 kh2
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k
, ,
, ,
.

m mg m
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k k k
. 1 .
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( h1 (mg) 2

), = = 4.
h2 4F2 (mg - F1 )
:
mv02 kx02 3. l = 2,
+ = mgh , ,
2 2
,
( x0 = mg k ) - =
: = 0,2. s -
v2 mg , v0 = 3/?
h= 0 + = 82 . ( -
2g 2k
)
2. mv02
A = 0 - .
. , 2

F1 = 3mg 4 , F2 = mg 4 . A ,
, ..
(
-
) , ?
,
.
, -
,
, ..
x . 3
. (-
(.3), ,
) ,
x < l ,
(. 1):
x
kh2 F = mg .
Fh = -0, l
2
-
: ,

2F s
h= . F1 + F2 0 + mg 2
k A = - s=- l s = - mgs .
2 2 2l

- , -
:
mgs 2 mv02
h1 F - =- ,
= 1 = 3. 2l 2
h2 F2
, , - l
, s = v0 = 3 .
g
. -
h < x0 , .. ,
, ,
2F mg mg
< , F < . , -
k k 2 ,
, .
s > l
2F2
h2 = . 0 + mg
k A = - l - mg ( s - l ) .
2

(.2)
l v2
s= + 0 = 3,25 .
( 2 2g
-
, -. -
-
, ,
, -
, . ,

v1 ,

:
. 2 ):
mv12 0 + mg
kx02 0- =- l ,
1 1 = mgh1 -
Fh . 2 2
2
x0 = mg k , v1 = gl = 2 .
2
h1 =
(mg) v0 > v1 , ,
.
2k (mg - F1 ) .
" T 2007/1

4. m2 = 480 .
m1 = 20, v1 = 100/ .
, . ,
- (.4):
Fc = 1650, .
m1v12 m1u12 m2u22 kx2
d = 5. m1v1 = m1u1 + m2u2 , = + + ,
2 2 2 2
, .
: , ,
m1v1 = m1u1 + m2u2 , m1 , -
. -
m1v12 m1u12 m2v22 .
= + +Q, m1 ,
2 2 2
, -
Q = Fc d . , . ,
, .. u1
(
m ). u1
u1 = v1 - 2 u2 ,
m1 , -
u2 - . ,
,
.
m2 2 2Fcd , ( -
1 + m u2 - 2v1u2 + m = 0 . ) , .. x =
1 2

= 0.
.
v1 v12 - 2Fcd (m1 + m2 ) (m1m2 )
u2 = m v2 m u 2 m u 2
1 + m2 m1 m1v1 = m1u1 + m2u2 , 1 1 = 1 1 + 2 2
2 2 2
: 2,5 / 5,5/.

?
(..
,
). -
,
, :
. ,
, m1 - m2 2m1
u1 = v1 = 6 , u2 = v1 = 16 .
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(-
, u1 u2 ): u2 , .. -

m2 v1 m (m2 m1 ) v12 2Fc d (m1 + m2 ) (m1m2 ) , u1
u1 = v1 u2 = . m1 m2 . m1 < m2 ,
m1 1 + m2 m1

, u2 , : u1 = 0 .
u1 ( ),
, : u1 < u2 ( , , .
u1 u1 = -32 ). .
, , , -
, . , -
Q (. , . -
4). , ( u1 ,
), u2 .
, ( u1 = 40 ), , .. -
, .
. , ,
: , -
u2 = 2,5 . : u1 = v1 , u2 = 0 .

-
, . . ,
5. ,
m1 = 400 m2 = 100, , . -
, -
. .
- 6. ,
v1 = 10/ m = 0,5 ,
. 4 .
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1:3. , .
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. - m1g + N = 1 .
R
-
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- v = v1 - v2 ,
?
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.
:
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T1 , m v2 m v2
0 = m1v1 + m2v2 , m1gh = 1 1 + 2 2 + m1g 2R,
T2 , (.5) 2 2
F = T1 - T2 .
2m2 8
v12 = g (h - 2R) = gR ,
m1 + m2 5
:
m m + m2 5
T1 - mg = m2 0,75l, v = v1 - v2 = v1 + 1 v1 = 1 v1 = v1 .
m2 m2 4
T2 + mg = m2 0,25l,
v ,
l . , m v2 25 m1v12 3
, - N = 1 - m1g = - m1g = m1g = 3 H .
( T2 < 0 ). R 16 2 2
(
): 1. 5 -
m (0,25l)
2
m (0,75l)
2 500/.
0 = mg 0,25l - mg 0,75l + + , , . -
2 2 0,5/, 2/.
(
g ) , ?
2 = 1,6 .
l 2. 2 -
.
15, ,
F = T1 - T2 = 2mg + 0,5m2l = 2,8mg = 14 H .
.
7. - , ,
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2006
116
. m n.
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4 (1 - tg x )
2004
+ (1 + tg x )
2006
22006 .

