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EXITIUM IMPERII!

FRONTUL DE EST SI DISTRUGEREA LOIALITATILOR SUPRANATIONALE!


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Literatura dedicat problematicii primului rzboi mondial este uria. Dezbaterile la nivel academic,
n special n context european, vor cunoate o dinamic i mai accentuat, dat fiind
comemorarea centenar a primului rzboi mondial. Cu toate acestea, majoritatea studiilor dedicate
cauzelor i implicaiilor primului rzboi mondial rmn nc tributare unor metodologii i unghiuri de
abordare tradiionale, precum abordarea naional a temei, consecin a aranjamentelor politico-
juridice post-rzboi, sau abordarea globalizat. n ultima vreme, au aprut ns i studii care
ncearc o cale de mijloc n studiul i nelegerea problemelor complexe legate de cauzele i
consecinele primului rzboi mondial. Printre acestea, cele mai inovatoare abordri au argumentat
asupra unei disctincii ntre Frontul de Vest i Frontul de Est, att la nivel militar, ct i la nivelul
consecinelor politice. Mai mult dect att, alte studii recente prezint situaia strategic din
regiunea central i est-european ntr-un context sistemic regional, respectiv balana distinct a
interaciunilor dintre imperiile german, austro-ungar, otoman i rus. !
Lucrarea de fa urmrete s scoat n eviden particularitatea sistemului inter-imperial din
Europa Central i de Est, dincolo de clasicele abordri ale chestiunii orientale i geopoliticii.
Accentul va fi pus pe aspecte de cultur politic, respectiv modul n care loialitile supranaionale,
proimperiale, au sucombat n faa naionalismului i socialismului. Ca i studiu de caz, va fi
urmrit, comparativ, dinamica orientrilor de cultur politic i de securitate la elitele politice din
Transilvania i Regatul Romniei.!
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The literature dedicated to the First World War is vast. The scholarly debates, especially at
European level, will generate additional dynamics given the approaching centennial
commemoration of WWI. Nevertheless, the majority of the studies on the WWI causes and
consequences still belong to traditional methodologies and approaches, such as the national one,
mainly a consequence of the post-war political-legal arrangements, or the global approach.
Lately, there have been published studies who take a moderate, middle perspective. Among
these, the most fruitful have developed a rather clear distinction between the Western Front and
the Eastern Front, both at military and political consequences levels. Moreover, other recent
studies assess the Central and Eastern European strategic landscape within a regional systemic
context, as a distinctive balanced interaction among the contiguous empires of the Hohenzollern,
Habsburg, Ottoman and Romanov dynasties.!
The paper aims to highlight the particularities of the East and Central European inter-imperial
context beyond the classical approaches: Eastern Question and geopolitics. It will consequently
focus on aspects of political culture, especially the ways supranational loyalties succumbed against
nationalism and socialism. The political and security culture dynamics among the Romanian
political elites from Transylvania and the Romanian Kingdom will be used as a case study.!