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McQuilling Services, LLC

Ocean House ~ 1035 Stewart Ave ~ Garden City, NY 11530


IMO 13H MARPOL Regulation - Carriage of Heavy Crude Oil
Tel: 516.227.5700 ~ Fax: 516.745.6198 ~ Email: services@mcquilling.com ~ Website: www.mcqservices.com Crude Oil / API / Sulfur Content / Country

Africa
Carriage of Heavy Grade Oil: Algerian Condensate 63.7 0.04 Algeria
Algerian Top Crude 25.4 0.31 Algeria
The new MARPOL regulation 13H on the prevention of oil pollution from oil tankers when carrying heavy grade oil (HGO) bans the carriage of HGO in single-hull tankers of 5,000 tons dwt and above after Saharan Blend 44 0.09 Algeria
Zarzaitine 43 0.07 Algeria
the date of entry into force of the regulation (April 5, 2005), and in single-hull oil tankers of 600 tons dwt and above but less than 5,000 tons dwt, not later than the anniversary of their delivery date in 2008.
Cabinda 32.5 0.11 Angola
HGO includes: an API lower than 25.7 degrees, bitumen, tar, and their emulsions, fule oils with a kinematic viscosity at 50 degrees higher than 180mm2/s. Category 2 and 3 tankers fitted with DB / DS may Girassol 31.6 0.32 Angola
be able to continue operation up to the ship's 25th anniversary (Certain other exclusions apply - see full text of regulation at www.imo.org). Kuito 19 0.68 Angola
Malongo 34.8 0.11 Angola
The graph below displays selected types of crude with API displayed on the left hand scale and Sulfur content listed on the bottom logarithmic scale, the corresponding tables for each type of crude follow the Nemba 38.7 0.19 Angola
graph and are sorted by country. The 13H regulation affects vessels carrying crude with an API gravity below 25.7 degrees, as displayed on the graphs below. Approximately 18% of the total crude used for Palanca 37.2 0.18 Angola
Quenquela 31.1 0.94 Angola
this report lies below the 25.7 line, in addition the majority of the crude falls between the 30-39 degree range, over half (52%). A large percentage of South American crude is below the 25.7 mark (28%), while
Soyo Blend 33.5 0.14 Angola
only 10% of the Far East Crude below 25.7. Takula 32.9 0.11 Angola
Xikomba 34.83 0.39 Angola
Sulfur Content is not an issue in the 13H regulation. Interestingly 4% of sweet crudes, 2% of Intermediate crudes, and 12% of sour crudes are affected by the 13H regulation. Benin 22.7 0.38 Benin
Kole 31.7 0.37 Cameroon
Kole Marine 34 0.33 Cameroon
Africa Australia Far East Middle East Russia / Caspian Sea South / Central America US / Canada UKC / North Sea Lokele 20.7 0.46 Cameroon
Doba 20.4 0.16 Chad
API Gravity 250 Coco 31.6 0.12 Congo
