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JURISDICTION impost, assessment, toll or penalty, jurisdiction of a lower

court (Section. 5, Article VIII, Constitution)


SUPREME COURT (Civil Cases) e. CTA en banc.
JURISDICTION
EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL COURT OF APPEALS (Civil Cases)
1. Petition for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL
the: 1. Actions for annulment of the judgment of the RTC.
a. Court of Appeals;
b. COMELEC; CONCURRENT WITH THE SUPREME COURT
c. Commission of Audit; 1. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition, or mandamus
d. Sandiganbayan against the RTC;
2. Petitions for a Writ of Kalikasan;
CONCURRENT WITH THE RTC; 3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition, or mandamus
1. Cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers against the NLRC (but according to St. Martin Funeral
and consuls. Homes vs. CA, (G.R. No. 130886) case, the petition should
be filed with the CA instead of the SUPREME COURT.
CONCURRENT WITH THE COURT OF APPEALS;
1. Petition for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against CONCURRENT WITH THE SUPREME COURT & RTC
the RTC; 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus;
2. Petition for a Writ of Kalikasan. 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto;
3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
CONCURRENT WITH THE RTC & COURT OF APPEALS inferior courts and other bodies;
1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus;
2. Petitions for Quo Warranto; CONCURRENT WITH THE SUPREME COURT & RTC &
3. Petitions for Certiorari, prohibition or mandamus SANDIGANBAYAN
against inferior court and other bodies. 1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo;
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data;
CONCURRENT WITH THE RTC & COURT OF APPEALS
& SANDIGAN BAYAN APPELLATE JURISDICTION
1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo; 1. By way of ORDINARY APPEAL from the RTC and the
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data. FAMILY COURTS;
2. By way of PETITION FOR REVIEW from the RTC rendered
APPELLATE JURISDICTION in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction;
1. By way of APPEAL BY CERTIORARI (Rule 45), against 3. By way of PETITION FOR REVIEW from the decisions,
the: resolutions, orders or awards of the:
a. Court of Appeals; a. Civil service commission;
b. SandiganBayan; b. Office of the Ombudsman in administrative
c. RTC on pure question of law; disciplinary cases;
d. In cases involving the constitutionality or validity of c. Other bodies mentioned in Rule 43;
a law or treaty, international agreement or executive
agreement, law, presidential decree, proclamation, order,
instruction, ordinance or regulation, legality of a tax,
4. EXCLUSIVE appellate jurisdiction over decisions of 7. Cases NOT falling within the jurisdiction of any
the MTCs in cadastral or land registration cases pursuant court, tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or
to its delegated jurisdiction quasi-judicial functions. (RTC court of Gen. Jurisdiction)
8. Civil actions and special proceedings falling within the
exclusive original jurisdiction of Juvenile and Domestic
Relations Court and of Court of Agrarian Relations
as now provided by law;
9. Under Sec. 5.2 of the Securities and Regulations
REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS (Civil Cases) Code to hear and decide:
EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL JURISDICTION Devices or schemes employed by or any acts of
1. The subject matter of which is not capable of the board of directors, business associates, its
pecuniary estimations; officers or partnership, amounting to fraud and
The basic issue in an action incapable of pecuniary misrepresentation;
estimation is one other than the recovery of money. In this Intra-corporate controversies;
kind of action, the money claim is merely incidental Controversies in the elections or appointments
(Singsong vs. Isabela Sawmill, 88 SCRA 623) of directors, trustees, officers or managers or
corporations, partnerships or associations;
Note: Annulment of judgment of the RTC is also an action Petitions of corporations, partnerships or
which is incapable of pecuniary estimation but is association to be declared in the state of
cognizable by the CA by express mandate of BP 129. In suspension of payments.
other words, all actions which are incapable of pecuniary
estimation is cognizable by the RTC except annulment of SPECIAL JURISDICTION
judgment of the RTC. 1. SC may designate certain branches of RTC to try
exclusively criminal cases, juvenile and domestic relations
2. Involving title to or possession of real property or an cases, agrarian cases, urban land reform cases not falling
interest therein, where the assessed value of such within the jurisdiction of any quasi-judicial body and other
property EXCEEDS P20, 000 (outside Metro Manila), special cases in the interest of justice.
or EXCEEDS P50, 000 (Metro Manila);
3. The demand or claim of which EXCEEDS P300, 000 CONCURRENT JURISDICTION WITH THE SUPREME
(outside Metro Manila) or EXCEEDS P400, 000 COURT
(Metro Manila); 1. Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and
4. Actions in Admiralty or Maritime jurisdiction where consuls.
the demand or claim EXCEEDS P300, 000 (outside
Metro Manila) or EXCEEDS P400, 000 (Metro CONCURRENT JURISDICTION WITH THE SC & CA
Manila); 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus;
5. Matters of probate, testate or intestate, where the 2. Petitions for Quo Warranto;
gross value of the estate EXCEEDS P300, 000 3. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
(outside Metro Manila) or more than P400, 000 inferior courts and other bodies.
