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K43

39841999


High-voltage alternatin
DL/T 4021999
eqv IEC 561987
DL/T 40291g current circuit-breakers

1999-08-02 1999-10-01

IEC 56 (1987)
1964 JB51864 JB51964
OCT 68741
1989 GB198489
1985
SD13285 1991 DL/T40291
5

IEC 56(1987) 17A/438/CD 17A(s)3921995


(1995.2.28) 3 (1996.9)
1995 1995
1996 19961997
DL/T40291 IEC 56 (1987)

15

()()

IEC
1)IEC

2)

3)IEC IEC
IEC


IEC17() 17A()

IEC56 IEC561562563564564A56
5 566


17A(CO)145 17A(CO)149 17A(CO)175 17A(CO)185+A
17A(CO)155 17A(CO)169 17A(CO)176 17A(CO)186+A

17A(CO)156 17A(CO)170 17A(CO)177 17A(CO)187+A
17A(CO)157 17A(CO)171 17A(CO)178 17A(CO)188
17A(CO)159+A 17A(CO)172 17A(CO)179 17A(CO)190
17A(CO)160 17A(CO)167 17A(CO)180 17A(CO)191
17A(CO)161 17A(CO)165 17A(CO)181 17A(CO)192
17A(CO)173 17A(CO)183+A 17A(CO)195 17A(CO)201
17A(CO)174 17A(CO)184+A 17A/467/FDIS 17A/480/RVD

101 AABB


1
1.1
50Hz 6kV500kV
1

1IEC 60Hz1000V 50Hz6kV500kV
2



1
2 SF6

2

1.2

GB15693
GB311.11997
GB/T2900.2094
BG44731996
GB4585.291
GB735487
GB76741996 72.5kV
DL/T40391 1035kV
DL/T48692
DL/T5931996
DL/T6151997
IEC50(441)1984

1 IEC 694
2 IEC 101
3 GB/T 2900.2094
2
DL/T 5931996 3 1
3
GB/T 2900.2094( 2900.20) IEC 50 (441)1984(
441)

3.1012 3
3.101.1 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear (2900.20 3.2)
3.101.2 Indoor high-voltage switchgear and
controlgear(2900.20 3.3)
3.101.3 Outdoor high-voltage switchgear and
controlgear(2900.20 3.4)
3.101.4 Short-circuit current (2900.20 2.9)
3.101.5 Isolated neutral system

3.101.6 Resonant earthed system System earthed
through an arc-suppression coil


3.101.7 Earthed neutral system

3.101.8 Earth fault factor


()(
)


1 ( 1)

3 3
1.4
3.101.9 Ambient air temperature (2900.20 2.39)
3.101.10 () Temperature rise (of a part of a circuit breaker)

3.101.11 single capacitor bank

3.101.12 ()() Multiple (parallel) capacitor bank (back-to-


back capacitor bank)

3.101.13 () Overvoltage (in a system)



3.101.14 Out-of -phase conditions

180(
)
3.101.15 () Out-of-phase (as prefix to a characteristic quantity)

3.101.16 Unit test

3.101.17 Loop

3.101.18 Short-line fault




3.101.19 () Power factor(of a circuit)

3.101.20 External insulation

()
3.101.21 Internal insulation

3.101.22 Self-restoring insulation

3.101.23 Non-self-restoring insulation

3.101.24 Disruptive discharge


1
2 ()
()
3 (Spark over)
(flash over)
(Puncture)
3.102 Switching devices
3.102.1 Switching device (441 14-01)
3.102.2 Mechanical switching device (441 14-02)
3.102.3 Circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.13)
3.102.4 Dead tank circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.14)
3.102.5 Live tank circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.15)
3.102.6 Oil circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.17)
3.102.7 Vacuum circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.21)
3.102.8 Magnetic blow-out circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.19)
3.102.9 SF6 Sulphur hexafluoride circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.20)
3.102.10 Air-blast circuit-breaker (2900.20 3.16)
3.102.11 Restrike-free circuit-breaker

3.102.12 E1 1 Circuit-breakers class E1


3.102.13 E2
3.102.13 E2 2 Circuit-breakers class E2


1
2 40.5kV

1 IEC 56 3
2 IEC56 3
3.103
3.103.1 Pole (2900.20 2.23)
3.103.2 Main circuit (2900.20 2.24)
3.103.3 Control circuit (2900.20 2.25)
3.103.4 Auxiliary circuit (2900.20 2.26)
3.103.5 Contact (2900.20 4.1)
3.103.6 Contact piece (441 15-06)
3.103.7 Main contact (2900.20 4.4)
3.103.8 Arcing contact (2900.20 4.5)
3.103.9 Control contact (2900.20 4.6)
3.103.10 Auxiliary contact (2900.20 4.7)
3.103.11 Auxiliary switch (2900.20 4.28)
3.103.12 a acontactmake contact (2900.20 4.8)
3.103.13 b bcontactbreak contact (2900.20 4.9)
3.103.14 Sliding contact (2900.20 4.11)
3.103.15 Rolling contact (2900.20 4.12)
3.103.16 Release (2900.20 4.29)
3.103.17 Arc extinguishing device (2900.20 4.15)
3.103.18 () Position indicating device (indicator) (2900.20 4.40)
3.103.19 () Connection(bolted or the equivalent)

3.103.20 Terminal

3.103.21 () (Making or breaking) unit



1
2
3.103.22 () Module (of a pole of a circuit-breaker)

3.104
3.104.1 Operation (2900.20 5.1)
3.104.2 Operating cycle (2900.20 5.5)
3.104.3 Operating sequence (2900.20 5.6)
3.104.4 Closing operation (2900.20 5.3)
3.104.5 Opening operation (2900.20 5.2)
3.104.6 Auto-reclosing (2900.20 5.7)
3.104.7 Positive opening operation (441 16-11)
3.104.8 Positively driven operation (441 16-12)
3.104.9 Dependent manual operation (2900.20 5.9)
3.104.10 Dependent power operation (2900.20 5.10)
3.104.11 Stored energy operation

3.104.12 Independent manual operation (2900.20 5.12)


3.104.13 Closed position (2900.20 5.32)
3.104.14 Open position (2900.20 5.33)
3.104.15 Fixed trip circuit-breaker (2900.20 4.47)
3.104.16 Trip-free circuit-breaker (2900.20 4.48)
3.104.17 Instantaneous release (2900. 20 4.31)
3.104.18 Making-current release

3.104.19 Over-current release (2900.20 4.30)


3.104.20 Definite time-delay over-current release (2900.20 4.32)
3.104.21 Inverse time-delay over-current release (2900.20 4.33)
3.104.22 Direct over-current release (2900.20 4.34)
3.104.23 Indirect over-current release (2900.20 4.35)
3.104.24 Shunt release (2900.20 4.38)
3.104.25 Under-voltage release (2900.20-4.39)
3.104.26 () Reverse current release (d.c.only)
3.104.27 () Operating current (of an over-current release)
3.104.28 () Current setting (of an over-current release)
3.104.29 () Current setting range (of an over-current release)
3.104.30 Anti-pumping device (2900.20-4.24)
3.104.31 Interlocking device (2900.20-4.25)
3.104.32 Circuit-breaker with lock-out preventing closing
3.105