Intermediate API <25.7 Kitina 38.7 0.10 Congo
65 Algerian Condensate
207 HEAVY CRUDE N'Kossa 43.4 0.06 Congo
API - 63.7 LIGHT 200 Djeno Blend 27.6 0.23 Congo
Emeraude 23.6 0.60 Congo
Sulfur Content - .04% SWEET Sweet Crude
Belayim 27.5 2.20 Egypt
150 East Zeit Mix 39 0.89 Egypt
Gulf of Suez 31.9 1.52 Egypt
Ras El Behar 33 1.36 Egypt
100 Ras Gharib 21.5 3.64 Egypt
55 78 69 Suez Blend
Ceiba
33
28
1.85
0.58
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Zafiro 32.2 0.24 Equatorial Guinea
50 Gamba 31.4 0.09 Gabon
24
17 Lucina Marine 39.6 0.05 Gabon
2 Mandji 30.4 1.01 Gabon
0 M'bya 35.6 0.07 Gabon
Oguendjo 26.1 0.67 Gabon
10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 Rabi 33.4 0.06 Gabon
API Range Rabi-Kounga 34.3 0.05 Gabon
45 Tchatamba 44.2 0.26 Gabon
Salt Pond 37.4 0.10 Ghana
Sour Crude Zafiro 31.5 0.26 Guinea
Espoir 32.3 0.34 Ivory Coast
Amna 36 0.15 Libya
Bouri 25.8 1.83 Libya
Brega 40.4 0.21 Libya
Bu Attifel 43.3 0.04 Libya
Buri 26.2 1.76 Libya
Es Sider 37 0.45 Libya
35 Sarir 38.4 0.16 Libya
Sirtica 41.3 0.45 Libya
Zueitina 41.3 0.28 Libya
Antan 26.5 0.26 Nigeria
Bonny Light 37 0.14 Nigeria
Bonny Medium 25.2 0.23 Nigeria
25.7 degrees Light Crude Brass River 43.5 0.07 Nigeria
Escravos 34.2 0.15 Nigeria
25 Heavy Crude Forcados 31 0.14 Nigeria
Nigerian Medium 26.5 0.21 Nigeria
Oso Condensate 47.4 0.05 Nigeria
Tempa Rossa
API - 16.5 - HEAVY Pennington 36.6 0.07 Nigeria
Sulfur Content - 6.05 Qua Iboe 36.4 0.12 Nigeria
SOUR Nile Blend 32.76 0.05 Sudan
Ashtart 29.5 1.31 Tunesia
Zaire 31.7 0.13 Zaire

15 0.5%
0.0 0.1 Sulfur Content 1.0 10.0
Page 1
Australia Middle East South / Central America US / Canada UKC / North Sea
Airlie 44.7 0.01 Australia Dubai 31.8 1.91 Dubai Canadon Seco 25.2 0.18 Argentina Alaska North Slope 30.2 1.06 USA (Alaska) Duc 34.6 0.27 Denmark
Barrow Island 37.3 0.05 Australia Aboozar (Ardeshir) 26.9 2.48 Iran Escalante 22.8 0.21 Argentina Cook Inlet 35 0.10 USA (Alaska) Tempa Rossa 16.5 6.05 Italy Europa
Challis 39.5 0.07 Australia Bahrgansar/Nowruz 27.1 2.45 Iran Hydra 37.5 0.08 Argentina Drift River 35.3 0.09 USA (Alaska) F3FB 54 0.04 Netherland North Sea
Cooper Basin 48.1 0.05 Australia Dorrood (Darius) 33.6 2.35 Iran Medanito 35.1 0.43 Argentina Nikiski Terminal 34.6 0.10 USA (Alaska) Angus 40.6 0.25 North Sea
Cossack 48.2 0.04 Australia Foroozan (Fereidoon) 31.3 2.50 Iran Neuquen Rio Neg 35.8 0.50 Argentina Hondo Blend 20.8 4.29 USA (California) Auk 37.2 0.45 North Sea
Elang 53 0.03 Australia Iranian Heavy 30.9 1.68 Iran Rincon 35.8 0.39 Argentina Hondo Monterey 19.4 4.70 USA (California) Brae 33.6 0.73 North Sea