2
1
(- )
( -2006) 1
1. :
1. 2,

log 4 log2 K 16 .
14243 , -
40
. -
11 3, .
2. : tg , , -
6
2
11x - 17x - 13 ? . -
3. .
2.
2 4
( )
cos x 2 + x + cos x +
3

+ cos x +
3
= 0. 1 + 3- x 3- x - 1 1 + 1 - 9- x
- .
4. , . 1 + 3- x - 1 - 3- x 1 - 9 - x + 3- x - 1 3- x
, 3. .
. , .
, D b
. , BD = 9, = , .
= 12. . b ,
5. 8:00 , .
. - b.
6 . 4.
17:00 . -
. 1 - 2 sin x + cos x + 2 sin x + 1 = cos 2x .
? 5. KB KLM.
6. 5 K,
4 - x - 2 x x - 3 + 4x . LM KL .
K KLM,
7. , ML = 9 3 , KA:LB = 5:6.

6.
cos 2x - 2a sin x - 2a - 1 + 2 = 0
2x - y - 1 + x + y + y ,

.
.
8. SABC SA - 3
, SCB = 90 , BC = 5 , AC = 7 .
On - ( ,
: O1 , -2006, )
SABC, n 2 On
1.
, On -1 ABC .
SA, {On }  x + 2y x - y = 25,
?
9. m n 2 log 5  x + 2y + x - y = 4.
, m n m < n. 2.

x2 - 22x + 121
1 3- - 50 x - 2x2 - 309 .
x2 - 24 x + 140
,
. 3. . ,
"#
AM : BC = 13 : 2 , 30. 5
, , .
4. ( )

9 - 3 cos 2x 1.
tg x > ,
3 sin 2x - 2 4
cos 3x = cos 5x + sin x .
3
x< . 2.
8 2
5. SABCD - 9 x -1 32 x 44 x + 16 x -1 34 x 24 x - 25 = 0 .
ABCD, AD P BC . SC
3.
K , CK:KS = 2:5. , -
, K, SD L. ( 3 - x) 2x 2 + 2x - 4 3 - x .
, VSABKL : VSABCD = 95 : 189 ( VSABKL VSABCD
SABKL SABCD ). - 4. LMN : LN : NM = 7 : 3,
ABCD. NK NM 3/2,
6. , - LMN 30. LN.
5.
2
2 ( 1 + cos 2x ) sin ( 2x + a ) = 3x + y + 9 x 2 - y2 = 6,


= 2 cos 2x - 2 cos ( 4 x + 2a ) - cos ( 6x + 2a ) - cos ( 2x + 2a ) y 3x + y  3x - y  = 2
. , , ,
.
4
6. PQRS ( QR P PS ) PQ RS . ,
( ) QR PS, 3
, .
1. 6
2
.
.
. -
.
. -
7. -
-

, .
. (
( 2 loga x - 1 - loga x - 1) 2 loga2 x + 5 - loga 3a + 1 = 0 )
. 8 + 1?
, , 8. SKLM
23 . S SK = 12, KL = 18. SL SM
. , SA = SB = 4.
2. , , , K .
log 13 - 2 x -1 ( sin 2x - 2 sin x + 1) = log 13 - 2 x -1 ( cos x ) . 6
12 12
( , )
3.
1.
11 2x - 48 x - 144 > 2x - 12 .
1- x x - 2 .
4. ABCD . 2.
, -
x + 3
. log 1 >2.
AD 10, 8 6 . x - 2
2
ABCD. 3.
5. d cos x + sin x + cos 3x + sin 3x = - 6 cos x .
x2 - y2 - dx + 3dy - 2d2 + x - y + d 4 - 2x + d + 4.
ABCD EFGH,
. -
+ -2x2 - 2xy + ( 5d + 4) x + ( d + 4) y - 2d2 - 8d = 4 .
EFGH,
6. - 3
AB = BC + .
. 2
. 5. .
.
. 49:12.
K, , .
L, . KL 7 6. ,
. ,
,
2 7.
x 2
+ x x 2

+ 5 x + 6 + 1 = 3 x - 3ax - a2 - a + 1
3, 3.
"$ T 2007/1

7 9
( ) ( )
1. 1.
( 2
x + 1 x + 3x - 4 0 . ) x2 - 3x + 2
= 3 ( x - 1) .
2. x -1
3 cos 2x + 11sin x = 7 . 2. z , 1, y, z ,
3. ABCD = 1, y 1, z y
= 4, = 3, CD = 2, AD = 1 . .
. .
4. 3.
1
9arcsin 2 x +1 + log 3 ( 2 arcsin ( 2x + 1) ) 2 sin x - + tg x - 1 = 0 .
cos x
-3arccos6 x + 3 + log 1 arccos 6x + 3 = 0 . 4. , ,
3
280 .
5. , 4 , 5 .
2 , - ,
. ,
. 40 . -
, -
1 10 . : ) -
. , , 40 -
, - ; ) .
, 5. ABCD 44. -
.. K L,
, , N, CD R, AD
1000 ? S , AK < AL, CN < CM, CP < CR, AT < AS.
6. ABCDA BC D 8 - 1
, KL= MN = 1, PR = ST = 7, AK = 5, CP = .
AC , = 5. 2
.
, AC . -
6. c
.

8 2x arcsin ( sin x ) = c 3log3 x + 3
( ) ?
5 3 10
1. + 2 , , tg = - .
6 4
2. ( )
x +1 x -1 1.
- = 2 x3 .
x -1 x +1 x2 - 9
3. ( x + 4) 0 .
x -3
(3 x )
log2 x
1. 2.

