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Do not write on this test, you have the entire class to complete it.

Read each of the following sentences. Decide from the context whether the speaker is showing
approval or disapproval of the topic. Choose A for the left option, and B for the right option.

1. The sooner we move out of this (home, dump), said Jack, the happier Ill be.

2. This cell phone is (expensive, overpriced), but I dont mind paying extra because it has so
many useful features.

3. Youre lucky to have Wilma on your committee. She has lots of (original, crazy) ideas.

4. Boss Reed and his (cronies, employees) have controlled the politics in this city for more
than twenty years. I certainly hope the other party wins this year!

5. It was a beautiful spring day, and the (stench, scent) of apple blossoms filled the whole
yard.

The Old Stoic


Emily Bront

Riches I hold in light esteem,


And Love I laugh to scorn;
And lust of fame was but a dream,
That vanished with the morn:

And if I pray, the only prayer


That moves my lips for me
Is, Leave the heart that now I bear,
And give me liberty!

Yes, as my swift days near their goal:


Tis all that I implore;
In life and death a chainless soul,
With courage to endure.
Do not write on this test, you have the entire class to complete it.

6. In lines 34, what might the speaker mean by lust of fame vanishing with the morn?

A. The speakers nightly dreams of fame disappear in the morning.


B. The speaker desired fame in younger days but is no longer concerned with it.
C. The speaker desperately wanted fame throughout life but achieved it only in youth.
D. Each morning the speaker rises with a growing desire for fame.

7. What does line 9 suggest about the speaker?


A. The speaker expects death to come and finds that days go by quickly.
B. The speaker feels the need to race through each days goals now that shes older.
C. The days goals are set up swiftly and the speaker struggles to reach them.
D. The goals are established, but the speaker does not want to pursue them.

8. In the title of the poem, the word stoic means


A. one who is not concerned with wealth, pleasure, or reputation but instead focuses on the inner
self.
B. a fierce and demanding scholar who studies acts of courage.
C. one who mocks and sneers at the beliefs of others and accuses them of having only selfish
motives.
D. a person who courageously fights for liberty throughout his or her life.

The Two-Term Limit


by Walker Murphy
1 The President of the United States holds the highest political office in our government and has
a great deal of power. As head of the executive branch, the president is empowered to enforce
national laws, to appoint justices to the Supreme Court, and to sign or veto bills passed by
Congress. The president is commander-in-chief of our armed forces and, with the advice and
consent of Congress, establishes treaties with foreign countries.

2 The president, in short, plays a very important role in government. Not only does he command
great respect but he also exercises great influence across the nation and around the world.

3 Until the Twenty-Second Amendment to the Constitution was ratified in 1951, nothing kept a
president from holding an unlimited number of four-year terms. Nothing, that is, except tradition
and voters. George Washington, our first president, set a precedent for a two-term limit, even
though he probably could have served for as long as he wanted. Ulysses S. Grant and Theodore
Roosevelt tried for third terms, but neither succeeded.

4 From George Washington (1789) to Herbert Hoover (1933), 25 of our presidents served one
full four-year term or less. The other six served more than one term but not more than two. In
those 144 years, no president served three terms in office.
Do not write on this test, you have the entire class to complete it.

5 Then in 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected. He became the only U. S. president
elected to more than two terms, serving from 1933 to 1945. President Roosevelt died of a stroke
in the first year of his fourth term.

6 Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt elected to four terms? He was elected to his first term on a
platform that promised to help Americans out of The Great Depression. By the time he
campaigned for his third term, World War II was under way in Europe and Asia. When Roosevelt
was elected to his fourth term, the United States was at war with Germany and Japan. Americans
didnt want a new, untested president during those stressful times.

7 Nonetheless, Roosevelts third and fourth terms broke with tradition. George Washington chose
not to ask for a third term for himself, saying he wanted to avoid the cult of personality. All of
our Founding Fathers were opposed to anything that might suggest a monarchy, which is one
reason they chose the title president rather than king. They certainly did not want the
presidency to become a position for life with guaranteed benefits.

8 Another reason for limiting the number of terms was concern for maintaining a strong two-
party system. A dominant baseball team winning the pennant year after year could eventually
weaken the game. In U.S. politics, a strong two-party system encourages good debates and
brings forth concerns on all sides of important issues.

9 There are those who feel that the public should be the ones to decide if a president should be
elected to a third term or not. Is it a basic democratic right? The ratification of the Twenty-
Second Amendment indicates that many citizens across the country agreed with our Founding
Fathers: There are dangers in allowing a president to serve for an unlimited number of terms. In
1947, the required two-thirds of both houses of Congress proposed the amendment. By 1951, the
required three-fourths of the state legislatures had ratified the two-term limit.

10 As a result, Franklin D. Roosevelt is likely to remain the only president of the United States
ever to be elected to more than two terms.

Amendment 22
Limitation of Presidents to two terms

Section 1
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has
held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which
some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than
once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this
article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the
office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes
operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such
term.
Do not write on this test, you have the entire class to complete it.

Section 2
This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the
Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the
date of its submission to the States by the Congress.

9. The prefix in means not. Knowing this, what is the meaning of the word inoperative?
A. occurring after the fact
B. occurring before the fact
C. having no consequences
D. having no effect or force

10. In paragraph 3, the word precedent means


A. a ceremony for entering into an office or agreement.
B. a colonial act that applies as a rule for all time.
C. a feeling of self-assurance about a decision.
D. an example that serves as a decision to be followed in the future.

11. Based on what you have read, draw a conclusion about the following: Which of the following
presidential responsibilities might take on more significance during a war than in peace?
A. The first priority would be to maintain peace at home, so enforcing national laws would be
most critical.
B. Interpretation of the law would require the assignment of new justices to the Supreme Court.
C. The president would be involved in decisions about the war as commander-in-chief of the
armed forces.
D. Congress would pass many bills and proclamations that the president would have to study and
then sign.

12. Ridicule: praise:: _____


_ A. scandal: humiliation C. sympathy: sincerity
_ B. shame: tears D. cowardice: valor

13. Superior: dominant:: _____


A. inferior: submissive C. variety: uniqueness
B. strong: weak D. personal: personable

14. Marriage: divorce:: _____


A. division: union C. partnership: breakup
B. begin: end D. Hate: love

15. Illustrator: picture:: _____


A. doctor: patient C. lawyer: client
B. animator: cartoon D. building: architect