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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)

Volume 8, Issue 2, February 2017, pp. 199202 Article ID: IJCIET_08_02_022

Available online at
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316

IAEME Publication Scopus Indexed


G. Lalitha
Ph.D Scholar, JNTUA and Associate Professor,
Department of Civil Engineering, K.L. University, Vaddeswaram, Guntoor, India

Dr. C. Sasidhar
Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, J.N.T.U, Ananthapuram, India

Dr. C. Ramachandrudu
Professor and HOD, Department of Civil Engineering, S.R.I.T, Ananthapuram, India

Concrete is widely used building material in the construction of infrastructures such as
buildings, bridges, highways dams and many others. In present days environmental problems
have been considered as a serious situation in construction industry. This paper is a reviews
on usage of alternate materials in concrete which includes upcoming changes in concrete
materials that paves the way to utilise some of the alternative materials that can be utilised as
a composition to the ingredients of concrete .To find solutions regarding the disposal to
landfills of waste materials and provide new knowledge to the contractors and developers on
how to improve the construction industry methods and services by using recycled bottles.
M.IQBAL addressed the environmental and economical issues by the use of waste glass as
partial replacement of fine aggregates in concrete. The present paper gives a brief review on
properties of concrete produced by replacing fine aggregate with recycled glass. Hardened
concrete properties are studied.
Key words: Environmental pollution, Fine aggregate, Recycled glass, Hardened Concrete
Cite this Article: G. Lalitha, Dr. C. Sasidhar and Dr. C. Ramachandrudu, A Review Paper on
Strength and Durability Studies on Concrete Fine Aggregate Replaced with Recycled Crushed
Glass. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 8(2), 2017, pp. 199202.

The human population is growing tremendously accordingly the demand of infrastructure was also
increased. On other side waste management becoming a major issue worldwide. As the development
in construction field increases, the scarcity of natural sand as fine aggregate was increasing .The 199

A Review Paper on Strength and Durability Studies on Concrete Fine Aggregate Replaced with Recycled
Crushed Glass

dredging of river sand depresses the water table, sinks the river bed and erosion of river bed. As the
waste glass is biodegradable. There is a huge potential to use the waste glass in concrete constructions.
When waste glass is used in concrete constructions production cost will gets reduced .By using waste
glass in the place of river sand it will be environmental friendly and utilisation of waste in the place of
precious natural resources.
There is a strong need of using recycled waste glass for construction industry. We can use waste
glass in the form of fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and powder form in the construction industry. As
day by day government is more concentrating on sustainable material and techniques usage in mass
constructions. If we replace fine aggregate with crushed glass and some portion of cement with fly ash
will give a better result like improvement in the workability .Alkali Aggregate Silica Reaction (A.S.R)
can also be reduced.

Mageswari [1]Studied the replacement of fine aggregate in concrete with sheet glass with
10%,20%,30%,40% and 50% the percentages and tests were conducted to find the compressive
strength, split tensile strength test and cylinder test. It was observed that as the glass % increases the
strength also increases up to 20% increment. It was observed that we can replace 20% fine aggregate
with crushed recycled glass. The water absorption goes on reduced by increasing the glass content.
Workability of concrete increases with increase of glass percentage. Tensie strength was increased up
to 20% replacement of fine aggregate with sheet glass. The flexural strength was observed that it was
increased up to 50% of replacement.
Tiwari Darshita [2] Studied the replacement of fine aggregate in concrete with crushed
brick, crushed glass powder and observed that 15% replacement of fine aggregate with glass powder
increases the compressive strength and beyond this % addition reduces the strength. Even with 20% of
replacement a marginal strength decrease was found.
Sadoon Abdallah [3] In this paper the author systematically investigated the characteristics
of concrete with fine aggregate replaced by crushed glass with percentages 0%,5%,15% and 20%.With
20% replacement of fine aggregate the compressive strength split tensile strength and flexure strengths
were increased by 5.28%, 18.38% and 8.92% respectively at 28 days curing.
Iqbal Malik [4]Studied the replacement of fine aggregate in concrete by waste glass
powder(Range-0 to1.18mm) 20% of replacement of fine aggregate with crushed glass showed 15%
increase in compressive strength at 7 days and 20% increase in strength at 28 days. Fine aggregate can
be replaced up to 30% showing 9.8% increase in compressive strength. Water absorption can be
reduced compared with conventional concrete. Workability of concrete can be increased.
Tomas [5] In his study used recycled glass in the place of fine aggregate and experienced it
will reach the requirements of ASTM and can be effectively used for mass constructions. The unit
Weight of concrete was decreased with replacement of fine aggregate by Recycled glass .The water
cement ratio also decreases with increase in fine aggregate replacement with glass.
Vijay Sekhar Reddy [6]Studied experimentally and concluded that 20% of replacements
gave 35% of increase in strength at 7 days and 30% increase at 28days.Fine aggregate can be replaced
up to 30% and can get strength increment up to 8.5% on an average at 28 days. With increase of
replacement concrete weight can be reduced up to 5%.
Weigh Jin [7] Studied experimentally found that the expansion was a function of type of
glass and colour of glass .It has been shown that finely ground green glass powder has the potential of
an inexpensive A.S.R Suppressing admixture.
Jadhav [8] Studied experimentally with replacement of sand in 5% ,15% ,25% and 35% for
M30 Mix. The concrete specimens were tested for compressive strength test and compared with 200

G. Lalitha, Dr. C. Sasidhar and Dr. C.Ramachandrudu

conventional concrete test results observed 25% of increment in fine aggregate replacement showed
7% increment in strength at 28 days for particle size ranges 0.6-2.36mm.
Jitendar [9] Studied experimentally with replacement of sand in
2%,6%,10%,14%,18%,22%,26% and 30% and noticed that both the flexural and compressive stress
are maximum at 18% replacement.
Ahmadshayan [10] Glass is not favorable in the Alkaline environment and will be effected with
alkali silica- reaction. Laboratory it was proven that by using glass powder along with fine aggregate,
the alkali silica reaction can be reduced as well as pozzolonic properties will be increased to crushed
glass in powder form.In powder form finer crushed glass up to 30% .Shrinkage also be within the limit
with 30% replacement
Tung-Chai- Ling [11] Disposal of 300 tones of waste bottles from Hong Kong a major
problem to dispose on daily basis. A lot of research work has been carried out to find out the
Practicality in using recycled waste glass as construction material. Now days it is recycling and
using as fine aggregate in eco blocks.

Crushed glass can be used in the place of fine aggregate.
After all observations it was concluded that replacement with up to 20% of fine aggregate shows
increment in strength.
Alkli silica reaction (ASR) is more with the size of crushed glass.
By reducing the size and adding mineral admixtures like fly ash reduces the alkali silica reaction.
As the size is decreasing the pozzolonic properties goes on increases to the glass powder.

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A Review Paper on Strength and Durability Studies on Concrete Fine Aggregate Replaced with Recycled
Crushed Glass

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