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11/30/2015 Automatictransferswitchusingpicmicrocontroller

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BILAL Malik November 10, 2014 Power


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Automatic transfer switch for generator, in this project you
will learn about mostly used circuit of automatic transfer
switch for small power generators. There are many
automatic transfer switches are available in market. Some
of them are expensive and some are cheap. The reason
behind their price difference is type of technology used.
There are two kind of Automatic transfer switches are
available in market. Analog electronics based automatic
transfer switch and digital electronics based automatic
transfer switches. Analog electronics based transfer
switches use analog electronics in their circuit like
operational amplifier , comparators, transistors, diodes and
mechanical relays etc. But there is no digital display in
analog electronics based transfer switches. Digital
automatic transfer switches are most commonly used now
a days. Because it use liquid crystal digital display to show
values of current and voltage to user. It also shows the
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status of AC main power and generator to show which
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11/30/2015 Automatictransferswitchusingpicmicrocontroller

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In this project, I will discuss digital automatic transfer switch


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and give you brief idea about its circuit diagram and
programming. I will discuss following things?

what is automatic transfer switch for generator?


main components used in automatic transfer switch. FIND US ON
circuit diagram of automatic transfer switch. FACEBOOK
how to write code for automatic transfer switch?
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WHAT IS AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCHES? LikePage

As it name suggest, automatic transfer switch is used to Bethefirstofyourfriendstolikethis


transfer from one state to another. In electrical terms , it is
used to transfer load from one power source to another
power source. Although it have many applications, but in
this project, we are using automatic transfer switch to
transfer load between AC main power and generator in
case of failure of either power source. Automatic transfer RELATED POSTS
switches for generator is used to turn on generator
automatically in case of non availability of main power Automatic
source. it is also used to transfer load to generator after power factor
generator transient period. Block diagram of automatic controller
transfer switch is given below : using pic
microcontroller

power factor

measurement using
PIC16F877A
microcontroller

block diagram of automatic transfer switch of generator Smart under


and over
Above block diagram is self explanatory, but if you still do voltage
not feel comfortable let me know with your comments. protection

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11/30/2015 Automatictransferswitchusingpicmicrocontroller

MAIN COMPONENTS USED IN AUTOMATIC system for home

TRANSFER SWITCHES : UPS


Automatic transfer switch use following major components
which are used to control the main function of ATS.
uninterruptible power
supply circuit diagram
AC voltage measurement of main AC power supply
from wapda and out put of generator A, it is used to Digital watt
sense either AC supply from wapda is availble or not. meter using
You should have a knowledge about alternating pic
voltage measurement with the help of microcontroller. microcontroller
If you dont know how to measure AC voltage using
microcontroller, check following article :

CATEGORIES
AC voltage measurement using pic
microcontroller 8051 microcontroller
Arduino
Arm microcontroller
Microcontroller : it is used to measure AC voltages of
AC main power from wapda and generator. It is used to AVR microcontroller
take necessary actions against availability or non electronics projects
availability of either source. It is also used to display embedded systems
digital values of voltage and current on liquid crystal
General Articles
display.
Liiquid crystal display is used for digital display of gsm
current and voltage values. it is also used to show ICs
status of both sources.
Inverters
Relays are used to transfer from one source to another
based on actions performed by microcontroller PCB designing
subjected to availability of sources.
pic microcontroller
PIC microcontrollers
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM OF AUTOMATIC
Power
TRANSFER SWITCH OF GENERATOR :
Power electronics
Circuit diagram of ATS using pic microcontroller is shown
power supplies
below. I have used pic microcontroller to measure voltage
PROJECT IDEAS
and to take necessary actions on relays.
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Proteus tutorial
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transformer

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11/30/2015 Automatictransferswitchusingpicmicrocontroller

circuit diagram of automatic transfer switch for generator

To download circuit diagram of automatic transfer switch


for generator, click on given below link :

AUTOMATIC TRANSFER SWITCH FOR GENERATOR

I will post separate article on working of above circuit


diagram and how to write code for this project. keep visiting
our website to know more about this project. thanks

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About The Author


Bilal Malik
we providing project services to students
and industry from last 2 years and working
as a freelancer. I also write technical
articles related to electrical ,electronics,
embedded and power electronics Engineering. Contact me
if you need my project services. My email address:
bilalmalikuet@gmail.com

Comments Community
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Jointhediscussion

OduduJohnson 3monthsago
Projectdescription
PleaseIneedinformationandacircuitdiagramfor
Automaticchangeoverswitchwithwirelessgenerator
controlabilitiesormechanism.
Thegeneratorratingisgoingtobebetween2.2kvaupto
2.5kva,andmustbeanautomaticembeddedsystems
generatoronitsownnotthemanualgenset..Singlephase
generatorandtheMainswillbesinglephasetoo..Ie
220volts50hz.....
Thesystemwillbedesignedtoselectbetweentwo
availablesourceofpowerGivinpreferenceorprioritytoone
outofthetwosourcesofpower.
Inthiscase,theselectionisbetweenpublicsupplyMains
andgenerator.
TheATSshouldmonitortheMainssupplyandcheckfor
completefailureorpoweroutageuponwhichitchangesthe
loadovertothegeneratorsupply,sendscommandtothe
generatorwirelesslytostartieON..Andwhenthepublic
supplyisrestoredtheATSdetectsthissendsanOFF
commandtothegeneratorwirelesslytoshutdown.
Reply Share

BILALMalik>OduduJohnson 3monthsago
checkyouremail
Reply Share

ADEMUYIWAADEKUNLE 5monthsago
Pleasesendthecompletecodeandcircuittome....
Kuleks4luv@yahoo.com
Reply Share
http://microcontrollerslab.com/automatictransferswitchgenerator/ 5/7
11/30/2015 Automatictransferswitchusingpicmicrocontroller
Reply Share

mars 5monthsago
hi

howfardidyougetwiththearticlesandhasthiscircuit
beenbuiltandtested
thanks
Reply Share

BILALMalik>mars 5monthsago
yesitistestedcircuit
Reply Share

mars>BILALMalik 5monthsago
hi

idownloadedthecircuitdiagramfromyour
linkandgeta.DSNfilewhichiamstruggling
toopen
canyoutellmewhatsoftwareineedtoopen
thefile
thanks
Reply Share

BILALMalik>mars
5monthsago

circuitdiagramisdesigninproteus
Reply Share

mars>BILALMalik
5monthsago

hi
ihaveopenedthefileinproteus
whenispresssimulateigetthe
followingerrors
nomodulesJ1J3
whenipressthebuttoninthe
schematicnothinghappens
canyoutellmewhatiamdoing
wrongasproteusisnewtomeiam
usedtousingDiptrace
thanks
Reply Share

Ali 9monthsago
Ithinkthattheroleofthethirdrelayistoconnecttheloadto
thegeneratorafterthestabilisationdelay,isthatcorrect?
Reply Share

Ali 9monthsago
HelloBilal
Thankforthisgoodpost.
Couldyoupleasegivealittleexplanationaboutthevariable
resistorsconnectedtothePICandabouttheroleofthe
thirdrelaybecauseIthinkthattworelaysaresufficientto
http://microcontrollerslab.com/automatictransferswitchgenerator/ 6/7
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switchbetweentheACpowerandthegenerator,aren't
they?
Reply Share

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