Gippsland 42 0.10 Australia Iranian Light 34.2 1.38 Iran Garoup 30 0.68 Brazil Hondo Sandstone 35.2 0.21 USA (California) Buchan 33.7 0.84 North Sea
Griffin 55 0.03 Australia Lavan 33.5 2.01 Iran Marlim 20.6 0.73 Brazil Huntington Beach 20.7 1.38 USA (California) Celtic Sea 44.3 0.6 North Sea
Harriet 37.9 0.05 Australia Rostam 35.9 1.55 Iran Sergipano Platforma 38.4 0.19 Brazil Kern River 13.4 1.10 USA (California) Cormorant North 34.9 0.71 North Sea
Jabiru 42.3 0.04 Australia Salmon (Sassan) 33.9 1.91 Iran Sergipano Terra 24.1 0.41 Brazil San Joaquin Valley 15.7 1.20 USA (California) Cormorant South 35.7 0.56 North Sea
Jackson 43.8 0.03 Australia Sirri 32.1 1.85 Iran Cano Limon 30 0.51 Colombia Thums 17 1.50 USA (California) Dan 30.4 0.34 North Sea
Northwest Shelf Condensate 53 0.01 Australia Soroosh (Cyrus) 18.1 3.30 Iran Cusiana 39.5 0.17 Colombia Wilmington 18.6 1.59 USA (California) Dunlin 34.9 0.39 North Sea
Saladin 48.2 0.02 Australia Basrah Heavy 24.7 3.50 Iraq Vasconia 24.8 1.06 Colombia West Coast Heavy/WTI Mix 28.1 1.00 USA (Calif-Texas) Fulmar 39.3 0.26 North Sea
Skua 41.9 0.06 Australia Basrah Light 33.7 1.95 Iraq Oriente 30 0.88 Ecuador Sunniland 24.9 3.25 USA (Florida) Gorm 33.9 0.23 North Sea
Thevenard Island 36 0.05 Australia Basrah Medium 31.1 2.58 Iraq Isthmus 32 1.22 Mexico East Kansas 28.1 0.45 USA (Kansas) Harding 20.8 0.61 North Sea
Maui Cond. 59 0.01 New Zealand Kirkuk Blend 36 1.97 Iraq Isthmus (Mexico) 33 1.86 Mexico Bonito 35.3 0.80 USA (Louisiana) Hudson 33.42 1.00 North Sea
Mckee Crude Oil 39.5 0.06 New Zealand North Rumaila 33.7 1.98 Iraq Maya 22.1 3.31 Mexico Eugene Island 34 1.00 USA (Louisiana) Hutton 30.5 0.65 North Sea
Waihapa 38.8 0.10 New Zealand Kuwait Export 31.4 2.52 Kuwait Olmeca 39.8 0.80 Mexico Grand Isle 34.2 0.35 USA (Louisiana) Magnus 39.3 0.28 North Sea
Kubutu 44 0.04 Papua New GuineBurgan 23.3 3.37 Neutral Zone Loreto 18.3 1.31 Peru Heavy Louisiana Sweet 32.5 0.30 USA (Louisiana) Maureen 35.6 0.55 North Sea
Kutubu Light 44 0.04 Papua New GuineEocene 18.6 4.55 Neutral Zone Anaco Wax 40.5 0.24 Venezuela Lake Arthur (Hunt Production) 41.9 0.06 USA (Louisiana) Montrose 39.9 0.19 North Sea
Far East Hout 32.8 1.91 Neutral Zone Bachaquero 16.8 2.40 Venezuela Light Louisiana Sweet 37 0.30 USA (Louisiana) Murchison 38 0.27 North Sea
Brunei Light 40.3 0.05 Brunei Khafji 28.5 2.85 Neutral Zone BCF 17 16.2 2.31 Venezuela Line 63 29 1.02 USA (Louisiana) Piper 35 1.04 North Sea
Champion Export 23.9 0.12 Brunei Ratawi 23.5 4.07 Neutral Zone Boscan 10.1 5.50 Venezuela Louisiana Light Sweet 36.1 0.45 USA (Louisiana) Tartan 41.7 0.56 North Sea
