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KFOR CHRONICLE

The KFOR
OR Magazine for KFOR Soldiers January 2017

KFOR Conducts
Patrols Kosovo Wide

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CONTENT

COM KFOR delivered his Christmas greeting to civilian personal working in Camp Film City

03 CHRISTMAS GIFTS
Italian Children send gifts at
Christmas time.
04 EVENTS OF THE MONTH
Specific events in Kosovo du-
ring the month
VIOLENT EXTREMISM
06 Countering Violent Extremism and
Radicalization
10 WINTER IN KOSOVO
Coldest winter since 1963

12 KFOR HQ
A Visual Overview
14
CSM
Striking Realities at the CSMs
Meeting

15 MNBG W
Italian NGO donates medicins to
Kosovar hospitals
16 UNHCR
Interview with Chief of
Mission, UNHCR in Kosovo

18 HEALTH AND FITNESS


Recovery in your training schedule

20 KFOR EXERCISE
Winter Training

22 PICTURES OF THE MONTH


Your Chance to be a Part of It!
23 PROFILES
Charalampos Papadimitriou
Evangelos Tsikonis

2 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


CHRISTMAS GIFTS

Italian School Children send gifts at


Christmas time to Italian soldiers
serving in Kosovo
Young Italian Children from
De Amicis Primary school and
Carducci Secondary School, in the
province of Lecce, together with
their Municipality administrators,
have displayed great acts of
kindness by sending gifts to
Italian Soldiers serving in Kosovo
on a peace keeping mission at
Christmas time.
These gifts, drawings and letters
which were sent to the Italian
Soldiers serving in Multi Battle
Group West (MNBG-W) were
graciously received by the KFOR
Italian soldiers serving in Village
Italia.
The Italian soldiers have organised
an exhibition of all the Drawings
to acknowledge their delight of
this very thoughtful act. A gift at
Christmas time is always welcome.

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 3


WINTER IN KOSOVO

KOSOVO EXPERIENCES ITS COLDEST


WINTER SINCE 1963

During the last few weeks, with their mission despite these and the heavy snow fall experienced
Kosovo has experienced its lowest difficulties. Here in Camp Film City in Camp Film City did not have
temperatures since 1963. There have we were no different from the other any serious effect on Camp routine,
been past winters where greater snow KFOR Camps located throughout this is to a large extent thanks to
fall was experienced, but this year Kosovo. The very low temperatures the Commander and staff of the
temperatures plummeted to a low of
-32 degrees Centigrade, which was
recorded in the Eastern Kosovo city of
Gjilan. During the month of January
it was a common experience for
KFOR soldiers located throughout
Kosovo to conduct their duties in
temperatures close to 20 degrees
Centigrade. When temperatures
fall to these low levels there are
normally consequences. Hazardous
road conditions affecting driving,
logistical challenges, maintenance
problems such as frozen or burst
pipes and many others. However
these challenges had to be overcome
and KFOR soldiers continued

4 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


WINTER IN KOSOVO

HSG and ASDA who throughout Kosovos Climate different regions. Different cultures,
this period ensured that all services Located in the central part of customs and climate to mention a
where maintained and roads and the Balkans, Kosovos weather is few. One KFOR Soldier was reported
footpaths were kept open. (Thank influenced by many factors, the as saying that the last time his home
you from us all!) two greatest being the Alpine and town experienced snow was when
the Mediterranean influences. The his father was a child.
climate is predominantly continental, So what lies ahead of us over the
resulting in warm summers and cold next few weeks? Can we expect this
winters. The normal yearly range is current cold spell to last for much
between + 30 degrees Centigrade longer? Well the short term weather
in the summer and 10 degrees forecast shows an increase in
Centigrade in the winter. December temperatures in the coming weeks,
and January are regarded as the which will result in melting snow
coldest months. Other factors that and possibly a bit of local flooding
affect Kosovos weather are its and excess water on road surfaces.
mountainous regions and it height For those drivers out there, continue
above sea level. Its average altitude is to drive with caution. Well-done to
800 metres above sea level. (Kosovo all KFOR personnel for maintaining
lowest point is 297 metres and its a high operational output during the
highest is 2,565 metres). The fact coldest winter since 1963!
that most of Kosovo is surrounded
by mountains has also a direct effect
on its climate.
The weather witnessed by KFOR Maj. Eamonn Kenneally
soldiers over the past few weeks is OF-3 IRL-A
just another part of the experiences
of serving overseas and operating in

