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# 1-2

1. an d n 2. an Sn = a1 + a2 + + an 1 + an
n
n S6 < S7S7 > S8
ak =Sn 10 15
k=1 (A) d < 0 (B)a1
a5 >0 (C)a7 (D)S7 > 0 (E)S13 < 0
(A) d>0 (B) a13 = 0 (C) a11 + a12 + a13 + a14 + a15 = 0
(D) n=15 Sn (E) a1 + a15 > 0 (A)(B)(D)
(B)(C)(E) S6 < S7 a7 = S7 S6 > 0
10 = 15 S7 > S8 a8 = S8 S7 < 0
a11 + a2 + a13 + a14 + a15 = 0 a13 = a11 + a15 = a12 + a14 = 0 = a8 a7 < 0
(a + a ) 13 2a7 13
(A)a5 >0d <0 (D)a13 =0, S13 , a11 + a15 = 0 S13 = 1 13 = = 13a7 > 0
2 2
d < 0 a1 > a11 a1 + a15 > 0 (B)(C)(E) (A)(B)(D)

3. 20 4. 11 19 20 26
4 92 20 =
592
1080 a1 d
1. a , a + 4 ,, a + 4 19 a11 = a1 + 10d = 19
a + 76 = 92 a = 16 a1 = 69d = 5
a20 = a1 +19d = 26
(16 + 92) 20
2. = = 1080 an=69+(n1)(5)=745n745n<0n15 n
2
a1a14 a15a20
20 14 20
(a1 + a14 ) 14 (a15 + a20 ) 6
| ak | = ak + ak =
k =1 k =1 k =15
2 2
(69 + 4) 14 [1+ (26)] 6
= = 592
2 2
20 592

## 5. < an > 6. a1 + 3, a2 + 6, , ak + 3k , , a10 + 30 10

12 162 a6 + a7 = 295 a1 + a2 + + ak + + a10
27 130
a1 + a12 = a2 + a11 = = a6 + a7 a1 + ... + a10 = ( a1 + 3) + ( a2 + 6) + ... + ( a10 + 30)
a1 + a2 + + a11 + a12 = 162 3(1 + 2 + ... + 10)
1110
a6 + a7 = 162 1 = 27 a1 + ... + a10 = 295 3
6 2
= 295 165 = 130

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

10

1. 1 , 2 , 1 , 3 , 2 , 1 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 , 5 , 2. 1, 0, 2, 0, 0,3, 0, 0, 0, 4, 0, 0, 0, 0,5, ,
1 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 1 4278 5

200 x 7 y 2
16 (1,0) , (2,0,0) , (3,0,0,0) , ,
( x, y )
n [2 + 3 + 4 + + (n +1)] 4278
( 11 ,247) (n + 3)n
10 4278
2
1. ( 1 ) , ( 2 , 1 ) , ( 3 , 2 , 1 ) , , n = 91 4277
1 1 2 1 2 3
(n + 1)n 4278 92
n 1 + 2 + 3 + + n 200 200
2 92 = 5 18 + 2 2
n = 19 190 200 11
10
2. (1+ 2+ + 21) +16 = 2221 +16 = 247 (x, y) = ( 11 ,247)
2 10

## 3. < an >,<bn > n An , Bn 4. n (2n + 1) : (3n 1)

n an : bn = (2n + 3) : (6n + 4) 9
A7 : B7 = 11:14
9 = 5
11:28
= 2 5 + 1:3 5 1 = 11:14
7 = 4 n = 4
(2 4 + 3):(6 4 + 4) = 11:28

5. 20 20 40 6. {an } n S n 210
30 60 ______ 30 60 n =
30 14
20 40 60
n
(30 + 60)
20 10 0 3 = 210
3
S 60 = 20 + 10 + 0 = 30 2
n = 14

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

11

1. 6 + 2 + 2 + + 2 2. 81

3 729 1

3
6560 ______
729
161
1. 6
1
3 81(1 ( 1 )5 )
S5 = 2 3 81 = 161
an = 6 ( 1 ) n1 = 2 n = 8
1 1
3 729 3
6 1 ( 1 )8
3 6560
2. S8 = =
1 1 729
3

