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AN INTRODUCTION TO

ASPEN Plus
AT CITY COLLEGE

Prepared by
I. H. RINARD
Department of Chemical Engineering
November 1997 (Revised October 1999)

ASPEN Plus provided by


Aspen Technology, Inc.
Cambridge, Massachusetts

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WHAT IS ASPEN?

u A computer program for steady-state process simulation


(a.k.a. process Flowsheeting)
u Developed for the simulation of
Chemical & Petrochemical Processes
Coal-based Processes
Petroleum Refining
Polymer Processes
u One of many commercially available flowsheeting
programs such as
PRO II (Simulation Sciences)
HYSIM (Hyprotech)
ChemCad (Chemstation)
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HOW DOES ASPEN WORK?

u Basic unit is the BLOCK model


Unit operations (Distillation Columns, Reactors, etc.)
Related operations such as piping
u User assembles flowsheet model by selecting and
connecting appropriate Block models and specifying
Block model parameters
u ASPEN solves sequentially for output streams given
input streams and Block model parameters

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BLOCK MODEL

Input Streams Output Streams

Model Physical
Parameters Properties

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Process Flow Sheet

St7 St9
P-1
St8
C-1 St6

St4 St5 V-1


St1 St3 E-1
M-1
R-1
St2
St10
Item ASPEN
# Name Model
M-1: Feed Mixer MIXER
R-1: Reactor RSTOIC
E-1: Condenser HEATER
V-1: Flash Drum FLASH2
C-1: Compressor COMPR
P-1: Purge Point FSEP

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MAJOR COMPONENTS OF ASPEN

u Unit operations (BLOCK) model library


u Physical properties system
Physical properties models (density, enthalpy, VLE, etc.)
Pure component and binary pair databases
Estimation capability for missing values
u Flow sheet convergence capability for recycle
processes
u Control capability (Design Specs)

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USEFUL FEATURES IN ASPEN

u Sensitivity analysis

u Cost estimation and profitability evaluation

u Optimization

u Process flow diagram generation

u Physical properties data regression

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ASPEN BLOCK MODEL LIBRARY I

u Mixers and Splitters


MIXER - Adds two or more streams together
FSPLIT - Splits a stream into two or more
SEP - Separates a stream component by component
u Flashes and Heaters
FLASH2 - Two outlet flash
FLASH3 - Three outlet flash
HEATER - Heater/cooler
HEATX - Two stream heat exchanger
MHEATX - Multistream heat exchanger
DECANTER - Liquid-liquid decanter

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ASPEN BLOCK MODEL LIBRARY II

u Reactors
RSTOIC - Stoichiometric reactor
RYIELD - Yield reactor
REQUIL - Equilibrium reactor
RGIBBS - Equilibrium reactor
RCSTR - CST reactor (requires kinetic model)
RPLUG - Plug flow reactor (requires kinetic model)
RBATCH - Batch reactor (requires kinetic model)

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ASPEN BLOCK MODEL LIBRARY III

u Separators
DISTIL - Shortcut distillation design
DISTWU - Shortcut distillation rating
RADFRAC - Rigorous distillation
EXTRACT - Rigorous liquid-liquid extraction
RATEFRAC - Rate-based distillation*
BATCHFRAC - Batch distillation *
PETROFRAC - Rigorous distillation for petroleum
* Requires special license

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ASPEN BLOCK MODEL LIBRARY IV

u Solids Processing
CYCLONE - cyclone separator
VSCRUB - Venturi scrubber
CRYSTALLIZER - Mixed suspension mixed product
removal crystallizer
CRUSHER - Solids crusher
SCREEN - Solids separator
FABL - Fabric filter
HYCYC - Hydrocyclone
CFUGE - Centrifuge
FILTER - Rotary vacuum filter
SWASH - Single-stage solids washer
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ASPEN BLOCK MODEL LIBRARY V

u Fluid Movers
COMPR - Compressor/turbine
MCOMPR - Multistage compressor/turbine
PUMP - Pump/hydraulic

u Piping
PIPELINE - Multiple segment pipe
PIPE - Single segment pipe
VALVE - Valve

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ASPEN PHYSICAL PROPERTIES SYSTEM I

u What is an Option Set?


A collection of methods used by ASPEN to evaluate
thermodynamic properties such as enthalpy, density, and
K-values as well as transport properties such as viscosity
u Some available Option Sets / K-value Method
IDEAL - Ideal gas/ Raoults Law & Henrys Law
RK-SOAVE - Redlich-Kwong-Soave EOS
PENG-ROB - Peng-Robinson EOS
WILSON - RK/Wilson
NRTL - RK/NRTL
UNIFAC - RK/UNIFAC
UNIQUAC - RK/UNIQUAC

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ASPEN PHYSICAL PROPERTIES SYSTEM II

u Databanks
PURECOMP - parameters for 1550 (mostly organic) cpds
INORGANIC - data for 2450 (mostly inorganic ) cpds
AQUEOUS - data for 900 ionic species
SOLIDS - data for 3314solid cpds
COMBUST - special databank for high temperature, gas
phase calculations (59 cpds and free radicals)

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ASPEN PHYSICAL PROPERTIES SYSTEM III

u WHAT IF THE DATA IS NOT IN THE DATABANK?


PROVIDE THE MISSING DATA - PROPS DATA Capability
REGRESS RAW DATA - Data Regression Capability
ESTIMATE THE MISSING DATA
Pure Components
VLE and LLE - UNIFAC
u COMPONENT NAMING AND FORMULAS
[Cn1Hn2On3Nn4Othern5]-nx, nx for isomers
Example: Acetaldehyde: C2H4O-1
Ethylene Oxide: C2H4O-2

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USING ASPEN

u THREE STEPS
1) Use the Model Manager to specify the problem
2) Run the problem
3) Analyze and report the results

u MODEL MANAGER
To start from a Sun station, type APLUS
Select equipment BLOCK models - drag and drop on work area
Click and connect BLOCK models with streams
Pull down forms menus and fill out

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ASPEN SPECIFICATION FORMS

1) TITLE - Specify title for current problem


2) COMPONENTS - Specify what chemical components are to be
included in the simulation
3) PROPERTIES - Specify what Option Set (or Sets) is to be used
4) BLOCKS - Provide specification data for each block included in the
simulation [one form per BLOCK]
5) STREAMS - Specify each stream entering the flow sheet from
OSBL, also any important recycle streams. Must specify state,
composition and flow rate of the stream.

These forms are required. Other forms to invoke other ASPEN


capabilities are optional.

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