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 5


VIOLENT EXTREMISM

COUNTERING VIOLENT EXTREMISM AND


RADICALIZATION
Introduction: Violent extremism and the fundamental powers of radicalisation have to be considered as one
of the most high risk challenges to democratic societies across the globe today. As soldiers whose primary task
it is to ensure a safe and secure environment in whatever theatre we may be operating in, it is paramount that
all of us have an understanding of what the threat is and what can be done to counter it. First of all, it has to
be acknowledged that the threat is real. For one to assume that the potential capacity for violent extremism
does not exist in any of our home nations or in the countries where we may deploy, is probably being naive to
say the least. So the potential threat is out there! We have to accept that.

It is important to understand that violent extremism is not limited to persons of any particular age, sex, group
or community. In fact it is the younger person who is more vulnerable to the dangers of being recruited by
extremist or terrorist groups.

Definition: Violent extremism refers to the beliefs and actions of people who support or use ideological-
motivated violence to achieve radical ideological, religious or political views.

Violent extremist views can be exhibited along a range of issues, including, politics, religion and gender
relations.

Alternative Definition: Violent Extremism can also be defined as when you do not allow for a different
point of view; when you hold your own views as being quite exclusive, when you dont allow for the possibility
of difference and when you want to impose this view on others using violence if necessary.

Modern challenges:
Many countries today are faced with the challenges of not being able to control their citizens from being
drawn by extremist organisations to travel abroad to take part in the various campaigns that are currently
taking place particularly in the middle east. Many of these foreign fighters are young venerable adults who
have been misguided and influenced along the wrong path. How can these challenges be addressed? And
what should we look out for when trying to understand the early warning signs of some showing tendencies
towards one of these dangerous organisations.

Early warning signs:

Sudden break with family and long-standing friendships.


Sudden drop-out of school and conflicts with school.
Change in behaviour, relating to food, clothing, language and finances.
Changes in attitudes and behaviour towards others; refusal to interact socially, signs of withdrawal
and isolation.
Regular viewing of internet sites and participation in social media networks that condone radical or
extremist views.
Reference to apocalyptic and conspiracy theories.

What causes young people to become involved in extremism and radicalisation?


An independent Public opinion survey, conducted in a particular European city by a legitimate company on

6 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


VIOLENT EXTREMISM

1000 persons of both sexes, ranging in age from 18 to 55 has produced the undermentioned findings/results:
To why young people get involved in these organisations.
Unemployment
Low level of education
Globalisation
Targeting of a group that is easier to manipulate
The above are the possible reasons for persons becoming involved and the below graph shows some other
reasons or channels where people are led astray.

How do you think people become


radicalized in your Community?
25.0%

18.3% 19.3% 18.1%


20.0%
15.7%
14.9%
15.0%

10.0%
6.2%
5.0% 5.7%
1.9%
0.0%
Through At school/ At religous By atten- By finacial Via the Dont Other
friends university institutions ding mee- compen- Internet know please
tings and sation explain
lectures

(UNDP)

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 7


VIOLENT EXTREMISM

Other findings of the survey

What is your opinion about extremism?

31%
26%
16%
13%
9%
5%

Significantly Increasing As it was in Decreasing Significantly I dont


increasing the last decreasing know
years

(UNDP)

WHO NEEDS TO TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR MANAGING THIS PROBLEM

(UNDP)

Strategic Pathway to Countering this International Problem

Further Research
o Research across a multitude of areas requires to be conducted, to ensure a greater understanding of this
problem and also to allow authorities to quantify how far the Web of these organisations spreads.

Improve relations with believers


o Encourage dialog and public debate with all communities.

