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Escritura circulo de Mohr resistencia de materiales

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Circle of Mohr

The Circle of Mohr is a technique used in engineering and geophysics to

graph a symmetric tensor (2x2 or 3x3) and calculate with it moments of

inertia, strains and stresses, adapting them to the characteristics of a circle

(radius, center , etc). calculating the absolute maximum shear stress and the

absolute maximum deformation is possible.

This method was developed around 1882 by the German civil engineer

Christian Otto Mohr (1835-1918)

- Circumference efforts Mohr.

Case 2-D

In two dimensions, Mohr circumference to determine the maximum and

minimum voltage, from two measurements of normal and shear stress on two

angles that are 90:

NOTE: The vertical axis is inverted, so efforts positive and negative going

down efforts are located at the top.

Using rectangular axes where the horizontal axis represents the normal voltage

\ left (\ sigma \ right) and the vertical axis represents the shear or tangential

stress \ left (\ tau \ right) for each of the above levels. Circumference values

are represented as follows:

Radius circumference Mohr:

The maximum and minimum tensions are given in terms of these quantities

simply by:

These values can also be obtained by calculating the eigenvalues of the stress

tensor in this case is given by:

- Case 3-D

If the stress state of a point P of a three-dimensional solid is more complicated

since mathematically represented by a 3x3 matrix for which there are three

eigenvalues, not necessarily different.

In the general case, the normal stress () and tangential () measured on any

plane passing through the point P, represented in the diagram (, ) always fall

within a region bounded by 3 circles. This is more complex than the two-

dimensional case, where the stress state always fell on a single circumference.

Each of the three circumferences bounding region of possible pairs (, ) are

known Mohr circumference.

- Mohr circle for moments of inertia

For flat solid and quasi-flat, can be applied the same technique circumference

Mohr which was used for voltages in two dimensions. It is often necessary to

calculate the moment of inertia about an axis that is tilted, the circumference

of Mohr can be used to obtain this value. It is also possible to obtain the

principal moments of inertia. In this case the calculation formulas of medium

inertia moment and the radius of the circle of Mohr for moments of inertia are

analogous to the calculation of forces:

Circle center:

EXAMPLE:

- The efforts and the main directions, and indicate the item correct

orientation (with respect to the xy system).

- Draw another element showing determine the corresponding

normal stresses.

- Using Eqs.

The effort is a 45 from normal ie 45 - 25.7 = 19.3

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