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1

1.1

[1]

[2]

, 70%90%

[4]

BOD5 <20mg/LTN<20mg/L[5]

BOD5 TN [6] SBR

[7]

1.2

CODcr 70%(NH3-N)
93% 55%[8]

CODcrBOD5NH3-N

TP 75%60%91.16% 50%[9]

2003 10

[10]

BOD5 85%95% CODcr

80% 90% 60%

[11]1992

[12] 2000

[13]

CODcrBOD5NH3-N TP 80%90%90%

98%

[14]

[15]

16 80 m3

96%

2.1

BOT

2.2

1.

60%

; 2005

,96% ,

, ,

,,

2.

2.1

45400 60 250

[1] 90%

[1]

3.6

2.2

,2002 70 %

; 10 70 %;

79 , 10 000 ,

10

3.

3.1

3.2

SSBODCOD

80%. 40%-80%

[1] 1

**m m/d

G.G Check [3] 5*0.718*0.75 0.033-

0.066 BOD5>99:TOC>85;TN:40-80;SS>80

Mikael Pell 3*1.5*1.5 0.067 COD>90;TP:70;TN:43


3.3

[4]

1.

(, 4 -7 c m)( 1-3 c

m) (vermi -casting )

3.4 ----

,,

200 ,

3.5 SBR

Sequencing Batch Reactor Sludge Process,

SBR
A2/O

SBR

SS 10mg/L

5SBR

A/O SND

SHARON ANAMMOX

20052000

SBR

SBR-

SBR- 2

2. SBR

SBR-

SBR

FePO4AlPO3

SBR

UCTUniversity of Cape Town

BCFSbiologisch chemisch fosfaat stikstof

verwijdering Delft

SBR-
1 SBR BOD

SBR-

4.

1FILTER

CSIRO

CSIRO

2hm2

1.2m 5m 10m

97%-99%
82%-86% 93%

75%-86%

2000 12

53%

8m 2m 0.9m

ph 7.85DO 0.23mg/LBOD

24.35mg/LSS 52.36mg/L

TN 121.13mg/ LTP 24.23mg/L

90cm 110cm 70cm 1.0

10cm

5730.38kg/hm2

10%

JARUS 15

15

20mg/ L 50mg/L

20mg/L

BOD 10-20mg/ LSS 15-

50mg/ LCOD 15mg/L TN 10-15mg/L

TP 1-3mg/L

1977 1996

2000

1000
10000

93%-95%

1.38g/ 50kg/

96% 3000 /

Oswald

;BOD5NH4+,-N

SS,

;pH
; 4 :

COD

75%, BOD 60% 91.6%,

75% 50%

COD 87.5%,

97.48% 80%

Pasveee 1954

Voorfshoten

BOD5 SS 9095%

COD 85%;

()

SS

1987 92

(United IndustriesLnc.) BOAT,

Annco BMTS EIMCO Carrousel

(lakeside) Lightnin

Envirex

COD 83-88%BOD5 9196%SS

8592%, 5565% 3565%

02mg/L

BOD5

;;

;;

;;:

COD >80%B005 >90%NH3N


>90%TP >98%

8LIVING MACHINE

LIVING MACHINE

BODY SHOP

80 96%

10 4

3 10

9 9

4 5
(1)

(2)

21.6% 17.9%(3)

(4)

[3] 180

23.03 12.9%

34% 3

63

72%

(Reduce)

(Reuse)(Recycle)

(Decentralized Sanitation and ReuseDESAR)

()FILTER

(TP)(TN)(BOD5)

(CODcr) 97%~99%82%~86%93%

75%~86%[6](P79-81)

()

70%~90%[7](P953-
964)

()

()(

()

()

()
(PVCPP)

()

3 000 2 000

Oswald

()

BOD5<20 /TN<20 /

BOD TN

SBR

80

(Reuse)

()

4~5

20%

()

()

352 83.3

8 170 4 295

()

CODcr 70%(NH3-N)

93% 55%

CODcrBOD5NH3-N

TP 75%60%91.6% 50%

()