Government
o Government engagement
o Governmental programmes to target against violent extremism
o Set up resource centres to offer support to families

8 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


VIOLENT EXTREMISM

Regional and International Co-operation


o Development of channels of communication

Law Enforcement
o Close monitoring of these violent organisations
o Targeting of their financial resources
o Monitor extremists

The role of education in Countering Violent Extremism:

So when considering how to tackle or counter these dangerous organisations, it is important that our schools
and colleges are identified as locations where governmental and non-governmental organisations should focus
their Extremism Awareness Educational Programmes. It is generally accepted in society that teenagers and
young adults are more vulnerable to the enticement of trying out something new or different in their life.

Educating teenagers and young adults to the realities of these dangerous organisations is the first step. Providing
forums that allow for open debate and providing the opportunity for people to engage in the political processes
and in the same time promoting a culture of peace, tolerance, intercultural and interreligious dialogue.

The Key messages that should be delivered are:

Solidarity: Irrespective of differences in age, gender, nationality or ethnicity and not just solidarity with
people of your immediate community but also with those outside it.

Respect for Diversity: It is important that we acknowledge the intrinsic value of diversity stems from the
recognition of human rights and fundamental freedoms of others.

Human Rights: Human rights are fundamental and universal safeguards. They apply to all human beings
regardless of nationality, place of residence, gender, origin, religion. Language or any other status.

Learning to Live Together: Living in a peaceful society is a long-term goal, which requires an understanding
of others and their history, traditions and spiritual values

To conclude, the purpose of this article is to improve, your general awareness of Violent Extremism and the
challenges to society in countering this global threat. From a security perspective the first step in guarding
against any threat, is being aware that the threat exists. Thus it is incumbent on us all to be vigilant when
operating in new environments. Be cautious when engaging with persons with whom we have no previous
knowledge and always be observant to what is happening in our surroundings.

Maj. Eamonn Kenneally


OF-3 IRL-A

Bibliography:
A Teachers Guide on the Prevention of Violent Extremism (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural
Organization) Printed by UNESCO 2016
Cooperating in Counter Violent Extremism (United Nations Displaced Persons) UNDP, January 2017

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 9


EVENTS OF THE MONTH

DCOMKFOR, Brigadier General Christian RIENER, spent New Years Eve with the US troops in Camp
Nothing Hill, North of Kosovo, in Leposavic Municipality.

Carabinieri of the Multinational Specialized Unit (MSU) of KFOR, this year have so far conducted a number
of CIMIC activities in support of the Kosovo population. In particular, on 3rd January, they delivered
medical supplies to the Sisters of Divine Love Zagreb clinic at the village of Vitina municipality in the
District of Gjilan of south-eastern Kosovo.

10 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


EVENTS OF THE MONTH

On 25 JAN 2017. In the town of Mamusha a new KFOR Liaison Monitoring Team (LMT) field house was
officially opened by COMKOR Major General Giovanni Fungo and the Turkish Ambassador to Kosovo,
H.E. Ms. Kivileim Kilic. The ceremony was attended by many dignitaries who included the Mayor of
Mamusha, local politicians, the Turkish Commander of JRD-S and KFOR soldiers.

KFORs Tactical Manoeuvre Battalion (KTM) Medical Branch and the National Blood Transfusion Centre
organised a Blood Donation Clinic in Camp Slim Lines, Pristina on 27th January.

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 11


A VISUAL OVERVIEW

22 DEC 2016
KFOR Commander,
Major General
Giovanni Fungo,
received at KFOR
Headquarters, the
Chief of the Swiss
Armed Forces,
Lieutenant General
Andr Blattman.
PICTURE: Mercuri (2)

12 JAN 2017
KFOR Commander,
Major General
Giovanni Fungo,
visited Skenderaj
Municipality and
met the Deputy
Mayor, Mr.Dadil
Nura.

12 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


A VISUAL OVERVIEW

20 JAN 2017
KFOR Commander,
Major General Giovanni
Fungo, received Head
of the Organization for
Security Co-operation
in Europe (OSCE)
Mission in Kosovo H.E.
Ambassador Jan Braathu
of Norway., at Camp
Film City NATO
KFOR HQ in Pristina.
PICTURE: Mercuri (2)

25 JAN 2017
COMKOR Major
General Giovanni Fungo,
the Turkish Ambassador
to Kosovo, H.E. Ms.
Kivileim Kilic and the
Turkish Commander
of JRD-S at an official
ceremony in the town
of Mamusha opened a
New Liaison Monitoring
Team (LMT) house.