4. 5 2 5
x - x 3 6x - x2 .
: 2 , 2 2
3 . 5 3.
,
2 . 5, , D
10
.
? , ACD BCD?
5. , 4.
.
6. = 9, = 8 log x +2 ( ( ))
4 log 4 x 2 + x - 2 1 .
= 7, AD . 5. 5
, D 30%- .
F . - 40%-
EF. , .
7. , b 0,5
40%-
x 2 + y2 - 5x + 6 y + 4 = 0, . 34%-
. -
y + ax + ab = 0 ? -
( x, y ) . .
"%
6. 3. ( 8;12) ,

3 ( sin 2x + cos 3x )
= 1, 14
cos 2x - sin 3x 2ctg sin x = 6 - 6 cos .
(1; 2) . 6 5
7. DA DB - 4.
DABC K L .
.
DK 2 DL 4 1
DN DBC, = , = ?
DA 3 DB 5 25
8. , .
f  x  = 2x2 + x 5 - 3a  + a2 - 3a + 4 ,
1 4 . ,
. 2

9
11 . -
( ) .
5. ADC DC
1. 1,
5 - 4x AD . DB,
2-x .
x-2 3 +1
DBE = 30 , SDEC = .
2. 7 3 4
. 6. ,
, - 6
. , 4a 2 2 -

arcsin ( 3 - 2x + )
.
12a
3. ( x, y, z ) +

( )
arccos 2x - 3 - 8a2 - 3a 1
2 2
x 2 - 2x sin y - cos 2x + 2 cos x + -4 xz - z - 3 =
2 3 - 1 3 3
2y x ; .
= (1 + 2xz ) log22 .
z 4 4
7. ,
4.

, ,
, . x - 1 - x 2 + x + 3x - 3 + x + 1 - 7 y 4 - x2 .
20 , . -
, , 30 - 13
, .
10 , ( )
. - 1.
?
5. x +3 = 9- x.
ABCDA1B1C1D1 8 , A1B1C1D1
2.
-
6, CD log 0,5 log 3  x - 2 -1 .
,
. . 3.
6. k - sin 3x
= 0.
, ( x, y) - 1 + 2 cos 2x

4. 10%
sin x 0
8% .
sin y 0,
?
- k x k, 5.
- k y k.
x 2 - 2x < y + 1,
12
y + x - 1 < 2.
( , )
6. ,
1. ,
2 2x 2 - x + 8 = x - 2x 2 + 7 . 14
. , 40
2. 3
= 14.
( )
log13 - 2 x x 2 - x + 1 log7 - x ( 13 - 2x ) < 7. b

 2
< log2 x -1 2 - 2x -  x - 1 + x .
2
 2 b - 1 3x + 1 + 1 3bx + b - 3x .
"& T 2007/1

14 16
( ) ( )
1. 1. , ,
.
7x - 3 = 7x + 1 . . ,
?
2. 2.
log x -1  x - 2 < 2 . x 4 - 10 x2 + 25 = x 4 - 4x2 + 4 .

3. 3. -
6 2 2.
log2 ( 3 sin x - cos x ) + log2 cos x = 0 . , .
4.
4. , , -
( ). sin 1 - 2x + cos x = 0 .
, , 5. K, L, M, N,
D ( D , , K
). , BD D 55% ; L
F. , 60%; K, L, N 66%;
FE = 1, = 2. FD. N 73% .
5. ?
2x + 2a > x + a, 6. ,

ax < 0. ( a + b + 36) x2 - 5 ( x - 1) ( b + 1) 0
6. b.
7.
9 cos 2x + 9 cos 6 x = 36 cos x cos 3x + 140 3 sin x sin 2x - 162 .
,
. 21 -
15 .
( ) :
,
1.
5x + 1 16 -
1+ . . ,
( x + 2) ( x - 3) x-3
, -
2. ,
.
3 + 6 cos 2x + 3 cos 4 x + 2 cos 6 x = 0 .
17
3.
( )
2
243 + 9 x - 2x 1.
>9-x. 2x
2x + 3
x +1 +
2x - 1  lg
10
0.
4. -
CD, . 2. -
, - P = A X - X , ,
Q . . 2004
, 40% .
PBQ, 3 3 , 2005 ,
4 3 , 60. . 2004
2005 .
5.
3.

   
2 1

- 1 - 32 x -1 + 4 x + 34 x + 2 x +1 - 3 = 16 .
2 2 2
12 34 x + 2 x -1
x 2 + x - 12
3 1.
x-3
6.
4.

1 1
3 - log 1 - x log 3 - x < 2 log 3 2x + 1 . log 1 - 2 cos

= log x 4-2 3.
2x + 4 4 2 cos
x
6 cos
2 2 2

5. = 6 = 4
7. K, L, M, N ( -2; 3) , (1; 4) , ( 3; 2) , BL,
( 1; - 1) , , D, DA ABCD
- , BO : OL = 3 : 1.
. . , ABL.
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6. - .
, . F.
7. , ,
. -
(
arctg 25x - 9 + a - y = 0,

) p0 .
y 5- x + a - 1 = 0 6. ,
, -
( x0; y0 ) , - . -
x0 0 . T .
1
.
8. x* = 1 + 216 k* , k* 7. R,
q, r
1 (.2).
(k )
2 8
-1 = .
2 ( k - 1) , -
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Q, ,