2003 10

BOD5

85%~95% CODcr 80%

90% 60%

()

1992

2000

CODcrBOD5NH3-N TP 80%90%90% 98%


60

250 2

()

()

()

()

()

()

"",

""

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

, 2 a

, ,

1
, ,

, ,

1.1

( 5 km ) ,

, ,

2006 ,

2007

, 1 km

, ,
,

1.2

, ,

, ,

, ,

2007 ,

, , ,

,,
, ,

1.3

, , ,

, ,

, ,

2006 , ,

2007 , ,

, , 3

2.1

2000 , PVC- U(

) , PVC- U

, PVC- U

2006

PVC- U , ,

, ,

, ,,

, ,

, , ,

: ,
, ,

2.2

, D200 mm

950 m3 / d, D300 mm

2 500 m3 / d<500 m3 /

d, <100 m3 / d

D200 mm

, D200 mm

0.3 %, D300 mm 0.2%, ,

, ,

D300mm ,

, , ,

D200 mm ,
2.3

2006 ,

, ,

2 m , ,

2 m

, , ,

2 m , 3 m

3.1

,
,

, ,

: ; , ,

, :

, : ;

, ,

, :

AO SBR

,
,: UASB

3.2

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,
, ,

3.3

50 cm

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

3.4

, ,

,, ,

, SBR ,

, , ,

; A20 ,

, , ,

, ,

3.5
80

, , , ,

, ,

4.1

, , "

"2006

, , ,
,

2007 ,

100 L/ d, 60 L/ d, 0.5 0.7

, ,

, ,

, ,

, 12 , ,

, , 1 a ,

, ,

, ,

; ,
; , ,

4.2

2006 ,

,,

, , ,

, ,

, ,

6 8 h

4.3

, ,

,
, 1 , 6

1 a

", , ",

, ,

4.4

2006 , ,

, ,

, ,

A ,

, B ,

, ,

,,

, ,
A B ,

5.1

, ,

5.2

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

, , ,

, ,

, ,
5.3

, ,

5.4

, ,,

, 90 %

,,

,,

,,

,,

1. 1

, 1977 ,

,,

JARUS 15 ,

1996 , 2000 ,

,[1 ] , 1992

, 92. 2 %[2 ]
,,

,[3 ]

,,

,,[1

] [1 ]

FIL

TER() ,[1 ]

1. 2

,,,

,,

;,

(MBR) (CWT)

;,

;,

,,;,

;
2

2. 1

,Bonomo

, TSS

80 % ,COD 75 % ,,COD 60

%[4 ]

,,;

,,

2 , 1825 ,

,,,

, TP[5 ]

p H a ,

a p H , p H 8. 0 ,

26 %[6 ] p H ,

2. 2

,,

[7 ]

COD , 80. 46 %;

75. 53 %; 70. 50 % ,

77. 77 %; 71. 17 %; 66. 38 %[8 ]

TN [9 ]

, ,

BOD

[10 ] 60 % ,

70 % ,;

[11 ]

2. 3

,-

,,

, COD ,BOD5 90 % 80 %; TN ,NH +4

95 % ,

[12 ]

2. 4

() () ,

(MBR)

COD 90

% , 70 %[13 ] ;

COD 98. 17 %88 %89 %93. 61

%[14 ]

2. 5

,,,

CODBOD5 TSS 80 %
, N H32N 55 % , 45 % [15

2. 6

, 2

3 ,

- -

,;,

CODCr TNTP 72. 9 %86. 6 %89. 1

% ,[16 ]

, BODTN 75 % 60 % , TP

90 %[17 ]

- -

3
,

,,,

,,

,,,,

;,,,,

,,,,;

,,;,,

,,;,,

4. 1

,;

4. 2

,,,

,,
;,,

,:

CODTNTP,

,- -

- ,

,,

,,,

,,,

50 m3 / d ,

(CWT2M) ; 150 m3 / d ,

(MBR) ;,

,,

,,,

,(MBR)

;,,

,
,,

,,

50 m3 / d ,(CWT2M) ,

,;

,,

,,

,,

,,