1 1 7
2 ( 3.105.323.105.46 )

4
3.105.1 Rated value

3.105.2 () Prospective current (of a circuit and with respect
to a circuit-breaker) (2900.20-6.6)
3.105.3 Prospective peak current

3.105.4 Peak current



3.105.5 () Prospective symmetrical current(of an a.c.circuit)
U1I1U2U3
I2I3C
Ot1
t2t3t4
t5()t6
t7 a()b
cdefg(
)
hjklm
np
1 CO

2 O C
3 CO

4 ()
5 O C
6 CO

7 ()
3.105.6 () Maximum prospective peak current (of an a.c.circuit)
(2900.20 6.8)
3.105.7 () Prospective making current(for a pole of a circuit-
breaker) (441 17-05)
3.105.8 () (Peak) making current

2 ()
3.105.9 () Prospective breaking current (of a pole of a circuit-
breaker)

3.105.10 Breaking current (2900.20 6.17)
3.105.11 () Critical (breaking) current

3.105.12 Breaking capacity (441 17-08)


3.105.13 () Line-charging (line off-load) breaking capacity

3.105.14 () Cable-charging (cable off-load) breaking capacity

3.105.15 Capacitor bank breaking capacity

3.105.16 Making capacity (2900.20 7.14)
3.105.17 () Out-of-phase(making or breaking) capacity

3.105.18 Short-circuit making capacity (2900. 20 5.18)


3.105.19 Short-circuit breaking capacity (2900.20 5.17)
3.105.20 Short-time withstand current (2900.20 7.19)
3.105.21 Peak withstand current (2900.20 7.20)
3.105.22 Applied voltage (2900.20 6.13)
3.105.23 Recovery voltage (2900.20 6.30)
3.105.24 (TRV) Transient recovery voltage (TRV) (441 17-26)
3.105.25 () Prospective transient recovery voltage (of a circuit)(441
17-29)
3.105.26 Power frequency recovery voltage (441 17-27)
3.105.27 Peak arc voltage (441 17-30)
3.105.28 Clearance (2900.20 2.35)
3.105.29 Clearance between ploes (2900.29 2.26)
3.105.30 Clearance to earth (2900.20 2.37)
3.105.31 Clearance between open contacts (2900.20 5.22)
3.105.32 Opening time

(1)

(2)



1
2

3
3.105.33 Arcing time (2900.20 6.52)
3.105.34 Break time (2900.20 6.54)
3.105.35 () Closing time
()

1 ()

2
()
()
3.105.36 Make time


1
2
3.105.37 Pre-arcing time


1
2
3.105.38 () Open-close time (during auto-reclosing)

3.105.39 () Dead time (during auto-reclosing)



3.105.40 Reclosing time

3.105.41 Re-make time (during reclosing)


3.105.42 Close-open time

3.105.43 Make-break time



1
6.106.5

2
3.105.44 preinsertion time

3.105.45 Minimum trip duration



3.105.46 Minimum close duration

3.105.47 Re-ignition (2900.20 2.14)
3.105.48 Restrike (2900.20 2.15)
3.105.49 Normal current

3.105.50 () Peak factor (of the line transient voltage)


3.105.51 ( ) First-pole -to-clear factor(of a three-
phase systemat the location of a circuit-breaker)
()

3.105.52 Insulation level


()
3.105.53 Power frequency withstand voltage

3.105.54 Impulse withstand voltage


4
11

1 1
1





a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)()
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
p) 72.5kV 12.5kA

q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
v)
w)
x)1
y) 2
z) 3

1
2
3
4
5
4.1
DL/T 5931996 4.2.14
4.2
DL/T 5931996 4.2.2 4 5
4.3
DL/T 5931996 4.2.3
4.4
DL/T 5931996 4.2.4.1 4.2.4.2

DL/T 5931996 4.2.4.2
5
4.5
DL/T 593_1996 4.2.5

4.6
DL/T 5931996 4.2.6

4.7
DL/T 5931996 4.2.7

4.8
DL/T 5931996 4.2.8
4.9
DL/T 5931996 4.2.9
4.10
DL/T 5931996 4.2.10

4.1011

4.102
4.105


a)
b)

1 IEC 101
20%
8
AABB BXCC
DD CC
EE()IMC

I AC
IAC EE EE
2

I DC 100
IDC EE
I AC
8


a)
b) 4.106
4.101.1

6.381012.516202531.540506380100kA
R10
4.101.2

(1)
Top
(2)
Top Tr

%dc 9
c
%dc=100 e T
9 (T=45ms)

10 (TRV)

9 9
10ms 80% 45ms

T 60ms75ms 120ms
4.102
4.101 (TRV)

4.102.1

100kV

100kV 100kV

11 (TRV)

TRV

TRV TRV
TRV (ITRV)
ITRV
ITVR


ITRV
( 6.104.5.2)
ITRV (GIS)
25kA 100kV ITRV
4.102.2 TRV
TRV
(1)( 10)
u1kV
t1 u1 s
uc(TRV )kV
t2 uc s
(2)( 11)
uc(TRV )kV
t3 uc s
(3)TRV ( 10 11)
tds
ukV
t us
TRV u
( t)

AITRV TRV
BITRV TRV
12 ITRV TRV
( t=0 TRV )
(4)ITRV( 12)
ui(ITRV )kV
ti ui s
ITRV
ITRV (ui ti)(ui ti)
TRV A

GXsUp U / 3 XL

ILZQFL
13
4.102.3 TRV
100kV TRV
100kV
TRV 2 4
IEC 56 (1987)4.102.36.104.5.26.104.5.36.104.5.46.104.5.5
2 4 Kpp Kfa%
( 100%)


1 IEC TRV 1 3

2 TRV (7.2kV72.5kV)1
U Kpp uc t3 td u t uc/t3 Kfa
kV kV s s kV s kV/s
%
7.2 100 1.5 12 51 8 4.1 25 0.24 1.4
7.2 60 1.5 13 22 4 4.4 12 0.60 1.5
7.2 1030 1.5 13 11 2 4.4 6 1.20 1.5
12.0 100 1.5 21 61 9 6.9 29 0.34 1.4
12.0 60 1.5 22 26 5 7.3 14 0.85 1.5
12.0 1030 1.5 22 13 3 7.3 7 1.70 1.5
24.0 100 1.5 41 88 13 13.7 42 0.47 1.4
24.0 60 1.5 44 38 8 14.7 20 1.16 1.5
24.0 1030 1.5 44 19 4 14.7 10 2.32 1.5
40.5 100 1.5 69 116 17 23.1 56 0.60 1.4
40.5 60 1.5 74 50 10 24.8 27 1.48 1.5
40.5 1030 1.5 74 25 5 24.8 13 2.96 1.5
72.5 100 1.5 124 166 (8)25 41.4 (64)80 0.75 1.4
72.5 60 1.5 133 72 14 44.4 38 1.85 1.5
72.5 1030 1.5 133 36 7 44.4 19 3.70 1.5