Seria Light 37 0.06 Brunei Alif 40.3 0.10 North Yemen Ceuto Export 27.8 1.37 Venezuela Main Pass 22.4 2.00 USA (Louisiana) Thistle 37 0.31 North Sea
Daqing 32.7 0.10 China Oman 34 0.76 Oman Furrial 28.9 1.04 Venezuela Main Pass 299 23.2 2.17 USA (Louisiana) Argyll 39.1 0.16 North Sea - Scotland
Liuhua 21.3 0.21 China Dubai 31.2 2.01 Persian Gulf Guanipa 30.3 0.85 Venezuela Main Pass 299 Sour 22.4 2.22 USA (Louisiana) Danish North Sea 34.5 0.26 North Sea (Denmark)
Nanhai Light 40.6 0.06 China Al-Shaheen 29.02 2.20 Qatar Hamaca 26 1.62 Venezuela Main Pass Block 299-PP 22.5 2.26 USA (Louisiana) Aasgard 46 0.13 Norway
Shengli 24.2 1.00 China Dukhan (Qatar Land) 40.9 1.27 Qatar La Rosa Medium 25.3 1.73 Venezuela Mars Blend 29.6 1.98 USA (Louisiana) Balder 23.1 0.68 Norway
Weizhou 39.7 0.80 China Qatar Marine 36 1.42 Qatar Lago Medio 32.2 1.01 Venezuela Ostrica 32 0.30 USA (Louisiana) Draugen 40.1 0.17 Norway
Bombay High 39.2 0.15 India Arab Extra Light (Berri) 37.2 1.15 Saudi Arabia Lago Treco 26.7 1.50 Venezuela South Louisiana 32.8 0.28 USA (Louisiana) Ekofisk 42.1 0.17 Norway
Indian Condensate 62.6 0.10 India Arab Heavy (Safaniya) 27.4 2.80 Saudi Arabia Lagotreco 22 2.68 Venezuela Lakehead Sweet 47 0.31 USA (Michigan) Gullfaks "A" 36.6 0.25 Norway
Anoa 45.2 0.04 Indonesia Arab Light 33.4 1.77 Saudi Arabia Lagunillas Heavy 17 2.19 Venezuela Baxterville 16.3 3.02 USA (Mississippi) Heidrun 28.1 0.43 Norway
Ardjuna 35.1 0.13 Indonesia Arab Medium (Zuluf/Marjan) 31 2.49 Saudi Arabia Leona 24.4 1.51 Venezuela New Mexico Mixed Intermediate 37.6 0.17 USA (New Mexico) Njord 42 0.08 Norway
Arimbi 35.5 0.17 Indonesia Berri 36.6 1.39 Saudi Arabia Merey 18 2.28 Venezuela New Mexico Mixed Light 43.3 0.07 USA (New Mexico) Norne 32.5 0.32 Norway
Attaka 44.7 0.04 Indonesia Es Sider 36.2 0.49 Syria Mesa 30.1 1.01 Venezuela Ada-Allen 30.3 0.54 USA (Oklahoma) Oseberg 33.7 0.31 Norway
Badak 49.5 0.03 Indonesia Soudie 24.9 3.82 Syria Oficina 33.3 0.78 Venezuela Barrett Residual Oil 30.4 0.06 USA (Oklahoma) Oseberg Blend 38.4 0.23 Norway
Bekapai 41.2 0.08 Indonesia Syrian Light 35.36 0.76 Syria Pilon 14.1 1.91 Venezuela Basin-Cushing Composite 34 1.95 USA (Oklahoma) Sleipner Cond 59 0.02 Norway
Belida 46.2 0.02 Indonesia Abu AL Bu Khoosh 31.6 2.00 UAE Temblador 21 0.83 Venezuela Brooks Station 36.7 0.24 USA (Oklahoma) Snorre 37.5 0.20 Norway
Bima 21.1 0.25 Indonesia Abu Dhabi Condensate 57.3 0.20 UAE Tia Juana 102 25.8 1.63 Venezuela Drumright 38.5 0.25 USA (Oklahoma) Statfjord 38.7 0.25 Norway
Cinta 32.7 0.11 Indonesia Abu Mubarras 38.1 0.93 UAE Tia Juana Heavy (18) 18.2 2.24 Venezuela Hewitt Healdton 31.3 1.14 USA (Oklahoma) Troll Blend 28.5 0.23 Norway