K -
1 2,
-

- .
1. , 8. -
, - -
(.1).
,
,
-
. -
-
,
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, -
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, . -
,
v, 2 = 120 . K , 3.
n = 2 . S. -
2. R - , D .
, ,
.
= 15 . 9. L -
, , 4.
, -
. , , -
. , -
3. , - -
, , ,
.
, - . -
, - -
, . - . 4
n, -
- , -
. .
. U I
4. k , L.
10. n =
L. = 1,33, ,
nL (n < 1) . d,
. n - -
W = 3,6 10 -19 .
? ,
.
5. -
S .
, , 1. ,
, 5, -
# T 2007/1

. 7. 12 -
. 23 ,
- 31 .
v0 , 12
, , - n = 2 , 31
m = 3 ?
, 8.
-
. 5 ? .
= 0,9 , h = .
2
= 0,5 , l = 2 . g = 9,8 . , m .
, U
. ?
2. v = 108 /, g.
- 9. -
l = 8 . m1 m2
= 4/3 . l. ,
, , . . ,
L .
. L ,
p1 . , -
g = 10 2 , ,
, .
. 10. 12
3. - (.8). AD
, - BC ,
-
d = 2 . -
N , -
? l = 4 . E0 0 -
4. .
0 = 0,1 E1
, 1 ,
. -
vy max . - -
l = 0,4 . -
g = 10 2 . , sin . A1B1 C1D1 ?
5. m 2m 11.
k 8k C0 = 0,2 . 8
U0 = 360
(.6). - .
=
, = 1,8 , . -
. 6 - ,
- C0 -
, . m , , .
C0 -
. n = 20 ,
, - . -
. U -
6. ?
, , 12. , 9,
. v0 ,
, - R .
= 0,1 ? r ,
E = 10-17 , = 1 4 , 2?
= 108 , - ,
, . ,
= 10,5 3 . -


-
NA = 6,02 1023 -1 . .
7. - 13. -
, - -
- -
, - -
, ACDEA ,
. 7 . 9
#
( - n = 1,5.
A .
10). - 18.
(.14).
ACD , 1 2,
DEA . - -
A - d =
, - = 3 . ,
, - L = 20 , -
( D1 = 15 . -
) B0 . 2 3, . 14
- , -
. 10
, D2 = 13 . -
A ,
D? , F1 , F2
. A F3 .
. 19. -
14. - W1 1 ,
(.11), . -
. , - 2 . -
, - W2 ,
K , ?
- , ..
-
. , 1 , 2 .
- 20. , -
- , ,
. s
? ,
. 11 15. - = 60 ,
- = 10, = 1 ?
, . c = 3 108 . -
, l = .
= 12 , k = 2
. R.
.
16. -
d
(.12). -
1
n,
1. .
- 2. ?
- 3. ,
. -
- n = 4 . (
. 12 v0 , )
?
? 4.
. , - -
g. (). ()
17. - L = 36 = 24
N = 625 .
(.13). v = 6 /.
- -
- -
? -
- -
, .
- 5. ,
. -
b -
, 12, -
. 13 - -
- 15. 12
d = 1 ? .
F = 20 , - . 15
# T 2007/1

1 2 .
R = 8,3 ( ) . ,
6. , - -
, , -
, . 19.
,
? . -
7. .
= 5 = 5 -1 . 5.
-
,
- . 19
v = 6 /.
8. - . -
h = 1,5 . -
, -
.
(.16).
-
-
- , , ,
?
m = 0,1 .
6. , 20,

-1 = 6 B - 2 = 12 B . -
, -
C1 = 10 , -
a = 5 2 ? -
q1 = 1 10 -5 .
= 0,2 . C2
. 16 g = 10 2 . .
9. 7. , -
,
(.17). , - L = 0,4 , -
L = 1 -
, . - . 20
x = 5 .
v = 6 /.
, - . .
. g = 10 2 .
n = 1,5. 8.
. ,
- .
( - ,
). - ? h = 25 .
t = 27. = 103 3 .
.
10. p0 = 105 .
. 17
9. U = 600
l = 10 S = 1 2 I = 187,5. -
= 80% .
= 0,2 -
v = 54 /. ,
F = 0,03 .
.
( ) -
10. -
. = 8,9 103 3 , d = 60 .
 = 64 10 -3 . , D1 = +2,5 .
1 . D2 = -5 ,
. -
NA = 6 1023 -1 , e = 1,6 10-19 .
, ,
2 ?
., .,
1. .
., ., .,
2.
.,., ., .,
?
., ., , ., .,
3. -
., ., ., .,