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 13


CSM

STRIKING REALITIES AT THE CSMS


MEETING IN CAMP SLIM LINES
The fourth and final CSMs meeting situation in Kosovo. Immediately as relevant as ever. Concurrently, it
of the year took place at the Camp following the war in 1999, 10.36 km2 remains important for EOD teams
Slim Lines, home of the KTM were identified in the form of 130 to keep track of where unexploded
(KFOR Tactical Reserve Manoeuvre danger zones. During the NATO-led ordinances (UXOs) are found in
Battalion). After a short introduction air offensive, 1392 cluster munitions their area of operation. The most
and a coffee, the commander of the were deployed in our current mission impacted areas are the border
KTM, Lieutenant Colonel Antnio area containing an estimated 289,536 regions to Albania and FYROM, as
DA SILVA CARDOSO, addressed bomblets. NATO estimates a dud well as areas around the Dulje Pass,
the CSMs in attendance. In his rate (non-explosion rate) of 10%, which will likely remain dangerous
opening remarks, he emphasised which equates to 33,000 unexploded for decades to come. Because of this
how important the work and support pieces of cluster ordinance. stark reality, it is essential to consult
of the Command Sergeant Major is Moreover, NATO estimates that the Kosovo Dangerous Area Map
for a commander and the troops. approximately 1,000,000 mines were wherever appropriate. Within this
In the first part of the meeting, laid during the war. For around map one can find areas of continued
the KTM was presented in great 200,000 of those there is no mapping danger clearly marked in detail.
detail. Within this unit, Portuguese data or positioning information. In addition though, one needs to
and Hungarian elements work very Many have been cleared by EOD assume a general heightened risk
closely together. As important as the teams and, because of this action, in areas of former frontlines, even
smooth cooperation within the unit, much of Kosovo is now considered today.
superior logistics are essential for the to be free of mines. Nonetheless, At the conclusion of the meeting,
successful work of the KTM. Because there are still areas where there is the new members of the CSM
of this fact, the logistical work is seen the very real danger of mines. This community from their respective
as of equal importance to the work is evidenced by the number of mine nations and units were welcomed
of the tactical elements themselves, victims since the end of the war: 454 and wished a good start to their
which happen to be dependent on a wounded and 115 dead. The last work, as well as an accident-free
well maintained unit infrastructure. deadly mine encounter occurred mission.
Moving into the second part of the in 2014. Keeping this in mind, it
CSMs meeting, focus was shifted to becomes clear that the use of the CSM Stalder Franziska
the issue of the past and current mine so-called four messages remains OR-7 CHA-A

14 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


MNBG W

ITALIAN NGO DONATES MEDICINS TO


KOSOVARIAN HOSPITALS THANKS TO THE
CONTRIBUTION OF THE ITALIAN MILITARY
CONTINGENT.
On 29th December 2016, the
final phase of a series of contacts
between Italian KFOR soldiers,
hospitals pharmacy of Kosovo
and Italian NGO Perigeo, that
provides post conflicts support,
took place in Pristina, where Onlus
Perigeo donated 2800 packages
of daivonex medications, which
in Kosovo hospitals are highly
requested.
These medicines have been
delivered to miss Arijeta Stanovci,
coordinator of hospitals
pharmacy in Kosovo, who will
provide the distribution to
Pristina, Gjakova, Peja, Prizren resolution 1244, and has a specific Imperia, commander of 32nd
and Mitrovica hospitals. civilian military cooperation tank regiment from Tauriano, that
This good result has been realized asset that support local represents the framework of the
thanks to the great effort and population with projects referring headquarter and the Manoeuvre
coordination between Onlus to health, school, infrastructure, unit.
Perigeo, the joint operative administrative, protection of
command of the Italian chief of ethnic and religious minorities.
defence staff (that provided the At the moment, MNBG-W is
international transportation with commanded by Colonel Stefano
c-130j air force aircrafts) and
the Italian contingent of KFOR
Multinational Battle Group
West (MNBG-W), who has
delivered the medicine to Kosovo
institutions.
Onlus Perigeo is an NGO from
Civitanova Marche, nearby
Macerata, that is engaged in
the safeguard of mankind/
environment relations and the
safeguard of cultural heritage of
native populations, intervening
in post conflicts areas promoting
culture as a peacebuilding mean.
MNBG-W is a multinational
military unit lead by Italians, that
operates in Kosovo as NATO
force in accordance with the
united nations security council