Duri (Sumatran Heavy) 21.3 0.18 Indonesia El Bunduq 38.5 1.12 UAE Tia Juana Light 31.8 1.16 Venezuela Hewitt Stream Mix 34.4 0.83 USA (Oklahoma) Alba Crude 19.2 1.25 United Kingdom
Geragai 46.4 0.03 Indonesia Margham Light Oil 50.3 0.04 UAE Tia Juana Medium 24 24.8 1.61 Venezuela Maysville 40.7 0.24 USA (Oklahoma) Anasuria 39.7 0.34 United Kingdom
Ikan Pari 48 0.02 Indonesia Murban 39 0.78 UAE Tia Juana Medium 26 26.9 1.54 Venezuela Ninnekah 44.2 0.09 USA (Oklahoma) Beatrice 38.6 0.03 United Kingdom
Kakap 51.5 0.05 Indonesia Thamama Condensate 58.6 0.10 UAE Tia Juana Pesado (12) 12.1 2.70 Venezuela Seminole 37.9 0.36 USA (Oklahoma) Beryl 37.5 0.32 United Kingdom
Katapa 50.8 0.06 Indonesia Umm Shaif (Abu Dhabi) 37.4 1.21 UAE Zuata Sweet 15.7 2.69 Venezuela Sun Lube Extracted FDSTK 35.2 0.39 USA (Oklahoma) Brent Blend 38.3 0.40 United Kingdom
Senipah 50.6 0.04 Indonesia Zakum (Lower) 40.6 1.02 UAE Mesa 28 27.9 1.16 Venezuela Tuss (Koch) 40 0.36 USA (Oklahoma) Buckland 39.3 0.31 United Kingdom
Udang 38 0.05 Indonesia Zakum (Upper) 33.1 2.00 UAE Mesa 30 29.8 1.01 Venezuela Coastal B-2 32.2 0.22 USA (Texas) Captain 19.3 0.72 United Kingdom
Walio Export Mix 35.4 0.68 Indonesia Fateh 32 2.00 UAE BCF 21.9 20.9 1.99 Venezuela East Texas 37 0.21 USA (Texas) Cyrus 33.2 0.38 United Kingdom
Widuri 33.3 0.07 Indonesia Ras Al Khaiman 44.3 0.15 UAE BCF 22 22.3 2.02 Venezuela Heyser 36.3 0.11 USA (Texas) Duncan 38.5 0.18 United Kingdom
Handil 32.5 0.11 Indonesia Mubarek 37 0.62 UAE BCF 24 23.6 1.68 Venezuela Neale 43.6 0.06 USA (Texas) Emerald 22 0.75 United Kingdom
Arun Condensate 54.1 0.02 Indonesia Sharjah Condensate 49.7 0.10 UAE Refugio Light 33.9 0.11 USA (Texas) Flotta Blend 34.7 1.01 United Kingdom
Bangko Sumatran MD. 33.7 0.11 Indonesia Marib 48.3 0.08 Yemen Canadian Sour 37.5 0.56 Canada Sea Breeze 37.9 0.1 USA (Texas) Foinavan 26.07 0.39 United Kingdom
Lalang 40.3 0.09 Indonesia Masila 30.5 0.67 Yemen Canadian Sweet 37.7 0.42 Canada South Texas Intermediate 38.8 0.43 USA (Texas) Forties Blend 41.6 0.24 United Kingdom
Minas (Sumatran Light) 34 0.11 Indonesia Russia / Caspian Sea Hibernia 35.8 0.36 Canada South Texas Lt (Union Pacific) 43.8 0.06 USA (Texas) Gryphon 21.2 0.43 United Kingdom
Bintulu 36.6 0.07 Malaysia Urals 32.5 1.25 Russia Hibernia 35.8 0.36 Canada South Texas Sour 32.6 0.86 USA (Texas) Innes 45.7 0.13 United Kingdom
Bunga Kekwa 37.6 0.05 Malaysia Kumkol 42.5 0.07 Kazakhstan Mixed Light Sour 31 1.00 Canada Sweden 44.3 0.05 USA (Texas) Kittiwake 37 0.65 United Kingdom