.,., ., ., .,

., ., .
,
18.
-
-
.
4.
. 18 , -
, ,
68 2 1 . -
-
(. 4 2006 .)
. -
1. . , . , -
1 28. 2. 2 2
, 1 9, ,
10 19, 20 28. .
. 4. , A1, B1, C1
, - -
( 10 ). ABC. :
. 2
, , , A1C1 ; Q -
. , B1C1 ; R A1B1 (.3).
. A1Q A1 A2
, 10 , QA2 = A1Q . A2C1 A1B1 ,
2 A2C1 = A1B1 A2C1 P A1B1 . , B1P
, . B2 , PB2 = B1P , C1R
1 10. C2 , RC2 = C1R . A1B1C1 -
3 4 A2 B2C2 ,
7 8. A1, B1, C1 A2 B2C2 . -
, 3, 4, 7, 8 - , A2, B2, C2 -
. , , -
1 2 5 6. - . -
, ; ,
, -
9 10. A2, B2, C2
- , , 3 4, ABC ,
, , . - ,
2 ,
5. , - .
, 3 4. 2, - -
2 3; 5, 4 - . 3
5. A2 B2C2 ,
2. . ABC, .
n > 1 : 5. 24. , -
n200 + n198 + n196 + n194 + K + n4 + n2 + 1 = , 24 = 4,89
(.. 1, 2, 3 4). , .
(
100 99 98 97 2
= n + n + n + n +K+ n + n +1 ) : -
(
n 100
-n 99
+n 98
-n 97
)
+ K + n2 - n + 1 . n 25 , ,
3. 4 , - n . 5 , = n -
, 1. . - , n . ,
1 4. , - 1, - 2 , - 1, - 2, - 3
, b, , . n -
d, ( - 1)( - 2)
( - 1)( - 2)( - 3) ,
S1 = bc , S2 = bd , S3 = ac ,
S4 = ad . ,
n ( - 1)( - 2)( - 3) > ( n -2 )( n -3 )( )
n -4 ,
-
. 1 2 3 4
> 1 - 1 - 1 - .
, n n n n
. 1 . n 6, -
, . -
2 ,
1 4, 2 3. 2 3 4 60
1 - 1 - 1 - = ,
1 4, S1 > S2 , S4 > S3 , , S1 S4 > S2 S3 . 7 7 7 343
2 3, 343
.. n < < 6 . , n 6 .
, , 60
S1 S4 < S2 S3 . , n 25 n 3 4 5 = 60 ,
S1 S4 = abcd = S2 S3 . - n 5 . , n 24 .
, .. .
20062 . ,

10032 . -
10032 . - 1. . , -
, . ,
3009 3009 0, .
#" T 2007/1

2. ,
...
.
3. . , 40 ,
250 C , -
. , - 1
0, , , 1. 19. 2. .
, , .
4. , - 3. 2k , -1 1 + 2n , k, n Z .
, - 4. 36 8.
- , . R1 R2
. .
5. , - 1) .
. -
6. , , - , -
, -
. -
7. -
, - .
. 2)
8. . ,
. (.4). - . 4
9. BDE -
- , R2 = 8, ,
5 , - 2 = 9.
. 3) (.5). -
10. , , - BDE -
, ,
. R2 = 8. -
11. - ADB
. AEO2 -
12. . , , -
. R1 = 36.
13. . , 3
5. . -
, 5 . 5
,
. ( -
14. , ) -
, - 6.
. -
15. -
. 9 6 -
16. , 0 C .
17. , . s 9
= ,
18. - AB - s 6
.
3 . 6
19. , , - s = AB .
, . , - 5
, 6. [0;4] .
. f (x) = 4 - x - 2 x x - 3 + 4x = g ( x ) ,
f ( x ) ( -;4] ,


+4 C . - 7x - x2 , x 3,
g ( x) =
( ) 2
x + x, x3
, ( -
.
) .
f (0) = g (0) , -
[0;4] .
1 1
7. ( -; -2] U - U 0; U {2} . . -
2 2
:

1 3
1. n = 5. 2. = 25% . 3. s = 80 . sin2 x + a sin x + a -
- = 0.
2 2
4. u2 = 5 . 5. F = 320 . 6. v1max = 4 . ,
7. T = 5 H. ,
, , ##
s1, s2 f ( s ) = s + as +
2
, t 1 t -1 .
1 3 1 < t < 1, t = cos , 0 < < .
+ a- - ( ) 2004 2006
2 2 4 (1 - cos ) + 4 (1 + cos ) =
: 2004 2006

= 4 2 sin2 + 2 cos2 = 22006 sin 4008 + cos4012 <
1) s1 = 0, s2 ( -; -1) U {0} U (1; ) ; 2 2 2 2
1
2) s1 = 1, s2 ( -; -1] U - U [1; ) ; < 22006 sin2 + cos2 = 22006
2 2 2
1
3) s1 = -1, s2 ( -; -1] U U [1; ) ; ( , 0 < < ).
2 2 2
1 1 , -
4) s1 = , s2 = - . tg x 1 .
2 2
1 f (0) = 0 a = 2 = 1. = 2
= 2, s2 = -2 . = 1, s2 = 1 -
1. 216. . ,
.
, ,
a.
8. 2. (.7) log3 x - y log2 x - y
=1,
ACB = 90 , AB = 7 + 5 = 2 3 . y y
O1
y = log6 x , .. x = 6 y .
, , -
2. (0; ) . . t = 3- x > 0 . ,