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 15


UNHCR

INTERVIEW WITH N.L. NARASIMHA RAO,


CHIEF OF MISSION, UNHCR IN KOSOVO
References to Kosovo shall be understood to be in the context of Security
Council Resolution 1244 (1999).

1. What is the role of UNHCR in with Kosovo authorities to build an persons to voluntary return to their
Kosovo? asylum legal framework, enhance place of origin through working
The mandate of UNHCR, the UN local capacity for protection of with authorities on reintegration
Refugee Agency, is to provide refugees and asylum seekers, programmes, including income-
protection and seek durable prevent statelessness, and provide generation projects, restoration
solutions for displaced persons. The support for return and reintegration of infrastructure and provision
Agency established its presence in of displaced persons. of other assistance of those that
Kosovo in 1992. After the conflict in 2. How did your mission change preferred to stay in the place of
1999, UNHCR has been mandated since the first beginning of your displacement.
by the UN Security Council presence in the region? In Kosovo, among other activities,
Resolution 1244 (1999) to supervise UNHCR has been present in UNHCR is involved in supporting
free returns to Kosovo of all refugees the region for last forty years. It returnees from neighbouring
and persons displaced by the 1999 provided assistance to refugees from countries and some 16,657 displaced
conflict. Since 1999, UNHCR has third countries until the violent individuals within Kosovo towards
assisted 27,081 individuals to return dissolution of former Yugoslavia, finding a durable solution. Of the
to Kosovo in safety and dignity when the mass exodus of refugees latter group, some 468 reside in 29
and to integrate locally, which was and displaced persons took place. temporary collective shelters.
possible through UNHCR support, UNHCRs work is humanitarian and
assistance and advocacy on their non-political, to serve the people UNHCR continued to provide
behalf. In addition, in the recent in need. Throughout the years, the support to individual community
years UNHCR has been working organisation helped many displaced members to obtain personal