3. 3 12 5 48 4. 36
8 1 4 43
384
a1r 2 = 12 1, a1r 4 = 48 2, 2 r 2 = 4 3,12,21
1 x a, x, x + a
r = 2 a1 = 3,a8 = 3 ( 2) = 384
7
( x a) + x + ( x + a) = 3 x = 36
x = 12 13 a,16,55 + a
13 a = 16 715 42a a 2 = 256
16 55 + a
a + 42a 459 = 0 ( a 9)( a + 51) = 0
2

a = 9, 51() 3,12,21

## 5. a1 = 7 an = 448 S n = 889 6. {an } a1 = 1 2i a2 = 2 + i

n= (A) a10 = a1 (B) a11 = a1 (C) a13 = a1
7 (D) a20 = a4 (E) a25 = a5
an = 7 r n1 = 448 r n1 = 64 r n = 64r (B)(C)(E)
n
7(r 1) n a
Sn = = 889 r 1 = 127 = 2 = 2 + i = i
r 1 r 1 a1 1 2i
64 r 1 = 127 r = 2 (A) a10 = a2 (B) a11 = a3 = a1
r 1
2 n1 = 64 n = 7 (C) a13 = a1 (D) a20 = a4
(E) a25 = a5
(B)(C)(E)

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

12
1. 60 2. < an > S n = 27, S 2 n = 36
240 S3n =
(1) (2) 39
(1)2 (2)20 n 2n 3n
a + ar = 60 1 27 9 3
(1) 2
ar + ar 3 = 240 2 S3n = 27 + 9 + 3 = 39

2 r 2 = 4 r = 2 ()
1
(2) a(1 + r ) = 60 a = 20

## 3. < an > 4. S 1 , S 2 , ......, S 7 , S k + 1 Sk

S n = a1 + a2 + + an ak > 0 k = 1, 2,3, , n Sk +1 Sk
S3n = 532 S 2 n = 48 S n = S1 4

4 = S
n 2n 3n S3 S2 1
127
a ar 484 4
S1 : S 2
a + ar = 48 1 2
2 2 r = 121 r = 11 = 4:2 2 = 2: 2
ar = 484 2 1 1+ r 12
S1 : S 2 = 2 :1
2 S n = a = 4
1
r = , S1 = 42 = 16
2
1
16[1 ( )7 ] 127
= 2 =
1 4
1
2
5. 1 6. ABC S1 S1
S1 , S 2 , S3 , S1 S 2 S 2
6 1 S2 18 4 S3
S6 S1, S 2 , S3 , A1, A2, A3 ,
A1 + A2 + + A5 = y
(1)126 (2)56 A(0, 6)
36 4 5 46420
1 ( ) =
5 9 6561
(1) S1 : 1
1. S1 x
S 2 : 1 + 2 3: x = 6:(6 x) x = 2
S3 : 1 + 2 + 3 C (2, 0)
= 2 = 4 (1, 0) B x
S 6 : 6 (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6) = 6 21 = 126 3 9 O(0, 0)
(2) = 1 + (1 + 2) + (1 + 2 + 3) + + (1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6) 4 1 ( 4 )5
= 56 2. = 9 36
= 1 ( 4 )5 = 46420
4 5
9 6561
1
9

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

13
n n n n
1.(A) k = i (B) k = nk 2. an = k 1 + 1 + 1 + + 1 =
k =1 i=1 k =1 k =1
a1 a2 a3 a2011
n n n n n