0 < t < 1 .
z
, - 1 + 1 - t2
0.
t
. z - 3. 90. , b
SAB, , a b
, b . -
, a b ,
. 7 S , - b, .
SB. - b, ,
, O1
SB. On , a b .
, -
, , a b -
z. O2 -
O1 . -
- A a
, B b (.9). . 9
, -
O2 ABC , - a b
. 8 , -
O1 .
, SAB (.8) Sa Sb ,
O1 A = O1O2 = O1B , O2 A = O2O1 = O2 B (3r )2 - r 2
= 2 2r . b Sa
O1BA = 30 SA = AB tg 30 = 2 . Sb .
-
9. (2,117) , (3,59) . m n b
-
uuur
BA -
.
1 a , b -
, . , ,
m, b ,
n, , - ,
, m 1, n 1. - Sa -
,
1 + m - 1 + n - 1 = mn - 116 mn - m - n + 1 = 116 (.10).
. 10
(m - 1)( n - 1) = 116 ,
b
(m - 1, n - 1) (1,116) , (2,58) , b :
(4,29) (m < n ). , m n -
2 2r 1
2 117, 3 59, 5 30, 2 arcsin = 2 arcsin = .
4r 2 2
m n.
4. + 2n , n Z . .
10. + k x < + k , - + n < x - + n , k, n Z .
4 2 2 4 1 - 2 sin x + cos x + 2 sin x + 1 = cos 2x
.
2004 2006
4 (1 - t ) + (1 + t ) 22006 , 1 - 2 sin x + cos x = -2 sin2 x - 2 sin x .
#$ T 2007/1

, 5. AD:BC = 2:1. -
-1 sin x 0 1 - 2 sin x + cos x 0 ,
L,

ABK
1 - 2 sin x + cos x = -2 sin2 2x - 2 sin x, SD SABCD.

1 - 2 sin x + cos x 0,

. CD -
405 3 ABCD
5. 60, . , -
16 -
LM
(.11). (.12).
- -
. ASB, CSD,
, - , L . 12
BK - PK.
BK, - AD ABCD
, BKM b ; a : b = k.
(KB ). APD , , DP : PC = AD : BC =
, = k.
. 11 CSD
KM. KL, CS DS
, LB2 = LA LK 6a2 = CD , :
= LA ( LA + 5a ) LA = 4a . LK = 9a, SL 5
SL DP CK
AK 5a AC 5 3 3 = 1 , , = .
AC = LM = 9 3 = 5 3 , sin K = = = , LD PC KS LD 2k
LK 9a 2R 25 2 SD LD 5 + 2k
o
.. K 60 , 120 . o = 1+ = .
SL SL 5
K 120o , : SABK,
120o SABC SAKL, SACD. v1 , V1
LM. K v2 , V2 . , -
, LM, -
5:4. , K = 60o . -
KC = 5b, = 4b, - , :
BM = 6b.
v1 SA SB SK SK 5
KLM: = = =
2 2 2 V1 SA SB SC SC 7 ,
( 9a ) + (9b ) - 2 9a 9b cos 60 = (6a + 6b ) .
405 v2 SA SK SL SK SL 5 5
= = = .
6a + 6b = LM = 9 3 , , 81ab = , V2 SA SC SD SC SD 7 5 + 2k
4
1 405 3 ,
SKLM = 9a 9b sin 60 = .
2 16 5
1 VSABKL v1 + v2 5 V1 + 5 + 2k V2
6. . . = = .
3 VSABCD V1 + V2 7 V1 + V2
2x - y - 1 + x + y + y = y - (2x - 1) + y - ( - x ) + y - 0
,
m ( x ) , - V2 S AD
2 1, , 0, m ( x ) = ABD = =k.
V1 SBCD BC
.
, x = 1/3. ,
5
3 5 1 + 5 + 2k k 95
= 19k2 - 28k - 20 = 0 .
1. (3; 1). 7 1+ k 189
-
2. ( -;10) U {11} U (14; + ) . . -
: k = 2.
6. a = n , n Z . . t = sin ( x + a ) ,
.
y = cos 2x , 0 t 1 , y 1 , -
3. 90o , 60o . . = , = , = z.
13
AM = x , z y ( - f ( y ) ty2 - 2t (t - 1) y - 2t2 + t + 1 = 0 .
2
). t = 0, , . 0 < t 1
2 y2 + z2 = x ( ) -
= x 2 + 13x 2 , x2 = y2 + z2 - :
- 3yz . z = 2x, y = 3 x x 2 + y2 = z2 . D
= t4 - t .
4
3+ 5
4. arctg ; . . D 0 t = 1.
2 2 = 0,

t = tg x tg = 2 -1. sin ( 2x + a) = 1 , cos 2x = 0 .
8
, , #%
4 O1O2 = r + R , O2O3 = r - R ,
1. 1400 .
AD = O1O3 = ( R + r)2 - ( R - r)2 = 2 rR .
11 13
2. - ; ;2; . . , - BC = 2 rR .
6 6 6
, O1 ,
,
(.15) .
-6 < x < 7 , x 0 , x 1 .
,

O1 A = O1B = r ,
cos x > 0, AEO1 = BEO1 = ,
O1 A ^ AE , O1B ^ BE ,
sin 2x - 2 sin x + 1 = cos x.
AB ^ EO1 . ,
133 ABO1 = BAO1 = , -
3. [3; 6) U 6;
- 11 6 . .
2 ABO1
t = 2x - 6 , t 0 , AB = 2r cos .