16 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


UNHCR

documentation and resolve civil achieved to assist many voluntary 4. Since the beginning of
status issues. During 2016, 442 returns of displaced people UNHCR operation in Kosovo, the
individuals have been assisted belonging to various Kosovo organisation kept close liaison with
by UNHCR in obtaining civil communities. However, I also KFOR. Can you explain the terms
documentation. realise that there is still a lot of of this cooperation?
work to be done to make sure that UNHCR has long and close
UNHCR continues to provide everyone who wishes to voluntarily working relations with KFOR. This
assistance to refugees and asylum return has the possibility to do so. is also because UNHCR, similarly
seekers. While in Kosovo the In this regard, they are still facing to KFOR, promotes confidence-
number of refugees and migrants some obstacles, such as property building and peaceful co-existence
was modest in 2015-2016, the issues, security concerns, lack of through forums involving
region has seen movements of housing projects, lack of land and communities representatives,
a large number of refugees and hesitation by municipalities to stakeholders and civil society.
migrants. In the region, but also allocate land for those displaced. On many occasions, our staff
elsewhere in the world, UNHCR Especially the latter three obstacles worked together with Liaison
provides life-saving emergency concern returns of Kosovo Roma, Monitoring Teams and other
assistance in the form of clean water Ashkali and Egyptian displaced KFORs Units. We regularly meet in
and sanitation utilities, health care, families that are landless. Most of the field, in official meetings and we
as well as shelter and other relief those families are now displaced in coordinate our work closely. Those
items, such as blankets, sleeping Montenegro and Serbia. activities include primarily the
mats, household goods and other enhancing welfare of communities
items. We also face challenges in the and assisting most vulnerable
context of sustainable reintegration. individuals. In various situations,
3. What were your main Kosovo has a large unemployment UNHCR joined KFOR in delivering
achievements and in which fields do rate and this issue is particularly aid for those accommodated in
you face the main challenges? worrisome for returnees and temporary collective shelters. I
One of the great achievements internally displaced persons. Due to believe that this cooperation started
of UNHCR was to build good difficulties in finding employment, as both of our organisations simply
relationships with all communities many people, including returnees wanted to respond to needs of
in Kosovo. While working and internally displaced, have Kosovo people.
together, we help them to solve been deciding to leave Kosovo.
any obstacles that they may have It is true that in some locations, 5. What is your opinion on the work
while re-integrating in the place of return programs were not entirely so far carried out by KFOR?
return or local integration. We are sustainable and this happened for Since the beginning of its operations
successful in assisting them simply several reasons, including access in Kosovo, KFOR contributed to a
because we talk to them openly to education and healthcare, safe and secure environment here.
and we genuinely try to understand security issues, property issues, I have an impression that KFORs
their needs. I like to think that we and obstacles to obtain personal contribution is highly respected by
are close to the people and this is documentation. During our communities also in supporting
our great strength. We also work monitoring of returnees needs and the freedom of movement.
with local authorities in building protection situation, sometimes Safety in Kosovo is an important
their capacities in the area of we see that local authorities have aspect, in particular for minority
civil documentation, asylum and not addressed them properly. That communities. The great value of
durable solutions. We work closely is why, UNHCR is also actively KFOR is the readiness of its staff to
with them on the development and supporting central and local Kosovo reach everyone in every situation,
implementation of a protection authorities to find the best solution and provide safety. In my opinion,
framework, which can meet to overcome mentioned obstacles Kosovo people appreciate it a lot.
international and regional human and enable returnees to reintegrate
rights standards. successfully.
Col. Max Andr Barbacini
I am really proud that UNHCR OF-5 ITA-A

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 17


HEALTH AND FITNESS

RECOVERY IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF


YOUR WEEKLY
TRAINING SCHEDULE!
Welcome to Januarys edition of
the KFOR Chronicle Health and
Fitness section. Now that the festive
season is over we have entered a
new year, it is time to think about
our physical training again and
maybe if you are like me and took
a rest for a few weeks, its time to
make new training plans or even
new year resolutions and set your
physical training goals for 2017.
One of the important principles
about making out a new training
plan or modifying your current
plan is to include Rest Days. The
danger with a new or modified
training plan is that you set yourself
unrealistic goals or targets and allow
yourself a short period in which to
achieve them. So firstly be realistic,
set yourself achievable targets and
if after a few weeks you find your
training is too easy, well it is simple
to modify it by increasing one of the
following components: Frequency,
Intensity, Time or Type (FITT).
However if you start too big, you
risk the possibility of picking up an
injury or developing burn out.

ACTIVE RECOVERY

Active Recovery This statement


seems contradictory (paradoxical),
recovery normally implies taking today. Remember in the November Active recovery may be defined as
time off, having a rest day, which of issue we discussed how the Heart a day when you train easier (Less
course is vital to any proper training is like any other muscle and it Intensity) than the rest of the week.
plan. Rest is an important part of becomes fitter with proper exercise. This may include doing a type of
improving ones fitness. This is the training that is less intense and
period where the body recovers, Now lets look at what we mean has less volume. In simple terms
builds new muscle fibres and grows. by Active Recovery. Fitness if your main training activity is
This applies also to our Cardio misinformation has generally running, your active recovery day
Vascular system. Active recovery promoted the concept that activity may involve a brisk walk, an easy
allows you to work and rest at the and rest (recovery) are mutually cycle or even a relaxing swim. Try
same time. You can rest the muscle exclusive, however if conducted to work at only 40 to 60 percent of
group you targeted yesterday while correctly they are not. your maximal heart rate.
targeting a different muscle group