3 TRV (126kV550kV)
U Kpp uc t3 td u t uc/t3 Kfa
kV kV s s kV s kV/s
%
126 100 1.5 216 108 (2)12 77 (41)50 2 1.4
126 100 1.3 187 94 (2)10 67 (35)43 2 1.4
126 60 1.5 231 77 (2)13 77 (28)39 3 1.5
126 60 1.3 201 67 (2)11 67 (24)33 3 1.5
126 30 1.5 231 46 (5)8 77 (20)23 5 1.5
126 10 1.5 236 41 5 79 19 5.8 1.7
252 100 1.3 374 187 (2)20 134 (69)87 2 1.4
252 60 1.3 401 134 (2)22 134 (47)67 3 1.5
252 30 1.5 463 93 (5)15 154 (36)46 5 1.5
252 10 1.5 472 67 8 157 31 7 1.7
363 100 1.3 539 270 (2)29 193 (98)125 2 1.4
363 60 1.3 578 193 (2)32 193 (66)96 3 1.5
363 30 1.3 578 116 (5)19 193 (44)58 5 1.5
363 10 1.5 680 82 10 227 37 8.3 1.7
550 100 1.3 817 409 (2)44 292 (148)190 2 1.4
550 60 1.3 876 292 (2)49 292 (99)146 3 1.5
550 30 1.3 876 175 (5)29 292 (63)88 5 1.5
550 10 1.5 1031 103 13 344 47 10 1.7

4 TRV (126kV550kV)
U Kpp u1 t1 uc t2 td u t u1/t1 Kfa
kV kV s kV s s Kv s kV/

% s
126 100 1.5 154 77 216 231 (2)12 77 (41)50 2 1.4
126 100 1.3 134 67 187 201 (2)10 67 (35)43 2 1.4
126 60 1.5 154 51 231 231 (2)13 77 (28)29 3 1.5
126 60 1.3 134 45 201 201 (2)11 67 (24)33 3 1.5
126 30 1.5 154 31 231 231 (5)8 77 (20)23 5 1.5
252 100 1.3 267 134 374 401 (2)20 134 (69)87 2 1.4
252 60 1.3 267 89 401 401 (2)22 134 (47)67 3 1.5
252 30 1.5 309 62 463 463 (5)15 154 (36)46 5 1.5
363 100 1.3 385 193 539 578 (2)29 193 (98)125 2 1.4
363 60 1.3 385 128 578 578 (2)32 193 (66)96 3 1.5
363 30 1.3 385 77 578 578 (5)19 193 (44)58 5 1.5
550 100 1.3 584 292 817 876 (2)44 292 (148)190 2 1.4
550 60 1.3 584 195 876 876 (2)49 292 (99)146 3 1.5
550 30 1.3 584 117 876 876 (5)29 292 (63)88 5 1.5

1 3

TRV

a)
b)

72.5kV 12.5kA
( 4.105)
4.102.4 126kV RRRV
126kV RRRV TRV
5
5 126kV RRRV


RRRV uc RRRV uc
1.5 0.7 0.58 0.7 0.58
1.3 0.95 0.98 0.7 0.77

1 72.5kV
2 J
3 12345 5 ( IEC 427
)
4 1.5 5ms
5 RRRV uc RRRV uc

6 t1t2 RRRV

u1

t1

4.102.5 ITRV
ITRV 6
6 126kV
ui I 1)
U fi ti
kV kV/kA s
126 0.046 0.4
252 0.069 0.6
363 0.092 0.8
550 0.116 1.0

() 260
Zi fi ti
f i 2t i z i


1)
4.103
( 8)(
4.101) 2.5 ( =45ms )
4.104

(1)OtCOtCO

a)t=3min
b)t=0.3s()
c)t=3min
t=15s(
40.5kV) t=1min
(2)COtCO
t=15sO CO
()tt t
t tt

4.105
72.5kV 12.5kA

( 13)

(1)

U / 3


7 8
ITRV 6
(2)
9 Z k tdL
A
7
( 72.5kV )
TRV
U uc t3 td u t uc/t3
kV kV s s kV s kV/s
72.5 83 166 8 28 64 0.50

2 t =0.05t u 1
u c 1.4 U d 3 uc
3 3

8
( 126kV )
TRV
t1 t2 td u t u1/t1
U u1 s uc s s kV s kV/s
kV kV kV
126 103 51 144 154 2 51 28 2.0
252 206 103 288 309 2 103 53 2.0
363 296 148 415 445 2 148 76 2.0
550 449 225 629 674 2 225 114 2.0

2 1
u1 u t2=3t1uc=1.4u1 u u1
3 2
9
RRRV s
U Z 50Hz tdL
kV k kV/(skA) s
126 14 450 1.6 0.2 0.2
252 0.5

1 RRRV s A
2 ()
tdL

14

*
14 u L tL tdL

4.106

(1) 2.0 / 3
2.5 / 3

(2)
a) 10 100kV

b) 11 126kV
c) 17 126kV
d) 12 252kV
(3) 25%

a)

b)
c)
10
I
U TRV uc t3 uc/t3
kV kV s kV/s
7.2 18.4 102 0.18
12 30.6 118 0.26
24 61 175 0.35
40.5 103 235 0.43
72.5 185 336 0.55

2
u c 1.25 2.5 U
3

11
126kV
TRV
U t1 uc t2 u1/t1
kV u1 s kV s kV/s
kV
126 206 134 257 401 1.54

2
u1 2 U t2=3t1uc=1.25u1
3

12
126kV
TRV
U t1 uc t2 u1/t1
kV u1 s kV s kV/s
kV
126 257 154 321 462 1.67

2
u1 2.5 U t2=3t1uc=1.25u1
3
13
252kV
TRV
U t1 uc t2 u1/t1
kV u1 s kV s kV/s
kV
252 419 272 524 816 1.54
363 604 392 755 1176 1.54
550 915 594 1143 1782 1.54

2
u1 2 U t2=3t1uc=1.25u1
3
4.107 1

16

40. 5kV 14

1 4.1074.110
2
14

U I1 U I1
kV A kV A
40.52 6 252 160
72.5 10 363 315
126 31.5 550 500

4.108

16

15
15

U Ic U Ic
kV A kV A
12 25 126 140
24 31.5 252 250
40.5 100 363 355
72.5 125 550 500

4.109

16B


R10
4.110


16 B


R10

4.111
( B)

R10

1 2kHz5kHz
2
4.112
6.112
4.113

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

g)( 4.8)
h)( 4.9)
i)( 4.10)
j)
k)(205)

1

2 ()

16

()
() A B
kV ()
kV kV kV
(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
7.2 60 26.4 4.5 14.7 2.5
12 (60) (29.5) (3) (24.5) (2.5)
75 39.2 4 24.5 2.5
24 125 74 3.8 49 2.5
40.5 185 125.65 3.8 82.7 2.5
72.5 325 207 3.5 148 2.5
126 450 309 3 257 2.5
252 850 556 2.7 412 2
950 617 3 412 2
363 1050 711 2.4 593 2
1175 800 2.7 593 2
550 1425 943 2.1 898 2
1550 1033 2.3 898 2