( )(
11 t2 - 2 6t + 6 > t2 - 6 11 t - 6 > t - 6 t + 6 . ) , -
4. 672. K, L - O2 , D, - . 15
, N CD = 2R cos .
, O1 , , O2 , , D -
AD , , ,
(.13). . , , D -
OL = OK = 6. ,
, O1
AD - O2 (
, LN - ), -
, .
LN = OL + ON = , AB P CD ,
. 13
= 14. , ABCD -
AOK AK = 8. (.16). h
,
2
= + AB - CD
h2 = AD2 - . . 16
+ AK = + 8. 2
,
AB + CD
2

1
AC 2 = h2 +
2
( 2
= 4rR 1 + cos . )
BC LN = p OK , .. 7 = 6.
2 AL AC = AD2 .
= 48, CK AC = CB2 . AD = CB
ABCD. AL = CK, , AK = CL. ,
3d + 8 3d 2AD2 8rR
5. ; , d R . . KL = AL + CK - AC = - AC = - AC ,
6 2 AC AC
, - ..
, = x - y + d 0 , = 4 - 2x + d 0 , KL 8rR 2
= -1 = - 1.
= x + y - 2d 0 AC AC 2 1 + cos2
+ + = 4 . , ,
1 - cos2 1 3
u+v = , cos2 = .
uv u 0 v 0 , 1 + cos2 7 4
2
u = v, ,
CB2 = 4rR = 28 ,
+ + + + = 4 . ( )
AC 2 = 4rR 1 + cos2 = 49, .. = 7.
4 5
= = = . .
3
6. 7. O1 O2 - 1. n , n Z . 2. 1/2.
, r R - 3. {3} U -4 -
29; - 2 U 1; - 4 + 29 .
, D 4. 14. . KMN 9,
- 3.
,
A1 , 8 5 - 7 8 5 + 7
5. ; ; ; .
2 . 9 3 9 3

6. 4. , PQ
O1 , O2 , D (.14, RS, , -
R > r). (. 17). ,
O3 O1 PQ RS .
. 14 O2 D . r, x R ,
#& T 2007/1

.

-
(
cos x 2 cos 2x + 2 sin 2x + 6 = 0 . )
9
PQ 4. . . , EFGH
2
(. 19).
- CD ( ), ,
, b , d, - EG P AB . CK P AF , AKEG
- 9
. EF 2 + FG 2 + GH 2 + EH 2 = 2EG 2 = .
2
, - 5. 24:49.
PQ, -
, b, , d 6. 4 - 7 < a < 4 + 7 . .
- -
r, x, R x 2 + 3 x + 1 .
, b, , d. -
, b
. 17
, d . ,
x2 + 3ax + a2 + a = 0 ,
r,
, , , b, R, d .
2
r a b x x R - . 19
= = x 2 = Rr = .
x c d R r r f ( x )
x R . ,
=2 = 4. 3, -
r r
, f ( -3) < 0 .
( ) ( )
7. a 0; 2 - 3 U 2 + 3; + . . x > 0,
a > 0, a 1 , 7


( )
( x - 1) 2 - ax ( x + 2) = 0,
1. {-1} U [1; + ) . 2. ( -1)
n
+ n , n Z .
a > 0, a 1, x > 0. 6
385
x 2 - ( a + 2) x + 1 = 0 2 - 3.
4 6
. . -
x1 x2 , x + 2 0 . ADC, cos D ,
x12 + x22 = a2 + 4a + 2 . BD
R = .
a 2 + 4a + 2 > 8a + 1 2 sin D
a > 0, a 1 .
4. ( )
17 - 7 8 . .
8. 4 13 . f (2 arcsin (2x + 1)) = f (arccos (6 x + 3)) , f (t ) = 3t + log 3 t
, . -
, , K 2 arcsin (2x + 1) = arccos (6x + 3) , ,
, ,

(.18). cos 2 ( arcsin ( 2x + 1) ) = 6 x + 3,

, 0 2 arcsin ( 2x + 1) .

5. 7. 1 (/. ),
SH .
1

2 (.20).
,
1,
= . -
1 . 2 ,
SH
. 18 2 ,
,
3 -
-
. -
. SHM OF (F

, OF ^ SM ).
ADE, ACD
OB = OM = x . OF = x 2 - 16 , AEF ,

( )
2
SH = SM 2 - MH 2 = 122 - 6 3 =6. 9.
, ,
SFO SHM
OF MH x 2 - 16 6 3 27, 81, 243, 729, 2187,
= = x = 4 13 . . 20
-
SF SH 8 6
729 < 1000 ,
2187 > 1000 .
6
6. 360 - 171 3 . . -
13
1. [-1; 1] . 2. - ; - 3 . AA C , AEH, FA H GAH (.21)
4
5 5 3
3. + k , + n , k, n Z . . - AH = 5 3 > 8 = AA , AG = > 4 2 = AO ,
2 8 12 2
, , #'
3
g ( x ) = c + > 0,
x

2x, x - ; ,
2 2
f ( x ) = 2 arcsin sin x = 2 --
2 ( - x ) , x ; 3
2 2

(.22):
1) c
,
g (x) > c f (x) ;
2) c < -

x > x0 , g (x0 ) =
= - ,
. 21
x > x0
g ( x ) < g (x0 ) =
5 3-8 5 3 . 22
A F = < 4 2 = A O , CG = 8 2 -
. - = - f ( x ) , -
2 2 0 < x x0 ,
K L PMNQ ,