18 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


HEALTH AND FITNESS

Does Active Recovery Work: Active their correct body composition resume training that muscle again
recovery, as opposed to total rest (relationship between total body after 48 hours of rest. (John Berardi,
(passive recovery) may have several muscle compared to total body fat). Ph.D.)
advantages if used correctly?
Nutrition and Recovery
For: Arguments to those in favour HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE - Regardless of the type of exercise
of this concept are that active FOR MUSCLES TO RECOVER? you do and how hard you do it,
recovery helps prime your bodys muscle recovery time is strongly
metabolic pathways of recovery. Working your muscles is the influenced by how and when you
only way to make them stronger fuel those muscles.
Against: Others argue that light (greater endurance and or strength Recovery is also influenced by four
workouts do not stimulate an added depending on the type of training factors;
benefit to recovery. you are doing). However it is NOT - Fluid and electrolyte status.
during the workout that your - Muscle glycogen
Regardless of the mechanism muscles grow. As we know the - Reducing muscle stress
involved many have experienced workout breaks down the muscle. - Rebuilding muscle protein
the benefits of using active recovery Its the recovery period between
in their fitness programmes. For workouts that our muscles grow Taking fluids and Carbohydrates
some, the psychological benefits of and get stronger. Without adequate both during and immediately after
active recovery are very apparent. recovery between training sessions, a workout is very important to
Surveys have shown that people your fitness plan will become speedy recovery.
feel better when they exercise stagnate (will stop). You should eat a high-protein meal
daily. Exercise has the capability as soon as possible after exercise in
to elevate ones mood and other SOME FACTS ABOUT MUSCLES order to ensure a rapid rebuilding
positive benefits. How long your muscles take to of muscle tissue.
recover depends on the type and
Another benefit of active recovery intensity of the workout. EFFECTS OF SLEEP
is some people find it easier to A Muscle will not fully recover
stick to their daily diets when they until 7 to 14 days after a hard Sleep is an important part of your
are active, which contributes to weights workout. However, you can recovery. Science has proven the
amount of sleep you get and the
quality of your sleep affects how
quickly you recover from a hard
workout.
The main reason we all train is to
improve our overall fitness and
to remain healthy. A vital factor
in achieving this fitness state and
maintaining it is to ensure that your
weekly training schedule involves
at least one (1) planned rest day, a
proper diet and Sleep. This as stated
above may include an active rest
day or a total day off. Whichever
suits you?

Enjoy your training

Maj. Eamonn Kenneally


OF-3 IRL-A

KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 19


KFOR EXERCISE

KFOR UNITS CONDUCT WINTER TRAINING


AND EXERCISES THROUGHOUT KOSOVO

Unit Training is a significant factor that is the reality of being a soldier. Control and Communications.
in a commanders yearly plan. We train for all possible scenarios. Throughout the month of January in
Training is the primary means For the commander to validate that temperatures as low as -20 degrees
by which the commander can the training being conducted is centigrade and embracing the
assess his/her units capability. To adequate, she/he conducts exercises, challenges of the current weather
be ready to respond at any time which test our soldiers and leaders and in accordance with their ongoing
Day or Night, for an operational at all levels in operational real life in theatre training all KFOR units
deployment in any environment, scenarios and in the 3 Cs, Command, validated operational readiness, by
conducting training and exercises.
Military SOPs, Tactics, Techniques
and Procedures were tested at
all levels from section up to and
including Company level.
Junior and Senior commanders
and KFOR soldiers achieved high
standards in their performances by
embracing the challenges of difficult
weather and different terrain and
enjoyed the new situations the
exercise coordinators placed before
them.

Maj. Eamonn Kenneally


OF-3 IRL-A

20 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017 21
PICTURE OF THE MONTH

Commander KFOR XXI


Major General PICTURE OF THE MONTH
Giovanni Fungo,
Italian Army Jan
nuary 2017
Chief Public Affairs Office &
COMKFOR Spokesman
Col. Max Andr Barbacini,
Italian Army

Chief Internal Information &


Editor KFOR Chronicle
Maj. Eamonn Kenneally,
Irish Defence Forces
Kenneallye@hq.kfor.nato.int

Design & Photographer:


Mr. Afrim Hajrullahu

Cover Photo:
Sgt. Korosoglou Emmanouil
Greek Army

E-mail and Web


kforchronicle@hq.kfor.nato.int
www.nato.int/kfor

Printed by Blendi
Tel.: 044 149 115

NATO Nations within KFOR


Albania, Bulgaria, Canada,
Croatia, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Germany,
Greece, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania,
Luxembourg,
Netherlands, Norway, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Slovenia,
Turkey, United Kingdom, United
States.
Non-NATO Nations within
KFOR The front window
Armenia, Austria, Finland, Ireland,
Moldova, Sweden, Switzerland, Contribute to the Equipment Used:
Olympus OMD EM 5
Ukraine. Lens: M.Zuiko Digital 14-150mm

The KFOR Chronicle is produced


KFORChronicle! Naim Shala
Just send your photos to:
and fully funded by HQ KFOR. It is
published for KFOR soldiers in the kforchronicle@hq.kfor.nato.int by the 25th
area of responsibility. The contents of the month explaining where you took the
are not necessarily the official views photo and what equipment you used. We will
of, or endorsed by, the coalition then select one of the submitted images and
governments defence departments. publish it in the next edition of the Chronicle.
Editorial content is edited, prepared
and provided by the Internal Infor-
mation Section of HQ KFORs Pub- You will be immortalised in the KFOR
lic Affairs Office (PAO) in Pristina, Chronicle!
Kosovo. PAO HQ KFOR reserves Is that not something to be proud of?
the right to edit content to conform
to style and space requirements. Sincerely
Articles are run on a space-availa- The Chronicle Team
ble basis.

22 KFOR CHRONICLE 01/2017


PROFILES

Military Education: : I joined the Hellenic Army on 18 February 2004 in


Athens infantry center. I have trained for 3 months in light Weapons and
another 3 months as a driver. After I completed my initial training in 2004, I
transferred to the island of Symi and worked on a subject that I had trained
for 3 years. Later I got transferred to Litohoro Pierias as a driver and served
there until 2016.

About the Mission: This is my third mission in Kosovo. My first was in


2009 in Mitrovica for 6 months. The HQ KFOR Guard Forces are to deter
any threat against CFC by maintaining comprehensive physical security
measures at the entrances and within/around the site. My daily work
involves the security of HQs.

Family Reaction: My family is in Greece and lives in Litohoro of Pieria. I am


Name: Charalampos a husband, and father of 2 children. My son is 8 years old and my daughter
6 years old.
Papadimitriou Hobbies: My free time I enjoy working out on gym. My other hobbies are
basketball and fishing (surf casting).
Rank: OR-5
Nationality: Greek

Military Education: I joined the Hellenic Non-Commissioned Officers School


(September 2011- July 2013). I graduated in July 2013 as a Sergeant Technician
in the Hellenic Battle Tanks. I attended to all three Basic and Advanced Training
Courses of the Hellenic Tanks Engineering Educational Units in Greece. After one
year of Basic and Advanced Training Units, my first transfer in the Hellenic army
was in the North-East of Greece, a small city called Orestiada which is parallel to
Evros River. I worked for three years in 221 Battle Tanks Battalion as a Battle Tanks
Engineer and after I attended this KFOR mission of NATO from September 2016
until March 2017 Camp Film City, Kosovo so this is my first deployment abroad.

About the Mission: My duty is in Main Gate in Film City Camp in Pristina. I am
the Main Gate Guards Supervisor. I am responsible for the safety of the Film City
Camp via Main Gate and also for the proper and safe movement (entrance or exit)
of the vehicles and the people (military individuals or Civilians who work or run a
Name: Evangelos Tsikonis task in the Camp) for eight hours per day. The Guards in Main Gate are also asked
Rank: OR-5 to perform security checks in the vehicles or the people that enter or leave Film
City Camp.
Nationality: Greek Family Reaction: My familys reaction is normal enough because now that I am
abroad doesnt make a difference to them because even when I was in my home
Unit: Main Gate country, Greece, my work place was about the same distance from my home town.
Although, they seem very supportive, we talk very often and they try to keep me
Guards Supervisor going until the time passes to return back to them. They are very proud of me going
abroad and attending a NATO mission and they cant wait of my return.

Hobbies:I spend a big amount of my free time daily in the gym. I love training,
running and weight lifting. My other my free time hobbies are football, volleyball,
swimming and fishing.

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