Dulang 37.2 0.06 Malaysia Tengiz 46.6 0.55 Kazakhstan Panuke (Scot Lt) 54.5 0.01 Canada West Line Light 43.4 0.2 USA (Texas) Liverpool Bay 43.3 0.24 United Kingdom
Kidurong 35.1 0.10 Malaysia Azeri Light 35.1 0.16 Azerbaijan Par Crude 40.02 0.30 Canada West Texas Intermediate 40.4 0.28 USA (Texas) Ninian 35.2 0.34 United Kingdom
Labuan 32.2 0.07 Malaysia CPC Blend 45.1 0.60 Russia Terra Nova 33.2 0.48 Canada West Texas Semi-Sweet 39 0.27 USA (Texas) Pierce 38.1 0.13 United Kingdom
Masa 44.3 0.03 Malaysia E4P 19.9 2.10 Russia Bow River Heavy 26.7 2.10 Canada (Alberta) West Texas Sour 33.3 1.99 USA (Texas) Schiehallion 25.4 0.47 United Kingdom
Miri Light 32.6 0.04 Malaysia F5P 22.5 1.87 Russia Cold Lake 13.2 4.11 Canada (Alberta) Willamar 31.3 0.42 USA (Texas) Triton 39.3 0.23 United Kingdom
Penara Blend 46.29 0.03 Malaysia Siberian Light 37.8 0.42 Russia Cold Lake Blend 22.6 3.60 Canada (Alberta) Tom Brown 38.2 0.1 USA (Wyoming) Wytch Farm 40 0.09 United Kingdom
Tapis Blend 44 0.03 Malaysia Soviet Export Blend 31.8 1.53 Russia Federated Pipeline 39.7 0.20 Canada (Alberta) Wyoming Sweet (Amoco B) 37.2 0.33 USA (Wyoming)
Tembungo 37.4 0.04 Malaysia Suzun 39.6 0.05 Russia Gulf Alberta 35.1 0.98 Canada (Alberta)
McQuilling Services, LLC ~ Marine Transport Advisors
Benchamas 42.4 0.03 Thailand Tagul 25.1 0.15 Russia Lloydminister Blended 22 3.15 Canada (Alberta)
Ocean House ~ 1035 Stewart Ave ~ Garden City, NY 11530 ~ Tel: 516.227.5700 ~ Fax: 516.745.6198
Songklhla 29 0.12 Thailand Pembina 38.8 0.20 Canada (Alberta)
Tantawan 42.4 0.06 Thailand Rainbow 40.7 0.50 Canada (Alberta) While McQuilling Services has used reasonable efforts to include accurate and up-to-date information in this report, McQuilling Services makes no warranties or
Thai Condens. 54.2 0.02 Thailand Rangeland South 39.5 0.75 Canada (Alberta) representations as to the accuracy of any information contained herein or accuracy or reasonableness of conclusions drawn there from. McQuilling Services assumes no
Bach Ho (White Tiger) 38.6 0.03 Vietnam Synthetic Osa Stream 33.2 0.33 Canada (Alberta) liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the content of this report. This report is copyrighted by McQuilling Services and no part may be copied or
Dai Hung (Big Bear) 36.9 0.08 Vietnam Wainwright-Kinsella 23.1 2.58 Canada (Alberta) reproduced for commercial purposes without the express written permission of McQuilling Services.
Ruby 35.75 0.08 Vietnam Galeota Mix 32.8 0.27 Trinidad Tobago
Page 2
Sutu Den 35.6 0.07 Vietnam Chuncula Condensate 58.9 0.10 USA (Alabama) Sources: www.imo.com, Platt's, Haverly Crude Assay Library, HPI Consultants, EIA, Institute of Petroleum