, - + 2n; + 2n , n Z , -
2 2
AG
cos = f ( x ) = g ( x ) ;
GH . -
3) - c < ,
KLBMND,
n -
ABCD CMN AKL (
A K L ).
- + 2n; + 2n .
2 2
8
7 + 24 3 10
1. . 2. 0; 2.
50 12
1. [-4; - 3) U (-3; 3) U (3; + ) . 2. {0} U 2; .
1 5
3. 0; U [1; ) . .
9 2
2. 3. 5 2 sin . . O1 O2 -
5
180 . , -
4. 28 . 5. . 6. 6.
180 + O1DO2 , O1O2 D = ABC .
7. (-4; -1) . . - 11
2 4. ( -3; -2) U [1;2] . 5. 10/3 . 6. .
5 2 45 30
x -
+ ( y + 3) = , 120
2 4 7. .
19
y = -a ( x + b ) , (-b; 0) , 8. 5; 4. .
5
; - 3 . -
4 .
, -
11
, , 1. (-; - 1] U [1; 2) U (2; ) .
(-b; 0) , .. -
2
2. 4 3 4 3 ( ); 2 3 6 3 (
5 2 45
-b - + (0 + 3) < . ). . Q -
4 4 -
9 .
1 -
1. .
2 , -
2. 2. . y = u , z = v . -

PQ, -
2u = 1 + v,

( 2
) 2
( 2
2 u - 1 = 1 + v - u . ) (.23).
3 3
3. 1, - , -3 , -1, ,3 .
3. + 2n , + k , n, k Z . 2 2
4
. -
4. ) 40 , ) 80 / 60 /.
, - . 23
89 23
5. AB = , CD = . . -
6 3 .
6. c < - , c . .
x > 0, 9+3 2
2x arcsin ( sin x ) = c 3log3 x + 3 4. 525. 5. .
f ( x ) = g ( x ) , 2
$ T 2007/1

6. 32k2 . . - 1
sin x 0 b > 1 x - ;1 .
3

.

2m x + 2m , m = Z , 2 (b - 1) 3x + 1 (b - 1)(3x + 1) .
sin y 0 14

- + 2n y 2n , n Z . 1. 0. 2. [3; ) . + k , arctg2 + n , k, n Z .
3.
4
4. 2. . ADC

, BEF CDE.

a
. 24 (.24). 5. (0; - a) U (- a; ) a < 0, (-; - 3a) U - ; 0 a >
3
- k x k , - k y k > 0, = 0.
2 2
4 k - 3
6. arccos + 2k , k Z . . -
3 3
2 , -
4
. 9 ( cos x - cos 3x ) - 35 3 (cos x - cos 3x ) + 72 = 0 ,
2

12 8 3
cos x - cos 3x = 3 3 , cos x - cos 3 x = .
1 1 13 9
1. - ;1 . 2. ;1 U 6; . . -
2 2 2
3.
13 ( 3
)
cos x - cos 3x = 4 cos x - cos x . -
. . f (t ) = t - t 3 t [-1; 1] .
5
2 3
sin x = sin . f ( t ) = 1 - 3t2 = 0 t = .
5 3
4. 24 45 . 5. 2 .
3 2 3 3 2 3
1
6. a -1; U [1; + ) .
f = 9 , f - 3 = - 9 f ( 1) = 0 ,
4 3
2 3 2 3
f - ; .
7. 2 + 8 . . 9 9
25. , - 8 3
,
f  x , . 9
3
cos x - cos 3x , cos x = .
3
15
1. {-5} U (2; 3) .
k 1 3
2. + , arccos + n, k, n Z . .
4 2 2 2 4

4 cos 4 x cos 2x + 3 cos 4 x + 4 cos 2x + 3 = 0
( cos 4x + 1) ( 4 cos 2x + 3) = 0 .

3 9 27 7 13
3. - ; 0 U ; . 4. .
2 2 2 10
1
5. -1; . . t = 34 x + 2 x -1 , t > 0,
2

2
9t2 - 26t - 3 = 0 .
. 25
3 1
6. -; - U - ; 0 . 7. 25.
4 12
y = f x  -
y = x2 . 16
D - 7
1. 17 . 2. . 3. - 2 .
1 4. , - 2
1 4. 1 2n
4. 1 m 2k;, m , k, n N .
2 3 6 3
13 2 2 2 2
5. 29 %, 24 %, 18 %, 11 % . 6. a ( -; -35] . 7. 7 .
1. 6. 2. [3; 11] . 3. m, m Z . 4. 20%. 3 3 3 3
5. {(0; 0) ; (2; 0) ; (1; 1)} . . ,
17
1 < y < 2, = 0 = 1.
6. 30. 100
1. (-; 0] . 2. . 3. (3; + ) .
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- , , = CUC (t ) .
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17. b = 0,34 . 18. F1 = = 6 ,
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19. W2 = W1 1 1 . 20. s = 0,13 .
22 2Mc
. . - 0110473
:
119296 , , 64-,
1 .: 930-56-48
3. 2 . -mail: admin@kvant.info, math@kvant.info,
phys@kvant.info
vLN
4. v = = 5625 .
H
RT T
5. A = 1 + 2 (V2 - V1 ) = 1245 . 6. 2 . 142300 .
2 V1 V2 ./: (501) 443-92-17, (272) 6-25-36
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7. a = - A22 - v2 -1,2 2 .