(C) k = k2 (D) n = n2 (E) k(k +1) = (k)[(k +1)]
k=1 k=1 k=1 k=1 k=1 2011
1006
n
n( n + 1)
(A)(D) 1. an = k =
k =1 2
(A) 2011 2011 2011
n 2. 1 = 2 =2 ( 1 1 )
n(n + 1)
(B) k = 1 + 2 + +n= nk k =1 ak k =1 k ( k + 1) k =1 k k +1
k =1
2
n = 2 (1 1 ) + ( 1 1 ) + ( 1 1 ) + + ( 1 1 ) = 2011
n(n + 1) 2 2 3 3 4 2011 2012 1006
(C) k = 1 + 2 + +n= k2
k =1
2
n
(D) n = n + n + + n = n2
k =1
n n n n n
(E) k (k + 1) = k 2 + k k[ (k +1)]
k =1 k =1 k =1 k =1 k =1
(A)(D)

## 3. 1 + 2 2 + 3 2 2 + 4 23...... + n 2 n 1 = 1793 4.(1) 1 7 + 4 11 + 7 15 + 10 19 + + 58 83

n = _____( k 1 )
8 (2) 1 7 + 4 11 + 7 15 + 10 19 + + 58 83
______
S = 1 + 2 2 + 3 2 2 + 4 23 + + n 2 n1 20
(1) (3k 2)( 4k + 3) (2) 34530
2S = 2 2 2 2 3 23 + ( n 1) 2 n1 n 2 n k =1
20
(
S = 1 + 2 + 2 2 + 23 + )
+ 2 n1 n 2 n (1) k : (3k 2)(4k + 3) (3k 2)( 4k + 3)
k =1
(
2 2 n1 1 ) = 2n (n 1) +1 = 1793 n = 8 20 20 20 20
S = n 2 n 1
2 1 ( )
(2) 12k 2 + k 6 = 12 k 2 + k 6
k =1 k =1 k =1 k =1
= 34440 + 210 120 = 34530
3 3 5 6
5. (ax 2 + bx) = 30 (ax 2 b) = 48 6. (2i + 3 j 1) =
x =1 x =1
i =1 j =2
(a , b) = 425
(3, 2) 5 6
3 (2i + 3 j 1)
(ax2 +bx) = 30 (a+b) + (4a + 2b)+(9a+3b) = 30 i =1 j =2
x=1 5
3 = [(10i 5) + 3 (2 + + 6)]
(ax 2 b) = 48 (a b) + (4a b) + (9a b) = 48 i =1
x =1 5 5 5
14a + 6b = 30 = (10i + 55) = 10 i + 55
a = 3 , b = 2 (a, b) = (3, 2) i =1 i =1 i =1
14a 3b = 48 = 10 15 + 55 5 = 425

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

an 14

## 1. < an > n S n = n 2 2n + 1 2. n Sn = a1 + a2 + + an = 2n2 +3n

(1)a3 = 17 (2)a3 = 3 (3)a5 = 7 (4)a1 = 1 (5)a1 = 0
(A)ak = 4k + 3, k 2 (B)a5 = 23 (C)a1 = 5
(2)(3)(5) (D)a1, a2 , , an
(1)a3 = S3 S 2 = 4 1 = 3 (E) S1, S 2 , S10
(3)a5 = S5 S 4 = 7 (C)(D)
(4) a1 = S1 = 0 (A) an = S n S n1 = 4n + 1, n N
(B) a5 = 4 5 + 1 = 21 (C) a1 = 4 + 1 = 5
(D) a1 = 5, a2 = 9, a3 = 13.... A, P
14 27
(E) S1 = 5, S 2 = 14, S3 = 27...
5 14
S n GP (C)(D)

3. n 4. S n = a1 + a2 + + an = n 2 + n + 3
a1 + a2 + + an = 3n 2 + n an = a1 + a3 + a5 + + a19 =
6n 2 203
an = S n S n1 a1 = S1 = 5
= (3n 2 + n) [3 (n 1) 2 + ( n 1)] an = Sn Sn 1
= 6n 2 = n2 + n + 3 [(n 1)2 + (n 1) + 3]
a1 = 3 12 +1 = 4 = 2nn 2
a1 + a3 + a5 ++ a19
an = 6 n 2 , n
= 5 + 2(3 + 5 + + 19) = 5 + 2 22 9 = 203
2