1 6.111

2
3 A B

4 252kV () B

5
DL/T 5931996 4
6
4.113.1

(20+5)( 4.113) 6.106.26.106.3 6.106.4 23 4

1 6.102.2

tbt1-(t2-t3)
tb
t1 23 4
t2 23 4

t3

2 1
0.1
3 4 0.5
4.114
17 18 (4.1)(4.101)(4.4)
17 18


1
17 ()1

U In
kV A

Isc
kA
7.2 8 400
12.5 400 630 1250
16 630 1250 1600
20 630 1250 1600
25 630 1250 1600 2500
31.5 1250 1600 2500 3150
40 1250 1600 2500 3150 4000
12 6.3 400
8 400
12.5 400 630 1250
16 630 1250 1600
20 630 1250 1600
25 630 1250 1600 2500
31.5 1250 1600 2500 3150
40 1250 1600 2500 3150 4000
50 1250 1600 2500 3150 4000
24 8 400 630 1250
12.5 630 1250
16 630 1250
25 1250 1600 2500
31.5 1250 1600 2500
40 1600 2500 4000
40.5 8 630
12.5 630 1250
16 630 1250 1600
25 1250 1600 2500
31.5 1250 1600 2500 3150
40 1600 2500 4000
72.5 16 800 1250
20 1250 1600 2000
25 1250 1600 2000
31.5 1250 1600 2000
40 1600 2000 2500

18 ()

U In
kV Isc A
kA
126 20 1250 1600 2000
25 1250 1600 2000
31.5 1600 2000 2500 3150
40 1600 2000 2500 3150 4000
50 2500 3150 4000
252 31.5 1250 1600 2000
40 1600 2000 3150 4000
50 2000 3150 4000
63 3150 4000
363 31.5 2000
40 1600 2000 3150 4000
50 4000
550 40 2000 3150
50 2000 3150 4000
63 3150 4000

5
5.1
DL/T 5931996 5.1
5.2
DL/T 5931996 5.2
5.3
DL/T 5931996 5.3
5.4 1
DL/T 5931996 5.4

1 DL/T 40291



10%

2kV1min
() 19
1min
DL/T 5931996 6.1.10 11
19 1min

2.5 3.5


350mm 150
750mm 180


12
10A 2.5mm2


72.5kV SF6



a)

b)
c)
d)
e) 24h
f)

g)()

5.5
DL/T 5931996 5.6

5.7.6
20
()

20 1

1 DL/T 40291 20
2 DL/T 40291

(
)
kA
50 80%110% 85110% 85%110%
50 85%110%

1
2
3
80
4 5.7.1
5 5.7.1

5.6
DL/T 5931996 5.6
5.7.6

5.7 2
DL/T 5931996 5.7
5.7.1 65%
120%30%

5.7.2 21

21
30% 35%65% 65%85% 85%

5.7.3 5A 22

22

A 515 510 510
10%
5%

1s 0s
0.1s
0.5s

250%350%

5.7.4
2.5A
5.7.5

5.7.6 1

5.8
DL/T 5931996 5.8
5.9
DL/T 5931996 5.10
23



SF6

2
5.101 3
5ms 363kV
5ms 3ms(
)
5.102
5.55.8 4.104

23 4

1
2
3
4


(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
X X
X X
X X
U kV X
Uw kV X
Us kV y 363kV

In A X
tth s y 1s
Isc kA X
% y 20%

y 1.3
Id kA (X)
I1 A y 72.5kV

Ic A (X)
Isb A (X)

Ibb A (X)

Ibi kA (X)
() Pap MPa X
SF6 () Pcb MPa X
V (X)

Hz (X)

Ua V (X)
Hz (X)
() m kg y y 300kg
X
X X
y y -5
-25

1 X(X)y(6)

2 (2)(1)

5.103

( 5.8)


(4.104)


1
2 DL/T 40291
1
5.104

5.105 2
(1)
(2)
(3) 2h
1.1
100pC 1.1 10pC
(4)

5%
(5)
()
(6) 40.5kV

(7)()()
OCO
OtCO

(8)

()
(9)
(10)

(11)
(12)

(13) 25 3.23.5
(14)
(15)()

(16)

(17)

(18)()

(19)
a)
b)()
c) 30kg
(20)
a)
b)

c)
d)
e)
f)()
g)
h)
i)

j)

OtCO
tCO

()

k)
0.51.01.52.02.534MPa
1/5
(21) 1.11.3
DL/T 5931996 2
2 7
1.

2.


6 1

1





810 (1)(6)
()( E2 )

(1)

(2)()
(3)
(4)()
(5)()
(6)
(7)
(
)
(8)

(9)(
)
(10)
(11)

1)6)
C
6.1
6.1.1
DL/T 5931996 6.1.1
6.1.2
DL/T 5931996 6.1.2
6.1.7 (1)
6.1.3
DL/T 5931996 6.1.3
6.1.4
DL/T 5931996 6.1.4
6.1.5
DL/T 5931996 6.1.5
6.1.6
DL/T 5931996 6.1.6
(1)
252kV 4.2

a) 126kV 252kV 4.2



b) 72.5kV
363kV

a) 15

Uw 0.7U 2 / 3 ()

b) 15 Uw


550kV IEC 42 (
)
(2)

DL/T 5931996 6.1.4 7


a) DL/T 5931996 7

b) DL/T 5931996 4(12)(13)


DL/T 5931996 7
DL/T 5931996 4.2.2 4(13)

DL/T 593
1996 4(13) DL/T 5931996 6.1.4 9

2U / 3 () DL/T 5931996 4 (13)


550kV IEC 42
6.1.7
DL/T 5931996 6.1.7
(1) 252kV

(2) 363kV
( DL/T 5931996 6.1.4 8)

U UT DL/T 593
1996 4

DL/T 5931996 4 1min

Uf UT-Uf
90%100%

6.1.8
DL/T 5931996 3.1

GB 4585.291
DL/T 5931996 6.1.8.2
6.1.9

()

GB 735487
6.1.10
DL/T 5931996 6.1.10
6.1.11
DL/T 5931996 6.1.11
6.2
DL/T 5931996 6.2

6.3
DL/T 5931996 6.3
6.4
DL/T 5931996 6.4
6.5
DL/T 5931996 6.5
(1)

(2)

(3) 6.102.8
110%
6.101
6.101.1
6.101.1.1

(
)

6.101.1.2 1

1

a)
b)
c)
d)()
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)( E)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)COCO
p)

a)
b)
c)

a)
b)
6.101.1.3


a)
b) 6.101.1.2
c)()
d)
( 6.3)
e)

f)
DL/T 5931996 6.1.11
6.101.1.4

a)
b)()(
5.4)
c)
d)
DL/T 5931996 6.1.10
e)
( DL/T 5931996 5)
6.101.2
6.101.2.1

2000 ( SF6
6.101.2.4)

10%

6.101.2.2

a)
b)
c)
d)
6.101.2.3
24
3000 24 2000 24
1000 24 5000 2000 24
1000 24 10000
1

24 2000



CtaOta 500 500
500 500
500 500
OtCOtaCta 250
COta 500

1 COCO
2 ta /
()
3 t 0.3s

()(
) 2

1
2
3 IEC 56 3
6.101.2.4 3

(1) 1 2 3 4 SF6
3000 5000 6.101.2.3


(2)
a)() 5 CO
b)() 5 CO
c)() 5 CO
d)CO5
() 6.101.1.2

( H)
a)
b)
c)()

