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Questions & Answers

Chapter 1& 2
1- Fill the blanks with the terms given in the following.

modularity Application coupling process-oriented processing logic


independence
Prototyping cohesion SDLC object data-oriented

1) Prototyping Designing and Building a scaled-down working version of the system with any
computer language or development tools (CASE).
2) process-oriented approach that shows how and when data are moved and transformed.
3) SDLC traditional methodology used to develop, maintain and replace information
system.
4) Application independence separation of data and the definition of data from applications that use
these data.

5) Cohesion extent to which a system or a subsystem performs a single function


6) processing logic steps in transformation of data and events that start these steps.
7) data-oriented approach that shows ideal organization of data and not where and how data are
used.
8) modularity dividing a system into modules of relatively uniform size.
9) coupling extent to which the subsystems depend on each other.
10) object an entity that has a well defined role in the application domain.

2- Match the following responsibilities of team of system development

Programmers Convert specifications into instructions that computer understands

Internal Auditors Ensures that required controls are built into the system

System Analyst Performs analysis and design of a system

Human Factors Specialists Involved in training users and writing documentation

IS manager Allocates resources to and oversees system development projects


3- Match the following activities of the phases of SDLC

Analysis Information system is coded, tested, installed and supported

Project Initiation and System is modified to suit the changing business conditions
Planning

Implementation Study of current procedures and information system

Maintenance Convert the description into logical and then physical system
specification

Design Determine the scope of the proposed system

4- Match the following skills of the system analyst

Analytical Skills Working alone and with a team and facilitating groups

Management Skills Interviewing, Listening, Written and Oral presentations

Technical skills Decomposing project into independent tasks and determining


relationships between tasks
Interpersonal skills Problem identification, analyzing, and solving

Communication skills Requires continuous learning and keeping skills up-to-date

5- Write TRUE or FALSE

1) The phases of SDLC must be sequential. ( T / F )

2) Subsystems should be less dependent on each other. ( T / F )

3) Questionnaires are expensive and time-consuming. ( T / F )

4) Business Information Systems are open systems. ( T / F )

5) In a closed system the system must adapt to changes or suffer consequences. ( T / F )


6- Answer the following questions.

1) Define Information System Analysis and Design.


Ans: -A method used by companies to create and maintain systems that perform basic business
functions.

2) List different types of Information systems.


Ans: -Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)
-Management Information Systems (MIS)
-Decision Support Systems (DSS)

3) List the phases of Systems development life cycle (SDLC).


Ans: -Systems Planning and Selection.
-Systems Analysis.
-System Design.
-System Implementation and Operation.

4) Who is a System Analyst and list any three skills of a System Analyst.
Ans: - Key individuals in the systems development process.
Analytical
Technical
Management