5. an n S n = 3n 2 + 5n 6. < an >
10 a1 + 2a2 + 3a3 + 4a4 + + nan = n 2 + 3n + 1
52 Sn = a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + + an a5 + S 4 =
a10 = S10 S9 = (3)102 + 510 (3)92 59
467
= (250) + 198 = 52 30
S1 = a1 = 5
(n2 + 3n +1) [(n 1)2 + 3(n 1) +1] 2n + 2
an = =
n n
8 5 12
= a1 + a2 + a3 + a4 + a5 = 5 + 3 + + +
3 2 5
= 120 + 90 + 80 + 75 + 72 = 467
30 30

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

15
1. 0.5 2. 30000 0.1
95 7 1 1
1000 96 7 1 A ( 1.00112 1.012 )
95 7 1 ( 360360
) 1 2000
96 7 1 B 95 7 = 30000 (1 + 0.1%)12 + 30000 (1 + 0.1%)11 +
1 () 1 + 30000 (1 + 0.1%)
3000 96 7 1 (1.001)12 1
= 30000 (1.001)
C 1.001 1
(A) A > B > C (B) C > B > A (C) A = B = C = 360360
(D) B > C > A (E) C > A > B
(B)

## : 1000(1+ 0.005) +1000(1 + 0.005)2 + +1000(1 + 0.005)12

: 2000(1+ 0.005)2 + 2000(1+ 0.005)4 + + 2000(1+ 0.005)12
: 3000(1 + 0.005) 3 + + 3000(1 + 0.005)12
1.005(11.00512) 1.0052(11.00512)
A =1000( ) B = 2000( )
11.005 11.0052
1.0053 (1 1.00512 )
C = 3000( )
1 1.0053
C > B > A (B)

3. 4. 400000 260000
3000 230000
3(
)____ 15%
()( 1.036 =1.1940 1.037 = 1.2298 ) r
23669 400000(1 + r ) 2 = 260000(1 + r ) + 230000
3000(1 + 0.03) + 3000(1+ 0.03)2 + + 3000(1+ 0.03)7 40r 2 + 54r 9 = 0 (2r + 3)(20r 3) = 0
1.03 [1 (1.03) 7 ]
= 3000 = 23669.4 r = 3 3 ()
1 (1.03) 2 20
23669 r = 3 = 0.15 = 15%
20

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>
1-2

nr 16
1. 72800 20% 2. 40

4
34560 ( (1.01) 4 = 1.0406
x
(1.04)4 =1.1699 (1.01)16 =1.1726 (1.04)16 =1.8730 )
72800(1 + 20%) 3 = x + x(1 + 20%) + (1 + 20%) 2
69040
3 (1 + 20%)3 1 = -
72800(1 + 20%) = x
(1 + 20%) 1
= 40(1.01)16 40 = 40(1.1726 1)
x= 0.2 72800(1.2)3 = 34560
= 40 0.1726 = 6.904 ()=69040()
(1.2)3 1

## 3. 1000 0.6% 4. 200

0.5% x
10 x ( log1.005 0.0021
( log1.006 0.0025 log1.995 0.3 ) log3.1915 0.5040 )
120300 14563
1. x 1. 200(1 + 0.5%) 240
120
1000(1 + 0.6%) = x + x(1 + 0.5%) + + x(1 + 0.5%) 239
= x + x(1 + 0.6%) + + x(1 + 0.6%)119 (1 + 0.5%) 240 1
120 = x
(1 + 0.6%) 1 (1 + 0.5%) 1
1000(1 + 0.6%)120 = x
(1 + 0.6%) 1 2. log(1.005) 240 = 240 log1.005
120
2. log(1.006) = 120log1.006 = 12 0.0025 = 240 0.0021 = 0.504
= 0.3 log1.995 log3.1915
(1.006)120 1.995 (1.005) 240 3.1915
3. x = 0.006 1000 1.995 12.03 () 3. x = 0.005 200 3.1519 1.4563 ()
1.995 1 3.1915 1
= 120300 () = 14563 ()

1.
2.
3.

A 80%

B 60%~80%

C
40%~60%

D <>