(3)( 2000 ) 6.101.1.2

(4) 5 6.101.1.3
6.101.3
6.101.3.1


( 6.101.2.2)
a)
b)
c)

40(
DL/T 5931996 3 )
6.101.3.2
1m
5K
6.101.3.3
15(a)
u)
a) b)
a)
b)(205)(TA) 6.101.1.2
E1.4 ()
c)
(TL) TL 24h
d) TL 24h ()
TA
Fp 3 ( E)
e) TL24h

f) tx
tx
()
tx () tx
tx 2h
g) 24h
h) TL 24h ()
TA
Fp 3 ( E)
i) 24h TL 50
50 3min

CO()
CtaOta(ta 6.101.2.3)
j) 50 50 10K
TA
CtaOta
COtaCtaO 30min
30min
k) TA a) b)

b) k)(
)
6.101.3.4
15(b)
k)
a) b)
a)
b)(205)(TA) 6.101.1.2
E1.4 ()
c) 40 40
24h
() IEC
6825 Sa
d) 40 24h ()
TA
Fp 3 ( E)
e) 4024h

f) 40 24h
g) 40 24h ()
TA
Fp 3 ( E)
h)24h 40 50 50
3min

3 CO()
CtaOta(ta 6.101.2.3)
i) 50 50 10K
TA
CtaOta
COtaCtaO 30min
30min
j) TA a) b)

b) j)()

6.101.4
6.101.4.1

(
)
6.101.4.2

a) 16 (253)(402)
b) 40 95%
25
40
25 80%

100m()

t1 t3 t2 t4 t1+t2+t3+t4

350
1500V
1min()
6.101.5
10mm
20mm DL/T 48692
6.101.6
6.101.6.1
40.5kV

DL/T 5931996 3.1.2


25 (
) 1

1 24
26.101.76.101.9

FshAFshB Fsv( 17)

25
U kV IA N ()
FthA FthB FtvN
12 500 250 300
40.572.5 1250 750 400 500
1600 750 500 750
126 2000 1000 1250 750 750
2500 750 1000
252363 12503150 1500 1000 1000
550 2000 1500 1500

6.101.6.2

FshA ( 18 A) FshB
90( 18 B1 B2) Fsv
( 18 C1 C2)
17 (
)

6.101.7 2

45 3mm10mm 24h
()
OC 10
6.101.8

()
()
24h

6.101.9
1m1.5m 2m
110dB(A) 90dB(A)
6.102

6.102.1



a)
b)
c)
6.102.1.1

6.102.4.1
6.102.1.2

6.102.4.2

6.102.1.3

27 6.102.4.3

6.102.2
IEC 696 6.1.1
(
)

IEC 694 6.1.2


6.102. 6


6.102.4.3

6.102.3
6.102.3.1


(
5.5 5.7 )
5 6.108

4.104ta

a)

b) t

c) a) b)


6.102.6

6.102.3.2 6.102.3.3
6.102.3.2


a)
b)()
c)
d)
6.102.3.3
5.101
6.102.4.1

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
6.102.3.4
6.103.4
1234 5(6.106)
123 4
5

1 2
6.102.4
6.102.4.1


()

10%


( 6.102.7)
6.102.4.2

6.102.3 6.102.4.1

(
)
6.102.4.2.1

(1) 2.5ms
( 5.101)
(2)

(3)
()

6.102.4.2.2


6.103.3 (3)(4) 21(a)(b) 22(b)
6.109.3 6.110.2 29 31


1/(3t1) 1/(2t3)(
23 24)

2
6.102.4.2.3

6.102.4.2.2


6.102.4.2.2

IEC61633
6.102.4.3
(TRV) u1 t1

uc t2 ( 27)

6.102.5
6.106 6.111 GB/T 44731996
6.102.6

5%

65%120%


110%100% 85%(80%) 110%100% 85%
() 120%100% 65%()
5.7.1
5.5 5.6

a) 85%() 65%() 65%

b)
c) 120%
d) 85%() 65%() 65%


120%100% 65% 110%100% 85%
() 120%100% 65%()
6.102.7



( 6.106.4)

6.102.8 1

16.102.8(1)(7)
(1)


()
0.1mm 5cm

11


( 4.107 4.110 4.112)
(2)

10K
(3)
10% 30%
60% 100%

(4) 100%

(5)

(6)
()

(7)

10%100%

6.102.9
6.102.9.1

DL/T 5931996 6.1.11
GIS
()
6.102.9.2


DL/T 5931996 4.2.4.2 5 10K



6.102.9.3

6.102.6

()


6.102.9.4
6.111 6.112

DL/T5931996 4.2.4.2 5


6.102.9.5

a)
b)
c)
6.102.10 1

1

(
)

95%
6.102.10.1 1234
(1)
(2)
OS tsmin

1ms
26 3 4
3
( TRV ) 5
26 5
OS
4 OS 26 5
3
6.102.10.2 5

tamin
27
6.102.10.3
(5.50.5)ms
6.102.10.4
28
26 1234


1 2 3 4 5
ms tamin+5.50.5 tamin+9.70.5 tamin+90.5
1.3 1.25 1.3
1 0.89 1
di/dt

1
di/dt 345

2 =-tamin

27 5


1 2 3 4 5
ms tamin+4.10.5 tamin+8.70.5 tamin+8.20.5
1.3K 1.25K 1.3K
K 0.89K K
di/dt

p
1 K 1 p
2
GB/T 44731996 7.3
2f

345
2 =-tamin

28 1234 5 (252kV550kV)

1 123 4.104(1) OtCOtCO
2 OSODtOStOS
3 4 4.104(1) OtCOtCO
4 1 OSODtCSOStCSOS
5 2 OSODtCDOStCDOS
6 3 CSOSODtCDOStCDOS
7 5 OSOSOS
t=0.3st=180s
CS
OS
CD
OD
6.102.11 1

1 IEC 56 3
E2 6.106.6
DL/T 40391 2.9
6.103
6.103.1
D

0.15
25%
6.103.2
10%
6.103.3

( C 2.4g)
(1) 1.5
()
19(a) 19(b)
1.5
19(a)
U/10 U
19(b)

(2) 1.3
()
20(a) 20(b)
1.3
(3) 1.5
a)
21(a)
19(a)

21(b)
b)
21(b)
19(b)
21(a)
(4) 1.3
22(a)
20(a)

22(b)
(5)

6.103.4

12345(6.106) 5
4
6.104

6.104.1
6.106.4
(1) U1
10%
5%

(2) U / 3

10%

(1.3 1.5)