(Metro Manila);
6. Actions involving Personal Property valued at more CONCURRENT JURISDICTION WITH THE SC & CA &
than P300, 000 (outside Metro Manila) or more SANDIGAN BAYAN
than P400, 000 (Metro Manila); 1. Petitions for a Writ of Amparo;
2. Petitions for a Writ of Habeas Data;
Note: The exclusion of the term damages of whatever
APPELLATE JURISDICTION kind applies to cases where the damages are merely
1. All cases decided by the LOWER COURTS in their incidental to or a consequence of the main cause of
respective territorial jurisdiction except decisions of lower action. However, in cases where the claim for damages is
courts in the exercise of delegated jurisdiction. the main cause of action, or one of the causes of action,
the amount of such claim shall be considered in
MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT (Civil Cases) determining the jurisdiction of the court.
EXCLUSIVE ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
If the gross value, claim, or demand DOES NOT
EXCEED P300, 000 (Outside Metro Manila), or SPECIAL JURISDICTION
EXCEEDS P400, 000 (Manila): 1. Petitions for Habeas Corpus, OR application for
1. Actions involving personal property; bail in criminal cases in the absence of all RTC
2. Admiralty and maritime cases; judges in the province or city.
3. Probate proceedings (testate or intestate) depending
on the gross value of the estate; DELEGATED JURISDICTION
4. Demand for money; 1. May be delegated by the SC to hear cadastral or land
If the ASSESSED VALUE or Interest in the Real Property registration cases where there is NO controversy or
DOES NOT EXCEED opposition over the land or in case of contested lands, the
P20, 000 (outside Metro Manila), or EXCEEDS P50, value does NOT exceed P100, 000.
000 (Metro Manila)
5. Actions involving title to or possession of real property,
or any interest therein depending on the assessed value. FAMILY COURTS
6. Inclusion and exclusion of voters ORIGINAL JURISDICTION
7. Those covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure; 1. Petitions for guardianship, custody of children, habeas
a. Forcible entry and Unlawful detainer corpus involving children (but the SC and the CA have not
With jurisdiction to resolve issue of ownership to been deprived of their original jurisdiction);
determine only the issue of possession;
Irrespective of the amount of damages or unpaid rentals 2. Petitions for adoption of children and the revocation
sought to be recovered; thereof;
Where attorneys fees are awarded, the same shall NOT
exceed P20, 000. 3. Complaints for annulment and declaration of nullity of
b. Other civil cases, except probate proceedings, marriage, matter relating to marital status and property
where the total amount of the plaintiffs claim relations of husband and wife or those living together
DOES NOT EXCEED P 100, 000 or DOES NOT EXCEED under different status or agreement, and petitions for
P200, 000 in Metro Manila, exclusive of interest dissolution of conjugal partnership of gains;
and cost.
4. Support and/or acknowledgment;
Note: Exclusive of Interest, Damages, of whatever kind,
Attorneys fees, Litigation Expenses, and Cost (Code: 5. Summary judicial proceedings under the Family Code;
IDALEC), the amount of which must be specifically alleged
but the filing fees thereon shall be paid.
6. Petition for declaration of status of children, voluntary a. In cases of violence among the family members
or involuntary commitment of children, matter relating to living in the same domicile or household, the Family Court
parental authority and other cases cognizable under PD may issue a restraining order against the accused or
603, E0 56 (SERIES OF 1996) and other related laws. defendant upon verified application by the complaint or
the victim for relief from abuse.
Under the Family Code, the family home is deemed b. The court may order the temporary custody of
constituted, hence, no need for its constitution. children in all civil actions for their custody, support
pendente lite, including deduction from the salary, and
7. Special Provisional Remedies: use of conjugal home and other properties in all civil
actions for support.