(1.3
1. 5)
(3)
10%
(4) 12kV 12kV 11.5kV 2
6.104.2 () 3

1IEC U / 3

2
3 IEC 56 3
() 4 ( 6.106.4)


a)( 4.101)
b) ( 4.103)
4.101a


1 20%
2 10ms

3 5ms
100%

(1)
4 a)b)
CO ( 4)()
4 CO
CO
CO CO
(2)
4 4a a)
b) 4 4a a)b)
CO
CO () a)
b)
4 4a CO
3
44a a) 6.104.1
CO
6.104.3
8

a)
b)
10%

90%

6.104.4

6.102.3.1 6.106 14
5

5
6.104.5 (TRV)
6.104.5.1

G
( 6.104.6)
6.103.3

F
4.102.3 10 12
(ITRV)

a)

b) t1 u1

12 23 27
6.104.5.2 4 5
ITRV 2 4 6
ITRV TRV 12 (uiti) A B
(uiti)(uiti) B TRV
ITRV
6.104.5.1 b) 2 4 td
6.109.3 a)
TRV
2 4 td
ITRV (SLF)
ITRV 8 tdL
tdL 6.109.3 c)
4 5 ITRV
6.104.5.3 3
72.5kV 126kV
2 4 td t

6.104.5.4 2
72.5kV 126kV
2 4 td t

126kV
252kV
2 1 1.5 363kV

6.104.5.5 1
72.5kV (TRV) 2 2
t3 t3
2
126kV 0.9
90%()
3

t3

6.104.6
(
)

TRV
G

6.104.7
95% 0.1s

6.106 95%

a)
3
20%

b) U / 3

(1.3 1.5)

U / 3

c) U

28
(

U1U2 U3) 2 2

6.105
6.105.1
() 6.106 6.109


4.104

3min
10min
10min

3min 2min
0.5min
6.105.2

()

6.105.3
6.106.5
6.106.4 4

6.105.4

4

6.105.5


1 OtCOCO

2 E2 1

1
6.106
15
1 2 20% 3
10%
44b 5
110%
123
6.105.1
6.106.1 1
1 6.104.5.5 6.104.7( 2 4)
10% 20%
6.106.2 2
2 6.104.5.4 2 4 6.104.7
30% 20%
6.106.3 3
3 6.104.5.3 2 4 6.104.7
60% 20%
6.106.4 4
4 6.104.3 100%
2 4 6.104.7 6.104.2
6.104.1 20%

6.104.1 6.104.2 6.104.3 6.104.5.2
6.104.7 4 6.105.3 6.105.4
4
6.106.4.1 4a
6.104.1
a)CtCOtCOCtC
b)COtCOCtC
( 6.104.2 )
6.106.4.2 4b
6.104.5.2 6.104.7 100%
a)OtCOtCOOtCDOtCDO
b)COtCOCDOtCDO
4 4a 4b 4a
4
4b 4

4a 4b 6.102.8.5
4 5 100%
4b 4
6.106.5 5
5 4.101.2
5 3min100%
4.101 6.104.5.2
6.104.7
5

9
4.101.2
6.106.6 40.5kV E2 ()1

1 IEC 56 3
29 DL/T 40391

a) SF6
b)t
c)

29 E2
1) 2)


%
10 O 84 12
O0.3sCO 14 6
O0.3sCOtCO 6* 4*
30 O 84 12
O0.3sCO 14 6
O0.3sCOtCO 6* 4*
60 O 2 8
O0.3sCOtCO 2* 8*
100() O0.3sCO 2* 4*
1)
2)
* 6.106.16.106.4

6.107
6.107.1
6.106

6.107.2

1(10%) 20% 5% 2(30%) 45% 15%

6.107.3
6.107.2 20%


6.108
6.108.1
6.106


6.108.2
6.104.5.1 a)
b) 2 4
20%
6.104.5.2

(6.104.7) U / 3

6.108.3

a)
b)

6.109
6.109.1
6.106 72.5kV
12.5kA
6.109.2

100%
90% 75%
90%
75% 90%-20%
75%20%+5%5%(
6.109.5) 20%
60%
6.109.3


a) 6.104.5.1 a) b)
7 8 6.104.5.2 b)

b)(6.104.7) U / 3

c)
9 14
(ITRV) ITRV
6.109.4

4.105
( A)
a)

6.109.4

A1
tL UT 4.105
A
(90% 75%) 6.104.3
14 tL
6.109.3

uT tL uT


tL
6.109.5

3min
a) L90(90+5-0)%
b) L75(755)%
6.109.6

6.102.3.2
6.109.3 a) b)
a)
6.106

6.110
6.110.1

6.110.2
0.15

( 29)

120 180 6.110.3
( 30)
(
31)

19(a)(b)
6.110.3

a) 2.0 / 3

b) 2.5 / 3


4.106
6.110.4
25%
6.110.5
30
30

%
1 OO 2040
2 OCO 100110

6.110.3 2.5 / 3 2 2.5 / 3

2 O 2.0 / 3 CO


20%
2 CO
()

1
2 6.107.1
1
3 2 6.102.9.3
6.111 1

1
6.111.1

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

40.5kV 24kV


6.111.2

6.102.4.1

6.102.4.1 6.102.4.2

1

1

1

6.111.3

6.111.3.1 6.111.3.2
6.111.3.1 A
A 10%
10%()

6.104.5.4 2

6.104.5.4 Uc u k/f k
6.111.7 a)e)f 6.104.5.4

100%

2 A 1
6.111.3.2 B
B

4 5%
TRV
4 6.104.5.2
K
6.104.5.2 4.102.3
f

K 6.111.7 a)e)f 4.102.3



1
2
(
TRV 6.104.5.2 )
6.111.4


(1)3
(2)

a)
3
b)

6.111.5
()
100ms 10%

6.111.5.1

a)
200%
b)

c)

10%

( LR)
()

20%
6.111.5.2


10%

( LR)
()

1%

6.111.5.3
126kV

6.111.6

1.2

6.111.7
6.111.7.1
6.111.5.1 b)
U

U / 3
a)1.0

b)1.2 6.111.5.1 c)
(
)
c)1.4

d)1.4
e)1.7

0.3s

1 6.111.5

2 1/6

6.111.7.2 1

1
12kV580A40.5kV660A72.5kV370A

3
6.111.8
6.111.8.1
31
31

%
1 A 2040
2 A 100
3 B 2040
4 B 100

a)10
b)12 30
2 4 CO
OCO
2 4 CO
15()
4 4.111

4 10
4
15()
O CO

6.111.8.2
(1)

6.111.7
a)1.25
b)1.7
(2)

6.111.9
6.111.3 6.111.5

6.111.10


a) 6.102.7
b)
c) 6.102.8.4

6.1.11
6.112
6.112.1 126kV


6.112.2 72.5kV

6.112.3

6.112.4

6.112.5

6.112.6 1

1 DL/T 40291
32
32





2030



20004000500060008 ()550kV
00015000kW 47 kVA()
7.212 12 72.5 363
kV 550(
)







(
)
(
)


10%
500.5Hz 5%



OCC O
O O C
O A O
CO 0.2sB O0.2s
CO C OCO


100m






6.112.7

252kV 2 72.5kV126kV
2.5 40.5kV 3.0
6.113 1

1

86.6% O0.3sCO180sCO
4
6.114

DL/T 615 17
6.115
6.115.1

6.115.2
7
DL/T 5931996 7
7.101
7.1
DL/T 5931996 7.3

DL/T 5931996 1 33
33

1 *
AaCc BbF
2 *
Bb AaCcF
3 ABC abcF
4 abc ABCF
*

7.2
DL/T 5931996 7.4
7.3
DL/T 5931996 7.5
7.101

(1)()
a)5 C
b)5 O
(2)()
a)5 C
b)5 O
(3)()
a) 5 CO
b)( 4.104) 5 OtC
t

6.101.1.1

()
a)
b)/ CO
c)/
d)() 1]

1
()
a)()

b)()
c)
d)()
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)

110%



( DL/T 5931996 5.7.3)

7.102


a)
b)
c)
d)()
e) 1]

1




126kV

8
DL/T 6151997

9
9.101

(1)
(2)
1000m

(3)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)()
h)()
i)()
j)()
k)()
l)()
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)()
u)
v)()
w)
x)
(4)
a)
b)
c)
(5)

9.102
()

(1)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
v)()
w)
x)
(2)

(3)
a)
b)
0.1MPa(1bar)
c)
d)



e)
()
(4)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
(5)


10
DL/T 5931996. 10
10.1
DL/T 5931996 10.1 1]

1 DL/T 40291
(1)

(2)

(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)(
)
(7)()

(8)SF6 SF6
(9)
10.2
DL/T 5931996 10.2.110.2.5
10.2.101

/


a)
b)()




1
H

( DL/T 5931996 7 )
10.3

au 6.101.3.3 6.101.3.4
15
(a)(b)

DL/T 5931996 10.3


a) b)

a)
b)
c)

10.3.101

16

FthA( A)
FthB( B)
Ftv( C)
Fwh
FshAFshBFsv()
17 ( 18 ABC )
(a)(b)


FthAFthB Ftv 25

Fwh O

FshAFshB Fsv

()

A1B1B2 1A2B1B2 2
C1C2 1 2
18 ()
(a)(b)

19 1.5
(a)(b)(c)(a)(d)(b)

20 1.3
(a)(b)(c) 20(a)(d) 20(b)

21 1.5
(a)

()
(b)
(
)

22 1.3
(a)(b)()

23
TRV TRV
24
TRV TRV

25
TRV TRV
26
TRV TRV

27
TRV
OOG1G1OO 1/2f G2G2OO 1/f

U1 U2
f
2 2 2 2

U3

2 2
( G1G1 G2G2 )

U1 U2 U3

2 2 2 2 2 2
3
28
19(a)
19(b) 50%

29

30 120

31
()

A1()
2


1 IEC AABB AB
2
A1

13

UP U / 3 (A1)

U
IL Xs XL
us=ILX (A2)

uL=ILXL (A3)

u0 uL 2 (A4)


A1 uL
()
u0
um A1 us (
) Um

2
Um Up 2 U (A5)
3

A1 us-uL
A2
u0 Um

u0/Um=1-IL/I (A6)
I
IL
A1 A2
A1
IL/I u0/Um um/Um
0.90 0.10 1.36
0.75 0.25 1.30
A3
9
*
uL u L u0 k

u L* =ku0 (A7)

u L tL i I L 2 sin sin(2ft)
*

uL duL/dt

t L u L* / sI L (A8)

sI L du L / dt 2fZI L 2 (A9)

s
Z
f
Zk s 9
A1

ct L
L (A10)
2
c
c=0.3km/s (A11)
A4
u0 um 7 8
t1t2t3 td 8 u1 UmTRV uc
um/Um=1+0.4IL/I (A12)
A1 A2
IL/I=1.0
uc/Um=1.4 (A13)
t2( t3) um

( 4.102.2)
*
u L ( tL

*
) tL u s (

) td (
10 11)
A5

U=252kVI=31.5kAf=50Hz

IL=0.75I=23.6(kA)
(A5) 8 u1
2
U m 252 206(kV )
3

u0(A6) A1 u0/Um
u0=0.25206=51.5(kV)
(A7) 9

A1 TRV
(a) TRV (b)TRV
u L* =1.651.5=82.4(kV)

tL(A8) 9
82.4 82.4
tL 17.46( s)
0.2 23.6 4.72
L(A10)
0.3 17.46
L 2.62(km)
2
tdL=0.5s( 9)
tL+tdL A1
t1t2 td 8
t1=103st2=309std=2s

206 51.5
1.5( kv/ s)
103
tL+tdL

u s* =(tL+tdL-td)1.5=(17.46+0.5-2)1.5=23.94(kV)

tLtd ITRV
ITRV ( 6 )
ti=0.6sui=0.06923.6=1.63(kV)
um(A12) A1
um=1.30206=267.8(kV)

us-uL A1 tL+tdL uT
* *
uT= u L + u s =82.4+23.94=106.34(kV)
A2 u0/Um um/Um IL/I

B()


B1 n

B1
(a)(b)(c)n

B1(b)(c)

(1)
2 C 2 C
i U U L0 L
3 L0 L 3 L0

1 1
f
2 C ( L0 L) 2 CL0

(2)
2 C1C 1
i U
3 (C1 C ) L1 L

1
f
C1C
2 ( L1 L)
(C1 C )

U 2
S
L1 L 3

(3)n
1
L
1 1 1

L1 L2 Ln

C=C1+C2++Cn
L C B1(b) L1 C1 L1C1=L2C2==LnCn

U=
i=
f=
s=
L0=
L=
C=()
L1L2Ln=
C1C2Cn=()

C()

C1

C2

5%

()

a)()()

b)
C2
C2.1
a)
b)()
c)
d)
C2.2
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
C2.3
a)kV
b)A
c)Hz
d)kA
e)ms
f)kVkV/s
g)
h)()kA
i)kA
j)s
k)
l)A
m)A
n)()A
o)A
p)V
q)MPa( bar)
r)
C2.4 ()
a)
b)
c)Hz
d)()
e)()
f)()
g)
C2.5
a)
b)kV
c)()kA
d)kA
e)kV
f) 6.104.5.1 a)
6.104.5.1 b)
g)ms
h)ms
i)ms(
)
j)
k)
C2.6
a)kAkA
b)s
c)
C2.7
a)( 6.102.5)
b)( 6.102.8.3)
C2.8
a)kA
b)kV
c)()MPa( bar)
d)ms
e)()A
C2.9
a)kV
b)A
c)kV
d)()
e)
f)
g)
h)
j)
C2.10

a)
b)
c)()
d)
e)
f)
g)()

D()

D1
=arc tanX/RX R

X R

R R1
R2 R
R=R2+R1N2
N
X
2
E
X R2
I

E
() D1
I
E B A F

I D C G
B
E
2 2

D
I
2 2
A2
C 2
Fs
Gs
D2

D2.1
R
t
id I d 0 e L

id
Id0
L/Rs
tid Id0 s
e
L/R
a) Id0 t id
R
b) Id0 id e L t

c) e-x id/Id0 -x

R
d)x t L/R
L
D2.2
=arc tanL/R
2
D3

D1 D

E()

E1
E1.1
()

IEC 68217 Q

E1.2
E1.2.1 ()

SF6 ()
E1.2.2 ()

SF6 ()
E1.2.3


1 SF6
2
E1.2.4 Pr( Dr)
20()
E1.2.5 Pm( Dm)
()
E1.2.6 F
barcm3/s
E1.2.7 Fp
TC

E1.2.8 Frel
()

E1.2.9 T
F
E1.2.10 N
F

E1.2.11 P
F
E1.2.12 TC
/

E1.2.13

E1.2.14

E1.3
E1.3.1
(N)(P)

E1.3.2

a) 1% 2%1
b) T 3 10

1IEC 3%
E1.3.3
1020 30
E1.4
F Fp
Pr( Dr)

TC( E1)



a)
b)()
c)
d)()()
e)
f)
g)
E1.4.1
E1.4.1.1
( 6.101.2 6.101.3)
/
/ Fp
3Fp()

(1)
t P Frel(t P)

P 24
Frel 100% /
Pr t
P 24
N
Pr Pm t

t=(h)
P Pr-Pm

(2)
( E2) F
a) Frel
b) T

/


a)
b)()
50%
E1.4.1.2

a) E1.4.1.1(1)
b) TC
E1.4.1.1(2)
E1.4.2
E1.4.2.1
(1)SF6
SF6 E1.4.1.1(2)
(2)

100ms


a)
b)

c)

4
E1.4.2.2
(1)SF6
SF6 E1.4.1.1(2)
(2)
E1.4.2.1(2)


E2
E2.1

E2.2
E2.2.1 ()

E2.2.2 ()

E2.3
E2.3.1
N P

E2.3.2
()
E2.3.3

E2.3.3.1

E2.3.3.2

a)
b)
c)
E2.4
E2.4.1

()
( 6.101.2 6.101.3)
/
/

PE1.4.1.1 (1)


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
E2.4.2

( E2.4.1)

E1 TC (SF6 )
(a)(b)

Pr6105Pa()
Pm5.65105Pa()
256dm3

10-1Pacm3/s
(1) 60
(2) 60
(3) 20
(4) 2
/ (5) 20

O (a) 2
O (b) 2
O (c) 2
O (d) 2
/ 170
10-1Pacm3/s
A 170
B 170
C 170
() (D) 60
(e) 2
(f) 2
(g) 2
576
576 10 6 60 60 24 365
Frel 100 1.0(%)
(6 1) 256 10 3

(6 5.65) 256 10 3
T 5()
576 10 6 60 60 24 365

23
E2

F()

F1

F2

F2.1 O( F1 F3 OB F4
OA)
( F1 F2 OB)
( F3 OB)
F2.2 ( F1 F4 AC)
F2.3

F2.3.1 ()
( F1 BA)
OBAC
F2.3.2 ()

( F2 BA) OBAC
F2.3.3

(1)

F2.3.2( F3 BA)
OBAC
(2)

( F4)
OAC
F3

F1 F3 u1t1uc t2 B A

F4 uc t3 A
F1 F F2.3.1

F2 F F2.3.2

F3 F F2.3.3(1)

F4 F F2.3.3(2)

G()

G1
(TRV)(
)()
TRV TRV
TRV
TRV
TRV

() TRV
G1

TRV
TRV 25%
TRV

TRV
TRV t2 1250s
6%(50Hz ) TRV (
)

0.15
1.5%

TRV( 4.102)
( 6.104.5) TRV

( 4.105) TRV
TRV

G2
TRV
1
2
3
4
5
6
1 6
14 5
2 3
1234 6 TRV

/

G3
G3.1 1
TRV
di/dt

TRV
TRV
( G3)
()( G2)
()(
G4) TRV TRV
TRV

TRV 10% G6

TRV TRV
TRV
TRV ( G5)

TRV
TRV
()
TRV
G3.2 2

(
)

200V 2A 25V 300A
G7 G8


100ns
TRV

20


TRV
30mm TRV 30mm
TRV

di
TRV
dt
TRV
TRV
G3.4
G3.3 3
2

1/8
TRV

G9 G10

2 G3.4
G3.4 2 3
di/dt
di i
I i dt
2f i 2

fi

ii I i 2 sin 2f i t I i 2 2f i t

t21250s

1/8 TRV t2
1250s
IscA Isc TRV Usc/mm
I sc f sc
U sc / mm U i / mm
Ii fi

fsc
t2 TRV

disc
isc 0
U sc / mm U i / mm dt
di i
ii 0
dt
(disc/dt)isc0
isc I sc 2 sin 2f sc t I sc 2 2f sc t




dui/dt= TRV (RRRV)
ui=
dii/dt=
Z
du i / dt
Z
di i / dt

G3.5 4

TRV ()

TRV
()

G3.6 5
4 TRV


t2 1250s TRV
123 6 TRV
4
G3.7 6


TRV

G4
G1
G1 TRV

1.1

()
1.2
TRV
(

)
( ()

)
1.3


(
)
(

)
1.4
TRV
(
)


2
()



(

)

TRV


()

TRV
3
()


TRV

G1()
TRV



4
() (
)



5





6



ucucp
ui
G1

G2

G3

G4
G5
G3 G5

I1U1IU

B
E A B A1 B
BC
G6
RK1RK2T
S1
S2S3X S3
V
5 ShO1
1
O2 2 P
CU G8
G7 ()

S1 S3 S2 ts S3
G8 ( 1020
20%)

RLSCL( CL
fe
S P f1 CL f 1
8

1
fe P f e f1
2I e / 2

)ShO1 1
O2 2
V 100 P
CU G10
G9 ()

t1S t2u P
iumt0
1
()t1 V f 1
2t1

Te/2
G10

H()

H1
H1.1
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
H1.2
a)
b)()
c)
H1.3 /
a)
b)SF6()
c)()

H2
H2.1 ()
H2.1.1
()
()

()
H2.1.2
a)()
a)
b)
c)()
d)
e)
f)()
( H2.4.2)
b)
a)()
b)
c)
d)()
e)
f)

H2.2 ()

a) O
b) C
c) O0.3sCO()

H2.3

H2. 2
H2.4
H2.4.1
H2.4.1.1
()
a)

b)



()

H2.4.1.2
()

H2.4.2
H2.4.2.1
()
(1)()
(2)()
a) C
b) O
c) O0.3sCO()
H2.4.2.2

H2.5
H2.5.1 ()

()


()
H2.5.2 ()

(
)
H2.5.3 ()

H2.5.4
CO


12s

H2.5.5

H2.5.6 ()
()()

H2.5.7 ()

a)

b)
H3
H3.1
1s
DL/T 5931996 6.1.11 1

1
H3.2
DL/T
5931996 6.4

J()1
RRRV


1 IEC56 3

72.5kV 5
a)
di
b) RRRV() dt

c) Z0 Z1 Z0/Z12
d)TRV uc
J1 J2
J1 XN=( 1.5 )
XN=0.75X1( 1.3 ) Z0/Z1=2Za=Zb=2Z1

1
J2 J1 ( Z0/Z1=2 Z N Z1 )
3

K()1
E2

1 IEC56 3

K1 E2 40.5kV
K2

E2
K3 E2

K4 1 5
SF6

K5
K6
K7 E1 E2 (SF6 )